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# True Pop. True Pop. Mean True Pop. True Pop. Proportion Goodness of Fit Two-Way Table True.

## Goodness of Fit Two-Way Table True. Pop. Slope

Mean Diff. Proportion Diff.
H Ho: µ = ___ Ho: µ1-µ2= ___ Ho: p = ___ Ho: p1-p2 = ___ Ho: The actual Ho: There is no Ho: β = ___
Ha: µ < / > / ≠ Ha: µ1-µ2 < / > / ≠ Ha: p < / > / ≠ ___ Ha: p1-p2 < / > / ≠ ___ distribution of _______ significant Ha: β < / > / ≠ ___
___ ___ p= p1 = _________________ is the same as the relationship β = _______________
µ= µ1 = _________________ p2 = _________________ claimed dist. between _______
_______________ _________________ (order of subtraction) Ha: The actual and _______.
distribution of _______ (OR: ______ and
_ µ2 = ______ are
is significantly
_________________ independent)
different from the
(order of claimed dist. Ha: There is a
subtraction) significant
relationship
between _______
and _______.
(OR: ______ and
______ are not
independent)
A Good data (SRS Good data Good data Good data Good data Good data Good data
or randomized Normality (n1+n2 ≥ Normality: Normality: Expected counts: Expected counts: Y-values ~N for a
exp.) 40) n(p) n1 (p1) All exp. counts ≥ __ All exp. counts ≥ __ fixed x-value
Normality (n ≥ Independence n(1 – p) n1 (1 – p1) {#’s} {#’s} Y-values
40) Std. dev. formula n2 (p2) No more than 20% < 5 No more than 20% independent
pop. of ____ ≥ 10n n2 (1 – p2) (%) < 5 (%)
Std. dev. of y-values
Independence
is approx. constant
for all x’s
Linear relationship
between x and y
T 1-sample t-test 2-sample t-test 1-sample z-test 2-sample z-test for p1-p2 χ² goodness of fit χ² two-way table 1-sample t test for
for µ for µ1-µ2 for p α = ____ test test β
α = ____ α = ____ α = ____ α = ____ α = ____ α = ____
N

C Our sample Our sample mean Our sample Our sample proportion diff. Our observed counts Our observed Our sample slope for
mean of ______ diff. in ______ and proportion of ______ in ______ and corresponding {#’s} and counts {#’s} and predicting ______
and corresponding p-val and corresponding p-val (#) are statistically corresponding p-val corresponding p- from ______ and
corresponding p- (#) are statistically p-val (#) are significant at the α = ___ (#) are statistically val (#) are corresponding p-val
val (#) are significant at the α statistically level. Therefore, we reject significant at the α = statistically (#) are statistically
statistically = ___ level. significant at the α Ho and conclude that the ___ level. Therefore, significant at the α significant at the α =
significant at the Therefore, we reject = ___ level. true pop. proportion diff. in we reject Ho and = ___ level. ___ level. Therefore,
α = ___ level. Ho and conclude Therefore, we reject ______ < / > / ≠ ____. conclude that Therefore, we we reject Ho and
Therefore, we that the true pop. Ho and conclude distribution of _____ reject Ho and conclude that the
reject Ho and mean diff. in ______ that the true pop. is significantly conclude that true pop. slope for
conclude that < / > / ≠ ____. proportion of ______ different from the there is a predicting ______
the true pop. < / > / ≠ ____. claimed distribution. significant from ______ < / > / ≠
mean of ______ < relationship ____.
/ > / ≠ ____. between
Be sure to check assumptions for both significance tests and confidence intervals.
Draw a picture in the numbers section, be it an normal dist, t-dist, or chi-sq dist.
Don’t forget to include CONTEXT whenever possible.
If you’re getting a value from the chart, make sure you double it in cases of inequality at the null hypothesis (also remember that confidences intervals are always
inequalities for Ho).
___________ and
___________.
* df = n - 1 df = n - 1 df = # categories - df = (r – 1)(c – 1) df = n – 2
1 Usually assumptions
will be assumed.
C N/A N/A
I

Be sure to check assumptions for both significance tests and confidence intervals.
Draw a picture in the numbers section, be it an normal dist, t-dist, or chi-sq dist.
Don’t forget to include CONTEXT whenever possible.
If you’re getting a value from the chart, make sure you double it in cases of inequality at the null hypothesis (also remember that confidences intervals are always
inequalities for Ho).