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Name-------------Date-------------Period----------

POINTS WILL BE TAKEN OFF IF THE ANSWERS


ARE NOT WRITTEN IN COMPLETE SENTENCES.

Transporting Materials across the Membrane


Permeability
1. Is the cell wall of plant cells freely permeable? What does
permeable mean?

2. The cell membrane is found in both --------------- and


----------------- cells.
3. What is the job of the cell membrane?

4. Why is the cell membrane often said to be semipermeable?

5. Why is it the term selectively permeable or differentially


permeable more appropriate in describing the cell membrane?

6. List the three different ways by which substances can enter or


exit cells from the surrounding medium.
a. -------------------------- ( ------------------ and ---------------------)

b. -------------------------------------c. ------------------------------ and ------------------------------

7. What is diffusion?

8. Give the definition for diffusion.

9. Illustrate figure 3.4 ( using two different color pencils or ink)


the process of diffusion .

10.
The movement of molecules by diffusion alone is a
--------------- process.

11.

What affects the rate of diffusion?

12.

Define concentration gradient.

13.
Diffusion in a ---------------- medium is faster than in a
------------------ medium

14.

How is diffusion sped up in the cell?

15. Why can lipid soluble molecules like alcohol diffuse directly
across the cell membrane?

15.
What other two gases can diffuse directly across the cell
membrane?

16.
How does oxygen gas leave the air sacs of the lungs to
blood capillaries?

17.
What is the name given for the diffusion of water across a
differentially permeable membrane?

18.

Define osmosis.

19.

Figure 3.7

Explain what happens to the movement of water in animal cells


when placed in the three environments listed below.
a. Isotonic

b. Hypotonic

c. Hypertonic

20.
What is the term given when water enters an animal cell
and burst due to increase osmotic pressure?

21.
What term is given when an animal cell is placed in a
hypertonic environment and the cell loses water and shrivels?

22.
Figure 3.7: Explains what happens when a plant cell is
placed the environments listed below.
a. Isotonic

b. Hypotonic

c. Hypertonic

23.
What is the name given to the pressure that develops
when a plant is placed in a hypotonic solution?

24.
What is the name given to a plant cell that shrivels when
placed in a hypertonic solution?

25.
What term is given to a solution that causes a cell to
neither gain nor lose water?

26.

What does iso mean? What does tonicity mean?

27.
What is the concentration of sodium chloride that is
isotonic to red blood cells?

28.
What type of environment or solution would cell take in
water?
29.
What salt solution would be hypotonic to red blood cells?

30.

What does lysis mean? What does hemolysis mean?

31.
What happens when a plant cell is placed into a hypotonic
solution?

32.

Why it is the plant cell does not burst?

33.

What does the prefix hyper mean?

34.

What happens to a cell if place in a hypertonic solution?

35.

What salt solution would be hypertonic to red blood cells?

36.
What term is given to animal cells in the shrink due to
being placed in a hypertonic solution?

37.
What is the term given when a plant cell shrinks when
placed in a hypertonic solution?

38.

What happens during plasmolysis?

39.
How is water reabsorbed in humans? Give me the
complete version of the story.