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CBSE TEST PAPER-05

CLASS - XII PHYSICS (Unit – Electrostatics)

Ans 01.

Since

C =

A

o

d

C

µ

1

d

which means if distance increases, capacitance deceases.

Q
Since
V =
and charge on the capacitor is constant.
C
Hence reading of the voltmeter increases.
Ans 02.
The introduction of dielectric in a capacitor reduces the effective charge on plate and
hence increases the capacitance.
m
Ans 03.
The path of the electron traveling with velocity
at right angles of
E
is
s
circular.
2
mv
It requires a centripetal force
f
=
r
which is provided by an electrostatic force f = eE
2
mv
eE
=
r
2
e
v
=
m
Er
A
o
Ans 04.
For air
C
=
d
Thickness
t = d/2 only when k = •
A
A
2
o
o
C
=
=
= o
A =2C
nef
1
d
d
t
(1
)
d
(1
1 )
d
k
2
Hence capacitance will get doubled.
1
2
Ans 05.
U =
CV
2
1
A
o
2
For parallel plate
U
=
V
2 d
When d’ = d – 10% of d == 0.9 d
1
A
o
2
Then
U
' =
V
2
0.9 d
1
AEo V
1
Change in energy = U’-U =
2 (
1)
2
d
0.9
U
U '
U=
`
U
(
0.1 )
0.9
=
9
U
'
U
100%
U 1
% change ==
100 %=
X 100%=
9
U
U
9
% change == 11.1%
d
10 V
V
Ans 06.
(a)
Since
E
=
=
= 1000
2 m .
dr
1 10
x
(ii) Since surface A is an equipotential surface ie V=
0
Work done from X to Y = Zero .
dV
E =
if E=0
dr
(b)
dV
= 0
⇒ dv = 0 or V= constant (non zero).
dr
1
Ans 07. (a)
We know
V
r

Vp >Vq

VA <

V

B

Because V B

Vp -- Vq -- Positive

V

B

-- V

A

-- Positive

is less negative then V A.

 (b) In moving a positive change form Q to P work has to be done against the electric field so it is negative. (c) In moving a negative change form B to A work is done along the same direction of the field so it is positive.

Ans 08.

Vandegraff generator is a device which is capable of producing a high potential of the order of million volts. Principle (1) The charge always resides on the outer surface of hollow conductor. (2) The electric discharge in air or gas takes place readilly at the pointed ends of the conductors.

Construction:- It consist of a large hollow metallic sphere S mounted on two insulating columns A and B and an endless belt made up of rubber which is running over two pulleys P 1 and P 2 with the help of an electric motor. B 1 and B 2 are two sharp metallic brushes. The lower brush B 1 is given a positive potential by high tension battery and is called a spray brush while the upper brush B 2 connected to the inner part of the Sphere S.

Working :- When brush B 1 is given a high positive potential then it produces ions, due to the action of sharp points. Thus the positive ions so produced get sprayed on the belt due to repulsion between positive ions and the positive charge on brush B 1 . Then it is carried upward by the moving belt. The pointed end of B 2 just touches the belt collects the positive change and make it move to the outer surface of the sphere S. This process continues and the potential of the shell rises to several minion volts. Applications – Particles like proton, Deutrons, -- particles etc are accelerated to high speeds and energies.