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A conflict between project and system can result in disequilibrium.

More important,
it is easier to identify
potential project failure by recognizing the disequilibrium. If left unmanaged,
disequilibrium can result
in project failure. So what types of disequilibrium make a project a success or
In almost all cases, a projects success or failure is attributed to one or the other of
following mentioned common reasons:
1 Delay in handing over of project site i.e. Right of Way (RoW);
2 Unforeseen ground conditions for implementation of Project, at project site;
3 Conflicts between owner and other Stakeholders of Project;
4 Improper Macro & Micro level Planning of contractor during bidding stage;
5 Improper and Poor means of contracting and subcontracting work under the
6 Inaccurate specification of site conditions and project scope;
7 Unrealistic time schedule given in contract and accepted by Contractor;
8 Faulty Geo investigation report;
9 Slow decisions on project issues from the owner or poor follow up by the
10 Bureaucracy in clients organization;
11 Ambiguity in specifications and conflicting interpretation of the same by parties;
12 Ambiguity in General or Special Terms and Conditions of contract and conflicting
interpretation of the same by parties;
13 Unrealistic inspection and testing methods proposed in contract;
14 Delay in approval of completed work by client (i.e. stage passing);
15 Delay in approval of shop drawings and samples;
16 Non availability of drawings / designs on time by the Design Consultant;
17 Consultant or Architects reluctance for change i.e. Specifications, Drawings,
Detailing etc.;
18 Delay in obtaining permissions & approvals from Local Authorities;
19 Poor organizational structure of client or consultant;
20 Financial Constraints of contractor;
21 Delay in payment of running account bills by client to the contractor;
22 Inadequate experience of contractor i.e. technical incompetence for specific job;
23 Poor labour productivity;
24 Lack of control over sub contractor ;
25 Frequent change of sub contractor;
26 Poor site management and supervision;
27 Use of improper or obsolete construction methods;
28 Increase in scope of work beyond provisions of Contract;
29 Rework due to errors in execution of project activities;
30 Rework due to change of design or deviation order;
31 Delay in finalization of rates for extra items;

32 Delay in Issue of deviation order;

33 Poor coordination among parties i.e. poor co-ordination management;
34 Delay in material delivery by vendors ;
35 Delay in material to be supplied by the owner i.e. delay in issue of free issue
materials by Client;
36 Delay in material procurement (action by the contractor);
37 Change in material prices / price escalation;
38 Improper storage of materials leading to damaged material when necessary
39 Inefficient use of equipment
40 Lack of skilled operators for specialized equipment;
41 Extreme weather conditions;
42 Local political conditions;
43 Restricted access at site;
44 Poor standard of Safety Management: Site accidents due to lack of safety
45 Poor standard of Safety Management: Site accidents due to Negligence;
46 Lack of motivation for contractor( viz. provisions of Incentive or bonuses for early
finish etc in the contract );
47 Changes in Govt. regulations and laws;
48 Other force majeure reasons, beyond the Control of Client or Consultant or
You can download What are the causes of delays in implementation of
Projects in pdf format here
We at are thankful to Sir Sanjay Sharma, BE, MBA, PhM
(Infrastructure) for submitting this very important topic on the main causes of
delays in implementation of projects. We are sure that this will be of great use to all
civil engineers in studying and then rectifying the major delay causes in the

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