ETNO-Learning Diary (Session-7,8&9

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Contents
1.

Three Shifts in the Application of IT .............................................................................................. 2

2.

What happens when an enterprise shifts to integration? ............................................................ 2

3.

What is Web 2.0? ............................................................................................................................. 2

4.

Elements of web 2.0: ....................................................................................................................... 3

5.

Mobile Applications in the Enterprise ........................................................................................... 3

6.

Data, Information, Knowledge, Insight .......................................................................................... 4

7.

Big Data ............................................................................................................................................ 4

8.

Why Is Big Data Important?............................................................................................................ 5

Learning pauses:...................................................................................................................................... 5

data was posted on Web sites. THREE SHIFTS IN THE APPLICATION OF IT • From Personal to Work-Group Computing • From Systems Islands to Integrated Systems – Management and control of physical assets and facilities – Financial management and control systems – Technologies to manage and support human resources • From Internal to Inter-organizational Computing 2.1. voice.0) is greater collaboration among Internet users.0? Web 2. content providers and enterprises. . Increasingly. One of the most significant differences between Web 2. Originally. more pervasive network connectivity and enhanced communication channels. & image Cost Reduction ->Enterprise Effectiveness Value Chain Value Network Simple Market Combat-> Competition via Cooperation Manual Communications-> Electronic Communication Enterprise Technology ->Interorganizational Computing Purchaser of Information ->Information Purchaser/Vendor 3.0 is the current state of online technology as it compares to the early days of the Web. WHAT IS WEB 2. retroactively referred to as Web 1. WHAT HAPPENS WHEN AN ENTERPRISE SHIFTS TO INTEGRATION? Technology Applications -> Organizational Restructuring System Islands ->Integrated Systems Separate Systems ->Integrated Environments Single-form Systems->Integrated data. users have more input into the nature and scope of Web content and in some cases exert real-time control over it. characterized by greater user interactivity and collaboration.0 and the traditional World Wide Web (WWW. and users simply viewed or downloaded the content.

social bookmarking.0 is another major difference between it and the original.) • Field service (computer. MOBILE APPLICATIONS IN THE ENTERPRISE  Supporting mobile employees • Job dispatch – Transportation (food.) – Taxis • Utilities (gas.0:       5. ELEMENTS OF WEB 2. also known as nomadicity. oil. Types of social media sites and applications include forums. etc. 4. tablets and other mobile devices in conjunction with readily accessible Wi-Fi networks. and wikis. websites enable community-based input. Collaborative efforts based on the ability to reach large numbers of participants and their collective resources. office equipment) • Health care (visiting nurses.The social nature of Web 2. Mobile computing. Increasingly. alarm installation) • Mobile sales force automation • Intelligent offices • Non-Internet applications such as: – Wireless networking used for inventory picking in warehouses – Delivery and order status updates – Service people in the field – Dispatching – Online diagnosis support from remote locations – Parts ordering/inventory queries – Salespeople connect to corporate networks – Remote database queries . doctors) • Security (patrols. newspapers. collaborate and edit site content. That trend is enabled by the proliferation of smartphones. electric. interaction. etc. content-sharing and collaboration. Wikis: Websites that enable users to contribute. social networking. crowdfunding and crowdsource testing. Social networking sites include Facebook. the trend toward users connecting from wherever they may be. static Web. web apps and cloud computing rather than locally-installed programs and services. social curation. LinkedIn and Google+. Mash-ups: Web pages or applications that integrate complementary elements from two or more sources. microblogging. such as crowdsourcing. The increasing prevalence of Software as a Service (SaaS). Twitter. Social networking: The practice of expanding the number of one's business and/or social contacts by making connections through individuals. Wikipedia is one of the oldest and best-known wiki-based sites.

Items that are the most elementary descriptions of things. KNOWLEDGE. It’s what organizations do with the data that matters. and transactions May be internal or external Arriving at the unknown hidden meaning from data pattern from consumer. But it’s not the amount of data that’s important. Big data can be analyzed for insights that lead to better decisions and strategic business moves. weather or machine behavior BIG DATA Big data is a term that describes the large volume of data – both structured and unstructured – that inundates a business on a day-to-day basis. activities.6. events. employee. Insight – 7. INFORMATION. Properties of Big Data: . INSIGHT  Data –    – Information – Knowledge – Organized data that has meaning and value Processed data or information that conveys understanding or learning applicable to a problem or activity. DATA.

including business transactions. video. Velocity. . sensors and smart metering are driving the need to deal with torrents of data in near-real time. Data comes in all types of formats – from structured. WHY IS BIG DATA IMPORTANT? The importance of big data doesn’t revolve around how much data you have. social media and information from sensor or machine-to-machine data. 8. Data streams in at an unprecedented speed and must be dealt with in a timely manner. It will use machine learning to analyze previous weather forecasts. Variety. email. and then build better forecasting models over time. crunching data to determine how good those predictions were in different scenarios. Weather conditions have a direct effect upon how city residents experience the effects of air pollution.Volume. model and mitigate air pollution is a key strategy for combating climate change in urban environments. You can take data from any source and analyze it to find answers that enable 1) Cost reductions 2) Time reductions 3) New product development and optimized offerings 4) Smart decision making LEARNING PAUSES: Can you think of possible use of big data to reduce air pollution? Ans: Using data analysis to more accurately source. numeric data in traditional databases to unstructured text documents. Organizations collect data from a variety of sources. IBM has been helping Beijing to combat its air pollution crisis using a data analysis platform called Green Horizons. from high temperatures increasing ground-level ozone concentrations to high winds carrying industrial particulates into urban areas. stock ticker data and financial transactions. but what you do with it. audio. RFID tags.

To meet advancing business needs as the prerequisites of the clients are changing and they would prefer not to see the intricacy included. To investigate new business open doors as the economy into an API economy which recommends how application programming interfaces can decidedly influence an association gainfulness. To address information technology issues which companies faced issues during peak load time as the investment to build infrastructure to tackle huge traffic was huge and the return on investment was low as the added resources would sit idle during non-peak hours. cloud computing uses networks of large groups of servers typically running low-cost consumer PC . CLOUD COMPUTING Cloud computing is a type of computing that relies on sharing computing resources rather than having local servers or personal devices to handle applications. 3. 2. Likewise the business needs to take IT choices. Hence optimization of resources was also an important factor.ETNO-Learning Diary (Session-4. WHY CLOUD? 1.5&6) 9. To do this. 11. ETNO FRAMEWORK Use Optimization Innovation Exploration Assessment 10.

Community cloud: The cloud infrastructure is shared by several organizations and supports a specific community that has shared concerns (e. or public) that remain unique entities but are bound together by standardized or proprietary technology that enables data and application portability. IAAS (Infrastructure as a service) like Amazon AWS. 14. Reliability . Organization can benefit from a massive pool of redundant IT resources. Public cloud: The cloud infrastructure is made available to the general public or a large industry group and is owned by an organization selling cloud services. policy. servers. DELIVERY MODES 1. It may be managed by the organizations or a third party and may exist on premise or off premise.there is no invested IT capital to worry about. 2. SAAS (Software as a service) like Salesforce etc. 13. They would have to pay for what is used and disengage whenever they like . SAAS is a software licensing and delivery model in which software is licensed on a subscription basis and is centrally hosted. security requirements.. 12. The lack of on-premises infrastructure also removes their associated operational costs in the form of power.g. run.Cloud computing provides enhanced and simplified IT management and maintenance capabilities through central administration of resources. as well as quick failover mechanism . It may be managed by the organization or a third party and may exist on premise or off premise. ADVANTAGES OF CLOUD COMPUTING    Cost Savings . software. community.With a managed service platform. vendor managed .With cloud computing. Manageability . air conditioning and administration costs. storage and other infrastructure components on behalf of its users. Rackspace etc. and manage web applications without the complexity of building and maintaining the infrastructure typically associated with developing and launching an app 3. companies can save substantial capital costs with zero in-house server storage and application requirements. cloud computing is much more reliable and consistent than in-house IT infrastructure. PAAS (Platform as a service) like Google App. PAAS provides a platform allowing customers to develop. DEPLOYMENT MODES     Private cloud: The cloud infrastructure is operated solely for an organization. In IAAS. hosted applications and services can easily be transited to any of the available servers. This shared IT infrastructure contains large pools of systems that are linked together. mission. etc.technology with specialized connections to spread data-processing chores across them. a third-party provider hosts hardware. Hybrid cloud: The cloud infrastructure is a composition of two or more clouds (private.if a server fails. and compliance considerations).

As cloud service providers take care of a number of clients each day. This can lead to business processes being temporarily suspended. storing data and important files on external service providers always opens up risks.Ever-increasing computing resources gives companies a competitive edge over competitors. managed and monitored by the service provider. Healthcare organizations continue to depend on computer systems that are extremely vulnerable to data breaches caused by technology deficiencies. irrespective of the location of the patient and the clinician. The customer can only control and manage the applications. Key administrative tasks such as server shell access. ARTICLE ON CLOUD COMPUTING Selected Industry: Healthcare Availability of data. IT infrastructure updates and maintenance are eliminated. Company can deploy mission critical applications that deliver significant business benefits.Since the cloud infrastructure is entirely owned. Cloud-computing systems can be designed to be safer than traditional client-server systems against the prevailing causes of healthcare data breaches . Limited Control .Although cloud service providers implement the best security standards and industry certifications. infrastructure and SLA backed agreements. Security . DISADVANTAGES OF CLOUD COMPUTING    Downtime . as the time you require for IT procurement is virtually nil. healthcare data needs to be shared across various settings and geographies which further burden the healthcare provider and the patient causing significant delay in treatment and loss of time. data and services operated on top of that. Cloud computing offers significant benefits to the healthcare sector: doctor’s clinics. Using cloud-powered technologies means you need to provide your service provider with access to important business data. theft and insider misconduct. as all resources are maintained by the service provider Strategic Edge . without any upfront costs and minimal provisioning time. the patients. 15. they can become overwhelmed and may even come up against technical outages. Moreover. has become the key to both patient satisfaction and improved clinical outcomes. hospitals. Cloud technologies can significantly facilitate this trend. and improve operational efficiency at the same time. not the backend infrastructure itself. updating and firmware management may not be passed to the customer or end user. it transfers minimal control over to the customer. to share information more easily than ever before. and health clinics require quick access to computing and large storage facilities which are not provided in the traditional settings. Cloud caters to all these requirements thus providing the healthcare organizations an incredible opportunity to improve services to their customers.

ETNO-Learning Diary (Session-1.2&3) Class Discussion: 1. Consumers like services which are accessible and provide convenience  Reasons why organizations should do trend analysis: 1.the process of comparing business data over time to identify any consistent results or trends. a trend can be plotted on graph paper to show changes through time. You can then develop a strategy to respond to these trends in line with your business goals. 3. Trend monitoring-Trends viewed as particularly important may be carefully monitored—watched and reported regularly to key decision makers.  To identify the trends that would impact on the future business we use 1. If desired. 4. Increased consumer demand for information about products e. Computer simulation.situation simulation using computer software 5. Importance of Technology Impact of Technology in our life Technology Management Trends in Technology Integrated global economy Gartner Hype Cycle Methodology Stages of IT growth. Ever Increasing population b. 5. Such a projection shows where the trend should be at some point in the future assuming there is no shift in the rate of change.analysis of data from past years. Urbanization taking place at faster pace c. the trend line can then be extended or "projected" into the future on the basis of the recent rate of change. Use of social media in making purchase decisions d.When numerical data are available.  These trends are as follows: a. 6. Trend projection. 7. Historical analysis. Trend analysis. 2. 4. 3. More information intensive . 2.

Continually expanding handling force of PCs 2. Autonomous ARTICLE: INTERNET OF THINGS Selected Industry: Healthcare Three key points about Internet of Things are: 1. 2. Idea of information peculiarity 3. In the event that there is any inconsistencies found in the patient's wellbeing. the band will consequently alarm the closest doctor's facility. Doctor's facilities will be associated with a coordinated framework where in the rescue vehicle will naturally be alarmed at whatever point the clinic gets data around a patient through the patient's health band. Analog Stage 2. Digital Marketing 5. patients will dependably be checked and the data about their wellbeing will dependably be investigated and prepared. E-business Stage 4. 3. Integrated global economy 3. Cloud innovation taking care of trillions of sensors Impact of IOT on healthcare industry: 1. Web Stage 3.2. Again ambulances will be in steady touch with the movement observing framework which will modify activity lights at whatever point an emergency vehicle achieves an activity signal keeping in mind the end goal to diminish the voyaging time of the patient to the closest doctor's facility. Pace of technology innovation is increasing  IT stages of Growth: 1. With the creation of wearable health groups. Digital Business Stage 6. .

utilization of development investigation with self-conveyance can help them to decrease the aggregate lead time of their yields to showcase and thus can offer them some assistance with reducing wastage and profit. supply and accessibility components . providing a sound source of insight to manage its deployment within the enterprise. Advance Analytics with self-administration conveyance: As the rural masses are fundamentally occupied with agricultural exercises. 2.  Technology to help rural masses: 1.GARTNER HYPE CYCLE METHODOLOGY: Gives a view of how a technology or application will evolve over time. Smart Advisors: Again this innovation can help farmers to choose crops which would give them most extreme benefits in light of interest.

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