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ABB Power Products High Voltage, Gas-Insulated Switchgear

ELK Hybrid Switchgear


Flexible applications for Space and
Time Savings
ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 1

Definition of Hybrid Switchgear as per IEC 62271-205


Compact switchgear assemblies consist either of
components of air-insulated switchgear (AIS) or of a
combination of air-insulated switchgear and gasinsulated switchgear (GIS), so called mixed
technology switchgear (MTS)

Conventional AIS Busbar

ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 2

ELK Hybrid

HV Components

Product Line

Product Positioning

Capacitors,
Instrument
Transformers,
Surge Arrestors

Capacitors,
Instrument
Transformers,
Surge Arrestors

Surge Arrestors

ELK System

ELK Hybrid

Product
Family

LTB, DCB

HV Components
Breaker and
Modules

AIS
Conventional

ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 3

HV Components

HV Components

GIS or Breaker
and Modules

GIS

MTS

GIS

ELK Hybrid Switchgear


Gas insulated switching module
with more than one integrated high voltage devices

ELK Hybrid customized

ELK Hybrid standard

high speed earthing


switch

circuit breaker

voltage transformer

earthing switch

cable end box

disconnector

busduct

current transformer

transformer direct
connection

bushing

surge arrestor

ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 4

Product Mgmt

ELK Hybrid differentiation


ELK Hybrid customized

ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 5

Product Mgmt

ELK Hybrid standard

Proven technology
Same components in GIS and ELK Hybrid

circuit breaker
earthing switch
disconnector
current transformer
bushing

ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 6

Product Mgmt

ELK Hybrid Switchgear


Standard Module

circuit breaker
earthing switch
disconnector
current transformer
bushing

ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 7

Product Mgmt

ELK Hybrid Switchgear


Diameter in 1 1/2, 6 Bays

ELK Hybrid Standard


Module
Conventional equipment
ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 8

Product Mgmt

ELK Hybrid Switchgear


Diameter in 1 1/2, 6 Bays

ELK Hybrid Standard


Module
Conventional equipment
ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 9

Product Mgmt

Fast, simple to integrate

ELK Hybrid Switchgear


Diameter in 1 1/2, 6 Bays

ELK Hybrid Standard


Module
Conventional equipment
ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 10

Product Mgmt

Compact footprint

ELK Hybrid Switchgear


Customized Module, double busbar
circuit breaker
Connection elements
earthing switch
disconnector
current transformer

Fast acting earthing


switch
bushing

ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 11

ELK Hybrid Switchgear


Customized Module, double busbar

ELK Hybrid Customized


Modul
Conventional equipment
ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 12

ELK Hybrid Switchgear


Customized Module, double busbar

ELK Hybrid Customized


Modul
Conventional equipment
ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 13

Full flexibility to adapt to customer


needs, i.e. busbar configuration

Proven technology

ELK components reliability

Outdoor experience since 1974

5 year warranty

i.e. Live tank SF6 circuit breakers


three times higher major failure
frequency than GIS or metal
enclosed units;
CIGRE VALUES

ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 14

Product Mgmt

Hybrid

Reduced execution time


Engineering
Site Preparation
Delivery
Installation

Engineering
AIS

Site Preparation
Delivery

Installation

Depending on configuration and voltage level


Time savings can be achieved by
Engineering Standardization 20%
Site Preparation 50%
Delivery 30%

Installation 20%
ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 15

Product Mgmt

Reduced execution time

ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 16

Product Mgmt

Small footprint

Conventional
AIS

13104m2
100%

ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 17

Product Mgmt

Hybrid
AIS

up to 70% reduction

3786m2
29%

Operational safety
Drives are accessible from
ground level
Inspection from ground level
to view ports

ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 18

Product Mgmt

Simple integration
Product supplier

Substation Integrator

Placing modules

Civil work, S/S earthing

Mount bushings

module earthing

Gas filling

LCC, SC and wiring


Commissioning of entire MTS
installation

HV-Test
for quality insurance
(transport damages)

LCC

ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 19

Product Mgmt

SC

Multi purposes
AIS Extensions

Retrofit of AIS

New Installation

ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 20

Product Mgmt

Technical Ratings
ELK Hybrid
Technical Data

ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 21

ELK-3 420 Hybrid

Rated voltage

kV

420

Rated power-frequency withstand voltage

kV

650

Rated power-frequency withstand voltage across open


contacts

kV

800

Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage

kV

1425

Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage across open


contacts

kV

1425+345

Rated switching impulse withstand voltage

kV

1050

Rated switching impulse withstand voltage across open


contacts

kV

1050+345

Rated frequency

Hz

50 / 60

Rated continuous current

Rated short-time withstand current

kA

63

Rated peak withstand current

kA

170

Bus Transfer switching current

A/V

Ambient temperature

Creepage distance of bushing

mm/kV

4000

standard
mixed gas or
heating mats

1600 / 300
3200 / 300
-30 / +55
-50 / +55
31

ABB Power Products High Voltage, Gas-Insulated Switchgear

Fast acting disconnector ELK-TK3S


Bus-transfer switching

ELK-TK3S
Bus-transfer switching
Disconnectors can be used for bus
transfer switching, e. g. in double or
multiple busbar arrangements of
SF6 gas insulated substations (GIS).
Switching sequence for the current
transfer in a GIS with double busbar:
Closing of disconnector No. 2 yields
distribution of the load current I onto
the two parallel paths I1 and I2 according to the relation of the impedances of both sections. Opening of
disconnector No. 1 in the third scheme
leads to the transfer of the load current
part I1 from bus A to bus B.

ABB Group

Rated bus-transfer voltages for disconnectors


IEC 62271-102
Rated voltage Ur
kVA

Air-insulated
disconnectors
V r.m.s.

Gas-insulated disconnectors
V r.m.s.

52
72.5
100
123
145
170

110

10

245
300
362

200

20

420
550
800

300
IEC 1600 A / ABB 3200 A

40

IEC: The value of the rated bus-transfer current for both air- and gas-insulated
disconnectors shall be 80 % of the rated normal current. It will normally not
exceed 1600 A, irrespective of the rated normal current of the disconnector.

ABB Group

ELK-TK3S
Conclusion

ABB Group

All disconnectors of ABB type ELK are tested according to


IEC 62271-102 and they fulfilled completely the IEC
requirements.

References: IEC 62271-102, Alternative current


disconnectors and earthing switches; Annex B, Bustransfer current switching by disconnectors

ELK-TK3S
Type test at PHELA performed successfully

3200 A
300 V

100 CO, DIT


ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 26

ELK-TK3S
Type tests archived
Type test archived

ABB Group
March 26, 2014 | Slide 27

Mechanical endurance

10000 CO 3-ph

Bus charging current switching

TD1, TD2, TD3

Operation at limit temperature

-30 C / +55 C

Bus transfer current switching

3200 A / 300 V

ELK-TK3S
Example ELK-3 Hybrid Switchgear, 420 kV

ABB Group