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# Part A

Surname

Name

Year 4 Physics
Semester 2

Test 1

Unit P2

Topic P2.1

Topic P2.2

Part A

Time: 20 minutes

## The total marks for this part is 20.

The total marks for the paper is 40.
The marks for each question are shown in square brackets.
Use this as a guide as to how much time to spend on each question.
Questions labelled with an asterisk (*) are ones where the quality of your written
communication will be assessed.
You should take particular care with your spelling and grammar, as well as the
clarity of expression, on these questions.
Answer the questions in the spaces provided.
There may be more space than you need.

Part A

FORMULAE
You may find the following formulae useful.
charge = current time

Q=It

V=IR

P=IV

## energy transferred = current potential difference time

E=IVt

distance
time

speed =

acceleration =

change in velocity
time taken

a=

(v u )
t

F=ma

W=mg

## momentum = mass velocity

P=mv

force =

change in momentum
time

power =

work done
time taken

F=

(mv mu )
t

E=Fd
P=

E
t

## gravitational potential energy = mass gravitational field strength vertical height

GPE = m g h
kinetic energy = mass velocity2

KE = m v2

*P44804A0224*

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Part B
Surname

Name

Year 4 Physics
Semester 2

Test 1

Unit P2

Topic P2.1

Topic P2.2

Part B

Time: 20 minutes

## The total marks for this part is 20.

The total marks for the paper is 40.
The marks for each question are shown in square brackets.
Use this as a guide as to how much time to spend on each question.
Questions labelled with an asterisk (*) are ones where the quality of your written
communication will be assessed.
You should take particular care with your spelling and grammar, as well as the
clarity of expression, on these questions.
Answer the questions in the spaces provided.
There may be more space than you need.

Part B

FORMULAE
You may find the following formulae useful.
charge = current time

Q=It

V=IR

P=IV

## energy transferred = current potential difference time

E=IVt

distance
time

speed =

acceleration =

change in velocity
time taken

a=

(v u )
t

F=ma

W=mg

## momentum = mass velocity

P=mv

force =

change in momentum
time

power =

work done
time taken

F=

(mv mu )
t

E=Fd
P=

E
t

## gravitational potential energy = mass gravitational field strength vertical height

GPE = m g h
kinetic energy = mass velocity2

KE = m v2

*P44804A0224*

1. The graphs show how the current in a component changes with the voltage applied across the
component.
Draw a line from each component to its correct graph.

(2)

PART B

## 2. (a) Marie works in an office which has a nylon carpet.

She walks across the carpet towards her filing cabinet.
There is friction between her shoes and the carpet.
When she touches the metal handle of her filing cabinet she feels an electric shock.
(i) State the name of the charged particles which have been transferred between the carpet and
her shoes.
(1)

(ii) The following sentences explain how Marie got the electric shock.
The sentences are in the wrong order.
Put them in the correct order by numbering the boxes.
Two have been done for you.
Actions

## charge flows from Marie to the filing

cabinet
Marie touches the handle

## charge is transferred by friction on to

Marie
Marie has lost her negative charge
a negative charge builds up on Marie

PART B

(2)

(b)

Marie has another filing cabinet which has a black conductive strip at the top.
This black strip helps to prevent electric shocks.
This strip has a high resistance but still conducts charge.

If Marie touches the strip before touching the handle she does not feel a shock.
Explain, using the idea of electric current, why Marie does not feel a shock.

(3)

PART B

*(c) Sparks from electrostatic discharge can sometimes be very dangerous. They can cause a fire or
an explosion.
Safety precautions are taken to reduce risks.
Explain how safety precautions, in a particular situation, reduce the risks of fire or explosion.

(6)

## (Total for Question is 12 marks)

PART B

3. The voltage current graph for a filament light bulb is shown below.

Put a cross (

(1)

## A Resistance of the filament increases as the current increases

B Resistance of the filament decreases as the current increases
C The filament has a higher resistance than the connecting wires
D The filament has a lower resistance than the connecting wires
(Total for Question is 1 mark)
4. The diagram shows the apparatus used to obtain the data needed to calculate the resistance of a
thermistor at different temperatures.

PART B

## (a) (i) Draw the circuit symbol for a thermistor.

(1)

(ii) Use the data in the diagram to calculate the resistance of the thermistor at 20 C.

(2)

PART B

(iii) Complete the graph below to show how the resistance of the thermistor will change as the
temperature of the thermistor increases from 20 C to 100 C.

(1)

(1)

## Tick (o) one box.

An automatic circuit to switch a plant watering system on and off.
An automatic circuit to switch an outside light on when it gets dark.
An automatic circuit to switch a heating system on and off.

o
o
o

## (Total for Question is 5 marks)

PART B

Mark Scheme
Part A
1
2(a)
(b)(i)

(b)(ii)
(c)(i)

(c)(ii)

(c)(iii)

MARK SCHEME

Acceptable

Mark
(1)
(1)

D
D
accept voltmeter
across both lamp
and ammeter
connected in parallel
with lamp (1)
R = 6.0/0.26 (1)
= 23 (1)
point correctly
plotted at 2.0, 0.14 to
within half a small
square (1)
smooth curve of best
fit connecting all
given points within
half a small square
(1)

(1)
(2)
Judge curve by eye.
If more than one line
present then ignore
any that appear to
be erased or
deleted.
Ignore any part of
line which goes
beyond given points.
If plotted point is
incorrect then allow
ecf for line
Allow reverse
argument positive
correlation (between
them ) graph is not a
straight line not in
equal steps current
does not increase as
much (as it gets
higher) accept
resistance has
increased with
increase in current
for two marks
to break the circuit
to switch the current
off accept flow of
electricity/charge/
electrons for current
battery / energy
would be drained
/used up/ wasted
otherwise accept
reverse arguments
ignore reference to
power / volts

a description
including two of the
following:
current increases
as voltage increases
(1)
current is not
proportional to the
pd (1)
(1)
a suggestion to
include:
there is still a
current (when control
is at min position) (1)
make the battery
last longer (1)

(2)

(2)

(2)

4(a)(i)
(b)

(c)

MARK SCHEME

## D decrease the resistance of the

variable resistor
Heat/thermal energy is produced
(1)
in the lamp/bulb / variable resistor /
connecting wires (1)
0.4 5 (1)
= 2W (1)

(1)
Ignore sound (energy) and 'it is
inefficient' Accept 'it' as meaning
the lamp Eg 'it also produces heat'
gains both marks Idea that (some)
energy is wasted/lost in the
lamp/variable resistor/wires gains
maximum of 1 mark
bald 2.0 x 10n gains 1 mark eg bald
20 or 0.2 = 1 mark (BOD for correct
substitution) give full marks for
working

(2)

(2)

5.

MARK SCHEME

Mark
(1)

Part

2(a)(i)
(a)(ii)
(b)

Question
Number
*(c)

QWC

Level
1

0
1-2

MARK SCHEME

(1)

electrons
row 4 and 6 labelled 2,3 (1)
row 2 and 5 labelled 5,6 (1)
An explanation linking three of the
following
charge flows from Marie through the
conductive strip (1)
this constitutes an electric current
(1) the (relatively) high resistance of
the strip means that the current is
(relatively) small (1)
compared with the (larger) current
which would flow through the metal
handle (1)
idea of earthing (1)
Marie no longer charged when she
touches the handle (1)

(2)

Indicative content

(3)
Mark

## An explanation linking some of the

following points
a clear statement of the situation
being considered
an explanation of how the
electrostatic charge would build up if
no safety precaution was taken
an explanation of why a spark is
generated
consequences of this spark resulting
in the ignition of the combustible /
flammable source
detail of the safety precaution
an explanation of electrostatic
processes with the safety precaution
in place.
a statement that the previously
(6)
identified risk is now reduced
No rewardable material
a simple explanation or a diagram of a
potentially dangerous situation with either a
statement of a possible consequence or a
relevant safety precaution
4

3-4

5-6

## the student uses everyday language and the

response lacks clarity and organisation
spelling, punctuation and the rules of
grammar are used with limited accuracy
some explanation or a partially labelled
diagram of the situation and some explanation
of how the charge would build up in the
unprotected situation linked to a relevant safety
precaution or an explanation of how this results
in a controlled discharge or prevents the
charge separation in the first place
the student uses some technical terms and
shows some clarity and organisation
spelling, punctuation and the rules of
grammar are used with some accuracy
a detailed explanation or a fully labelled
diagram of the situation and explanation of how
the charge would build up in the unprotected
situation clearly linked to a relevant safety
precaution and explanation of how this results
in a controlled discharge or prevents the
charge separation in the first place
the student uses a range of technical terms
and shows good clarity and organisation
spelling, punctuation and the rules of
grammar are used with considerable accuracy