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MIDAS

Technical
Material

Tutorial
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

00
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge
Overview
- A two span of 23m long composite bridge consisting of five precast, post tensioned girder beams sp
aced at 3m centers are generated using beam elements with defined construction stages.
- The behavior of the bridge under Static loads, Prestress loads and Moving loads are examined

In this tutorial we will learn the following things;


- How to generate composite sections in midas Civil.
- How to assign static and prestress load in midas Civil.
- How to define moving load as per Eurocode in midas Civil.
- How to define composite section for construction stages in midas Civil.
- How to interpret the tendon losses, forces, stresses represented by midas Civil.
- How to formulate load combinations in midas Civil.
Program Version

Civil 2016 (v1.1)

Revision Date

December, 2015

- How to carry out PSC composite design as per Eurocode in midas Civil.

Step

00

Specifications of the Bridge

Bridge Type:
Span Length:
Width:
Moving Loads:
Time Dependent Material:

PSC composite bridge (Composite I + girder)


23-m, 2-Span
15 m
Eurocode
Eurocode

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

00

General Arrangement Detail of the Bridge

3D View of the Model generated in midas Civil

3m
0.25m
0.15m

0.15m
0.50m

0.50m

0.10m
1.20m

0.30m

0.025m
1.525m

0.10m
0.15m
0.45m

0.45m

Mid Section

End Section
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

00

General Arrangement Detail of the Bridge

Structural sections
Expansion Gap between the 2 spans is 40mm.
Girders are spaced 3m c/c.

Support
Section

CL of Girder

Tapered
Section

Mid Section

0.3m

0.45
m

0.5m
2m

3m

6.5m

Half Girder Elevation


2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

01

Modeling >

Generating Model

Model Generation Define


Units

Invoke midas Civil


1

Open New File

Select the Unit System [ kN, m]

Save as 2-Span PSC Bridge

.
2

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

01

Modeling >

Material Properties
4

Model Generation Material


Properties
1
2
3
4

1
2

Go to Properties
Click on Material Properties
Click on Add to define materials
Define Material data:
Name > C35/45
Type of design> Concrete
Concrete Standard > EN04(RC)
DB: C35/45
Click on Apply
Name > C25/30
Type of design> Concrete
Concrete Standard > EN04(RC)
DB: C25/30
Click on Apply
Name > Diaph
Type of design> Concrete
Concrete Standard > EN04(RC)
DB: C35/45
Click on Apply
Name > Substructure
Type of design> Concrete
Concrete Standard > EN04(RC)
DB: C25/30
Click on Apply

Name> Tendon
Type of Design: Steel
Steel Standard: EN05(S)
DB: S235
Click on Apply
5

Click on OK

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

01

Modeling >

Time Dependent Material Properties

Model Generation Time


Dependent Material Properties
1

Change unit system [ N, mm ]

Go to Properties

(Creep/Shrinkage)

Click on Add to define properties

Define Creep / Shrinkage data:


Name > C35/45 C&S
Code > European
Compressive strength of concrete at
the age of 28 days > 35 N/mm2
Relative Humidity of ambient
environment (4099) > 70
Notational size of member > 1000mm
Age of concrete at the beginning of
shrinkage > 3 days
Click on Apply

2
3

Name > C25/30 C&S


Code > European
Compressive strength of concrete at
the age of 28 days > 25 N/mm2
Other data are same as above
Click on Apply
7

Click on Show Result to see the


graph
Note: To get the creep & shrinkage strains, the value of relative humidity is to be considered as 70%, Notational size of member, h as
1000mm and Age of concrete at the beginning of shrinkage as 3 days. Later, the h value would be automatically updated for
composite sections

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

01

Modeling >

Time Dependent Material Properties

Model Generation Time


Dependent Material Properties
1

Go to Properties

Click on Comp. Strength

Click on Add to define properties

Define Compressive Strength data:


Name > C35/45 Comp
Type > Code
Development of Strength > Code >
European)
Mean compressive strength of
concrete at age of 28 days
(fck+delta_f) > 43N/mm2
Click on Redraw Graph
Click on OK

Click on Add
Name > C25/30 Comp
Type > Code
Development of Strength > Code >
European
Mean compressive strength of
concrete at age of 28 days
(fck+delta_f) > 33N/mm2
Click on Redraw Graph
Click on OK

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

Step

01

Modeling >

Time dependent Material Link


3

Model Generation Time


Dependent Material Link
1

Go to Properties

Click on Material Link

Time Dependent Material Link Data


4

Creep/Shrinkage > C35/45 C&S

Comp. Strength > C35/45 Comp

Double click on C35/45 under

1
2
4

Materials to shift it to the Selected


Materials list
7

Click on Add / Modify

Repeat steps 4 to 7 with following

input:
Creep/Shrinkage > C25/30 C&S
Comp. Strength > C25/30 Comp

Double click on C25/30 under


Materials to shift it to the Selected
Materials list
Click on Add / Modify
8

Click on Close

Any time during the modeling, analysis


and design stage, invoking F1 key
takes you to web help.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

10

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section
1
4

Model Generation Defining


Girder Support Section

7
2

Change unit system [ KN, m ]

Go to Properties > Section

Properties
3

Click on Add..

Click on tab Composite

Select Section type Composite6

General
6

Import mid section sec file


created using SPC.

Enter Section Name as Mid

Check option Composite Section

33

10

for PSC Design & Enter Web


Thick. For Shear (total) as
0.4m
9

Click Change Offset


Select Offset : Center- Top
Click OK

10

Click Apply

Note: For getting the correct transformed properties of the composite section, the
material properties for slab and girder should be defined accordingly in SPC (Section
property Calculator) for creating the section.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

11

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section

Model Generation Girder Mid


3

Select Section type Composite-

General
2

Import support section sec file


created using SPC.

Enter Section Name as Sup

Check option Composite Section


for PSC Design & Enter Web
Thick. For Shear (total) as
0.9m

Click Change Offset

Select Offset : Center- Top


Click OK
6

Click Show Calculation Results

Click Apply

Note: Invoke the section data window by


following Steps 1 to 4 in Page 11.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

12

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Tapered Section


1

Model Generation Defining Tapered Section


2

Note: Invoke the section data window by


following Steps 1 to 4 in Page 11.

Click on tab Tapered

Select Composite General Section


2

Define Taper Right Section:

Similarly Define Taper Left Section:

Enter name as Mid-Sup

Enter name as Sup-Mid

Click Import Section for section-i

Click Import Section for section-i

and import mid section sec

and import support section

file

sec file

Click Import Section for section-j

and import support section

and import mid section sec

sec file

file

Check option Composite Section for

Click Import Section for section-j

Check option Composite Section for

PSC Design & Enter Web Thick.

PSC Design & Enter Web Thick.

For Shear (total) as 0.4m and

For Shear (total) as 0.9m and

0.9m as shown for i and j

0.4m as shown for i and j

ends respectively

ends respectively

Click Change Offset


Select Offset : Center- Top
Click OK

Click Change Offset


Select Offset : Center- Top
Click OK

Click on Apply

Click on Apply

7
8

Note: The internal Process of calculation of sectional property as per dimensional


variation is explained in the help file. Path: Help > Contents > Start > Model >
Properties > Section > Tapered tab, under Note, click on Details

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

13

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section

Model Generation Defining


Cross Girder Section
1

Go to Properties

Click on Section Properties

Click on Add..

Click on tab DB/User

Define End Diaphragm:


Name > End Diaphragm
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Select User
H > 1.4m, B > 0.45m
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Select Vertical Offset: User
User offset Reference: Extreme fiber(s)
Enter value of I: > -0.25
Click on Apply

4
5
1
2

Define Internal Diaphragm:


Name > Internal Diaphragm
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Select User
H > 1.4m, B > 0.3m
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Select Vertical Offset: User
User offset Reference: Extreme fiber(s)
Enter value of I: > -0.25
6

Click Show Calculation Results

Click on OK

Note: To define prismatic sections in midas Civil, go to Models > Properties > Section > Value and here enter the section properties directly
instead of section dimensions. To know how sectional properties are calculated go to Help > Contents > Start > Model > Properties >
Section > Section Properties

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

14

Step

01

Modeling >

Defining Section

Model Generation Defining


Pier Cap & Pier Sections
1

Go to Properties

Click on Section Properties

Click on Add..

Click on tab DB/User

Define Pier Cap :


Name> Mid Pier Cap
Section Type > Solid Rectangle
Select User
H > 1.5m, B > 1.5m
Click Change Offset
Select Offset : Center- Top
Click on Apply

4
5
1
2

Define Pier:
Name > Pier
Section Type > Solid Track
Select User
H > 1.5m, B > 3m
6

Click Show Calculation Results

Click on OK

Note: To define prismatic sections in midas Civil, go to Models > Properties > Section > Value and here enter the section properties directly
instead of section dimensions. To know how sectional properties are calculated go to Help > Contents > Start > Model > Properties >
Section > Section Properties

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

15

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Girder Mid)
1

Click on Structure

Click on Prestressed Composite

1
2

Bridge wizard
3

Enter Span information as


2@23.02 m

Enter Deck width as 15 m

Enter Spacing(a) as 0.04 m


& Spacing(b) as 0.5 m

Enter Elastic link Stiffness for bearings


of Abutment & Pier as

Kx = 1e+8 kN/m
5

Ky = 1000 kN/m
Kz = 1000 kN/m
7

Enter Elastic link length as 0.1m

Select Material for Pier and Pier-cap as


Substructure , select Section as

Pier-Cap & enter its Length as


7

13.5m
9

Select Section as Pier & enter its

Height as 10m

8
9

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

16

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Girder Mid)
1

Click on Section tab

Enter Deck Thickness as 0.25m

1
2

Select Deck material as C25/30


3

Select Girder material as C35/45


Select Diaphragm material as Diaph

Enter Number of Girders as 5 and


click Apply and enter girder

offsets as -6, -3 , 0, 3, 6
respectively for girders 1 to 5
5

Select Diaphragm sections at End &

Pier support locations as End


Diaphragm and for
intermediate diaphragm as
Internal Diaphragm
6

For Transverse deck element, select


Divisions per span and

8
7
9

number of divisions as 21
7

Enter No. of Divisions as 5 and click


Apply. Select sections and

enter end lengths as shown.


8

Repeat Step 7 for Span2

Uncheck Generate 10th points.. option


2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

17

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Girder Mid)
1

Click on Tendon tab

Click to define Tendon property

Click Add
Enter Tendon Name Tendon
Select Tendon Type Internal(PostTension
Select Material Tendon
Click in the dialog box for Total
Tendon Area
Select Strand Diameter
15.2mm(0.6)
Enter Number of Strands 12
Click OK
Enter Duct Diameter 0.09m
Select Relaxation Coefficient
European Low

Click OK

Click Close

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

18

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Girder Mid)
1

3
4

Enter Tendon Data in the table


as Shown
Change Jacking Stress to

1395000 kN/m^2
Click Add
Change Segments to Span2 &
repeat Step3

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

19

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Girder Mid)
1
2

Click on Load tab


Enter widths
b1= b5 = 0.5m
b2= b4 = 7m
b3= 0m
Enter wet Conc density as
25kN/m^3 & Thickness
as 0.25m
Enter Crash Barrier load intensity
as 9kN/m. Also uncheck
the option of Median
Strip loading
Enter Wearing Surface load
Density as 22kN/m^3 &

5
4

Thickness as 0.1m.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

20

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Girder Mid)
1
2

Click on Construction Stage


tab
Check Reinforcement option

and Click on Define


Reinforcement
3

Select Mid section

Click on Multi Add

Enter Reinforcement data as

shown in the tables


6

click OK

Click Apply

7
5

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

21

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Girder Mid)
1
2

Click on Construction Stage


tab
Check Reinforcement option

and Click on Define


Reinforcement
3

Select Mid section

Click on Multi Add

Enter Reinforcement data as

shown in the tables


6

click OK

Click Apply

7
5

Note:
In case the diameter of rebars is not in terms
of P(dia), then change the rebar material code
from Tools Preferences Design
Concrete Rebar Material Code Select
IS(RC) & Click OK
6

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

22

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Girder Mid)
1
2

Click on Shear Reinforcement


Enter Shear Reinforcement data
under Diagonal

Reinforcement as
Pitch: 0.15m
Angle: 90 [deg]
Aw: 0.0004022 m^2 (2Legs
5

of P16)
3

Click Apply

Click Copy Reinforcements to..


Select Sup Section and
Click ->
Click OK
Click Close

6
7
8

Click OK in the wizard window.

6
4
3

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

23

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements
1

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Girder Mid)
1

Click on Node/Element tab

Click on Translate Elements

option.
3

Type 1to22by3 in element


selection box, press Enter
Goto Works menu

Select Move option for


translation

Enter distance
dx,dy,dz: 0.5,0,0 m

Click Apply

Type 3to24by3 in element

selection box, press Enter


similar to Step3
8

Change distance to
dx,dy,dz: -0.5,0,0 m
similar to Step5

Click Apply as in Step6

Click Close
6

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

24

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Girder Mid)
1

Switch to Front View by clicking


the button as shown

Goto Tree Menu Works


SectionDouble click on
Sup section to select
relevant elements

Click on Activate button

Click on select by window button


and select elements

as shown.
5

Drag and Drop Sup-mid

section from Tree Menu in


the Model Window.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

25

Step

01

Modeling >

Creating Elements

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Girder Mid)
1

Switch to Front View by clicking


the button as shown

Goto Tree Menu Works


Section Double click on
Sup section to select
relevant elements

Click on Activate button

Click on select by window button


and select elements

as shown.
5

Drag and Drop Mid-Sup


section from Tree Menu in

5
X

the Model Window.


6

Click on Activate All button to


view the whole structure.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

26

Step

01

Modeling >

Define Taper Groups

Model Generation Defining


Tapered Section Groups
1

Right Click on the ribbon as shown

Check the Tree Menu 2 Option


and another Tree menu will
appear on the right hand side.

3
4

1
2

Click on Properties

Click on Tapered Group


Go to Tree Menu
6

Set Group Name as Mid-Sup


Go to Tree Menu 2, Double Click on
Mid-Sup Section & the element list
will be updated as 95to98 125to128
153to156 183to186 211to214
241to244 269to272 299to302
327to330 357to360
Click on Add

3
4

Set Group Name as Sup-Mid


Go to Tree Menu 2, Double Click on
Sup-Mid Section & the element list
will be updated as 77to80 107to110
135to138 165to168 193to196
223to226 251to254 281to284
309to312 339to342
Click on Add
8

Click on Close
7

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

27

Step

01

Modeling >

Editing Geometry
1

Model Generation Creating


Elements (Girder Mid)
1

Click on Node/Element tab

Click on Translate Elements

option.
3

Type 244to252 in node


selection box, press Enter
Goto Works menu

Unselect Only Free Nodes


option for translation

Click Apply & Close

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

28

Step

01

Load >

Creating Live Load Distribution Group

Moving Loads Creating Cross


Element Structure Group
1

Switch to Front View by clicking


3

the button as shown


2
3

Goto Tree Menu Group tab

Right Click on Structure Group


& click New

Give the structure Group Name


as LL-Cross Beam

Change Selection of y direction


elements only from
bottom ribbon.

Use

button to select the


whole superstructure in
front view as shown.

Drag and drop LL-Cross Beam


structure group over the

model window.
8

Change Selection by direction to

none.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

29

Step

02

Load >

Defining Loads

Moving Loads Define Lane

4
1

Go to Load tab

Click Moving Load

Select EUROCODE under Moving


Load Code.

Click Traffic Line Lanes


5
6

Click Add
Enter Lane Name Lane1
View the figure provided
Enter Lane Width 3m
Enter Eccentricity -4.5m
Enter Wheel Spacing 2m
Select Vehicular load distribution Cross
beam
Select cross beam group LL-Cross Beam
Select Moving direction as Both
Select Selection by 2 Points
Click in the Box
Click on node no. 5
Click on Node no. 6
Click OK

For other lanes, similarly change


names, wheel spacing and
eccentricities as below by reapeating
Steps 5 to 7:

3
2

Moving Loads Define Lane

Node no. 5

Enter Lane Name Lane3


Enter Lane Width 3m
Enter Eccentricity 1.5m
Enter Wheel Spacing 2m
Enter Lane Name Lane4
Enter Lane Width 3m
Enter Eccentricity 4.5m
Enter Wheel Spacing 2m
Enter Lane Name RA1
Enter Lane Width 1.5m
Enter Eccentricity 6.75m
Enter Wheel Spacing 0.9m
Enter Lane Name RA2
Enter Lane Width 1.5m
Enter Eccentricity -6.75m
Enter Wheel Spacing 0.9m

Enter Lane Name Lane2


Enter Lane Width 3m
Enter Eccentricity -1.5m
Enter Wheel Spacing 2m

Node no. 6
2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

30

Step

02

Load >

Defining Vehicles

Moving Loads Define Lane


1

Go to Load tab

Click Moving Load

Click Vehicles

Click Add Standard

Click OK to add Load Model 1

1
3

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

31

Step

02

Load >

Defining Moving Load Cases

Moving Loads- Load Cases

1
3

Go to Load tab

Click Moving Load

Click Moving load Cases

Click Add

Enter Load Case Name as

LM1_1.0TS+1.0UDL
6

Check Ignore Psi Factor Option

Select all lanes from left and click on

10

-> to bring all the lanes in

the selected lanes list.


8

Select Lanes RA1 & RA2 from


selected lanes list and
click -> to move them under

Remaining Area List.


9

Click OK

10

Click Close

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

32

Step

02

Construction Stage>

Composite Section Definition

Construction Stage Comp.


Section Definition for Girder
Elements
1

Go to Load tab

Click on Construction Stage

Click Composite Section for C.S

Click Update all H

Click OK

Select Mid Section definition

Click Modify

Change Age for Part1 to 21days and

1
3
2

4
5

Part2 to 7days
9

Click OK

10

Repeat Step5 to Step7 by selecting


Sup Section definition
8

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

33

Step

02

Construction Stage>

Composite Section Definition

Construction Stage Comp.


Section Definition for Girder
Elements
1

Click Add

Select Stage2

Select Mid-Sup section

For Part1 :

Enter Age as 21 days and h as


0.439m

For Part2 :

Select Material Type Material


Select Material C25/35
Select Composite Stage Stage3-2
Enter Age as 7 days and h as 0.23
5

Click OK

Repeat Step1 to Step5 by selecting

Sup-Mid Section in Step3


7

Click Close
5

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

34

Step

03

Analysis >

Moving Load Analysis Control


1

Moving Load Analysis Control


1

Go to Analysis tab

Click Moving Load

Enter Distance between points : 0.3m

Select Analysis Results Frame

Normal + Concurrent Force


Check Combined Stress Calculation
5

Click OK

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

35

Step

03

Analysis >

Construction Stage Analysis

Construction Stage Analysis


Control
1

Go to Analysis tab

Click Construction Stage

Change Beam Section Property

1
2

Changes to Constant
4

Click OK

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

36

Step

03

Analysis >

Perform Analysis

Run Analysis
1
2
1

Go to Analysis tab

Click Perform Analysis

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

37

Step

04

Result>

Combination
1

Load Combination
2
1

Go to Results tab

Click Load Combination

Click Concrete Design tab

Click Auto Generation

Select Design Code Eurocode 0

Select ST+CS

Select Both option

Click OK

Click Close

4
9

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

38

Step

04

Result>

Service Stage Stresses


1

Service Stage Stresses


1

Go to Results tab

Click Stresses Beam Stresses

Diagram
3

Select Load Combination CBCmax:


3

cLCB3 which is the critical service


combination
4
4

Select Part1 which is Girder part

Select point 4(-y,-z) for viewing


stresses at bottom left corner of the I

girder.
6

Check the Legend option option

Click Apply

Change the units to N,mm

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

39

Step

04

Result>

Design
1

Design as per Eurocode


2
1

Go to PSC tab

Select Eurocode2-2:05 and click on


Parameters

Click Select All


Click OK

Select Part1 which is Girder part

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

40

Step

04

Result>

Design

Design as per Eurocode


1
1

Click PSC Design Material

Click C35/45 in Material List

Select for Girder concrete Material


Code: EN04(RC)
2

Grade: C35/45
4

Select for Girder Rebar Material


Code: EN04(RC)
3

Grade of Main Rebar: Class B


Grade of Main Rebar: Class B
5

Select for Slab concrete Material

Code: EN04(RC)
Grade: C25/30
5
6

Select for Slab Rebar Material


Code: EN04(RC)
Grade of Main Rebar: Class B

Grade of Main Rebar: Class B


7

Click Modify & Close


7

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

41

Step

04

Result>

Design

Design as per Eurocode


1

Click Design/Output Position

Design Position

4
2

Type 318 331 elements nos in the


element selection box and press enter

Click Apply & Close

Click Design/Output Position


Output Position

Repeat Step2

Click Apply & Close

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

42

Step

04

Result>

Design

Design as per Eurocode


1

Click on Shear Connector option

Type 318 331 elements nos in the

7
6
1

element selection box and press enter


Enter Interface Shear Input as:
3

Angle: 0 [deg]

Aw: 2355 mm^2


Fy: 500 N/mm^2

Click Apply & Close

Click Perform Design button to

perform design
7

Click Excel Report button after


performing design to get design
output in excel sheet format for
elements 318 & 331

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

43

Step

04

Result>

Stresses
1

Result Verification
2
1

Go to Results of Main Menu

Click Stresses

Click Beam Stresses

Select Load Cases/Combinations

Select Components

Click Type of Display Contour

Click Apply

See the Contour diagram in the

4
3
5

Model View window

Note: To view the results in tables,


click Results Tables and browse
to required quantity
Note: The significance of various stress components are clearly explained in detail in the help file .
Path: Help > Contents > Start > Result > Stresses > Beam Stresses

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

44

Step

04

Result>

Tendon Loss
1
2

Result Verification
1

Go to Results tab

Click Result Tables

Click Tendon

Click Tendon Loss

See the various tendon loss in tabular

By grouping the tendons, the average


prestress force at the CG of the cables
along the length of the bridge can be
seen in Tendon Arrangement (Path:
Results > Result Tables > Tendon >
Tendon Arrangement.)

format in the window Result[tendon Loss (Tendon Group)]

3
5

Note: Similarly the tables of tendon


Coordinates,
Elongation
,
Weight can be checked.

2-Span PSC Composite I Girder Bridge

45

Step

04

Result>

Elastic Link Forces (Bearing Forces)


1

Result Verification
1

Go to Results tab

Click Result Tables

Click Elastic Link

Check LM1_1.0TS+1.0UDL(Mv:max)

Click OK

See the various forces in the bearings

in Result-[Elastic Link]

Note: Similarly, forces for all the cases


could be viewed, which could
be used for design of bearings.

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Step

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Additional Features
(1) DXF Import
Important considerations:
Polyline in dxf file will be imported as a plate elements.
Surface in dxf file will be imported as a plate element.
Solid cannot be imported.
Unit system must be consistent.

import
Line
Beam Elements

import
Polyline Rectangle

import

Plate Element

3-D Face

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Step

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Additional Features
(2) Integral Bridge
Using the formulation proposed by B.M. Lehane, soil springs can be assigned.
To account for this characteristic of the soil, lateral springs are modeled as compression-only
springs and vertical springs are modeled as linear elastic springs.

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Additional Features
(3) Loads

Self weight
Specified Displacement of Supports
Pressure Load
Temperature Load
System Temperature - for applying the change in temperature to whole structure.
Nodal Temperate for applying change in temperature to certain nodes.
Element Temperature for applying change in temperature to certain elements.
Temperature Gradient for applying change in temperature to beam and plate sections.
Beam Section Temperature for applying temperature gradient to beam sections (General
Sections and PSC sections).

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Additional Features
(4) Section Property Calculator

The Import function permits the use of AutoCAD


DXF files.
Simple data entry using various modeling functions
The section property calculations are provided for
the input section configuration by generating fully
automated optimum meshes.
The properties of hybrid sections composed of
different material properties can be calculated

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Step

TechSupport@midasit.com

Bridging Your Innovations to Realities

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