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IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.0

6
IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS
6.0 Purpose and Scope
This chapter provides general guidelines and instructions on:
a)

choosing preferred titles for works (see 6.2.2)

b)

recording preferred and variant titles for works (see 6.2)

c)

recording other identifying attributes of the work or expression (see 6.36.13)

d)

constructing authorized access points representing the work or expression (see 6.27.1
6.27.3)

e)

constructing variant access points representing the work or expression (see 6.27.4).

The chapter provides guidelines on recording titles and other identifying attributes as separate elements, as parts
of access points, or as both.
In addition to the general guidelines, the chapter provides instructions on recording preferred and variant titles
and other identifying attributes for special types of works and their expressions:
musical works (see 6.146.18)
legal works (see 6.196.22)
religious works (see 6.236.25)
official communications (see 6.26).
The preferred title for the work is used to construct the authorized access point. The variant title or titles for the
work are used to construct variant access points. Other identifying attributes of the work and/or expression may
also be included in the access point (see 6.27).
Authorized access points representing works and expressions can be used for different purposes. They provide
the means for:
a)

bringing together all descriptions of resources embodying a work when various


manifestations have appeared under various titles

b)

identifying a work when the title by which it is known differs from the title proper of the
resource being described

c)

differentiating between two or more works with the same title

d)

organizing hierarchical displays of descriptions for resources embodying different


expressions of a work

e)

recording a relationship to a related work (see chapter 25) or a related expression (see
chapter 26).

In addition to the general guidelines, the chapter provides instructions on constructing authorized and variant
access points for special types of works and expressions:
musical works and expressions (see 6.28)
legal works and expressions (see 6.29)
religious works and expressions (see 6.30)
official communications (see 6.31).

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6.1

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.1 General Guidelines on Identifying Works and Expressions


6.1.1 Sources of Information

Take the title or titles of the work from any source.


For additional guidance on sources of information for the preferred title for the work, see 6.2.2.2.
Take information on other identifying attributes of works and expressions from any source.

6.1.2 Using Access Points to Represent Works and Expressions


An authorized access point is one of the techniques used to represent:

a work or expression embodied in a manifestation (see 17.4.2)

or
or

a related work (see 25.1)


a related expression (see 26.1).

When constructing authorized access points, apply the guidelines at 6.27.16.27.3.


When constructing variant access points, apply the guidelines at 6.27.4.

6.1.3 Changes Affecting the Identification of a Work


6.1.3.1 Works Issued as Multipart Monographs
For works issued as multipart monographs:

If:

a new description is created as the result of a change in mode of issuance or media type (see 1.6.1)
and
there is also a change in responsibility for the work
then:
construct the authorized access point for the work to reflect responsibility for the work as represented in
the part used as the basis for the new description (see 2.1).
Consider changes in responsibility requiring the construction of an authorized access point representing a
new work to include the following:
a)

a change affecting the authorized access point representing a person, family, or corporate
body that is used in constructing the authorized access point representing the work (see
6.27.1.16.27.1.8)

b)

a change affecting the name of a person, family, or corporate body used as an addition to
the authorized access point representing the work (see 6.27.1.9).

6.1.3.2 Works Issued as Serials


For works issued as serials:

If:

there is a change in responsibility (see 6.1.3.2.1)


or
there is a major change in title proper (6.1.3.2.2).
then:
construct the authorized access point to represent a new work.

6.1.3.2.1 Change in Responsibility for the Work


If there is a change in responsibility, construct the authorized access point representing the work to reflect
responsibility for the work as represented in the issue or part of the serial used as the basis for the new
description (see 2.1).
Consider changes in responsibility affecting the construction of the authorized access point for the work to
include the following:

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6.2.1.1

a)

a change affecting the authorized access point representing a person, family, or corporate
body that is used in constructing the authorized access point representing the work (see
6.27.1.16.27.1.8)

b)

a change affecting the name of a person, family, or corporate body used as an addition to
the authorized access point representing the work (see 6.27.1.9).

6.1.3.2.2 Major Change in the Title Proper


If there is a major change in the title proper (see 2.3.2.13.1), construct the authorized access point
representing the work to reflect the title as represented in the issue or part of the serial used as the basis for
the new description (see 2.1).

6.1.3.3 Works Issued as Integrating Resources


For works issued as integrating resources:

If:

there is a change in responsibility (see 6.1.3.3.1)


or
there is a change in title proper (6.1.3.3.2).
then:
revise the authorized access point representing the work to reflect the latest iteration.

6.1.3.3.1 Change in Responsibility for the Work


If there is a change in responsibility, revise the authorized access point representing the work to reflect
responsibility for the work as represented in the later iteration (see 2.1). Use the former authorized access
point as a variant access point representing the work.
Consider changes in responsibility affecting the construction of the authorized access point representing the
work to include the following:
a)

a change affecting the authorized access point representing a person, family, or corporate
body that is used in constructing the authorized access point representing the work (see
6.27.1.16.27.1.8)

b)

a change affecting the name of a person, family, or corporate body used as an addition to
the authorized access point representing the work (see 6.27.1.9).

6.1.3.3.2 Change in the Title Proper


If there is any change in the title proper, revise the authorized access point representing the work to reflect
the title as represented in the later iteration (see 2.1.2.4). Use the former authorized access point as a
variant access point representing the work.

6.2 Title of the Work


CORE ELEMENT

Preferred title for the work is a core element. Variant titles for the work are optional.

6.2.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Titles of Works


6.2.1.1 Scope
A title of the work is a word, character, or group of words and/or characters by which a work is known.
When identifying works, there are two categories of titles:
a)

preferred title for the work (see 6.2.2)

b)

variant title for the work (see 6.2.3).

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6.2.1.2

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.2.1.2 Sources of Information


Take the title or titles of the work from any source.
For additional guidance on sources of information for the preferred title for the work, see 6.2.2.2.

6.2.1.3 General Guidelines on Recording Titles of Works


When recording a title of a work, apply the guidelines on capitalization, numbers, diacritical marks, initial
articles, spacing of initials and acronyms, and abbreviations, at 6.2.1.46.2.1.9. When those guidelines
refer to an appendix, apply the additional instructions in that appendix, as applicable.

6.2.1.4 Capitalization
Apply the instructions in appendix A (A.3) on the capitalization of titles of works.

6.2.1.5 Numbers Expressed as Numerals or as Words


When recording a title for a work, record numbers expressed as numerals or as words in the form in which
they appear on the source of information.
For instructions on recording numerals used to identify particular parts of a work, see 6.2.2.9.
10 things I hate about you
Three threes and one make ten
3:10 to Yuma

6.2.1.6 Diacritical Marks


Record diacritical marks such as accents appearing in a title for a work as they appear on the source of
information.

Optional Addition
Add diacritical marks such as accents that are not present on the source of information. Follow the
standard usage for the language of the data.
tudes juives
Title of first two volumes of series appears without diacritical mark

Sur l'tat du systme des timars des XVIIeXVIIIe ss.


Title appears in uppercase letters without diacritical marks

6.2.1.7 Initial Articles


When recording the title, include an initial article, if present.

The invisible man


Der seidene Faden
Eine kleine Nachtmusik
La vida plena
The most of P.G. Wodehouse

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6.2.1.9

Alternative
Omit an initial article (see appendix C) unless the title for a work is to be accessed under that article
(e.g., a title that begins with the name of a person or place).

Taming of the shrew


not The taming of the shrew
ngeles borrachos y otros cuentos
not Los ngeles borrachos y otros cuentos
Enfant et les sortilges
not L'enfant et les sortilges
but
Los Angeles street map
L'Enfant and Washington, 17911792
Le Corbusier et l'architecture sacre
El Salvador y su desarrollo urbano en el contexto centroamericano
La Nia and its impacts

6.2.1.8 Spacing of Initials and Acronyms


When recording a title for a work:
a)

Do not leave a space between a full stop and an initial following it.

b)

If separate letters or initials appear on the source of information without full stops between
them, record the letters without spaces between them.

T.S. Eliot memorial lectures


Variationen und Fuge ber ein Thema von J.S. Bach
ABC of practical astronomy
Title appears as: A B C of practical astronomy

6.2.1.9 Abbreviations
Use only the following abbreviations in titles of works:
a)

those that are integral parts of the title

b)

etc. in the titles Laws, etc. (see 6.19.2.5) and Treaties, etc. (see 6.19.2.76.19.2.8).

Letter to Joseph Hume, Esq., M.P.


Memoirs of Mrs. Abigail Bailey
Speech in the High Court of Parliament in Scotland spoken Novemb. 4, 1641
Konzert ber ein Thema von Joh. Seb. Bach
Tech. bull.
Lund studies in geography. Ser. B, Human geography

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6.2.2

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

TITLE

6.2.2 Preferred Title for the Work


CORE ELEMENT

6.2.2.1 Scope
The preferred title for the work is the title or form of title chosen to identify the work. The preferred title is also
the basis for the authorized access point representing that work.

6.2.2.2 Sources of Information


Determine the title to be used as the preferred title for a work created after 1500 from resources embodying
the work or from reference sources.
Determine the title to be used as the preferred title for a work created before 1501 from modern reference
sources. If the evidence of modern reference sources is inconclusive, use (in this order of preference):
a)

modern editions

b)

early editions

c)

manuscript copies.

CHOOSING THE PREFERRED TITLE

6.2.2.3 General Guidelines on Choosing the Preferred Title


Choose the preferred title for a work by applying the instructions at 6.2.2.46.2.2.7.
For instructions on choosing the preferred title for special types of works, see:
musical works (6.14.2)
legal works (6.19.2)
religious works (6.23.2)
official communications (6.26.2).

6.2.2.4 Works Created after 1500


For works created after 1500, choose as the preferred title the title in the original language by which the
work has become known either through use in resources embodying the work or in reference sources.
Martin Chuzzlewit
Preferred title for work by Dickens published under various titles: The life and adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit;

Martin Chuzzlewit's life and adventures; and others

Whitakers almanack
Preferred title for work first published under the title: An almanack for the year of Our Lord ...

Sun also rises


Preferred title for work by Hemingway also published under the title: Fiesta

Hamlet
Preferred title for work by Shakespeare first published under the title: The tragicall historie of Hamlet, Prince of

Denmarke

American scholar
Preferred title for work by Emerson first published under the title: An oration delivered before the Phi Beta
Kappa Society, at Cambridge, August 31, 1837

Gulliver's travels
Preferred title for work by Swift first published under the title: Travels into several remote nations of the world /
by Lemuel Gulliver

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6.2.2.5

Trial of treasure
Preferred title for work first published under the title: A new and mery interlude called the Triall of treasure

If:

there is no title in the original language established as the one by which the work is best known
or
in case of doubt
then:
choose the title proper of the original edition (see 2.3.2) as the preferred title.
Do not include an alternative title as part of the preferred title.
Pre-Raphaelite tragedy
Preferred title for work by William Gaunt later published under the title: The pre-Raphaelite dream

Criminal
Preferred title for work issued in the United Kingdom as: The criminal. Later issued in the United States as:
The concrete jungle

Little acorn
Preferred title for work by Christa Kauble that has only one expression and only one manifestation. The
manifestation was published under the title: The little acorn

Listening to popular music


Preferred title for work by Theodore Gracyk published as: Listening to popular music, or, How I learned to stop
worrying and love Led Zeppelin

If the work is published simultaneously in the same language under different titles, choose the title proper of
the first resource received as the preferred title.
Rats in the larder
Preferred title for work by Joachim Joesten for use in an access point, based on the title of the edition
published in New York: Rats in the larder : the story of Nazi influence in Denmark. Simultaneously published in
London under the title: Denmark's day of doom. The resource published in New York is the first received

For manuscripts and manuscript groups, apply the additional instructions at 6.2.2.7, as applicable.

6.2.2.5 Works Created before 1501


For works created before 1501, choose as the preferred title the title or form of title in the original language
by which the work is identified in modern reference sources. If the evidence of modern reference sources is
inconclusive, choose (in this order of preference) the title most frequently found in:
a)

modern editions

b)

early editions

c)

manuscript copies.

Dnishnmah-i Al
Preferred title for work by Avicenna

Beowulf

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Exceptions

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

De bello Gallico
Preferred title for work by Julius Caesar

Chanson de Roland
Pardoner's tale
Preferred title for work by Chaucer

Nibelungenlied
Edictum Theodorici

Exceptions
Classical and Byzantine Greek Works.

If:

a work is originally written in classical Greek


or
a work is created by a Greek church father or other Byzantine writer before 1453
then:
choose as the preferred title a well-established title in a language preferred by the agency
creating the data.
Birds
not Ornithes
Preferred title for work by Aristophanes

Alexiad
not Alexias
Preferred title for work by Anna Comnena

Ecclesiastical history
not Ekklsiastik historia
Preferred title for work by Bishop Eusebius of Caesarea

Iliad
not Ilias
Preferred title for work by Homer

Odyssey
not Odysseia
Preferred title for work by Homer

Republic
not Politeia
Preferred title for work by Plato

Battle of the frogs and mice


not Batrachomyomachia
If there is no well-established title in a language preferred by the agency creating the data, choose
the Latin title.
Argonautica
not Argonautika
Preferred title for work by Apollonius Rhodius

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6.2.2.6

Meteorologica
not Meterologika
Preferred title for work by Aristotle

Contra Celsum
not Kata Kelsou
Preferred title for work by Origen

Theaetetus
not Theaittos
Preferred title for work by Plato

If there is neither a well-established title in a language preferred by the agency creating the data
nor a Latin title, choose the Greek title.
Synopsis historik
Preferred title for work by Constantine Manasses

Gergos
Preferred title for work by Menander of Athens

Perikeiromen
Preferred title for work by Menander of Athens

Katamyomachia
Preferred title for work by Theodore Prodromus

Anonymous Works Written Neither in Greek nor in a Preferred Script of the Agency.

If:

the work is an anonymous work created before 1501


and
the work is written neither in Greek nor in a preferred script of the agency creating the data
then:
choose as the preferred title an established title in a language preferred by the agency, if there is
such a title.
Arabian nights
Book of the dead
Code of Hammurabi
but
Slovo o polku Igoreve
Published in English under several titles including Igors tale, The campaign of Igor, and The tale of the
campaign of Igor

For manuscripts and manuscript groups, apply the additional instructions at 6.2.2.7, as applicable.

6.2.2.6 Cycles and Stories with Many Versions


A cycle is a collection of independent early poems, romances, etc., in the same language centered on a
certain person, event, object, etc. Choose as the preferred title the generally accepted title for the cycle.

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6.2.2.7

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Guillaume d'Orange
Resource described: Guillaume dOrange : chansons de geste des XIe et XIIe sicles. Contains: Li coronemens
Looys. Li charrois de Nymes. La prise dOrenge. Li covenans Vivien. La bataille dAleschans

If:

the cycle is identified only by a descriptive phrase (e.g., the Arthurian romances, the Grail legends,
the St. Francis legends)

or
the cycle has no established title
then:
use the title proper (see 2.3.2) of the first resource received as the preferred title.
Do not include an alternative title as part of the preferred title.
Lgende arthurienne

First resource received: La lgende arthurienne : etudes et documents ... les plus anciens textes

For a basic story found in many versions, choose as the preferred title the title that is established in
reference sources in a language preferred by the agency creating the data.
Reynard the Fox
Amis et Amiles

6.2.2.7 Manuscripts and Manuscript Groups


For works contained in a manuscript or manuscripts (including manuscript groups), choose the preferred
title by applying the instructions appropriate for the work at 6.2.2.46.2.2.6. If these instructions do not
apply, choose one of these options as the preferred title (in this order of preference):

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a)

Exceptions

a title that has been assigned to the work subsequent to its creation or compilation

Domesday book
Cancionero musical de palacio
Codex Amiatinus
b)

the name of the manuscript or manuscript group if the work is identified only by that name

Book of Lismore
Dead Sea scrolls
Tell-el Amarna tablets
c)

a devised title. Use the authorized access point representing the repository (see 11.13.1)
followed by Manuscript. Add the repositorys designation for the manuscript or manuscript
group. If the manuscript is a single item within a collection, add the foliation, if known.

British Library. Manuscript. Arundel 384


Yale University. Music Library. Manuscript. LM 4708
Herzog August Bibliothek. Manuscript. Helmstedt 628, folio 185192
Variant titles. If the preferred title is chosen by applying a) or b) in this instruction and the manuscript or
manuscript group has a repository designation, record a devised title as a variant title (see 6.2.3.5).
Construct the devised title by applying c) in this instruction.

RECORDING THE PREFERRED TITLE

6.2.2.8 Recording the Preferred Title for a Work


Record the title chosen as the preferred title for a work by applying the basic instructions at 6.2.1.
When recording the preferred title for part of a work, see the additional instructions at 6.2.2.9.
When recording the preferred title for a compilation of works, see the additional instructions at 6.2.2.10.
When recording the preferred title for special types of works, see these additional instructions, as
applicable:
musical works (6.14.2)
legal works (6.19.2)
religious works (6.23.2).
For instructions on using the preferred title to construct the authorized access point representing a work,
see 6.27.1.

6.2.2.9 Recording the Preferred Title for a Part or Parts of a Work


Record the preferred title for a part or parts of a work by applying the instructions at 6.2.2.9.16.2.2.9.2, as
applicable.

Exceptions
For parts of musical works, apply instead the instructions at 6.14.2.7.
For parts of religious works, apply instead the instructions at 6.23.2.96.23.2.20.

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6.2.2.9.1

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

For instructions on constructing the authorized access point representing a part or parts of a work, see
6.27.2.

6.2.2.9.1 One Part


Record the preferred title for the part by applying the basic instructions at 6.2.1.
Two towers
Preferred title for a part of J.R.R. Tolkiens The lord of the rings

Du ct de chez Swann
Preferred title for a part of Marcel Prousts la recherche du temps perdu

Come like shadows


Preferred title for a part of Simon Ravens Alms for oblivion

Sindbad the sailor


Preferred title for a part of The Arabian nights

Studia musicologica Upsaliensia


Preferred title for a part of Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

Executive summary
Preferred title for a part of Annual report on carcinogens

King of the hill


Preferred title for a part of the television program The Simpsons

If the part is identified only by a general term with or without a numeric or alphabetic designation (e.g.,
Preface; Book 1; Band 3), record the designation of the part as the preferred title for the part. Record the
numeric designation as a numeral.
Book 1
Preferred title for a part of Homers Iliad

1. Theil
Preferred title for a part of Johann Wolfgang von Goethes Faust

Supplement
Preferred title for a part of Raffles bulletin of zoology

A
Preferred title for a part of Emergency health series

Reeks B
Preferred title for a part of Annale van die Uniwersiteit van Stellenbosch

Season 6
Preferred title for a part of the television program Buffy, the vampire slayer

1946-03-10
Preferred title for a part of the radio program Jack Benny program

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Alternative

Exception
Serials and integrating resources. If the part is identified by both a designation and a title, record the
designation first, followed by the title. Use a comma to separate the designation from the title.

2e partie, Sciences biologiques, industries alimentaires, agriculture


Preferred title for a part of Bulletin analytique

Series C, Traditional skills and practices


Preferred title for a part of Marshallese culture and history

6.2.2.9.2 Two or More Parts


Consecutively numbered parts identified only by a general term and a number. When identifying a sequence of
two or more consecutively numbered parts of a work, each of which is identified only by a general term and
a number, record the designation of the parts as the preferred title. Record the general term in the singular
followed by the inclusive numbers of the parts. Record the numeric designations as numerals.

Book 16
Preferred title for the first six books of Homers Iliad

Chapitre 67
Preferred title for chapters 67 of Henri Rollins Lapocalypse de notre temps

Unnumbered or non-consecutively numbered parts. When identifying two or more unnumbered or nonconsecutively numbered parts of a work, record the preferred title for each of the parts. Apply the
instructions at 6.2.2.9.1.

Purgatorio
Preferred title for a part of Dante Alighieris Divina commedia in a compilation also comprising the part

Paradiso

Paradiso
Preferred title for a part of Dante Alighieris Divina commedia in a compilation also comprising the part

Purgatorio

Book 1
Preferred title for a part of Homers Iliad in a compilation also comprising book 6

Book 6
Preferred title for a part of Homers Iliad in a compilation also comprising book 1

Alternative
When identifying two or more unnumbered or non-consecutively numbered parts of a work, identify
the parts collectively. Record the conventional collective title Selections as the preferred title for the
parts. Apply this instruction instead of or in addition to recording the preferred title for each of the
parts.
Selections
Preferred title for the parts of the work in a compilation comprising books 1 and 6 of Homers Iliad

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6.2.2.10

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Selections
Preferred title for the parts of the work in a compilation comprising four episodes of the television program The
Simpsons originally broadcast between 1990 and 2001

6.2.2.10 Recording the Preferred Title for a Compilation of Works of One Person,
Family, or Corporate Body
If a compilation of works is known by a title that is used in resources embodying that compilation or in
reference sources, apply the instructions at 6.2.2.46.2.2.5.
For other compilations, apply the instructions at 6.2.2.10.16.2.2.10.3, as applicable.

6.2.2.10.1 Complete Works


Record the conventional collective title Works as the preferred title for a compilation of works that consists
of, or purports to be, the complete works of a person, family, or corporate body. Consider complete works to
include all works that are complete at the time of publication.

6.2.2.10.2 Complete Works in a Single Form


Record one of the following conventional collective titles as the preferred title for a compilation of works that
consists of, or purports to be, the complete works of a person, family, or corporate body, in one particular
form:
Correspondence
Essays
Novels
Plays
Poems
Prose works
Short stories
Speeches
If none of these terms is appropriate, record an appropriate specific collective title.
Posters
Fragments
Encyclicals
Do not apply to compilations of musical works (see 6.14.2.8).
If the compilation consists of two or more but not all the works of one person, family, or corporate body in a
particular form, apply the instructions at 6.2.2.10.3

6.2.2.10.3 Other Compilations of Two or More Works


Record the preferred title for each of the works in a compilation that consists of:
a)

two or more but not all the works of one person, family, or corporate body, in a particular
form

b)

two or more but not all the works of one person, family, or corporate body, in various forms.

or

Apply the basic instructions on recording titles of works at 6.2.1.

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Exception

Dirk Gentlys Holistic Detective Agency


First work in a compilation also containing Douglas Adamss Long dark tea-time of the soul

Long dark tea-time of the soul


Second work by Douglas Adams in the same compilation

Alternative
When identifying two or more works in a compilation, identify the parts collectively by recording a
conventional collective title (see 6.2.2.10.1 or 6.2.2.10.2), as applicable, followed by Selections.
Apply this instruction instead of or in addition to recording the preferred title for each of the works in
the compilation.
Novels. Selections

Exceptions
For compilations of musical works by a single composer, apply instead the instructions at 6.14.2.8.
For compilations of laws, etc., apply instead the instructions at 6.19.2.5.1.
For compilations of treaties, etc., apply instead the instructions at 6.19.2.8.

6.2.3 Variant Title for the Work


6.2.3.1 Scope
A variant title for the work is a title or form of title by which a work is known that differs from the title or form of
title chosen as the preferred title for the work.

6.2.3.2 Sources of Information


Take variant titles for a work from any source.

6.2.3.3 General Guidelines on Recording Variant Titles for Works


Record variant titles for works by applying the basic instructions at 6.2.1.
Record a variant title for the work when it is different from the title recorded as the preferred title. Record as
a variant title:
a title or form of title under which the work has been issued or cited in reference sources

or

a title resulting from a different transliteration of the title.

Exception
Record a title appearing on a manifestation of the work as a variant title for the work only in the
following case:
if the title appearing on the manifestation differs significantly from the preferred
title

and

if the work itself might reasonably be searched by that title.

For instructions on recording the title proper and other titles appearing on the manifestation, see
2.3.
Apply the specific instructions at 6.2.3.46.2.3.5, as applicable. Apply instructions in preceding sections of
chapter 6, as applicable.
For instructions on using a variant title for the work to construct a variant access point representing a work,
see 6.27.4.
RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-15

6.2.3.4

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.2.3.4 Alternative Linguistic Form of Title for the Work


If the title recorded as the preferred title for a work has one or more alternative linguistic forms, record them
as variant titles for the work.

Different Language Form


Aispou mythoi
Fabulae Aesopi
English language form recorded as preferred title: Aesops fables

Roland
Rolandslied
Song of Roland
French language form recorded as preferred title: Chanson de Roland

Hamlet
Russian language form for a 1964 motion picture recorded as preferred title: Gamlet

Leabhar an Leasa Mhir


Leabhar Mhic Crthaigh Riabhaigh
English language form recorded as preferred title: Book of Lismore

Liang nong zu zhi jia xu sheng chan he wei sheng cong shu
Lot sch v chn nui th y ca FAO
English language form recorded as preferred title: FAO animal production and health series

Annals of the University of Stellenbosch. Section B


Afrikaans language form recorded as preferred title: Annale van die Uniwersiteit van Stellenbosch. Reeks B

Dunhuang xie ben


English language form recorded as preferred title: Dunhuang manuscripts

odes ilnah 262


English language form recorded as preferred title: Vilnius codex 262

Different Script

Chinese transliterated form recorded as preferred title: Da zang jing


Russian transliterated form recorded as preferred title: Pervye na lune



Yiddish transliterated form recorded as preferred title: eye der milkhier



English language form recorded as preferred title: Arabian nights



English language form recorded as preferred title: Dead Sea scrolls

6-16

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.2.3.5

English language form recorded as preferred title: FAO animal production and health series

Manuscript. no. 630


Russian transliterated form recorded in preferred title: Manuscript. Volokolamskoe sobranie no. 630. A
manuscript in the collection of the Rossiskaia natsionalnaia biblioteka

English language form recorded as preferred title: Dunhuang manuscripts

Different Spelling
Eastward ho
Preferred title recorded as: Eastward hoe

evyeh der milkhier


Preferred title recorded as: eye der milkhier

Doomsday book
Preferred title recorded as: Domesday book

Cronycles of Englond
Preferred title recorded as: Chronicles of England

Annale van die Universiteit van Stellenbosch. Reeks B


Preferred title recorded as: Annale van die Uniwersiteit van Stellenbosch. Reeks B

Different Transliteration
Ta tsang ching
Preferred title recorded as: Da zang jing

Anyuta
Preferred title recorded as: Aniuta

Tun-huang manuscripts
Preferred title recorded as: Dunhuang manuscripts

6.2.3.5 Other Variant Title for the Work


Record other variant titles and variant forms of the title not covered by 6.2.3.4.
Personal history of David Copperfield
Preferred title recorded as: David Copperfield

Encyclopdia Britannica Films presents Historical America in song


Preferred title recorded as: Historical America in song

2 towers
Lord of the rings. Two towers
Preferred title recorded as: Two towers

Three men and a baby


Preferred title recorded as: 3 men and a baby

Book of Mac Carthy Reagh


Book of Mac Crthaigh Riabhach

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-17

6.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Lismore, Book of
Preferred title recorded as: Book of Lismore

Dead Sea scrolls. 11QT


Dead Sea scrolls. Temple scroll
Preferred title recorded as: Temple scroll

Codex Egerton 2895


Codex Snchez Sols
Codex Waecker Gtter
Codice Zapoteco
Preferred title recorded as: Manuscript. Egerton 2895. A manuscript in the collection of the British Library

Cronycles of the londe of Engld


Cronycles of the londe of Englond
Preferred title recorded as: Chronicles of England

Here begynneth a lytell treatyse for to lerne Englysshe and Frensshe


Here is a good boke to lerne to speke French
Preferred title recorded as: Lytell treatyse for to lerne Englysshe and Frensshe

Collected papers of Albert Einstein


Gesammelte Schriften Albert Einstein
Preferred title recorded as: Works

Selected plays of Lady Gregory


Short plays of Lady Gregory
Seven short plays
Preferred title recorded as: Plays. Selections

OTHER IDENTIFYING ATTRIBUTES OF WORKS

6.3 Form of Work


CORE ELEMENT

Form of work is a core element when needed to differentiate a work from another work with the same title
or from the name of a person, family, or corporate body.

6.3.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Form of Work


6.3.1.1 Scope
Form of work is a class or genre to which a work belongs.

6.3.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on form of work from any source.

6.3.1.3 Recording Form of Work


Record the form of the work.
Record form of work as a separate element, as part of an access point, or as both. For instructions on
recording form of work as part of the authorized access point, see 6.27.1.9.
Play
Form of work of: Charlemagne

Tapestry
Form of work of: Charlemagne

6-18

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.4.1.3

Choreographic work
Form of work of: The nutcracker

Computer file
Form of work of: NuTCRACKER

Motion picture
Form of work of: Oceans eleven. A film released in 1960

Motion picture
Form of work of: Oceans eleven. A film released in 2001

Radio program
Form of work of: War of the worlds

Television program
Form of work of: War of the worlds

Chanson de geste
Form of work of: Guillaume

Series
Form of work of: Scottish History Society

Poem
Form of work of: Chanson de Roland

6.4 Date of Work


CORE ELEMENT

Date of work is a core element to identify a treaty. Date of work is also a core element when needed to
differentiate a work from another work with the same title or from the name of a person, family, or
corporate body.

6.4.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Date of Work


6.4.1.1 Scope
Date of work is the earliest date associated with a work.

Date of work may be the date the work was created or the date the work was first published or released.
For instructions on date of promulgation of a law, etc., see 6.20.2.
For instructions on date of signing of a treaty, etc., see 6.20.3.

6.4.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on date of work from any source.

6.4.1.3 Recording Date of Work


Record the date of the work in terms of the calendar preferred by the agency creating the data.
For works other than treaties, generally record the date of the work by giving the year or years alone.
For treaties, generally record the date of the work by giving the year, month, and day (see 6.20.3.3).
For details on recording dates according to the Christian calendar, see appendix H.
Record date of work as a separate element, as part of an access point, or as both. For instructions on
recording date of work as part of the authorized access point, see 6.27.1.9.
For instructions on recording date of work as part of authorized access points representing special types of
works, see additional instructions:

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-19

6.5

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

musical works (6.28.1.96.28.1.10)


legal works (6.29.1.326.29.1.33).
1631
Date of creation of a work by Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn with title Adoration of the shepherds

1654
Date of creation of another work by Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn with title Adoration of the shepherds

1960
Date of release of a motion picture titled Oceans eleven

2001
Date of release of another motion picture titled Oceans eleven

1762
Date of first publication of a periodical titled Dublin magazine

1965
Date of first publication of another periodical titled Dublin magazine

19871989
Date of creation of the motion picture Paris is burning. Film was copyrighted in 1990 and shown at festivals
that same year, but not released commercially until 1991

1983
Date of creation of the Stephen Sondheim musical Sunday in the park with George

2004
Date of release of the motion picture Harry Potter and the prisoner of Azkaban

Indicate the source of information by applying the instructions at 5.8.1.3.

6.5 Place of Origin of the Work


CORE ELEMENT

Place of origin of the work is a core element when needed to differentiate a work from another work with
the same title or from the name of a person, family, or corporate body.

6.5.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Place of Origin of the Work


6.5.1.1 Scope
Place of origin of the work is the country or other territorial jurisdiction from which a work originated.

6.5.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on place of origin of the work from any source.

6.5.1.3 Recording Place of Origin of the Work


Record the place of origin of the work. Record the place name as instructed in chapter 16. Abbreviate the
names of countries, states, provinces, territories, etc., as instructed in Appendix B (B.11), as applicable.
Record the place of origin as a separate element, as part of an access point, or as both. For instructions on
recording the place of origin as part of the authorized access point, see 6.27.1.9.
For instructions on recording place of origin as part of authorized access points representing musical works,
see additional instructions at 6.28.1.96.28.1.10.
Boise, Idaho
Place of origin of the monthly The advocate

6-20

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.6.1.3

Nairobi, Kenya
Place of origin of the quarterly The advocate

Australia
Place of origin of a television program titled Big brother

Netherlands
Place of origin of a television program titled Big brother

Geneva, Switzerland
Place of origin of the monographic series Collection Pass et prsent

Indicate the source of information by applying the instructions at 5.8.1.3.

6.6 Other Distinguishing Characteristic of the Work


CORE ELEMENT

Other distinguishing characteristic of the work is a core element when needed to differentiate a work from
another work with the same title or from the name of a person, family, or corporate body.

6.6.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Other Distinguishing Characteristics of


Works
6.6.1.1 Scope
Other distinguishing characteristic of the work is a characteristic other than form of work, date of work, or
place of origin of the work. It serves to differentiate a work from another work with the same title or from the
name of a person, family, or corporate body.

For instructions on recording other distinguishing characteristics of a legal work, see 6.21.

6.6.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on other distinguishing characteristics of the work from any source.

6.6.1.3 Recording Other Distinguishing Characteristics of Works


Record other distinguishing characteristics of the work.
Record other distinguishing characteristics of the work as separate elements, as parts of access points, or
as both. For instructions on recording other distinguishing characteristics of the work as part of the
authorized access point, see 6.27.1.9.
For instructions on recording other distinguishing characteristics of the work as part of authorized access
points representing special types of works, see additional instructions:
musical works (6.28.1.96.28.1.10)
legal works (6.29.1.326.29.1.33).
Geological Survey (South Africa)
Issuing body of a work titled Bulletin

New York State Museum


Issuing body of a different work titled Bulletin

New Zealand. Ministry of Education. Research and Statistics Division


Issuing body of a different work titled Bulletin

Anglo-Saxon poem
Other distinguishing characteristic of a work titled Genesis

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-21

6.7

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Middle High German poem


Other distinguishing characteristic of a different work titled Genesis

Old Saxon poem


Other distinguishing characteristic of a different work titled Genesis

Galleria sabauda (Turin, Italy)


Owner of a Jan van Eyck painting titled Saint Francis receiving the stigmata

Philadelphia Museum of Art


Owner of a different Jan van Eyck painting titled Saint Francis receiving the stigmata

Douglas
Surname of the director of a 1965 motion picture titled Harlow

Segal
Surname of the director of a different 1965 motion picture titled Harlow

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation


Production company of a 1963 television program titled Othello

WOR-TV (Television station : New York, N.Y.)


Production company of a different 1963 television program titled Othello

Unnumbered
Other distinguishing characteristic of a work titled Caribbean writers series

Indicate the source of information by applying the instructions at 5.8.1.3.

6.7 History of the Work

6.7.1 Basic Instructions on Recording the History of the Work


6.7.1.1 Scope
History of the work is information about the history of a work.

6.7.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on the history of the work from any source.

6.7.1.3 Recording the History of the Work


Record information about the history of the work.
Record the history of the work as a separate element. History of the work is not recorded as part of the
access point.
Originally written as a serial and published in 19 issues over 20 months from March 1836 to
October 1837. There was no issue in May 1837 as Dickens was in mourning for his sister-inlaw
History of Charles Dickenss Pickwick papers

Originally released as a motion picture in 1941 under title All that money can buy; re-released
later that year as The Devil and Daniel Webster; re-issued in 1952 in a shortened version as
Daniel and the Devil. Based on Stephen Vincent Bents short story The Devil and Daniel
Webster
History of the motion picture The Devil and Daniel Webster

Numbers 124 of the Manuscript report series were issued from 19641972 by Canadas
Marine Sciences Branch. Numbers 2554 were issued from 19721979 by the Marine

6-22

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.8.1.3

Sciences Directorate. Since 1980, numbers 55 and on have been issued by the Marine
Sciences and Information Directorate
History of the monographic series Manuscript report series

Book of the dead is the common name for an ancient Egyptian collection of funerary texts
made up of spells or magic formulas, placed in tombs and believed to protect and aid the
deceased in the hereafter. Probably compiled and re-edited during the 16th century BC, the
collection included Coffin texts dating from approximately 2000 BC, Pyramid texts dating from
approximately 2400 BC, and other writings. Later compilations included hymns to Re, the sun
god. Numerous authors, compilers, and sources contributed to the work. Scribes copied the
texts on rolls of papyrus, often colourfully illustrated, and sold them to individuals for burial
use. Many copies of the book have been found in Egyptian tombs, but none contains all of the
approximately 200 known chapters. The collection, literally titled The Chapters of ComingForth-by-Day, received its present name from Karl Richard Lepsius, German Egyptologist
who published the first collection of the texts in 1842. The common name for the manuscript
as a physical entity is Papyrus of Ani
History of the Book of the dead

As appropriate, incorporate information associated with specific identifying elements (see 6.2.36.6) into a
history of the work element.
Indicate the source of information by applying the instructions at 5.8.1.3.

6.8 Identifier for the Work


CORE ELEMENT

6.8.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Identifiers for Works


6.8.1.1 Scope
An identifier for the work is a character string uniquely associated with a work, or with a surrogate for a work
(e.g., an authority record). The identifier serves to differentiate that work from other works.

6.8.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on identifiers for works from any source.

6.8.1.3 Recording Identifiers for Works


Record an identifier for the work. Precede the identifier with the name or an identification of the agency,
etc., responsible for assigning the identifier, if readily ascertainable.
ISWC: T-072.106.546-8
International Standard Musical Work Code for Cole Porters I love Paris

National Library of Australia: anbd.aut-an35237496


Australian National Bibliographic Database permalink for Peter Careys Oscar and Lucinda

Library of Congress control number: n 79046204


Identifier for the sacred work The Quran

Library and Archives Canada control number: 0053E3950E


Identifier for the sacred work The Quran

MOHAI 83.10.5,989
Identifier for a photographic image in the Museum of History and Industry

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-23

6.9

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

OTHER IDENTIFYING ATTRIBUTES OF EXPRESSIONS

6.9 Content Type


CORE ELEMENT

6.9.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Content Type


6.9.1.1 Scope
Content type is a categorization reflecting the fundamental form of communication in which the content is
expressed and the human sense through which it is intended to be perceived. For content expressed in the
form of an image or images, content type also reflects the number of spatial dimensions in which the
content is intended to be perceived and the perceived presence or absence of movement.

6.9.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on content type from any source.

6.9.1.3 Recording Content Type


Record the type of content contained in the resource using one or more of the terms listed in table 6.1.
Record as many terms as are applicable to the resource being described.
Record content type as a separate element, as part of an access point, or as both. For additional
instructions on recording content type as part of the authorized access point, see 6.27.3.

Alternative
If the resource being described consists of more than one content type, record only
a)

the content type that applies to the predominant part of the resource (if there is a
predominant part)

b)

the content types that apply to the most substantial parts of the resource (including the
predominant part, if there is one).

or

Use one or more of the terms listed in in table 6.1, as appropriate.

TABLE 6.1
cartographic dataset

Cartographic content expressed through a digitally


encoded dataset intended to be processed by a
computer. For cartographic data intended to be
perceived in the form of an image or three-dimensional
form, see cartographic image, cartographic moving

image, cartographic tactile image, cartographic tactile


three-dimensional form, and cartographic threedimensional form.

cartographic image

Cartographic content expressed through line, shape,


shading, etc., intended to be perceived visually as a still
image or images in two dimensions. Includes maps,
views, atlases, remote-sensing images, etc.

cartographic moving image

Cartographic content expressed through images


intended to be perceived as moving, in two dimensions.
Includes satellite images of the Earth or other celestial
bodies in motion.

6-24

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Alternative

cartographic tactile image

Cartographic content expressed through line, shape,


and/or other forms, intended to be perceived through
touch as a still image in two dimensions.

cartographic tactile three-dimensional form

Cartographic content expressed through a form or forms


intended to be perceived through touch as a threedimensional form or forms.

cartographic three-dimensional form

Cartographic content expressed through a form or forms


intended to be perceived visually in three-dimensions.
Includes globes, relief models, etc.

computer dataset

Content expressed through a digitally encoded dataset


intended to be processed by a computer. Includes
numeric data, environmental data, etc., used by
applications software to calculate averages,
correlations, etc., or to produce models, etc., but not
normally displayed in its raw form. For data intended to
be perceived visually in the form of notation, image, or
three-dimensional form, see notated movement, notated

music, still image, text, three-dimensional form, threedimensional moving image, and two-dimensional moving
image. For data intended to be perceived in an audible
form, see performed music, sounds, and spoken word.
For cartographic data see cartographic dataset.

computer program

Content expressed through digitally encoded


instructions intended to be processed and performed by
a computer. Includes operating systems, applications
software, etc.

notated movement

Content expressed through a form of notation for


movement intended to be perceived visually. Includes all
forms of movement notation other than those intended
to be perceived through touch (see tactile notated
movement).

notated music

Content expressed through a form of musical notation


intended to be perceived visually. Includes all forms of
musical notation other than those intended to be
perceived through touch (see tactile notated music).

performed music

Content expressed through music in an audible form.


Includes recorded performances of music, computergenerated music, etc.

sounds

Content other than language or music, expressed in an


audible form. Includes natural sounds, artificially
produced sounds, etc.

spoken word

Content expressed through language in an audible form.


Includes recorded readings, recitations, speeches,
interviews, oral histories, etc., computer-generated
speech, etc.

still image

Content expressed through line, shape, shading, etc.,


intended to be perceived visually as a still image or
images in two dimensions. Includes drawings, paintings,
diagrams, photographic images (stills), etc. For
cartographic content intended to be perceived as a twodimensional image, see cartographic image. For images

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-25

Alternative

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

intended to be perceived through touch, see tactile


image.
tactile image

Content expressed through line, shape, and/or other


forms, intended to be perceived through touch as a still
image in two dimensions.

tactile notated movement

Content expressed through a form of notation for


movement intended to be perceived through touch.

tactile notated music

Content expressed through a form of musical notation


intended to be perceived through touch. Includes braille
music and other tactile forms of musical notation.

tactile text

Content expressed through a form of notation for


language intended to be perceived through touch.
Includes braille text and other tactile forms of language
notation.

tactile three-dimensional form

Content expressed through a form or forms intended to


be perceived through touch as a three-dimensional form
or forms.

text

Content expressed through a form of notation for


language intended to be perceived visually. Includes all
forms of language notation other than those intended to
be perceived through touch (see tactile text).

three-dimensional form

Content expressed through a form or forms intended to


be perceived visually in three-dimensions. Includes
sculptures, models, naturally occurring objects and
specimens, holograms, etc. For cartographic content
intended to be perceived as a three-dimensional form,
see cartographic three-dimensional form. For threedimensional forms intended to be perceived through
touch, see tactile three-dimensional form.

three-dimensional moving image

Content expressed through images intended to be


perceived as moving, in three dimensions. Includes 3-D
motion pictures (using live action and/or animation), 3-D
video games, etc. Three-dimensional moving images
may or may not be accompanied by sound.

two-dimensional moving image

Content expressed through images intended to be


perceived as moving, in two dimensions. Includes
motion pictures (using live action and/or animation), film
and video recordings of performances, events, etc.,
video games, etc., other than those intended to be
perceived in three dimensions (see three-dimensional
moving image). Moving images may or may not be
accompanied by sound. For cartographic content
intended to be perceived as a two-dimensional moving
image, see cartographic moving image.

If none of the terms listed in table 6.1 apply to the content of the resource being described, record other.
If the content type applicable to the resource being described cannot be readily ascertained, record
unspecified.

6-26

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.11

6.10 Date of Expression


CORE ELEMENT

Date of expression is a core element when needed to differentiate an expression of a work from another
expression of the same work.

6.10.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Date of Expression


6.10.1.1 Scope
Date of expression is the earliest date associated with an expression.

If the date of expression is not known, treat the date of the earliest manifestation embodying the expression
as the date of expression.
For additional instructions on date of expression of religious works, see 6.24.

6.10.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on date of expression from any source.

6.10.1.3 Recording Date of Expression


Record the date of the expression in terms of the calendar preferred by the agency creating the data. For
details on recording dates according to the Christian calendar, see appendix H.
Record the date of the expression by giving the year or years alone unless a more specific date is needed
to distinguish one expression from another expression.
Record date of expression as a separate element, as part of an access point, or as both. For instructions on
recording date of expression as part of the authorized access point, see 6.27.3.
For instructions on recording date of expression as part of the authorized access point representing an
expression of the Bible, see instructions at 6.30.3.2.
2000
Resource described: The complete works of Oscar Wilde / general editors, Russell Jackson and Ian Small.
Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2000

1948
Resource described: The works of Oscar Wilde / edited, with an introduction, by G.F. Maine. New collected
edition. London : Collins, 1948

1940
Resource described: Babar and his children / Jean de Brunhoff. [United States] : Decca, [1940]. An audio
recording of an English translation of Jean de Brunhoffs childrens story Babar en famille, narrated by Frank
Luther with instrumental accompaniment. Recorded in New York City on October 28, 1940

1992
Resource described: Blade runner / a Ladd Company release in association with Sir Run Run Shaw thru Warner
Bros. ; Jerry Perenchio and Bud Yorkin present a Michael Deeley-Ridley Scott production ; produced by Michael
Deeley ; screenplay by Hampton Fancher and David Peoples ; directed by Ridley Scott. Directors cut,
Widescreen version. A revised version of the 1982 motion picture

6.11 Language of Expression


CORE ELEMENT

Language of expression is a core element when needed to differentiate an expression of a work from
another expression of the same work.

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-27

6.11.1

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.11.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Language of Expression


6.11.1.1 Scope
Language of expression is a language in which a work is expressed.

6.11.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on language of expression from any source.

6.11.1.3 Recording Language of Expression


Record the language or languages of the expression using an appropriate term or terms in a language
preferred by the agency creating the data. Select terms from a standard list of names of languages, if
available.
Record language of expression as a separate element, as part of an access point, or as both. For
instructions on recording language of expression as part of the authorized access point, see 6.27.3.
For instructions on recording language of expression as part of authorized access points representing
expressions of special types of works, see additional instructions:
expressions of musical works (6.28.3.6)
expressions of religious works (6.30.3.16.30.3.3).
English
Resource described: The Zemganno brothers / by Edmond de Goncourt. An English translation of a French
novel

Indonesian
Resource described: Ada apa dengan Cinta? / Miles Productions mempersembahkan ; sebuah film dari Rudi
Soedjarwo ; produser, Mira Lesmana, Riri Riza ; skenario, Jujur Prananto. The original motion picture in
Indonesian

Spanish
Resource described: Obras completas / W. Somerset Maugham. A Spanish translation of the authors works

English
Resource described: Colloid journal of the Russian Academy of Sciences. An English translation of a Russian
serial

Hebrew
Resource described: Mosheh e-Aharon : operah be-shalosh maarakhot / Arnold Shenberg ; tirgem Yirael
Eliraz. A Hebrew translation of the libretto to Schoenbergs opera Moses und Aron

Russian
Resource described: 27 ukradennykh potseluev. A Georgian motion picture dubbed into Russian

Chinese
Resource described: Handel's Messiah in Chinese. An audio recording of a performance of a Chinese
translation of the oratorio

If the expression involves more than one language, apply the additional instructions at 6.11.1.4.
For guidelines on recording details about the language of expression, apply the instructions for language of
the content at 7.12.

6.11.1.4 Expressions Involving More Than One Language


If a single expression of a work involves more than one language, record each of the languages.
English
German

6-28

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.12.1.3

Russian
Resource described: Defiance / Paramount Vantage presents a Grosvenor Park/Bedford Falls production ; an
Edward Zwick film ; executive producer, Marshall Herskovitz ; produced by Edward Zwick, Pieter Jan Brugge ;
director of photography, Eduardo Serra ; screenplay by Clayton Frohman & Edward Zwick ; directed by Edward
Zwick. A motion picture with some dialogue in English, some dialogue in German, and some dialogue in
Russian.

English
Dutch
French
German
Italian
Spanish
Portuguese
Resource described: Joan Blaeu Atlas maior of 1665 / introduction and texts by Peter van der Krogt ; based on
the copy in the sterreichische Nationalbibliothek, Wien ; with a selection of original texts by Joan Blaeu ; directed
and produced by Benedikt Taschen. An atlas in six volumes; each volume includes text in English and two of
the other languages

6.12 Other Distinguishing Characteristic of the Expression


CORE ELEMENT

Other distinguishing characteristic of the expression is a core element when needed to differentiate an
expression of a work from another expression of the same work.

6.12.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Other Distinguishing Characteristics


of the Expression
6.12.1.1 Scope
Other distinguishing characteristic of the expression is a characteristic other than content type, language of
expression, or date of expression. It serves to differentiate an expression from another expression of the
same work.

For additional instructions on other distinguishing characteristics of expressions of musical works, see 6.18.
For additional instructions on other distinguishing characteristics of expressions of religious works, see 6.25.

6.12.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on other distinguishing characteristics of the expression from any source.

6.12.1.3 Recording Other Distinguishing Characteristics of the Expression


Record other distinguishing characteristics of the expression.
Record other distinguishing characteristics of the expression as separate elements, as parts of access
points, or as both. For instructions on recording other distinguishing characteristics of the expression as part
of the authorized access point, see 6.27.3.
Buriat version
An expression of the epic poem Gesar

Mongolian version
Another expression of the epic poem Gesar

1st version
The first of three versions of Johann Gottlieb Fichtes Wissenschaftslehre 1804

2nd version
The second of three versions of Johann Gottlieb Fichtes Wissenschaftslehre 1804

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6.12.1.4

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

A-text
The earliest version of William Langlands narrative poem Piers Plowman

B-text
A later version of William Langlands narrative poem Piers Plowman

C-text
An even later version of William Langlands narrative poem Piers Plowman

Beck
An English translation by Tom Beck of Aleksandr Pushkins Evgeni Onegin

Elton
An English translation by Oliver Elton of Aleksandr Pushkins Evgeni Onegin

Directors cut
The 1992 revised version of the 1982 motion picture Blade runner

Final cut
The 2007 revised version of the 1982 motion picture Blade runner

Baryshnikov
A version of the choreographic work The nutcracker choreographed by Mikhail Baryshnikov in 1976

Lynn and Uthoff


A version of the choreographic work The nutcracker choreographed by Enid Lynn and Michael Uthoff in 1974

Nureyev, after Vanonen


A version of the choreographic work The nutcracker choreographed by Rudolf Nureyev in 1967 and derived
from Vasili Vanonen's 1934 version

Nelson Thornes
An expression of Shakespeares complete works published in 2003 by Nelson Thornes

Yale University Press


Another expression of Shakespeares complete works published in 2003 by Yale University Press

Indicate the source of information by applying the instructions at 5.8.1.3.

6.12.1.4 Selected Parts or Excerpts


Record Selections to identify an expression consisting of selected parts or excerpts from a larger work.
Selections
Selections from Edward Gibbons The history of the decline and fall of the Roman Empire

Selections
An audio recording of Russell Banks reading excerpts from his novel Continental drift

6.13 Identifier for the Expression


CORE ELEMENT

6.13.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Identifiers for Expressions


6.13.1.1 Scope
An identifier for the expression is a character string uniquely associated with an expression, or with a
surrogate for an expression (e.g., an authority record). The identifier serves to differentiate that expression
from other expressions.

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IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.14.1.3

6.13.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on identifiers for expressions from any source.

6.13.1.3 Recording Identifiers for Expressions


Record an identifier for the expression. Precede the identifier with the name or an identification of the
agency, etc., responsible for assigning the identifier, if readily ascertainable.
ISRC BR-BMG-03-00729
International Standard Recording Code for a recording of the song Enquanto houver sol by the musical group
Tits

National Library of Australia: anbd.aut-an35359434


Australian National Bibliographic Database permalink for Italian translations of Peter Careys Oscar and

Lucinda

Library and Archives Canada control number: 0018A4143E


Identifier for English translations of Beowulf

Library of Congress control number: no 96031405


Identifier for arrangements of Nicol Paganinis Caprices, violin, M.S. 25

Library of Congress control number: n 00024915


Identifier for an expression of Oscar Wildes complete works

Wolfgangs Vault ID: 20049774|1647


Identifier for a David Bowie concert recorded March 23, 1976

ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR MUSICAL WORKS

6.14 Title of a Musical Work


CORE ELEMENT

Preferred title for the work is a core element. Variant titles for the work are optional.

6.14.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Titles of Musical Works


6.14.1.1 Scope
A title of a musical work is a word, character, or group of words and/or characters by which a musical work is
known.
When identifying musical works, there are two categories of titles:
a)

preferred title for a musical work (see 6.14.2)

b)

variant title for a musical work (see 6.14.3).

6.14.1.2 Sources of Information


Take the title or titles of a musical work from any source.
For additional guidance on sources of information for the preferred title for the work, see 6.14.2.2.

6.14.1.3 General Guidelines on Recording Titles of Musical Works


When recording a title of a musical work, apply the guidelines on capitalization, numbers, diacritical marks,
initial articles, spacing of initials and acronyms, and abbreviations, at 6.2.1. When those guidelines refer to
an appendix, apply the additional instructions in that appendix, as applicable.

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6.14.2

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.14.2 Preferred Title for a Musical Work


CORE ELEMENT

6.14.2.1 Scope
The preferred title for a musical work is the title or form of title chosen to identify the musical work. It is also the
basis for the authorized access point representing that work.

6.14.2.2 Sources of Information


Determine the title to be used as the preferred title for a musical work created after 1500 from resources
embodying the work or reference sources.
Determine the title to be used as the preferred title for a musical work created before 1501 from modern
sources. If the evidence of modern reference sources is inconclusive, use (in this order of preference):
a)

modern editions

b)

early editions

c)

manuscript copies.

6.14.2.3 Choosing the Preferred Title for a Musical Work


Choose as the preferred title for a musical work the composers original title in the language in which it was
presented.
Meistersinger von Nrnberg
Resource described: The mastersingers of Nuremberg

Damnation de Faust
Resource described: Fausts Verdammung

Tous les garons et les filles


Resource described: Todos los chicos y chicas

Zoloto petushok
Resource described: The golden cockerel

Prludium und Fuge


Resource described: Prludium und Fuge, D-Dur fr Orgel ...

Rondo with fugato


Resource described: Rondo with fugato ...

Introduction et allegro
Resource described: Introduction et allegro ...

Exceptions
Better known title in the same language. If the work has become better known by another title in the
same language, choose it as the preferred title (see also 6.2.2.46.2.2.5).

Don Giovanni
Resource described: Il dissoluto punito, ossia, Il don Giovanni

Nabucco
Resource described: Nabucodonosor

Long titles. If the title is very long, choose (in this order of preference):

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IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

a)

6.14.2.4

a brief title by which the work is commonly identified in reference sources

Historia der Auferstehung Jesu Christi


Resource described: Historia der frlichen und siegreichen Auferstehung unsers einigen Erlsers und
Seligmachers Jesu Christi

b)

a brief title devised by the cataloguer.

St. John Passion


Resource described: Historia des Leidens und Sterbens unsers Herrn und Heylandes Jesu Christi, nach dem
Evangelisten St. Johannem

Numbered sequence. Use the name of the type of composition as the preferred title if:

all the titles of a composers works include the name of a type of composition

and

the works are also cited as a numbered sequence of compositions of that type.

Symphonies
Resource described: Sinfonia eroica / composta da Luigi van Beethoven. Also cited in lists of the composers
symphonies as no. 3

RECORDING THE PREFERRED TITLE

6.14.2.4 Recording the Preferred Title for a Musical Work


Record the title chosen as the preferred title for a musical work by applying the basic instructions at 6.2.1.
When recording the title chosen according to 6.14.2.3, omit from the title:
a)

a statement of medium of performance (even if such a statement is part of a compound


word, provided that the resulting word or words is the name of a type of composition)

b)

key

c)

serial, opus, and thematic index numbers

d)

numbers (unless they are an integral part of the title)

e)

date of composition

f)

adjectives and epithets not part of the original title of the work.

In the following examples, the preferred title as defined in this instruction is in italics.
String quartet
Streichquartett
Symphonie no. 40

Clavierbung
Kammersymphonie
Symphonie fantastique
Carnaval op. 9
Concerto in A minor, op. 54

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6.14.2.5

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

12 sonatas
Nocturne in F sharp minor, op. 15, no. 2
6 Stcke fr Orchester
Fnf Orchesterstcke
Four orchestral pieces
Five little pieces for piano
Drei Gesnge
Vier Orchesterlieder, op. 22
Les deux journes
The Ten commandments
The seventh trumpet
Troisime nocturne
Mozart's favorite minuet
The celebrated Sophie waltz
Grandes tudes (So named by the composer)
Die Zauberflte

War requiem

6.14.2.5 Preferred Title Consisting Solely of the Name of One Type of Composition
Record the name of the type of composition as the preferred title if the application of 6.14.2.36.14.2.4
results in a preferred title consisting solely of the name of one type of composition. Record the accepted
form of that name in a language preferred by the agency creating the data. Record the name in the plural
unless the composer wrote only one work of the type.
Quintets
Resource described: Quintetto VI in sol maggiore

Ballades
Resource described: Vier Balladen

Sonatas
Resource described: Sonate a violino, violone, e cembalo

Concerti grossi
Resource described: Six concerti grossi for 2 violins, viola, and violoncello soli with strings and harpsichord

Divertimenti
Resource described: Divertimento Nr. 1

For works intended for concert performance called tude, fantasia, or sinfonia concertante or their cognates,
record the form of the name in the original language.
tudes
Resource described: Studies

6.14.2.6 Duets
Record Duets for works variously titled duos, duets, etc.
Duets
Resource described: Trois duos

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6.14.2.7.1.3

PARTS OF MUSICAL WORKS

6.14.2.7 Recording the Preferred Title for a Part or Parts of a Musical Work
Record the preferred title for a part or parts of a musical work by applying the instructions at 6.14.2.7.1
6.14.2.7.2, as applicable.
For instructions on constructing the authorized access point representing a part or parts of a musical work,
see 6.28.2.

6.14.2.7.1 One Part


Record the preferred title for a part of a musical work by applying the instructions at 6.14.2.4. Apply the
additional instructions at 6.14.2.7.1.16.14.2.7.1.5, as applicable.

6.14.2.7.1.1 Part Identified Only by a Number


If each of the parts is identified only by a number, record the number of the part.
Nr. 5
Preferred title for a part of Johannes Brahmss Ungarische Tnze

6.14.2.7.1.2 Part Identified Only by a Title or Other Verbal Designation


If each of the parts is identified only by a title or other verbal designation, record the title or other verbal
designation of the part.
Celeste Ada
Preferred title for a part of Giuseppe Verdis Ada

Seasons of love
Preferred title for a part of Jonathan Larsons Rent

Andante cantabile con moto


Preferred title for a part of Ludwig van Beethovens Symphony, no. 1, op. 21, in C major

6.14.2.7.1.3 Part Identified Both by a Number and by a Title or Other Verbal Designation
If:

each of the parts is identified by a number


and
each of the parts is identified by its own title or a verbal designation
then:
record the title or other verbal designation of the part.
Come scoglio
Preferred title for a part of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozarts Cos fan tutte. Each aria has a number (e.g., No. 14 for
Come scoglio) as well as a title

If:

each of the parts is identified by a number


and
the parts are identified by the same title or other verbal designation
then:
record the number of the part.

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6.14.2.7.1.4

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

N. 8
Preferred title for a part of Antonio Vivaldis Estro armonico. Each part has the title Concerto as well as a
number

6.14.2.7.1.4 Each Part Identified by a Number and Some Parts also Identified by a Title or
Other Verbal Designation
If:

each of the parts is identified by a number


and
some of the parts are also identified by a title or other verbal designation
then:
record the number of the part followed by a comma and the title or other designation if there is one.
Nr. 30
Preferred title for a part of Robert Schumanns Album fr die Jugend

Nr. 2, Soldatenmarsch
Preferred title for a part of Robert Schumanns Album fr die Jugend

6.14.2.7.1.5 Part of a Larger Part


If:

the part is part of a larger part of a musical work


and
the larger part has a distinctive title
then:
record that distinctive title of the larger part followed by the title and/or designation of the smaller part.
Omit the designation of the larger part if it is not distinctive.
However, if an indistinctive designation of the larger part is required to identify the smaller part, record
the designation of the larger part preceding the title and/or designation of the smaller part.
Separate the title and/or designation of the larger part from the title and/or designation of the smaller part
by a full stop.
Cantiones sacrae. O vos omnes
Preferred title for a part of Hieronymus Praetoriuss Opus musicum

Pifa
not Part 1. Pifa
Preferred title for a part of George Frideric Handels Messiah

Atto 3o. Preludio


Preferred title for a part of Giuseppe Verdis Traviata

6.14.2.7.2 Two or More Parts


When identifying two or more parts of a musical work, record the preferred titles of the parts. Apply the
instructions at 6.2.2.9.2.
Nr. 56
Preferred title for two consecutively numbered parts of Johannes Brahmss Ungarische Tnze

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6.14.2.8.3

Largo al factotum
Preferred title for a part of Gioacchino Rossinis Barbiere di Siviglia in a compilation also comprising the part
Voce poco fa

Voce poco fa
Preferred title for a part of Gioacchino Rossinis Barbiere di Siviglia in a compilation also comprising the part

Largo al factotum

No. 2
Preferred title for a part of Franz Schuberts Impromptus, piano, D. 899 in a compilation also comprising No. 4
of the same work

No. 4
Preferred title for a part of Franz Schuberts Impromptus, piano, D. 899 in a compilation also comprising No. 2
of the same work

If a composer assembles a group of excerpts from a larger work and calls the group suite, record that word
as the designation for the part.
Suite, no. 2
Preferred title for a part of Edvard Griegs Peer Gynt

COMPILATIONS OF MUSICAL WORKS

6.14.2.8 Compilations of Musical Works


6.14.2.8.1 Recording the Preferred Title for Compilations of Musical Works
If a compilation of musical works has become known by a title through use in resources embodying that
compilation or in reference sources, apply the instructions at 6.2.2.46.2.2.5.
For other compilations, record the preferred title for a compilation of musical works by applying the
instructions at 6.14.2.8.26.14.2.8.6, as applicable.

6.14.2.8.2 Complete Works


Record the conventional collective title Works for a compilation that consists of, or purports to be, the
complete musical works of a composer. Consider complete works to include all works that are complete at
the time of publication.

6.14.2.8.3 Works of Various Types for One Broad Medium


Record the designation of the medium as the conventional collective title for a compilation that consists of,
or purports to be, all the composer's works in one broad medium.
Chamber music
Choral music
Use Choral music also for compilations of various types of works originally for one choral medium, with or
without accompaniment

Instrumental music
Keyboard music
Vocal music
Use Vocal music also for compilations of various types of works originally for one solo voice or one
combination of solo voices, with or without accompaniment

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6.14.2.8.4

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.14.2.8.4 Works of Various Types for One Specific Medium


Record a conventional collective title generally descriptive of the medium for a compilation that consists of,
or purports to be, all the composer's works for one specific medium.
Brass music
Orchestra music
Piano music
Piano music, 4 hands
Piano music, pianos (2)
String quartet music
Violin, piano music

6.14.2.8.5 Works of One Type for One Specific Medium or Various Media
Record the name of the type as the conventional collective title for a compilation that consists of, or purports
to be, all the composer's works of one type.
Concertos
Motion picture music
Musicals
Operas
Polonaises
Quartets
Sonatas
Songs
If the compilation consists of a consecutively numbered group, record the inclusive numbering following the
name of the type.
Sonatas, piano, no. 610
Resource described: Sonates pour piano 6 10 / Alexandre Scriabine

Symphonies, no. 13
Resource described: First, Second, and Third symphonies / Ludwig van Beethoven

6.14.2.8.6 Incomplete Compilations


If:

a compilation corresponds to one of the categories at 6.14.2.8.26.14.2.8.5


and
the compilation is incomplete
then:
identify each of the works in the compilation separately by applying the instructions at 6.14.2.46.14.2.7.

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6.14.3.4

Renaissance concerto
Salomon Rossi suite
Orpheus and Euridice
Resource described: Orchestral works / by Lukas Foss

Alternative
When identifying two or more works in an incomplete compilation, record a conventional collective
title as instructed at 6.14.2.8.26.14.2.8.5, as applicable, followed by Selections. Apply this
instruction instead of or in addition to recording the preferred title for each of the works in the
compilation.
Orchestra music. Selections
Resource described: Orchestral works / by Lukas Foss

6.14.3 Variant Title for a Musical Work


6.14.3.1 Scope
A variant title for a musical work is a title or form of title by which a musical work is known that differs from the
title or form of title chosen as the preferred title for the work.

6.14.3.2 Sources of information


Take variant titles from resources embodying the work and/or from reference sources.

6.14.3.3 General Guidelines on Recording Variant Titles for Musical Works


Record variant titles for musical works by applying the basic instructions at 6.2.1.
Record a variant title for the work when it is different from the title recorded as the preferred title. Record as
a variant title:
a title or form of title under which the work has been issued or cited in reference sources

or

a title resulting from a different transliteration of the title.

Exception
Record a title appearing on a manifestation of the work as a variant title for the work only in the
following case:
if the title appearing on the manifestation differs significantly from the preferred
title

and

if the work itself might reasonably be searched by that title.

For instructions on recording the title proper and other titles appearing on the manifestation, see
2.3.
Apply the specific instructions at 6.14.3.46.14.3.5. Also apply instructions in preceding sections of this
chapter, as applicable.

6.14.3.4 Recording Alternative Linguistic Forms as Variant Titles for Musical Works
If the title recorded as the preferred title for a musical work has one or more alternative linguistic forms,
record them as variant titles for the work.

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6.14.3.4

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Different Language Form


Mountain maid
Fille de la montagne
Kind der Berge
Norwegian language form recorded as preferred title: Haugtussa

O Christmas tree
O dannenbom
Oh Christmas tree
Oh tree of fir
German language form recorded as preferred title: O Tannenbaum

Popular Greek melodies


Greek popular melodies
Popular Greek songs
French language form recorded as preferred title: Mlodies populaires grecques

Stcke
English language form recorded as preferred title: Pieces

Etden
tudes
Studies
Polish language form recorded as preferred title: Etiud

Different Script

Russian transliterated form recorded as preferred title: Zolushka

English language form recorded as preferred title: From me flows what you call time

Hebrew transliterated form recorded as preferred title: Hatiah

Different Spelling
Amphitrion
Spelling recorded as preferred title: Amphitryon

Fantasie sonata
Phantasy sonata
Spelling recorded as preferred title: Fantasy sonata

Partsongs
Spelling recorded as preferred title: Part-songs

Different Transliteration
Khovanchtchina
Transliteration recorded as preferred title: Khovanshchina

Hatikva
Hatikvoh
Transliteration recorded as preferred title: Hatiah

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6.15.1.3

6.14.3.5 Recording Other Variant Titles for Musical Works


Record other variant titles and variant forms of the title not covered by 6.14.3.4.
Songs, airs, duets, and choruses in the masque of King Arthur
Preferred title recorded as: King Arthur

Salzburg sonata
Preferred title recorded as: Sonatas

Forellen-Quintett
Quintette de la truite
Trout quintet
Forellenquintett
Trucha
Forellen-kvintet
Quintette La truite
Foreli kvintetas
Grand quintuor
Preferred title recorded as: Quintets

Cinq mlodies populaires grecques


5 mlodies populaires grecques
Preferred title recorded as: Mlodies populaires grecques

Complete organ works


uvres compltes pour orgue
Smtliche Orgelwerke
Preferred title recorded as: Organ music

Complete Takemitsu edition


Takemitsu Tru zensh

Preferred title recorded as: Works

Best of Bach
Preferred title recorded as: Works. Selections

Selected works for piano


Preferred title recorded as: Piano music. Selections

6.15 Medium of Performance


CORE ELEMENT

Medium of performance is a core element when needed to differentiate a musical work from another work
with the same title. It may also be a core element when identifying a musical work with a title that is not
distinctive.

6.15.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Medium of Performance


6.15.1.1 Scope
Medium of performance is the instrument, instruments, voice, voices, etc., for which a musical work was
originally conceived.

6.15.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on medium of performance from any source.

6.15.1.3 Recording Medium of Performance


Record the medium of performance specifically by applying the instructions at 6.15.1.46.15.1.13.

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6.15.1.4

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Record the elements in the following order:


a)

voices

b)

keyboard instrument if there is more than one non-keyboard instrument

c)

the other instruments in score order

d)

continuo.

Record medium of performance as a separate element, as part of an access point, or as both. For
instructions on recording medium of performance as part of the authorized access point, see 6.28.1.9
6.28.1.11.
voices
piano
piano
clarinet
violoncello
violin
piano
flute
bassoon
continuo
If there is more than one part for a particular instrument or voice, add the appropriate numeral for the
number of parts. Add the numeral in parentheses after the name of that instrument or voice unless the
number is otherwise implicit.
flutes (2)
clarinets (2)
viols (5)
Use continuo for a thorough bass part whether it is named as basso continuo, figured bass, thorough bass,
or continuo.

6.15.1.4 Instrumental Music Intended for One Performer to a Part


For instrumental music intended for one performer to a part, record each instrument by applying the
instructions at 6.15.1.6 and 6.15.1.13.

Exceptions
If there is more than one percussion instrument, and the names of the individual instruments are
not specified by the composer in the original title, use percussion.
If the medium includes a continuo part, record the name of the part (see 6.15.1.3).
If the work is for a standard combination of instruments, apply the instructions at 6.15.1.5.
If the medium includes instruments acting as an accompanying ensemble, record a term for the
accompanying ensemble (see 6.15.1.7).

6.15.1.5 Standard Combinations of Instruments


For works for three to five instruments that fall into one of the standard combinations in the table, use the
table to choose the terms recorded in the following situations:

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6.15.1.5

When the preferred title resulting from the application of 6.14.2.4 and 6.14.2.5 is Trio, Trios, Quartet,
Quartets, Quintet, or Quintets, record the terms in the right-hand column of the table.
When the preferred title resulting from the application of 6.14.2.4 and 6.14.2.5 is not Trio, Trios, Quartet,
Quartets, Quintet, or Quintets, record the terms in the left-hand column of the table.
When the preferred title resulting from the application of 6.14.2.4 and 6.14.2.5 is not Trio, Trios, Quartet,
Quartets, Quintet, or Quintets and the work is for a combination other than one listed in the centre column of
the table, record each instrument.

TABLE 6.2
STANDARD COMBINATION

INSTRUMENTATION

TERM RECORDED

string trio

violin, viola, violoncello

strings

string quartet

2 violins, viola, violoncello

strings

woodwind quartet

flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon

woodwinds

wind quintet

flute, oboe, clarinet, horn, bassoon

winds

piano trio

piano, violin, violoncello

piano
strings

piano quartet

piano, violin, viola, violoncello

piano
strings

piano quintet

piano, 2 violins, viola, violoncello

piano
strings

violin
viola
violoncello
double bass
Preferred title: Quartets

flute
oboe
saxophone
bassoon
Preferred title: Quartets

piano
violin
viola
violoncello
double bass
Preferred title: Quintets

flute
clarinets
bassoon
horn
Preferred title: Quintets

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6.15.1.6

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.15.1.6 Individual Instruments


When recording an individual type of instrument, use a term in a language preferred by the agency creating
the data whenever possible. Use the following list of terms as a guide:
cello or violoncello
cor anglais or English horn
double bass (not bass viol or contrabass)
double bassoon or contrabassoon
harpsichord (not cembalo or virginal)
horn (not French horn)
kettle drums or timpani
viol (for sizes of viola da gamba other than bass)
viola da gamba (not bass viol or gamba)
viols (for viols of different sizes)
When alternatives are given, choose a term and use it consistently.
For keyboard instruments, use an appropriate term from this list:
piano
piano, 4 hands
pianos (2)
pianos (2), 8 hands
organs (2)

6.15.1.6.1 Application of Terms


Apply the terms listed as follows:
a)

Record piano for one instrument, two hands.

b)

Record pianos (2) for two instruments, four hands.

6.15.1.6.2 Omit Elements


Omit the following elements:
a)

the designation of the key in which an instrument is pitched

clarinet
not clarinet in A
b)

the terms alto, tenor, bass, etc.

recorder
not alto recorder
saxophone
not tenor saxophone
c)

the names of alternative instruments.

6.15.1.7 Accompanying Ensembles with One Performer to a Part


For an accompanying ensemble with one performer to a part, record the appropriate term for the instrument
or family of instruments followed by the word ensemble.

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6.15.1.9

guitar ensemble
string ensemble
percussion ensemble
Record instrumental ensemble for an accompanying ensemble with one performer to a part consisting of
instruments from two or more families of instruments when a more specific term is not available.

6.15.1.8 Instrumental Music for Orchestra, String Orchestra, or Band


For instrumental music intended for orchestra, string orchestra, or band, record an appropriate term from
the following list:
orchestra
string orchestra
band
Record orchestra for full or reduced orchestra.
Disregard continuo when it is part of an orchestra or string orchestra.

6.15.1.9 One or More Solo Instruments and Accompanying Ensemble


For a work for one or more solo instruments and accompanying ensemble, record the term for the solo
instrument or instruments and the term for the accompanying ensemble, in that order.
For the solo instruments, see 6.15.1.4, 6.15.1.6, and 6.15.1.13.
For the accompanying ensemble, see 6.15.1.76.15.1.8.
violin
orchestra
Resource described: Rhapsody for solo violin and orchestra / Mary Jeanne van Appledorn. Preferred title:

Rhapsodies

piano
orchestra
Resource described: Concierto no. 1 para piano y orquesta : Atlntico / Zulema de la Cruz. Preferred title:

Concertos

harpsichord
instrumental ensemble
Resource described: Concerto pour clavecin et ensemble instrumental / Jean Franaix. Preferred title:
Concertos

piano trio
orchestra
Resource described: Konzert fr Klavier, Violine, Violoncello und Orchester C-Dur op. 56 : Tripelkonzert / Ludwig
van Beethoven. Preferred title: Concertos

woodwind quartet
string orchestra
Resource described: Quadruple concerto : pour flte, hautbois, clarinette et basson avec accompagnement
dorchestre / Jean Franaix. Preferred title: Concertos

pianos (2)
string orchestra
Resource described: Divertimento for string orchestra and two pianos / by Ulric Cole. Preferred title: Divertimenti

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-45

6.15.1.10

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

violin
viola
orchestra
Resource described: Sinfonie concertanto in E a violino e viola principale, 2 violini, 2 viole, 2 oboe, 2 corni,
violoncello, e basso / di Amadeo Wolfgango Mozart. Preferred title: Sinfonie concertanti

6.15.1.10 Solo Voices


Record an appropriate term from the following list to identify a type of solo voice:
soprano
mezzo-soprano
alto
tenor
baritone
bass
sopranos (2)
alto
orchestra
Resource described: Stabat Mater : in G minor : for 2 sopranos, alto, 2 violins & basso continuo / Girolamo Abos ;
edited by Alejandro Garri ; assisted by Kent Carlson. Preferred title: Stabat Mater

soprano
piano
Resource described: Dos canciones para soprano y piano / Federico Ibarra. Preferred title: Canciones

Record other terms as appropriate.


high voice
countertenor
If no specific voice types or ranges can be ascertained for two or more solo voices of different ranges,
record an appropriate term from the following list:
mixed solo voices
mens solo voices
womens solo voices
Record other terms as appropriate.
children's solo voices
For compositions that include solo voices with chorus, record only the appropriate terms for the chorus (see
6.15.1.11) and the accompaniment, if any.

6.15.1.11 Choruses
For a choral ensemble, record an appropriate term from the following list:

6-46

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.15.1.13.1

mixed voices
mens voices
womens voices
unison voices
Record other terms as appropriate.
children's voices

6.15.1.12 Accompaniment for Songs, Lieder, Etc.


If:

the work is not in a "popular" idiom


and
the preferred title for the work consists solely of the name of a type, or of two or more types, of
composition for solo voice (e.g., Lieder, Mlodie, Songs)
and
the voice is accompanied by anything other than a keyboard stringed instrument alone
then:
record the name of the accompanying instrument(s) or ensemble, followed by the word accompaniment.
If such a work is not accompanied, record unaccompanied.
guitar accompaniment
Resource described: Music for voice & guitar : a collected edition / Fernando Sor ; edited and engraved by Jan
de Kloe, with historical notes by Matanya Ophee. Preferred title: Songs

unaccompanied
Resource described: 40 vocalises / Sharon Bennett. Preferred title: Vocalises

percussion accompaniment
Resource described: Zwei Lieder for soprano and percussion, 1993 / Micha Hamel ; text, Paul Celan. Preferred
title: Lieder

clarinet, viola accompaniment


Resource described: Three songs for voice, clarinet, and viola, (1996) (texts by Sir James Frazer from Ovids
Fasti) / Alexander Goehr. Preferred title: Songs

6.15.1.13 Indeterminate Medium of Performance


If the specific medium of performance, or any part of it, is not stated in the resource or other source, record
that part of the medium of performance as instructed at 6.15.1.13.16.15.1.13.5 (in that order of priority).

6.15.1.13.1 One Family of Instruments, Collective Term, Etc.


If only the family of instruments or voices (see 6.15.1.10), or a collective term for other media, is indicated
by the composer, or is available from any other source, record the family, collective term, etc.

accordion
plucked instrument
violin
Resource described: Trio pour accordon de concert, violon et instrument cordes pinces / Alain Abbott.
Preferred title: Trio

RDA: Resource Description and Access

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6.15.1.13.2

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

voice
chordal instrument
Resource described: Tierkreis : fr Mezzosopran oder Alt oder tiefen Tenor und Akkordinstrument : (1975/77) :
Werk Nr. 41 4/5 = Zodiac = Zodiaque / Stockhausen. Preferred title: Tierkreis

bass instrument
keyboard instrument
Resource described: Early American hymns : for bass instrument and keyboard / Eleanor Whitsett. Preferred
title: Early American hymns

6.15.1.13.2 Range or General Type of Instrument or Voice


If only the range or general type of instrument or voice is indicated by the composer, or is available from any
other source, record the range or type.
low instrument
orchestra
Resource described: Concerto Es-Dur fr Posaune (Viola da gamba-Fagott), 2 Hrner ad libitum, 2 Violinen und
Basso continuo / Johann Zach ; herausgegeben von Hans Oskar Koch. Preferred title: Concertos. For trombone,

viola da gamba, or bassoon and orchestra or string orchestra

treble instrument
organ
Resource described: Eight chorale preludes for treble instrument and organ / by Randall Sensmeier. Preferred
title: Chorale preludes

melody instrument
piano
Resource described: Suite fr ein Melodieinstrument (Violine, Querflte, Oboe, Viola, Klarinette (B), Saxophon
(B), Trompete (B), Englischhorn (F), Horn (F), Violoncello oder Fagott) und Klavier / Hans-Walter Slembeck.
Preferred title: Suites

male voice
trombone
Preferred title: Pieces

6.15.1.13.3 Some Instruments, Etc., Unspecified


If:

some parts of the medium are indicated by the composer, or are available from any other source
and
other parts are unspecified or are indicated as unspecified or a similar term
then:
record the individual parts of the medium as instructed at 6.15.1.46.15.1.12.
Also use unspecified or a similar term, as appropriate.
unspecified instrument
piano
Resource described: Three carols for piano and solo instrument / David Moore. Preferred title: Carols

6.15.1.13.4 Number of Parts or Voices


If:

no medium of performance is specified by the composer, and none can be ascertained from any other
source

and
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RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.16.1.3.1

there are two or more such works by the same composer that have the same preferred title
then:
record the number of parts or voices.
Use voices to indicate both vocal and instrumental parts.
voices (3)
Resource described: Canzonets, or, Little short songs to three voyces / published by Thomas Morley. Preferred
title: Canzonets

voices (56)
Resource described: Canzonets, or, Little short aers to five and sixe voices / by Thomas Morley. Preferred title:

Canzonets

voices (4)
Resource described: Fourteen canzonas for four instruments / Claudio Merulo. Preferred title: Canzonas

voices (56)
Resource described: Madrigals of 5 and 6 parts, apt for the viols and voices / made & published by Thomas
Weelkes. Preferred title: Madrigals

6.15.1.13.5 Medium Unspecified


If no medium of performance is specified by the composer, and none can be ascertained from any other
source, record unspecified.

6.16 Numeric Designation of a Musical Work


CORE ELEMENT

Numeric designation is a core element when needed to differentiate a musical work from another work
with the same title. It may also be a core element when identifying a musical work with a title that is not
distinctive.

6.16.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Numeric Designations of Musical


Works
6.16.1.1 Scope
A numeric designation of a musical work is a serial number, opus number, or thematic index number assigned
to a musical work by a composer, publisher, or a musicologist.

6.16.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on numeric designations of musical works from any source.

6.16.1.3 Recording Numeric Designations of Musical Works


Record as many of the following numeric designations of musical works as can readily be ascertained. Use
abbreviations as instructed in appendix B (B.5.4).
Record numeric designations of musical works as separate elements, as parts of access points, or as both.
For instructions on recording a numeric designation of a musical work as part of the authorized access
point, see 6.28.1.96.28.1.10.

6.16.1.3.1 Serial Number


If works with the same title and the same medium of performance are consecutively numbered in music
reference sources, record the number.

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-49

6.16.1.3.2

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

no. 2
Resource described: String quartet no. 2 / Eleanor Cory. Preferred title: Quartets; medium of performance:

strings

no. 5
Resource described: Fifth symphony for orchestra / by Arnold Bax. Preferred title: Symphonies

If:

different works in a consecutively numbered series have different forms of numeric designation, or
different words introducing the number

and
the different forms or words are in the same sources from which the numeric designations for the
individual works are taken
then:
select one form of numeric designation and use it for all the works in the series.
1st book

Resource described: The first set of songs : in four parts / composed by John Dowland ; scored from the first
edition, printed in the year 1597, and preceded by a life of the composer by W. Chappell

2nd book
Resource described: Second book of songs (1600) / John Dowland ; edited by Edmund H. Fellows ; revised by
Thurston Dart

1o libro
Resource described: Il primo libro de ricercari da cantare : a quattro voci / di Claudio Merulo da Correggio

3o libro
Resource described: Ricercari da cantare : a quattro voci : libro terzo / di Claudio Merulo

6.16.1.3.2 Opus Number


Record the opus number, if any, and the number within the opus, if any.
op. 114
Resource described: Quintett in A fr Klavier, Violine, Viola, Violoncello und Kontrabass D 667 (op. post. 114) :
Forellen-Quintett = Quintet in A major for piano, violin, viola, violoncello, and double bass : the trout quintet /
Franz Schubert ; herausgegeben von Arnold Feil. Preferred title: Quintets; medium of performance: piano,
violin, viola, violoncello, double bass

op. 2, no. 1
Resource described: Piano sonata no. 1 in F minor, op. 2, no. 1 / Beethoven. Preferred title: Sonatas; medium
of performance: piano; serial number: no. 1

op. 2, no. 2
Resource described: Piano sonata no. 2 in A major, op. 2, no. 2 / Beethoven. Preferred title: Sonatas; medium
of performance: piano; serial number: no. 2

If:

there is a conflict in opus numbering among works of the same title and medium
or
the overall opus numbering of a composers works is confused and conflicting
then:
add to the opus number the name of the publisher originally using the number chosen.
Add the publisher's name in parentheses.

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RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.17.1.3

op. 20 (Bland)
Preferred title for the work by Giuseppe Maria Cambini: Duets; medium of performance: flute, violin

op. 20 (LeDuc)
Preferred title for the work by Giuseppe Maria Cambini: Duets; medium of performance: flute, violin

6.16.1.3.3 Thematic Index Number


In the case of certain composers, record the number assigned to a work in a recognized thematic index.
Precede the number by:
the initial letter or letters of the musicologists name (e.g., K. 4531)

or

a generally accepted abbreviation (e.g., BWV 2322).


D. 667
Resource described: Quintett in A fr Klavier, Violine, Viola, Violoncello und Kontrabass D 667 (op. post. 114) :
Forellen-Quintett = Quintet in A major for piano, violin, viola, violoncello, and double bass : the trout quintet /
Franz Schubert ; herausgegeben von Arnold Feil. Preferred title: Quintets; medium of performance: piano,
violin, viola, violoncello, double bass

1. Ludwig Kchel, Chronologisch-thematisches Verzeichnis samtlicher Tonwerke Wolfgang Amad Mozart s, 8.,

unveranderte Aufl. (Wiesbaden: Breitkopf & Hartel, 1983, 1964).

2. Wolfgang Schmieder, Thematisch-systematisches Verzeichnis der musikalischen Werke von Johann Sebastian

Bach, Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis (BWV). 3., unveranderte Aufl. (Leipzig: Breitkopf & Hartel Musikverlag, 1961,
1950).

6.17 Key
CORE ELEMENT

Key is a core element when needed to differentiate a musical work from another work with the same title.
It may also be a core element when identifying a musical work with a title that is not distinctive.

6.17.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Key


6.17.1.1 Scope
Key is the set of pitch relationships that establishes the tonal centre, or principal tonal centre, of a musical
work. Key is indicated by its pitch name and its mode, when it is major or minor.

6.17.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on key from any source.

6.17.1.3 Recording Key


Record the key if one or more of the following conditions applies:
a)

it is commonly identified in reference sources

b)

it appears in the composers original title or the title proper of the first manifestation

c)

it is apparent from the resource described (unless it is known to be transposed in the


resource).

Record key as a separate element, as part of an access point, or as both. For instructions on recording key
as part of the authorized access point, see 6.28.1.96.28.1.10.

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-51

6.18

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

C minor
Resource described: Trio c-Moll Opus 66 fr Violine, Violoncello und Klavier / Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy

D major
Resource described: Symphony no. 93, in D major / Haydn

A major
Resource described: Scherzo in A for pianoforte / Franz Reizenstein

B
Resource described: Symphony in B flat for concert band / Paul Hindemith

F minor
Resource described: Sinfonie fr Orgel solo fis-Moll, op. 143 = Symphony for organ solo in F sharp minor / Sigfrid
Karg-Elert

6.18 Other Distinguishing Characteristic of the Expression of a


Musical Work
CORE ELEMENT

Other distinguishing characteristic of the expression is a core element when needed to differentiate an
expression of a work from another expression of the same work.

6.18.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Other Distinguishing Characteristics


of the Expression of a Musical Work
6.18.1.1 Scope
Other distinguishing characteristic of the expression of a musical work is a characteristic that serves to
differentiate an expression of a musical work from another expression of the same work (e.g., an
arrangement, sketches, vocal score).

6.18.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on other distinguishing characteristics of the expression of a musical work from any
source.

6.18.1.3 Recording Other Distinguishing Characteristics of the Expression of a


Musical Work
Record the other distinguishing characteristics of the expression of a musical work by applying the
instructions at 6.18.1.46.18.1.6, as applicable.
Record other distinguishing characteristics of the expression of a musical work as separate elements, as
parts of access points, or as both. For instructions on recording other distinguishing characteristics of the
expression of a musical work as part of the authorized access point, see 6.28.3.

6.18.1.4 Arrangements, Transcriptions, Etc.


This instruction applies to an arrangement, transcription, etc. of one or more works of one composer (or of
parts of one composers works) that falls into one or both of these categories:
a)

arrangements, transcriptions, versions, settings, etc., in which music for one medium of
performance has been rewritten for another

b)

simplified versions of previously existing musical works.

If the expression is an arrangement, etc., of a work or part or parts of a work that belongs, broadly speaking,
to the category of serious, classical, or art music, record arranged. Apply this instruction also to a
transcription by the original composer.

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RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.19.2.2

6.18.1.4.1 Arrangements, Etc. in the "Popular" Idiom


If the arrangement, etc., is of a work or of part or parts of a work that belongs, broadly speaking, to the
category of music in the popular idiom (e.g., rock, jazz), record arranged only if the expression is:

either

a)

an instrumental work arranged for vocal or choral performance

b)

a vocal work arranged for instrumental performance.

or

6.18.1.5 Sketches
If the expression consists of a composers sketches for one or more musical compositions, record Sketches.

6.18.1.6 Vocal and Chorus Scores


If the expression is a vocal score or a chorus score, record Vocal score, Vocal scores, Chorus score, or
Chorus scores, as applicable.

ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR LEGAL WORKS

6.19 Title of a Legal Work


CORE ELEMENT

Preferred title for the work is a core element. Variant titles for the work are optional.

6.19.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Titles of Legal Works


6.19.1.1 Scope
A title of a legal work is a word, character, or group of words and/or characters by which a legal work is
known.
When identifying legal works, there are two categories of titles:
a)

preferred title for a legal work (see 6.19.2)

b)

variant title for a legal work (see 6.19.3).

6.19.1.2 Sources of Information


Take the title or titles of a legal work from any source.
For additional guidance on sources of information for the preferred title for the work, see 6.19.2.2.

6.19.1.3 General Guidelines on Recording Titles of Legal Works


When recording a title of a legal work, apply the guidelines on capitalization, numbers, diacritical marks,
initial articles, spacing of initials and acronyms, and abbreviations, at 6.2.1. When those guidelines refer to
an appendix, apply the additional instructions in that appendix, as applicable.

6.19.2 Preferred Title for a Legal Work


CORE ELEMENT

6.19.2.1 Scope
The preferred title for a legal work is the title or form of title chosen to identify the work. It is also the basis for
the authorized access point representing that work.

6.19.2.2 Sources of Information


Determine the title to be used as the preferred title for a legal work created after 1500 from resources
embodying the work or from reference sources.
Determine the title to be used as the preferred title for a legal work created before 1501 from modern
reference sources. If the evidence of modern reference sources is inconclusive, use (in this order of
preference):

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-53

6.19.2.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

a)

modern editions

b)

early editions

c)

manuscript copies.

6.19.2.3 Choosing the Preferred Title for a Legal Work


Choose the preferred title for a legal work by applying the instructions at 6.2.2.36.2.2.7.

Exceptions
Laws, etc. For laws, etc., apply the instructions at 6.19.2.56.19.2.6.
Treaties, etc. For treaties, etc., apply the instructions at 6.19.2.76.19.2.8.

RECORDING THE PREFERRED TITLE

6.19.2.4 Recording the Preferred Title for a Legal Work


Record the title chosen as the preferred title for a legal work by applying the basic instructions at 6.2.1.

Exceptions
Laws, etc. For laws, etc., apply the instructions at 6.19.2.56.19.2.6.
Treaties, etc. For treaties, etc., apply the instructions at 6.19.2.76.19.2.8.

6.19.2.5 Modern Laws, Etc.


Record the preferred title for a law or laws by applying these instructions, as applicable:
compilations of laws, etc. (see 6.19.2.5.1)
single laws, etc. (see 6.19.2.5.2).

6.19.2.5.1 Compilations of Laws, Etc.


Record Laws, etc. as the preferred title for:
a complete or partial compilation of legislative enactments of a jurisdiction

not

a compilation of laws on a particular subject.

If a compilation of laws on a particular subject has a citation title, record that as the preferred title.
Otherwise, apply the instructions at 6.2.2.36.2.2.8.
Labor Code
Resource described: California Labor Code. Citation title: Labor Code

Licensing acts
Resource described: Patersons licensing acts

6.19.2.5.2 Single Laws, Etc.


For a single legislative enactment, record (in this order of preference):

6-54

a)

the official short title or citation title

b)

an unofficial short title or citation title used in legal literature

c)

the official title of the enactment

d)

any other official designation (e.g., the number, date).

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Exception

Football (Disorder) Act 2000


Citation title includes date of enactment

Copyright Act 1994


Citation title includes date of enactment

Canada Corporations Act


Downtown Winnipeg Zoning By-law
Act to Direct the Secretary of the Interior to Study the Suitability and Feasibility of Designating
the Waco Mammoth Site Area in Waco, Texas, as a Unit of the National Park System, and for
Other Purposes
Code de justice administrative
Ley no. 20.744
Legge 27 maggio 1998, n. 165

6.19.2.6 Ancient Laws, Certain Medieval Laws, Customary Laws, Etc.


Record the preferred title by applying the instructions at 6.2.2.46.2.2.5, as applicable, for:
a compilation of ancient, medieval, or customary laws identified by a name

or

a single ancient, medieval, or customary law.


Lex Salica
Resource described: Lex Salica : the ten texts

Code of Hammurabi
Resource described: The oldest code of laws in the world : the code of laws promulgated by Hammurabi, King
of Babylon

6.19.2.7 One Treaty, Etc.


Record Treaties, etc. as the preferred title for a treaty or other agreement between two or more of the
following:
a)

national governments

b)

international intergovernmental bodies

c)

the Holy See

d)

jurisdictions now below the national level but retaining treaty-making powers.

Exception
If the treaty, etc., is multilateral, and the first signatory cannot be ascertained, record the name by
which the treaty is known as the preferred title.
Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization
Signatories not listed in text nor found in reference sources consulted

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6-55

6.19.2.8

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.19.2.8 Compilations of Treaties, Etc.


Record Treaties, etc., as the preferred title for a compilation of treaties and/or other agreements between
one party on one side and one or more other parties on the other side.
If a compilation of treaties, etc., is identified by a collective name, record that name as the preferred title.
For a single treaty, etc., in the compilation, see 6.19.2.7.
Treaty of Utrecht
Collective name for a group of treaties signed between 1713 and 1715

6.19.3 Variant Title for a Legal Work


6.19.3.1 Scope
A variant title for a legal work is a title or form of title by which a legal work is known that differs from the title or
form of title chosen as the preferred title for the work.

6.19.3.2 Sources of Information


Take variant titles for a legal work from resources embodying the work and/or from reference sources.

6.19.3.3 General Guidelines on Recording Variant Titles for Legal Works


Record variant titles for legal works by applying the basic instructions at 6.2.1.
Record a variant title for the work when it is different from the title recorded as the preferred title. Record as
a variant title:
a title or form of title under which the work has been issued or cited in reference sources

or

a title resulting from a different transliteration of the title.

Exception
Record a title appearing on a manifestation of the work as a variant title for the work only in the
following case:
if the title appearing on the manifestation differs significantly from the preferred
title

and

if the work itself might reasonably be searched by that title.

For instructions on recording the title proper and other titles appearing on the manifestation see
2.3.
Apply the specific instructions at 6.19.3.46.19.3.6. Also apply instructions in preceding sections of this
chapter, as applicable.

6.19.3.4 Recording Alternative Linguistic Forms as Variant Titles for Legal Works
If the title recorded as the preferred title for a legal work has one or more alternative linguistic forms, record
them as variant titles for the work.

Different Language Form


Loi sur les espces en pril
Preferred title recorded as: Species at Risk Act

Constitution of Japan
Preferred title recorded as: Nihonkoku kenp

6-56

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.19.3.5

Freden i Utrecht
Friede von Utrecht
Perjanjian Utrecht
Sporazum u Utrehtu
Tractat dUtrecht
Traits dUtrecht
Tratado de Utrecht
Trattato di Utrecht
Utrechto sutartis
Vrede van Utrecht
Yutorehito jyaku
Preferred title recorded as: Treaty of Utrecht

Different Script

Greek transliterated form recorded as preferred title: Astikos kdix

Chinese transliterated form recorded as preferred title: Gong si fa


Persian transliterated from recorded as preferred title: Qnn-i bmah

Japanese transliterated form recorded as preferred title: Nihonkoku kenp

Different Spelling
Successful judgement collections in Oklahoma
Preferred title recorded as: Successful judgment collections in Oklahoma

Industrial Coordination Act, 1975


Preferred title recorded as: Industrial Co-ordination Act, 1975

Trademarks Ordinance
Preferred title recorded as: Trade Marks Ordinance

Different Transliteration
Kung ssu fa
Preferred title recorded as: Gong si fa

Nihonkoku kemp
Preferred title recorded as: Nihonkoku kenp

6.19.3.5 Recording Other Variant Titles for Legal Works


Record other variant titles and variant forms of the title not covered by 6.19.3.4.
Wests Alaska civil procedure
Code of civil procedure
Preferred title recorded as: Alaska civil procedure law

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-57

6.19.3.6

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

By-law No. 100/2004


By-law of the City of Winnipeg to Control and Regulate the Use of Real Property and
Development in Downtown Winnipeg
Preferred title recorded as: Downtown Winnipeg Zoning By-law

Act No. 37 of 1953


Act to Amend the Law Relating to the Property Rights of Spouses, to Orders for Maintenance,
to the Guardianship and Custody of Minors, and to Divorce
Preferred title recorded as: Matrimonial Affairs Act 1953

Philippine Anti-Terrorism Law


Anti-Terrorism Law
Preferred title recorded as: Human Security Act of 2007

Native American One Dollar Coin Act


Act to Require the Secretary of the Treasury to Mint and Issue Coins in Commemoration of
Native Americans and the Important Contributions Made by Indian Tribes and Individual
Native Americans to the Development of the United States and the History of the United
States, and for Other Purposes
Public Law 110-82
Preferred title recorded as: Native American $1 Coin Act

StPO
Preferred title recorded as: Strafprozessordnung

L. 27 maggio 1998, n. 165


Preferred title recorded as: Legge 27 maggio 1998, n. 165

Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization


Preferred title recorded as: Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization

North American Free Trade Agreement


NAFTA
Tratado Trilateral de Libre Comercio
TTLC
Tratado de Libre Comercio en Amrica del Norte
TLCAN
Accord de libre-change nord-amricain
ALENA
Preferred title recorded as: Treaties, etc.

6.19.3.6 Conventional Collective Titles


When a conventional collective title is used as the preferred title for a compilation of legal works (see
6.19.2.5.1 and 6.19.2.8), record as a variant title:
the title proper of the resource being described

or

the title found in a reference source.

Do not record a variant title if it is the same as, or very similar to, the conventional collective title.
Acts of the Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia
Preferred title recorded as: Laws, etc.

Revised ordinances of Newton, Massachusetts, 2001


Preferred title recorded as: Laws, etc.

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6.20.2.3

Bermuda laws online


Preferred title recorded as: Laws, etc.

Acordos e convenes internacionais em materia de imposto de renda


Acordos internacionais de previdncia social
Tratados ratificados pelo Brasil
Preferred title recorded as: Treaties, etc.

Australian treaty series


Preferred title recorded as: Treaties, etc.

6.20 Date of a Legal Work


CORE ELEMENT

Date of work is a core element to identify a treaty. Date of work also is a core element when needed to
differentiate a legal work from another work with the same title or from the name of a person, family, or
corporate body.

6.20.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Date of a Legal Work


6.20.1.1 Scope
Date of a legal work is the earliest date associated with a legal work.

6.20.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on date of a legal work from any source.

6.20.1.3 Recording Date of a Legal Work


Record dates in terms of the calendar preferred by the agency creating the data. For details on recording
dates according to the Christian calendar, see appendix H.
Record date of a legal work as a separate element, as part of an access point, or as both. For instructions
on recording date of a legal work as part of the authorized access point, see 6.29.1.326.29.1.34.

6.20.2 Date of Promulgation of a Law, Etc.


CORE ELEMENT

Date of work is a core element when needed to differentiate a work from another work with the same title
or from the name of a person, family, or corporate body.

6.20.2.1 Scope
Date of promulgation of a law, etc. is the year a law, etc., was promulgated or brought into force.

6.20.2.2 Sources of Information


Take information on date of promulgation of a law, etc., from any source.

6.20.2.3 Recording Date of Promulgation of a Law, Etc.


Record the year in which a law, etc., was promulgated by applying the basic instructions at 6.20.1.
1998
Date of promulgation of: Code pnal : mis jour au 30 juin 1998 = Fehezandalana famaizana

2005
Date of promulgation of: Code pnal : mis jour au 31 mars 2005 = Fehezandalana famaizana

Indicate the source of information by applying the instructions at 5.8.1.3.


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6.20.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.20.3 Date of Signing of a Treaty, Etc.


CORE ELEMENT

6.20.3.1 Scope
Date of signing of a treaty, etc. is the date a treaty, etc., or a protocol to a treaty, etc., was formally signed.

6.20.3.2 Sources of Information


Take information on date of signing of a treaty, etc., from any source.

6.20.3.3 Recording Date of Signing of a Treaty, Etc.


Record the date a treaty, etc., or a protocol to a treaty, etc., was signed by applying the basic instructions at
6.20.1. Record the date as fully as possible in this order: year, name of the month, number of the day.
1978 December 18
Date of signing of a treaty between Australia and Papua New Guinea

1948 March 25
Date of signing of an agreement between Corporacin de Fomento de la Produccin (Chile) and the World
Bank

1783 September 3
Date of signing of a treaty between France and Great Britain

1713
Year of signing of the Treaty of Utrecht

1994 April 15
Date of signing of the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization

Indicate the source of information by applying the instructions at 5.8.1.3.

6.21 Other Distinguishing Characteristic of a Legal Work


CORE ELEMENT

Other distinguishing characteristic of the work is a core element when needed to differentiate a work from
another work with the same title or from the name of a person, family, or corporate body.

6.21.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Other Distinguishing Characteristics


of Legal Works
6.21.1.1 Scope
Other distinguishing characteristic of a legal work is a characteristic other than form of work, date of work, or
place of origin of the work. It serves to differentiate a legal work from another work with the same title or
from the name of a person, family, or corporate body.

6.21.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on other distinguishing characteristics of a legal work from any source.

6.21.1.3 Recording Other Distinguishing Characteristics of Legal Works


For a separately catalogued protocol, amendment, extension, or other agreement ancillary to a treaty, etc.,
record Protocols, etc.

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6.23

For other legal works, record other distinguishing characteristics of the work by applying the general
instructions at 6.6.
Record other distinguishing characteristics of legal works as separate elements, as parts of access points,
or as both. For instructions on recording other distinguishing characteristics of a legal work as part of the
authorized access point, see 6.29.1.336.29.1.34.

6.22 Signatory to a Treaty, Etc.


CORE ELEMENT

Signatory to a treaty, etc., is a core element when needed to differentiate a work from another work with
the same title or from the name of a person, family, or corporate body. Signatory to a treaty, etc., is also a
core element when identifying a bilateral treaty, etc.

6.22.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Signatories to a Treaty, Etc.


6.22.1.1 Scope
A signatory to a treaty, etc., is a government or other party that has formally signed a treaty, etc., as an
adherent to its terms and conditions.

6.22.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on signatories to a treaty, etc., from any source.

6.22.1.3 Recording Signatories to a Treaty, Etc.


Record the name of a signatory to a treaty, etc., as instructed at 11.2.2.
Record the name of a signatory as a separate element, as part of an access point, or as both. For
instructions on recording the name of a signatory as part of the authorized access point, see 6.29.1.15
6.29.1.20.
Australia
Papua New Guinea
Signatories to a treaty signed on 1978 December 18

Australia
New Zealand
United States
Signatories to a treaty signed on 1951 September 1

Corporacin de Fomento de la Produccin (Chile)


World Bank
Signatories to an agreement signed on 1948 March 25

Catholic Church
Baden (Germany)
Signatories to a concordat signed on 1932 October 12

United States
Canada
Japan
Signatories to a protocol signed on 1978 April 25

ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR RELIGIOUS WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.23 Title of a Religious Work


CORE ELEMENT

Preferred title for the work is a core element. Variant titles for the work are optional.

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6.23.1

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.23.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Titles of Religious Works


6.23.1.1 Scope
A title of a religious work is a word, character, or group of words and/or characters by which a religious work
is known.
When identifying religious works, there are two categories of titles:
a)

preferred title for a religious work (see 6.23.2)

b)

variant title for a religious work (see 6.23.3).

6.23.1.2 Sources of Information


Take the title or titles of a religious work from any source.
For additional guidance on sources of information for the preferred title for the work, see 6.23.2.2.

6.23.1.3 General Guidelines on Recording Titles of Religious Works


When recording a title of a religious work, apply the guidelines on capitalization, numbers, diacritical marks,
initial articles, spacing of initials and acronyms, and abbreviations, at 6.2.1. When those guidelines refer to
an appendix, apply the additional instructions in that appendix, as applicable.

6.23.2 Preferred Title for a Religious Work


CORE ELEMENT

6.23.2.1 Scope
The preferred title for a religious work is the title or form of title chosen to identify the work. It is also the basis
for the authorized access point representing that work.

6.23.2.2 Sources of Information


Determine the title to be used as the preferred title for a religious work. Apply the instructions applicable to
the type of religious work at 6.23.2.56.23.2.8.
For other types of religious works, apply the general guidelines at 6.2.2.2.

6.23.2.3 Choosing the Preferred Title


Choose the preferred title for a religious work by applying these instructions:
sacred scriptures (see 6.23.2.5)
apocryphal books (see 6.23.2.6)
theological creeds, confessions of faith, etc. (see 6.23.2.7)
liturgical works (see 6.23.2.8).
For other types of religious works, apply the general guidelines at 6.2.2.36.2.2.7.

6.23.2.4 Recording the Preferred Title


Record the title chosen as the preferred title for a religious work by applying the basic instructions at 6.2.1.
For parts of individual sacred scriptures, record the preferred title by applying these instructions:
parts of the Bible (see 6.23.2.9)
parts of the Talmud (see 6.23.2.10)
parts of the Mishnah and Tosefta (see 6.23.2.11)
parts of compilations of midrashim (see 6.23.2.12)
parts of Buddhist scriptures (see 6.23.2.13)
parts of the Vedas (see 6.23.2.14)
parts of the Aranyakas, Brahmanas, and Upanishads (see 6.23.2.15)
parts of the Jaina gama (see 6.23.2.16)

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6.23.2.7

parts of the Avesta (see 6.23.2.17)


parts of the Quran (see 6.23.2.18)
parts of the other sacred scriptures (see 6.23.2.19).
For parts of liturgical works, record the preferred title by applying the instructions at 6.23.2.20.

CHOOSING THE PREFERRED TITLE

6.23.2.5 Sacred Scriptures


Choose as the preferred title for a sacred scripture a title from a reference source that deals with the
religious group or groups to which the scripture belongs. The reference source should be in a language
preferred by the agency creating the data. If no such source is available, use general reference sources.
Avesta
Bible
Holy Piby
Kitb al-aqdas
Quran
Talmud
Tripiaka

6.23.2.6 Apocryphal Books


An apocryphal book is one that is not included in the Catholic canon nor in the Protestant Apocrypha.
Choose as the preferred title for an apocryphal book the title commonly found in sources in a language
preferred by the agency creating the data.
Book of Jubilees
Epistola Apostolorum
Gospel according to the Hebrews
For compilations of apocryphal books, apply the instructions at 6.2.2.9.2.

6.23.2.7 Theological Creeds, Confessions of Faith, Etc.


For a theological creed, confession of faith, etc., accepted by one or more denominational bodies, choose
as a preferred title a well-established title in a language preferred by the agency creating the data. If there is
no such title, use a title in the original language.
Augsburg Confession
Westminster Confession of Faith
Apostles Creed
Nicene Creed
Ani maamin
Shema
Shahada

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6.23.2.8

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.23.2.8 Liturgical Works


Choose as the preferred title for a liturgical work a well-established title. Choose a title in a language
preferred by the agency creating the data if:
there is a title in that language

and

the preferred name of the corporate body sanctioning the liturgical work is in the same
language.
Book of common prayer
Resource described: The book of common prayer, and administration of the sacraments and other rites and
ceremonies of the church, according to the use of the Church of England

Exceptions
Early Catholic liturgical works. If a Catholic liturgical work compiled before the Council of Trent
(15451563) has a close counterpart in a Tridentine work, use the Tridentine title.

Missal
Resource described: Missale ad vsum insignis Ecclesie Sarum 1527

If such a work has no close counterpart among Tridentine liturgical works, or in case of doubt, use
the title by which the work is identified in reference sources.
Ordo Romanus primus
Resource described: Ordo Romanus primus. An early work. Not the same as the later Ordo divini officii

Recent Catholic liturgical works. Titles of Tridentine texts are not applicable to those post-Vatican II
texts that vary in language and content. Where such variations exist, use the individual title of the
resource being described as the preferred title.

Liturgy of the hours for the Order of the Holy Cross


Resource described: The liturgy of the hours for the Order of the Holy Cross. Onamia, Minnesota : Crosier

Monastery, 1982

Proper of The liturgy of the hours of the Order of the Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary of
Mount Carmel
Resource described: Proper of The liturgy of the hours of the Order of the Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary
of Mount Carmel. Rome : Institutum Carmelitanum, 1987

Jewish liturgical works. For a Jewish liturgical work, choose the title found in the Encyclopaedia
Judaica as the preferred title.

Amidah
Haggadah
Mazor

If:
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6.23.2.9.2

there is no well-established title in a language preferred by the agency creating the data
or
the preferred name of the corporate body is not in a language preferred by the agency
then:
choose a brief title in the language of the liturgy.
For further guidance on titles of liturgical works of the Latin and Eastern rites of the Christian church, consult
the following reference sources:
Donald Attwater, A Catholic Dictionary, 3rd ed. (New York: Macmillan, 1958).
Fernand Cabrol, Dictionnaire darchologie chrtienne et de liturgie (Paris: Letouzey et An,
19071953).
International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, Working Group on Uniform
Headings of Liturgical Works, List of Uniform Titles for Liturgical Works of the Latin Rites of the
Catholic Church, 2nd ed., rev. (London: IFLA International Office for UBC, 1981).
Oliver L. Kapsner, A Manual of Cataloguing Practice for Catholic Author and Title Entries: Being
Supplementary Aids to the A.L.A. and Vatican Library Cataloging Rules (Washington: Catholic
University of American Press, 1953).

New Catholic Encyclopedia, prepared by an editorial staff at the Catholic University of America
(New York: McGraw-Hill, 19671979).
Euchologion
Resource described: Euchologion to mega periechon tas tn epta mystrin akolouthias. Name of corporate
body: Orthodox Eastern Church

Handbok
Resource described: Den svenska kyrkohandboken. Name of corporate body: Svenska kyrkan

Slzhbnik
Resource described: Sluebnik. Name of corporate body: Srpska pravoslavna crkva; text in Church Slavic

RECORDING PREFERRED TITLES FOR PARTS OF SACRED SCRIPTURES

6.23.2.9 Parts of the Bible


Record the preferred title for parts of the Bible by applying the instructions at 6.23.2.9.16.23.2.9.7, as
applicable.

6.23.2.9.1 Testaments
For the Old Testament, record Old Testament as a subdivision of the preferred title for the Bible.
For the New Testament, record New Testament as a subdivision of the preferred title for the Bible.

6.23.2.9.2 Books
For books of the Catholic or Protestant canon, record the brief citation form of the Authorized Version as a
subdivision of the preferred title for the Bible.
Bible. Ezra
Bible. Revelation
If the book is one of a numbered sequence of the same name, record its number after the name as an
ordinal numeral. Use a comma to separate the name and the number.

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6.23.2.9.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Bible. Corinthians, 1st


Bible. Samuel, 2nd

If:

the resource being described is part of a book


and
it is not a single selection known by its own title
then:
add the chapter (in roman numerals) and verse (in arabic numberals).
Use inclusive numbering if appropriate. Use commas to separate the name of the book, the number of the
chapter, and the number of the verse or verses.
Bible. Psalms, VIII
Bible. Corinthians, 1st, XIII, 12
Bible. Ecclesiastes, III, 18
Bible. Hosea, IVXIV
Bible. Genesis, XI, 26XX, 18
If the part is a single selection known by its own title, apply the instructions at 6.23.2.9.5.

6.23.2.9.3 Groups of Books


For the following groups of books, record the appropriate name from the list as a subdivision of the
preferred title for the Bible.

TABLE 6.3
GROUPS OF BOOKS

NAME RECORDED

Old Testament
12 Chronicles

Chronicles

Song of Solomon, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther

Five Scrolls

Joshua, Judges, 12 Samuel, 12 Kings

Former Prophets

Ruth, Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, Psalms, Proverbs,


Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Lamentations, Daniel

Hagiographa

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua,


Judges

Heptateuch

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua

Hexateuch

Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 12 Samuel, 12 Kings, Chronicles, Ezra,


Nehemiah, Esther

Historical Books

12 Kings

Kings

Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk,


Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

Minor Prophets

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6.23.2.9.4

GROUPS OF BOOKS

NAME RECORDED

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy

Pentateuch

Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel,


Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah,
Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

Prophets

Joshua, Judges, 12 Samuel, 12 Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel,


Minor Prophets

Prophets (Neviim)

12 Samuel

Samuel

New Testament
General Epistles of James, Peter, John, Jude

Catholic Epistles

12Corinthians

Corinthians

All or miscellaneous Epistles

Epistles

13 John

Epistles of John

Romans, 12 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians,


Colossians, 12 Thessalonians, 12 Timothy, Titus, Philemon

Epistles of Paul

Matthew, Mark, Luke, John

Gospels

12 Timothy, Titus

Pastoral Epistles

12 Peter

Peter

12 Thessalonians

Thessalonians

12 Timothy

Timothy

Bible. Pentateuch
For other groups of books, apply these instructions, as applicable:
two or more selections (see 6.23.2.9.6)
other selections (see 6.23.2.9.7).

6.23.2.9.4 Apocrypha
Record Apocrypha as a subdivision of the preferred title for the Bible for the compilation known as the
Apocrypha (12 Esdras, Tobit, Judith, Rest of Esther, Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus, Baruch, History
of Susanna, Song of the Three Children, Bel and the Dragon, Prayer of Manasses, 12 Maccabees).
Do not treat an edition of the Bible lacking these books as being incomplete.
Bible. Apocrypha
For an individual book use the name of the book as a further subdivision.

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6.23.2.9.5

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Bible. Apocrypha. Song of the Three Children


Bible. Apocrypha. Esdras, 1st
For apocryphal books, see 6.23.2.6.

6.23.2.9.5 Single Selections


If a single selection is commonly identified by its own title (rather than its designation as part of the Bible),
record that directly as the preferred title.
Lords prayer
Ten commandments
Miserere
Record the title of any other single selection by applying the instructions at 6.23.2.9.2.
Bible. Psalms, XXIII
Variant titles. Record the form of the title resulting from the application of the instructions at 6.23.2.9.2 as a
variant title (see 6.23.3.5).

6.23.2.9.6 Two or More Selections


If:

the resource being described consists of two or more selections (including whole books)
and
the selections are encompassed precisely by two preferred titles for parts of the Bible as specified at
6.23.2.9.2, 6.23.2.9.3, 6.23.2.9.4, or 6.23.2.9.5
then:
identify each of the selections separately.
Bible. Gospels
Bible. Acts
Resource described: Il Vangelo e gli Atti degli apostoli

6.23.2.9.7 Other Selections


For other selections (including miscellaneous extracts), use the most specific title that is appropriate for the
selections. Record the specific title by applying the instructions at 6.23.2.9.1, 6.23.2.9.2, 6.23.2.9.3, or
6.23.2.9.4.
Bible
Resource described: Memorable passages from the Bible (Authorized Version) / selected and edited by Fred
Newton Scott

Bible. New Testament


Resource described: The records and letters of the apostolic age : the New Testament Acts, Epistles, and
Revelation in the version of 1881 / arranged for historical study by Ernest De Witt Burton

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6.23.2.10.3

Bible. Gospels
Resource described: The message of Jesus Christ : the tradition of the early Christian communities / restored
and translated into German by Martin Dibelius ; translated into English by Frederick C. Grant

6.23.2.10 Parts of the Talmud


Record the preferred title for parts of the Talmud by applying these instructions, as applicable:
orders, tractates, and treatises (see 6.23.2.10.1)
minor tractates (see 6.23.2.10.2)
selections (see 6.23.2.10.3).

6.23.2.10.1 Orders, Tractates, and Treatises


Record the form of title found in the Encyclopaedia Judaica for a particular order (seder) or a tractate or
treatise (masekhet) of the Talmud. Record it as a subdivision of the preferred title for the Talmud or Talmud
Yerushalmi, as appropriate.
Talmud. agigah
Resource described: A translation of the treatise Chagigah from the Babylonian Talmud / with introduction, notes,
glossary, and indices by A.W. Streane

Talmud Yerushalmi. Bava meia


Resource described: Masekhet Bava metsia min Talmud Yerushalmi : im perush Netivot Yerushalayim / ubar
me-iti Yirael ayim Daikhes

6.23.2.10.2 Minor Tractates


For separately published editions of the minor tractates, record Minor tractates as a subdivision of the
preferred title for the Talmud.
Talmud. Minor tractates
Resource described: Sheva masekhtot eanot / hutsu a.y. Mikhael Higer

If the resource consists of a single tractate, record the title of the tractate as a further subdivision.
Talmud. Minor tractates. Semaot
Resource described: Der talmudische Tractat Ebel rabbathi, oder, Smachoth : nach Handschriften und
Parallelstellen / bearbeitet, bersetzt und mit erluternden Anmerkungen versehen von Moritz Klotz

6.23.2.10.3 Selections
If the resource being described consists of selections, use the preferred title for the Talmud.
Talmud
Resource described: The Babylonian Talmud in selection / edited and translated from the original Hebrew and
Aramaic by Leo Auerbach

Talmud Yerushalmi
Resource described: Der Jerusalemer Talmud : sieben ausgewlte Kapitel / bersetzt, kommentiert und
eingeleitet von Hans-Jrgen Becker

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6.23.2.11

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.23.2.11 Parts of the Mishnah and Tosefta


Record the form of title found in the Encyclopaedia Judaica for a particular order or tractate of the Mishnah
or Tosefta. Record it as a subdivision of the preferred title for the Mishnah or Tosefta, as appropriate.
Mishnah. Avot
Resource described: Pirke Aboth = Sayings of the Fathers / edited, with translations and commentaries, by Isaac

Unterman

6.23.2.12 Midrashim
Record the preferred title for midrashim by applying these instructions, as applicable:
anonymous midrashim (see 6.23.2.12.1)
compilations (see 6.23.2.12.2)
separately published components (see 6.23.2.12.3).

6.23.2.12.1 Anonymous Midrashim


For an anonymous midrash, record the form of title found in the Encyclopaedia Judaica as the preferred
title.
Mekhilta of Rabbi Ishmael
Tanna de-vei Eliyahu

6.23.2.12.2 Compilations of Midrashim


Record Midrash ha-gadol, Midrash rabbah, or Sifrei as the preferred titles for those midrashim.
For other compilations of midrashim, apply the instructions at 6.2.2.9.2.

6.23.2.12.3 Separately Published Components


For a separately published component of the Midrash ha-gadol, Midrash rabbah, or Sifrei, record the name
of the book of the Bible with which it deals. Record the name of the book of the Bible as a subdivision of the
preferred title for the midrashim. Record the name in a language preferred by the agency creating the data.
Midrash ha-gadol. Numbers
Midrash rabbah. Ruth
Sifrei. Deuteronomy

6.23.2.13 Parts of Buddhist Scriptures


Record the preferred title for parts of Buddhist scriptures by applying these instructions, as applicable:
parts of the Pali canon (see 6.23.2.13.1)
parts of the Sanskrit canon (see 6.23.2.13.2).

6.23.2.13.1 Parts of the Pali Canon


Record the title of a component division of the Pali canon (Abhidhammapiaka, Suttapiaka, Vinayapiaka)
as a subdivision of the preferred title for the Tipiaka.
Tipiaka. Abhidhammapiaka

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6.23.2.16

For a separately published part of one of these component divisions, record the title of the part. Record it as
a subdivision of the preferred title for the appropriate Piaka or the appropriate division.
Tipiaka. Abhidhammapiaka. Dhtukath
Tipiaka. Suttapiaka. Khuddakanikya. Jtaka
Tipiaka. Vinayapiaka. Khandhaka. Cullavagga

6.23.2.13.2 Parts of the Sanskrit Canon


Record the title of a component division of the Sanskrit canon (Abhidharmapiaka, Strapiaka,
Vinayapiaka) as a subdivision of the preferred title for the Tripiaka.
Tripiaka. Abhidharmapiaka
For a separately published part of one of these component divisions, record the title of the part. Record it as
a subdivision of the preferred title for the appropriate Piaka or the appropriate division.
Tripiaka. Strapiaka. Tantra
Tripiaka. Vinayapiaka. Pratimokastra

6.23.2.14 Parts of the Vedas


For one of the four standard compilations of Vedas (Atharvaveda, Rgveda, Smaveda, Yajurveda), record
the title of the compilation. Record it as a subdivision of the preferred title for the Vedas.
Vedas. Atharvaveda
Vedas. Smaveda

6.23.2.15 Parts of the Aranyakas, Brahmanas, and Upanishads


For a part of the Aranyakas, Brahmanas, or Upanishads, record the title of the part. Record it as a
subdivision of the preferred title for the appropriate larger compilation.
Aranyakas. Aitareyrayaka
Brahmanas. Gopathabrhmaa
Upanishads. Chndogyopaniad

6.23.2.16 Parts of the Jaina gama


For one of the six component compilations of the Jain canon (Aga, Upga, Prakraka, Cheda, Mla, and
Clik), record the title of the component. Record it as a subdivision of the preferred title for the Jaina
gama.
Jaina gama. Aga
For a separately titled part of a component compilation, record the title of the part as a subdivision of the
preferred title for the component compilation.

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6.23.2.17

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Jaina gama. Aga. crga

6.23.2.17 Parts of the Avesta


For a main component part or a group of parts of the Avesta, record the title by which it is identified. Record
the title of the part or parts as a subdivision of the preferred title for the Avesta. Record the title in a
language preferred by the agency creating the data.
Avesta. Yasna
Avesta. Khordah Avesta
For an individually titled part of one of the main components, record the title of the part as a subdivision of
the preferred title for the main component.
Avesta. Yasna. Gathas

6.23.2.18 Parts of the Quran


Record the preferred title for parts of the Quran by applying these instructions, as applicable:
chapters, parts, etc. (see 6.23.2.18.1)
verses (see 6.23.2.18.2).

6.23.2.18.1 Chapters, Parts, Etc.


For a chapter (srah), for one of the thirty parts (juz), or for a named grouping of selections of the Quran,
record the title of the chapter, etc. Record it as a subdivision of the preferred title for the Quran. Precede
the title of a chapter by Srat. Precede the title of a part by Juz.
Quran. Srat al-Baqarah
Quran. Juz Amma
Quran. Muawwidhatn
Variant titles. Record a form of the title using Srah or Juz followed by the appropriate roman numeral or
numerals as a variant title (see 6.23.3.3).
Variant titles. Record the title of an established grouping of selections as a variant title (see 6.23.3.3).

6.23.2.18.2 Verses
For a verse of a chapter, add the numeral of the verse following the title of the srah. Use a comma to
separate the title and the number.
Quran. Srat al-Baqarah, 255
Variant titles. Record as variant titles (see 6.23.3.3):

the title of the verse

and

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the title of the verse as a subdivision of the preferred title for the Quran.

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6.23.2.20.2

6.23.2.19 Parts of Other Sacred Scriptures


For a part of a sacred scripture not covered by 6.23.2.96.23.2.18, record the title of the part. Record it as a
subdivision of the preferred title for the scripture as a whole.
Book of Mormon. Jacob
Daswe Pdshh k Granth. Caubsa avatra
Course in Miracles. Workbook for Students
Pearl of Great Price. Book of Abraham
Urantia Book. Central and Superuniverses
For an individually titled part of one of the main components, record the title of the part as a subdivision of
the preferred title for the main component.
Daswe Pdshh k Granth. Caubsa avatra. Krshvatra
If a single selection is commonly identified by its own title rather than its designation as part of the larger
sacred scripture, record that title directly.
Allegory of Zenos
not
Book of Mormon. Jacob, V

RECORDING PREFERRED TITLES FOR PARTS OF LITURGICAL WORKS

6.23.2.20 Parts of Liturgical Works


Record the preferred title for a part or parts of a liturgical work by applying these instructions, as applicable:
general guidelines (see 6.23.2.20.1)
Offices and Masses (see 6.23.2.20.2)
numbered plainsong settings (see 6.23.2.20.3).

6.23.2.20.1 General Guidelines


If the resource being described contains a specific liturgical observance, group of observances, or group of
other texts extracted from a larger liturgical work, record a well-established title for the observance, etc., as
the preferred title. Record the title in a language preferred by the agency creating the data. If there is no
such title, record a brief title in the language of the liturgy.
Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom
Rite of election
Ordo paenitentiae
Neilah
Variant titles. Record the title as a subdivision of the preferred title for the larger work (see 6.23.3.3).

6.23.2.20.2 Offices and Masses


Record Office or Mass, as appropriate, followed by a brief identification of the day or occasion, as the
preferred title for an Office or for a proper of the Mass for a particular day. If the day is a saints day, add

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6.23.2.20.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

only the saints name in direct order and in the language of the preferred name for the saint. Use a comma
to separate the title and the saints name.
Office, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Mass, Sainte Thrse

6.23.2.20.3 Numbered Plainsong Settings


Record Mass, followed by its number in the Gradual, as the preferred title for a numbered plainsong setting
of the Ordinary of the Mass.
Mass XVI

6.23.3 Variant Title for a Religious Work


6.23.3.1 Scope
A variant title for a religious work is a title or form of title by which a religious work is known that differs from
the title or form of title chosen as the preferred title for the work.

6.23.3.2 Sources of Information


Take variant titles from resources embodying the work and/or from reference sources.

6.23.3.3 General Guidelines on Recording Variant Titles for Religious Works


Record variant titles for religious works by applying the basic instructions at 6.2.1.
Record a variant title for the work when it is different from the title recorded as the preferred title. Record as
a variant title:
a title or form of title under which the work has been issued or cited in reference sources

or

a title resulting from a different transliteration of the title.

Exception
Record a title appearing on a manifestation of the work as a variant title for the work only in the
following case:
if the title appearing on the manifestation differs significantly from the preferred
title

and

if the work itself might reasonably be searched by that title.

For instructions on recording the title proper and other titles appearing on the manifestation see
2.3.
Apply the specific instructions at 6.23.3.46.23.3.5. Also apply instructions in preceding sections of this
chapter, as applicable.

6.23.3.4 Recording Alternative Linguistic Forms as Variant Titles for Religious Works
If the title recorded as the preferred title for a religious work has one or more alternative linguistic forms,
record them as variant titles for the work.

Different Language Form


Kitb-i-aqdas
Arabic language form recorded as preferred title: Kitb al-aqdas

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6.23.3.4

Jerusalem Talmud
Jerusalemische Talmud
Talmud de Jrusalem
Hebrew language form recorded as preferred title: Talmud Yerushalmi

Phrawt
Khamph Phrawt
English language form recorded as preferred title: Vedas

Apostolisches Glaubensbekenntnis
Symbole des aptres
Symbolum Apostolicum
English language form recorded as preferred title: Apostles Creed

Bible. Deuteronomium
Bible. Devarim
English language form recorded a preferred title: Bible. Deuteronomy

Different Script



--
Arabic transliterated form recorded as preferred title: Kitb al-aqdas

English language form recorded as preferred title: Quran

English language form recorded as preferred title: Bible

Different Spelling
Bible. Ezechiel
Preferred title recorded as: Bible. Ezekiel

Hagadah
Preferred title recorded as: Haggadah

Different Transliteration
Koran
Coran
urn
Qorn
Quran

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6.23.3.5

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Quron
Xuraan
Preferred title recorded as: Quran

Tosefta. Bava ama


Tosefta. Baba qamma
Preferred title recorded as: Tosefta. Bava kamma

Bible. Chamesh megilloth


Preferred title recorded as: Bible. Five scrolls. Preferred transliteration also recorded as a variant title: Bible.

amesh megilot

6.23.3.5 Recording Other Variant Titles for Religious Works


Record other variant titles and variant forms of the title not covered by 6.23.3.26.23.3.4.
Shema Yirael
Preferred title recorded as: Shema

Christian Creed
Preferred title recorded as: Apostles Creed

Lord is my shepherd
Shepherd Psalm
Preferred title recorded as: Bible. Psalms, XXIII

Bible. Torah
Bible. Five Books of Moses
Preferred title recorded as: Bible. Pentateuch

Bible. 5 Scrolls
Preferred title recorded as: Bible. Five Scrolls

Book of Mormon. Fourth Nephi


Book of Mormon. Fourth Book of Nephi
Book of Mormon. Book of Nephi, 4th
Preferred title recorded as: Book of Mormon. Nephi, 4th

Quran. Srah XLIX


Preferred title recorded as: Quran. Srat al-ujurt

yat al-Kurs
Quran. yat al-Kurs
Preferred title recorded as: Quran. Srat al-Baqarah, 255

6.24 Date of Expression of a Religious Work


CORE ELEMENT

Date of expression is a core element when needed to differentiate one expression of a religious work
from another.

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Alternative

6.24.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Date of Expression of a Religious


Work
6.24.1.1 Scope
Date of expression of a religious work is the earliest date associated with an expression of a religious work.
The date of the earliest manifestation embodying the expression may be treated as the date of expression.

6.24.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on date of expression of a religious work from any source.

6.24.1.3 Recording Date of Expression of a Religious Work


For the Bible and parts of the Bible, record the date of expression by applying the instructions at 6.24.1.4.
For other religious works and parts of those works, record the date of expression by applying the general
instructions at 6.10.
Record date of expression of a religious work as a separate element, as part of an access point, or as both.
For instructions on recording date of expression as part of the authorized access point, see 6.30.3.

6.24.1.4 The Bible and Parts of the Bible


Record the year of publication of the resource.
1959
1848
1964?
Resource described: The Old and New Testaments of the Holy Bible. Revised Standard Version. New
York : Nelson, [1964?]

Alternative
If the resource is a facsimile reproduction, identify the original expression and the facsimile
separately. Record the year of publication appropriate for each one.
1534
2002
Resource described: Biblia, das ist, Die gantze Heilige Schrifft deudsch / Mart. Luth. ; begnadet mit krfurstlicher
zu sachsen Freiheit. Kln : Taschen, 2002. Facsimile of a 1534 publication

If the resource was published over more than one year, record the earlier or earliest year.
1883
Resource described: La Sagrada Biblia / traducida de la Vulgata latina al espaol, aclarado el sentido de algunos
lugares con la luz que dan los textos originales hebreo y griego, ilustrada con varias notas sacadas de los
santos padres y expositores sagrados, por d. Flix Torres Amat. Barcelona : Montaner y Simon, 18831884

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6.25

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.25 Other Distinguishing Characteristic of the Expression of a


Religious Work
CORE ELEMENT

Other distinguishing characteristic of the expression is a core element when needed to differentiate an
expression of the Bible or the Vedas, or an expression of a liturgical work from another expression of the
same work.
ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR RELIGIOUS WORKS

6.25.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Other Distinguishing Characteristics


of the Expression of a Religious Work
6.25.1.1 Scope
Other distinguishing characteristic of the expression of a religious work is a characteristic other than content type,
language of expression, or date of expression. It serves to differentiate an expression of a religious work
from another expression of the same work.

6.25.1.2 Sources of Information


Take information on other distinguishing characteristics of the expression of a religious work from any
source.

6.25.1.3 Recording Other Distinguishing Characteristics of the Expression of a


Religious Work
For the Bible and parts of the Bible, record the version by applying the instructions at 6.25.1.4.
For excerpts from the Bible or from parts of the Bible, apply the instructions at 6.25.1.5.
For other religious works and parts of those works, record other distinguishing characteristics of the
expression by applying the general instructions at 6.12.
Record other distinguishing characteristics of religious works as separate elements, as parts of access
points, or as both. For instructions on recording other distinguishing characteristics of a religious work as
part of the authorized access point, see 6.30.3.

6.25.1.4 The Bible and Parts of the Bible


Record a brief form of the name of the version.3 If the resource is in three or more languages, do not record
the version.
Vulgate
Authorized
If the version is identified by the name of the translator, use a short form of the translators name. If there
are two translators, hyphenate their names. If there are more than two, use the name of the first followed by
and others.
Lamsa
lfric
Smith-Goodspeed

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6.25.1.4

Gordon and others


An English translation of the Old Testament by Alexander R. Gordon, Theophile J. Meek, J.M. Powis Smith,
Leroy Waterman

Record Douai for Rheims-Douai-Challoner versions of the whole Bible. Record Confraternity for
Confraternity-Douai-Challoner versions of the whole Bible.
Douai
Resource described: The Holy Bible / translated from the Latin Vulgate being the edition published at Rheims,
A.D. 1582 and at Douay, 1609 ; as revised and corrected in 1750, according to the Clementine edition of the
Scriptures, by Richard Challoner

Confraternity
Resource described: The Holy Bible. Confraternity text (Genesis to Ruth, Psalms, New Testament), DouayChalloner text (remaining books of the Old Testament)

For an expression of the Bible or parts of the Bible:

If:

the expression is in the original language


the version is unknown
the text has been altered4
the version cannot be identified by name or translator
more than two versions are involved

then:
record other distinguishing characteristics of the expression in this order of preference:
a)

the name of the manuscript or its repository designation (see 6.2.2.7) if the resource is a
manuscript, or a reproduction, transcription, edition, or translation of a manuscript
Codex Sinaiticus
Resource described: Bibliorum Codex Sinaiticus Petropolitanus

b)

the name of the person who has altered the text if the altered text has no name of its own
Smith
Resource described: The Holy Scriptures : containing the Old and New Testaments : an inspired version of the
Authorized Version / by Joseph Smith, Junior

c)

a special name or phrase used in the preferred source of information to identify the text.
Anchor Bible
Resource described: The Anchor Bible

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6.25.1.5

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Numerical Bible
Resource described: The Numerical Bible : being a revised translation of the Holy Scriptures with expository
notes

If none of the conditions for recording the version applies, do not record this element.
3. Here, version is used in its narrow sense of a translation. The version from which another version is made is
ignored.
4. Do not treat a harmony of different passages of the Bible as an altered text.

6.25.1.5 Excerpts from the Bible


For excerpts from the Bible or from parts of the Bible, record Selections.
If the excerpts are from a specific version of the Bible, record Selections in addition to the name of the
version (see 6.25.1.4).
Authorized. Selections
Resource described: Memorable passages from the Bible (Authorized Version) / selected and edited by Fred

Newton Scott

Wakefield. Selections
Resource described: A new translation of those parts only of the New Testament which are wrongly translated
in our common version / by Gilbert Wakefield

ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR OFFICIAL COMMUNICATIONS

6.26 Title of an Official Communication


CORE ELEMENT

Preferred title for the work is a core element. Variant titles for the work are optional.

6.26.1 Basic Instructions on Recording Titles of Official Communications


6.26.1.1 Scope
A title of an official communication is a word, character, or group of words and/or characters by which an
official communication is known.
When identifying official communications, there are two categories of titles of the work:
a)

preferred title for an official communication (see 6.26.2)

b)

variant title for an official communication (see 6.26.3).

6.26.1.2 Sources of Information


Take the title or titles of an official communication from any source.
For additional guidance on sources of information for the preferred title for the work, see 6.26.2.2.

6.26.1.3 General Guidelines on Recording Titles of Official Communications


When recording a title of an official communication, apply the guidelines on capitalization, numbers,
diacritical marks, initial articles, spacing of initials and acronyms, and abbreviations, at 6.2.1. When those
guidelines refer to an appendix, apply the additional instructions in that appendix, as applicable.

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6.26.3.3

6.26.2 Preferred Title for an Official Communication


CORE ELEMENT

6.26.2.1 Scope
The preferred title for an official communication is the title or form of title chosen to identify the work. It is also
the basis for the authorized access point representing that work.

6.26.2.2 Sources of Information


Determine the title to be used as the preferred title for an official communication following the instructions
applicable to the type of communication at 6.26.2.56.26.2.6.
For other types of official communications, apply the general guidelines at 6.2.2.2.

6.26.2.3 Choosing the Preferred Title for an Official Communication


Choose the preferred title for an official communication by applying the instructions at 6.2.2.36.2.2.7.

Exceptions
Official communications of the pope. For official communications of the pope, apply the instructions at
6.26.2.5.
Official communications of the Roman Curia. For official communications of the Roman Curia, apply
the instructions at 6.26.2.6.

6.26.2.4 Recording the Preferred Title for an Official Communication


Record the title chosen as the preferred title for an official communication. Apply the basic instructions on
recording titles of works at 6.2.1.

6.26.2.5 Official Communications of the Pope


If the pope, as an official (see 6.31.1.2), is the creator of the individual work, choose the short title by which
the work is generally known and cited. Choose the title in the original language (usually Latin). The short
title is generally the first word or words of the text.
Populorum progressio
Redemptor hominis

6.26.2.6 Official Communications of the Roman Curia


If a communication of one of the tribunals, congregations, or offices of the Roman Curia is known by a short
title, choose it as the preferred title for the work.
Communionis notio

6.26.3 Variant Title for an Official Communication


6.26.3.1 Scope
A variant title for an official communication is a title or form of title by which an official communication is known
that differs from the title or form of title chosen as the preferred title for the work.

6.26.3.2 Sources of Information


Take variant titles for an official communication from resources embodying the work and/or from reference
sources.

6.26.3.3 General Guidelines on Recording Variant Titles for Official Communications


Record variant titles for official communications by applying the basic instructions at 6.2.1.

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Exception

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Record a variant title for the work when it is different from the title recorded as the preferred title. Record as
a variant title:
a title or form of title under which the work has been issued or cited in reference sources

or

a title resulting from a different transliteration of the title.

Exception
Record a title appearing on a manifestation of the work as a variant title for the work only in the
following case:
if the title appearing on the manifestation differs significantly from the preferred
title

and

if the work itself might reasonably be searched by that title.

For instructions on recording the title proper and other titles appearing on the manifestation see
2.3.
Apply the additional specific instructions at 6.26.3.46.26.3.5, as applicable. Also apply instructions in
preceding sections of this chapter, as applicable.

6.26.3.4 Recording Alternative Linguistic Forms as Variant Titles for Official


Communications
If the title recorded as the preferred title for an official communication has one or more alternative linguistic
forms, record them as a variant titles for the work.

Different Language Form


Coordination of foreign commercial loan management
Indonesian language form recorded as preferred title: Koordinasi pengelolaan pinjaman komersial luar negeri

A imagen y semejanza de Dios


English language form recorded as preferred title: In Gods image

Different Script

English language form recorded as preferred title: Emancipation Proclamation

Japanese transliterated form recorded as preferred title: Kaik ksoku

Different Spelling
Handfestning
Preferred title recorded as: Hndfstning

Pastoris eterni
Preferred title recorded as: Pastoris aeterni

Different Transliteration
Chiang tsung tung Ching-kuo hsien sheng tui kuo min ta hui chih tzu hui chi
Preferred title recorded as: Jiang zong tong Jingguo xian sheng dui guo min da hui zhi ci hui ji

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6.27.1.2

6.26.3.5 Recording Other Variant Titles for Official Communications


Record other variant titles and variant forms of the title not covered by 6.26.3.4.
Golden speech of Queen Elizabeth to her last Parliament, November 30, anno Domini 1601
Her maiesties most princelie answere deliuered by her selfe at White-hall on the last day of
Nouember 1601
Queene Elizabeths speech to her last Parliament
Preferred title recorded as: Golden speech

Kim Yng-sam Taetongnyng ynsl munjip

Collective title recorded as preferred title: Speeches

National drug control strategy


Preferred title recorded as: Reclaiming our communities from drugs and violence

Decretum Nicolai Papae de electione Romani Pontificis


Papal election decree
Preferred title recorded as: In nomine Domini

Bulla Pastoris aeterni


Preferred title recorded as: Pastoris aeterni

ACCESS POINTS REPRESENTING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.27 Constructing Access Points to Represent Works and


Expressions
6.27.1 Authorized Access Point Representing a Work

6.27.1.1 General Guidelines on Constructing Authorized Access Points Representing


Works
For an original work or a new work based on a previously existing work, construct the authorized access
point representing the work by applying the instructions at 6.27.1.26.27.1.8.
For instructions on constructing access points representing special types of works, see:
musical works (6.28.1)
legal works (6.29.1)
religious works (6.30.1)
official communications (6.31.1).
Make the additions specified at 6.27.1.9 if they are needed to distinguish the access point representing the
work from an access point representing a different work or from an access point representing a person,
family, or corporate body.
For a part or parts of a work, see 6.27.2.
For new expressions of an existing work (e.g., abridgements, translations), see 6.27.3.
For instructions relating to creators of works, see 19.2.

6.27.1.2 Works Created by One Person, Family, or Corporate Body


If one person, family, or corporate body is responsible for creating the work (see 19.2.1.1), construct the
authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):

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6.27.1.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

a)

the authorized access point representing that person (see 9.19.1), family (see 10.10.1), or
corporate body (see 11.13.1), as applicable

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.2.2).

Hemingway, Ernest, 18991961. Sun also rises


Cassatt, Mary, 18441926. Children playing on the beach
John Paul II, Pope, 19202005. Speeches
Saigy, 11181190. Works
Swift, Jonathan, 16671745. Tale of a tub
Originally published anonymously but known to be by Jonathan Swift

Goodman, Alice. Nixon in China


The libretto for John Adamss opera Nixon in China

Axel-Lute, Paul. Same-sex marriage


A bibliography compiled by Paul Axel-Lute

Ebert, Roger. Roger Eberts movie yearbook


An annual compilation of Eberts film reviews and interviews

Barner (Family). Barner family newsletter


Eakin (Family : New Castle County, Del.). Eakin family papers, 17811828
Western Cape Housing Development Board. Annual report
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). Book of order
American Bar Association. Section of Intellectual Property Law. Membership directory
Hamline University. Biennial catalogue of Hamline University
Canada. Parliament. House of Commons. Standing Committee on the Status of Women.
Minutes of proceedings
Annual Workshop on Sea Turtle Biology and Conservation. Proceedings of the Annual
Workshop on Sea Turtle Biology and Conservation
Antarctic Walk Environmental Research Expedition (19911993). Scientific results from the
Antarctic Walk Environmental Research Expedition, 19911993
Coldplay (Musical group). Parachutes
Rand McNally and Company. Historical atlas of the world
American Geographical Society of New York. Antarctic map folio series
For works of uncertain attribution, see 6.27.1.8.

6.27.1.3 Collaborative Works


If two or more persons, families, or corporate bodies are collaboratively responsible for creating the work
(see 19.2.1.1), construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):

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a)

the authorized access point representing the person (see 9.19.1), family (see 10.10.1), or
corporate body (see 11.13.1) with principal responsibility

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.2.2).

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Exceptions

Peterson, Megan. Environmental law reform in Queensland


Resource described: Environmental law reform in Queensland / compiled and written by Megan Peterson ; with
the assistance of Adrian Jeffreys, Roslyn Macdonald, Tony Woodyatt, Jo Bragg, David Yarrow, and Douglas
Fisher

Bartholomew, Gail. Index to The Maui news


Resource described: The index to The Maui news / compiled and edited by Gail Bartholomew with the assistance
of Judy Lindstrom

Kaufman, Moiss. Laramie project


Resource described: The Laramie project / by Moiss Kaufman and the members of Tectonic Theatre Project

Porter, Douglas R. Making smart growth work


Resource described: Making smart growth work / principal author, Douglas R. Porter ; contributing authors,
Robert T. Dunphy, David Salvesen

Bishop, Henry R. (Henry Rowley), 17861855. Faustus


Resource described: Faustus : a musical romance / composed by T. Cooke, Charles E. Horn, and Henry R.
Bishop. Bishop's name is given typographic prominence, appearing in all uppercase letters and in a larger and

different typeface from that of the others

British American Tobacco Company. British American Tobacco Company records


Resource described: British American Tobacco Company records. An archival collection that includes
corporate records of Cameron and Cameron, D.B. Tennant and Company, David Dunlop, Export Leaf
Tobacco Company, and T.C. Williams Company, all of which were companies acquired by British American
Tobacco Company

Alternative
Construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access points for all creators named either in resources embodying the work
or in reference sources; include them in the order in which they are named in those
sources; apply the guidelines and instructions at 9.19.1 for persons, 10.10.1 for families, or
11.13.1 for corporate bodies, as applicable

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.2.2).

Gumbley, Warren, 1962 ; Johns, Dilys; Law, Garry. Management of wetland archaeological
sites in New Zealand
Resource described: Management of wetland archaeological sites in New Zealand / Warren Gumbley, Dilys
Johns, and Garry Law

Exceptions
Corporate bodies as creators. A corporate body is considered the creator for certain categories of
works (see 19.2.1.1.1). If one or more corporate bodies and one or more persons or families are
collaboratively responsible for creating a work that falls into one or more of the categories at
19.2.1.1.1, construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this
order):

a)

the authorized access point representing the corporate body with principal responsibility for
the work (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.2.2).

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Exceptions

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

California Academy of Sciences. Catalog of the asteroid type-specimens and Fisher voucher
specimens at the California Academy of Sciences
Resource described: Catalog of the asteroid type-specimens and Fisher voucher specimens at the California
Academy of Sciences / by Chet Chaffee and Barbara Weitbrecht. San Francisco : California Academy of
Sciences, [1984]

Moving image works. For motion pictures, videos, video games, etc., construct the authorized
access point representing the work by using the preferred title for the work (see 6.2.2).

Gunner palace
Resource described: Gunner palace / Palm Pictures presents a Nomados film ; produced, written, and directed
by Michael Tucker and Petra Epperlein

Musical works. For collaborations between a composer and a lyricist, librettist, choreographer, etc.,
apply the instructions at 6.28.1.26.28.1.4.
Treaties, etc. For treaties, etc., apply the instructions at 6.29.1.156.29.1.20.

If two or more persons, families, or corporate bodies are represented as having principal responsibility for
the work, construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the first-named of those persons, families, or
corporate bodies

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.2.2).

Cordell, H. Ken. Footprints on the land


Resource described: Footprints on the land : an assessment of demographic trends and the future of natural
lands in the United States / H. Ken Cordell, Christine Overdevest, principal authors

Wallace, Robert. Spycraft


Resource described: Spycraft : the secret history of the CIAs spytechs from communism to Al-Qaeda / Robert
Wallace and H. Keith Melton ; with Henry R. Schlesinger

Beyard, Michael D. Developing retail entertainment destinations


Resource described: Developing retail entertainment destinations / principal authors, Michael D. Beyard,
Raymond E. Braun, Herbert McLaughlin, Patrick L. Phillips, Michael S. Rubin ; contributing authors, Andre Bald,
Steven Fader, Oliver Jerschow, Terry Lassar, David Mulvihill, David Takesuye

Jenkins, Carol. Cultures and contexts matter


Resource described: Cultures and contexts matter : understanding and preventing HIV in the Pacific. The
principal authors of this book were Carol Jenkins, PhD, and Holly Buchanan-Aruwafu, PhD
Acknowledgments

If principal responsibility for the work is not indicated, construct the authorized access point representing the
work by combining (in this order):

6-86

a)

the authorized access point representing the first-named person, family, or corporate body

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.2.2).

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.27.1.4

Tracey, John Paul. Managing bird damage to fruit and other horticultural crops
Resource described: Managing bird damage to fruit and other horticultural crops / John Tracey, Mary Bomford,
Quentin Hart, Glen Saunders, Ron Sinclair

Collins, Jean, 1947 . Directory of fisheries and aquaculture information resources in Africa
Resource described: Directory of fisheries and aquaculture information resources in Africa = Rpertoire des
sources dinformation sur la pche et laquaculture en Afrique / compiled by Jean Collins and Fod Karim Kaba

Goto, Yoshihiro. Listing of living Mollusca


Resource described: A listing of living Mollusca / assembled by Yoshihiro Goto, Guido T. Poppe

Sami, David. International travel map, Cuba, scale 1:1,000,000


Resource described: An international travel map, Cuba, scale 1:1,000,000 / cartography by David Sami, Chandra
Ali, and Olga Martychina

Cage, John. Double music


Resource described: Double music : percussion quartet / John Cage and Lou Harrison. Composed jointly by
Cage and Harrison, each writing two of the four parts

Nils-Bertil Dahlander Quartet. Jazz smorgasbord


Resource described: Jazz smorgasbord / Nils-Bertil Dahlander Quartet and the Paul Hindberg Quintet. Joint
performances of pop standards by the two jazz groups

Canadian Botanical Association. Directory of the Canadian Botanical Association & Canadian
Society of Plant Physiologists
Resource described: Directory of the Canadian Botanical Association & Canadian Society of Plant Physiologists

International Boreal Forest Research Association. Annual Meeting (2nd : 1992 : Anchorage,
Alaska; Fairbanks, Alaska). Proceedings of the Second and Third Annual Meetings of the
International Boreal Forest Research Association
Resource described: Proceedings of the Second and Third Annual Meetings of the International Boreal Forest
Research Association : September 1118, 1992, Anchorage and Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, September 26
October 2, 1993, Biri, Norway and Ume, Sweden / Sheila Andrus, technical coordinator ; Rebecca Nisley,
managing editor

Pekar, Harvey. Quitter


Resource described: The quitter / Harvey Pekar, writer ; Dean Haspiel, artist ; Lee Loughridge, gray tones ; Pat
Brosseau, letters. A graphic novel

Thompson, Tim, 1942 . Puget Sound


Resource described: Puget Sound : sea between the mountains / photography by Tim Thompson ; text by Eric

Scigliano

Tudor, Antony, 19091987. Soire musicale


Resource described: Soire musicale / choreography by Antony Tudor ; suite of movements from Gioachino
Rossini, arranged by Benjamin Britten ; notated by Ann Hutchinson Guest. Choreography for a ballet, notated in

Labanotation

If there is no consistency in the order in which the persons, families, or corporate bodies responsible for the
work are named either in resources embodying the work or in reference sources, construct the authorized
access point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the person (see 9.19.1), family (see 10.10.1), or
corporate body (see 11.13.1) who is named first in the first resource received

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.2.2).

6.27.1.4 Compilations of Works by Different Persons, Families, or Corporate Bodies


If the work is a compilation of works by different persons, families, or corporate bodies, construct the
authorized access point representing the work by using the preferred title for the compilation (see 6.2.2).

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-87

Alternative

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Anthologie de la posie baroque franaise


Resource described: Anthologie de la posie baroque franaise / textes choisis et prsents par Jean Rousset

Exploring the Olympic Mountains


Resource described: Exploring the Olympic Mountains : accounts of the earliest expeditions, 18781890 /
compiled by Carsten Lien

Music in the classic period


Resource described: Music in the classic period : essays in honor of Barry S. Brook / [edited by] Allan W. Atlas

Tutti i libretti di Bellini


Resource described: Tutti i libretti di Bellini / a cura di Olimpio Cescatti ; con una prefazione di Marzio Pieri.
Librettos for Bellini operas by various librettists

Treaties and alliances of the world


Resource described: Treaties and alliances of the world / [compiled by] N.J. Rengger with John Campbell

Lesbian history sourcebook


Resource described: The lesbian history sourcebook : love and sex between women in Britain from 1780 to
1970 / [compiled by] Alison Oram and Annmarie Turnbull

U.S. Marines in Iraq, 2003


Resource described: U.S. Marines in Iraq, 2003 : anthology and annotated bibliography / compiled by
Christopher M. Kennedy, Wanda J. Renfrow, Evelyn A. Englander, and Nathan S. Lowrey. An anthology of

personal narratives by various authors, originally published in other resources

Best of Broadway
Resource described: The best of Broadway. A set of five CDs with selections from original cast recordings of
various musicals by various composers

If the compilation lacks a collective title, construct separate access points for each of the works in the
compilation.
Baden, Conrad. Symphonies, no. 6
First work in a compilation without a collective title also containing Symphony no. 3 by Hallvard Johnsen and

Symphony no. 2 by Bjarne Brustad

Johnsen, Hallvard. Symphonies, no. 3, op. 26


Second work in the same compilation

Brustad, Bjarne. Symphonies, no. 2


Third work in the same compilation

Alternative
Construct an authorized access point representing the compilation by using a devised title (see
2.3.2.11). Construct this access point instead of, or in addition to, access points for each of the
works in the compilation.
Three Norwegian symphonies

6.27.1.5 Adaptations and Revisions


If:

one person, family, or corporate body is responsible for an adaptation or revision of a previously existing
work that substantially changes the nature and content of that work

and
the adaptation or revision is presented as the work of that person, family, or body

6-88

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Exceptions

then:
construct the authorized access point representing the new work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the person (see 9.19.1), family (see 10.10.1), or
corporate body (see 11.13.1) responsible for the adaptation or revision, as applicable

b)

the preferred title for the adaptation or revision (see 6.2.2).


Gray, Patsey. J.R.R. Tolkiens The hobbit
A dramatization by Gray of Tolkiens novel

Vande Velde, Vivian. Tales from the Brothers Grimm and the Sisters Weird
A parody by Vande Velde of some of Grimms fairy tales

Sartain, John, 18081897. Artists dream


An engraving by Sartain based on an original painting by George H. Comegys

James, W. Martin. Historical dictionary of Angola


A new edition by James based on Susan H. Broadheads work with the same title

Exceptions
Adaptations and revisions of compilations of works by different persons, families, or corporate bodies. If
the work is an adaptation or revision of a compilation of works by different persons, families, or
corporate bodies, apply the instructions at 6.27.1.4.

North American mammals


Resource described: North American mammals. A Web adaptation of: The Smithsonian book of North American
mammals / edited by Don E. Wilson and Sue Ruff; and of: Mammals of North America / Roland W. Kays and
Don E. Wilson

Adaptations and revisions of works of uncertain or unknown origin. If the work is an adaptation or
revision of a work of uncertain or unknown origin, apply the instructions at 6.27.1.8.

If more than one person, family, or corporate body is responsible for the adaptation or revision, apply the
instructions on collaborative works at 6.27.1.3.
Abrams, Anthony. Dead man on campus
Resource described: Dead man on campus / a novelization by Tony Abrams and Adam Broder

If the work is presented simply as an edition of the previously existing work, treat it as an expression of that
work. Use the authorized access point representing the previously existing work. If it is considered important
to identify the particular expression, construct an authorized access point representing the expression as
instructed at 6.27.3.
Carroll, Bradley W. Introduction to modern astrophysics
Authorized access point representing the first edition of a work by Bradley W. Carroll and Dale A. Ostlie

Carroll, Bradley W. Introduction to modern astrophysics


Authorized access point representing the second edition of the work by the same authors

For additional instructions on authorized access points representing adaptations of musical works, see
6.28.1.56.28.1.6.
RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-89

6.27.1.6

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.27.1.6 Commentary, Annotations, Illustrative Content, Etc., Added to a Previously


Existing Work
If:

the work consists of a previously existing work with added commentary, annotations, illustrative content,
etc.

and
it is presented as the work of the person, family, or corporate body responsible for the commentary, etc.
then:
construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the person (see 9.19.1), family (see 10.10.1), or
corporate body (see 11.13.1) responsible for the commentary, etc., as applicable

b)

the preferred title for the commentary, etc. (see 6.2.2).


Akram, Malik M. Comprehensive and exhaustive commentary on the Transfer of Property Act,
1882
A commentary by Akram that includes the text of the law and its amendments

If more than one person is responsible for the added commentary, etc., apply the instructions on
collaborative works at 6.27.1.3.
If the work is presented simply as an edition of the previously existing work, treat it as an expression of that
work. Use the authorized access point representing the previously existing work. If it is considered important
to identify the particular expression, construct an authorized access point representing the expression as
instructed at 6.27.3.
Plato. Gorgias
Resource described: Gorgias : a revised text / Plato ; with introduction and commentary by E.R. Dodds

Joyce, James, 18821941. Dubliners


Resource described: James Joyces Dubliners : an illustrated edition with annotations / [edited by] John Wyse
Jackson & Bernard McGinley

Laozi. Dao de jing. English


Resource described: The Tao te ching : a new translation with commentary / Ellen M. Chen

6.27.1.7 Different Identities for an Individual Responsible for a Work


If:

an individual responsible for a work has more than one identity (see 9.2.2.8)
and
there is no consistency in how that individual is identified on resources embodying the work
then:
construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):

6-90

a)

the authorized access point representing the identity most frequently used on resources
embodying the work (see 9.19.1)

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.2.2).

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.27.1.8

Cunningham, E. V., 19142003. Sylvia


not Fast, Howard, 19142003. Sylvia
The authors novel Sylvia was originally published under the pseudonym E.V. Cunningham. On some
resources embodying the work the author is identified by his real name, Howard Fast; the identity most
frequently used on resources embodying the work is E.V. Cunningham

If the identity used most frequently cannot be readily determined, construct the authorized access point
representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the identity appearing in the most recent resource
embodying the work

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.2.2).

6.27.1.8 Works of Uncertain or Unknown Origin


If the work has been attributed to one or more persons, families, or corporate bodies, but there is
uncertainty as to the probable person, family, or body responsible, construct the authorized access point
representing the work by using the preferred title for the work (see 6.2.2).
Law scrutiny
Resource described: The law scrutiny, or, Attornies guide. Variously attributed to Andrew Carmichael, William
Norcott, and others

If reference sources indicate that one person, family, or corporate body is probably responsible for creating
the work, construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing that person (see 9.19.1), family (see 10.10.1), or
corporate body (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.27.1.2).

If:

the person, family, or corporate body responsible for the work is unknown
or
the work originates from an unnamed group
then:
construct the authorized access point representing the work by using the preferred title for the work (see
6.2.2).
Log-cabin lady
Resource described: The log-cabin lady : an anonymous autobiography. Person responsible unknown

Memorial to Congress, against the tariff law of 1828


Resource described: A memorial to Congress, against the tariff law of 1828 / by citizens of Boston

Mysterious bottle of old hock


Resource described: The mysterious bottle of old hock : an ancient legend / introduction by Franz J. Potter. An
anonymous adaptation of E.T.A. Hoffmanns Die Elixiere des Teufels

Summer night
Resource described: Summer night. An anonymous lithograph of a painting by Albert Moore

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-91

6.27.1.9

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Unknown Memphis family photo collection


Unpublished collection in the Mississippi Valley Collection of the University of Memphis. Title devised by
cataloguing agency

ADDITIONS TO ACCESS POINTS REPRESENTING WORKS

6.27.1.9 Additions to Access Points Representing Works


Make additions to access points if needed to distinguish the access point for a work:
from one that is the same or similar but represents a different work

or

from one that represents a person, family, corporate body, or place.

Add one or more of the following elements, as appropriate:


a)

the form of work (see 6.3)

b)

the date of the work (see 6.4)

c)

the place of origin of the work (see 6.5)

d)

another distinguishing characteristic of the work (see 6.6).

and/or

Advocate (Boise, Idaho)


Advocate (Nairobi, Kenya)
Blue book contractors register (New York-New Jersey-Connecticut edition)
Blue book contractors register (Southern California edition)
Bulletin (Geological Survey (South Africa))
Bulletin (New York State Museum : 1945)
Bulletin (New York State Museum : 1976)
Bulletin (New Zealand. Ministry of Education. Research and Statistics Division)
Charlemagne (Play)
Charlemagne (Tapestry)
Dublin magazine (1762)
Dublin magazine (1965)
Genesis (Anglo-Saxon poem)
Genesis (Middle High German poem)
Genesis (Old Saxon poem)
Last judgement (Chester play)
Last judgement (York play)
Nutcracker (Choreographic work)
NuTCRACKER (Computer file)
Oceans eleven (Motion picture : 1960)
Oceans eleven (Motion picture : 2001)

6-92

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.27.2.2

Othello (Television program : 1963 : Canadian Broadcasting Corporation)


Othello (Television program : 1963 : WOR-TV (Television station : New York, N.Y.))
I, Claudius (Television programme)
Term added by an agency following British spelling

Guillaume (Chanson de geste)


To distinguish the access point for the work from the access point for the 13th century person known as
Guillaume

Scottish History Society (Series)


To distinguish the access point for the work from the access point for the corporate body of the same name

Connecticut Commission on Children. Annual report (1999)


Connecticut Commission on Children. Annual report (2005)
Eyck, Jan van, 13901440. Saint Francis receiving the stigmata (Galleria sabauda (Turin,
Italy))
Eyck, Jan van, 13901440. Saint Francis receiving the stigmata (Philadelphia Museum of Art)
For instructions on additions to access points representing special types of works, see:
musical works (6.28.1.96.28.1.11)
legal works (6.29.1.326.29.1.34).

6.27.2 Authorized Access Point Representing a Part or Parts of a Work


6.27.2.1 General Guidelines on Constructing Authorized Access Points Representing
Parts of Works
Construct the authorized access point representing a part or parts of a work by applying the instructions at
6.27.2.26.27.2.3, as applicable.

Exceptions
Parts of musical works. For a part or parts of a musical work, apply instead the instructions at 6.28.2.
Parts of religious works. For a part or parts of a religious work, apply instead the instructions at
6.30.2.

6.27.2.2 One Part


Construct the authorized access point representing a part of a work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the person (see 9.19.1), family (see 10.10.1), or
corporate body (see 11.13.1), responsible for the part (see 6.27.1.16.27.1.8, as
applicable)

b)

the preferred title for the part (see 6.2.2.9).

Tolkien, J. R. R. (John Ronald Reuel), 18921973. Two towers


Authorized access point for a part of Tolkiens The lord of the rings

Proust, Marcel, 18711922. Du ct de chez Swann


Authorized access point for a part of Prousts la recherche du temps perdu

Raven, Simon, 19272001. Come like shadows


Authorized access point for a part of Ravens Alms for oblivion

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-93

Exceptions

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Exceptions
Non-distinctive titles. If the part is identified only by a general term (with or without a number),
construct the authorized access point representing the part by combining (in this order):

a)

the authorized access point representing the work as a whole

b)

the preferred title for the part (see 6.2.2.9).

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 17491832. Faust. 1. Theil


Homer. Iliad. Book 1
Duellman, William Edward, 1930 . Amphibian species of the world. Additions and corrections
Manet, douard, 18321883. Luncheon on the grass. Detail
Serials and integrating resources. If the part is a section of, or supplement to, a serial or an
integrating resource, whether the title of the section or supplement is distinctive or not, construct
the authorized access point representing the part by combining (in this order):

a)

the authorized access point representing the work as a whole

b)

the preferred title for the section or supplement (see 6.2.2.9.1).

Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. Studia musicologica Upsaliensia


Department of State publication. East Asian and Pacific series
Annual report on carcinogens. Executive summary
Colorado. Judicial Branch. Annual report. Statistics and charts
Raffles bulletin of zoology. Supplement
Emergency health series. A
Annale van die Uniwersiteit van Stellenbosch. Reeks B
Bulletin analytique. 2e partie, Sciences biologiques, industries alimentaires, agriculture
Television programs, radio programs, etc. If the part is a season, episode, excerpt, etc., of a television
program, radio program, etc., whether the title of the part is distinctive or not, construct the
authorized access point representing the part by combining (in this order):

a)

the authorized access point representing the work as a whole

b)

the preferred title for the part (see 6.2.2.9.1).

Simpsons (Television program). King of the hill


Buffy, the vampire slayer (Television program). Season 6
Jack Benny program (Radio program). 1946-03-10
If the part is a work for which the instructions at 6.27.1.36.27.1.8 specify the use of the preferred title as
the authorized access point representing the work, use the preferred title for the part as the authorized
access point representing the part. Apply the exceptions in 6.27.2.2, if applicable.

6-94

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Alternative

Sindbad the sailor


Authorized access point for a part of The Arabian nights

Last judgement (Chester play)


Authorized access point for a part of The Chester plays

but
Encyclopedia of philosophy. Supplement
Resource described: Encyclopedia of philosophy. Supplement / Donald M. Borchert, editor in chief. Authorized
access point for the work as a whole: Encyclopedia of philosophy

6.27.2.3 Two or More Parts


If:

two or more parts of a work are consecutively numbered


and
each is identified only by a general term and a number
then:
construct the authorized access point by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the work as a whole (see 6.27.1)

b)

the preferred title for the sequence of parts (see 6.2.2.9.2).


Homer. Iliad. Book 16
Resource described: The first six books of Homers Iliad / with English notes, critical and explanatory, a metrical
index, and Homeric glossary by Charles Anthon

Rollin, Henri, 18851955. Apocalypse de notre temps. Chapitre 67


Resource described: Une mystification mondiale : prcd de Le faux et son usage, par Grard Berrby / Henri
Rollin. Originally published as chapters 67 of Rollins Lapocalypse de notre temps

When identifying two or more parts that are unnumbered or non-consecutively numbered, construct
authorized access points for each of the parts. Apply the instructions at 6.27.2.2.
Dante Alighieri, 12651321. Purgatorio
Dante Alighieri, 12651321. Paradiso
Resource described: Il Purgatorio ; Paradiso / di Dante Alighieri ; colle figure di G. Dor

Homer. Iliad. Book 1


Homer. Iliad. Book 6
Homer. Iliad. Book 20
Homer. Iliad. Book 24
Resource described: Homers Iliad, books I, VI, XX, and XXIV / with a copious vocabulary for the use of schools
and colleges, by James Fergusson

Alternative
When identifying two or more parts that are unnumbered or non-consecutively numbered, identify
the parts collectively. Construct the authorized access point representing the parts by combining (in
this order):

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-95

6.27.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

a)

the authorized access point representing the work as a whole (see 6.27.1 and 6.12.1.4)

b)

the term Selections following the preferred title for the whole work.

Homer. Iliad. Selections


Resource described: Homers Iliad, books I, VI, XX, and XXIV / with a copious vocabulary for the use of schools
and colleges, by James Fergusson

Gibbon, Edward, 17371794. History of the decline and fall of the Roman Empire. Selections
Resource described: Selections from The decline and fall of the Roman Empire / Edward Gibbon ; edited with
introduction and notes by J.W. Saunders

Gilbert, W. S. (William Schwenck), 18361911. Librettos. Selections


Resource described: Gilbert without Sullivan / libretti by W.S. Gilbert ; illustrations by Leonard Lubin. Librettos
for four of Gilbert and Sullivans fourteen operas

Simpsons (Television program). Selections


Resource described: The Simpsons gone wild / Twentieth Century Fox Television. A compilation of four partythemed episodes of the television program The Simpsons originally broadcast between 1990 and 2001

6.27.3 Authorized Access Point Representing an Expression

Construct an access point representing a particular expression of a work or a part or parts of a work by
combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the work (see 6.27.1) or the part or parts of a
work (see 6.27.2)

b)

one or more terms from the following list:


i.

the content type (see 6.9)

ii.

the date of the expression (see 6.10)

iii.

the language of the expression (see 6.11)

iv.

another distinguishing characteristic of the expression (see 6.12).

and/or

Goncourt, Edmond de, 18221896. Frres Zemganno. English


Resource described: The Zemganno brothers / by Edmond de Goncourt. An English translation of a French
novel

Pushkin, Aleksandr Sergeevich, 17991837. Evgeni Onegin. English (Beck)


Resource described: Eugene Onegin / Alexander Pushkin ; translator, Tom Beck

Kolloidny zhurnal. English


Resource described: Colloid journal of the Russian Academy of Sciences. An English translation of a Russian
serial

Piave, Francesco Maria, 18101876. Ernani. Spanish


Resource described: Ernani : drama lrico en cuatro actos / de F. Piave ; msica de G. Verdi ; versin castellana
de M. Capdepn. A Spanish translation of Piaves libretto

Brunhoff, Jean de, 18991937. Babar en famille. English. Spoken word


Resource described: Babar and his children. An audio recording of an English translation of the childrens story

Wilde, Oscar, 18541900. Works. 2000


Resource described: The complete works of Oscar Wilde / general editors, Russell Jackson and Ian Small.
Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2000 . Other expressions of Wildes complete works have been
published in other years

6-96

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.27.4.1

Shakespeare, William, 15641616. Works. 2003. Yale University Press


Resource described: The annotated Shakespeare. New Haven : Yale University Press, 2003. An
expression of Shakespeares complete works; another expression with title Nelson Thornes Shakespeare also
began in 2003

Langland, William, 1330?1400? Piers Plowman (C-text)


Resource described: Piers Plowman / by William Langland ; an edition of the C-text by Derek Pearsall.
Langlands work Piers Plowman exists in different versions designated as A-text, B-text, C-text, etc.

Nutcracker (Choreographic work : Baryshnikov)


Resource described: The nutcracker. A recording of a performance of the American Ballet Theatre and Mikhail
Baryshnikov production of the ballet The nutcracker; choreography by Baryshnikov

6.27.4 Variant Access Point Representing a Work or Expression


6.27.4.1 General Guidelines on Constructing Variant Access Points Representing
Works
Use a variant title for the work (see 6.2.3) as the basis for a variant access point.
Nibelunge Nt
Authorized access point for the work: Nibelungenlied

If the authorized access point for the work has been constructed by using the authorized access point
representing a person, family, or corporate body followed by the preferred title for the work (see 6.27.1.2
6.27.1.8), construct a variant access point by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing that person (see 9.19.1), family (see 10.10.1), or
corporate body (see 11.13.1)

b)

the variant title for the work.

Dickens, Charles, 18121870. Posthumous papers of the Pickwick Club


Authorized access point for the work: Dickens, Charles, 18121870. Pickwick papers

Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Isaevich, 19182008.


Authorized access point for the work: Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Isaevich, 19182008. Odin den Ivana Denisovicha

In addition, construct a variant access point by using the preferred title for the work on its own.
Giant animals series
Authorized access point for the work: Johnston, Marianne. Giant animals series

Catalogue of Roman portraits in the British Museum


Authorized access point for the work: British Museum. Catalogue of Roman portraits in the British Museum

Make additions to the variant access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.27.1.9, as applicable.

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-97

6.27.4.1

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Roland (Poem)
Authorized access point for the work: Chanson de Roland; variant title for the work is identical to the access
point for a person known only by the given name Roland and to the preferred title for other works

Science series (Boston, Mass.)


Authorized access point for the work: Beacon science series; variant title for the work is identical to the
preferred title for other works and to the variant title for still other works

Science series (Cypress, Calif.)


Authorized access point for the work: Schwartz, David M. Science series; preferred title for the work is identical
to the preferred title for other works and to the variant title for still other works

Afrique et dveloppement (ditions Karthala)


Authorized access point for the work: Collection Afrique et dveloppement; variant title for the work is identical
to the preferred title for another work

OC (Television program)
Orange County (Television program)
Authorized access point for the work: O.C. (Television program)

Frankenstein (Motion picture : 1994)


Authorized access point for the work: Mary Shelleys Frankenstein (Motion picture)

Apply these additional instructions, as applicable:


librettos and other texts for musical works (see 6.27.4.2)
part or parts of a work (see 6.27.4.3)
compilations of works (see 6.27.4.4)
expressions (see 6.27.4.5).
Construct additional variant access points if considered important for access.
Aristotle. Liber de causis
Authorized access point for the work: Liber de causis. An anonymous work attributed in medieval times to
Aristotle

Fox, Michael W., 1937 . Dr. Michael Fox animal series


Authorized access point for the work: Dr. Michael Fox animal series. A series of video recordings on animal
care featuring Fox

California Academy of Sciences. Occasional papers of the California Academy of Sciences


Authorized access point for the work: Occasional papers of the California Academy of Sciences

Massachusetts. Bureau of Statistics of Labor. Labor bulletin


Massachusetts. Bureau of Statistics. Labor bulletin
Massachusetts. Department of Labor and Industries. Division of Statistics. Labor bulletin
Authorized access point for the work: Labor bulletin (Boston, Mass.). Issuing body varies

Fast, Howard, 19142003. Sylvia


Authorized access point for the work: Cunningham, E. V., 19142003. Sylvia. Novel originally published under
the pseudonym E.V. Cunningham; authors real name, Howard Fast, appears on some resources embodying
the work, but the identity most frequently used is Cunningham

Jeanne-Claude, 1935 . Wrapped Reichstag


Authorized access point for the work: Christo, 1935 . Wrapped Reichstag. A work of art created jointly by
Christo and Jeanne-Claude. Variant access point considered important for subject access

Management series (Chicago, Ill.)


Authorized access point for the work: Management series (Ann Arbor, Mich.). Place of publication of series
changed from Ann Arbor to Chicago

6-98

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.27.4.3

Mysliteli Rossii (Saint Petersburg, Russia)


Authorized access point for the work: Mysliteli Rossii (Leningrad, R.S.F.S.R.). Name of place of publication of
series changed from Leningrad to Saint Petersburg and separate authorized access points for the place
names have been established

6.27.4.2 Variant Access Point Representing One or More Librettos or Other Texts for
Musical Works
Construct a variant access point representing one or more librettos or other texts that have been used in
specific musical works by combining in this order:
a)

the authorized access point representing the composer of the musical work or musical
works (see 9.19.1 for persons, 10.10.1 for families, or 11.13.1 for corporate bodies, as
applicable)

b)

the preferred title for the musical work or musical works (see 6.14.2)

c)

the term Libretto, Librettos, Text, or Texts, as appropriate

d)

another distinguishing term, if needed.

Adams, John, 1947 . Nixon in China. Libretto


Authorized access point for the work: Goodman, Alice. Nixon in China

Verdi, Giuseppe, 18131901. Ernani. Libretto. Spanish


Authorized access point for the expression: Piave, Francesco Maria, 18101876. Ernani. Spanish

Bellini, Vincenzo, 18011835. Operas. Librettos


Authorized access point for the compilation: Tutti i libretti di Bellini

Sullivan, Arthur, 18421900. Operas. Librettos. Selections


Authorized access point for the compilation: Gilbert, W. S. (William Schwenck), 18361911. Librettos.
Selections

John, Elton. Songs. Texts. Selections


Authorized access point for the compilation: Taupin, Bernie. Lyrics. Selections

6.27.4.3 Variant Access Point Representing a Part of a Work


If:

the title of the part of a work is distinctive


and
the authorized access point for the part has been constructed by using the authorized access point
representing a person, family, or corporate body followed by the preferred title for the work as a whole,
followed by the preferred title for the part
then:
construct a variant access point representing the part by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing that person, family, or corporate body

b)

the preferred title for the part.


Williams, Kim, 1966 . Penguins
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Williams, Kim, 1966 . Young explorer series. Penguins

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-99

6.27.4.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Colorado. Judicial Branch. Statistics and charts


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Colorado. Judicial Branch. Annual report. Statistics and charts

If:

the authorized access point for the part has been constructed by using the authorized access point
representing a person, family, or corporate body followed directly by the preferred title for the part

and
the authorized access point for the part does not use the preferred title for the work as a whole
then:
construct a variant access point representing the part by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing that person, family, or corporate body

b)

the preferred title for the work as a whole

c)

the preferred title for the part.


Tolkien, J. R. R. (John Ronald Reuel), 18921973. Lord of the rings. Two towers
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Tolkien, J. R. R. (John Ronald Reuel), 18921973. Two
towers

Proust, Marcel, 18711922. la recherche du temps perdu. Du ct de chez Swann


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Proust, Marcel, 18711922. Du ct de chez Swann

Raven, Simon, 19272001. Alms for oblivion. Come like shadows


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Raven, Simon, 19272001. Come like shadows

If:

the title of the part of a work is distinctive


and
the authorized access point for the part has been constructed by using the preferred title for the work as
a whole, followed by the preferred title for the part
then:
construct a variant access point by using the preferred title for the part on its own.
Studia musicologica Upsaliensia
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. Studia musicologica

Upsaliensia

If the authorized access point for the part has been constructed by using the title of the part on its own,
construct a variant access point by combining (in this order):
a)

the preferred title for the work as a whole

b)

the preferred title for the part.

Arabian nights. Sindbad the sailor


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Sindbad the sailor

Chester plays. Last judgement


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Last judgement (Chester play)

6-100

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.27.4.5

Make additions to the variant access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.27.1.9, as applicable.
Electrical engineering series (Stockholm, Sweden)
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Acta polytechnica Scandinavica. Electrical engineering series.
Title of the part is identical to the preferred title for another work

King of the hill (Television program : Episode of The Simpsons)


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Simpsons (Television program). King of the hill

King of the hill (Television program : Episode of Cheers)


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Cheers (Television program). King of the hill

Construct additional variant access points if considered important for access.

6.27.4.4 Variant Access Point Representing a Compilation of Works


If:

the authorized access point representing a compilation of works by one person, family, or corporate body
has been constructed by using the authorized access point representing that person, family, or corporate
body followed by a conventional collective title (see 6.2.2.10)

and
the title proper (excluding any alternative title) of the resource being described or the title found in a
reference source is not the same as, nor very similar to, the collective title
then:
construct a variant access point representing the compilation by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the person (see 9.19.1), family (see 10.10.1), or
corporate body (see 11.13.1)

b)

the title proper of the resource being described or the title found in a reference source.
Andersen, H. C. (Hans Christian), 18051875. Eventyr
Title proper of the resource being described. Authorized access point recorded as: Andersen, H. C. (Hans
Christian), 18051875. Tales

Andersen, H. C. (Hans Christian), 18051875. Samlede eventyr og historier


Title proper of the resource being described. Authorized access point recorded as: Andersen, H. C. (Hans

Christian), 18051875. Tales

Make additions to the variant access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.27.1.9, as applicable.
Dante Alighieri, 12651321. Tutte le opere di Dante (1966)
Title proper of the resource being described. Authorized access point recorded as: Dante Alighieri, 12651321.

Works (1966)

Construct additional variant access points if considered important for access.

6.27.4.5 Variant Access Point Representing an Expression


Construct a variant access point representing an expression, if appropriate, by combining (in this order):

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-101

6.27.4.5

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

a)

the authorized access point representing the work

b)

a variant of an addition used in constructing the authorized access point representing the
expression (see 6.27.3).

Theodore bar Konai, 8th/9th century. Liber scholiorum (Ourmia version)


Authorized access point for the expression: Theodore bar Konai, 8th/9th century. Liber scholiorum (Urmiah
version)

Blade runner (Motion picture : 2007 version)


Blade runner (Motion picture : 25th anniversary edition)
Blade runner (Motion picture : Definitive version)
Authorized access point for the expression: Blade runner (Motion picture : Final cut)

If a variant title for a work is associated with a particular expression of the work, construct a variant access
point representing the expression by using the variant title associated with that expression.
Beiaowufu

Authorized access point for the expression: Beowulf. Chinese

E te Atua tohungia te Kuini


Authorized access point for the expression: God save the King. Text. Maori

If:

a variant title for a work is associated with a particular expression of the work
and
the authorized access point representing the expression has been constructed by using the authorized
access point representing a person, family, or corporate body followed by the preferred title for the work
and one or more additions identifying the expression
then:
construct a variant access point representing the expression by combining in this order:
a)

the authorized access point representing the person (see 9.19.1), family (see 10.10.1), or
corporate body (see 11.13.1)

b)

the variant title associated with that expression.


Munro, Alice, 1931 . Pigeliv & kvindeliv
Authorized access point for the expression: Munro, Alice, 1931 . Lives of girls and women. Danish

Yamada, Taichi, 1934 . Leto s chuzhimi


Yamada, Taichi, 1934 .
Authorized access point for the expression: Yamada, Taichi, 1934 . Ijintachi to no natsu. Russian

Make additions to the variant access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.27.1.9, as applicable.
Akhmatova, Anna Andreevna, 18891966. Selected poems (1969)
Authorized access point for the expression: Akhmatova, Anna Andreevna, 18891966. Works. Selections.
English (1969). Poems translated by Richard McKane

6-102

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.28.1.2

Akhmatova, Anna Andreevna, 18891966. Selected poems (1976)


Authorized access point for the expression: Akhmatova, Anna Andreevna, 18891966. Works. Selections.
English (1976). Poems translated by Walter Arndt, Robin Kemball, and Carl R. Proffer

Construct additional variant access points if considered important for access.

6.28 Constructing Access Points to Represent Musical Works and


Expressions
6.28.1 Authorized Access Point Representing a Musical Work

6.28.1.1 General Guidelines on Constructing Authorized Access Points Representing


Musical Works
Apply the instructions at 6.28.1.26.28.1.8 when constructing the authorized access point representing one
of the following types of musical works:
a)

musical works with lyrics, libretto, text, etc. (see 6.28.1.2)

b)

pasticcios, ballad operas, etc. (see 6.28.1.3)

c)

works composed for choreographic movement (see 6.28.1.4)

d)

adaptations of musical works (see 6.28.1.5)

e)

operas and other dramatic works with new text and title (see 6.28.1.6)

f)

cadenzas (see 6.28.1.7)

g)

musical scores and incidental music for dramatic works, etc. (see 6.28.1.8).

For music that is officially prescribed as part of a liturgy, see 6.30.1.56.30.1.7.


For other types of musical works, see 6.27.1.
For librettos and other texts for musical works, see 6.27.1.
Make additions to the authorized access point by applying the instructions at 6.28.1.96.28.1.11, as
applicable.
For a part or parts of a musical work, see 6.28.2.
For new expressions of an existing work (e.g., musical arrangements, works with added accompaniment),
apply the instructions on constructing authorized access points representing musical expressions at 6.28.3.

6.28.1.2 Musical Works with Lyrics, Libretto, Text, Etc.


For a musical work that includes words in the form of lyrics, a libretto, text, etc. (e.g., a song, opera, musical
comedy), construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the composer of the music (see 9.19.1 for
persons, 10.10.1 for families, or 11.13.1 for corporate bodies, as applicable)

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.14.2).

Viardot-Garca, Pauline, 18211910. Filles de Cadix


Authorized access point for: Les filles de Cadix / poesie de Alfred de Musset ; musique de Pauline Viardot

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-103

6.28.1.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Krieger, Henry. Dreamgirls


Authorized access point for: Dreamgirls / music by Henry Krieger ; book and lyrics by Tom Eyen

6.28.1.3 Pasticcios, Ballad Operas, Etc.


For pasticcios, ballad operas, etc., and excerpts from such works, apply the instructions at 6.28.1.3.1
6.28.1.3.4 as applicable.

6.28.1.3.1 Original Composition


If the music of a pasticcio was especially composed for it, construct the authorized access point
representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the composer who is named first either in
resources embodying the work or in reference sources (see 9.19.1 for persons, 10.10.1 for
families, or 11.13.1 for corporate bodies, as applicable).

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.14.2).

Amadei, Filippo, flourished 16901730. Muzio Scaevola


Authorized access point for: The most favourite songs in the opera of Muzio Scaevola / composed by three
famous masters. The composers are Amadei, Bononcini, and Handel

6.28.1.3.2 Previously Existing Compositions


If the music of a pasticcio, ballad opera, etc., consists of previously existing ballads, songs, arias, etc., by
various composers, construct the authorized access point by using the preferred title for the work (see
6.14.2) on its own.
Beggars opera
Authorized access point for: The beggars opera / written by John Gay ; the overture composed and the songs
arranged by John Christopher Pepusch. A vocal score

6.28.1.3.3 Compilation of Excerpts


If the work is a compilation of musical excerpts from a pasticcio, ballad opera, etc., use the authorized
access point representing the work from which the excerpts were taken.
Beggars wedding
Authorized access point for: Songs in the opera calld The beggars wedding, as it is performd at the theatres

6.28.1.3.4 Single Excerpt


If the work is a single excerpt from a pasticcio, etc., construct the access point representing the work by
combining (in this order):

6-104

a)

the authorized access point representing the composer of the excerpt (see 9.19.1 for
persons, 10.10.1 for families, or 11.13.1 for corporate bodies, as applicable)

b)

the preferred title for the excerpt (see 6.14.2).

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.28.1.5.2

Handel, George Frideric, 16851759. Ma come amar?


Authorized access point for: Ma come amar? : duetto nel Muzio Scaevola del sigr Handel. The other composers
of the pasticcio are Amadei and Bononcini

If the composer of the excerpt is unknown, use the preferred title for the excerpt as the authorized access
point representing the work.
O what pain it is to part!
A song from The beggars opera; composer unknown

6.28.1.4 Musical Works Composed for Choreographic Movement


For a musical work composed for choreographic movement, such as a ballet or pantomime, construct the
authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the composer of the music (see 9.19.1 for
persons, 10.10.1 for families, or 11.13.1 for corporate bodies, as applicable)

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.14.2).

Copland, Aaron, 19001990. Hear ye! Hear ye!


Authorized access point for: Hear ye! Hear ye! : ballet in one act / music by Aaron Copland ; scenario by Ruth
Page and Nicolas Remisoff ; settings and costumes by Nicolas Remisoff ; choreography by Ruth Page

Delibes, Lo, 18361891. Copplia


Authorized access point for: Copplia, ou, La fille aux yeux d'mail / ballet en 2 actes et 3 tableaux, de Ch. Nuitter
et Saint-Lon ; musique de Lo Delibes

Hahn, Reynaldo, 18751947. Fte chez Thrse


Authorized access point for: La fte chez Thrse : ballet-pantomime / scnario de Catulle Mends ; musique

de Reynaldo Hahn

6.28.1.5 Adaptations of Musical Works


6.28.1.5.1 Categories of Adaptations of Musical Works
Apply the instructions at 6.28.1.5.2 for an adaptation that falls into one or more of the following categories:
a)

arrangements described as freely transcribed, based on, etc., and other arrangements
incorporating new material

b)

paraphrases of various works or of the general style of another composer

c)

arrangements in which the harmony or musical style of the original has been changed

d)

performances of musical works involving substantial creative responsibility for adaptation,


improvisation, etc., on the part of the performer or performers

e)

any other distinct alteration of another musical work.

6.28.1.5.2 Construction of Authorized Access Points for Adaptations of Musical


Works
Construct the authorized access point representing the adaptation by combining (in this order):

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-105

6.28.1.6

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

a)

the authorized access point representing the adapter of the music (see 9.19.1 for persons,
10.10.1 for families, or 11.13.1 for corporate bodies, as applicable)

b)

the preferred title for the adaptation (see 6.14.2).

Tausig, Carl, 18411871. Nouvelles soires de Vienne


Authorized access point for: Nouvelles soires de Vienne : valses-caprices d'aprs J. Strauss / Ch. Tausig

Rachmaninoff, Sergei, 18731943. Rapsodie sur un thme de Paganini


Authorized access point for: Rapsodie sur un thme de Paganini : pour piano et orchestre, op. 43 / S.
Rachmaninoff

Wuorinen, Charles. Magic art


Authorized access point for: The magic art : an instrumental masque drawn from works of Henry Purcell, 1977
1978 : in two acts / Charles Wuorinen

Marshall, Wayne. Organ improvisations


Authorized access point for: Organ improvisations / Wayne Marshall. Improvisations performed by Marshall on
songs by George Gershwin, Billy Strayhorn, Jule Styne, Vincent Youmans, and Leonard Bernstein

If two or more composers have collaborated in the adaptation, apply the instructions at 6.27.1.3.
Elling, Kurt. Live in Chicago
Authorized access point for: Live in Chicago / Kurt Elling. Kurt Elling, vocals; Laurence Hobgood, piano; Rob
Amster, bass; Michael Raynor, drums, percussion. Jazz performances of songs by various composers

If the adaptation is commonly cited by title, use the preferred title for the adaptation as the authorized
access point representing the work.
Peter go ring dem bells
An arrangement for voice and piano by Florence B. Price of the traditional Negro spiritual

In case of doubt about whether a work is an arrangement, etc., or an adaptation, treat it as an arrangement,
etc. (see 6.28.3.2).

6.28.1.6 Operas and Other Dramatic Works with New Text and Title
If:

the text, plot, setting, or other verbal element of a musical work is adapted or if a new text is supplied
and
the title has changed
then:
construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the original work

b)

the title of the adaptation, enclosed in parentheses.


Strauss, Johann, 18251899. Fledermaus
Authorized access point representing the original work

Strauss, Johann, 18251899. Fledermaus (Champagne sec)


Strauss, Johann, 18251899. Fledermaus (Gay Rosalinda)

6-106

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.28.1.8

Strauss, Johann, 18251899. Fledermaus (Rosalinda)


Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 17561791. Cos fan tutte
Authorized access point representing the original work

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 17561791. Cos fan tutte (Dame Kobold)


Authorized access point for: Die Dame Kobold (Cos fan tutte) / bearbeitet von Carl Scheidemantel.
Scheidemantel substituted an entirely new libretto based on the play by Caldern de la Barca

6.28.1.7 Cadenzas
For a cadenza, construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the composer of the cadenza (see 9.19.1 for
persons, 10.10.1 for families, or 11.13.1 for corporate bodies, as applicable)

b)

the preferred title for the cadenza (see 6.14.2).

Previn, Andr, 1929 . Cadenza to Mozarts Piano concerto in C minor, KV. 491, 1st
movement
Authorized access point for: Cadenza to Mozarts Piano concerto in C minor, KV. 491, 1st movement / Andr
Previn

Barrre, Georges, 18761944. Cadenzas for the Flute concerto in G major (K. 313) by Mozart
Authorized access point for: Cadenzas for the Flute concerto in G major (K. 313) by Mozart / Georges Barrre

Schumann, Clara, 18191896. Cadenzen zu Beethovens Clavier-Concerten


Authorized access point for: Cadenzen zu Beethovens Clavier-Concerten / componirt von Clara Schumann

If the cadenza does not have its own title, devise a title by applying the instructions at 2.3.2.11.

6.28.1.8 Music and Incidental Music for Dramatic Works, Etc.


For music or incidental music composed for a dramatic work, film, etc., construct the authorized access
point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the composer of the music (see 9.19.1 for
persons, 10.10.1 for families, or 11.13.1 for corporate bodies, as applicable)

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.14.2).

Beethoven, Ludwig van, 17701827. Egmont


Authorized access point for: Musik zu Goethes Trauerspiel Egmont : op. 84 / Ludwig van Beethoven. A musical
score

Finzi, Gerald, 19011956. Loves labours lost


Authorized access point for: Loves labours lost : complete incidental music / Gerald Finzi ; edited by Jeremy
Dale Roberts. A musical score for incidental music for Shakespeares play

Steiner, Max, 18881971. King Kong


Authorized access point for: King Kong : the complete 1933 film score / Steiner. An audio recording

North, Alex. Good morning, Vietnam


Authorized access point for: Good morning, Vietnam / music, Alex North. A musical score

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-107

6.28.1.9

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

ADDITIONS TO ACCESS POINTS REPRESENTING MUSICAL WORKS

6.28.1.9 Additions to Access Points Representing Musical Works with Titles That Are
Not Distinctive
Make additions to access points if the preferred title for the work (see 6.14.2) consists solely of the name of
a type, or of two or more types, of composition. Add one or more of the following elements (in this order):
a)

the medium of performance (see 6.15)

b)

a numeric designation (see 6.16)

c)

key (see 6.17).

Enesco, Georges, 18811955. Sonatas, violin, piano, no. 2, op. 6, F minor

Exception
Do not add the medium of performance if one or more of the following conditions apply:
a)

the medium is implied by the title

Peeters, Flor, 19031986. Chorale preludes, op. 69


Implied medium: organ

Poulenc, Francis, 18991963. Mass, G major


Implied medium: voices, with or without accompaniment

Martin, Bohuslav, 18901959. Overture


Implied medium: orchestra

Mitchell, Joni. Songs


Implied medium: solo voice or voices with accompaniment for keyboard stringed instrument or, if in a popular
idiom, solo voice or voices with instrumental and/or vocal accompaniment

Strauss, Richard, 18641949. Lieder, op. 10


Implied medium: solo voice or voices with accompaniment for keyboard stringed instrument or, if in a popular
idiom, solo voice or voices with instrumental and/or vocal accompaniment

Kodly, Zoltn, 18821967. Symphony


Implied medium: orchestra

If, however, the medium of performance is not the one implied by the title, add the medium.
Widor, Charles Marie, 18441937. Symphonies, organ
Rapf, Kurt. Requiem, organ, horns (4), trumpets (4), trombones (3), tuba, percussion

6-108

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.28.1.9.1

Raff, Joachim, 18221882. Sinfonietta, flutes (2), oboes (2), clarinets (2), bassoons (2), horns
(2), op. 188, F major
Goehr, Alexander, 1932 . Songs, clarinet, viola accompaniment
b)

the work consists of a set of compositions for different media, or is one of a series of works
with the same title but for different media

Fontana, Giovanni Battista, died 1630. Sonatas (1641)


Six sonatas for 1 violin, three for 2 violins, three for violin and bassoon, five for 2 violins and bassoon, and one
for 3 violins, all with continuo

Leonarda, Isabella, 16201704. Sonatas, op. 16


Eleven sonatas for 2 violins and continuo and one for violin and continuo

Monteverdi, Claudio, 15671643. Madrigals, book 1


For 5 voices

Monteverdi, Claudio, 15671643. Madrigals, book 7


For 16 voices and instruments

Persichetti, Vincent, 19151987. Serenades, no. 14


For solo oboe

Persichetti, Vincent, 19151987. Serenades, no. 15


For harpsichord

c)

the medium was not indicated by the composer

d)

the medium of performance cannot be recorded succinctly and other elements are more
useful for identifying the work (e.g., thematic index number or opus number, see 6.16).

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 17561791. Divertimenti, K. 251, D major

6.28.1.9.1 Additions for Access Points When Medium of Perfomance, Etc.


Insufficient, or Not Available
If:

the titles are not distinctive


and
the medium of performance, numeric designation, and key are not sufficient, or are not available, to
distinguish between them
then:
add one of the following elements (in this order of preference):
a)

the year of completion of composition (see 6.4)

b)

the year of original publication (see 6.4)

c)

any other identifying element, such as place of composition (see 6.5), or the name of the first
publisher (see 6.6).
Delius, Frederick, 18621934. Pieces, piano (1890)
Delius, Frederick, 18621934. Pieces, piano (1923)

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-109

6.28.1.10

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Krebs, Johann Ludwig, 17131780. Trio sonatas, flutes, continuo (Nuremberg, Germany)
Geminiani, Francesco, 16871762. Solos, flute, continuo (Bland)
Philidor, Pierre Danican, 16811731. Suites, op. 1 (Foucault)
Agnesi, Maria Teresa, 17201795. Sonatas, harpsichord, G major (Badische
Landesbibliothek Karlsruhe)
Agnesi, Maria Teresa, 17201795. Sonatas, harpsichord, G major (Biblioteca estense)
Gervasio, Giovanni Battista, approximately 1725approximately 1785. Sonatas, mandolin,
continuo, D major (Bibliothque nationale de France L 2768)
Gervasio, Giovanni Battista, approximately 1725approximately 1785. Sonatas, mandolin,
continuo, D major (Bibliothque nationale de France Ms. 2082)

6.28.1.10 Additions to Access Points Representing Musical Works with Distinctive


Titles
Make additions to access points if needed to distinguish the access point from one that is the same or
similar but represents a different work or represents a person, family, corporate body, or place. Add one of
the following elements, as appropriate:

either

a)

the medium of performance (see 6.15)

b)

another distinguishing characteristic of the work (see 6.6).

or

Use the same type of addition for each of the access points for different musical works with identical titles.
Debussy, Claude, 18621918. Images, orchestra
Debussy, Claude, 18621918. Images, piano
not Debussy, Claude, 18621918. Images (Piano work)
Granados, Enrique, 18671916. Goyescas (Opera)
Granados, Enrique, 18671916. Goyescas (Piano work)
not Granados, Enrique, 18671916. Goyescas, piano

6.28.1.10.1 Additions to Resolve Conflict


If the additions at 6.28.1.10 do not resolve the conflict, add one or more of the following:

6-110

a)

a numeric designation (see 6.16)

b)

key (see 6.17)

c)

the year of completion of composition (see 6.4)

d)

the year of original publication (see 6.4)

e)

any other identifying element, such as place of composition (see 6.5), or the name of the
first publisher (see 6.6).

and/or

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.28.2.3

Bach, Johann Sebastian, 16851750. Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan (Chorale prelude)
Bach, Johann Sebastian, 16851750. Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan (Cantata), BWV 98
Bach, Johann Sebastian, 16851750. Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan (Cantata), BWV 99

6.28.1.11 Additions to Access Points Representing Compilations of Musical Works


For a compilation containing works of one type, add the medium of performance to the access point, unless
the medium is obvious or the works are for various media.
Chopin, Frdric, 18101849. Polonaises, piano
Haydn, Joseph, 17321809. Quartets, strings
Grieg, Edvard, 18431907. Sonatas, violin, piano

6.28.2 Authorized Access Point Representing a Part or Parts of a Musical


Work
6.28.2.1 General Guidelines
Construct the authorized access point representing a part or parts of a musical work by applying the
instructions at 6.28.2.26.28.2.4, as applicable.

6.28.2.2 One Part


Construct the authorized access point representing a part of a musical work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the work as a whole (see 6.28.1)

b)

the preferred title for the part (see 6.14.2.7.1).

Brahms, Johannes, 18331897. Ungarische Tnze. Nr. 5


Verdi, Giuseppe, 18131901. Ada. Celeste Ada
Larson, Jonathan. Rent. Seasons of love
Beethoven, Ludwig van, 17701827. Symphonies, no. 1, op. 21, C major. Andante cantabile
con moto
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 17561791. Cos fan tutte. Come scoglio
Vivaldi, Antonio, 16781741. Estro armonico. N. 8
Schumann, Robert, 18101856. Album fr die Jugend. Nr. 30
Schumann, Robert, 18101856. Album fr die Jugend. Nr. 2, Soldatenmarsch
Praetorius, Hieronymus, 15601629. Opus musicum. Cantiones sacrae. O vos omnes
Handel, George Frideric, 16851759. Messiah. Pifa
Verdi, Giuseppe, 18131901. Traviata. Atto 3o. Preludio

6.28.2.3 Two or More Parts


If two or more parts of a musical work are consecutively numbered, construct the authorized access point
by combining (in this order):

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-111

Alternative

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

a)

the authorized access point representing the work as a whole (see 6.28.1)

b)

the preferred title for the parts (see 6.14.2.7.2).

Brahms, Johannes, 18331897. Ungarische Tnze. Nr. 56


When identifying two or more unnumbered or non-consecutively numbered parts of a work, construct
authorized access points for each of the parts. Apply the instructions at 6.14.2.7.1.
Rossini, Gioacchino, 17921868. Barbiere di Siviglia. Largo al factotum
Rossini, Gioacchino, 17921868. Barbiere di Siviglia. Voce poco fa
Schubert, Franz, 17971828. Impromptus, piano, D. 899. No. 2
Schubert, Franz, 17971828. Impromptus, piano, D. 899. No. 4

Alternative
When identifying two or more parts that are unnumbered or non-consecutively numbered, identify
the parts collectively. Construct the authorized access point representing the parts by combining (in
this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the work as a whole (see 6.28.1 and 6.12.1.4)

b)

the term Selections following the preferred title for the whole work.

Wagner, Richard, 18131883. Meistersinger von Nrnberg. Selections


Resource described: Die Meistersinger von Nrnberg : Auszge / Richard Wagner. An audio recording of
excerpts from Wagners opera

Rodgers, Richard, 19021979. King and I. Selections


Resource described: Rodgers & Hammersteins The king and I : selected highlights / music by Richard Rodgers ;
book and lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II. An audio recording

Paganini, Nicol, 17821840. Caprices, violin, M.S. 25. Selections


Resource described: Trois caprices pour violon seul / N. Paganini. A score of the ninth, thirteenth, and
seventeenth caprices; the complete work consists of twenty-four parts

6.28.2.4 Two or More Unnumbered Parts Designated by the Same General Term
If:

a part of a musical work is designated by the same general term as other parts
and
the part is unnumbered
then:
add to the access point representing the part one or more of the identifying elements covered in the
instructions at 6.28.1.96.28.1.11. Add as many as are necessary to distinguish the part.
Cima, Giovanni Paolo, flourished 15981622. Concerti ecclesiastici. Sonata, violin, cornett,
violone, trombone, continuo
Cima, Giovanni Paolo, flourished 15981622. Concerti ecclesiastici. Sonata, cornett, violin,
continuo
If such additions are not appropriate, determine the number of the part in the set and add it.

6-112

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.28.3.2.1

Miln, Luis, 16th century. Maestro. Pavana (No. 23)


Miln, Luis, 16th century. Maestro. Pavana (No. 24)
Miln, Luis, 16th century. Maestro. Fantasia del primero tono (No. 1)
Miln, Luis, 16th century. Maestro. Fantasia del primero tono (No. 4)

6.28.3 Authorized Access Point Representing a Musical Expression


6.28.3.1 General Guidelines on Constructing Authorized Access Points Representing
Musical Expressions
Apply the instructions at 6.28.3.26.28.3.6 when constructing the authorized access point representing one
of the following types of musical expression:
a)

arrangements, transcriptions, etc. (see 6.28.3.2)

b)

added accompaniments, etc. (see 6.28.3.3)

c)

sketches (see 6.28.3.4)

d)

vocal and chorus scores (see 6.28.3.5)

e)

translations (see 6.28.3.6).

For other types of musical expressions, construct the authorized access point by applying the instructions at
6.27.3.

6.28.3.2 Arrangements, Transcriptions, Etc.


The instructions at 6.28.3.2.16.28.3.2.2 apply to an arrangement, transcription, etc., of one or more works
of one composer (or of parts of one composers works) if the arrangement, transcription, etc., falls into one
or more of the following categories:
a)

arrangements, transcriptions, versions, settings, etc., in which music for one medium of
performance has been rewritten for another

b)

simplified versions of previously existing musical works.

6.28.3.2.1 Arrangements of "Classical," Etc. Music


For an arrangement, etc., of a work or part or parts of a work that belong, broadly speaking, to the category
of serious, classical, or art music, construct the authorized access point by combining (in this order).
a)

the authorized access point representing the original work (see 6.28.1) or part or parts of
the work (see 6.28.2), as applicable

b)

the term arranged.

Apply this instruction also to a transcription by the original composer.


Berlioz, Hector, 18031869. Corsaire; arranged
Resource described: The corsaire : overture for concert band / transcribed by Gunther Schuller. Transcription of
a Berlioz overture composed originally for orchestra

Respighi, Ottorino, 18791936. Uccelli; arranged


Resource described: The birds / Respighi. Arranged for Japanese instruments by H. Okano

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-113

6.28.3.2.2

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Schubert, Franz, 17971828. Octet, clarinet, horn, bassoon, violins, viola, violoncello, double
bass, D. 803, F major; arranged
Resource described: Grosses Octet fr zwei Violinen, Viola, Violoncello, Contrabass, Horn, Fagott und
Clarinette, op. 166 / componirt von Franz Schubert ; Arrangement fr das Pianoforte zu vier Hnden bearbeitet
von S. Leithner. Arranged for piano, four hands

Ravel, Maurice, 18751937. Pavane pour une infante dfunte; arranged


Resource described: Pavane pour une infante dfunte : pour petit orchestre / Maurice Ravel. Originally for piano;
transcription by the composer

Satie, Erik, 18661925. Piano music. Selections; arranged


Resource described: Pices pour guitare / Erik Satie. Selected piano works by Satie transcribed for guitar

6.28.3.2.2 Arrangements of "Popular" Music


For an arrangement, etc., of a work or part or parts of a work that belong, broadly speaking, to the category
of music in the popular idiom (e.g., rock, jazz), use the authorized access point representing the original
work (see 6.28.1) or part or parts of the work (see 6.28.2), as applicable. Add arranged only if the resource
being described is:

either

a)

an instrumental work arranged for vocal or choral performance

b)

a vocal work arranged for instrumental performance.

or

MacDermot, Galt. Hair; arranged


Resource described: Hair 72 : the American tribal love-rock musical / [lyrics] by James Rado, Gerome Ragni ;
[music by] Galt MacDermot ; concert band arranged by Len Goldstyne. Vocal music arranged for band

Townshend, Pete. Songs. Selections; arranged


Resource described: Whos serious : symphonic music of the Who. Selected rock songs by Townshend
arranged for orchestra

Brubeck, Dave. Blue rondo la Turk; arranged


Resource described: Blue rondo la Turk : SSAATTBB a cappella / music, Dave Brubeck ; arr. Ward Swingle.
Originally written for jazz quartet; arranged for unaccompanied mixed chorus

John, Elton. Candle in the wind; arranged


Resource described: Candle in the wind / music by Elton John ; words by Bernie Taupin ; arranged by Michael
Sweeney. Song arranged for jazz ensemble

but
Carmichael, Hoagy, 18991981. Songs. Selections
Resource described: Hoagy Carmichael : a choral portrait : for S.A.B. voices and piano with optional guitar, bass,
drums, and vibraphone / music by Hoagy Carmichael ; arranged by Robert Sterling. Selected songs by
Carmichael arranged for accompanied choral performance

Brubeck, Dave. Blue rondo la Turk


Resource described: Blue rondo la Turk / Dave Brubeck ; arranged for string quartet by Jeremy Cohen.
Originally written for jazz quartet

6.28.3.3 Added Accompaniments, Etc.


If an instrumental accompaniment or additional parts have been added to a work or part or parts of a work,
use the authorized access point representing the original work (see 6.28.1) or part or parts of the work (see
6.28.2), as applicable.

6-114

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.28.3.6

Bach, Johann Sebastian, 16851750. Sonaten und Partiten, violin, BWV 10011006
Authorized access point for: Sechs Sonaten fr Violine solo / von Joh. Seb. Bach ; herausgegeben von J.
Hellmesberger ; Klavierbegleitung von Robert Schumann. Solo violin sonatas by Bach with added piano
accompaniment by Schumann

6.28.3.4 Sketches
For a work or part or parts of a work consisting of a composers sketches, construct the authorized access
point by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the completed work

b)

the term Sketches following the preferred title for the whole work.

Szymanowski, Karol, 18821937. Harnasie (Sketches)


Beethoven, Ludwig van, 17701827. Quartets, strings, no. 16, op. 18 (Sketches)
Gillis, Don, 19121978. Quartets, strings, no. 6. Passacaglia (Sketches)
Moore, Douglas, 18931969. Works. Selections (Sketches)

6.28.3.5 Vocal and Chorus Scores


For a vocal or chorus score, construct the authorized access point by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the work (see 6.28.1) or part or parts of the work
(see 6.28.2)

b)

one of the following terms, as applicable:


Vocal score
Vocal scores
Chorus score
Chorus scores.
Handel, George Frideric, 16851759. Messiah. Vocal score
Sullivan, Arthur, 18421900. Mikado. Chorus score
Wagner, Richard, 18131883. Operas. Vocal scores

6.28.3.6 Translations
If:

the text of a vocal work (or part or parts of a vocal work) is a translation
or
the texts of all the works in a compilation are translations
then:
construct the authorized access point by adding the name of the language to the authorized access point
representing the work, part or parts, or compilation, as applicable. Record the name of the language by
applying the instructions at 6.11.
Bizet, Georges, 18381875. Carmen. German
Resource described: Carmen : Oper in 4 Akten / Bizet ; deutsche bersetzung, D. Louis

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-115

6.28.4

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Schnberg, Claude-Michel. Misrables. Danish


Resource described: Les misrables / musical af Alan Boubil og Claude-Michel Schnberg ; tekst, Herbert
Kretzmer ; oversttelse, Niels Brunse. An audio recording of the musical, sung in Danish; Schnberg is the
composer

If the resource described contains expressions of the work in more than one language, create access points
for each of the language expressions.
Handel, George Frideric, 16851759. Messiah. Vocal score. German
Handel, George Frideric, 16851759. Messiah. Vocal score. English
Resource described: Der Messias : Oratorium = The Messiah : sacred oratorio / von G.F. Hndel ; Klavierauszug
mit deutschem und englischem Text ; nach W.A. Mozarts Bearbeitung ; neu revidiert von Josef Reiter

Brel, Jacques. Ne me quitte pas. English


Brel, Jacques. Ne me quitte pas. French
Resource described: If you go away = Ne me quitte pas / music and French lyric by Jacques Brel ; English lyric

by Rod McKuen

Schumann, Robert, 18101856. Songs. French


Schumann, Robert, 18101856. Songs. German
Resource described: Collection complte des mlodies pour chant avec accompagnement de piano / de Robert
Schumann ; traduction franaise et texte original

6.28.4 Variant Access Point Representing a Musical Work or Expression


6.28.4.1 General Guidelines on Constructing Variant Access Points Representing
Musical Works
Use a variant title for the work (see 6.14.3) as the basis for a variant access point.
Om arme
Ome arme
Omme arme
Authorized access point for the work: Homme arm

Coming for to carry me home


Authorized access point for the work: Swing low, sweet chariot

God save the Queen


My country, tis of thee
Authorized access point for the work: God save the King

If the authorized access point for a work has been constructed by using the authorized access point
representing a person, family, or corporate body followed by the preferred title for the work (see 6.28.1.1
6.28.1.8), construct a variant access point by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing that person (see 9.19.1), family (see 10.10.1), or
corporate body (see 11.13.1)

b)

the variant title for the work.

Grieg, Edvard, 18431907. Mountain maid


Grieg, Edvard, 18431907. Fille de la montagne

6-116

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.28.4.1

Grieg, Edvard, 18431907. Kind der Berge


Authorized access point for the work: Grieg, Edvard, 18431907. Haugtussa

Rossini, Gioacchino, 17921868. Almaviva


Authorized access point for the work: Rossini, Gioacchino, 17921868. Barbiere di Siviglia

Strauss, Johann, 18251899. Pink champagne


Authorized access point for the work: Strauss, Johann, 18251899. Fledermaus (Pink champagne)

Make additions to the variant access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.28.1.96.28.1.11, as applicable.
America (Song)
Authorized access point for the work: God save the King

Rubinstein, Anton, 18291894. Etden, piano, op. 23


Rubinstein, Anton, 18291894. Studies, piano, op. 23
Authorized access point for the work: Rubinstein, Anton, 18291894. tudes, piano, op. 23

Lillet, Jacques, 16851748. Quintet, recorders, flutes, continuo, B minor


Authorized access point for the work: Lillet, Jacques, 16851748. Sonatas, recorders (2), flutes (2), continuo,
B minor

Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 17141787. Orpheus und Eurydike (1762)
Authorized access point for the work: Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 17141787. Orfeo ed Euridice

Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 17141787. Orpheus und Eurydike (1774)
Authorized access point for the work: Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 17141787. Orphe et Eurydice

Schubert, Franz, 17971828. Forelle (Quintet)


Authorized access point for the work: Schubert, Franz, 17971828. Quintets, piano, violin, viola, violoncello,
double bass, D. 667, A major. Variant title for this work is identical to the preferred title for a song by Schubert

Respighi, Ottorino, 18791936. Ancient airs and dances (Orchestral work)


Authorized access point for the work: Respighi, Ottorino, 18791936. Antiche arie e danze per liuto, no. 13.
Variant title for this work is identical to a variant title for a piano work by Respighi

Apply these additional instructions, as applicable:


cadenzas (see 6.28.4.2)
part of a musical work (see 6.28.4.3)
compilations of musical works (see 6.28.4.4)
musical expressions (see 6.28.4.5).
Construct additional variant access points if considered important for access.
Schubert, Franz, 17971828. Quintets, piano, violin, viola, violoncello, double bass, op. 114,
A major
Authorized access point for the work: Schubert, Franz, 17971828. Quintets, piano, violin, viola, violoncello,
double bass, D. 667, A major. Work has two different numeric designations; designation not used in the
authorized access point used in a variant access point

Lillet, Jacques, 16851748. Sonatas, flutes (4), continuo, B minor


Authorized access point for the work: Lillet, Jacques, 16851748. Sonatas, recorders (2), flutes (2), continuo,
B minor

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-117

6.28.4.2

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Bach, Johann Sebastian, 16851750. Bist du bei mir


Authorized access point for the work: Stlzel, Gottfried Heinrich, 16901749. Bist du bei mir. For many years
attributed to Bach

6.28.4.2 Variant Access Point Representing One or More Cadenzas


Construct a variant access point representing one or more cadenzas written to be performed as part of one
or more specific musical works by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the composer of the musical work or musical
works for which the cadenza or cadenzas were written (see 9.19.1 for persons, 10.10.1 for
families, or 11.13.1 for corporate bodies, as applicable)

b)

the preferred title for the musical work or musical works for which the cadenza or cadenzas
were written (see 6.14.2)

c)

the preferred title for the movement of the musical work for which the cadenza or cadenzas
were written, when appropriate (see 6.14.2.7)

d)

the term Cadenza or Cadenzas

e)

another distinguishing term, if needed.

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 17561791. Concertos, piano, orchestra, K. 491, C minor.


Allegro. Cadenza (Previn)
Authorized access point for the work: Previn, Andre, 1929 . Cadenza to Mozarts Piano concerto in C minor,

KV. 491, 1st movement

Haydn, Joseph, 17321809. Concertos, harpsichord, orchestra, H. XVIII, 11, D major.


Cadenzas (Badura-Skoda)
Authorized access point for the work: Badura-Skoda, Paul. Kadenzen zum Klavierkonzert in D-dur (Hoboken
XVIII: 11) von Joseph Haydn

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 17561791. Sonatas, piano, K. 333, B major. Allegretto


grazioso. Cadenzas (Landowska)
Authorized access point for the work: Landowska, Wanda. Cadenzas for the Piano sonata in B-flat major, K. 333,
third movement, by W.A. Mozart

Beethoven, Ludwig van, 17701827. Concertos, piano, orchestra, no. 34. Cadenzas
(Schumann)
Authorized access point for the work: Schumann, Clara, 18191896. Cadenzen zu Beethovens ClavierConcerten

6.28.4.3 Variant Access Point Representing a Part of a Musical Work


If:

the title of the part of a musical work is distinctive


and
the authorized access point representing the part has been constructed by using the authorized access
point representing a person, family, or corporate body followed by the preferred title for the work as a
whole, followed in turn by the preferred title for the part
then:
construct a variant access point representing the part by combining (in this order):

6-118

a)

the authorized access point representing that person, family, or corporate body

b)

the preferred title for the part.

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.28.4.3

Verdi, Giuseppe, 18131901. Celeste Ada


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Verdi, Giuseppe, 18131901. Ada. Celeste Ada

Larson, Jonathan. Seasons of love


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Larson, Jonathan. Rent. Seasons of love

Schumann, Robert, 18101856. Soldatenmarsch


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Schumann, Robert, 18101856. Album fr die Jugend. Nr. 2,
Soldatenmarsch

Beach, H. H. A., Mrs., 18671944. Graduale


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Beach, H. H. A., Mrs., 18671944. Mass, op. 5, E major.
Graduale

If:

the title of the part of a work is distinctive


and
the authorized access point representing the part has been constructed by using the preferred title for the
work as a whole, followed by the preferred title for the part
then:
construct a variant access point by using the preferred title for the part on its own.
Ecce Rex Darius
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Danielis ludus. Ecce Rex Darius

Make additions to the variant access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.28.1.96.28.1.11, as applicable.
Sanctus (Messe de Tournai)
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Messe de Tournai. Sanctus. Addition to access point made to
distinguish it from access points representing other works and parts of works with the same preferred title

Bacon, Ernst, 18981990. Last invocation (Song)


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Bacon, Ernst, 18981990. Songs at parting. Last invocation.
Title of the part is identical to the preferred title for a requiem by Bacon

Rodgers, Richard, 19021979. I married an angel (Song)


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Rodgers, Richard, 19021979. I married an angel. I married an
angel. A song from a musical with the same title; addition to access point made to distinguish it from the

authorized access point representing the whole work

Barber, Samuel, 19101981. Adagios, string quartet


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Barber, Samuel, 19101981. Quartets, strings, no. 1, op. 11, B

minor. Adagio

Busoni, Ferruccio, 18661924. Dances, piano, op. 9, no. 5, D major


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Busoni, Ferruccio, 18661924. Festa di villaggio. Danza

Construct additional variant access points if considered important for access.


Bellini, Vincenzo, 18011835. Puritani. Ouverture
Bellini, Vincenzo, 18011835. Puritani. Overture
Bellini, Vincenzo, 18011835. Puritani. Preludio

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-119

6.28.4.4

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Bellini, Vincenzo, 18011835. Puritani. Sinfonia


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Bellini, Vincenzo, 18011835. Puritani. Atto 1. Introduzione

Arensky, Anton Stepanovich, 18611906. Trios, piano, strings, no. 1, op. 32, D minor. Allegro
non troppo
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Arensky, Anton Stepanovich, 18611906. Trios, piano, strings,
no. 1, op. 32, D minor. Finale

Wagner, Richard, 18131883. Adagio, clarinet, string orchestra, D major


Authorized access point for the part of the work: Baermann, Heinrich, 17841847. Quintets, clarinet, violins,
viola, violoncello, op. 23, E major. Adagio. Formerly attributed to Richard Wagner as a separate work

6.28.4.4 Variant Access Point Representing a Compilation of Musical Works


If:

the authorized access point representing a compilation of musical works by one person, family, or
corporate body has been constructed using the authorized access point representing that person, family,
or corporate body followed by a conventional collective title (see 6.14.2.8)

and
the title proper (excluding any alternative title) of the resource being described or the title found in a
reference source is not the same as, nor very similar to, the collective title
then:
construct a variant access point representing the compilation combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the person (see 9.19.1), family (see 10.10.1), or
corporate body (see 11.13.1)

b)

the title proper of the resource being described or the title found in a reference source.
Vierne, Louis, 18701937. Complete organ works
Vierne, Louis, 18701937. uvres compltes pour orgue
Vierne, Louis, 18701937. Smtliche Orgelwerke
Authorized access point for the compilation: Vierne, Louis, 18701937. Organ music

Takemitsu, Tru. Complete Takemitsu edition


Takemitsu, Tru. Takemitsu Tru zensh
Takemitsu, Tru.
Authorized access point for the compilation: Takemitsu, Tru. Works

Bach, Johann Sebastian, 16851750. Best of Bach


Authorized access point for the compilation: Bach, Johann Sebastian, 16851750. Works. Selections

Bartk, Bla, 18811945. Selected works for piano


Authorized access point for the compilation: Bartk, Bla, 18811945. Piano music. Selections

Make additions to the variant access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.28.1.96.28.1.11, as applicable.
Beethoven, Ludwig van, 17701827. Ludwig van Beethovens Werke (1862)
Authorized access point for the compilation: Beethoven, Ludwig van, 17701827. Works (1862)

Beethoven, Ludwig van, 17701827. Ludwig van Beethovens Werke (1949)


Authorized access point for the compilation: Beethoven, Ludwig van, 17701827. Works (1949)

6-120

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.28.4.5

Glazunov, Aleksandr Konstantinovich, 18651936. Orchestral works (Naxos)


Authorized access point for the compilation: Glazunov, Aleksandr Konstantinovich, 18651936. Orchestra
music (Naxos)

Hindemith, Paul, 18951963. Pieces, double bass


Hindemith, Paul, 18951963. Stcke, double bass
Authorized access point for the compilation: Hindemith, Paul, 18951963. Double bass music

Construct additional variant access points if considered important for access.


Cimarosa, Domenico, 17491801. Sonatas, harpsichord
Cimarosa, Domenico, 17491801. Sonatas, piano
Authorized access point for the compilation: Cimarosa, Domenico, 17491801. Sonatas, keyboard instrument

6.28.4.5 Variant Access Point Representing a Musical Expression


If a variant title for a musical work is associated with a particular expression of the work, use that variant title
to construct the variant access point representing that expression.
Fanfare and National anthem
Authorized access point for the expression: God save the King; arranged

If:

a variant title for a musical work is associated with a particular expression of the work
and
the authorized access point representing the expression has been constructed by using the authorized
access point representing a person, family or corporate body followed by the preferred title for the work
and one or more additions identifying the expression
then:
construct a variant access point representing the expression by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the person, family or corporate body

b)

the variant title associated with that expression.


Poulenc, Francis, 18991963. Carmelites
Authorized access point for the expression: Poulenc, Francis, 18991963. Dialogues des Carmlites. English

Tower, Joan, 1938 . Celebration fanfare


Authorized access point for the expression: Tower, Joan, 1938 . Stepping stones. Love and celebration;

arranged

Nyman, Michael. Film music for solo piano


Authorized access point for the expression: Nyman, Michael. Motion picture music. Selections; arranged

Strauss, Richard, 18641949. Skizzen zu Intermezzo


Authorized access point for the expression: Strauss, Richard, 18641949. Intermezzo (Sketches)

Make additions to the variant access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.28.1.96.28.1.11, as applicable.

RDA: Resource Description and Access

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6.29

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Shostakovich, Dmitri Dmitrievich, 19061975. Chamber symphony, op. 83a


Shostakovich, Dmitri Dmitrievich, 19061975. Kammersinfonie, op. 83a
Authorized access point for the expression: Shostakovich, Dmitri Dmitrievich, 19061975. Quartets, strings, no.

4, op. 83, D major; arranged

Henselt, Adolf von, 18141889. Berceuse, flute, piano, G major


Authorized access point for the expression: Henselt, Adolf von, 18141889. Wiegenlied; arranged

Barber, Samuel, 19101981. Adagios, string orchestra


Barber, Samuel, 19101981. Adagios, orchestra
Authorized access point for the expression: Barber, Samuel, 19101981. Quartets, strings, no. 1, op. 11, B

minor. Adagio; arranged

Copland, Aaron, 19001990. House on the hill (Sketches)


Authorized access point for the expression: Copland, Aaron, 19001990. Choruses (1925). House on the hill
(Sketches)

Sullivan, Arthur, 18421900. I have a song to sing, O! (Collection)


Authorized access point for the expression: Sullivan, Arthur, 18421900. Operas. Vocal scores. Selections.
Variant title for the expression is identical to the title of a song from Sullivans opera The Yeomen of the Guard

Construct additional variant access points if considered important for access.

6.29 Constructing Access Points to Represent Legal Works and


Expressions
6.29.1 Authorized Access Point Representing a Legal Work

6.29.1.1 General Guidelines on Constructing Authorized Access Points Representing


Legal Works
6.29.1.1.1 Laws, Etc.
Apply the instructions at 6.29.1.26.29.1.31 when constructing the authorized access point representing
one of the following types of legal works:
a)

laws, etc. (see 6.29.1.26.29.1.6)

b)

administrative regulations, etc., that are not laws (see 6.29.1.76.29.1.9)

c)

court rules (see 6.29.1.106.29.1.12)

d)

constitutions, charters, etc., of intergovernmental and non-jurisdictional bodies (see


6.29.1.136.29.1.14)

e)

treaties, international agreements, etc. (see 6.29.1.156.29.1.20)

f)

law reports, citations, digests, etc. (see 6.29.1.216.29.1.23)

g)

court proceedings, etc. (see 6.29.1.246.29.1.31).

6.29.1.1.2 Categories Excluded from Laws, Etc.


Apply the instructions at 6.29.1.26.29.1.6 to:
a)

legislative enactments and decrees of political jurisdictions (including fundamental laws


such as constitutions, charters, etc.)

b)

decrees of a chief executive having the force of law (all hereinafter referred to as laws).

For administrative regulations that are not laws, see 6.29.1.76.29.1.9.

6-122

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IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.29.1.2

For court rules, see 6.29.1.106.29.1.12.


For treaties and similar formal agreements, see 6.29.1.156.29.1.20.

6.29.1.1.3 Annotated Editions of Laws and Commentaries


For annotated editions of laws and commentaries, see 6.27.1.6.

6.29.1.1.4 Other Types of Legal Works


For other types of legal works, apply the general guidelines and instructions at 6.27.1.

6.29.1.1.5 Additions to the Authorized Access Point


Make additions to the authorized access point by applying the instructions at 6.29.1.326.29.1.34, as
applicable.

LAWS, ETC.

6.29.1.2 Laws Governing One Jurisdiction


For laws governing one jurisdiction, construct the authorized access point representing the work by
combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the jurisdiction governed by the laws (see
11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the law or laws (see 6.19.2).

Canada. Canada Corporations Act


Authorized access point for: Canada Corporations Act : chap. 53, R.S.C. 1952, as amended

Catawba Indian Nation. Constitution and By-laws of the Catawba Indian Tribe of South
Carolina
Authorized access point for: Constitution and By-laws of the Catawba Indian Tribe of South Carolina

Austria. Arbeitszeitgesetz
Authorized access point for: Arbeitszeitgesetz (AZG) : Bundesgesetz vom 11. Dezember 1969

Richmond (Va.). Building code of the city of Richmond, Virginia


Authorized access point for: Building code of the city of Richmond, Virginia

California. Labor Code


Authorized access point for: California Labor Code. Citation title: Labor Code

United States. Constitution of the United States


Authorized access point for: The Constitution of the United States

Kosovo (Republic). Kushtetuta e Republiks s Kosovs


Authorized access point for: Kushtetuta e Republiks s Kosovs

Colima (Mexico : State). Constitucin Poltica del Estado Libre y Soberano de Colima
Authorized access point for: Constitucin Poltica del Estado Libre y Soberano de Colima

Alaska. Constitution of the State of Alaska


Authorized access point for: The Constitution of the State of Alaska

Canada. Constitution Act, 1982


Authorized access point for: The Constitution Act, 1982

Los Angeles County (Calif.). Charter of the County of Los Angeles


Authorized access point for: Charter of the County of Los Angeles

Australia. Laws, etc.


Authorized access point for: Acts of the Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-123

6.29.1.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

United States. Laws, etc.


Authorized access point for: United States code

6.29.1.3 Laws Governing More Than One Jurisdiction


For a compilation of laws governing more than one jurisdiction, apply the instructions at 6.27.1.4.
Narcotic laws of Mexico and the United States of America
Authorized access point for: The narcotic laws of Mexico and the United States of America. Cover title: Drugs
and the law : compilation of laws on narcotics and dangerous drugs from the United States of America, the United
States of Mexico, the state of California, and the state of Baja California

6.29.1.4 Administrative Regulations, Etc., That Are Laws


In certain jurisdictions, administrative regulations, rules, etc., are treated as laws (as is the case in the
United Kingdom and Canada). For administrative regulations, etc., from such jurisdictions, construct the
authorized access point by applying the instructions appropriate for the regulations as laws (see 6.29.1.2
and 6.29.1.3).
Canada. Queens regulations and orders for the Canadian Forces (1994 revision)
Authorized access point for: The Queens regulations and orders for the Canadian Forces (1994 revision) :
issued under the authority of the National Defence Act = Ordonnances et reglements royaux applicables aux
Forces canadiennes (revision de 1994) : publies en vertu de l'autorite conferee par la Loi sur la defense nationale

New Brunswick. Laws, etc.


Authorized access point for: Regulations of New Brunswick

If a law or laws are published together with the regulations, etc., made pursuant to the law or laws, construct
the authorized access point representing the work by applying the instructions appropriate for the law or
laws (see 6.29.1.2 or 6.29.1.3, as applicable).
New Brunswick. Laws, etc.
Authorized access point for: N.B. acts and regulations

6.29.1.5 Bills and Drafts of Legislation


For legislative bills, construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the appropriate legislative body (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the legislative bill (see 6.19.2).

Australia. Parliament. House of Representatives. Second Corporate Law Simplification Bill


Authorized access point for: Second Corporate Law Simplification Bill : second draft

United States. Congress (70th, 1st session : 19271928). Senate. Bill to designate a building
site for the National Conservatory of Music of America, and for other purposes
Authorized access point for: A bill to designate a building site for the National Conservatory of Music of America,
and for other purposes : 70th Congress, 1st session, S.2170

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IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.29.1.7

South Africa. Parliament (1994 ). National Assembly. Electronic Communications and


Transactions Bill
Authorized access point for: Electronic Communications and Transactions Bill / Republic of South Africa. As
introduced in the National Assembly as a section 75 Bill

For other drafts of legislation, apply the general guidelines and instructions at 6.27.1.
Williston, Samuel, 18611963. Draft of an act relating to the sale of goods
Authorized access point for: Draft of an act relating to the sale of goods / by Samuel Williston

Ontario. Ministry of Housing. Local Planning Policy Branch. Planning act


Authorized access point for: The planning act : a draft for public comment. Issued by the Ontario Ministry of
Housing, Local Planning Policy Branch

6.29.1.6 Ancient Laws, Certain Medieval Laws, Customary Laws, Etc.


For the laws of ancient jurisdictions; laws of non-western jurisdictions before the adoption of legislative
institutions based on western models; and customary laws, tribal laws, etc., use as the authorized access
point (in this order of preference):
a)

the title by which the law or early compilation of laws is known (see 6.19.2.6)

b)

the title proper (excluding any alternative title) of the resource containing the laws, etc.

Lex Salica
Authorized access point for: Lex Salica : the ten texts with the glosses and the Lex Emendata

Institutiones
Authorized access point for: Imperatoris Iustiniani Institutionum libri quattuor / with introductions, commentary,
and excursus by J.B. Moyle

Code of Hammurabi
Authorized access point for: The oldest code of laws in the world : the code of laws promulgated by Hammurabi,
King of Babylon

Russkaia Pravda
Authorized access point for: Pravda Russkaia / pod red. B.D. Grekova. Laws known by the title Russkaia Pravda

Fontes iuris Romani antejustiniani


Authorized access point for: Fontes iuris Romani antejustiniani / in usum scholarum ediderunt S. Riccobono, J.
Baviera, C. Ferrini, J. Furlani et V. Arangio-Ruiz juris antecessores

ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS, ETC., THAT ARE NOT LAWS

6.29.1.7 Administrative Regulations, Etc., Promulgated by Government Agencies,


Etc., That Are Not Laws
In certain jurisdictions, administrative regulations, rules, etc., are promulgated by government agencies or
agents under authority granted by one or more laws (as is the case in the United States). For administrative
regulations, etc., from such jurisdictions, construct the authorized access point representing the work by
combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the agency or agent (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the regulations, etc. (see 6.19.2).

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-125

6.29.1.8

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Illinois. Department of Public Health. Rules and regulations for recreational areas
Authorized access point for: Rules and regulations for recreational areas : prescribed under the Recreational
Area Licensing Act, chapter 111 1/2, paragraphs 761792 inclusive. Promulgated by the Illinois Department of

Public Health

6.29.1.8 Laws and Derived Regulations, Etc., Issued Together


If a law or laws are issued together with the regulations, etc., derived from the law or laws, use the
authorized access point appropriate for whichever appears first in the preferred source of information of the
resource being described.
United States. Department of Labor. Regulations and principal statutes applicable to
contractors and subcontractors on public building and public work and on building and work
financed in whole or in part by loans or grants from the United States
Authorized access point for: Regulations and principal statutes applicable to contractors and subcontractors on
public building and public work and on building and work financed in whole or in part by loans or grants from the
United States / United States Department of Labor. Includes several statutes, in whole and in part

Germany (West). Gewerbesteuergesetz


Authorized access point for: Gewerbesteuer-Veranlagung 1966 : Gewerbesteuergesetz und GewerbesteuerDurchfhrungsverordnung mit Gewerbesteuer-Richtlinien . Regulations and guidelines included were
promulgated by the Bundesministerium der Finanzen of West Germany

If only the law or laws are mentioned in the title proper, use the authorized access point appropriate for the
law or laws.
If only the regulations are mentioned in the title proper, use the authorized access point appropriate for the
regulations.
If the evidence of the preferred source of information is ambiguous or insufficient, use the authorized access
point appropriate for the law or laws.

Alternative
If a law or laws are issued together with the regulations, etc., derived from the law or laws, use the
authorized access point appropriate to the law or laws. Use this access point regardless of whether
the law or laws or the regulations, etc., appear first in the preferred source of information of the
resource being described.

6.29.1.9 Compilations of Administrative Regulations, Etc.


For compilations of regulations, etc., promulgated by government agencies, etc., apply the instructions at
6.27.1.4.

COURT RULES

6.29.1.10 Rules Governing a Single Court


For court rules governing a single court (regardless of their official nature, e.g., laws, administrative
regulations), construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the court (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the rules (see 6.19.2).

United States. Tax Court. Rules of practice and procedure of the United States Tax Court
Authorized access point for: Rules of practice and procedure of the United States Tax Court

6-126

RDA: Resource Description and Access

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6.29.1.13

Zimbabwe. Supreme Court. Rules of the Supreme Court of Zimbabwe


Authorized access point for: Rules of the Supreme Court of Zimbabwe

Ontario. Superior Court of Justice. Ontario Superior Court practice


Authorized access point for: Ontario Superior Court practice

6.29.1.11 Compilations of Rules Governing More Than One Court of a Single


Jurisdiction
For a compilation of rules governing more than one court of a single jurisdiction but enacted as laws of that
jurisdiction, apply the instructions at 6.29.1.2.
For all other compilations of court rules governing more than one court of a single jurisdiction, construct the
authorized access point by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the agency or agent promulgating them (see
11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the rules (see 6.19.2).

Peru. Reglamentos de tribunales, de jueces de paz y comercio


Authorized access point for: Reglamentos de tribunales, de jueces de paz y comercio

6.29.1.12 Other Compilations of Court Rules


For a compilation of court rules that are the laws of more than one jurisdiction, or that are promulgated by
more than one agency or agent, apply the instructions at 6.27.1.4.
West's California rules of court, 1975, state and federal
Authorized access point for: West's California rules of court, 1975, state and federal : with amendments received
for January 1, 1975. St. Paul, Minn. : West Publishing Co. The rules apply to numerous state and federal

courts in California; the state rules are promulgated by the California Judicial Council

CONSTITUTIONS, CHARTERS, ETC., OF INTERNATIONAL INTERGOVERNMENTAL AND NONJURISDICTIONAL BODIES

6.29.1.13 Constitutions, Charters, Etc., of International Intergovernmental Bodies


For the constitution, charter, etc., of an international intergovernmental body, construct the authorized
access point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing that body (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the constitution, etc. (see 6.19.2).

United Nations. Charter of the United Nations


Authorized access point for: Charter of the United Nations

For amendments to such a document, use the same authorized access point as the one used for the
document.

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-127

6.29.1.14

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.29.1.14 Constitutions, Charters, Etc., of Non-jurisdictional Bodies


For a constitution, charter, etc., that is enacted by a jurisdiction but that applies to a body that is not a
jurisdiction, construct the authorized access point by applying the instructions appropriate for the type of
document (e.g., if the document is a law, apply the instructions at 6.29.1.2).
Maryland. Charter of the Franklin Bank of Baltimore
Authorized access point for: Charter of the Franklin Bank of Baltimore. An act of the Maryland legislature

For amendments to such a document, use the same authorized access point as the one used for the
document.

TREATIES, INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS, ETC.

6.29.1.15 Treaties, Etc., between National Governments


For a treaty, or any other formal agreement, between two or more national governments,5 construct the
authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the government whose name appears first, either
in resources embodying the work or in reference sources (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the treaty, etc. (see 6.19.2.7).

United States. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Special Economic Assistance : agreement between the United States of America
and Burma, effected by exchange of notes

Japan. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Trait de paix entre le Japon et la Russie

Australia. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Security Treaty between Australia, New Zealand, and the United States of America

(ANZUS)

Argentina. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: The Antarctic Treaty (1959). Signatories listed in the preamble, beginning with
Argentina

Bolivia. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America (The Treaty of
Tlatelolco). Signatories listed in reference source by date of signature

Belgium. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Schengen Agreement. Signatories listed in the resource

Exception
If there is only one government on one side of the treaty, etc., and two or more governments on the
other side, construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):

6-128

a)

the authorized access point representing the single government on one side (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the treaty, etc. (see 6.19.2.7).

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.29.1.16

Netherlands. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Convention montaire belgo-luxembourgeoise-nerlandaise. A convention
between the government of the Netherlands on one side, and the governments of Belgium and Luxembourg
on the other side

If there is no consistency in the order in which the governments are named either in resources embodying
the work or in reference sources, construct the authorized access point by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the government that is named first in the first
resource received

b)

the preferred title for the treaty, etc.

If the first signatory cannot be determined, construct the authorized access point representing the work by
using the preferred title on its own.
Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization
Authorized access point for: Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization. Agreement signed on April
15, 1994. Signatories not listed in text nor found in reference sources consulted

5. The term national governments, as used here, includes bodies exercising treaty powers such as Native
American nations and African tribal governments.

6.29.1.16 Agreements Contracted by International Intergovernmental Bodies


Apply the instructions at 6.29.1.15 for agreements between an international intergovernmental body and a
body or bodies falling into one or more of the following categories:
a)

other international intergovernmental bodies

b)

national governments

c)

jurisdictions other than national governments

d)

other corporate bodies.

United Nations. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Agreement between the United Nations and the Food and Agriculture Organisation
of the United Nations and the United Kingdom as administering power of the territories of Cyrenaica and
Tripolitania regarding technical assistance for Cyrenaica and Tripolitania

Bolivia. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Development credit agreement (Santa Cruz water supply and sewerage project)
between Republic of Bolivia and International Development Association

Corporacin de Fomento de la Produccin (Chile). Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Loan agreement (agricultural machinery project) between Corporacin de Fomento
de la Produccin and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

Asian Development Bank. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Project agreement (Anhui Hefei Urban Environment Improvement Project) between
Asian Development Bank and Anhui Provincial Government, Hefei Municipal Government

United Nations. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Agreement between the United Nations and the World Intellectual Property

Organization

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-129

6.29.1.17

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.29.1.17 Agreements Contracted by the Holy See


For a concordat, modus vivendi, convention, or other formal agreement between the Holy See and a
national government or other political jurisdiction, construct the authorized access point representing the
work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the party that was named first either in resources
embodying the work or in reference sources (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the agreement (see 6.19.2).

Catholic Church. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Das Konkordat zwischen dem Heiligen Stuhle und dem Freistaate Baden

Catholic Church. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Zkladn zmluva medzi Svtou stolicou a Slovenskou republikou

If there is no consistency in the order in which the parties are named in the agreement, either in resources
embodying the work or in reference sources, construct the authorized access point by combining (in this
order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the party that is named first in the first resource
received

b)

the preferred title for the agreement.

6.29.1.18 Other Agreements Involving Jurisdictions


For an agreement between two or more jurisdictions below the national level, apply the instructions at
6.27.1.3.
For an agreement between a national government and one or more jurisdictions within its country, apply the
instructions at 6.27.1.3.
Ontario. Memorandum of agreement between the government of the province of Ontario and
the government of Canada pursuant to section 4(3) of the Anti-Inflation Act
Authorized access point for: Memorandum of agreement between the government of the province of Ontario and
the government of Canada pursuant to section 4(3) of the Anti-Inflation Act

Maine. Joint agreement between the state of Maine and the province of New Brunswick
Authorized access point for: Joint agreement between the state of Maine and the province of New Brunswick

For an agreement involving jurisdictions below the national level and one or more international
intergovernmental bodies, apply the instructions at 6.29.1.16.
For an agreement between a national government and one or more jurisdictions below the national level
outside its country, apply the instructions at 6.29.1.15.
United States. Treaties, etc.
Authorized access point for: Tax convention with the British Virgin Islands : message from the President of the
United States transmitting the Convention between the Government of the United States of America and the
Government of the British Virgin Islands for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal
Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income, together with a related note from the government of the British Virgin
Islands, signed at Washington on February 18, 1981

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6.29.1.20.2

For an agreement involving two or more national governments and one or more jurisdictions below the
national level, apply the instructions at 6.29.1.15.
For an agreement between a government at any level and a non-governmental corporate body, apply the
instructions at 6.27.1.3.
For agreements involving international intergovernmental bodies, see 6.29.1.16.
Canada. Treasury Board. Master agreement (PIPSC)
Authorized access point for: Master agreement (PIPSC) : agreement between the Treasury Board and the
Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada

Liberia. Concession agreement between the government of the Republic of Liberia and
Liberia Iron and Steel Corporation
Authorized access point for: Concession agreement between the government of the Republic of Liberia and
Liberia Iron and Steel Corporation

6.29.1.19 Protocols, Amendments, Etc.


For a separately issued protocol, amendment, extension, or other agreement ancillary to a treaty,
international agreement, etc., use the authorized access point representing the basic agreement (see
6.29.1.156.29.1.18).
Treat a general revision of a treaty, international agreement, etc., as a new work.

6.29.1.20 Compilations of Treaties, International Agreements, Etc.


For compilations of treaties, international agreements, etc., apply these instructions, as applicable:
treaties, etc., between two parties (see 6.29.1.20.1)
treaties, etc., between one party and two or more other parties (see (6.29.1.20.2)
other compilations (see 6.29.1.20.3).

6.29.1.20.1 Treaties, Etc., Contracted between Two Parties


For a compilation of treaties, international agreements, etc., that are contracts between two parties, use the
authorized access point that would be appropriate for a single agreement between those parties (see
6.29.1.156.29.1.18).
United States. Treaties, etc.
Authorized access point for: United States agreements with the Republic of Korea

Exception
If such a compilation has become known by a collective title, use that title as the authorized access
point.

6.29.1.20.2 Treaties, Etc., Contracted between One Party and Two or More Other
Parties
For a compilation of treaties, international agreements, etc., that are contracts between one party and two
or more other parties, construct the authorized access point by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the one party (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the treaty, etc. (see 6.19.2.8).

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-131

Exception

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

United States. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Treaties and other international agreements of the United States of America, 1776
1949 / compiled under the direction of Charles I. Bevans

Brazil. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Tratados ratificados pelo Brasil / Arnaldo Sssekind. A compilation of Brazil's
treaties

Brazil. Treaties, etc.


Authorized access point for: Acordos e convenes internacionais em matria de imposto de renda : coletnea
de edies da Resenha tributria, sees 1.1 e 1.4 : acompanham sumrio e ndice alfabtico-remissivo

Exception
If such a compilation has become known by a collective title, use that title as the authorized access
point.

6.29.1.20.3 Other Compilations of Treaties, Etc.


For any other compilation of treaties, etc., apply the instructions at 6.27.1.4.
Treaties and alliances of the world
Authorized access point for: Treaties and alliances of the world / [compiled by] N.J. Rengger with John Campbell

LAW REPORTS, CITATIONS, DIGESTS, ETC.

6.29.1.21 Reports of One Court


For law reports of one court, apply these instructions, as applicable:
reports ascribed to a reporter or reporters by name (see 6.29.1.21.1)
reports not ascribed to a reporter or reporters by name (see 6.29.1.21.2).

6.29.1.21.1 Reports Ascribed to a Reporter or Reporters by Name


If the reports are ascribed to a reporter or reporters by name, construct the authorized access point by
combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the reporter (or first named reporter) (see 9.19.1)

b)

the preferred title for the reports (see 6.19.2).

Manning, James, 1781-1866. Common bench reports


Authorized access point for: Common bench reports : cases argued and determined in the Court of Common
Pleas / [reported] by James Manning, T.C. Granger, and John Scott

6.29.1.21.2 Reports Not Ascribed to a Reporter or Reporters by Name


If the reports are not ascribed to a reporter or reporters by name, construct the authorized access point by
combining (in this order):

6-132

a)

the authorized access point representing the court (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the reports (see 6.19.2).

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.29.1.22.2

Canada. Federal Court. Canada Federal Court reports


Authorized access point for: Canada Federal Court reports / editor, Florence Rosenfeld

Arizona. Court of Appeals. Reports of cases argued and determined in the Court of Appeals
of the State of Arizona
Authorized access point for: Report of cases argued and determined in the Court of Appeals of Arizona ...

Germany. Bundesverfassungsgericht. Entscheidungen des Bundesverfassungsgerichts


Authorized access point for: Entscheidungen des Bundesverfassungsgerichts

Nigeria. Supreme Court. Monthly judgments of the Supreme Court of Nigeria


Authorized access point for: Monthly judgments of the Supreme Court of Nigeria

6.29.1.22 Reports of More Than One Court


For law reports of more than one court, apply these instructions, as applicable:
one reporter or collaborating reporters responsible for the reports (see 6.29.1.22.1)
one reporter or collaborating reporters not responsible for all the reports (see 6.29.1.22.2)

6.29.1.22.1 One Reporter or Collaborating Reporters Responsible for the Reports


If one reporter is responsible for the reports of all the cases reported, construct the authorized access point
by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the reporter (see 9.19.1)

b)

the preferred title for the reports (see 6.19.2).

Freeman, Richard, 1645 or 16461710. Reports of cases argued and determined in the
Courts of Kings Bench and Common Pleas, from 1670 to 1704
Authorized access point for: Reports of cases argued and determined in the Courts of Kings Bench and
Common Pleas, from 1670 to 1704 / by Richard Freeman

If there are two or more collaborating reporters responsible for the reports of all the cases reported, apply
the instructions at 6.27.1.3.
Bosanquet, John Bernard, 17731847. Reports of cases argued and determined in the Courts
of Common Pleas, and Exchequer Chamber, and in the House of Lords
Authorized access point for: Reports of cases argued and determined in the Courts of Common Pleas, and
Exchequer Chamber, and in the House of Lords / by John Bernard Bosanquet and Christopher Puller

6.29.1.22.2 One Reporter or Collaborating Reporters Not Responsible for All the
Reports
If the reporter or collaborating reporters are not responsible for all the reports, use the preferred title as the
authorized access point.
If no reporter is named in the preferred source of information of the resource being described, use the
preferred title as the authorized access point.

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-133

6.29.1.23

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Australian law reports


Authorized access point for: Australian law reports : being reports of judgments of the High Court of Australia
and the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council and of state supreme courts exercising federal jurisdiction, other
federal courts and tribunals, together with selected cases from the Supreme Court of the Northern Territory and
reports of the Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory (authorized by the judges) / editor, Robert Hayes.
The report for each case signed by its reporter

6.29.1.23 Citations, Digests, Etc.


If the person responsible for citations to, or digests or indexes of, court reports is prominently named in the
resource being described, construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this
order):
a)

the authorized access point representing that person (see 9.19.1)

b)

the preferred title for the citations, etc. (see 6.19.2).

Phillips, Richard H. (Richard Henry), 18901971. Connecticut digest, 1785 to date


Authorized access point for: Connecticut digest, 1785 to date : Kirby to volume 129 inclusive with current
cumulative pocket parts / by Richard H. Phillips

Michie, A. Hewson (Addinell Hewson), born 1897. Michies digest of Virginia and West
Virginia reports
Authorized access point for: Michies digest of Virginia and West Virginia reports ... / under the editorial
supervision of A. Hewson Michie

Otherwise, use the preferred title on its own as the authorized access point representing the work.
Commonwealth digest
Authorized access point for: Commonwealth digest : digest of cases argued and determined in the
Commonwealth Trial Court, Commonwealth Superior Court (after May 1989), District Court of the Northern
Mariana Islands, Trial and Appellate Divisions. Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands : Law Revision Commission.
Publisher acts in an editorial capacity

COURT PROCEEDINGS, ETC.

6.29.1.24 Criminal Proceedings and Appeals


For the official proceedings and records of criminal trials, impeachments, courts-martial, etc., and the
proceedings of appeals in these types of cases, construct the authorized access point by combining (in this
order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the person or body prosecuted (see 9.19.1 for
persons or 11.13.1 for corporate bodies, as applicable)

b)

the preferred title for the proceedings, etc. (see 6.19.2).

Riel, Louis, 18441885. Queen vs. Louis Riel


Authorized access point for: The Queen vs. Louis Riel, accused and convicted of the crime of high treason :

report of trial at Regina

6-134

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.29.1.25

Alley, Leavitt. Report of the trial of Leavitt Alley, indicted for the murder of Abijah Ellis, in the
Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts
Authorized access point for: Report of the trial of Leavitt Alley, indicted for the murder of Abijah Ellis, in the
Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts / reported by Franklin Fiske Heard

Hull, William, 17531825. Report of the trial of Brig. General William Hull, commanding the
North-Western Army of the United States, by a court martial held at Albany on Monday, 3rd
January, 1814, and succeeding days
Authorized access point for: Report of the trial of Brig. General William Hull, commanding the North-Western
Army of the United States, by a court martial held at Albany on Monday, 3rd January, 1814, and succeeding
days / taken by Lieut. Col. Forbes

Meteor (Ship). Report of the case of the steamship Meteor, libelled for alleged violation of the
Neutrality Act
Authorized access point for: Report of the case of the steamship Meteor, libelled for alleged violation of the
Neutrality Act / edited by F.V. Balch

6.29.1.24.1 Proceedings and Appeals Involving More Than One Defendant


If more than one person or body is prosecuted, construct the authorized access point representing the work
by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the first defendant, etc., named in the preferred
source of information (see 9.19.1 for persons or 11.13.1 for corporate bodies, as
applicable)

b)

the preferred title for the proceedings, etc. (see 6.19.2).

6.29.1.25 Civil and Other Noncriminal Proceedings and Appeals


For the official proceedings and records of civil and other noncriminal proceedings (including election
cases), and the proceedings of appeals in these types of cases, construct the authorized access point
representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the person or body bringing the action (see 9.19.1
for persons or 11.13.1 for corporate bodies, as applicable)

b)

the preferred title for the proceedings, etc. (see 6.19.2).

Brooks, William, 18031863. Case of William Brooks versus Ezekiel Byam and others, in
equity, in the Circuit Court of the United States, for the First Circuit-District of Massachusetts
Authorized access point for: The case of William Brooks versus Ezekiel Byam and others, in equity, in the Circuit
Court of the United States, for the First Circuit-District of Massachusetts

Smith, John A. Contested election case of John A. Smith, contestant, v. Edwin Y. Webb,
contestee, from the Ninth Congressional District of North Carolina, before Committee on
Elections No. 2
Authorized access point for: Contested election case of John A. Smith, contestant, v. Edwin Y. Webb, contestee,
from the Ninth Congressional District of North Carolina, before Committee on Elections No. 2

Goodwin Film and Camera Company. Goodwin Film and Camera Company, complainant, vs.
Eastman Kodak Company, defendant
Authorized access point for: The Goodwin Film and Camera Company, complainant, vs. Eastman Kodak
Company, defendant. Case heard before the United States Circuit Court, Western District of New York

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-135

6.29.1.25.1

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Goodwin Film and Camera Company. Goodwin Film and Camera Company, complainantappellee, vs. Eastman Kodak Company, defendant-appellant
Authorized access point for: The Goodwin Film and Camera Company, complainant-appellee, vs. Eastman
Kodak Company, defendant-appellant : transcript of record. Appeal heard before the United States Circuit Court
of Appeals for the Second Circuit

6.29.1.25.1 Actions Brought by More Than One Person or Body


If more than one person or body brings the action, construct the authorized access point representing the
work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the first plaintiff, etc., named in the preferred
source of information (see 9.19.1 for persons or 11.13.1 for corporate bodies, as
applicable)

b)

the preferred title for the proceedings, etc. (see 6.19.2).

6.29.1.26 Indictments
For an indictment, apply the instructions at 6.29.1.24.
Duane, William, 17601835. Copy of an indictment (No. 1) in the Circuit Court of the United
States in and for the Pennsylvania District of the Middle Circuit
Authorized access point for: Copy of an indictment (No. 1) in the Circuit Court of the United States in and for the
Pennsylvania District of the Middle Circuit. Indictment of William Duane

6.29.1.27 Charges to Juries


For a charge to a jury, construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this
order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the court (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the charge (see 6.19.2).

United States. Circuit Court (Middle Circuit). Charge of Judge Paterson to the jury in the case
of Vanhornes lessee against Dorrance
Authorized access point for: The charge of Judge Paterson to the jury in the case of Vanhornes lessee against
Dorrance : tried at a Circuit Court for the United States, held at Philadelphia, April term, 1795. The lessee is not
named

6.29.1.28 Judicial Decisions


For a judgment or other case decision by a court, construct the authorized access point representing the
work by combining (in this order):

6-136

a)

the authorized access point representing the court (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the decision (see 6.19.2).

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.29.1.30.2

United States. Supreme Court. Freedom of the press


Authorized access point for: Freedom of the press : opinion of the Supreme Court of the United States in the
case of Alice Lee Grosjean, supervisor of public accounts for the state of Louisiana, appellant, v. American Press
Company, Inc., et al.

6.29.1.29 Judicial Opinions


For an opinion of a judge, construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this
order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the judge (see 9.19.1)

b)

the preferred title for the opinion (see 6.19.2).

Sutliff, Milton, 18061879. Dissenting opinion of Hon. Milton Sutliff, one of the judges
Authorized access point for: Dissenting opinion of Hon. Milton Sutliff, one of the judges : ex parte Simeon
Bushnell : ex parte Charles Langston : on habeas corpus. At head of title: Supreme Court of Ohio

6.29.1.30 Records of One Party


For court records of one party, apply these instructions, as applicable:
brief, plea, etc. (see 6.29.1.30.1)
courtroom argument (see 6.29.1.30.2).

6.29.1.30.1 Brief, Plea, Etc.


For a brief, plea, or other formal record of one party to a case, construct the authorized access point by
combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing that party (see 9.19.1 for persons or 11.13.1 for
corporate bodies, as applicable)

b)

the preferred title for the brief, etc. (see 6.19.2).

Morewood, George B. George B. Morewood, John R. Morewood, Frederic R. Routh,


respondents, appellants versus Lorenzo N. Enequist, libellant, appellee
Authorized access point for: George B. Morewood, John R. Morewood, Frederic R. Routh, respondents,
appellants versus Lorenzo N. Enequist, libellant, appellee : brief for appellants on admiralty jurisdiction / Robert
Dodge, attorney for appellants. At head of title: Supreme Court of the United States, no. 132

6.29.1.30.2 Courtroom Argument


For a courtroom argument presented by a lawyer, construct the authorized access point by combining (in
this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the lawyer (see 9.19.1)

b)

the preferred title for the argument, etc. (see 6.19.2).

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-137

6.29.1.31

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Gowen, Franklin B. (Franklin Benjamin), 18361889. Argument of Franklin B. Gowen, Esq., of


counsel for the Commonwealth, in the case of the Commonwealth vs. Thomas Munley
Authorized access point for: Argument of Franklin B. Gowen, Esq., of counsel for the Commonwealth in the case
of the Commonwealth vs. Thomas Munley : indicted in the Court of Oyer and Terminer of Schuykill County, Pa.,
for the murder of Thomas Sanger, a mining boss, at Raven Run, on September 1st, 1875 / stenographically
reported by R.A. West

6.29.1.31 Compilations of Proceedings, Etc.


For a compilation of the official proceedings or records of trials, apply the instructions at 6.27.1.4.

ADDITIONS TO ACCESS POINTS REPRESENTING LEGAL WORKS

6.29.1.32 Additions to Access Points Representing Laws, Etc.


If the access point representing a law, etc. (constructed according to the instructions at 6.29.1.26.29.1.6)
is the same as or similar to an access point representing a different law, etc., add the year of promulgation
(see 6.20.2).
Madagascar. Code pnal (1998)
Madagascar. Code pnal (2005)
Zimbabwe. Constitution of Zimbabwe (1994)
Zimbabwe. Constitution of Zimbabwe (2007)

6.29.1.33 Additions to Access Points Representing Treaties, Etc.


If the access point representing a compilation of treaties and/or other agreements between two parties is
constructed by using the authorized access point representing one of the parties, add the name of the other
party to the treaties (see 6.22).
United States. Treaties, etc. Korea (South)
Resource described: United States agreements with the Republic of Korea

France. Treaties, etc. Algeria


Resource described: Accords passs entre la France et l'Algrie de juillet 1962 au 31 dcembre 1963

For a compilation of treaties between one party and two or more other parties, do not add the names of the
other parties.
United States. Treaties, etc.
Resource described: Treaties between the United States and foreign nations : from the Declaration of
Independence of the United States to 1845 : with notes / edited by Richard Peters

If:

the access point representing a compilation of treaties, etc., is constructed by using the collective name
for the treaties, etc., (see 6.19.2.8)

and
the compilation contains all the treaties, etc.
then:
add the date, earlier date, or earliest date of signing (see 6.20.3).

6-138

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.29.1.33

Treaty of Utrecht (1713)

If:

the access point representing a single treaty is constructed by using the authorized access point
representing one of the parties

and
there is only one party on the other side
then:
combine (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the treaty (see 6.29.1.15)

b)

the name of the other party (see 6.22)

c)

the date, earlier date, or earliest date of signing (see 6.20.3).


United States. Treaties, etc. Kyrgyzstan, 1993 January 19
Resource described: Investment treaty with the Republic of Kyrgyzstan : message from the President of the
United States transmitting the Treaty between the United States of America and the Republic of Kyrgyzstan
concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investment, signed at Washington on January 19,
1993

Australia. Treaties, etc. Papua New Guinea, 1978 December 18


Resource described: Treaty between Australia and the Independent State of Papua New Guinea concerning
Sovereignty and Maritime Boundaries in the Area between the Two Countries, Including the Area Known as
Torres Strait, and Related Matters : Sydney, 18 December 1978, entry into force, 15 February 1985

North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Treaties, etc. Russia (Federation), 1997 May 27
Resource described: Osnovopolagaiu shchi akt o vzaimnykh otnosheniiakh, sotrudnichestve i bezopasnosti
mezhdu Organiza tsiei Severoatlanticheskogo Dogovora i Rossisko Federatsiei. Signed in Paris on 27 May
1997

Catholic Church. Treaties, etc. Slovakia, 2000 November 24


Resource described: Zkladn zmluva medzi Svtou stolicou a Slovenskou republikou. Signed by the Catholic
Church and the Slovak Republic on November 24, 2000

If there is more than one party on the other side, add only the date, earlier date, or earliest date of signing.
United States. Treaties, etc. 1952 May 9
Resource described: International Convention for the High Seas Fisheries of the North Pacific Ocean with a
protocol relating thereto : message from the President of the United States transmitting an International
Convention for the High Seas Fisheries of the North Pacific Ocean, together with a protocol relating thereto,
signed at Tokyo, May 9, 1952, on behalf of the United States, Canada, and Japan

If the access point representing a single treaty is constructed by using the name by which the treaty is
known, add the date, earlier date, or earliest date of signing (see 6.20.3).
Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization (1994 April 15)
Resource described: Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations / General Agreement on Tariffs and
Trade. Spine title: Final texts of the GATT Uruguay Round agreements including the Agreement Establishing
the World Trade Organization as signed on April 15, 1994, Marrakesh, Morocco. Signatories not listed in text nor
found in reference sources consulted

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-139

6.29.1.34

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

For a separately described protocol, amendment, extension, or other agreement ancillary to a treaty, etc.,
combine (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the original agreement

b)

the term Protocols, etc.

c)

the date of signing (if there is more than one protocol, etc., use the inclusive dates).

Ireland. Treaties, etc. Portugal, 1993 June 1. Protocols, etc., 2005 November 11
Resource described: Protocol between Ireland and the Portuguese Republic Amending the Convention for the
Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income and its
Protocol, signed at Dublin on 1st June, 1993 : done at Lisbon on 11th November, 2005

United States. Treaties, etc., 1952 May 9. Protocols, etc., 1978 April 25
Resource described: Protocol Amending the International Convention for the High Seas Fisheries of the North
Pacific Ocean. Signed by the governments of the United States of America, Canada, and Japan

European Economic Community. Treaties, etc. Morocco, 1976 April 27. Protocols, etc., 1982
March 111991 June 26
Resource described: Protocols to the EEC-Morocco Cooperation Agreement and other basic texts

6.29.1.34 Additions to Access Points Representing Other Legal Works


If:

the access point represents a type of legal work not covered by 6.29.1.32 or 6.29.1.33
and
the access point is the same as or similar to an access point representing a different work
then:
make additions to the authorized access point by applying the instructions at 6.27.1.9.
Judicial Council of California criminal jury instructions (Matthew Bender (Firm))
Judicial Council of California criminal jury instructions (West (Firm))

6.29.2 Authorized Access Point Representing an Expression of a Legal Work


Construct an access point representing a particular expression of a legal work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the legal work (see 6.29.1)

b)

an appropriate element as instructed at 6.27.3.

Kosovo (Republic). Kushtetuta e Republiks s Kosovs. English


Crdoba (Spain). Fuero (Latin version)

6.29.3 Variant Access Point Representing a Legal Work or Expression


6.29.3.1 General Guidelines on Constructing Variant Access Points Representing
Legal Works
Use a variant title for the work (see 6.19.3) as the basis for a variant access point.
Codes legum
Fori judicum

6-140

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.29.3.1

Forum iudicum
Forum judicum
Fuero juzgo
Lex Visigothorum
Lex Wisigothorum
Liber Gothorum
Liber iudiciorum
Liber iudicum
Liber judicum
Authorized access point for the work: Liber judiciorum

If the authorized access point for the work has been constructed by using the authorized access point
representing a person or corporate body followed by the preferred title for the work (see 6.29.1.2
6.29.1.31), construct a variant access point by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing that person or corporate body

b)

the variant title for the work.

Australia. Constitution Act


Authorized access point for the work: Australia. Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act

Canada. Federal Court. Recueil des arrts de la Cour fdrale du Canada


Authorized access point for the work: Canada. Federal Court. Canada Federal Court reports

In addition, construct a variant access point by using the preferred title for the work on its own.
Apply these additional instructions, as applicable:
laws, etc. (see 6.29.3.2)
treaties, etc. (see 6.29.3.3)
expressions of legal works (see 6.29.3.4).
Construct additional variant access points if considered important for access.
Hammurabi, King of Babylonia. Code of Hammurabi
Authorized access point for the work: Code of Hammurabi

Recceswinth, King of the Visigoths, died 672. Liber judiciorum


Authorized access point for the work: Liber judiciorum. Promulgated in 654 by Recceswinth, Visigothic king of
Spain

Rome. Lex agraria


Authorized access point for the work: Lex agraria

Reports of rules adopted by the Supreme Court of the State of Kansas


Authorized access point for the work: Kansas. Supreme Court. Reports of rules adopted by the Supreme Court

of the State of Kansas

Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria). High Court. Abuja law reports


Nigeria. Court of Appeal. Abuja law reports
Nigeria. Supreme Court. Abuja law reports
Abuja Law Reporting Committee. Abuja law reports
Authorized access point for the work: Abuja law reports. Selected judgments of the High Court of the Federal
Capital Territory, the Court of Appeal, and the Supreme Court, prepared by the Abuja Law Reporting
Committee

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-141

6.29.3.2

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.29.3.2 Variant Access Points Representing Laws, Etc.


Construct variant access points representing laws, etc., by applying the general guidelines at 6.29.3.1.
Add the year of promulgation of a law, etc. (see 6.20.2) to the variant access point, if considered important
for identification.
Madagascar. Fehezandalana famaizana (1998)
Authorized access point for the work: Madagascar. Code pnal (1998)

Madagascar. Fehezandalana famaizana (2005)


Authorized access point for the work: Madagascar. Code pnal (2005)

6.29.3.3 Variant Access Points Representing Treaties, Etc.


Use the title for the treaty, etc., as the basis for a variant access point. Add the date, earlier date, or earliest
date of signing (see 6.20.3).
Protocol Amending the International Convention for the High Seas Fisheries of the North
Pacific Ocean (1978)
Resource described: Protocol Amending the International Convention for the High Seas Fisheries of the North
Pacific Ocean : message from the President of the United States transmitting the Protocol Amending the
International Convention for the High Seas Fisheries of the North Pacific Ocean, together with related agreed
minutes and two memoranda of understanding, signed at Tokyo, April 25, 1978. Signatories are the United
States, Canada, and Japan. Authorized access point for the work: United States. Treaties, etc., 1952 May 9.
Protocols, etc., 1978 April 25

For a treaty or other agreement between two or more of the following:


a)

national governments

b)

international intergovernmental bodies

c)

the Holy See

d)

jurisdictions now below the national level but retaining treaty-making powers

construct additional variant access points by using the authorized access points representing each of the
signatories to the treaty, etc. (other than the one used to construct the authorized access point).
Make additions to the variant access points, if considered important for identification by applying the
instructions at 6.29.1.33.
World Intellectual Property Organization. Treaties, etc. United Nations, 1975 January 21
Authorized access point for the work: United Nations. Treaties, etc. World Intellectual Property Organization,

1975 January 21

Portugal. Treaties, etc. Ireland, 1993 June 1. Protocols, etc., 2005 November 11
Authorized access point for the work: Ireland. Treaties, etc. Portugal, 1993 June 1. Protocols, etc., 2005
November 11

6.29.3.4 Variant Access Point Representing an Expression of a Legal Work


Construct a variant access point representing an expression of a legal work, if appropriate, by combining (in
this order):

6-142

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.29.3.4

a)

the authorized access point representing the legal work

b)

a variant of an addition used in constructing the authorized access point representing the
expression (see 6.29.2).

Crdoba (Spain). Fuero (1241 April 8)


Authorized access point for the expression: Crdoba (Spain). Fuero (Latin version)

If a variant title for a legal work is associated with a particular expression of the work, construct a variant
access point representing the expression by using the variant title associated with that expression.
Leyes sobre narcoticos de Mxico y Estados Unidos
Authorized access point for the expression: Narcotic laws of Mexico and the United States of America. Spanish

Zakonik Hamurabia
Authorized access point for the expression: Code of Hammurabi. Serbian

If:

a variant title for a legal work is associated with a particular expression of the work
and
the authorized access point representing the expression has been constructed by using the authorized
access point representing a person, family, or corporate body followed by the preferred title for the work
and one or more additions identifying the expression
then:
construct a variant access point representing the expression by combining in this order:
a)

the authorized access point representing the person (see 9.19.1), family (see 10.10.1), or
corporate body (see 11.13.1)

b)

the variant title associated with that expression.


Kosovo (Republic). Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo
Authorized access point for the expression: Kosovo (Republic). Kushtetuta e Republiks s Kosovs. English

Lapage, Joseph, 1837 or 18381877. Beknnelse och afrttning af vedhuggare-demonen,


Joseph Lapage
Authorized access point for the expression: Lapage, Joseph, 1837 or 18381877. Trial of Joseph LaPage the
French monster, for the murder of the beautiful school girl, Miss Josie Langmaid. Swedish

Make additions to the variant access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.27.1.9, as applicable.
Abkommen zur Errichtung der Welthandelsorganisation (1994)
Authorized access point for the expression: Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization (1994).
German

Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and Boundaries between the Republics of Bolivia and Paraguay
(1938)
Authorized access point for the expression: Bolivia. Treaties, etc. Paraguay, 1938 July 21. English

Construct additional variant access points if considered important for access.

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-143

6.30

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR RELIGIOUS WORKS

6.30 Constructing Access Points to Represent Religious Works and


Expressions
6.30.1 Authorized Access Point Representing a Religious Work

6.30.1.1 General Guidelines on Constructing Authorized Access Points Representing


Religious Works
Apply the instructions at 6.30.1.26.30.1.3 when constructing the authorized access point representing one
of the following types of religious works:
a)

sacred scriptures (see 6.30.1.26.30.1.3)

b)

theological creeds, confessions of faith, etc. (see 6.30.1.4)

c)

liturgical works (see 6.30.1.56.30.1.7).

For other types of religious works, construct the authorized access point by applying the general guidelines
and instructions at 6.27.1.

SACRED SCRIPTURES

6.30.1.2 Works Accepted as Sacred Scripture


For a work that is accepted as sacred scripture by a religious group, construct the authorized access point
representing the work by using the preferred title for the work (see 6.23.2).
Book of Mormon
Authorized access point representing the work for: The Book of Mormon : an account written by the hand of
Mormon upon plates taken from the plates of Nephi / translated by Joseph Smith, Jun.

Quran
Authorized access point representing the work for: al-Qurn al-karm

di-Granth
Authorized access point representing the work for: r Guru Granth Shib : with complete index / prepared by
Winand M. Callewaert

Exception
In some cases, reference sources that deal with the religious group to which the sacred work
belongs (e.g., works of the Bahai Faith) attribute a work accepted as sacred scripture to a single
person. When this occurs, construct the authorized access point representing the work by
combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the person responsible for creating the work (see
9.19.1)

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.23.2).

Bahullh, 18171892. Kitb al-aqdas


Authorized access point representing the work for: Kitb al-aqdas / talf Mirz usayn Al al-marf bi-Bah
Allh ; maa muqaddimah li-nshirihi Khaddr Ilys Inyat

Hubbard, L. Ron (La Fayette Ron), 19111986. Introduction to Scientology Ethics


Authorized access point representing the work for: Introduction to Scientology Ethics / L. Ron Hubbard

6-144

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.30.1.5.2

Rogers, Robert Athlyi. Holy Piby


Authorized access point representing the work for: The Holy Piby / Robert Athlyi Rogers

Moon, Sun Myung. Wlli haesl


Authorized access point representing the work for: Wlli haesl. Written by Sun Myung Moon

6.30.1.3 Harmonies of Scriptural Passages


For a harmony of passages from different parts of scripture, use the authorized access point representing
those scriptural passages collectively (see 6.30.1.2).
Bible. Gospels
Authorized access point representing the work for: The life of Our Lord / compiled from the Gospels of the four
Evangelists and presented in the very words of the Scriptures as one continuous narrative by Reginald G.
Ponsonby ; with a preface by Sir Wilfred Grenfell

For harmonies accompanied by commentary, apply the instructions at 6.27.1.6.

THEOLOGICAL CREEDS, CONFESSIONS OF FAITH, ETC.

6.30.1.4 General Instructions on Theological Creeds, Confessions of Faith, Etc.


For a theological creed, confession of faith, etc., construct the authorized access point representing the
work by using the preferred title (see 6.23.2).
Nicene Creed
Authorized access point representing the work for: I believe : the Nicene Creed / illustrated by Pauline Baynes

Augsburg Confession
Authorized access point representing the work for: Confessio, oder, Bekantnis des Glaubens etlicher Fursten
und Stedte vberantwortet keiserlicher Maiestat auff dem Reichstag gehalten zu Augsburgk, anno 1530

LITURGICAL WORKS

6.30.1.5 General Instructions on Liturgical Works


6.30.1.5.1 Types of Liturgical Works
Apply the instructions at 6.30.1.5.26.30.1.5.4 for the following types of works:
a)

officially sanctioned or traditionally accepted texts of religious observance

b)

books of obligatory prayers to be offered at stated times (including the Liturgy of the hours,
Divine office, etc.)

c)

calendars and manuals of performance of religious observances

d)

readings from sacred scripture intended for use in a religious service

e)

prayer books known as books of hours.

6.30.1.5.2 Liturgical Works Falling into More Than One Category


For a liturgical work falling into one or more of the categories listed at 6.30.1.5.1, construct the authorized
access point representing the work by combining (in this order):

RDA: Resource Description and Access

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6.30.1.5.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

a)

the authorized access point representing the church or denominational body to which it
pertains (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the liturgical work (see 6.23.2).

Episcopal Church. Book of common prayer


Authorized access point representing the work for: The book of common prayer, and administration of the
sacraments and other rites and ceremonies of the church, according to the use of the Protestant Episcopal
Church in the United States of America ; together with the Psalter or Psalms of David

Church of England. Book of common prayer


Authorized access point representing the work for: The book of common prayer, and administration of the
sacraments and other rites and ceremonies of the church, according to the use of the Church of England

Church of England. Communion in Coventry Cathedral


Authorized access point representing the work for: The communion in Coventry Cathedral. A liturgical work

United Lutheran Church in America. Common service book of the Lutheran Church
Authorized access point representing the work for: Common service book of the Lutheran Church / authorized
by the United Lutheran Church in America

Catholic Church. Missal


Authorized access point representing the work for: Missale Romanum ex decreto sacrosancti Concilii Tridentini
restitutum / S. Pii V Pontificis Maximi jussu editum aliorum Pontificum cura recognitum, a Pio X reformatum et
Benedicti XV auctoritate vulgatum. A Tridentine liturgical work

Catholic Church. Missale Romanum


Authorized access point representing the work for: Missale Romanum : ex decreto Sacrosancti Oecumenici
Concilii Vaticani II instauratum / auctoritate Pauli PP. VI promulgatum. A post-Vatican II liturgical work

Church of England. Calendar, lectionary, and collects


Authorized access point representing the work for: Calendar, lectionary, and collects : Sundays, principal feasts,
and other principal holy days. London : Church House Publishing, 2001. (Common worship : services and
prayers for the Church of England)

Episcopal Church. Burial of the dead


Authorized access point representing the work for: Burial rites : according to the use of the Episcopal Church

Catholic Church. Liber usualis


Authorized access point representing the work for: The liber usualis : with introduction and rubrics in English /
edited by the Benedictines of Solesmes

Catholic Church. Restored Holy Week liturgy


Authorized access point representing the work for: The restored Holy Week liturgy : practical arrangement of the
prescribed music for the average church choir / by Carlo Rossini

Catholic Church. Diurnal


Authorized access point representing the work for: Horae diurnae Breviarii Romani ex decreto sacrosancti

Concilii Tridentini restituti

6.30.1.5.3 Single Passages


For a single passage from a sacred scripture used in religious services, apply the instructions for works
accepted as sacred scripture (see 6.30.1.2).

6.30.1.5.4 Works Intended for Private Devotion, Compilations of Hymns, Etc.


Apply the general guidelines and instructions at 6.27.1, as applicable, for works in the following categories:

6-146

a)

works intended for private devotions (other than books of hours)

b)

compilations of hymns

c)

proposals for orders of worship not officially approved

RDA: Resource Description and Access

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

d)

unofficial manuals

e)

programs of religious services

f)

lectionaries without scriptural texts.

6.30.1.7

6.30.1.5.5 Additions to the Access Point


Make additions to the access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.27.1.9, as applicable.
Episcopal Church. Book of common prayer (1979)

6.30.1.6 Liturgical Works of the Orthodox Eastern Church


Apply the general instructions at 6.30.1.5 if:
the liturgical work was published for the use of a national Orthodox Church or another
autocephalous body within the Orthodox Eastern Church

and

the work is in the original language of the liturgy.


Srpska pravoslavna crkva. Srbljak
Authorized access point representing the work for: Srbljak : sluzbe, kanoni, akatisti / priredio ore Trifunovic ;
preveo Dimitrije Bogdanovic

For any other Orthodox liturgical work, construct the authorized access point representing the work by
combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the church as a whole (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the liturgical work (see 6.23.2).

Orthodox Eastern Church. Octoechos


Authorized access point representing the work for: The Great Octoechos

Orthodox Eastern Church. Menaion


Authorized access point representing the work for: The Menaion of the Orthodox Church : collected services,
together with selected Akathist hymns / translated by Isaac E. Lambertsen

Orthodox Eastern Church. Horologion


Authorized access point representing the work for: The great Horologion, or, Book of hours / translated from the
Greek by the Holy Transfiguration Monastery

Make additions to the access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.27.1.9, as applicable.

6.30.1.7 Jewish Liturgical Works


For a Jewish liturgical work, construct the authorized access point representing the work by using the
preferred title for the work (see 6.23.2).

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-147

6.30.2

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Haggadah
Authorized access point representing the work for: Hagadah shel Pesa / arikhah, Beno Rotenberg ; mavo,

Mikhael Avi-Yonah ; itsuv, ayim Ron

Hallel
Authorized access point representing the work included in: Hallel = : song of praise and thanksgiving :
halachah, history, hashkafah, and commentary / by Moshe Bamberger

Make additions to the access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.27.1.9, as applicable.
Amidah (Jewish prayer)
Authorized access point representing the work included in: Pathway to prayer : a translation and explanation of
the Shemoneh esray= /Mayer Birnbaum

6.30.2 Authorized Access Point Representing a Part or Parts of a Religious


Work
6.30.2.1 General Guidelines
Apply the instructions at 6.30.2.26.30.2.3 when constructing the authorized access point representing a
part or parts of one of the following types of religious works:
a)

sacred scriptures (see 6.30.2.2)

b)

liturgical works (see 6.30.2.3).

For a part or parts of other types of religious works, apply the general guidelines and instructions at 6.27.2.

6.30.2.2 Part or Parts of a Sacred Scripture


Construct the authorized access point representing a part or parts of a sacred scripture by using the
preferred title for the part or parts (see 6.23.2.96.23.2.19).
Bible. Ezra
Bible. Pentateuch
Bible. Psalms, XXIII
Bible. Psalms, CXXCXXXIV
Bible. Luke, XIV, 26
Ten commandments
Talmud. Minor tractates
Mishnah. Avot
Vedas. Atharvaveda
Quran. Srat al-Baqarah
Tipiaka. Suttapiaka. Dghanikya. Mahsudassanasutta

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6.30.2.3

Exception
In some cases, the authorized access point representing the scripture as a whole has been
constructed by using the authorized access point representing the person responsible for creating
the work followed by the preferred title for the work (see the exception at 6.30.1.2). When this
occurs, construct the authorized access point representing a part or parts of the work by combining
(in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the person responsible for creating the work

b)

the preferred title for the work as a whole

c)

the preferred title for the part or parts.

Rogers, Robert Athlyi. Holy Piby. Second Book of Athlyi Called Aggregation
Authorized access point for: The Holy Piby. The Second Book of Athlyi Called Aggregation. Written by Robert
Athlyi Rogers

When identifying two or more parts that are unnumbered or non-consecutively numbered, construct
authorized access points for each of the parts.
Bible. Psalms, VIII
Bible. Psalms, XLVI
Bible. Psalms, C
Resource described: Three Psalms. Contains the Eighth, Forty-sixth, and One hundredth Psalm

Quran. Srat Ibrhm


Quran. Srat al-ajj
Quran. Srat al-fft
Resource described: Selections from surahs Ibrahim, al-Hajj, as-Saffat : tajweed recitation of the Holy Quran.
An audio recording of recitations of Quran srahs XIV, XXII, and XXXVII

Alternative
When identifying two or more parts that are unnumbered or non-consecutively numbered, identify
the parts collectively. Construct the authorized access point representing the parts by adding
Selections to the authorized access point representing the work as a whole (see 6.27.1 and
6.12.1.4).
Quran. Selections
Resource described: Call to prayer and readings from the Koran. An audio recording of the Call to prayer
followed by the recitation of various srahs in classical Arabic

6.30.2.3 Part or Parts of a Liturgical Work


For a part or parts of a liturgical work falling into one or more of the categories listed at 6.30.1.5, construct
the authorized access point by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the church or denominational body to which it
pertains (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the part (see 6.23.2.20).

RDA: Resource Description and Access

6-149

6.30.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Catholic Church. Rite of election


Authorized access point for a part of the Rite of Christian initiation of adults

Make additions to the access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.27.1.9, as applicable.
Episcopal Church. Lectionary (1979)
Authorized access point for a part of the Book of common prayer of 1979

6.30.3 Authorized Access Point Representing an Expression of a Religious


Work
6.30.3.1 General Guidelines on Constructing Authorized Access Points Representing
Expressions of Religious Works
Construct the authorized access point representing a particular expression of a religious work or of part of a
religious work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the work (see 6.30.1) or the part or parts (see
6.30.2)

b)

one or more of the elements specified at 6.30.3.26.30.3.5, as applicable.

For expressions of religious works not covered by the instructions at 6.30.3.26.30.3.5, apply the general
instructions at 6.27.3, as applicable.

6.30.3.2 Authorized Access Point Representing an Expression of the Bible


Construct the authorized access point representing a particular expression of the Bible or of part of the Bible
by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the work (see 6.30.1) or the part (see 6.30.2)

b)

one or more of the following elements, as applicable:


i.

the language of the expression (see 6.11)

ii.

other distinguishing characteristic of the expression (see 6.25)

iii.

the date of the expression (see 6.24).

Bible. English
Bible. New Testament. English
Bible. Revelation. English
Bible. Latin. Vulgate
Bible. Corinthians. English. Authorized
Bible. English. Smith-Goodspeed
Bible. English. Douai
Resource described: The Holy Bible / translated from the Latin Vulgate being the edition published at Rheims,
A.D. 1582 and at Douay, 1609 ; as revised and corrected in 1750, according to the Clementine edition of the
Scriptures, by Richard Challoner

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IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Alternative

Bible. Greek. Codex Sinaiticus


Resource described: Bibliorum Codex Sinaiticus Petropolitanus

Bible. French. Martin. 1835


Bible. Gospels. English. Revised Standard. 1975
Resource described: The horizontal line synopsis of the Gospels / Reuben J. Swanson. First edition.
Dillsboro, North Carolina : Western North Carolina Press, Inc., 1975. The Bible text in this publication is
from the Revised Standard Version of the BibleTitle page verso. A biblical harmony

Bible. Old Testament. Ethiopic. 1923


Bible. Psalms. Afrikaans. Oberholzer and others. 2005
Resource described: Afrikaanse Bybel vir Dowes : Psalms. Eerste uitgawe. Kaapstad : Bybelgenootskap
van Suid-Afrika, 2005. Translated by J.P. Oberholzer, H.J.B. Combrink, H.C. van Zyl, D.F. Tolmie, C.H.J. van

der Merwe, R.P. Hough, and E. Roux

If the resource described contains more than one language expression of the work, create authorized
access points for each of the expressions.
Bible. Latin
Bible. French
Resource described: La sainte Bible : texte latin et traduction franaise

Bible. Kikuyu
Bible. English
Resource described: The Bible in English and Kikuyu

If the resource described contains more than one version of the work, create authorized access points for
each of the versions.
Bible. English. Authorized
Bible. English. Revised
Resource described: Johnsons workers Bible : self-pronouncing edition of the Holy Scriptures arranged
especially for workers, ministers, students, showing a new and simple combination of the Authorized and Revised
versions of the Old and New Testaments

Alternative
If:

the resource is a facsimile reproduction


and
the date of the manifestation is being treated as the date of expression (see 6.24.1.1)
then:
construct one authorized access point representing the expression using the year of publication
of the original, and a second authorized access point using the date of the facsimile.
Bible. German. Luther. 1534
Bible. German. Luther. 2002
Resource described: Biblia, das ist, Die gantze Heilige Schrifft deudsch / Mart. Luth. ; begnadet mit krfurstlicher
zu sachsen Freiheit. Kln : Taschen, 2002. Facsimile of a 1534 edition

RDA: Resource Description and Access

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6.30.3.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.30.3.3 Authorized Access Point Representing an Expression of the Talmud,


Mishnah and Tosefta, or Midrashim
Construct the authorized access point representing a translation of the Talmud, Mishnah and Tosefta, or
midrashim by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the work (see 6.30.1) or part of the work(see
6.30.2), as applicable

b)

the name of the language or languages (see 6.11).

and

Talmud Yerushalmi. French


Resource described: Le Talmud de Jrusalem / traduit pour la premire fois en franais par Mose Schwab

Exception
If the resource consists of the original text and a translation, do not add the name of the language.
Create a second access point using the name of the language of the translation as an addition.
Talmud
Talmud. English
Resource described: New edition of the Babylonian Talmud, English translation / original text edited, formulated,
and punctuated by Michael L. Rodkinson

Tosefta. Beah
Tosefta. Beah. German
Resource described: Der Tosefta-Traktat Jom Tob / Einleitung, Text, bersetzung, und Erklrung von Michael

Kern

6.30.3.4 Authorized Access Point Representing an Expression of the Vedas


If the resource being described is a particular version of one of the four standard compilations of Vedas,
construct the authorized access point representing the expression by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the compilation

b)

the name of the version in parentheses.

Vedas. Smaveda (Kauthumasahit)

6.30.3.5 Authorized Access Point Representing a Variant or Special Text of a


Liturgical Work
If the resource being described contains an authorized or traditional variant or special text of a liturgical
work, construct the authorized access point by combining (in this order):

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IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

a)

the authorized access point representing the work

b)

one of the following terms (in this order of preference):


i.

6.30.3.5

the name of a special rite (e.g., a Latin rite other than the Roman rite for Catholic
works; a rite other than the unmodified Ashkenazic rite for Jewish works)

Catholic Church. Breviary (Ambrosian)


Resource described: Breviarium Ambrosianum

Haggadah (Sephardic)
Resource described: Hagadah shel Pesa : nusa Sefaradi

ii.

the name of the place (e.g., country, diocese) or institution (e.g., monastery) in
which the variant is authorized or traditional; if necessary, add both elements, with
the institution preceding the place

Catholic Church. Ordo divini officii (Diocese of Trier)


Resource described: Directorium Diocesis Treverensis, seu, Ordo divini officii recitandi missaeque celebrandae

Catholic Church. Officia propria (Ireland)


Resource described: Officia propria sanctorum insulae Hiberniae

Catholic Church. Missal (St. Augustines Abbey, Canterbury, England)


Resource described: The missal of St. Augustines Abbey, Canterbury

Seder Haafot (Spina)


Resource described: Seder Haafot li-Shemini Atseret e-imat Torah / asher nahag Maran Baal Imre Yosef

mi-Spina

iii.

the name of the religious order for which the variant is authorized or traditional.

Catholic Church. Breviary (Benedictine)


Resource described: Brevarium monasticum

Catholic Church. Missal (Dominican)


Resource described: Missale Dominicanum

If the additions listed in this instruction are insufficient to identify the variant text, add an additional term
(e.g., the name of the editor).
Haggadah (Reform : Cantor)
Resource described: The egalitarian Hagada / by Aviva Cantor

Haggadah (Reform : Seligmann)


Resource described: Hagada : Liturgie fr die husliche Feier der Sederabende / in deutscher Sprache neu
bearbeitet von C. Seligmann

Catholic Church. Liber ordinarius (Abbaye de Saint-Denis : 1234)


Resource described: The first Ordinary of the Royal Abbey of St.-Denis in France : Paris, Bibliothque Mazarine
526 / [edited by] Edward B. Foley. Another Liber ordinarius for the same abbey dates to 12541259

RDA: Resource Description and Access

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6.30.4

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Catholic Church. Breviary (Ambrosian : Archdiocese of Milan)


Resource described: Prima dies nona fit iani scorpius hora .... An Ambrosian breviary for the Archdiocese of
Milan

For post-Vatican II liturgical texts that vary in language and content, use the individual title of the resource
being described as the preferred title. Add a term to distinguish between different texts that have the same
title.
Catholic Church. Liturgy of the hours (Philippines)
Resource described: The liturgy of the hours. Manila, Philippines : Missionary Benedictine Sisters, St.
Scholasticas Priory, [1979?]. The text of the Liturgy of the Hours has been approved for use in the Philippines
by the Catholic Bishops Conference in January 1975

Catholic Church. Liturgy of the hours (Servite)


Resource described: The liturgy of the hours : proper of the Order of Servants of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Catholic Church. Liturgy of the hours for the Order of the Holy Cross
Resource described: The liturgy of the hours for the Order of the Holy Cross

Catholic Church. Proper of The liturgy of the hours of the Order of the Brothers of the Blessed
Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel
Resource described: Proper of The liturgy of the hours of the Order of the Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary
of Mount Carmel

6.30.4 Authorized Access Point Representing a Manuscript or Manuscript


Reproduction of a Religious Work

Construct the authorized access point representing a particular manuscript, or a reproduction of a particular
manuscript by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the work

b)

the term Manuscript

c)

one of the following terms (in this order of preference):


i.

a brief form of the name of a particular owner if that is how the manuscript is
identified

Catholic Church. Psalter (Manuscript Queen Mary)


ii.

any other name by which the manuscript is identified

Catholic Church. Book of hours (Manuscript Rohan)


iii.

a brief form of the name of the repository followed by the repositorys designation.

Catholic Church. Missal (Manuscript Biblioteca apostolica vaticana. Borgh. cinese 409)

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6.30.5.1

6.30.5 Variant Access Point Representing a Religious Work or Expression


6.30.5.1 General Guidelines on Constructing Variant Access Points Representing
Religious Works
Use a variant title for the work (see 6.23.3) as the basis for a variant access point.
Avesto
Authorized access point for the work: Avesta

Koran
Qorn
Xuraan

Authorized access point for the work: Quran

If the authorized access point for the work is constructed by using the authorized access point representing
a person or corporate body followed by the preferred title for the work (see 6.30.1.26.30.1.7), construct a
variant access point by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing that person or corporate body

b)

the variant title for the work.

Rogers, Robert Athlyi. Blackmans Bible


Authorized access point for the work: Rogers, Robert Athlyi. Holy Piby

Catholic Church. Day hours


Catholic Church. Diurnale
Catholic Church. Horae diurnae Breviarii Romani
Authorized access point for the work: Catholic Church. Diurnal

In addition, construct a variant access point by using the preferred title for the work on its own.
Make additions to the variant access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.27.1.9, as applicable.
Concordia (Lutheran creed)
Authorized access point for the work: Konkordienbuch. Variant title is identical to the preferred title for other
works

Catholic Church. Sacramentary (1970)


Authorized access point for the work: Catholic Church. Missale Romanum (1970)

Episcopal Church. Book of common prayer (1979). Holy Eucharist


Episcopal Church. Eucharist (Section of Book of common prayer of 1979)
Authorized access point for the work: Episcopal Church. Holy Eucharist

Apply these additional instructions, as applicable:


part of a religious work (see 6.30.5.2)
expressions of religious works (see 6.30.5.3).
Construct additional variant access points if considered important for access.

RDA: Resource Description and Access

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6.30.5.2

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Hawatamk
Authorized access point for the work: Armenian Church. Hawatamk

Athanasius, Saint, Patriarch of Alexandria, died 373. Athanasian Creed


Authorized access point for the work: Athanasian Creed. Traditionally attributed to Saint Athanasius of
Alexandria, but scholars now generally agree that he was not the author

Westminster Assembly (16431652). Westminster Confession of Faith


Westminster Assembly (16431652). Westminster Confession
Westminster Assembly (16431652). Confession of Faith
Authorized access point for the work: Westminster Confession of Faith. Drawn up in 1646 by the Westminster
Assembly

6.30.5.2 Variant Access Point Representing a Part of a Religious Work


If:

the title of the part of a religious work is distinctive


and
the authorized access point representing the part has been constructed by using the authorized access
point representing a person or corporate body followed by the preferred title for the work as a whole,
followed in turn by the preferred title for the part
then:
construct a variant access point representing the part by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing that person or corporate body

b)

the preferred title for the part.


Hubbard, L. Ron (La Fayette Ron), 19111986. Ethics Codes
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Hubbard, L. Ron (La Fayette Ron), 19111986. Introduction to
Scientology Ethics. Ethics Codes

Rogers, Robert Athlyi. Second Book of Athlyi Called Aggregation


Rogers, Robert Athlyi. Aggregation
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Rogers, Robert Athlyi. Holy Piby. Second Book of Athlyi Called
Aggregation

If:

the title of the part of a religious work is distinctive


and
the authorized access point representing the part has been constructed using the preferred title for the
work as a whole, followed by the preferred title for the part (see 6.23.2.96.23.2.19)
then:
construct a variant access point by using the preferred title for the part on its own.
Old Testament
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Bible. Old Testament

Rgveda
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Vedas. Rgveda

Brahmajlasutta
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Tipiaka. Suttapiaka. Dghanikya. Brahmajlasutta

6-156

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6.30.5.3

If the authorized access point representing the part has been constructed by using the preferred title for the
part on its own, construct a variant access point by combining (in this order):
a)

the preferred title for the work as a whole

b)

the preferred title for the part.

Siddur. Shema
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Shema

Bible. Exodus, XX, 217


Bible. Deuteronomy, V, 621
Bible. Ten commandments
Bible. Decalogue
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Ten commandments

Make additions to the variant access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.27.1.9, as applicable.
John (Book of the Bible)
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Bible. John

Construct additional variant access points if considered important for access.


Isaiah (Biblical prophet). Book of Isaiah
Authorized access point for the part of the work: Bible. Isaiah. Traditionally attributed to the 8th century BC
Judean prophet Isaiah

6.30.5.3 Variant Access Point Representing an Expression of a Religious Work


Construct a variant access point representing an expression of a religious work, if appropriate, by combining
(in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the religious work

b)

a variant of an addition used in constructing the authorized access point representing the
expression (see 6.30.36.30.4).

Bible. English. King James Version


Authorized access point for the expression: Bible. English. Authorized

Bible. New Testament. Spanish. Nueva Versin Internacional. 1985


Authorized access point for the expression: Bible. New Testament. Spanish. New International. 1985

Bible. Psalms. Hebrew. Psalms scroll


Bible. Psalms. Hebrew. Great Psalms scroll
Bible. Psalms. Hebrew. Elizabeth Hay Bechtel Psalms scroll
Authorized access point for the expression: Bible. Psalms. Hebrew. Dead Sea Psalms scroll

Catholic Church. Breviary (Benedictine : Hyde Abbey)


Authorized access point for the expression: Catholic Church. Breviary (Hyde Abbey)

Catholic Church. Book of hours (Manuscript Bibliothque nationale de France. Latin 9471)
Authorized access point for the expression: Catholic Church. Book of hours (Manuscript Rohan)

RDA: Resource Description and Access

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6.30.5.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Talmud. 1990
Talmud. English. 1990
Authorized access point for the expression: Talmud (Schottenstein edition)

If a variant title for a religious work is associated with a particular expression of the work, construct a variant
access point representing the expression by using the variant title associated with that expression.
Nicnische Glaubensbekenntnis
Authorized access point for the expression: Nicene Creed. German

Ko te Paipera Tapu
Paipera Tapu
Holy Bible in Maori
Authorized access point for the expression: Bible. Maori. 1990

Jerusalemer Talmud in deutscher bersetzung


Authorized access point for the expression: Talmud Yerushalmi. German. 1975

Egalitarian Hagada
Authorized access point for the expression: Haggadah (Reform : Cantor)

Tripiaka Koreana
Kory Taejanggyng
Kory-dae-jang-kyng
Authorized access point for the expression: Da zang jing (Kory version)

If:

a variant title for a religious work is associated with a particular expression of the work
and
the authorized access point representing the expression has been constructed by using the authorized
access point representing a person, family or corporate body followed by the preferred title for the work
and one or more additions identifying the expression
then:
construct a variant access point representing the expression by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the person (see 9.19.1), family (see 10.10.1), or
corporate body (see 11.13.1)

b)

the variant title associated with that expression.


Bahullh, 18171892. Qitapi akdas
Bahullh, 18171892. Libri m i shenjt
Authorized access point for the expression: Bahullh, 18171892. Kitb al-aqdas. Albanian

Orthodox Eastern Church. Kitb, al-saw al-kabr


Authorized access point for the expression: Orthodox Eastern Church. Horologion. Arabic

Catholic Church. Breviarium Ambrosianum


Authorized access point for the expression: Catholic Church. Breviary (Ambrosian)

Make additions to the variant access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.27.1.9, as applicable.

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IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.31.1.2

Catholic Church. Breviarium Ambrosianum (Archdiocese of Milan)


Authorized access point for the expression: Catholic Church. Breviary (Ambrosian : Archdiocese of Milan)

Construct additional variant access points if considered important for access.

6.31 Constructing Access Points to Represent Official


Communications

6.31.1 Authorized Access Point Representing an Official Communication

6.31.1.1 General Guidelines on Constructing Authorized Access Points Representing


Official Communications
Apply the instructions at 6.31.1.26.31.1.5 when constructing the authorized access point representing one
of the following types of official communications:
a)

official communications by heads of state, heads of government, ruling executive bodies,


heads of international bodies, or governors of dependent or occupied territories (e.g., a
message to a legislature, a proclamation, an executive order other than one covered by
6.29.1.26.29.1.5)

b)

official communications from a pope, patriarch, bishop, etc. (e.g., an order, decree, pastoral
letter, bull, encyclical, constitution, an official message to a council, synod, etc.).

Make additions to the authorized access point, as required. Apply the instructions at 6.27.1.9, 6.27.2, and
6.27.3, as applicable.
A person who holds office may also create or contribute to other types of works. For these other types of
works, construct the authorized access point by applying the general guidelines and instructions at 6.27.1.

6.31.1.2 Communications of a Single Official


For an official communication falling into one of the categories listed at 6.31.1.1, construct the authorized
access point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the official (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.26.2).

Canada. Sovereign (1952 : Elizabeth II). Speech by Her Majesty the Queen in reply to the
Prime Minister, Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Wednesday, September 26, 1984
Authorized access point for: Speech by Her Majesty the Queen in reply to the Prime Minister, Parliament Hill,
Ottawa, Wednesday, September 26, 1984

Louisiana. Governor (19881992 : Roemer). Governors action agenda for fighting crime in
Orleans Parish
Authorized access point for: Governors action agenda for fighting crime in Orleans Parish : Governor Roemers
response to the New Orleans Crime Summit report

Catholic Church. Pope (19782005 : John Paul II). Redemptor hominis


Authorized access point for: Litterae encyclicae Redemptor hominis ad venerabiles fratres in episcopatu, ad
sacerdotes et religiosas familias, ad ecclesiae filios et filias necnon ad universos bonae voluntatis homines
pontificali eius ministerio ineunte / Ioannis Pauli PP. II, summi pontificis

Catholic Church. Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis. Archbishop (19952008 : Flynn).
Pastoral letter on marriage and the family
Authorized access point for: A pastoral letter on marriage and the family / Archbishop Harry J. Flynn, Archdiocese
of Saint Paul and Minneapolis, February 8, 1998

RDA: Resource Description and Access

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6.31.1.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

Augustinians. Prior General (13571358 : Gregory, of Rimini). Registrum generalatus


Authorized access point for: Gregorii de Arimino O.S.A. Registrum generalatus, 13571358 / quod edendum

curavit Albericus De Meijer

Catholic Church. Pope (15591565 : Pius IV). Bulla Collegii Militum (1560 March 13)
Authorized access point for: Bulla Collegii Militum qui pii, de numero participantium, nuncupantur : qua
amplissimis & honorifice tissimis priuiiegiis donantur : per S.D.N.D. Pium papam IIII in Alma Vrbe nuperrim
erecti instituti, securisq prouentibus & emolumentis dotati. Date of work added to the access point to distinguish
it from other works with the same preferred title issued in the same year

6.31.1.3 Letters of Transmittal, Etc.


For a communication that merely accompanies and transmits a document, construct the authorized access
point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the corporate body responsible for the document
that it accompanies (see 11.13.1)

b)

the preferred title for the letter of transmittal, etc. (see 6.26.2).

United States. War Department. Message from the President of the United States,
transmitting a report of the Secretary of War, relative to murders committed by the Indians in
the state of Tennessee
Authorized access point for: Message from the President of the United States, transmitting a report of the
Secretary of War, relative to murders committed by the Indians in the state of Tennessee. Message of President
Madison

6.31.1.4 Compilations of Official Communications of More Than One Holder of an


Office
If:

a compilation consists of official communications by more than one holder of an office


and
that office is one of those listed at 6.31.1.1
then:
construct the authorized access point representing the work by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the office (see 11.2.2.21 or 11.2.2.29, as applicable)

b)

the preferred title for the work (see 6.26.2).


United States. President. Economic report of the President transmitted to the Congress
Authorized access point for: Economic report of the President transmitted to the Congress. An annual

Nebraska. Governor. Biennial message of Gov. ... to the ... session of the Legislature of
Nebraska
Authorized access point for: Biennial message of Gov. ... to the ... session of the Legislature of Nebraska

Catholic Church. Pope. Bulls


Authorized access point for: Papal bulls from France : from Biblioteca apostolica vaticana. Microfilm
reproduction of twelve manuscript bulls

Catholic Church. Pope. Encyclicals


Authorized access point for: Litterae encyclicae

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6.31.2

Catholic Church. Pope. Bulls


Authorized access point for: Bullae diuersorum pontificum incipiente a Ioanne XXII vsq ad Sanctiss. D.N.D.
Paulum Papam III

6.31.1.5 Compilations of Official Communications and Other Works


For a compilation consisting of official communications and other works by more than one holder of an
office, construct the authorized access point for the work by applying the instructions at 6.27.1.4.
England is here
Authorized access point for: England is here : a selection from the speeches and writings of the prime ministers
of England from Sir Robert Walpole to the Rt. Hon. Winston Spencer Churchill / edited and with an introduction
by W.L. Hanchant

Papal documents on figured music from the 14th to the 20th century and examples for
demonstration
Authorized access point for: Papal documents on figured music from the 14th to the 20th century and examples
for demonstration / compiled by Paul M. Ferretti

Presidential documents
Authorized access point for: Presidential documents : the speeches, proclamations, and policies that have
shaped the nation from Washington to Clinton / edited by J.F. Watts, Fred L. Israel

6.31.2 Authorized Access Point Representing an Expression of an Official


Communication

Construct an access point representing a particular expression of an official communication by combining (in
this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the work (see 6.31.1)

b)

an appropriate term or date as instructed at 6.27.3.

Canada. Prime Minister (18961911 : Laurier). Reciprocal trade with the United States.
French
Resource described: La rciprocit entre le Canada et les tats-Unis : discours de Sir Wilfrid Laurier prononc
la Chambre des communes, le 7 mars, 1911

Catholic Church. Pope (19782005 : John Paul II). Sollicitudo rei socialis. Spanish
Resource described: La preocupacin por la cuestin social / Juan Pablo II

United States. President (18611865 : Lincoln). Speeches. Japanese


Resource described: Rinkn enzetsush / Takagi Yasaka, Sait Hikaru yaku

Catholic Church. Pope. Encyclicals. English


Resource described: The papal encyclicals / [compiled by] Claudia Carlen. A five-volume set of papal
encyclicals from 17401981

Catholic Church. Pope. Bulls. Italian


Resource described: Gli anni santi attraverso le bolle / a cura di Rino Fisichella. A compilation of all papal bulls
proclaiming jubilee years issued from February 22, 1300 to November 29, 1998

Mexico. President. Informe de gobierno (1989). French


Resource described: Rapport de gouvernement. Mxico, D.F. : Presidencia de la Repblica, Direccin
General de Comunicacin Social. An annual report

RDA: Resource Description and Access

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6.31.3

IDENTIFYING WORKS AND EXPRESSIONS

6.31.3 Variant Access Point Representing an Official Communication


6.31.3.1 General Guidelines on Constructing Variant Access Points Representing
Official Communications
Use a variant title for the work (see 6.26.3) as the basis for a variant access point.
Americas commitment to children and families
Preferred title recorded as: Culture of caring

If the authorized access point for the work has been constructed by using the authorized access point
representing an official, an office, or a corporate body followed by the preferred title for the work (see
6.31.1.26.31.1.4), construct a variant access point by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing that official, office, or corporate body

b)

a variant title for the work.

United States. President (19932001 : Clinton). Reclaiming our communities from drugs and
violence
Authorized access point recorded as: United States. President (19932001 : Clinton). National drug control

strategy

In addition, construct a variant access point by using the preferred title for the work on its own.
Apply the additional instructions for expressions of official communications (see 6.31.3.2), if applicable.
Construct additional variant access points if considered important for access.
Humanae vitae
Authorized access point for the work: Catholic Church. Pope (19631978 : Paul VI). Humanae vitae

Lateran Council (1059). Papal election decree


Authorized access point for the work: Catholic Church. Pope (1058 or 10591061 : Nicholas II). In nomine
Domini. Promulgated by Nicholas II but may be viewed as a decree of the Lateran Council of 1059

6.31.3.2 Variant Access Point Representing an Expression of an Official


Communication
Construct a variant access point representing an expression of an official communication, if appropriate, by
combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the work

b)

a variant of an addition used in constructing the authorized access point representing the
expression (see 6.27.3).

Catholic Church. Pope (19782005 : John Paul II). Vita consecrata. English (Simplified
version)
Catholic Church. Pope (19782005 : John Paul II). Vita consecrata. English (Institute on
Religious Life)
Authorized access point for the expression: Catholic Church. Pope (19782005 : John Paul II). Vita consecrata.
English (2004)

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6.31.3.2

If a variant title for an official communication is associated with a particular expression of the work, construct
a variant access point representing the expression by using the variant title associated with that expression.
Aqu est Inglaterra!
Authorized access point for the expression: England is here. Spanish

If:

a variant title for an official communication is associated with a particular expression of the work
and
the authorized access point representing the expression has been constructed by using the authorized
access point representing the official followed by the preferred title for the work and one or more
additions identifying the expression
then:
construct a variant access point representing the expression by combining (in this order):
a)

the authorized access point representing the official

b)

the variant title associated with that expression.


Catholic Church. Pope (19782005 : John Paul II). Preocupacin por la cuestin social
Authorized access point for the expression: Catholic Church. Pope (19782005 : John Paul II). Sollicitudo rei

socialis. Spanish

United States. President (18611865 : Lincoln). Rinkn enzetsush


Authorized access point for the expression: United States. President (18611865 : Lincoln). Speeches.
Japanese

Catholic Church. Pope. Papal encyclicals


Authorized access point for the expression: Catholic Church. Pope. Encyclicals. English

Make additions to the variant access point, if considered important for identification. Apply the instructions at
6.27.1.9.
Catholic Church. Pope. Tutte le encicliche dei sommi pontefici (1940)
Authorized access point for the expression: Catholic Church. Pope. Encyclicals. Italian (1940)

Catholic Church. Pope. Tutte le encicliche dei sommi pontefici (1959)


Authorized access point for the expression: Catholic Church. Pope. Encyclicals. Italian (1959)

Catholic Church. Pope. Tutte le encicliche dei sommi pontefici (1964)


Authorized access point for the expression: Catholic Church. Pope. Encyclicals. Italian (1964)

RDA: Resource Description and Access

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