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Reproducible Practice Pages PLUS Easy-to-Score Quizzes That Reinforce

the Correct Use of Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs, and More

by Harold Jarnicki

New York Toronto London Auckland Sydney


New Delhi Mexico City Hong Kong Buenos Aires
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Scholastic Inc. grants teachers permission to photocopy the activity sheets from this book for classroom use. No other
part of this publication may be reproduced in whole or in part, or stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or
by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission of the publisher.
For information regarding permission, write to Scholastic Inc., 557 Broadway, New York, NY 10012.
Cover by Jaime Lucero
Cover illustrations Mike Moran
Interior design by NEO Grafika
Illustrations by Kelly Kennedy
ISBN 0-439-53147-0
Copyright 2005 by Harold Jarnicki
All rights reserved.
Printed in the U.S.A.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 40

12 11 10 09 08 07 06 05

No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Introduction

.............. 4

Dare to Compare . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

What Is a Noun? . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Dj Vu! X-Word Review . . . . . . . 26

May I Introduce Proper Nouns? . . 7

Lets Get Retro!


Adjectives and Adverbs . . . . . . . . 27

What Is a Pronoun? . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Our Possessive Pronouns . . . . . . 10

Quickie Quiz:
Adjectives and Adverbs . . . . . . . . 29

Were Pronouns Too! . . . . . . . . . . 11

Major Wacky Tale! . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Verbs in Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Presenting Prepositions . . . . . . . 32

Linking Verbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Prepositional Phrases . . . . . . . . . 34

Helping Verbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

The . . . A . . . An . . . Article . . . . . . 35

More Helping Verbs . . . . . . . . . . . 15

The Conjunctions Function . . . . 36

Get Tense With Verbs . . . . . . . . . 16

Conjunctions Continued . . . . . . . 37

Dj Vu! X-Word Review . . . . . . . 17

Wow! Interjections . . . . . . . . . . . 38

Lets Get Retro! Nouns,


Pronouns, and Verbs . . . . . . . . . . 18

Dj Vu! X-Word Review . . . . . . . 39

Quickie Quiz:
Nouns, Pronouns, and Verbs . . . . 19

Lets Get Retro! Prepositions,


Articles, and More . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

Much Ado About Adjectives . . . . 21

Quickie Quiz: Prepositions,


Articles, and More . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Outrageous Adjectives . . . . . . . . 22

One More Wacky Tale! . . . . . . . . . 44

Adverb Adventure . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Answer Key

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Fun With Adverbs . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

I ntroduction

magine a classroom where students do not slump in their


seats every time you announce its time for grammar; where
grammar lessons and practice bring exciting opportunities
along with a couple of laughs and a little competition; where students
get emotionally involved in grammar fundamentals, and improvement
- B Y T Edisplayed by students and recognized by teachers and
M I NisIproudly
parents.

MINI-BYTE

You might think such a classroom is merely a figment of my


N I - B Y T E or a fantasy of some ambitiously naive first-year education
M Iimagination
grad. I can boldly claim that such is not the case. I have been teaching
20 years and, with the help of some games, a few jokes, and
M I NforI -about
BYTE
other gimmicks, have witnessed students get excited about grammar,
vocabulary, spelling, and more.

MINI-BYTE

The No Boring Practice, Please! series is an extension of my


classroom and one humble step toward helping kids do what comes
naturallylearn. If youre ready to add spice to your grammar lessons,
then this book is for you.
Carefully structured as a good basic course of study, the recipe for
each lesson is simple. No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech
dishes up straight grammar practice with a dash (or splash) of fun.
Inside youll find a concoction of reproducible pages that cover nouns,
proper nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions,
and more. Flavored with engaging illustrations and an edgy design,
each practice page is easy for kids to swallow. Best of all, you can
serve these pages with only a minimal amount of teacher instruction.
Each unit opens with a brief, simple explanation of a key concept in
easy- to-understand language. Students are then challenged to apply
what they are learning through practice pages. Next comes a review,
4
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

followed by a quick and easy- to-score quiz. Occasionally, you may


want to add an extra exercise or practice test depending on students
progress, but the units are designed to stand on their own.
You may wonder what inspired me to write this bookand the rest
of the No Boring Practice, Please! series. Let me start at the beginning.
As a baby boomers hyperactive kid, I wasnt a huge fan of school.
Sitting at a desk most of the day was tough enough. Add a generous
helping of dry grammar practice and my eyes would glaze over, roll
back in my head, and send me into a near comatose state where
hands on clocks ceased to move.
Years passed. After a less- than-stellar career in rock n roll, I
decided the teaching profession was a more lucrative gig. I had two
specific goals: (1) to become the teacher I never had; and (2) to add a
little rock n roll to the school system.
Like it or not, we are teaching a new breed of childrenone that
watches more than four hours of values-distorting TV each day,
plays mindless video games on a regular basis, and gobbles up
entertainment far more than nutriment. We welcome these mediasavvy kids into our classrooms and expect them to get excited about
proper nouns, verb tense, degrees of comparison, and prepositional
phrases. Lets get real!
This is what drives the No Boring Practice, Please! series. The series
is academically sound and rich in language-skill development, but all
this learning is disguised by a hip design and comical illustrations that
have lots of kid appeal. Think of the series as whole-grain oats
packaged in a box of tutti-frutti breakfast cereal.
I know that students can get excited about doing well in grammar,
and I feel gratified to be part of the process. I hope the No Boring
Practice, Please! series helps teach and inspire.
May the force be with you.
Sincerely,
Harold Jarnicki

5
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

What Is a Noun?
Did you know that words belong to different groups? These
groups are called parts of speech. Nouns, verbs, adjectives,
and adverbs (to name a few) are all parts of speech.
Wondering if a word is a
noun? Just place a or the in
front of the word. If it makes
sense, its a noun!

Lets start
with the noun.

MINI-BYTE

A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea.


a cat (noun) the eat (not a noun)
the experience (noun)

MINI-BYTE

Ch

Most of the words in the Word Showcase are nouns. Write


each one in the correct column of the Groovy Noun Chart.

PERSON

Johnny

MINI-BYTE
Groovy Noun Chart
PLACE
THING or IDEA M I N
N OIT- B
AY
N OT
U NE
Sweden

computer

kindly

MINI-BYTE

Atlantic Ocean
Word Showcase
playground

Johnny
school
candy
serious

happiness
is
teacher
girl
bear

kindly

speedy

player
Africa
freedom
swimming
Disneyland
Sweden

computer
Rosa Parks
boy
elevator
green
mayor

Warning: Not all words are nouns.


6
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

farm
apple
harder
Wendy
town
oxygen
sneaky

Name ___________________________________________

May I Introduce Proper Nouns?


A proper noun is the name of a
particular person, place, or thing.

MI

MI

MI

NI

-B

YT

Peoples names

NI

-B

Pardon me, but did you


know that a proper noun
always begins with a capital
letter, even when it doesnt
begin a sentence?

Countries, states and provinces,


cities and towns, schools,
restaurants, stadiums, stores

Days and months, holidays,


religions, titles, teams and clubs

Jul y
YT
Frost
Oswego Free Academy
Saturday
NJack
E
I - Tinker Bell
San Francisco Giants
Peru
Ca l ifornia
BY
NI
TE
-B
Y T Proper Noun Awesome Treasure Hunt
E
-B
People
B. Places
YA.
TName
Unscramble the names of these countries.

E three people in your class. Write their


Remember to capitalize them properly!

first and last names:


_________________________________________
_________________________________________

xeocmi
adnaac
sdettaietnsu

_________________________________________

Write your teachers name:


_________________________________________

Name three famous people:

yanek

Write your address:

_________________________________________

Name two cities or towns you would like


to visit:

_________________________________________
____________________ ____________________
_________________________________________

Write the name of your school:

_________________________________________
_________________________________________
7
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

May I Introduce Proper Nouns?

C.

Continued

Things

Fill in this chart with particular names of your favorite things. Then compare it with a friends chart.

A Few of My Favorite Things


My favorite song
My favorite book
My favorite TV show
My favorite movie
My favorite video game
My favorite sports team

Unscramble these world religions. Remember to capitalize them properly!


smdaiju

mduhiins

laism

udhidsbm

itrinystchia

Wacky
Tales

Fill in each blank with the correct type of noun to complete this wacky fairy tale.

Remember: A common noun doesnt need to be capitalized.


A proper noun always needs to be capitalized.

Once upon a ____________________ in a land called ____________________ there lived a


common noun

proper noun

____________________. Her name was ____________________. Unfortunately, she was very sad
common noun

proper noun

because she did not have a ____________________.


common noun

One day a ____________________ came to visit her. His name was ____________________.
common noun

proper noun

I can help you get what you want, he said to her.


That would be wonderful! she exclaimed. If you can do that, I will give you all the
____________________ in ____________________.
common noun

proper noun

So off he went, climbing ____________________ and fighting ____________________. He even


common noun

common noun

visited the dangerous land of ____________________, where he was swallowed up by a slimy,


proper noun

fire-breathing ____________________.
common noun

Unfortunately, things just dont always work out.


8

The End
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

What Is a Pronoun?
A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun.

With a pronoun,
you dont have to keep
repeating the same noun
over and over again.

A personal pronoun refers to a specific person or thing.


Personal pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they

TE
Y
B
I
N
I
Read each sentence. Replace the repeated
M

F ix
she
E
T
!
Y
t
B
I
Example: Her name is Gina and Gina is happy.
M II N
noun with a personal pronoun.

TE
Y
B
I
N
I
M2. Sally is a good dancer because Sally practices a lot.
1. The door is squeaky when the door opens.

TE
Y
B
I
N
I
M4. My family is going on a vacation because my family could use a break.
E
T
Y
B
I
N
I
More M
Personal Pronouns
3. Dana, Khan, and Jack sang a song that Dana, Khan, and Jack all liked.

Just like nouns, some personal pronouns do an action and some receive the action.
I am talking to her.
The pronoun I is doing the action, while her is receiving the action.
She is talking to me.
Here, the pronoun she is doing the action, and me is receiving the action.

Personal pronouns that receive the action include: me, him, her, us, them.

CCorrect the pronouns in these sentences.


1. Jorge put he in the crib.
2. This book is for she.
3. The CD belongs to I.
4. Those bikes belong to they.
9
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

Our Possessive Pronouns

A possessive
pronoun shows
ownership.

These are al l possessive pronouns:


mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs

F ix
It!

Follow these examples to change the sentences below.

The slimy lizard belongs to me.

The slimy lizard is mine.

The slimy lizard belongs to you.

The slimy lizard is yours.

1. The slimy lizard belongs to them.

The slimy lizard is ____________________.

2. The slimy lizard belongs to us.

The slimy lizard is ____________________.

3. The slimy lizard belongs to her.

The slimy lizard is ____________________.

4. The slimy lizard belongs to him.

The slimy lizard is ____________________.

5. The slimy lizard belongs to it.

This is ____________________ slimy lizard.

Fi x
n It U p!

Find 10 pronoun mistakes and correct them.

George ran across the street without looking. His almost got hit by a car.

Be th eThe driver had to swerve to avoid he.


m ar te st

Him was so scared him face was as white as a ghost. Me heart was pounding, too.

us
es

Me will never do that again, George said, but that bike over there is me own.
The bike just looks like its you, George, me told him, but its me.

10
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

r
?

Name ___________________________________________

Were Pronouns Too!


Youve met the usual pronouns: he, she, we, it, him, her, and more.
But did you know that who, whom, whose, which, and what are also pronouns? These
are called interrogative pronouns and are used in questions.
Example:
Who are you?
What is that?
This, these, that, and those are also pronouns. Called demonstrative pronouns, they
point out persons or things.
Example:
These are mine.
That belongs to my nana.
Then there are also all, few, none, any, both, each, several, anyone, someone,
somebody, everybody, nobody, and other indefinite pronouns that do not refer
to specific nouns.
Example:
Somebody spilled the beans and Ill find out who.
Everybody has left for the day.

Circle
em!

ion
n

Circle all the pronouns in each sentence. Below each pronoun, write what type it is.
Example: I think these belong to nobody.
personal

That is not his, its mine.


Someone told her that we would be here.

demonstrative

indefinite

I know what
kind of pronoun
that is!

Which did he choose?


Theres nobody out there.
Did anyone leave this behind?

11
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

Do
Th is

Verbs in Action

A or Ci rc le
tell
what
! something is doing. Verbs that show
em
?
AnVerbs

x
i
F
action
are called action verbs.
the
!
p
U
t
I
Suzy hit the ba ll.
n
o
i
c t Co nj un ct io n

Mendel ate the sushi.


The kangaroo jumps high.

Fu nc ti on

Be the
l
s t a verb from the Action Verb Pool to complete
ntrot e Choose
I
t
a
Ge
m
S
!
n AAc t io n ! each sentence. Every sentence should make sense.

1. My computer ___________________ again.

us
2. The deer ___________________ through the forest.
rageo
old truck ___________________ down the street.
e c t i3.vHere s
4. Lets ___________________ to Queen Lilliputz.
5. Please ___________________ on tight!

th e
BeI x
Sometimes
___________________ too much.
ed Fi
Li6.nk
Sm ar te st

It U p!

7. Goldfish ___________________ in the bowl.

8. Wilma ___________________ like a canary.


eo
ag
tr
OuM
e
thus
e
ak
9. Weje
___________________
es
Ad
ti on my bedroom purple.
eciv
Co nnct
10. Barney ___________________ good stories.
Te ns e ?

Action Verb
Pool
wave

writes

hold

ran

painted

sings

chugged

talk

crashed

swim

Complete each sentence with an amazing action verb.

k ed

Make your verbs


exciting! Use a
thesaurus.

I ________________________ through the air.


Nick ________________________ the building.
Sophie ________________________ through the forest.
We never ________________________ unless we ask first.
They always ________________________ before dinner.
I have been ________________________ for a long time.

nse?
12

No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Outra ives
ct
d j e___________________________________________
A Name

Linking Verbs
subject

Linking verbs connect a noun,


pronoun, or adjective to the subject
that it describes or talks about.

linking verb

complement

The pizza was cheesy.


Subject = person, place, or thing (who or what we are talking about)
Complement = words that come after a linking verb and tell more about the subject

The most common linking


verb is the verb to be, which means
to exist. Is, am, was, are, were,
shall be, and will be are all
forms of to be.

Li nk e d

Underline the linking verb and fill in the chart. Follow the example.

DRAW ARROWS TO
C ON N ECT
the subject and complement
through the Linking Verb.

1. The cheese was moldy.

LINKING VERB

SUBJECT

COMPLEMENT

Connects who
or what we are
talking about

What or whom we
are talking about

What we are saying


about our subject

was

cheese

moldy

?
e
s
n
e
T
3. She grew stronger.
2. I am president.

4. Detention seemed endless.


5. The flowers smelled sweet.
6. I feel nervous.
7. The cake tasted yummy.
8. Our team looks ready.
9. The tree remained there.
10. The alarm sounded loud.
13
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Fix

t h e Name
Up!
t
I
___________________________________________
n
o
i
t

Be the t
s
Smarte

!
Helping
Verbs
A helping verb is used before another verb to
help make the meaning of the main verb clearer.

ageous
ectives

The Big List


Heres the big list of helping verbs. Try saying the entire list 10 times fast!
am, are, is, was, were, has, had, have, do, does, did, may, might, must, shall, will, can

Example:

I am climbing a slippery flagpole.


Do you climb slippery flagpoles?
I have climbed slippery flagpoles.
I have been climbing slippery flagpoles all my life.

nked

Use the Helping Verbs and Main Verbs from the Verb Chart
to complete the sentences. Use each verb only once.

ense?

I __________________

__________________ on a lily pad.

helping verb

main verb

She __________________

__________________ to Planet Neemoy.

helping verb

main verb

We ____________________

____________________ the giant artichoke.

helping verb

main verb

Joe __________________

__________________ __________________ since last Christmas.

helping verb

helping verb

Nelly thinks she __________________

__________________ across the Pacific Ocean.

helping verb

I __________________

main verb

main verb

__________________ ten bottles of Fruitzy Pop.

helping verb

main verb

He __________________

__________________ over the brown lumps.

helping verb

main verb

I __________________

__________________ to Arizona.

helping verb

main verb

VERB CHART

He lping
Verbs

am

Ma in
Verbs

flown

has

have

sitting running

has

did

been

am

did

swim

singing

eat

drunk

jump

14
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

can

Name ___________________________________________

More Helping Verbs


These helping verbs are used in verb phrases to change the meaning of the main verb:
could, would, should, can, may, must, might.
Check out how these helping verbs change the meaning of the main verb jump.

You jump in the lake.

Im jumping
for joy!

Fix
e
h
Make t ion It Up!
nnect

Co

Be the t
l
l
Fi
martes
S
!
n
i
it

You can jump in the lake.


You should jump in the lake.
You might jump in the lake.
You could jump in the lake.
You must jump in the lake.

eous
Outrag ives
Adject

Choose a helping verb to complete each sentence.

1. ________________________ I go to the washroom?

I can
do this!

2. I ________________________ climb up if I really tried.

e d________________________ get home before it gets dark.


n kYou
L i3.
4. She ________________________ come here if she leaves work early.
5. I know I ________________________ beat you in a race.
6. We ________________________ wait here for help.

?
n s e________________________
not step on the thin ice or you will fall in.
T7.eYou
8. How much wood ________________________ a woodchuck chuck?
9. Hes so tired he ________________________ not get up for a while.
10. You ________________________ stay at my place if you want to.

15
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

utrag ves
i
t
c
e
j
d
A Name ___________________________________________

Get Tense With Verbs


A verbs tense shows when something has happened or will happen.
Most verbs change form depending on the time of the action.
If the action is happening now, the verb is in the present tense.
I flap my wings.
If the action happened before (like yesterday), the verb is in the past tense.
I flapped my wings last week.
Writing a verb in the past tense can be as simple as adding -ed.

jump

Linked

jumped

Tense? Who
says Im tense?

Sometimes you may have to double the last consonant before adding -ed.

flap

flapped

Other times, you may have to change letters in the middle of the verb.

drive

drove

If the action has not happened yet, the verb is in the future tense.
I will flap my wings next week.

One Last Thing: For singular nouns and pronouns (such as he, she, or it),
add an -s to a present tense verb.
Complete the following verb tense chart.

One person or thing

Present

Past

Future
Use shall or will before the verb

I paint.

I painted.

I will paint.

He _________________.

She _________________.

It __________ ______________.

I grow.

I _________________.

I __________ ______________.

He _________________.

She _________________.

It __________ ______________.

I flip.

I _________________.

I __________ ______________.

He _________________.

She _________________.

It __________ ______________.

person or thing

PMore
L Uthan
RA
L
one

SINGULAR

T en se ?

She drives.

Past

Future

We drive.

We _________________.

We __________ _____________.

We know.

We _________________.

We __________ ______________.

We laugh.

We _________________.

We __________ ______________.

Present

16
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________
Use what you have learned about nouns and
verbs to complete the crossword.

Across
4. Is, am, and was are forms of ____________.
5. Verbs can express ____________.
6. Major verb in a sentence
10. Kind of verb that helps the main verb make sense
12. A persons name always begins with a ____________ letter.
14. To be verbs show that we ____________.
15. Kind of pronoun that shows ownership
19. Kind of verb that connects what we are talking about
20. Word that replaces a noun
21. Belongs to them
22. More than one
23. To be verb that goes with I

Down
1. A pronoun replaces a noun instead of ____________ it over and over.
2. In a sentence, this is what or whom we are talking about.
3. In a sentence, this is what we are saying about the subject.
6. Helping verb; rhymes with night
7. Person, place, or thing
8. Kind of noun that doesnt usually start with a capital letter
9. Belongs to me
11. Helping verb; ought to
13. I, you, he, and she are all examples of ____________ pronouns.
15. Kind of noun that always starts with a capital letter
16. One
17. Words we put into grammar groups are parts of ____________.
18. Action word
17
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

Lets Get Retro!

Nouns, Pronouns, and Verbs

Fill in the Blanks:

1. ________________ are groups of words that have different functions.


2. A ________________ is a person, place, thing, or idea.
3. ________________ name specific persons, places, things, or ideas.
4. A ________________ takes the place of a noun.
5. I, you, he, she, and it are examples of ________________.
6. Mine, yours, his, hers, and its are examples of ________________.

Quick Verb Review


Use the Puzzler Words to
complete the puzzle.

s
Puzzler Word
actions

verb

plural

subject

singular

complement

exist

linking

Check the Verb


Check the kind of verb
the underlined word is.

Action

Across
2. Means to be
4. Many verbs show these.
6. Tells what something
is doing
7. Only one
8. What we are saying
about the subject

To be

Linking

Down
1. Verb that connects
3. What or who we are
talking about in
a sentence
5. More than one

Helping

1. She has eaten a tree.


2. This is good.
3. Squeeze the bottle.
4. We should go home now.
5. Wait for me.
6. Mandy felt happy.
7. I was there until noon.
8. I will hold that for you.
18
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Not a
verb

Name _______________________________________

Nouns, Pronouns, and Verbs


A Here Are the Questions:

Score:

___________

/15

Write the answers on the blanks.

1. What kind of noun doesnt start with a capital letter? ________________________


2. What kind of noun always begins with a capital letter? ________________________
3. Which part of speech shows action? ________________________
4. Instead of repeating a noun over and over, what can you use? ________________________
5. What kind of verb helps main verbs make sense? ________________________

B Noun or Verb?
Circle the nouns. Underline the verbs.

Score:
___________

1. The cow ate the flowers.

/15

2. The speedy runner can win the race.


3. A big fish still needs oxygen.
I think youre
getting this stuff!

4. Sydney went to Australia.


5. Moisha sings and dances on stage.

C Proper Noun? Capitalize It!


Circle the proper nouns that should be capitalized.

Score:
___________

Its proper
to capitalize the
first letter of a
sentence, too.

1. Lets all go to rayfields diner for lunch.

/15

2. jane lives in brazil.


3. i am jewish and she is moslem.
4. Today is tuesday, june 23.
5. graham goes to broadwater academy.

D Possessive Pronouns
Write the correct possessive pronoun in the blank.

Score:

___________

/10

1. That belongs to them, so it is _____________.


2. That belongs to him, so it is _____________.
3. That belongs to us, so it is _____________.
4. That belongs to me, so it is _____________.
5. That belongs to you, so it is _____________.
19
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Quickie Quiz: Nouns, Pronouns, and Verbs

Continued

E Personal Pronouns

Score:

___________

Choose the best personal pronoun to replace the underlined nouns.


Write the pronoun above the underlined words.

/15

1. Bo, you can go to the show with Moe, Joe, and me.
2. Here comes Auntie May. Auntie May is going to bake me a cake.
3. Pete eats trees. Pete eats trucks too.
4. Molly let me borrow the pencil, but the pencil belongs to Jill.
5. My brothers and sisters are getting on the bus. Later, my brothers and sisters will get off the bus.

F Missing To Be Verbs
Fill in each blank with the correct form of to be.
1. I __________________ on Cloud Nine yesterday.
2. They __________________ at school tomorrow.
3. We __________________ at the store yesterday.
4. She __________________ at the movies now.
5. You __________________ living in a zoo.

Score:

___________

G True or False
Write T for true and F for false.

____ 1. Verbs never show action.


____ 2. More than one person or thing
is called singular.
____ 3. Proper nouns and pronouns
are the same thing.
____ 4. Possessive pronouns show
ownership.
____ 5. Me and us are personal
pronouns.
S c o r e : ___________ /

/10

10

You did it!


H Do the Verb
Write the correct kind of verb in each blank. We included the first letter
for each verb you need.

1. Marney b______________ angry when she heard the news.


linking verb

2. I h______________ watched hippos before.


helping verb

3. We s______________ all look both ways before crossing the street.


helping verb

4. It s______________ very noisy just because I had a headache.


linking verb

5. My mom said that I m______________ wait at home until she gets here.
helping verb

Score:
20
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

___________

/10

Name ___________________________________________

Much Ado About Adjectives

awesome
game

NI

YT

funk y music

-B

beautifu l day

YT

Adjectives are used to describe nouns. Adjectives can make your


speech and writing interesting, fascinating, and totally illuminating!

YT

NI

iced coffee

MI

An adjective tells which one:


those wheels
that disc

3.

Adjectives usually
come before the
nouns they describe,
but not always.

-B

NI

red car

MI

cool dude

-B

MI

An adjective tells what kind:


big book

2.

YT

NI

-B

YT

-B

MI

1.

NI

MI

An adjective gives a noun a more


specific meaning. How?

cool fashion

this kiwi
these earrings

An adjective tells how many:

Circle
and ID

three amigos

some shirts

many hours

few apples

Circle the adjective in each sentence. Then check whether


the adjective tells what kind, which one, or how many.

What Kind

Which One How Many

1. The yellow sunflowers sway in the wind.


2. Many leaves have fallen from the tree.
3. Those kids will surely win the contest.
4. Mom loves green apples.
5. That pencil belongs to Luis.
6. I need to oil my squeaky bike.

NI-BY
T Ethree dogs.
M7.I Norma
owns
8. The TV is broken.

MINI-BYTE

M I N I - B Y TNoEBoring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

21

Name ___________________________________________

Outrageous Adjectives
Underline the nouns and circle the adjectives. Then replace each ordinary
adjective with an incredible adjective. Beware: There may be more than
one adjective in each sentence.

bashful
delightful
1. The shy boy sang a nice song.

The bashful boy sang a delightful song.


_________________________________________________________________
2. The mean dog was actually a gentle being.

_________________________________________________________________
3. The shiny car glistened in the hot sun.

_________________________________________________________________
4. I couldnt resist that sweet dessert.

_________________________________________________________________
5. Dad wont go in that busy store.

Use a
thesaurus!

_________________________________________________________________
6. The odd lady was green yet beautiful.

_________________________________________________________________
7. The bad storm caused bad damage.

_________________________________________________________________
8. Brave pioneers lived through cold winters.

_________________________________________________________________
9. Junior was a lucky child to avoid the awful accident.

_________________________________________________________________
10. My old truck almost sank in the soft mud.

_________________________________________________________________

22
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

Adverb Adventure

Adverbs modify
verbs, adjectives, or
even other adverbs.

Modify means to change something, usually only slightly.

MINI-BYTE

Adverbs usually answer one of these questions.

How? How much? When? Where?

MINI-BYTE

1. Jack jumped merrily.

How did Jack jump?


2. Jack jumped frequently. How much did Jack jump?
MINI-BYTE
Adverbs can make
3. Jack jumped early.
When did Jack jump?
4. Jack jumped everywhere. Where did Jack jump? adjectives stronger.

MINI-BYTE

How cold?
Very cold!

adverb

adjective

noun

MINI-BYTE

It was a very cold day.


The noun is day. The adjective tells us it was a cold day. The adverb tells us it was a very cold day.

The puppy ate very hungrily.


Two adverbs: Very tells us how hungrily the puppy ate.

Ma ke th e
Co nn ec ti on

Fi x
It Up !

Underline the verbs and circle the adverbs. Draw an arrow from the adverb to the
verb it modifies. Identify what question the adverb answers: How? How much?
Where? or When?

Hint: There may


Be thbee more than one adverb. Adverbs are not always next to the verbs.
Fi ll
te st Billy joyfully ran into the giant cream pie. ? How
it in ! Sm arExample:

1. Katharine rode carefully through the busy streets. ? _______________

ag eo us
Ad je ct iv es

2.Ou
Thetr
clown cried wildly.

? _______________

3. I slowly read the recipe for fruitcake.

? _______________

4. The alarm rang loudly when the fire began.

? _______________

5. The fish leaped high out of the water.

? _______________

6. Gently, Dr. Eaton removed the bandage.

? _______________

7. The jockey rode his horse there.

? _______________

8. Earlier, Nikita ate the orange.

? _______________

Li nk ed

9. She finished her homework yesterday.

? _______________

10. I spoke softly so the baby would sleep.

? _______________

Look!
Many adverbs
end in -ly.

Oh, how
lovely!

23

en se ?

No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

Fun With Adverbs


W o rd S e a r c h
Y
L
D
L
I
W

Q
K
W
R
K
M

D
V
Q
M
V
S

T
S
A
F
L
U

M ak e th e
Co nn ec ti o n

Y
L
R
O
O
P

L
Y
W
Y
Y
E

C
L
L
L
L
R

F ix
It U p !

P___O___ ___ Y
Find 10 hidden adverbs.

Y
I
O
L
T
B

W
P
U
A
F
L

E
P
D
Y
I
Y

L
A
L
O
W
V

L
H
Y
R
S
N

S W ___ ___ ___ ___ ___


W___ L ___
S___ P ___ ___ B ___ ___
R___ Y ___ ___ ___ Y
SL ___ ___ LY
H___ ___ P ___ ___ ___
L___ U ___ ___ Y
W___ L D ___ ___
F___ S ___

th e
Fi ll Use theBe
adjectives and adverbs from the pool to complete
t your sentences make sense!
ssure
Make
m ar te
it in ! theSsentences.

1. This is an _____________ _____________ day.


adverb

Adverb
Pool

unbelievably decorated

adjective

s
eoa u_____________
Ou
2. tr
Alec isag
wearing
_____________
ec ti v es
A3.dj
Austin is _____________ _____________.
adverb

costume.

ferociously

red

totally

slow

slowly

wicked

truly

beautiful

brightly

clever

amazingly

vicious

incredibly

stormy

horribly

warm

unusually

burning

adjective

adverb

adjective

4. In this _____________ _____________ bus, well be late.


adverb

adjective

5. Tuesday was _____________ _____________ for spring.


adverb

adjective

6. Jack jumped over the _____________ _____________ candlestick.


adverb

adjective

7. The sea was _____________ _____________.


adverb

adjective

8. That _____________ _____________ dog is frightening.


adverb

adjective

9. The princess held _____________ _____________ roses.

Li nk ed

adverb

adjective

10. The _____________ _____________ witch cackled with nastiness.


adverb

Adjective
Pool

adjective

24
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

Dare to Compare
Positive Degree
Describing ONE thing

Adjectives and adverbs are also used to


compare things. The most common way to
compare things is to add -er or -est to the
adjective or adverb. Check out this chart:

Comparative Degree
Comparing TWO things

Superlative Degree
Comparing THREE or
MORE things

Jupiter is the
biggest planet.

Saturn is bigger
than Mars.

Mars is big.

Adjectives with two or more syllables sometimes use more or most to compare things.
So do adverbs that end in -ly.
e Comparative Degree: She is more cheerful than Susan.
h
t
e
ak
n n e c t i o n Superlative Degree: She is the most cheerful person in our class.

Fix
It Up!

Degrees of Comparison Chart

Be the
Fill
test
t in! Smar

Complete the Degrees of Comparison Chart using -er, -est, more, or most.
Check out the examples before you begin.

COM PARATIVE

POSITIVE

us
small
utrageo
es
A d j e c t ivintelligent

Linked

SUPERLATIVE

smaller

smallest

more intelligent

most intelligent

1. beautiful
2. bright
3. young
4. handsome
5. worried
6. quietly
7. rapidly
8. far
9. late
10. early

T e n s e ? u l e B r e a ke r s !
R

Some adjectives follow their own rules. Here are some of


these big- time rule breakers:
bad, worse, worst
good, better, best
little, less, least
many, more, most
25

No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________
You are incredibly
smart!
Use your brain power to complete
this adjective and adverb puzzle.

Lets review
adjectives
and adverbs!

Across

Down

1. You have more, so I have ______________.


4. When using an adjective to describe one thing,
use the ______________ degree.
8. Most adverbs end in these two letters.
9. I was good, but she was ______________.
11. An adverb is not always right ______________
the verb.
12. They describe nouns.
13. A question that adverbs answer
15. Another question that adverbs answer
17. That was bad, but this was the ______________
of all.

2. When using an adjective to compare three or


more things, use the ______________ degree.
3. When using an adjective to compare two things,
use the ______________ degree.
5. It is a very hot day. In this sentence, the adverb
is modifying an ______________.
6. Adverbs can modify other ______________.
7. Modify can mean ______________.
10. In grammar, another word for describe
14. What an adjective describes
16. The most common question answered by
an adverb is ______________.

26
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

Lets Get Retro!


Adjectives and Adverbs
Degrees of Comparison:
Positive

Fill in the chart with the correct adjectives.

Comparative

Superlative

better
worst
pretty
tiniest
far
earliest
less
more

What Modifies What?


Underline the nouns and double underline the verbs. Circle the adjectives
and box the adverbs. Draw an arrow from the adjective to the noun it
modifies. Draw an arrow from the adverb to the verb it modifies.

Example: The funny clown leaped merrily into a giant marshmallow.

1. I carefully painted the white picket fence.


2. Harpo almost scored the winning goal.

Review your work


and get ready for
the Quickie Quiz!

3. The big, old wooden sign fell down.


4. Carefully chew the slippery snails.
5. Roaring thunderously, the powerful bulldozer effortlessly moved humongous boulders.

27
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Lets Get Retro! Adjectives and Adverbs

Continued

An Unexpected Mission
Complete the story using adjectives and adverbs where
needed. Have fun, but make sure the story makes sense!

It all began one ______________________ day. I had ______________________ woken up


adjective

adverb

from a ______________________ sleep when in through my bedroom window came a


adjective

______________________ creature.
adjective

My name is Shmee! it announced ______________________. I come to your


adverb

______________________ planet to ______________________ eat ice cream. I ______________________


adverb

adjective

adverb

want you to take me to the ______________________ ice-cream parlor you know of.
adjective

After recovering from ______________________ shock, I got dressed and


adjective

______________________ tiptoed out the backdoor with Shmee.


adverb

We went to the ______________________ ice-cream parlor in our ______________________ town.


adjective

adjective

I told Shmee to ______________________ wait in the ______________________ bushes so that no one


adjective

adverb

would see him.


We had a ______________________ time. He ______________________ tried many
adjective

adverb

______________________ flavors. There was ______________________, ______________________ fudge.


adjective

adjective

adjective

He loved it so much he did a ______________________ flip. Then when he


adjective

sampled ______________________, ______________________ bubble gum, he


adjective

adjective

laughed ______________________ like a hundred ______________________


adjective

adverb

monkeys. I guess his very favorite flavor had to be


______________________, ______________________, ______________________ ice
adjective

adjective

adjective

cream because after he tasted that, he shook ______________________


adverb

until he disappeared. I never did see Shmee again.

28
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name: _______________________________________

Adjectives and Adverbs


A True or False:

Score:

___________

/20

Write T for true and F for false.

____ 1. Adverbs describe nouns.


____ 2. In a sentence, you can have two adjectives in a row.
____ 3. An adverb can modify another adverb.
____ 4. An adjective can modify another adjective.
____ 5. Modify means to change slightly.
____ 6. Where is the most common question answered by an adverb.
____ 7. The superlative degree of comparison usually ends in -er.
____ 8. Adjectives describe nouns.
____ 9. Most adjectives end in -ly.
____ 10. In a sentence, you can have two adverbs in a row.

B Identify the Part of Speech

Score:

___________

Identify whether the underlined word is an adjective or adverb.


1. Larry ate a big supper.

adjective

adverb

2. I will wait patiently for you.

adjective

adverb

3. She is a fast runner.

adjective

adverb

4. Baxter can run fast.

adjective

adverb

5. I hardly bumped you.

adjective

adverb

6. He wants to eat that juicy peach.

adjective

adverb

7. Chew that bubble gum carefully.

adjective

adverb

8. Slippery snails are easy to swallow.

adjective

adverb

/20

C Whats the Question?


Write the question (how, how often, when, where) each adverb is answering.
1. skips hurriedly ________________
2. eats anywhere ________________
3. flies early

________________

4. walks silently

________________

5. eats always

________________

Score:

___________

/20

29
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Quickie Quiz: Adjectives and Adverbs

Continued

D Degrees of Comparison

Score:

___________

Complete the chart with the correct degree of each adjective.

POSITIVE

COMPARATIVE

/20

SUPERLATIVE

good
bad
beautiful
many
far
_

E More Degrees of Comparison

Score:

___________

Fill in the blanks with the correct adjective and degree of comparison. Follow the example.

greatest of all.
Example: Mike was great, but Ali was the ________________
1. I have only a little, but you have even ________________________ than I do.
2. This is a bright light, but that one is ________________________.
3. Prince Humperdink was handsome, but Prince Charming was ________________________.
4. Bob has many cards, but I think you have ________________________.
5. This kitten is still very young, but that one is even ________________________.

Score:
___________

F What Modifies What?

/16

Underline the nouns and double underline the verbs. Circle the adjectives and
box the adverbs. Draw an arrow from the adjective to the noun it modifies.
Draw an arrow from the adverb to the verb it modifies.

Example: The sad child cried silently.


1. Grandpa easily painted the old car.
2. The red and white sign stands out.
3. In the clear blue sky, cottony clouds rambled.
4. The powerful bulldozer growled loudly.

30
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

/10

Name ___________________________________________
This was one
crazy adventure!

Major Wacky Tale!


Complete the story below. Fill in the blanks with correct
part of speech. Make sure the story makes sense!

A True Story My Uncle Told Me


My ________________ Uncle ________________ tells some ________________ stories. But one
proper noun

adjective

adjective

of the ________________ ones he has ever told me was about the time he went for a walk one
superlative adjective

________________ morning down in the swamps of ________________.


proper noun

adjective

He always took his ________________ ________________ ________________ with him. He never


adjective

proper nounpets name

nounpet

went anywhere without ________________ ________________.


adjective

proper nounpets name

Well, as the story goes, the two of them had just ________________ over the ________________,
verb

noun

across the ________________ and down to the ________________. This was the place they loved the
noun

noun

best, yet as soon as the two got down there, ________________ ________________ started acting
adjective

proper nounpets name

________________ ________________.
adverb

adverb

First, he began ________________ ________________. A couple of seconds later, he was


verb ending in ing

adverb

________________ like a ________________ ________________ that had just eaten too many
verb ending in ing

adjective

noun

________________.
plural noun

Then something incredible happened. ________________ began ________________ and


proper nounpets name

verb ending in ing

________________. Soon he was ________________ around as if on a ________________


verb ending in ing

adjective

verb ending in ing

________________. He didnt stop until his ________________ fell off. Then his ________________
noun

noun

noun

turned yellow and a ________________ was ________________ from his ears.


verb ending in ing

noun

Uncle ________________ was ________________. He just turned around and ________________.


proper noun

adjective

verb

He didnt stop until he got home. When he got there, ________________ was ________________
proper nounpets name

verb ending in ing

on his favorite ________________ as if nothing had happened.


noun

Well, thats a true story. At least, thats the way Uncle ________________ tells it.
proper noun

31
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

Prepositions
make
connections.

Presenting Prepositions
A preposition shows the relation of a noun or pronoun
to other words in a sentence. Its like a linking word
that connects nouns (or pronouns) with other words.
A preposition can indicate position

Gronk stood between Blatt and Zitt.

A preposition can indicate direction

Birdman climbed up the wall.

A preposition can indicate time

I will make a sandwich after you.

A preposition can indicate cause (reason for)

Eat your mush because it is good for you.

A preposition can indicate possession (ownership)

This is a collection of mine.

Preposition Pool

Check out this chart of common prepositions.

POSITION

DIRECTION

TIME

CAUSE

POSSESSION

across

above

about

but (meaning except)

for

against

around

after

except

of

along

below

at

since

behind

down

before

beside

from

during

between

in

past

beyond

over

until

by

through

into

to

off

toward

on

under

with

up

Some prepositions
can indicate more than one thing.
For example, on can indicate
position and time. For can
indicate possession and time.

32
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Presenting Prepositions

Continued

Plunk the Prepositions


ChooseAa or
preposition from the Preposition Pool column indicated.
Do
is
Th
An ?
In the blank, place a preposition that makes sense.

ct ion
Co nj un Example:
Indicating time
Fu nc tio n

after
Beano played ___________
school.

1. Preposition indicating possession

Marcel will wait ________________ you.

2. Preposition indicating position

Please put that ________________ the wall.

3. Preposition indicating possession

That is one ________________ Moms best dishes.

4. Preposition indicating direction

Get ________________ from there now!

5. Preposition indicating cause

You can eat it, ________________ I cant.

6. Preposition indicating position

I would love to travel ______________ our solar system


to another galaxy.

th e
x
d Be
Fi
Lin keSm
ar te st

Up !
It indicating
7. Preposition
position

Lets all dive ________________ the swimming pool.

us
Ad
tiosn
ecive
nnct
Coje

ag eo
tr ke
OuMa
e
th
8. Preposition
indicating
time

You can go ________________ I do.

9. Preposition indicating direction

Gretel ran ________________ the gingerbread house


and out the door.

Te ns e ?

10. (1) Preposition indicating time;


(2) Preposition indicating position

________ the game, I fell ________ my seat.


(1)
(2)

Position

the Prepositions
T

Find 11 prepositions
in the word grid. The
first letter of each
preposition is
provided at right.

BO N U S
On the back of this paper,
write a sentence for each
preposition you find.

b________

f________

p________

a________

d________

o________

f________

o________

o________

o________

u________

No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

33

Name ___________________________________________

Prepositional Phrases
A phrase is a group of words. A
e
prepositional phrase is a phras
that begins with a preposition
n.
and ends with a noun or pronou

Two kinds of
prepositional phrases:
1. adjective phrase
2. adverb phrase

The Adjective Phrase


An adjective modifies a noun, so an adjective phrase does the same thing!
Ajax was in shape.
In shape is what Ajax (proper noun) is, and in is the preposition that begins the phrase.

Do
This

A or
An?

Use a prepositional phrase from the Adjective Phrase


Pool to complete each sentence. Circle the preposition
that begins the phrase.

Ad jective
Ph ras e Pool

to the king

1. That money ____________________ is in here.

n
o
i
t
c
h
n
c
u
a t C o n3.jThe dog ____________________
can fly.
n
o
ti
can stand ____________________ for 10 seconds.
Up!
F4.uJodyn c
2. Carla will eat a frog ____________________ .

5. Those colorful chickens belong ____________________.

on her head
for you
for lunch
with brown fur

art
The Adverb Phrase
fixes
You know that an adverb can modify a verb. An adverb phrase can do the same thing!

ly
es!

Bob ran into the bag.


Into the bag tells where Bob ran (verb), and into is the preposition that begins the phrase.

Get This! An adverb answers the question how, where, or when about a verb. How can also
mean how much or how many. On this page, the adverb phrases modify only verbs.

T r y complete each sentence. Circle the preposition that begins


s !the phrase and circle the question the phrase answers.
U P Thi
Use a prepositional phrase from the Adverb Phrase Pool to

the
BFei x
d martest
2. Norton wrotek
eS
i n _________________________________.
L
!
p
e
3.
Lets
dance ___________________________________.
U
n
o
t
I
Z
n e 4. Climb ________________________________________.
ues
o
e
g
5. My tongue is frozen
____________________________.
h
a
t
r
T34h een g e OAudMtjaneknceetcitvieosn
Co
hall

1. Zip is ________________________________________.

how? where?
when?

how? where?
when?
how? where?
when?
how? where?
when?
how? where?
when?

Adverb Phra se Pool


through the hole
until the cows come home
to the flagpole
in the morning
between Chip and Skip

No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

The. . . A. . . An Article

See here:
a fish, a letter,
a pie.

An article is a word that goes in front of


a noun. Articles answer the question
which one. A, an, and the are articles.

There are two kinds of articles:

1. indefinite (not specific):

A is an indefinite article. Use A before a singular word that begins with a consonant.
An is also an indefinite article. Use An before a singular word that begins with a
vowel or silent consonant.
See here: an apple, an insect, an hour

2. definite (specific):
The is a definite article. Use The when you know which thing youre talking about.
See here: I will go to the school.
You would say this if the person you were talking to knows which school you meant.
Always use a definite article with plurals.
See here: We sing the songs.

Article Arrangement
Place the correct article in
the blank. In some cases,
youll have to use your
judgment.

I need
articles!

Mrs. Jumpstarter is _______ only head coach.


Mary is _______ painter.
Al would like to be _______ animal trainer.
Bill is _______ American, but I am _______ Canadian.
This is _______ only way to Grandmas house.
Dad listens to _______ radio.
Please turn off _______ lights.
The apples are $2.00 _______ pound.
_______ police are checking speeders.
_______ school has _______ playground.
35

No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

The Conjunctions Function


A conjunction is a word that joins words or groups of words.
These coordinating conjunctions connect words to words or phrases to phrases.

AND: used to add information together. It is the most common conjunction.


Example: My bike is gold and blue. I like to eat cookies and milk.
Its okay to begin
a sentence with AND
or BUT. Just make
sure it really is the
strongest way to
express your idea!

BUT: used to note a difference


Example: Wendy lost the game, but she is still happy.

YET: often used to replace but, but not always


Example: Wendy lost the game, yet she played well.

OR: used to suggest a choice. It is sometimes used with either.


Example: Do you want chocolate or vanilla?
Either come in or stay outside.

NOR: used in place of or when it is used with neither


(Neither actually means not either.)
Example: The weather was neither hot nor sunny.

SO: used to give a reason for doing what has just been mentioned
Example: Hold on tightly so you dont fall.

FOR: used primarily as a preposition, but can be used in place of because


For is not commonly used as a conjunction.
Example: Juliet is sad, for she wants Romeo.

Conjunction Junction Crossword

Test your knowledge of coordinating


conjunctions with this crossword.

Across
3. The most common
conjunction
5. Paired with neither
6. Can replace but
7. A conjunction _________
words or groups of words.
9. Used to suggest a choice
11. Can be partnered with or

Down
1. Its okay to begin this
with and or but
2. Can replace the word
because
4. Not either
8. Can be used to give a
reason for something
10. Usually used to note a
difference

36
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

Conjunctions Continued
Complete each sentence with a word from the Conjunction Pool.
Use each conjunction only once.

C on ju nction

Pool

Should I stay ____________ should I go?


Neither Ricky ____________ Ulysses will get a chance.
To get to the beach, we will take a car, a train, ____________ a plane.
Dodo is shy, ____________ he still likes to perform on stage.
My computer is broken ____________ dont bother sending me email.

so

for

but
nor
and
or
so

Please put olives ____________ anchovies on my pizza.


Mom will help, ____________ she really needs to rest first.
Either we start our project today ____________ tomorrow.
Please clean up ____________ we can go out and play.
Watch out Caesar, ____________ the Cyclops is hungry!

but
or
and
for
so

Wacky Tale Quickie


Complete the sentences using the correct parts of speech.

Have you seen the movie called _____________________ _____________________


article

adverb

_____________________ _____________________?
adjective

noun

You must read _____________________ _____________________ _____________________


preposition

adverb

article

_____________________ _____________________ .
adjective

noun

My favorite country-and-western song is _____________________ Can _____________________


noun

verb

_____________________ _____________________ Cant _____________________


conjunction

verb

pronoun

_____________________ _____________________ _____________________ Tonight.


preposition

article

noun

37
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

Wow! Interjections
Interjections are short expressions found at the beginning of a sentence.
They express excitement or emotion.
Awesome! I love my new bike.
Oh, were having pizza again.
Interjections that show extreme excitement or emotion are followed by an exclamation point.

Cool! Were going to Costa Rica.


Ouch! That hurts.

Wow

!
This is great.

A comma follows interjections that dont show extreme feelings or excitement.

Ah, that feels good.


Hey, where are you going?

n!
Hey! Dive i

Interjections Pool
Radical!
Well!
Awesome!
Excellent!
No way!
Rats!

Whoa!
Far out!
Oh!
Stop!
Wow!
Bravo!
Groovy!

Oh boy!
Sweet!
Yahoo!
Boom!
Yikes!
Super!
Yes!

Cool!
Help!
Totally!
Yippee!
Darn!
Hey!

Oops!
Uh-oh!
Yuck!
Eek!
Hooray!
Ouch!

Complete each sentence using an interjection from the box.

___________ I must have slipped.

___________ You did a great job.

___________ Im not going.

___________ Its too dangerous.

___________ We won!
Complete these sentences. Decide if you need a comma or an exclamation point.
Awesome ___________________________________________________________________.
Yahoo ______________________________________________________________________.
Eek ________________________________________________________________________.
Oh boy _____________________________________________________________________.
Excellent ____________________________________________________________________.
38
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

Hint: If you cant answer a question,


look back at earlier pages.

Review

Across
1. The most common conjunction
3. More than one
6. A group of words
9. A part of speech that joins a group of words
10. A conjunction that helps explain a difference
11. A short emotional expression usually found at the

Lets take a
trip down
Memory Lane!

beginning of a sentence
12. Kind of article used before a singular word that begins
with a vowel or consonant
14. A conjunction used to suggest that you have a choice
15. An interjection can end with this punctuation

Down
1. Kind of prepositional phrase that modifies a noun
2. Kind of article always used with plurals
3. These link nouns with other words in a sentence
4. Kind of prepositional phrase that modifies a verb
5. Prepositions for and of indicate this
7. The, a, or an
8. This preposition can indicate position
13. Conjunction used instead of because
16. Article used before a word that begins with a vowel
39
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name ___________________________________________

Lets Get Retro!

Prepositions, Articles, and More

Inject an
Interjection

Complete the sentences with your own interjections.

________________! We won.

________________, Im not going.

________________, before its too late.

________________, thats amazing.

________________! I love that song.

________________, Im sorry I did that.

________________, we missed the bus.

________________! Its a monster!

________________! I won the lottery.

________________! That is so cool!

Take Your Pick!

Circle the correct part of speech for each underlined word.

Wow, that icicle is so cool!


A moose jumped in the window.
I got a present from Uncle Shlitzie.
Stand between the squirrels.
Bill and Dave will perform tricks.
I was really hungry so I ate the TV.
The little girl chased the gorilla.
Yuck, here comes a hairball!

Placing Prepositions:

a. conjunction b. preposition c. article d. interjection


a. conjunction b. preposition c. article d. interjection
a. conjunction b. preposition c. article d. interjection
a. conjunction b. preposition c. article d. interjection
a. conjunction b. preposition c. article d. interjection
a. conjunction b. preposition c. article d. interjection
a. conjunction b. preposition c. article d. interjection
a. conjunction b. preposition c. article d. interjection

Choose the correct preposition from the Prep Box

to complete each sentence.

Example: Do you want to jump into that pit of vile glop? (Indicating position)
1. I have one million dollars ________ you. (Indicating possession)
2. There is a monkey ________ your head. (Indicating direction)
3. I could eat two dump trucks ________ I am very hungry. (Indicating cause)
4. Junior, stay in your room ________ you finish your push-ups. (Indicating time)
5. Can you fit ________ the hole in that donut? (Indicating direction)
6. I will wait ________ the purple ice-cream truck. (Indicating position)
7. Who knocked Humpty ________ the wall? (Indicating position)
40
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Prep Box
since
by
above
until
off
through
for

Lets Get Retro! Prepositions, Articles, and More

Conjunction
Functions

Continued

1. Two conjunctions that function as prepositions are ______________


and ______________.
2. A conjunction is a word that ______________ words or groups of
words together.

Scrambled!
Unscramble the conjunctions then use them to complete the sentences below.
tub:______________
tye: ______________

ro:______________

fro:_________________

os: ______________

dan:_____________

ron:____________

1. Do you want snails ________ beetles in your soup?


2. It is summer, ________ it is snowing!
3. Neither Wilma ________ Betty can find a dinosaur.
4. I will shake the tree ________ you can catch the coconut.
5. Rocky cant remember his name ________ he bonked his head.
6. Horatio chased the truck, ________ he couldnt catch it.
7. Give me a kiss ________ a big hug, said Auntie Fanny.

The Art of Articles


A.

Fill in the blanks with the correct answers.

1. The only definite article is _________________. Definite means _________________.


2. Two indefinite articles: _________________ and _________________.

B. Choose the best article for each blank.

1. Mary had _________________ big, fat lamb.


2. I want to go to _________________ hockey game.
3. _________________ president of _________________ United States will make his speech now.
4. The Cool Cats are _________________ only team to beat us.
5. I want to be _________________ doctor or _________________ actor when I grow up.

41
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Name: _______________________________________

Prepositions, Articles, and More


Read and
think
carefully!

A True or False:

Write T for true and F for false.

____ 1. It is a preposition.
____ 2. With a plural, always use a definite article.
____ 3. Or is the most common conjunction.
____ 4. A comma or an exclamation point can follow an interjection.
____ 5. A preposition begins a prepositional phrase.
____ 6. An interjection is usually one word.
____ 7. Conjunctions join words together.
____ 8. We use a before words that begin with vowels.

Score:

___________

/20

____ 9. Definite is the opposite of specific.


____ 10. A, an, and the are articles.

B ID the Part of Speech:

Circle the correct part of speech for each underlined word.

1. Take a pickle from the jar.

a. conjunction

b. interjection

c. preposition

d. article

b. interjection

c. preposition

d. article

b. interjection

c. preposition

d. article

c. preposition

d. article

Score:

___________

2. Here comes the pig.

a. conjunction
3. Awesome! I love it!

a. conjunction

4. You should step over the heap.

a. conjunction

b. interjection

5. Squeeze the sponge so the water comes out.

a. conjunction

C Define It:

b. interjection

c. preposition

d. article

Prepositions can indicate five things. What are they?

1. _________________________________

4. _________________________________

2. _________________________________

5. _________________________________

3. _________________________________

Score:

___________

42
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

/10

/10

Quickie Quiz: Prepositions, Articles and More

Continued

D The Art of Articles

Score:

___________

/20

a. Complete the sentences.

1. The only definite article is _____________.


2. A and an are called _____________ articles.
b. Choose the best article for each sentence.

3. Where did you hide _____________ money?


4. A flower is plant, but a chicken is _____________ animal.
5. That movie theater is down _____________ street.
6. I would love to see _____________ live dinosaur.
7. _____________ Queen of England doesnt always wear her crown.
8. He is _____________ only one who finished.
9. We left _____________ hour ago.
10. Write _____________ story about Tinkerbell.

E Conjunction Function

Score:

___________

/40

a. Fill in each blank correctly.


1. Two conjunctions that also function as prepositions are ___________ and ___________.
2. A conjunction is a word that ___________ words or groups of words.
b. Write the seven conjunctions.

b ______ o ______ s ______ y ______ f ______ a ______ n ______


c. Use each of the above conjunctions once to complete each sentence.
1. You can play if you can throw ___________ catch.
2. Caesar come here, ___________ I need you.
3. I didnt finish, ___________ I got most of it done.
4. Neither Snap ___________ Crackle can see Pop.
5. Its hot, ___________ Im going swimming.
6. I am tired, ___________ I cant sleep.
7. Which would you like, apples ___________ pears?
43
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

One More Wacky Tale!


I never would have believed something like this could happen if it hadnt happened
to me. I ________________ ________________ home ________________ ________________
helping verb

main verb

noun, place

preposition, position

when all of a sudden a ________________, ________________, ________________


adjective

adjective

adjective

________________ came ________________ toward me! Of course, I ________________


verb

noun

verb, past tense

________________ ________________ as ________________ as I could. I mean this


adverb

verb, past tense

conjunction

________________ was the ________________, ________________ ________________ Ive


adjective, superlative

noun, same as above

adjective, superlative

noun

ever seen!
As I ________________ ________________, I saw a ________________. I
helping verb

main verb

noun

________________ ________________ it. There, I waited ________________ I thought it was


verb, past tense

preposition, time

preposition, direction

________________. I ________________ ________________ in the ________________.


adjective

noun

adverb

verb, past tense

Minutes passed. ________________, I ________________ ________________


verb, past tense

adverb

conjunction

________________ out. Was ________________ ________________ gone? I


article

verb, past tense

noun

________________ ________________ and ________________. I didnt ________________


adverb

verb, past tense

verb, past tense

verb

________________ ________________.
noun

indefinite pronoun

________________! I ________________ to myself. Im ________________ Im


verb, past tense

interjection

adjective

________________.
adjective

Just then, ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________


noun

article

preposition, position

verb, past tense

me. I ________________! I couldnt stand it anymore! I ________________ to the


verb, past tense

verb, past tense

________________. ________________ ! I ________________. ________________ do you


noun

interjection

verb, past tense

interrogative pronoun

________________ ________________ me?


verb

preposition, position

________________ ________________ ________________ ________________


noun

article

verb, past tense

conjunction

________________ me. Nothing, said ________________ ________________.


article

verb, past tense

noun

________________ just wanted to ________________ you.


verb

personal pronoun

I ________________ ________________. To this day, I still


verb, past tense

adverb

cant believe this happened to me.


44
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Key

Linking Verbs (p. 13)

What Is a Noun? (p. 6)


Person
Johnny
teacher
girl
player
Rosa Parks
boy
mayor
Wendy

Place
Sweden
school
Atlantic Ocean
playground
Africa
Disneyland
farm
town

Thing or
Idea
computer
candy
happiness
bear
freedom
elevator
apple
oxygen

Not a
Noun
kindly
serious
is
swimming
speedy
green
harder
sneaky

Draw Arrows

Linking
Verb

Subject

Complement

1. The cheese was moldy.

was

cheese

moldy

2. I am president.

am

president

3. She grew stronger.

grew

She

stronger

4. Detention seemed endless.

seemed

Detention

endless

5. The flowers smelled sweet.

smelled

flowers

sweet

6. I feel nervous.

feel

nervous

B. Places
1. Mexico; Canada; United States; Kenya
2, 3, 4. Answers will vary.

7. The cake tasted yummy.

tasted

cake

yummy

8. Our team looks ready.

looks

team

ready

C. Things
1. Answers will vary.
2. Judaism; Islam; Christianity; Hinduism; Buddhism

9. The tree remained there.

remained

tree

there

10. The alarm sounded loud.

sounded

alarm

loud

May I Introduce Proper Nouns? (pp. 78)


A. People
1, 2, 3. Answers will vary.

Wacky Tales: Common and proper nouns will vary.


What Is a Pronoun? (p. 9)
Fix It!
1. it
3. they
2. she
4. we
Try It!
1. him
2. her

3. me
4. them

Our Possessive Pronouns (p. 10)


Fix It!
4. his
1. theirs
5. its
2. ours
3. hers
Fix It Up!
George ran across the street without looking. He almost got
hit by a car. The driver had to swerve to avoid him.
He was so scared his face was as white as a ghost. My heart
was pounding, too.
I will never do that again, George said, but that bike over
there is mine.
The bike just looks like its yours, George, I told him, but
its mine.
Were Pronouns Too! (p. 11)
1. That demonstrative; his possessive; its personal;
mine possessive
2. Someone indefinite; her personal; we personal
3. Which interrogative; he personal
4. nobody indefinite
5. anyone indefinite; this demonstrative
Verbs in Action (p. 12)
Get Into Action!
1. crashed
2. ran
3. chugged
4. wave
5. hold

Helping Verbs! (p. 14)


Answers may vary. Possible answers:
5. can swim
1. am sitting
6. have drunk
2. has flown
7. did jump
3. did eat
8. am running
4. has been singing
More Helping Verbs! (p. 15)
Answers will vary. Possible answers:
6. should
1. May
7. should
2. can
8. would or could
3. should
9. may
4. might
10. could
5. can
Get Tense About Verbs (p. 16)
Present
Past
I paint.
I painted.
He paints.
She painted.
I grow.
I grew.
He grows.
She grew.
I flip.
I flipped.
He flips.
She flipped.
We drive.
We drove.
We know.
We knew.
We laugh.
We laughed.

Future
I will paint.
It will paint.
I will grow.
It will grow.
I will flip.
It will flip.
We will drive.
We will know.
We will laugh.

Dj Vu X-Word Review (p. 17)

6. talk
7. swim
8. sings
9. painted
10. writes

Amazing Action Verbs: Answers will vary.

45
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Lets Get Retro! Nouns, Pronouns, and Verbs (p. 18)


Fill in the Blanks
1. Parts of speech
2. noun
3. Proper nouns
4. pronoun
5. personal pronouns
6. possessive pronouns
Quick Verb Review

Much Ado About Adjectives (p. 21)


1. yellow what kind
2. Many how many
3. Those which one
4. green what kind

5. That which one


6. squeaky what kind
7. three how many
8. broken what kind

Outrageous Adjectives (p. 22)


Adjectives will vary.
2. The mean dog was actually a gentle being.
3. The shiny car glistened in the hot sun.
4. I couldnt resist that sweet dessert.
5. Dad wont go in that busy store.
6. The odd lady was green yet beautiful.
7. The bad storm caused bad damage.
8. Brave pioneers lived through cold winters.
9. Junior was a lucky child to avoid the awful accident.
10. My old truck almost sank in the soft mud.
Adverb Adventure (p. 23)
1. Katharine rode carefully through the busy streets. ? How
2. The clown cried wildly. ? How
3. I slowly read the recipe for fruitcake. ? How

Check the Verb


1. helping
3. action
2. to be; linking 4. helping

5. not a verb
6. linking

7. to be; linking
8. action

Quickie Quiz: Nouns, Pronouns, and Verbs (pp. 1920)


A. Here Are the Questions
1. common noun
2. proper noun
3. verb
4. pronoun
5. helping verb
B. Noun or Verb?
1. cow, flowers noun; ate verb
2. runner, race noun; can win verb
3. fish, oxygen noun; needs verb
4. Sydney, Australia noun; went verb
5. Moisha, stage noun; sings, dances verb
C. Proper Noun? Capitalize It!
1. Rayfields Diner
2. Jane, Brazil
3. I, Jewish, Moslem
4. Tuesday, June
5. Graham, Broadwater Academy
D. Possessive Pronouns
1. theirs
3. ours
2. his
4. mine

5. yours

E. Personal Pronouns
1. us
3. He
2. She
4. it

5. they

F. Missing To Be Verbs
1. was
3. were
2. will be
4. is

5. are

G. True or False
1. F
2. F

3. F
4. T

5. T

H. Do the Verb
1. became
2. have

3. should
4. sounded

5. may

4. The alarm rang loudly when the fire began. ? How


5. The fish leaped high out of the water. ? Where
6. Gently, Dr. Eaton removed the bandage. ? How
7. The jockey rode his horse there. ? Where
8. Earlier, Nikita ate the orange. ? When
9. She finished her homework yesterday. ? When
10. I spoke softly so the baby would sleep. ? How
Fun With Adverbs (p. 24)
Word Search
poorly
swiftly
well
superbly
royally
slowly
happily
loudly
wildly
fast
Fill It In!
Answers may vary. Possible answers:
6. slowly burning
1. amazingly beautiful
7. unbelievably stormy
2. brightly decorated
8. ferociously vicious
3. truly clever
9. totally red
4. incredibly slow
10. horribly wicked
5. unusually warm
Dare to Compare (p. 25)
Positive
Comparative
beautiful
more beautiful
bright
brighter
young
younger
handsome
more handsome
worried
more worried
quietly
more quietly
rapidly
more rapidly
far
farther
late
later
early
earlier

46
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

Superlative
most beautiful
brightest
youngest
most handsome
most worried
most quietly
most rapidly
farthest
latest
earliest

E. More Degrees of Comparison


1. less
2. brighter
3. more handsome
4. more
5. younger

Dj Vu! X-Word Review (p. 26)

F. What Modifies What?


1. Grandpa easily painted the old car.
2. The red and white sign stands out.
3. In the clear blue sky, cottony clouds rambled.
4. The powerful bulldozer growled loudly.
Major Wacky Tale! (p. 31)
Answers will vary.
Lets Get Retro! Adjectives and Adverbs (pp. 2728)
Degrees of Comparison
Positive
Comparative
Superlative
good
better
best
bad
worse
worst
pretty
prettier
prettiest
tiny
tinier
tiniest
far
farther
farthest
early
earlier
earliest
little
less
least
many
more
most
What Modifies What?

Position the Prepositions


by
about
from
of
for
down
over
up
past
off
on

1. I carefully painted the white picket fence.


2. Harpo almost scored the winning goal.
3. The big, old wooden sign fell down.
4. Carefully chew the slippery snails.
5. Roaring thunderously, the powerful bulldozer
effortlessly moved humongous boulders.
An Unexpected Mission: Answers will vary.
Quickie Quiz: Adjectives and Adverbs (pp. 2930)
A. True or False?
1. F
3. T
5. T
7. F
2. T
4. F
6. F
8. T

9. F
10. T

B. Identify the Part of Speech


5. adverb
1. adjective
6. adjective
2. adverb
7. adverb
3. adjective
8. adjective
4. adverb

Prepositional Phrases (P. 34)


Do This
Answers may vary. Possible answers:
1. for you
2. for lunch
3. with brown fur
4. on her head
5. to the king
Try This!
Answers may vary. Possible answers:
1. between Chip and Skip (where)
2. in the morning (when)
3. until the cows come home (when)
4. through the hole (where)
5. to the frozen flagpole (where)

C. Whats the Question?


1. how
2. where
3. when
4. how
5. how often
D. Degrees of Comparison
Positive
Comparative
good
better
bad
worse
beautiful
more beautiful
many
more
far
farther

Presenting Prepositions (p. 32)


Plunk the Prepositions
1. for
2. against, behind, beside, on, by
3. of
4. up, out
5. but
6. beyond, across, from
7. into
8. when, after, before
9. through
10. During, After; off, from

Superlative
best
worst
most beautiful
most
farthest

The A An Article (p. 35)


1. the
3. an
5. the
2. a
4. an, a
6. the

7. the
8. a

9. The
10. The, a

47
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

The Conjunctions Function (p. 36)

The Art of Articles


A. 1. the; specific
2. a; an
B 1. a
2. a or the
3. The, the
4. the
5. a, an
Quickie Quiz: Prepositions, Articles, and More (pp. 4243)
A. True or False?
10. T
7. T
4. T
1. F
8. F
5. T
2. T
9. F
6. T
3. F

Conjunctions Continued (p. 37)


4. but
1. or
5. so
2. nor
6. and
3. and

7. but
8. or
9. so

10. for

Wacky Tale Quickie


Answers will vary.
Wow! Interjections (p. 38): Answers and sentences will vary.

B. ID the Part of Speech


4. c
1. c
5. a
2. d
3. b
C. Define It
1. position
2. direction
3. time
4. cause
5. possession

Dj Vu! X-Word Review (p. 39)


D. The Art of Articles
4. an
1. the
5. the
2. indefinite
6. a
3. the

Lets Get Retro! Prepositions, Articles, and More (pp. 4041)


Inject an Interjection: Answers will vary.
Take Your Pick!
1. d
2. c
3. b

4. b
5. a
6. a

Placing Prepositions
4. until
1. for
5. through
2. above
6. by
3. since

7. c
8. d

E. Conjunction Function
a. 1. but, for
2. joins
b. 1. but
2. or
3. so
4. yet
5. for
6. and
7. nor
c. 1. and
2. for
3. but
4. nor
5. so
6. yet
7. or
One More Wacky Tale! (p. 44)
Answers will vary.

7. off

Conjunction Functions
1. but, for
2. joins
Scrambled!
but, or, so, yet, for, and, nor
4. so
1. or
5. for
2. yet
6. but
3. nor

7. and

48
No Boring Practice, Please! Parts of Speech Harold Jarnicki, Scholastic Teaching Resources

7. The
8. the
9. an

10. a