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DC/DC conversion Cookbook A simple step by step guide to select the most appropriate voltage
DC/DC conversion Cookbook A simple step by step guide to select the most appropriate voltage

DC/DC conversion Cookbook

A simple step by step guide to select the most appropriate voltage regulator for your application

Piercarlo Scimonelli

A simple step by step guide to select the most appropriate voltage regulator for your application

Presentation outline

What you need to know, to discuss intelligently

Checklist and Selection Procedure

Examples / ST products

• What you need to know, to discuss intelligently • Checklist and Selection Procedure • Examples

2

Voltage Regulators

A Voltage Regulator keeps a constant Output Voltage with varying:

Regulator keeps a constant Output Voltage with varying: • Output current • Input voltage load regulation

Output current

Input voltage

load regulation

line regulation

Input Voltage (Vin) Output Voltage (Vout) Voltage Regulator Output Current (Iout)
Input Voltage
(Vin)
Output Voltage
(Vout)
Voltage
Regulator
Output Current
(Iout)

The three most important parameters: Vin, Vout, Iout

Output Voltage (Vout) Voltage Regulator Output Current (Iout) The three most important parameters: Vin, Vout, Iout

3

Ideal Voltage Regulator V-I Characteristic

Vout Iout
Vout
Iout
Ideal Voltage Regulator V-I Characteristic Vout Iout 4

4

Voltage Regulator simplified block diagram

Voltage Regulator simplified block diagram Voltage regulators operate by comparing the output voltage to an internal

Voltage regulators operate by comparing the output voltage to an internal fixed reference. The difference is amplified and used to control the output voltage. This is what we call a closed-loop feedback.

The difference is amplified and used to control the output voltage. This is what we call

5

Classification of power switching topologies

Classification of power switching topologies Source: APPLICATION BRIEF 0014 (N.Siciliano) 6
Classification of power switching topologies Source: APPLICATION BRIEF 0014 (N.Siciliano) 6

Source: APPLICATION BRIEF 0014 (N.Siciliano)

6

Step down Converter (Buck)

SW1 I L T I ON o SW2
SW1
I L
T
I
ON
o
SW2
Step down Converter (Buck) SW1 I L T I ON o SW2 V O V IN

V

O

V IN

Step down Converter (Buck) SW1 I L T I ON o SW2 V O V IN

D

Step down Converter (Buck) SW1 I L T I ON o SW2 V O V IN

T

ON

T

I SW1 I SW2 I L Vsw T ON T
I SW1
I SW2
I L
Vsw
T ON
T

Io

Vo

Closing the loop Voltage Mode

Closing the loop – Voltage Mode Closed Loop Feedback (Voltage Mode) V C sawtooth D·T s

Closed Loop Feedback (Voltage Mode)

Closing the loop – Voltage Mode Closed Loop Feedback (Voltage Mode) V C sawtooth D·T s

V C

sawtooth D·T s T s
sawtooth
D·T s
T s

L597x

L598x

L798x

Closing the loop Current Mode

V in

R SEN L K R V o i PWM Co i L signal Slope R
R
SEN
L
K
R
V o
i
PWM
Co
i L signal
Slope
R
2
Compensation
V
FB
Network
R
1
Comparator
v
c
Error
V ref

Op-Amp

Closed Loop Feedback (Current Mode)

c Error V ref Op-Amp Closed Loop Feedback (Current Mode) Error OpAmp output (Vc) Slope comp
Error OpAmp output (Vc) Slope comp Inductor current signal D·T s T s
Error OpAmp output (Vc)
Slope comp
Inductor
current signal
D·T s
T s

ST1Sx

L692x

1)

2)

Power dissipation in Voltage Regulators

1) 2) Power dissipation in Voltage Regulators Power dissipated when the switches are closed (conduction losses):
1) 2) Power dissipation in Voltage Regulators Power dissipated when the switches are closed (conduction losses):

Power dissipated when the switches are closed (conduction losses):

dissipated when the switches are closed (conduction losses): P O N = I O U T
dissipated when the switches are closed (conduction losses): P O N = I O U T

P ON = I OUT 2 x (R DSONHS x D + R DSONLS x (1-D) + R L )

Power dissipated during the commutations (switching losses):

P SW = V IN x I OUT x F SW x (T ON + T OFF )/2

3)

Power dissipated when the device is not switching:

P Q = V IN x I Q

Power dissipated in a linear regulator:

P D = (V IN -V OUT ) x I OUT + V IN x I Q

x I Q Power dissipated in a linear regulator: P D = (V I N -V
x I Q Power dissipated in a linear regulator: P D = (V I N -V
x I Q Power dissipated in a linear regulator: P D = (V I N -V

Example: low Iq regulators in powering STM32

Example: low Iq regulators in powering STM32 Current consumption: • Depends on operating mode • Decreases

Current consumption:

Depends on operating mode

Decreases at lower VDD

Inreases with temperature

Increases with clock speed

STM32L Vcc: 1.8V to 3.6V, Icc: 1uA to 100mA

Supply current in standby is the same order of magnitude as the quiescent current

of voltage regulators

Icc: 1uA to 100mA Supply current in standby is the same order of magnitude as the

STLQ015

150mA, Ultra Low Quiescent Current LDO regulator

Input Voltage from 1.5V to 5.5V

Ultra Low Quiescent Current:

1.0 μA (typ) at no load

1 nA (typ) in OFF mode

Fixed V OUT : 0.8V to 3.3V

Excellent load transient response

Stable with low ESR, SMD ceramic caps

: 0.8V to 3.3V  Excellent load transient response  Stable with low ESR, SMD ceramic
: 0.8V to 3.3V  Excellent load transient response  Stable with low ESR, SMD ceramic
: 0.8V to 3.3V  Excellent load transient response  Stable with low ESR, SMD ceramic

SOT666-6L (1.2x1.6mm)

Switching Frequency Impact

Performance •
Performance

Efficiency

(needs low frequency) (needs low frequency)

(needs high frequency)

(need high frequency) (needs high frequency)

Thermal

Output Voltage Ripple

Dynamic Performance

Board space availability

Typical cases:
Typical cases:

~100kHz

To maximize efficiency (Energy harvesting) SPV1040

250-500KHz

High voltage buck

regulators

(Industrial/Autom otive) L7985, L7986,

PM668x

600KHz-1MHz

Cost/performance

trade-off

(Consumer/Compu

ter) ST1S40, L6738

1MHz-3MHz

Portable

applications / size constraints (Trade off between board space and efficiency)

ST1S31/32,

STBB1, STLA02

between board space and efficiency) ST1S31/32, STBB1, STLA02 3MHz up to 6MHz Extreme board space constraints

3MHz up to

6MHz

Extreme board

space

constraints (Portable Fitness, Smart phones/tablets)

STBB2,

ST1S15

PFM vs. PWM switching control

PWM (pulse-width modulation)

.

Advantage:

switching control PWM (pulse-width modulation) . Advantage: Low noise and better EMI control due to constant

Low noise and better EMI control due to constant switching

frequency (easy to filter out);

Disadvantage:

Lower power efficiency at light load (because of swithing losses)

PFM (pulse-frequency modulation)

Advantages:

PFM
PFM

High power efficiency over a wide range of load.

Disadvantages:

Variable sw frequency (Noise and EMI);

Higher output voltage ripple

efficiency over a wide range of load. Disadvantages: Variable sw frequency (Noise and EMI); Higher output

High efficiency at light load: L6925/6/8 Step-down switching regulators

at light load: L6925/6/8 Step-down switching regulators • V I N : 2V 5.5V (2.7V 5.5V
at light load: L6925/6/8 Step-down switching regulators • V I N : 2V 5.5V (2.7V 5.5V

V IN : 2V 5.5V (2.7V 5.5V for L6925)

Differentiating functions:

L6925: LBI & LBO, UVLO @ 2.7V L6926/L6928: PGOOD & RUN

LBI & LBO, UVLO @ 2.7V L6926/L6928: PGOOD & RUN • V O U T :

V OUT : adjustable 0.6V V IN (100% DC)

1% output voltage accuracy

I OUT up to 800mA

25uA quiescent current

Selectable Low noise or low consumption mode (PWM/PFM)

Freq.: 600KHz, synchronizable up to 1.4 MHz (L6925/6)

Freq.: 1.4MHz synchronizable up to 2 MHz (L6928)

Current Mode Control

Thermal shut down (150C)

L6925
L6925
• Freq.: 1.4MHz synchronizable up to 2 MHz (L6928) • Current Mode Control • Thermal shut
• Freq.: 1.4MHz synchronizable up to 2 MHz (L6928) • Current Mode Control • Thermal shut

15

L6928 low noise or low power (burst) mode

L6928 low noise or low power (burst) mode Burst mode High efficiency Low noise Forced PWM
Burst mode High efficiency Low noise Forced PWM Vin 4.2V Vout 1.5V Iout 30mA Rc
Burst mode
High efficiency
Low noise
Forced PWM
Vin 4.2V
Vout 1.5V
Iout 30mA
Rc
Cc
330pF

20Kohm

Cin/Cout 10uF

16

Switching regulator selection based on output current

HS1 LS1
HS1
LS1

Switching Converter: internal mosfet(s), up to 5A load, compact

HS1 LS1
HS1
LS1

Single Output Switching Controller: external mosfets, up to 30A load, very high efficiency

HS1 LS1 HS2 LS2 HS1 LS1 HS2 LS2
HS1
LS1
HS2
LS2
HS1
LS1
HS2
LS2

Multi-Output Controller or Converter Compactness

HS2 LS2 Multi-Output Controller or Converter Compactness Multiphase controller Load higher than 30A High efficiency,
HS2 LS2 Multi-Output Controller or Converter Compactness Multiphase controller Load higher than 30A High efficiency,

Multiphase controller Load higher than 30A High efficiency, low ripple, fast transient response, small i/o filters

Multiphase controller Load higher than 30A High efficiency, low ripple, fast transient response, small i/o filters

Switching Regulator vs. Linear Voltage Regulator

Switching Regulator vs. Linear Voltage Regulator Linear Regulator: No inductor MOSFET or Bipolar pass element <500mA
Switching Regulator vs. Linear Voltage Regulator Linear Regulator: No inductor MOSFET or Bipolar pass element <500mA
Switching Regulator vs. Linear Voltage Regulator Linear Regulator: No inductor MOSFET or Bipolar pass element <500mA

Linear Regulator:

No inductor MOSFET or Bipolar pass element <500mA typ, up to 7A

Low noise, low efficiency

LDO: Low Drop-Out (voltage regulator)

The drop-out voltage is the minimum voltage across the regulator to maintain regulation

Vin

Vin

Vin

Vin

regulator to maintain regulation Vin Vin Vin Vin Vin - Vout Vin - Vout Vin -
Vin - Vout
Vin - Vout
Vin - Vout
Vin - Vout
Vin - Vout
Vin - Vout
Vin - Vout
Vin - Vout

Vout

Vout

Vout

Vout

- Vout Vin - Vout Vin - Vout Vin - Vout Vout Vout Vout Vout Vin

Vin

Vout

Standard Linear Regulators (L78xx, LM317)

Vdrop >2V

Semi Low-Drop

(LD1117/LD108x)

Vdrop 0.8V-1.5V

Very Low-Drop

(LFxx/LD29xxx)

Vdrop 0.2V-0.7V

Ultra LDO (LD39xxx) Vdrop <0.2V

Load Transient Response

V OUT AC coupled 100mV/div C OUT =47uF L=6.8uH F SW =500kHz I L 0.5A/div
V OUT
AC coupled
100mV/div
C OUT =47uF
L=6.8uH
F SW =500kHz
I L
0.5A/div
Timescale
100us/div
L=6.8uH F SW =500kHz I L 0.5A/div Timescale 100us/div V I N =12V, V O U

V IN =12V, V OUT =3.3V, SR ILOAD =2.5A/us

STLQ015 Load Transient

Load Transient Response

VIN=5.5V C IN =1µF, C OUT =10µF, I OUT = from 1µA to 10mA

Static Load Regulation Vout { Load Transient response { Tradeoff between: BW of Error Amplifier
Static Load Regulation
Vout
{
Load Transient response
{
Tradeoff between:
BW of Error Amplifier
vs.
Power consumption
Iout

Soft-Start

Soft-Start L598x • Staircase ramp on internal V R E F • 64 steps, 9mV each

L598x

Staircase ramp on internal V REF

64 steps, 9mV each step

32 clock cycles each step

F • 64 steps, 9mV each step • 32 clock cycles each step SR VREF SR

SR

VREF

SR

VOUT

0 . 6 F SW 2048
0 . 6
F
SW
2048
F • 64 steps, 9mV each step • 32 clock cycles each step SR VREF SR

SR

VREF

1
1
R 1 R 2
R
1
R
2

Synchronous rectification vs. non-synchronous

12V Vin 3.3V Vout 3A Iout ST1S10 L7981
12V Vin
3.3V Vout
3A Iout
ST1S10
L7981
Synchronous rectification vs. non-synchronous 12V Vin 3.3V Vout 3A Iout ST1S10 L7981 23

23

Synchronous rectification vs. non-synchronous

L7981 Is a synchr. converter always more efficient than a non-synchr? ST1S10 24
L7981
Is a synchr. converter
always more efficient
than a non-synchr?
ST1S10
24
rectification vs. non-synchronous L7981 Is a synchr. converter always more efficient than a non-synchr? ST1S10 24

Application requirements in a DC/DC conversion - summary

Input Voltage (V IN )

Output Voltage (V OUT )

Output DC current (I OUT )

Power Conversion Efficiency: a measure of power losses

Power Conversion Efficiency: a measure of power losses smaller package Switching frequency: ON/OFF time of power

smaller package

Switching frequency: ON/OFF time of power switch

a measure of power losses smaller package Switching frequency: ON/OFF time of power switch Impacts size

Impacts size of external

and longer battery life

components and efficiency

Quiescent Current (Iq): required to power internal circuitry

Quiescent Current (Iq): required to power internal circuitry Impact on light

Impact on light

load efficiency

Package Thermal Resistance Rth: ability to dissipate heat

Package Thermal Resistance Rth : ability to dissipate heat impact on board

impact on board

space and robust thermal design

Switching control (PWM PFM): noise vs. efficiency at light load

Feedback loop (Voltage Mode vs. Current Mode)

• Feedback loop (Voltage Mode vs. Current Mode) • … The best device is that which

The best device is that which fits

the application

• Feedback loop (Voltage Mode vs. Current Mode) • … The best device is that which

DC/DC Selection Procedure Summary

From Vin and Vout, select the topology (step-up, step down, buck-boost)

Based on the output current and efficiency, choose between controller (ext. FETs), converter (int. FETs) or Linear

Select the device starting from the input voltage spec and max DC current (if integrated FETs) to meet the application requirements of input voltage range and load

Consider any other design constraint: operating temperature range, switching frequency, quiescent current, light load efficiency, synchronization, board space, transient response, power good, soft start, output ripple etc… etc…

Always ask what is “key” to the application

response, power good, soft start, output ripple etc… etc… • Always ask what is “key” to

26

DC-DC Conversion Portfolio

27

Linear Voltage Regulators Low Drop Out (LDOs) Shunt Voltage Ref. Battery & Power Management PMICs
Linear Voltage Regulators
Low Drop Out (LDOs)
Shunt Voltage Ref.
Battery & Power Management
PMICs
ASSP
ASICs
Switching Controllers (ext. FETs)
Switching Converters (int. FET)
& LED drivers
Single and Multi output
Single and Multi phase
Power over Ethernet (PoE)
Converters (int. FET) & LED drivers Single and Multi output Single and Multi phase Power over
Converters (int. FET) & LED drivers Single and Multi output Single and Multi phase Power over
Converters (int. FET) & LED drivers Single and Multi output Single and Multi phase Power over
Converters (int. FET) & LED drivers Single and Multi output Single and Multi phase Power over

Switching Converter segmentation

Non synchronous, high Vin Synchronous, high at light load ST1S14, L798x, L597x, L598x PMxx, ST1Sxx,
Non synchronous, high Vin
Synchronous, high
at light load
ST1S14, L798x, L597x, L598x
PMxx, ST1Sxx, L692x

Consumer Value Line 12V Vin, 3-4A, synchr. ST1S40, ST1S41

Battery powered applications L692x, PM6644, ST1S1x

28

Automotive Grade, high Vin A597x, A798x
Automotive Grade, high Vin
A597x, A798x

High performance, 3-5A synchr. PM8903, ST1S31/2, L5988/89

Continuous output current from 350mA to 4A

Wide range of max input voltage: 5V TO 60V

SOT23, Q/DFN3x3 and 4x4mm, HSO8, and TSSOP

current from 350mA to 4A  Wide range of max input voltage: 5V TO 60V 

Step Down Converters First buying choice

Step Down Converters – First buying choice L4976 L4971 Synchronuos NON-Synchronous L7986 ST1S10
L4976
L4976
L4971
L4971
Step Down Converters – First buying choice L4976 L4971 Synchronuos NON-Synchronous L7986 ST1S10
Synchronuos NON-Synchronous
Synchronuos NON-Synchronous
Synchronuos NON-Synchronous

Synchronuos

Synchronuos NON-Synchronous

NON-Synchronous

Synchronuos NON-Synchronous
Synchronuos NON-Synchronous
Synchronuos NON-Synchronous
Synchronuos NON-Synchronous L7986 ST1S10 ST1S31

L7986

ST1S10

ST1S31

L7985

L5970

L5972/3A

L5973/4A

L5972/3A L5973/4A L5974/5A L5975

L5974/5A

L5972/3A L5973/4A L5974/5A L5975

L5975

L5972/3A L5973/4A L5974/5A L5975   L7980 L7981  
L5972/3A L5973/4A L5974/5A L5975   L7980 L7981  
L5972/3A L5973/4A L5974/5A L5975   L7980 L7981  
L5972/3A L5973/4A L5974/5A L5975   L7980 L7981  
L5972/3A L5973/4A L5974/5A L5975   L7980 L7981  
 

L7980

L7981

 
 
 
L6902 PM6644 L5980 L5981 L5983 L5985/45 L5986 L5987/47 ST1S03 ST2S06 ST2S08 ST1S03A ST1S15 ST1S12 L6925/6/8
L6902
PM6644
L5980
L5981
L5983
L5985/45
L5986
L5987/47
ST1S03
ST2S06
ST2S08
ST1S03A
ST1S15
ST1S12
L6925/6/8
ST1S06
ST1S09
ST1S30
L5986 L5987/47 ST1S03 ST2S06 ST2S08 ST1S03A ST1S15 ST1S12 L6925/6/8 ST1S06 ST1S09 ST1S30 ST1S40 PM8903
L5986 L5987/47 ST1S03 ST2S06 ST2S08 ST1S03A ST1S15 ST1S12 L6925/6/8 ST1S06 ST1S09 ST1S30 ST1S40 PM8903

ST1S40

PM8903

L5988/89 PGood

L5988/89

L5988/89 PGood

PGood

ST1S41

ST1S32

L4978 ST1S14 L4973

L4978

ST1S14

L4973

L4978 ST1S14 L4973
ST1S12 L6925/6/8 ST1S06 ST1S09 ST1S30 ST1S40 PM8903 L5988/89 PGood ST1S41 ST1S32 L4978 ST1S14 L4973
ST1S12 L6925/6/8 ST1S06 ST1S09 ST1S30 ST1S40 PM8903 L5988/89 PGood ST1S41 ST1S32 L4978 ST1S14 L4973
ST1S12 L6925/6/8 ST1S06 ST1S09 ST1S30 ST1S40 PM8903 L5988/89 PGood ST1S41 ST1S32 L4978 ST1S14 L4973

Synchr. high

at light load

at light load

0

1

2

3

4

MAXIMUM OUTPUT CURRENT

5

6

L7985-L7986
L7985-L7986
L7985-L7986  2-3A output current in QFN3x3-10L and HSOP8 packages  P-channel power MOS: 100% DC

2-3A output current in QFN3x3-10L and HSOP8 packages

P-channel power MOS: 100% DC operation and no bootstrap capacitor

High switching frequency (250KHz, adjustable up to 1MHz) with Synchronization capability (180° out of phase)

Wide input voltage range (4.5V up to 38V)

200ns minimum Ton

Internal Soft-start

Enable pin

Embedded protection features

Suitable for MLCC output filter

Typ R DSon =150mΩ

QFN10 3x3 HSOP8 L7986/A L7985/A
QFN10 3x3
HSOP8
L7986/A
L7985/A

3A / up to 1MHz

2A / up to 1MHz

QFN 3x3 10L - Rth j-amb 60 C/W HSO8 - Rth j-amb 40° C/W
QFN 3x3 10L - Rth j-amb 60 C/W
HSO8 - Rth j-amb 40° C/W
3x3 HSOP8 L7986/A L7985/A 3A / up to 1MHz 2A / up to 1MHz QFN 3x3
3x3 HSOP8 L7986/A L7985/A 3A / up to 1MHz 2A / up to 1MHz QFN 3x3
3x3 HSOP8 L7986/A L7985/A 3A / up to 1MHz 2A / up to 1MHz QFN 3x3
3x3 HSOP8 L7986/A L7985/A 3A / up to 1MHz 2A / up to 1MHz QFN 3x3
Package Output Commercial Code Current SO8 3A ST1S40IDR SO8-BW 3A ST1S40IPHR DFN4x4 –
Package Output Commercial Code Current SO8 3A ST1S40IDR SO8-BW 3A ST1S40IPHR DFN4x4 –

Package

Output

Commercial Code

Current

SO8

3A

ST1S40IDR

SO8-BW

3A

ST1S40IPHR

DFN4x4 8L

3A

ST1S40IPUR

DFN4x4 8L

4A

ST1S41PUR

HSOP8

4A

ST1S41PHR

ST1S40/41

Switching Frequency: 800kHz

Continuous output Current Capability: 3/4A

4/5A peak current limit

Output Voltage: Adjustable from 0.8V

Operating Input voltage 4V to 18V

Ceramic Capacitors and small Inductor

Soft-Start integrated circuit

Integrated 69mOhm Low side R DSon

Integrated 95mOhm High side R DSon

Efficiency: up to 95%

Enable pin or Power Good

SO8, HSOP8 and MLP4x4 packages

Pin-to-pin with ST1S10

SO8, HSOP8 and MLP4x4 packages  Pin-to-pin with ST1S10 SO-8 ST1S41 ST1S40 4A / 850kHz DFN
SO8, HSOP8 and MLP4x4 packages  Pin-to-pin with ST1S10 SO-8 ST1S41 ST1S40 4A / 850kHz DFN

SO-8

HSOP8 and MLP4x4 packages  Pin-to-pin with ST1S10 SO-8 ST1S41 ST1S40 4A / 850kHz DFN –
ST1S41 ST1S40
ST1S41
ST1S40

4A / 850kHz

DFN 8L

4x4mm

3A / 800kHz

and MLP4x4 packages  Pin-to-pin with ST1S10 SO-8 ST1S41 ST1S40 4A / 850kHz DFN – 8L

HSOP-8

PM6644

350mA step down and 3.3V voltage reference

PM6644 350mA step down and 3.3V voltage reference  4.5V to 25V input voltage range (35V

4.5V to 25V input voltage range (35V AMR)

Vout: fixed 3.465V or adjustable 0.9V to 8V

350mA valley current limit

Constant On-Time Control

Progr. switching frequency in PWM mode

Pulse skipping mode at light load

Latched OVP and UVP

High accuracy (±0.6%) 3.3V reference

in PWM mode  Pulse skipping mode at light load  Latched OVP and UVP 
in PWM mode  Pulse skipping mode at light load  Latched OVP and UVP 

32

LDO Positioning (≤500mA)

LDO Positioning (≤500mA) 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Semi-low drop 0.8V<VDROP<1.7V Very-low drop 0.2V<VDROP<0.7V

30

25

20

15

10

5

0

Semi-low drop 0.8V<VDROP<1.7V Very-low drop 0.2V<VDROP<0.7V ST715 Ultra-low drop VDROP<0.2V L4931
Semi-low drop 0.8V<VDROP<1.7V
Very-low drop 0.2V<VDROP<0.7V
ST715
Ultra-low drop VDROP<0.2V
L4931
KFxx
LD2979
LD2980
LD2981
LD2985
LFxx
LDFMxx
LK112
LK112S
STLQ50
LD39115
LD3985
LDS3985
LD39015
LD59015
LD39030
LDCL015
LD39130
LDLN015
LD39050
STLQ015
LDK115
LD3980
LDK120

AG

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 MINIMUM GUARANTEED OUTPUT CURRENT
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
MINIMUM GUARANTEED OUTPUT CURRENT

P. Scimonelli - APM Jun 2011

LDO Positioning (≥500mA)

35 L4940 L4941 LD1085 LD1086 30 Semi-low drop 0.8V<VDROP<1.7V 25 Very-low drop 0.2V<VDROP<0.7V
35
L4940
L4941
LD1085
LD1086
30
Semi-low drop 0.8V<VDROP<1.7V
25
Very-low drop 0.2V<VDROP<0.7V
KFxx
Ultra-low drop VDROP<0.2V
LDFMxx
20
LD1117
LD1117A
AG
LFxx
15
LDFMxx
ST1L02
ST1L04
LD29080
LD29150
LD29300
10
LD39080
LD39150
LD39300
5
ST1L05
LD49150
LD49300
LD39050
LD39100
0
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
MINIMUM GUARANTEED OUTPUT CURRENT
P. Scimonelli - APM – Jun 2011
MAXIMUM OPERATING INPUT VOLTAGE

LDOs in portable applications

LD39015J: 150mA - CSP4 bumps 1x1mm 2

LD39115J: 150mA - CSP4 bumps 0.8x0.8mm 2

LD39030SJ : 300mA, Soft-Start - CSP4 bumps 0.8x0.8mm 2

LD59015: 150mA, Very High PSRR, SC70

LDCL015: 150mA Capless, SOT23

LDLN015: 150mA Very Low Noise, DFN2x2

LD39130: 300mA - CSP4 bumps 0.69x0.69mm2 and DFN 1.2x1.3

SOT23 • LDLN015: 150mA – Very Low Noise, DFN2x2 • LD39130: 300mA - CSP4 bumps 0.69x0.69mm2
SOT23 • LDLN015: 150mA – Very Low Noise, DFN2x2 • LD39130: 300mA - CSP4 bumps 0.69x0.69mm2
SOT23 • LDLN015: 150mA – Very Low Noise, DFN2x2 • LD39130: 300mA - CSP4 bumps 0.69x0.69mm2
SOT23 • LDLN015: 150mA – Very Low Noise, DFN2x2 • LD39130: 300mA - CSP4 bumps 0.69x0.69mm2
SOT23 • LDLN015: 150mA – Very Low Noise, DFN2x2 • LD39130: 300mA - CSP4 bumps 0.69x0.69mm2

DC/DC conversion for 5V Vin or lower

DC/DC conversion for 5V Vin or lower Voltage Regulation & Battery Chargers STBB1 Buck boost STLQ015

Voltage Regulation & Battery Chargers

5V Vin or lower Voltage Regulation & Battery Chargers STBB1 Buck boost STLQ015 1.7uA Iq, 150mA

STBB1 Buck boost STLQ015 1.7uA Iq, 150mA Iout, LDO

STLQ50 3 μA Iq, 50 mA Iout, LDO

LD39015/LD39115 Low noise, 150 mA Iout, on/off

L6924D Lithium battery charger STW4102 Lithium Battery charger L6920D 1 A step-up, low Iq, down to 0.6 Vin L6928 Sync step-down, 95 % 2-5.5 Vin ST1S15 - 500mA, 6MHz, high efficiency buck

PM6644 - 350mA, high efficiency buck + 3.3V Vref

SPV1040 boost with MPPT for solar battery chargers LMV4041- 1.2V Vref with 0.1% accuracy in
SPV1040 boost with MPPT for solar battery chargers
LMV4041- 1.2V Vref with 0.1% accuracy in SC70
Display drivers
STLA02 (6 LED backlight driver)
STLED25 (2x5 LED backlight driver)
STP2/4CMP (2/4 ch charge pump)
STODxx (AMOLED)
STLA02 (6 LED backlight driver) STLED25 (2x5 LED backlight driver) STP2/4CMP (2/4 ch charge pump) STODxx

DC/DC conversion for 12V Vin

DC/DC conversion for 12V Vin CONVERTERS (Int.FETs) • Consumer • Computer • Anything powered off your

CONVERTERS (Int.FETs)

• Consumer • Computer • Anything powered off your friendly wall wart CONTROLLERS (Ext.FETs) Part
• Consumer
• Computer
• Anything powered off your friendly wall wart
CONTROLLERS (Ext.FETs)
Part Number
features
Package
V INPUT /V OUT range
F SW
L6726A, L6727
Up to 19V V INPUT ,
0.8V min V OUT
270/300khZ
EN, SS, OCP, OVP, UVP
SO8
L6728
Up to 13,2V (15V ABS) V INPUT ,
0.8V min V OUT
300/600KHz
EN, SS, OVP, OCP, PGOOD
DFN10
SO16N
OVP(Latch - No Latch), UVP, OCP (CC or HICCUP),
L6725, L6730
4.5V to 14V V INPUT ,
0.6V min V OUT
HTSSOP16
Up to 1MHz
PGOOD (with adj. delay) , SS (Sink - No Sink), IHN, Ext
L6731, L6732
QFN24 4x4
or Internal REF, Adj UVLO, SYNC., Sink- No sink cap.
HTSSOP20
L6738
Up to 19V V INPUT ,
0.8V min V OUT
Adj.
EN, SS, OVP, OCP, PGOOD, differential CS &
“GREEN low power mode”
QFN16 3x3

DC/DC conversion for 24V to 55V Vin

CONTROLLERS (Ext.FETs)

PN

V OUT #

V

OUTSW

V

OUTSW

V

OUTS

V

I

 

V IN range

package

(SW +LDO)

1

2

W 3

OUTLDO(S)

LDO

PM6670/A

1+1

 

Adj.

 

- -

 

V

INLDO /2

 

2A

Up to 28V /36V

QFN 4x4

PM6675/A

1+1

 

Adj.

 

- -

   

Adj.

 

2A

Up to 28V/36V

QFN 4x4

PM6680/A

2+1

 

Adj.

 

Adj.

 

-

 

5V

200mA

Up to 28V/36V

QFN 5x5

PM6681/86

2+1

 

Adj.

 

Adj.

 

-

 

Adj.

100mA

Up to 28V

QFN 5x5

PM6685

2+2

 

3.3V

 

5V

 

-

(1)3.3V + (2)5V

100mA

up to 28V

QFN 5x5

CONVERTERS (Int.FETs)

• Industrial Applications • Printers
• Industrial Applications
• Printers
5x5 CONVERTERS (Int.FETs) • Industrial Applications • Printers • Automotive/Marine battery Powered applications

Automotive/Marine battery Powered applications

Tools and resources
Tools and resources

Tools and resources

Tools and resources

eDesign Suite

eDesign Suite www.st.com/edesignstudio  Complete designs in a few steps starting from input voltage, output voltage

www.st.com/edesignstudio

Complete designs in a few steps starting from input voltage, output voltage and current

Interactive schematics and BOM: change the parameters of external components

Evaluate the performance of your design: stability, thermal, efficiency,…

Connect to Cadence® Orcad Pspice

 Evaluate the performance of your design: stability, thermal, efficiency,…  Connect to Cadence® Orcad Pspice

40

A complete design in a few steps…

A complete design in a few steps… Login to www. st.com/edesignstudio (after online registration) Create a
A complete design in a few steps… Login to www. st.com/edesignstudio (after online registration) Create a

Login to www.st.com/edesignstudio (after online registration)

to www. st.com/edesignstudio (after online registration) Create a new project and choose an application type The

Create a new project and choose an application type

online registration) Create a new project and choose an application type The design is ready Input

The design is ready

online registration) Create a new project and choose an application type The design is ready Input

Input your specifications

Helps select the optimal IC for your needs

Helps select the optimal IC for your needs You can filter the IC selecting specific features
Helps select the optimal IC for your needs You can filter the IC selecting specific features
Helps select the optimal IC for your needs You can filter the IC selecting specific features
Helps select the optimal IC for your needs You can filter the IC selecting specific features
Helps select the optimal IC for your needs You can filter the IC selecting specific features
Helps select the optimal IC for your needs You can filter the IC selecting specific features

You can filter the IC selecting specific features

Helps select the optimal IC for your needs You can filter the IC selecting specific features

Evaluate the performance of your design

Evaluate the performance of your design Waveforms simulator Loss distribution Bode plots Efficiency Simulates key voltage

Waveforms simulator

Evaluate the performance of your design Waveforms simulator Loss distribution Bode plots Efficiency Simulates key voltage

Loss distribution

of your design Waveforms simulator Loss distribution Bode plots Efficiency Simulates key voltage and current

Bode plots

your design Waveforms simulator Loss distribution Bode plots Efficiency Simulates key voltage and current waveforms,

Efficiency

Waveforms simulator Loss distribution Bode plots Efficiency Simulates key voltage and current waveforms, displays bode

Simulates key voltage and current waveforms, displays bode plots, power losses and efficiency

Bode plots Efficiency Simulates key voltage and current waveforms, displays bode plots, power losses and efficiency

Your design gets portable and exportable

Your design gets portable and exportable Export the current design project for Pspice Simulation in OrCAD

Export the current design project for Pspice Simulation in OrCAD

Save your project to ST server/eDesign Studio My Projects folder

It can accessed from ANY computer through your eDesign Studio account

to ST server/eDesign Studio My Projects folder It can accessed from ANY computer through your eDesign

Print a summary of your project

Print a summary of your project
Print a summary of your project
Print a summary of your project
Print a summary of your project
Print a summary of your project

Parametric Search on www.st.com

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Parametric Search on www.st.com 46 Presentation Title 25/04/2012

Presentation Title

25/04/2012

Parametric Search on www.st.com 46 Presentation Title 25/04/2012
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