ETNO-Learning Diary (Session-7,8&9

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Contents
1.

Three Shifts in the Application of IT .............................................................................................. 2

2.

What happens when an enterprise shifts to integration? ............................................................ 2

3.

What is Web 2.0? ............................................................................................................................. 2

4.

Elements of web 2.0: ....................................................................................................................... 3

5.

Mobile Applications in the Enterprise ........................................................................................... 3

6.

Data, Information, Knowledge, Insight .......................................................................................... 4

7.

Big Data ............................................................................................................................................ 4

8.

Why Is Big Data Important?............................................................................................................ 5

Learning pauses:...................................................................................................................................... 5

Increasingly. WHAT HAPPENS WHEN AN ENTERPRISE SHIFTS TO INTEGRATION? Technology Applications -> Organizational Restructuring System Islands ->Integrated Systems Separate Systems ->Integrated Environments Single-form Systems->Integrated data.1. One of the most significant differences between Web 2. Originally. more pervasive network connectivity and enhanced communication channels. data was posted on Web sites. & image Cost Reduction ->Enterprise Effectiveness Value Chain Value Network Simple Market Combat-> Competition via Cooperation Manual Communications-> Electronic Communication Enterprise Technology ->Interorganizational Computing Purchaser of Information ->Information Purchaser/Vendor 3. content providers and enterprises. WHAT IS WEB 2. and users simply viewed or downloaded the content. voice.0 and the traditional World Wide Web (WWW.0? Web 2. retroactively referred to as Web 1.0 is the current state of online technology as it compares to the early days of the Web. users have more input into the nature and scope of Web content and in some cases exert real-time control over it. THREE SHIFTS IN THE APPLICATION OF IT • From Personal to Work-Group Computing • From Systems Islands to Integrated Systems – Management and control of physical assets and facilities – Financial management and control systems – Technologies to manage and support human resources • From Internal to Inter-organizational Computing 2.0) is greater collaboration among Internet users. . characterized by greater user interactivity and collaboration.

Increasingly.0 is another major difference between it and the original. Types of social media sites and applications include forums. doctors) • Security (patrols. 4. MOBILE APPLICATIONS IN THE ENTERPRISE  Supporting mobile employees • Job dispatch – Transportation (food. office equipment) • Health care (visiting nurses. LinkedIn and Google+. Collaborative efforts based on the ability to reach large numbers of participants and their collective resources.The social nature of Web 2. websites enable community-based input. etc. interaction. such as crowdsourcing. electric. collaborate and edit site content. and wikis. static Web. web apps and cloud computing rather than locally-installed programs and services. also known as nomadicity. Twitter. content-sharing and collaboration. Mash-ups: Web pages or applications that integrate complementary elements from two or more sources.) – Taxis • Utilities (gas. That trend is enabled by the proliferation of smartphones. oil.0:       5. microblogging. Wikipedia is one of the oldest and best-known wiki-based sites. Social networking: The practice of expanding the number of one's business and/or social contacts by making connections through individuals. Social networking sites include Facebook. alarm installation) • Mobile sales force automation • Intelligent offices • Non-Internet applications such as: – Wireless networking used for inventory picking in warehouses – Delivery and order status updates – Service people in the field – Dispatching – Online diagnosis support from remote locations – Parts ordering/inventory queries – Salespeople connect to corporate networks – Remote database queries . etc. newspapers. Wikis: Websites that enable users to contribute. ELEMENTS OF WEB 2.) • Field service (computer. crowdfunding and crowdsource testing. tablets and other mobile devices in conjunction with readily accessible Wi-Fi networks. Mobile computing. the trend toward users connecting from wherever they may be. social networking. social bookmarking. The increasing prevalence of Software as a Service (SaaS). social curation.

events. employee. INSIGHT  Data –    – Information – Knowledge – Organized data that has meaning and value Processed data or information that conveys understanding or learning applicable to a problem or activity. It’s what organizations do with the data that matters. Items that are the most elementary descriptions of things.6. INFORMATION. Insight – 7. DATA. activities. Big data can be analyzed for insights that lead to better decisions and strategic business moves. Properties of Big Data: . KNOWLEDGE. weather or machine behavior BIG DATA Big data is a term that describes the large volume of data – both structured and unstructured – that inundates a business on a day-to-day basis. and transactions May be internal or external Arriving at the unknown hidden meaning from data pattern from consumer. But it’s not the amount of data that’s important.

audio.Volume. It will use machine learning to analyze previous weather forecasts. Velocity. Weather conditions have a direct effect upon how city residents experience the effects of air pollution. IBM has been helping Beijing to combat its air pollution crisis using a data analysis platform called Green Horizons. RFID tags. video. crunching data to determine how good those predictions were in different scenarios. Data comes in all types of formats – from structured. including business transactions. . from high temperatures increasing ground-level ozone concentrations to high winds carrying industrial particulates into urban areas. Variety. 8. model and mitigate air pollution is a key strategy for combating climate change in urban environments. Data streams in at an unprecedented speed and must be dealt with in a timely manner. sensors and smart metering are driving the need to deal with torrents of data in near-real time. and then build better forecasting models over time. social media and information from sensor or machine-to-machine data. stock ticker data and financial transactions. WHY IS BIG DATA IMPORTANT? The importance of big data doesn’t revolve around how much data you have. Organizations collect data from a variety of sources. numeric data in traditional databases to unstructured text documents. You can take data from any source and analyze it to find answers that enable 1) Cost reductions 2) Time reductions 3) New product development and optimized offerings 4) Smart decision making LEARNING PAUSES: Can you think of possible use of big data to reduce air pollution? Ans: Using data analysis to more accurately source. but what you do with it. email.

cloud computing uses networks of large groups of servers typically running low-cost consumer PC . 11. Likewise the business needs to take IT choices. To investigate new business open doors as the economy into an API economy which recommends how application programming interfaces can decidedly influence an association gainfulness. To address information technology issues which companies faced issues during peak load time as the investment to build infrastructure to tackle huge traffic was huge and the return on investment was low as the added resources would sit idle during non-peak hours. 2. To do this. ETNO FRAMEWORK Use Optimization Innovation Exploration Assessment 10.5&6) 9.ETNO-Learning Diary (Session-4. WHY CLOUD? 1. 3. To meet advancing business needs as the prerequisites of the clients are changing and they would prefer not to see the intricacy included. Hence optimization of resources was also an important factor. CLOUD COMPUTING Cloud computing is a type of computing that relies on sharing computing resources rather than having local servers or personal devices to handle applications.

With cloud computing. IAAS (Infrastructure as a service) like Amazon AWS. cloud computing is much more reliable and consistent than in-house IT infrastructure. Community cloud: The cloud infrastructure is shared by several organizations and supports a specific community that has shared concerns (e.technology with specialized connections to spread data-processing chores across them. software. Hybrid cloud: The cloud infrastructure is a composition of two or more clouds (private. In IAAS. hosted applications and services can easily be transited to any of the available servers. mission.Cloud computing provides enhanced and simplified IT management and maintenance capabilities through central administration of resources. 14. and compliance considerations). and manage web applications without the complexity of building and maintaining the infrastructure typically associated with developing and launching an app 3. or public) that remain unique entities but are bound together by standardized or proprietary technology that enables data and application portability. Public cloud: The cloud infrastructure is made available to the general public or a large industry group and is owned by an organization selling cloud services. PAAS (Platform as a service) like Google App. 12.if a server fails. SAAS (Software as a service) like Salesforce etc. air conditioning and administration costs. run. This shared IT infrastructure contains large pools of systems that are linked together.With a managed service platform. DEPLOYMENT MODES     Private cloud: The cloud infrastructure is operated solely for an organization. SAAS is a software licensing and delivery model in which software is licensed on a subscription basis and is centrally hosted. ADVANTAGES OF CLOUD COMPUTING    Cost Savings . Organization can benefit from a massive pool of redundant IT resources. vendor managed .there is no invested IT capital to worry about. storage and other infrastructure components on behalf of its users. They would have to pay for what is used and disengage whenever they like . as well as quick failover mechanism .. Rackspace etc. etc. Reliability .g. DELIVERY MODES 1. a third-party provider hosts hardware. community. It may be managed by the organizations or a third party and may exist on premise or off premise. Manageability . companies can save substantial capital costs with zero in-house server storage and application requirements. servers. It may be managed by the organization or a third party and may exist on premise or off premise. security requirements. The lack of on-premises infrastructure also removes their associated operational costs in the form of power. policy. 13. 2. PAAS provides a platform allowing customers to develop.

to share information more easily than ever before. theft and insider misconduct. Company can deploy mission critical applications that deliver significant business benefits. DISADVANTAGES OF CLOUD COMPUTING    Downtime .Since the cloud infrastructure is entirely owned. it transfers minimal control over to the customer.Ever-increasing computing resources gives companies a competitive edge over competitors. and improve operational efficiency at the same time.Although cloud service providers implement the best security standards and industry certifications.As cloud service providers take care of a number of clients each day. Limited Control . has become the key to both patient satisfaction and improved clinical outcomes. Using cloud-powered technologies means you need to provide your service provider with access to important business data. as all resources are maintained by the service provider Strategic Edge . Cloud technologies can significantly facilitate this trend. as the time you require for IT procurement is virtually nil. irrespective of the location of the patient and the clinician. Cloud computing offers significant benefits to the healthcare sector: doctor’s clinics. infrastructure and SLA backed agreements. Key administrative tasks such as server shell access. data and services operated on top of that. storing data and important files on external service providers always opens up risks. without any upfront costs and minimal provisioning time. hospitals. managed and monitored by the service provider. the patients. 15. updating and firmware management may not be passed to the customer or end user. The customer can only control and manage the applications. Security . Moreover. Healthcare organizations continue to depend on computer systems that are extremely vulnerable to data breaches caused by technology deficiencies. Cloud caters to all these requirements thus providing the healthcare organizations an incredible opportunity to improve services to their customers. healthcare data needs to be shared across various settings and geographies which further burden the healthcare provider and the patient causing significant delay in treatment and loss of time. Cloud-computing systems can be designed to be safer than traditional client-server systems against the prevailing causes of healthcare data breaches . ARTICLE ON CLOUD COMPUTING Selected Industry: Healthcare Availability of data. not the backend infrastructure itself. they can become overwhelmed and may even come up against technical outages. and health clinics require quick access to computing and large storage facilities which are not provided in the traditional settings. IT infrastructure updates and maintenance are eliminated. This can lead to business processes being temporarily suspended.

ETNO-Learning Diary (Session-1. Ever Increasing population b. 2. Such a projection shows where the trend should be at some point in the future assuming there is no shift in the rate of change. 2. 3.the process of comparing business data over time to identify any consistent results or trends. the trend line can then be extended or "projected" into the future on the basis of the recent rate of change. 7. Urbanization taking place at faster pace c. Trend analysis. 4. Consumers like services which are accessible and provide convenience  Reasons why organizations should do trend analysis: 1. Trend monitoring-Trends viewed as particularly important may be carefully monitored—watched and reported regularly to key decision makers. Trend projection. Historical analysis. 3.analysis of data from past years. a trend can be plotted on graph paper to show changes through time. 6. If desired.situation simulation using computer software 5.When numerical data are available. You can then develop a strategy to respond to these trends in line with your business goals.  To identify the trends that would impact on the future business we use 1.2&3) Class Discussion: 1. More information intensive . Use of social media in making purchase decisions d. 4. Increased consumer demand for information about products e. Computer simulation. 5.  These trends are as follows: a. Importance of Technology Impact of Technology in our life Technology Management Trends in Technology Integrated global economy Gartner Hype Cycle Methodology Stages of IT growth.

2. Autonomous ARTICLE: INTERNET OF THINGS Selected Industry: Healthcare Three key points about Internet of Things are: 1. 3. Pace of technology innovation is increasing  IT stages of Growth: 1. 2. . Analog Stage 2. Doctor's facilities will be associated with a coordinated framework where in the rescue vehicle will naturally be alarmed at whatever point the clinic gets data around a patient through the patient's health band. Cloud innovation taking care of trillions of sensors Impact of IOT on healthcare industry: 1. patients will dependably be checked and the data about their wellbeing will dependably be investigated and prepared. In the event that there is any inconsistencies found in the patient's wellbeing. E-business Stage 4. With the creation of wearable health groups. Web Stage 3. the band will consequently alarm the closest doctor's facility. Idea of information peculiarity 3. Again ambulances will be in steady touch with the movement observing framework which will modify activity lights at whatever point an emergency vehicle achieves an activity signal keeping in mind the end goal to diminish the voyaging time of the patient to the closest doctor's facility. Continually expanding handling force of PCs 2. Digital Marketing 5. Digital Business Stage 6. Integrated global economy 3.

2.  Technology to help rural masses: 1. supply and accessibility components . utilization of development investigation with self-conveyance can help them to decrease the aggregate lead time of their yields to showcase and thus can offer them some assistance with reducing wastage and profit.GARTNER HYPE CYCLE METHODOLOGY: Gives a view of how a technology or application will evolve over time. Advance Analytics with self-administration conveyance: As the rural masses are fundamentally occupied with agricultural exercises. providing a sound source of insight to manage its deployment within the enterprise. Smart Advisors: Again this innovation can help farmers to choose crops which would give them most extreme benefits in light of interest.