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MSE 5001

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
M5001/EN SD/A11 Version A

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

M5001/EN SD/A11
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MSE 5001

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MSE 5001
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

Original signed by

Date

Name

Established

17/01/2005

Monique Wils

Checked

17/01/2005

G. Secretan

Approved

17/01/2005

Vianney Vannson

Visa

MSE 5001
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

REF : M5001/EN SD/A11


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CONTENTS
1.

NETWORK DEVELOPMENT DEMANDS OF MSE 5001

1.1

Current Situation, Demands and Solutions

1.2

Network Applications

2.

FEATURES AND FUNCTIONS OF MSE 5001

2.1

Features and Functions

3.

HARDWARE STRUCTURE OF MSE 5001

12

3.1

Equipment Appearance

12

3.2

Board Configuration

13

3.3

Installation Mode

17

4.

SOFTWARE STRUCTURE OF MSE 5001

18

4.1

Software Structure

18

4.2

Board Software

19

4.3

NE Software

19

4.4

NM System

19

5.

SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE OF MSE 5001

20

5.1

Overview

20

5.2

Cross-Connect & Timing Unit

21

5.3

System Control & Communication Unit

22

5.4

Line Unit

22

5.5

Tributary Unit

23

5.6

Orderwire Unit

26

5.7

Power Interface Unit

26

5.8

Fan Interface Unit

26

6.

NETWORKING APPLICATION OF MSE 5001

27

6.1

Equipment Networking

27

7.

RELIABILITY DESIGN OF MSE 5001

29

7.1

Equipment-Level Protection

29

7.2

Network-Level Protection

30

8.

OPERATION, ADMINISTRATION AND MAINTENANCE OF MSE 5001

33

8.1

Operation and Maintenance

33

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8.2

Areva TMS 5000

34

9.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF MSE 5001

35

9.1

Equipment Specifications

35

9.2

Power Consumption of Boards

35

9.3

Multiplexing Structure

35

9.4

Interface Types

36

9.5

Interface Specifications

37

9.6

Standards and Recommendations Followed

46

10.

ABBREVIATIONS

47

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PAGE BLANCHE ("Blank Page")

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MODIFICATIONS PAGE
Version
A

DATE
17/01/2005

COMMENTS
ORIGINAL ISSUE

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1.

NETWORK DEVELOPMENT DEMANDS OF MSE 5001

1.1

Current Situation, Demands and Solutions

The opening of the telecom markets of various countries and customers increasing demands on services and
equipment security not only sharpens the competition between operators, but presents new demands on
equipment manufacturers. It is required that the access layer products should provide more perfect protection,
including the Equipment Protection Switch (EPS), and active/standby protection for important boards and
configuration data. Besides, the equipment is required to be smaller in size and lower in cost. To meet this market
demand, AREVA has developed the MSE 5001 product, which are more reliable and cost-effective, thus making
equipment networking more economical.

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1.2

Network Applications

The MSE 5001 is a compact access network transmission equipment, mainly used at the service access layer. The
application of the MSE 5001 in the overall transmission network is illustrated in Figure 1.

STM4 RING
TMS 5000

STM1

STM1 RING

IP / 2M / 34M
Enterprise
Radio

DSLAM
PSTN

Figure 1 Application of th e MSE 5001 in the overall network

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2.

FEATURES AND FUNCTIONS OF MSE 5001

2.1

Features and Functions

2.1.1

Features

2.1.1.1

Protection mechanism

The MSE 5001 provides the equipment protection and network protection.
The equipment protection includes the EPS, 1+1 hot backup of power interface unit, 1+1 backup of cross-connect
& timing unit and service data backup of system control & communication unit.
The network protection includes the Path Protection (PP), Subnetwork Connection Protection (SNCP) and
Multiplexing Section Protection (MSP).
2.1.1.2

Cross-connection capability

The MSE 5001 is capable of 2020 VC-4 and 1260x1260 VC12 full cross-connection.
2.1.1.3

Flexible service access capability

An MSE 5001 can access STM-4, STM-1, E1/T1, E3/DS3 and 10M/100M Ethernet service.

Maximum STM-4 service accessed: 2STM-4.

Maximum STM-1 service accessed: 6STM-1.

Maximum E1/T1 service accessed: 96E1/T1 when not providing EPS; 80E1/T1 when providing EPS.

Maximum E3/DS3 service accessed: 18E3/DS3 when not providing EPS; 12E3/DS3 when providing
EPS.

Maximum Ethernet service accessed: 1210M/100M.

2.1.1.4

Flexible networking capability

The MSE 5001 can be configured flexibly as Terminal Multiplexer (TM) or Add/Drop Multiplexer (ADM) system.
Each Network Element (NE) can be configured either as a single STM-1/STM-4 TM or ADM system, or as a multiADM system combined with STM-1/STM-4, and is capable of cross-connection between multiple systems. Each
NE supports multiple network topologies, including the chain, ring, ring with chain, tangent ring.
2.1.1.5

NMS with perfect functionality

The Areva TMS 5000 performs unified Operation Administration and Maintenance (OAM) functions on the complex
network formed by MSE 5001, and achieves the configuration and grooming of circuits for a secure network
operation.
2.1.1.6

Power supply and environment monitoring function

The MSE 5001 monitors the specific voltage value and voltage status of the power supply such as severe
undervoltage, ordinary undervoltage, provides alarm input and alarm output function. The alarm input function may
be used to achieve remote monitoring of the user environment. The alarm output function may be used to connect
the alarm interfaces of the centralised alarm system to perform centralised monitoring of alarms from each piece of
equipment.
2.1.1.7

Synchronisation Status Message management function

The MSE 5001 provides Synchronisation Status Message (SSM) management function of synchronous clock, with
which the occurrence of timing loop can be avoided during clock switching. With this function, when the
synchronous timing signal traced by the system is degraded, the downstream nodes can switch the input clock
source or change into holdover working status in time, instead of waiting until the synchronous timing signal is
detected to be over the deterioration threshold. Thus, the synchronous operation quality of the entire network can
be improved. Besides, SSM management function can simplify the planning and design of the synchronous
network.
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The MSE 5001 NE clock also has perfect SSM management function. Its external synchronous clock input port can
directly receive synchronous information of the external timing equipment. The clock from the synchronous clock
output port also has the SSM function. It is flexible to set the bits of the SSM in the external 2048kbit/s signals to
facilitate the connection with the third-party equipment. In addition, it is able to set the SSM threshold of each NE
for an easy synchronous network management.
2.1.1.8

Flexible installation

The MSE 5001 presents two type of subrack :


Type I : double sided subrack (access from front and rear)
Type II : front sided subrack (all access from the front)
These subracks can be installed in the following ways:

Installed in an European Telecommunications Standards (ETS)300-119-3-compliant cabinet (including


300mm-deep and 600mm-deep).

Installed in a standard 600mm-deep 19-inch cabinet.

Installed in a C series 600mm-deep cabinet developed by AREVA.

Installed in a 19-inch open rack developed by AREVA.


Installed in a RSA rack.
Wall-mounting installation mode (Type II only).
2.1.1.9

Flexible and configurable Data Communication Channel resource

To fulfil the complicated networking demands, the MSE 5001 can be configured flexibly with Data Communication
Channel (DCC) resource. The DCC can be configured either at the D1~D3 bytes or at the D4~D12 bytes.
2.1.1.10

Embedded Control Channel transparent transmission capability

The MSE 5001 can provide the processing capability of four Embedded Control Channel (ECC) for the NMS
information transmission. The NMS information can be transmitted via D1~D3 and D4~D12 bytes, and the unused
DCC bytes will be transmitted transparently.
2.1.1.11

Superior Electromagnetic Compatibility performance

The MSE 5001 has superior Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) performance. For detailed specification
requirements, refer to the section of Technical Specifications of MSE 5001.
In terms of safety compliance, it conforms to UL and CE standards.

2.1.2

Functions

Provides two -48V/-60V Direct Current (DC) power supplies, with the voltage ranging -38.4~ -72V.

Provides up to 6STM-1 optical interfaces or 2STM-4 optical interfaces.

Provides up to 96E1/T1 access, or up to 80E1/T1 access in case of EPS protection.

Provides up to 18E3/DS3 access, or up to 12E3/DS3 access in case of EPS protection.

Provides up to 210M/100M Ethernet access.

Provides one network management interface.

Provides two external clock accesses. The clock signals may be either 2048kHz or 2048kbit/s. Interface
impedance may be either 75 or 120.

Provides 4-channel data transmission interfaces, or three Boolean inputs and one Boolean output.

Provides one-channel orderwire phone.

Supports the equipment protection, including 1+1 power interface unit backup protection, 1+1 crossconnect & timing unit backup protection, E1/T1 1:5 EPS, two groups of E3/DS3 1:2 EPS, E1/T1 and

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E3/DS3 combined protection, and service data backup of system control & communication unit.

Supports the network protection, including PP, SNCP, MSP and Shared optical fibre virtual trail.

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3.

HARDWARE STRUCTURE OF MSE 5001

3.1

Equipment Appearance

The MSE 5001 equipment adopts a compact box-shaped structure, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3
facilitating installation and maintenance.
3.1.1

Type I subrack

Figure 1 Appearance of t he MSE 5001 equipment (view of the equipment with


boards inserted)

Figure 2 Appearance of t he MSE 5001 equipment (rear view of the equipment


with cables leading-out)

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3.1.2

Type II subrack

Figure 3 Appearance of t he MSE 5001 Type II subrack

3.2

Board Configuration

The board configuration slots of the MSE 5001 are shown in Figure 4, Figure 5 and Figure 5 and Figure 6.
3.2.1

Type I subrack

Slot13fan

Slot1-power supply 1

Slot2-power supply 2

Slot3-SCC unit

Slot4Tributary Unit

Slot5Tributary Unit

Slot6Tributary Unit P

Slot7-cross-connect, clock
and lines

Slot8-cross-connect, clock Slot9-orderwire


board
and lines

Slot10Tributary Unit/lines

Slot11Tributary Unit/lines

Slot12Tributary Unit P

Figure 4 Front view of th e MSE 5001 type I

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Slot21external clock interface

Slot26tributary outlet/bridge

Slot25-tributary outlet

Slot24tributary outlet

Slot32tributary outlet/bridge

Slot31
-tributary outlet

Slot30tributary outlet

Figure 5 Rear view of the MSE 5001 Type I

3.2.2

Type II Subrack

Slot 24

Slot 25

Slot 26

Slot 30

Slot 31

Slot 21/32
21

Slot 13

XCS B

XCS
Slot
A 1

Slot 2

Slot 4

Slot 5

Slot 6

Slot 7

Slot 8

Slot 9

Slot 10

Slot 11

Slot 12

Slot 3

Figure 6 Front View of th e MSE 5001 Type II

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Board configuration in the MSE 5001 (Type I and Type II)

Board
name
SCC

Description

Installation
position

Interface type and amount

System control &


communication
unit

Slot 3

PIU

Power interface
unit

Slot 1 and Slot 2

D-type connector used, each board providing onechannel 48V/60V DC.

EOW

Engineering
Order Wire unit

Slot 9

One RJ11 interface used for orderwire communication

XCS0

Cross-connect &
timing unit

Slot 7 and Slot 8

XCS1

Cross-connect
and timing board with STM-1
optical interface
subboard

Slot 7 and Slot 8

A pair of SC/PC optical interface and providing 1 %


STM-1 optical signals.

XCS4

Cross-connect
and timing board with STM-4
optical interface
subboard

Slot 7 and Slot 8

A pair of SC/PC optical interface and providing 1 %


STM-4 optical signals.

STIA

Synchronous
timing interface
board

Slot 21

Four BNC connector and providing two external clock


interfaces, whose impedance is 75.

Synchronous
timing interface
board

Slot 21

PL1S

8 % E1 interface
unit with tributary
protection75/120

Slot 4, Slot 5, Slot 6,


Slot 10, Slot 11 and
Slot 12

Null

PL1D

16 % E1 interface
unit with tributary
protection75/120

Slot 4, Slot 5, Slot 6,


Slot 10, Slot 11 and
Slot 12

Null

PF1S

8 % E1 framed
interface unit with
tributary
protection-75

Slot 4, Slot 5, Slot 6,


Slot 10, Slot 11, Slot
12

Null

PF1D

16 % E1 framed
interface unit with
tributary
protection-75

Slot 4, Slot 5, Slot 6,


Slot 10, Slot 11, Slot
12

Null

PM1S

8 % E1/T1
interface board
with tributary
protection
100/120

Slot 4, Slot 5, Slot 6,


Slot 10, Slot 11, Slot
12

Null

STIB

One RJ45 ETHRENT interface used for network


management.
One F&f serial interface used for network
management.

Four RJ45 interface used for transparent transmission


of data or three Boolean inputs and one Boolean
output.

Providing two 2048kHz or 2048kbit/s clock signal.


One DB9 connector and providing two external clock
interfaces, whose impedance is 120
Providing two 2048kHz or 2048kbit/s clock signal.

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Board
name

Description

Installation
position

Interface type and amount

PM1D

16 % E1/T1
interface board
with tributary
protection 100/120

Slot 4, Slot 5, Slot 6,


Slot 10, Slot 11, Slot
12

Null

PL3

3 % E3/DS3
interface board
with tributary
protection

Slot 4, Slot 5, Slot 6,


Slot 10, Slot 11, Slot
12

Null

ET1D

2-port Ethernet

Slot 4, Slot 5, Slot 6,


Slot 10, Slot 11, Slot
12

Two RJ45 connector and providing 2 %10M/100M

Electrical
interface
Board VC-12

Ethernet electrical signal

OSB1

STM-1 optical
interface
subboard (SC)

On the XCS1 board


(Slot 7 and Slot 8)

Null

SL1

STM-1 optical
interface unit

Slot 10 and Slot 11

Two SC/PC optical interface and providing 1 % STM-1


optical signals.

SD1

2 % STM-1 optical
interface board

Slot 10 and Slot 11

Four SC/PC optical interface and providing 2 % STM-1


optical signals.

OSB4

STM-4 optical
interface
subboard (SC)

On the XCS4 board


(Slot 7 and Slot 8)

Null

C12

16 % E1/T1
120/100
electrical interface
board

Slot 24, Slot 25, Slot


26, Slot 30, Slot 31,
Slot 32

One DB78 connector.

C75S

16E1 75
electrical interface
switching & bridge
board

Slot 24, Slot 25, Slot


26, Slot 30, Slot 31

One DB78 connector.

C12S

16E1/T1
120/100
electrical interface
switching & bridge
board

Slot24, Slot25,
Slot26, Slot30,
Slot31

One DB78 connector.

C34S

3E3/DS3 75
electrical
interfaces
switching board

Slot 24, Slot 25, Slot


30, Slot 31

Six BNC connectors.

TSB3

3E3/DS3
switching &
bridging board

Slot 26, Slot 32

Null

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3.3

Installation Mode

The MSE 5001 is a standalone transmission equipment, generally not used with other transmission products in the
same cabinet or combined cabinet, but with the wireless base station and access equipment.
The MSE 5001 can be installed in the following ways:

Installed in an European Telecommunications Standards (ETS)300-119-3-compliant cabinet (including


300mm-deep and 600mm-deep).

Installed in a standard 600mm-deep 19-inch cabinet.

Installed in a C series 600mm-deep cabinet developed by AREVA.

Installed in a 19-inch open rack developed by AREVA.

Installed in a RSA rack.

Wall-mounting installation mode.

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4.

SOFTWARE STRUCTURE OF MSE 5001

4.1

Software Structure

The software system of the MSE 5001 system is of modular structure, composed of board software, NE software
and Network Management System(NMS). The three modules reside respectively on the functional boards, system
control & communication board and NMS computer, and perform specific functions. Software structure of the MSE
5001 system is shown in Figure 7. In the figure, all modules are NE software except "Network Management
System" and "Board Software". The following details the functions of the three modules and how the functions are
implemented.
NMS

Equipment management module

Mailbox communication module

Database management module

Realtime multi-task operating system

Communication module

Board software

Figure 7 Overall softwar e structure of the MSE 5001 system

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4.2

Board Software

It directly controls the functional circuits. In the corresponding board, it implements specific functions of the NE and
the function of default filtering and one second filtering, and it supports the board management from the NE
software.
4.3

NE Software
Real time multi-task operating system
The real time multi-task operating system of the MSE 5001 system NE software is responsible for managing
public resources and supporting application programs. It isolates the application programs from the processor
and provides an application program execution environment, which is independent of the processor hardware.

Mailbox communication
Mailbox communication is the interface module between host software and board software. According to the
corresponding communication protocol, communication function between NE software and board software is
implemented for information exchange and equipment maintenance. Via mailbox communication, board
maintenance and operation commands from the NE software are sent to the boards. On the other hand, the
corresponding board status and alarm and performance events are reported to the NE software.

Equipment management module


Equipment management module is the kernel of the NE software for implementing network element
management. It includes Manager and Agent. Manager can send network management operation commands
and receive events. Agent can respond the network management operation commands sent by the manager,
implement operations to the managed object, and send events according to state change of the managed
object.

Communication module
The communication module exchanges management information between Network Management (NM) system
and NE and among NEs. It consists of network communication module, serial communication module and ECC
communication module.

Database management module


The database management module is an organic part of the NE software. It includes two independent parts:
data and program. The data are organised in the form of the database, made up of network database, alarm
database, performance database and equipment database. The program accesses and manages data in the
database.

4.4

NM System

The MSE 5001 uses AREVA TMS 5000. This NMS is capable of managing the optical transmission network on a
uniform basis and maintaining SDH, Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) and NEs in the whole
network. In compliance with International Telecommunication Union Telecommunication Standardisation Sector
(ITU-T) Recommendations, it is a network management system integrating standard management information
model and object-oriented management technology. It exchanges information with NE software via the
communication module to implement monitoring and management over network equipment.
Via the NMS, users can perform such operations on the NE as configuration management, fault management,
performance management, security management, path management, and report management.

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5.

SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE OF MSE 5001

5.1

Overview

With the cross-connect unit as its core, the MSE 5001 system consists of the tributary unit, line unit, EPS protection
unit, timing unit, system control & communication unit, orderwire unit, power interface unit and fan interface unit.
The system architecture of the MSE 5001 is shown in Figure 8.
E1/T1
E3/DS3
10M/100M

Tributary unit 1

E1/T1
E3/DS3
10M/100M

Tributary unit n

E1/T1
E3/DS3

TPS protection
unit

Power
interface
unit

-48V DC

Timing
unit

20 x 20
Space division
cross-connect
matrix

System Control &


Communication
unit

External clock

NMS

Line unit 1

STM-1/
STM-4

Line unit n

STM-1/
STM-4

Orderwire
unit

Fan
interface
unit

Orderwire

Representing backup

Figure 8 System architec ture of the MSE 5001

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5.2

Cross-Connect & Timing Unit

The functions of cross-connect and timing unit are combined in XCS0/XCS1/XCS4 board, which can implement
1+1 backup, with the switching time of less than 50ms.
5.2.1

Timing Unit

The timing unit can provide two external clocks, and clock signals are 2048kHz or 2048kbit/s optional via software
setting. The input/output of the clock signal is implemented by the 75 STIA board or 120 STIB board. The timing
unit can perform the following functions:

Supports three kinds of working modes: locked mode, holdover mode and free-run mode.

Reports the alarm and triggers the clock switching in case of an invalid clock.

Capable of selecting one from multiple reference sources such as free-run clock, tributary clock, line clock
as the reference source of the system clock.

Capable of selecting one from multiple reference sources as an external synchronisation clock output.

Capable of setting the reference source priority function.

The software can process the Synchronisation Status Message (SSM) byte.

Provides two external clock interfaces, and the clock signals are 2048kHz and 2048kbit/s optional.

Provides the function of inserting SSM byte. It can extract and process the SSM byte of data clock.

Capable of setting the function of threshold cut-off by external timing output signals.

The software control clock protection works in either revertive mode or non-revertive mode.

5.2.2

Cross-Connect Unit

The cross-connect unit performs the following functions:

Supports 2020 VC-4 and 1260x1260 VC12 full cross-connection.

Detects the EPS status signals sent from the tributary unit. When EPS status signals are abnormal, the
EPS protection will be triggered.

Detects the working status of the cross-connect unit and triggers the active/standby switching when any
abnormal operation is detected.

The equipment protection can work in non-revertive mode.

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5.3

System Control & Communication Unit

The System Control & Communication unit is implemented by the SCC board and is chiefly responsible for the
Synchronous Equipment Management Function (SEMF) and Message Communication Function (MCF). It has the
following specific functions:

Collects and manages information, and monitors the equipment running status: alarm information
management, equipment performance monitoring and service tracing.

Initializes and configures various boards, monitors the alarms of various boards and collects their
performance parameters.

Extracts the DCC byte to constitute the transmission link of an SDH management network.

Provides 10M/100M Ethernet interface. The software provides Qx interface and F interface used for NM
connection.

The software is responsible for SNCP, MSP, PP and EPS control and service data configuration.

Capable of automatically uploading the configuration data backed up in the XCS0/XCS1/XCS4 board, thus
restoring configuration data of the SCC board.

5.4

Line Unit

The STM-1 optical interface board and STM-4 optical interface board implement the line unit function in the MSE
5001.
5.4.1

Types

5.4.1.1

STM-1 optical interface unit

In the MSE 5001 equipment, STM-1 optical interface appears in two forms and has three kinds of boards:

SL1: STM-1 optical interface board, providing 1 STM-1 optical interface of SC/PC type.

SD1: STM-1 optical interface board, providing 2 STM-1 optical interface of SC/PC type.

OSB1: STM-1 Optical Interface subboard. Its a subboard on the XCS1 board, and provides 1 STM-1
optical interfaces of SC/PC type. Optical connecters are on the XCS1 front panel.

5.4.1.2

STM-4 optical interface unit

OSB4: STM-4 optical interface subboard. Its a subboard on the XCS4 board, and provides 1 STM-4 optical
interface of SC/PC type. Optical connecters are on the XCS4 front panel.
5.4.2

Functions

The line unit performs the following functions:

Supports the monitoring and reporting of the working timeslot and protection timeslot status in SNCP.

Supports automatic laser shutdown.

Supports the monitoring and switching of the working status of the active/standby XCS0/XCS1/XCS4
board.

Supports the monitoring and reporting of the alarm and performance of a regenerator section, multiple
section and higher order path.

Supports such maintenance functions as inloop and outloop.

Supports the query of the board serial number.

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5.4.3

Fibre Leading-out Mode

For the OSB1 and OSB4 subboards, the fibre leading-out are completed via the SC/PC connectors on the front
panel of the XCS1 and XCS4 boards. For the SL1/SD1 board, the fibre is led out via the SC/PC connector on its
front panel.
5.5

Tributary Unit

5.5.1

E1/T1 Electrical Interface Board

5.5.1.1

Types

The MSE 5001 provides four kinds of E1/T1 electrical interface boards for E1/T1 service access. All these boards
support EPS. The tributary protection unit and tributary unit use the same boards, and EPS is implemented through
the tributary leading-out interface.

PL1S: 8E1 interface board with tributary protection-75/120.

PL1D: 16E1 interface board with tributary protection-75/120

PF1S: 8E1 framed interface board with tributary protection-75.

PF1D: 16E1 framed interface board with tributary protection-75.

PM1S: 8E1/T1 interface board with tributary protection-100/120.

PM1D:16E1/T1 interface board with tributary protection-100/120.

5.5.1.2

Functions

The interface boards have the following functions:

Supports non-bundled path protection, with the switching time of less than 50ms.

Implements the Bit Error Ratio (BER) tester function.

Provides the function of multi-level inloop and outloop.

Supports the function of retiming (while not supported in T1 mode). The retiming clock is the system clock
and receiving clock at tributary interface.

PF1S/PF1D supports E1 frame format function and Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC).

Supports online software loading.

Supports the online query of the board version.

Supports the board software resetting.

5.5.2

E3/DS3 Electrical Interface Board

5.5.2.1

Type

The MSE 5001 provides one kind of E3/DS3 tributary board for E3/DS3 service access, which also supports EPS
protection. The tributary protection unit and tributary unit use the same boards.

PL3: 3E3/DS3 interface board with tributary protection-75.

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5.5.2.2

Functions

The interface board has the following functions:

Supports bundled revertive path protection, with the switching time of less than 50ms.

Provides the functions of multi-level inloop and outloop.

Supports online software loading.

Supports the online query of the board version.

Supports the board software resetting.

5.5.3

10M/100M Ethernet Interface Board

5.5.3.1

Type

The MSE 5001 provides one kind of Ethernet Interface Board, for 10M/100M Ethernet service access.

5.5.3.2

ET1D : 2-port Ethernet Electrical Interface Board(VC-12).


Functions of ET1D board

The interface board has the following functions:

Provides 2-port 10M/100M auto-negotiation Ethernet electrical interfaces. The Ethernet signals are
accessed via RJ-45 interfaces on the front panel.

Electrical features (such as flow control) of Ethernet interface follow IEEE 802.3x protocol.

The packets from 1~2 10M/100M Ethernet frames can be mapped into 1~16 VC-12. If Ni E1 signals can
be mapped in each port, Ni is no more than 16. The number of E1 signals that can be mapped by the
ET1D board is Ni 16 (i is the number of Ethernet interfaces used on the ET1D board, i=1~2).

Since Ethernet frames are mapped into VC-12s and transmitted in SDH network, so Ethernet service can
be protected with SDH layer protection.

Provides bandwidth sharing and statistical multiplexing based on the Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN)
and port to improve bandwidth utilisation ratio.

Provides Ethernet Layer-2 route functions (Layer-2 route can be realised by extracting Medium Access
Control (MAC) source address and port information from input MAC frames at input port, and store them in
MAC address table with capacity of 8k. It also supports manually adding MAC addresses and port
information to MAC address table).

Provides security isolation among users, and security isolation among VLANs within one user (one ET1D
board supports up to two users).

To prevent conflict of the data with same VLAN but of different users, the ET1D board must isolate VLAN of
different users to separate VLANs. Therefore, user ID is introduced: ports (including the MAC port and VC-Trunk
port) with the same user ID belong to a group and any Ethernet data is limited to this group. At the same time, the
VLAN is isolated within each user. Data of different VLAN cannot be forwarded either.
All ports of the ET1D board can be divided into a number of groups and a user uses a separate group.

Supports multicast and broadcast functions. (for broadcast packet, the ET1D board forwards to all ports
with the same VLAN of the same user. With Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) SNOOPING
multicast function, the ET1D board establishes route information of multicast addresses to avoid broadcast
storm.)

Provides IEEE 802.1D Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) function to avoid failure in transfer of MAC frames,
broadcast storm, MAC frame receiving sequence error, and so on in network topology with loops.

Provides multiple inloop and outloop methods to enable fast and effective trouble shooting.

Provides the functions of flow control.

When the rate of the data flow receiving at the Ethernet port is larger than the rate of encaPIUlating and mapping
data at the SDH line, or when the rate of de-mapping and de-caPIUlating data frame at the SDH line is larger than
the rate of the data flow transmitting at the Ethernet port, the data saved in the memory will increase. When the
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data saved reach to a certain value, the control unit will send a signal to the line with larger rate of data flow, so as
to control the data increase, thus balancing the data processing at both sides. When the data in the memory
decrease to a certain value, the control unit will send another signal to end the flow control and notify data channel
to restore to normal.
5.5.4

Leading-out Mode

5.5.4.1

Ethernet tributary unit

The front leading-out mode is adopted for Ethernet tributary signals. The signals are accessed in/out of the
Ethernet board via RJ-45 connector.
5.5.4.2

PDH tributary unit

Leading-out mode is adopted for tributary signals. The connecting board performs the signal transfer and connects
the signal output from the tributary board directly to the leading-out interface.
The MSE 5001 provides one kind of tributary connecting boards:

C12: 16E1/T1 electrical interface board.

When the equipment is required to provide EPS protection, the following boards must be used in combination:

C75S: 16E1 75 electrical interface switching & bridge board.

C12S: 16E1/T1 120/100 electrical interface switching & bridge board.

C34S: 3E3/DS3 75 electrical interface switching board.

TSB3: 3E3/DS3 75 switching & bridging board.

The leading-out mode of the tributary units is shown in Table 1.


Table 1 Leading-out mo de of the tributary units

Protection
No EPS
protection

EPS protection

Name

Interface board
Slot available

PL1S/PL1D/PM1S/PM1D/
PF1S/PF1D

Slot4, Slot5, Slot6, Slot10,


Slot11 and Slot12

PL3

Connecting board
Name
Slot available
C12
C34S

Slot24, Slot25,
Slot26, Slot30, Slot31
and Slot32

PL1SA/PL1DA/PF1S/PF1D
(protected unit)

Slot4, Slot5, Slot6, Slot10


and Slot11

C75S

Slot24, Slot25,
Slot26, Slot30 and
Slot31

PL1SA/PL1DA/PF1S/PF1D
(protection unit)

Slot12

Null

Slot32

PL1SB/PL1DB/PM1S/PM1
D (protected unit)

Slot4, Slot5, Slot6, Slot10


and Slot11

C12S

Slot24, Slot25,
Slot26,Slot30 and
Slot31

PL1SB/PL1DB/PM1S/PM1
D (protection unit)

Slot12

Null

Slot32

PL3 (protected unit)

Slot4, Slot5 or Slot10, Slot11

C34S

Slot24, Slot25 or
Slot30, Slot31

PL3 (protection unit)

Slot6 or Slot12

TSB3

Slot26 or Slot32

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5.6

Orderwire Unit

The orderwire unit implements its function by means of the EOW board, which provides one-channel orderwire and
4-channel data transmission interfaces,(or three Boolean inputs and one Boolean output).
The orderwire phone interface conforms to Pulse-Code Modulation (PCM) standards.
The Orderwire unit can perform the following functions:

Implements the extraction and insertion of overhead bytes such as E1, E2, and F2.

Provides one-channel orderwire phone via E1/E2 byte, and supports the functions of addressing call and
conference call.

Provides four transparent transmission RS-232 broadcast interfaces, namely, S1, S2, S3 and S4, via F2,
X1, X2 and X3 bytes. The maximum transmission rate is 19.2kbit/s for each data interface. Both point-topoint and point-to-multi-point transmission are available.

Four data interfaces can be multiplexed into three Boolean inputs and one Boolean output.

Provides communication module to keep communication with the SCC board, reports alarms to the TMS
5000 and receives the commands from the TMS.

5.7

Power Interface Unit

The power interface unit implements its function by means of PIU board and adopts centralised power supply
mode. The input power supply is -48V/-60V DC. The input -48V/-60V DC passes the input protection module which
provides the integrated equipment power interface with power reverse polarity non-destructive protection, lightning
protection, Electromagnetic Interference(EMI) filtering and satisfies the EMC design requirements.
The power interface unit can perform the following functions:

Monitors the input/output voltage and provides the input under-voltage, power module failure alarm and
under-voltage shutdown function.

Provides the system with power 1+1 backup. The equipment can still run normally even if one PIU board
becomes faulty.

Provides the board temperature detection by means of the temperature sensor to monitor the operating
temperature of the board.

5.8

Fan Interface Unit

The fan interface unit implements its function by means of the FAN board.
The fan interface unit can perform the following functions:

Possesses the intelligent fan functions. When the fan interface unit detects the temperature crosses the
upper limit, the fan will rotate at a higher speed. When the fan interface unit detects the temperature drops
to the lower limit of 3C, the fan will rotate at a lower speed.

Detects the fan fault. If any fan stops rotating, it will report the alarm and the red alarm indicator will turn
on.

Provides over-voltage protection for the fans. Since 48V/-60 power supply works under 38.4V ~ -72V,
while the fan should works under the voltage less than 56V, so the over-voltage protection is a must.

Supports the board hot-swapping.

Supports the query of the fan board temperature.

Supports the query of the board information.

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6.

NETWORKING APPLICATION OF MSE 5001

6.1

Equipment Networking

The MSE 5001 can be configured as a TM or ADM NE. This equipment is chiefly applied at the service access
layer, therefore it has simple networking modes and can constitute such topology networking modes, such as
chain, ring, ring with chain, tangent ring and shared optical fibre virtual trail.
6.1.1

Chain Network

TM

TM
TM

TM

ADM

Figure 9 Chain network

The MSE 5001 can be configured as the chain network as shown in Figure 9. This networking mode is simple and
requires less optical fibre, but does not provide service protection.

6.1.2

Ring Network

ADM

Figure 10 Ring network

The MSE 5001 can be configured as the basic ring network as shown in Figure 10 and is capable of providing
services with PP, MSP or SNCP.

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6.1.3

Ring-with-Chain Network

TM

TM

TM

ADM

MADM

Figure 11 Ring-with-chain network

The MSE 5001 can form the ring-with-chain network as shown in Figure 11. The configuration of the ring and chain
in the networking is shown in Table 2.
Table 2 The configuratio n of the ring and chain

6.1.4

Ring
Chain

STM-1 SNCP/MSP

STM-4 SNCP/MSP

STM-1 SNCP/MSP

STM-4 SNCP/MSP

Tangent Ring Network

Ring1

ADM

Ring2

MADM

Figure 12 Tangent ring ne twork

The MSE 5001 can form the tangent ring network as shown in Figure 12. The configuration of the ring 1 and ring 2
in the networking is shown in Table 3.
Table 3 Configuration of Ring 1 and Ring 2

Ring2

Ring1

STM-1 SNCP/MSP

STM-4 SNCP/MSP

STM-1 SNCP/MSP

STM-4 SNCP/MSP

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7.

RELIABILITY DESIGN OF MSE 5001

The MSE 5001 employs a variety of advanced protection technologies in designing its hardware and software, and
provides multiple protection mechanisms for the network, thus guaranteeing a top-quality transmission service.
7.1

Equipment-Level Protection

7.1.1

1+1 Redundancy Hot Backup Protection for Power Supply

The power system can provide two -48V/-60V DC feed-ins and the power boards in Slot1 and Slot2 back up each
other. Thus, even if one board becomes faulty, the equipment will not be negatively affected.
7.1.2

1+1 Backup Protection for Cross-Connect & Timing Unit

The cross-connect and timing boards in Slot 7 and Slot 8 are in mutual backup mode. In case one board becomes
faulty, the equipment can still work normally.
7.1.3

Tributary Protection Switching

The MSE 5001 provides the EPS function. When the tributary board is not in position or pulled off, the EPS
protection will be started. Meantime, when some modules or components such as power, software, clock, etc. of a
tributary board work abnormally, the EPS protection can also be triggered.
EPS protection has the following types available:

1:N (N5) EPS protection for E1/T1 electrical interface board.

The E1/T1 electrical interface board in Slot12 protects those in Slot4, Slot5, Slot6, Slot10 and Slot11.

Two groups of 1:N (N2) EPS protections for E3/DS3 electrical interface board.

The E3/DS3 electrical interface board in Slot6 protects those in Slot4 and Slot5.
The E3/DS3 electrical interface board in Slot12 protects those in Slot10 and Slot11.

Both the protection of a group of 1:N (N3) 2048kbit/s or 1544kibt/s and a group of 1:N (N2)34368kbit/s
or 44736kbit/s electrical interfaces exist.

The E1/T1 electrical interface board in Slot12 protects those in Slot4 or Slot10 or Slot11.
The E3/DS3 electrical interface board in Slot6 protects that in Slot5 or Slot 4.
7.1.4

Backup of System Control & Communication Service Data

The configuration data on the SCC board are backed up on the active and standby XCS0/XCS1/XCS4 boards
respectively, and the two sets of data back up each other. When the SCC board becomes faulty and has been
replaced with a new one, it is not necessary to re-send the configuration data. The new SCC board will first read
the data from the active XCS0/XCS1/XCS4 board, and if failed, it will turn to the standby one. Thus, the
configuration data on the SCC board are still kept consistent.

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7.2

Network-Level Protection

The MSE 5001 has superior performance in self-healing protection and can implement two-fibre unidirectional path
protection, subnetwork connection protection, linear multiplex section protection and ring multiplex section
protection. Thus, the services on the network can get effective protection in case of fibre cut, line board damage or
node failure.
7.2.1

Path Protection

The protection mechanism of a two-fibre unidirectional path protection ring and that of a two-fibre bidirectional path
protection ring are shown respectively in Figure 13 and Figure 14. Diagram (a) shows the service direction in
normal status, and Diagram (b) the service direction in switching status.
CA AC

CA AC

S1

S1

P1

P1

A
B

P1

P1

S1

S1

CA

AC

CA

( a)

AC

Switching

( b)

Figure 13 Unidirectional p ath protection ring


CA AC

CA AC

23
A
D

S1

S1

S2

S2

A
D

P1

P1

P2

P2

CA AC

( a)

X
CA AC

Switching

( b)

Figure 14 Bidirectional pat h protection ring

7.2.2

Subnetwork Connection Protection

As network structures are becoming more and more complicated, subnetwork connection protection (SNCP) is the
only service protection mode applicable for various network topologies with a fast switching speed. SNCP is a
protection at path layer and is used to protect the service between the two points in any complicated networks (e.g.,
two-fibre path protection ring on the ring network). The support of the MSE 5001 for SNCP is completely in
compliance with ITU-T Recommendation G.841. Even in the case of multiple service switching, the MSE 5001 can
also meet the requirements of switching time less than 50ms.

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7.2.3

Multiplex Section Protection

7.2.3.1

Linear multiplex section protection

Linear multiplex section protection is mainly used in linear networking mode. There are two kinds of protection
modes: 1+1 protection mode and 1:N (N 3) protection mode. Under the 1+1 protection mode, each working
system is protected by a dedicated standby system. Under the 1:N protection mode, N systems share one
protection system. For the latter protection mode when the systems run smoothly the protection system can be
used to transmit extra services in order to achieve higher efficiency. However, it needs a complicated Automatic
Protection Switching (APS) protocol. The MSE 5001 supports the 1+1 and 1:N protection modes in the point-topoint linear networking mode. Under the 1:1 protection mode, protection system can carry additional services. For
those protection modes, the switching time is less than 50ms as specified in ITU-T Recommendations.
7.2.3.2

Ring multiplex section protection

The protection mechanism of two-fibre bidirectional multiplex section protection and that of two-fibre unidirectional
multiplex section protection are shown respectively in Figure 15 and Figure 16. Diagram (a) shows the service
direction in normal status, and diagram (b) the service direction in switching status.
CA AC

CA AC

S1/P2
S2/P1

S1/P2
S2/P1
A

A
B

D
C

S2/P1
S1/P2

D
C

S2/P1
S1/P2

CA AC

CA AC

(a)

(b)

Switching

Figure 15 Bidirectional mu ltiplex section protection


CA AC

CA AC
S
P

S
P

P
S

A
B

D
C

D
C

P
S

CA AC

CA AC

(a)

(b)

Switching

Figure 16 Unidirectional m ultiplex section protection

7.2.4

Shared Optical Fibre Virtual Trail

When MSE 5001 systems are used to construct the network, one ring can share the intersection section of fibres
on the other ring in the two-ring intersection topology, and can use surplus transmission bandwidth of this section
as virtual optical paths, thus economizing fibres and optical interface boards. This kind of networking is referred to
as the shared optical fibre virtual trail. Bandwidth limitations of the two rings must be taken into consideration when
using shared fibre virtual trail protection ring.
The topology of a typical shared optical fibre virtual trail protection ring is illustrated in Figure 17.

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ADM

ADM

Ring 1
STM-4

ADM

ADM

Ring 2
STM-1

ADM

ADM

Figure 17 Topology of a sh ared optical fibre virtual trail protection ring

The implementation of multiplex section protection requires APS protocol. But VC-4 traffics through the shared
virtual optical trails on the shared fibre virtual trail protection ring belong to different protection groups, the APS
protocol can not be shared by them. On a shared optical fibre virtual trail protection ring, only path protection or
SNCP can be employed to protect the services.

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8.

OPERATION, ADMINISTRATION AND MAINTENANCE OF MSE 5001

8.1

Operation and Maintenance

In the equipment and board design as well as function setting, users requirements for equipment operation and
maintenance are all taken into consideration, so the MSE 5001 system can provide powerful equipment
maintenance capabilities. They are listed below:
On the equipment side :

Running status indication of some boards assists maintenance personnel in monitoring the equipment
running.

Provides audio and visual alarm.

Provides the orderwire phone for easy maintenance.

Table 4 shows the meanings of the indicators of some boards.


Table 4 Meanings of the indicators of some boards

Board
name

Indicator

Status description

SCC

Running indicator(green)

Flashing 5 times every


second.

NE software is being loaded.

Flashing 3 times every


second.

NE software is being deleted.

Flashing once every second.

NE software is lost, awaiting for loading

Flash once every two


seconds.

Normal operation state

Normally off.

No alarm occurs to the current NE

Flashing once every other


second.

Minor alarm occurs to the current NE.

Flashing twice every other


second.

Major alarm occurs to the current NE.

Flashing

Data is being transmitted.

Normally off.

No data transceived

Normally on

Link connection is normal.

Normally off

Link breaks or is not connected.

Normally on

Data is being transmitted

Normally off

No data transceived

Normally on

Boolean signal is being transmitted.

Normally off

No Boolean signal transceived

Normally on

FAN 1 stops rotating.

Normally off

FAN 1 works normally.

Normally on

FAN 2 stops rotating.

Normally off

FAN 2 works normally.

Normally on

Supply power for other boards


normally.

Alarm indicator(red)

Ethernet indicator (yellow)

Ethernet indicator (green)

EOW

Green indicator

Orange indicator

FAN

FAN1 ALM indicator

FAN2 ALM indicator

PIU

OUT indicator (green)

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Board
name

XC1/XC4

Indicator

Running indicator(green)

Alarm indicator(red)

Status description
Normally off

The input voltage is abnormal or PIU


board fails.

Flashing 5 times every


second.

NE software is being loaded.

Flashing 3 times every


second.

NE software is being deleted.

Flashing once every second.

NE software is lost, awaiting for loading

Flash once every two


seconds.

Normal operation state

Normally off.

No alarm occurs to the board

Normally on

The board works normally.

On the NMS side :

Dynamically monitors the running status, performance event and alarm of the equipment on the network
via NMS. In case of abnormal service interruption, the service will be automatically protected.

Provides audio and visual alarm.

Provides the service with multiple loopback testing functions.

Remotes Maintenance.

8.2

Areva TMS 5000

The MSE 5010 is uniformly managed by the NM system. Through the Qx interface or MML interface, the NM
system can implement management, maintenance and test to the whole optical transmission system in terms of
fault, performance, configuration and security. The NM system improves the quality of network services, reduces
the maintenance cost and ensures rational use of network resources.
Areva provides telecommunication operators with a whole series of optical transmission systems, which can be
used on networks of different layers. To manage sub-network, area network or national network efficiently, the NM
system is required to feature basic operation and maintenance functions and the monitoring and management
capability on the optical transmission network as well. According to the Telecommunications Management Network
(TMN) network management hierarchical model, the telecommunication network management is divided into
network element layer (NEL), NE management layer (EML), network management layer (NML), service
management layer (SML) and business management layer (BML). The NE management system manages NE
equipments within one subnet, while the NM system implements the network layer assignment, fault monitoring,
performance analysis, resource analysis, circuit dispatching, etc. in a large-scale network.
To adapt to network management of different scales and levels, the management system of Areva consists of the
local maintenance terminal and the NE management system. These products cover the applications of the TMN
from the NE management layer to the subnet management, and contain part of the service management layer
functions. With these products, Areva is able to provide telecommunication operators with a complete package of
network management solutions for single equipment, single service to large scale and multi-service networks.

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9.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF MSE 5001

9.1

Equipment Specifications

Dimensions : 436mm (W) x 365mm (D) x 133.3mm (H) (Type I subrack)


Dimensions : 436mm (W) x 291mm (D) x 219mm (H) (Type II subrack)
Power supply parameter: -48V/-60V DC, ranging 38.4 ~ -72V.
Power consumption: about 90W in full configuration.
Weight in full configuration: 15kg
9.2

Power Consumption of Boards

The power consumption of various boards of the MSE 5001 are listed in Table 5.
Table 5 Power consump tion of various boards of the MSE 5001

9.3

Board name

Power consumption(W)

Board name

Power consumption(W)

SCC

PM1D

8.8

EOW

10

PL3

3.5

XCS0

ET1D

8.5

XCS1

10

OSB1

6.5

XCS4

14

OSB4

10

PL1S

FAN

10

PL1D

4.05

C34S

0.42

PF1S

TSB3

0.42

PF1D

8.8

PM1S

Multiplexing Structure

The multiplexing structure of the MSE 5001, as illustrated in Figure 18.


STM-4

AUG-4

4
STM-1

AUG-1

AU-4

VC-4

TUG-3

TU-3

VC-3

C-3

44.736Mbit/s

TU-12

VC-12

C-12

2.048Mbit/s

7
Pointer processig
TUG-2

Multiplxing
Aligning
Mapping

Figure 18 Multiplexing stru cture

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9.4

Interface Types

Interface types provided by the MSE 5001 are listed in Table 6.


Table 6 Interface types

Interface Type

Interface Rate and Feature

Electrical interface

1544kbit/s;2048kbit/s;34368kbit/s;44736kbit/s

Optical interface

155520kbit/s; 622080kbit/s

Clock interface

2048kbit/s; 2048kHz

Ethernet interface

10M/100M RJ-45 electrical interface

Auxiliary interface

Administration interface, orderwire interface


and data interface

Electrical interfaces
Electrical interface types provided by the MSE 5001 are listed in Table 7 all of which are in compliance with ITU-T
Recommendation G.703.
Table 7 Electrical interfa ce types

Electrical Interface
Rate

Code Type

Transmission Media

1544kbit/s

B8ZS

100 balanced cable

2048kbit/s

HDB3

120 balanced cable, 75


Unbalanced cable

34368kbit/s

HDB3

75 unbalanced cable

44736kbit/s

B3ZS

75 unbalanced cable

Optical Interface
Optical interface types provided by the MSE 5001 are listed in Table 8 all of which are in compliance with ITU-T
Recommendations.
Table 8 Optical Interface types
STM-1 Optical Interface

S-1.1; L-1.1; L-1.2

STM-4 Optical Interface

S-4.1; L-4.1; L-4.2

Laser security: In compliance with ITU-T Recommendation G.958


Optical fibre connectors: SC/PC.
Ethernet interfaces
Ethernet interface types are listed in Table 9.
Table 9 Ethernet interfa ce types

Interface Type

Interface Rate and Feature

RJ-45 electrical interface

10M/100M BASE-T autosensing

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Clock interfaces
Clock interfaces provided by the MSE 5001 are listed in Table 10.
Table 10 Clock interfaces
External synchronous
source

2-port input, 2048kbit/s (G.703 6) or 2048kHz (G.703 10)

Synchronous output

2-port output , 2048kbit/s (G.703 6) or 2048kHz (G.703


10), 75

Auxiliary interfaces
Auxiliary interfaces provided by the MSE 5001 are listed in Table 11.
Table 11 Auxiliary interfa ces

9.5

Management
interfaces

One Ethernet interface and one F interface

Orderwire interface

one 2-line orderwire telephone interface

Data interface

4 user-defined RS-232 serial data interfaces

Interface Specifications

This section lists ITU-T specifications for transmission systems, such as those for optical/electrical interfaces, clock
synchronization, EMC and environment, along with actual test results of the MSE 5001 system.
9.5.1

Optical Interface Specifications

9.5.1.1

Performance specifications for optical interfaces

Different launched optical powers and receiver sensitivities may lead to different possible transmission distance.
The classification of optical interfaces supported by the MSE 5001 is shown in Table 12.
Table 12 Application code s of optical interfaces

Application
Nominal wavelength (nm)

1310

1310

1550

Optical fibre type

G.652

G.652

G.652

Type

S-1.1

L-1.1

L-1.2

Transmission
distance (km)

28

56

87

Type

S-4.1

L-4.1

L-4.2

Transmission
distance (km)

20

47

STM-1

STM-4

9.5.1.2

Inter-office communication
Short-haul
Long-haul

Optical interface parameters

Optical interface parameters of the MSE 5001 system are listed in Table 13 and Table 14.

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Table 13 Parameters spe cified for STM-1 optical interfaces

Item

Unit

Value

Nominal bit rate

kbit/s

Application code

S-1.1

L-1.1

L-1.2

Operating wavelength range

nm

1261-1360

1280-1335

1480-1580

Source type

MLM*

MLM

SLM*

Maximum Root-MeanSquare(RMS) width ()

nm

7.7

Maximum -20dB width

nm

Minimum side mode


suppression ratio

dB

30

Maximum mean launched


power

dBm

-8

Minimum mean launched


power

dBm

-15

-5

-5

Minimum extinction ratio

dB

8.2

10

10

Attenuation range

dB

0-12

10-28

10-28

Maximum dispersion

ps/nm

96

246

NA*

Minimum optical return loss of


cable plant at S, including any
connectors

dB

NA

NA

20

Maximum discrete reflectance


between S and R

dB

NA

NA

-25

Minimum sensitivity

dBm

-28

-34

-34

Minimum overload

dBm

-8

-10

-10

Maximum optical path penalty

dB

Maximum reflectance of
receiver, measured at R

dB

NA

NA

-25

Transmitter
at reference
point S

Optical path
between S
and R

Receiver at
reference
point R

STM-1

155520

MLM:Mult-Longitudinal Mode (Laser)


SLM:Single Longitudinal Mode (Laser)
NA:Not Applicable

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Table 14 Parameters spe cified for STM-4 optical interfaces

Item
Nominal bit rate

kbit/s

Application codes

Operating wavelength range

nm

Transmitter
at reference
point S

Optical
path
between S
and R

Receiver at
reference
point R

9.5.1.3

Unit

Value
STM-4
S-4.1
1293-1334/
1274-1356

622080

L-4.1
1300-1325/
1296-1300

L-4.2
1480-1580

Source type

MLM

MLM

SLM

Maximum RMS width ()

nm

4/2.5

2.0/1.7

Maximum -20dB width

nm

<1

Minimum side mode suppression


ratio

dB

30

Maximum mean launched power

dm

-8

Minimum mean launched power

dm

-15

-3

-3

Minimum extinction ratio

dB

8.2

10

10

Attenuation range

dB

0-12

10-24

10-24

Maximum dispersion

ps/nm

46/74

92/109

2400

Minimum optical return loss of


cable plant at S, including any
connectors

dB

NA

20

24

Maximum discrete reflectance


between S and R

dB

NA

-25

-27

Minimum sensitivity

dm

-28

-28

-28

Minimum overload

dm

-8

-8

-8

Maximum optical path penalty

dB

Maximum reflectance of
receiver, measured at R

dB

NA

-14

-27

Allowable frequency deviation at the input port

Specifications for the allowable frequency deviation at the input port of each application code in the MSE 5001
system are listed in Table 15.

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Table 15 Allowable frequ ency deviation at the input port

9.5.1.4

Optical Interface Level

Standard Requirement (ppm)

STM-1

!20

STM-4

!20

Bit rate error tolerance at the output port

Specifications for the bit rate error tolerance at the output port of each application code in the MSE 5001 system
are listed in Table 16.
Table 16 Bit rate error tol erance at the output port

Optical Interface Level

Standard Requirement (ppm)

STM-1

!20

STM-4

!20

9.5.2

Electrical Interface Specifications

9.5.2.1

Bit rate error tolerance at electrical output port

Specifications for the bit rate error tolerance at the output port of each electrical interface in the MSE 5001 system
are listed in Table 17.
Table 17 Bit rate error tol erance at electrical output port

9.5.2.2

Electrical Interface Type

Specifications (ppm)

1544kbit/s

32

2048kbit/s

50

34368kbit/s

20

44736kbit/s

20

Attenuation tolerance at the input port

Specifications for the attenuation tolerance at the input port of each electrical interface in the MSE 5001 system are
listed in Table 18.
Table 18 Attenuation tole rance at the input port

Electrical Interface Type

Specifications (dB)

1544kbit/s

Not specified

2048kbit/s

0~6

34368kbit/s

0 ~ 12

44736kbit/s

Not specified

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9.5.2.3

Allowable frequency deviation at the input port

Specifications for the allowable frequency deviation at the input port of each electrical interface in the MSE 5001
system are shown in Table 19.
Table 19 Allowable frequ ency deviation at the input port

9.5.2.4

Electrical Interface Type

Specifications (ppm)

1544kbit/s

50

2048kbit/s

50

34368kbit/s

20

44736kbit/s

20

Anti-interference ability at the input port

As the space electromagnetic field brings interference to the transmission cable, the input port of electrical interface
is required to possess the anti-interference ability. Specifications for the anti-interference ability at the input port of
each E1/T1 electrical interface in the MSE 5001 system are listed in Table 20.
Table 20 Anti-interference ability at the input port

Electrical Interface Type

Specifications (SNR*)

2048kbit/s

18dB

1544kbit/s

18dB

34768kbit/s

20dB

SNR:Signal Noise Ratio

9.5.3

Clock Timing and Synchronization

9.5.3.1

Output jitter

The output jitter specifications of clock interfaces in the MSE 5001 system are listed in Table 21.
Table 21 Output jitter

9.5.3.2

Clock Interface

Output Jitter (UIpp) Specifications

0.05

0.05

Output frequency accuracy of the internal oscillator in free-run mode

Specification for the output frequency accuracy of internal oscillator in free-run mode in the MSE 5001 system are
listed in Table 22.
Table 22 Clock output fre quency

Clock Interface

Specifications (ppm)

4.6

4.6

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9.5.3.3

Long-term phase variation (in locked mode)

The long-term phase variation is caused by the factors such as temperature and aging, which result in the gradual
deviation of the output signal of the master clock. It is often indicated by the Maximum Time Interval Error (MTIE)
and Time Deviation (TDEV). Specifications for the long-term phase variation in the MSE 5001 system are listed in
Table 23 and Table 24.
Table 23 Maximum time i nterval error

Clock Interface
MTIE

100s

300s

Index requirements
600s

63.39ns

79.01ns

90.76ns

100.52ns

63.39ns

79.01ns

90.76ns

100.52ns

1000s

Table 24 Time deviation ( TDEV)

Clock Interface
TDEV
100s

300s

6.4ns

6.4ns

6.4ns

6.4ns

6.4ns

6.4ns

6.4ns

6.4ns

9.5.4

Jitter Performance Specifications

9.5.4.1

Output jitter of the STM-1/STM-4 synchronous interface

Index Specifications
600s

1000s

The output jitter specifications of STM-N optical interfaces in the MSE 5001 system are listed in Table 25.
Table 25 Output jitter at S TM-N interface

Optical Interface
Level

9.5.4.2

B1 (f1~f4)
Specifications

Output Jitter (UIpp)


B2 (f3~f4)
Specifications

STM-1

0.50

0.10

STM-4

0.50

0.10

Input jitter and wander tolerance of the STM-1/STM-4 interface

The input jitter tolerance specifications of STM-N interfaces in the MSE 5001 system are listed in Table 26 and
Table 27.
Table 26 Input jitter tolera nce at STM-1/STM-4 interface

Jitter
Frequency f1

Jitter Tolerance
Specifications. (UI)
Jitter
Jitter
Frequency f2
Frequency f3

Jitter
Frequency f4

STM-1

1.5

1.5

0.15

0.15

STM-4

1.5

1.5

0.15

0.15

STM
Level

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Table 27 Frequency adju stment column width of Jitter measurement filter

9.5.4.3

STM Level

f1(kHz)

f2(kHz)

f3(kHz)

f4(MHz)

STM-1

500

6.5

65

1.3

STM-4

1000

25

250

Input jitter and wander tolerance of the PDH tributary interface

Specifications for the input jitter tolerance of PDH tributary interfaces in the MSE 5001 system are listed in Table 28
and Table 29.
Table 28 Input jitter tolera nce at PDH tributary interface

Jitter
Frequency f1

Jitter Tolerance
Specifications (UI)
Jitter
Jitter
Frequency f2 Frequency f3

Jitter
Frequency f4

1544

5.0

5.0

0.1

0.1

2048

1.5

1.5

0.2

0.2

34368

1.5

1.5

0.15

0.15

44736

1.5

1.5

0.15

0.15

Tributary
Rate
(kbit/s)

Table 29 Jitter measurem ent filter frequency

Tributary Rate (kbit/s)

9.5.4.4

f1(kHz)

f2(kHz)

f3(kHz)

f4(kHz)

1544

40

2048

20

2.4

18

100

34368

100

10

800

44736

100

30

400

Mapping jitter at PDH tributary interface

The mapping jitter specifications of PDH tributary interfaces in the MSE 5001 system are listed in Table 30.
Table 30 Mapping jitter a t PDH tributary interface

Electrical Interface Type


B1 (f1~f4)

Mapping Jitter (UIpp)


Specifications
B2 (f3~f4)

1544kbit/s

0.7

2048kbit/s

0.075

34368kbit/s

0.075

44736kbit/s

0.4

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9.5.4.5

Combined jitter at PDH tributary interface

The combined jitter specifications at PDH tributary interfaces in the MSE 5001 system are listed in Table 31 and
Table 32.
Table 31 Combined jitter at PDH tributary interface

Electrical
Interface Type

Reverse Polarity Single


Pointer (UIpp)
B1
B2

B1

B2

1544kbit/s

1.5

1.5

2048kbit/s

0.4

0.075

0.4

0.075

34368kbit/s

0.4

0.075

0.4

0.075

44736kbit/s

Regular Pointer (UIpp)

Table 32 Combined jitter at PDH tributary interface

9.5.5

Electrical
Interface Types

Regular Pointers with One


Missing Pointer (UIpp)
B1
B2

Double Pointer with


Reverse Polarities (UIpp)
B1
B2

1544kbit/s

1.5

1.5

2048kbit/s

0.4

0.075

0.4

0.075

34368kbit/s

0.4

0.075

0.4

0.075

44736kbit/s

Electromagnetic Compatibility Test Specifications

The MSE 5001 system has been designed as per ETS EN 300386 series recommendations stipulated by the
European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), and has been granted by TUV Rheinland the EMC
certificate. Relevant EMC test specifications of the MSE 5001 system are listed in Table 33.
Table 33 EMC test result

Test Item

Test Standard

Test Result

Conducted emission

EN55022 Class A

Passed

Radiated emission

EN55022 Class A

Passed

Electrostatic discharge

International Electrotechnical
Commission (IEC)1000-4-2 (Air
discharge:8kV;
Contact discharge:8kV}

Passed

Immunity to radiated
electromagnetic fields

IEC1000-4-3(10V/m)

Passed

Electrical transient/burst
immunity

IEC1000-4-4 (2kV)

Passed

Inject current immunity

IEC1000-4-6 (3V)

Passed

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9.5.6

Environmental Requirements

Environmental specifications of the MSE 5001 are listed in Table 34.


Table 34 Environmental r equirements

Environmental
requirements

Temperature

Humidity

Operating range of expected


performance

10 90%

Short-term* working range

-5

Transportation and storage

-40

Item

45
50
70

5 95%
95%

*Short-term: indicates the continuous working period is not more than 72 hours, and the annual accumulated
working period is not more than 15 days.

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9.6

Standards and Recommendations Followed

The MSE 5001 is designed according to the recommendations and standards as listed in Table 35.
Table 35 Standards and r ecommendations followed

Standards and
recommendations

ITU-T
Recommendations,
ETSI standards and
other standards

ITU-T
Recommendations,
ETSI standards and
other standards

Specification

Description

G.703

Physical/electrical characteristics of hierarchical digital interfaces

G.707

Network node interface for the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH)

G.773

Protocol suites for Q-interfaces for management of transmission


systems

G.774.1~5

Management Information Model at the SDH NE level

G.783

Characteristics of synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) equipment


functional blocks

G.784

SDH management

G.803

Architecture of transport networks based on the synchronous digital


hierarchy (SDH)

G.813

Timing characteristics of SDH equipment slave clocks

G.823

The control of jitter and wander within digital networks based on the
2048kbit/s hierarchy

G.824

The control of jitter and wander within digital networks based on the
1544kbit/s hierarchy

G.825

The control of jitter and wander within digital networks based on the
synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH)

G.826

Error performance parameters and objectives for international,


constant bit rate digital paths at or above the primary rate

G.831

Management capabilities of transport networks based on the


synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH)

G.841

Types and characteristics of SDH network protection architectures

G.842

Interworking of SDH network protection architectures

G.957

Optical interfaces for equipment and systems relating to the


synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH)

G.958

Digital line systems based on the synchronous digital hierarchy for use
on optical fibre cables

M.3010

Principles for a telecommunications management network

Q.811

Lower layer protocol profiles for the Q3 and X interface

Q.812

Upper layer protocol profile for the Q3 and X interface

G.652

Characteristics of a single-mode optical fibre cable

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10.

ABBREVIATIONS
Abbreviations

Explanation

ADM

Add/Drop Multiplexer

APS

Automatic Protection Switching

BER

Bit Error Rate

BML

Business Management Layer

CRC

Cyclic Redundancy Check

DC

Direct Current

DCC

Data Communication Channel

DWDM

Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing

ECC

Embedded Control Channel

EMC

Electromagnetic Compatibility

EMI

Electromagnetic Interference

EML

Element Management Layer

ETS

European Telecommunications Standards

ETSI

European Telecommunications Standards Institute;

HDLC

High-level Data Link Control;

IEC

International Electrotechnical Commission

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IGMP

Internet Group Management Protocol

ITU-T

International Telecommunication Union - Telecommunication Standardisation Sector

LAPS

Link Access Procedure-SDH

LPT

Link pass-through

MAC

Medium access control

MCF

Message Communication Function

MLM

Multi-Longitudinal Mode (laser)

MSE

Multi-Service Equipment

MSP

Multiplex Section Protection

MTIE

Maximum Time Interval Error

NA

Not Applicable

NE

Network Element

NEL

Network Element Layer

NM

Network Management

NML

Network Management Layer

NMS

Network Management System

OAM

Operation Administration and Maintenance

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Abbreviations

Explanation

PCM

Pulse-Code Modulation

PDH

Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy

PP

Path Protection

RMS

Root-Mean-Square

SCC

System Control & Communication

SDH

Synchronous Digital Hierarchy

SEMF

Synchronous Equipment Management Function

SLM

Single Longitudinal Mode

SML

Service Management Layer

SNCP

Sub-Network Connection Protection

SNR

Signal Noise Ratio (S/N)

SSM

Synchronization Status Marker

STM

Synchronous Transfer Mode

STP

Spanning Tree Protocol

TDEV

Time Deviation

TM

Terminal Multiplex

TMN

Telecommunications Management Network

TMS

Telecommunications Management System

EPS

Tributary Protection Switching

VC

Virtual Container

VLAN

Virtual Local Area Network

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