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SECTION B: CONTINUOUS WRITING: 50 MARKS

CONTINOUS: ARTICLE: Description on a Person


A Prominent Malaysian Leader
As the fourth and most dynamic Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad
will indelible impression on the sands of Malaysia for many years to come. He held the post for 22
years from 1981 to 2003, making him Malaysia's longest-serving Prime Minister, and one of the
longest-serving leaders in Asia.
Born on 20th December, 1925 in Alor Setar, Dr. Mahathir is the son of a teacher. He is the
youngest of nine children of a school teacher and a housewife. His father, Mohamad Iskandar, was of
Indian descent, being the son of a Muslim and a Malay mother, while Mahathir's own mother, Datin
Wan Tempawan Wan Hanafi, was Malay. He is married to Tun Dr. Siti Hasmah binti Haji Mohamad Ali,
they have seven children, four sons and three daughters. From an early age, Tun Mahathir had the
importance of educationdrummed into him by his father, who was also a strict disciplinarian.
After his early education at the Maktab Sultan Abdul Hamid in Alor Setar, he enrolled at the
King Edward VII College of Medicine in the University of Singapore. Armed with a MBBS degree in
medicine, he set up his own clinic, the Maha Clinic in Alor Setar. As a doctor, Tun Mahathir came into
close contact with people from variety of social strataand enjoyed a close rapport with them. He
understood their problems. Thus, when he was thrust into the politic limelight, he strove to fulfil the
needs of the people.
He was first catapulted into the world of politics when he became the Member of Parliement
for Alor Setar in 1964. After holding a number of portfolios, including Minister of Education, Minister of
Trade and Industry and Deputy Prime Minister, he finally became the Prime Minister on 16th July,
1981. The country flourished with Dr. Mahathir at thehelm of the government. His contributions to the
nation are so immense and parexcellence. He has left his mark in every aspect in politics, economy
or education.
Realizing that government-owned enterprises are neither efficient nor profitable, he initiated
the privation policy in 1983. This had immediate effect of cutting down bureaucraticineptitude and
operational cost while at the same time generating more revenue.
With collapse of the prices of agricultural commodities in the eighties, Tun Mahathir decided
that it was time to shift the nations focus to more profitable areas. Thus, he started the
industrialization programme. Reputed as the countrys top salesman, he showcased Malaysia to
investors abroad in a bid to woo them. As a result of the heavy industrialization drive, major projects
like national car project or PROTON and the steel company, PERWAJA, together with other mega
project were launched one after another. Next, realizing that industrialization would require a good
infrastructure, he set about improving it. The Mahathir era saw a successful completion of the NorthSouth Highway, the East-West Highway, the Multimedia Super Corridor, the Kuala Lumpur
International Airport in Sepang and many more.
An astute politician, he charted the growth of the countrys progress from the day he took
office. He envisages that Malaysia can only attain the status of a fully developed country if it
becomes an industrialization one and this ambition has been his main agenda during his tenure. With
this in mind, he announced Vision 2020, his most ambitious vision.
Frank and outspoken by nature, Tun Mahathir speak without fear nor favour. This has been
the hallmark of thus much respected statesman. The inefficiency of local and international
organizations has always come under his scrutiny and critism.
It has been almost two decades since Tun Mahathir took over reins of the government. It has
undoubtedly been the golden era for Malaysia with many notable achievements.
630 words

Your task:
Find the meaning of the 16 bold words

CONTINOUS: ARTICLE: Description on Places


The Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA)
Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) is one of Asia's major aviation hubs and is a
destination in itself. It is located at the top of the southern corridor of Peninsular Malaysia, bordering
the states of Selangor and Negeri Sembilan. It is situated in the Sepang district, approximately 50 km
from the capital city, Kuala Lumpur. This RM 9 billion airport was opened by his majesty, the Yang DiPertuan Agong Tuanku Jaafar on June 27, 1998. The airport which covers 10 000 hectares of land
took less than 5 years to build. It has a capacity to handle 25 million passengers and 1.2 million
tonnes of cargo annually.
Despite its mammoth size, it is user-friendly and as our former Prime Minister, Tun Dr.
Mahathir Mohamad pointed out, it is not just an airport but a piece of art delicates to beauty as well as
the environment. It is often described as the airport in the forest, forest in the airport because it is a
futuristic structure set in rainforest landscaping. Lush tropical forests, with its diverse and exotic flora,
skirt the entire airport structure.
The control tower, standing at 130 metres, is one the tallest in the world. The colourful flora
and the cascading waterfalls are part of spectacular and breathtaking sight which can be viewed from
the Super View Corridor. Moving through the airport complex provides the visitor with glimpses of
different forest highlands, swamp, bamboo and multicoloured flora.
The five-level Main Terminal building which is 241 000 squares metres, is located right at the
heart of the airport complex. The building with its futuristic design of glass and steel is both the entry
and exit point of passengers. On the top of the building is the departure concourse, and other facilities
such as foreign exchange counters and international telephone facilities.
The Satellite Building where passengers make connections to other international flights is
linked to the Main International Building by an automated train shuttle. The Satellite Building houses
lounges, prayers rooms, duty free shops and a 80-room hotel for transit passengers.
The KLIA will be the countrys nucleus that will spearhead business and trade. It is expected to
provide 30 000 jobs and reap economic benefits for the country. The successful completion of the
airport well ahead of schedule reflects the ability of Malaysians to build a world-class airport that has
become the pride of the country.
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CONTINOUS: Descriptive - Description of a Scene


A Road Accident
Road accidents are reported in newspaper and on television every day. There are more
frequently caused by reckless drivers rather than faulty vehicles. Last Saturday, while I was travelling
from Ipoh, I witnessed a serious accident. The scene of the accidents was vivid in my mind.
A motorcyclist was following behind was taxi very closely. He was so impatient that he was
trying to overtake my taxi even near a sharp bend. At that critical moment, there was an oncoming car.
The taxi driver swerved to the roadside and I got a terrible jolt. It was too late for the motorcyclist to
avoid the car. His motorcycle ran against the bumper of the car and smashed its windscreen. The
motorcyclist somersaulted over the car and was found lying in a pool of blood. It was a scene to chill

the flesh! The car driver, who was cut by the flying glass, was in a state of shock. All that happened in
split second and fear overwhelmed us.
The taxi driver stopped his taxi and I quickly ran to the nearest to the nearest telephone booth
to inform the police and the hospital. From a distance I could see some people trying to help the
injured motorcyclist and the car driver. They carried them into one of the onlookers car and sent them
to the hospital for treatment. Meanwhile the taxi driver tried to control and directs the traffic. Soon the
police arrived and they promptly took some measurements and evidence. After that they moved the
damaged car and the motorcycle to the roadside to ease the traffic congestion. They also took down
the evidence provided by witnesses and onlookers. Some sweepers were clearing the debris and the
blood stains on the road.
When the taxi finally continued the journey, I silently thanked God for my narrow escape. I
learned a good lesson that impatience and recklessness would bring harm and danger. I was happy to
see that Malaysians are public-spirited and they render help to others readily. Since then I remember
and follow the saying more haste less speed and prevention is better than cure. I believe good road
manners and roads safety campaigns can help to reduce the number of road accidents which cause
injuries, loss and lives and properties.
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CONTINUOUS: NARRATIVE WRITING Title Given


My Most Embarrassing Situation
Everyone has been embarrassed at one time or another. It is that moment in time when you
wish the earth would open up and swallow you. The anxiety and discomfort felt during that time which
may only last a few seconds feels like time has stood still.
I remember so well when I had my most embarrassing moment. I was in Form 4 and it was
during the school recess. The minute the bell rang for recess, I rushed to the toilet because I had
been controlling my urges since class started. I didnt want to miss class because the lesson taught
that morning was to include tips for the forthcoming examination.
Without realising, I had rushed to the girls toilet. The prolonged control and an upset stomach
made worse by two glasses of cold milk in the morning made me grunt and groan in what I thought in
what I thought was the privacy of the cubicle. I thought I heard giggling outside and wondered why the
giggles sounded unusually near. A few minutes later I came out the cubicle and discovered my horror
that I had entered the girls toilet. To make matters worse, the few girls standing outside didnt even
turn away when I came out. Instead they looked down at me, then only they turned quickly away.
Horror of horrors, I had forgotten to zip up! No beetroot could have matched the colour of my face at
this point in time!
They news of my predicament spread like wild fire throughout school. I was truly the talk of the
town. I felt like I could either walk around feeling perpetually self-conscious and embarrassed or I
could turn the situation round, perhaps even to my advantage. I remembered my mothers words that
if you cant beat them, join them. So I decided to make fun of myself, to laugh at myself too. It works.
Everyone got bored after a while and nobody teased me after that.
It was indeed an eye-opening experience for me. I have learnt that when people laugh at you,
you should laugh along. You must not take yourself seriously. Learn to look at yourself through other
peoples eyes and you will realise that most of the time when they laugh at you, they just want to have
some fun. They mean no harm. If you can make people laugh, its like bringing sunshine into their
lives and as someone said, those who bring sunshine to the lives of others cannot keep it from
themselves.

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CONTINUOUS: NARRATIVE WRITING With a starting phrase


Write a story starting with: The widow had to work hard to bring up her little son alone...
The widow had to work hard to bring up her little son alone. This was after her husbands
early death. She and her son lived in a wooden house. It was a small house with only one bedroom
and a kitchen.
Mariam wanted Sam to study hard to get good result. So she would not let Sam help her do
any household chores or wash his own clothes. The years flew by. Sam sat for his SPM examination
and pass with flying colours.
His mother was very happy. She went round telling her friends, My Sam will be leaving for the
city to study in a college. He will become a Manager one day. Ill move to live with him in the city.
Then, my struggle is worth it.
So Mariam continued to work hard to send money to Sam who was studying a business
degree. For Mariam, it was a tough life. Meanwhile, Sam kept on phoning home to ask for more
money. Mariam even had to borrow from her neighbours and friends to send her son the money.
Three years Sam stopped calling home. He did not even let his mother where he was. When
she phoned the faculty, they told her that he had graduated and left for job. However, they could not
her more. Mariam was baffled. Where was Sam? She was so sure he would come back and fetch her
for city. So, she started to pack some of her bags and boxes.
Three months later, there was still no news or call from Sam. One day, Mariams niece, Kate,
came to talk to her about Sam. She told her aunt, Auntie, a friend of mine met Sam in a bank. Hes
the branch manager. This is his address.
Early in the morning, Mariam took the first bus to the city. At the bus station, she took a taxi
and showed the taxi driver the bank address. On the way there, she told the driver about Sam and
what a filial son he was.
The driver stopped his taxi in front of a tall building. She got out of the taxi and smiled at him
happily. This was the moment she was going to meet Sam. She imagined him showing surprise and
delight at meeting his mother. Inside the building, a security guard asked her who she was looking for.
She told the guard Sams name.
The bank staff saw an old lady holding a worn-out handbag. They were wondering, Who is
this woman? Why is she asking for our manager?
Meanwhile, Sam pretended he did not know his mother. Feeling disgusted and ashamed, he
asked the security guard to ask her to leave. Mariam was shocked to hear that! She looked Sam in a
disappointed feeling ever, and ran out of the bank.
Back in her house, Mariam cried the whole night. She cried and cried till she had no more
tears. The next morning, she was sitting by the window with Sams photo on her lap. She saw him
walking towards their house. Soon she was shouting and crying, My Sam is back! My Sam is back!
Sam ran towards her and hugged Mariam as he never let go. He was so sorry and regretted
the way he behaved. His colleagues were the one who made him realized his big mistakes neglected
his mother.
The neighbours heard her. They too shouted and cheered, feeling happy for her.
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CONTINUOUS: NARRATIVE WRITING: With an ending

Write a story ending with ... En. Nizam was grateful he had such good neighbours.
Not even in his wildest dream did En. Nizam think he would lose so much in such a short time.
It had been a trying period. When he got word that his father was on his death bed, En. Nizams family
rushed to his hometown. Even before the funeral rites were over, he received a call from his
immediate neighbour that his house was partly destroyed by fire and that the cause of the fire was
believed to be arson.
Members of En. Nizams immediate family and his relatives were in state of disarray. First, it
was the death of an elder member of a family, then this misfortune. Although En. Nizam was worried,
deep in his heart he knew that he had very good neighbours, friends who would stand by him in good
times and bad.
Sure enough, the minute he set foot in the compound of his house, he knew he was right. His
neighbours, Mr. Subra and En. Majid, were there taking a close watch on the house. He learnt from
them that the neighbours had been taking turns to keep an all-day vigil on the house. He thanked
them from the bottom of his heart.
After inspecting the damage caused by the fire, En. Majid handed donations collected by the
residents living in the area. His neighbours had passed the hat around and the donations came up to
a significant amount. Although, the donations was still short of the amount required to repair the
damages, en. Nazim was grateful.
The next day, En. Nazim was even more overwhelmed by the care and concern shown by his
neighbours. They were there to extend their condolences and to show their support. Donations came
pouring in. The women folk were busy preparing all the meals for the family.
With the help of his neighbours, En. Nizam got a building contractor to repair the damaged
sections of the house. The repair and renovations took almost a week to complete. When the house
was ready, the neighbour turned up in full force to congratulate him.
Tears welled up in E. Nizams eyes. He was at a loss for words. En. Nizam was grateful he
had such good neighbours.
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CONTINUOUS: ARGUMENTATIVE
Which do you prefer, living in the countryside or living in the city?
Countryside
I think living in the countryside is far better than living in the city. There are numerous of
reasons why living in countryside is the better than the city. The scenery, the streets, the people and
the paced are totally different compare to the city.
The first outstanding characteristic about the countryside is that it is beautiful and peaceful.
The air is fresh and the surroundings green. This is because the countryside is free from pollution, be
it air, land or noise pollution. There no such perfect peaceful view that you can see other than in the
countryside.
There are no crowded streets and heavy traffic in the countryside. Thus there are no fumes
from cars and smoke from factories buildings to pollute the air. The trees surrounded the countryside
help the people from inhaling the polluted air. The freshness smell of plant somehow helps the people
of the countryside to have a healthy life.
Furthermore, people in the countryside are more conscious of keeping their surroundings
clean and so there is little throwing of rubbish everywhere, only at designated places. This is unlike
the cities where if the garbage trucks do not collect the rubbish disposed by household or restaurants,

the city will be overflowing with rubbish! This will attract the mosquitoes, fly, rats and wild dogs to
pollute their surrounding that will cause them to have diseases like dengue and cholera.
Thirdly, heavy traffic and crowded streets increase the level of noise pollution. The honking of
cars in the streets is continuous and the crowds on the roads increase the hub of activity. There are
also sound of the machine used in manufacturing factories, loud radio in and out the mall. These add
to the noise of the city. Even if one lives in residential areas, one is never far from busy streets.
However, in the countryside, life is slow-paced. There is no need to rush around because
there are not too many places to go. Most places are close by and people can walk or cycle. Less
vehicle used, so less fumes is released.
The most heart-warming thing about the countryside is the attitude of people. People are
friendly and helpful. If there are any happy or festive occasions, everyone pitches in to help. This
feeling of cooperation and neighbourliness is what separates the countryside from the city.
In the city, people are too busy to take note of the people around. Some hardly even know
their neighbours. So they would not even be bothered about what happens to people around. This is
why the crime rate is increasing in the city because bystanders do not rush in to help if a crime is
committed on the streets.
The pace of life in the countryside is slow so people have more time to enjoy life as the day
goes on. Thus, for me to enjoy the quality of life, I prefer to live in the countryside.
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City
In my opinion, one has not experienced life until one has lived in the city. There is so much to
see and experience in the bright lights of the city that you cannot get in the countryside. Here in the
city, you can learn about how to get along with people of different types, encounter varied situations
and solve problems. All these help a person to grow in maturity. After all, experience is the best
teacher.
In the countryside, however, you only move around people you are used to. So, you seldom
encounter strangers or new and demanding situations. Life is more mundane and routine-like. Staying
in a secure, safe place does not allow for one to gain new experiences and grow in maturity.
Furthermore, young people need a life that is exciting and pleasurable. It is the city that offers
you entertainment- cinemas, parks and eating places. Here you can hang out with friends and family
members. Life as fast-paced and this keeps you active and alert all times. And when it comes to
educational opportunities, the city abounds in this. There are good school and libraries that are
necessary for your mental development. Furthermore, there are places like museums and educational
centres where you can go, to increase your knowledge.
Such places that offer you entertainment or learning opportunities are of course not available
in the countryside. For entertainment, there is only the occasional festive celebration or marriage feast
or fishing outing. Some may find this appealing but not me. Moreover, opportunities to widen your
knowledge are limited in the countryside.
Another point in support of living in the city is the available of jobs. In the city, you can find a
job that suits your qualification or interest. If you find a job unsuitable, you can always move to
another. This, naturally, increases your earning power and you have better chances of a more
comfortable life. Of course, one may argue that one can live in the countryside and work in the city but
this will only incur extra expenses and unnecessary inconveniences.
Thus, for all the reasons mentioned above, I think that life in the city is better than living in the
countryside. After all, you are young only once.
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CONTINUOUS: EXPOSITORY
Social Networking Website

A large number of internet users have joined social networking websites. A social network
service is an online service, platform, or site that focuses on building and reflecting of social networks
or social relations among people. For example is for those who wants to share interests and, or
activities. A social network service essentially consists of a representation of each user which known
often as a profile, his or her social links, and a variety of additional services.
Most social network services are web based and provide means for users to interact over the
internet, such as e-mail and instant messaging. Online community services are sometimes considered
as a social network service. In a broader sense, social network service usually means an individualcentered service whereas online community services are group-centered. Social networking sites
allow users to share ideas, activities, events, and interests within their individual networks.
In the last five years, they have been growing up more and more popular. This increase in
their popularity has led to a large number of members.
One of the many reasons why Yahoo!, MySpace and Facebook social networking websites
have increased in popularity is due to the fact that they cover a wide variety of different topics, issues
and interest. They do not just focus on one particular group of individuals or one particular issue. Their
policy is to invite as many types of internet users to join as possible. By this, it gives members a wide
selection of online friends to choose from.
If you are looking to join a social networking website that is more focused on creating
friendships or partnerships between internet users preferable with the same interests, then you will
want to focus on social networking websites. They have a particular focus. The prevalent websites
focus on important issues, topics and hobbies, such as pet owners, religion travel and others. So
before you join, think of an issue you are interested in and sign up for the website that focuses on that
issue.
What really sets them apart from other websites? What is so special about them? These are
questions which have been asked by many who show interest in joining. Primarily, it is the community.
As mentioned, such social networking sites tend to focus on a particular topic, issue or hobby. This
means that if you are a keen traveller and you would like to speak to other keen travellers, you will
want to join a travellers networking sites.
The difference between these social networking sites and traditional ones is that you will
automatically be paired with hundreds, if not thousands, of other internet users who share the same
interests, views or beliefs as you. This is a big bonus to the members.
Another benefit to joining the social networking website is that you are, in a way, safer than
those who are members of other networks. Most of them require activation before joining the site.
Before activation can occur, many users are required to state their reasons for wanting to join the
network or they may be required to fill out a small questionnaire pertaining to determine whether or
not they have a genuine interest in the topic focused on by the network in question. By pairing you
with a group of individuals who share the same beliefs, views and interests as you do is
advantageous to members. It means that you do not have to spend hours researching a person or
speaking to them just to learn what they are or are not interested in. Therefore, this enables you to
jump right in and start making friends, almost as soon as you are granted access to the site that you
have chosen. This service gives the social networking websites a great edge over other websites.
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CONTINUOUS: ONE-WORD ESSAY

Pollution
Pollution is an issue of concern in the modern world that we live in today. There are many
types of pollution, namely air, water and noise. Pollution in our environment will undoubtedly affect our
quality of life. Our naturally beautiful world becoming ugly because it is suffering from the effects of
environmental pollution. Pollution can also cause various health problems and other negative effects.
Air pollution is caused by the emission of toxic gases from vehicles, factories and open
burning. Nowadays, there are more and more vehicles on the road as society gets more affluent.
More and more people strive to have a better quality of life by having the convenience of driving to
their destinations instead of taking public transportation. Automobiles provides transport to millions
people around the world to enable them to travel to their workplace, school and other places,
therefore, the air around us is getting more polluted by the carbon dioxide that is emitted. Carbon
monoxide is another type of gas which harmful to the environment as it can cause the reduction of
oxygen in the bloodstream.
Another example of contributor to the air pollution is the manufacturing factories. The
manufacturing of products in factories to meet the growing demand of society is also causing air
pollution. Factories release toxic gases to the environment. Some factories also use coal to generate
heat and energy. As a result from the burning of coal, carbon dioxide is released into the environment.
Besides factories, many people are still practising open burning as a way of disposing their
household wastes. Although burning our household wastes is a convenient way of getting rid of our
rubbish, it is harmful to the environment as it contributes to the worsening of the air quality. As a
result, air pollution causes people to suffer from health problems such as chest pain and asthma. In
extreme cases, people can contract lung cancer.
Water pollution is also a problem that we are currently facing. The marine life is the first to
suffer from water pollution as they depend on the nutrients in the water to survive. As a result, we are
robbed of beautiful sea corals and unique species of fishes. Besides ruining our marine heritage, the
disappearance of marine life will affect the livelihood of fishermen, not to mention our source of food.
Water pollution is caused by harmful waster from industries, farms and sewerage systems which are
dumped into our sources of water such as rivers and lakes. This irresponsible act contaminates our
drinking water and can cause serious health problems and can even culminate in death.
Noise pollution is another form of pollution. Noise from heavy machinery and vehicles can
cause hearing problems and in extreme cases, deafness. As there is growing number of vehicles on
the road, we are exposed to noise pollution every day. The government in advanced countries
encourage their citizens to take the public buses and trains by providing an affordable and efficient
transportation system. This effort discourages people from driving their private vehicles and
consequently reduces the number of vehicles on the road.
We must work together to reduce pollution so that the future generations can live in a healthy,
unpolluted environment. As the saying goes, precaution is better than cure. Lets hands on hands
together by recycle and conserve the world for the better future.
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Pollution has harmful effects on the environment. Since we are the inhabitants of the earth, each of us
has to contribute to the prevention of pollution [general discussion]. We should accept personal
responsibility and participate actively in making the environment, pollution free [thesis statement].
First of all, we can participate in saving the environment by adopting the 3Rs of solid waste
management: reduce, reuse and recycle [stating first point]. Reuse things that are still good to use
and recycle things that you can recycle. Spend extra five minutes sorting out what is rubbish and what
is recyclable [elaborating first point]. We can recycle almost everything these days such as plastics,
glass, clothes, metals, newspapers and so on. Reduce the use of plastic bags by recycling them or
not using them at all. We can use a basket, a rucksack or other bags for our shopping [providing
details and examples to support first point].
Apart from that, in order to save our environment, we need to be aware that our actions have effects
on our planet [stating second point]. If we are friends of the earth, it will also be friendly to us.
Therefore, be a part of the solution by doing the right things in our daily lives [elaborating second
point]. For example, we may use unleaded gasoline in our cars and keep our cars properly
maintained to avoid excessive smoke emissions. Besides, smokers should consider to quit smoking
or at least follow the "No Smoking" sign. Avoid open burning. We need oxygen to breathe and sustain
our lives, so allow the earth to have more clean air [providing details and examples to support
second point].
Last but not least, we can save the environment by speaking out and telling people what we know
about pollution and its effects [stating third point]. Do whatever we can to get the word out
there[elaborating third point]. For instance, we may write an article for our school magazine or local
newspaper. We may also start a group with our friends and meet once a week to discuss
environmental issues and what we can do to help. In addition, making a speech about preventing
pollution in the community gatherings or school assembly can also get the word out [providing
details and examples to support third point].
In a nutshell, we can save the environment by adopting the 3Rs (reduce, reuse and recycle), doing
the right things to prevent pollution in our daily lives, and speaking out what we know about
pollution [restating main points]. We should therefore accept personal responsibility and participate
actively to save the environment [emphasize the importance of topic].

First of all, each one of us can start by not littering. We should throw our rubbish into the
rubbish bin instead of anywhere we like. Once I went strolling at a park nearby my house but
was dissapointed at the sight of rubbish.I saw many empty cans and plastic wrappers lying
around.They do not only spoil the beautiful park but they are the best breeding place for
aedes mosquitoes. Another way of protecting our environment is by keeping our rivers clean.
We can play our role by not throwing rubbish into the rivers. Meanwhile the factories can
stop dumping their toxic waste into them. Plastic wrappers which made up 80 percent of the
rubbish can endanger the fish and other aquatic lives while toxic waste can kill them. We,
human will consequently suffer as we rely on the rivers for food and water. Moreover,
farmers should avoid open burning in their farming practice because it polutes the air.Open
burning can lead to haze which contains poisonous gases such as carbon dioxide and sulphur
dioxide. These gases can cause many serious diseases. Children who breathe the polluted air
may suffer from asthma and some people may even suffer from rashes and eye-diseases.
Finally, we can practice the 3R; Reuse, Reduce and Recycle. Every household should aim at
reducing the amount of rubbish thrown.To achieve this aim ,each member of the household
can refuse plastic carriers when he goes shopping.He can bring a recyclable carrier or a
special shopping bag.The household members can even reuse some items like glass jar as a
vase and cans as coin box or as a pen holder.Old newspapers can also be recycled into new
papers or reused in paper crafting. If "Reuse,Reduce and Recycle" are put into practice ,the
amount of rubbish thrown and the amount of energy used to produce some of the recyclabe
items can indeed be reduced. Clearly, each one of us can contribute towards the conservation
of our environment and our efforts should be continuous.Protecting our environment means
ensuring the existence of our future generation. With that, I thank you.
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How to Become a Successful Student.

A very good morning to our beloved principal, Pn Laila Mohd Noor, senior assistants, teachers
and friends. On this glorious morning, I, Gary Tan the recipient of this years Best Student
Award am going to give a talk on How to Become a Successful Student. In my speech, I am
going to share with you some tips on how you can be a successful student.If you want to be
successful, you must set goals. Research shows that people who set goals accomplish more
than those who do not. In deciding your goals, ask yourself What do I want to be? and What do
I do to get there? Besides, you must be motivated. When you are motivated you will have a
strong desire to do well and to achieve your goals. In addition, you must pay attention in class.
Listen actively and focus on what the teacher is teaching. If you have disruptive classmates, sit in
front of the classroom, away from them. Always ask questions if you do not understand. Seek
clarifications from your teachers or your friends if you are shy to approach the former.Another
important tip to being a successful student is to be organised.You can use a planner or notebook
to write down all your assignments when they are given. This way you will not forget your
homework, dates of tests or projects. Remember, if you are organised you will be well- prepared
and you will have less stress. Moreover, you must complete your homework on time. Homework
helps reinforce what you have learnt. It helps you understand and remember the information. You
must prepare well for exams. A successful student is one who prepares for exams well in
advance, and not at the eleventh hour. If you study consistently, you will have ample time for
revision.Friends, to be a successful student you must have diverse interests.You should take part
in co-curricular activities in order to become a well-rounded person. These activities help develop
leadership skills and teamwork besides instilling values like cooperation and tolerance. Discipline
is an important aspect of our lives. No matter where you go or what you do, you will be subjected
to rules and regulations. Hence, it is crucial that you obey the school rules.
Dear friends,What is success if you lack the common courtesies in life? Remember,you must
respect everyone. You must respect your parents, your teachers, the school staff and also your
friends. You must respect other peoples feelings and opinions.There are also several things you
must avoid if you want to be a successful student. You must avoid wasting time. These days
many teenagers spend hours on social networks such as Facebook or playing computer games.
These are a waste of time and will not benefit you in any way. Remember, Time and tide wait for
no man. Also, avoid skipping school. Some students feel that school is a waste of time as they
can learn better from their tuition teachers. This is not true. The teachers in our school are
experienced and well qualified. They are also experienced examiners and they know how to
impart knowledge effectively.I have to stop here. I hope you have found my talk helpful. Thank
you for listening attentively.

How to Improve the Students' Standard of English


Good morning, boys and girls.
First and foremost, I wish to thank the Principal for granting me permission to speak at this morning's
assembly. The topic of my talk is 'How to Improve Your English'. This talk is also an appropriate
introduction to our English Language Week which begins today.
All of you know the importance of English. It is the language of knowledge, international
communication and trade. I know that most of you want to improve your English but are not sure how
to go about it. I am going to tell you how to do it. I know the methods work because they have worked
for me.
The very first thing you have to do is to read more. Read newspapers, books and magazines. There is
no other way that is more effective than reading. There are no short-cuts to mastering the English
Language. You have to read more and you have to do it for some time before you can see the results.
You can also attend English tuition classes. The more time you spend studying the language, the
better you will be. At such classes, you will be taught grammar, sentence construction, common errors
and so on. All this will improve your understanding of English.
Studying how to write English is not enough. You have to learn how to speak it. In fact, when you go
for job interviews or start working, the ability to speak English is very important. If you cannot
converse with the interviews in English, you will probably not be given the job. You will likely have to
speak to your boss in English or you may have to conduct meetings in English. You may also have to
speak to potential clients or customers in English. If you cannot speak English well, it will be a very big
disadvantage. When you first start to speak English, you will surely make mistakes. Never mind, carry
on doing it and one day you will find that you can speak English very fluently. As the saying goes,
Practice makes perfect.
Another way to improve your English is to correspond with English pen-pals. If you correspond with
people who are not native speakers of the language, you may learn wrong English from them. So, the
best way to avoid learning bad English is to learn it from the native speakers themselves.
An interesting way to learn English is to go and see English films. From the films you can learn how
the language is spoken, the ways English words are pronounced and the situations in which certain
words, phrases or sentences are used. At the same time, you would be enjoying the films.
Listening to English programmes over the radio is also a very effective way of learning English. As the
English on our local stations may be suspect, tune in to the BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation)
which has impeccable English. In fact, one very famous Oscar-winning American actor learnt his
English in the same way. At first, he spoke English like an uneducated man but after months of
listening to the BBC, he spoke like a graduate from one of the top British universities.
The next method is like going to the cinema to see English films. However, instead of going to the
cinema, you do it at home. You can watch English films on television. Try not to look at the subtitles at
all. Try to catch what the actors and actresses are saying. It will be difficult at first but you will be able
to do it with more practice.
A very bold but guide effective way of learning English is to act in English plays. Join the school
drama society or an amateur acting club. When you act in a play, you have to memorise your lines
and give life to them. I cannot think of a more effective way of learning English than this because the
English you have memorised will stay with you forever.

You can also take part in elocution contests. Writing the speech you have to deliver, memorising it and
then delivering it will really improve your English. You will learn not only how to write English but also
how to speak it.
Taking part in debates is also a very good method of improving your English but your English must
already be quite good before you can do it. This is very different from taking part in dramas or
elocution contests where you just have to memorise what you have to say. In debates, you have to
attack or rebut the points put forward by your opponents. There is no way you can prepare
beforehand what you want to say. You have to do everything on the spur of the moment. That takes
quite a good command of the language. So, take part in debates only when your English is up to
standard.
One very important thing you must do if you want to be very good at English is always to check the
meanings of words that you do not know in a good dictionary. Many students are too lazy to do this.
They only try to guess the meanings of the words. This will not do for almost a hundred times out of a
hundred, they will guess the meaning wrongly. The dictionary will give you the exact meanings. In the
beginning, you may have to check the meanings of almost every word. However, when your
vocabulary improves, you will have to check the meanings of fewer and fewer words.
Another very important thing is you have to correct the pronunciation of many of your words. You have
heard many words pronounced wrongly by many people and you are pronouncing them the same way
they do. You may think that just because many people pronounce the words that way, the
pronunciation must be correct. This is not true. Many words are wrongly pronounced. A few examples
are 'deposit', divorce', 'hostel', development' and preservative'. The de' in 'deposit' is pronounced as
'di' and not dep'. The di' in divorce' is pronounced as di and not dai. The tel' in 'hostel' is
pronounced as 'ti' and not 'tell'. The correct pronunciation for the de in development is 'di' and not
'dare'. The 'pre' in preservative is actually pronounced as pri and not prare.
The most commonly mispronounced letter is 'O'. It is seldom pronounced oh but rather eh'. The
dictionary will show you how to pronounce the letter O. For example, 'police' is not pronounced 'polis'
but rather pelis. 'Consider' is not pronounced 'konside' but rather 'kenside'. The word monopoly is
frequently mispronounced. It is not monopoli but rather menopeli. 'Coconut' is not 'kokonat' but
rather 'kokenat'. Remember that if a word has only one 'O', it is seldom pronounced as 'oh', and no
matter how many 'O's' a word has in its middle part, only one of them is pronounced as oh. However,
if the letterO is at the beginning of a word such as 'oppose' and object, it is usually pronounced as
oh.
Get someone to teach you the pronunciation symbols or learn them yourself. After that check the
pronunciation of every word before you use it in your speech.
I have given you a few ways in which you can improve your English. You may know other ways. Use
them to improve your English. It is for your own good and the good of the country.
Before I step down from the rostrum, I would like to say, LONG LIVE THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE!
Thank you very much.

DIRECTED WRITING: 35 MARKS


DIRECTED: ARTICLE: Factual
You are concerned over the implications and long-term health effects of the haze. Write an article to
the local newspaper expressing your concern based on all the notes below.

the reasons behind the haze


role of government and society
steps that can be taken
give relevant examples of:
health complications
measures
roles of government and individuals

When writing the article you should remember:


to lay out the letter carefully
to use paragraphs
that you letter is to the press
Haze: A Danger to Health
The haze is a constant phenomenon faced by Malaysia and her neighbouring countries. The
haze is basically pollution of atmosphere, which is clogged with pollutants and other substances from
forest fires.
The haze is a direct effect of forest fire in Kalimantan and other parts of Indonesia due to slash
and burn method of farming. The Indonesian authorities appear to have no power to control farmers
from practising such methods. The haze is further worsened by open burning practised by most
Malaysians. Open-field burning of rice straw by the rice planters and open burning of dried leaves and
garbage done by the public are a few examples that done by Malaysian. Many are ignorant of the
health effects of open burning.
During the haze, hospitals and clinic often report a dramatic increase in respiratory problems,
lung infections and asthma attack. The Air Pollution Index (API) usually indicates the hazardous and
dangerous levels of pollution during this period. The haze has long-term side effects. Prolonged
inhalation of polluted air will result in serious lung infection which particularly affects the elderly.
The government must play its role to reduce the haze treat. It has to cooperate with the
Indonesian authorities to stamp out forest fires. The culprits must be brought to justice, either through
healthy fine or prison sentence. Constant vigilance would ensure the perpetrators do not repeat their
offence.
The government should also raise the public awareness of the dangers of forest fire.
Continuous campaign of the cause, solutions and steps-need-to-be-taken to reduce the haze need to
be promoted through all types of social media like television, radio, newspaper and even via internet.
The authorities should also provide assistance to farmers and introduce more sophisticated forest
clearing methods.
In Malaysia, strict laws must be imposed to penalise those who practise open burning. Ongoing campaigns on the dangers of open burning should be intensified. Individuals too have a role to
play. They must participate in every campaign and stop burning. Students can advise their parents not
to practice open burning.
Every individual has to remember that we do not own the world, but instead we lent it from our
future generations. We must protect our world so that our grandchildren woulh have a healthy earth to
live.

Ahmad Harun bin Hashim


Seremban, Negeri Sembilan
375 words
From: Penilaian Topik Vista SPM/Sasbadi/2009

ARTICLE: Article for School Magazine / Newsletter

In spite of governments clear call to students to study English well, many students still show very little
interest in studying the language. As Chairperson of the English Language Society, you are going to
try to persuade the students to study the language by writing an article in the school newsletter. In the
article you have to tell the students the importance of studying the language. Your article is given in
the point form below:
will help you to further your studies
will help you to get a job
will help you in your job
will help you in your travels
will help you to enjoy many interesting programmes in television
will help you to appreciate many of the worlds most beautiful literary works
The Importance of Studying English
It is a big concerned for teenagers nowadays as they are unaware of the importance of
English language as they tend to ignore to learn the language. Students attitude towards the
language is also crucial to make sure that these teenagers can face the future world better by learning
English language as it is an international language.
Although the government has repeatedly told us of the importance of English, many students
are still not bothered about studying it seriously. There is also a campaign that still on to make all the
Malaysian becomes a better English learner, which is Enhance Proficiency in Bahasa Malaysia,
Strengthen the English. English is the most important and the most useful language in the world
today. There are many reasons why you should study the language properly.
First and foremost, English will definitely help you a lot when you want to further studies.
Almost all books at university are written in English in all subjects. Plus, it is a compulsory for any
candidate to pass English with credit before entering any universities. So, if you are poor in English,
you will blow you chance for better education or worse, you are going to have a big problem studying
at university.
The second reason why you have to study English well is that it will help you to get a job.
When you go for a job interview, the interviewer will surely talk to you in English. The first impression
you should give in order to success and have the job is, to respond in English fluently. Your chances
of getting the job are very slim if you stutter while interviewing.
A good command in of English will also help you greatly in your job. If the company you work
is actively involved in international trade, you have to speak to prospective customers in English.
Miscommunication might occur if your English is bad. And this will put your company at risk and you
will likely be dismissed if this happen.
Good English will also help you a lot when you travel. Every country in the world studies
English. Even the roadside stall-holders in China speak fairly good English! At least some of the
people you meet on your travels in other countries can understand English. The language is certainly
practical when you are lost in your trip. Communication problem will not happen if you can converse

well in English. Inevitably, English is one of the languages used in any airport in the world in making
announcement. Knowing English well, therefore, make travelling overseas easier.
Besides all these, entertainment is one of the major advantages you will experience if you
good in English. You will enjoy televisions best programmes. We must admit that many of the best
programmes are produced by the Americans and British companies. High self confidence influenced
by the programmes will indirect inculcate in yourself when you are fluent in the language. Quality time
is worthily spent if you understand and enjoy the programmes.
Based from all the above elaboration, I hope that students will see the importance and realise
how importance the language is for their own future. Although it is a second language in our country, it
is now a main language all over the world.
544 words

DIRECTED: ARTICLE / REPORT: Newspaper Article / Report


There has been an attempted robbery in your area. As a newspaper reporter, you have been
assigned to write a report of the incident for publication in a local newspaper. Using the notes below,
write out your report.
couple taking a walk
two men approached them
ordered couple to give jewellery
a struggle husband injured
one neighbour taking a dog for a walk
heard shouts went to investigate
robbers saw dog fled
couple made police report
Couple Foils Robbery Attempt
PULAU PINANG, Thu An elderly businessman and his wife foiled a robbery attempt by two men
armed with a screwdriver and a knife. The victims were reported safe from any bad injury.
Tan Ah Wok, 60 and his wife were taking a morning walk near their home in Helen Heights
yesterday when two men on a motorcycle stopped them under the pretext of asking for directions. As
Mr. Tan was giving directions, one of the robbers pointed a knife at him and ordered them to keep
quiet. He then relieved Mrs. Tan of her jewellery and instructed Mr. Tan to hand over his ring and
watch. When he refused, a struggle ensued. Meanwhile, his accomplice grabbed a helmet and hit Mr.
Tan on the head with it. On seeing this, his wife started screaming.
One of their neighbours, R. Subramaniam, who was taking his dog for a walk, heard the
screams and when to investigate. On seeing Subramaniam and his dog, the robbers fled. I was
taking my dog for a walk when I heard someone shouting for help. Knowing that something was
wrong, I ran there as fast as I could. Before I reached the scene, the robbers fled on a motorbike.
They were probably afraid of my Rottweiler.
Mr. Tan, who suffered a small cut on his head, was given outpatient treatment at a private
clinic. He said that it was a horrified experience as he never expected the two men would attack his
wife and him. He thought that they were lost and needed help. He also mentioned that the guard who
in charge nowadays easily allowed the strangers to enter their residents. State CID Chief Supt Harun
Din advised him and the people to be more careful in giving help to strangers. The guard also must be
stricter in letting people from entering any residents without proper permission.
He added that the suspects, aged between 25 and 30, were believed to be illegal immigrants.
He said there had been similar incident last week when two men approached a factory worker who

was on her way home after work. The duo then relieved her gold chain and cash. He advised the
residents to be alert and reports to police any suspicious-looking characters lurking in their area.
380 words
From: Spot on Model Compositions and Summary/Oxford Fajar/2007

DIRECTED: REPORT Police Report


You witnessed an accident. The police officer has asked you to make a report. Use the points given
below:
-

when the event happened


where the event took place
how it happened
description of the vehicles
step taken
To:
Sergeant Razali Kamrin
From: Julia Selamat
Date: 7th September 2011
Report of the accident on Jalan 2/14
On 7th September 2011 at 10.30 a.m., I was walking alone Jalan 2/14 which is next to the
childrens playground. As I was about to cross the road to enter the park, I saw a car driving swiftly
down Jalan 4/14. It was a Honda Civic with the number plate BEH 9110. Another car, a Toyota Vios
1.5 with plate number WHM 4657 came out of Jalan 4/14 as well. The Honda Civic was driving too
fast that make it did not have time to avoid collision.
The accident caused a loud crash. The Honda Civic hit the Toyota Vios on the drivers door.
The door could not be opened and the driver had to get out from the passengers door. The driver of
the Toyota Vios was lucky as he survived with no physical injuries. Both air bags popped up when
they collided to each other. They both were fortunate as their car was not badly damaged and dented.
The Toyota Vioss windscreen was shattered to pieces. The Honda Civics headlight and
signal light were smashed. There was plenty of glass on the road. The two drivers startled to argue.
The driver of the Honda City was a woman. They blamed each other and the argument stopped when
her mobile phone rang. Most of the passerby slowed down their vehicle to watch the accident. Some
pedestrian came by and offered help.
As it happened, I ran into my house which is close by. I called the nearest police station and
in ten minutes, a police car drove up. I told the police officer I had witnessed the accident and offered
to come out to the station to give a statement. The cars were towed to the side of the road first, and
then were brought to the police station before to workshop. Pictures were taken for insurance claim.
In my opinion, the driver of the Honda City is to blame for the accident. She was driving too
fast and did not pay any attention to vehicles coming out from the side road. The driver of the Toyota
Vios should have stopped at the junction.
Julia Selamat
Julia Selamat
355 words
Write Better Compositions and Summaries for SPM 1119 English/Oxford Fajar/2006

DIRECTED: REPORT Book Report


As a class project, you have been asked to write a book report. You decide to write a report of a book
you have just read.

Use the following notes in your report:


author
title
setting
synopsis
main characters
themes
response
The Story of My Life is an autobiography written by Helen Keller. It tells us how Helen Keller,
who was deaf, blind and mute, defied the odds to become one of the most celebrated personalities in
the world. The story was set in Alabama in 1997.
In the first half of the book, Helen Keller writes about how she was afflicted with scarlet fever
while she was still a baby and how illness left her deaf, blind and mute. The story outlines the
frustration Helen Keller experienced as a child alone in a dark and silent world unable to
communicate with anybody. The author then goes on to say how her life changed with the arrival of
her new-employed teacher and nanny, Anne Mansfield Sullivan.
The second part of the book relates how Helen Keller studied the deaf and dumb language
and learnt how to write using Braille and then went to college and graduated. The story goes on to say
how she spent the rest of her life helping the deaf and dumb all over the world.
I enjoyed reading every page of the book. I found some sections of the book, especially those
that deal with the early part of her life, poignant and touching. It made me realize how difficult life
must be for the handicapped. It also made me realize how fortunate I was. It has made me more
sympathetic towards the plight of those who are less fortunate than I am, especially the handicapped
who has given up hope in the face of misfortune, and the severely handicapped who have lost the will
to live.
The story is very touching and informative. It arouses the feelings of the readers. I admire
Helen Keller for her determination and diligence. I appreciate the painstakingefforts taken by the
teacher. The book has a good moral lesson for all. It shows the triumph of the human spirit in the face
of indomitable obstacles. It makes us wonder whether Helen Keller was just another victim of fate or
whether her birth has a special significance. Was Helen Keller fortunate or unfortunate? Helen Keller
was unfortunate to have suffered the cruel twist of fate but the world is fortunate to have had a person
like her. Her life shining example to prove the adage, where there is a will, there is a way.
393 words
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________

DIRECTED: REPORT Report to Principal

You are very disappointed by the conditions and services provided by your school canteen. You
decide to write a report to inform your school principal about the poor conditions and services of the
canteen. These would include:
insufficient table and benches
food and drinks not covered

too little food counters


dirty and clogged drains smelly
food expensive and lacks variety
inadequate food late comers have nothing to buy, to eat
cold food not fresh
rude canteen workers

To

Mr. Hasnan bin Jalal,


The Principal,
Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Permata

From :

Malik bin Abdul

Date

24 March 2011

Report about the School Canteen


I am writing this report is to draw your attention regarding the school canteen. Many of the
students of Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Permata are unhappy about the conditions at the school
canteen. There were lots of complaints regarding this issue.
In the first place, there are insufficient tables and benches. Our school has a student
population of over 1 000. There is only one period of recess time for all forms. More than 80 per cent
of the students go to the canteen during recess to buy food and drinks. Unfortunately, there are only
about twenty-five tables and fifty benches which can accommodate less than half the number of
students. As a result, many students have to stand while eating.
The food sold at the canteen not only expensive but lacks of variety. The menu is the same
every day. For the past five years, ever since the present canteen management took over, students go
back to the same food.
The hygiene and preparation of food leave a lot to be desired. The food and drinks are not
covered. They way canteen attendants dress speak volume about hygiene. With their lackadaisical
attitude, the food they sell would one way or the other become contaminated.
My fourth complaint about the canteen pertains to the etiquette of the canteen workers. They
are rude and arrogant. They often shout at students. The students are always on the receiving end of
their bad moods.
We hope that conditions at the canteen will improve. The canteen should provide better
amenities. There should also be a different menu everyday so that students will not have to taste the
same food day in and day out. Cleanliness should be given top priority.
We hope that you will look into our complaints and take steps to remedy the situation. The
students are prepared to boycott the canteen if their complaints go unheeded.
Reported by:
Malik
Malik bin. Mohd Jalil
314 words

DIRECTED: FORMAL LETTER: Letter of Complaint


Raju a/l Lingam,
123 A, Lorong Bahagia,

Taman Sentosa,
07231 Bandar Baru Sentol,
Kelantan
_________________________________________________________________________
The President,
Bandar Baru Sentol Council,
Kompleks Utama,
07200 Bandar Baru Sentol

16 JUNE 2011

Dear Sir,
Uncollected Rubbish and Clogged Drains
I am writing this letter is to attract your attention to the above title. As the representative of the
community, I am calling to tell you that the 300 odd residents living in Taman Sentosa are extremely
unhappy about the lackadaisical attitude of the local town council towards the uncollected rubbish and
clogged drains in our area.
2.
The rubbish in our area has not been collected for more than a week. The rubbish is supposed
to be collected on alternate days but this has not been the case. The town council workers collect the
rubbish according to their own whims and fancies. The uncollected garbage has attracted not only
flies and mosquitoes but also wild dogs which had attacked the residents on several occasions. These
stray animals also scatter the rubbish and make the roads dirty and smelly. As a result, residents have
to bear the discomfort of stench from the garbage and risk their health.
3.
We are also disappointed with the town council workers for not clearing the clogged drains
which are filled with rubbish. The drains would usually overflow when there is heavy rain and the
rubbish would then flow into the compounds of our houses. Besides, putting up with the unbearable
stench emitted from them, the residents have to spend hours cleaning their compounds of rotten
vegetables, food leftovers and other rubbish.
4.
Due to dengue outbreak recently, we are really concerned about the residents health
especially the children. Fogging service also was not done accordingly to the schedule. The fogging
authority only did their job whenever a case of dengue aroused. They even fogging the
neighbourhood late at night that caused us to leave the residents. They need to consider the residents
who have babies and also to those who need to wake up early in the morning for work. The fogging
also caused the people to have breathing problem when we were not told the exact time of fogging.
5.
We have made numerous appeals to the Municipal Council to look into our complaints but to
no avail. We have been putting up with this predicament for more than a week. We hope the health
authorities would do something to check these health hazards.
Thank you.
Yours faithfully,
Raju
(RAJU a/l MANIAM)