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# Physics

## Data and Formula Sheet

To be used with

FSP Physics
Semester 1
Examinations

The following tables show the symbols of common quantities and physical constants used in equations.
Other symbols used are shown next to the equations. Vectors are indicated by arrows. If only the
magnitude of a vector quantity is used, the symbol is not shown in bold type.

## Symbols of Common Quantities

acceleration

frequency

momentum

time

wavelength

electric field

displacement

force

velocity

charge

F
q

kinetic energy
magnetic field

period

T
A

mass

m
V

electric current

B
I
R

area

potential difference

resistance

Physical Constants
Acceleration due to gravity at the
Earths surface

g = 9.8 ms2

e = 161019C

## Constant of universal gravitation

G = 6671011Nm2kg2

me = 9111031kg

c = 300108ms1

mp = 16731027kg

## Mass of the neutron

mn = 167510 kg

1
9 00 10 9 Nm 2 C 2
40

27

Plancks constant

h = 6631034Js

## Mass of the particle

m = 664510 kg

Rydbergs constant

R = 1097107m1

ro = 12010 m

27

15

Astronomical Data

63710106m

6960108m

Mass of Earth

59771024kg

Mass of Sun

19911030kg

Sun

14961011m

1738106m

Earth

3844108m

Mass of Moon

73491022kg

## Period of Moons rotation about the

Earth

2732 days

SI Prefixes
Refer to the following table when answering questions that involve the conversion of units
Factor

Prefix

Symbol

Factor

Prefix

Symbol

1012
109
106
103

tera
giga
mega
kilo

T
G
M
k

102
103
106
109
1012

centi
milli
micro
nano
pico

c
m

n
P

## Section 1: Motion in Two Dimensions

v u at

v = velocity at time t

F G

u = velocity at t =0

m1 m2
r2

## r = distance between masses m1 and m2

M = mass of object orbited by satellite

GM
r

v 2 u 2 2as

1
s ut at 2
2

T 2 GM

,
r 3 4 2

vH v cos

= angle to horizontal

vV v sin
v f = final velocity

vi = initial velocity
aave

v
t

v2
r

2r
T

tan

p
t

KE 12 mv 2

PEG mgh

PEE
P

v2
rg

F ma

p mv ,
F

v v f vi

= banking angle

## M = mass of object orbited by satellite

T = Period of the orbit

1 2
kx
2

W E

Fv
t
t

P = Power

W Fs cos

displacement s .

f s s FN

f k k FN

## Section 2: Electric and Magnetic Fields

F

1 q1q2
r = distance between charges q1 and q2
40 r 2

## F IlB sin = angle between field B and

current element I l.

F
q

F qvB sin

1 q
40 r 2

mv
qB

2m
qB

q2 B2r 2
2m

W PE qV
E

V
d

qE
m

velocity v

I

q
t

R R1 R2 R3 ...

Series Circuit

1 1
1
1

...
R R1 R2 R3

Parallel Circuit

V IR

P I V I 2 R

(R r)

V 2
R

d

v f

1
N

## N = number of slits per metre of

grating

1
T

E = hf

n1 sin 1 n2 sin 2

nA

## W hf0 f 0 = threshold frequency

c
vA

Kmax = hf W

c f

c = speed of light

## Path difference adjacent rays = d sin

d sin m

W y

E = Energy of photon

L
d

## d = distance between slits

= angular position of mth
maximum
m = integer (0, 1, 2, )

y = fringe separation/bandwidth
L = slit-to-screen distance

f max

eV
h

## V = tube potential difference

p = momentum of photon

## W = work function of metal

h
(1 cos Compton Shift
me c

h
, de Broglie wavelength of a particle
mv

## p 2mE , p = momentum of a particle,

E = Energy of a particle, m = particles mass

## Section 4: Atoms and Nuclei

1
1
1
R 2 2

m
n

En Em hf

r r0 A1 3

En Em = energy difference

AZ N

A = mass number
Z = atomic number of nucleus
N = number of neutrons

E mc 2

E = energy

N N0 12