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AMA1110 2015/16 Semester 2

Assignment 2

AMA1110 Basic Mathematics I - Calculus and Probability & Statistics

Assignment 2 (Lecturer: Raymond Sze)

This assignment contains TWO parts, each part carries 50% towards the assignment.

Due Date for Part A: 11:59pm, April 8, 2016 (Friday)

Part A (50%)

You have to complete Part A online via an online assignment system “WeBWork”

<https://courses1.webwork.maa.org/webwork2/hongkongpoly-ama1110/>

Instructions for WeBWork

You may also print the assignment by click the link “Download PDF or Tex Hardcopy for Current Set” and then “Generate Hardcopy”. A PDF will be generated and you can work on the assignment oﬄine. But remember you have to submit your answer online.

For numerical answers, please enter at least 4 signiﬁcant digits if it is not exact. You can also answer in terms of expressions, for example, “2 2 + 3 2 + 1” is the same as “11” and “3 sin(pi/4)” is the same as “2.1213”. Some standard symbolic expressions are shown as below. A detail list can be found at <http://webwork.maa.org/wiki/Available Functions#.VqRGMI-qqko>

 Input Display Input Display x + 2 x + 2 sin(x) sin x x − 2 x − 2 cos(x) tan(x) cos x 2 ∗ x 2x tan x 2/x 2 sec(x) csc(x) sec x x 5! 5! csc x pi π cot(x) sin ∧ −1(x) or cot x 2E4 2 × 10 4 asin(x) arcsin x x ∧ 2 or x ∗∗ 2 e ∧ x or exp(x) sqrt(x) or x ∧ (1/2) abs(x) or |x| log(x) or ln(x) log10(x) or logten(x) x 2 acos(x) or cos ∧ −1(x) arccos x e x atan(x) or tan ∧ −1(x) arctan x √ x acsc(x) or csc ∧ −1(x) sec ∧ −1(x) cot ∧ −1(x) arccsc x |x| ln x (base e) log 10 (x) (base 10) asec(x) or arcsec x acot(x) or arccot x Mathematics Learning Support Centre (MLSC)

Venue: P119

Opening Hours: 12 - 6PM on Monday to Friday

http://www.polyu.edu.hk/ama/math learning support centre/

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AMA1110 2015/16 Semester 2

Assignment 2

Due Date for Part B: 5:00pm, April 8, 2016 (Friday)

Part B (50%) Please complete the following questions in Part B and hand in your work (in hard copy) during our lecture or to my oﬃce at TU831 or my mailbox (Raymond Sze) at TU710 on or before the due date. You are strongly recommended to do your homework using A4 papers. Your answer should be presented in a clear, decent, formal, precise, and concise mathematical way in English.

1. [8 points] A class of introductory probability consists of 10 sophomores, 60 juniors and

30 seniors. The ﬁnal grades show that 5 sophomores, 9 juniors and 1 senior received an

 (a) If a randomly chosen student is found to have earned an A grade, ﬁnd the probability that he or she is a junior. (b) Are “getting an A grade” and “being a junior” independent events? How about the events of “getting an A grade” and “being a senior”?

2. [8 points] In a shop, 65% of the customers pay by credit cards. It is known from past experience that among those spending at least 5000 dollars, 80% pay by credit card, while among those spending less than 5000 dollars, only 30% pay by credit card. Suppose a randomly chosen customer is found to have paid by credit card. What is the probability that he or she spent at least 5000 dollars?

3. [6 points] The random variable X is a discrete random variable taking values in {2, 3, 4}, representing the number of errors per 100 lines of software code, has the following prob- ability distribution:

 x 2 3 4 f (x) 0.2 0.3 a

Find the value for the unknown variable a. Furthermore, evaluate the variance and standard deviation of X.

4. [10 points] Suppose that X

N (10, 25). Find

 (a) P (X > 11); (b) P (9 ≤ X < 12); (c) a so that P (X > a) ≈ 0.7357; (d) a so that P (X < a) ≈ 0.1787; (e) a so that P (8 < X < a) ≈ 0.1355.

5. [9 points] In a quality control process, 30 units are randomly selected each day from the production line to check for defects. It is known from past experience that the probability of having a defective unit is 0.03. If at any time, 3 or more defective units are detected, the process is stopped.

 (a) Find the probability that the process stops in a randomly selected day. (b) Suppose that this screening process is performed for 5 consecutive days. Find the probability that the production process is stopped on exactly 2 days in this period.

6. [9 points] A sales manager receives 6 telephone calls on average between 9 : 30am and

10 : 30am on a weekday. Find the probability that

 (a) he will receive 2 or more calls between 9 : 30am and 10 : 30am on a certain weekday; (b) he will receive exactly 2 calls between 9 : 30am and 9 : 40am; (c) during a normal 5-day working week, there will be exactly 3 days on which he will receive no calls between 9 : 30am and 9 : 40am.

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