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SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL REPORT
This was PART B of a Physics Lab (part A should be below)- Conservation of Energy- Elastic Potential Energy. This was just your typical conservation of energy lab where the energy is not conserved due to a non ideal spring, with the slight exception that the wanted you to overcome the 'non ideality' LOL of the spring in order to come up with the correct answer. Probably not that hard when I think about it now but I remember it took me longer than I had expected.
If u want the original just msg me where u want it sent-

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You are on page 1of 6

TABLE1a.

Extension of spring when a 9.81N force is applied Force applied Fw = (1.00x9.81) = 9.81N

1st Trial 2nd Trial 3rd Trial 4th Trial 5th Trial 6th Trial 7th Trial 8th Trial 9th Trial 10th Trial

0.505m 0.505m 0.500m 0.500m 0.510m 0.508m 0.510m 0.512m 0.510m 0.510m

TABLE2a.

Extension of spring (x) versus Mass (m) and Force Applied (Fw)

Extension (m) 0.000m 0.000m 0.010m 0.046m 0.090m 0.111m 0.145m 0.181m 0.216m 0.251m

Mass (kg) 0.100kg 0.200kg 0.300kg 0.400kg 0.500kg 0.600kg 0.700kg 0.800kg 0.900kg 1.00kg

Force Applied 0.981N 1.96N 2.94N 3.92N 4.91N 5.88N 6.86N 7.84N 8.83N 9.81N

LIMITATIONS OF THE EQUIPMENT MUST BE TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION FOR ALL MEASUREMENTS OF

EXTENSION AND MASS IN TABLE 1A. AND 2A.

GRAPH A.

12.000

10.000

8.000

Force (N)

6.000

2.000

0.000

0.000 0.050 0.100 0.150 0.200 0.250 0.300

Extension (m)

RESULTS/CALULATIONS PAGE4

GRAPH B.

12.000

10.000

8.000

Force (N)

6.000

y = 28.901x + 2.5832

4.000

2.000

0.000

0.000 0.050 0.100 0.150 0.200 0.250 0.300

Extension (m )

Blue values represent data that was disregarded when plotting the trend line

TABLE3b.

0.00 0.981

0.00 1.96

1.00 2.94

4.60 3.92

9.00 4.91

11.1 5.89

14.5 6.87

18.1 7.85

21.6 8.83

25.1 9.81

RESULTS/CALULATIONS PAGE5

CALC1a. The average maximum extension (x) of 1kg weight using values from TABLE1a.

𝟓𝟎. 𝟓𝒄𝒎 + 𝟓𝟎. 𝟓𝒄𝒎 + 𝟓𝟎. 𝟎𝒄𝒎 + 𝟓𝟎. 𝟎𝒄𝒎 + 𝟓𝟏. 𝟎𝒄𝒎 + 𝟓𝟎. 𝟖𝒄𝒎 + 𝟓𝟏. 𝟎𝒄𝒎 + 𝟓𝟏. 𝟐𝒄𝒎 + 𝟓𝟏. 𝟎𝒄𝒎 + 𝟓𝟏. 𝟎𝒄𝒎

𝑵𝒖𝒎𝒃𝒆𝒓 𝒐𝒇 𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒂𝒍𝒔 𝟏𝟎. 𝟎

𝟓𝟎𝟕𝒄𝒎

= 𝟓𝟎. 𝟕𝒄𝒎 = 𝟎. 𝟓𝟎𝟕𝒎𝒆𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒔 𝒐𝒓 𝟓. 𝟎𝟕𝐱𝟏𝟎−𝟏 𝒎𝒆𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒔

𝟏𝟎. 𝟎

𝟎. 𝟐𝒄𝒎 + 𝟎. 𝟐𝒄𝒎 + 𝟎. 𝟕𝒄𝒎 + 𝟎. 𝟕𝒄𝒎 + 𝟎. 𝟑𝒄𝒎 + 𝟎. 𝟏𝒄𝒎 + 𝟎. 𝟑𝒄𝒎 + 𝟎. 𝟓𝒄𝒎 + 𝟎. 𝟑𝒄𝒎 + 𝟎. 𝟑𝒄𝒎

𝑵𝒖𝒎𝒃𝒆𝒓 𝒐𝒇 𝒕𝒓𝒊𝒂𝒍𝒔 𝟏𝟎

𝟑.𝟔𝒄𝒎

𝟏𝟎

= 𝟎. 𝟑𝟔𝒄𝒎 = 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟑𝟔𝒎𝒆𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒔 𝒐𝒓 𝟑. 𝟔𝐱𝟏𝟎−𝟑 𝒎𝒆𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒔

∆x = ± 3.6mm

𝟎. 𝟑𝟔𝒄𝒎

𝐱 𝟏𝟎𝟎 = 𝟎. 𝟕𝟏%

𝟓𝟎. 𝟕𝒄𝒎

RESULTS/CALULATIONS PAGE6

CALC3a. Spring constant = the gradient of a Force applied vs extension graph. Using the two

points that best fit the trend line in respect to GRAPH B.

𝐘𝟏 − 𝐘𝟐 𝟖.𝟖𝟑 – 𝟑.𝟗𝟐

∴ = 𝟐𝟖. 𝟗 𝐊 = 𝟐𝟖. 𝟗 𝐉

𝐗𝟏− 𝐗𝟐 𝟎.𝟐𝟏𝟔−𝟎.𝟎𝟒 𝟔

CALC4a. Loss of Gravitation Potential Energy (GPE) using height (x) value from CALC1a. All

GPE is transferred at the relative height of zero.

𝑮𝑷𝑬 = 𝒎𝒈𝒉 𝒎 = 𝒎𝒂𝒔𝒔 𝒈 = 𝒈𝒓𝒂𝒗𝒊𝒕𝒚 (𝟗. 𝟖𝟏) h=height (extension in this case)

CALC4b. Gain in Elastic Potential Energy (EPE) using K value from CALC3a. and the X value

from CALC1a.

𝟏

𝑬𝑷𝑬 = 𝟐𝒌𝒙𝟐 𝒌 = 𝒔𝒑𝒓𝒊𝒏𝒈 𝒄𝒐𝒏𝒔𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒕 𝒙 = 𝒆𝒙𝒕𝒆𝒏𝒔𝒊𝒐𝒏

𝟏

𝑬𝑷𝑬 𝒈𝒂𝒊𝒏𝒆𝒅 = 𝟐 𝐱 𝟐𝟖. 𝟗 𝐱 𝟎. 𝟓𝟎𝟕𝟐 = 𝟑. 𝟕𝟏 𝑱

CALC5a. Difference between loss of GPE and gain of EPE using values from CALC4a. &

CALC4b.

RESULTS/CALCULATIONS PAGE7

𝟏. 𝟐𝟔

𝐱 𝟏𝟎𝟎 = 𝟐𝟓. 𝟒%

𝟒. 𝟗𝟕

CALC7a. Area underneath a Force vs Extension graph should equal the work done.

= 𝟎. 𝟗𝟎𝟕

2

CALC7b. The actual Relationship between Force applied and Extension. Refer to the

equation to the trend line in GRAPH B. F = kx + F0

𝒀 = 𝒎𝒙 + 𝒄 𝒐𝒓 𝑭 = 𝒌𝒙 + 𝑭𝟎

𝑭 = 𝟐𝟖. 𝟗𝒙 + 𝟐. 𝟓𝟖

RESULTS/CALCULATIONS PAGE8

CALC9a. The actual relationship between F and x for this spring was found in the previous

calculation CALC7b. Express this relationship in terms of area and substitute into

the expression EPE = ½kx2 . Where x will be the best estimate of the maximum

extension of the falling 1kg mass.

𝟏 𝟐 𝟏

𝑬𝑷𝑬 = 𝒌𝒙 + 𝑭𝒐 𝒙 ∴ 𝟐𝟖. 𝟗𝐱𝟎. 𝟓𝟎𝟕𝟐 + 𝟐. 𝟓𝟖𝐱𝟎. 𝟓𝟎𝟕 = 𝟓. 𝟎𝟐𝑱

𝟐 𝟐

CAL9b. Compare this energy to the Energy calculated for the loss of GPE CALC4a.

CALC9c. Express the difference found in the previous calculation as a percentage in respect

to GPE.

𝟎. 𝟎𝟓𝟏

𝒙 𝟏𝟎𝟎 = 𝟏. 𝟎𝟑%

𝟒. 𝟗𝟕

measurement of distance/extension value for x which is 0.71% CALC1c.

𝟏. 𝟎𝟑% 𝒗𝒔 𝟎. 𝟕𝟏%

This time the percentage uncertainty for measurement of the extension can pretty

much account for the error in calculation of EPE using the equation from CALC9c.

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