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SOCIAL SCIENCE

SOCIAL SCIENCE

STANDARD FOUR

Term III

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What the Logos stand for?

What the Logos stand for? ANSWER THE QUESTIONS MAP ACTIVITY FACTS FILL IN THE BLANKS 110

ANSWER THE QUESTIONS

What the Logos stand for? ANSWER THE QUESTIONS MAP ACTIVITY FACTS FILL IN THE BLANKS 110

MAP ACTIVITY

What the Logos stand for? ANSWER THE QUESTIONS MAP ACTIVITY FACTS FILL IN THE BLANKS 110

FACTS

FILL IN THE BLANKS 110 SOCIAL SCIENCE
FILL IN THE BLANKS
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SOCIAL SCIENCE
MAP ACTIVITY FACTS FILL IN THE BLANKS 110 SOCIAL SCIENCE CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER PROJECT MATCH

CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER

ACTIVITY FACTS FILL IN THE BLANKS 110 SOCIAL SCIENCE CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER PROJECT MATCH THE

PROJECT

ACTIVITY FACTS FILL IN THE BLANKS 110 SOCIAL SCIENCE CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER PROJECT MATCH THE
MATCH THE FOLLOWING
MATCH THE FOLLOWING

GROUP ACTIVITY

MY STATE Locate our state in the India map given and write the neighbouring states
MY STATE Locate our state in the India map given and write the neighbouring states

MY STATE

MY STATE Locate our state in the India map given and write the neighbouring states of
Locate our state in the India map given and write the neighbouring states of Tamilnadu
Locate our state in the India map given and write the neighbouring
states of Tamilnadu
Mizoram
Aizwal
SOCIAL SCIENCE
Jammu and Kashmir
Srinagar
Utharkhand
Dehra
dun
Himachal
pradesh
Shimla
Haryana
Delhi
New delhi
Punjab
Sikkim
Rajasthan
Chandigarh
Gangtok
Uttar Pradesh
Jaipur
Lucknow
Assam
Nagaland
Dispur
Kohima
Bihar
Meghalaya
Patna
Shillong
Manipur
Imphal
Gujarat
Madhya pradesh
Jharkhand
Gandhi Nagar
Bhopal
Ranchi
Tripura
Agartala
West Bengal
Kolkata
Chattishgarh
Raipur
Diu&Daman
Dadra&NagarHaveli
Odisha
Maharashtra
Bhubaneshwar
Mumbai
Goa
Andhra Pradesh
Hyderabad
Kerala
Bay of Bengal
Thiruvananthapuram
Arabian Sea
Karnataka
Bangaluru
Pondicherry
Andaman and Nicobar
Lakshadweep
Arunachal Pradesh
Itanagar
Srilanka
Chennai
Tamil Nadu
Indian Ocean
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SOCIAL SCIENCE

HISTORY OF TAMIL NADU

The history of Tamil Nadu dates back to thousands of years. The

early history of Tamil Nadu was dominated by the

Cheras, Cholas,

Pallavas.

However, evidences show that there were many tribal kingdoms which

. These ambitious rulers of this region were fighting constantly with one another over supremacy until the coming of the Europeans.

were ruled by chieftains called

(the 'moondru venthar' -Three Kings) and the

Pandyas

Vel, or Velir

and later by the

Nayakas

Among the Europeans the British established a trading post in a

small fishing village called

In 1640 The East India Company established its factory in Madras which

emerged as the most important trading port . Under the British rule, most

Madras

Presidency . In 1947 when India became independent, Madras Presidency became Madras State. In 1956 the states were reorganized on the basis

part of south India was integrated into a region called the

Madras Pattinam

on the eastern coast of India.

of the language spoken by the majority of the people in that region. In

1969 , the name of the state was changed from Madras to

Tamil Nadu.

Tamil Nadu is one of the 28 states of India. Chennai (earlier known as Madras) is its capital. Tamil Nadu lies in the southern part of the Indian peninsula. The southern most tip is Kanniyakumari. It is the meeting point of the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean.

of the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean. Tamil Nadu is surrounded

Tamil Nadu is surrounded by the Eastern Ghats in the North, Indian Ocean in the south, Gulf of Mannar and Palk Strait in the south east and Nilgiris and Anaimalai in the west. It is the eleventh largest state in India by area.

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SOCIAL SCIENCE

Tamil is the language spoken by the people of Tamil Nadu. Tamil is also

the official language of the state. It is the first Indian language to be

declared as a

classical language

by the Government of India in

2004

.

NEIGHBOURING STATES

The neighbouring states are Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

TAMIL NADU - PHYSICAL FEATURES

We can classify the physical features of Tamil Nadu into three divisions 1.The Hilly Regions

2.The Plateaus 3.The Plains

major

N Tamilnadu physical western ghats Mountains Plains Hills Part of Deccan plateau Plateaus Eastern ghats
N
Tamilnadu physical
western ghats
Mountains
Plains
Hills
Part of Deccan plateau
Plateaus
Eastern ghats
Eastern coastal plains

1. THE HILLY REGIONS

This region can be divided into the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats. The Western ghats is a continuous range of mountains to the west of Tamil Nadu.

The Nilgiris and the Anaimalai are the important peaks in the Western Ghats. Anaimudi in
The
Nilgiris
and the
Anaimalai
are the
important peaks in the Western Ghats.
Anaimudi
in
Anaimalali
is the highest peak in the Western Ghats.

Eastern Ghats in the east are broken ranges of mountains. These two ranges meet at Doddabetta (the highest point) in the Nilgiris.

The famous wildlife sanctuary of this region is in Mudumalai .

The

famous hill stations of the Western Ghats are

Coonoor

and

Udhagamandalam (Ooty)

in the Nilgiris and

Kodaikanal

in the

Palani hills

.

and

The famous hill station of the Eastern ghats are

Yercaud.

Elagiri, Javadi Hills

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SOCIAL SCIENCE

2.THE PLATEAU REGION

Tamil Nadu is located to the south of the

found in Coimbatore and the Nilgiris are a part of the plateau region.

Deccan Plateau.

The high lands

3.THE PLAINS

The stretch of plains between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal

is called the Eastern Coastal Plain. This stretch is called the Coromandel

Coast

important port on the Coromandel Coast.

in Tamil Nadu. Chennai has an artificial harbour which is an

Marina beach in Chennai is the second longest beach in the world.
Marina beach in Chennai is the second longest beach in the world.

Thirunelveli, Thoothukudi, Ramanathapuram,Thiruvarur, Thanjavur, Nagappattinam, Pudukkottai, Cuddalore, Villupuram, Kanchipuram, Chennai and Thiruvallur disricts are a part of this plain. The alluvial soil of this plain is a boon to the farmers of this region.

RIVERS

The land slopes eastwards. As a result all the rivers of Tamil Nadu, mainly the Palar, the Pennaiyar, the Vaigai and Thamirabarani flow from the west to east, to join the Bay of Bengal. Cauvery is the longest (760 km) river in Tamil Nadu.

Find the districts in which the following rivers are flowing in Tamil Nadu Palar Thenpannai Cauvery Vaigai Thamirabarani

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Tamilnadu - Rivers N palar Thenpannai Cauvery Vaigai Tamra Thamira parani barani
Tamilnadu - Rivers
N
palar
Thenpannai
Cauvery
Vaigai
Tamra
Thamira
parani
barani

SOCIAL SCIENCE

TAMIL NADU

For the purpose of easy administration the state is divided into 32 Districts.Go through the map and know about the districts in Tamil Nadu.

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

N Andhra Pradesh Thiruvallur Karnataka Chennai Thiruvallur Vellore Vellore kancheepuram Krishnagiri kancheepuram
N
Andhra Pradesh
Thiruvallur
Karnataka
Chennai
Thiruvallur
Vellore
Vellore
kancheepuram
Krishnagiri
kancheepuram
Tiruvannamalai
Krishnagiri
Tiruvannamalai
Dharmapuri
Villupuram
Dharmapuri
Villupuram
Selam
Cuddalore
Erode
Selam
Nilgiris
Erode
Cuddalore
Udagamandalam
Namakkal
Perambalur
Ariyalur
Nagapattinam
Namakkal
Perambalur
Nagapattinam
Ariyalur
Thirichirapalli
Tirupur
Karaikkal
Coimbatore
Karur
Tirupur
Thirichirapalli
Karur
Coimbatore
Tanjavur
Tiruvarur
Tiruvarur
Tanjavur
Dindigull
Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
Dindigul
Theni
Madurai
Sivagangai
Madurai
Theni
Sivagangai
Bay of Bengal
Kerala
Virudunagar
Ramanathapuram
Virudunagar
Ramanathapuram
Thoothukudi
Tirunelveli
Thoothukudi
Tirunelveli
Arabian Sea
Kanniyakumari
Nagercoil
Indian Ocean

Tamil Nadu is essentially an agricultural state but in addition to that it has industries like cotton, chemical fertilizers, paper, automobiles, cycles, cement, iron and steel and railway-coach manufacturing industries.

In recent years the state has shown impressive progress in the field of education, health and hygiene, law and order and employment. With all these developments and many more to come, Tamil Nadu is surely on the path to become India's leading State.

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SOCIAL SCIENCE

SYMBOLS OF TAMIL NADU STATE

SOCIAL SCIENCE SYMBOLS OF TAMIL NADU STATE State emblem Srivilliputhur gopuram State Fruit Fig: Athi pazham

State emblem Srivilliputhur gopuram

OF TAMIL NADU STATE State emblem Srivilliputhur gopuram State Fruit Fig: Athi pazham State Animal Nilgiri

State Fruit Fig: Athi pazham

emblem Srivilliputhur gopuram State Fruit Fig: Athi pazham State Animal Nilgiri Tahr [Varai aadu] State Bird

State Animal

Nilgiri Tahr

[Varai aadu]

Fig: Athi pazham State Animal Nilgiri Tahr [Varai aadu] State Bird Emerald Dove [Maragatha pura] State

State Bird Emerald Dove [Maragatha pura]

Tahr [Varai aadu] State Bird Emerald Dove [Maragatha pura] State Tree Palmyra: Panai State Dance Bharatanatyam
State Tree Palmyra: Panai State Dance Bharatanatyam
State Tree
Palmyra: Panai
State Dance
Bharatanatyam

State Flower

State Sport

Gloriosa Superba [Sen Kanthal malar]

Kabaddi

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SOCIAL SCIENCE

Activities (use the Tamil Nadu map)

I. Find out the Districts in Tamil Nadu which are famous for the following.

1. Mango

2. Locks

3. Jasmine Flower

4. Pearl Fishing

1. Mango 2. Locks 3. Jasmine Flower 4. Pearl Fishing II.Collect information about your own district

II.Collect information about your own district – its location, area, population, and important towns.

III. On the map of Tamil Nadu mark the district to which you belong. Name the neighbouring districts.

East

North South

West

IV. Mark all the 32 Districts in the Tamil Nadu map.

N Andhra Pradesh Karnataka Bay of Bengal Kerala Arabian Sea Indian Ocean 117
N
Andhra Pradesh
Karnataka
Bay of Bengal
Kerala
Arabian Sea
Indian Ocean
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EXERCISE

I.FILL IN THE BLANKS.

1. Tamil Nadu is the

2. The people of Tamil Nadu speak

largest

Tamil Nadu is the 2. The people of Tamil Nadu speak largest state in India. 3.

state in India.

3. Chennai is located on the

Coast.

4. The Southern most tip of India is

5. Tamil Nadu is divided into

districts.

II.MATCH THE FOLLOWING.

1. Eastern Coastal Plain

2. Madrasapattinam

3. Ooty & Coonoor

4. KodaiKanal

5. Mudumalai

- Nilgiris hills

- Palani hills

- Wildlife Sanctuaries

- Coromandel Coast

- Fishing Village

- Wildlife Sanctuaries - Coromandel Coast - Fishing Village III. UNSCRAMBLE THE JUMBLED WORDS AND FIND

III. UNSCRAMBLE THE JUMBLED WORDS AND FIND OUT THE ANSWER.

1. Capital of Tamil Nadu

( INCNHAE ) ( TOYO ) ( NAIA UMID ) ( YACVURE )

2. Queen of Hill Stations

3. Highest peak in South India

4. Longest river in Tamil Nadu

IV. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING.

4. Longest river in Tamil Nadu IV. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING. 1. Name the neighbouring states of

1. Name the neighbouring states of Tamil Nadu.

2. Where is the Deccan Plateau located?

3. What are the two groups of hills in Tamil Nadu?

4. Name the hill stations of Tamil Nadu.

V. AMAZING FACT. Old and buried [fossilized] dinosaur eggs have been found under a stream in Sendurai. Today, researchers say the aggressive carnotaurus and the gentle sauropods roamed in the region where Tamil Nadu is located now.

carnotaurus sauropod 118 SOCIAL SCIENCE
carnotaurus
sauropod
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SOCIAL SCIENCE
and the gentle sauropods roamed in the region where Tamil Nadu is located now. carnotaurus sauropod

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