Sie sind auf Seite 1von 2
r+ o The environment EI - ! 6 I A. Match the first part of
r+
o
The environment
EI
-
!
6
I
A. Match the first part of eachsentencein the left-handcolumnwith its secondpart in the
right-handcolumn. Use the words in bold to help you. Checkthat each sentenceyou put
together is grammaticallycorrect.
UI
T'
o
o.
+
1. Somemodernagriculturalmethodshavebeen
(A)
inmanycountriespoachingisconsidered
n
heavilycriticized,
moreseriousthandrugsmuggling.
o
2. lf youwearafurcoatinpublic,
(B)
andrarebreedsparksareverypopularwith
n
many'
o
3. lt isillegalto killpandas,tigers
ct
(c)
"'in wildlifemanagement'
C
4. lf we don't do moreto protectpandas,
-
s.
A rotofBritishpeopteareinterestedin
prosramme
tt' ;;t5.n""":'Jl,"J.:::?i:ruation
o
-
unusualanimals,
(E) "'they'll soonbe extinct'
6. Nationalparksin Kenyaarecurrently
recruitingexperts
(F)
withbatteryfarmingin
a lot of condemnation'
particularreceiving
7. Inan attemptto preserveforestsaroundthe
country
(G)
itwasfascinatingto
observetheir
naturalhehaviour'
8. we would liketo carryout morescientific
studyinto
rainforests
(H)
ona
successfulpandabreedingprogramme.
9. I don't likezoosbecauseI think
(l)
keepinganimalsin
captivityiscruel.
10. Isaw a fascinatingdocumentaryaboutthe
(J) .,.oranyotherendangeredspecres.
wayanimalslivein venezuelaandthought"' (K)
butit
isoftendifficurtto get peopreto fund
11.In orderto increasethe birth rate,the Chinese
governmenthasspenta lot of money"'
the research.
(L)
12.Huntershavekilledsomanyanimalsthat
youriskcomingunderattackfrom animal
rightsactivists.
B. Replacethe expressionsin boldwith a word or expressionfrom the box which hasthe same
meaning.
unleaded petrol
.
.
recycle (things)
.
fossil fuels
organrc
geneticallymodified . greenhouse . rain forest . global warming
erosion . contaminated .
environmentalists .
emissions
.
.
biodegradablepackaging . acid
rain
Green Belt
ecosystem
1. ln Britain,buildingisrestrictedor completelybannedin the areaof farminglandor woods andparks
which surrounds a town.
2. Many companiesare developing boxes, cartonsand canswhich can easily be decomposedby
organismssuch as bacteria,or by sunlight, sea,waten etc.
3. The burning of somefuelscreatescarbondioxide,carbonmonoxide,sulphur dioxide, methaneand
othergaseswhichriseinto the atmosphere.
4. Farmershaveclearedhectaresof thick woodedland in tropicalregionswhere the precipitationis very
high.
65
L s The environment f .ct 5. Plantingtreesprovidessomeprotectionfrom the gradualwearingaway of soil. G lJ 6.
L
s
The environment
f
.ct
5.
Plantingtreesprovidessomeprotectionfrom the gradualwearingaway of soil.
G
lJ
6.
We shouldall try to processwastematerialso that it canbe usedagain.
o
7.
Thesepotatoesare cultivatednaturally,without usingany chemicalfertilisersor pesticides.
IJ
8.
r -
Its
'o
Thisbreadismadefrom wheatwhich hasbeen alteredat a molecularlevelsoas to changecertain
characteristicswhich canbe inherited.
o 9.
More and morecarsare built to usefuel which hasbeenmade without leadadditives.
CL
10.Pollutedprecipitationwhich killstreesfallsa longdistanceawayfrom the sourceof the pollution.
ul
I
.g CL
11. Humanbeingshavehada devastatingeffecton the living things,both largeandsmal/,in manyparts
of the world.
P
o 12.The gasesand other substanceswhichcomefrom factoriesusingoil,coaland other fuelswhich are
the remainsof plantsandanimalscancauseseriousdamageto the environment.
13.Don'tdrinkthat water! lt'sbeenmadedifi
by somethingbeingaddedto it.
14.Friendsof the Earth,Greenpeaceand otherpeopleconcernedwith protectingthe environmentare
holdinga forumin Londonnextmonth.
15. Theheating up of
the earth'satmosphereby pollution isthreatening life aswe know it.
C. Now look at this essayand complete the gapswith one of the words
possible.You or expressionsfrom
TasksA and B. In somecases,morethan one answermay be
the form of someof the words.
may needto change
'Environmental degradation is a major world problem. What causesthis problem, and what can
we do to prevent it?'
Thereis no doubt that the environmentis in trouble. Factoriesburn 1
which produce 2 , and this kills trees. At the same time,
gasesriseinto the air and contributeto 4
which threatensto melt the polar ice cap.Meanwhile farmers clear huge areas of
in placessuch as the Amazon to producefeeding land for cattle
orproducewoodforbuiIding.Riversandoceansaresoheavily6
byindustriaI
wastethat it isno longersafeto go swimming.Carspumpout poisonous7
whichwe allhaveto breathein.8
andoverfishingarekillingoff millions
of animals,includingwhales,elephantsand other9 . In fact,all around
us,alllivingthingslargeandsmallwhichcompriseourfinelybalanced10
are beingsystematicallydestroyedby humangreedand thoughtlessness.
There is a lot we
can all do, however;to help preventthis. The easiestthing, of course,is to
11
waste material such as paper and glassso that we can use it
again. We should also check that the things we
buy from supermarketsare packaged in
12
packagingwhich decomposeseasily.At the sametime, we should
make a consciouseffort to
someone provesthat they
avoid foods which are 13
(at least until
are safe both for us and for the environment).lf you are truly
committedto protectingthe environment,of course,you shouldonly buy 14
fruit and vegetables,safein the knowledgethat they havebeennaturallycultivated.Finally,
of course,we shouldbuy a smallcarthat uses15
to the environmentor,evenbetter;makemore useof publictransport.
which is lessharmfu
Theserious16
, however,do muchmore.Theyareawareof the global
issuesinvolvedandwillactivelyinvolvethemselvesinlT
bymakingsureour
forestsarekeptsafeforfuturegenerations.Theywillopposeactivitieswhichareharmfultoanimals,such
as18
.Andtheywillcampaignto keepthe 19
aroundour townsandcitiesfreefrom new building.
We cannotall be ascommittedasthem, but we can at leastdo our own little bit at grassroots
level.We, ashumans,haveinheritedthe earth,but that doesn'tmeanwe cando whateverwe like
with it.
66