ETNO-Learning Diary (Session-7,8&9

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Contents
1.

Three Shifts in the Application of IT .............................................................................................. 2

2.

What happens when an enterprise shifts to integration? ............................................................ 2

3.

What is Web 2.0? ............................................................................................................................. 2

4.

Elements of web 2.0: ....................................................................................................................... 3

5.

Mobile Applications in the Enterprise ........................................................................................... 3

6.

Data, Information, Knowledge, Insight .......................................................................................... 4

7.

Big Data ............................................................................................................................................ 4

8.

Why Is Big Data Important?............................................................................................................ 5

Learning pauses:...................................................................................................................................... 5

Originally.1. . content providers and enterprises.0) is greater collaboration among Internet users. and users simply viewed or downloaded the content.0? Web 2. WHAT IS WEB 2. WHAT HAPPENS WHEN AN ENTERPRISE SHIFTS TO INTEGRATION? Technology Applications -> Organizational Restructuring System Islands ->Integrated Systems Separate Systems ->Integrated Environments Single-form Systems->Integrated data. One of the most significant differences between Web 2.0 is the current state of online technology as it compares to the early days of the Web. characterized by greater user interactivity and collaboration.0 and the traditional World Wide Web (WWW. & image Cost Reduction ->Enterprise Effectiveness Value Chain Value Network Simple Market Combat-> Competition via Cooperation Manual Communications-> Electronic Communication Enterprise Technology ->Interorganizational Computing Purchaser of Information ->Information Purchaser/Vendor 3. more pervasive network connectivity and enhanced communication channels. THREE SHIFTS IN THE APPLICATION OF IT • From Personal to Work-Group Computing • From Systems Islands to Integrated Systems – Management and control of physical assets and facilities – Financial management and control systems – Technologies to manage and support human resources • From Internal to Inter-organizational Computing 2. retroactively referred to as Web 1. Increasingly. voice. data was posted on Web sites. users have more input into the nature and scope of Web content and in some cases exert real-time control over it.

electric. 4. LinkedIn and Google+. Mobile computing.) • Field service (computer. ELEMENTS OF WEB 2. Mash-ups: Web pages or applications that integrate complementary elements from two or more sources. Wikipedia is one of the oldest and best-known wiki-based sites. static Web. also known as nomadicity. office equipment) • Health care (visiting nurses. oil. content-sharing and collaboration. alarm installation) • Mobile sales force automation • Intelligent offices • Non-Internet applications such as: – Wireless networking used for inventory picking in warehouses – Delivery and order status updates – Service people in the field – Dispatching – Online diagnosis support from remote locations – Parts ordering/inventory queries – Salespeople connect to corporate networks – Remote database queries . collaborate and edit site content. etc. Social networking sites include Facebook. microblogging. interaction. etc. websites enable community-based input. Collaborative efforts based on the ability to reach large numbers of participants and their collective resources. Types of social media sites and applications include forums.0:       5. Increasingly. The increasing prevalence of Software as a Service (SaaS). newspapers.) – Taxis • Utilities (gas. such as crowdsourcing. social curation. That trend is enabled by the proliferation of smartphones.0 is another major difference between it and the original. social bookmarking. the trend toward users connecting from wherever they may be. social networking.The social nature of Web 2. Social networking: The practice of expanding the number of one's business and/or social contacts by making connections through individuals. doctors) • Security (patrols. and wikis. crowdfunding and crowdsource testing. Wikis: Websites that enable users to contribute. Twitter. MOBILE APPLICATIONS IN THE ENTERPRISE  Supporting mobile employees • Job dispatch – Transportation (food. web apps and cloud computing rather than locally-installed programs and services. tablets and other mobile devices in conjunction with readily accessible Wi-Fi networks.

employee. But it’s not the amount of data that’s important. Items that are the most elementary descriptions of things. Big data can be analyzed for insights that lead to better decisions and strategic business moves. KNOWLEDGE. Insight – 7. events. It’s what organizations do with the data that matters.6. INSIGHT  Data –    – Information – Knowledge – Organized data that has meaning and value Processed data or information that conveys understanding or learning applicable to a problem or activity. INFORMATION. DATA. weather or machine behavior BIG DATA Big data is a term that describes the large volume of data – both structured and unstructured – that inundates a business on a day-to-day basis. activities. Properties of Big Data: . and transactions May be internal or external Arriving at the unknown hidden meaning from data pattern from consumer.

numeric data in traditional databases to unstructured text documents. Organizations collect data from a variety of sources. from high temperatures increasing ground-level ozone concentrations to high winds carrying industrial particulates into urban areas. It will use machine learning to analyze previous weather forecasts. but what you do with it. WHY IS BIG DATA IMPORTANT? The importance of big data doesn’t revolve around how much data you have. Weather conditions have a direct effect upon how city residents experience the effects of air pollution. . Data comes in all types of formats – from structured. Data streams in at an unprecedented speed and must be dealt with in a timely manner. social media and information from sensor or machine-to-machine data. stock ticker data and financial transactions. You can take data from any source and analyze it to find answers that enable 1) Cost reductions 2) Time reductions 3) New product development and optimized offerings 4) Smart decision making LEARNING PAUSES: Can you think of possible use of big data to reduce air pollution? Ans: Using data analysis to more accurately source. and then build better forecasting models over time. email. audio. sensors and smart metering are driving the need to deal with torrents of data in near-real time. video. 8. RFID tags. crunching data to determine how good those predictions were in different scenarios. Velocity. including business transactions. Variety.Volume. model and mitigate air pollution is a key strategy for combating climate change in urban environments. IBM has been helping Beijing to combat its air pollution crisis using a data analysis platform called Green Horizons.

ETNO-Learning Diary (Session-4. Hence optimization of resources was also an important factor. To do this.5&6) 9. Likewise the business needs to take IT choices. To investigate new business open doors as the economy into an API economy which recommends how application programming interfaces can decidedly influence an association gainfulness. To meet advancing business needs as the prerequisites of the clients are changing and they would prefer not to see the intricacy included. ETNO FRAMEWORK Use Optimization Innovation Exploration Assessment 10. cloud computing uses networks of large groups of servers typically running low-cost consumer PC . 11. WHY CLOUD? 1. CLOUD COMPUTING Cloud computing is a type of computing that relies on sharing computing resources rather than having local servers or personal devices to handle applications. 3. 2. To address information technology issues which companies faced issues during peak load time as the investment to build infrastructure to tackle huge traffic was huge and the return on investment was low as the added resources would sit idle during non-peak hours.

Cloud computing provides enhanced and simplified IT management and maintenance capabilities through central administration of resources. servers. or public) that remain unique entities but are bound together by standardized or proprietary technology that enables data and application portability. 2. hosted applications and services can easily be transited to any of the available servers. DEPLOYMENT MODES     Private cloud: The cloud infrastructure is operated solely for an organization. as well as quick failover mechanism . 13. a third-party provider hosts hardware.technology with specialized connections to spread data-processing chores across them. 12. Hybrid cloud: The cloud infrastructure is a composition of two or more clouds (private. mission. It may be managed by the organization or a third party and may exist on premise or off premise. PAAS (Platform as a service) like Google App. Manageability .With a managed service platform. This shared IT infrastructure contains large pools of systems that are linked together. SAAS is a software licensing and delivery model in which software is licensed on a subscription basis and is centrally hosted. DELIVERY MODES 1. storage and other infrastructure components on behalf of its users. They would have to pay for what is used and disengage whenever they like . In IAAS.With cloud computing. 14. cloud computing is much more reliable and consistent than in-house IT infrastructure. vendor managed . run. community. The lack of on-premises infrastructure also removes their associated operational costs in the form of power. Organization can benefit from a massive pool of redundant IT resources. security requirements. Community cloud: The cloud infrastructure is shared by several organizations and supports a specific community that has shared concerns (e. and manage web applications without the complexity of building and maintaining the infrastructure typically associated with developing and launching an app 3. companies can save substantial capital costs with zero in-house server storage and application requirements. policy.if a server fails. etc. Public cloud: The cloud infrastructure is made available to the general public or a large industry group and is owned by an organization selling cloud services. SAAS (Software as a service) like Salesforce etc. Reliability . ADVANTAGES OF CLOUD COMPUTING    Cost Savings . PAAS provides a platform allowing customers to develop. IAAS (Infrastructure as a service) like Amazon AWS..g. and compliance considerations). Rackspace etc. software. It may be managed by the organizations or a third party and may exist on premise or off premise. air conditioning and administration costs.there is no invested IT capital to worry about.

DISADVANTAGES OF CLOUD COMPUTING    Downtime . to share information more easily than ever before. it transfers minimal control over to the customer.Although cloud service providers implement the best security standards and industry certifications. Healthcare organizations continue to depend on computer systems that are extremely vulnerable to data breaches caused by technology deficiencies. IT infrastructure updates and maintenance are eliminated. data and services operated on top of that. they can become overwhelmed and may even come up against technical outages. not the backend infrastructure itself. Using cloud-powered technologies means you need to provide your service provider with access to important business data. and improve operational efficiency at the same time. and health clinics require quick access to computing and large storage facilities which are not provided in the traditional settings. infrastructure and SLA backed agreements. irrespective of the location of the patient and the clinician. hospitals. as all resources are maintained by the service provider Strategic Edge .As cloud service providers take care of a number of clients each day. ARTICLE ON CLOUD COMPUTING Selected Industry: Healthcare Availability of data. updating and firmware management may not be passed to the customer or end user.Ever-increasing computing resources gives companies a competitive edge over competitors. The customer can only control and manage the applications. the patients. Cloud technologies can significantly facilitate this trend. Cloud-computing systems can be designed to be safer than traditional client-server systems against the prevailing causes of healthcare data breaches . Cloud caters to all these requirements thus providing the healthcare organizations an incredible opportunity to improve services to their customers. Company can deploy mission critical applications that deliver significant business benefits. healthcare data needs to be shared across various settings and geographies which further burden the healthcare provider and the patient causing significant delay in treatment and loss of time. theft and insider misconduct. storing data and important files on external service providers always opens up risks. 15. Moreover. Limited Control . without any upfront costs and minimal provisioning time. This can lead to business processes being temporarily suspended. Cloud computing offers significant benefits to the healthcare sector: doctor’s clinics. Key administrative tasks such as server shell access. managed and monitored by the service provider. as the time you require for IT procurement is virtually nil. has become the key to both patient satisfaction and improved clinical outcomes.Since the cloud infrastructure is entirely owned. Security .

situation simulation using computer software 5.2&3) Class Discussion: 1. Trend analysis. Computer simulation. You can then develop a strategy to respond to these trends in line with your business goals.the process of comparing business data over time to identify any consistent results or trends. Historical analysis.  These trends are as follows: a. If desired.  To identify the trends that would impact on the future business we use 1. Such a projection shows where the trend should be at some point in the future assuming there is no shift in the rate of change. Trend monitoring-Trends viewed as particularly important may be carefully monitored—watched and reported regularly to key decision makers. 3. a trend can be plotted on graph paper to show changes through time. Trend projection. the trend line can then be extended or "projected" into the future on the basis of the recent rate of change. 7.analysis of data from past years. Importance of Technology Impact of Technology in our life Technology Management Trends in Technology Integrated global economy Gartner Hype Cycle Methodology Stages of IT growth. Use of social media in making purchase decisions d. 4. 4. 6. More information intensive . 2. 5. Consumers like services which are accessible and provide convenience  Reasons why organizations should do trend analysis: 1. Increased consumer demand for information about products e. Ever Increasing population b.When numerical data are available. Urbanization taking place at faster pace c. 2. 3.ETNO-Learning Diary (Session-1.

Idea of information peculiarity 3.2. Integrated global economy 3. E-business Stage 4. Autonomous ARTICLE: INTERNET OF THINGS Selected Industry: Healthcare Three key points about Internet of Things are: 1. . In the event that there is any inconsistencies found in the patient's wellbeing. Doctor's facilities will be associated with a coordinated framework where in the rescue vehicle will naturally be alarmed at whatever point the clinic gets data around a patient through the patient's health band. Web Stage 3. Again ambulances will be in steady touch with the movement observing framework which will modify activity lights at whatever point an emergency vehicle achieves an activity signal keeping in mind the end goal to diminish the voyaging time of the patient to the closest doctor's facility. Digital Business Stage 6. Pace of technology innovation is increasing  IT stages of Growth: 1. Continually expanding handling force of PCs 2. 2. Digital Marketing 5. Cloud innovation taking care of trillions of sensors Impact of IOT on healthcare industry: 1. patients will dependably be checked and the data about their wellbeing will dependably be investigated and prepared. the band will consequently alarm the closest doctor's facility. With the creation of wearable health groups. Analog Stage 2. 3.

supply and accessibility components . Advance Analytics with self-administration conveyance: As the rural masses are fundamentally occupied with agricultural exercises.  Technology to help rural masses: 1. providing a sound source of insight to manage its deployment within the enterprise. utilization of development investigation with self-conveyance can help them to decrease the aggregate lead time of their yields to showcase and thus can offer them some assistance with reducing wastage and profit. Smart Advisors: Again this innovation can help farmers to choose crops which would give them most extreme benefits in light of interest. 2.GARTNER HYPE CYCLE METHODOLOGY: Gives a view of how a technology or application will evolve over time.

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