ETNO-Learning Diary (Session-7,8&9

)

Contents
1.

Three Shifts in the Application of IT .............................................................................................. 2

2.

What happens when an enterprise shifts to integration? ............................................................ 2

3.

What is Web 2.0? ............................................................................................................................. 2

4.

Elements of web 2.0: ....................................................................................................................... 3

5.

Mobile Applications in the Enterprise ........................................................................................... 3

6.

Data, Information, Knowledge, Insight .......................................................................................... 4

7.

Big Data ............................................................................................................................................ 4

8.

Why Is Big Data Important?............................................................................................................ 5

Learning pauses:...................................................................................................................................... 5

. WHAT IS WEB 2.0? Web 2. THREE SHIFTS IN THE APPLICATION OF IT • From Personal to Work-Group Computing • From Systems Islands to Integrated Systems – Management and control of physical assets and facilities – Financial management and control systems – Technologies to manage and support human resources • From Internal to Inter-organizational Computing 2. more pervasive network connectivity and enhanced communication channels. data was posted on Web sites. Increasingly.1. characterized by greater user interactivity and collaboration. voice. Originally.0 and the traditional World Wide Web (WWW.0 is the current state of online technology as it compares to the early days of the Web. and users simply viewed or downloaded the content.0) is greater collaboration among Internet users. One of the most significant differences between Web 2. WHAT HAPPENS WHEN AN ENTERPRISE SHIFTS TO INTEGRATION? Technology Applications -> Organizational Restructuring System Islands ->Integrated Systems Separate Systems ->Integrated Environments Single-form Systems->Integrated data. users have more input into the nature and scope of Web content and in some cases exert real-time control over it. & image Cost Reduction ->Enterprise Effectiveness Value Chain Value Network Simple Market Combat-> Competition via Cooperation Manual Communications-> Electronic Communication Enterprise Technology ->Interorganizational Computing Purchaser of Information ->Information Purchaser/Vendor 3. content providers and enterprises. retroactively referred to as Web 1.

office equipment) • Health care (visiting nurses.0:       5. crowdfunding and crowdsource testing. social curation. social networking. and wikis. LinkedIn and Google+. static Web. ELEMENTS OF WEB 2. web apps and cloud computing rather than locally-installed programs and services. Social networking: The practice of expanding the number of one's business and/or social contacts by making connections through individuals. doctors) • Security (patrols. Wikipedia is one of the oldest and best-known wiki-based sites. also known as nomadicity. That trend is enabled by the proliferation of smartphones. Increasingly. 4. interaction.) • Field service (computer. microblogging. tablets and other mobile devices in conjunction with readily accessible Wi-Fi networks. Twitter.The social nature of Web 2. Social networking sites include Facebook. MOBILE APPLICATIONS IN THE ENTERPRISE  Supporting mobile employees • Job dispatch – Transportation (food. content-sharing and collaboration. electric. Wikis: Websites that enable users to contribute. websites enable community-based input. oil. collaborate and edit site content. The increasing prevalence of Software as a Service (SaaS). Mobile computing. social bookmarking. the trend toward users connecting from wherever they may be. Types of social media sites and applications include forums. Mash-ups: Web pages or applications that integrate complementary elements from two or more sources.0 is another major difference between it and the original. Collaborative efforts based on the ability to reach large numbers of participants and their collective resources.) – Taxis • Utilities (gas. alarm installation) • Mobile sales force automation • Intelligent offices • Non-Internet applications such as: – Wireless networking used for inventory picking in warehouses – Delivery and order status updates – Service people in the field – Dispatching – Online diagnosis support from remote locations – Parts ordering/inventory queries – Salespeople connect to corporate networks – Remote database queries . such as crowdsourcing. etc. etc. newspapers.

events. weather or machine behavior BIG DATA Big data is a term that describes the large volume of data – both structured and unstructured – that inundates a business on a day-to-day basis.6. and transactions May be internal or external Arriving at the unknown hidden meaning from data pattern from consumer. INFORMATION. DATA. But it’s not the amount of data that’s important. KNOWLEDGE. Properties of Big Data: . employee. Insight – 7. Items that are the most elementary descriptions of things. INSIGHT  Data –    – Information – Knowledge – Organized data that has meaning and value Processed data or information that conveys understanding or learning applicable to a problem or activity. activities. Big data can be analyzed for insights that lead to better decisions and strategic business moves. It’s what organizations do with the data that matters.

WHY IS BIG DATA IMPORTANT? The importance of big data doesn’t revolve around how much data you have. Velocity. audio. You can take data from any source and analyze it to find answers that enable 1) Cost reductions 2) Time reductions 3) New product development and optimized offerings 4) Smart decision making LEARNING PAUSES: Can you think of possible use of big data to reduce air pollution? Ans: Using data analysis to more accurately source. crunching data to determine how good those predictions were in different scenarios. 8. It will use machine learning to analyze previous weather forecasts. IBM has been helping Beijing to combat its air pollution crisis using a data analysis platform called Green Horizons. stock ticker data and financial transactions. Data comes in all types of formats – from structured. RFID tags. including business transactions. Data streams in at an unprecedented speed and must be dealt with in a timely manner. from high temperatures increasing ground-level ozone concentrations to high winds carrying industrial particulates into urban areas. but what you do with it. social media and information from sensor or machine-to-machine data. and then build better forecasting models over time. Organizations collect data from a variety of sources. email. . sensors and smart metering are driving the need to deal with torrents of data in near-real time. Variety.Volume. model and mitigate air pollution is a key strategy for combating climate change in urban environments. Weather conditions have a direct effect upon how city residents experience the effects of air pollution. numeric data in traditional databases to unstructured text documents. video.

WHY CLOUD? 1.5&6) 9. To address information technology issues which companies faced issues during peak load time as the investment to build infrastructure to tackle huge traffic was huge and the return on investment was low as the added resources would sit idle during non-peak hours. cloud computing uses networks of large groups of servers typically running low-cost consumer PC . Hence optimization of resources was also an important factor. CLOUD COMPUTING Cloud computing is a type of computing that relies on sharing computing resources rather than having local servers or personal devices to handle applications. Likewise the business needs to take IT choices. To meet advancing business needs as the prerequisites of the clients are changing and they would prefer not to see the intricacy included. To do this. 3. 11. ETNO FRAMEWORK Use Optimization Innovation Exploration Assessment 10. 2.ETNO-Learning Diary (Session-4. To investigate new business open doors as the economy into an API economy which recommends how application programming interfaces can decidedly influence an association gainfulness.

Community cloud: The cloud infrastructure is shared by several organizations and supports a specific community that has shared concerns (e. Public cloud: The cloud infrastructure is made available to the general public or a large industry group and is owned by an organization selling cloud services. and compliance considerations).if a server fails. storage and other infrastructure components on behalf of its users. SAAS (Software as a service) like Salesforce etc. security requirements. or public) that remain unique entities but are bound together by standardized or proprietary technology that enables data and application portability. They would have to pay for what is used and disengage whenever they like . Reliability . Organization can benefit from a massive pool of redundant IT resources. It may be managed by the organization or a third party and may exist on premise or off premise. 13. 12. DEPLOYMENT MODES     Private cloud: The cloud infrastructure is operated solely for an organization.Cloud computing provides enhanced and simplified IT management and maintenance capabilities through central administration of resources. hosted applications and services can easily be transited to any of the available servers. and manage web applications without the complexity of building and maintaining the infrastructure typically associated with developing and launching an app 3.g. cloud computing is much more reliable and consistent than in-house IT infrastructure. Rackspace etc.. DELIVERY MODES 1. run. companies can save substantial capital costs with zero in-house server storage and application requirements. policy. SAAS is a software licensing and delivery model in which software is licensed on a subscription basis and is centrally hosted. This shared IT infrastructure contains large pools of systems that are linked together. community. vendor managed . as well as quick failover mechanism . software. It may be managed by the organizations or a third party and may exist on premise or off premise. 2. Hybrid cloud: The cloud infrastructure is a composition of two or more clouds (private. servers. PAAS provides a platform allowing customers to develop. air conditioning and administration costs. IAAS (Infrastructure as a service) like Amazon AWS.there is no invested IT capital to worry about. etc. ADVANTAGES OF CLOUD COMPUTING    Cost Savings . mission. In IAAS.With cloud computing. a third-party provider hosts hardware.With a managed service platform. PAAS (Platform as a service) like Google App. The lack of on-premises infrastructure also removes their associated operational costs in the form of power.technology with specialized connections to spread data-processing chores across them. 14. Manageability .

as the time you require for IT procurement is virtually nil. data and services operated on top of that. ARTICLE ON CLOUD COMPUTING Selected Industry: Healthcare Availability of data. IT infrastructure updates and maintenance are eliminated. Moreover. has become the key to both patient satisfaction and improved clinical outcomes. Key administrative tasks such as server shell access. The customer can only control and manage the applications. updating and firmware management may not be passed to the customer or end user. the patients. Using cloud-powered technologies means you need to provide your service provider with access to important business data. Cloud-computing systems can be designed to be safer than traditional client-server systems against the prevailing causes of healthcare data breaches . Healthcare organizations continue to depend on computer systems that are extremely vulnerable to data breaches caused by technology deficiencies.As cloud service providers take care of a number of clients each day. hospitals.Although cloud service providers implement the best security standards and industry certifications. Cloud caters to all these requirements thus providing the healthcare organizations an incredible opportunity to improve services to their customers. Cloud technologies can significantly facilitate this trend. without any upfront costs and minimal provisioning time. and health clinics require quick access to computing and large storage facilities which are not provided in the traditional settings. infrastructure and SLA backed agreements. Company can deploy mission critical applications that deliver significant business benefits. they can become overwhelmed and may even come up against technical outages. Cloud computing offers significant benefits to the healthcare sector: doctor’s clinics. Limited Control . Security . This can lead to business processes being temporarily suspended.Since the cloud infrastructure is entirely owned. 15. storing data and important files on external service providers always opens up risks. it transfers minimal control over to the customer.Ever-increasing computing resources gives companies a competitive edge over competitors. DISADVANTAGES OF CLOUD COMPUTING    Downtime . to share information more easily than ever before. theft and insider misconduct. irrespective of the location of the patient and the clinician. not the backend infrastructure itself. and improve operational efficiency at the same time. healthcare data needs to be shared across various settings and geographies which further burden the healthcare provider and the patient causing significant delay in treatment and loss of time. managed and monitored by the service provider. as all resources are maintained by the service provider Strategic Edge .

Use of social media in making purchase decisions d.situation simulation using computer software 5. 3. Consumers like services which are accessible and provide convenience  Reasons why organizations should do trend analysis: 1.When numerical data are available. Historical analysis. 6. You can then develop a strategy to respond to these trends in line with your business goals. Trend analysis. Importance of Technology Impact of Technology in our life Technology Management Trends in Technology Integrated global economy Gartner Hype Cycle Methodology Stages of IT growth. 4.the process of comparing business data over time to identify any consistent results or trends. If desired. Such a projection shows where the trend should be at some point in the future assuming there is no shift in the rate of change. a trend can be plotted on graph paper to show changes through time. Urbanization taking place at faster pace c. 5. Ever Increasing population b.ETNO-Learning Diary (Session-1. 3. the trend line can then be extended or "projected" into the future on the basis of the recent rate of change. 2. More information intensive . 4. Trend projection. 2.2&3) Class Discussion: 1. Increased consumer demand for information about products e. 7.analysis of data from past years.  These trends are as follows: a. Trend monitoring-Trends viewed as particularly important may be carefully monitored—watched and reported regularly to key decision makers.  To identify the trends that would impact on the future business we use 1. Computer simulation.

Pace of technology innovation is increasing  IT stages of Growth: 1. Doctor's facilities will be associated with a coordinated framework where in the rescue vehicle will naturally be alarmed at whatever point the clinic gets data around a patient through the patient's health band. Integrated global economy 3. 3. In the event that there is any inconsistencies found in the patient's wellbeing. Web Stage 3. E-business Stage 4. Idea of information peculiarity 3. the band will consequently alarm the closest doctor's facility. Digital Marketing 5. Autonomous ARTICLE: INTERNET OF THINGS Selected Industry: Healthcare Three key points about Internet of Things are: 1. Digital Business Stage 6. Continually expanding handling force of PCs 2. Again ambulances will be in steady touch with the movement observing framework which will modify activity lights at whatever point an emergency vehicle achieves an activity signal keeping in mind the end goal to diminish the voyaging time of the patient to the closest doctor's facility. Cloud innovation taking care of trillions of sensors Impact of IOT on healthcare industry: 1. . 2.2. patients will dependably be checked and the data about their wellbeing will dependably be investigated and prepared. Analog Stage 2. With the creation of wearable health groups.

utilization of development investigation with self-conveyance can help them to decrease the aggregate lead time of their yields to showcase and thus can offer them some assistance with reducing wastage and profit. 2. providing a sound source of insight to manage its deployment within the enterprise.  Technology to help rural masses: 1. supply and accessibility components . Smart Advisors: Again this innovation can help farmers to choose crops which would give them most extreme benefits in light of interest.GARTNER HYPE CYCLE METHODOLOGY: Gives a view of how a technology or application will evolve over time. Advance Analytics with self-administration conveyance: As the rural masses are fundamentally occupied with agricultural exercises.