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General Certificate of Education Advanced Level



PAPER 1. Prescribed Texts

MAY/ JUNE 2013

Additional materials:
Answer paper

TIME 21/2 hours

Write your name, Centre number and candidate number in the spaces provided on the separate
answer paper.
Answer all questions.
Write your answers on the answer paper provided.
If you use more than one sheet of paper, fasten the sheets together.


The maximum number of marks for each question is shown in brackets [ ] at the end of each

This question paper consists of 9 printed pages.



[ Turn over

Buddhacarita of Avaghoa


k w o: sUt nroyupgt: ke zE: istEyRiWqivwhSt:

/Us,vt|x: izil|nt|: Ik, ivIFyEw| fityRd C|
Tyevmu: s rf~et| invedy|m|s np|Tmj|y
s,rXymPyRmdowdzIR tErev devE: tbuimoh:

pSy hN]I Vysn, blSy zokSy yoininRn, rtIn|m\

n|z: SmtIn|, IrpuIriNy|~|mew| jr| n|m yyEw Gn:

pIt, nen|ip py: izzuTve k|le n Uy: pIrsPtmuVy|Rm\

Fme~ UTv| c yuv| vpuWm|n\ Fme~ tenvE jr|mupet:

Tyevmue cilt: s Ik, ic|j|Tmj: sUtimd, b|we

Ikmew dowo ivt| mm|pITySmE tt: s|riryuv|c


a|yuWmtoPyew vy:fkwoR in:s,zy, k|lvzen |vI

v, jr|, pivn|ziy]I, j|n|it cEveCit cEv lok:

tt: s pUv|RzyzubuiivRS tI~RkLp|ictpuykm|R
uTv| jr|, s,ivivje mh|Tm| mh|zneoRwimv|iNtke gO:
Book 3, vv 28 to 34

(a) Translate lines 1 to 4, ka ea . . . ktabuddhimoha.


(b) Translate and explain:

(i) rjtmaja (line 9)
(ii) klavaena (line 11)
(iii) vistrakalpcitapuyakarm (line 13)


(c) Recount briey the realization the young prince is brought to in this passage,
and the two similarly shocking realizations he came to on similar journeys.



pv|sivINn Ek|n\ ku vR Nnrdur|cr|n\

vw|Ri~ wq\ zmfePsurkroTk|ZyRm|Tmn:

aNnk|le wu cEkEkE : s kolitltulE:

ap|rp|rs,s|rp|r, fePsurp|ryt\

deh|dpcySten tps| tSy y: t:

s vopcyo UyStejs|Sy tovt\

zoPyzkIitRI|Rd, cFeNycxuw|m\

ku mud|n|imv zrCuKlpx|IdcNm|:

Tvg^Szewo in:zewm
E eRd:ipiztzoi~tE:

xI~oPyxI~g|MIyR: smu v s Vy|t\


a kWqtp:SpWqVyRILWqtnumRuin:

vIIrm|, cFe bui, buTvk|@\xy|

n|y, moR ivr|g|y n bo|y n muye

jMbumUle my| f|Pto yStd| s ivi/uRv:

Book 12, vv 95 to 101

(a) Translate lines 1 and 2, upavsavidhn .... kryam tmana.


(b) Translate and explain:

(i) tvagasthiea (line 9)
(ii) jambumle (line 14)


(c) What is the realization that Buddha came to at the end of this passage, how
did it alter his approach and what major plank of his teaching did it lead to? [3]
[Total: 12 + 8 = 20 marks]

[Turn over




k|dz, mno Dey, Svgu~enoy|Tmkm\

y^Sm^{jte ijt|vetO vt: p{ckO g~O

iNy|~|, fse n dowmCTys,zym\

s,inyMy tu t|Nyev tt: isi, inyCit

n j|tu k|m: k|m|n|mupogen z|Myit

hivw| W~vTmeRv Uy v|ivRt


p{c sUn| ghSSy cuLlI pewyupSkr:

knI codku MZc byte y|Stu v|hyn\

t|s|, Fme~ sv|Rs|, inWTy mhiwRi:

p{c k? Pt| mh|yD|: fTyh, ghmein|m\


ay|pn, b/yD: iptyDStu tpR~m\

homo dEvo bilORto nyDoitipUjnm\

Book 2, vv 92 to 94 and Book 3, vv 68 to 70

(a) Translate lines 1 and 2, ekdaa . . . gaau.


(b) Translate and explain:

(i) kavartm (line 6)
(ii) pratyaham (line 10)
(iii) atithipjanam (line 12)


(c) Summarise the ve sacrices detailed in lines 11 and 12.




x|NTy| zuiNt iv|,so d|nen|k|yRk|Ir~:

fCNnp|p| jPyen tps| vediv.m|:

m.oyE: zute zoy, ndI vegen zuit

rjs| S]I mnoduWq| s,Ny|sen ijo.m:

ai*g|R]|i~ zuiNt mn: sTyen zuit

iv|tpoy|, Ut|Tm| buiD|Rnn

e zuit
tSy|eR svRUt|n|, goPt|r, mRm|Tmjm\

b/tejomy, dmsjTpUvRmIZvr:

tSy sv|Ri~ Ut|in S|vr|i~ cr|i~ c

y|*og|y kLpNte Svm|RNn cliNt c


t, dezk|lO zi, c iv|, c|veXy t>vt:

y|hRt: s,f~yeNnreW vNy|yvitRwu

Book 5, vv 107 to 109 and Book 7, vv 14 to 16

(a) Translate lines 1 to 4, knty . . . dvijottama.


(b) Translate and explain:

(i) vidytapobhym (line 6)
(ii) deaklau (line 11)
(iii) yathrhata (line 12)


(c) In lines 7 and 8 the law is described. List four attributes of the law drawn from
these two lines.


[Total: 9 + 11 = 20 marks]

[Turn over



v|yuyR Eko uvn, fivWqo

p, p, fitpo bUv

kSt| svRUt|Ntr|Tm|

p, p, fitpo bihZc

sUyoR y| svRlokSy cxur\

n ilPyte c|xuwEb|RdowE:

kSt| svRUt|Ntr|Tm|

n ilPyte lokdu:en b|:

ko vzI svRUt|Ntr|Tm|

k, p, bhu| y: kroit


tm|TmS, yenupZyiNt Ir|s\

tew|, su, z|Zvt, netrew|m\

Kaha Up. 2:2: 10 to 12

(a) Translate lines  to 8, sryo yath . . . bhya.


(b) Translate and explain:

(i) sarvabhtntartm (line 3)
(ii) tmastham (line 11)


(c) Explain the simile spelt out in lines 1 to 4.


(d) Compare and contrast the aim stated in the nal verse above (lines 9 to 12)
with the aim you have found stated in Buddhist literature such as the




w b/lok: sm/|iit hov|c y|DvLKy:

soh, gvte sh, dd|im a v ivmox|yEv


mnsEv|nuWqVym\ neh n|n|^St Ik, cn

mTyo: s mTyum|Pnoit y h n|nev pZyit

kEv|nuWqVymetdfmy, /uvm\

ivrj: pr a|k|z|dj a|Tm| mh|N/uv:

s v| w mh|nj a|Tm|jromromtoyo b/

ay, vE b/ ay, ih vE b/ vit y v, ved

Bhadrayaka Up. 4:3: 33 and 4:4 19, 20, 25

(a) Translate lines 1 to , ea brahmaloka . . . nneva payati.


(b) Translate and explain apramayam (line 6).


(c) Taking the two passages in question 3 to be broadly representative of

Upaniad literature, compare and contrast this with the style and content of
the Buddhacarita and Manus Dharmastra.


[Total: 10 x 2 = 20 marks]

[Turn over


Bhagavad Gt and akaras Commentary


rsohmPsu kONtey f|^Sm zizsUyRyo:

f~v: svRvedewu zBd: e pOw, nwu

puyo gN: piVy|, c tejZc|^Sm iv|vsO

jIvn, svRUtwe u tpZc|^Sm tpiSvwu

bIj, m|, svRUt|n|, ivi p|R sn|tnm\

buibRuimt|m^Sm tejStejiSvn|mhm\

bl, blvt|m^Sm k|mr|givvijRtm\

m|Rivo Utewu k|mo^Sm rtwR

dMo dpoRim|nZc Fo: p|Wymev c
aD|n, c|ij|tSy p|R s,pdm|surIm\


dEvI s,pimox|y inbN|y|surI mt|

m| zuc: s,pd, dEvImij|tois p|v

Chap. 7, vv 8 to 11; Chap. 16, vv 4 and 5

(a) Translate and explain:

(i) aisryayo (line 1)
(ii) kmargavivarjitam (line 7)
(iii) bharatarabha (line 8)


(b) Translate lines 9 to 12, dambho . . . pava.


(c) The first four verses above enumerate Kas identity as the nest aspect
in all created things. He is also said to be one of the incarnations of Viu.
What can you say about the doctrine of incarnation and which other incarnations
have been listed elsewhere?



c,climit c,cl, ih mn: W~eit wteivRlen|RSy

p, jnp|p|iddow|kwR~|TW~: ih ySm|Nmn: c,cl,

n kevlmTy c,cl, fm|i c fmnzIl, fmn|it

zrIrim,iy|i~ c ivixpTst\ prvzIkroit ik,c blvt\

fbl, n ke niciNnyNtu, zKy, duinRv|rTv|t\ ik,c d,

t,tun|gvdCem\ tSyEv,UtSy mnsoh, ing/h, inro, mNye

v|yoirv y| v|yodRuW kro ing/hSttoip mnso duW kr,
mNye Tyif|y:

akarabhya on Bhagavad Gt, Chap. 6, v 34

(a) Translate lines 1 to 4, keti . . . paravakaroti.


(b) Translate and explain:

(i) durnivratvt (line )
(ii) tantungavat (line 6)


(c) In this and other commentaries, akara uses a variety of techniques to explain
the Bhagavad Gt verses. Using your knowledge of his methods from this and
other verses, name four particular ways he uses to elucidate the texts he
comments on.

[Total: 10 x 2 = 20 marks]