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HARIJAN tl~LIFT.

: IN
.l\fADRAS .
GOVERNMENT MEASURES
.
EXPLAINED
'

.,
ISS'C'ED BY
TBl!l DmECTOB OJ' INFORMATION AND

GOVERNMENT OJ' YADRAS

FC'.BLICI'iY .

CONTENTS
I, P:uuClll
II.

CoMMtTNITIEs ELIGIBLll: FoB HELP liT TRll LAllotrB


DEPA..Bl'M:EN'I'

m.:

A.bMisSION TO PLACES
,, Jlnmtr !lc.MPLES
'

OF PtrBLlO RESOllT

ADMISSION T<? SCHOOLS


V. LABoUB -~CRooLs
VI. (a} EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES

lV.

. ' . LAlloUB l>EPA..BTllrlltNT

:..n

l'

. PBOVIDE'D BY
\. .
,~. J"

TBll

(b) EDUCATIONAL. FAOlLlTilllS l'BOytl>ED liY TBll

15

EDUCATION DEPARTlU.N'I'

VII. HosT:ELs lliU.INTAINED

.AND

SUliSIDIZI:D

BY

Gov:DNMEl.(T

Vlll. BOA..BDING GBA.NTS


.
IX. GBAW.ra. TO PB:rvAri: AaENOIES ENGAGED rN SoCIAL
; i-.ij{~:.t ~Ec6NOMIO A:o'VANCEMJ;N'I' 01' TBll
; s : ll.t..iJJA:Ns

.,

,
Ano~is n( GovEmu.nmT SnTic:a:
. XI... Jl'BoyunoN o:r Hous:m-siTEs

XU. DlmoaNGWATEB 'WELLS, PATHWAYS AND OTBEB

x.

; ... ,. . SANITA..BY .AQNlTIES .


~

... ,., If

xm.

. CULTl'VATIOllf

XVI.

:xvn:

Co-ol'EBATI'fll Socn:TIES
LA.JIOUB

24

25

ST.&.:n

.(BE..U>QUA..BTEBS

AND WIIA.T
Ollf liJ:.B.uA.NS

25

26

28

AND.

TBll

28

DlSTB.lCTS) ..,.:.

How

23

.!

suf;UL wou m MA.nli.AS CITY-CoNsraucnow


' .. ' ,. 0!, '!'ENEMENTS AND J'LOOD B.ELililll' o

XIV. -R:SSEB.VATIOlf AND . ASSlGf'MENT Oil' . LAND FOll
.XV.

22

Go"VJ:1UUIlt:EllT .

All'l

s:r~:llfD:mo

' 29

XVIII. ILuwu. WELuu CoJOIITTEB .AllfD DisnxcT


ILuwu UPLifl' A:o'VlSOB.Y Co:marr:n
XIX. H.u.i.J..ur CoLO:siZA'l'IOll' SCJIBJO
:X.X. GIJBBA.L

30

3!
33

..!ppc1Uiieu
I. lt:aoT.&L o:r Crm. Dtsn:n.m:u AcT, 1938; Am
..

XXI

or 1938, .l.U.x:DD:ZD :n; Acr XI 01' 1947.

n. .Tlm M.u>BAS' .

TD::rLll '

Acr. 1947

III. TJm PooliA P.ACr. 193!

EllfTli,Y

33

AtTTBO:&U:.U'!Oll'

34

37

HARIJAN UPLIFT-IN MADRAS

....

GOVERNMENT MEASURES EXPLAINED .


I.: PREFACE
Ameliorative work for Harija.ns has been going' onfor over.

1Lirty years in this Provi:npe. The Christian ~ons!and a few.


~ocia.l Service Institutions have been devoting ,E!Ome a.ttentlon to
lh" religious, social and economic betterment of . these classes.
llut. the real stimulus to this movement of emancipation of the
down-trodden people was given, when the Government of India.
accepted the resolution moved by the Hon'ble Da.dabhoy in .~e
Imperial Legislative Council on the 16th March 1916. and com:- :
mended it to the various Provincial Goverrullents for implementa.tion. In consequence of this, the Government of Ma.d.ra.s under
took an exhaustive enquiry into the work that had already been .
done for the improvement of the depressed and backward classes,'
including aborigines and the scope of the work that still ,had to
be undertaken. In G.O. No. 748,. Revenue~ dated 29th March
Hll9, the late Sir George Paddison, I.C.S.,. wa.'s appointed, in the
.first instance, on special duty for term of two years to deal with
~be measures ncces!lary for improving the condition of the Ha.rijana
and in G.O. No. 271, Revenue, dated 2nd February.1920, he was
appointed Commissioner of Labour a.Od. entrUsted with the. duty
n( betterment of the conditions of the Ha.rijans. . Ever &Jnce 1920,
the Government of Madras have, through the La.boll!'. department,,
continuously worked hard to improve the social and; , economic
cunditions of the Harijans, by various measures.. '' .. ' . : .. ''I ..
The Indi:m National Corigress, under the leadership of Mahatma
Gandhi, has also been working for the eradication of untouchability
Ctom 1920 onwards and when the Congress formed the Government
in the Province& for the first time in July 1937 under the Govern.
nu.mt oC India. Act, 1935, the pace of progress of the Harijan Uphft'
work was quickened in pursuance of the Poona. Pa.cl of 1939. The
late Diwan Babadur M. C. Rajah, a Harijan leader who had been
working (or the removal of social and economic diaa.bilities of his
community along with the late Diwan Bah&dur R. Srin.ilrasan, was
the first Harijan Minister in the Interim Government (Madras)
which ~as in office from 1st Aprill937 to the middle of Julyl937 .
In the first Congress Ministry, Sri V.I. Maniswami Pillai was tho
Harijan Minister until the Congress Ministry resigned office in
:ktober 1939. A few months before the resignation of the Ministry
the H:lrijan Temple F.ntry Movement was started by the Govern:
ment by admitting the Harijana into the famous Madura. )!eena.kahi

CONTENTS
I, P.au.A.cm .

. II. CoMMtT:l.UTIES ELio~Li: Fo:a


. DEPA.RTMENT

. m...

BY 'l'D LA:aov:&

AtiMrsSION TO PLACEs OJ' PuBLIO RJ:SOBT


. ~. III:NDv '!.'E:M:PI.Es :

..

AD~SioN To SCRooLS

tv.

V. LABoUB .~CRooLs '


VI. (a) EDUCATIOli'_.U. FACILITIES
.

' . Ll.BOUB l>E:P.A.BTMENT

... . (b) EDUCATIOlUL. FACILlTIES

rn.

j.l'fJ)

\'

l'BOVIDJ:'D BT Tllll
, , , . ' J.

15

EnvoAnoll' DEPABTMENT

Hosw JUINTA.I:NJ:n

l'BOYIDED .. BY TBll

.Aim

rro:BSIDIZED

BY

GoVDlOitD'l'

VIII. BoA:anmG Guns


IX. G:&.A.NTil ~ Pm:vA.U .AGENCIES ENGAGED mSoow.
. . ; 1 _~:.l ~ECONoMIO
Al>VAN(lEM~T
OF TBB
1

22

. XI... JaoVISION o:r Housx-siTEs

..

23
24

; l:I..UI.uANs

. '

.. :x....Ano~TS m _Go~T SEBVIClll.


XU, . DB.l':iowtG-WATEB .'WELLS,

~'" .,,;

l'ATJIWAYS

ID

OTHJ:B

25

SANIT.A.BT AENITIES .

. . _., .If

:-

..

XIII. S:tEtU.L WOBX lll' MAl>BAS CITY-CONSTBVCTIO:W


.
'.. ~ 0!. ~8 .A:5D FLOOD BELl:Ji:J'

XIV.

-RESUVAT'IOlf AND . ASSlGt'fMDT


. CULTIVAT'Iolf
.

OJ' . LAND

XV. Co-Ol'EBA.TIVB SOCIJCTIES


XVI. I.A:Bot7B STAR (BlW>QVA.RTDS
_DISTBICTS) ..._

XVU:

How AND

AND

FO:&

TBll

28

Gov:D:nt:n-'1'

WJU1'

oN IIA:Jwus
XVIII. liA:Buu. WELFJ.D

AD

Bl'J:NDING

Colllii'rJ:Ell ..A:5D DxsTBIC'l.


Hnuu UPLifl' ADVISoBY ColDIIrrn
:nx.
CoLOlfiZA.'l'loll' ScJ:Wo

XX. G:uu.u.

H.u.i.Tu

..

'

..
. .
I. RooTAL o:r Crm. Disun.m:u Ac'f. 1938, AC:r
" XXI o-r1938, .UAJIDDED :n; AC'l XI ol' 1947.
II.' Tml :MADBAS"' TzluLJI 'Elftli,T AUTBOJUUTIOW
Acr. 1947

T:D Pooli'.A. P.A.Cr. 193%

29

30
3!
33

Anntlieu.

33
34

37

HARIJAN UPLIFT. IN . MADRAS.


~

'

GOVERNMENT MEASURES EXPLAINED:


.
.
,

.
I .' PREFACE.
.
Ameliorative work for Ha.rija.ns lia.a been going' on. for over
'

\birty years in this Province. The Christian M.issions!a.n.d a. few


l:::ocial Service Institutions have been. devoting .some attentton. to

the religious, social and economic better~:rrt, of these classes.


But the real stimulus to this moveiXll'fit of emancipation of the
'down-trodden people was given, when. the Government of India.
a<:cepted the resolution moved by the Hon'ble Dada.bhoy in .~e
Imperial Legislative Council on. the 16th March. 1916 and com~
mended it to the various Provincial Govei1lllients for implementa,..
tion. In consequence of this, the Government of Madras under
took an exhaustive enquiry into the work that had_ already .been.
done for the improvement of the depressed and .backward classes,'
including aborigines and the scope of the work that still, had to
be undertaken. In G.O. No. 748, Reven.uej dated 29th March
1919, the late Sir George Paddison., I.C.S.,. wa.'s appol:nted, in the
~ust instance, on special duty for a. term of two years to deal with
t.be measures neces!'iary for improving the condition of the Harijana
~din G.O. N<>. 271, Revenue, dated. 2nd February.1920, he was
appointed Commissioner of Labour a.Iid. entrusted with the. duty
of betterment of the conditions of the Harija.n.s.. Ever sjn.ce 1920,
the Government of Madras have, through the Labour .department,
continuously worked hard to improve the ~ocia.l and: :economic
cvnditions of the Ha.rijans, by various measures. .'- , . : .
The India.n National Congress, under the leadership of Mahatma
Gandhi, bas also been working for the eradication of untouchability
!from 1920 onwards and when. the Congress formed the Government
iin the Provinces for the first time in. July 1937 under the Govem~
ment of India Act, 1935, the pace of progress of the Harijan Uphft
1\o<Ork was quickened in pursuance of the Poona. Pacl of 1932. The
~ate Diwan Babadur M. C. Rajah, a Harijan leader who had been
\working for the removal of social and ~nomic diilabilities of his
,,-ommunity ~ong with the late Diwan. Baba.dur R. Srinivasan., was
1be first Harijan Minister in the Interim Government (Madras)
l\~hich was in office from 1st Apri11937 to the middle of J'nly 1937.
' n the first Congress Ministry, Sri V.I. Muniswami Pillai was the
laVJ.rijan. Minister until the Congress Ministry resigned office ill
Utober 1939. A few months before the resignation of the Ministry
'he Harijan Temple F.ntry Movement was started by the Govern:
tt.lent by admitting the Harijans into the famo111 Madura. Ueena.kahi

Amman Temple, first by an ordinance, replaced later by an Act


of the Provincial Legislature.. During the war, members of the
Harijan community joined the Military Service in large numbers
and thereby improved their economic conditions to a large extent.
Again, when .Congress formed the Government in April 1946, Sri
V. Kurmayya, B.A., LL.B., was appointed Minister in charge of
Harijan Uplift. The present Government have set apart one
crore of rupees for the Harijan Colonization Schemes and have
put on the statute book the Removal of Civil Disabilities (Amend
-wenifA.c't,-1941,, and the Temple Entry Authorization Act, 1947.
Thus; within iliict.y_years, untouchability as part of Hinduism,
has been eradicated by .la.w , __but economically, socially and educationally, the Harijans have still to go a. long way before they can
occupy an equal position with ca.st&-Hindus. However, judging
from the pace of progress already achieved in this important work,
the future of the .Harija.ns, especially in this Province, may be
said to be bright.
,
,.
.
. Broad details of ameliorative work done for the Harijans are
given in the following pages. .

.: U. COMMUNITIES ELIGIBLE FOR HELP BY THE

LABOUR DEPARTMENT.

The .following classes are' eligible for the ameliorative measure~


undertaken by the Labour department : . .Ca) Ha:rijans (Scheduled Clases)(1) Adi-A:Adbra, (2) Adi-Dravida, (3) Adi-Karnataka, (4)
Ajila, (5) Ara.na.dan (also P.T.), (6) Arunthuthiyar, (7) Baira,
(8) B&l-ada, (9) Bandi, (10) Ba.riki, (11) Battada, (12) Bavuri,
(13) Bellara, (14) Byagari, (15) Chachati, (16) Cha~yan, (17)
Chala.vadi, (18) Chamar, (19) Chanda.la, (20) Cheruman, (21) Dandasi, (22) Devendrakulatha.n, (23) Dombo (also P.T.), (24) Ghasi,
(25) Godagali, (26) Godari, (27) Godda, (28) Gosangi, (29) Haddi,
130) Hasla, (31) Holeya, (32) Jaggali, (33) Jambuvulu, (34) Kadan
(also ~ P.T.), (35) Kalladi, (36) Ka.nakkan, (37) Karimpalan (all!o
P.T.), (38) Kattunayakan (also P.T.), (39) Kodalo, (40) Koosa,
(41) Koraga, (42) Kudiya (also P.T.). (43) Kudubi (also P.T.),
(44) Kudumban, (45) Kuravau, (46) Kurichchan (also P.T.), (47)
Kurum.ati (also P.T.), (48) Madari, (49) Madiga, (50) Ma.i!a, (51~
. Mala, (52) Mala Dasu, (53) Malasa.r (also P.T.), (541.tMatangi,
(55) 1\[avilan. (also P.T.),' (56) Moger (Holeya Moger), (57)
Muehl, (58) Mnndala, (59) Nalakeyava, (60) Nayadi, (61) Pa.!!adai,
l62) Paidi, (63) Painda., (64) Paky, (65) Pallan, (66) Pambada.,,
(57) Pamidi. (68) Panchama, (69) Paniyan, (70) Panniandi, (71)
Pano (also P.T.), (72) Para.iyan, (73) Paravan, (74) Pulayan.
(75) Puthirai Vannan, (76) Raneyar, (77) Relli, (78) Samagara,
P.T.=Primitive Tribea.

(79) Samban, (80) Sapari, (81) Semman, {82) Thot.i.;~


.'tiruvalluvar, (84) Valluvan, (85). Va.lmiki, {86) Vettuva.n !Polay~.

(sa)

Vettuvan).

(b) Aboriginal and Hill TribesName of community.. .

District (and places) in which chiefly found,

1 Badaga.
2 B~gata.

Coim batore and the Nilgirh.

3 Chenchu

Kurnoo1, Wel't Godavari,

4: Gadaba
5 Gond ..
6 Irula ....

Vizaga.patam.

...

Kiatna.,

Cuddapah., Guntur and Vizagapatl\ru. '


Vizagapatam and Ellst Godavari.'
,

. Do.

.. .North .Arcot, Salem, Chittoor, Coimba.-


tore and the Nilgiris

7 Jatapu
..
8 Kani or Kaniyan
9 Konda
Kapu
Jdanya. Kapu.
10 Karumba.lan .
11 Kattunayakan
12 Kondh
IS Kanda Dora
14 Kota.

.Vizaga pa.tam.
.
Coimba.tore and Tinnevelly.
or East Godavari.
Malabar.
. Malabar and the Nilgiris.

.Vizagapa.tam.

Vizagapatam and East Godavari.

The Nilgiris.

West Godavar~ Vizagapata.m an'd East


Godavali.
,
~~
South Kanara.. :~

Kudubi .
Malabar and Bellary.'
Kurichan
.
Kurumba. or Kuruo~ Malabar and the Nilgiris:
man.
Coimbatore.
'-fala.sar
::Malaya.U or Malaiali. Trichinopoly, Sal~m and North
South Kanara.
~

Marati
Mavilan
Malabar.
Melakudi or Kudiya.n. South Kanara.
Poraja
Vizagapatam (Agency tracts)

15 Koya
-16
17
18

19

20
U
22
23
2.&

:z:s Savara

26 Sholagar

27 Toda
n'Yen&di

..

Vizaga.patam.
Coimbatore.
The Nilgiris.

Arcot.

Chingleput,: Chittoor,

Cuddapah,
Guntur, Kistna., Madras, Nellore '
and West Godavari.

(c) Members of Notified Criminal Tribes and their families.

now

l:o' .B.-The Criminal Tribes .Aet. 19!4, u tiUbsequently amended, hllo8


been.
111\ade inapplieable in the Province of Hadras by the Criminal Tribes (Madras
~.Repeal) Ad X or 19f7.

.
.
Ill G.O. Ms. No. !US, Publio (EiecUon~~), dated 18th November 11137 the
Qoyor.,rnen' b.ave ord-.d thM t.be euBiz du should ao' be added 'o the ~~~~~
of memlJOlW of the Scheduled eiMi188 aod instead, the eutJi.s ayya may be added,
I

14

'

'

'

lo G.O. No. 8.50, Public (Elections), dated 18th Maroh 1947, the Govertl.meht
have direoted that the term Harijans ' should be used to denote persons belong.
in1 to the Scheduled classes in all public records exoept in proceedings under
statutory enaotmoots until the statute is amended.

111. ADMISSION TO PLACES OF PUBLIC RESORT


AND HINDU TEMPLES
The Madras Government have now removed .ail the social
disabilities under which the Harijans wer& suffering by t:aacting
the Madras Removal of Civil Disabilities (Amendment) Act XI of
1947 (amending the Removal of Civil Disabilities Act XXI of
' 1938) and ~he Madras Temple Entry Authorization Act V of 1947
which came into force from 2nd June 1947. The Harijans have
now equal rights of access with members of other castes and com' munities among Hindus to all Hindu Temples and places of public
resort .such as educational institutions, streams, rivers, public wells,
tanks, pathways, hotels, etc. The offences against these acts have
been made cognizable and also punishable with imprisonment on .
the ttecond or subsequent occasions. These two Acts are printed
as Appendices I and IV The Government propose to give wid.o
p~blicity to the provisions of these Acts all over the Province .
'

. IV. ADMISSION TO SCHOOLS


.

'he policy of the Government has all along been to endeavour,


as fa.r as possible, to get the Harijan pupils admitted into the
schools already existing in 'the locality and to open separate schools
for them only in places where, owing to caste prejudices, the
existing schools are not easily accessible to them or in places where
there are no schools whatsoever; The Government have tried to
enforce this policy by laying down the following rules : . (a) Recognition shall not be granted to any school situated
io. a locality which is inaccessible to members of any class or
community.

(b) Recognition may be withdrawn from any school whether
under public or private management which refuses admission to
any pupil merely on the ground of the caste or community to which
he belongs. If no pupils belonging to the Harijan community are
actually attending a. school, it will be deemed to refuse admission
to such pupils within the meaning of this rule, unless the manage, ment of the school shows that no such pupils are residing within
a distance of one mile from the school or adduce other satisfactorv
reasons for the absence of such pupils from the school. Before
recognition is withdrawn from any school under this rule, the
District Educational Council shall give the management of the
school, a\ least, one month's notice of its intention to do so.

I
(c) No grants shall-be paid to.' any inl!ltitution, Cl) which.is
situated in a locality which is inaccessible to the member of any
caste or community or (2) which refuses admission to any pupil
merely on the ground of the caste or community to which he
belongs [G.O. No. 1446, Law (Education), dated 16th July 1935].
. But under the Removal of Civil Disabilities (Amendment)' Act,
(XI of 1947) which is now in force, the Harijan. ehildren have~
equal rights of admission into all educational institutions along ..
with caste-Hindu children. In G.O. No. 1225, Education,: dated
'11th June 1947, the Government have also reserved, .With. effect
from the school or academic year 1947-48, ten per cent :of the
seats in all secondary and training schools, Government :Arts im.d
Training Colleges, and the Law College, for Harijans and have
,tequested the Director of Public Instruction to arrange with the
managements of aided Colleges,. to make. a similar reservation of
r feats for Harijan students .. 'Xhey have also asked the Director of
Public Instruction to consider the question whether the Madras
]~ducational Rules should be amended so as to make the reserva...
tion of seats for llarijan pupils one of the conditions 'of recognition of secondary schools. The Government have also ordered .in.
, G.O._ No. 1364, Education, dated 27th June 1947, that the communal principle should be applied in regard to admission to
Engineering Colleges and accordingly one out of every ~welve seats
in the Engineering Colleges should be re~erved for~ Harijans.

V. LABOUR SCHOOLS

The Government have opened special schools.

to meet the needa

oC the Harijans in certain localities. The number of such separate


schools run by' the Labour department was 1,148 on 31st: March
1947. 77,674 children consisting of 50,538 boys and 27,136 girl15
received instruction in these schools on slat March 1947. The
number of teachers employed in, them on atst March 1947 was
2.198 of whom 2,196_were trained. and the remaining two un
trained. Mid-day meals are supplied to children of the eligible
communities in these schools. The system of supply of .mid-da.v
meals was first introduced in some of the Labour schools in 1941-42
and bas now been extended ,to all the Labour schools. The
expenditure incurred on the supply of mid-day meals in 1946-47
was Rs. 10,50,222.
.
.
.
. ,

~'

VI. (a) EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES PROVIDED BY THE


LABOUR DEPARTMENT . .
.
In G.O. 'Ms. No. 2319, P.W. (Labour). dated 23;d SeDtemb~~

'1941, the Government have ordered that the educational facilities


provided by the Labour depllrlment should be ~xterided
fer&o:tlV

to

_belonging to the .communities eligible for help by the Labour


department who have been converted to Christianity or any other
religion and their desce_n~~nts.
SCHOLARSHIPS.

A. Ordinary Education.
The Jollowing scholarships are given by the Labour department for general education : , ' 1. Residential.-These are given only for pupils studying in
Fo~ IV and above in High Schools and in the Collegiate classes.
They are intended to cover expenditure on boarding charges, besides
school or college fees, purchase of books, etc. The rates of the
scholarships areYearly value of the scholarship if the pupil pays

____ ___.,

,-

.A.

Half
....,._fees.

Madras..

Mufassal.

Madrl!.ll.

Mufas~al.

BS.

BS.

BS.

BS.

..

......

No-fees.
,--" " " - - ......

Forms IV to VI
149
135
128
114
Intermediate
180 .
162
126
117
.B.A. .
189
180
144
126
..The rate. :of residential scholarshjp for students in Arts
Colleges staying in hostels attached to the Colleges should not

exceed Rs. 25 per mensem.


2. Non-residimtial.-These are given to pupils in Standards IV to VIII in elementary schools, in class IV to Form VI
in Secendary schools and in the College clasRes. These scholarships are intended to cover expenditure on payment of school or
college fees, purchase of books, etc. The rates of these scholarships are
Elementary Schools.
Yearly value of the scholarship it the pupil pays

,...

,-

.A.--------,
Halffees.

Madras City.
BS. A. P.

IV

Standard

..

.V

VI
. VII
Vlll

Clasaes IV and V
forms I a.ndll

lV to .VI

..

10
12
. 15
18

8 0
0 0
0 0 .

8 0

,...

No fees.

.A.

Mufas8al:' Me.dra.ct City. Mufasaal.


RS~

A. P.

8
9
10
13
14

40
0 0
8 0
4 0

BS. A. P.

6 0
6 0
6 0
8 0
8 0

0
0
0
0

0
0 0
20 0 0
Secondary School8.
. 13 0 o
11 0 0 .., 8 0 0
14 0 0
25 0 0
.25 0 0
27 0 0 . 25 0 0 16 0 0
4S 0 0 28 0 0
49 0 0

BS. A. P.

6
6
6
8
8

0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0

0 0

8 0 0
14 0
14: 0
24 0 0

&

.,

'

Yearly value of the echola;ship if the pupil pays

,-

Half fees,

Nofees. r:

, . - - - - - " - - - - " " " \ ,..... . .


Madras City.
lluto.sSal.
:Madras City; Mufassa.
B8.

Intermediate Junior.
,,
Senior.
B.A. Junior
B.A. Senior

81
81
117
99

A.

0
0
0
0

:r.

BS.

A.

:r.

College&.
0
81 0 0
0
72 0 0
0 108 0 0
0
99 o . 0

B8.'

.A. . r.'

Bs. A,
,

37 0 0 35 0
28 . 0 0 26 0
51 8 0 51 8
38 o.. 0 38. 0

'i.
,

,1

0
0
0
0

Applications for the above scholarships should rea.ch the Commissioner of Labour on or before the dates .specified below ;Scholarships tenable in Elementary schools-lOth July every
..
. ..
. .
year.
Scholarships tenable in Secondary Schoot,s-:.;...20th July every
year.

Scholarships for Post-Graduate courses in M.A. or MSc.


Scholarships for Post-Graduate courses in M.A . M .Sc.:
classes.-Three non-residential scholarships or residential scholar

or.

ships are awarded every year to deserving students, for Post


Graduate studies in M.A. or 1LSc. courses. The rate of each
non-residential' scholarship should not exceed Rs. 200 per annum.
In the case of Residential scholarships, .,an extra. amoilll-t for
boarding and lodging charges not exceeding Rs. 25 per .mensenJ
may be sanctioned.
' ' ' ~
.

B. Special Education.

.;

~ 1

Madras Setiasadan.-Ten Residential scholarships,'each of the,


value of Rs. 150 per annum, are granted to girl pupils . of' the
Harijan community residing in the boarding home of the ':Madra\!'
Sevasadan.
C. Professional and Commercial Courses .- ' '.'
1. Residential.-Midwifery scholarship for pupils takhig Mid:,.
wifery course.
.
'
,
Period of course.-Eighteen months.
'
J f
.
Value o~ '?holarship-1\Iadras City._:_Ru~es 60 initia pay,
ment on adiD1ss1on, Rs. 216 for the first year payable in, thrt>e
instalments in July, November and March and Rs. 108 for the
next half-year, payable in three instalments in July, September
and November.
.
..
1
,
Mufassal.-Rupees 30 initial' payu}ent on ~missio~. R~. 120
for the first year payable in three instalments in July, Novt!mber
and March, and Rs. 60 for the next half-year payable in three
instalments in July, September an(l November,

In addition, the pupilR are given a. dearness allowance of


Rs. 1Qe_a.c~ per me:p.sem.
2. N on-Residemia't(a) Physical Education 10 months ..
Scholarship in the Y.M.C.A.
College of Physical Education,
Saida.pet.
':'
' '
'' ,} (b) B.So. Agriculture ; 3 years
( '

'

' J

,; . (c:) M.B.B.S... Medical


College. .
.
- ~ (i) Pre-Registration.

:. (ii) Post Registration.


'

,:,. ,

(cl) Sa~ta.ry Inspector.

(e) B.E. Engine"ring .


( f) Engineering (Upper
Subordinate).

(g) Engineering
(Probationary and Lower Subordi
nate) ..

(h) L.I.ll. School


Jndia.n Medicine.

of

6 months .. Rs. 61 for the half year


for essential books
an~ special fees.
.. Rs. 108 for the year
5 years
for essential books
and special fees.
1 year
Rs. 39 for the year for
essential books and
. special fees.
Rs. 57 for a year for
4 years
essential books and
special fees.
2 years after Rs. 27 for the year for
probation
e~ential books and
special fees.

course.
Probationary Rs. 32 for the year for
essential books P.nd
2 years.
Lower . Subspecial fees.
ordinate 1
year after
probation.
4 years
Rs. 43 a year for essential books a.nd special
fees.
~ raonths
Rs. 4 a year for special
fees.

of
L.I.M. School
Indian Medicine Apprentioe
Course.
.
,
4 yeara
B.V.Sc. Vet~a.ry.

:. J1

(j) B.T.

-~.

or

Rs. 450 or Rs. 430 or


Rs. 400 in a year
payable in 3 instalments in July, October and Jnoua.ry.
Rs. 9 for a year for
special fees only.

B.Ed. 1 ye~

Rs. 23 a year for essen


tia.l books and special
fees.
Actual requirements for
education,
special
fees, cost of boob,
~. 1 subject ~o

9'

2. No,_ResidentaZ--cont.

".

! .

. t '

maximum of Rs. 190


in the ' c&se of
Non-Residential and
Rtt. 225 ip the, case
of Residential scholar
. '
shi s..
.
~'! ',
, I l '!
The total number of scholarships both . non-reside,ntial, e.n<,l
residential that ca.n be awarded in a year is 3.
, .
(k) Compoundere'
. 12 months
Rs.. 16. e~ch, ~here.th~~
Tra.ining.
. pupU has to pay, no
fee and Rs .. 31 each
: where the pupU. has
to pay half fees. :, :. :

.
Rs.
150 where ihe pupi1
'Do.
(l) Diploma in Medical
has to , pay :no fees
Radiology.
and Rs. 350 'where
the pupu hai to pay
'half fees. ;' .. " ..! 1
Do. , : Rs. 50 where the pupU
(m) Diploma. a.s Certified
,has to. pay DO( fees
Radiological Assistant.
a.nd, Rs. 150., :where
.r the pupil has)o, pa7
half fees:. ' , ,. ; .
Two. scholarships can be sanctioned by~ the C~m~;~~ner: of
Labour every year for each of the two courses of study mentioned in
itoms ~Z) and (m).

,
,.
1

The Non-residential scholarships for Professional .. Course& may


be converted into Residential scholarships at such .rates as local
conditions necessitate.
,. '
.. .:, . , , .. : 1
Ten Non-residential e~cholarships for pupils studying shorthand,
typewriting, book-keeping, theory and practice . ,of commerce,
banking and commercial geography are awarded every year~ Each
scholarship is of the value of Rs. 36.
In G.O. Ms. No. 4358, Development, dated 23rd November
1946, the Commissioner of Labour has been authorized to gran(
ten scholarships every year for the Law Course. Five of these ,
scholarships are to be given to poor and deserving students belonging to the Yerukala, Yenadi, and other aboriginal trib~s. If, in.
any year, sufficient number of deserving students belonging to these
tribes is not available for the award of the scholarships, the scholarships may be given to deserving applicants :from the Itarijan
<'Ommunities.
. .
,
..
. .

D. Exemption from payment of t3:tJmi-Mtion feetJ.


The Commissioner of Labour has been empowered to incur
expenditure up to maximum of 'Rs. 5,500 a year for granting

10

exempti~n from payment of examina1 ion. fees to deserving pupils


:of the eligible communities.
.
~

'

.'

'

E. Industrial education.
,.. Industrial scholarships are awarded by the Commissioner of
J.Jabour to the pupils of the eligible communities learning a. trade
or profession in recognized industrial schools or to selected appren
tices serving properly arranged apprenticeships for a. specified term
of training in workshops or mills. The aim of these scholarships
is to encourage deserving apprentices and pupils to complete their
ttpprenticeship or period of training at a particular institution or
wor~op and where an institution maintains a. boarding home, to
provide for their maintenance in the boarding home. In the award
.pf. these scholarships, preference will be given to applicants whosa
families are already in the trade. Particulars of the scholarships
are' given below-..,. : (a} About 35 residential scholarships will be awarded to pupils
taking such courses as carpentry, blacksmithy, etc., in the
St. Joseph's Industrial Schools at Dunadala near Bezwada, at
Tindivana.m. in South Arcot, at Ootacamund in the Nilgiris, and at
.Trichinopoly: in the Methodisfi Mission Industrial School at Karur,
Trichinopoly; in the A.A.M. Industrial School at Velacheri, near
St. Thomas Mount, and in the Pasumalai Trade School near
Madura.

~ The rates of these scholarships vary from Rs. 40 to Rs. 100


per annum and include charges on account of boarding, etc., in the
boarding homes attached to the institutions in accordance with the
arrangements made by the Commissioner of Labour with the institutions concerned. The rates for the present are : I

..

I'

! Na~e

or inlltitution.

,..

Yearly value of acholaHhip


First
year
course.
BS. A.

Second
year
COUI'!Ie,
B~.

A.

Third
year
courRe.
R~.

A.

Fourth
yeu
eourae.

eOUl'8e.

''RS, A.

RS.

Fifth
year

A.

St. Joseph's Indus- trial . school at


Gunadala,
near

- Bezwa.da .
87 8
'Joseph's Indua-.
trial schools at
Tindivanani, Tri- _

St.

: chinopoly
and
Ootacamund
80 0
Methodist. ' ltfisSion
_ Industrial , school

, at Ka.rur .

80

77 8

80 0

fiO

50 0

80 0

60 0

50 0

4:0 0

80 0

65 0

55 0

40 0

u
Yearly value o echolarahip. i

Nama of institution.

r-----------~--~------~Seoond
Third
Fourth
First
year

year

Iyear

course

COUl'A,

COUI'IIe.

BS. A.

Pasuma.le.i
Trade
school
near
:Madura
A.A.M.
Industrial
school, Velacheri
near St. Thomas'
Mount

as.

A.

BS. A.

"""'

Fifth

year

year ;

course.
I

B.S.

00111'88.

BS, A.

....

:',t'J

55'

.o

. 55

55' 0

.55 10 .

'~ .' "' t; . i

., . ; : ~ : ~.!
I

100 0 ' 100 0

80 0

60; 0 ., 4:0 .0

'.

Pupils undergoing training in other industrial schools r~og


nised by the Director of Industries and Commerce are also eligible
for residential scholarships provided they stay in the hostels, if any,
attached to the institutions or in recognised boarding homes. The
scholarships will be awarded at a maximum rate of Rs. 1 10 per
mensem for ten months in a yea;r, gradually reducing to a minimum
of Rs. 5 per mensem in the fifth year, account being taken of the
earning capacity of the pupils in the third and subsequent ye.ars of

J .1
their training.
. 'rhe selection ~f pupils for these scholarships. will ordinarily
be restricted to applicants belonging to the districts in which the
institutions are situated. Only those coming from places more than
five miles away from the institutions concerned and who ha.ve
passed a.t least Standard V in a. day school and are between 12 a.nd
15 years of age are eligible for these scholarships, , The age-limit
will be relaxed in respect of deserving cases.
Applications should be in the prescribed form and should be
accompanied by the School-Leaving Certificate in original and the
written consent of the parent, or, if no parent is alive, of the guardian, agreeing to send the applicant for residential training in the
institution concerned.

.
.

, t lt 1
Applications for these scholarships should reach' the Co~missioner of rJabour before the 1st July. '
. . . . . .'
..
These residential industrial scholarships are payab16 'in 'three
instalments each representing . one-third of the annual value in
J uJy, October and January.
,
,, , , ~
(b) About 35 non-residential scholarships. will. he. awarded to
pupils taking such eourses a.s carpentry, blacksmithy .. etc., in insti- ,
tutions recognized by the Director of Industries and Commerce,
M~ra.s,, the Gov.ernment School ?f Arts ~nd Crafts, .Chengalvaraya
Na1cker s Techmeal and Industrtal Instttute, ete., m the City of
~ladras and such other institutions in the mufassaJ.
.
1

. The maximum annual value of these scholarships ue-

....

' ~

t..

Yee.r.of.coUJ'H.

J.

'

'
Where the inetitutioo

t..

Where the institutio1


Jeviea no fees on

. Jeviea any fee:s on


~eoiUlt

)l

.,

'

BS.

&OOOIUlfl Of tuition,

of tui~ion.
A, P.

BS.

A. P.

Firstyear ..
42 0 0
10' 8 0
Second year .
48 o o
12 o o
(Third year ::.
' ' 60 0 0
15 0 0 '
72 0 0
.. 18 0 0
Fourth year
Fifth
84 0 0
.:
.21 0 0
In addition, a non-recurring bonus calculated at Hs. 6 for each
;year of the course during which the pupil was a scholarship bolder
. and subject tq .a. maximum of. Rs .. 30 will be paid til him on his
. satisfactorily .completing the course. . Claims for bonus should be
made within &. . period .. of twelve . months after completion of the
; ~urse. :. . . _.. , . 1

; 1

'

~ . : Applicanta should not have exceeded 20 years of age on the


tlst July and should have passed at least Standard V in a day-school.
:The age-limit will be relaxed in respect of deserving cases. Appli.cations in the prescribed form should reach the Commissioner of
Labour before the 1st July.
:. ._ . . These non-residential industrial scholarships are payable in
:two. instalments-the first instalment representing three-fourths of
.the annual value being paid in July.or as soon as possible after the
!scholarship is sanctioned and the second instalment representing the
:remaining fourth of the annual value early in January. '
i (c) Two scholarships intend~d to cover the boarding and other .
charges will be awarded to pupils selected for training as apprentice
titters in .the engineering department of the Deccan Sugar and
.Abkari. Company, Limited, Samalkot _near Cocanada. The period
.of apprenticeship is five years. The annual value of these scholar.sbips will be Rs. 60 for each of the first two years, and Rs. 84 for
each of the remaining three years. The selection of candidates for
these scholarships will ordinarily be restricted to applicants of the
East Godavari district. Only those coming from places more than
tive miles away, from the institution are eligible for these scholarships.. Applicants should be between 17 and 20 years of ae:e on
1st July and should have passed at least Form
or Standard
in & day-school.
.
, .
.
. .
! i . :Applications in. the prescribed .form should reaeh the Commt~sioner of .Lsbour be!ore 1st July. : ,

.: .. ~;. The_s~ ;f:'Cholar~hips are payable_' in .th~ee ineta.lments ea.eh


representmg, one-third of the annual value m July, October. ana

,ear ..

J'anuM'7

vm

13

(d} A few scholarships will be .awarded to pupils ~selected to


undergo apprenticeships in .motor car. mechanism .in the United:
Motors, Limited, Coimbatore, the Canara. .Public Conveyance Com-.
pa.ny, Kodialbail, ~1angalore, the Andhra Engineering Company
and the St. Aloysius Works, Vizagapatam. ;
; -... '
These firms levy no tuition fees; .some of them' give. the .
apprentices a. small pay during ,their apprenticeship.'' _The- periods
of apprenticeship are two years in the Canara. Public Conveyance
Company, three years in the Andhra. Engineering Company,
Vizagapatam, three to :five years in the United Motors, Limited,'
Coimbatore, and five years in the St. Aloysius Works, Vizagapa.tam.
The selection of pupils for apprenticeship fu the mufa.ssa.f
workshops mentione.d above will be restricted to residents of .the,
districts in which the workshops .are situated. ~ 'rhe 1 annual va.lue :
of the scholarship in their cases will be R~. 60, .if ljving 'at' ~oDJe
and getting no pay from their employer or if living away frcm home
and getting pay from their employer; Rs .. 90 , jf livmg away from
home and getting no pay from .their employer ; and Rs. 30 if living
at home and getting paid by their employer. ,
. . :... . ..
Applicants for. these scholarships should have completed
:Form III or Standard VIII in a. day~school. and should have -been
declared tit for promotion to the higher class. . The. scholarships
will not be granted to those who are either below 17 or. above 18
years. of age on the 1st July. . Applications in the prescribed form. .
accompanied by school~leaving certificates in: original sh~uld reach.
the Commissioner of Labour bef~re 1st J'uly. .
. ,, . , .. : .. :. ,
These scholarships are payable in three. instalments, each
instalment representing one-third of the_ annual value, _in July,
October and January.

- . . . . . .

.
.,
(e) Three scholarships will be awarded to pupils selected for'
training as apprentices in the Public Works Department Work-'
f'hops: one each a.t Madras, Bezwada. and .Dowla.ishwaram. , ,
The selection of candidates for the Madras City workshops
will be restricted to applicants from the Tamil districts of the Presi"!
Cleney, who have passed S.S.L.C. and have been declared eligible
for the college course. Applicants should not be below 15 or above
20 year11 of age on the 1st July.

. , . .
The candidate selected for the Madras City Workshop will be
given a non-residential industrial scholarship. A seat will be
reserved for him in the Government School of Technology, Madras,
which he has to join on selection. If the selection is made from
amonl!' the applicants belonging to the mnfassal, the candidate will,
in addhion, be provided with free board and lodging in the Slater
Hostel, 'Madras.

,.....Applicants, for the apprenticeship. in the Public Works


Department 1Workshops at .Bezwada. and Dowlaishwaram should
have. passed at. least Form m. Selection will be made only ftom
those belonging. to the Telugu districts of the Presidency who are
noi below 15 or above 18 years of age on the 1st July. The selected
candidate will be given a. scholarship of the annual value of Rs. 42
which, together with the daily wage of annas four he will get from
the workshops, is intended to cover boarding and other charges.
, . Every applicant for apprenticeship in the Public Works
Depatment. Workshops should produce in original his school
leaving certificate, a. medical certificate from a. registered medical
practitioner that he is of good physique and fit to undergo the hard
training in the workshops, and at least two testimonials covering
the' three years immediately preceding the date of application
about his character and respectability.
.
~ Applications for these scholarships in the prescribed form
accompanied by .the required documents should 1each the Commissioner of Labour before 15th June..
- The scholarship is payable in three instalments, each instalment representing a. third of the annual value. The first instalment is payable in July or as soon as possible after the scholarship
is sanctioned, the second in October and the third in January.
.
:. The scholarship will be continued in subsequent years at the
. prevailing rates, on a. report from the head of the institution about
the progress and conduct of the apprentice, but will cease imme
dia.tely the apprentice's pay in the workshops amount to Rs. 15 a.
month.. .

. '. The heads of the institutions should report at once to this


office when any scholarship-holder discontinues his studies or :Ois
name is struck off the rolls or when the scholarship has to be cancelled fol' any othe.r reason so that the scholarship may be cancelled
by this office without delay.
(j) Six residential scholarships of the value of Rs. 150 each
will be awarded to pupils undergoing training in sericulture for a.
periOd -of six months in the Sericultural Branch of the Department
of Industries and Commerce at Kollegal, Coimbatore district. ThE!
pupils will be selected by the Sericultural Expert, Kollegal. Applil'ations in the prescribed form should be sent through him.

F. Non-recurring granu.

'Every yea.r, a provision .,of Rs. 6,500 is made in the builo'et


estimate for grants to pupils towards purchase of clothes,
ete. In the districts where a Labour staff is working, the CnJlecton

books,

u
are empowered to sanction grants from this provision and ~ .the
districts where there is no Labour staff, the grants are ,sancttoned
by the Commissioner of Labour. These grants are generally given
to pupils studying in Classes I to III in secondary schools, !. in
Standards I to III in elementary. schools and to those undergomg
teachers' training.

G. Poverty certificates.
'rl1e educational concessions, including individual boarding
grants, are sanctioned by the Labour department only to those.
pupils who produce a poverty certificate in the prescribed Jorm,
signed by anyone of the following officers, viz::-
, ,

,..

Gazetted officers ;
.
.
i :
. !
Officers of the Revenue department not low~r in rank than al
Deputy Tah11,ildar;
District Labour Officers; and
Inspectors of Police.
'l'o be eligible for the concessions, the annual income of. the parent '
or guardian of the pupil should not exceed Rs. 820 'if he is studying
in an elementary school or secondary school and Rs. 1,120 if he is
studying in a college.
..
'
V~(b).

EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES PROVIDED. BY. THE .


EDUCATION DEPARTMENT.
' .. '
1. Full-fee concessions~-Under rule 92 of .the 1Iadr~ Ed~da:
tiona! Rules, no fee shall be levied . from girls belonging to
()ackward classes (including Harijans) in Form ill and below and
from Rarijan students in Arts and Professional Colleges subject.
to the condition that the annual income of the parent or.guardiant
of the pupil does not exceed Rs. 820 in secondary and elementary
schools and Rs. 1,120 in colleges and subject to the production ot
\neome certificate prescribed in Appendix 18 of the Madras Ednca
tional Rules.

;
'
2. Half-fee coucessions ...:..Under rule 92 of the.;Madra~ Ednca.:
tional Rules, poor pupils belonging to the Scheduled Castes pay in
all secondary schools only one half of . the fees levied . in .such
institutions subject to the conditions referred to. above under the
heading " full-fee concessions." The Government have under ,
c~msideration a. proposal to grant such pupils full-fee concessions
tllrongbllut the secondary school course. No fees are collected from
Harijan pupils in elementary schools under- public management.
Income certificates required for the grant of the . eou.ceesiori!!!
tt::we ordinarily to be signed by a. Gazetted Officer, an Impecior of
~

.I

-.1

>#

(_

16
~olice. or llo No~~Gazetted Officer of the Revenue Department
not lower in rank than a. Deputy Tahsildar or Sub-Magistrate.
'. : Up.der rule 13,of the rules issued with G.O . No. 3239, L. & :M.,
dated 12th Augus~ 1932, a. District Board may, with the approval of.
the Director of Public Instruction, make regulations for tbe remia
sion, in whole or in part, of school fees from poor pupils in secondary
schools ~ubject to tbe condition that the aruou.m of fees remitted
in any scn.tol shall not exceed 10 per cent ol' the t"tal "fees rea.lisahle
from all pupils of such .school. Similarly, a. municipal council may
remit, under the proviso to rule 51 (1) of Schedule IV of the Madras
District Municipalities Act, the whole or part of the fees from
poor pupils in secondary schools under 'its management up to the
limit of lU per cent of the total fees .realisable in each school:
In addition to 'these,' Adi-Dra.lidas. and Adi-Andhras are granted
scholarships and fee remissions under G.O . No. 1038, Home
. !Education), dated 28th August 1919.
" Some District Boards and Municipal Councils have passed
resolutions proposing to grant total exemption from payment of
school fees, games .fees. library. fees, etc., or scholarships in the
case of pupils variously described in the resolutions as Harijans,
Adi-Dravidas, Adi-Andhras, Depressed Classes or untouchables.
'The Government have no objection to the grant by District Boards
and Municipal Councils of concessions which go beyond those
contemplated under the existing orders and rules referred to above
provided that (1) they are allowed in the case of all pupils belonging to the .Harijan communities specified in Appendix 17-A of
the ;Madras Educational Rules, (2) a. certificate of poverty 11
obtained in the case of each pupil as required in rule 92 of tho
Madras Educational Rules, and (3) the additional expenditure
involved by the new concessions is borne entirely from the general
revenues of the local body concerned." (G~O. No. 1779, L. & M.,
dated Jlth April1934.)
'' The' Government observe that few local bodies are now
E-npplying books and slates, free of cost, to poor pupils belouging
to the scheduled castes reading in elementary schools under their
control. They desire that the concession should be allowed by all
Iooa.l bodies to such pupil. The expenditure on this account may
be debited to the .Elementary Education Fund with the sanction
of~ Government.' The expenditure is, however, subiect to the

'
following conditions : -

,-ci.) The boob .H.nd slates

should remain the property of

Government and should be so marked. .


: '. (2) They should be. used by the pupils only during school

houra and should not be t&keu home.

17

(3) .Th~ previous sanction of Goernment should be obta.uied ~


before incurring the expenditure." (G.O. No. 195, Education and
. Public Health, dated 28th January 1937.)
,

Preference is ordinarily given to Harijan students 'when' licholar


ships are awarded by the Education Department.

' Vll. HOSTELS MAINTAINED .AND SUBSIDIZED BY 'l'H .I


,
LABOUR DEPARTMENT. .: ... , -': 1 . ,,
I . "I The Labour Department is running the following hostels in the
'

'

'

'

Province where free boarding and lodging are given .to the Harijall
. students. Admissions to these hostels were formerly , .open' to
co~verts of the eligible .~ommunities to other religions,:. bu~ i9
G.O. No. 3950, Development, dated 19th October 1946, the Government have ordered that, in future, admission. to all Governmen~
hostels maintained by. the Labour Department .should be restricte~
tc the Hindu members of the eligible communities. . Applicaticn
for admission to the hostel at Madras should be made to the Com~
missioner of Labour. In the other c:tses, the application should
l)e made to the Collectors of the districts concerned: ' ' " 1 1
,

. I

:....

is '

.J,

, (a) Slater Hostel, Madras.-Tbis hostel


int~nded,. fo1
ltarijau boys serving as apprentices or undergoing industrial train.
lng in the City of Madras. The sanctioned number of free boardera
in the hostel i~ 30. Paying boarders may also be admitted .into
the hostel.

' ' ' "


'

'

.... ,,(b) Sundaracharlu Hostel, Salem.-'rhis hostel. js run,! fofr


Harijan boys studying in. .Salem Xown. ,The sanctioned strength I
of the hostel is 36.

(c) Go"etnment Scheduled. Classes Hostel, Calic.ut..:-Thie'

hostel is intended for Harijan boys studying in Calicut. ' Thel sane
tioned strength of the hostel is SO. ' There are .also 5 payiugl
boarders in it.
' ': . ' 1' . '. . I
I

'.I

'

(d) Go"ernment Scheduled Classes Hostel, Masulipatam.-

This hostel is intended for Harija.n beys studying in Masulipatam! r


'.1:-'he strength o.r the hostel is 110...
'
' . . .... '.! ., :.. . .

,.,

(e) Go"mtment Nandanar Hostels for Boys and. for Girls,!


Cltidambaram.-These hostels are intended for Harija.n boys and

girls studying in Chidamba.r~. There are 200 boys and 92 girls


in the hostels;.
..
..
. . : . .cl

. _.

. . , : : ,;

~~

,r

The Government pay. substantial grants . every. yeu to. the~


following hostels for the maintenance of Harijan boys and.. girls~
!

18 ',

mentioned. against each. Harijan pupils seeking: admission~ into


these hostels should apply to the management direct.
:
I!,

'

:Number of '
Boarding .

.. Name
oft Boarding Home
or Hostel.
.I
. .,
,

, I
I

(_ I

4 ,

',

fl~

Amoun~.

e:ranta.
(2)

Anantapur District. .
I. Boys Hostel, Ana.nta.pur. {Sri cKesav,

,28.

,4,2\}0

Vidya.niketan}. ' .. . .
.1 .
2. Boys' Hostel, Urav'akonda ~ ... - '"::

29

4,350

,,

,,

1: .~ "' '
.(...

'

'

'

. "'

RS.

North Arcot District,'


Vivekan:and.a. 1 Boa.rdi:D.g Hom!) (Harijan .
Hostel);' Vellore.
' ''

3:

4,800

'

4:

Ramdoss Hostel, Vellore


' ~
f ' ...., ~ ;_, '
"'
.. .
.
, .
, ! . ,..
. Bellarg District,
1
6. Adi-Andhra.Boys~ Hoste1 AI~ . :. ,. ~ ''
6. Na.rasa.palli Chinna.ppa Hindu Boys'
" Home (Students Home), Bella.ry. ...
....

1',\ '

'

')I:

11

u~~.

\ .\,

~;j ~0:0:

t.\

,.

:!

''
23
14

'I

.' " ; . : . ; '. : Chinglepm District. :


7. Hostel attached to. the Ka.na.ga. sa.ba.pathinaga.r Harijan: Industrial School,"

Conjeeveram. .

East Godavari District.


: Boys' i a.n,d 1 - G4'ls' : H9etel._
. .
.. Cocana..da.... ; ... , '.. .
13. Sri Ma.hipathi .... Suryarao Adi-Andhra.
Students' Home, Ra.zole. '

14. Adi-Andhra. Girls' Hostel, Ra.machandra.. pur-am. '. . '
'r
''' ~;
,.
'
' .
15,, Harijan, Boys' , Hostel, ;Ramacha.ndra.- ;

p:uram.

, 1; ~
16. Sa.reh Hostel, Ra.ja.hmundry
1,1.'-Venka.mamba. Harija.n Hostel, Amala..
f

10

1,500

42

6300

, .'goo-

'.,

52

'7,800

.1~

.~.400

20'

3,000'

26

3,9~

4:
12.

600'
1,800

25

.3,750

25

3,750
. 2,250

' ...

.. : ,.
Wul GtHlavari. District.
18. Boys' Hostel, Na.rasa.pur
19. :Boys Hos~ Tanuku
20. Boya' Hostel, Nidadavole
i~

.) '

: 3,ooo:

I~. :Ha.rija.n

Coimbatore District.

10. Hostel at Coimba.tore



U. Harija.n Hostol, Udumalpet; .. .'.

1 1,,. pUra.m.

k;'Hostel attached to the Hindu Religious'


1
: ' 'School, Walaja.bad. '
.
. , 11
"~ . ' '; . : . ' '. '
ChittoOr- DistriCt.
b. Boys Hostel, Tirupati

. .

3,450.
2,100'

;~.

1.

2,5so

'. I

..

., ' ;

U,; Gida' Hostel, Ellore '

15'
23

. 3,450:

19
Number of
1
Boarding ' Amount.
grants.
(2)
(3)

Na.ms of Boarding Home or Hostel.


(l)

.
22. Boys' Hostel, Guntur
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.

Guntur District.

RS.

Sri Krishna.srama.m, Hostel, Guntur


Boys' Hostel Sa.ttena.pa.lle
.
Boys' Hostel, Peda.na.ndipadu .
Boys' Hostel, Santanatha.la.pa.du
Boys' Hostel, Brahma.nakodur
Boys' Hostel, Guruzala.
.
Harijan Hostel, Koppa.ru
.
D.Cs. Hostel, Appika.tla.

Sri Lakshmi Bhaska.ra. Va.ni Niketanam
Scheduled Cla.sses Boa.rding Home for
Girls, Guntur.
Harija.n Girls' Hostel, Sra.dha.nanda.
Harijan Colony, Tena.li.

11
23
16
24
12
20

K istna District.
35. Boys' Hostel, Gudivada.
,,
36. Boys' Hostel, Pedasanaga.llu .
, 37. Sri Anja.nadevi Girls' . Boarding Home;
Bezwada..
38. St. Francis Adi-Andhra. Boarding Home,
lhsulipata.m.
. ._

"

14:
11

1,660

100

. ' i' . ~." ~i


:15,000

10

-1,500'

21
10
15

3,900
'8,700 1

15

2,25Q_,

14

J 2,100
L' .\)','

Mad~ra District.:

(1. Sevala.ya. Hostel at :ft!a.dura. ; , .' ~ ,


4:2. Bhara.ti Hostel, Dindigul
~ '
4:3. Ha.rija.n Hostel, Usila.mpatti .
.
. Meenakshi Hostel for Girls, Madura.
4-5. Hostel at Melur
4-6. Andav&n Hostel &t Palni :" .,.. . ._,

'

' ' J!alabar District.


.&7. Harijan Balika Sa.da.n, Puthia.ra, Ca.licut.

4:8.'
4:9.
50.
lSl.
62.

'

'30
47
30

;4,500.,
7,050'
4,500
4,650~

. 3,150 ~
. 1,800
. 2,250

'

-.

. 26

13
5

16

..

,: 606!

\}.,

'14

''

:)

21,
12
'15

'

'

31

, N ellore District, .

Y.'M.C.A. Hostel, Induurpeta. ,


Yenadi Boys' Hostel, Nellore , '
Yenadi Girls Hostel, Nellore
Harijan Girls' Hostel, Nallore
Harijan Boys' Hostel, Nelloro

~-

' j'

4:0 .. Nandana.r Boarding Home, Periya.kula.m

,t':

26
58

1.

s:400l

:56

Kurnool D&strict:

39. Boys Hostel, Kurnool

-~45!)

2,400',
. '3,600.
1,800
3,000
/. 3150'
1:5oo.'
2,250:
2,100'

South Kanara District.


33. Hostels maintained by the D. C. Mission,
Ma.ngalore.
34. Boarding Home at Udipi

1,650".

..,

3,9oo:
1,9150

: . 750

2,100.
%40Q
. I

20
N6111e or Boarding:Home or Hostel.

Number or
Boarding
grants.

Amount.

( 1)

(2)

(3)

11
30
10
24

1,6!10
4,500
1,500
3,600

38

5,700.

21
8
8

3,150

37

5,550

60

9,000

.
N ellore District-cont.
Nello\'e Orphanage Association Hostel
Boys' Hostel, Buchireddipalem
Boys Hostel, Kandukur

Ha.rija.n Hostel, Vaka.du


.
Ramnad District.
67. Gandhi Ashram, Devakottai .

Salem District.
58. Hostel at Trichengodu
.
59. H&rijan Orphanage, Dharmapuri
.
60. Harija.n Hostel, Namakkal
Tinmvelly District.
61~ Harijan Hostel, Shermadevi .
Trichinopoly District.
62. Hostel attached to the Agricultural
Industrial School of the Servants of
India Society, Mnyanur.
63. Hostel at Trichinopoly ..
64. Hostel at La.lgudi

65: Harija.n Hostel, Musiri ..


~
Vizagapatam District.
66. Harija.n Girls~ Hostel, Vizia.nagram
'
_
.
Madras City.
67. Hostel attached to the Harijan Industrial
School, Kodamba.kkam.
68. Ashram attached to the Gokala.m Cottage
, Industrial School, Triplicane.
69. Thiagarayanagar Boarding Home, Thiga.
. . . rayanaga.r, Madras.
'10. 'Hostel attached to the Adi-Dravida
'
' Samooha Seva.ka.r Sangham, ~asher1
manpet.
Orphanage of the Madras Hindu Sevak
. Sangh, Madras.
53.
54.
55.
56.

41.

BS.

1,200
1,200.

25

3,750

26
6

3,900
900

1,050

46

6,900.

25

3,750

15

2,250

17

2,550

300

, 'With a view to help poor Harijan students who seek admission


to the hostels attached to Colleges and who are not in a position

to pay the initial deposit money themselves, the Government have,


jn G.O. Ms. No. 2892, Development, dated 4th July 1947, authorised the Commissioner of Labour to grant a repayable advance of.
lhe amount equal to the initial hostel deposit fees and recover it.
when scholarship amounts are disbursed to the students through
the Principala of the Colleges concerned. In the same Government
Older; Collectors have been requested to take personal interest in<

21
'

regard to the admission of Harijan students into hostels and to.see


that, as far as possible,. no Harijan student who. seeks admission
into a hostel is denied such admission by the management.

Vm. BOARDING GRANTS.


The Commissioner of Labour is empowered. to sanction 446
boarding grants to pupils of the eligible communities stu,dying :n.
standards IV to Vill in elementary schools and in. class IV to Form
nr in secondary schools and to pupils studying 'in Industrial
schools recognized by the Director of Industries and Commerce,
Madras, and residing in any recognized boarding home or hostel.
The grant is paid at the rate of Rs. 15 per mensem for 10 months
in a year~
, ..
'
In addition: to the above, special boarding . grants are .also
sanctioned to pupils , of the eligible communities as . ~etailed
below:

Partioule.rtl.

20 Special boarding grants


to deserving pupils of the
eligible communities who
are residents of Madras
City and studying in High
Schools in the City from
1
Forms IV to VI.
20 Special boarding grants
for College students of the
Depressed
Government
Classes Hostel, Masulipa.
tam, towards their boa.rd
ing and lodging .charges in
the respective hostels.
15 boarding grants to Toda.
pupils in the N.ilgiris and
Tinnevelly districts.
54: boarding grants to the
pupils of the eligible com.
munities residing in the
labour hotels at Ootacamund and Hubba.thal&i.
9 boarding grants to Mala.yalee pupils in Salem
District.
Atmakur Boa.rding Home,
Kurnool.

Monthly
value.

:as.

Period for
which ,
tenable.

Sanctioning

. Authority.
.

.
'

15.

10 months. Commissioner of,


.. Labour..

25

10 months,

C01n~i;;~io~er of
Labour,

15
17

15

lO, months. Collectors of the


Nilgiris. and
Tinnevelly.
10 months. Collector of the
Nilgiris.

10 months. Collector '


Salem.

of

10 months. President, District Board,


Kurnool

A subsidy ol Bs. 4,3!0 is given to the District Board~ Xumooi. tor &he
mainteruwe or so pupil ol the I)J.isible ltOIUDlunitie in th.is ~ hoqae.

22

IX.GRANTS TO PRIVATE AGENCIES ENGAGED IN SOCIAL


"'!AND ECONOMIC ADVANCEMENT OF THE HARIJANS .
.. The 'Government have sanctioned recrirring gra~ts to privatE
institutions such as the D.C .. Mission, Mangalore, South Kanara
district; Olcott .. Mission, Adyar, Chingleput district; D.M.R.
Trust, Gopalapuram, ,Malabar district; Servants of India Society
Agricultur~l
School; :Mayanur. Trichinopoly district; . Seither
Sevagapandiya. . Board, High School, Rajapalayam, Ramnad
district; Gokulam Method Village Welfar~ ,Association, Madras,
e.tc.:, for,, work connected ~ith the educatimi and. a,meljorative
measures for the Harijans. , ,. 1 , . . , .
The Commissioner of Labour is also empowered 'to make discretionary grants for the following objects connected with the welfare -vrork for the eligible communities provided that no grants are
made for supplementing the grants paid by the Education
Department in respect of .elementary schools. :ca) gr~nts to assist societies, institutions ()r individuals' in
educating. members of the eligible co:r;nmunities or improving their
social and economic 'conditions ; . '
: .
.
(b) contributions for tlie encourage~e~t :of athletic .associations among members of the eligible communities and ~he provi

sion of games requisites for them ;


(c) contributions to newspapers, periodicals and other publications .in.tended for and actually engaged in educating the eligibll\
communities; and

.
,.
.
(d) contributions to help members of the eligible communities who. are in distress on account of a fire, flood, cyclone,
epidemics or other similar sudden calamity. - '
A list of the grants made in 194~7 is given below:.

'

Grant for Reading Rooms.

BIJ

. 1\!a.dras Rational Society, Stanleynaga.r, Washerma.npet


96
Arul Jothi llava.sa. Kalvi Ka.zagam, Kasimode, Madras . 76'
M:uthu Social and Literary Institute, Wa.shermanpet

65
Ga.nesapuram Progressive Youths Association, Vya.sar.
65
pa.dy.
'
Ra.o Sahib V. Dha.rmalinga.m Pilla.i Sangam .

65
Oriental Comrades Guild, Ka.lya.na Maistri Gardens,
65
Parambur, Perambur Barracks.

Harijan National Sevak Sa.ngh, Rayapura.m


65
Kannappa Na.ya.na.r Kaza.ga.m

.; .
65
Harija.n Welfare Committee, Natesa.nagar, Madras
31
Recreation Club, Flowers Road, Purasawalkam
22
' 31
Nanmai Naduvore Khazagam. Chinta.dripet
St. ltaq'a Union, HaJ.l$ G~den, Royapett~
GG

Grant for Reading Room.s-:-cont.. .

.ll$.l,

Chunnambu kala~~i ~heri, Mylapore (Reading Room) : i 65::


Reading Room for the Madras ~cheduled Castes Welfa.re. .-: J' 31
Association, Mackay's Gardens,

.
. Royapetta..
.. . . . .
'

'

'

Welfare. Worlt.

Gokulam Method :Village Welfare Association, K~ranai-: 240,


puducheri, Chingleput District.
. J :
'
Welfare work in Chu.nnambukala.va.i cheri, Mylapore . i... -180
. Welfare work in 6 centres by Y.M.C.A, . '..

:, ... ; .288.
Welfare work in Gurupuram cheri .. ~
. ~ ; ' :_120
~

Other Grants.

'

~-

~ !

' -l

..

Repairs to the. shed of the Gokulam Agriculturist Coloniza- , 120.


tion Co-operative Society, Karanaipuducheri, Chingleput.
district.
; ..
: ' 1
Construction of a well for the D.C. Mission Girls' Boarding, 600'
Home, Mangalore.

:. '
Supply of books, periodicals and. construction of shed. for. 200
reading room at .Maruda.m village, Chingleput district. .t . 1
Construction of a reading room for the Adi-Andhra Young 120
Men Association, Krishnampet, Madras. . . .
.
Half grant towards cost of a construction of an additional' 200
shed for the hostels of the Adi-Dravida Sevakar Sa.mooga. '
Sangam, Washermanpet; Madras.

Grant for the Nehru Library, Chiluva.ru, Guntur
. . ' .- 100.
Repairs to the Night School building of the Ka.lvi Abivi~ , 30
.Ma.na.var Kazaga.m, Venkatesapuram, Vya.sarpady;
._.
.

..

<I

, l

.x. APPOINTMENTS IN GOVERNMENT SERVICE.: .. :

",

'

,.

:
'. ~

The Government have, generally speaking, reserved one out CJ"


every 12 appointments to a. Provincial or subordinate service, fot:
members of the Ha.rijan comrr;tunity. If .there is no qualified and
suitable candidate available when the .turn of the Harijan comes. up
fpr appointment, the turn goes to a. member of the next communitJ .
in the list, but a. member of .the Harijan community has. the pre
ferential right to. appointment in the next and every subsequent turn.
.
. , .
.. . . . . '...
until he is appointed.
.
... ,,
. Government have also sanctioned certain concessions to mem~.
hers of the Harijan cowmunity in the matter of ~ualifications for
appointment temporarily till 31-12--1950. The minimum general
educational qualification for appointment to subordinate services has
been appreciably lowered; thus, a. Harijan candidate who obtains
not less than 35 per cent in English and in the language in Group A
and not less than the percentage of marks specified in the other.
subjects under the group and 35 per cent in one of the subjects
'

'

'

''.

'

!('

~~er group 0 sh~ll be eligib~e for such an appointment. The age


lim1t has been raised to 27 m .the case of ministerial services till

31st December 1950. .


1
The' ~ovemm~nt have directed that the age-limit prescribed in
the special rules m respect of the members of the Provincial and
Subordinate Services shall not 'apply-
( . ~ (i} .to the appointment of a candidate belonging to any of
the scheduled ca.stes or the backward classes, to a post included in
a service. for which the. special rules prescribe a. qualification lower
~batt the degree of B.A. or B.Sc. of a University in the Province.
1f such candidate possesses a general educational qualification which
is higher than that referred to in sub-rule (a) of general rule 10
an~ he is .otherwise qualified for appointment or;
.
'. (ii) to the appointment to a post included in a service of a
candidate belongmg to any of the scheduled castes or backward
classes who holds a degree of a University in the province or any
other degree recognized as being equivalent to such a degree,
l'..
. (1) 'by the commission in cases where the appointment 'has
to be made in consultation with it, and
1
!
(2) by the Provincial '.Government or by the appointing
authority with the approval. of the Provincial Government, in other
cases, . . .
if the degree he holds is not lower than the degree, if any,
prescribed in the special rules for appointment to such post and
if he is otherwise qualified for appointment, or

(iii) to 'the nppointmen~, in special circu.m.stances to be


recorded in writing of a person selected for appointment to one
service or a class or category thereof to another service or a. class
or category thereof, the qualifications prescribed for appointment
to which are identical with those prescribed for appointment to
the former service, class or category.
.
\ :In G.O. Ms. No. 903, Public (Services), dated 21st March 1947,
t.he Government have directed that in filling posts in non-technical
subordi:rJ.ate services and pasts to which recruitment is admissible
by transfer from the Madras Ministerial Service a.ild such recruitment is not made on a communal basis, preference should, as far
as possible, be given to Harijan members of the Madras Ministerial
Service working in the department concerned.
I.: ;.

XL PROVISION OF HOUSE.SITES.

' :Private lands are acquired for the purpose of providing housesites for the eligible communities wherever necessary for the purpose 'of relieVing congestion. The Government bear half the cost
of .acquisition subject to maximum of Rs. 150 per aere for dry

land, Rs. 350 per acre for wet land and Rs: 250 :Per acre for garden
land. They bear also the entire _cost of the portions set apart for
communal purposes in the area acquired, all legal and other inci
dental charges and .the amount of interest on enhanced com.pensa.tion
from the date of taking possession of the land to the date of deposit~
ing the enhanced compensation in court in cases where referent&
ia made to courts under section 1s of the Land Acquisition Act. : Of
the balance, the applicants should deposit 25 per cent before aequi
sition and should pay the remaining 75 per cent in a limited number
of annual instalments not exceeding five by way of .equated payments covering principal and interest. Applications for acquisi
tion of house-sites are to be made to the Collector of the district
through the District Labour Officer. The scheme applies only to
rural areas. The benefits of the scheme are available lot landlesa
labourers of other commu.D:ities also. The question of. further
liberalising the conditions under which houaesites .are being'pro:.
vided to Harijans and other landless labourers is under considerati"n
:J
'

XII. DRINKING-WATER WELLS, PATHWAlS AND


OTHER SANITARY AMENITIES.
' . 1,
',

The Collectors of the districts are empowered to sanction non


recurring expenditure up to a. limit of Rs. 4,~00 in each case ori.
miscellaneous measures connected with the welfare o~ the l!arijane
such aa the construction of well!!, pathways, latrines, and r!ising-th., level of house-sites. The powers of the Labour Comm.is:~ioner,
to sanction expenditure on similar itema are Rs.' 7,500 in earb case..
Applications for the above facilities .should be sent to the Collectors
of the d!stricts.
(a.)

XIII. SPECIAL WORK IN .MADRAS CITY.


Con8truction of tenements.-In the City of Madras, houses

built by the assignees on the sites allotted to them were shabby and
the Harija.n colonies, thougl;l formed on proper lay
outs, presented an untidy appearance. As an experimental solutioll
of this problem, the Gov~rnment have laid out a. colony in the Bris..
leenaga.r Settlement and constructed 68 huts with all sanitary ame..
nities in it at a cost of Rs. 70,000. The huts are let out on a monthlv
rent of Re. 1-8-0 per hut to the eligible communities. The cost
maintenance and repairs to these huts was intended to be met from
the rent collected, but the cost of such maintenance and repairs ex~
ceeda the income derived from the rents on account of the temporary
nature of the construction. The que11tion of recon.structing theM
huts on a more substantial basis will be taken np in due course.. '
The Government have also construct~d a colony
37 ho~ses
with all sanitary amenitiPs at a cost of Rs. 77,000 in R.S. No.' 1847/lJ
(~onsequently

of

of

4.l

26

will oe

cf. Tondia.rpet~. These are pucca. houses and


let out to the
on' a. rent of Rs. -~ per house. .
:
:;_',_T~ ~~li;;ethe.~~ffe;~g .of the- eligibl~com~uni~les: a:fi~ct~d .by
.the mlll. troubles in: 1921, pucca. houses were built by. _the Labour
De~tm.ent .and given to the eligible communities in Paddison:..
pwa.m -and..Ganesapuram in the Madras City. Half the cost_ of
construction. was borne by the. Government. and the balance was
~dya.nced by the Government as a. loan to be repaid in equal monthly
mstalments .spread: over 20 years ... In Paddisqnpuram, the occupa.nps:kept the houses in a bad ~tate .of repairs and also failed to pay
:the i:ustalments, the arrears .accumulating to .Rs. 33,640. The GoverD.IIient. have thereforet written off, the arrears of Rs. 33,640,
res~ed the houses and let them out to .the eligible communities on
a monthly rent of Re.l-8-0 per house. The Government have
also undertaken to. repair the tenements at a cost_ of Rs. 40,000.
Similar conditions exist in. Ganesapuram colony and the Govern~
ment have. therefore sanctioned the resumption of these tenements
and their letting out on small rentals .to the existing occupants
as was done in the case of Paddisonpuram:

_(b) Flood. relie{-The eligible '.communities .. in the City of


Madras were seriously affected by the floods in October 1943 and
again in :pecember _1946. .The Personal Assistant to the Commissioner of Labour toured the affected areas in which the eligible
communities Jived and arranged for food and temporary accom~
modation for them. Hutting materials and clothing were also
~upplieq to thooe ~ffected .

:eligible'~o~unities

XIV. RESERVATION AND ASSIGNMENT OF LAND FOR


., .
CULTIVATION.
, . The old rules for the assignment of waste lands with their insis
tence on the rights of :first applicants, adjoining landholders or those
who had actually brought land under cultivation, made it very
difficult for the Harijans-to obtain lands, even after the landhunger
stirred in them. In 1918, the Government ordered that waste lands
in every ryotwari village in the presidency should be examined and
a fair proportion definitely reserved for assignment to them: The
lists of such lands when once drawn up and, approved can only be
modified under the orders of the Collector. . Condition varied much
in different districts and villages and although not infrequently,
through inadequate inepection by local officers, lands which required
too much capital to develop or had already' been under -occupation
for -years were included in the. lists and iii many areas, there was
good reason: to suspect village officers of seeking to defeat the objeet
of the Government orders.

27
There can be no doubt that the scheme made possible' the' assig:dment of very considerable areas of land to the Harijans throughou~
the Province, thus affording them something to fall back upon when
labour was scarce or wages unduly low. Further_, when large blocks
of land such as unreserved forests, una!>sessed wastes and lands
hitherto unnecessarily retained as porambokes (public lands) were
transferred to the head of assessed land with a view to assignment
for cultivation, a substantial share was nearly alway~ reserved for
the Harijans. In most districts, the missionary organization
have, on the whole, rendered valuable assistance to Collectors in
seeing that land which was intended for the Harijans came into
their possession. All land cultivable as wet is now classed as valu
able land and is no longer assigned free, but when sold to Harija.ns.
the payment is spread over a term of years, extending even upto
ten years and instead of having to fight for the land in auction, they
are offered it at a. fair market price fixed by the Collector. Further.
where much reclamation is required, a Harijan assignee is exempted
from payment of the assessment for seven years, provided he brings
at least, one.fifth of the area newly under cultivation, each year.
In addition, land not specially reserved for Harijans is also being
assigned to them under the ordinary rules, but subject to the con
cessions mentioned. above. Special Harijan colonies have. been
formed at Divi (Kistna district}, Perundurai (Erode taluk, Coim..
batore district) and (N ayadi colony), Olavakot (Malabat: district)
and lands have been assigned to the eolonists for cultivation. Facilities are also afforded to assignees for grant of loans fm: sinking
irrigation wells, purchase of agricultural implements, etc. , <
Lands in compact blocks of 50 acres or more of valuable land
and 100 acres and more of non.valua.ble land are utilized for ColO:.
nization Co-operative Societies for landless poor of whom' Harijanl
will form an appreciable number. 'lnere are now 23 colonization
societies for landless poor and the question of forming more socie.
ties is under the con.sidera.tion of the Government.
. ' !
Lankas.-In the deltaic areas of the Northern Circar~; there
are large areas of land subject to river floods and alterations in shape.
and area from the action of the rivers. These lands are very fer..
tile, owing to periodie enrichment by deposits of the riversilt and
used to be leased annually or: for a. period of years at high rentals .
:Many of these, were from about 1922, being leased Without a.uctiol)
at average or reduced rentals, to societies or groups of Ha.rija.ns
and on the who~e, they have been substantiall:y: benefited:
..
. . Since 1940, the lan'kas are generally being leased witlioul auetion only to registered co--operative societies -consisting of communities elieible forth~ a~elioratin me~su.r~ "tmd~rt~ell b7 tile lJ1bour

28
pepartment. Only in exceptional cases willla.nkas be leased wit.hout au~tion );<> individuals or unregistered societies.

XV. CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES.


: .' CO-operative aocieties have been organized and worked for the
~enefit' of the, Harijans for the following purposes : ;.. : (1) for obtaining loans for the acquisition of house-sites ;
., :. : (2) for obtaining loans for agricultural purposes such aa purchase of cattle, ploughs, seeds, etc.;

, {3) for general credit purposes;


. (4) for obtruDing leases of Government lands; and
. (5) for floo,d relief purposes ..
. .Co-operative societies have also been organized for settling
iliem in colonies by grant of suitable lands for the purpose and for
development of cottage indW3tries such as leather goods manufacture
and weaving. Government have also extended financial assistance
to the colonists by way of free grants under share capital for purchase of seeds, manure and bulls and interest-free loans for reclamation; purchase of implements, etc. Besides,: Government have
!ippointed staff free of cost fQr supervision of these societiea.
- The members of tl:i.e Harijan societies are exempted from the
fees' leviable under th$ Registration Act in respect of documents
executed in favour of these societies and in respect of the certifi. c~tes of encumbrance' on th~ properties offered as mortgage tq the
societies; Government have also been granting scriptory grant for
clerical work done by members of the Harijan community in these
'
:

societies. ., ' .
~ . These co-operative societies are under the supenision and control of the Co-operative Department. The scriptory grants a.re
}lowever sanctioned by the Commissioner of Labour on the reeom
~enda.tion of the Registrar of Co-operative Societies.
- The expenditure in 1945-46 on account of these concessions including scriptory grant, but excluding the amounts involved in
exemption from payment of fees for registration of documents and
grant of encumbrance certificates was Rs. 12,371.
'I

'

XVI. LABOUR STAFF.

, The Commissioner of Labour is the Head of the department


-.nd controls its activities, He is assisted by a Gazetted Personal
Assista:nt of the grade of a. Deputy Collector and ministerial sta1f in
the head office at Madras.
The G~llectors of the .diatricts are respon.sible. for carrying out
measures for the amelioration of the condition of the eligible
comlxrqnit\ee~ A Pistriet Labour Oflicer of. the. grade of a Deputy

the
.... .._

'

Tahaildu with a sta:fl of clerks, etc., for office work and Special
Revenue Inspectors and Special Oyerseer~~:~ for executive ,work 11
employed in each of the following district.s to assist the Collector
in this work :
:
H-.dqua.riers. .

Distriot.

East Goda.va.ri
West Godavari
Kistna. ,
Gnntur
Nellore .
Bella.ry
Ana.ntapur
Chingleput
South Arcot

Ellore,
Chila.kalapudL
Gnntur.
_.
.
. Nellore.
Bella.ry.
Ana.ntapur.
Sa.idapet.
, .; , _ ..._ , . ~ : Cudda.lo:re. ,'.
1

._,,

,. .

Ta.njore

. :, ,

Trichinopoly
North Arcot ';
~

. . Coca.na.da.

Malabar

, .

, Ta.njore.

" : .' Trichino~lY.t


Vellore ...

. . Ca.licut.

~..

South Kanara. .
. . 1\Ia.nga.lore.
The Government have recently sanctioned the appointment
District Labour Officers with suitable staff in the following districts

of

also :-

'

I.

'

'

'

Vizagapatam, Chittoor, Cuddapah, Kurnool~ Madura, Ram..


1
nad, Tinnevelly, Salem and Coimbatore. . , . _
:
In Madras City, the Personal Assi~tant to the Commissioner .of
Labour is in charge of the work of effecting sanitary improvements
in the cheris and supervising labour schools. He is as~iste~ by _an
overseer.

,~ '
. ,-~ 1

XVII. HOW AND WHAT GOVERNMENT ARE SPENDINQ. >


.
ON HARilANS. . '- . . ' \.
.~ .: '
.

The Government are spending large sums of money'on: Ha.iijw


along with other communities. It is not possible to estimate the
amount of money spent on any particular community. :Apart from
this, the Government are now spending considerable amounts 01
money as indicated below on the amelioration of the condition: of the
Harijans under the v.arious service heads : . ~ 1 .
Budget Estimate
for 1947-48.
I

'

B8.

Pa.y o establishments
.
. .
, . 8,21,300
Cotl8tnction and repair o school buildings .. ' 1,10,400
Allowances and contingencies (including supply 17,70,.200
' of mid.da.y meals).

. ..
,
Scholanhips &nd echoolmg cha.rgea , , . . 1,95,900
Equipment f(!r achoot.
: , ,
, .
' 69,500
..
..
,.}

10
Budget Estimate
for 1947-48.

EdUcatioHont.

Maintenance of hostels
Grants-in-aid
Public Health-

:as ....
:

72,000
3,80,200

. Construction and repair of wells, pa.thw;aoys, 3,62,500


. burial grounds, etc.
' Grants towards half the. cost of acquisition of '.1.6 800
ho~se-sites f~r Ha.rija.ns.

:. '
Total 37 ,98,800

XVIII. HARIJAN WELFARE COMMITTEE AND DISTRICT


,
. HARIJAN UPLIFT ADVISORY COMMITTEE.
. In: 1938, the Government considered that. the range and effectiveness of the .work done. by the Labour Department could be
appreciably increased by associating with .the department small
advisory committees consisting of non-official. gentlemen with
intimate Jmowledge of. the needs of the Harijans and with experience iri social welfare work. In their Order No. 2104~ Deve~
lopment, dated 27th August 1938,. they, therefore, constituted a
Provincial Advisory Board with the. Commissioner of Labour' as its
President and an Advisory Committee for each district with the
Collector of the district as its President.
The' functions of the .Provincial Advisory Board were to cootdinate the work of the District Committees and to help the
Commissioner of Labour on all matters concerning the amelioration
of the condition of. the Harijans. The District Committees were
to be in touch with the officers entrusted with the work of amelioration of the condition of the Harijans in the district and to advise
the Collector on all matters relating to their welfare.
; nnportant. recommendations of the Board which have been
accepted and a.cted upon are detailed below :-:.Extension of the activities of the Labour Departmen~ to
other districts.

. : : Extension of the scheme of supply of mid-day meals to pupils


in all labour schools.
Confirmation of labour school teachers.
Separation of allotments for the grant of educational conces
f!ions of the Labour Department to converts of the eligible commu
nities to other religions. . .
Communication of copies of orders sanctioning scholarships
and boarding grants to the Provincial Harijan Sevak Sangh in order
to prevent the grant of schola.rsbips, etc., from two sources.

31
Distn"bntion of grants for booka and clothing in the sha:Pe of
books and clothing instead .of in cash. - . . : --:
Replacement of the advisory committee~ ~ppom.'tecl for the
Government Hostels by the respective District Adv:isory 9oxn.nttees.
Admission of pupils learning the fine arts in _the;School of
Arts and Craft.s into the Slater Hostel,- Madras. - _ : -.
Transfer of management of th~ Slater Hosiel fromt~e~Hari
jan Sevak Sangh to the i!abour-D_epartment. , , ' , . _: : . ~ ~
Sanction of boarding grant~ to girls coming from adistance of
two miles or more from the boarding homes in rural' areas,i in
modification of the rule. that only pupils - whose homes_ were more
than five miles away from the boarding homes should be given th~
grants. .
._ .
., . -. -. . ....
Institution of a scheme of scholarship for the Law - conrse;
Post-Graduate course and Compounding course~ --: . _ .r : .::; , f
Delegation of power to the Commissioner. of. Labour tO rela:z
the age-limit prescribed for the grant of scholarships in deserving
_.
,
,
.
_. ,
cases,
Extension of the scheme_ of industrial residential scholarship~
to pupils in all induRtrial schools recognized by Director of ~ndustries
and_ Commerce, Madras. : : . . . . , ;
_ , 1 . -; ~, _1
Preferential treatment to women for appointment in labour.
schools to teach pupils in Standards I and ;rr. ,
_ - ..
. , Co~versio~ of the Government Nanda~ar Higher. Elementary
school into a High school. _
~ : ;
__ ~ -; ..- .. ,-_. ,--.-;
.The Government have recently constituted a. Harijan -Welfa.re:
Committee in the place of the existing Provincial Labour :A<lvisory,
Board with the following personnel: ..

'

'!

'

'

'J

: l'.

The Hon'ble Minister for Rural Development (Chairman). , .:


Sri L. N .. Gopalaswami, Secretary, .Tamilnad Sevak Sangh 1
No. S, Gopalapuram, Tennore, Trichinopoly (Secretary). . ,
The Commissioner of Labour, Madras (Joint Secretary}.
The Registrar of Co-operative .Societies.
. . . :- ;Dewan Bahadur V. Bashyam Ayyangar, President, Malrar
City Harijan Sevak Sangh.
_
Sri B. S. Murti, !l.L.A., Presiden~, Andhra Ha.rijan Sevak
Sangh.

Sri A. Karunaka.rs. Menon, President, Malabar Harijan Sevak


Sangh.

Sri Eswaran; Y.L.,.; South Kanara..


Sri Xakkan, u.L.A., Mad-ura.

Sri v, t. Munusi.ami

Pll.l~i, !of:~

..(,

Oo!acamuna.

Sri :P~. Subbiab,; M.L.A., .Ponnur.


,
Sri M. Paravasthu Das, Secretary, Andhra Provincial AdioAndhra. and Christian Association, Narasars.opet.
.
. Sri A~ Yedaratna.m, M.L.A.., Vedara.nyam.
.
Mrs. Kamala. Bivasubramanyam, Ramnagar, Deva-kotta.i
Sri T. Subramaniam, Bellary. .
.
Sri K. Subramaniam, u.L.A., Coimbatore.
Sri M. Bapineedu, 1\!.L.A,., Ellore .
.... S~:LS~a.mi A. S. Sahajanand~, M.L.A.
'.l:h& following are its terms of reference : (a) To formulate a five-year plan for Harija.n welfare in all
directions such as providing free house-sites, fresh-water wells,
sanitation, education, etc., and to draw up an immediate scb~me
for the utilization of the sum of one crore of rupees set apart for
Harijan Welfare work:
: (b) to put forw.ard suggestions regarding improvements to the
Harijan Welfare work undertaken by the Labour DepartmElnt ;
(c) to enquire into and report on the progress of the enforcement of the legislative nieaswe in this field; and
' (d) to examine the possibility of extending the work of the
Labour Department in regard to Harijans to other backward

communities.
The Committee bas been required to submit its report to Government before October 1947. After submitting the report, the
Committee will function .as a. Standing Committee to advise the
Government on all ~atters connected with Harijans. Its term of
office will be for three years.
The Government have also constituted District Harijan
Welfare .Committees for all the districts except Madras. These
committees will ordinarily consist of not more than. six non-official
members, each with the respective Collector as the Chairman. In
the case of Vizagapatam, the number of non-official members bas
been increased as a special case to eight. The term of office of the
non-offici~} members .will be three years. :
~

. 'XIX. HARIIAN COLONIZATION SCHEME.


A scheme for the colonization and general uplift of Harijana ia .
uhdertbe"eonsideratiori of the Government. A sum"of 'one crore
of rupees bas been ear-marked for expenditure on this scheme .
Under this scheme, it is proposed to build bouse.s for Ha.rijans to
enable them to live side by sid~ with caste-Hindus and Muslims
ana otbers.and to maintain the same standard of living; Schools,

33
hospitals and other public amenities wm also be provided for 'the
benefit of the colonists. The details of the scheme will be worked
out by the Harijan Welfare Committee referred to above;

XX. GENERAL.
Any further particul&rs regardin.g the conceB.'lions admi813ible to
the Harijans may be obtained from the Commissioner. of Labour_,
Chepauk, Madras.

APPENDIX

I.

.REMOVAL OF CIVIL DISABILITIES ACT, 1838, ACT, XXI .of


1938 AS AMENDED BY ACT XI of 1947. .
. .
WsEREAB it is increasingly felt by the Hindu community that the
disabilities, which are imposed by social oustom and usage on certain
<'la&ses of Hindus commonly known as Harijans, untouchables, or
depressed classses, and which have been in certain matters even
legally recognized in the adjudication of rights and duties in civil and
criminal proceedings, are repugnant to modem conditions and. ideas
of justice and social solidarity, and should no longer be recognized by
law or otherwise enforced; it is hereby enacted aa follows:-

Short title and e:ttent.

(1) This Act may be called the Remo~al of Civil Disabilities

Act, 1938.
..
.
(2} It extends to the whole of the Province of Madra", . "
~

'

'

'

Social disabilitiea not to be recogni1ed by law.


2. Notwithstanding any law, custom, usage or prescription to the
t>ontrary, no Hindu shall, by reason merely of his belonging to any
vartieular community or class known as .Harijans, untouchables,
&lepressed classes or the like, be prevented or disabled . from being
appointed to any public office or having access to or using 11ny public
at ream, river, well, tank, pathway, sanitary convenience, or mean.a
of transport or any secular institution which the general public belong
ing to all other classes and communities of llindus have a right accesi
to or a right to use or which is dedicated or maintained or licensed
for the use of the general public or which is maintained or paid for out
of the funds of the State or & local authority: and no civil, criminal
or revenue court in adjudicating any matter or executing sny order
and no public or local authority in conducting the affairs entrusted to
uch authority sha.ll recognize any custom, usage or prescriptive rigM
ander which it is sought to impose any eivil disability on any person
by reason of his belonging to any of the classes or communities afore
taid, or by reason of any act or omission on the part of such person
"'"hich -.ould not furnish grounds for such disability if he clid not
belong to such class or eommunity.

~.: 8. No' person .owning, .or being in charge of, any secular institution
.
.
referred to in. section 2,. shall
(i) i~pose, ol' cause or suffer to be imposed, any restriction LD
e.ny person belonging to any_ community or class referred to in section
2, or
,
.. , ..' (ii) do or omit to do anything, or cause or suffer anything to be
dcne or omitted. to be done, so as to result in discrimination agsinst
any person belonging to any such class or community merely on ~he
g~ound that he belongs_ to such community or cl~ss:.

Secular Institution ezplained.


4. For the purposes of this Act, the expression " Secular Ins
titution " includes, among others~
: ' .(i) any refreshmen~ room, restaurant, cafe, coffee-house, eating
house, boarding"housE\,. 'lodging house, hostel, hotel or any othe:
place ~here persons are provided with food; .drink, _shelter or sleeping
or' bther accommodation; )
:.
.
,,: ~ (ii) any place or public entertainment
amusement: . .
.,,, . (iii) any ; premises where goods are sold, any laundry, any
shaving or hair-dressing saloon or any _other place .wher(;) services arc
rendered to customers . :

'

;:. r : (iv} any place u~ed for the burial, crematiol';l _or disposal other
w1se, of the dead.
:
Refusal of sale of articles to Harijans, etc., prohibited.
5. No dealer shall refuse to sell;. or .withhold from sale, any
article. which. is kept by him for sale, to any person belonging to any
community on the ground that he belongs to such community. .
..
Penalties.
.
6. Whoever(i) prevents ~ pe~on belonging to . ~ny co~~nity or class
referred. to in section 2 from exercising any civil right or privilego to
which :he is entitled :under this Act, or
, .
.~ ,r (ii) molests' or obstruct any such, person in 'the exercise of D.ny
su~h 'right or privilege, or
.
.
. . . .
.,. ; ~iii) contravenes the proVisions of sections 3 and 5 shall . be
punishable _in the case 'of a first offence, with fine which may extenJ.
to fifty rupees and in the case of a second and subsequent offence
with irrlprisonment which may extend to. six months. or with fine
which may exend to one thousand rupees or with both. .
.
1
;
:
' ' . ' Offence.s t~ndeT Act to be cognizable.. .
.

.'.': '1 .. All' offences .punishable under this Act shall be cognizable.

or

'

'

: : i: '

J.::1 . -.. : .

. ,

APPENDIX

..

n.

THE MADRAS. TE1rPLE 'ENTRY AUTHOEIZ.t\TlON ACT Y OF.

' :~ .. ,,: , .. .:: .'' _1947. .. :. '.


'.''
: .. : ,
'Au' Act .to authorize' entry into IDndu. ~emples .in the- Province of
MadrSs and the 'offer of worship therein by certain classes of IDndus
who b7 custom Qr usas-e are excl'\lde~ from euch entry ancl worship.

35.
Whereas it is the policy .of the Provincial Govemm~t ;to .remove
the disabilities imposed by custom or usage on certam cl~~.ses. of
Hindus against entry into Hindu temples in the l?rovince. wQich are
open to the general Hindu public. . .: . : - ::' .. : .('; .:.. : :::..'
And whereas the Provincial Goven:imenf are satis~ed from. :.the
rapidity with which, under pressure of Hindu _public Qpinion, a
number of temples have been thrown open to those classes .of :lii.ndu&
in recent months, under the provisions of the ,M:adr~s. Te~ple Entry
Authorization and Indemnity Act, 1939; that .the time' has p.oVf
arrived for throwing op~n to such classes. of Hindus all teinpleam;the
Province which are open to the general Hindu public; ,' ,
'
'
. '

' I .
And whereas the Provincial Government -consider tha~ . the pro
visions of the s'aid Act are initdequate for the. early aJ?.d. ~complet~
implementation of policy of the Provincial Government aforesaid;
.. \ It is hereb: enacted. as follows:- .
.
. .
'
.. ; ' . : ~ .. . ' ' . ' . .. .
: .. ' '~, '
I

'

Short. title, extent arul commencement.


.. .
. 1: (1) This Act. may J;>e called .the M;adras ~e~J>l~ ;:E~t~i '~utho-;
1:'1zat~on Act, 1947.
.
.

.. , . ; . . r -'. :.\ 1 ~ .:; 1 t: .


. ' (2) It extends to the whole of the'P.J:"ovin~e of.. M:adra~:.::, .>:'1
.
(3) .This section shall come. into force at once: and the'remain" .
ing: provisions qf this Act shall come into force on such date .liS the
Provincial Government may, by notification in the Fort :st.. George
. Gasette, appoint.

.
'

Definition.

is

..

' 2. In this Act,. unless th~re


anything repugriant in 'the '!Jubj~t
or context- '
-~

.
.
.(1) excluded .class ' means any c~~te ~r cl~ss::of ~th~ Hindi.
l'Ommunity which, by reason of any established custom or _usage, is
exelu~ed. from entering ~he temple concerned , or .offering-: worship
therem;
. . . . .
. .. , .. . , ~ :. : :.< :; ~ .
(2) temple ' means a place, by whatever name known,. whi.ch
is dedicated to, or for th~ benefit of; .or used as' of..right, by. the
Hindu community in general, as a plac'e of:publie religiousiworship.
and includes subsidiary shrines and mantapams attached to "ucb
place;
. '
. . . . ,'l,

(3) worship means such ~ligious sei-yice as the. bulk of the


'\\orsbippers may offer, or: . participate in,. in accordance ,w;ith. :such
rules and regulations as may .be .made under. ~ ,A.ct,'J ,; ') f.: ,:, , I;
Right of ezcluded alfues to enter and offer worship in temple~. :
3. (1) Notwithstanding any law, custom
wuige. to the r.Oniz.aey~
persons belonging to the excluded cla~ses shall be entitled to enter
any Hindu temple and offer worship therein in the same manner and
to the same exten\ as Hindus in general; and DO membe:ci of :an1
excluded class shall, by reason only of such en.trJ ~ worship,. whether
before ()r after the commencemen~ of: thia, Act.. ~q. deem~d to 'have

or

wmmitted any actionable wrong or


therefor. '

. (2) Without prejudice to the


vi&ion. it is hereby declared that the
shall include the following rights if,
are enjoyed by Hindua in general,

cluaee:-

offence or be sued or prosecuted


generality of the foregoing pro
right conferred by sub-sectiou (1)
and to the extent to which, thes
not belonging to the excluded

. (a) The right to bathe in. or use the waters of, any sar.red

tank, well. spring or water-course appurtenant to the temple, whether


~ituated within or outside the precincts thereof; and

(b) the right of passage over any sacred place, including a. hill

or hillock or a road. street or pathway, which is requisite for obtain


ing .access to the temple.
Power of t~stee~- i~ m~ke regulation& for the maintenanoe of order
and decorum and. the due performance of rites and ceremoniu in
temple.
.
. . , .
.
.4. The trustee or ~tber authority in charge of a temple shall have
r-ower, subject to the control of the Provincial Government an:i to
any rules which may be made by them to make regulations for jibe
maintenance of order and decorum in the temple and the due obser
vance of the religious rites an<) ceremonies performed in the temple,
but such regulations shall not discriminate in any way against the
members. of thee excluded classes.

Sanction 'for institution or continuance of auits, p~oBecutions, etc.


5. (1) No suit for damages, injunction or declaration or for any
other relief, no prosecution for any offence, and no application or
other proceeding under the Madras Hindu Religious Endowments'
Act, 1926, or any other law, shall be instituted in respect of any
entry into or worship in any temple, whether before or after the
commencement of this Act, on the sole ground that such entry or
worship is against the custom or usage which excludes certain cla,sses
of Hindus from such entry or worship.

(2) No suit, prosecution, application or proceeding of the nature


aforesaid, instituted before the commencement of this Act, shall he
eontinued thereafter, without the sanction of t.he Provincial Government.
..

Power to decide disputea.

G.' If

any question arises as to whether a place


temple as denned in this Act, the question shall be
Provincial Government and their decision shall be
howeTer. to any decree passed by a. competent civil
filed before it within six months of the date of the
Pro~cial Government.
r.

1. Wh~e~

is or is Mt "
referred to the
final, subject,
court in a suit
decision of the

Penaltiee.

(i) prevente a person. belonging to any excluded class from

exercising any rlgh\. conferred by this Aot, or

3'7
(ii) molests or obs~ucts any such person in the exercise of &llJ
r;uch right

shall be punishable, in the case of a first offence, with tine which maJ
utend to one hundred rupees, and in the case of a. second or subae..
quent offence, with imprisonment which may extend to six: months,
or 11ith fine which may extend to. five hundred rupees, or with both

Ruler.
8. (1) The.Provincial Government may make rules for the purposs
of carrying into effect the provisions of this Act in respect of temple
enernlly pr of a,ny temple or class of temples.
(2) All rule made under this section shall be published in. the
Fort St. George Ga1ette, and, on such publication, shall have effect
as if enacted in this A'ct.
.
Power to r~mo;, . dlf!icultie,, .
. . . ,
9. If any diffi~ulty &riSes' in giving ,effect to the provisions of this
Act, the Provincial Government, as occasion requires may, b;y order,
do anything which appears to them necessary for the purpose of
removing the difficulty. .

. . .Repeal.
. 10. The Malabar Temple Entry Act, 1938, and.the Madras Temple
Entry Authorization and Indemnity Act, 1939, are hereby repealed.
11. In section 40 of the Madras Hindu Religious Endowmenba
Act, 1g26, for the words and figures .. Subject tG .the provisions of
Malabar Temple Entry Act, 1938, and the Madras Temple Entry
Authorization a,nd Indemnity Act, 1939" the words and figures
" Subject to the provisions of tbe Madras Temple Entry Authorization Act, 1947 " shall be substituted.
APPENDIX.

III.

l'OONA PACT AGREED TO BY LEADERS OF CASTE-IDNDUS


AND OF HARIJANS (OR DEPRESSED CLASSES) A'!
POONA ON 24TH SEPTEMBER 1932. .
The following ia the text of the agreement. arrived at betweea
luders acting on behaU of the Depressed Classes and of the rest 'lf
the community, regarding the representation of the Depressed Clas8011
in the Legislaturea and certain ot.her . ma.tten a.f!eeting their

welfare:-

Provineia.l

Ltgiela.tv.r~.

1. There shall be seats resened for the Depressed Classes out of


geueral electorate seats in the Provincial Legislatures as followa : Madras 80, Bombay with Sind 15, Punjab 8, Bihar &nd Orissa
18, Central Provinces 20, Assam 7, Bengal 30, United Provinces 20;
total 148. Theae figures are based on the total strength of the Pro'rineial Councils announced in the Prime Minister's decision.

38
2. Election to these seats shall be by joint elect-orates subject,
however, to the following procedure:. All members of the Depressed Classes registereO. in the gemirr.l
electoral rollof a constituency -will form an electoral college which
\\'ill .elect a panel of four candidates belonging to tlle Depressed
Chsses for each of such reserved seats by the method of single vote,
and four persons getting the highest number of votes in such primary
elections shall be the candidates for election by the general electorate.
S. The representation of. the Depressed Classes. in the Central
Legislature shall likewise .be on thEr principle of joint electorate aud
reserved seats by the method of primary (llection in the manner:
provided for in clause ~ above for their representation in the
Provincial Legislatures.

Oentr.al LegiBla!ure.

'

'

'\

,..

4. In the 9entral Legislature; 18 per centui:n of the seats allotted


to the general electorate for "British India in the .. said LegislaturE:

shall be reserved for the Depressed .Classes; .. ,
5. The syste~ of primary 'ele~tion 'to a pa:r,iel of...candidates for
election to the Central and Provincial Legislafiures as hereinbefore
mentioned shall come to an end after'the :tirst 10 years, unless ter
minatd sooner by m.utual agreement under :the provision of clause 6
below;
. ,. ., . :
.
: : .i : . :
6. The. system. of. representation of Depressed Classes by reserved
seats in the Provincial and .Central Legislatures as provided for in
clauses (1) and (4) shall continue until determined by mutual agreement between th& communities concerned in this settlement;
7: The franchise for the Centra( and Provincial Legislat~es of
the Depressed Classes shall be as indicated iii the Lothian Committee
Report.
8. There shall be no disabilities attaching to any one on the ground
of his being a member of the Depressed Classes in regard to any elec
tion to local bodies or appointment to the Public Services. Every
endeavour shall be made to secure~ a fair representation of the
Depressed. Classes in these respects subject. to such educational
qualifications as . may be laid dowo for. appointment to the P6bHc
. .
Setvices.
.
9. In ev~ry Province out of the educational grant an adequat'l
sum shall be ear-marked for providing educational facilities to the
members of Depressed Classes. .
(Note.-As a. result of the Poona Pact, the number of seats allot.ted. to Harijans in the :Madras Legislative Assembly was increased
from 18 to 30.)

K.UlJUS :. PBI:ll'tli:D liT TBB 81JJ'Eli.J'Ntl':NDDT1 .GOVUNKDT Pll.lill,