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Persian and Pahlavi

Words
In
The Holy Qur'an
By:Prof.M.S.Tajar

1. *zagh(seezeegh)
zeegh=fromthePahlaviwordzeegh/zigh/righ,meaninghatred,selfishness,
distancefromothersetc.IntheholyQur'anthiswordhasbeenrepeated9
times.forexamplechapter3v.7andothers(seeAmeedPersianDic.).
2. *Mishkat = from Pahlavi word Mushku/Mushkuy = Musk; It also
referstothePalaceofKingHarem.PlaceofLightorLamp.Inthe
HolyQur'anithasbeenusedasLihgtContainer.Seechapter24v.25.
3. *Farash=ArabicformothbutitisclosetoPahlaviFarashtu(par=
wing + ashto =bird) and parastu = sparrow and considering that
arabiclanguagedoes'nthaveletterPoftheAryanlanguages,thus
it turns Parsi into Farsi, this is very understandable. In the Holy
Qur'anitisusedinchapter101v.4.
4. *Surah = From the Pahlaviwordsuri meaningred color,alsothe
wallsaroundthecities,castlesofprotection.Itsalsonameofseveral
AryantribesincentralAsia,Afghanistanetc.IntheHolyQur'anits

usedaschapter(wallbetweentwoparts)Ithasbeenused10times
intheHolyQur'anchapter2v.23.
5. *Marvah=fromthePahlaviwordMarvameansGoodOmen,Good
Prayers, Blessings etc. (see A meed Persian Di c. and Per sian
Namesp.264)IntheHolyQur'anseechapter2v.158.(Names:The
namesMarwanandMawarridandMawarridarerelatedtoMarvahin
Pahlavi.
6. *Bakka=oldnameoftheholycityofMakkah(see.PersianNames
P.74).Itsorigin isanoldpahlaviwordfromBak/Bagh/Baghwan=
Creator/God (seePersian Namesp.73)So,Bakkah couldmeanThe
HouseofGod,liketheBaghstan=BristooninKermanshab,Persia.
IntheHolyQuran,thenameBakkahhasbeenusedinChapter3v.
96.(Note:ItspossiblethatthewordBalbekinLebanonandtheBekka
valleyarerelatedtothisPahlaviwordtoo.)
7. *Makkah=anothernameoftheHolycityofBakkah.Itsoriginallya
Pahlaviname(seeBakkah)seePersiannamesP.74.IntheHoly
QuranitsmentionedinChapter3v.96.
8. *Hasha=Ha+Asha=fromthePahlaviwordAshawhichmeans
truth/holiness(seeParsiNamesp.47.)plusthedefinitearticleofHa
=The(whichisstillinuseinHebrewlanguage,likeHaaretz=The
Earth.InPersian/AryanlanguagesitwasusedbeforelikeinHa+
Mavaram/Ha+Madan=TheMedesCity,HarrapainIndia/Pakistan
HaratinAfghanistanetc.So,HaShameansTheTruth(Tellthe
Truth)TheGloryofHeavens/Godetc.
IntheHolyQuranithasbeenusedastheexpressionofamazementby
theEgyptianwomen,whosaveJosephsgoodlooks;Theyshouted:
HashaLillah!/byGod!MyGod!Hecannotbeamereman!(HeisofHeaven)
seeHolyQuranchapter12v.31alsoref.TotheHolyQur'anTranslationby
Prof.Mir.AhmadAliofPakistanTafseerbyH.I.AqaPuyaYazdiinKarachi
andTransliterationbyProfM.S.Tajar,Publisher:NationalBookstoreofthe
Philippines2010p.p.561562.
9. *Tab=Perish/die/HavefeverfromPahlaviwordTab=feverInthe

HolyQur'anchapter111v.10seeTabbatbelow.
10.
*Tabbat=fromthePahlavi/MedianwordTabitmeaningFire
Temple/FirePlace.ItisalsorelatedtothePersianMedicine(ofthe
Medes)asTabmeaningHotfever/feveringeneral.Inthusconnection
ithasbeenusedinArabiclanguagealsoasPerish/Evilbefallonhim.
IntheHolyQur'anTabhasbeenusedtwice,inbothmeanings:
fire/perishinChapter111v.1.
11.
*Qabas=fromthePahlaviwordQabbasmeaningSunlight/The
sun/Thelight/Thefire/Theflame.IntheHolyQur'anitrefersto
ProphetMosesseeingBushfire.IthasbeenusedintheHolyQur'an
3times.seechapter27v.7etc.
12.
*Tuwa=fromthePahlavi/Aryanword,literallymeanstwice/two
timesblessed.SeeEnglishTranslationoftheHolyQur'anbyProf.Mir.
AhmadAliofPakistanTafseerbyH.I.AqaPuyaYazdiinKarachiand
TransliterationbyProfM.S.Tajar,Publisher:NationalBookstoreof
thePhilippines2010p.695.ItHasbeenusedintheHolyQuran
chapter20v.12.

13.
*Wadi=River/Riverbed/valley.ItsanAryan?pahlaviwordwhich
referstowaterasinEnglishandAvad/Abaad/Av/Aab/Abaad?
AbaadaninmodernPersian.(EvenIrraWadiinBurmacomesfrom
thatPersianword)IntheHolyQuranitsusedinchapter20v.12.
14.
*Tuba=fromthePahlaviwordTubaandTubagmeaning
blessings,treasures,treasury,goodthings(bothmaterialand
spiritual),realhappiness,truejoyandgladness(seeParsiNamesp.
458).IntheHolyQuranalsoithasbeenusedforthismeaning.See
chapter13v.29.
15.
*Tud/Taud=fromthePahlaviwordTudmeaningMountain.
SeeParsiNamesp.458.IthasbeenmeantintheintheZoroastrian
yashtorHolyTexts.IntheHolyQuraninchapter26v.23itsKad
TaudElAdhimLikeatallmountain=Tudhaskae(seeP.N.P.458.

16.
*Tur=ItisdefinitelynotArabic.ItseitherCoptic/Pharonic
EgyptorHebrew.ButitcouldalsobePersianbecauseinPahlavi
LanguageTurmeansDefiant/Strong/Courageous/Championetc.Its
alsothenameoftheTurkishpeopleaswellasthenameofoneofthe
threesonsofLegendaryKingFereidunofPersia,whosestoryisvery
similartoProphetNoahandHisthreesons.
ThewordTurisalsothetitleofthechapter52oftheHolyQuran.
Interestinglyenough,inthischapteranotherPahlaviwordTeenmeaning
fighasbeenmentioned.SeeAmidPersianDic.Allinallthewordturhas
beenmentionedintheHolyQuran10times.Forexample:chapter2v.63.
17.
*Toofan=Typhoon/ThegreatwindfromthePersianword
Tufaan(seeAmidPersianDic.).IntheHolyQuranithasbeen
mentionedtwice.Seechapter7v.133.

18.
*Taqwa=fromTaqwiat=power/empowerment(notfearing
Godasweareoftentold!Because,theGodofIslamismost
compassionate,mostMercifulnotabloodthirstyHindugodor
Dracula,tobefeared)

19.
*ThewordTaqwaisetymologicallyrelatedtothe
Persian/PahlaviwordQavi/Kavi/Kaveh/Qobad/Kavooswhichliterally
meanspowerful/sovereign/Ruler/King(seePersianNamesP.220).In
thesensethewordTaqwameansbeingincontrolofoneselftohold
thereignofourhouses,tobeKingourdesire/selfcontrol(notfearand
tremblingandweaknessasnunsandpriestteach.).
IntheHolyQuranthewordTaqwaanditsrelatedwordsofPahlavi
originhavebeenmentionedsome258times.Seechapter2/198etc.
20.
*Kais/Kasan(fromoldPahlaviKasah/kaza/kuza/kaz.Etc.see
AmidPersiandic.)IntheHolyQuran,ithasbeenrepeatedsixtimes.
Forexamplechapter56/18etc.
Abraham(thePahlavioriginAbrahaminHebrewandIbrahiminArabicand
possiblyevenBrahaminSanskrit)itliterallymeansFatherofNation/s
seePersianNamesP.2)
ThenameIbrahim(=Abraham)hasbeenusedintheHolyQuran
times.seechapter2/124,etc.

21.
*Baraza(fromthePahlaviwordBorzmeaning
appearance/Look/Figure/Body/)seeAmidPersianDic.)IntheHoly
Quranithasbeenused9timesseechapter3/154,etc.
22.
*Ajab/Ajab(=fromtheoldPahlaviwordAjabmeaning
wonder/Marvel/Miraculous/AmazingseePersianNamesP.12In
theHolyQuran27ithasbeenrepeated27times.Seechapter18/9and
63etc.
23.
*Dhank=fromthePersianwordTangwhichmeans
narrow/hardtogothrulikehardshipsinlife/difficulties/financial
problems/unhappinessetc(seeAdjShirPersianWordsinArabic
Language/Beirutp.110IntheHollyQuranithasbeenmentionedin
chapterTaha,v.124.

24.
*Abqari=fromthePahlaviwordAabKaarimeaning
Great/extraordinary/outstanding
/important.(seeAdjShirsThePersianwordsinArabicLanguage,Beirut,
1901p.114)Prof.EmamShushtariandProf.ArthurJefryalsosupportAdj
Shirsview.(SeeArthurJefryTheForeignwordsp.311).IntheHoly
QuranthePahlaviwordAabqarihasbeenmentionedinchapter55v.76.

25.
*Efrit=fromthePersianwordAfarid/Afaridehmeaning
creature,butitisspecificallyusedtomeantheJinnythepowerful
devilorspirit.(seeProf.ArthurJefrayTheForeignWordsp.316).In
theHolyQuranithasbeenmentionedinchapterNamlverse39.
26.
*Ghamz/Ghamzah=fromthePersianwordwhichmean
winking/givingsignalswiththeeyes,makingfunofsomethingor
somebody,evilthoughtsorplansexpresswithmischievouswinkingof
theeyes(seeAdjShirPersianwordsinArabicLanguage,Beirut,
1901,P.116aswellasProf.EmamShushtariPersianwordsinArabic
p.481)
27.

*Firdaus=ParadisefromthePahlaviwordParadies=

pary/fairy+deis=home/countrylikeBangladeshorthecountryof
theBenaliPeople)InallotherAryan(Iranioriginated)languageslike
Indian,Urdu,Panjabietc.AswellastheEuropeanlanguageslike
English,Spanish,Portuges,orGreek,Latinetc.thesameAryanword
isused.
28.
IntheHolyQuranthewordFirdaustheArabizedversionof
thePersianPariDeis/ParaDeishasbeenmentionedtwice.For
examplechapterAlKahf(TheCave,anotherAryan
word)verse107.
29.
Alfafa=fromthePahlaviwordfafaplustheArabicArticleAl=
ThewordFafainPersianmeansBeautiful/Lush
(Gardens)/Abundant/pleasanttolookat,etc.(seeAmeedPersian
DictionaryTehran,Iran2001).IntheHolyQur`anThewordfafais
mentionedinchapter78/16.
30.
Alfil=fromthepersianwordpilmeaningelephantplusthe
usualArabicarticleofalinthebeginning,meaningthe(thiskindof
arabizationofthePersianwordi.e.addinganArabicarticleand
owningthewordasArabichasbeenpopularamongthearabs.lookat
thefollowingwordsalfafa/alcazar/alembic/algorithm/alcohol/
almanac/alkaline/alizarine/alchemist/albeit/alcove/almas/
Alexander/elixirandhundredotherPersianwordpassedtotheword
asArabicjustbecauseofthearticle
alfil).SomeresearcherbelieveeventhewordelephantinEnglish,
SpanishandotherEuropeanlanguageisofthesamePersianisofthesame
PersianwordpilwhichisarabizedasphilplustheArabicarticle
al/el,asthecasemaybe.
Intheholyquran,thepahlaviwordpiloralfilisthetitleofthe
chapter105aswellaspartofitsfirstverse.(ref.seeadyshirPersianword
inArabicBeirut/1901p.201)alsoprof.emamshushtariPersianwordsin
Arabicp.501;andprof.ArthurjefreytheforeignwordsintheholyQuran
P.336,etc.).
31.
*Qaswarah=fromthePahlaviwordKashvarzmeaningGreat,
Huge,Powerfuletc.(seePersianNamesIndia,1994p.273;aswellas
AdjShirPersianwordsinArabicBeirut,1901p.126;alsoDictionary
ofAlBurhan,AlQatietc.Prof.EmamShushtariandProfArthur

Jefreyalsosupportthisview).
IntheHolyQur,anthewordQaswarahhasbeenmentionedinchapter
74v.51.
32.
*Kas=theoriginofthewordcaseinallIranoEuropean
languagesmeaningBowl/Container/fold/Caveetc,Itcomesfromthe
PahlaviwordKaz/Kaza/Kasa(SpanishwordforhomeandCasino
etc.)seeAmidPersianDicthewordKaz.
IntheHolyQuranthisPahlaviwordhasbeenmentioned6times.For
examplechapter37v.45etc.(Ref.AdjShirPersianWordsinArabic,
Beirut,1901p.131).
33.
*Cafur=Camphor=PersianCamomikfromthePahlaviOrigin
ItsalsousedinalmostallIranoEuropeanlanguages,fromthesame
PersianOrigin.InArabicalsoitsusedasAlKafur/Kafur(Ref,Al
Suyuti/AlJalifiinAlItfanDictionary,vol.2p.138/AlsoinAdjSheer
inPersianwordsinArabic,Beirut,1901,p.136etc.)
ThepahlaviwordKafurhasbeenmentionedintheHolyQurantoo.
ForexampleChapterAlInsanv.5.
34.
*Gharf/Gharfa(Toladle/Todipup/todrinkwaterinpalmofthe
hand)probablyrelatedtothePahlaviwordArghaf/Arghabmeanin
waterstream.(SeeThePersianNamesp.446/AlsoAmidPersian
Dic.)ArGhab,GharfaanditsrelatewordsareusedintheHoly
Qur'antwice,seeChapter2p.249.
35.
*Kaukaba/Kaubab=fromthePahlaviwordKaukavameaning
thestar(SeePersianNamesp.219)It'salsoaflowerinPersian
language,aswellasHeadofTribe/Chief/Chieftain.Inthatcase,It
relatestothePahlaviwordsofKaveh/Kaviani/Kia/Kiani/Kavi
etc.whichallrefertoKing/Royal/Ruler/Monachetc.(SeePersian
Namespp.219,220etc./amidPersianDic.kaukab).
IntheholyQur'anthewordsKaukabanditsDerivatinghavebeen
used5Times.forexample:chapter6/76andchapter12/4etc.
36.
*Jinn/Jinni/Geni=fromthePersianwordGin/Jin(seeThe
PersianNames,Indiap.146.IntheHolyQur'anthewordJinnand

Marjoon,someoneposessedbyJinns,hasbeenmentioned50times.
ForexampleChapter6/100,etc.
37.
*Mikain=ThePahlavipronunciationofMikailinHebrewand
ArabicandotherSemeticlanguages.ButconsideringthatthePersian
Empire,thefirstEmpireintheworld,consistedof27different
nationalitiesstretchingfromIndiauptoLydia,Greece,Babylonia,
Assyria,Egypt,Palestine(Israel),Phynicia(Lebanon),Arabia,upto
Ethiopiaetc.suchkindofcommonwordsareverypossible.More
researchisneeded.
ThewordMikainofPahlavandMikailofHebrewhasbeenmentioned
intheHolyQur'anasMikaalseeChapter2/98.
38.
*Zukhruf=fromtheoldPalaviwordsZakh/Zakhwar/Zakh
Wari/ZakshallreferingtoGoldenAdornment/Decoration/
Pompousness/vainglory/sweettalks/charlatanismetc.SeePersian
Namesp.506.
IntheHolyQur'an,thewordZukhrufhasbeenmentionedfivetimes
includingthetitleeofthechapter43AzZukhrrref.Alsolookatthechapter
6/112etc.
39.
*Qurban=AnimalSacrifice,itwasadaptedinarabicand
Hebrewaswell.It'soriginatedfromtheOldPahlaviwordKoryan
meaningAnimalSacrificeseeAmidPersianDic..
IntheHolyQur'anthewordQurbanhasbeenmentionedthree
times.Forexample5/27etc.
40.
*Mokibb=fromKabborkappinPahlavi,meaningaacedownon
earth,asanimalsdowhentheyareeatingorpickingsomethingfrom
theground,orwhentheyarehumblingthemeselvesbeforethepack,
etc.
IntheHolyQur'anithasbeenmentionedinchapter68/22.
41.
*Kiswat/Kasaa=fromthePahlaviwordKaaz/Kaaza/Kasa/
KasfromwhichtheAryan(IranoEuropean)wordcase/casais
derived.ItmeansPlace/Space/Covering/Incasing/Casing/
Somethingthatholdsanotherobject/container/aHouse/Pen/
SheepCote/etc.

Itwaslaterusedforhumanclothinglikecloak;infacttheword
CassockinEuropeanlanguagescomesfromthesamePahlaviwordKasa
=kazatoo.IfaddthewordsKasaasClothinKiswatplustheword
Ka'sasinBowlorContainer(seeKa's)thenthisPahalaviwordand
it'sderivativesinArabiclanguagehavebeenmentioned11tomesinthe
HolyQur'an.ForexampleKswatin5/89andKa'sinchapter56/18,etc.
42.
*Jahannam=GehennainEng;ish.TheJewishandthe
ChristiansbelievethatthiswordismadeoftwopartsGeymeaning
ValleyandHinnomwhichisthenameofthevalleynearJerusalem,
wherealwaysarbageandwoodwasonfireandburning(seeWebster
EnglishDictionaryunderGehenna).
But,webelievethatsuchcommonwordsamongreligionslikeJudaism,
ChristianityandIslamgobackthousandyearsago,andtheiroriginsmust
belookedat,insuchreligioonsasMithraismotherAryanreligionslike
Zoroastrian,whichhaveinfluencedallotherreligionsafterthemincluding
Judaism,ChristianityandIslam.
WebelievethewordGennaorJahannam,inArabicandintheHoly
Qur'anismadupoftwoseparatewordsinPahlavilanguagewhichare
combined.OneisthePahlaviwordJehwhichmeansHarlotProstitute
andabadwoman,andtheotherisHinnomwhichisthekiln,thfireplace,
andthefirecenterinthefiretempleoftheZoroastriansofPersia.
ThewordJahannam=GehennainEng;ishandit'sSynonymJahim
arementionedin104placesintheHolyQur'an.ForexampleChapter2/206
aswellas2/119.etc.
43.

*Jahim=SynonymforJahannamorGehenna.SeeJahannam

44.
*Kawaeb=PluralofKaebmeaningCube/Cubic/Cubicleis
anAryanword,meaningIranoEuropen,i.e.Greek,Latin,Englishetc.
IntheHolyQur'anthewordKawaebisusedtodescribethewell
shapedBreastoftheVirginsinHeaven.Forexamplechapter78/34.With
regardsthemeaningofKawaeb(Welldevelopedbreast)seeArabicEnglish
DictionarybyHansWehr/SpokenLanguageServices,NewYork1976
p.831
45.

*Kam=Howmany,HowmuchinArabic,probablyrelatedto

KaminPersianwhichmeansalsoLittleQuantity).
IthasbeenmentionedmanytimesintheHolyQur'an.Forexamplein
Chapter17/17etc.
46.
*Kanud=InArabicitmeansUngrateful/Ingratebutitisvery
possiblethatithasetymologicalconnectionwithPahlaviwordKin/
KinameaningBadfeelinginside/Hatred.Inthatsenseithasalso
bementionedintheHolyQur'an.ForexampleChapter100/6.
47.
*Takwir=fromKaurorKhormeansToroll/Rollup/coil
intoaball.SeeHansWehr'sArabicEnglishDic.NewYork,1976
p.845.
ItalsotothePersianKhorortherollinsun,whichisoeofthe
ancientAryanSymbols,representedbytheSwastikainSanskrit(See
WebsterSwastika,AlsoTheBBCWorld/FastrackNov.15,2005).
IntheHolyQur'anitreferstotherollingsun/ortheexplosionofthe
sunattheendofthisworld,witmanyofitspicsrollingaroundit(Like
SwastikaSymbol).
WiththisconcepthasbeenmentionedintheHolyQur'an,Chapter
81/1.FordetailsaboutKhor,seeThePersianNamesp.229.
48.
*Autad=fromtheAryan/Sanskrit/Persian/Avatarmeaning
SpiritualGiants/HighAngels/Principalitiesetc.InIslamic
terminologyandSufiIslamitreferstoAuliaorGreatMystics(who
likeNails=theoriginalmeaningofWatadandpluralAutadare
stronginfaithandtheyprotectandsupportothersfromflyingaway,
too!SeeAmidPersianDic.Autad
InthHolyQur'anthewordAutad=AvataroftheAryanshasbeen
mentionedinchapter89/11.
49.
*Baraka(pl.Barakat,likeBarakObama)=fromthePahlavi
wordBarka/VarkameaingBlessings,Wealth,Property,Possessions
etc.(SeeThePersianNamesp.474).
Now,consideringthatevenBorak/Buraq,theheavenlyhorseby
whichtheHlyProphetMohammadP.B.U.H.VisitedtheHeaven,isactually
aPersianname,notArabic!(seeWebsterDictionaryBorak/Buraq)
thanitismoreunderstandabletoacceptthatBaraka/Barakathasalsoa
Pahlaiviorigin.

ThewordBarakaanditsderivationhavebeenmentionedintheHoly
Qur'an32times.ForexampleinChapter7/96etc.
50.
*Laghiah(fromtheoldPahlavi,meaningvanityvane,none
sense,uselesstalks,wrong,etc.IntheholyQuranithasbeen
mentionedinchapter88/11.

ItsorigincomesfromthewordlaghinPersian,means,playing
joke,,funny,etc.(seeAmidPPDictionaryLagh/laghiah)
Laghw/Laghwan(fromthePersianrootwordlagh/laghiameaning
nonesense/uselesstalks/notseriousorworthlistening/wrong.
ItIpossiblethatitcomesfromanotherPersianwordlughmeaning
shaky/notonagoodfoundationrthethirdmeaningwhichisbarrenland
landwithoutanyproduce.(seeAmidPersianDictionary).
IntheHolyQuran,thetermlaghwandalsoLaghiahhasbeen
mentioned10times.Forexampleinchapter56/25etc.
51.
*Marra=(fromtheIranoeuropean/Aryanwordofmarmeaning
topass,towalk,ortogo,etc.)TheIndianmovementofAnanda
MargaaswellasthefamousIndShahliMarmeaningthe
strollingway/gardenoftheShahortheking,etc.Giveahinttothe
AryanoriginofthewordsMarinArabic,OtherArabicderivativesof
thiswordaremarra(Passed)morur=passing,Estemrar
(=continuityofdoingthesamethingorpassingthesameway,etc.)
ThewordMarrameaningpass,repeat,way,etcanditsother
derivativesinArabic,arementioned34timesintheholyQuran.For
exampleinChapter2/259,etc.
52.
*Marjan=Coralsandalsoakindofpearl(liketheworld
renownedPearlPersianGulf)ItisalsoanotherPersianwordin
ArabicLanguage(seeEisaAlaakubtheArabscholarinInfluenceof
PersianLiteratureinArabicLanguagep.95)
ThePersianwordMarjanhasbeenmentionedintheHolyQuran
twice,forexampleinChapter55/22and58.
53.
*Tanawosh=AnditsotherArabicderivativeslikeNaush/
Nausha/Munawashaetc.areoriginallyconnectedwiththePersian
wordNawizhawhichmeanDiscord/Skirmish/Argumentetc.

ThewordTanawoshhasbementionedintheHolyQur'anChapter
34/52.
54.
*Khair=FromtheAryanwordHeermeaningGood
Blessings,italsomeansFirewhichwasworshipedasblessingby
theearlyPersians,italsomeanshumility,obedienceetc.SeeThe
PersianNamesp.169aswellasAmidsPersianDic.UnderHeer/
Heeryetc.
ThiswordofAryanoriginhasbeenusedinArabiclanguageandalsoin
theHolyQur'ansome176times.ForexampleinChapter33/25etc.
55.
*Wabal=IArabicitreferstocalamities/harm/destructions/
typhoonsetc.Butit'salsoetymologicallyrelatedtotheAyryan(Irano
European)wordsAablah(ChickenPox)andAbabil(TheBirdswho
broughtboils).SeeHolyQur'an105/3.
TheEnglishwordBoilisrelatedtothePersianWordsmentioned
abovei.e.Aablah/Ababil.
IntheHolyQur'anthewordwabalandit'sderivativeshavebeen
mentioned8times,includinginchapter59/15.
AlsothewordAbabil(Theboilmakingbirds/stones)havebeen
mentionedinchapter105(AlFil,whichincidentallycomesfromanother
PersianwordPilwhichistheoriginofElephantinEnglish,too)verse3.
56.
*Marjan=(frommodenPersianMorwarid,fromtheold
ParthianMargaritmeaningcoral.IntheHolyQur'antheMarjan
hasbeenmentionedtwice.Seechapter55/22and58.(Ref.Arab
ScholarEisaalNakubPersianInfluencesinArabicLiterature1999
p.45.
57.
*Sard/zard=fromthePersianwordzereh=coatofmail=metal
coatformilitaryuse.IntheHlyQur'anthewordsardhasbeen
mentionedinchapter34/11.(Ref.Dr.MahmoodDahaqiPersian
Words2002p.280)
58.
*Fauj(pl.Afwaja)=FromthPahlaviwordFaujmeaning
Battalion/Troops/Group(ThisisProbablyrelatedtotheIrano
EuropeanwoedslikepouchinEnglishandPutschinGerman).Itis

justliketheotherPersianwordinArabicandtheHolyQur'ani.e.Jud
/JunudfromthePersianwordGond=soldier/armyliketheoldcity
ofJondiSapur=GondiShapur=MilitaryCampofEmperorShapurof
Persia250A.D.(Ref.ManekaChondiPersianNamesIndia,1994
p.128).
ThewordFaujandAfwajahavebeenmentionedinthe5versesof
theHolyQur'an.Forexample:Chapter68/8.also78/18and110/2etc.
59.
*Shehab=(FromthePahlaviwordShah=King+Aab=Water
meaningKingsWater/Color=RedColor.Ref.PeersianNames
p.404)Itreferstotheheavenlybodies,meteorites,etc.
IntheHolyQur'anthewordShehabandIt'sDerivativeshavebeen
mentionedsixtimes.Forexample,Chapter15/18etc.

60.
*Qabas=firebrand,livecoal,amberprobablyfromthePersian/
PahlaviKabisha/QabishameaningSafronFlower(SeePersian
Namesp.211)consideringthePersianhistoryofrespectingfireand
firetemplesitisverypossibletohavesuchterms.
ThewordQabasandit'sderivatives,havebeenmentionedintheHoly
Qur'anthreetimes.Forexample27/7,etc.
61.
*Hanif=Straight,ontherightpathetc.Somescholarsbelieveit
tobeofSyrialOriginofHanapeh(SeetheScotishscholar,Mr.
RichardBellTarjomanWahyMag.Tehran,2005/p.103)
Butconsideringsomehistoricculturalgeographicalfacts,makesit
possibletoincludethisSyrianwordamongtheListofIranianlanguages.
IntheAncienttimes,MedesconqueredAssyriaandmadeitthepart
thePersianEmpire,ForHundredsofyearstheSyrianlanguageandthe
AramaicAlphabetwereonofthelanguagesandalphabetsoftheOne
HundredNationalitiesofthePersianEmpire;Andlast,butnotthelistthe
articleHainthebeginningofHaniforHanapeistheCommonArticle
TheinHebrew,SyrianandPahlaviLanguages.
Therefore,itwouldnotbefarfetchedtoconsiderHanif/Haapehasben
mentionedintheHolyQur'an12times.Forexample:Chapter2/135,etc.
62.
*Qirtas=Chartes=KaghazmeaningpaperinPersian.According
towebsteritisfromGreekChartes,butdefinitelyitisnotArabic.If

itwereIranoEuropeanorAryanorGreek,itisstillIranian(Aryan)in
origin.
ThewordQirtasandit'spluralQaratishassbeenmentionedtwicein
theHolyQur'an.Forexample:chapter6etc.
63.
*Qarya/Qura=village,hamletfromthePahlaviwordKhora/
Kora/Kurah(SeeAmid'sPersianDic.)IntheHolyQur'anthisword
anditsderivativeshavebeenmentioned56times.Forexamplein
Chapter7/4etc.
64.
*Qissisin=PluralofQissisfromthePersianwordKishish
meaningpriest(AnotherPersianWordfromPristithereligiousman
inchargeoftheZoroastrianFireTemple).
IntheholyQur'anthePahlaviwordQississin(inpluralform)hasbeen
mentioninchapter5/82.
65.
*Qsr/Qosur(pl.)=castle/palacecomefromthePersianwod
Kasra(theOriginofKasser/Caesar/TsarandTsarininEurope)
thetitleoftheEmperorsofPersiaalsoknownasKhosrow.
WhentheMuslimforces,leadbythePersiangeneralslikeTariqbin
ZiadofHamedan(Iran)andMusaBiNusairofKhuran(Saracin/Khorasani
=Persian)conqueredspain,thewordQasarorasArabssPronounceditAl
Casar(Castle/CastilainSpanish)enteredtheSpanishlanguage,andfrom
thereintootherEuropeanlanguages.
RegardingTariqBiZiad,whosenamehasbeenimmortalizedonthe
RockofGibraltar=JabalatTariqormountainofTariqinSpain,seethe
wordSaraceen=KhorasannisorPersians,inHistoryBooks.
IntheHolyQur'anthewordQas'randit'sArabicPluralQosurhas
beenmntiondthreetimes.ForexampleChapter22/45etc.
66.
*Qitr=Molten,themetalswhicharesinliquidform.Probablyit
isofPahlaviorigin,considerigthattheAryansofPersiawerethe
discoverersofmetalsintheworld.
IntheHolyQur'anthewordQitrhasbeenmentionedintwoplaces;
forexample:Chapter18/96.
67.
*Warak=probablyfromthePersianwordVarak,whichmeans
Bush/Shrubfromwhichpaper/papyrusaremade.IArabicmeans,

leafofatreeoraleafofabook.
Ithasbeenmentioned4timesintheHolyQur'an.ForExampleIn
Chapter7/22etc.
68.
*Wizr/Wazir=Minister,Assistant,Helper,probablyfromthe
Persianwordvozorg/bozorgmeaningGrandoldManVizier/
Adviserofthekingetc.likeBozorgMehrthelegendayministerof
EmpeorAnushRavanTheJust,oftheSassanidDynastyofPersia
(531578A.D.).
ThewordWizr/Waziranditsderivativesarementioned27timesin
TheHolyQur'an.ForexampleChapter6/164andChapter20/29etc.
69.
*Wazn=Weight,fromthePahlaviwordMaznameaning
ScalesWeighingInstrument,balance.ByConjugatingthisPahlavi
word,dozensofArabicwordhavebeencreated(SeeArabic
DictionariesunderWaznMizanetc.)
IntheHolyQur'anthewordWaznandMizan(Persian=Mazna)and
theirderivativeshavebeenmentioned23times.ForexampleinChapter7/8
aswellasinChapter6/152,etc.
ForthePahlavioriginsofthesewords,AmidPersianDictionarythe
WordMaznaaswellasTheParsiNames,Indiap.276,etc.
Prof.A.PagliaroofItalyCielo(=Falak)studiOrientRome,1456/vol.
11/pp.252278.
70.
*Falak=skies/heaven/sphere/Firmament/placeofstarsfromthe
PersianwordFalakSeeProf.A.PagliaroofItalyinCielo(=falak)
StudiOrientRome1956/vol.11/pp.252278)
IntheHolyQuranthewordFalakhasbeenusedtwice.SeeChapter
36/40.
71.
*Rood/Raud(InArabicitmeanswalkingtoprowlingmoving
about,lookingfor,searchingfor.Italsomeansbeingtemptedtowards
(liketheoppositesex)etc.
TheAuthorbelievesthatthiswordhasetymologicalconnectionwith

thePahlaviwordroad(=river)aswellastheAryanwordroad/routetc.
AllinallintheintheHolyQuranthiswordanditsderivativeshave
beenusedin98verses.(seeChapter12/51alsoChapter86/17aswellas
chapter2/26etc.
72.
*Eradah/Aradah=(fromtheoldPahlaviRood=riverandroad
inindoeuropeanlanguage,waygoingtointentionetc.(see
rooa/roud)
IntheholyQur'anthiswordanditsderivativeshavebeenrepeatedso
manytimes.Forexample:Chapter2/26etc.
73.
*Zamharir=fromthePahlaviwordzammeaningextremecold
(likezemestan=winter)seelateAdyShirThePersianwordsinthe
HolyQur'an/Beirent,1901p.79.
AsidefromZemestan,otherPahlaviwordsrelatedtozamaretowns
likeShemiran,Semiran,Semiromtec.(seeAlburhanAlQatip.320).

13.

IntheHolyQur'an,itismentionedinChapterAldohr/Alinsanverse

74.
*Zur=(fromthePahlaviwordzurmeaning
power/strength/rule/authority.ButinArabicit'susedmoreforthe
abuseofpower/bullying/oppression/falseclaims/falsewitness,etc.(see
PersianwordsinArabicbyMr.AdiShir/Beirut,1901p.165jAlso
Prof.ArthurJefreyforeignwordsintheholyQur'anp.24).
IntheHolyQur'an,thePahlaviwordzurhasbeenused4times.For
exampleChapterHajjcerse30,etc.
75.
*Sejjil=(fromtwoPersianwordssang=stone+gel=gel/mud
meaningmoltenlava/metal/stoneetc.(seeArthurJefreyforeign
wordsp.252;alsoalmotawakkilibytheEgyptianScholarAbdul
RahmanAlsuyuttip.7,aswellasalmoararbp.181,etc).

IntheHolyQur'an,thePersianwordsejjilhasbeenused3times.
Forexample:Chapterhud,verse83,etc).
76.
*Sarab=(fromtwoPersianwordssar=head,start,beginning+
Aab=anAryantermforwater,likPanjabinIndianandPakistan
andEauasinEauDeCologneinEuropeanLanguagesorLooin
FrenchandEnglish.
Itliterallymeansspring/waterhole/watershed,etc.orwhatlooks
likewaterinthehotdesertormirage.
IntheHolyQur'anthePersianwordsarabhasbeenusedtwice.For
example:chapternurverse39.
(Ref.SeeAdyShirPersianwordsinArabic/Beirut/1901p.88.Aswell
asM.A.EmamShushtariDictionaryofPersianwordsinArabicp.355,
etc).
77.
*Sarabil=(PluralofSarbalanArabizedpronunciationofthe
PersianwordShalwar=Pajama,whichisanotherPersianwordin
Europeanlanguages).
(SeeLateAdyShirPersianwordsinArabicp.88aswellasProf.
ArthurJefreyForeignwordsp.256,etc.
78.
*Sejaj(=fromthepersianwordcheraghlamp/light.)SeeAdy
ShirPersianwordsinArabicp.89;AlsoProf.ArthurJefreyforeign
wordsp.254,etc.
IntheHolyQur'an,ThearabizedPersianwordSerajCheraghhas
beenused4times.ForexampleChapterForqan,verse61etc.
79.
*Soradeq=(fromthePersianwordSardar/Sardaarmeaning
curtainbeforetheentranceofahall,tent,etc.)seeAbdulRahman
AssuyuttiofEgyptAlMotawakkilip7jalsoAlMohaddabp.71;
AlItqanp.vol.2/134andProf.ArthurJefreyforeignwordsp.225,
etc.)

IntheHolyQur'anthepersianwordsordeqinchapterkahfverse
29.
80.
*Sard(=armor/mail/chainmail,)fromthepersianword
zard/zariah/zerah.Inarabic,meaningthe
armororchainmailmaker(=BlackSmithofarmor)comethesame
Persianorigin.
ThePersianwordSardhasbeenusedintheholyQur'an,chapter
saba,verse11.
Ref.Prof.ArthurJefreyTheForeignWordsP.257)
81.
*Sarmad=(fromtwoPersianwords:Sarmeaning
head/beginning/startplustheAryanwordMat=none/noortime
withoutbeginningorend.StillinSankrit,Hindi,UrduandPanjabithe
twopersianwordsSarandMat/Madareinuse,today).
Ref.LateAdyshirThePersianwordsinArabicbeirut/19.1P.90;
also.Prof.EmamShushtariThePersianwordsintheholyqur'an,the
persianwordsarmadhasbeenmentionedtwice.Forexampleinchapter
Qasas,verse7.
82.
*Sundus=fromthePahlaviwordSundusmeaningpure
silk/specialsilkwithembroideryorZarduzi,asthe
Indians/Pakistanis/Bengalis/Kishmiri,etc.usethissamePersianwork
ofart,withthesamePersianname(=zargol+duzi=to
sew/stitching/embroidery)

SeeProf.EmamShustariPersianwordsintheHolyQur'anp.376;
alsoProf.ArthurJefreyTheForeignwordsp.270,etc.
IntheholyQur'an,thePersianwordSundus(=silkcloth)hasbeen
mentioned3times.ForexampleChapter17/31.

83.
*Shay=(fromthePahlaviwordcheecheez=things,beings)))
ThiswordalsoexistsinotherAryanlanguageslikeQuiinItalian,
QueinSpanish,CoiintheFrench,KiainSanskrit,Hindi,Urdu
andeveninChineseChi/ki.Allmeaningsarethesamebeing/whatis
it?etc.

105).

(Ref.LateAdyShirPersianwordsintheHolyQur'an,Beirut1901/p.

ThePersianwordshee/cheeanditsderivatives,havebeenmentioned
200timesindifferentversesoftheHolyQur'an.ForexampleChpater2/20
etc.
84.
*Salib(=crossfromthePersianwordchalipa)ThisPersian
wordanditsderivativeshavebeenmentionedintheHolyQur'an6
times.ForexampleChapter4/157etc.
(RefAdyShirPersianwordsinArabicBeirut,1901p.435,AlsoProf
ArthurJefreyandTheForeignwordsp.293,etc).
85.
*Ssehr(=soninlaw)fromthePersianwordShawhar
(=HusbandofonesDaughter)seeLateAdyShirPersianwordsin
ArabicBeirut1901p.109;alsoProf.EmamShushTariThePersian
wordsinArabicp.440.
IntheHolyQur'anthewordSsehr(=Shawhar)hasbeenmentione
onceintheHolyQur'an.Forexample:ChapterFurqanverse,54.
86.
*Maay/Maa=fromthePahlaviwordMayah=matter/th
oiginalelementoftheworld.EventhenameEurumiyyainIran,
meansTheCityofwaterorSeaCity.
WecreatedeverythingfromMaa'a!(HolyQur'an21:30)
IntheancientPersiathewordMayiwasusedtomeanWineor
SharaabwhichcomesfromanotherPersianwordZaraab=Golden
Water.SeeThePersianNames,Indiap.268ThewordMaa'ahasbeen
mentioned63timesintheHolyQur'an.ForexampleChapter2/22,etc.
(Note:EventhewordMatterinotherIranoEuropeanlanguages

likeEnglish,Latin,Greeketc.isetymologicallyrelatedtothePahlavi
MaayahmeaningMatter.)
87.
*Mazij/Mazaaj=Mix/Mixage/Mixture,fromthePahlaviword
Mazig.SeeAmid'sPersianDictionaryandothers.
ItoriginallymeansNectar,HoneyorMadhuinSanskritandother
IranoEuropeanlanguagesoranymixtureofseveralthings.
ThewordMazzijintheformofMazaaj=Mixagehasbeenmentioned
threetimesintheHolyQur'an.ForexampleinChapter76/5and7etc.
88.
*Makkah/Mecca(AnotherPronunciationforBakkahtheold
nameofMakkah,)comesfromtheoldpahlaviwordBakmeaningThe
creator/GodsomethinglikeBaghwanthattheIndiansstillsayor
BaghDadtheoldnameofBaghdad,thecapitalofIraqthatcomes
fromthePersianwordBaghmeaningGodandDadfromAryan
wordData/Da/Daremeaning
GivingOrGodgivencity/Diosdado.EveninSlaviclangugeslike
Russian,Polishetc.GodisBogh(SeeThePersiannames/India/1994
P.73)InTurkishandMongolianitisbeig/Baik.So,
Bakka/Makka/Mecca,literallymeansTheCityofGod/theplaceofGod/
Baitullah;somethinglikeBaalbakinLebanon,fromthetwowordsofBa
althesemeticsunGod,liketheAryanMithra,asmentionedintheBible(2
kings,ii)aswellintheQur'an(Chapter37/125)plusthePahlaviwordBak
meaningTheCreator/God,soBaalbakmeanstheplaceofBaal,Gods
City,house,etc.(seeThePersianNamesP.75)
89.
*Wasm (=marking an animal/branding, etc.) From the Pahlavi
word Basmah, meaning to stamp/print/mark (see The Persian
Names'p.83).
Itsalsotherootword/stemforsamthenameoftheGrandfatherof
Rustan,theLegandaryPersianWarriorinShahnamah;alsoSamoneof
the three sons of Prophet Noah (whose story is very similar to the King
FeraidunofAncientPersia,andhisthreesons,namelySam/Tur/Iraj).
The same Pahlavi word vasmah/Basmah is also the root word for
EsminArabic,meaningnameofaperson,asmarkingananimalis

torecognizeiseasily.
Thewordwasm(=vasma)intheformofSanasemahuhasbeen
mentionedintheHolyQur'an,Chapter67/16
IntheformofEsm(=name/mark)ithasbeenmentioned184timesin
theholyQur'an(seetheBismillahinthebeginningoftheallchaptersof
theQur'an,exceptChapter9orTaubah).
Sanasemahu.InChapter68/16oftheHolyQur'an(seeWasm).
90.
*Walad=(meaningchild,fromthePahlaviwordYalwhich
means birth, It also means Hero/warrior, etc.) See The Persian
Namesp.494.
FomherecomestheFamousPersianFestivalofYaldawhichisthe
longestnightoftheyear,anditistheendofAutumnandtheBirthof
winteroranAryanGod.
ThewordWaladanditsderivatives,havebeenmentiones103times
intheHolyQur'an.ForExampleChapter37/152,etc.
91.
*Ilah=(therootwordforAllah/Aaliha/Allahumma,etc.)from
thePahlaviwordYalahmeaning:toloseone'shead,tobemadlyin
Love (with god, in this sense) passionate love, amorous rapture. It
refers to the Sufis, Mystics, Yogis, Dervishes etc. Who lose
themselvesintheBeloved.
TheObjectofthatlove/craziness/mastiiscalledIlahorIlaiwhile
theloverisValah/Yalah=detatched/noattachmentwhatsoever/freefrom
everythingthatbinds.
ThiswordisfoundintheHolyscripturesoftheAhlulKitab.People
ofthe Book,Thejews, ChristiansandMuslims.(RememberJesuscalling
Ilay,Ilay,LamaSabacTani/MyGod!MyGod!WhyThauhasforsakenme!).
AllahisacombinationofIlahplustheArticleAlinArabic(=Al

Ilah=Allah=TheGod[oftheUniverse]etc.).
The word Ilah/Aaliha/Allah/Allahumma(Probably from Hebrew
Elohim)hasbeenmentioned2,650timesintheHolyQur'an.ForInstance
Bismillah... In the beginning of every chapter of Holy Qur'an except
Chapter9orTaubah).
92.
*Yaa/ya = (callingaPerson'sattention)fromthePahlaviword
Aya or Ay (see Amid Persian Dictionary). In the other Aryan
(IranoEuropean) languages like in English, It's Hey/Hei (See
webster), which proves that thiscould not have been exclusively
Arabic,asweweretaughtinReligiousschoolsforcenturies.
ThewordYa(=O)whichsometimeshasalsobeenturnedintoAla
ainArabic(BothfromthewordsAya/ayinPahlavi)arementionedinany
partsoftheHolyQur'an.ForexampleinChapter10/104,etc.

***


()

Persian Words in the Holy Quran
Researcher: Prof. Mahmood Tajar
Translated by: Dr. Mahdi T. Khadematolrasoul
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