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1
Rajah 1 menunjukkan keratin rentas sel tumbuhan.
Diagram 1 shows a cross section of a plant cell.

Rajah 1 / Diagram 1
Apakah organel P?
What is organelle P?
A
B
C
D

Vakuol / Vacuole
Kloroplas / Chloroplast
Jasad Golgi / Golgi apparatus
Jalinan endoplasma kasar / Rough endoplasmic reticulum

2
Organel Y dapat dijumpai dengan banyak di dalam sei-sel liur.
Organelle Y can be found in large numbers in the salivary cells.
Apakah organel Y?

3
What is organel Y?
A
B
C
D

Reticulum endoplasma licin / Smooth endoplasmic reticulum


Mitokondria / Mitochondrion
Sentriol / Sentriole
Jasad Golgi / Golgi apparatus

Rajah 2 / Diagram 2
Antara proses berikut, yang manakah berlaku dalam organel ini?
Which of the following processes occurs in this organelle?
A
B
C
D

Pembentukan kanji / Formation of starch


Sintesis protein / Synhtesis of protein
Sintesis enzim / Synthesis of enzyme
Penjanaan tenaga / Generation of energy

3
Rajah 3 menunjukkan tiga tisu manusia yang berbeza.
Diagrams 3 shows three different type of human tissues.

Rajah 3 / Diagram 3
A
B
C
D

Q
Tisu otot
Muscle tissue
Tisu penghubung
Connective tissue
Tisu penghubung
Connective tissue
Tisu epitelium
Epithelial tissue

R
Tisu penghubung
Connective tissue
Tisu epitelium
Epithelial tissue
Tisu otot
Muscle tissue
Tisu penghubung
Connective tissue

S
Tisu epitelium
Epithelial tissue
Tisu otot
Muscle tissue
Tisu epitelium
Epithelial tissue
Tisu otot
Muscle tissue

Rajah 4 menunjukkan struktur dalaman sehelai daun.


Diagram 4 shows the internal structure of a leaf.

Rajah 4 / Diagram 4

Antara bahagian daun A, B, C atau D, yang manakah menjalani pengkhususan sel


untuk mengangkut air dalam tumbuhan?
Which part of the leaf A, B, C or D, undergoes cell specialisation to transport water
in the plant?

5
Rajah 5 menunjukkan sejenis organisma air tawar unisel.
Diagram 5 shows a type of fresh water unicellular organism.

Rajah 5 / Diagram 5

Apakah bahagian yang berlabel Q?


What is the part labelled Q?
A
B
C
D

Vakuol mengecut / contractile vacuole


Vakuol makanan / food vacuole
Sitosom / Cytosome
Makronukleus / Macronucleus

6
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah merupakan sel bagi tisu penghubung manusia?
Which of the following is a cell of human connective tissue?
A
B
C
D

Neuron / A neuron
Sel otot kardiak / A cardiac muscle cell
Sel darah putih / A white blood cell
Sel epitelium / An epithelial cell

7
Antara sistem manusia berikut, yang manakah terlibat dalam mengawal atur suhu
badan?
Which of the following human systems are involved in regulating the body
temperature?
I
II
III
IV

Sistem peredaran / Circulatory system


Sistem pencernaan / Digestive system
Sistem integumen / Integumentary system
Sistem respirasi / Respiratory system

A I dan II / I and II
B I dan III / I and III
C II dan III / II and III

7
D III dan IV / III and IV

8
Antara jenis-jenis sel berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan sel tumbuhan?
Which of the following types of cell is a plant cell?

9
Rajah 6 menunjukkan sejenis organisma.
Diagram 6 shows a type of organism.

Rajah 6 / Diagram 6
Apakah proses yang terlibat bagi pergerakan air pada organisma itu?
What process involved for the movement of water in the organism?
A
B
C
D

Resapan ringkas / Simple diffusion


Osmosis / Osmosis
Pengangkutan aktif / Active transport
Resapan berbantu / Facilitated diffusion

10

Rajah 7 menunjukkan organisma unisel yang terdapat dalam kolam air tawar.
Diagram 7 shows the unicellular organisms found in freshwater ponds.

Rajah 7 / Diagram 7
Antara bahagjan A, B, C atau D, yang manakah mengawal atur kandungan air?

Which of the part, A, B, C or D, regulates the water content?


11
Tisu yang melapisi organ dalaman ialah
The tissue that lines the internal organs is the

9
A

tisu saraf / nerve cell

tisu epithelium / epithelial tissue

tisu penyambung / connective tissue

tisu otot / muscle tissue

12
Rajah 8 menunjukkan struktur utama membrane plasma.
Diagram 8 shows the main structure of plasma membrane.

Rajah 8 / Diagram 8
Apakah P, Q dan R?
What are P, Q and R?
P
Protein pembawa /
carrier Protein

Q
Liang protein / pore
protein

R
Dwilapisan
fosfolipid /
phospholipid bilayer

Liang protein / pore


protein

Protein pembawa /
carrier Protein

Dwilapisan
fosfolipid /
phospholipid bilayer

Dwilapisan
fosfolipid /
phospholipid bilayer

Liang protein / pore


protein

Protein pembawa /
carrier Protein

Dwilapisan

Protein pembawa /

Liang protein / pore

10
fosfolipid /
phospholipid bilayer

carrier Protein

protein

13
Rajah 9 menunjukkan pergerakanmolekul-molekul merentas satu membran plasma
secara proses W.
Diagram 9 shows the movement of molecules across a plasma membrane by process
W.

Rajah 9 / Diagram 9

11
Antara berikut, yang manakah proses W?
Which of the following is process W?
A
B
C
D

Resapan berbantu / Facilitated diffusion


Resapan ringkas / Simple diffusion
Pengangkutan aktif / Active transport
Osmosis / Osmosis

14
Rajah 10 menunjukkan keadaan empat jalur bayam
selepas direndam di dalam larutan yang berbeza
kepekatan.
Diagram 10 shows the condition of four stripes of
spinach after being immersed in the solution with
different concentration.

Rajah 10 / Diagram 10
Antara berikut, yang manakah benar mengenai jenis larutan R, S dan U?
Which of the following is true regarding solution R, S and U?

12
R
A Isotonik
Isotonic
B Hipotonik
Hypotonic
C Hipotonik
Hypotonic
D Hipertonik
Hypertonic

S
Hipertonik
Hypertonic
Isotonik
Isotonic
Hipertonik
Hypertonic
Hipotonik
Hypotonic

U
Hipotonik
Hypotonic
Hipertonik
Hypertonic
Isotonik
Isotonic
Isotonik
Isotonic

15

Antara proses berikut, yang manakah terlibat dalam pergerakan molekul air dan ion
mineral ke dalam akar rerambut?
Which of the following processes are involved in the movement of water and mineral
ions into root hairs?
A
B
C
D

Air / Water
Resapan ringkas
Simple diffusion
Pengangkutan aktif
Active transport
Osmosis
osmosis
Resapan berbantu
Facilitated diffusion

Ion mineral / Mineral ion


Pengangkutan aktif
Active transport
Resapan berbantu
Facilitated diffusion
Pengangkutan aktif
Active transport
Osmosis
osmosis

16

Rajah 11 menunjukkan resapan melalui membran separa telap.

13
Diagram 11 shows diffusion through a semipermeable
membrane.

Rajah 11 / Diagram 11
Apakah X dan Y?
What are X and Y?
A
B
C
D

X
Larutan sukrosa 20%
20% sucrose solution
Air suling
Distilled water
Larutan sukrosa 20%
20% sucrose solution
Air suling
Distilled water

Y
Air suling
Distilled water
Air suling
Distilled water
Larutan sukrosa 20%
20% sucrose solution
Larutan sukrosa 20%
20% sucrose solution

14

17
Rajah 12 menunjukkan satu eksperimen.
Diagram 12 shows an experiment.

Rajah 12 / Diagram 12

Antara berikut, yang manakah benar mengenai keadaan sel tumbuhan di dalam
larutan sukrosa yang berbeza kepekatan?
Which of the followings is true regarding the condition of plant cell in different
concentration of sucrose solution?

P
A Segah / Turgid

Q
Flasid / Flaccid

R
Segah / Turgid

Flasid / Flaccid

Segah / Turgid

Deplasmolisis /
Deplasmolysis

15
C

Segah / Turgid

D Segah / Turgid

Deplasmolisis /
Deplasmolysis
Flasid / Flaccid

Segah / Turgid
Deplasmolisis /
Deplasmolysis

18
Maklumat berikut merujuk kepada keadaan sel tumbuhan selepas direndam di dalam
sejenis larutan.
The following information refer to a condition of plant cells after being immersed in a
solution.

Vakuol mengecut
Vacuole shrinks
Membran plasma ditarik menjauhi dinding sel tumbuhan tersebut
Plasma membrane is pulled away from cell wall

Apakah proses yang dialami oleh sel tumbuhan tersebut?


What process does the plant cell undergo?
A
B
C
D

Krenasi / Crenation
Hemolisis / Haemolysis
Plasmolysis / Plasmolysis
Deplasmolisis / Deplasmolysis

19
Rajah 13 menunjukkan alveolus peparu manusia.
Diagram 13 shows humans lung alveolus.

16

Rajah 13 / Diagram 13
Apakah proses yang terlibat dalam pertukaran gas antara alveolus dengan kapilari
darah di sekelilingnya?
What is the process involved in the gaseous exchange between the alveolus and the
surrounding blood capillaries?
A
B
C
D

Resapan ringkas / Simple diffusion


Osmosis / Osmosis
Resapan berbantu / Facilitated diffusion
Pengangkutan aktif / Active transport

20
Rajah 14 menunjukkan susunan radas suatu eksperimen untuk mengkaji osmosis.
Diagram 14 shows an experiment set up to study osmosis.

17

Rajah 14 / Diagram 14
Aras larutan sukrosa 10% berkurang selepas beberapa minit. Antara yang berikut,
yang manakah kemungkinan larutan X?
The level of the 10% sucrose solution decreases after a few minutes. Which of the
following would solution X be?
A
B
C
D

Air suling / Distilled water


Larutan sukrosa 1% / 1% sucrose solution
Larutan sukrosa 5% / 5% sucrose solution
Larutan sukrosa 20% / 20% sucrose solution

21
Apakah proses yang terlibat dalam penyerapan semula air di ginjal dan penyerapan
asid amino di dalam vilus usus kecil?
What are the processes involved in the reabsorption of water in the kidneys and the
absorption of amino acids in the villi of the small intestine?

A
B
C
D

22

Penyerapan semula air


Reabsorption of water
Pengangkutan aktif
Active transport
Osmosis
Osmosis
Pengangkutan aktif
Active transport
Osmosis
Osmosis

Penyerapan asid amino


Absorption of amino acids
Pengangkutan pasif
Passive transport
Resapan berbantu
Facilitated diffusion
Resapan berbantu
Facilitated diffusion
Pengangkutan aktif
Active transport

18
Apakah nama larutan yang mempunyai kepekatan zat terlarut yang tinggi?
What is a solution with a higher concentration solute called?
A
B
C
D

Larutan hipotonik / Hypotonic solution


Larutan hipertonik / Hypertonic solution
Larutan isotonik / Isotonic solution
Larutan garam / Salt solution

23
Satu sel direndam di dalam larutan garam 20% selama 10 minit dan kemudiannya di
dalam air suling. Antara yang berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan keadaan sel yang
mungkin?
A cell is immersed in 20% salt solution for 10 minutes and then in distilled water.
Which of the following shows the expected condition of the cell?

24

Antara yang berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan struktur sel darah merah selepas di
letakkan di dalam air suling?
Which of the following shows the structure of a red blood cell after it is placed in
distilled water?

19
25

Rajah 15 menunjukkan jalur batang bayam selepas direndam di dalam larutan X?


Diagram 15 shows a strip of spinach stem after being immersed in solution X.

Rajah 15 / Diagram 15
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah mungkin larutan X?
Which of the following solution X be?
A
B
C
D

Air suling / Distilled water


Larutan sukrosa 17% / Sucrose solution 17%
Larutan sukrosa 30% / Sucrose solution 30%
Larutan sukrosa 40% / Sucrose solution 40%

26
Apakah yang akan berlaku pada sel darah merah yang direndam dalam larutan
natrium klorida 5%?
What will happen to red blood cells which are immersed in a 5% sodium chloride
solution?
A Sel darah merah akan mengalami hemolisis
They will be haemolysed
B Sel darah merah akan mengalami krenasi
They will be crenated

20
C Sel darah merah akan mengalami plasmolysis
They will be plasmolysed
D Sel darah merah akan kekal bentuk asalnya
They will maintain their shape
27
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah mengakibatkan sel tumbuhan tersebut mengalami
deplasmolisis?
Which of the following will cause the plant cell to undergo deplasmolysis?
A
B
C
D

Air suling / Distilled water


Larutan garam / Salt solution
Larutan sukrosa / Sucrose solution
Cuka / vinegar

28
Rajah 16 menunjukkan graf kesan kepekatan larutan sukrosa yang
berbeza ke atas jisim tisu ubi kentang.
Diagram 16 is a graph showing the effect of different
concentrations of sucrose solution on the mass of potato tissue.

Rajah 16 / Diagram 16
Antara titik A, B, C dan D, yang manakah sel kentang berkeadaan
flasid dan mengalami palmolisis?

21
At which point A, B, C and D, does the potato cells become flaccid
and plasmolysed?
29

Rajah 17 menunjukkan kandungan cecair di dalam badan manusia.


Diagram 17 shows the fluid compositions of human body.

Rajah 17 / Diagram 17
Antara bahagian A, B C dan D, dimanakah pengawalaturan faktor kimia dan
fizikal berlaku ?
Which of the parts A, B, C and D does regulation of chemical and physical
factors occur ?
30
Sebatian organik adalah sebatian yang mengandungi
Organic compounds that contain
A
B

Hydrogen / Hydrogen
Nitrogen / Nitrogen

22
C Karbon / Carbon
D Sulfur / Sulphur

31
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah bertindak sebagai medium bagi tindak balas
biokimia di dalam sel?
Which of the following substances acts as a medium for biochemical reactions in a
cell?
A
B
C
D

Air / Water
Glukosa / Glucose
Lipid / Lipid
Asid amino / Amino acid

32

Apakah yang diwakili oleh P dan Q?


What are represented by P and Q?
A
B
C
D

Hydrolysis / Hidrolisis
Condensation / Kondensasi
Condensation / Kondensasi
Hydrolysis / Hidrolisis

Lactose / Laktosa
Maltose / Maltosa
Lactose / Laktosa
Maltose / Maltosa

23
33

Antara karbohidrat berikut, yang manakah mempunyai struktur seperti yang


ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 18?
Which of the following carbohydrates has a structure as shown in Diagram 18?

Rajah 18 / Diagram 18
A
B
C
D

Kanji / Starch
Glikogen / Glycogen
Galaktosa / Galactose
Selulosa / Cellulose

34
Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah tidak benar tentang protein?
Which of the following statements about protein in not true?
A Monomer bagi protein adalah asid amino
Monomer of protein is amino acid
B Asid amino tidak perlu tidak boleh disintesis dalam manusia
Non-essential amino acids cannot be synthesised in humans.
C Urutan linear asid amino dalam molekul protein dipanggil struktur primer
The linear sequence of amino acids in protein molekul is called the primary
structure
D Satu contoh protein berstruktur kuartenar adalah haemoglobin
An example of a quartenary-structure proteins is haemoglobin
35
Rajah 19 menunjukkan struktur bagi satu molekul lipid.
Diagram 19 shows a structure of one lipid molecule.

24

Rajah 19 / Diagram 19
Bahagian yang berlabel Q mewakili..
The part labelled Q represents..
A
B
C
D

Fosfat / Phosphate
Gliserol / Glycerol
Asid lemak / Fatty acid
Asid amino / Amino acid

36
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah bukan padanan yang benar bagi enzim dan
substrat?
Which of the following is not a correct match between an enzyme and its substrate?

Enzim / Enzyme
A Sukrasa / Sucrase
B Amilase / Amylase
C Lipase / Lipase
D Protease / Protease

37

Substrat / Substrate
Sukrosa / Sucrose
Glikogen / Glycogen
Lipid / Lipid
Protein / Protein

25
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan kesan suhu ke atas kadar tindak
balas bermangkinkan enzim?
Which of the following graphs shows the effect of temperature on the rate of an
enzyme-catalysed reaction?

26

38
Enzim yang manakah memerlukan medium berasid (pH 1-4) untuk bertindak balas?
Which enzyme needs ia acidic medium (pH1-4) for its reaction?
A
B
C
D

Pepsin / Pepsin
Tripsin / Trypsin
Amilase / Amylase
Maltase / Maltase

39
Rajah 20 menunjukkan bagaimana enzim berfungsi.
Diagram 20 shows how an enzyme works.

Rajah 20 / Diagram 20
Apakah yang mewakili P dan Q?
What are represented P and Q?
P
A Enzim

Q
Hasil

27
enzyme
B Enzim
enzyme
C Substrat
Substrate
D Substrat
Substrate

Products
Substrat
Substrate
Hasil
Products
Kompleks Enzim-substrat
Enzyme-substrate complex

40

Mengapakah kadar tindak balas pada X adalah malar?


Why is the rate of reaction at X constant?
A Kekurangan oksigen
Lack of oxygen
B Tiada lagi substrat untuk untuk enzim bertindak balas
No more substrate for the enzyme to act on
C Enzim ternyahasli pada kepekatan substratyang tinggi
Enzyme are denatured at high concentration of substrate
D Kepekatan substrat adalah malar dan tidak meningkat
The concentration of the substrateis constant and does not increase
41
Antara bahagian graf yang berlabel A, B, C dan D, yang manakah mewakili kesan pH
ke atas kadar tindak balas amilase air liur?
Which of the following parts of the graphs labelled A, B, C and D represents the
effect of pH on the rate of reaction of salivary amylase?

28

Sebatian kimia P mengawal kesemua aktiviti di dalam sel. Tanpa P, sel akan mati.
Chemical compound P controls all the activities in the cell. Without P, the cell will
die.

42

Apakah sebatian kimia P yang diterangkan di atas?


What is the chemical compound P as described above?
A
B
C
D

Lipid / Lipids
Enzim / Enzyme
Asid amino / Amino acids
Asid nukleik / Nucleic acids

43
Rajah 21 menunjukkan struktur asas DNA.
Diagram 21 shows the basic DNA structure.

29
Rajah 21 / Diagram 21
Apakah P, R dan S?
What are P, R and S?
P
Nukleotida
Nucleotide

R
fosfat
Phosphate

fosfat
Phosphate

Gula
deoksiribosa
Deoxyribose
sugar
Bes bernitrogen
Nitrogenous
base

Gula
deoksiribosa
Deoxyribose
sugar
Bes bernitrogen
Nitrogenous
base

fosfat
Phosphate

S
Gula
deoksiribosa
Deoxyribose
sugar
Bes bernitrogen
Nitrogenous
base
fosfat
Phosphate
Nukleotida
Nucleotide

44

Struktur protein yang manakah adalah struktur bagi hormon dan antibodi?
Which structure of protein is the structure for hormone and antibody?

45

Antara ciri lemak tepu berikut, yang


manakah membezakannya daripada
lemak tak tepu?
Which characteristic of saturated fats that distinguishes them from unsaturated fats?

30
A Tidak mengandungi kolesterol
Do not contain cholesterol
B Mengandungi nisbah jisim oksigen yang tinggi
Contain high proportion mass of oxygen
C Hanya mengandungi asid lemak tidak bercabang
Contain only unbranched fatty acids
D Tidak mempunyai ikatan ganda dua di antara atom-atom karbon
Have no double bonds between their carbon atoms
46
Rajah 22 menunjukkan tindak balas enzim ke atas substrat?
Diagram 22 shows the enzyme reaction on a substrate?

Rajah 22 / Diagram 22

Berdasarkan Rajah 14, yang manakah benar mengenai enzim?


Based on Diagram 14, which of the following statement are true about enzyme?
I
II

Tindak balas enzim adalah spesifik


The reaction of enzyme is specific
Enzim tidak dimusnahkan pada akhir tindak balas
Enzyme is not destroyed after reaction

31
III

IV
A
B
C
D

Enzim mempunyai tapak aktif yang bergabung dengan substrat membentuk


kompleks enzim-substrat
Enzyme has active site which binds with substrate to form enzyme-substrate
complex
Enzim mempercepatkan tindak balas biokomia
Enzyme speeds up the biochemical reaction
I dan II sahaja / I and II only
II dan III sahaja / II and III only
I, II dan III sahaja / I, II and III only
I, II dan IV / I, II and IV only

47
Organel yang manakah tidak terlibat dalam penghasilan enzim luar sel?
Which organelle is not involved in the production of extracellular enzyme?
A
B
C
D

Mitokondria / Mitochondrion
Nukleus / Nucleus
Jasad golgi / Golgi apparatus
Jalinan endoplasma licin / Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

48
Antara berikut, yang manakah adalah gula penurun?
Which of the following carbohydrates, is a non-reducing sugar?
A
B
C
D

Sukrosa / Sucrose
Fruktosa / Fructose
Maltosa / Maltose
Galaktosa / Galactose

49
Elemen yang manakah terdapat dengan banyak dalam sel hidup?
Which element is found abundantly in a living cell?
A Fosforus / Phosphorus
B Karbon / Carbon
C Kalsium / Calcium

32
D Nitrogen / Nitrogen
50
Rajah 23 menunjukkan tindakbalas di dalam sel.
Diagram 23 below shows biochemical reaction in a cell.

Rajah 23 / Diagram 23
Apakah bahan P?
What is substance P?
A
B
C
D

Monogliserid / Monoglyceride
Digliserid / Diglyceride
Trigliserid / Triglyceride
Gliserid / Glyceride