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CT Ratio C

Primary Characteristics as per IEC


Stage 1 (Calculation of Primary Service Current Ipn and Rated Primary Current Ips)
Primary Voltage
11
KVA / KW (For Motor Only)
2000
Power Factor (Input 1 if not motor)
1
Motor Efficiency (Input 1 if not motor)
1
Service Current Ipn
User Defined Value of Service current

104.975855553
0

Value to be used
104.975855553
Coorected Value
105
Stage 2 (Calculation of thermal Short Circuit Current Ith for 1s)
Rated Short Circuit Power in MVA
380
Thermal Short Circuit Current Ith
19945.4125551

Stage 3 (Checking of Surge Current Coefficient Ksi)


Surge Current Coefficient
190
Note: The lesser the Ksi, the easier it will be to produce CT.
For Normal conditions Ksi<100 otherwise it will be very difficult.
Ksi<300 as a thumb rule.
Correction in Short thermal Rating (If higher)
19945.4125551
Correction in Ksi
190
Rated Primary Current of CT Ipn
150

CT Ratio Calculation by Muhammad Ibad Alam as per IEC 60044-1


EC
Secondary Characteristics as per IEC
Rated Primary Current Ips)
Stage 4 (Selection of Primary Service Current Ipn)
(KV)
Rated Secondary Current
(KVA/KW)
Input Range of Use in Meters (loop)
Stage 5 (Selecting Accuracy Class)
(A)

CT Purpose
Accuracy Class
Safety Factor

(A)

(A)
(A)
urrent Ith for 1s)
(MVA)
(A)

fficient Ksi)

Stage 6 (Calculate the effective power VA in CT)


Consumption by copper cable (Burden 1)
Length of cable (Input/Output Loop) L
Select Section of Cable S
Value of k
Consumption by Equipment (Buerden 2)
Select type of Instrument
Nominal Burden of Equipment
User defined VA
Combined VA
Suggested VA

ult.
(A)
(A)

Rated Seconday Current of CT

Alam as per IEC 60044-1


istics as per IEC
Operating Characterstics for Relay (Optional)
ry Service Current Ipn)
Optional Stage 7
5
(A)
Overcurrent protection independent time
5
(Meters) Effective ALF of the CT
Set Point of relay Ir (Ir= x*In)
Accuracy Class)
Rated Secondary Circuit current of the CT
Metering
Operation
0.5
10
Overcurrent protection independent time

ective power VA in CT)


1
5
2.5
0.5
2
Electronic meter
2
0
3
5

(VA)
(Meters) Input Value
(mm2) Output value
Calculation Value

(VA)
(VA)

(A)

Output CT
Ith for 1 s Suggested as per Nominal rating
CT Ratio
CT for
Um

150/5 5VA cl0.5 FS10 12 KV It


20KA

Relay (Optional)
e7
2
10
5
5
OK

(A)
(A)

200

20
150/5
Metering
12

10 12 KV Ith

Secondary CT Voltage
5
1

CT Purpose
Protection
Metering

Cable
1.5
2.5
4
6
10

ALF
5
10
15
20
30

NA List
N/A

primary service current (Ips) pr Ips Low


10 < Ips < 15 15
15 < Ips < 20 20
20 < Ips < 30 30
30 < Ips < 50 50
50 < Ips < 75 75
75 < Ips < 100 100
100 < Ips < 150 150
150 < Ips < 200 200
200 < Ips < 250 250
250 < Ips < 300 300
300 < Ips < 400 400
400 < Ips < 500 500
500 < Ips < 600 600
600 < Ips < 750 750
750 < Ips < 1000 1000
1250 < Ips < 1500 1500
1500 < Ips < 2000 2000
2000 < Ips < 2500 2500
2500 < Ips < 3000 3000
3000 < Ips < 3150 3150

10
15
20
30
50
75
100
150
200
250
300
400
500
600
750
1250
1500
2000
2500
3000

Ips High

Ipn
15
20
30
50
75
100
150
200
250
300
400
500
600
750
1250
1500
2000
2500
3000
3150

15
20
30
50
75
100
150
200
250
300
400
500
600
750
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3150

Safety factSafety Factor protection


10
5
10
15
20
30

r protection

Accuracy class

Error @ 0,05In

Error @ 0,2In

Error @ 0,5In

0.1

0.40%

0.20%

0.2

0.75%

0.35%

0.5

1.50%

0.75%

3%

1.50%

3%

Ratio errors accuracy classes


Accuracy class

Phase displ.@ 0.05In

Phase displ.@ 0.2In

Phase displ.@ In

0.1

15'

8'

5'

0.2

30'

15'

10'

0.5

90'

45'

30'

180'

90'

60'

Phase displacement accuracy classes


Accuracy class

Error @ 0.01In

Error @ 0.05In

Error @ 0.2In

0.2S

0.75%

0.35%

0.20%

0.5S

1.50%

0.75%

0.50%

5P

10P

Ratio errors classes S and protection


Accuracy class

Phase displ.@ 0.01In Phase displ.@ 0.05In Phase displ.@ 0.2In

0.2S

30'

15'

10'

0.5S

90'

45'

30'

5P

10P

Phase displacement classes S and protection

Error @ In

Error @ 1,2In

0.10%

0.10%

0.20%

0.20%

0.50%

0.50%

1%

1%

3%

Phase
displ.@ 1.2In
5'
10'
30'
60'
-

Error @ In

Error @ 1.2In

Composite error at
rated accuracy limit
current

0.20%

0.20%

0.50%

0.50%

1%

5%

3%

10%

Phase displ.@ In

Phase
displ.@ 1.2In

10'

10'

30'

30'

60'

protection

ection

Lead
Burde
ns
Is = 5A

1m

2m

3m

4m

5m

6m

7m

1.5 mm2

0.6

1.19

1.79

2.38

2.98

3.57

4.17

2.5 mm2

0.36

0.71

1.07

1.43

1.78

2.14

2.5

4 mm2

0.22

0.45

0.67

0.89

1.12

1.34

1.56

6 mm2

0.15

0.3

0.45

0.6

0.74

0.89

1.04

10 mm2

0.09

0.18

0.27

0.36

0.44

0.54

0.63

Losses VA. loop lengths in m.


Is = 1A

10m

20m

30m

40m

50m

60m

70m

1.5 mm2

0.24

0.48

0.72

0.96

1.19

1.43

1.67

2.5 mm2

0.14

0.29

0.43

0.57

0.72

0.86

4 mm2

0.09

0.18

0.27

0.36

0.45

0.54

0.63

6 mm2

0.06

0.12

0.18

0.24

0.3

0.36

0.42

10 mm2

0.04

0.07

0.11

0.14

0.18

0.21

0.25

Losses VA. loop lengths in m.

8m

9m

10m

4.76

5.36

5.95

2.86

3.21

3.57

1.79

2.01

2.24

1.19

1.34

1.49

0.71

0.8

0.89

80m

90m

100m

1.91

2.15

2.38

1.14

1.29

1.43

0.71

0.8

0.89

0.48

0.54

0.6

0.29

0.32

0.36

Instrument Burdens
Type of instrument

Burden

Amp-meter

0,5 to 4 VA

Volt-meter

2 to 5 VA

Frequency-meter

1 to 5 VA

Phase-meter

0,5 to 5 VA

Wattmeter - VARmeter

1 to 5 VA

Electromechanical meter

2 to 5 VA

Electronic meter

0,5 to 2 VA

Measure converter

0,5 to 1 VA

Recorder

5 to 20 VA

Protection relay
Other

0,2 to 30 VA

4
5
5
5
5
5
2
1
20
30