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MINERA ESCONDIDA LTDA.

PROYECTO LIXIVIACIN DE SLFUROS

MEMORIA DE CLCULO
N 2325-0000-265-CS-0007

MALLAS DE PUESTA A TIERRA


Preparado por:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.


APROBACIONES TCNICAS:
Jefe de Disciplina
Gerente de rea
Gerente de Ingeniera
Cliente

REVISIN

B
0

Roberto Falck
Sergio Meza/John Bertoia/Mike Friese
Carlos Astorga
Robert Jaedecke

POR

EMISIN

J. Muoz Emitido para Informacin del Cliente


J. Muoz Emitido para Construccin

COMENTARIOS DEL CLIENTE

FECHA

REVISADO
POR

APROBADO
POR

02-Dic.-04
04-Ene.-05

R. Falck
R. Falck

C. Astorga
C. Astorga

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TABLA DE CONTENIDOS

1.0

INTRODUCCIN............................................................................................................. 2

2.0

ALCANCE ......................................................................................................................... 2

3.0

DESCRIPCIN DE LAS INSTALACIONES................................................................ 2

4.0

ANTECEDENTES ............................................................................................................ 3

5.0

NORMAS ........................................................................................................................... 4

6.0

BASES DE CLCULO..................................................................................................... 4

7.0

METODOLOGA DE CLCULO .................................................................................. 4

8.0

RESULTADOS .................................................................................................................. 4

9.0

CONCLUSIONES ............................................................................................................. 5

10.0

RECOMENDACIONES ................................................................................................... 5

ANEXOS:
ANEXO 1

RESUMEN DE RESULTADOS.
(1 HOJA)

ANEXO 2

REPORTES DEL ETAP.


(33 HOJAS)

ANEXO 3

RESUMEN MEDICIONES DE RESISTIVIDAD EN ESCONDIDA


(MARZO 2004- MAYO 2004).
(1 HOJA)

ANEXO 4

RESULTADOS DEL ANALISIS DE LA INTERCONEXION DE MALLAS DE


PUESTA A TIERRA. (CORREO ELECTRONICO DE INGENDESA)
(2 HOJAS)

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1.0

INTRODUCCIN
El Proyecto Lixiviacin de Slfuros, de Minera Escondida Ltda., considera la construccin
de todas las instalaciones para las nuevas plantas de Electroobtencin (EW) y de
Extraccin por Solventes (SX), en las actuales instalaciones de Minera Escondida Ltda.,
ubicadas en la segunda regin, al norte de Chile, 180 [km] al sureste de la ciudad de
Antofagasta, en el desierto de Atacama, a una altitud de 3200 [m.s.n.m.].
Adems, considera instalaciones en el Puerto de Coloso, aproximadamente a 16 [km] al sur
de Antofagasta, a una altitud de 10 [m.s.n.m.], y en las estaciones de bombeo de agua
Nos. 2, 3 y 4, ubicadas a lo largo del nuevo acueducto entre Coloso y la planta, a una
altitud de 710, 1460 y 2300 [m.s.n.m.] respectivamente.

2.0

ALCANCE
El objetivo de esta memoria de clculo es dimensionar las mallas de puesta a tierra
requeridas en las instalaciones del Proyecto.
Las mallas de puesta a tierra cumplirn con las exigencias indicadas en la
Norma IEEE Std. 80, ao 2000, en lo referente a voltajes de paso y de contacto.
Adems, las mallas cumplirn con la restriccin de alcanzar una resistencia de 25 [Ohm]
mximos, establecidos en el documento No. 2325-0000-265-DC-0001, Criterio de Diseo
Elctrico.
Para las mallas de puesta a tierra de las bombas en las Estaciones de bombeo Nos. 2, 3 y 4,
se consider una extensin de la malla calculada por Ingendesa, para el patio de alta
tensin y sala elctrica, utilizando el mismo reticulado. La misma consideracin se hizo
para las instalaciones en Coloso, (Planta Desaladora y Estacin de bombeo No. 1), con una
extensin de la malla de puesta a tierra existente.

3.0

DESCRIPCIN DE LAS INSTALACIONES


Las instalaciones involucradas en esta memoria de clculo son los siguientes:

Salas elctricas Nos. 608, 609, 610, 611, 612, 613, 614 y 615, en la Planta EW.

Salas elctricas Nos. 601, 602 y 606, en la Planta SX.

Switch house y subestacin mvil en la pila de lixiviacin de la Planta SX (Tpico).

Sala elctrica No. 627, Planta de Inoculacin.

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4.0

ANTECEDENTES
Los antecedentes utilizados en esta memoria de clculo son los siguientes:

Mediciones de resistividad de terreno realizadas por Ingendesa. (Ver Anexo 3)

Plano 2325-3100-265-DW-4301, Rev. 0 (Switch House - Tpico)

Plano 2325-3100-265-DW-4302, Rev. 0 (Subestacin Mvil - Tpico)

Plano 2325-3100-265-DW-4303, Rev. 0 (Sala elctrica # 627 Planta Inoculacin)

Plano 2325-3300-265-DW-4302, Rev. 0 (Sala elctrica # 601)

Plano 2325-3300-265-DW-4303, Rev. 0 (Sala elctrica # 602)

Plano 2325-3500-265-DW-4301, Rev. 0 (Sala elctrica # 606)

Plano 2325-3600-265-DW-4301, Rev. 0 (Sala elctrica # 608)

Plano 2325-3600-265-DW-4302, Rev. 0 (Sala elctrica # 609)

Plano 2325-3700-265-DW-4301, Rev. B (Sala elctrica # 610)

Plano 2325-3700-265-DW-4302, Rev. B (Sala elctrica # 613)

Plano 2325-3700-265-DW-4303, Rev. B (Sala elctrica # 612)

Plano 2325-3700-265-DW-4304, Rev. B (Sala elctrica # 615)

Plano 2325-3700-265-DW-4305, Rev. B (Sala elctrica # 611)

Plano 2325-3700-265-DW-4306, Rev. B (Sala elctrica # 614)

Plano 2325-6930-265-DW-4301, Rev. 0 (Estacin de bombeo # 1, ER # 101)

Plano 2325-6940-265-DW-4301, Rev. 0 (Estacin de bombeo # 2, ER # 102)

Plano 2325-6950-265-DW-4301, Rev. 0 (Estacin de bombeo # 3, ER # 103)

Plano 2325-6960-265-DW-4301, Rev. 0 (Estacin de bombeo # 4, ER # 104)

Criterio de Diseo Elctrico, documento No. 2325-0000-265-DC-0001, Rev. 0.

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5.0

NORMAS
Norma IEEE Std. 80, ao 2000

6.0

BASES DE CLCULO
Las mallas del rea EW y SX son calculadas en forma individual. En el rea de pilas de LX
se considera, para el clculo, que las mallas de puesta a tierra de las subestaciones mviles
estn conectadas con la malla de la subestacin principal SX, a travs del cable de guardia
de la lnea de 13.8 [kV].
Los valores de cortocircuito utilizados para el diseo de las mallas corresponden al nivel de
13.8 [kV]. En el rea EW, la corriente de falla a tierra esta limitada a 200 [A] por los
reactores Zig-Zag. En el rea de SX, la corriente de falla a tierra esta limitada a 200 [A] por
las resistencias de neutro de los transformadores de poder.
Adicionalmente, la corriente de falla a tierra considera el efecto limitador de la propia
resistencia de la puesta a tierra y del cable de guardia donde sea aplicable. Los valores
finalmente utilizados en el clculo de las mallas se indican en el Anexo 1.
El tiempo de despeje de falla es 1.0 [s]. Corresponde a la proteccin de respaldo en la sala
elctrica correspondiente. (Cuatro pasos de coordinacin de 0.25 [s] cada uno).
Para la Planta de Inoculacin, el tiempo de despeje de falla est limitado a 0.1 [s] por el
reconectador Tag No. 7100-7W15-602.
En EW, se utiliz el valor de 2,000 [Ohm-m] como resistividad de la capa superior,
considerando que habrn movimientos de tierra y rellenos compactados. Como espesor de
la capa superior se consideraron 7.0 [m] como promedio. Como resistividad del sustrato se
utiliz el valor medido (230 [Ohm-m]).
En SX, se utiliz el valor de 2,000 [Ohm-m] como resistividad de la capa superior,
considerando que habrn movimientos de tierra y rellenos compactados. Como espesor de
la capa superior se consideraron 2.0 [m] como promedio. Como resistividad del sustrato se
utiliz el valor medido para la tercera capa (200 [Ohm-m]).

7.0

METODOLOGA DE CLCULO
El programa de clculo utilizado es el ETAP Power Station, Versin 4.7.0C, utilizando la
metodologa y procedimientos de clculo desarrollados en la Norma IEEE Std. 80, ao
2000.

8.0

RESULTADOS
El resumen de las mallas de puesta a tierra calculadas, se entrega en el Anexo 1 (1 hoja).
El resultado entregado por el ETAP para cada malla de puesta a tierra calculada, se entrega
en el Anexo 2 (3 hojas por cada clculo de malla).

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CONCLUSIONES
Las mallas de puesta a tierra diseadas, cumplen con las exigencias de seguridad sobre
tensiones de paso y de contacto, establecidas en la Norma IEEE Std. 80, ao 2000.
Los valores obtenidos para las resistencias de cada malla son menores a los 25 [Ohm]
establecidos en el documento No. 2325-0000-265-DC-0001, Criterio de Diseo
Elctrico, con excepcin de las salas # 608 y # 609 de la Planta EW, donde se calcularon
34.90 [Ohm]. Se estima que al utilizar el producto KAM, esta resistencia deber quedar
bajo los 25 [Ohm], de acuerdo con la informacin tcnica del producto.
Ingendesa realiz un estudio de la interconexin de las mallas de puesta a tierra, tanto para
la planta EW como SX. El resultado obtenido confirma el buen comportamiento de las
mallas interconectadas. (Ver Anexo 4).

10.0 RECOMENDACIONES
La totalidad de la superficie de las mallas debern estar cubiertas por una capa de grava de
15 [cm] de espesor, con una resistividad mnima de 5000 [Ohm-m].
Debido a los malos valores de resistividades del terreno, y aunque las mallas calculadas
cumplen con el valor de resistencia de malla mxima de 25 [Ohm] sin considerar aditivos,
(ver prrafo 8), es recomendable el uso del producto KAM, consistente en un tratamiento
artificial reductor de resistencias de puesta a tierra.

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ANEXO 1
RESUMEN DE RESULTADOS

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PROYECTO LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS
PROYECTO No. 2325

MEMORIA DE CALCULO No. 2325-0000-265-CS-0007


04/01/05
REV. 0

RESUMEN DISEO DE MALLAS DE TIERRA


DESCRIPCION

Salas Elctricas EW
Unidad

610, 611-612,
613 y 614-615

608

Salas Elctricas SX
609

606

601

602

Mviles SX
S. House
Norte

627

S. House S/E Mvil S/E Mvil


Sur
Norte
Sur

Longitud X

Lx

82

35

35

30

30

25

25

16

21

26

25.7

Longitud Y

Ly

20

24

24

25

20

42

15

12

19.3

27.3

Conductores en X

Nx

c/u

Conductores en Y

Ny

c/u

10

1,640

840

840

750

600

1,050

375

192

168

502

702

Area de la malla

Radio equivalente

22.8

16.4

16.4

15.5

13.8

18.3

10.9

7.8

7.3

12.6

14.9

Longitud total conductor

508

437

437

410

360

435

275

152

148

220

292

Rho

Ohm-m

2,000

2,000

2,000

2,000

2,000

2,000

2,000

2,000

2,000

2,000

2,000

7.0

7.0

7.0

2.0

2.0

2.0

2.0

2.0

2.0

2.0

2.0

Resistividad del suelo capa inferior (sustrato)

Rho

Ohm-m

230

230

230

200

200

200

200

200

200

200

200

Resistencia de Malla (Laurent)

Rm

Ohm

25.8

35.2

35.2

37.2

41.7

31.9

53.0

77.1

81.9

48.7

40.3

Cantidad barras (copperweld de 19 mm x 3 metros)

c/u

Resistencia combinada Malla+Barras (<25 Ohm)

Rm

Ohm

23.54

34.90

34.90

18.64

19.60

17.07

21.71

24.85

24.95

20.68

19.16

Voltaje del sistema

Vs

kV

13.8

13.8

13.8

13.8

13.8

13.8

13.8

13.8

13.8

13.8

13.8

pu

40

40

40

40

40

40

40

200

200

200

200

Resistividad del suelo capa superior


Espesor capa superior

Sobrevoltaje sistema
Resistencia de neutro sistema

Rn

Ohm

Rectancia (Zig-Zag)

Xn

Ohm

40

40

40

Corriente de falla mxima

Ig

199

199

199

200

200

200

2100

Corriente de falla ajustada con resistencia de PAT

Ig

172

150

150

136

134

140

367

Resistencia cables de guardia

Rc

Ohm

10

10

10

10

Corriente de falla considerando interconexin (*)

Ig

49

49

56

59

Tiempo despeje de falla

Factor de diseo
Corriente de Falla para diseo

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

0.1

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

175

155

155

160

150

160

400

80

80

80

80

(*) : Se considera la conexin con la malla de tierra de la subestacin principal a travs de los cables de guardia.

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ANEXO 2
REPORTES DEL ETAP

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA EW

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

ETAP PowerStation
4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SALA ELECTRICA #608

Electrical Transient Analyzer Program


ETAP PowerStation
Ground Grid Systems

IEEE Std 80-2000

Number of Ground Conductors:

15

Number of Ground Rods:

Total Length of Ground Conductors:

437.00 m

Total Length of Ground Rods:

12.00 m

Frequency:

50.0

Unit System:

Metric

Project Filename:

SALA#608

Output Filename:

D:\ETAP470\PowerStation\2325-Mallas de tierra\EW-Sala#608\Grid1_Untitled.GR1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALA#608

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA EW

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALA#608

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SALA ELECTRICA #608

Ground Grid Input Data


System Data:
Short-Circuit Current

Freq.
Hz

Ambient
Temp.
C

Weight
kg

50.0

50

Total
Fault
Current
kA

40.00

X/R

0.150

Fault Duration (Seconds)

Sf
Division
Factor
%

Cp
Projection
Factor
%

100.0

100.0

0.10

Tf
for
Total Fault
Duration

Tc
for Sizing
Ground
Conductors

1.00

Ts
for
Available
Body Current

1.00

1.00

Soil Data:
Surface Material

Upper Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Gravel

5000.0

Depth
m

Lower Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Dry soil

2000.0

0.15

Depth
m

MaterialType
Dry soil

7.00

Material Constants:
ar Factor

Conductor/Rod

Type

Conductor & Rod

Copper, annealed soft-drawn

Conductivity

@ 20 C

K0 @

Fusing
Temperature

1/C

0 C

234.0

1083.0

100.0

0.00393

Length
m

1.9

3.0

No. of
Rods

Thermal
Capacity
Per Unit Volume

mW.cm

J/(cm.C)

1.72

3.42

Cost
$/Rod

Arrangement
Rods in Grid Corners

100.0

Grid Configuration:

Conductor
Size
mm

Depth
m

95

Grid Length m

Number of Conductors

Lx

in X
Direction

0.7

35.0

Ly
24.0

in Y
Direction

Separation m
in X
Direction

in Y
Direction

5.0

4.0

Cost:
Conductor
Total
No.
15

Total Length
m
437.0

Rod
Cost
$43,700

Total
No.
4

Total Length
m
12.0

Cost
$400

Total
Cost
$44,100

Cost
$/m
100.00

230.0

Resistivity of
Ground Conductor
@ 20C

Rod Data:
Diameter
cm

Resistivity
W.m

Shape: Rectangular

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA EW

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALA#608

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SALA ELECTRICA #608

Ground Grid Summary Report


Rg
Ground
Resistance
Ohm

GPR
Ground
Potential Rise
Volts

34.897

5235.3

Touch Potential
Tolerable
Volts

Calculated
Volts

865.5

761.6

Step Potential
Calculated
%
88.0

Tolerable
Volts
3114.2

Calculated
Volts
555.8

Calculated
%
17.8

Total Fault Current:

0.150 kA

Reflection Factor (K):

-0.429

Maximum Grid Current:

0.150 kA

Surface Layer Derating Factor (Cs):

0.862

Decrement Factor (Df):

1.000

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA EW

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

ETAP PowerStation
4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SALA ELECTRICA #609

Electrical Transient Analyzer Program


ETAP PowerStation
Ground Grid Systems

IEEE Std 80-2000

Number of Ground Conductors:

15

Number of Ground Rods:

Total Length of Ground Conductors:

437.00 m

Total Length of Ground Rods:

12.00 m

Frequency:

50.0

Unit System:

Metric

Project Filename:

SALA#609

Output Filename:

D:\ETAP470\PowerStation\2325-Mallas de tierra\EW-Sala#609\Grid1_Untitled.GR1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALA#609

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA EW

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALA#609

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SALA ELECTRICA #609

Ground Grid Input Data


System Data:
Short-Circuit Current

Freq.
Hz

Ambient
Temp.
C

Weight
kg

50.0

50

Total
Fault
Current
kA

40.00

X/R

0.150

Fault Duration (Seconds)

Sf
Division
Factor
%

Cp
Projection
Factor
%

100.0

100.0

0.10

Tf
for
Total Fault
Duration

Tc
for Sizing
Ground
Conductors

1.00

Ts
for
Available
Body Current

1.00

1.00

Soil Data:
Surface Material

Upper Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Gravel

5000.0

Depth
m

Lower Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Dry soil

2000.0

0.15

Depth
m

MaterialType
Dry soil

7.00

Material Constants:
ar Factor

Conductor/Rod

Type

Conductor & Rod

Copper, annealed soft-drawn

Conductivity

@ 20 C

K0 @

Fusing
Temperature

1/C

0 C

234.0

1083.0

100.0

0.00393

Length
m

1.9

3.0

No. of
Rods

Thermal
Capacity
Per Unit Volume

mW.cm

J/(cm.C)

1.72

3.42

Cost
$/Rod

Arrangement
Rods in Grid Corners

100.0

Grid Configuration:

Conductor
Size
mm

Depth
m

95

Grid Length m

Number of Conductors

Lx

in X
Direction

0.7

35.0

Ly
24.0

in Y
Direction

Separation m
in X
Direction

in Y
Direction

5.0

4.0

Cost:
Conductor
Total
No.
15

Total Length
m
437.0

Rod
Cost
$43,700

Total
No.
4

Total Length
m
12.0

Cost
$400

Total
Cost
$44,100

Cost
$/m
100.00

230.0

Resistivity of
Ground Conductor
@ 20C

Rod Data:
Diameter
cm

Resistivity
W.m

Shape: Rectangular

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA EW

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALA#609

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SALA ELECTRICA #609

Ground Grid Summary Report


Rg
Ground
Resistance
Ohm

GPR
Ground
Potential Rise
Volts

34.897

5235.3

Touch Potential
Tolerable
Volts

Calculated
Volts

865.5

761.6

Step Potential
Calculated
%
88.0

Tolerable
Volts
3114.2

Calculated
Volts
555.8

Calculated
%
17.8

Total Fault Current:

0.150 kA

Reflection Factor (K):

-0.429

Maximum Grid Current:

0.150 kA

Surface Layer Derating Factor (Cs):

0.862

Decrement Factor (Df):

1.000

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA EW

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

ETAP PowerStation
4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALAS#610-a-615

MALLA DE TIERRA SALAS ELECTRICAS #s 610, 611-612, 613 Y 614-615

Electrical Transient Analyzer Program


ETAP PowerStation
Ground Grid Systems

IEEE Std 80-2000

Number of Ground Conductors:

13

Number of Ground Rods:

Total Length of Ground Conductors:

508.00 m

Total Length of Ground Rods:

12.00 m

Frequency:

50.0

Unit System:

Metric

Project Filename:

SALAS#610-a-615

Output Filename:

D:\ETAP470\PowerStation\2325-Mallas de tierra\EW-Salas#610-a-615\Grid1_Untitled.GR1

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA EW

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALAS#610-a-615

MALLA DE TIERRA SALAS ELECTRICAS #s 610, 611-612, 613 Y 614-615

Ground Grid Input Data


System Data:
Short-Circuit Current

Freq.
Hz

Ambient
Temp.
C

Weight
kg

50.0

50

Total
Fault
Current
kA

40.00

X/R

0.150

Fault Duration (Seconds)

Sf
Division
Factor
%

Cp
Projection
Factor
%

100.0

100.0

0.10

Tf
for
Total Fault
Duration

Tc
for Sizing
Ground
Conductors

1.00

Ts
for
Available
Body Current

1.00

1.00

Soil Data:
Surface Material

Upper Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Gravel

5000.0

Depth
m

Lower Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Dry soil

2000.0

0.15

Depth
m

MaterialType
Dry soil

7.00

Material Constants:
ar Factor

Conductor/Rod

Type

Conductor & Rod

Copper, annealed soft-drawn

Conductivity

@ 20 C

K0 @

Fusing
Temperature

1/C

0 C

234.0

1083.0

100.0

0.00393

Length
m

1.9

3.0

No. of
Rods

Thermal
Capacity
Per Unit Volume

mW.cm

J/(cm.C)

1.72

3.42

Cost
$/Rod

Arrangement
Rods in Grid Corners

100.0

Grid Configuration:

Conductor
Size
mm

Depth
m

95

Grid Length m

Number of Conductors

Lx

in X
Direction

0.7

82.0

Ly
20.0

in Y
Direction

Separation m
in X
Direction

in Y
Direction

10.3

6.7

Cost:
Conductor
Total
No.
13

Total Length
m
508.0

Rod
Cost
$50,800

Total
No.
4

Total Length
m
12.0

Cost
$400

Total
Cost
$51,200

Cost
$/m
100.00

230.0

Resistivity of
Ground Conductor
@ 20C

Rod Data:
Diameter
cm

Resistivity
W.m

Shape: Rectangular

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA EW

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALAS#610-a-615

MALLA DE TIERRA SALAS ELECTRICAS #s 610, 611-612, 613 Y 614-615

Ground Grid Summary Report


Rg
Ground
Resistance
Ohm

GPR
Ground
Potential Rise
Volts

23.542

3531.9

Touch Potential
Tolerable
Volts

Calculated
Volts

865.5

730.6

Step Potential
Calculated
%
84.4

Tolerable
Volts
3114.2

Calculated
Volts
334.7

Calculated
%
10.7

Total Fault Current:

0.150 kA

Reflection Factor (K):

-0.429

Maximum Grid Current:

0.150 kA

Surface Layer Derating Factor (Cs):

0.862

Decrement Factor (Df):

1.000

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

ETAP PowerStation
4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SALA ELECTRICA #601

Electrical Transient Analyzer Program


ETAP PowerStation
Ground Grid Systems

IEEE Std 80-2000

Number of Ground Conductors:

15

Number of Ground Rods:

Total Length of Ground Conductors:

360.00 m

Total Length of Ground Rods:

12.00 m

Frequency:

50.0

Unit System:

Metric

Project Filename:

SALA#601

Output Filename:

D:\ETAP470\PowerStation\2325-Mallas de tierra\SX-Sala#601\Grid1_Untitled.GR1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALA#601

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALA#601

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SALA ELECTRICA #601

Ground Grid Input Data


System Data:
Short-Circuit Current

Freq.
Hz

Ambient
Temp.
C

Weight
kg

50.0

50

Total
Fault
Current
kA

40.00

X/R

0.150

Fault Duration (Seconds)

Sf
Division
Factor
%

Cp
Projection
Factor
%

100.0

100.0

0.10

Tf
for
Total Fault
Duration

Tc
for Sizing
Ground
Conductors

1.00

Ts
for
Available
Body Current

1.00

1.00

Soil Data:
Surface Material

Upper Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Gravel

5000.0

Depth
m

Lower Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Dry soil

2000.0

0.15

Depth
m

MaterialType
Dry soil

2.00

Material Constants:
ar Factor

Conductor/Rod

Type

Conductor & Rod

Copper, annealed soft-drawn

Conductivity

@ 20 C

K0 @

Fusing
Temperature

1/C

0 C

234.0

1083.0

100.0

0.00393

Length
m

1.9

3.0

No. of
Rods

Thermal
Capacity
Per Unit Volume

mW.cm

J/(cm.C)

1.72

3.42

Cost
$/Rod

Arrangement
Rods in Grid Corners

100.0

Grid Configuration:

Conductor
Size
mm

Depth
m

95

Grid Length m

Number of Conductors

Lx

in X
Direction

0.7

30.0

Ly
20.0

in Y
Direction

Separation m
in X
Direction

in Y
Direction

3.7

4.0

Cost:
Conductor
Total
No.
15

Total Length
m
360.0

Rod
Cost
$36,000

Total
No.
4

Total Length
m
12.0

Cost
$400

Total
Cost
$36,400

Cost
$/m
100.00

200.0

Resistivity of
Ground Conductor
@ 20C

Rod Data:
Diameter
cm

Resistivity
W.m

Shape: Rectangular

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALA#601

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SALA ELECTRICA #601

Ground Grid Summary Report


Rg
Ground
Resistance
Ohm

GPR
Ground
Potential Rise
Volts

19.597

2940.0

Touch Potential
Tolerable
Volts

Calculated
Volts

865.5

855.0

Step Potential
Calculated
%
98.8

Tolerable
Volts
3114.2

Calculated
Volts
694.5

Calculated
%
22.3

Total Fault Current:

0.150 kA

Reflection Factor (K):

-0.429

Maximum Grid Current:

0.150 kA

Surface Layer Derating Factor (Cs):

0.862

Decrement Factor (Df):

1.000

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

ETAP PowerStation
4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SALA ELECTRICA #602

Electrical Transient Analyzer Program


ETAP PowerStation
Ground Grid Systems

IEEE Std 80-2000

Number of Ground Conductors:

14

Number of Ground Rods:

Total Length of Ground Conductors:

435.00 m

Total Length of Ground Rods:

12.00 m

Frequency:

50.0

Unit System:

Metric

Project Filename:

SALA#602

Output Filename:

D:\ETAP470\PowerStation\2325-Mallas de tierra\SX-Sala#602\Grid1_Untitled.GR1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALA#602

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALA#602

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SALA ELECTRICA #602

Ground Grid Input Data


System Data:
Short-Circuit Current

Freq.
Hz

Ambient
Temp.
C

Weight
kg

50.0

50

Total
Fault
Current
kA

40.00

X/R

0.160

Fault Duration (Seconds)

Sf
Division
Factor
%

Cp
Projection
Factor
%

100.0

100.0

0.10

Tf
for
Total Fault
Duration

Tc
for Sizing
Ground
Conductors

1.00

Ts
for
Available
Body Current

1.00

1.00

Soil Data:
Surface Material

Upper Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Gravel

5000.0

Depth
m

Lower Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Dry soil

2000.0

0.15

Depth
m

MaterialType
Dry soil

2.00

Material Constants:
ar Factor

Conductor/Rod

Type

Conductor & Rod

Copper, annealed soft-drawn

Conductivity

@ 20 C

K0 @

Fusing
Temperature

1/C

0 C

234.0

1083.0

100.0

0.00393

Length
m

1.9

3.0

No. of
Rods

Thermal
Capacity
Per Unit Volume

mW.cm

J/(cm.C)

1.72

3.42

Cost
$/Rod

Arrangement
Rods in Grid Corners

100.0

Grid Configuration:

Conductor
Size
mm

Depth
m

95

Grid Length m

Number of Conductors

Lx

in X
Direction

0.7

25.0

Ly
42.0

in Y
Direction

Separation m
in X
Direction

in Y
Direction

6.3

5.3

Cost:
Conductor
Total
No.
14

Total Length
m
435.0

Rod
Cost
$43,500

Total
No.
4

Total Length
m
12.0

Cost
$400

Total
Cost
$43,900

Cost
$/m
100.00

200.0

Resistivity of
Ground Conductor
@ 20C

Rod Data:
Diameter
cm

Resistivity
W.m

Shape: Rectangular

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALA#602

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SALA ELECTRICA #602

Ground Grid Summary Report


Rg
Ground
Resistance
Ohm

GPR
Ground
Potential Rise
Volts

17.074

2732.3

Touch Potential
Tolerable
Volts

Calculated
Volts

865.5

847.7

Step Potential
Calculated
%
97.9

Tolerable
Volts
3114.2

Calculated
Volts
508.5

Calculated
%
16.3

Total Fault Current:

0.160 kA

Reflection Factor (K):

-0.429

Maximum Grid Current:

0.160 kA

Surface Layer Derating Factor (Cs):

0.862

Decrement Factor (Df):

1.000

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

ETAP PowerStation
4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SALA ELECTRICA #606

Electrical Transient Analyzer Program


ETAP PowerStation
Ground Grid Systems

IEEE Std 80-2000

Number of Ground Conductors:

15

Number of Ground Rods:

Total Length of Ground Conductors:

410.00 m

Total Length of Ground Rods:

12.00 m

Frequency:

50.0

Unit System:

Metric

Project Filename:

SALA#606

Output Filename:

D:\ETAP470\PowerStation\2325-Mallas de tierra\SX-Sala#606\Grid1_Untitled.GR1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALA#606

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALA#606

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SALA ELECTRICA #606

Ground Grid Input Data


System Data:
Short-Circuit Current

Freq.
Hz

Ambient
Temp.
C

Weight
kg

50.0

50

Total
Fault
Current
kA

40.00

X/R

0.160

Fault Duration (Seconds)

Sf
Division
Factor
%

Cp
Projection
Factor
%

100.0

100.0

0.10

Tf
for
Total Fault
Duration

Tc
for Sizing
Ground
Conductors

1.00

Ts
for
Available
Body Current

1.00

1.00

Soil Data:
Surface Material

Upper Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Gravel

5000.0

Depth
m

Lower Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Dry soil

2000.0

0.15

Depth
m

MaterialType
Dry soil

2.00

Material Constants:
ar Factor

Conductor/Rod

Type

Conductor & Rod

Copper, annealed soft-drawn

Conductivity

@ 20 C

K0 @

Fusing
Temperature

1/C

0 C

234.0

1083.0

100.0

0.00393

Length
m

1.9

3.0

No. of
Rods

Thermal
Capacity
Per Unit Volume

mW.cm

J/(cm.C)

1.72

3.42

Cost
$/Rod

Arrangement
Rods in Grid Corners

100.0

Grid Configuration:

Conductor
Size
mm

Depth
m

95

Grid Length m

Number of Conductors

Lx

in X
Direction

0.7

30.0

Ly
25.0

in Y
Direction

Separation m
in X
Direction

in Y
Direction

4.3

4.2

Cost:
Conductor
Total
No.
15

Total Length
m
410.0

Rod
Cost
$41,000

Total
No.
4

Total Length
m
12.0

Cost
$400

Total
Cost
$41,400

Cost
$/m
100.00

200.0

Resistivity of
Ground Conductor
@ 20C

Rod Data:
Diameter
cm

Resistivity
W.m

Shape: Rectangular

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SALA#606

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SALA ELECTRICA #606

Ground Grid Summary Report


Rg
Ground
Resistance
Ohm

GPR
Ground
Potential Rise
Volts

18.638

2982.6

Touch Potential
Tolerable
Volts

Calculated
Volts

865.5

842.6

Step Potential
Calculated
%
97.4

Tolerable
Volts
3114.2

Calculated
Volts
644.4

Calculated
%
20.7

Total Fault Current:

0.160 kA

Reflection Factor (K):

-0.429

Maximum Grid Current:

0.160 kA

Surface Layer Derating Factor (Cs):

0.862

Decrement Factor (Df):

1.000

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

ETAP PowerStation
4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - PLANTA DE INOCULACION

Electrical Transient Analyzer Program


ETAP PowerStation
Ground Grid Systems

IEEE Std 80-2000

Number of Ground Conductors:

15

Number of Ground Rods:

Total Length of Ground Conductors:

275.00 m

Total Length of Ground Rods:

12.00 m

Frequency:

50.0

Unit System:

Metric

Project Filename:

INOCULACION

Output Filename:

D:\ETAP470\PowerStation\2325-Mallas de tierra\SX-Inoculacion\Grid1_Untitled.GR1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

INOCULACION

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

INOCULACION

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - PLANTA DE INOCULACION

Ground Grid Input Data


System Data:
Short-Circuit Current

Freq.
Hz

Ambient
Temp.
C

Weight
kg

50.0

50

Total
Fault
Current
kA

40.00

X/R

0.400

Fault Duration (Seconds)

Sf
Division
Factor
%

Cp
Projection
Factor
%

100.0

100.0

0.10

Tf
for
Total Fault
Duration

Tc
for Sizing
Ground
Conductors

0.10

Ts
for
Available
Body Current

0.10

0.10

Soil Data:
Surface Material

Upper Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Gravel

5000.0

Depth
m

Lower Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Dry soil

2000.0

0.15

Depth
m

MaterialType
Dry soil

2.00

Material Constants:
ar Factor

Conductor/Rod

Type

Conductor & Rod

Copper, annealed soft-drawn

Conductivity

@ 20 C

K0 @

Fusing
Temperature

1/C

0 C

234.0

1083.0

100.0

0.00393

Length
m

1.9

3.0

No. of
Rods

Thermal
Capacity
Per Unit Volume

mW.cm

J/(cm.C)

1.72

3.42

Cost
$/Rod

Arrangement
Rods in Grid Corners

100.0

Grid Configuration:

Conductor
Size
mm

Depth
m

95

Grid Length m

Number of Conductors

Lx

in X
Direction

0.7

25.0

Ly
15.0

Separation m

in Y
Direction

in X
Direction

in Y
Direction

10

2.8

3.8

Cost:
Conductor
Total
No.
15

Total Length
m
275.0

Rod
Cost
$27,500

Total
No.
4

Total Length
m
12.0

Cost
$400

Total
Cost
$27,900

Cost
$/m
100.00

200.0

Resistivity of
Ground Conductor
@ 20C

Rod Data:
Diameter
cm

Resistivity
W.m

Shape: Rectangular

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

INOCULACION

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - PLANTA DE INOCULACION

Ground Grid Summary Report


Rg
Ground
Resistance
Ohm

GPR
Ground
Potential Rise
Volts

21.705

8695.8

Touch Potential
Tolerable
Volts

Calculated
Volts

2,737.1

2709.9

Step Potential
Calculated
%
99.0

Tolerable
Volts
9847.8

Calculated
Volts
2497.9

Calculated
%
25.4

Total Fault Current:

0.400 kA

Reflection Factor (K):

-0.429

Maximum Grid Current:

0.401 kA

Surface Layer Derating Factor (Cs):

0.862

Decrement Factor (Df):

1.002

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

ETAP PowerStation
4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:
SWITCH-HOUSE-NORTE

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SWITCH HOUSE PLATAFORMA NORTE

Electrical Transient Analyzer Program


ETAP PowerStation
Ground Grid Systems

IEEE Std 80-2000

Number of Ground Conductors:

11

Number of Ground Rods:

Total Length of Ground Conductors:

152.00 m

Total Length of Ground Rods:

12.00 m

Frequency:

50.0

Unit System:

Metric

Project Filename:

SWITCH-HOUSE-NORTE

Output Filename:

D:\ETAP470\PowerStation\2325-Mallas de tierra\SX-SwitchHouse-Norte\Grid1_Untitled.GR1

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:
SWITCH-HOUSE-NORTE

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SWITCH HOUSE PLATAFORMA NORTE

Ground Grid Input Data


System Data:
Short-Circuit Current

Freq.
Hz

Ambient
Temp.
C

Weight
kg

50.0

50

Total
Fault
Current
kA

40.00

X/R

0.080

Fault Duration (Seconds)

Sf
Division
Factor
%

Cp
Projection
Factor
%

100.0

100.0

0.10

Tf
for
Total Fault
Duration

Tc
for Sizing
Ground
Conductors

1.00

Ts
for
Available
Body Current

1.00

1.00

Soil Data:
Surface Material

Upper Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Gravel

5000.0

Depth
m

Lower Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Dry soil

2000.0

0.15

Depth
m

MaterialType
Dry soil

2.00

Material Constants:
ar Factor

Conductor/Rod

Type

Conductor & Rod

Copper, annealed soft-drawn

Conductivity

@ 20 C

K0 @

Fusing
Temperature

1/C

0 C

234.0

1083.0

100.0

0.00393

Length
m

1.9

3.0

No. of
Rods

Thermal
Capacity
Per Unit Volume

mW.cm

J/(cm.C)

1.72

3.42

Cost
$/Rod

Arrangement
Rods in Grid Corners

100.0

Grid Configuration:

Conductor
Size
mm

Depth
m

95

Grid Length m

Number of Conductors

Lx

in X
Direction

0.7

16.0

Ly
12.0

in Y
Direction

Separation m
in X
Direction

in Y
Direction

3.2

3.0

Cost:
Conductor
Total
No.
11

Total Length
m
152.0

Rod
Cost
$15,200

Total
No.
4

Total Length
m
12.0

Cost
$400

Total
Cost
$15,600

Cost
$/m
100.00

200.0

Resistivity of
Ground Conductor
@ 20C

Rod Data:
Diameter
cm

Resistivity
W.m

Shape: Rectangular

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:
SWITCH-HOUSE-NORTE

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SWITCH HOUSE PLATAFORMA NORTE

Ground Grid Summary Report


Rg
Ground
Resistance
Ohm

GPR
Ground
Potential Rise
Volts

24.848

1988.2

Touch Potential
Tolerable
Volts

Calculated
Volts

865.5

828.6

Step Potential
Calculated
%
95.7

Tolerable
Volts
3114.2

Calculated
Volts
756.5

Calculated
%
24.3

Total Fault Current:

0.080 kA

Reflection Factor (K):

-0.429

Maximum Grid Current:

0.080 kA

Surface Layer Derating Factor (Cs):

0.862

Decrement Factor (Df):

1.000

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

ETAP PowerStation
4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:
SWITCH-HOUSE-SUR

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SWITCH HOUSE PLATAFORMA SUR

Electrical Transient Analyzer Program


ETAP PowerStation
Ground Grid Systems

IEEE Std 80-2000

Number of Ground Conductors:

12

Number of Ground Rods:

Total Length of Ground Conductors:

148.00 m

Total Length of Ground Rods:

12.00 m

Frequency:

50.0

Unit System:

Metric

Project Filename:

SWITCH-HOUSE-SUR

Output Filename:

D:\ETAP470\PowerStation\2325-Mallas de tierra\SX-SwitchHouse-Sur\Grid1_Untitled.GR1

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:
SWITCH-HOUSE-SUR

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SWITCH HOUSE PLATAFORMA SUR

Ground Grid Input Data


System Data:
Short-Circuit Current

Freq.
Hz

Ambient
Temp.
C

Weight
kg

50.0

50

Total
Fault
Current
kA

40.00

X/R

0.080

Fault Duration (Seconds)

Sf
Division
Factor
%

Cp
Projection
Factor
%

100.0

100.0

0.10

Tf
for
Total Fault
Duration

Tc
for Sizing
Ground
Conductors

1.00

Ts
for
Available
Body Current

1.00

1.00

Soil Data:
Surface Material

Upper Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Gravel

5000.0

Depth
m

Lower Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Dry soil

2000.0

0.15

Depth
m

MaterialType
Dry soil

2.00

Material Constants:
ar Factor

Conductor/Rod

Type

Conductor & Rod

Copper, annealed soft-drawn

Conductivity

@ 20 C

K0 @

Fusing
Temperature

1/C

0 C

234.0

1083.0

100.0

0.00393

Length
m

1.9

3.0

No. of
Rods

Thermal
Capacity
Per Unit Volume

mW.cm

J/(cm.C)

1.72

3.42

Cost
$/Rod

Arrangement
Rods in Grid Corners

100.0

Grid Configuration:

Conductor
Size
mm

Depth
m

95

Grid Length m

Number of Conductors

Lx

in X
Direction

0.7

Ly

21.0

8.0

in Y
Direction

Separation m
in X
Direction

in Y
Direction

3.0

2.7

Cost:
Conductor
Total
No.
12

Total Length
m
148.0

Rod
Cost
$14,800

Total
No.
4

Total Length
m
12.0

Cost
$400

Total
Cost
$15,200

Cost
$/m
100.00

200.0

Resistivity of
Ground Conductor
@ 20C

Rod Data:
Diameter
cm

Resistivity
W.m

Shape: Rectangular

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:
SWITCH-HOUSE-SUR

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SWITCH HOUSE PLATAFORMA SUR

Ground Grid Summary Report


Rg
Ground
Resistance
Ohm

GPR
Ground
Potential Rise
Volts

24.951

1996.4

Touch Potential
Tolerable
Volts

Calculated
Volts

865.5

820.6

Step Potential
Calculated
%
94.8

Tolerable
Volts
3114.2

Calculated
Volts
798.5

Calculated
%
25.6

Total Fault Current:

0.080 kA

Reflection Factor (K):

-0.429

Maximum Grid Current:

0.080 kA

Surface Layer Derating Factor (Cs):

0.862

Decrement Factor (Df):

1.000

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

ETAP PowerStation
4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SE-MOVILES-NORTE

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SUBESTACIONES MOVILES PLATAFORMA NORTE

Electrical Transient Analyzer Program


ETAP PowerStation
Ground Grid Systems

IEEE Std 80-2000

Number of Ground Conductors:

10

Number of Ground Rods:

Total Length of Ground Conductors:

220.00 m

Total Length of Ground Rods:

12.00 m

Frequency:

50.0

Unit System:

Metric

Project Filename:

SE-MOVILES-NORTE

Output Filename:

D:\ETAP470\PowerStation\2325-Mallas de tierra\SX-SE-Moviles-Norte\Grid1_Untitled.GR1

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SE-MOVILES-NORTE

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SUBESTACIONES MOVILES PLATAFORMA NORTE

Ground Grid Input Data


System Data:
Short-Circuit Current

Freq.
Hz

Ambient
Temp.
C

Weight
kg

50.0

50

Total
Fault
Current
kA

40.00

X/R

0.080

Fault Duration (Seconds)

Sf
Division
Factor
%

Cp
Projection
Factor
%

100.0

100.0

0.10

Tf
for
Total Fault
Duration

Tc
for Sizing
Ground
Conductors

1.00

Ts
for
Available
Body Current

1.00

1.00

Soil Data:
Surface Material

Upper Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Gravel

5000.0

Depth
m

Lower Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Dry soil

2000.0

0.15

Depth
m

MaterialType
Dry soil

2.00

Material Constants:
ar Factor

Conductor/Rod

Type

Conductor & Rod

Copper, annealed soft-drawn

Conductivity

@ 20 C

K0 @

Fusing
Temperature

1/C

0 C

234.0

1083.0

100.0

0.00393

Length
m

1.9

3.0

No. of
Rods

Thermal
Capacity
Per Unit Volume

mW.cm

J/(cm.C)

1.72

3.42

Cost
$/Rod

Arrangement
Rods in Grid Corners

100.0

Grid Configuration:

Conductor
Size
mm

Depth
m

95

Grid Length m

Number of Conductors

Lx

in X
Direction

0.7

26.0

Ly
19.3

in Y
Direction

Separation m
in X
Direction

in Y
Direction

5.2

6.4

Cost:
Conductor
Total
No.
10

Total Length
m
219.8

Rod
Cost
$21,980

Total
No.
4

Total Length
m
12.0

Cost
$400

Total
Cost
$22,380

Cost
$/m
100.00

200.0

Resistivity of
Ground Conductor
@ 20C

Rod Data:
Diameter
cm

Resistivity
W.m

Shape: Rectangular

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SE-MOVILES-NORTE

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SUBESTACIONES MOVILES PLATAFORMA NORTE

Ground Grid Summary Report


Rg
Ground
Resistance
Ohm

GPR
Ground
Potential Rise
Volts

20.676

1654.4

Touch Potential
Tolerable
Volts

Calculated
Volts

865.5

716.9

Step Potential
Calculated
%
82.8

Tolerable
Volts
3114.2

Calculated
Volts
404.0

Calculated
%
13.0

Total Fault Current:

0.080 kA

Reflection Factor (K):

-0.429

Maximum Grid Current:

0.080 kA

Surface Layer Derating Factor (Cs):

0.862

Decrement Factor (Df):

1.000

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

ETAP PowerStation
4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SE-MOVILES-SUR

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SUBESTACIONES MOVILES PLATAFORMA SUR

Electrical Transient Analyzer Program


ETAP PowerStation
Ground Grid Systems

IEEE Std 80-2000

Number of Ground Conductors:

11

Number of Ground Rods:

Total Length of Ground Conductors:

292.00 m

Total Length of Ground Rods:

12.00 m

Frequency:

50.0

Unit System:

Metric

Project Filename:

SE-MOVILES-SUR

Output Filename:

D:\ETAP470\PowerStation\2325-Mallas de tierra\SX-SE-Moviles-Sur\Grid1_Untitled.GR1

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SE-MOVILES-SUR

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SUBESTACIONES MOVILES PLATAFORMA SUR

Ground Grid Input Data


System Data:
Short-Circuit Current

Freq.
Hz

Ambient
Temp.
C

Weight
kg

50.0

50

Total
Fault
Current
kA

40.00

X/R

0.080

Fault Duration (Seconds)

Sf
Division
Factor
%

Cp
Projection
Factor
%

100.0

100.0

0.10

Tf
for
Total Fault
Duration

Tc
for Sizing
Ground
Conductors

1.00

Ts
for
Available
Body Current

1.00

1.00

Soil Data:
Surface Material

Upper Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Gravel

5000.0

Depth
m

Lower Layer Soil

Material Type

Resistivity
W.m

Dry soil

2000.0

0.15

Depth
m

MaterialType
Dry soil

2.00

Material Constants:
ar Factor

Conductor/Rod

Type

Conductor & Rod

Copper, annealed soft-drawn

Conductivity

@ 20 C

K0 @

Fusing
Temperature

1/C

0 C

234.0

1083.0

100.0

0.00393

Length
m

1.9

3.0

No. of
Rods

Thermal
Capacity
Per Unit Volume

mW.cm

J/(cm.C)

1.72

3.42

Cost
$/Rod

Arrangement
Rods in Grid Corners

100.0

Grid Configuration:

Conductor
Size
mm

Depth
m

95

Grid Length m

Number of Conductors

Lx

in X
Direction

0.7

25.7

Ly
27.3

in Y
Direction

Separation m
in X
Direction

in Y
Direction

5.1

6.8

Cost:
Conductor
Total
No.
11

Total Length
m
292.3

Rod
Cost
$29,230

Total
No.
4

Total Length
m
12.0

Cost
$400

Total
Cost
$29,630

Cost
$/m
100.00

200.0

Resistivity of
Ground Conductor
@ 20C

Rod Data:
Diameter
cm

Resistivity
W.m

Shape: Rectangular

ETAP PowerStation

Project:

LIXIVIACION DE SULFUROS

Location:

MINERA ESCONDIDA - PLANTA SX

Contract:

2325

Engineer:

FLUOR CHILE S.A.

4.7.0C

Study Case: GRD1

Page:

Date:

12-01-2004

SN:

88FDI30132

Filename:

SE-MOVILES-SUR

DISEO DE MALLA DE TIERRA - SUBESTACIONES MOVILES PLATAFORMA SUR

Ground Grid Summary Report


Rg
Ground
Resistance
Ohm

GPR
Ground
Potential Rise
Volts

19.162

1533.2

Touch Potential
Tolerable
Volts

Calculated
Volts

865.5

582.1

Step Potential
Calculated
%
67.3

Tolerable
Volts
3114.2

Calculated
Volts
329.6

Calculated
%
10.6

Total Fault Current:

0.080 kA

Reflection Factor (K):

-0.429

Maximum Grid Current:

0.080 kA

Surface Layer Derating Factor (Cs):

0.862

Decrement Factor (Df):

1.000

MINERA ESCONDIDA LIMITADA


PROYECTO LIXIVIACIN DE SLFUROS
PROYECTO N 232500

Memoria de Clculo N 2325-0000-265-CS-0007


Enero, 2005
REV. 0

FLUOR

ANEXO 3
RESUMEN MEDICIONES DE RESISTIVIDAD EN ESCONDIDA

RESULTADOS CAMPAA DE MEDICIN DE RESISTIVIDAD EN ESCONDIDA (marzo - mayo 2004)

Sondeo

Lugar

e1

e2

e3

e4

sustrato

e sustrato

[m]

[m]

[m]

[m]

[m]

[m]

[m]

[m]

[m]

[m]

S/E Bombeo 2

55 k

0,95 m

8,5 k

2,85 m

2,0 k

0,95 m

20

infinito

S/E Bombeo 2

180 k

0,50 m

1,8 k

5,00 m

110

infinito

S/E Bombeo 3

700 k

0,90 m

9k

4,50 m

50,0 k

2,70 m

700

infinito

S/E Bombeo 3

900 k

1,20 m

22 k

7,20 m

1.500

infinito

S/E Bombeo 4

30.000 k

0,80 m

800 k

1,60 m

100,0 k

8,00 m

4.000

infinito

S/E Bombeo 4

18.000 k

2,00 m

1.000 k

4,00 m

3.500

infinito

N-118.300 E-15.500

13 k

0,60 m

2,8 k

1,20 m

5,5 k

4,20 m

1.400

infinito

N-116.800 E-14.000

18 k

0,80 m

6,5 k

2,40 m

1,2 k

4,00 m

300

infinito

N-115.300 E-13.000

6,5 k

0,40 m

0,1 k

0,80 m

0,8 k

4,80 m

200

infinito

10

N-113.000 E-14.200

6,0 k

0,50 m

1,4 k

1,00 m

5,0 k

4,00 m

100

infinito

11

N-111.600 E-13.700

6,5 k

0,60 m

0,3 k

3,00 m

800

infinito

12

S/E Slfuros N-S

15 k

0,50 m

5,0 k

2,50 m

2,5 k

2,50 m

230

infinito

13

S/E Slfuros E-O

15 k

0,30 m

5,0 k

2,10 m

2,5 k

5,40 m

230

infinito

14

N-112.300 E-14.500

6,5 k

0,60 m

0,3 k

3,00 m

800

infinito

15

N-111.500 E-17.000

100 k

0,50 m

1,4 k

5,00 m

200

infinito

16

N-111.500 E-19.000

0,05 k

0,90 m

4,5 k

1,80 m

25

infinito

17

N-111.500 E-20.500

4,5 k

1,00 m

5,0 k

3,00 m

2,0 k

5,00 m

120

infinito

18

N-111.500 E-21.500

10 k

0,50 m

6,0 k

1,50 m

0,8 k

2,50 m

3,0 k

10,00 m

200

infinito

19

N-110.500 E-22.300

4,6 k

0,60 m

1,1 k

6,00 m

0,4 k

1,80 m

150

infinito

20

N-109.000 E-22.700

2,6 k

0,80 m

0,73 k

4,80 m

220

infinito

21

S/E Lixiviacin (1)

0,6 k

0,60 m

1,6 k

1,80 m

0,2 k

4,80 m

60

infinito

22

S/E Lixiviacin (2)

0,55 k

2,00 m

0,3 k

4,00 m

60

infinito

Nota:

Sustrato es la capa ms profunda del corte geoelctrico.


La resistividad est expresada en [ ohm m ]. El sufijo "k" representa a [ kilo ohm m ].
S/E Lixiviacin (1) y (2) son dos posiciones, separadas unos 50 [m] entre s, en el sector asignado a dicha subestacin.

MINERA ESCONDIDA LIMITADA


PROYECTO LIXIVIACIN DE SLFUROS
PROYECTO N 232500

Memoria de Clculo N 2325-0000-265-CS-0007


Enero, 2005
REV. 0

FLUOR

ANEXO 4
RESULTADOS DEL ANALISIS DE LA INTERCONEXION DE MALLAS DE PUESTA A
TIERRA (CORREO ELECTRONICO DE INGENDESA)

Cesar Pontt
10-06-2004 15:44

To: Jaime Munoz/SN/FD/FluorCorp@FluorCorp


cc: Roberto Falck/SN/FD/FluorCorp@FluorCorp
Subject: Envo del resultado del anlisis de la Interconexin de Mallas de
Tierra.Lixiviacin de sulfuros.

.....

----- Forwarded by Cesar Pontt/SN/FD/FluorCorp on 06/10/2004 03:51 PM ----"Jofre Olate, Guillermo


Reinaldo, INGENDESA"
<gjo@ingendesa.cl>
06/10/2004 03:55 PM

To: cesar.pontt@fluor.com
cc: "Gonzalez Gomez, Sergio Ivan, INGENDESA" <sigg@ingendesa.cl>
Subject: Envo del resultado del anlisis de la Interconexin de Mallas de
Tierra.Lixiviacin de sulfuros.

.....

Csar:
A continuacin nuestros comentarios de las mallas interconectadas de
Sulfuros y Lixiviacin.
1. Malla interconectada de Sulfuros.
Se ha simulado en CYMGRD, la totalidad de las mallas presentadas en los
planos de Fluor N2325-4700-265-DW-4303 "Proyecto lixiviacin de sulfuros.
Electrobtencin. Interconexin malla de puesta a tierra. Planta." El valor
calculado de resistencia de puesta a tierra de las mallas interconectadas
es: 2.50 ohm.
Adicionalmente, se han verificado las condiciones de seguridad de la
totalidad de las mallas interconectadas y hemos detectado que en la Sala de
Calentadores y en el Edificio de Electrobtencin la tensin de contacto esta
por sobre lo permitido por la norma IEEE Std 80. En este sentido, cuando
simulamos las mallas del plano N2325-4700-265-DW-4303, agregando los
conductores indicados en el plano revisado, las tensiones de contacto de
todos los sectores interconectados quedan dentro de lo permitido por la
norma IEEE Std 80.
Se concluye que de acuerdo al plano N2325-4700-265-DW-4303, para cumplir
con lo exigido en la norma IEEE Std 80, se deben realizar las modificaciones
indicadas en el.
2. Malla interconectada de Lixiviacin.
Se ha simulado en CYMGRD, la totalidad de las mallas presentadas en los
planos de Fluor N2325-4700-265-DW-4304 "Proyecto lixiviacin de sulfuros.
Area planta SX - Piscinas PLS / Refino. Interconexin malla de puesta a
tierra. Planta." El valor calculado de resistencia de puesta a tierra de las
mallas interconectadas es: 2.20 ohm.
Adicionalmente, se han verificado las condiciones de seguridad de la
totalidad de las mallas interconectadas, comprobndose que todos los
sectores interconectados cumplen con los requisitos de seguridad de la norma
IEEE Std 80.

Se concluye que de acuerdo al plano N2325-4700-265-DW-4304, se cumple con


la norma IEEE Std 80 y no sera necesario modificarlo.

Atentamente,
Guillermo Jofr Olate
Telfonos: 634 7266 (anexo 4286)
630 8286 (directo)
Faxes
: 635 4070 (central)
665 1810 (directo)