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Bulletin No. 10.

1
File Under Excavators

FLUID ANALYSIS GUIDE

Machine Profiles
375 and 375L Excavators and 5080 Front Shovels
Description

CONFIDENTIAL

These are hydraulic excavators or front shovels


mounted on track. They are grouped because the
only difference is in the digging action. An excavator
digs by curling or pulling the bucket toward the
operator. A front shovel digs by pushing or
extending the bucket away from the operator. The
L Models have longer undercarriage, wider track
gauge, and wider track shoes. The last two numbers
of the 300 model series designate the operating
weight of the machine in metric tons. For example,
the 375 is classified as a 75 ton machine.

This document contains unpublished confidential


proprietary, and trade secret information of Caterpillar Inc.,
and is intended for distribution only to parties specifically
authorized by Caterpillar. Unauthorized copying, distribution, or use is specifically prohibited.
1997 CATERPILLAR INC.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

NOTICE
Specific information supplied by this document
concerning the machine/compartment and wear limits
contained in this document are intended to be used
only as general guidelines for interpretation.

Serial Number Range


375: 6NK, 8XG, 8WJ, 6XK
375L: 1JM, 6RL, 9WL
5080: 6XK, 8SL

Model-specific information supplied by this document


is subject to change and may vary on a machine-bymachine basis. Most often, changes to major
components changes are delineated by specific serial
number breaks and/or prefix changes. Equipment
changes and updates are frequent; therefore, you
may need to consult current Operations &
Maintenance Manuals, Parts Manuals, Service
Manuals or other reference materials for details for a
specific serial number machine.

Lubrication Recommendation
For complete information concerning lubrication
recommendations, refer to Caterpillar Machine
Lubricant Recommendations. Form SEBU6250.
Oil Sampling Methods
Early production models of these machines were
not equipped with oil sampling valves. Valves were
added to pressurized compartments in later
production Please refer to Special Instruction
SEHS9043 for the location of valves on later
machines and installation instructions for earlier
production machines.

Wear tables, provided elsewhere by Caterpillar, were


developed for average conditions and are intended to
reflect expected values at normal oil change periods.
They may be too high or too low for some specific
machine applications. Interpretations should be
based on the trend of wear values in each
compartment whenever possible.
Blank wear tables are provided for entry of either
Caterpillar or dealer established guidelines. Note that
Sodium and Molybdenum are not included in these
blank wear tables because these elements are often
present in oil additives and, therefore, must be
trended for meaningful analysis.

Filter Inspection
Recommend that filters be saved for inspection.
Plastic bags are convenient for retaining the filters
until they can be cut open for inspection. The
4C5084 Filter Cutting Tool is available for this
purpose. Be alert for visible pieces of synthetic
friction material or metal which may indicate a
problem.

1
Printed in U.S.A. (3/97)

Iron
Crankshaft
Camshaft
Valves
Valve seats and guides
Oil pump
Cam follower
Cylinder walls
Rocker arm

ENGINE
Serial No. Range: 375, 375L, 5080
Engine Model: 3406 ATAAC
Horsepower Rating: 319 kW, 428 FWHP
Oil Change Interval: 250 Hrs.
Recommended Oil Sampling Interval: 250 hours
Recommended Level I Coolant Analysis
Sampling: 250 Hours or at Oil Change
Filter Change Interval: 250 Hrs.
Sump Capacity: 65 Liters (17 Gal.)
Engine Oil Cooler: Water
Aftercooler: Air to Air
Cooling System: 95 Liters (24.7 Gal.)
Coolant Reservoir: 4.5Liters (1.2 Gal.)
Oil Transfer Possibilities: None

Chromium
Piston rings
Lead
Camshaft bearings
Overlay on main and rod bearings
Tin
Water pump bearings
Timing gear bearings
Main & rod bearings
Oil additives (no failure)

Notes:
1. Recommend Caterpillar Diesel Engine Oil (DEO).
2. Fuel injectors under valve cover. Leakage could
show as fuel dilution in oil sample.

Aluminum
Main bearings
Rod bearings
Timing gear bushings
Timing gear cover
Crankshaft thrust bearings (early engines)
Pistons
Oil pump bushings
Turbocharger thrust bearings
Dirt entry (clay soils)
Anti-seize compounds (no failure)

WEAR ELEMENT SOURCES


Copper
Oil cooler core leaching (no failure oil side)
Crankshaft thrust bearing (later models)
Front and rear idler gear thrust bearing
Turbocharger thrust or sleeve bearings
Wrist pin bushing
Governor bushings
Cooling systems leaks from oil cooler, gaskets
or aftercooler
Cam follower roller shaft
Oil additives (no failure)

Silicon
Dirt entry
Silicon grease (no failure)
Oil additives (no failure)
Molybdenum
Plasma coated piston rings
Oil additives (no failure)
Sodium
Water or coolant entry
Condensation
Oil additives (no failure)

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Printed in U.S.A. (3/97)

WEAR ELEMENT SOURCES

HYDRAULICS

Copper
Oil additives (no failure)
Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
Bronze pump components
Cooler core leaching (no failure)

Serial No. Range: 375, 375L, 5080


Description: Two variable-displacement piston
pumps power the boom, stick and bucket. A third
piston pump powers the travel circuit. A fourth pump
powers the swing circuit. One, single-section, gear
type pump powers the pilot circuit. Caterpillar
Proportional Priority Pressure Compensating
(PPPC) valves are used in both the implement and
travel systems.
Oil Change Interval: 2000 Hrs.
Recommended Oil Sampling Interval: 250 hours
Filter Change Interval: 500 Hrs.
Sump Capacity:
Hydraulic tank: 780 Liters (203 Gal.)
Hydraulic system: 995 Liters (259 Gal.)
Oil Cooler Type: Air
Pump Type(s):
Two Rex Roth Piston Pumps control flow to: Boom,
stick, bucket, Piston Travel Motors and Piston
Swing Drive
Piston Pump controls flow to: Pilot System
Common Sump: All hydraulic pumps, motors,
cylinders, and control valves share a common
sump.
Oil Transfer Possibilities:
1. Hydraulic oil to travel brake and then to final drive
oil through lip seal at travel motor shaft.
2. Hydraulic oil to swing drive through swing motor
shaft seal.
3. Hydraulic oil to pump drive housing through
pump shaft seal.

Iron
Pump housing
Gears
Bearings
Cylinder wear
Pump wear
Brake discs
Chromium
Bearings
Cylinder Rods
Tin
Bearings
Aluminum
Dirt entry (clay soils)
Pump body wear (gear pump)
Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
Silicon
Dirt entry
Silicon grease (no failure)
Oil additives (no failure)
Sodium
Coolant leak
Condensation
Water entry
Oil additives (no failure)

Notes:
1. Recommend Caterpillar Hydraulic Oil (HYDO).
2. Position the boom and stick as shown in
Operation and Maintenance Guide to get correct
oil level reading on hydraulic tank.

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Printed in U.S.A. (3/97)

WEAR ELEMENT SOURCES

SWING DRIVE

Copper
Oil additives (no failure)
Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
Planet gear thrust washers

Serial No. Range: 375, 375L, 5080


Description: Fixed displacement, axial-piston
motor powers the swing mechanism (see Hydraulics
System). Double-reduction, planetary swing drive.
Splash lubricated. Standard swing holding brake
mounts between the swing motor and swing drive.
Automatically applied six seconds after swing
control is released. Brake is hydraulically released
when the swing control is actuated.
Oil Change Interval: At repair
Recommended Oil Sampling Interval: 250 hours
Sump Capacity: 13.5 Liters (3.5 Gal.)
Common Sump With: Separate
Oil Transfer Possibilities:
1. Hydraulic oil to swing drive from motor shaft seal
2. Swing drive oil to grease lubricated swing gear
housing through output pinion seal

Iron
Gears
Bearings
Washers
Carriers
Shafts
Splines
Chromium
Bearings
Tin
Bearings
Aluminum
Dirt entry (clay soils)
Anti-seize compounds (no failure)

Notes:
1. Recommend Caterpillar Transmission / Drive
Train Oil (TDTO).
2. Swing drive is driven by a bent axis piston motor.
The motor is driven by a piston pump. A dsc
brake holds swing drive.
3. Output pinion of swing drive engages gear in
swing drive housing. This housing is grease
lubricated. Drain water from housing before
freezing weather.

Silicon
Dirt entry
Silicon grease (no failure)
Oil additives (no failure)
Sodium
Water entry
Oil additives (no failure)

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Printed in U.S.A. (3/97)

WEAR ELEMENT SOURCES

FINAL DRIVES

Copper
Oil additives (no failure)
Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
Thrust washers and bearings

Serial No. Range: 375, 375L, 5080


Drive: Fully hydrostatic. Each track is driven by an
independent, two-speed, axial-piston hydraulic
motor. Double-reduction, spur gear final drives are
splash lubricated.
Oil Change Interval: At repair
Recommended Oil Sampling Interval: 250 hours
Sump Capacity: each 25 Liters (6.5 Gal.)
Brakes: Two wet, multiple-disc brakes are used on
the final drive input shafts. Spring-applied,
hydraulically released. Actuating a travel control
automatically releases the brakes. When controls
are released, brakes automatically apply.
Brake Friction Material: Cellulose Fiber
Common Sump With: Separate
Oil Transfer Possibilities: Hydraulic oil to final
drive through motor shaft seal.

Iron
Gears
Bearings
Shafts
Splines
Chromium
Bearings
Tin
Bearings
Aluminum
Dirt entry (clay soils)
Anti-seize compounds (no failure)

Notes:
1. Recommend Caterpillar Transmission / Drive
Train Oil (TDTO).
2. When operating in water, check for water and/or
silicon entry.
3. Travel motors hydraulically drive left and right
final drive sprocket.
4. Oil disc planetary brakes lubricated by splash oil
from final drive.

Silicon
Dirt entry
Silicon grease (no failure)
Oil additives (no failure)
Sodium
Water entry
Oil additives (no failure)

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Printed in U.S.A. (3/97)