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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

48 Antenna Hopping

48 Antenna Hopping

About This Chapter

48.1 Overview

This describes the overview of antenna hopping. The antenna hopping function enables the downlink data carried on one TRX to be randomly transmitted on another TRX. This improves the quality of the main BCCH TRX data received by the MS and improves the network performance.

48.2 Availability

This lists the NEs, software, and licenses required for the implementation of the antenna hopping.

48.3 Technical Description

This describes the technical aspects of the antenna hopping. Through the frequency hopping bus, the data of a TRX can be transmitted randomly on another TRX. The antenna hopping technology is implemented on the basis of frequency hopping bus and antenna hopping algorithm.

48.4 Implementation

This describes how to configure and verify the antenna hopping.

48.5 Maintenance Information

This lists the alarms related to antenna hopping.

48.6 References

48 Antenna Hopping

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

48.1 Overview

This describes the overview of antenna hopping. The antenna hopping function enables the downlink data carried on one TRX to be randomly transmitted on another TRX. This improves the quality of the main BCCH TRX data received by the MS and improves the network performance.

Definition

 

Antenna hopping means that the downlink data carried on one TRX can be randomly transmitted on another TRX.

When antenna hopping is enabled, the data carried on the main BCCH TRX can be transmitted on other type of TRX, and the data carried on other type of TRX can be transmitted on the main BCCH TRX.

Purpose

 

In GSM cells, the frequency, frame number, system message, and paging group of the cell are sent on the broadcast control channel of the main BCCH TRX. These broadcasts messages are important for the MS in idle mode to search for the network and for the MS in dedicated mode to measure the neighbor cells.

If the MS is in an unfavorable position or the antenna of the main BCCH TRX is damaged, the MS cannot receive the broadcast control messages from the main BCCH TRX properly.

The antenna hopping function enables the data of all the timeslots on the BCCH TRX to be transmitted on the antenna of all the TRXs in the cell in turn. Thus the space diversity is increased and the quality of the main BCCH TRX data received by the MS is improved. Therefore, the network performance is enhanced.

Terms

 

Terms

 

Definition

Frequency

Data bus that receives the external TRX data in baseband frequency hopping or antenna hopping

Hopping Bus

Timeslot

Hardware interruption every 577 μs specified in the GSM 0502 protocol

Interval

Abbreviations

 

Abbreviations

Full Spelling

CA

Cell Allocation

FN

Frame Number

MAIO

Mobile Allocation Index Offset

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

48 Antenna Hopping

Abbreviations

Full Spelling

HSN

Hopping Sequence Number

MA

Mobile Allocation

FH-BUS

Frequency Hopping Bus

D-BUS

DATA-BUS

RF

Radio Frequency

TRX

Transceiver

48.2 Availability

This lists the NEs, software, and licenses required for the implementation of the antenna hopping.

Network Elements Involved

Table 48-1 lists the NEs involved in antenna hopping.

Table 48-1 NEs involved in antenna hopping

MS

BTS

BSC

MSC

MGW

SGSN

GGSN

HLR

-

-

-

-

-

-

NOTE

 

l

–: not involved

 

l

: involved

Software Versions

Table 48-2 lists the software releases that support antenna hopping.

Table 48-2 GBSS products and software versions

Product

Version

BSC

BSC6000

V900R003C01 and later releases

BTS

BTS3012

BTS3000V100R006 and later releases

BTS3012AE

BTS3000V100R005 and later releases

BTS3006C

BTS3000V100R005 and later releases

48 Antenna Hopping

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

Miscellaneous

None.

48.3 Technical Description

This describes the technical aspects of the antenna hopping. Through the frequency hopping bus, the data of a TRX can be transmitted randomly on another TRX. The antenna hopping technology is implemented on the basis of frequency hopping bus and antenna hopping algorithm.

48.3.1 Frequency Hopping Bus

This describes frequency hopping bus. The antenna hopping technology is implemented based on the hardware of baseband frequency hopping.

48.3.2 Antenna Hopping Algorithm

This describes antenna hopping algorithm. Through the antenna hopping frequency list and the

ID algorithm, antenna hopping algorithm ensures that the frequency and data of each frame on the frequency hopping bus is unique and has a one-to-one relationship with the TRX number.

48.3.1 Frequency Hopping Bus

This describes frequency hopping bus. The antenna hopping technology is implemented based on the hardware of baseband frequency hopping.

When baseband frequency hopping and antenna hopping are enabled, a large amount of data exchange is performed between different TRXs in the cabinet. Frequency hopping bus is introduced to facilitate the data exchange. When the antenna hopping function is realized, each TRX sends the TX frequency, TX ID, and data of the current frame to the frequency hopping bus during timeslot interval. The TRX receives the corresponding frequency and data from the frequency hopping bus, and then configure the RF based on the frequency. Then, the RF sends the data to the MS over the Um interface.

Figure 48-1 shows the position of the frequency hopping bus in the BTS.

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

48 Antenna Hopping

Figure 48-1 Position of the frequency hopping bus in the BTS

FH_BUS
FH_BUS

ANT

DBUS TRX1

DBUS

DBUS TRX1

TRX1

frequency hopping bus in the BTS FH_BUS ANT DBUS TRX1 ANT TRXn DBUS 48.3.2 Antenna Hopping
frequency hopping bus in the BTS FH_BUS ANT DBUS TRX1 ANT TRXn DBUS 48.3.2 Antenna Hopping

ANT

TRXn DBUS

TRXn

TRXn DBUS

DBUS

bus in the BTS FH_BUS ANT DBUS TRX1 ANT TRXn DBUS 48.3.2 Antenna Hopping Algorithm This
bus in the BTS FH_BUS ANT DBUS TRX1 ANT TRXn DBUS 48.3.2 Antenna Hopping Algorithm This

48.3.2 Antenna Hopping Algorithm

This describes antenna hopping algorithm. Through the antenna hopping frequency list and the ID algorithm, antenna hopping algorithm ensures that the frequency and data of each frame on the frequency hopping bus is unique and has a one-to-one relationship with the TRX number.

Build the antenna hopping frequency list based on the frequency information configured on the BSC side. The BTS searches for the frequency from the antenna hopping frequency list when it needs to send antenna hopping frequency.

When calculating the antenna ID, enter the TRX number to calculate an offset based on the frame number and timeslot number of the TRX number. And then obtain an unique antenna hopping ID based on the offset. Figure 48-2 lists the procedures for transmitting the data in antenna hopping.

48 Antenna Hopping

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

Figure 48-2 Procedures for transmitting the data in antenna hopping

Start
Start
for transmitting the data in antenna hopping Start Receives the data to be transmitted Antenna hopping

Receives the data to be transmitted

Receives the data to be transmitted
Receives the data to be transmitted
Receives the data to be transmitted
Antenna hopping or not? No Transmit on the local TRX Yes Frequency hopping or not?
Antenna
hopping or not?
No
Transmit on the local TRX
Yes
Frequency
hopping or not?
No
Update the antenna
hopping frequency list
with non frequency
hopping frequency list
Yes
Update the antenna hopping
frequency list with frequency
hopping frequency list
Search for the
frequency from the antenna
hopping frequency list
Calculate the
antenna hopping ID
Send the data to the
frequency hopping bus
End
hopping ID Send the data to the frequency hopping bus End Figure 48-3 lists the procedures
hopping ID Send the data to the frequency hopping bus End Figure 48-3 lists the procedures

Figure 48-3 lists the procedures for receiving the data in antenna hopping.

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

48 Antenna Hopping

Figure 48-3 Procedures for receiving the data in antenna hopping

Start
Start
Procedures for receiving the data in antenna hopping Start Check for the data on frequency hopping
Check for the data on frequency hopping bus

Check for the data on frequency hopping bus

Check for the data on frequency hopping bus
Check for the data on frequency hopping bus
The data matches the ID of the TRX? No No handling Yes Receive the data
The data matches
the ID of the TRX?
No
No handling
Yes
Receive the data
Send the data to the MS
over the Um interface
End
data Send the data to the MS over the Um interface End 48.4 Implementation This describes
data Send the data to the MS over the Um interface End 48.4 Implementation This describes

48.4 Implementation

This describes how to configure and verify the antenna hopping.

48.4.1 Changing Non Antenna Hopping to Antenna Hopping

This describes how to change non antenna hopping to antenna hopping on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal.

48.4.2 Changing Antenna Hopping to Non Antenna Hopping

This describes how to change antenna hopping to non antenna hopping on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal.

48.4.3 Verifying Antenna Hopping

This describes how to verify antenna hopping. Antenna hopping is invisible to the MS. To verify antenna hopping, you need to use a spectrum analyzer to check whether the main BCCH frequencies on the main BCCH TRX have continuos output signals. If the signals are discontinuous, the antenna hopping is enabled.

48 Antenna Hopping

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

48.4.1 Changing Non Antenna Hopping to Antenna Hopping

This describes how to change non antenna hopping to antenna hopping on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal.

Prerequisite

 

Antenna hopping is mainly used the cells with poor radio propagation conditions and poor Um interface quality.

Context

 

When baseband frequency hopping and antenna hopping are operating at the same time, adhere to the following principles:

l

The number of baseband frequency hopping groups must be the same as that of antenna hopping groups.

l

The same TRX number must belong to the baseband frequency hopping group and the antenna hopping group with the same group number.

Procedure

Step 1 On the Management Tree tab page of the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal, right-click
Step 1
On the Management Tree tab page of the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal, right-click
the cell to change Antenna Hopping, and then choose Configure Cell Attributes on the
shortcut menu. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 48-4.
Figure 48-4 Configuring Cells Attributes dialog box (1)
Step 2
Double-click the target cell in the Cell view list box to add it to the Selected cells list box.
Step 3
Click Next. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 48-5.

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

48 Antenna Hopping

Figure 48-5 Configuring Cells Attributes dialog box (2)

Figure 48-5 Configuring Cells Attributes dialog box (2) Step 4 In the Cells to be set

Step 4

In the Cells to be set area, select the target cell, and then click Set Cell Properties. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 48-6.

48 Antenna Hopping

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

Figure 48-6 Set Cell Attributes dialog box

Description Figure 48-6 Set Cell Attributes dialog box Step 5 Click Antenna Hopping . A dialog

Step 5

Click Antenna Hopping. A dialog box is displayed. Set CELL Antenna Hopping toYESas shown in Figure 48-7.

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

48 Antenna Hopping

Figure 48-7 Configure Cell Antenna Hopping dialog box

Figure 48-7 Configure Cell Antenna Hopping dialog box Step 6 Click OK to return to the

Step 6

Click OK to return to the dialog box shown in Figure 48-6.

Step 7

Click OK to return to the dialog box shown in Figure 48-5.

Step 8

Click Finish to complete the configuration.

----End

48.4.2 Changing Antenna Hopping to Non Antenna Hopping

This describes how to change antenna hopping to non antenna hopping on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal.

Procedure

Step 1

On the Management Tree tab page of the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal, right-click the cell to change Antenna Hopping, and then choose Configure Cell Attributes on the shortcut menu. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 48-8.

48 Antenna Hopping

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

Figure 48-8 Configuring Cells Attributes dialog box (1)

Figure 48-8 Configuring Cells Attributes dialog box (1) Step 2 Double-click the target cell in the
Step 2 Double-click the target cell in the Cell view list box to add it
Step 2
Double-click the target cell in the Cell view list box to add it to the Selected cells list box.
Step 3
Click Next. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 48-9.
Figure 48-9 Configuring Cells Attributes dialog box (2)
Step 4
In the Cells to be set area, select the target cell, and then click Set Cell Properties. A dialog
box is displayed, as shown in Figure 48-10.

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

48 Antenna Hopping

Figure 48-10 Set Cell Attributes dialog box

Antenna Hopping Figure 48-10 Set Cell Attributes dialog box Step 5 Click Antenna Hopping . A

Step 5

Click Antenna Hopping. A dialog box is displayed. Set CELL Antenna Hopping to NO, as shown in Figure 48-11.

48 Antenna Hopping

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

Figure 48-11 Configure Cell Antenna Hopping dialog box

Figure 48-11 Configure Cell Antenna Hopping dialog box Step 6 Click OK to return to the

Step 6

Click OK to return to the dialog box shown in Figure 48-10.

Step 7

Click OK to return to the dialog box shown in Figure 48-9.

Step 8

Click Finish to complete the configuration.

----End

48.4.3 Verifying Antenna Hopping

This describes how to verify antenna hopping. Antenna hopping is invisible to the MS. To verify antenna hopping, you need to use a spectrum analyzer to check whether the main BCCH frequencies on the main BCCH TRX have continuos output signals. If the signals are discontinuous, the antenna hopping is enabled.

48.5 Maintenance Information

This lists the alarms related to antenna hopping.

Alarms

Table 48-3 lists the alarms related to antenna hopping.

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

48 Antenna Hopping

Table 48-3 Alarms related to antenna hopping.

Alarm ID

Alarm Name

4114

Interior I/O Alarm

2126

TRX Interior I/O Alarm

3584

DRU Interior I/O Alarm

Counters

None

48.6 References

l

GSM 05.02 V7.0.0 (1999-03)

Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Multiplexing and multiple access on the radio path

l

GSM 05.02 V7.0.0 (1999-03)

Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Channel coding