You are on page 1of 173

Manu

Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

2014,
Angara 1.2

Rus
sia

Khrunic
hev

3,800[1]

Develop

suborbit

ment

al test
flight [2]

7,500 to
GTO
with
Angara A5

Rus
sia

Khrunic

24,500[3]

KVTK[5]5

hev

[4]

,400 to

Develop
ment[5]

2014

GTO
with
Briz-M

Unit
Antares 110

ed

Orbital

5,100[6]

Orbital

4,600[8]

Orbital

5,100[8]

2[7]

Retired

2013

201

2[7]

Retired

2014

201

Retired

2014

201

States

Unit
Antares 120

ed
States

1,500 to
SSO[8]

Unit
Antares 130

ed
States

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Unit
Antares 230

ed

Orbital

6,500[9]

States

Unit
Antares 232

ed

Ariane 2

Ariane 3

Euro
pe

Euro
pe

Euro
pe

Arospa
tiale

to

Laun

other
orbits

3,600 to
SSO

[9]

GTO

[9]

1,400

ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

1,800 to

Orbital

States

Ariane 1

Mass

1,830 to
GTO[10]

Arospa

2,270 to

tiale

GTO[10]

Arospa

2,650 to

tiale

GTO[10]

Develop
ment

Develop
ment

11[10]

Retired

1979

198

6[10]

Retired

1986

198

11[10]

Retired

1984

198

3[10]

Retired

1990

199

1[10]

Retired

1995

199

2,740 to
Ariane 4 40

Euro
pe

Arospa
tiale

4,600[10]

SSO
1,900 to
GTO[10]

Ariane 4 40 H10+

Euro
pe

Arospa

2,020 to

tiale

GTO[10]

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Ariane 4 40 H10-3

Euro
pe

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

Arospa

2,105 to

tiale

GTO[10]

3[10]

Retired

1995

199

1[10]

Retired

1993

199

1[10]

Retired

1994

199

11[10]

Retired

1995

200

2[10]

Retired

1990

199

4[10]

Retired

1992

199

9[10]

Retired

1994

200

4,500 to
Ariane 4 42L

Euro
pe

Arospa
tiale

7,000[10]

SSO
3,200 to
GTO[10]

Ariane 4 42L H10+

Ariane 4 42L H10-3

Euro
pe

Euro
pe

Arospa
tiale

Arospa
tiale

7,000[10]

7,000[10]

3,350 to
GTO[10]

3,480 to
GTO[10]

3,400 to
Ariane 4 42P

Euro
pe

Arospa
tiale

6,000[10]

SSO
2,600 to
GTO[10]

Ariane 4 42P H10+

Ariane 4 42P H10-3

Euro
pe

Euro
pe

Arospa

2,740 to

tiale

GTO[10]

Arospa

2,930 to

tiale

GTO[10]

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

6,000 to
Ariane 4 44L

Euro
pe

Arospa
tiale

7,000[10]

SSO
4,200 to

11[10]

Retired

1989

199

5[10]

Retired

1992

199

24[10]

Retired

1995

200

7[10]

Retired

1988

199

6[10]

Retired

1992

199

13[10]

Retired

1995

200

2[10]

Retired

1991

199

GTO[10]

Ariane 4 44L H10+

Ariane 4 44L H10-3

Euro
pe

Euro
pe

Arospa
tiale

Arospa
tiale

7,000[10]

7,000[10]

4,460 to
GTO[10]

4,720 to
GTO[10]

5,000 to
Ariane 4 44LP

Euro
pe

Arospa
tiale

7,000[10]

SSO
3,700 to
GTO[10]

Ariane 4 44LP H10+

Ariane 4 44LP H10-3

Ariane 4 44P

Euro
pe

Euro
pe

Euro
pe

Arospa
tiale

Arospa
tiale

Arospa
tiale

7,000[10]

7,000[10]

6,500[10]

4,030 to
GTO[10]

4,220 to
GTO[10]

4,100 to
SSO
3,000 to

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

GTO[10]

Ariane 4 44P H10-3

Ariane 5ECA

Ariane 5ES

Ariane 5G

Ariane 5G+

Ariane 5GS

Ariane 6 A62

Euro
pe

Euro
pe

Euro
pe

Euro
pe

Euro
pe

Euro

Arospa

3,465 to

tiale

GTO[10]

EADS
Astrium

EADS
Astrium

EADS
Astrium

10,050
21,000[11]

to

47[13] [note 5]

GTO

[12]

21,000[11]

18,000[13]

8,000 to
GTO

[13]

6,900[13]

EADS

7,100 to

Astrium

GTO[13]

EADS

16,000[15]

6,600 to

pe

Astrium

Euro

Airbus

5,000 to

Safran

GTO

Launch

7,000 to

pe

9[10]

GTO[13]

5[13]

16[13]

3[13]

6[13]

Retired

Operatio
nal

Operatio
nal

Retired[1
4]

Retired[1
4]

Retired[1
4]

Develop
ment

1995

200

2002

2008

1996

200

2004

200

2005

200

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

ers

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

SSO

Airbus
Ariane 6 A64

Euro
pe

Safran

11,000

Launch

to GTO

Develop
ment

ers

ASLV

India

Unit
Athena I

ed
States

Unit
Athena Ic [20]

ed
States

Unit
Athena II

ed
States

Athena IIc [20]

Unit

ISRO[16]

Lockhee
d Martin

150[17]

795[18]

515 to
GTO

4[17]

Retired

1987

199

4[19]

Retired

1995

200

1998

199

ATK
Lockhe

300 to

ed

SSO

[21]

Develop
ment

Martin

Lockhee
d Martin

1,800[22]

3[23]

ATK

1,000 to

ed

Lockhe

SSO[25]

States

ed

Retired[2
4]

Develop
ment

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

Martin

Unit
Atlas-Centaur

ed
States

Unit
Atlas G

ed
States

Unit
Atlas H/MSD

ed
States

Unit
Atlas I

ed
States

Unit
Atlas II

ed
States

Atlas IIA

Unit

Lockhee
d

1,134[26]

2,222 to
GTO[27]

148

Retired

1962

198

7[28]

Retired

1984

198

Retired

1983

198

11[28]

Retired

1990

199

10[28]

Retired

1991

199

23[28]

Retired

1992

200

2,222 to
Lockhee
d

5,900[28]

GTO
1,179 to
HCO[28]

Lockhee
d

Lockhee
d Martin

3,630 [29]

5,900[28]

2,340[28]

2,810 to
Lockhee
d Martin

6,780[28]

GTO
2,000 to
HCO[28]

Lockhee

7,316[28]

3,180 to

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

ed
States

Unit
Atlas IIAS

ed
States

Unit
Atlas IIIA

ed
States

Unit
Atlas IIIB/DEC

ed
States

Unit
Atlas IIIB/SEC

ed
States

Atlas V 401

Unit

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

GTO
d Martin

2,160 to
HCO[28]

3,833 to
Lockhee
d Martin

8,618[28]

GTO
2,680 to

30[28]

Retired

1993

200

2[28]

Retired

2000

200

1[28]

Retired

2002

200

3[28]

Retired

2003

200

26[31]

Operatio

2002

HCO[28]

4,060 to
Lockhee
d Martin

8,686[28]

GTO
2,970 to
HCO[28]

Lockhee
d Martin

Lockhee
d Martin

United

10,759[28]

10,218[30]

9,050[31]

4,609 to
GTO[28]

4,193 to
GTO[28]

6,670 to

ed

Launch

SSO

States

Alliance

4,950 to

nal

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

(kg)

GTO[31]

Unit
Atlas V 411

ed

Launch

States

Alliance

Unit
Atlas V 421

Atlas V 431

9,050[31]

Launch

States

Alliance

Launch

States

Alliance

6,075 to

3[31]

Operatio
nal

2006

9,050 to
9,050[31]

SSO
7,000 to

3[31]

Operatio
nal

2007

GTO[31]

9,050 to

United

ed

SSO
GTO[31]

United

ed

Unit

8,495 to

United

9,050[31]

SSO
7,800 to

2[31]

Operatio
nal

2005

GTO[31]

5,945 to
Unit
Atlas V 501

SSO

United

ed

Launch

States

Alliance

8,250[31]

3,970 to
GTO

5[31]

Operatio
nal

1,500 to
GEO[31]

Atlas V 511

Unit
ed

United
Launch

10,950[31]

7,820 to
SSO

0[31]

Operatio

2010

Last fli

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

(kg)

5,370 to
States

GTO

Alliance

nal

1,750 to
GEO[31]

9,585 to
Unit
Atlas V 521

SSO

United

ed

Launch

States

Alliance

13,300[31]

6,485 to
GTO

2[31]

Operatio
nal

2003

2,760 to
GEO[31]

11,160
Unit
Atlas V 531

to SSO

United

ed

Launch

States

Alliance

15,300[31]

7,425 to
GTO

3[31]

Operatio
nal

2010

3,250 to
GEO[31]

12,435
Unit
Atlas V 541

to SSO

United

ed

Launch

States

Alliance

17,100[31]

8,240 to
GTO
3,730 to
GEO[31]

3[31]

Operatio
nal

2011

Last fli

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

12,435
Unit
Atlas V 551

to SSO

United

ed

Launch

States

Alliance

18,500[31]

8,700 to
GTO

5[31]

Operatio
nal

2006

3,960 to
GEO[31]

Unit
Black Arrow

ed
Kingdo

RAE

73[32]

Retired

1969[note 6]

197

13,100[33]

Retired

1990

199

1972

197

1972

197

Unit
Commercial Titan III

ed
States

Unit
Delta 0300

Delta 0900

Martin
Marietta

747 to

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

SSP[34]3
40 to

3[36]

Retired[3
7]

GTO [35]

1,300[38]

818 to
SSO[36]

2[36]

Retired

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Unit
Delta 1410

Delta 1604

Delta 1900

Delta 1910

Delta 1913

Delta 1914

Delta 2310

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

340[39]

1[36]

Retired

1975

197

390[40]

2[36]

Retired

1972

197

1,800[36]

1[36]

Retired

1973

197

1,066[41]

1[36]

Retired

1975

197

328[42]

1[36]

Retired

1973

197

2[36]

Retired

1972

197

3[36]

Retired

1974

198

680 to
GTO[43]

336[44]

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Delta 2313

Delta 2910

Delta 2913

Delta 2914

Delta 3910

Delta 3913

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

243 to
GEO[45]

1,887[36]

2,000[46]

Laun

700 to
GTO[46]

724 to
GTO[36]

3[36]

Retired

1974

197

6[36]

Retired

1975

197

6[36]

Retired

1975

197

30[36]

Retired

1974

197

10[36]

Retired

1980

198

1[36]

Retired

1981

198

1,154 to
2,494[36]

GTO
with PA
M-D[36]

816[47]

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Delta 3914

Delta 3920

Delta 3924

Delta 4925

Delta 5920

Delta II 6920

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

954 to

13[36]

Retired

1975

198

10[36]

Retired

1982

198

4[36]

Retired

1982

198

2[36]

Retired

1989

199

3,848[49]

1[36]

Retired

1989

198

3,983[36]

3[36]

Retired

1990

199

GTO[36]

1,284 to
3,452[36]

GTO
with PA
M-D[36]

1,104 to
GTO[36]

3,400[48]

1,312 to
GTO[36]

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Delta II 6925

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit

McDonn

ed

ell

States

Douglas

Unit
Delta II 7320

United

ed

Launch

States

Alliance

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

GTO[36]

7][36]

ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

1,447 to

2,865[note

Laun

14[36]

1,651 to
SSO[note 7]

10[36]

[36]

Retired

Operatio
nal

1989

1999

199

201

934 to
GTO
Unit
Delta II 7326

ed
States

636 to

Boeing

TLI

IDS

3[36]

Retired

1998[51]

13[36]

Retired

1998

201

4[36]

Retired

1998

200

629 to
HCO[note 7]
[36]

Unit
Delta II 7420

Delta II 7425

United

3,185[note

1,966 to

ed

Launch

States

Alliance

[36]

Unit

Boeing

1,100 to

IDS

GTO

ed
States

7][36]

SSO[note 7]

804 to

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

HCO[note 7]
[36]

1,058 to
GTO
Unit
Delta II 7426

ed
States

734 to

Boeing

TLI

IDS

1[36]

Retired

1999

199

1998

201

711 to
HCO[note 7]
[36]

Unit
Delta II 7920

United

ed

Launch

States

Alliance

5,030[note
7][36]

3,123 to
SSO[note 7]

27[36]

[36]

Operatio
nal

1,819 to
GTO
Unit
Delta II 7925

ed
States

1,177 to

Boeing

TLI

IDS

69[36]

Retired

1990

200

3[36]

Retired

2003

201

1,265 to
HCO[note 7]
[36]

Unit
Delta II-H7920H

United

ed

Launch

States

Alliance

6,097[note
7][36]

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to

Laun

other
orbits

ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

2,171 to
Unit
Delta II-H7925H

United

GTO

ed

Launch

1,508 to

States

Alliance

HCO

3[36]

Retired

2003

200

3[36]

Retired

1998

200

[note 7]

[36]

Unit
Delta III 8930

ed
States

Unit
Delta IV Heavy

States

Alliance

ed

Unit

Delta IV-M+(5,2)

Boeing
IDS

Launch

States

Alliance

28,790[52]

Launch

States

Alliance

GTO[36]

to

7[53]

GTO

9,440[52]

13,140[52]

United

ed

3,810 to

14,220

United

ed

Unit

8,292[36]

United
Launch

States

Delta IV-M+(4,2)

IDS

ed

Unit
Delta IV-M

Boeing

11,470[52]

[52]

4,440 to
GTO

[52]

6,390 to
GTO

[52]

5,490 to
GTO

[52]

3[53]

12[53]

1[53]

Operatio
nal

Operatio
nal

Operatio
nal

Operatio
nal

2004

2003

2002

2012

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Unit
Delta IV-M+(5,4)

Diamant

Dnepr-1

Electron

Launch

States

Alliance

ce

Ukra
ine

New

to

to

other

LEO

orbits

(kg)

SEREB

Yuzhma
sh

14,140[52]

7,300 to
GTO

[52]

Energia

4[53]

12

3,700[57]

21[57]

Rocket

110 to

Zealand

Lab

Sovi

NPO

100,000

toGEO[59]

Energia

59]

32,000

et Union

ches

107[55][56]

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

SSO

Operatio
nal

Retired

Operatio
nal

2009[54]

1965

197

1999

Develop
ment

[58]

20,000
[note 8]

Laun

(kg)

United

ed

Fran

Mass

Mass

1(Failed
to orbit)

Retired

1987

198

Retired

1988

198

[60]

to TLI[59]

NPO
Energia
Energia-Buran

Sovi
et Union

(Launch
er)
NPO
Molniya
(Orbiter)

30,000[59]
[note 9]

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Epsilon

Japa
n

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

1,200[62]

420[63]

ce

[61]

Unit
Falcon 1

ed

SpaceX

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

IHI
Aerospa

Stats

Operatio
nal[62]

Retired[6
4]

2013

2006

200

2010

201

States

Unit
Falcon 1eLPEO

ed

1,010
SpaceX

toLPEO

States

ed

Retired[6
4]

[65]

Unit
Falcon 9 v1.0

SpaceX

10,450[66]

5[69]

[67][68]

Retired[7
0]

States

Unit
Falcon 9 v1.1

ed

SpaceX

13,150[not
e 10][71][72]

States

4,850 to
GTO

[71]

13[73]

Unit
Falcon 9 v1.1FT

ed

SpaceX

1[73]

States

Falcon Heavy

Unit

SpaceX

53,000[74]

21,200

Operatio
nal

Operatio
nal

Develop

2013

2015

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

to
ed

[75]

States

GTO[74]

ment

13,200
to TLI[75]

GSLV Mk.I(a)

India

ISRO[76]

5,000[77]

GSLV Mk.I(b)[76][78]

India

ISRO

5,000[76]

GSLV Mk.I(c)

India

ISRO

5,000[76]

GSLV Mk.II

India

ISRO

5,000[76]

GSLV Mk.III (LVM3)

Indi

ISRO[81]

8,000[82]

2,500 to
GTO[79]

2,500 to
GTO[76]

2,500 to
GTO

[76]

4,000 to
GTO

[82]

Retired

2001

4[80]

Retired

2003

200

1[80]

Retired

2010

201

3[80]

Operatio
nal

Develop
ment
(suborbi
tal test
flight
w/o
CUS(cr
yogenic
upper

2010

2014

200

201

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

stage))

Japa
n
H-I

Unit

Mitsubis
hi
Heavy

ed

Industrie

States

1,400[83]

Retired

1986

199

10,060[84]

5[85][note 11]

Retired

1994

199

Mitsubis
H-II

Japa
n

hi
Heavy
Industrie
s

Mitsubis
H-IIA 202

Japa
n

hi
Heavy
Industrie

10,000[86]

3,800 to
GTO

[86]

15[86]

Operatio
nal

2001

Mitsubis
H-IIA 204

Japa
n

hi
Heavy
Industrie
s

5,800 to
GTO

[86]

1[86]

Operatio
nal

2006

200

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

Mitsubis
H-IIA 2022

Japa
n

hi

4,200 to

Heavy

GTO[86]

Industrie

3[86]

Retired

2005

200

7[86]

Retired

2002

200

Mitsubis
H-IIA 2024

Japa
n

hi
Heavy

11,000[87]

Industrie
s

Mitsubis
H-IIB 304

Japa
n

hi
Heavy

16,500[74]

8,000[88]

4[89]

Industrie

Operatio
nal

2009

Mitsubis
H-II/SSB

Japa
n

hi
Heavy
Industrie

3,930 to
GTO[90]

1[85]

Retired

1995

199

1[note 12][85]

Retired

1999

199

H-IIS

Japa
n

Mitsubis
hi
Heavy

4,000 to
GTO

[91]

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

Industrie
s

IHI
J-I

Japa
n

Corpora
tion

1,000[93]

0(+1)

100[94]

1,500[95]

442[96]

400[97]

2[97]

26[62]

300[98]

2[99]

Retired

1996

199

Nissan
Motors[92]

Kaituozhe-1

Chin
a

CALT

Operatio
nal

2002

2003[cita

Sovi
Kosmos-3M

et Union
Rus

NPO
Polyot

Retired

1967

201

sia

Kuaizhou

Lambda 4S

Long March 1(CZ-1)

Chin
a

Japa
n

Chin
a

CALT[citati
on needed]

Nissan
Motors[92]

CALT

Operatio
nal

Retired

Retired[1
00]

2013[97]

1966

1970[99]

201

1970[cita

197

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Long March 1D(CZ1D)

Long March 2A(CZ2A)

Long March 2C

Long March 2D

Long March 2E

Long March 2F

Long March 2F/G

Long March 3

Chin
a

Chin
a

Chin
a

Chin
a

Chin
a

Chin
a

Chin
a

Chin
a

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

CALT

740[101]

0(+3)

Retired

CALT

2,000[102]

4[103]

Retired

CALT

3,850

44[103]

CALT

3,500

22 [103]

CALT

9,500

7[103]

CALT

8,400

7[103]

CALT

8,400

4[103]

CALT

5,000

14[104]

Operatio
nal

Operatio
nal

Retired

Operatio
nal

Operatio
nal

Retired

1995[note
13]

1974[103]

200

1978

1982[103]

1992[103]

1990

1995

1999[103]

2008

2011[103]

1984[104]

2000

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Long March 3A

Long March 3B

Long March 3B/E

Long March 3C

Long March 4A

Long March 4B

Long March 4C(CZ4C )

Long March 5

Chin
a

Chin
a

Chin
a

Chin
a

Chin
a

Chin
a

Chin
a

Chin
a

CALT

CALT

CALT

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

6,000[105]

11,200[10
5]

11,500[10
5]

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

2,600 to
GTO

[105]

5,100 to
GTO

[105]

5,500 to
GTO

[105]

10[104]

16[104]

Operatio
nal

Operatio
nal

Operatio
nal

Operatio
nal

4,000

2[106]

Retired

CALT

4,200[107]

24[107]

CALT

4,200[108]

16[106]

CALT

CALT

25,000 [1
09]

3,800 to

24[104]

[104]

9,100[105]

flight

Last fli

(kg)

11

CALT

First

GTO

[105]

14,000
to
GTO [109]

Operatio
nal

Operatio
nal

Develop
0

ment[citatio
n needed]

1994[104]

1996[104]

200

2007[104]

2008[104]

1988[106]

1999[107]

2006[106]

1990

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Long March 6

Chin
a

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

1,080 to

SAST

Laun

SSO

[110]

Operatio
nal

2015[110]

Develop
Long March 7

Chin
a

CALT

ment

12,500[11

1]

since
2009[citation
needed]

Long March 9

Long March 11

Chin
a

Chin
a

CALT

CALT

130,000[

50,000

112]

to TLI[113]

700[115]

Develop
ment[114]

Operatio
nal

2015[116]

Nissan
Motors[92]
M-V

Japa
n

(-2000)
IHI
AEROS
PACE[61]
(-2006)

1,800 1,850[62]

Retired

1997

200

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

ed

Orbital

580[117]

10[118]

Orbital

1,735[119]

3(+2)[120]

States

Unit
Minotaur IV

ed
States

ed

GTO

Orbital

447

States

ed

Orbital

1,450[121]

States

Molniya

Sovi
et Union

Last fli

Operatio
nal

Operatio
nal

2000

201

2010[120]

2011

1[120]

Operatio
nal

2013[120]

to TLI

Unit
Minotaur-C

flight

640 to

Unit
Minotaur V

First

(kg)

Unit
Minotaur I

Stats

RSC
Energia

1,800[124]

1,050[121]
to SSO

9[122]

Operatio
nal[123]

1994

2011

24[125]

Retired

1960

1965

275

Retired

1964

201

Sovi
Molniya-M

et Union
Rus
sia

RSC

2,400[126]

Energia

[127]

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mu-3C

Mu-3H

Mu-3S

Mu-3SII

Mu-4S

Japa
n

Japa
n

Japa
n

Japa
n

Japa
n

Nissan
Motors[92]

Nissan
Motors[92]

Nissan
Motors[92]

Nissan
Motors[92]

Nissan
Motors[92]

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

195[62]

Retired

1974

197

300[62]

Retired

1977

197

300[62]

Retired

1980

770[62]

Retired

1985

199

180[62]

Retired

1971

197

4 [131]

Retired

1969

197

Retired

1975

1984[cita

95,000[12
8][129][130][note

N1

Sovi
et Union

NPO
Energia

14]

(never

reached
orbit)

N-I

Japa
n
Unit
ed

Mitsubis
hi
Heavy
Industrie

1,200[132]

1982[cita

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

States

Japa
n
N-II

Unit

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

Mitsubis
hi
Heavy

ed

Industrie

States

2,000[133]

Retired

1981

100[134]

Retired

2009

Retired

1998

1987[cita

Sout
Naro-1

h Korea

KARI/Kh

Rus

runichev

201

sia

Paektusan

Nort
h Korea

KCST

700[135]

Orbital

443[136]

Orbital

6,120[138]

RSC

1,400

Unit
Pegasus

ed
States

Unit
Pegasus II

ed
States

Polyot

Sovi

42[137]

Operatio
nal

1990

2013

Develop
ment

Retired

1963

1964[cita

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

et Union

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

Energia

Sovi
Proton-K

et Union
Rus

Khrunic

19,760[13

4,930 to

hev

9]

GTO[140]

Khrunic

21,600[14

6,150 to

311 [141]

Retired

87[143][144]

Operatio

[145]

nal

1965

sia

Sovi
Proton-M

et Union
Rus

hev

2]

GTO

[142]

1999[145]

sia

1,050 to
PSLV

India

ISRO

3,200[146]

GTO[146]

11[146]

1,600 to

Operatio
nal

1993[146]

SSO
PSLV-CA

India

ISRO

2,800[146]

1,100 to
SSO

[146]

10[146]

Operatio
nal

2007

1,300 to
GTO[146]
PSLV-XL

India

ISRO

3,800[146]

1,750 to

10[146]

Operatio
nal

2008[146]

SSO
Rokot

Rus
sia

Khrunic
hev

1,950[147]

1,200 to
SSO

25[148][149]

Operatio
nal

1990

2012[cita

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Iran

Space

50[150]

4[151][152]

9,000[153]

10[154]

9[156]

Agency
Unit
Saturn I

ed
States

Unit
Saturn IB

ed
States

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

Iranian
Safir

Stats

Operatio

2008

2015

Retired

1961

1965

Retired

1966

197

Retired

1967

197

Retired

1961

199

1988

201

1998

200

nal

Chrysler
(S-I)
Douglas
(S-IV)
Chrysler
(S-IB)

18,600[15

Douglas

5]

(S-IVB)
Boeing (
S-IC)

Unit
Saturn V

North

ed

America

States

n (S-II)

118,000[

47,000

13[158][159]

157]

to TLI[157]

[note 15]

Douglas
(S-IVB)
Unit
Scout

Shavit

Shtil'

US Air

ed

Force/N

States

ASA

Israe
l
Rus
sia

174[160]

125

IAE

160[161]

Makeye

280 -

v
Iranian

Simorgh

Iran

Space
Agency

420

[162]

100350

[164]

2[163]

Operatio
nal
Operatio
nal
Develop
ment

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to

Laun

other
orbits

ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

Alliant
Techsys
tems (S
Unit
SLS Block 1

RBs)

ed
States

70,000[16
6]

25,000
to TLI

[167]

Develop
ment

Boeing (
propose
d)[165]
Alliant
Techsys
tems (S

Unit
SLS Block 1B

RBs)

ed
States

105,000[

168]

Develop
ment

Boeing (
propose
d)[165]
Alliant
Techsys
tems (S

Unit
SLS Block 2

RBs)

ed
States

130,700[

52,000

166]

to TLI[169]

Develop
ment

Boeing (
propose
d)[165]

SLV
Soyuz

India

ISRO

Sovi

RSC

et Union

Energia

40[170]

4[170]

Retired

1979

1983

6,450

30

Retired

1966

197

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Soyuz-L

Soyuz-M

Sovi
et Union
Sovi
et Union

RSC
Energia
RSC
Energia

Mass

Mass

to

to

Laun

other

LEO

ches

orbits

(kg)

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

5,500

Retired

1970

197

6,600

Retired

1971

197

6,650
fromBai
Sovi
Soyuz-U

et Union
Rus
sia

TsSKBProgres
s

konour[17
1]

771[172]

6,150

Operatio
nal

1973

fromPle
setsk[171]

Sovi
Soyuz-U2

et Union
Rus
sia

Soyuz-FG

Soyuz-2.1a

Soyuz-2.1b

Rus
sia

Rus
sia

Rus
sia

TsSKBProgres

7,050

72[172]

6,900[173]

50[125][172]

Retired

1982

s
TsSKBProgres
s
TsSKBProgres
s

TsSKBProgres
s

Operatio
nal

2001

7,020
fromBai

18(+1)

Operatio

2004[note

konour[17

[175][176][177]

nal

16]

16[179][180]

Operatio

[181]

nal

4]

8,200
fromBai
konour
4]

[17

2,400 to
GTO
fromBai
konour
8]

[17

2006

199

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Rus
Soyuz-ST-A

sia/
Europe

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

TsSKB-

7,800

Progres

fromKou

s ESA

rou

[182]

Mass
to

Laun

other

ches

orbits

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)
2,810 to
GTO
withFreg

2[184]

Operatio
nal

2011

at[183]
3,250 to

Rus
Soyuz-ST-B

sia/
Europe

TsSKB-

9,000

GTO

Progres

fromKou

with Fre

s ESA

rou[185]

gat-

8[186]

Operatio
nal

2011

MT[183]

Soyuz-2.1v

Rus
sia

TsSKBProgres

2,850[187]

1[188]

Operatio
nal

2013

4,944 to
Alliant

GTO

Techsys

with

tems(S

IUS[189]

RBs)
Unit
Space Shuttle

ed
States

3,550 to

Martin
Marietta

24,400[not

(ET)

e 9]

135[191]

Retired

1981

201

500[192]

Retired

1957

195

1,327

Retired

1958

195

with
PAM-

biter)

Sputnik 8A91

et Union
Sovi

Energia
RSC

1,

GTO

onal(Or

RSC

[189]

200 to

Internati

Sovi

with
IUS

Rockwel
l

Sputnik8K71PS

escape

D[190]

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

et Union

Start-1

Rus
sia

Unit
StratoLaunch

ed
States

Strela

Super Haas

Rus
sia
Rom
ania
Unit

Titan II GLV

ed
States
Unit

Titan II(23)G

ed
States
Unit

Titan IIIA

ed
States
Unit

Titan IIIB

ed
States
Unit

Titan IIIC

ed
States

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

Energia

MITT

532[citation
needed]

350
toSSO[193

5[194]

Operatio
nal

1993

200

Stratola
unch
System

Develop

6,100[195]

ment[195]

2016[196]

s
Khrunic
hev
ARCA

Martin
Marietta

Martin
Marietta

Martin
Marietta

Martin
Marietta

1,400[197]

3[198]

2,600

3,600[199]

11(+1)

3,600[200]

13

2003

201

Retired

1964

196

Retired

1988

200

Retired

1964

196

70

Retired

1966

198

36

Retired

1965

198

3,100[201]

3,000[202]

Martin

13,100[20

Marietta

3]

Operatio
nal[198]
Develop
ment

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Unit
Titan IIID

ed
States
Unit

Titan IIIE

ed
States
Unit

Titan 34D

ed
States

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Martin

12,300[20

Marietta

4]

Martin

15,400[20

Marietta

5]

Martin
Marietta

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

4,515[206]

22

Retired

1971

198

Retired

1974

197

15

Retired

1982

198

22[208]

Retired

1989

199

17[208]

Retired

1997

200

4,944 to
GTO
with
IUS[207]
4,540 to
GSO
with
Unit
Titan IVA

ed
States

Martin

17,110[20

Marietta

7]

Centaur[
207]

14,090
to
SSO[207]
3,550 to
escape
with
IUS[207]

Titan IVB

Unit
ed
States

Lockhee

21,682[20

d Martin

9]

5,761 to
GTO

[209]

(9,000

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)
with
upper
stage)

Tronador II

Tsyklon-2A

Arge
ntina
Sovi
et Union

CONAE
Yuzhma
sh

Develop

250[210]

3,350[211]

8[212]

Retired

1967

196

2,820[213]

106[214]

Retired

1969

2006

1,920[215]

122[216]

Retired

1977

2009

ment

Sovi
Tsyklon-2

et Union
Ukr

Yuzhma
sh

aine
Sovi
Tsyklon-3

et Union
Ukr

Yuzhma
sh

aine
Tsyklon-4

Unha

ULV

Ukra
ine
Nort
h Korea
Indi
a

Yuzhma
sh
KCST

ISRO

5,500 [217]

1,700 to
GTO

[217]

100[218]

15,000[21

6,000 to

9]

GTO

Develop
ment
Operati
onal

2009

Develop
ment

Unit
Vanguard

ed

Martin

9[220]

11(+1)

Retired

1957

6[222]

Operatio

2012 [223]

States
Vega

Euro
pe

ESA/AS

1,430 to

polar[221]
1,330 to

nal

195

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

Stats

First
flight

Last fli

(kg)

SSO[221]
VLS-1

Volna

Voskhod

Vostok-L

Vostok-K

Vostok-2

Vostok-2M

Soyuz/Vostok

Brazi
l

AEB, IN
PE

Rus

Makeye

sia
Sovi
et Union
Sovi
et Union
Sovi
et Union
Sovi
et Union
Sovi
et Union
Sovi
et Union

v
RSC
Energia

380[224]

2[note 17]

100[225]

1(+5)[163]

6,000[226]

18]

306

Retired

1963

197

Retired

1960

196

2,460 [228]

16

Retired

1960

1964[cita

4,730[229]

45

Retired

1962

1967[cita

Retired

1964

1991[cita

Retired

1965

1966[cita

Retired

1985

TLI[227]

Energia
RSC
Energia
RSC
Energia

200

nal

Energia

RSC

1997
1995[note

390 to

Energia

nal
Operatio

RSC

RSC

Operatio

93[citation

1,300[230]

needed]

6,000[231]

2005

Sovi
Zenit-2

et Union

Yuzhnoy

13,740[23

2]

Ukr

37[89]

aine
Zenit-2M(2SLB)

Zenit-3F
Zenit-3SL

Ukra Yuzhnoy
ine

Ukra Yuzhnoy
ine
Ukra

[note 19]

Yuzhma

13,920[23

2]

1,740 to
GEO

[234]

6,000 to

2[235]
36[235]

Operatio
nal
Operatio
nal
Operatio

2007

2011
1999

2004

Manu
Vehicle

Orign

factur
er

Mass
to
LEO
(kg)

Mass
to
other
orbits

Laun
ches

First

Stats

flight

Last fli

(kg)

sh
RKK

ine

Energia [

GTO[236]

nal

note 20]

Yuzhma
Ukra

Zenit-3SLB

ine

sh

3,750 to

RKK

GTO[235]

5[235]

Operatio
nal

2008

Energia
Legend for orbit abbreviations in table:

GEO - Geostationary orbit

HCO - Heliocentric orbit

GSO - Geosynchronous orbit

HEO - High Earth orbit

GTO - Geostationary transfer orbit

LEO - Low Earth orbit

Legend for launch system status in below table: [under development] [retired] [operational]

A MetOp spacecraft ready for the launch atop a Soyuz-2.1a


rocket.

Function

Orbital carrier rocket

Manufacturer

TsSKB-Progress

Country of origin

Russia

Size

Height

46.1 m (151 ft)

Diameter

2.95 m (9 ft 8 in)

Mass

305,000 kg (672,000 lb)

Stages

2 or 3

Capacity

Payload to

Soyuz-2.1a: 7,020 kg

200 km (110 nmi) circular

(15,480 lb)

51.8 LEO from Baikonur

Soyuz-2.1b: 8,200 kg

[1]

(18,100 lb)

Payload to

Soyuz-2.1a: 4,230 kg

820 km (440 nmi) SSO(with Fregat)

(9,330 lb)

[2]

Soyuz-2.1b: 4,900 kg
(10,800 lb)

Payload to

Soyuz-2.1a: 2,810 kg

1,500 m/s (4,900 ft/s)

(6,190 lb)

deficitGTO (with Fregat fromELS)[2]

Soyuz-2.1b: 3,250 kg
(7,170 lb)

Associated rockets

Family

R-7 (Soyuz)

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

LC-31/6, Baikonur
LC-43, Plesetsk
ELS, Centre Spatial
Guyanais
LC-1S, Vostochny
Cosmodrome(future)

Total launches

52

(2.1a: 23, 2.1b:27, 2.1v: 2)

Successes

47
(2.1a: 21, 2.1b:25, 2.1v: 1)

Failures

2 (2.1a: 1, 2.1b: 1,2.1v: 0)

Partial failures

3 (2.1a: 1, 2.1b: 1,2.1v: 1)

First flight

2.1a: 8 November 2004


2.1b: 27 December 2006
2.1v: 28 December 2013

Notable payloads

COROT, Galileo

Boosters - Blok-B,V,G,D[3]

No boosters

Length

19.6 m (64 ft)

Diameter

2.68 m (8.8 ft)

Empty mass

3,784 kg (8,342 lb)

Gross mass

39,160 kg (86,330 lb)

Propellant mass

44,413 kg (97,914 lb)

Engines

RD-107A

Thrust

Sea Level:839.48 kN
(188,720 lbf)
Vacuum:1,019.93 kN
(229,290 lbf)

Specific impulse

Sea Level: 263.3 s


(2.582 km/s)
Vacuum: 320.2 s
(3.140 km/s)

Burn time

118 seconds

Fuel

LOX/RG-1

First Stage - Blok-A[3]

Length

27.10 m (88.9 ft)

Diameter

2.95 m (9.7 ft)

Empty mass

6,545 kg (14,429 lb)

Gross mass

99,765 kg (219,944 lb)

Propellant mass

90,100 kg (198,600 lb)

Engines

RD-108A

Thrust

Sea Level:792.41 kN
(178,140 lbf)
Vacuum:921.86 kN
(207,240 lbf)

Specific impulse

Sea Level: 257.7 s


(2.527 km/s)
Vacuum: 320.6 s
(3.144 km/s)

Burn time

286 seconds

Fuel

LOX/RG-1

Second Stage - Blok-I[3]

Length

6.70 m (22.0 ft)

Diameter

2.66 m (8.7 ft)

Empty mass

2,355 kg (5,192 lb)

Gross mass

27,755 kg (61,189 lb)

Propellant mass

25,400 kg (56,000 lb)

Engines

Soyuz-2.1a/SoyuzSTA:RD-0110
Soyuz-2.1b/SoyuzSTB:RD-0124

Thrust

RD-0110: 298 kilonewtons


(67,000 lbf)
RD-0124: 294.3
kilonewtons (66,200 lbf)

Specific impulse

RD-0110: 326 seconds


RD-0124: 359 seconds

Burn time

270 seconds

Fuel

LOX/RG-1

Upper Stage (optional) - Fregat-MT[3]

Length

1.5 m (4.9 ft)

Diameter

3.35 m (11.0 ft)

Empty mass

902 kg (1,989 lb)

Propellant mass

6,638 kg (14,634 lb)

Engines

S5.92

Thrust

19.85 kilonewtons
(4,460 lbf)

Specific impulse

332 seconds

Burn time

1100 seconds

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Zenit-2

Zenit-2 at Site 45/1

Function

Carrier rocket

Manufacturer

Yuzhnoye

Country of origin

Soviet Union

(Ukraine)
Size
Height

57 metres (187 ft)

Diameter

3.9 metres (13 ft)

Mass

444,900 kilograms (980,800 lb)

Stages

Two
Capacity

Payload to

13,740 kilograms (30,290 lb)

Zenit-2M/2SB/2SLB

LEO
Payload to

5,000 kilograms (11,000 lb)

SSO
Associated rockets
Family

Zenit

Derivatives

Zenit-2M
Zenit-3SL
Launch history
Zenit-2M
Baikonur Site 45

Launch sites
Total launches

37
Carrier rocket

Function

Successes
Failures
First flight

31
Manufacturer

Yuzhnoye

13 April 1985
Ukraine

Country of origin
First Stage

Size
1 RD-171

Engines
Thrust

8,180 kilonewtons (1,840,000 lbf)


57.35 metres (188.2 ft)

Height

Specific impulse
Burn time
Fuel

337 sec
Diameter

metres (13 ft)


1503.9
seconds
RP-1/LOX
458,900 kilograms (1,011,700 lb)

Mass

Second Stage
Engines

Stages

1 RD-120Two
1 RD-8
Capacity
912 kilonewtons (205,000 lbf)

Thrust
Payload to
Specific impulse

LEO

Burn time

79.5 kilonewtons (17,900 lbf)


12,030 kilograms (26,520 lb)
349 sec
315 seconds
Associated rockets
RP-1/LOX

Fuel
Family

Zenit

Derivatives

Zenit-3SLB
Zenit-3SLBF

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Baikonur Site 45/1

Total launches

Successes

First flight

29 June 2007

First Stage

Saturn V
Engines

1 RD-171

Thrust

8,180 kilonewtons (1,840,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

337 sec

Burn time

150 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Stage
The final manned SaturnSecond
V, AS-512,
before the launch of Apollo
17 in December 1972
Engines
Function

1 RD-120
1 RD-8
Apollo lunar
program
Launch of Skylab

Thrust
Manufacturer

912 kilonewtons (205,000 lbf)


79.5 kilonewtons
(17,900 lbf)
Boeing (S-IC)
North American (S-II)

Specific impulse

349(S-IVB)
sec
Douglas

Burn
Country
of time
origin

Fuel
Project
cost

315 seconds
United
States

RP-1/LOX
$6.417 billion in 196473
dollars[1] ($41.4
billion present day)[2]

Cost per launch

$494 million in 196473 dollars[1]($3.2 billion


present day)[2]

Size

Height

363.0 ft (110.6 m)

Diameter

33.0 ft (10.1 m)

Mass

6,540,000 lb (2,970,000 kg)[3]

Stages

Capacity

Payload to

310,000 lb (140,000 kg)[4][5]

LEO

Payload to

107,100 lb (48,600 kg)[3]

TLI

Associated rockets

Family

Saturn

Derivatives

Saturn INT-21

Comparable

N1 rocket

Launch history

Status

Decommissioned

Launch sites

LC-39,
Kennedy Space Center

Total launches

13

Successes

12

Failures

Partial failures

1 (Apollo 6)

First flight

November 9, 1967
(AS-501[note 1] Apollo 4)

Last flight

May 14, 1973


(AS-513 Skylab 1)

First Stage - S-IC

Length

138.0 ft (42.1 m)

Diameter

33.0 ft (10.1 m)

Empty mass

287,000 lb (130,000 kg)

Gross mass

5,040,000 lb (2,290,000 kg)

Engines

5 Rocketdyne F-1

Thrust

7,648,000 lbf (34,020 kN) sea level

Specific impulse

263 seconds (2.58 km/s) sea level

Burn time

165 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Second Stage - S-II

Length

81.5 ft (24.8 m)

Diameter

33.0 ft (10.1 m)

Empty mass

88,400 lb (40,100 kg)[note 2]

Gross mass

1,093,900 lb (496,200 kg)[note 2]

Engines

5 Rocketdyne J-2

Thrust

1,000,000 lbf (4,400 kN) vacuum

Specific impulse

421 seconds (4.13 km/s) vacuum

Burn time

360 seconds

Fuel

LH2/LOX

Third Stage - S-IVB

Length

61.6 ft (18.8 m)

Diameter

21.7 ft (6.6 m)

Empty mass

29,700 lb (13,500 kg)[3][note 3]

Gross mass

271,000 lb (123,000 kg)[note 3]

Engines

1 Rocketdyne J-2

Thrust

225,000 lbf (1,000 kN) vacuum

Specific impulse

421 seconds (4.13 km/s) vacuum

Burn time

165 + 335 seconds


(2 burns)

Fuel

LH2/LOX

Saturn V

N1-L3

(AS-506)

Diameter, maximum

33 ft (10 m)

56 ft (17 m)

Height w/ payload

363 ft (111 m)

344 ft (105 m)

Gross weight

6,478,000 lb (2,938,000 kg)

6,030,000 lb (2,735,000 kg)

First stage

S-IC

Block A

Thrust, SL

7,500,000 lbf (33,000 kN)

10,200,000 lbf (45,400 kN)

Burn time, s

168

125

Second stage

S-II

Block B

Thrust, vac

1,155,800 lbf (5,141 kN)

3,160,000 lbf (14,040 kN)

Burn time, s

384

120

Orbital insertion stage

S-IVB (burn 1)

Block V

Thrust, vac

202,600 lbf (901 kN)

360,000 lbf (1,610 kN)

Burn time, s

147

370

1.7336109 lbf

1.789109 lbf

(7.711106 kN)s

(7.956106 kN)s

Orbital payload

264,900 lb (120,200 kg)[29]

209,000 lb (95,000 kg)

Injection velocity

25,568 ft/s (7,793 m/s)

25,570 ft/s (7,793 m/s)[30]

2.105108 slug-ft/s

1.6644108 slug-ft/s

(9.363108 kgm/s)

(7.403108 kgm/s)

Propulsive efficiency

12.14%

9.31%

Earth departure stage

S-IVB (burn 2)

Block G

Thrust, vac

201,100 lbf (895 kN)

100,000 lbf (446 kN)

Burn time, s

347

443

1.8034109 lbf

1.833109 lbf

(8.022106 kN)s

(8.153106 kN)s

Translunar payload

100,740 lb (45,690 kg)

51,800 lb (23,500 kg)

Injection velocity

35,545 ft/s (10,834 m/s)

35,540 ft/s (10,834 m/s)[30]

1.1129108 slug-ft/s

5.724107 slug-ft/s

(4.95108 kgm/s)

(2.546108 kgm/s)

6.17%

3.12%

Total impulse[28]

Payload momentum

Total impulse[28]

Payload momentum
Propulsive efficiency

Ares V

Artist's impression of an Ares V during SRB separation

Function

Cargo Launch Vehicle

Country of origin

United States

Size

Height

116 m (381 ft) or 109 m (358 ft)

Diameter

10 m (33 ft) or 8.4 m (28 ft)

Stages

Capacity

Payload toLEO

188,000 kg (414,000 lb)[1]

Payload to

71,100 kg (156,700 lb) or 60,600 kg

TLI

(133,600 lb)

Launch history

Status

Canceled

Launch sites

Kennedy Space Center, LC-39A

Total launches

Boosters - 5- or 5.5-segment Shuttle-derived SRB

No. boosters

Engines

1 solid

Thrust

Atlas III

Burn time

Fuel

APCP (solid)

First stage

Engines

5 or 6 RS-68B[2] or 5 SSME

Thrust

Burn time

Fuel

LH2/LOX

Second stage - Earth Departure Stage

Engines

orAtlas
2 J-2X
The maiden flight of 1
the
III

Thrust
Function

Medium expendable Launch vehicle

Burn time
Manufacturer

Lockheed Martin

Fuelof origin
Country

LH2/LOX
United
States

Size

Height

52.8 m (173.2 ft)

Diameter

3.05 m (10 ft)

Mass

214,338 kg (472,338 lb)

Stages

Capacity

Payload toLEO

IIIA: 8,640 kg (19,040 lb)


IIIB: 10,218 kg (23,630 lb)

Payload to

IIIA: 4,055 kg (8,939 lb)

B-65/SM-65/CGM-16/HGM-16 Atlas

Launch of an SM-65A Atlas from LC-12,


Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, 20 February 1958. The
experimental Model A had no central sustainer engine.

Function

Intercontinental Ballistic Missile(ICBM)

Manufacturer

Convair

Country of origin

United States

Size

Height

75 ft 10 in (23.11 m)
85 ft 6 in (26.06 m) in ICBM configuration

Diameter

10 ft (3.0 m)

Width

16 ft (4.9 m)

Mass

260,000 lb (117,900 kg)

Stages

Associated rockets

Family

Atlas

Launch history

Status

Retired April 1965

Total launches

24

Successes

13

Failures

11

First flight

June 6, 1957

Last flight

August 24, 1959

Boosters

No boosters

Engines

Thrust

300,000 lbf (1,300 kN)


Atlas D

Total thrust

360,000 lbf (1,600 kN)


Atlas D

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

First Stage

Engines

Thrust

60,000 lbf (270 kN)


Atlas D

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

SM-65 Atlas
Service history
In service

1959-1964

Production history
Designed

1953 (XB-65)

Produced

1959-1965

Number built

350 (all versions)


Peak deployment level of 129
(30 D, 27 E, 72 F).

Variants

Atlas A, B/C, D, E/F (ICBMs)


SLV-3/3A/3C (NASA use)

Falcon 1

Falcon 1 rocket.

Function

Orbital launch vehicle

Manufacturer

SpaceX

Country of origin

United States

Size

Height

21.3 m (70 ft)

Diameter

1.7 m (5.5 ft)

Mass

38,555 kg (85,000 lb)

Stages

Capacity

Payload toLEO

180 kg (400 lb) demonstrated; 670 kg


(1480 lb) proposed [1]

Payload to

430 kg (990 lb)

SSO

Launch history

Status

Retired[2]

Launch sites

Omelek Island

Total launches

Successes

Failures

Partial failures

First flight

March 24, 2006


22:30 GMT

Last flight

July 14, 2009


03:35 GMT

First stage

Engines

1 Merlin 1C

Thrust

454 kN (102,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

255 s (sea level)


(2.6 kNs/kg)

Burn time

169 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Second stage

Engines

1 Kestrel

Thrust

31 kN (7,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

327 s (vacuum)
(3.2 kNs/kg)

Burn time

378 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

R-7A

A 2-view drawing of the R-7 Semyorka (NATO code-name


SS-6 Sapwood)

Type

Ballistic Missile

Place of origin

Soviet Union

Service history
In service

Used by

9 February 1959 - 1968

Soviet Union: Strategic Missile


Troops

Wars

Cold War

Production history
Designer

Sergei Korolev

Designed

From 1953

Manufacturer

OKB-1

Specifications
Weight

280 metric tons (280 long tons; 310


short tons)

Length

34 m (112 ft)

Diameter

3.02 m (9.9 ft)

Engine

1st stage: 4x jettisonable fourchamber RD-107 booster engines


each with 2x vernier rocket engines
plus 1x four-chamber RD-108 core

engine with 4x vernier rocket engines.


2nd stage: 1x four-chamber RD108core engine with 4x vernier rocket
engines.
RD-107 4x 907.4 kN (203,992 lbf)
RD-108 1x 907.4 kN (203,992 lbf)
Vernier 12x 38.259 kN (8,601 lbf)
Propellant

Kerosene T-1 fuel + liquid


oxygen(LO2) Oxidiser.

Guidance
system
Steering
system

Inertial guidance with radio control of


vernier thrusters for launch.
12x vernier thrusters arranged around
the booster clusters and the core
engines

Accuracy

2.5-5.0 kilometers (max. deviation 10


kilometers)

Shavit

Function

Expendable launch vehicle

Manufacturer

Israel Aerospace Industries

Country of origin

Israel

Size

Height

26.4 m (86.6 ft)

Diameter

1.35 m (4.43 ft)

Mass

30,50070,000 kg (67,200154,000 lb)

Stages

Capacity

Payload to

350800kg[1] (7701760 lb)

LEO

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Palmachim Airbase

Total launches

Successes

Failures

First flight

19 September 1988

First Stage (Shavit LeoLink LK-1) - LK-1

Engines

LK-1

Thrust

774.0 kN (174,002 lbf)

Specific impulse

268 sec

Burn time

55 seconds

Fuel

HTPB

First Stage (Shavit LeoLink LK-2) - Castor 120

Thrust

1650.2kN (370,990 lbf)

Specific impulse

280 sec

Burn time

82 sec

Fuel

HTPB polymer, Class1.3 C

Second Stage - LK-1

Engines

1 LK-1

Thrust

774.0 kN

Specific impulse

268 sec

Burn time

55 sec

Fuel

HTPB

Third Stage - RSA-3-3

Engines

1 RSA-3-3

Thrust

58.8 kN

Specific impulse

298 sec

Burn time

94 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Fourth Stage - LK-4

Engines

1 LK-4

Thrust

402 kN

Specific impulse

200 sec

Burn time

800 seconds

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Angara

Angara 1.2 and Angara A5

Function

Launch vehicle

Manufacturer

Khrunichev, KBKhA

Country of origin

Russia

Size

Height

42.7 m (140 ft)-64 m (210 ft)

Width

Angara 1.2 2.9 m (9 ft 6 in)


Angara A5 8.86 m (29.1 ft)

Mass

171,500 kg (378,100 lb)-790,000 kg

(1,740,000 lb)

Stages

2-3

Capacity

Payload to

3,800 kg (8,400 lb)-24,500 kg (54,000 lb)

LEO(Plesetsk)

Payload to

5,400 kg (11,900 lb)-7,500 kg (16,500 lb)

GTO(Plesetsk)

Associated rockets

Comparable

Naro-1 used a modified URM-1 first stage

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Plesetsk Site 35
Vostochny

Total launches

2 (A1.2PP: 1, A5: 1)

Successes

2 (A1.2PP: 1, A5: 1)

First flight

A1.2PP: July 9, 2014


A5: December 23, 2014

Boosters (A5) - URM-1

No boosters

4 (see text)

Engines

1 RD-191

Thrust

1,920 kN (430,000 lbf) (Sea level)

Total thrust

7,680 kN (1,730,000 lbf) (Sea level)

Specific impulse

310.7 s (3.047 km/s) (Sea level)

Burn time

214 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

First Stage - URM-1

Engines

1 RD-191

Thrust

1,920 kN (430,000 lbf) (Sea level)

Specific impulse

310.7 s (3.047 km/s) (Sea level)

Burn time

Angara 1.2: 214 seconds


Angara A5: 325 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Second Stage - URM-2

Engines

1 RD-0124A

Thrust

294.3 kN (66,200 lbf)

Specific impulse

359 s (3.52 km/s)

Burn time

Angara A5: 424 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Third Stage (A5) - Briz-M (optional)

Engines

1 S5.98M

Thrust

19.6 kN (4,400 lbf)

Specific impulse

326 s (3.20 km/s)

Burn time

3,000 seconds

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Third Stage (A5) - KVTK (optional, under development)

Engines

1 RD-0146D

Thrust

68.6 kN (15,400 lbf)

Specific impulse

463 s (4.54 km/s)

Burn time

1,350 seconds

Fuel

LH2/LOX

Titan I

Launch of a Titan I SM/567.8-90 ICBM from Cape Canaveral

Function

ICBM

Manufacturer

Martin Company

Country of origin

United States

Cost per launch

US$ 1.5 million

Size

Height

31 m

Diameter

3.05 m

Mass

105,140 kg

Stages

Launch history

Status

Retired

Launch sites

Cape Canaveral LC-15, LC-16,LC-19 & LC20


Vandenberg AFB OSTF SLTFLC-395

Total launches

70

Successes

53

Failures

17

First flight

6 February 1959

Last flight

5 March 1965

First stage

Engines

1 LR-87

Thrust

1,900 kN (430,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

290 seconds

Burn time

140 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Second stage

Engines

1 LR-91

Thrust

356 kN (80,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

308 sec

Burn time

155 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Specifications[edit]

Liftoff thrust: 1,296 kN Total mass: 105,142 kg

Core diameter: 3.1 m. Total length: 31.0 m


Development cost: $1,643,300,000 in 1960 dollars.

Flyaway cost: $1,500,000 each, in 1962 dollars.

Total production missiles built: 163 Titan 1s; 62 R&D Missiles 49 launched & 101
Strategic Missiles (SMs) 17 launched.

Total deployed Strategic Missiles: 54.

Titan Base Cost: $170,000,000 (US$ 1.36 in 2016)[4]


First Stage:

Gross mass: 76,203 kg

Empty mass: 4,000 kg

Thrust (vac): 1,467 kN


Isp (vac): 290 s (2.84 kNs/kg)

Isp (sea level): 256 s (2.51 kNs/kg)

Burn time: 138 s

Diameter: 3.1 m

Span: 3.1 m
Length: 16.0 m

Propellants: liquid oxygen (LOX)/kerosene

Number of engines: Two Aerojet LR-87-3


Second Stage:

Gross mass: 28,939 kg

Empty mass: 1,725 kg

Thrust (vac):356 kN
Isp (vac): 308 s (3.02 kNs/kg)

Isp (sea level): 210 s (2.06 kNs/kg)

Burn time: 225 s

Diameter: 2.3 m

Span: 2.3 m
Length: 9.8 m

Propellants: liquid oxygen (LOX)/kerosene

Number of engines: One Aerojet LR-91-3

Titan II

An LGM-25C Titan intercontinental ballistic missile in silo, ready


to launch

Function

ICBM/Launch vehicle

Manufacturer

Martin

Country of origin

United States

Cost per launch

$3.16 million

Size

Height

31.394 m (103.00 ft)(ICBM


config)

Diameter

3.05 m (10.0 ft)

Mass

154,000 kg (340,000 lb)

Stages

Capacity

Payload to LEO

3,600 kg (7,900 lb)

Payload to

3,700 kg (8,200 lb)

10,000 km (6,200 mi) suborbital trajectory

Payload to

2,177 kg (4,800 lb)

Polar LEO

Payload to

227 kg (500 lb)

Escape

Launch history

Status

Retired

Launch sites

Cape Canaveral
LC-15, LC-16 & LC-19
Vandenberg Air Force Base
LC-395 & SLC-4E/W

Total launches

106
ICBM: 81
GLV: 12

23G: 13

Successes

101
ICBM: 77
GLV: 12
23G: 12

Failures

5 (ICBM: 4, 23G: 1)

First flight

12 March 1962

Last flight

18 October 2003

Notable payloads

Gemini (manned)
Clementine

First stage

Engines

1 LR-87

Thrust

1,900 kN (430,000lbf)

Specific impulse

258 s

Burn time

156 s

Fuel

Aerozine 50/dinitrogen
tetroxide

Second stage

Engines

1 LR91 liquid-propellant
engine

Thrust

445 kN (100,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

316 s

Burn time

180 s

Fuel

A-50 Hydrazine/dinitrogen
tetroxide

Component

Dimension

Stage I length

67 feet (20 m)

Stage II length

29 feet (8.8 m)

RV length (including spacer)

14 feet (4.3 m)

Stage I diameter

10 feet (3.0 m)

Stage II diameter

10 feet (3.0 m)

RV diameter (at missile interface)

8.3 feet (2.5 m)

Stage I weight (dry)

9,522 pounds (4,319 kg)

Stage I weight (full)

267,300 pounds (121,200 kg)

Stage II weight (dry)

5,073 pounds (2,301 kg)

Stage II weight (full)

62,700 pounds (28,400 kg)

Stage I engine thrust

430,000 pounds-force (1,900 kN) (sea level)

Stage II engine thrust

100,000 pounds-force (440 kN) (250,000 feet)

Vernier thrust (silo)

950 pounds-force (4,200 N)

Black Arrow

A mockup of the Black Arrow in the rocket park at Woomera.

Function

Carrier rocket

Manufacturer

Royal Aircraft Establishment


Westland Aircraft

United Kingdom

Country of origin

Size

Height

13 metres (43 ft)[1]

Diameter

2 metres (6 ft 7 in)[2]

Mass

18,130 kilograms (39,970 lb)[1]

Stages

Three

Capacity

Payload to

135 kilograms (298 lb)[2]

220 km LEO

Payload to

102 kilograms (225 lb)[2]

500 km LEO

Launch history

Status

Retired

Launch sites

Woomera LA-5B

Total launches

Successes

Failures

First flight

27 June 1969[1]

Last flight

28 October 1971[1]

First Stage

Engines

Gamma 8

Thrust

256.4 kilonewtons (57,600 lbf)

Specific impulse

265 seconds (2.60 km/s)

Burn time

131 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/HTP

Second Stage

Engines

Gamma 2

Thrust

68.2 kilonewtons (15,300 lbf)

Specific impulse

265 seconds (2.60 km/s)

Burn time

116 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/HTP

Third Stage - Waxwing

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

27.3 kilonewtons (6,100 lbf)

Specific impulse

278 seconds (2.73 km/s)

Burn time

55 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Strela

The Strela carrier rocket

Function

Orbital carrier rocket

Manufacturer

NPO Mashinostroyeniya, JSC


"Khartron" (control system)[1]

Country of

Russia

origin

Size

Height

28.3 metres (93 ft)[2]

Diameter

2.5 metres (8.2 ft)[2]

Mass

105,000 kilograms (231,000 lb)[3]

Stages

Capacity

Payload to

2,000 kilograms (4,400 lb)[3]

LEO

Associated rockets

Family

Universal Rocket

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Baikonur Cosmodrome

Total launches

Successes

First flight

5 December 2003

First Stage

Diameter

2.5 m (8.2 ft)[4]

Engines

3 RD-0233 (15D95)
1 RD-0234(15D96)[5][6]

Thrust

2,080 kN (470,000 lbf)[7][8]

Specific

310s[7]

impulse

Burn time

120 seconds

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Second Stage

Diameter

2.5 m (8.2 ft)[4]

Engines

1 RD-0235 (15D113)
1 RD-0236 (15D114)[5][6]

Thrust

255.76 kN (57,500 lbf)[9][10]

Specific

310s[9]

impulse

Burn time

180 seconds

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Third Stage - APB (Agregatno-Priborny Otsek)[2]

Engines

1 RD-0237[11]

Thrust

4.90 kilonewtons (1,100 lbf)[11]

Specific

200 s sec[11]

impulse

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Vega

Mock version Vega C, the Paris Air Show 2015

Function

Small orbital launch vehicle

Manufacturer

Avio

Country of origin

Italy, Europe

Size

Height

30 m (98 ft)

Diameter

3 m (9.8 ft)

Mass

137,000 kg (302,000 lb)

Capacity

Payload to

1,430 kg (3,150 lb)

Polar orbit
(700km / inclination90)

Payload to
Elliptic orbit
(1500x200km
/inclination 5.4)

1,963 kg (4,328 lb)

Payload to

1,450 kg (3,200 lb)

SSO (400km)

Associated rockets

Comparable

Minotaur IV, Minotaur-C,Rokot

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

ZLV (ELA-1), Centre Spatial


Guyanais

Total launches

Successes

First flight

13 February 2012[1]

First Stage - P80[2][3][4]

Length

11.7 m (38 ft)

Diameter

3 m (9.8 ft)

Empty mass

7,330 kg (16,160 lb)

Gross mass

95,695 kg (210,971 lb)

Thrust

2,261 kN (508,300 lbf)

Specific impulse

280 s (2.7 km/s)

Burn time

110 s

Fuel

HTPB (Solid)

Second Stage - Zefiro 23

Length

8.39 m (27.5 ft)

Diameter

1.9 m (6.2 ft)

Empty mass

2,850 kg (6,280 lb)

Gross mass

28,850 kg (63,600 lb)

Thrust

871 kN (195,800 lbf)

Specific impulse

287.5 s (2.819 km/s)

Burn time

77 s

Fuel

HTPB (Solid) [5]

Third Stage - Zefiro 9

Length

4.12 m (13.5 ft)

Diameter

1.9 m (6.2 ft)

Empty mass

1,315 kg (2,899 lb)

Gross mass

11,815 kg (26,048 lb)

Thrust

260 kN (58,450 lbf)

Specific impulse

296 s (2.90 km/s)

Burn time

120 s

Fuel

HTPB (Solid) [6]

Upper Stage - AVUM

Length

1.7 m (5.6 ft)

Diameter

1.9 m (6.2 ft)

Empty mass

147 kg (324 lb)

Gross mass

697 kg (1,537 lb)

Engines

1 RD-843

Thrust

2.42 kN (544.0 lbf)

Specific impulse

315.5 s (3.094 km/s)

Burn time

667 s

Fuel

UDMH/N2O4

Zenit-3SL

Zenit-3SL

Function

Carrier rocket

Manufacturer

Yuzhnoye (Zenit)
RKK Energia (Block-DM)
Boeing (fairing)

Country of origin

Ukraine[1]

Size

Height

59.6 metres (196 ft)

Diameter

3.9 metres (13 ft)

Mass

462,200 kilograms (1,019,000 lb)

Stages

Three

Capacity

Payload to

6,060 kilograms (13,360 lb)[2]

GTO

Associated rockets

Family

Zenit

Derivatives

Zenit-3SLB

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Ocean Odyssey

Total launches

36

Successes

32

Failures

Partial failures

First flight

28 March 1999

First Stage

Engines

1 RD-171

Thrust

8,180 kilonewtons (1,840,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

337 sec

Burn time

150 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Second Stage

Engines

1 RD-120
1 RD-8

Thrust

912 kilonewtons (205,000 lbf)


79.5 kilonewtons (17,900 lbf)

Specific impulse

349 sec

Burn time

315 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Third Stage - Block DM-SL

Engines

1 RD-58M

Thrust

84.9 kilonewtons (19,100 lbf)

Specific impulse

352 sec

Burn time

650 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Zenit-3SLB/3M

Zenit-3SLB

Function

Carrier rocket

Manufacturer

Yuzhnoye

Country of origin

Ukraine

Size

Height

59.6 metres (196 ft)

Diameter

3.9 metres (13 ft)

Mass

471,000 kilograms (1,038,000 lb)

Stages

Three

Capacity

Payload to

3,750 kilograms (8,270 lb)

GTO

Associated rockets

Family

Zenit

Comparable

Zenit-3SLBF

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Baikonur Site 45/1

Total launches

Successes

First flight

28 April 2008

First Stage

Engines

1 RD-171

Thrust

8,180 kilonewtons (1,840,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

337 sec

Burn time

150 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Second Stage

Engines

1 RD-120
1 RD-8

Thrust

912 kilonewtons (205,000 lbf)


79.5 kilonewtons (17,900 lbf)

Specific impulse

349 sec

Burn time

315 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Third Stage - Block DM-SLB

Engines

1 RD-58M

Thrust

84.9 kilonewtons (19,100 lbf)

Specific impulse

352 sec

Burn time

650 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Zenit-3F
Function

Carrier rocket

Manufacturer

Yuzhnoye

Country of origin

Ukraine

Size

Height

59.6 metres (196 ft)

Diameter

3.9 metres (13 ft)

Mass

471,000 kilograms (1,038,000 lb)

Stages

Three

Capacity

Payload to

4,000 kilograms (8,800 lb)[1]

GTO

Associated rockets

Family

Zenit

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Baikonur Site 45/1

First Stage

Engines

1 RD-171

Thrust

8,180 kilonewtons (1,840,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

337 sec

Burn time

150 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Second Stage

Engines

1 RD-120
1 RD-8

Thrust

912 kilonewtons (205,000 lbf)


79.5 kilonewtons (17,900 lbf)

Specific impulse

349 sec

Burn time

315 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Third Stage - Fregat-SB

Engines

1 S5.92

Thrust

19.6 kilonewtons (4,400 lbf)

Specific impulse

327 sec

Burn time

877 seconds

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Proton-M

Proton-M rocket on the launchpad

Function

heavy lift launch vehicle

Manufacturer

Khrunichev

Country of origin

Russia

Size

Height

58 m (190 ft)

Diameter

7.4 m (24 ft)

Mass

712,800 kg (1,571,500 lb)

Stages

3 or 4

Capacity

Payload to

22,000 kg (49,000 lb)

LEO

Payload to

6,700 kg (14,800 lb)

GTO (Briz-M)

Payload to

3,500 kg (7,700 lb)

GSO (Briz-M)

Associated rockets

Family

Universal Rocket

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Baikonur Sites 81 & 200

Total launches

117 [1]

Successes

106

Failures

Partial failures

First flight

7 April 2001[2]

First Stage

Length

21 m (69 ft)

Diameter

7.4 m (24 ft)

Empty mass

31,000 kg (68,000 lb)

Gross mass

450,400 kg (993,000 lb)

Engines

6 RD-253-14D14

Thrust

10,532 kN (2,368,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

285 sec

Burn time

108 sec

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Second Stage - 8S811K

Length

14 m (46 ft)

Diameter

4.15 m (13.6 ft)

Empty mass

11,715 kg (25,827 lb)

Gross mass

167,828 kg (369,997 lb)

Engines

4 RD-0210

Thrust

2,399 kN (539,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

327 sec

Burn time

206 sec

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Third Stage

Length

6.5 m (21 ft)

Diameter

4.15 m (13.6 ft)

Empty mass

4,185 kg (9,226 lb)

Gross mass

50,747 kg (111,878 lb)

Engines

1 RD-0212

Thrust

613.8 kN (138,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

325 sec

Burn time

238 sec

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Fourth Stage (optional) - Briz-M

Length

2.61 m (8 ft 7 in)

Diameter

4.10 m (13.5 ft)

Empty mass

2,370 kg (5,220 lb)

Gross mass

22,170 kg (48,880 lb)

Engines

1 S5.98M

Thrust

19.6 kN (4,400 lbf)

Specific impulse

326 sec

Burn time

3000 sec

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Fourth Stage (optional) - Blok DM-2

Engines

1 RD-58M

Thrust

85 kN (19,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

352 sec

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Fourth Stage (optional) - Blok DM-03

Engines

1 RD-58MF

Thrust

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Rockot (Rokot)

Function

Orbital carrier rocket

Manufacturer

Eurockot Launch Services

Country of origin

Soviet Union

Size

Height

29 metres (95 ft)

Diameter

2.5 metres (8 ft 2 in)

Mass

107,000 kilograms (236,000 lb)

Stages

Capacity

Payload to

1,950 kilograms (4,300 lb)

LEO

Payload to

1,200 kilograms (2,600 lb)

SSO

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Baikonur 175/1 (inactive)


Plesetsk 133/3

Total launches

27

Successes

25

Failures

First flight

20 November 1990
26 December 1994 (orbital)

First Stage

Diameter

2.5 m (8.2 ft)[1]

Engines

3 RD-0233 (15D95)
1 RD-0234(15D96)[2][3]

Thrust

2,080 kN (470,000 lbf)[4][5]

Specific impulse

310s[4]

Burn time

120 seconds

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Second Stage

Diameter

2.5 m (8.2 ft)[1]

Engines

1 RD-0235 (15D113)
1 RD-0236 (15D114)[2][3]

Thrust

255.76 kN (57,500 lbf)[6][7]

Specific impulse

310s[6]

Burn time

180 seconds

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Third Stage - Briz-KM

Engines

1 S5.98M

Thrust

19.6 kilonewtons (4,400 lbf)

Specific impulse

325 sec

Burn time

1,000 seconds

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle

Model of the standard PSLV rocket

Function

Medium lift launch system

Manufacturer

ISRO

Country of origin

India

Cost per launch

PSLV-CA 90 crore($15M)[1]

Size

Height

44 metres (144 ft)

Diameter

2.8 metres (9 ft 2 in)

Mass

PSLV: 295,000 kg (650,000 lb)


PSLV-CA: 230,000 kg (510,000 lb)
PSLV-XL: 320,000 kg (710,000 lb)[2]

Stages

Capacity

Payload to

3,250 kg (7,170 lb)

LEO

Payload to

1,750 kg (3,860 lb)[2]

SSO

Payload to

1,425 kg (3,142 lb)[2]

Sub-GTO/GTO

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Sriharikota

Total launches

33
PSLV: 11
PSLV-CA: 11
PSLV-XL: 11

Successes

31
PSLV: 9
PSLV-CA: 11
PSLV-XL: 11

Failures

1 (PSLV)

Partial failures

1 (PSLV)

First flight

PSLV: 20 September 1993


PSLV-CA: 23 April 2007
PSLV-XL: 22 October 2008

Notable payloads

Chandrayaan-1, Mars Orbiter


Mission, Astrosat

Boosters (PSLV) - S9

No boosters

Thrust

510 kN (110,000 lbf)[2]

Specific impulse

262 s (2.57 km/s)

Burn time

44 seconds

Fuel

HTPB

Boosters (PSLV-XL) - S12

No boosters

Thrust

719 kN (162,000 lbf)[2]

Specific impulse

262 s (2.57 km/s)

Burn time

49 seconds

Fuel

HTPB

First Stage

Engines

S139

Thrust

4,800 kN (1,100,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

237 s (2.32 km/s) (sea level)


269 s (2.64 km/s) (vacuum)

Burn time

105 seconds

Fuel

HTPB

Second Stage

Engines

1 Vikas

Thrust

799 kN (180,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

293 s (2.87 km/s)

Burn time

158 seconds

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Third Stage

Engines

S7

Thrust

240 kN (54,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

294 s (2.88 km/s)

Burn time

83 seconds

Fuel

HTPB

Fourth Stage

Engines

2 x L-2-5[3]

Thrust

15.2 kN (3,400 lbf)

Specific impulse

308 s (3.02 km/s)

Burn time

425 seconds

Fuel

MMH/MON

Epsilon

Artist's impression

Function

Launch vehicle

Country of origin

Japan

Size

Height

24.4m

Diameter

2.5m

Mass

91t

Stages

34

Capacity

Payload to

1,200 kilograms (2,600 lb)

250x500 km orbit
3 stages

Payload to

700 kilograms (1,500 lb)

500 km orbit
4 stages

Payload to

450 kilograms (990 lb)

500 km SSO
4 stages

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Uchinoura

Total launches

Successes

First flight

September 14, 2013

First Stage - SRB-A3

Engines

1 solid

Thrust

2,271 kN[1]

Specific impulse

284 seconds[1]

Burn time

116 seconds[1]

Fuel

Second Stage - M-34c

Engines

1 solid

Thrust

371.5 kN[1]

Specific impulse

300 seconds[1]

Burn time

105 seconds[1]

Fuel

Third Stage - KM-V2b

Engines

1 solid

Thrust

99.8 kN[1]

Specific impulse

301 seconds[1]

Burn time

90 seconds[1]

Fuel

Fourth Stage (optional) - CLPS

Thrust

Specific impulse

215 seconds[1]

Fuel

hydrazine

GSLV

Artist representation of GSLV Mk II

Function

Medium Lift Launch System

Manufacturer

ISRO

Country of origin

India

Cost per launch

Mk II 2.2 billion($36 million)[1]

Size

Height

49.13 metres (161.2 ft)[2]

Diameter

2.8 metres (9 ft 2 in)

Mass

414,750 kilograms (914,370 lb)

Stages

Capacity

Payload to

5,000 kilograms (11,000 lb)[2]

LEO

Payload to

2,500 kilograms (5,500 lb)[2]

GTO

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Satish Dhawan

Total launches

9 (6 Mk.I, 3 Mk.II)

Successes

4 (2 Mk.I, 2 Mk.II)

Failures

4 (3 Mk.I, 1 Mk.II)

Partial failures

1 (Mk.I)

First flight

Mk.I: 18 April 2001


Mk.II: 15 April 2010

Boosters

No boosters

Four

Engines

1 L40H Vikas 2

Thrust

760 kilonewtons (170,000 lbf)

Total thrust

3,040 kilonewtons (680,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

262 sec

Burn time

160 seconds

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

First Stage

Engines

1 S139

Thrust

4,700 kilonewtons (1,100,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

237 sec

Burn time

100 seconds

Fuel

HTPB (solid)

Second Stage

Engines

1 GS2 Vikas 4

Thrust

800 kilonewtons (180,000 lbf)[2]

Specific impulse

295 s (2.89 kNs/kg)

Burn time

150 seconds

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Third Stage (GSLV Mk.I) - 12KRB

Engines

1 KVD-1

Thrust

69 kilonewtons (16,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

460 s (4.5 kNs/kg)

Burn time

720 seconds

Fuel

LOX/LH2

Third Stage (GSLV Mk.II) - CUS12

Engines

1 CE-7.5

Thrust

75 kilonewtons (17,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

454 seconds (4.45 km/s)

Burn time

720 seconds

Fuel

LOX/LH2

GSLV - Mk III (LVM3)[1][2]


Function

Mid-Heavy lift launch vehicle

Manufacturer

Indian Space Research Organisation

Country of

India

origin

Size

Height

43.43 m (142.5 ft)[1]

Diameter

4.0 m (13.1 ft)

Mass

640,000 kg (1,410,000 lb)[1]

Stages

Capacity

Payload to

8,000 kg (18,000 lb)[1]

LEO (600 km)

Payload to

4,000 kg (8,800 lb)[1]

GTO

Launch history

Status

Development

Launch sites

Satish Dhawan Space CentreSLP, Andhra


Pradesh, India

Total launches

1 (2 stage version)

Successes

1 (2 stage version)

First flight

18 December 2014 (2 stage version; suborbital flight)

Booster Stage - S200

Length

25 m (82 ft)[1]

Diameter

3.2 m (10 ft)[1]

Propellant mass

207,000 kg (456,000 lb)[1]

Engines

2 Solid

Thrust

5,150 kN (525 tf) each[3][4][5]

Specific

274.5 (vacuum)[1]

impulse

Burn time

130 sec[1]

Fuel

HTPB[1]

Core Stage - L110

Length

17 m (56 ft)[1]

Diameter

4.0 m (13.1 ft)[1]

Propellant mass

110,000 kg (240,000 lb)[1]

Engines

2 Vikas engines

Thrust

1,598 kN (163.0 tf)[1][6][7]

Specific

293 sec[1]

impulse

Burn time

200 sec[1]

Fuel

UDMH/N2O4

Upper Stage - C25

Length

13.5 m (44 ft)[1]

Diameter

4.0 m (13.1 ft)[1]

Propellant mass

27,000 kg (60,000 lb)[1]

Engines

1 CE-20

Thrust

200 kN (20 tf)[1]

Specific

443 sec

impulse

Burn time

586 sec

Fuel

LOX/LH2

H-IIA

H-IIA No. F23 rolls out to the launch pad in February 2014

Function

Launch vehicle

Manufacturer

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries(prime)

ATK (sub)
Country of origin

Japan
Size

Height

53 m (173 ft)

Diameter

4 m (13.1 ft)

Mass

285,000 - 445,000 kg (628,317 - 981,057 lb)

Stages

2
Capacity

Payload toLEO

10,000 - 15,000 kg (22,046 - 33,069 lb)

Payload to

4,100 - 6,000 kg (9,038 - 13,227 lb)

GTO
Launch history
Status

Active

Launch sites

LA-Y, Tanegashima

Total launches

29
(202: 17, 204: 2, 2022: 3,2024: 7)

Successes

28
(202: 17, 204: 2, 2022: 3,2024: 6)

Failures

1 (2024)

First flight

202: 29 August 2001


204: 18 December 2006
2022: 26 February 2005
2024: 4 February 2002

Notable payloads

SELENE
Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite
Akatsuki

Boosters (All Variants) - SRB-A, SRB-A3


No. boosters

2-4

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

4,520 - 9,040kN (SRB-A)

Specific impulse

280 seconds (2.7 km/s)

Burn time

120 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Boosters (H-IIA 2022/2024) - Castor 4AXL


No. boosters

2-4

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

(1,490 - 2,980kN)

Specific impulse

283 seconds (2.78 km/s)

Burn time

60 seconds

Fuel

Solid
First stage

Engines

1 LE-7A

Thrust

1,098 kN (246,840 lbf)

Specific impulse

440 seconds (4.3 km/s)

Burn time

390 seconds

Fuel

LOX/LH2
Second stage

Engines

1 LE-5B

Thrust

137 kN (30,798 lbf)

Specific impulse

447 seconds (4.38 km/s)

Burn time

534 seconds

Fuel

LOX/LH2

H-IIB

Liftoff of H-IIB Flight 2

Function

Launch vehicle

Manufacturer

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries

Country of origin

Japan

Size

Height

56.6 m

Diameter

5.2 m

Mass

531,000 kg

Stages

Capacity

Payload to LEO

19,000 kg

Payload to

8,000 kg

GTO

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

LA-Y, Tanegashima

Total launches

Successes

First flight

10 September 2009

Notable payloads

H-II Transfer Vehicle

Boosters - SRB-A3

No boosters

Thrust

2,305 kN (518,000 lbf)

Total thrust

9,220 kN (2,070,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

283.6 s (2.781 km/s)

Burn time

114 s

Fuel

HTPB

First Stage

Engines

2 LE-7A

Thrust

2,196 kN (494,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

440 seconds (4.3 km/s)

Burn time

352 s

Fuel

LOX/LH2

Second Stage

Engines

1 LE-5B

Thrust

137 kN (31,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

448 seconds (4.39 km/s)

Burn time

499 s

Fuel

LOX/LH2

Minotaur II

Minotaur II launch from Vandenberg

Function

Suborbital launch system

Manufacturer

Orbital Sciences

United States

Country of origin

Size

Stages

2 or 3

Capacity

Payload to

400 kilograms (880 lb)

8000km S/O

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Vandenberg LF-06

Total launches

Successes

First flight

28 May 2000

First Stage - M55E1

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

935 kilonewtons (210,000 lbf)

Fuel

Solid

Second Stage - SR19AJ1

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

268 kilonewtons (60,000 lbf)

Fuel

Solid

Third Stage (Baseline) - M57A1

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

Fuel

Solid

Third Stage (Minotaur II+) - SR-73-AJ

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

Fuel

Solid

Third Stage (Heavy) - Orion 50XL

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

118.2 kilonewtons (26,600 lbf)

Burn time

74 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Long March 6

Maiden flight of Long March 6 rocket

Function

Small carrier rocket

Manufacturer

SAST[1]

Country of origin

China

Size

Height

29 m (95 ft)

Diameter

3.35 m (11.0 ft)

Mass

103,000 kg (227,000 lb)

Stages

3[2]

Capacity

Payload to

1,080 kilograms (2,380 lb)

700 km (430 mi) SSO

Associated rockets

Family

Long March
Long March 6

Comparable

Falcon 1

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

LA-16, TSLC

Total launches

Successes

First flight

19 September 2015[3]

First Stage

Diameter

3.35 m (11.0 ft)

Propellant mass

61,000 kg (134,000 lb) to 76,000 kg


(168,000 lb)

Engines

1 YF-100

Thrust

1,340 kN (300,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

300 sec (SL); 335 sec (Vac)[4]

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Second Stage

Diameter

2.25 m (7.4 ft)

Propellant mass

15,000 kg (33,000 lb)

Engines

1 YF-115

Thrust

176.5 kN (39,700 lbf)

Specific impulse

342 sec (Vac)[citation needed]

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Third Stage

Engines

4 YF-85

Thrust

4 kN (900 lbf)

Specific impulse

285 sec

Fuel

H2O2/RP-1

Long March 7[1][2]

Function

Medium to heavy orbital launch vehicle

Manufacturer

CALT

Country of origin

China

Size

Height

53.10 m (174.2 ft)

Diameter

3.35 m (11.0 ft)

Mass

594,000 kg (1,310,000 lb)

Stages

Capacity

Payload to

13,500 kg (29,800 lb)

LEO (200km x 400km


x 42)

Payload to

5,500 kg (12,100 lb)

SSO 700km

Associated rockets

Family

Long March

Comparable

Delta IV, Atlas V, Falcon 9,HIIA, Angara

Launch history

Status

In development

Launch sites

Wenchang, Jiuquan,Xichang, Taiyuan

Boosters - K2 booster

No boosters

Diameter

2.25 m (7.4 ft)

Engines

1 YF-100

Thrust

SL: 1,200 kN (270,000 lbf)


Vac: 1,340 kN (300,000 lbf)

Total thrust

SL: 4,800 kN (1,100,000 lbf)


Vac: 5,360 kN (1,200,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

SL: 300 seconds (2.9 km/s)


Vac: 335 seconds (3.29 km/s)

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

First Stage - K3 core module

Diameter

3.35 m (11.0 ft)

Engines

2 YF-100

Thrust

SL: 2,400 kN (540,000 lbf)


Vac: 2,680 kN (600,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

SL: 300 seconds (2.9 km/s)


Vac: 335 seconds (3.29 km/s)

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Second Stage

Diameter

3.35 m (11.0 ft)

Engines

4 YF-115

Thrust

706 kN (159,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

342 seconds (3.35 km/s)

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Falcon 9

A Falcon 9 v1.1 carrying a Dragon cargo spacecraft

Function

Orbital launch vehicle

Manufacturer

SpaceX

Country of origin

United States

Cost per launch

v1.1: $61.2M[1]

Size

Height

v1.1 Full Thrust: 70 m (230 ft)[2]


v1.1: 68.4 m (224 ft)[3]
v1.0: 54.9 m (180 ft)[4]

Diameter

3.66 m (12.0 ft)

Mass

v1.1 Full Thrust: 541,000 kg (1,193,000 lb)


[2]

v1.1: 505,846 kg (1,115,200 lb)[3]


v1.0: 333,400 kg (735,000 lb)[4]

Stages

Capacity

Payload toLEO

v1.1: 13,150 kg (28,990 lb)[1][3]


v1.0: 10,450 kg (23,040 lb)[4]

Payload to

v1.1: 4,850 kg (10,690 lb)[1][3]

GTO

v1.0: 4,540 kg (10,010 lb)[4]

Launch history

Status

v1.1 Full Thrust: Active

v1.1: Retired
v1.0: Retired

Launch sites

Cape Canaveral SLC-40


Vandenberg SLC-4E

Total launches

21
(v1.1 Full Thrust: 1, v1.1: 15,v1.0: 5)

Successes

19
(v1.1 Full Thrust: 1, v1.1: 14,v1.0: 4[5])

Failures

1 (v1.1)

Partial failures

1 (v1.0)

First flight

v1.1 Full Thrust: December 22, 2015[6]


v1.1: September 29, 2013[7]
v1.0: June 4, 2010[8]

First stage

Engines

v1.1 Full Thrust: 9 Merlin 1D+


v1.1: 9 Merlin 1D[3]
v1.0: 9 Merlin 1C[4]

Thrust

v1.1 Full Thrust: 6,806 kN(1,530,000 lbf)[2]


v1.1: 5,885 kN (1,323,000 lbf)
v1.0: 4,940 kN (1,110,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

v1.1
Sea level: 282 s[9]
Vacuum: 311 s
v1.0
Sea level: 275 s

Vacuum: 304 s
Burn time

v1.1 Full Thrust: 162 seconds[10]


v1.1: 180 seconds
v1.0: 170 seconds

Fuel

LOX/RP-1
Second stage

Engines

v1.1 Full Thrust: 9 Merlin Vacuum (1D)+


v1.1: 1 Merlin Vacuum (1D)
v1.0: 1 Merlin Vacuum (1C)

Thrust

v1.1 Full Thrust: 934 kN(210,000 lbf)[10]


v1.1: 801 kN (180,000 lbf)
v1.0: 445 kN (100,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

v1.1 Full Thrust


Vacuum: 348 s[10]
v1.0
Vacuum: 342 s[11]

Burn time

v1.1 Full Thrust: 397 seconds[10]


v1.1: 375 seconds
v1.0: 345 seconds

Fuel

LOX/RP-1

Delta IV (Delta 9000)

Delta IV Medium launch carrying DSCS III-B6

Function

Orbital launch vehicle

Manufacturer

Boeing BDS
United Launch Alliance

Country of origin

United States

Size

Height

63-72 m (206-235 ft)

Diameter

5 m (16.4 ft)

Mass

249,500-733,400 kg (550,000-1,616,800 lb)

Stages

Capacity

Payload toLEO

9,420-28,790 kg[1] (20,750-63,450 lb)

Payload to

4,440-14,220 kg (8,500-28,620 lb)

GTO

Associated rockets

Derivatives

Vulcan

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral


SLC-6, Vandenberg AFB

Total launches

30
Medium: 3
Medium+ (4,2): 13
Medium+ (5,2): 1
Medium+ (5,4): 5
Heavy: 8

Successes

29
Medium: 3
Medium+ (4,2): 13
Medium+ (5,2): 1
Medium+ (5,4): 5
Heavy: 7

Partial failures

1 (Heavy)

First flight

Medium: March 11, 2003


Medium+ (4,2): November 20, 2002

Medium+ (5,2): April 3, 2012


Medium+ (5,4): December 6, 2009
Heavy: December 21, 2004

Boosters (Medium+) - GEM 60

No boosters

Medium+ (4,2), Medium+ (5,2): 2


Medium+ (5,4): 4

Gross mass

33,638 kg (74,158 lb)

Thrust

826.6 kN (185,800 lbf)

Specific impulse

245 s (sea level)

Burn time

91 seconds

Fuel

HTPB

Boosters (Heavy) - CBC

No boosters

Gross mass

226,400 kg (499,100 lb)

Engines

1 RS-68A

Thrust

3,140 kN (705,000 lbf) (sea level)

Specific impulse

Sea level: 360 sec


Vacuum: 412 sec

Burn time

242 seconds[1]

Fuel

LH2/LOX

First Stage - CBC

Gross mass

226,400 kg (499,100 lb)

Engines

1 RS-68A

Thrust

3,140 kN (705,000 lbf) (sea level)

Specific impulse

Sea level: 360 sec


Vacuum: 412 sec

Burn time

245 seconds (328 seconds in Heavy


configuration)[1]

Fuel

LH2/LOX

Second Stage - DCSS

Gross mass

4-m: 24,170 kg (53,290 lb)


5-m: 30,700 kg (67,700 lb)

Engines

1 RL10-B-2

Thrust

110 kN (25,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

462 s

Burn time

850-1,125 seconds

Fuel

LH2/LOX

Launch of an Atlas V 401 carrying the LRO and LCROSS

Function

EELV/Medium-heavy launch vehicle

Manufacturer

United Launch Alliance

Country of origin

United States

Size

Height

58.3 meters (191 ft)

Diameter

3.81 meters (12.5 ft)

Mass

334,500 kilograms (737,400 lb)

Stages

Capacity

Payload to

9,80018,810 kilograms (21,61041,470 lb)

LEO

Payload to

4,7508,900 kilograms (10,47019,620 lb)

GTO

Associated rockets

Derivatives

Vulcan

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Cape Canaveral SLC-41


Vandenberg SLC-3E

Total launches

60
(401: 30, 411: 3, 421: 5, 431: 2)
(501: 6, 521: 2, 531: 3, 541: 3,551: 6)

Successes

59
(401: 29, 411: 3, 421: 5, 431: 2)
(501: 6, 521: 2, 531: 3, 541: 3,551: 6)

Partial failures

1 (401)[1]

First flight

401: 21 August 2002


411: 20 April 2006
421: 10 October 2007
431: 11 March 2005
501: 22 April 2010
521: 17 July 2003
531: 14 August 2010

541: 26 November 2011


551: 19 January 2006

Notable payloads

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter


New Horizons
LRO/LCROSS
Solar Dynamics Observatory
Boeing X-37B
Juno
Mars Science Laboratory

Boosters - AJ-60A[2]

No boosters

0 to 5

Length

17.0 m (669 in)[2]

Diameter

1.6 m (62 in)[2]

Gross mass

46,697 kg (102,949 lb)

Thrust

1,688.4 kN (379,600 lbf)

Specific impulse

279.3 seconds (2.739 km/s)

Burn time

94 seconds

Fuel

HTPB

Boosters (Heavy, cancelled) - Atlas CCB

No boosters

Length

32.46 m (106.5 ft)

Diameter

3.81 m (12.5 ft)

Empty mass

23,648 kg (52,135 lb)

Propellant mass

286,795 kg (632,275 lb)

Engines

1 RD-180

Thrust

3,827 kN (860,000 lbf) (SL)


4,152 kN (933,000 lbf) (Vac)

Specific impulse

311.3 seconds (3.053 km/s) (SL)


337.8 seconds (3.313 km/s) (Vac)

Burn time

253 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

First Stage - Atlas CCB

Length

32.46 m (106.5 ft)

Diameter

3.81 m (12.5 ft)

Empty mass

21,054 kg (46,416 lb)

Propellant mass

284,089 kg (626,309 lb)

Engines

1 RD-180

Thrust

3,827 kN (860,000 lbf) (SL)


4,152 kN (933,000 lbf) (Vac)

Specific impulse

311.3 seconds (3.053 km/s) (SL)


337.8 seconds (3.313 km/s) (Vac)

Burn time

253 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Second Stage - Centaur

Length

12.68 m (41.6 ft)

Diameter

3.05 m (10.0 ft)

Empty mass

2,316 kg (5,106 lb)

Propellant mass

20,830 kg (45,920 lb)

Engines

1 RL10A or 1 RL10C

Thrust

99.2 kN (22,300 lbf) (RL10A)

Specific impulse

450.5 seconds (4.418 km/s) (RL10A-4-2)

Burn time

842 seconds (RL10A-4-2)

Fuel

LH2/LOX

Antares

The launch of an Antares 110 rocket

Function

Medium expendable launch system

Manufacturer

Orbital ATK (main)


Yuzhnoye Design Bureau(sub)

Country of origin

United States

Project cost

$472 million until 2012[1]

Size

Height

110/120: 40.5 m (133 ft)[2]


130: 41.9 m (137 ft)

Diameter

3.9 m (13 ft)[3]

Mass

~240,000 kg (530,000 lb)[2]

Stages

2 to 3[3]

Capacity

Payload to

6,120 kg (13,490 lb)[4]

LEO

Associated rockets

Comparable

Delta II

Launch history

Status

100-series: retired
200-series: development

Launch sites

MARS LP-0A

Total launches

5 (110: 2, 120: 2, 130: 1)

Successes

4 (110: 2, 120: 2, 130: 0)

Failures

1 (130: 1)

First flight

110: April 21, 2013[5]


120: January 9, 2014[6]
130: October 28, 2014

Last flight

110: September 18, 2013


120: July 13, 2014
130: October 28, 2014

Notable payloads

Cygnus

First Stage (Antares 100-series)

Engines

2 Aerojet AJ26-62[7]

Thrust

3,265 kN (734,000 lbf)[7]

Burn time

230 seconds

Fuel

RP-1/LOX[7]

First Stage (Antares 200-series)

Engines

2 Energomash RD-181

Thrust

3,700 kN (830,000 lbf)

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Second Stage

Motor

1 Castor 30A/B/XL

Thrust

30A: 259 kN (58,200 lbf)


30B: 293.4 kN (65,960 lbf)[7]
30XL:

Fuel

TP-H8299/aluminium[8]

Soyuz:
First stage

The first stage hauling a crew up to ISS, 2006

The first stage of Soyuz rockets consists of four identical conical liquid booster rockets,
strapped to the second stage core. Each booster has a single rocket motor with four
combustion chambers, two vernier combustion chambers, and one set of turbopumps.
Statistics (each of 4 boosters)[citation needed]

Gross mass: 44.5 t (98,100 lbm)

Propellant: 39.2 t (86,400 lbm)

Dry mass: 3,784 kg (8,342 lbm)

Diameter: 2.68 m (8 ft 10 in)

Length: 19.6 m (64 ft 4 in)

Burn time: 118 s

Engines:
Soyuz and Soyuz-U models

RD-107

Thrust 813 kN (183 klbf) at liftoff

Thrust 991 kN (223 klbf) in vacuum

Specific impulse 245 seconds (2.40 km/s) at liftoff

Specific impulse 310 seconds (3.0 km/s) in vacuum

Chamber pressure 5.85 MPa (848 psi)

Soyuz-ST models

RD-117 (11D511)

Thrust 838 kN (188 klbf) at liftoff

Thrust 1021 kN (230 klbf) in vacuum

Specific impulse 245 seconds (2.40 km/s) at liftoff (est)

Specific impulse 310 seconds (3.0 km/s) in vacuum (est)

Chamber pressure 5.85 MPa (848 psi)

Soyuz-FG
RD-107A (14D22)
Thrust 775 kN (174 klbf) at liftoff

Specific impulse 320.2 seconds (3.140 km/s) in vacuum

Second stage
The second stage of the Soyuz booster is a single, generally cylindrical stage with one motor
at the base. Like each of the first-stage rockets, it also has four combustion chambers and
one set of turbopumps, but four (instead of two) vernier combustion chambers. The second
stage tapers toward the bottom to allow the four first-stage rockets to fit more closely
together.

Gross mass: 105.4 t (232,400 lbm)

Propellant: 95.4 t (210,000 lbm)

Propellant (Soyuz-U2 with Syntin propellant): 96.4 t (212,000 lbm)

Dry mass: 6,875 kg (15,160 lbm)

Length: 28 m (91 ft 10 in)

Diameter: 2.95 m (9 ft 8 in)

Burn time: 290 s

Engines:
Soyuz and Soyuz-U models

RD-108
Thrust 779 kN (175 klbf) at liftoff

Thrust 997 kN (224 klbf) in vacuum

Specific impulse 264 seconds (2.59 km/s) at liftoff

Specific impulse 311 seconds (3.05 km/s) in vacuum

Chamber pressure 5.1 MPa (740 psi)

Soyuz-U2 model with Syntin fuel

RD-108
Thrust 811 kN (182 klbf) at liftoff
Thrust 1009 kN (227 klbf) in vacuum

Specific impulse 264 seconds (2.59 km/s) at liftoff

Specific impulse 311 seconds (3.05 km/s) in vacuum

Chamber pressure 5.1 MPa (740 psi)

Soyuz-ST models

RD-118 (11D512)

Thrust 792 kN (178 klbf) at liftoff

Thrust 990 kN (222 klbf) in vacuum

Specific impulse 264 seconds (2.59 km/s) at liftoff (est)

Specific impulse 311 seconds (3.05 km/s) in vacuum (est)

Chamber pressure 5.85 MPa (848 psi)

Third stage
There are two variant upper stages in use, the Block I and Improved Block-I (used in
Soyuz-2-1b).

Gross mass: 25.2 t (55,600 lbm)


Propellant: 21.4-22.9 t (47,20050,500 lbm)

Dry mass: 2355 kg (5190 lbm)

Length: 6.7 m (22 ft 0 in)

Diameter: 2.66 m (8 ft 9 in)

Burn time: 240 s

Engine:
Block I
RD-0110
Thrust 298 kN (67.0 klbf)

Specific impulse 330 seconds (3.2 km/s)

Chamber pressure 6.8 MPa (986 psi)

Improved Block I

RD-0124 (11D451)

Thrust 294 kN (66 klbf)

Specific impulse 359 seconds (3.52 km/s)

Chamber pressure 16.2 MPa (2350 psi)

Minotaur I

Minotaur I with NFIRE at MARS

Function

Small expendable launch system

Manufacturer

Orbital Sciences

Country of origin

United States

Size

Height

19.21 metres (63.0 ft)

Diameter

1.67 metres (5 ft 6 in)

Mass

36,200 kilograms (79,800 lb)

Stages

4 or 5

Capacity

Payload to

580 kilograms (1,280 lb)

LEO

Payload to

331 kilograms (730 lb)

SSO

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Vandenberg SLC-8
MARS LP-0B

Total launches

11

Successes

11

First flight

27 January 2000

First Stage - M55A1

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

935 kilonewtons (210,000 lbf)

Fuel

Solid

Second Stage - SR19

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

268 kilonewtons (60,000 lbf)

Fuel

Solid

Third Stage - Orion 50XL

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

118.2 kilonewtons (26,600 lbf)

Burn time

74 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Fourth Stage - Orion 38

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

34.8 kilonewtons (7,800 lbf)

Burn time

68 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Minotaur IV

Launch of the first Minotaur IV Lite

Function

Expendable launch system

Manufacturer

Orbital Sciences

Cost per launch

$50 million[1]

Size

Height

23.88 meters (78.3 ft)

Diameter

2.34 meters (7 ft 8 in)

Mass

86,300 kg

Stages

Capacity

Payload to

1735 kg (28.5 deg, 185 km)

LEO

Associated rockets

Family

Minotaur

Derivatives

Minotaur V

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

SLC-8, Vandenberg AFB


LP-0B, MARS
LP-1, Kodiak
SLC-46, Cape Canaveral

Total launches

Successes

First flight

22 April 2010

First Stage - SR-118

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

2,200 kN (490,000 lbf)

Fuel

Solid

Second Stage - SR-119

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

1,365 kN (307,000 lbf)

Burn time

54 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Third Stage - SR-120

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

329 kN (74,000 lbf)

Burn time

62 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Fourth Stage (Baseline) - Orion 38

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

32.2 kN (7,200 lbf)

Burn time

67.7 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Fourth Stage (Optional) - Star-48V

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

68.6 kN (15,400 lbf)

Burn time

84.1 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Minotaur V

The first Minotaur V at MARS before the launch of LADEE.

Function

Expendable launch system

Manufacturer

Orbital Sciences

Country of origin

United States

Size

Height

24.56 m[1]

Diameter

2.67 m[1]

Mass

89,373 kg[1]

Stages

Five

Capacity

Payload to

532 kg

GTO

Payload to

342 kg

TLI

Associated rockets

Family

Minotaur

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

SLC-8, Vandenberg AFB


LP-0B, MARS
LP-1, Kodiak

Total launches

Successes

First flight

7 September 2013

First Stage - SR-118

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

1,607 kilonewtons (361,000 lbf)

Burn time

83 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Second Stage - SR-119

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

1,365 kilonewtons (307,000 lbf)

Burn time

54 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Third Stage - SR-120

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

329 kilonewtons (74,000 lbf)

Burn time

62 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Fourth Stage - Star-48BV

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

64 kilonewtons (14,000 lbf)

Burn time

84 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Fifth Stage (Baseline) - Star-37FM

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

47.26 kilonewtons (10,620 lbf)

Burn time

63 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Fifth Stage (Optional) - Star-37FMV

Engines

1 Solid

Thrust

Fuel

Solid

Minotaur-C (Taurus)

Taurus 3210 preparing to launch ROCSAT 2on May 20, 2004.

Function

Orbital launch vehicle

Manufacturer

Orbital Sciences, Orbital ATK

Country of origin

United States

Size

Height

27.9 m (91.5 ft)

Diameter

2.35 m (7.7 ft)

Mass

73,000 kg (160,000 lb)

Stages

Capacity

Payload to LEO

1,320 kg (2,910 lb)

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Wallops Flight Facility


LC-576E, Vandenberg AFB
Cape Canaveral
Kodiak Launch Complex

Total launches

Successes

Failures

First flight

13 April 1994, 22:32 UTC

USA 101/USA 102

First stage - Castor 120

Engines

1 solid

Thrust

1,606.6 kN (361,177 lbf)

Specific impulse

286 sec

Burn time

83 seconds

Fuel

Solid

Second stage - Taurus-1

Engines

1 solid

Thrust

484.9 kN (109,012 lbf)

Specific impulse

285 sec

Burn time

73 seconds

Fuel

solid

Third stage - Pegasus-2

Engines

1 solid

Thrust

118.2 kN (26,570 lbf)

Specific impulse

292 sec

Burn time

73 seconds

Fuel

solid

Fourth stage - Pegasus-3

Engines

1 solid

Thrust

34.57 kN (7,770 lbf)

Specific impulse

293 sec

Burn time

65 seconds

Fuel

solid

Soyuz FG (Soyuz-FG/Fregat)

The launch of Soyuz TMA-3 atop a Soyuz-FG rocket.

Function

Orbital carrier rocket

Manufacturer

TsSKB-Progress

Country of origin

Russia

Size

Height

49.5 m for Soyuz-FG and 42.5 m for


Soyuz-FG/Fregat

Diameter

10.3 m

Mass

305,000 kg (672,000 lb)

Stages

2 (Soyuz FG) or 3 (Soyuz-FG/Fregat)

Capacity

Payload toLEO

7,100 kg for Soyuz-FG and 7,800 kg for


Soyuz-FG/Fregat

Payload to

4,500 kg (9,900 lb)

800km SSO
(only for SoyuzFG/Fregat)

Associated rockets

Family

R-7 (Soyuz)

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

LC-1 (Soyuz-FG) & LC-31(Soyuz-

FG/Fregat), Baikonur

Total launches

49 (FG: 39, FG/Fregat: 10)

Successes

49

First flight

Soyuz-FG: May 20, 2001


Soyuz-FG/Fregat June 2, 2003

Notable payloads

Soyuz-TMA
Progress spacecraft

Boosters

No. boosters

Engines

1 RD-107

Thrust

838.5 kN near surface (1021.3kN in


vacuum)

Specific impulse

310 s (3.0 km/s)

Burn time

118 seconds

Fuel

LOX/RP-1

First stage

Engines

1 RD-108

Thrust

792.48 kN near surface (990.18kN in


vacuum)

Specific impulse

311 s (3.05 km/s)

Burn time

280 seconds

Fuel

LOX/RP-1

Second stage

Engines

1 RD-0110

Thrust

297.93 kN in vacuum

Specific impulse

359 s (3.52 km/s)

Burn time

230 seconds

Fuel

LOX/RP-1

Third stage (Optional) - Fregat

Engines

1 S5.92

Thrust

19.6 kN (4,406 LBf)

Specific impulse

327 s (3.21 km/s)

Burn time

877 seconds

Fuel

N2O4/UDMH

Delta II

A Delta II rocket launches from Cape Canaveralcarrying


the Dawn spacecraft.

Function

Launch vehicle

Manufacturer

United Launch Alliance (BoeingIDS)

Country of origin

United States

Cost per launch

US$51 million in 1987 (7920-10 mod.)[1]

Size

Height

38.239 m (125128 ft)

Diameter

2.44 m (8 ft 0 in)

Mass

151,700231,870 kg (334,440511,190 lb)

Stages

2 or 3

Capacity

Payload to

2,7006,100 kg (6,00013,400 lb)

LEO

Payload to

9002,170 kg (1,9804,780 lb)

GTO

Payload to

1,000 kg (2,200 lb)

HCO

Launch history

Status

Active

Launch sites

Cape Canaveral SLC-17


Vandenberg AFB SLC-2W

Total launches

153
Delta 6000: 17
Delta 7000: 130
Delta 7000H: 6

Successes

151
Delta 6000: 17
Delta 7000: 128
Delta 7000H: 6

Failures

1 (Delta 7000)

Partial failures

1 (Delta 7000)

First flight

Delta 6000: 14 February 1989


Delta 7000: 26 November 1990
Delta 7000H: 8 July 2003

Last flight

Delta 6000: 24 July 1992


Delta 7000H: 10 September 2011

Boosters (6000 Series) - Castor 4A

No boosters

Motor

Solid

Thrust

478 kN (107,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

266 s

Burn time

56 s

Fuel

HTPB

Boosters (7000 Series) - GEM 40

No boosters

3, 4, or 9

Motor

Solid

Thrust

492.9 kN (110,800 lbf)

Specific impulse

274 s

Burn time

64 s

Fuel

HTPB

Boosters (7000 Heavy) - GEM 46

No boosters

Motor

Solid

Thrust

628.3 kN (141,200 lbf)

Specific impulse

278 s

Burn time

75 s

Fuel

HTPB

First Stage - Thor/Delta XLT(-C)

Engines

1 RS-27 (6000 series) or RS-27A(7000


series)[2]

Thrust

1,054 kN (237,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

302 s

Burn time

265 s

Fuel

RP-1/LOX

Second Stage - Delta K

Engines

1 AJ10-118K

Thrust

43.6 kN (9,800 lbf)

Specific impulse

319 s

Burn time

431 s

Fuel

Dinitrogen tetroxide/Aerozine

Third Stage - PAM-D (optional)

Motor

Star 48B

Thrust

66 kN (15,000 lbf)

Specific impulse

286 s

Burn time

87 s

Fuel

HTPB