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Curriculum and Syllabi

of

B.Tech. Degree Programme


in
CIVIL ENGINEERING
(with effect from Academic Year 2010-2011)

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


National Institute of Technology Calicut
NITC PO 673601, Calicut, Kerala

INSTITUTE SLOTS
THEORY COURSES
8.00-9.00 9.00-10.00 10.15-11.15 11.15-12.15 1.00-2.00

2.00-3.00

3.00-4.00

4.00-5.00 5.00-6.00

Day

MON

1
A

2
F

3
D

4
B

5
G

6
E+

7
-

8
-

9
H

TUE

A+

F+

WED

G+

E@

THU

C+

G@

FRI

H+

B+

D+

Note: E@ and G@ are substitute slots for E and G in case U or UA is allotted for Practical Courses

PRACTICAL COURSES
8.00-9.00 9.00-10.00 10.15-11.15 11.15-12.15 1.00-2.00 2.00-3.00

3.00-4.00

4.00-5.00 5.00-6.00

Day

MON

PA
-

TUE

PB
Q

QA
-

WED

QB
R

RA
-

S
-

UA
-

SA

FRI

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

RB

U-

THU

T
TA

SB
TB

National Institute of Technology Calicut

Department of Civil Engineering


Vision
To be a world class academic centre for quality education and research in diverse areas
of Civil Engineering with a strong social commitment.
Mission
Impart quality education in undergraduate and post graduate levels, with strong
emphasis on professional ethics and social commitment.
Provide a scholastic environment for stateofart research, resulting in practical
applications.
Produce highly competent and technologically capable professionals and motivated
young academicians.
Undertake professional consultancy services in diverse areas of Civil Engineering
Conduct knowledge exchange programmes with various stakeholders.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

National Institute of Technology Calicut

B. Tech. in Civil Engineering


Programme Educational Objectives (PEOs)
PEO1

Provide a strong foundation in Mathematics, Basic Sciences and Engineering fundamentals to the
students, enabling them to excel in the various careers in Civil Engineering.

PEO2

Impart necessary theoretical and practical background in Civil Engineering to the students, so that
they can effectively compete with their contemporaries in the National / International level.

PEO3

Motivate and prepare the Graduates to pursue higher studies and research, thus contributing to the
ever increasing academic demands of the country.

Enrich the students with strong communication and interpersonal skills, broad knowledge and an
PEO4 understanding of multicultural and global perspectives, to work effectively in multidisciplinary
teams, both as leaders and team members.
Facilitate integral development of the personality to deal with ethical and professional issues, taking
PEO5 into account, the broader societal implications of Civil Engineering, and also to develop ability for
independent and lifelong learning.

Programme Outcomes (POs)


PO1

Graduates will demonstrate the knowledge of Mathematics, Basic Sciences and Civil Engineering.

PO2

Graduates will attain an ability to identify, formulate and solve Civil Engineering problems.

PO3

Graduates will develop an ability to design and conduct tests/experiments in the various domains
related to civil engineering and interpret the results.

PO4

Graduates will be able conduct investigations of complex problems in Civil Engineering using
research based knowledge and research methods.

PO5

Graduates will exhibit skills to use modern engineering tools, software and equipment to analyze
various problems in the Civil Engineering domain.

PO6

Graduates will be aware of their professional and ethical responsibilities.

PO7

Graduates will be able to work individually or as a team member or leader in uniform and
multidisciplinary settings.

PO8

Graduates will be able to communicate effectively in both verbal and written forms.

PO9

Graduates will understand the impact of engineering solutions on the society and will also be aware
of contemporary issues.

PO10

Graduates will develop confidence for self education and ability for lifelong learning.

PO11

Graduates will appear and succeed in competitive examinations, for pursuing higher studies in Civil
Engineering or other related multidisciplinary fields.

PO12

Graduates will have an understanding of engineering and management principles and apply these to
ones own work, as a member and leader in a team, to manage projects.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

National Institute of Technology Calicut

B.Tech - Civil Engineering


Curriculum
Semester 1
Sl. No

Code

MA 1001

Subject

Mathematics I

Category

Hours/Week
T
P

BS

PH1001/CY1001 Physics / Chemistry

BS

HL/ES

0/ 3

ES/TA

MS1001/ZZ1003 Professional Communication /


Basic Electrical Sciences
ZZ1001/ZZ1002 Engineering Mechanics/
Engineering Graphics
ZZ1004/CE1001 Computer Programming /
Introduction to Civil Engineering
ZZ1091/ZZ1092 Workshop I / Workshop II

PH1091/CY1094 Physics Lab. / Chemistry Lab.

4
5

ZZ1094/ZZ109
3/ ZZ1095

OT (Value Education -1, Physical


Education -1,NSS- 1
Total

3/ 1

0/ 0

PT

TA

BS

3*

OT

3/6

17+3*

14/12

* Three courses of one credit each are to be credited within the first four semesters

Semester II
Sl. No

Code

Subject

Category

Hours/Week
L

Mathematics II

BS

MA1002

CY1001/PH1001

Chemistry / Physics

BS

ZZ1003/MS1001

ES/HL

ZZ1002/ZZ1001

1/ 3

0/ 0

3/ 0

TA/ES

CE1001/ZZ1004

PT

CY1094/PH1091

Basic Electrical Sciences /


Professional
Communication
Engineering
Graphics
/
Engineering Mechanics
Introduction
to
Civil
Engineering
/
Computer
Programming
Chemistry Lab. / Physics Lab.

TA

ZZ1092/ZZ1091

Workshop II / Workshop I

BS

12/14

3/6

17

Total

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

National Institute of Technology Calicut

Semester III
Sl.
Code
No
1 MA2001
2 CE2001
3 CE2002

Subject

Semester IV

Mathematics III
Mechanics of Solids
Mechanics of Fluids

L T P Cr Sl.
No
3 1 0 3
1
3 0 0 3
2
3 0 0 3
3

Sub. code

Subject

MA2002
CE2005
CE2006

Mathematics IV
Structural Analysis - I
Open Channel
Hydraulics and
Hydrology
Functional Design
of Buildings
Geomatics
Geosciences

CE2003

Building Technology

0 0

4 CE2007

CE2004

Surveying

0 0

5 CE2008
6 CE2009

Surveying Practical I 0 0 3
Material Testing Lab I 0 0 3

2
2

1 CE2093
2 CE2094

Total

19

1 CE2091
2 CE2092

Sl.
No

Sub.
code

21

Semester V
Subject

L T P

Cr Sl.
No

1 CE3001 Structural Analysis -II


2 CE3002 Structural Design I

3
3

0 0
1 0

3
3

3 CE3003 Water Resource


Engineering -I
4 CE3004 Geotechnology
5 CE3005 Transportation
Engineering. I
6 CE3006 Environmental Studies
in Civil Engineering.

0 0

3
3

0 0
0 0

3
3

1 0

0 3

0 3

CE3091 Building Design &


Drawing
2 CE3092 Geotechnical
Engineering Lab
Total

24

Sub.
code

Subject

P Cr

3
3
3

1
0
0

0
0
0

3
3
3

2 0

3
3

0
1

0
0

3
3

Surveying Practical I 0 0
Material Testing Lab 0 0
I
Total
25

3
3

2
2

Semester VI
Subject

22

L T

Cr

1 CE3007 Structural Design II


2 CE3008 Transportation
Engineering - II
3 CE3009 Environmental
Engineering
4 CE**** Elective I
5 CE**** Elective II

3 1
3 0

0
0

3
3

3 0
3 0

0
0

3
3

0 0

2 CE3094 Environmental
Engineering Lab
Total

0 0

22

Semester VII
Sl.
No

Sub.
code

L T

ME3093 Fluids lab

21

19

L T

P Cr

Semester VIII

CE4001 Computer Applications


in Civil Engineering
2 CE4002 Structural Analysis -III

3 0 0

Cr Sl.
No
3 1

3 0 0

3 CE4003 Water Resource


Engineering - II
4 CE**** Elective III
5
Elective IV (Global)

3 0 0

Sub.
Subject
code
CE4004 Economics &
Management
2 CE4005 Construction
Management &
Quantity Surveying
3 CE4006 Professional Practice

3 0 0
3 0 0

3
3

4 CE**** Elective V
5
Elective VI (Global)

3
3

0
0

0
0

3
3

0 0 3

0 10

0 0 2
0 0 6

1
3

CE4091 Computer Applications


Lab
2 CE4092 Seminar
3 CE4098 Project

Total

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

L T P

26

21

CE4099 Project

Total

25

20

National Institute of Technology Calicut

List of Departmental Electives

7th Semester (One elective)

6th Semester (Two electives)

Sem.

Sl.
No

Course
code

Course Title

L/T/P

CE3021 Statistics, Probability and Reliability Methods in Civil Engineering

3/0/0

CE3022 Concrete Technology

3/0/0

CE3023 Ground Improvement

3/0/0

CE3024 Reinforced Earth and Geotextiles

3/0/0

CE3025 Water Conveyance Systems

3/0/0

CE3026 Hydraulic Machines

3/0/0

CE3027 Pavement Design

3/0/0

CE3028 Finite Element Analysis of Fluid Flow

3/0/0

CE3029 Pre Stressed Concrete Design

3/0/0

10

CE3030 Earth and Earth Retaining Structures

3/0/0

11

CE3031 Environmental Geotechnics

3/0/0

12

CE3032 Remote Sensing and GIS Applications

3/0/0

13

CE3033 Hydropower

3/0/0

14

CE3034 Traffic Engineering

3/0/0

15

CE3035 Advanced Surveying

3/0/0

16

CE3036 Advanced Concrete Design

3/0/0

17

CE3037 Computational Elasticity

3/0/0

18

CE4021 Water Resources Systems

3/0/0

19

CE4022 Computer Applications in Hydro Engineering

3/0/0

20

CE4023 Coastal Engineering

3/0/0

21

CE4024 Transportation Planning

3/0/0

22

CE4025 Advanced Steel Design

3/0/0

23

CE4026 Advanced Geotechnical Engineering

3/0/0

24

CE4027 Soil Dynamics and Design of Machine Foundations

3/0/0

25

CE4028 Industrial Waste Engineering

3/0/0

26

CE4029 Environmental Risk Assessment

3/0/0

27

CE4030 Environmental Pollution Control Engineering

3/0/0

28

CE4031 Design of Experiments

3/0/0

29

CE4032 Transportation Infrastructure Design

3/0/0

30

CE4033

3/0/0

31

CE4034 Pavement Materials

3/0/0

32

CE4035 Dynamics Of Structures

3/0/0

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

Transportation and Landuse

National Institute of Technology Calicut

8th Semester (One elective)

Sem.

Sl.
No

Course
code

33

L/T/P

CE4036 Seismic Design of Structures

3/0/0

34

CE4051 Advanced Structural Analysis

3/0/0

35

CE4052 Earth and Rockfill Dam Engineering

3/0/0

36

CE4053 Probability and Reliability Techniques in Water Resources Engineering

3/0/0

37

CE4054 Environmental Hydraulics

3/0/0

38

CE4055 Environmental Impact Assessment of Civil Engineering Projects

3/0/0

39

CE4056 Environmental Forensics

3/0/0

40

CE4057 Advanced Environmental Engineering

3/0/0

41

CE4058 Multivariate Data Analysis

3/0/0

42

CE4059 Data Structures and Analysis

3/0/0

43

CE4060 Pavement Management

3/0/0

44

CE4061 Numerical Modelling in Geotechnical Engineering

3/0/0

45

CE4062 Optimization of Civil Engineering Systems

3/0/0

46

CE4063

3/0/0

47

CE4064 Musculoskeletal Biomechanics

3/0/0

48

CE4065 Road Safety And Management

3/0/0

49

CE4066 Finite Element Analysis

3/0/0

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

Course Title

Traffic Flow Modelling

National Institute of Technology Calicut

Brief Syllabi

CE2001 MECHANICS OF SOLIDS


L
3

Prerequisite: ZZ1001 Engineering Mechanics


Total hours : 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Tension, compression & shear-internal stresses - strain - Hookes law - Poissons ratio - constant and varying sections - statically
indeterminate problems - assembly and thermal stresses - strain energy in tension, compression and shear-analysis of stress and
strain-Stress on inclined planes-principal stresses - principal strains.
Bending moment and shear force diagram-different types of beams - statically determinate plane frames-Stresses in laterally
loaded symmetrical beams-shearing stresses in bending - strain energy due to bending-Unsymmetrical bending- shear centre.
Theory of columns-short strut - long columns - differential equation of the elastic curve - Eulers formula Torsion-circular solid
and hollow shafts - close coiled and open coiled helical springs-Thin and thick cylinders-Lames equation - stresses in thick
cylinders due to internal and external pressures.

CE2002 MECHANICS OF FLUIDS


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours : 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Fluids-Engineering Properties-Fluid statics-Forces on immersed surfaces - Equilibrium of immersed and floating bodies - Fluid
kinematics - Potential flow theory - Conservation of mass - Transport theorem, Continuity equation. Fluid dynamics - Energy and
Momentum principles - Application of, Bernoullis equation and Impulse momentum equation. Flow through pipes-laminar and
turbulent flows. Boundary layer theory. Dimensional analysis

CE2003 BUILDING TECHNOLOGY


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours : 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Bricks- Properties and testing Types; Tiles - Manufacture, properties and uses; Ceramic products - Lime - Plastics reinforced
plastics- light roofing materials - glass- geosynthetics - aluminum composite panels uPVC panels industrial timber products Cement Manufacture properties. Concrete properties- Foundation Brick and stone masonry - Precast concrete - Prestressed
concrete - Floors and flooring doors, windows and ventilators - Finishing works; Building Failures - Building repairs - Fire
proof construction - methods.

CE2004 SURVEYING
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours : 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Introduction - classification of surveys - chain survey - instruments - principles of chain survey - errors in chain survey. Compass
survey - whole circle and reduced bearing - local attraction - traversing - plotting adjustments. Plane table survey - instruments
and accessories - different methods errors in plane tabling - minor instruments. Levelling - definition of level surfaces, leveling
instruments - temporary and permanent adjustments - fly levelling, reciprocal leveling, longitudinal levelling and cross sectioning
- contour survey - definition - plotting - areas and volumes. Theodolite surveying measurement of horizontal and vertical angles theodolite traverse - tacheometric surveying trigonometric levelling E.D.M total station.

CE2091 SURVEYING PRACTICAL - I


Prerequisite: CE2004 Surveying or its concurrent registration
Total hours : 42

L
0

T
0

P
3

C
2

Chain survey- Traversing and plotting of details -Compass survey - Traversing with compass and plotting -Plane table survey Method of Radiation and Intersection , Solving three point problem, Solving two point problem, Traverse -,Levelling -Fly leveling
- Plane of collimation method, Fly leveling, Rise and Fall method, Longitudinal and cross sectioning, Automatic levels, Contour
surveying - Theodolite surveying - Measurement of horizontal angle by method of repetition and reiteration.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE2092 MATERIAL TESTING LABORATORY - I


L
0

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours : 42

T
0

P
3

C
2

Tests on aggregate for concrete-Grain size distribution, Specific gravity, Density, Voids, Bulking , Aggregate crushing value,
Aggregate impact value - Tests on cement Fineness, Normal consistency, Setting time, Compressive strength - Bending test on
Timber beam Tests on tiles Dimension, Transverse Strength, Water Absorption, Crazing - Tests on bricks Crushing strength,
water absorption, efflorescence - Tests on metals Hardness test and impact test.

CE2005 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS - I


L
3

Prerequisite: CE2001 Mechanics of Solids


Total hours : 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Deflection of beams - differential equation of the elastic curve - successive integration - Macaulays method - Moment
area method - Conjugate beam method - Deflection due to shear - Elastic theorems and energy principles - Strain
energy and complementary energy - principle of superposition - principle of virtual work - Castiglianos theorem theorem of complementary energy - Bettis theorem - Maxwells law of reciprocal deflections - principle of least work
- determination of deflections of statically determinate beams - pin-joined trusses and rigid frames - temperature
effects.
CE2006 OPEN CHANNEL HYDRAULICS AND HYDROLOGY
L
3

Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of Fluids


Total hours : 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Uniform flow in open channels-Energy concepts in open channel flow analysis- Non uniform flow in open channelsGradually varied and rapidly varied flows. Design of rigid boundary channels. Hydrology-surface water hydrology
Rainfall, Runoff. Surface water quality. Groundwater Hydrology - Soil moisture relations-distribution and flow of
ground water , Well hydraulics, Ground water quality, Salinity intrusion.
CE2007 FUNCTIONAL DESIGN OF BUILDINGS
L
2

Prerequisite: CE2003 Building Technology


Total hours : 28+28 = 56

T
0

P
2

C
3

Building physics- Thermal comfort-Thermo-physical properties of building materialsSun's movement and building -Heat flow and thermal insulation -Building services-Vertical transportation-Ventilation
and air conditioning- Plumbing services- Lighting -Acoustics
-Introduction to environment site and built up space relationships - Functional planning Introduction to
anthropometrics and ergonomics Essentials of National Building Code.
CE2008 GEOMATICS
L
3

Prerequisite CE2004 Surveying


Total hours : 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Triangulation - principle - triangulation figures - marking of stations - satellite stations - base line measurement adjustment of observations. Survey adjustments and theory of errors introduction laws of accidental errors
probability curve principle of least squares - angle adjustment station adjustment figure adjustment adjustment
of triangles adjustment of a geodetic quadrilateral. Curves - types of curves - elements of a curve - simple curves introduction to compound curves - hydrographic survey - scope - soundings - sounding equipment - plotting - three
point problem. Photogrammetry terrestrial and aerial photogrammetry flight planning elements of stereoscopy
applications of photogrammetry. GNSS GPS differential GPS.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

10

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE2009 GEOSCIENCES
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours : 56

T
1

P
0

C
3

Earth System - Geological materials Earthquakes - Landslides and Subsidence. Groundwater - Geology of India Geological maps - Remote sensing, GIS and GPS - Geologic structures - site selections for Dam, tunnels,
waste/radioactive disposal sites. Soil formation and soil types-phase diagram soil parameters Index properties classification of soils Effective stress Theory Permeability Compaction Consolidation - Stress distribution

CE2093 SURVEYING PRACTICAL - II


L
0

Prerequisite: CE2008 Geomatics or its concurrent registration


Total hours : 42

T
0

P
3

C
2

Determination of tacheometric constants - Heights and distances by stadia tacheometry, tangential tacheometry,
solution of triangles - Setting out of simple curves linear methods, angular method, transition curve - subtense bar Total station - Permanent adjustments of theodolite
CE2094 MATERIAL TESTING LABORATORY -II
L
0

Prerequisite: CE2001 Mechanics of Solids


Total hours : 42

T
0

P
3

C
2

Tension test on MS rod - Shear Test on MS rod - Torsion test on MS Specimen - Bending test on steel beams - Spring
test open and close coil springs - Workability tests slump, compaction, V-bee, flow and preparation of cubes Compression test on cubes and cylinders determination of modulus of elasticity - Split test on concrete cylinders and
flexure test on concrete - Study of extensometers and strain gauges - Bending test on reinforced concrete beams
under reinforced and over reinforced - Demonstration of Non- Destructive Testing Equipment.
CE3001 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS - II
L
3

Prerequisite: CE2005 Structural Analysis - I


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Statically indeterminate structures, Force method and displacement method of analysis of indeterminate structures fixed and continuous beams - rigid frames of different geometry - shear force and bending moment diagrams deflection and support settlement, Plastic Analysis - plastic hinge - plastic modulus - shape factor -redistribution of
moments - collapse mechanism - plastic analysis of beams and portal frames
CE3002 STRUCTURAL DESIGN - I
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours : 42

T
1

P
0

C
3

Structures and structural systems design considerations loading standards Design philosophy, Limit state of
collapse Flexure moment capacity of rectangular and flanged sections - singly and doubly reinforced sections,
Shear - design shear strength of concrete design of shear reinforcement, Torsion equivalent shear and bending
moment design for torsion, compression - axially loaded columns - columns with uniaxial and biaxial eccentricity short and slender columns, Limit state of Serviceability - deflection short term and long term deflection- cracking,
Introduction to EQ design and detailing - general principles of a seismic design review of IS 1893:2002 - guide lines
for earthquake resistant design Ductile detailing for seismic design, Introduction to Pre-stressed concrete - analysis
of prestress.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

11

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3003 WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING I


L
3

Prerequisite: CE2006 Open channel Hydraulics and Hydrology


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Water resources projects - planning philosophy and types, Irrigation engineering-Traditional systems of Irrigation and
water conservation-Irrigation requirement classification of Irrigation projects, Irrigation structures-Canal head
structures-Canal regulatory structures-Cross drainage structures-and Outlets

CE3004 GEOTECHNOLOGY
L
3

Prerequisite: CE2009 Geosciences


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Shear Strength of soil Different types of shear tests - Shear strength parameters - Stability of slopes Stability
analysis - Stability charts, Active and passive earth pressure for cohesionless and cohesive soils - Coulombs and
Rankines theories, Site investigation and soil exploration - Field tests- boring log - soil profile, Different types of
foundations - Bearing capacity - Terzaghis equation for bearing capacity - Settlement analysis - Stress distribution in
sheeting and bracing of shallow and deep excavations -Raft foundations - Determination of bearing capacity pile Analysis of pile groups Caissons.
CE3005 TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING - I
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Highway Development Classification Cross sections Alignment Surveys Pavement Surface Characteristics
Geometrics Design of Horizontal & Vertical Alignments Components of Traffic Traffic Studies Design of atgrade Intersections Desirable Properties & Testing of Highway Materials Design of Flexible, Rigid Pavements,
Overlay Pavement Construction Types & Causes of Failures in Flexible & Rigid Pavements Remedial Measures
CE3006 ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES IN CIVIL ENGINEERING
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 56

T
1

P
0

C
3

Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies - Renewable and non-renewable resources and problems associated
with overexploitation - Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles - Concept of an ecosystem - Structure and
functions of an ecosystem Biodiversity Definitions - Biogeographical classification of India - Value of biodiversity
- India as a mega-diversity nation - Threats to biodiversity - Endangered and endemic species of India - Conservation
of biodiversity - Environmental pollution Definition, causes, effects and control measures - water, soil, marine,
noise, and thermal pollution - Nuclear hazards - Air pollution and control - Solid waste management - Role of an
individual in prevention of pollution - Case studies - Social Issues and the Environment - from unsustainable to
sustainable development - Environmental ethics - Issues and possible solutions - Legislation in India - Public
awareness - Human population and the environment - Population growth - Family welfare programme - Environment
and human health - Human rights - HIV/AIDS, Women and child welfare - Role of Information Technology in
environment and human health - Scope of Environmental Engineering - Material balance - Flow models and reactors Energy balance - Quality of water water quality parameters - Drinking water standards - Water supply schemes Transmission of water - Field work.
CE3091 BUILDING DESIGN AND DRAWING
L
0

Prerequisite: CE2007 Functional Design of Buildings


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
3

C
2

Planning, designing from given requirements of areas & specifications and preparation of sketch design and working
drawings for Residential building- flat and pitched roof-economic domestic units-cottages-bungalows-building flats,
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

12

National Institute of Technology Calicut

Public building small public utility shelters-dispensaries-banks-schools-offices-libraries-hostels-restaurantscommercial complexes-factories, Preparation of site plans and service plans as per Building Rules, Septic Tank and
Soak Pit, Plumbing, water supply and drainage for buildings.
CE3092 GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY
L
0

Prerequisite: CE2009 Geosciences


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
3

C
2

Specific gravity of coarse and fine grained soils, Grain size analysis, Atterbergs limits and indices, Determination of
field density, Determination of coefficient of permeability, Consolidation test, Compaction test, California Bearing
Ratio test, Direct shear test, Triaxial shear test, Unconfined compressive strength test, Laboratory vane shear test
CE3007 STRUCTURAL DESIGN - II
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours : 42

T
1

P
0

C
3

Analysis and design of riveted, bolted and welded joints for direct force and moment, struts and ties made of single
and double angles, Girders - laterally restrained unrestrained simple and compound beams, Compression members
- axially and eccentrically loaded compression members - built up columns, lacings and battens, design of column
bases, design of roof trusses design of roofing elements and purlin wind bracings, Design of timber structures flexure, shear and bearing - deflection criteria - solid and built-up columns - flitched beam, formwork design.
CE3008 TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING - II
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Railway Track Cross sections, Functions and Requirements of Components, Geometric Design, Points & Crossing,
Track junctions, Stations and Yards, Signaling, Construction and Maintenance; Tunneling Alignment, Grade, Size,
Shape, Methods of Tunneling in Hard Rock & Soft Soils, Ventilation, Lining, Drainage, Micro Tunneling; Airport
Aircraft characteristics and their influence, Airport Obstructions & zoning, Component Parts of Airport, Runway
Design, taxiway Design, Terminal Area Planning, Airport Drainage
CE3009 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
Prerequisite: CE3006 Environmental Studies In Civil Engineering
Total hours: 56

L
3

T
1

P
0

C
3

Water Supply Engineering Quantity of water Demand - Forecasting population Design period. Sources of water
Design of gravity and pumping mains - Treatment of water (process details and design considerations) Miscellaneous and advanced treatment methods - Wastewater characteristics Sampling - Different types of oxygen
demand - Population equivalent - Preliminary treatment of wastewater Biological treatment (Process details and
design considerations) - Wastewater disposal Disposal into stream Fundamentals of stream sanitation - Disposal by
irrigation Sludge treatment and disposal - Sanitary plumbing - Systems of sewerage - Dry weather flow and wet
weather flow - Sewers and sewer appurtenances, sewage pumping, maintenance of sewers.
ME3093 FLUIDS LABORATORY.
L
0

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours : 42

T
0

P
3

C
2

Study of plumbing tools and pipe fittings, Study of instruments pressure gauge piezometer manometer pressure
transducers pitot tubes, Demonstration of Bernoullis theorem, Determination of friction factor for flow through
pipes, Calibration of flow measuring devices venturimeter orifice meter nozzlemeter notches and weirs,
Performance characteristics of pumps and turbines Pelton turbine Francis turbine - centrifugal pumps reciprocating pumps - gear pumps.
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

13

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3094 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY


Prerequisite: CE3009 Environmental Engineering or its concurrent registration
Total hours: 42

L
0

T
0

P
3

C
2

Determination of solids (total, dissolved, organic, inorganic and settleable) in water, turbidity and the optimum
coagulant dose, alkalinity and pH of water, hardness and chlorides in water, iron and manganese in water, sulphates
and sulphides in water, D.O and B.O.D of waste water, available chlorine in bleaching powder and the chlorine dose
required to treat the given water sample, coliforms in water, Demonstration of instrumental methods of pollutant
analysis
CE4001 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING
L
3

Prerequisite: All subjects upto and including 4th semester


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Introduction to Numerical Methods in Civil Engineering, sources of errors in computation, number representation,
development of algorithms and pseudo code. Solution of Algebraic and Transcendental Equations in One Variable
Bisection, regular falsi, Newton Raphson and successive approximation methods. Solution of a system of Linear
Algebraic Equations Gauss elimination and LU decomposition methods, Iterative methods, ill conditioned system of
equations. Eigen value problems - Power method and Jacobis method. Interpolation Newtons, Gauss , Lagrangian
and Cubic spline. Numerical differentiation and integration. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations
Taylor series, Eulers, and Runge-Kutta methods for initial value problems, finite difference methods for boundary
value problems. Application of the above methods in civil engineering. Statement of an optimization problem - Linear
programming problems and applications. Introduction to nonlinear programming, search methods.
CE4002 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS - III
L
3

Prerequisite: CE3001 Structural Analysis - II


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Approximate methods of analysis of multi-storey frames for vertical load and for lateral load - substitute frames portal method - cantilever method, matrix analysis of structures - flexibility and stiffness influence coefficients,
physical approach - analysis of simple plane truss and plane frame, stiffness method - stiffness matrices for truss and
frame elements physical approach - analysis of simple plane truss and plane frame, cables, suspension bridges and
arches - three-hinged and two-hinged stiffening girders - analysis of three-hinged and two-hinged arches - settlement
and temperature effects.
CE4003 WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING - II
L
3

Prerequisite: CE3003 Water Resources Engineering - I


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Dams and Reservoirs- Planning and Selection of type gravity and Arch dams, Hydroelectric power plantscomponents of a plant, Flood and water excess management, Hydraulics of water excess management-SPF and PMF,
Dam break problem-River engineering and drainage.
CE4091 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS LABORATORY
Prerequisite: All subjects upto and including 4th semester
Total hours: 42

L
0

T
0

P
3

C
2

To familiarize and give hands on training to students in the different areas of Civil Engineering Application software
like Drafting and documentation, Surveying terrain mapping, computation of areas and volumes, Structural Analysis
and Design, Water resources, Geotechnical Engineering, Road/Railway system, Environmental Engineering,
Estimation and costing, Project management.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

14

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4092 SEMINAR
L
0

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours : 28

T
0

P
2

C
1

Individual students will be asked to choose a topic in any field of Civil Engineering, preferably from outside the
B.Tech syllabus and give seminar on the topic for about thirty minutes.
CE4098 PROJECT
L
0

Prerequisite: All subjects upto and including 6th semester


Total hours: 84

T
0

P
6

C
3

The project work will be a design project experimental project field surveying or computer oriented on any of the
topics of civil engineering interest.
CE4004 ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Economics and managerial Economics - Definition and Concept of Good, Want, Value, Wealth, Utility and DemandDemand and Supply- Standard market forms- Organisational forms- Money- nature and functions- Taxation- Concept
of National Income, Management Systems Approach - Introduction to functional areas of management- Financial
management - Inventory management
CE4005 CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT AND QUANTITY SURVEYING
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 56

T
1

P
0

C
3

Construction Management Network techniques introduction Bar charts CPM and PERT for planning time
estimates critical path - computer applications. Construction planning: Preparation of job layout and schedules.
Project Implementation Tender - contract measurements completion certificate inspection and quality control
standardization role of certification. Quantity surveying - preparation of detailed estimates for buildings - reinforced
concrete structures - sanitary and water supply works. Preparation of specification for common materials of
construction and items of work as per IS - analysis of rates and preparation of abstract of estimate. Introduction to
valuation of real properties: Depreciation Sinking fund methods of valuation
CE4006 PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE
Prerequisite: Completed upto and including third level courses and to have
undergone seventh semester core courses.
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
1

P
0

C
3

Objective:
The Course is primarily meant to provide an overall preparation for Civil engineering practice and is
to cover broadly the syllabi of all the core courses in the programme. The course delivery by faculty in different areas
preferably with guest lectures from practicing Engineers is envisaged as far as possible. The course delivery to include
modern developments in relevant areas beyond those included in the course syllabi. The assessment is to be in
continuous mode with additional assignments etc. than those prescribed at the end of each module.
Topics: Survey, Functional Design and Construction; Water Resources Engineering environmental Engineering;
Geotechnical Engineering , Transportation Engineering; Topics in Structural Engineering and Construction
Management.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

15

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4099 PROJECT
L
0

Prerequisite: CE4098 Project


Total hours: 140

T
0

P
10

C
5

The project work started in the seventh semester will continue in this semester. The students will complete the project
work in this semester and present it before the assessment committee.
CE3021 STATISTICS, PROBABILITY AND RELIABILITY METHODS IN ENGINEERING
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Basic Probability Concepts, Random variables multiple random variables - Moments, Functions of Random
variables Expectation of a function of a random variable, derived probability distributions, common probabilistic
Models, Estimating Parameters from observed Data, Empirical Determination of Distribution Models, Regression and
Correlation Analyses, Reliability and Reliability Based Design, Assessment of Reliability, Monte Carlo Method,
Second Moment Formulation, Probability Based Design Criteria, Introduction to Reliability of Structural Systems.
CE3022 CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Cement types tests-IS Specifications- Aggregates classification and tests- alkali aggregate reaction- types- wateradmixtures. Manufacture of concrete- mix design. Properties of concrete- workability- segregation and bleedingstrength and durability characteristics of concrete statistical analysis of test results special concretes.
CE3023 GROUND IMPROVEMENT
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Introduction to soil improvement techniques - Dynamic Compaction techniques- Bio-technical compaction- Additives
for soil improvement- Lime stabilization techniques- Chemical treatments- Soil improvement using reinforcing
element Reinforced earth soil nailing Geotextiles natural and polymer type geotextiles- engineering
applications.
CE3024 REINFORCED EARTH AND GEOTEXTILES
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

An overview of Geosynthetics, Description of Geotextile properties and test methods Functions of Geotextile Designing with Geogrids Geogrid properties and test methods Designing with Geonets -Design of liquid
Contaminant liners Design of pavements Geo composites as liquid / Vapour Barriers Improvement in bearing
capacity Erosion Control for water ways.
CE3025 WATER CONVEYANCE SYSTEMS
Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of fluids and CE2006 Open channel hydraulics and
hydrology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Canals - elements of open channel flow, design principles of lined and unlined canals, canal networks, hierarchy of
canals, main canal and flow distribution control, decentralised control, canal automation - purpose and selection of
scheme, hardware and software components in automation systems. Pipes - elements of pipe flow, losses in pipe flow,
pumping and gravity mains, choice of pipe, pipe material, design principles, flow transients, surges and water hammer,
-problems and protection, pipe joints, valves, distribution network analysis and design.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

16

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3026 HYDRAULIC MACHINES


Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of fluids and CE2006 Open channel hydraulics and
hydrology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Hydraulic Machines- Classification- Turbines-High Medium and low head-Pumps-Centrifugal and reciprocating typeDesign selection and installation of pumps-Trouble shooting.
CE3027 PAVEMENT DESIGN
L
3

Prerequisite: CE3005 Transportation Engineering - I


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Types and Component parts of Pavements - Factors affecting Design and Performance of Pavements - Comparison
between Highway and Airport pavements Superpave - Analysis of Stresses in Flexible Pavements - Empirical, Semi
empirical and Theoretical Methods of Flexible Pavement Design - Flexible Overlay Design - Types, Causes and
Analysis of Stresses in Rigid pavements - Types, Functions and Spacing of Joints in Cement Concrete Pavements Design of Slab Thickness and Joint Details Mechanistic empirical pavement design Rigid Overlay Design.
CE3028 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF FLUID FLOW
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hour: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics and Pipe Network Analysis, One Dimensional Flow Analysis, Potential Flow
Analysis for ground water flow and flow around cylinder, Finite element solution of Navier- Stokes equations using
stream function and vorticity formulation. Time Dependent Field Problems, Introduction to FLUENT
CE3029 PRE STRESSED CONCRETE DESIGN
L
3

Prerequisite: CE3002 Structural Design - I


Total hours : 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Materials for prestressed concrete and prestressing systems, analysis of prestress and bending stresses, losses of
prestress, deflection of beams, Strength of prestressed concrete sections in flexure, shear and torsion, design of
prestressed concrete flexural members, design of partially prestressed members design for shear, bond and anchorage
zone, Composite structural members analysis of stresses differential shrinkage flexural and shear strength of
composite sections design of composite sections, Effect of prestressing indeterminate structures methods of
analysis concordant cable profile.
CE3030 EARTH AND EARTH RETAINING STRUCTURES
L
3

Prerequisite: CE3004 Geotechnology

T
0

P
0

C
3

Total hours: 42
Earth dams Design details cores types and design of filters
Seepage analysis and control seepage through dam and foundations control of seepage in earth dam and
foundation-Stability analysis Construction techniques -Instrumentation Rigid retaining structures active and
passive earth pressures against gravity retaining walls computation of earth pressures - Flexible retaining structure
type and methods of construction design strength parameters safety factor for sheet pile walls - stability of sheet
piling-Diaphragm walls and coffer dams earth pressure on braced cuts and coffer dams design of coffer dams
CE3031 ENVIRONMENTAL GEOTECHNICS
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Introduction - Basic soil mineralogy - Soil water interaction -Introduction to Hydrogeology Geo chemistry Ground
water monitoring techniques - Waste characteristics -Waste disposal facilities - Contaminant Transport process B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

17

National Institute of Technology Calicut

Landfills and surface impoundments - Leachate and gas generation - Liners Design of Cover systems Geophysical
techniques for site characterization Slope stability analysis of land fills Soil remediation technologies
Groundwater remediation technologies.
CE3032 REMOTE SENSING AND GIS APPLICATIONS
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Concepts and basic principles of remote sensing (RS), maps and map projections, photographic systems, principles of
photogrammetry, RS platforms and sensors, visual image interpretation, digital image processing, GIS an overview,
integrating RS and GIS, applications.
CE3033 HYDROPOWER
Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of fluids and CE2006 Open channel hydraulics and
hydrology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Sources of energy, hydropower and its place in a power system, fundamentals of Water Power Engineering,
classification of hydropower plants, water power estimates, pondage and storage, basic Hydrology, mass curve and
flow duration curve, effect of reservoirs on flood flow, load curve and load factor, utilisation factor, capacity factor,
diversity factor, firm power and secondary power, prediction of load. Run of river plants. Pumped storage plants.
General arrangement and types of power house. Mini and micro hydel plants. Tidal Power Plants. Intakes. Forebay.
Gates. Penstocks, Canals and Tunnels. Joints. Anchor Blocks. Bends and Manifolds. Valves. Water Hammer. Surges
and Surge Tanks. Turbines and Generators. Reservoir routing. Cost and value of water power.

CE3034 TRAFFIC ENGINEERING


L
3

Prerequisite: CE3005 Transportation Engineering - I


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Objectives and Scope of Traffic Engineering - Components of Road Traffic - Study of Road User, Vehicle and Traffic
Stream Characteristics - Sampling in Traffic Studies - Traffic Engineering Studies and Analysis - Design of At-grade
and Grade Separated Intersections, Pedestrian and Cyclist facilities, Bus Stop Location and Bus Bay Design - Road
Lighting Traffic Regulations Traffic Calming - Traffic Signs, Markings and Signals - Principles of Signal Design Webster's method of Signal Design - Signal System and Coordination Air and Noise Pollution.
CE3035 ADVANCED SURVEYING
L
3

Prerequisite: CE2004 Surveying


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Field astronomy - definitions - solution of an astronomical triangle - co-ordinate systems - determination of time,
azimuth, latitude and longitude. Map Projection - introduction - methods of projection electronic distance
measurements global positioning system. Photogrammetry terrestrial and aerial photogrammetry flight planning
elements of stereoscopy applications of photogrammetry. Remote sensing introduction electromagnetic radiation
target interactions remote sensing systems remote sensing from space applications of remote sensing.
CE3036 ADVANCED CONCRETE DESIGN
L
3

Prerequisite CE3002 Structural Design - I


Total hours : 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Large span concrete roof classification, flat slabs - direct design and equivalent frame method, waffle slabs, Shells
and Folded plates - behaviour of cylindrical shell and folded plate- method of analysis - design of simply supported
circular cylindrical long shells and folded plates, Deep beams - design as per BIS and using strut and tie method,
Chimneys- uncracked and cracked sections - design of chimney, Water tanks - rectangular and circular with flat
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

18

National Institute of Technology Calicut

bottom- spherical and conical tank roofs staging, Bridges IRC Bridge code loading standards Design of slab
culvert R.C box culverts T-beam bridges Concept on design of continuous bridges, balanced cantilever bridges,
arch bridges and rigid frame bridges.
CE3037 COMPUTATIONAL ELASTICITY
L
3

Prerequisite: CE2001 Mechanics of solids or equivalent


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Introduction to theory of elasticity, analysis of stresses, equations of equilibrium, analysis of strains, compatibility
conditions, constitute relations, isotropic elasticity, two-dimensional idealisations, plane stress, plane strain and
axisymmetric problems, energy theorems and variational principles.
Introduction to finite element method, history, interpolation, C0 and C1 elements, variational formulation, RayleighRitz method, finite element form of Rayleigh-Ritz method, assembly of equations, Gauss elimination solution, stress
computation, support reactions, summary of the finite element procedure, patch test, isoparametric formulation, Gauss
quadrature, quadratic plane elements, transition elements, consistent element nodal loads, optimal stress points,
coordinate transformation, transformation of vector, stress, strain, material properties, and stiffness, condensation,
substructuring, symmetry.
CE4021 WATER RESOURCES SYSTEMS
Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of fluids and CE2006 Open channel hydraulics and
hydrology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Water Systems Engineering, systems based planning approach, development alternatives, objectives, constraints and
criteria, deterministic and stochastic planning and management, optimisation methods linear and dynamic
programming models, conjunctive GW and SW development, regional planning.
CE4022 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN HYDRO ENGINEERING
Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of fluids and CE2006 Open channel hydraulics and
hydrology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Computer applications to simple flow problems in pressure and free surface flows, design of drainage and sewerage
systems, flow routing, watershed modelling, water quality modelling, introduction to remote sensing and GIS
applications.
CE4023 COASTAL ENGINEERING
Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of fluids and CE2006 Open channel hydraulics and
hydrology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Coastal Engineering, coastal environment, water level fluctuations, tides, surges etc, Linear wave theory, irregular and
regular waves, short and long term wave analysis, wind generated waves, wave forecasting, wave transformationsshoaling, refraction, reflection, diffraction, breaking. Wave-structure interaction forces on shore structures due to
breaking, broken and non-breaking waves. Shore protection - types of beaches, methods of shore protection, shore
protection Structures breakwaters of different types, sea walls, groynes etc. Shore processes, cross-shore and
longshore currents, sediment transport, onshore-offshore movement of sediment, longshore transport, mathematical
modeling, coastal erosion and protection along the Kerala coast. Coastal zone management - coastal resource planning
and management, coastal ecosystems, coastal laws.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

19

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4024 TRANSPORTATION PLANNING


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Role of Transportation - Transportation Problems and Problem Domain - Objectives and Constraints - Urban
Transportation Planning Process - Planning in System Engineering Framework - Concept of Travel Demand Methods of Travel Demand Estimation - Definition of Study Area - Zoning - Trip Generation Analysis - Trip
Distribution Analysis - Mode Split Analysis and Route Split Analysis - Opportunity Models.
CE4025 ADVANCED STEEL DESIGN
L
3

Prerequisite CE3007 Structural Design - II


Total hours : 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Design of gantry girder, Water Tanks - design of rectangular, pressed steel tanks design of suspended bottom tanks
cylindrical tank with hemispherical bottom design of staging, Chimneys - design of self supporting chimney design
principles of guyed chimney, Bunkers and Silos - design criteria, Transmission Towers - loads on towers analysis
design of members and foundation, Plate girder bridges design of plate girder bridges bearings, Light gauge
members design considerations allowable stresses buckling, design of compression members, tension members
and laterally supported beams connections.
CE4026 ADVANCED GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Soil structure interaction problems- Soil models- Contact pressure distribution beneath flexible footings.- Sheet pile
walls and cofferdams- cantilever and anchored sheet pile walls- braced cofferdams- Types of Machine Foundations
theory of vibration - methods of analysis of machine foundations- Special foundations- Foundations for offshore
structures.
CE4027 SOIL DYNAMICS AND DESIGN OF MACHINE FOUNDATIONS
L
3

Prerequisite: CE3004 Geotechnology


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Introduction to dynamics Types of Machine Foundations theory of vibration - methods of analysis of machine
foundations - degrees of freedom of a block foundation dynamic soil properties - foundation of reciprocating
machines- Foundations subjected to impact loads - methods of isolation in machine foundations
CE4028 INDUSTRIAL WASTE ENGINEERING
Prerequisite: CE3006 Environmental Studies In Civil Engineering
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Nature and characteristics of Industrial wastes - Prevention versus control of industrial pollution - Linkage between
technology and pollution prevention- Tools for clean processes- Reuse, recycle, recovery, source reduction, raw
material substitution, toxic use reduction, separation technologies, and process modification - Flow sheet analysis Energy and resource audits - Waste audits - Preliminary treatment of industrial waste water Volume reduction,
strength reduction, neutralization, equalization and proportioning - Treatment of industrial waste- Suitability of
different techniques - Disposal of industrial waste - Effluent generation from industries -Textile industry, paper
industry, dairy, fertilizer, thermal power plants - Effluent characteristics - Treatment - Environmental impact of
industries Textile, paper, dairy, fertilizer, thermal power plant - Study of damages caused by industrial pollution in
India and Kerala (typical problems).

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

20

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4029 ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENT


L
3

Prerequisite: CE3006 Environmental Studies In Civil Engineering


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Basic concepts of environmental risk assessment and definitions Use of risk assessment - Environment management,
policy and regulatory decisions, industry - Risk assessment methods- NAS model - Physical risks - Chemical risks Biological Risks - Risk assessment process for chemicals - Risk assessment of plant protection products - Risk
assessment of genetically modified organisms - Site specific ERA for non-routine releases - hazard identification/
release assessment, exposure assessment, consequence assessment, risk estimation - Site specific ERA for routine
releases - Transportation risk assessment, product risk assessment, risk minimization measures - Risk assessment
techniques for specific industrial applications- off-shore installations, nuclear installations, contaminated land, waste
management - Relation between ERA and Life cycle assessment (LCA).
CE4030 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION CONTROL ENGINEERING
L
3

Prerequisite: CE3006 Environmental Studies In Civil Engineering


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Environmental pollution - interrelationship between various forms of pollution - surface water pollution surveys integrated river basin water management - restoration of water bodies - water quality changes by domestic use radioactive materials - thermal pollution and underground disposal - types of water pollutants and their effects instrumentation for water quality and treatment - Air pollution control strategy air pollution control technology
methodological factors affecting air pollution air pollution surveys instrumentation for air quality measurement
air quality standards - Land pollution land pollution surveys - ecological aspects of vegetation control - Noise
pollution - effects of noise - sources noise control techniques - instruments for noise measurement - Light and glare
pollution outside lighting and glare sources - corrective procedures - Water pollution laws and regulations - Air
pollution control Act of India - Land pollution laws and regulations - The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
CE4031 DESIGN OF EXPERIMENTS
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Basic concepts- Analysis of experimental data - statistical analysis of experimental data -Basic electrical
measurements and sensing devices - Pressure measurements- Force, torque and strain measurements- data acquisition
and processing.
CE4032 TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE DESIGN
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Hierarchy and Functions, Design standards and Controls of Highways, Design of alignment, Landscaping, Intersection
Types and Controls, Design of At-grade Intersections, Signalised Intersections, Signal Coordination, Grade Separated
Intersections, Parking Facilities, Design of Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities, Terminal Planning and Design.
CE4033 TRANSPORTATION AND LANDUSE
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Urban Activity System, Urban Structure, Urban Form, Demographic Models, Employment Forecasting Models,
Landuse-Transportation Models, Operational, Environmental and Economic Evaluation of Transportation Projects

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

21

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4034 PAVEMENT MATERIALS


L
3

Prerequisite: Transportation Engineering -I


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Types and Components of pavements Functions and Requirements; Pavement Construction materials - Alternate
materials in road construction Mechanical response of soil and the different constitutive models- Characterization of
Properties of Aggregates- rheological properties of bitumen - Bitumen chemistry Susceptibility parameters
Viscoelasticity Handling and Pumping Permanent Deformation and Fatigue Cracking of bituminous mixes Low
Temperature Cracking Resistance traditional to modern mix design Classification of mix design methods
Marshall Stability and flow value Resilient Modulus Dynamic Complex Modulus Static and Dynamic Creep
behaviour Flexural Fatigue behaviour Shear Modulus Moisture Susceptibility Superpave specifications
Introduction to Nanoscale Characterization.
CE4035 DYNAMICS OF STRUCTURES
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Over view:- Basic features of dynamic loading and response models for dynamic analysis lumped mass,
generalized displacements and finite element models - Formulation of equation of motion - Degrees of freedom
mass moment of inertia - Generalized single degree of freedom systems Free vibration of single degree of freedom
system - Negative damping - Single degree of freedom system Response to impulsive loads - Approximate analysis
- Response to general dynamic loading - Numerical analysis in the frequency domain, fast Fourier transform analysis Multi degree of freedom system - analysis of multi- degree of freedom system- mode superposition analysis Distributed Parameter System-Practical Vibration Analysis - Framed structures Shear building concept and models
for dynamic analysis.
CE4036 SEISMIC DESIGN OF STRUCTURES
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Introduction to engineering seismology Nature of earth ground motion - Seismic waves- Concept of Seismic design :
General principles of a seismic design Review of IS 1893:2002 Equivalent static analysis Dynamic analysis Guide lines for seismic design Ductile detailing for seismic design - Improving seismic behaviour of Masonry
Buildings- Timber buildings- Steel buildings- Special structures Seismic design of water tanks Seismic design of
towers Stack like structures Chimneys Seismic design principles of retaining walls Concept of Seismic design
of bridges Seismic design of bearings
CE4051 ADVANCED STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
L
3

Prerequisite: CE4002 Structural Analysis - III


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Direct stiffness method - element stiffness matrix - transformation matrix - assembly of stiffness matrix and load
vector - nodal displacements and element forces - analysis of plane truss - plane frame - grid frame - space-truss and
space-frame (without numerical examples) - computer Implementation, Beams on elastic foundation - infinite beam
subjected to concentrated load - distributed load segment - semi-infinite beam - short beams, Beams curved in plan cantilever beam - beams over simple supports, Nonsymmetrical bending of beams - bending stresses - deflections of
straight beams subjected to unsymmetrical bending - fully plastic load for unsymmetrical bending, Introduction to
Structural Dynamics - Single degree of freedom - free vibration - forced vibration - introduction to multi degree of
freedom systems.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

22

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4052 EARTH AND ROCKFILL DAM ENGINEERING


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Use of earth and rockfill dams - general features of earth and rockfill dams Exploration for foundation and
embankment construction materials-Earth dam design- embankment design - design of internal drainage system embankment details - design of appurtenances - design of provisions to control pore pressure - earth dams on pervious
foundations - methods of foundation treatment -Construction of earth dams: phases of construction - site preparation
Measurement of movements and pore water pressures- Rockfill dams: Hydraulic fill dams-Advanced theory of
seepage and shear strength-Stability analysis.
CE4053 PROBABILITY AND RELIABILITY TECHNIQUES IN WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING
Prerequisite: Nil
L T P C
Total hours: 42
3 0 0 3
Basic concepts of probability, probability distributions, properties of random variables, discrete and continuous
probability distributions and applications, confidence interval and hypothesis testing, methods of regression and
correlation analysis, simulation techniques for design, risk and reliability analysis, application to water resources
systems.
CE4054 ENVIRONMENTAL HYDRAULICS
Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of fluids and CE2006 Open channel hydraulics and
hydrology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Fundamental relationships for flow and transport, measurement and analysis of flow, models for rivers and streams,
completely and incompletely mixed systems, mixing in lakes and reservoirs, transport and mixing in estuaries, BOD
and oxygen saturation, point and distributed sources.
CE4055 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING PROJECTS
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Environmental impact assessment- Sustainable development- Initial environmental examination (IEE)- Environmental
impact statement (EIS)- environmental appraisal, Environmental audit (EA)- Impact assessment methods- Socioeconomic impact prediction (SIA)- Impact of urban development- Impact of Water resources projects- Impact of
transportation projects- Impact of waste treatment and disposal methods.
CE4056 ENVIRONMENTAL FORENSICS
L
3

Prerequisite: CE3009 Environmental Engineering


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Principles of international environment law - Environmental policies in India - Chemistry and transport of chlorinated
solvents - Chemistry and transport of petroleum hydrocarbons - Environmental sampling and analysis for forensic
applications - Types of environmental forensic problems - Forensic techniques used in environmental litigation Aerial photography, Underground tank corrosion models, Inventory reconciliation, Chemical finger printing, Use of
stable and radioactive isotopes, dendroecology - Microbial techniques - traditional microbial forensics, DNA
Fingerprinting techniques, Use of contaminant transport models, source apportionment methods - Chemical mass
balance(CMB) modeling, Principle component analysis (PCA), Positive matrix factorization (PMF).

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

23

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4057 ADVANCED ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING


L
3

Prerequisite: CE3009 Environmental Engineering


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Instrumental methods for analysis of contaminants in air, water and soil - Advances in settling and filtration of water
and wastewater - Advances in waste water treatment Tertiary treatment disinfection of waste water- waste water
recycling - Stream sanitation Kinetics of stabilization Self purification of natural waters - Treatment and disposal
of Hazardous wastes - Noise pollution instruments and techniques for noise measurement - Indoor and out door air
pollution- meteorology - Characteristics of stack plumes - Effective stack height - Characteristics and health effects of
various air pollutant - atmosphere- monitoring - Photochemical reactions- Secondary pollutants.
CE4058 MULTIVARIATE DATA ANALYSIS
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Multivariate normal distributions- Principal Component and Factor Analysis- Multivariate analysis of variance Curve
fitting Mathematics of discriminate and classification statistics- The subject matter is proposed to be studied more
through numerical and research examples and the mathematics intended to be covered is desired to be limited to the
barest minimum
CE4059 DATA STRUCTURES AND ANALYSIS
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Data types data abstraction algorithms linear data structures implementation using pointers non linear data
structures implementation using linked list searching hashing sorting.
CE4060 PAVEMENT MANAGEMENT
L
3

Prerequisite: CE3005 Transportation Engineering - I


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Components of a Pavement Management System, Pavement Management Process, Pavement Condition Surveys and
Rating Procedures, Non-destructive Testing, Pavement Condition Models, Present and future Needs, Network Level
Pavement management, Project Level Management, Implementation
CE4061 NUMERICAL MODELLING IN GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Modelling of Soil Behaviour; Basic Concept of Continuum Mechanics; Material modeling; Finite element modelingintroduction to numerical methods in non-liner and static problems; Finite element modeling in geotechnical
applications using software codes.
CE4062 OPTIMIZATION OF CIVIL ENGINEERING SYSTEMS
Prerequisite: Nil

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Total Hours: 42
Introduction to optimization methods. Optimization problem formulation in civil engineering.
Linear programming, simplex and revised simplex methods, dual problem, sensitivity analysis, stochastic linear
programming. Discrete and continuous state dynamic programming, stochastic dynamic programming. Integer
programming. Goal programming. Nonlinear programming, method of Lagrange multipliers, Kuhn-Tucker conditions,
transformation methods. Introduction to genetic algorithms. Multiobjective programming, fuzzy multiobjective
optimization method.
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

24

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4063 TRAFFIC FLOW MODELLING


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Microscopic and Macroscopic Characteristics of Traffic Stream, Fundamental Equation of Traffic Flow, Speed-FlowDensity Relationships, Macroscopic Traffic Stream Models, Car-Following Models, Queuing Models and their
Applications, Simulation Modelling of Traffic Flow.
CE4064 MUSCULOSKELETAL BIOMECHANICS
L T P C
Prerequisite: ZZ1001 Engineering Mechanics.
3 0 0 3
Desirable : A course in Mechanics of Solids
Total hours: 42
An overview of the skeletal anatomy and functions, Basic statics and joint mechanics, Basic dynamics to human
motion, The functions, structure, composition and properties of hard and soft tissues, Determination of mechanical
properties of hard and soft tissues, Orthopaedic Devices
CE4065 ROAD SAFETY AND MANAGEMENT
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Overview of road safety, global road safety scenario, vulnerable road users, safety for children and elders, road
accident data recording, road safety measures and evaluation, engineering, enforcement and education. Road safety
policy and plan, road safety management. Road safety improvement, Road safety audit (RSA), audit tasks, legal
aspects. Road design issues in RSAs, preparation of RSA report
CE4066 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Introduction - Introduction, Basic Concepts of FEA, Mathematical Modeling of Physical Systems, Brief history
Node, Degrees of freedom, Local or Element axes, Global axes , Transformations
Basic equations of elasticity Strain-displacement relations Theory of stress and deformation
Stress-strain relations - Element Transformation matrices , Direct Stiffness Method - Formulation of Element Force Displacement relations by Direct Method, Variational approach and method of weighted residuals - Representation of
Element functions for behaviour and geometry, Polynomial functions, Shape functions through Interpolation, Natural
Co-ordinates, Hermitian Interpolation, Rectangular elements by Lagrangian interpolation, Internal Modes,
Isoparametric Formulations

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

25

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CY1001: Chemistry
Pre-requisites: Nil

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Module 1: Chemical Bonding (8 hours)


Quantum mechanical methods in chemical bonding: molecular orbital theory, symmetry of molecular orbitals, MOs
for homonuclear diatomic molecules, application of MO theory to heteronuclear diatomics, valence bond theory,
hybridization, hybridization involving d orbitals, conjugated molecules, Huckel molecular orbital theory of conjugated
systems, metallic bonding, band theory.
Module2: Spectroscopy (14 hours)
General features of spectroscopy, interaction of radiation with matter, theory and application of rotational, vibrational,
Raman, electronic, mass, NMR, fluorescence and photoelectron spectroscopy.
Module 3: Transition Metal Chemistry (12 hours)
Bonding in transition metal complexes: coordination compounds, crystal field theory, octahedral, tetrahedral and
square planar complexes, crystal field stabilization energies, Jahn-Teller theorem, spectral and magnetic properties.
Bio-Inorganic chemistry: Trace elements in biology, heme and non-heme oxygen carriers, haemoglobin and
myoglobin-cooperativity; Bohr effect, Hill coefficient, oxy and deoxy haemoglobin, reversible binding of oxygen.
Module 4: Aromaticity (8 hours)
Electron delocalization, resonance and aromaticity; molecular orbital description of aromaticity and anti-aromaticity,
annulenes; ring current, NMR as a tool, diamagnetic anisotropy; aromatic electrophilic substitutions, aromatic
nucleophilic substitutions, benzyne; reaction mechanisms, reactivity and orientation.
Text Books:
1. J. E. Huheey, E.A. Keiter and R.L. Keiter, Inorganic Chemistry, Principles of Structure and Reactivity, Harper
Collins, New York 1997.
2. F. A. Cotton and G Wilkinson, Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, 5th Edition, Wiley Interscience, New York, 1988.
3. J. D. Lee, Concise Inorganic Chemistry, Chapman & Hall, London, 1996.
4. W. L. Jolly, Modern Inorganic Chemistry, McGraw-Hill International, 2nd Edition, New York, 1991.
5. R. T. Morrison and R N Boyd, Organic Chemistry, 6th Edition, Prentice Hall, New Delhi, 1999.
6. P. Bruice, Organic Chemistry, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, New Delhi ,2001.
7. F. Carey, Organic Chemistry, 5th Edition, McGraw Hill Publishers, Boston, 2003.
8. J. Mc Murray, Organic Chemistry, 5th Edition, Brooks/ Cole Publishing Co, Monterey, 2000.
9. C.N. Banwell and E. M. McCash, Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy, McGrawHill, International, UK, 1995.
10. William Kemp, Organic Spectroscopy, 3rd edition, Palgrave, New York, 2005.
11. R.M. Silverstein, F.X. Webster and D.J. Kiemle, Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds, 7th
edition,John-Wiley and Sons, New York, 2005.
12. D. L. Pavia, GM. Lampman, GS. Kriz and J.R Vyvyan, I, Spectroscopy, Cengage Learning India Pvt. Ltd, New
Delhi, 2007.
13. B. R.Puri, L. R. Sharma and M. S. Pathania, Principles of Physical Chemistry, Vishal Publishing CO. Delhi, 2008.
14. P.W. Atkins, Physical Chemistry, 6th Edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998.
Course Outcomes
1. To acquire knowledge on the role of chemistry in solving the problems related to electrical and electronics
engineering.
2. To acquire knowledge about the fundamental principles of bonding in materials.
3. To acquire knowledge on the characterization of materials by modern tools.
4. To acquire knowledge on the chemistry of bio-molecules.
5. To acquire knowledge on the fundamental mechanisms of reactions
6. To apply the acquired knowledge in chemistry to solve problems for the benefit of the society.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

26

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CY1094: Chemistry Laboratory


Pre-requisites: Nil
Total Hours: 28

Potentiometric and conductometric titrations, complexometric and iodimetric estimations, polarimetry, determination
of pH, single step organic / inorganic preparations, colorimetry, determination of eutectic point.
References:
1.
G.H Jeffery, J Bassett, J Mendham, R.C Denny, Vogels Text Book of Quantitative Chemical Analysis,
Longmann Scientific and Technical, John Wiley, New York.
2.
J.B Yadav,Advanced Practical Physical Chemistry, Goel Publishing House, 2001.
3.
A.I Vogel, A.R Tatchell, B.S Furnis, A.J Hannaford, P.W.G Smith, Vogels Text Book of Practical Organic
Chemistry,Longman and Scientific Technical, New York, 1989.
Course Outcomes
1.
2.
3.
4.

To acquire practical knowledge on the basic chemistry principles to apply in electrical and electronics engineering
To acquire practical knowledge on the techniques for the preparation and characterization of materials
To acquire knowledge on electrochemical techniques
To acquire training in accurate and precise data collection

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

27

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE1001 INTRODUCTION TO CIVIL ENGINEERING


L
2

Pre-requisites: None

T
0

P
0

C
2

Module 1
General introduction to Civil Engineering, various disciplines of civil engineering and its relevance to overall
infrastructural development of the country (1 hour)
Topics to be covered are:
1. Building Technology (2 hours)
2. Material Engineering (2 hours)
3. Surveying (2 hours)
Module 2
4.Structural Engineering(1) (2 hours)
5. Structural Engineering (2) (2 hours)
6. Geotechnical Engineering and Foundation Engineering (3 hours)
Module 3
7.Environmental Engineering (2 hours)
8. Transportation Engineering (2 hours)
9. Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering (3 hours)
Module 4
10. Construction Engineering and Management (2 hours)
11. Earthquake Engineering (2 hours)
12. Offshore Engineering and Coastal Engineering (3 hours)
NOTE:
The overall guideline for the delivery of the topics is:
Introduction, subsections, relevance, various systems, basic principles underlying the systems, the role of civil
engineers, current trends.
Course Outcomes
1. Identify the relevance,systems and basic principles associated with Building technology and Material Engineering
2. Identify the role of Civil Engineers and the current trends in Building technology and Material Engineering
3. Identify the relevance,systems and basic principles associated with Structural Engineering and Geotechnical
Engineering
4. Identify the role of Civil Engineers and the current trends in Structural Engineering and Geotechnical Engineering
5. Identify the relevance,systems and basic principles associated with Environmental Engineering, Transportation
Engineering and Water Resources Engineering
6. Identify the role of Civil Engineers and the current trends in Environmental Engineering, Transportation
Engineering and Water Resources Engineering
7. Identify the relevance,systems and basic principles associated with Earthquake Engineering and Offshore
Engineering
8. Identify the role of Civil Engineers and the current trends in Earthquake Engineering and Offshore Engineering

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

28

National Institute of Technology Calicut

MA1001 - MATHEMATICS I
L

Module I:
Preliminary Calculus & Infinite Series
(9L + 3T)
Preliminary Calculus : Partial differentiation, Total differential and total derivative,
Exact differentials,
Chain rule, Change of variables, Minima and Maxima of functions of two or more variables.
Infinite Series : Notion of convergence and divergence of infinite series, Ratio test, Comparison test, Raabes test,
Root test, Series of positive and negative terms, Idea of absolute convergence,
Taylors and Maclaurins series.
Module II:
Differential Equations
(13L + 4T)
First order ordinary differential equations: Methods of solution, Existence and uniqueness of solution, Orthogonal
Trajectories, Applications of first order differential equations.
Linear second order equations: Homogeneous linear equations with constant coefficients, fundamental system of
solutions, Existence and uniqueness conditions, Wronskian, Non homogeneous equations, Methods of Solutions,
Applications.
Module III: Fourier Analysis
(10 L+ 3T)
Periodic functions: Fourier series, Functions of arbitrary period, Even and odd functions, Half Range Expansions,
Harmonic analysis, Complex Fourier Series, Fourier Integrals, Fourier Cosine and Sine Transforms, Fourier
Transforms.
Module IV:
Laplace Transforms
(11L + 3T)
Gamma functions and Beta functions, Definition and Properties. Laplace Transforms, Inverse Laplace Transforms,
shifting Theorem, Transforms of derivatives and integrals, Solution of differential Equations, Differentiation and
Integration of Transforms, Convolution, Unit step function,
Second shifting Theorem, Laplace Transform of
Periodic functions.
Text Book:
Kreyszig E, Advanced Engineering Mathematics 8th Edition, John Wiley &Sons New York, (1999)
Reference :
1. Piskunov, Differential and Integral Calculus, MIR Publishers, Moscow (1974).
2. Wylie C. R. & Barret L. C Advanced Engineering Mathematics 6th Edition, Mc Graw Hill, New York, (1995).
3. Thomas G. B. Calculus and Analytic Geometry Addison Wesley, London (1998).
Course Outcomes
1. Learn to find the solution of constant coefficient differential equations.
2. Acquire knowledge about the notion of convergence of numerical sequences and series and learn ways of testing
convergence.
3. Learn the basic definition and properties of partial differentiation of functions of several variables and to learn to
use this to solve problems related to maxima and minima.
4. Learn the basic results about the properties of Fourier transform and Fourier series and its convergence.
5. Learn the properties of Laplace transforms and to learn to use this to solve differential equations.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

29

National Institute of Technology Calicut

MA1002 - MATHEMATICS II
L

Module I
(11 L + 3T)
Linear Algebra I: Systems of Linear Equations, Gauss elimination, Rank of a matrix, Linear independence,
Solutions of linear systems: existence, uniqueness, general form. Vector spaces, Subspaces, Basis and Dimension,
Inner product spaces, Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization, Linear Transformations.
Module II
(11 L+ 3T)
Linear Algebra II: Eigen values and Eigen vectors of a matrix, Some applications of Eigen value problems, CayleyHamilton Theorem, Quadratic forms, Complex matrices, Similarity of matrices, Basis of Eigen vectors
Diagonalization.
Module III
(10L+3T)
Vector Calculus I: Vector and Scalar functions and fields, Derivatives, Curves, Tangents, Arc length, Curvature,
Gradient of a Scalar Field, Directional derivative, Divergence of a vector field, Curl of a Vector field.
Module IV
(11 L+4T)
Vector Calculus II: Line Integrals, Line Integrals independent of path, Double integrals, Surface integrals, Triple
Integrals, Verification and simple applications of Greens Theorem, Gauss Divergence Theorem and Stokes
Theorem.
Text Book:
1.
Kreyzig E, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 8th Edn, John Wiley & Sons, New York (1999).
References:
1.
Wylie C. R & Barrret L. C, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 6th Edn, Mc Graw Hill, New York (1995).
2.
Hoffman K & Kunze R, Linear Algebra, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi (1971).
Course Outcomes
1. Acquire knowledge about the ideas and techniques of linear algebra, and to illustrate some of their applications in
engineering.
2. Acquire knowledge about the physical interpretation of the gradient, divergence and curl.
3. Acquire knowledge of vector calculus and to apply in electromagnetic field.
4. Prepare to evaluate multiple integrals in rectangular, polar, spherical and cylindrical coordinates.
5. Acquire knowledge about how to use double ,triple and line integrals in applications, including Greens theorem,
Stokes theorem and Divergence theorem.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

30

National Institute of Technology Calicut

MS1001 PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION

Module 1
(11 hours)
Verbal Communication: received pronunciation; how to activate passive vocabulary; technical/non-technical and
business presentations; questioning and answer skills; soft skills for professionals; role of body postures, movements,
gestures, facial expressions, dress in effective communication; Information/ Desk/ Front Office/ Telephone
conversation; how to face an interview/press conference; Group discussions, debates, elocution.
Module 2
(9 hours)
Reading Comprehension: skimming and scanning; factual and inferential comprehension; prediction; guessing
meaning of words from context; word reference; use and interpretation of visuals and graphics in technical writing.
Module 3
(11 hours)
Written Communication: note making and note taking; summarizing; invitation, advertisement, agenda, notice and
memos; official and commercial letters; job application; resume and curriculum vitae; utility, technical, project and
enquiry reports; paragraph writing: General Specific, Problem Solution, Process Description, Data Comment.
Module 4
(11 hours)
Short essays: description and argument; comparison and contrast; illustration; using graphics in writing: tables and
charts, diagrams and flow charts, maps and plans, graphs; how to write research paper; skills of editing and revising;
skills of referencing; what is a bibliography and how to prepare it.
Text Books
1. Adrian Doff and Christopher Jones: Language in Use Upper intermediate, selfstudy workbook and classroom
book. (Cambridge University Press)[2000]
2. Sarah Freeman: Written Communication (Orient Longman)[1978]
3. Mark Ibbotson: Cambridge English for Engineering (Cambridge University Press) November 2008
4. T Balasubramanian: English Phonetics for Indian Students: A Workbook (Macmillan publishers India) 2000
References
1. Chris Mounsey: Essays and Dissertation (Oxford University Press) February 2005.
2. Sidney Greenbaum: The Oxford English Grammar (Oxford University Press) March 2005
3. Krishna Mohan and Meera Banerji: Developing Communication Skills (Mac Millan india Ltd)[2000]
4. Krishna Mohan and Meenakshi Raman: Effective English Communication (Tata McGraw Hill)[2000]
Course Outcomes
1. Effectively communicate technical material in print.
2. Present technical material orally with confidence and poise, including audiovisual materials.
3. Communicate effectively in ways appropriate to the discipline, audience and purpose.
4. Think critically and creatively to generate innovative and optimum solutions.
5. Identify, evaluate and synthesise information from a range of sources to optimise process engineering design and
development.
6. Engage in continuous education, training and research, and take control of their own learning and development.
7. Work effectively and efficiently individually and in teams.
8. Be career ready for the process engineering profession, demonstrate leadership qualities, and work ethically and
professionally.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

31

National Institute of Technology Calicut

PH1001 PHYSICS
L

Module 1 Theory of Relativity (6 hours)


Frames of reference, Galilean Relativity, Michelson-Morley experiment, postulates of Special Theory of Relativity,
Lorentz transformations, simultaneity, length contraction, time dilation, velocity addition, Doppler effect for light,
relativistic mass and dynamics, mass energy relations, massless particles, Description of General Theory of Relativity.
Module 2 - Quantum Mechanics (10 hours)
Dual nature of matter, properties of matter waves, wave packets, uncertainty principle, formulation of Schrdinger
equation, physical meaning of wave function, expectation values, time-independent Schrdinger equation, quantization
of energy bound states, application of time-independent Schrdinger equation to free particle, infinite well, finite
well, barrier potential, tunneling, Simple Harmonic Oscillator, two-dimensional square box, the scanning tunneling
microscope.
Module 3 Statistical Physics (12 hours)
Temperature, microstates of a system, equal probability hypothesis, Boltzman factor and distribution, ideal gas,
equipartition of energy, Maxwell speed distribution, average speed, RMS speed, applications Lasers and Masers,
Quantum distributions many particle systems, wave functions, indistinguishable particles, Bosons and Fermions,
Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac distribution, Bose-Einstein condensation, Specific heat of a solid, free electron gas and
other applications.
Module 4 Applications to Solids (14 hours)
Band theory of solids, conductors, semi-conductors and insulators, metals Drude model and conductivity, electron
wave functions in crystal lattices, E-k diagrams, band gaps, effective mass, semiconductors, Fermi energy, doping of
semiconductor, conductivity and mobility of electrons, Hall effect, Fundamentals of mesoscopic physics and nano
technology: size effects, interference effect, quantum confinement and Coulomb blockade. Quantum wells, wires, dots,
nanotubes, semiconductor nano materials, Magnetism: dipole moments, paramagnetism, Curies law, magnetization
and hysterisis, Ferromagnetism and Anti-Ferromagnetism.
Text Books
1. Modern Physics for Scientists and Engineers, J. R. Taylor, C.D. Zafiratos and M. A. Dubson, 2nd Ed., Pearson
(2007)
2. Concepts of Modern Physics Arthur Beiser, 6th Ed., Tata Mc Graw Hill Publication (2009)
References
1 Quantum Physics of atoms, Molecules, Solids, Nuclei and Particle, Robert Eisberg and Robert Resnick, 2 nd Ed.,
John Wiley(2006)
2 Solid state Devices, B. G. Streetman, 5th Ed., Pearson (2006)
Course Outcomes
1. Acquire knowledge and understanding of fundamental principles of modern physics relevant to problems of Civil
Engineering.
2. Acquire knowledge of basic principles of Quantum Physics and Relativity.
3. Acquire knowledge of the basic physics of a collection of particles and the emergent macroscopic properties.
4. Apply principles of quantum and statistical physics to understand properties of semiconducting and magnetic
materials
5. Acquire knowledge of new emerging areas of Science and Technology like nanomaterials.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

32

National Institute of Technology Calicut

PH1091 PHYSICS LAB


L

C
1

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1.
Magnetic Hysteresis loss - Using CRO
2.
Band gap using four probe method
3.
Hall effect- determination of carrier density, Hall coefficient and mobility
4.
Solar cell characteristics
5.
Double refraction measurement of principle refractive indices.
6.
Measurement of N.A & Attenuation
7.
Measurement of e/m of electron Thomsons experiment
8.
Determination of Plancks constant
9.
Measurement of electron charge Milliken oil drop experiment
10.
Determination of Magnetic Field along the axis of the coil
11.
Newtons rings
12.
Laurents Half shade polarimeter determination of specific rotatory power
13.
Study of P-N junction
14.
Study of voltage-current characteristics of a Zener diode.
15.
Laser measurement of angle of divergence & determination of using grating
16.
Measurement of Magnetic susceptibility- Quinckes Method / Gouys balance.
17.
Mapping of magnetic field
References:
1.
Experiments in Engineering physics, Avadhanulu, Dani and Pokley, S. Chand & Company ltd (2002).
2.
Experiments in Modern Physics, A.C. Melissinos, J. Napolitano, Academic Press (2003)
3.
Practical physics, S.L. Gupta and V. Kumar, Pragathi Prakash (2005)
Course Outcomes
1. To develop experimentation skills and understand importance of measurement practices in Science & Technology.
2. Develop analytical skills for interpreting data and drawing inferences.
3. Understand nature of experimental errors and practical means to estimate errors in acquired data.
4. Develop skills for team work and technical communication and discussions.
5. Apply theoretical principles of modern physics to analysis and measurements performed in the laboratory.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

33

National Institute of Technology Calicut

ZZ1001 ENGINEERING MECHANICS


L
3

T P
0

C
3

Part A--Statics
Module 1
(12 hours)
Fundamentals of mechanics: idealisations of mechanics, vector and scalar quantities, equality and equivalence of
vectors, laws of mechanics.
Important vector quantities: Position vector, moment of a force about a point, moment of a force about an axis, the
couple and couple moment, couple moment as a free vector, moment of a couple about a line.
Equivalent force systems: Translation of a force to a parallel position, resultant of a force system, simplest resultant of
special force systems, distributed force systems.
Equations of equilibrium: Free body diagram, free bodies involving interior sections, general equations of equilibrium,
problems of equilibrium, static indeterminacy.
Module 2
(10 hours)
Applications of Equations Equilibrium: Trusses: solution of simple trusses, method of joints, method of sections;
Friction forces: laws of Coulomb friction, simple contact friction problems.
Properties of surfaces: First moment, centroid, second moments and the product of a plane area, transfer theorems,
rotation of axes, polar moment of area, principal axes, concept of second order tensor transformation.
Part BDynamics
Module 3
(10 hours)
Kinematics of a particle: Introduction, general notions, differentiation of a vector with respect to time, velocity and
acceleration calculations, rectangular components, velocity and acceleration in terms of cylindrical coordinates, simple
kinematical relations and applications.
Particle dynamics: Introduction, rectangular coordinates, rectilinear translation, Newtons law for rectangular
coordinates, rectilinear translation, cylindrical coordinates, Newtons law for cylindrical coordinates.
Module 4
(10 hours)
Energy and momentum methods for a particle: Analysis for a single particle, conservative force field, conservation of
mechanical energy, alternative form of work-energy equation, Linear momentum, impulse and momentum relations,
moment of momentum.
Vibrations: Single degree of freedom systems, free vibration, undamped and damped, forced vibration, sinusoidal
loading, introduction to multi degree of freedom systems, illustration using two degree-of-freedom systems.
Text Book
1
H. Shames, Engineering MechanicsStatics and Dynamics, 4th Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 1996.
Reference Books
1.
F.P. Beer and E.R. Johnston, Vector Mechanics for Engineers Statics, McGraw Hill Book Company, 2000.
2.
J.L. Meriam and L.G. Kraige, Engineering Mechanics Statics, John Wiley & Sons, 2002.
Course Outcomes
1. The student will be able to analyse statically determinate structures including trusses using equations of
equilibrium.
2. The student will be able to find space-time relationship (kinematics) of particle.
3. The student will be able to solve dynamic problems of particle using Newtons law, energy method and impulsemomentum approach.
4. The student will be able to solve elementary problems in vibration.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

34

National Institute of Technology Calicut

ZZ1002 ENGINEERING GRAPHICS


L

Module 1
(4Lecture+6drawing hours)
Introduction to Engineering Graphics Drawing instruments and their use Different types of lines - Lettering &
dimensioning Familiarization with current Indian Standard Code of Practice for Engineering Drawing.
Scales, Plain scales, Diagonal scales, Vernier scales.
Introduction to orthographic projections- Horizontal, vertical and profile planes First angle and third angle
projections Projection of points in different coordinates Projections of lines inclined to one of the reference planes
Module II
Projections of lines inclined to both the planes True lengths of the lines and their angles of inclination with the
reference planes Traces of lines.
(4Lecture+6
drawing hours)
Projection of plane lamina of geometric shapes inclined to one of the reference planes inclined to both the planes,
Traces of planes (2Lecture+3 drawing hours)
Projections on auxiliary planes
(2lecture +3 drawing hours)
Module III
Projections of polyhedra and solids of revolution, projection of solids with axis parallel to one of the planes and
parallel or perpendicular to the other plane Projections with the axis inclined to one of the planes. Projections of
solids with axis inclined to both the planes Projections of spheres and combination of solids.
(4Lecture+6 drawing hours)
Module IV
Sections of solids by planes perpendicular to at least one of the reference planes True shapes of sections.
(2
lectures, 3 drawing hours)
Developments, development of the lateral surface of regular solids like, prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones and
spheres, development of truncated solids
(2 lectures +3 drawing hours)
Isometric projection Isometric scale Isometric views Isometric projection of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones,
spheres and solids made by combination of the above.
(2 lectures +6 drawing hours)
Text book
1.
Bhatt N. D, Elementary Engineering Drawing, Charotar Publishing House, Anand, 2002
References
1. Narayana K L & Kannaiah P, Engineering Graphics, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi,
2. 1992
3. Luzadder W J, Fundamentals of Engineering Drawing, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2001
4. Thomas E French & Charkes J V, Engineering Drawing & Graphing Technology,
5. McGraw Hill Book Co, New York, 1993
6. Venugopal K, Engineering Drawing & Graphics, New Age International Pvt. Ltd., NewDelhi,1994
Course Outcomes
1. Students ability in legible writing letters and numbers will be improved.
2. Students ability to perform basic sketching techniques and instrumental drawing will be improved.
3. Students will be able to draw orthographic projections of different objects irrespective of number of dimensions
and to develop pictorial views.
4. Students ability to present the scale drawings of the visualized objects will be increased.
5. Students ability to produce engineered drawing of any newly designed object will be improved.
6. Students will become familiar with practice and standards in technical drawing.
7. Students will develop good communication skills and team work.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

35

National Institute of Technology Calicut

ZZ1003 BASIC ELECTRICAL SCIENCES


L T P C
3

Module 1 (11 Hours)


Two Terminal Element Relationships
Inductance - Faradays Law of Electromagnetic Induction-Lenzs Law -Self and Mutual Inductance-Inductances in
Series and Parallel-Mutual Flux and Leakage Flux-Coefficient of Coupling-Dot Convention-Cumulative and
Differential Connection of Coupled CoilsCapacitance - Electrostatics-Capacitance-Parallel Plate Capacitor-Capacitors in series and parallel- Energy Stored in
Electrostatic Fields-.
v-i relationship for Inductance and Capacitance - v-i relationship for Independent Voltage and Current Sources
Magnetic Circuits
MMF, Magnetic Flux, Reluctance- Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field-Solution of Magnetic Circuits.
Analysis of Resistive Circuits
Solution of resistive circuits with independent sources- Node Analysis and Mesh Analysis-Nodal Conductance Matrix
and Mesh Resistance Matrix and symmetry properties of these matrices-Source Transformation- Circuit Theorems Superposition Theorem-Thevenins Theorem and Nortons Theorem- Maximum Power Transfer Theorem
Module 2 (10 Hours)
Single Phase AC Circuits
Alternating Quantities- Average Value - Effective Value - Form and Peak factors for square, triangle, trapezoidal and
sinusoidal waveforms - Phasor representation of sinusoidal quantities - phase difference -Addition and subtraction of
sinusoids - Symbolic Representation: Cartesian, Polar and Exponential forms- Analysis of a.c circuits R, RL, RC, RLC
circuits using phasor concept - Concept of impedance, admittance, conductance and susceptance Power in single
phase circuits instantaneous power average power active power reactive power apparent power power
factor complex power Solution of series, parallel and series-parallel a.c circuits
Module - 3 (14 hrs)
Introductory Analog Electronics-Semiconductor Diode: Principle, Characteristics - Applications: Rectifier Circuits Zener Diode,LED, Photo diode, IR diode-Bipolar Junction Transistor: Principle, Operation, Characteristics (CB, CE,
CC)- Principle of working of CE, CB and CC amplifiers, quantitative relations for midband operation,
input and output resistance levels qualitative coverage on bandwidth - cascading considerations.
Introductory Digital Electronics.Transistor as a switch switching delays, inverter operation
Digital Electronics : Number Systems and Conversions- Logic Gates and Truth Tables Boolean Algebra Basic
canonical realizations of combinatorial circuits.
Standard Combinatorial Circuit SSI and MSI packages (Adder, Code Converters, 7-Segment Drivers, Comparators,
Priority Encoders etc).MUX-based and ROM-based implementation of combinatorial circuits.
Module - 4 (7 hours)
Measuring instruments
Basics of electronic/digital voltmeter, ammeter, multimeter, wattmeter and energy meter. Measurement of Voltage,
Current and Resistance. Introduction to Cathode Ray Oscilloscope - CRT, Block diagram of CRO
Text Books :
1. Electric Circuits, James W Nilsson and Susan A Riedel, Pearson, 8th Edn, 2002
2. Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, Robert L Boylestead & L Nashelsky, Pearson, 9th Edition, 2007
3. Digital Design , Morris Mano , PHI, 3rd Edition, 2005
Course Outcomes
1. Analysis of Resistive Circuits and Solution of resistive circuits with independent sources
2. Two Terminal Element Relationships for inductors and capacitors and analysis of magnetic circuits
3. analysis of Single Phase AC Circuits, the representation of alternating quantities and determining the power in
these circuits
4. To acquire the knowledge about the characteristics and working principles of semiconductor diodes, Bipolar
Junction Transistor
5. To get an insight about the basic introduction of Digital electronics.
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

36

National Institute of Technology Calicut

ZZ1004 COMPUTER PROGRAMMING


L

T P

0 0

Module 1 (7 Hours)
Data Types, Operators and Expressions: Variables and constants - declarations - arithmetic, relational and logical
operators Assignment operator and expressions conditional expressions precedence and order of evaluation.
Control Flow: Statements and blocks if-else, switch, while, for and do-while statements break and continue
statements, goto and labels.
Module 2 (7 Hours)
Functions and Program structure: Basics of functions, Parameter passing scope rules - recursion.
Module 3 (7 Hours)
Pointers and Arrays: Single and multidimensional arrays - Pointers and arrays address arithmetic - Passing pointers
to functions.
Module 4 (7 Hours)
Structures and Unions: Basics of structures, Structures and functions Arrays of Structures Pointers to structures
self referential structures Type definitions Unions.
Input and Output: Standard input and output Formatted output variable length argument list file access.
Text Book:
1.
B. W. Kernighan and D. M. Ritchie, The C Programming Language (2/e), Prentice Hall, 1988.
References:
1. B.S. GottFried, Schaum's Outline of Programming with C(2/e), McGraw-Hill, 1996.
2. C. L. Tondo and S. E. Gimpel, The C Answer Book(2/e), Prentice Hall, 1988.
3. B. W. Kernighan, The Practice of Programming, Addison-Wesley, 1999.
Course Outcomes
1.
To learn the basics of different types of programming.
2.
To understand the syntax and building blocks of C-program.
3.
To learn to solve a problem using the C-Program.
4.
To compile and debug a C-Program.
5.
To generate an executable file from program.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

37

National Institute of Technology Calicut

ZZU1091 WORKSHOP PRACTICE I


CIVIL ENGINEERING WORKSHOP
L T P C
0

Introduction to Construction Materials: Cement, sand, coarse aggregate, structural steel, brick, timber, concrete
methods of testing
(3 hours)
Masonry: English bond Flemish bond wall junction one brick one and a half brick Arch construction.
(6 hours)
Plumbing: Study of water supply and sanitary fittingswater supply pipe fitting tap connections - sanitary
fittings.(3 hours)
Surveying: Introduction to land surveying and linear measurements; Introduction to leveling.
(9 hours)
Course Outcomes
1. Acquire knowledge on the basic civil engineering practices of brick and concrete masonry, plumbing and
surveying.
2. Get hands on training in basic masonry and surveying.
3. Understand the quality requirements and quality testing procedures of selected building material, viz., cement, fine
aggregate, coarse aggregate, concrete, timber and steel.
4. Acquire knowledge about various types of wiring systems, wiring tools, lighting & wiring accessories, wiring
estimation & costing, etc.
5. Acquire knowledge about household electrical appliances, need of earthing, electric shock, etc.
ZZ1091 ELECTRICAL WORKSHOP
L
0

T
0

P
3

C
2

1
a)
Familiarization of wiring tools, lighting and wiring accessories, various types of wiring systems.
b)
Wiring of one lamp controlled by one switch
2
a)
Study of Electric shock phenomenon, precautions, preventions; Earthing
b)
Wiring of one lamp controlled by two SPDT Switch and one 3 pin plug socket independently.
3
a)
Familiarization of types of Fuse, MCB, ELCB etc.
b)
Wiring of fluorescent lamp controlled by one switch from panel with ELCB & MCB.
4
a)
Study of estimation and costing of wiring
b)
Domestic appliance Wiring, Control and maintenance: Mixer machine, Electric Iron, fan motor, pump
motor, Battery etc.
References
1. K B Raina & S K Bhattacharya: Electrical Design Estimating and costing, New Age International Publishers, New
Delhi,2005.
2. Uppal S. L., Electrical Wiring & Estimating, Khanna Publishers---5th edition, 2003
3. John H. Watt, Terrell Croft :American Electricians' Handbook: A Reference Book for the Practical Electrical ManMcGraw-Hill, 2002

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

38

National Institute of Technology Calicut

ZZ1092 ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING


L
0

T
0

P
3

C
2

1
a)
Familiarization of electronic components colour code, multimeters.
b)
Bread board assembling - Common emitter amplifier
2
a)
Study of soldering components, solders, tools, heat sink.
b)
Bread board assembling phase shift oscillator
3
a)
Soldering practice - Common emitter amplifier
b)
Soldering practice - Inverting amplifier circuit
4
a)
Study of estimation and costing of soldering PCB: 3 phase connections
b)
Domestic appliances Wiring PCB, control, Identification of fault: Electronic Ballast, fan regulator, inverter,
UPS etc.
References
1.
G. Randy Slone - Tab Electronics Guide to Understanding Electricity and Electronics, Mc- GrawHill, 2000
2
Jerry C Whitaker -The Resource Handbook of Electronics, CRC Press-2001

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

39

National Institute of Technology Calicut

ZZ1092 WORKSHOP PRACTICE II


L

The course is intended to expose the student to the manufacturing processes through hands on training in the sections
of Central Workshop. After the course, the student acquires the skill in using various tools, measuring devices, and
learns the properties of different materials at varying conditions.
1) Carpentry: Study of tools and joints plaining, chiseling, marking and sawing practice, one typical joint- Tee
halving/Mortise and Tenon/ Dovetail
2) Fitting: Study of tools- chipping, filing, cutting, drilling, tapping, about male and female joints, stepped joints- one
simple exercise of single V joint for welding exercise.
3) Welding: Study of arc and gas welding, accessories, joint preparation, Exercise of a single V joint
4) Smithy: Study of tools, forging of square or hexagonal prism/ chisel/bolt
5) Foundry: Study of tools, sand preparation, moulding practice.
6) Sheet Metal work: Study of tools, selection of different gauge sheets, types of joints, fabrication of a tray or a
funnel
7) Plumbing Practice: Study of tools, study of pipe fittings, pipe joints, cutting, and threading 8) Lathe Exercise:
Study of the basic lathe operations, a simple step turning exercise.
References
1. Chapman W.A.J., Workshop Technology. Parts 1 & 2, 4th Edition, Viva Books P. Ltd., New Delhi, 2002
2. Hajra Choudhury.Workshop Technology Vol 1 & 2, Media Promoters & Publishers P.Ltd, Bombay, 2004
3. Welding Handbook. Miami, American Welding Society, 2000
4. Metals Handbook. Vol 6, Welding, Brazing & Soldering. Metals Park, Ohio, American Society of Metals, 1998
5. Serope Kalpakjian. Manufacturing Engineering & Technology. Pearson Steven R. Schmid Education (Asia) Inc.,
Delhi, 2002.
6. Anderson J., Shop Theory. Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2002
7. Olson D.W., Wood and Wood working. Prentice Hall India. 1992
8. Douglass J.H., Wood Working with Machines. McKnight &McKnight Pub. Co. Illinois, 1995
9. Tuplin W.A., Modern Engineering Workshop Practice Odhams Press, 1996
10. P.L. Jain. Principles of Foundry Technology. 4th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2008.
11. R.K.Singal, Mridul Singal, Rishi Sringal. Basic Mechanical Engineering. 2007
Course Outcomes
1. To learn the basic manufacturing processes of Casting, Joining, Forming and machining through hands on
experience and use of hand tools.
2. To get familiarized with the properties of different materials- metals and non metals.
3. To learn about the various measuring devices and to know about the importance of sequential plans of action in
manufacturing through practice in various sections.
4. Acquire knowledge about electronic components, measuring instruments, bread board assembling, etc.
5. Acquire knowledge about soldering tools & components, estimation & costing of PCB soldering, household
electronic appliances, etc.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

40

National Institute of Technology Calicut

ZZ1093 PHYSICAL EDUCATION


L

UNIT I

Introduction, definitions, aims & objectives of Physical Education.


Importance and scope of Physical Education.
Health, Physical fitness and wellness.
Importance and relevance of Physical Education in NITC curriculum.

UNIT II

Components of physical fitness.

Types of physical fitness.

Benefits of exercise physical and physiological.

Fitness balance.
UNIT III

Physical exercise.

Principals of Physical exercise.

Activities for developing physical fitness components walking, jogging, running, weight training, stretching,
yogasanas.

Athletic injuries and their management.

Nutritional balance.

Postural deformities and their corrections.


UNIT IV

Motivation and its importance in sports.

Psychological factors affecting sports performance stress, anxiety, tension, aggression.

Personality, self confidence and performance.

Team cohesion and leadership in sports.


UNIT V

Lifestyle diseases and its management


o
Diabetes
o
Hypertension
o
Obesity
o
Osteoporosis
o
Coronary heart diseases
o
Cholesterol
o
Backpain
UNIT VI

Olympic Values Education.

Event management.
Course Outcomes
1. Every student is made aware of the relevance of physical education.
2. Every student is inculcated with desired health related physical fitness awareness.
3. Every student is Inculcated with Olympic Values that go to make a good citizen.
4. Every student is made aware of the scientific bases of physical education.
5. Each student is made capable of selecting a game/ activity of his/ her choice and thereby develop good health and
fitness which he/she would carry over to post-campus life for maintaining health, fitness and wellness.
6. Each student is made to take a role to play in participation, organisation and administration of sporting
programmes.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

41

National Institute of Technology Calicut

ZZ1094 VALUE EDUCATION


Unit I
Human Values-Values in Social interactions-Social norms and sanctions-Need for value education-Technology
development and its impact on society-sustainability of modern technology-Concept of holistic development-Need for
inner transformations-living in tune with nature-Professional ethics-Holistic approach in engineering design-Role and
social responsibility of an engineer.
Introductory lecture on Value Education
Project
A mini project in indentified areas/topics in groups of not more than five. The work has to be completed and a report
to be submitted at the end. The work can be done under the guidance of any faculty member in CSED, NITC and the
attendance and progress report to be obtained from concerned faculty member.
Course Outcomes
1. Build an overall awareness, about ones surroundings its needs, its dynamics and sensitivity to its welfare and
betterment.
2. Bring about a qualitative change in overall health of society.

ZZ1095 NSS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Understand the community in which one works


Understand oneself in relation to his/her community
Identify the needs and problems of the community and involve in problem solving process
Develop among oneself a sense of social and civic responsibility
Utilize ones knowledge in finding practical solution to individual and community problems
Develop competence required for group living and sharing of responsibilities
Gain skills in mobilizing community participation
Acquire leadership qualities and democratic attitude
Develop capacity to meet emergencies and natural disasters and
Practice national integration and social harmony

Course Outcomes
1. The students will be able to work more cohesively in a group.
2. The student will have a broader vision on life with social dimensions.
3. The student will be more empathetic in their attitude towards fellow beings.
4. The student will be capable of demonstrating service mentality where it is required.
5. The student will be more patriotic in their approach.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

42

National Institute of Technology Calicut

MA 2001: MATHEMATICS III


Pre-requisites: -NIL

L
3

T
1

P
0

C
3

Module 1: (11L + 4 T)
Probability distributions:- Random variables, Binomial distribution, Hyper- geometric distribution, Mean and
variance of a probability distribution, Chebyshevs theorem, Poisson distribution, Geometric distribution, Normal
Distribution, Uniform distribution, Gamma distribution, Beta distribution, Weibull distribution. Joint distribution of
two random variables.
Module 2: (11L + 3 T)
Sampling distributions and Inference concerning means:- Population and samples, The sampling distribution of
the mean ( known and unknown ), Sampling distribution of the variance, Maximum Likelihood Estimation, Point
estimation and interval estimation, point estimation and interval estimation of mean and variance, Tests of hypothesis,
Hypothesis concerning one mean, Inference concerning two means.
Module 3: (10 L + 3 T)
Inference concerning variances proportions:- Estimation of variances , Hypothesis concerning one variance,
Hypothesis concerning two variances , Estimation of proportions , Hypothesis concerning one proportion , Hypothesis
concerning several proportions, Analysis of r x c tables, Chi square test for goodness of fit.
Module 4: (10 L + 4 T)
Regression Analysis:- Bi-variate Normal distribution- joint, marginal and conditional distributions. Curve fitting,
Method of least squares, Estimation of simple regression models and hypothesis concerning regression coefficients,
Correlation coefficient- estimation of correlation coefficient, hypothesis concerning correlation coefficient. Estimation
of curvilinear regression models,
Analysis of variance:- General principles, Completely randomized designs, Randomized block diagram, Latin square
designs, Analysis of covariance.
Reference:
1. Johnson, R. A., Miller and Freunds Probability and Statistics for Engineers, 6th edn., PHI, 2004.
2. Levin R. I. & Rubin D. S., Statistics for Management, 7th edn, PHI, New Delhi, 2000.
3. S.M. Ross, Introduction to Probability and statistics for Engineers, 3rd edn, Academic Press(Elsevier), Delhi 2005.
Course Outcomes:
1. Acquire knowledge about important probability distributions and their properties.
2. Acquire knowledge about statistical parameter estimation.
3. Acquire knowledge about statistical hypotheses tests.
4. Acquire knowledge about regression and correlation analysis.
5. Acquire knowledge about ANOVA principles and methods.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

43

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE2001 MECHANICS OF SOLIDS


Prerequisite: ZZ1001 Engineering Mechanics
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

To learn the fundamentals of deformable body mechanics in general and strength of materials in particular.
To study the internal effects produced and deformations of bodies caused in a structural elements by externally applied forces.
To gain insight into the strain energy concepts and statically indeterminate problems.
To introduce the concepts of elastic stability and buckling of bars
To expose the students to the basics of thin and thick cylinders subjected to pressures.
Finally, to understand the strength characteristics of different materials and structural members subjected to shear, torsion and
bending.

Module 1 (10 hours)


Tension, compression & shear
Types of external loads - self weight - internal stresses - normal and shear stresses - strain - Hookes law - Poissons ratio relationship between elastic constants - stress strain diagrams working stress - elongation of bars of constant and varying sections statically indeterminate problems in tension and compression - assembly and thermal stresses - strain energy in tension,
compression and shear.
Module 2 (11 hours)
Analysis of stress and strain
(5 hours)
Stress on inclined planes for axial and biaxial stress fields - principal stresses - Mohrs circle of stress - principal strains - strain
rosette principal stress/strain problem as an eigenvalue problem.
Bending moment and shear force
(6 hours)
Different types of beams - shear force and bending moment diagrams for simply supported overhanging and cantilever beams relationship connecting intensity of loading, shearing force and bending moment - shear force and bending moment diagrams for
statically determinate plane frames.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Stresses in laterally loaded symmetrical beams
(7 hours)
Theory of simple bending - limitations - bending stresses in beams of different cross sections - moment of resistance - beams of
uniform strength - beams of two materials - shearing stresses in bending - principal stresses in bending - strain energy due to
bending.
Unsymmetrical bending
(3 hours)
Shear flow - shear centre - determination of shear centre for simple sections.
Module 4 (11 hours)
Theory of columns
(4 hours)
Axial loading of short strut - long columns - differential equation of the elastic curve - Eulers formula - eccentric loading - direct
and bending stresses buckling load as an eigenvalue problem.
Torsion
(4 hours)
Torsion of circular solid and hollow shafts - power transmission - strain energy in shear and torsion - close coiled and open coiled
helical springs.
Thin and thick cylinders
(3 hours)
Lames equation - stresses in thick cylinders due to internal and external pressures compound cylinders - shrink fit - wire wound
pipes and cylinders.
References
1. Gere, J.M., Mechanics of Materials, Thomson, Singapore, 2001.
2. Popov, E.P., Mechanics of Materials, Prentice Hall India, New Delhi, 2002.
3. Timoshenko, S.P., and Young, D.H., Elements of Strength of Materials, East West Press, New Delhi, 2003.
4. Beer, F. P. and Johnston, E. R., Mechanics of Materials, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2005
5. Hearn, E.J., Mechanics of Materials Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1982.
6. Nash, W.A., Strength of Materials, Schaums Outline Series, McGraw Hill, New York, 1988.
Course Outcomes:
1. Provide quick/ad-hoc solutions to elementary problems of strength of materials.
2. Develop elementary skills of working stress design
3. Acquire all necessary fundamentals needed for pursuing courses on Structural Analyses and Structural Design.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

44

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE2002 MECHANICS OF FLUIDS


Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives:
1. To familiarize with fluid properties and their relationships with kinematic and dynamic characteristics of fluids.
2. To apply the principles of fluid statics to estimate forces on surfaces and to analyze the stability of floating bodies.
3. To establish a mathematical basis for kinematic and dynamic description of fluid flow.
4. To derive and apply the continuity, energy and momentum equations.
5. To classify and analyze different types of flow through pipes, and use this information to analyze pipe networks and
branching pipes.
6. To perform dimensional analysis and to study its relevance to hydraulic similitude.
7. To study the basic principles of boundary layer theory and its application in estimation of forces on moving objects
in fluids.
Module 1 (12 hours)
Fluids - Definition - Types and properties. Fluid as a continuum - Control volume concept.Fluid Statics- Fluid
pressure- Measurement of pressure- Hydrostatic forces on immersed surfaces-Application of fluid pressure analysis in
engineering problems. Buoyancy and stability of immersed and floating bodies, Pressure in case of accelerated rigid
body motion.
Fluid kinematics- Methods of describing fluid motion - Types of motion, Inviscid flows, Velocity and accelerationContinuity equation- Potential flows-Velocity potential and Stream function. Cauchy Reimann equations Flownet Circulation and vorticity.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Fluid dynamics, Types of forces, Forces influencing fluid motion- Energy and Head-Energy correction factor, Euler
and Bernoullis equations. Application of Bernoullis equation. Flow measurement, Linear momentum equations,
Momentum correction factor, Application of momentum equation.
Module 3 (9 hours)
Pipe flow- Introduction Laminar and turbulent flows - Reynolds number, Head loss. Major loss in pipe flowFriction loss, Minor losses, Total energy and hydraulic gradient line, Compound pipes, Pipes in series and parallel,
Branching pipes, Pipe networks.
Module 4 (11 hours)
Introduction to boundary layer theory - Boundary layer growth in flow over a plate, Flow past immersed bodies.
Dimensional analysis and similitude - Methods of dimensional analysis, Dimensionless numbers. Principles of
similarity- Modelling using Reynolds and Froude laws, Distorted models and scale effects.
References
1. Shames, I.H., Mechanics of Fluids, McGraw Hill ,New York, 1992
2. Streeter, V.L., and Wylie, E.B., Fluid Mechanics, McGraw Hill , New York,1985.
3. Subramanya, K., Theory and Applications of Fluid Mechanics, , McGraw Hill , New York,. 1992.
4. Massey, B.S., John Ward-Smith, Nelson Thornes Ltd, UK, 2001
5. Modi, P.N.,and Seth, S.M., Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics, Standard Book House, New Delhi, 2005
Course Outcome:
The student will be able to

1. Estimate hydrostatic forces on structures.


2. Estimate forces due to fluid-structure interaction.
3. Determine discharges in closed conduits and open channels.
4. Design and analyze piping systems and pipe-networks.
5. Plan experimental studies in fluid mechanics using the principles of dimensional analysis and similitude.
6. Formulate necessary equations required for solution of problems involving fluid flow using computational fluid
dynamics.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

45

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE2003 BUILDING TECHNOLOGY


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives:
1. To acquire knowledge on various building materials, its properties and its appropriateness.
2. To familiarize various construction methods and sequence of operation in construction of various elements of
building
3. To understand and familiarize advanced techniques and materials for construction of structures steel, concrete and
prestressed concrete structures
Module 1 (11 hours)
Bricks- IS classifications - Properties and testing - Types of bricks - Tiles - Manufacture, properties and uses aerocon blocks- Types of tiles ; Ceramic products - Lime - Classification - Manufacture, properties and uses ; Plastics
properties - reinforced plastics- uses- light roofing materials - glass- manufacture testing geosynthetics classification aluminum composite panels uPVC panels industrial timber products manufacture and properties
Module 2 (10 hours)
Cement - Ingredients - Manufacture - Types of cement - Properties and testing - Uses ; Mortar - Sand - Properties Types of mortar and uses ; Concrete - Properties of fresh concrete and tests - Proportioning of concrete mixes Properties of hardened concrete and tests - Recent developments in concrete ; Iron and steel - Structural sections Properties and uses of structural steel - Recent developments in steel and concrete;
Module 3 (11 hours)
Foundation - Timbering of foundation trenches - Bearing capacity of soils - Improvement of bearing capacity Settlement of foundation - Description of spread, grillage, raft and pile foundations; Brick and stone masonry - Bonds
in brick work - Cavity walls - Lintels and arches; Concrete construction - Batching, mixing, placing, compacting and
curing of concrete - form work - Precast concrete - Prestressed concrete - Recent developments in concreting; Partition
walls - Types and features.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Floors and flooring Different types and applications; Doors, windows and ventilators - Different types ; Finishing
works; Building Failures - Concrete failure - Steel failure - Foundation failure - Other types of failures Causes and
Remedial measures Building repairs - Shoring - Underpinning; Steel and concrete frames Slip form and lift slab
constructions- trenchless technology, microtunnelling; Fire proof construction - Fire load - Fire resisting properties of
building materials Fire extinguishing methods Fire proof construction methods.
References
1. Rangwala, S. C., Engineering Materials, Charotar Publishing House, 1992.
2. Punmia, B. C., Building Construction, LaxmiPubllications, New Delhi,1999.
3. Rangwala, S. C., Building Construction, Charotar Publishing House, 1992.
4. Huntington, W.C., Building Construction, John Wiley, New York,1959.
5. Shetty, M. S., Concrete Technology, S.Chand& Co., New Delhi, 1992,
6. Varghese, P C., Building Materials Prentice Hall of India, 2006
Course Outcomes:
The student will be able to
1. identify various tests that is required for the quality assurance of materials in construction projects
2. Suggest/plan the various construction methods for the different building elements.
3. Understand the various advanced topics in building materials and construction.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

46

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE2004 SURVEYING
Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. The main objective of this course is to learn the principles of plane surveying.
2. To acquire knowledge on various measurement techniques and equipments used for land surveying.
3. To understand the fundamental principles applied to determine linear measurements, angular measurements,
levelling, profiling etc and to apply them based on field conditions.
4. To gain knowledge about various types of errors involved surveying and procedures adopted for minimizing
errors.
Module 1 (10 hours)
Introduction - classification of surveys - plane surveying - geodetic surveying - topographic surveying reconnaissance - principle of working from whole to part - provision of control - conventional signs - chain survey instruments - principles of chain survey - field book - plotting - tie line and check line - chaining and ranging obstacles - chaining on sloping ground - errors in chain survey - uses of cross staff and optical square
Module 2 (10 hours)
Compass survey - prismatic compass - surveyors compass - whole circle and reduced bearing - true and magnetic
bearing - dip and declination - local attraction - traversing - plotting - error of closure - graphical and analytical
adjustments - plane table survey - instruments and accessories - different methods - orientation - advantages and
disadvantages of plane tabling - two point problem - three point problem - errors in plane tabling - minor instruments hand levels - clinometer - Ceylon ghat tracer - hypsometer - pantagraph -ediograph - box sextant - telescopic alidade
Module 3 (10 hours)
Levelling - definition of level surfaces - mean sea level - reduced level - bench marks - levelling instruments temporary and permanent adjustments - fly leveling - booking - reduction of levels - corrections for refraction and
curvature - reciprocal leveling - longitudinal levelling and cross sectioning - contour survey - definition characteristics of contour - uses of contour - methods of contouring - direct and indirect interpolation - plotting - areas
and volumes - trapezoidal rule - Simpsons rule - area from latitude and departure - uses of planimeter - volumes trapezoidal and prismoidal formula
Module 4 (12 hours)
Theodolite surveying - study of theodolite - temporary and permanent adjustments - measurement of horizontal angles
- method of repetition and reiteration - measurement of vertical angles - theodolite traverse - calculation of co
ordinates - corrections - traverse table - omitted measurements - tacheometric surveying - stadia system - fixed and
movable hair methods - staff held vertical and normal - instrument constants - analytic lens - tangential system - direct
reading tacheometer - subtense bar trigonometric leveling various methods E.D.M total station.
References
1. Kanetkar, T.P., andKulkarni, S.V., Surveying Vol I and II, VidyarthigrihaPrakashan, 2004
2. Punmia, B.C., Surveying Vol I and II, Laxmi Pub,1994.
3. Arora, K.R., Surveying Vol I and II, Standard Book House, 1993
4. Duggal, S. K., Surveying Vol 1, Tata - McGraw Hill, 2004.
Course Outcomes
On successful completion of this course, the student will be able to
1. Carryout field surveys for location, design and construction of engineering projects.
2. Adopt suitable survey technique and select equipments based on the required level of accuracy and prevailing field
conditions.
3. Carryout profiling and grid levelling, for generation of profiles, contour maps, and earth works computations.
4. Work effectively to reduce measurement errors and improve quality of surveys.
5. Analyze and synthesize survey data.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

47

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE2091 SURVEYING PRACTICAL - I


Prerequisite: CE2004 Surveying or its concurrent registration
Total hours: 42

L
0

T
0

P
3

C
2

Course Objectives
1. To gain hands on experience in conducting chain surveying, compass surveying, plane table surveying and levelling.
2. To prepare proper field notes, field sketches and data collection approaches.
3. Ability to function as a member of a team.
List of Exercises
1. Chain survey- Traversing and plotting of details
2. Compass survey - Traversing with compass and plotting
3. Plane table survey - Method of Radiation and Intersection
4. Plane table survey - Solving three point problem
5. Plane table survey - Solving two point problem
6. Plane table survey - Traverse
7. Levelling -Fly leveling - Plane of collimation method
8. Levelling -Fly leveling - Rise and Fall method
9. Levelling -Longitudinal and cross sectioning
10. Levelling -Automatic levels
11. Levelling- Contour surveying
12. Theodolite surveying - Measurement of horizontal angle by method of repetition and reiteration.
Course Outcomes
On successful completion of this course, the student will be able to
1. Use the surveying equipments to carryout field surveys for location, design and construction of engineering projects.
2. Analyze and synthesize survey data from the field notes.
3. Work effectively as a member of a survey party in completing the assigned field work

CE2092 MATERIAL TESTING LABORATORY -I


L
0

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
3

C
2

Course Objectives:
1. To reinforce theoretical understanding of physical properties of important building materials with lab measurements.
2. To learn the use of various test apparatus/equipment and the safe procedures to operate them.
3. To learn various standard test methods, specimens and procedures for determining important material properties.
4. To process and analyse the laboratory data and report the results
5. To become familiar with various BIS codes for material testing
6. To learn how to interpret and infer the test results
List of Exercises
1. Tests on aggregate for concrete
(a)
Grain
size
distribution
(b)
Specific
gravity
(c)
Density
(f) Aggregate crushing value (g) Aggregate impact value
2. Tests on cement
(a) Fineness (b) Normal consistency (c) Setting time (d) Compressive strength
3. Test on Timber beam Bending test
4. Tests on tiles Dimension, Transverse Strength, Water Absorption and Crazing
5. Tests on bricks Crushing strength, water absorption and efflorescence
6. Tests on metals Hardness test and impact test

(d)

Voids

(e)

Bulking

Course Outcomes:
1. Integrate the hands on experience on material testing with their theoretical understanding of mechanical behaviour of
materials
2. Prepare reports and present the results based on the test data complying to the codes/regulations
3. Refer codes and other reference materials for standard property data.
4. Interpret the results and recommend the suitability of a material for a given load case.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

48

National Institute of Technology Calicut

MA 2002: MATHEMATICS IV
Pre-requisite: MA 1001 Mathematics I, MA 1002 Mathematics II
Total Hours: 56 Hrs

L T
3 1

P C
0 3

Module 1: Series Solutions and Special Functions (15 Hours)


Power series solutions of differential equations, Theory of power series method, Legendre Equation, Legendre
Polynomials, Frobenius Method, Bessels Equation, Bessel functions, Bessel functions of the second kind, SturmLiouvilles Problems, Orthogonal eigenfunction expansions.
Module 2: Partial differential Equations (16 Hours)
Basic Concepts, Cauchys problem for first order equations, Linear Equations of the first order, Nonlinear Partial
Differential Equations of the first order, Charpits Method, Special Types of first order equations, Classification of
second order partial differential equations, Modeling: Vibrating String, Wave equation, Separation of variables, Use of
Fourier Series, DAlemberts Solution of the wave equation, Heat equation: Solution by Fourier series, Heat equation:
solution by Fourier Integrals and transforms, Laplace equation, Solution of a Partial Differential Equations by Laplace
transforms.
Module 3: Complex Numbers and Functions (13 Hours)
Complex functions, Derivative, Analytic function, Cauchy- Reimann equations, Laplaces equation, Geometry of
Analytic functions: Conformal mapping, Linear fractional Transformations, Schwarz - Christoffel transformation,
Transformation by other functions.
Module 4: Complex Integration (12 Hours)
Line integral in the Complex plane, Cauchys Integral Theorem, Cauchys Integral formula, Derivatives of analytic
functions. Power series, Functions given by power series, Taylor series and Maclaurins series. Laurents series,
Singularities and Zeros, Residue integration method, Evaluation of real Integrals.
References:
1. Kreyszig E, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 8th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1999 .
2. I.N. Sneddon, Elements of Partial Differential Equations, Dover Publications, 2006.
3. Wylie C. R. & Barret L. C., Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 6th Edition, Mc Graw Hill, New York,1995.
4. Donald W. Trim, Applied Partial Differential Equations, PWS KENT publishing company, 1994.
Course Outcomes
1. Acquire the knowledge to solve differential equations using power series and Frobenius method.
2. Acquire knowledge about the ability to solve problems using partial differential equations.
3. To know the properties of analytic and harmonic functions.
4. Understanding Cauchy's integral theorem and its consequences.
5. Acquire the knowledge to compute residues and integrals using the residue theorem.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

49

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE2005 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS - I


Prerequisite: CE2001 Mechanics of Solids
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To provide a comprehensive knowledge on the behaviour of structures in Civil Engineering.
2. To provide theoretical background for the calculation of deflection/deformation characteristics of structures using
different methods.
3. To study comprehensively, the energy theorems/principles applied to analysis of simple structures.
4. To understand the significance of moving loads and its effects on structures.
5. To develop the influence lines for reactions, shear, bending moment, deflection etc. on simply supported beams and
influence line for reactions and axial force in trusses.
Module 1 (14 hours)
Deflection of beams
Differential equation of the elastic curve - slope and deflection of beams by method of successive integration Macaulays method - Moment area method - Conjugate beam method - Deflection due to shear.
Module 2 and 3 (17 hours)
Elastic theorems and energy principles
Strain energy and complementary energy - review of strain energy due to axial load - bending, shear and torsion principle of superposition - principle of virtual work - Castiglianos theorem for deflection - theorem of
complementary energy - Bettis theorem - Maxwells law of reciprocal deflections - principle of least work application of method of virtual work (unit load method) and strain energy method for determination of deflections of
statically determinate beams - pin-joined trusses and rigid frames - temperature effects.
Module 4 (11 hours)
Moving Loads and Influence Lines
Introduction to moving loads - concept of influence lines - influence lines for reaction, shear force and bending
moment in simply supported beams - influence lines for forces in trusses analysis for different types of moving loads
- single concentrated load - several concentrated loads - uniformly distributed load shorter and longer than the span.
References
1.
Menon, D., Structural Analysis, Narosa publishers, 2008.
2.
Wilbur, J.B., Norris, C.H., and Utku, S., Elementary Structural Analysis, McGraw Hill, New York, 2006.
3.
Wang, C.K., Intermediate Structural Analysis, McGraw Hill, New York,1989.
4.
Timoshenko, S.P., and Young, D.H., Theory of Structures, McGraw Hill, New York, 1988.
5.
Reddy, C.S., Basic Structural Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2007.
6.
Negi, L.S., and Jangid, R.S, Structural Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006.
7.
Hibbler, R.C., Structural Analysis, Pearson Education, 2006.
Course Outcomes
1. To develop the ability to check the serviceability conditions of the structure in terms of deflection.
2. To apply the appropriate method for finding the deformation/deflections of beams under different loading
3. To provide basic energy based analysis techniques for analysing structures
4. The graduates will be trained to use different analytical tools for understanding the behaviour of statically
determinate structures.
5. To determine the required design forces in a structure subjected to moving loads like bridges.
6. Thus, to equip the students with the comprehensive methods of structural analysis with emphasis on analysis of
elementary structures and to attain ability to pursue higher studies in Civil Engineering

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

50

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE2006 OPEN CHANNEL HYDRAULICS AND HYDROLOGY


L
3

Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of Fluids


Total hours : 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To acquire knowledge of open channel flow relationships by applying fluid properties, hydrostatics, and the
conservation equations for mass, momentum, and energy.
2. To gain proficiency in applying the conservation equations to open channel flow problems.
3. To develop and apply relationships for hydraulic jumps, surges, and critical, uniform and gradually varied flows.
4. To understand the physical principles and processes those govern surface water hydrology.
5. To be aware of the hydraulics of subsurface fluid flow and engineering applications.
Module 1 (11 hours)
Uniform Open Channel Flow
Free surface flows - Comparison with pipe flow, Classification of flow in open channels. Uniform flow Equations
for uniform flow - Chezys and Mannings equations. Most efficient channel sections of different geometry. Velocity
distribution in open channels. Conveyance, Normal depth and Hydraulic exponent for uniform flow, Determination of
normal depth and velocity. Energy concepts in free surface flows. Specific energy and Specific force diagrams,
Critical flow, Hydraulic exponent for critical flow, Channel transitions, Flow measurement-weirs and flumes. Design
of rigid boundary channels.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Non-uniform Open Channel Flow
Non-uniform flow, Gradually Varied Flow, Occurrence and importance. Basic assumptions, Dynamic equation for
gradually varied flow, Different forms of the dynamic equation, Flow profiles in prismatic channels, Computation of
the length of the backwater curve - Graphical Integration and Direct Step Methods. Rapidly Varied Flow- Hydraulic
Jump, Equation for a classic hydraulic jump, Practical applications, Energy loss and efficiency of a jump, Stilling
Basins, Selection of Stilling Basins, Standard stilling basins, Rapidly varied unsteady flowSurges.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Surface Water Hydrology
Hydrologic cycle- Precipitation, rainfall variations, measurement, presentation of RF data, Mean precipitation, DepthArea-Duration relationships, Intensity-Duration-Frequency relationship, Abstractions from precipitation - Evaporation,
Evapotranspiration, Initial Loss, Infiltration, Stream flow measurement- Area Velocity method, Stage-Discharge
relationship, Runoff - Long term runoff, empirical formulae, short term runoff- hydrograph analysis. Surface water
quality Pollutant transport - release and transport of pollutants in surface water
Module 4 (11 hours)
Groundwater Hydrology
Soil water zones, Soil moisture relations Specific retention, Specific yield. Occurrence of ground water - Types of
aquifers unconfined aquifer, confined aquifer, perched water table, Leaky aquifer, Storage coefficients, Governing
differential equation for confined groundwater flow, Darcys law, Transmissivity, Flow between two water bodies
through a confined aquifer, One-dimensional confined aquifer, Dupuits assumptions, Hydraulics of wells - Steady
confined and unconfined flows into a well. Well losses, Evaluation of well losses, Specific capacity. Ground water
quality criteria, pollution of groundwater - causes and monitoring. Distribution of pollution underground. Saline water
intrusion in aquifers and control.
References
1. VenTe Chow, Open Channel Hydraulics, McGraw Hill, Inc.., New York, 1951.
2. Ven Te Chow et al.,Applied Hydrology, McGraw-Hill Book Company, NY, 1988.
3. French, R. H., Open-Channel Hydraulics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1985
4. Subramanya, K., Flow in Open Channels, Tata McGraw Hill, 1990.
5. HanifChaudhry, M., Open Channel Flow, Prentice Hall of India. 1994.
6. Rangaraju, K. G., Flow through Open Channels, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1984.
7. Rajesh Srivastava., Flow Through Open Channels, Oxford University Press, 2008.
8. Subramanya, K., Engineering Hydrology, Tata McGraw-Hill publishers, 2008.
9. Linsley, W., Water Resources Handbook, McGrawHill International Edition, 1996.
10. Mays, L. W., Water Resources Engineering, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2001.
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

51

National Institute of Technology Calicut

11. Todd, D. K., Groundwater Hydrology, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1958.
12. Raghunath, Ground Water, New Age International (P) Ltd. Publishers, 1987.
13. Kashef, A. I., Groundwater Engineering. McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1987.
Course Outcomes
The students will be able to
1. To develop the open channel flow equations from the basic conservation equations.
2. To solve open channel flow problems through the selection and use of appropriate equations.
3. To explain the physical mechanisms of hydraulic jumps, surges, and critical, uniform, and gradually varied flows.
4. To estimate stream flow by applying energy and mass balance equations.
5 To determine the rate of flow for confined and unconfined aquifer and the specific capacity of a well.
CE2007 FUNCTIONAL DESIGN OF BUILDINGS
L
2

Prerequisite: CE2003 Building Technology


Total hours : 56

T
0

P
2

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To introduce the details of anthropometrics and ergonomics.
2. To introduce the essentials of the National Building Code, Development Rules and Green Building.
3. To calculate the heat flow in buildings.
4. To impart knowledge to design building services.
5. To provide training to assess acoustics and lighting in rooms.
PART: A (28 hours)
Module 1 (6 hours)
Functional planning Introduction to anthropometrics and ergonomics Occupancy classification of Buildings
Essentials of National Building Code Essentials of Building and development rules Introduction to green building.
Module 2 (7 hours)
Building Physics
Thermo-physical properties of building materials: Thermal quantities and their units - Periodic heat flow and its
characteristics - Heat flow calculations.
Sun's movement and building: Sun control devices External shading devices, Internal blinds and curtains and
Special glasses
Heat flow and thermal insulation
Heat flow through buildings - Thermal gradient; Insulating materials - Properties - Thermal insulation of roofs,
Exposed walls and Openings
Module 3 (8 hours)
Building services
Vertical transportation: Stairs - Types and design considerations; Elevators - Types and design considerations;
Escalators - features, operation & arrangement; Ramps.
Ventilation and air conditioning: Ventilation requirements - Natural and mechanical ventilation ; Air conditioning Heat exchange of building - Calculation of air conditioning load - Summer and winter air conditioning - Parts and
operation of a/c plant - Systems of air conditioning.
Plumbing services: Typical details of water supply and sewage disposal arrangements for buildings - Standard
requirements.
Module 4 (7 hours)
Lighting
Photometric quantities - Day lighting - Day light factor and components - Artificial lighting - Lamps and luminaries Polar distribution curves - Design of artificial lighting - Lumen method - Point by point method - Glare - Measurement
of illumination.
Acoustics
Room acoustics - Reverberation - Sabine's formula - Acoustical defects - Sound absorbing materials and constructions
; Requirements for good acoustics - General principles of acoustic design ; Sound insulation -Transmission loss
PART: B-DRAWING (28 hours)
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

52

National Institute of Technology Calicut

1.
Panelled doors, glazed windows and ventilators in wood
2.
Steel and aluminium windows
3.
Steel roof trusses
4.
Reinforced concrete staircase
5.
Residential buildings with flat and pitched roof RC and tiled
6.
Public buildings like office, dispensary, post office, bank etc.
7.
Industrial buildings
References
1. Punmia, B.C., Building Construction, Laxmi Publications, 1999.
2. Koenigsberger, Manual of Tropical Housing and Building Part I - Climatic Design, Orient Longman, 1994.
3. Mckaig, T.H., Building Failures, McGraw Hill, 1962.
4. Knudsen, V. O.,& Harris, C. M., Acoustical Design in Architecture, John Wiley, 1962.
5. Adler, R., Vertical Transportation for Buildings, American Elsevier Publishing Company, 1970.
6. Huntington, W. C., Building Construction, John Wiley, 1959.
7. Indian Standard Institution, National Building Code of India.
Course Outcomes:
1. To understand the concept of ergonomics, green buildings and relevant building rules.
2. To assess the heat flow and thermal insulation in buildings
3. To design horizontal and vertical circulation and transportation in buildings
4. To design building services such as systems of air conditioning and heat exchange facilities, and standard
requirements of plumbing services.
5. To assess photometric quantities such as day lighting and design for lighting, and understand general principles of
acoustic design.
6. With the above knowledge, prepare drawings of residential, public and industrial buildings, and its various
components such as doors, windows, staircases, flat and pitched roofs.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

53

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE2008 GEOMATICS
L
3

Prerequisite: CE2004 Surveying


Total hours : 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. The main objective of this course is to learn the principles of geodetic surveying, hydrographical surveying and
photogrammetric surveying.
2. To acquire knowledge on triangulation principles and standards for various orders of triangulation.
3. To understand the theory of errors in surveying and to determine the most probable values of the measured
quantities.
4. To gain knowledge on the principles applied for conducting hydrographical surveys and equipments used.
5. To understand the principles of photogrammetry and global positioning systems.
Module 1(10 hrs)
Triangulation - principle - reconnaissance - selection of site for base line - selection of stations - orders of triangulation
- triangulation figures - scaffolds and signals - marking of stations - intervisibility and heights of stations - satellite
stations - base line measurement - equipment and corrections - adjustment of observations.
Module 2 (12 hours)
Survey adjustments and theory of errors introduction laws of accidental errors probability curve principle of
least squares laws of weights probable error normal equation most probable value method of correlates
angle adjustment station adjustment figure adjustment adjustment of triangles adjustment of a geodetic
quadrilateral.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Curves - types of curves - elements of a curve - simple curves - different methods of setting out introduction to
compound curves - reverse curves, transition curves, vertical curves - hydrographic survey - scope - shoreline survey river survey - soundings sounding equipment - methods - ranges - locating sounding - plotting - three point problem.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Photogrammetry terrestrial and aerial photogrammetry heights and distances from Photographs flight planning
elements of stereoscopy photo mosaic photo interpretation applications of photogrammetry. GPS differential
GPS.
References
1. Kanetkar, T.P.and Kulkarni, S.V., Surveying Vol. I and II, Vidyarthigriha Prakasan, 2004.
2. Punmia, B.C., Surveying Vol. I and II, Laxmi Pub, 2004.
3. Arora, K.R., Surveying Vol. I and II, Standard Book House, 1993
4. Duggal, S. K., Surveying Vol. II, Tata McGraw Hill, 2004.
Course Outcomes
1. Carryout regional level surveys for preparation of topographical maps at various scales.
2. Adopt statistical techniques to estimate the most probable values of the measured quantity.
3. Carryout hydrographical surveys for bathymetric mapping, computing discharges, profiling of the river bed, cross
section of the river bed etc.
4. Analyze and synthesize data from the aerial photographs to prepare thematic maps.
5. Use modern surveying instruments like GPS and DGPS to determine the coordinates of the points.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

54

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE2009 GEOSCIENCES
L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 56

T
1

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To acquire knowledge about engineering Geology And also with Natural hazards
2. To understand fundamentals of soil mechanics and to get knowledge about engineering properties of soils
3. To familiarise with applications of engineering geology to structures like dams, water reservoirs etc.
4. To familiarise with evaluation of engineering properties of soils like shear strength, compressibility and
permeability.
Module 1 (12 hours)
Earth System: Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, Cryosphere and atmosphere and their interactions; Solid Earth: Shape, size,
interior of the solid earth.
Geological materials: rocks, soils, minerals, Engineering and Genetic classification of soils, rocks, rock cycles, rockwater interaction. Earth Processes and their consequences, Geomorphologic features.
Earthquakes: Causes, classification, magnitude, intensity, Historical earthquakes, Seismic hazards zoning, Strong
ground motion, Earthquake prediction.
Landslides and Subsidence: Causes, Classification and Monitoring.
Module 2 (16 hours)
Groundwater: Groundwater resources and quality of ground water.
Geology of India: Introduction, rock types and mineral wealth.
Geological maps, geophysical studies and Remote sensing: Interpretation of Geologic maps, Stereogram, aerial
photos, Satellite imageries. Seismic, Resistivity studies. Introduction to Remote sensing, GIS and GPS. Their
applications in Engineering Geology.
Engineering applications of geologic structures: Rock deformation in nature. Recognition and classification of
Folds, Faults, Joints and Unconformities. Criteria for site selections for Dam, tunnels, waste/radioactive disposal
sites.
Module 3 (13 hours)
Nature of soil: Soil formation and soil types-soil structure and their effects on the basic soil properties. Soil phase
relationship: phase diagram definitions and relationships between soil parameters - laboratory determination of soil
parameters in-situ unit weight determination by core cutter, sand replacement and wax coating methods.
Index properties: grain size distribution by sieve analysis, hydrometer analysis and pipette analysis - Atterberg limits
and indices of consistency-soil aggregate properties.
Classification of soils: Necessity and Principles of soil classification-I.S. classification Plasticity charts - field
identification of soils- Group index.
Module 4 (15 hours)
Effective stress Theory: Principle and Physical meaning of effective stress effective stress in a soil mass under
hydrostatic and steady seepage conditions - total, neutral and effective stress diagrams-quick sand condition.
Permeability: Darcys law discharge and seepage velocities, Laboratory determination of coefficient of
permeability of soil, Factors affecting permeability, effect of stratification on permeability.
Compaction: Definition and objectives of compaction - Proctor test and modified proctor test - factors influencing
compaction- Effect of compaction on soil properties - Field compaction methods and field control.
Consolidation: Definition-differences between consolidation and compaction- concepts of coefficient of
compressibility - Coefficient of volume change and compression index - e-log p curves - Terzaghis theory of one
dimensional consolidation-determination of coefficient of consolidation- pre-consolidation pressure.
Stress distribution: Boussinesqs equations for vertical pressure due to point loads- Assumptions and limitations pressure bulb Influence diagram - Vertical pressure due to uniformly distributed loads, line loads and strip loads Newmark charts and their use - Westergaards solution.
References
1.
Bangar,K. M., Principles of Engineering Geology, Standard Publishers, New Delhi, 1995.
2.
Bell, F. G.,Engineering Geology, Elsevier, India,2007.
3.
Blyth, F.G.H., and De Freitas, M.H., A Geology for Engineers, Elsevier, India,2007.
4.
Kesavulu, P., Engineering Geology, Oxford University Press, 2nd Edition, 1999.
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

55

National Institute of Technology Calicut

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

Singh, P., Engineering and General Geology, S. K. Kataria and Sons, 2008, India.
Parriaux, A., Geology Basics for Engineers, CRC Press, The Netherlands, 2009.
Terzaghi, K. and Peck, R.B., Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice, John Wiley Sons, 1967.
Gopal Ranjan and A.S.R. Rao, Basic and Applied Soil Mechanics, New Age International, 2005.
Arora, K. R., Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Standard publications, 2009.
Alam Singh, Soil Engineering-Theory and Practice, Asia Publications, 2006.
Punmia, B.C., Soil Mechanics and Foundations, Saurabh publications, 2005.
Murthy, V.N.S., Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Dhanpat Rai publications, 2009.
Khan, I.H., Text Book of Geotechnical Engineering, Prentice Hall of India, 1999.

Course Outcomes
1. Student will be familiarise with various aspects of engineering Geology
2. Student will be able to engineering designs considering geological features
3. To understand fundamentals of soil mechanics
4. To familiarise with engineering properties of soils like compressibility, shear strength, permeability and their
determination
CE2093 SURVEYING PRACTICAL - II
Prerequisite: CE2008 Geomatics or its concurrent registration
Total hours : 42

L
0

T
0

P
3

C
2

Course Objectives
1. To gain hands on experience in conducting chain surveying, compass surveying, plane table surveying and
levelling.
2. To prepare proper field notes, field sketches and data collection approaches.
3. Ability to function as a member of a team.
List of Exercises
1.
Determination of tacheometric constants
2.
Heights and distances by stadia tacheometry
3.
Heights and distances by tangential tacheometry
4.
Heights and distances by solution of triangles
5.
Setting out of simple curves linear methods
6.
Setting out of simple curves angular method
7.
Setting out of transition curve
8.
Heights and distances by using subtense bar
9.
Total station.
10.
Permanent adjustments of theodolite
Course Outcomes
1. Use the surveying equipments to carryout field surveys for location, design and construction of engineering
projects.
2. Analyze and synthesize survey data from the field notes.
3. Work effectively as a member of a survey party in completing the assigned field work

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

56

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE2094 MATERIAL TESTING LABORATORY -II


L
0

Prerequisite: CE2001 Mechanics of Solids


Total hours : 42

T
0

P
3

C
2

Course Objectives
1. To reinforce theoretical understanding of physical properties of metals and concrete (wet and dry) with lab
measurements
2. To learn the use of various test equipments and the safe procedures to operate them
3. To learn various standard test methods, specimens and procedures for determining of materials properties like
strength, Youngs modulus, Shear modulus etc.
4. To process and analyse the laboratory data and report the results
5. To understand the differences in procedures and specimens with respect to loading mode and type of strength
6. To become familiar with various BIS codes for material testing
7. To learn how to interpret and infer the test results
List of Exercises
1. Tension test on MS rod
2. Shear Test on MS rod
3. Torsion test on MS Specimen
4. Bending test on steel beams
5. Spring test open and close coil springs
6. Workability tests slump, compaction, V-bee, flow and preparation of cubes
7. Compression test on cubes and cylinders determination of modulus of elasticity
8. Split test on concrete cylinders and flexure test on concrete
9. Study of extensometers and strain gauges
10. Bending test on reinforced concrete beams under reinforced and over reinforced.
11. Demonstration of Non- Destructive Testing Equipment.
Course Outcomes
1. Integrate the hands on experience on material testing with their theoretical understanding of mechanical behavior of
materials
2. Prepare reports and present the results based on the test data complying to the codes/regulations
3. Refer codes and other reference materials for standard property data
4. Interpret the results and recommend the suitability of a material for a given load case.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

57

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE 3001 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS - II


L
3

Prerequisite: CE2005 Structural Analysis - I


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To introduce the concepts of static and dynamic indeterminacy
2. To explain the procedure for analysing statically indeterminate structures using force methods namely consistent
deformation method, conjugate beam method and theorem of three moments.
3. To explain the procedure for analysing statically indeterminate structures using displacement methods of analysis
namely slope deflection method and moment distribution method.
4. To explain the concept of plastic analysis using equilibrium method and mechanism method.
Module 1 and 2 (20 hours)
Statically indeterminate structures: Degree of static and kinematic indeterminacies - brief introduction to force and
displacement methods
Force method of analysis of indeterminate structures
Fixed and continuous beams - analysis by consistent deformation method - application of moment area and conjugate
beam methods for fixed beams - theorem of three moments for continuous beams - shear force and bending moment
diagrams - deflection and support settlement
Analysis of rigid frames of different geometry by consistent deformation method settlement effects - analysis of pinjointed trusses by consistent deformation method - externally and internally redundant trusses - effects of support
settlement and pre-strains.
Module 3 (12 hours)
Displacement method of analysis of indeterminate structures
Slope deflection method - analysis of continuous beams - beams with overhang - analysis of rigid frames - frames with
sloping legs - gabled frames - frames without sway and with sway -settlement effects - moment distribution method as
successive approximation of slope deflection equations - analysis of beams and frames - non-sway and sway analyses
Module 4 (10 hours)
Plastic Analysis
Plastic theory - introduction - plastic hinge concept - plastic modulus - shape factor -redistribution of moments collapse mechanism - plastic analysis of beams and portal frames by equilibrium and mechanism methods.
References
1.
Menon, D., Structural Analysis, Narosa publishers, 2008.
2.
Wang, C. K., Intermediate Structural Analysis, McGraw Hill, 1989.
3.
Reddy, C. S., Basic Structural Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill, 2007.
4.
Negi, L. S., and Jangid R.S, Structural Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006
5.
Wilbur, J. B., Norris, C. H., and Utku, S., Elementary Structural Analysis, McGraw Hill, 2006.
6.
Timoshenko, S. P. ,and Young ,D. H., Theory of Structures, McGraw Hill, 1988.
7.
Hibbler, R. C., Structural Analysis, Pearson Education, 2006.
Course Outcomes
1. Identify static and kinemtic indeterminacy of structures.
2. Perform the analysis of statically indeterminate structures using force methods namely consistent deformation
method, conjugate beam method and theorem of three moments.
3. Perform the analysis of statically indeterminate structures using displacement methods of analysis namely slope
deflection method and moment distribution method.
4. Address the indeterminacies arising from support settlements and analyse frames wioth the help of non-sway and
sway analysis.
5. Perform plastic analysis by equilibrium method and mechanism method

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

58

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE 3002 STRUCTURAL DESIGN - I


Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
1

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To understand the basic principles of structural design
2. To expose the stake holders to the various concrete design codes
3. To acquire knowledge of limit state design with respect to limit state of collapse against flexure, shear, torsion and
compression and also limit states of serviceability
4. To familiarize the principles of earthquake resistant design and pre-stressed concrete
Module 1 (12 hours)
Introduction Structures and structural systemsInternal forces in different types of structural systems such as
Trusses, Cables, Arches, Beams and Slabs, Frames stability criteria design considerations Different loadings,
loading standards
Design philosophy: Working Stress Method, Ultimate load method, probabilistic analysis and Limit State method Limit state of collapse, Limit state of serviceability.
Limit state of collapse: Flexure - Assumptions moment capacity of rectangular and flanged sections - singly and
doubly reinforced sections - design tables and charts critical sections for bending in important structural elements
such as slabs, beams, retaining wall, footings, staircase etc.
Limit state of Serviceability: Deflection short term and long term deflection- cracking.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Limit State of Collapse: Shear - Nominal shear stress- design shear strength of concrete design of shear
reinforcement critical sections for shear in important structural elements such as beams, retaining walls, footings etc.
Design of slabs, beams, retaining walls, footings and stair case.
Limit State of Collapse: Torsion - General critical section equivalent shear and bending moment reinforcement
for torsion.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Limit State of Collapse: Compression - Analysis and design of columns of rectangular and circular cross sections axially loaded columns - columns with uniaxial and biaxial eccentricity using SP 16 design charts - short and slender
columns.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Introduction to EQ design and detailing: Concept of Seismic design - Approach to earthquake resistant design
General principles of a seismic design Review of IS 1893:2002, Guide lines for earthquake resistant design Ductile
detailing for seismic design
Introduction to Pre-stressed concrete: High strength concrete and high tensile steel tensioning devices
pretensioning systems post tensioning systems - Analysis of prestress losses of prestress.
References
1. Pillai, S. U., and Menon, D., Reinforced Concrete Design Tata McGraw Hill, 2003.
2. Varghese, P. C., Limit State Design of Reinforced Concrete, Prentice Hall of India, 2003.
3. Mallick, S. K., and Gupta, A. K., Reinforced Concrete, Oxford and IBH, 1982.
4. Jain, A. K., Reinforced Concrete - Limit State Design, Standard Book House, 1998.
5. Punmia, B. C., Reinforced Concrete Structures Vol. I, Standard Book House , 2005
6. Jain and Jaikrishna, Plain and Reinforced Concrete Vol. I, Nemchand, 2000.
7. Sinha, S. N., Reinforced Concrete Design, Tata McGraw Hill, 2005.
8. BIS Codes ( IS 875, IS 456, IS 2750, IS 1893, IS 4326, IS 13920, IS 1343).
9. Krishna Raju, N., Prestressed concrete, Tata McGraw Hill, 2000
10. Dayaratnam, P., Prestressed Concrete, Oxford and IBH,1982
Course Outcomes
1. Distinguish different types of structural systems and understand the design philosophy of each one
2. Design structural elements such as beams, slabs, columns, staircase, footing and retaining walls as per the relevant
IS Code of Practice.
3. Design and incorporate ductile detailing for seismic resistant structures
4. Analyse pre-stressed concrete structural members and estimate the losses of prestress.
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

59

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3003 WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING - I


L
3

Prerequisite: CE2006 Open channel Hydraulics and Hydrology


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

To acquire knowledge on the status of water resources availability and usage in different sectors, in general, and in the
irrigation and hydropower generation sectors, in particular.
To acquire knowledge on the traditional systems of irrigation and water harvesting in India.
To study and apply relationships employed for computing crop water requirements and irrigation water requirements.
To understand the typical types and components of canals and canal networks and study the principles employed and
procedure for the design of erodible regime channels and rigid boundary channels.
To understand and apply the principles and procedures employed in the design of diversion headworks, canal regulators, canal
escapes, canal drops, cross drainage works etc.

Module 1 (10 hours)


Introduction
Water resources projects Introduction- Water resources of India- Range of water resources projects - General planning
philosophy- Water allocation priorities - Water Supply Irrigation - Flood control- Hydropower. Data requirement and data
collection for different projects - Water availability studies. Environmental checklist for Water Resources projects.
Irrigation - Development of Irrigation in India- Major-Medium and minor irrigation schemes Command area development and
participatory irrigation management. Planning of Irrigation projects. Traditional systems of irrigation and water harvesting in
India.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Irrigation Engineering
Soil water system Soil classification - Soil water constants - Consumptive use - Crops- crop seasons, cropping patterns and crop
water requirements. Irrigation water requirement. Methods of irrigation and Irrigation efficiency.
Classification of irrigation projects -Direct and storage irrigation - Irrigation project components. Diversion structures for direct
irrigation - Weirs and Barrages Site selection -Components of diversion head work. Design of weirs / barrages Hydraulic
design for water way and sub surface flow - Blighs and Khoslas theories. Structural design of different elements. Training and
protection works.
Module 3 (8 hours)
Distribution systemDistribution canals - classification, alignment and components of canals. Canal regulation.Transport of sediment in canals.
Design of rigid boundary canals. Design of alluvial channels. Regime channels- Kennedys and Laceys methods. Water logging
and drainage of irrigated lands.
Module 4 (14 hours)
Canal structuresCanal regulation structures- canal falls-different types of canal falls and selection of type-Structural elements of a fall - Design of
vertical, notch type and siphon drops. Canal headwork Head and cross regulators- Design criteria sediment control at head
regulator- Design of a regulator. Canal escapes- Weir and sluice escapes. Outlets- modular and non-modular outlets. Cross
Drainage structures-Need - Types- Design considerations design of a type III aqueduct.
References
1. Varshney, R. S., Gupta, S. C., and Gupta, R. L., Theory and Design of Irrigation Structures, Vol. II, Nem Chand Publication,
1993.
2. Garg, S. K., Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures, Khanna Publishers, 2004.
3. Modi, P. N., Irrigation Water resources and Water power engineering, Standard book house, 2008.
4. Asawa, G L, Irrigation Engineering, New Age Publications, 2005.
5. FAO Irrigation, Water resources and Drainage Papers, 26/1,26/2 Small Hydraulic Structures, Vol 1 and 2, 1982.
6. FAO Irrigation water management Training Manuals 1(1985), 3(1986), 4(1988), and 5(1989)
7. All relevant BIS codes.
Course Outcomes
The students will be able
1. To develop design rigid boundary channels and regime channels in erodible medium.
2. To compute crop water and irrigation water requirements.
3. To plan and execute a canal network in the field.
4. To plan and design diversion headworks.
5. To plan and design canal regulators, canal drops, canal escapes, cross drainage works etc.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

60

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3004 GEOTECHNOLOGY
L
3

Prerequisite: CE2009 Geosciences


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1.
To acquire knowledge about Shear Strength, Earth Pressure, Bearing capacity, Foundation Design etc.
2.
To familiarize with the design of different types of foundation such as footings, Piles and Raft.
3.
To understand the different methods of settlement calculations.
4.
To know about the various Soil Investigation techniques and their applications
Module 1 (10 hours)
Shear Strength: Definition - Mohrs strength and stress circles - origin of planes - Mohrs envelope - Mohr-Coulomb
strength theory -Direct, triaxial and UCC tests - Drainage conditions - Measurement of pore pressure - Vane shear tests
-Total and effective stress -strength parameters Stress path, Liquefaction of sand - Choice of test conditions for field
problems.
Stability of slopes: Slope failure, base failure and toe failure - Swedish circle method - =0 analysis and c=0 analysis
- Friction circle method - Taylors stability number -Stability charts - Sliding block analysis.
Module 2 (9 hours)
Earth pressure: Earth pressure at rest - Active and passive earth pressure for cohesionless and cohesive soils Coulombs and Rankines theories - Point of application of earth pressure for cases of with and without surcharge in
cohesionless and cohesive soils - Culmanns and Rebhans graphical construction for active earth pressure- Friction
circle method for passive earth pressure.
Site investigation and soil exploration: Objectives - Planning -Reconnaissance Depth of exploration - Methods of
subsurface exploration - test pits -auger borings wash boring - rotary drilling percussion drilling core drilling
Sampling - Types of soil samples- Split spoon sampler - Thin walled sampler Piston sampler-Denison sampler hand cut samples - Location of water table - S.P.T. - Field vane shear test - Geophysical methods (in brief) - Boring
log - Soil profile.
Module 3 (12 hours)
Bearing capacity: Ultimate and allowable bearing capacity - Terzaghis equation for bearing capacity for continuous
circular and square footings Types of shear failures Bearing capacity factors and charts - Effect of water table on
bearing capacity Meyerhoffs bearing capacity theory - Skemptons formulae Bearing capacity from field tests Bearing capacity from building codes - Net bearing pressure - Methods of improvement of soil bearing capacity: vibro
flotation and sand drains.
Settlement analysis: Distribution of contact pressure - Immediate and consolidation settlement - Estimation of initial
and final settlement under building loads - Limitations in settlement computation - Causes of settlement - Permissible,
total and differential settlements - Cracks and effects of settlement.
Foundation - general consideration:Functions of foundations - Requisites of satisfactory foundations - Different
types of foundations - Definition of shallow and deep foundation - Selection of type of foundation - Advantages and
limitations of various types of foundations - Design considerations - Footings subjected to eccentric loading conventional procedure for proportioning footings for equal settlements.
Module 4 (11 hours)
Open excavation: Open foundation excavations with unsupported slopes - Supports for shallow and deep excavations
- Stress distribution in sheeting and bracing of shallow and deep excavations - Stability of bottom of excavations.
Raft foundations: Bearing capacity equations - Design considerations Conventional design procedure for rigid mat Uplift pressures - Methods of resisting uplift - Floating foundations.
Pile foundations: Uses of piles - Classification of piles based on purpose and material - Determination of type and
length of piles -Determination of bearing capacity of axially loaded single vertical pile - (static and dynamic formulae)
- Determination of bearing capacity by penetration tests and pile load tests (IS methods) - Negative skin friction Group action and pile spacing - Analysis of pile groups - Load distribution by Culmanns method.
Note: Structural designs of foundations are not contemplated in this course. Self study on Caissons and piers should be
encouraged to the students.
References
1. Joseph, E., and Bowles, Foundation Analysis and Design, McGraw-Hill, 1996
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

61

National Institute of Technology Calicut

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Gopal Ranjan and A. S. R. Rao, Basic and Applied Soil Mechanics, New Age International, 2005.
Leonards, G. A., Foundation Engineering, McGraw Hill, 1962.
Teng, W. C., Foundation Design, PHI, 1984
Tomlinson, M. J., Foundation Design and Construction, Pitman, 2001.
Terzaghi and Peck, Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice, Asia Publishing, 1996
Arora, K. R., Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Standard Publications, 2009.
Murthy, V. N. S., Soil Mechanics and Foundations, 2009.
Iqubal, H. Khan, Geo-technical Engineering, 1999
Punmia, B. C., Soil Mechanics and Foundations, Laxmi, 2005.

Course Outcomes
The student will be able to
1. Suggest a suitable type of Soil investigation technique for a particular site and structure.
2. To decide up on the type of field tests required, if any.
3. To estimate the bearing capacity of soils,
4. To design both shallow and deep foundations.
5. To estimate the probable settlements of foundations.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

62

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3005 TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING - I


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
6. To enhance knowledge about classification of roads, highway alignment and geometric design of roads.
7. To get acquainted with the elements of traffic engineering and principles of intersection design.
8. To develop an understanding of pavement material characterisation and methods of flexible and rigid pavement
design.
9. To be familiar with the methods of construction of different types of roads.
Module 1 (11 hours)
Highway Classification, Alignment and Geometrical Design: Introduction - Highway development in India Classification of roads - Typical cross sections of roads in urban and rural area - Requirements and factors controlling
alignment of roads -Engineering surveys for highway location - Pavement surface characteristics - Camber and width
requirements - Sight distances - stopping and overtaking sight distances, overtaking zone requirements - Design of
horizontal alignment -speed, radius, super elevation, methods of providing super elevation, extra widening of
pavements, transition curves - Design of vertical alignment - gradient, grade compensation, summit curves and valley
curves - worked out problems on all the above topics.
Module 2 (9 hours)
Traffic engineering: Introduction - Road user, vehicle and traffic characteristics - Speed and volume studies - Simple
worked out problems - Principles of design of at-grade intersections - Simple layouts - Objectives, classification and
uses of traffic signs and markings - Design of isolated signals by Websters method.
Module 3 (12 hours)
Pavement Materials and Design: Desirable properties and testing of highway materials: road aggregates, bituminous
materials and subgrade soil Superpave - Factors influencing the design of pavements - CBR method and IRC
guidelines of flexible pavements design - Design of rigid pavements using IRC charts BBD method of Flexible
Overlay Design - worked out problems Introduction to Mechanistic Empirical Pavement Design.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Pavement Construction and Maintenance: Historical development of road construction - Construction of earth
roads, WBM roads, stabilized roads, bituminous pavements, cement concrete roads and joints in cement concrete roads
- Types and causes of failures in flexible & rigid pavements Remedial Measures Recycling of pavements.
References
1. Khanna, S. K., and Justo, C. E. G., Highway Engineering, Nemchand and Bros, 2001, Roorkee.
2. Kadiyali, L. R., and Lal, N. B., Principles and Practices of Highway Engineering, Khanna Publishers, 2008.
3. O Flaherty, C. A., Highway-Traffic Planning and Engineering, Edward Arnold., 1986
4. Yoder and Witczak, Principles of Pavement Design, John Wiley and Sons, 1975
5. IRC: 37-2001, Guidelines for the Design of Flexible Pavements, IRC 2001
6. IRC: 58-2002, Guidelines for the Design of Rigid Pavements, IRC 2002
7. IRC:15-2002, Standard Specifications and Code of Practice for Construction of Concrete Roads
8. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways Specifications for Roads and Bridges, 2004
9. David Croney, The Design and Performance of Road Pavements, McGraw Hill, 1997
10. Paul H. Wright and Karen Dixon, Highway Engineering, Wiley, 2003
Course Outcomes :
1. Fix the alignment of road sections and design the elements of horizontal and vertical alignment.
2. Suggest improvement measures for intersection related problems and design improvement measures such as
isolated traffic signal.
3. Identify and test the properties of pavement component materials
4. Design flexible and rigid pavement structures.
5. Identify probable causes of failures of pavements and suggest remedial measures.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

63

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3006 ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES IN CIVIL ENGINEERING


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 56

T
1

P
0

C
3

Course Objective
1.
Introduce various ecosystems, their functioning, role and biodiversity
2.
Discuss the effects of environmental pollution on various ecosystems
3.
Introduce various environmental laws and regulations related with ecosystem protection
4.
Discuss the scope of environmental engineering in ecosystem protection
5.
Introduce the water supply schemes adopted in the society and the concepts related to population forecasting
Module 1 (16 hours)
Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies. Renewable and non-renewable resources and problems associated
with overexploitation forests, water, minerals, food, energy, land. Role of an individual in conservation of natural
resources, Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.
Concept of an ecosystem, Structure and functions of an ecosystem, Producers, consumers and decomposers, Energy
flow, Ecological succession, Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids, Types, characteristic features, structure
and functions of the following ecosystems forests, grasslands, deserts, and aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams,
lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries).
Biodiversity Definition, Genetic, species and ecosystem diversity, Biogeographical classification of India, Value of
biodiversity, India as a mega-diversity nation, Hot-sports of biodiversity, Threats to biodiversity, Endangered and
endemic species of India, Conservation of biodiversity - insitu and exsitu conservation of biodiversity.
Module 2 (16 hours)
Environmental pollution Definition, causes, effects and control measures (general) for water, soil, marine, noise, and
thermal pollution. Nuclear hazards. Air pollution and control sources, pollutants and their health effects, particulate
and gaseous pollution control devices (fundamentals), settling chambers, electrostatic precipitators, cyclones, wet
collectors, gas absorption by tray and packed towers. Solid waste management Generation, on site handling and
storage, transfer and transport, processing, resource recovery, treatment and disposal. Role of an individual in
prevention of pollution. Case studies. Social Issues and the Environment - from unsustainable to sustainable
development. Environmental ethics - Issues and possible solutions.
Legislation in India - Environment Protection Act, Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, Water (Prevention
and Control of Pollution) Act, Wildlife Protection Act, Forest Conservation Act, Other acts, Issues involved in
enforcement of environmental legislation, Public awareness.
Human population and the environment - Population growth, Family welfare programme, Environment and human
health, Human rights, HIV/AIDS, Women and child welfare, Role of Information Technology in environment and
human health.
Module 3 (9 hours)
Scope of Environmental Engineering. Material balance, flow models and reactors, energy balance. Quality of water
water quality parameters - drinking water standards - effects on human health- physical, chemical and bacteriological
analysis of water.
Module 4 (11 hours)
Water supply schemes gravitational, pumping and combined schemes. Pumps and Pumping stations. Transmission
of water materials of water supply pipes, distribution systems, different layouts of pipe networks, house connection
from mains, valves, meters and hydrants, storage and balancing reservoirs, detection and prevention of leaks in
distribution systems and maintenance.
Field work (equivalent to 4 lecture hours)
Students crediting this course are required to visit a local area and document environmental assets (river, forest,
grassland, hill, mountain etc.); or visit a local polluted site (Urban, Rural, Industrial, Agricultural etc.) and make a
preliminary assessment the socio-environmental impact; or study common plants, insects, birds; or study simple
ecosystems (pond, river, hill slopes, etc.).
Note : This course covers all topics for the Environmental Studies course stipulated by Honourable Supreme Court of
India. Topics relevant for Civil Engg. profession are additionally included.
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

64

National Institute of Technology Calicut

References
1. Bharucha, E., Textbook of Environmental Studies, University Press, New Delhi, 2005.
2. Nambiar, K. R., Textbook of Environmental Studies, Sci Tech Publications India (P) Ltd., 2009
3. Modi, P. N., Water Supply Engineering, Standard Book House, New Delhi, 2010.
4. Birdie, G. S., and Birdie, J. S., Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering, Dhanpat Rai and Sons, New Delhi, 2007.
5. Garg, S. K., Environmental Engineering, Vol. I, Khanna Publications, New Delhi, 2008.
6. Duggal, K. N., Elements of Environmental Engineering, S Chand and Co. Ltd., New Delhi, 2008.
7. Sawyer and McCarty, Chemistry for Environmental Engg., Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2003.
8. Relevant BIS Codes.
Course outcomes
After the completion of the course, the student will be able to
1.
2.
3.
4.

Understand the functioning of an ecosystem and take steps to restore an affected ecosystem
Incorporate the concept of sustainability and ecological balance in the design of various civil engineering systems
Identify different water constituents present in water systems
Forecast the population and design water supply schemes
CE3091 BUILDING DESIGN AND DRAWING
L
0

Prerequisite: CE2007 Functional Design of Buildings


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
3

C
2

Course Objectives
1. Introduce the concepts for Planning, designing of Residential building- flat and pitched roof, economic domestic
units, cottages, bungalows and building flats.
2. Introduce the concepts for Planning, designing of Public building small public utility shelters, dispensaries,
banks, schools, offices, libraries, hostels, restaurants, commercial complexes, factories etc.
3. To introduce the knowledge for preparation of site plans and service plans as per Building Rules
4. To discuss the preparation of detailed drawings for Septic Tank and Soak Pit .
5. To discuss the preparation for Plumbing, water supply and drainage for buildings.
References
1. SP 7:2005,National Building Code of India
2. Local Building Bye-laws
3. Callender, John Hancock, Time Saver Standards for Architectural Design Data, McGraw Hill, 2000.
4. Chiara, Callender, John Hancock, Time Saver Standards for Building Type, McGraw Hill, 2001.
5. Chiara, Joseph De, Time Saver Standards for Site Planning, McGraw Hill, 1999.
6. Ching, Francis D K, Architectural Graphics. .John Wiley, 2009.
7. Ching, Frank, Architecture Form, Space and Order.John Wiley, 2007.
8. Ramsey Sleeper, Architectural Graphic Standards, John Wiley, 2001.
9. Scott Robert Gillan, Design Fundamentals, Mc-Graw Hill, 1951.
10. Tessie Agan M.S., The House, Its Plan & Use, Oxford and IBH Publishing Co., 2000.
11. IS 5533 : 1969, Recommendation for Dimensions of Spaces for Human Activities. B.I.S
12. IS 4963 : 1987, Recommendation for Buildings and facilities for the Physically Handicapped. B.I.S
13. Shaw and Kale, Building Drawing, Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishers, 2000.
14. Balagopal T S Prabhu, Building Drawing and Detailing, Spades Publishers, 2007.
Course outcomes
1. Plan and design from given requirements of areas & specifications and preparation of sketch design and working
drawings for Residential building- flat and pitched roof, economic domestic units, cottages, bungalows and
building flats.
2. Plan and design from given requirements of Public building small public utility shelters, dispensaries, banks,
schools, offices, libraries, hostels, restaurants, commercial complexes, factories etc.
3. Prepare site plans and service plans as per Building Rules.
4. Prepare detailed drawings of Septic tank and Soak Pit.
5. Prepare detailed drawings for Plumbing, water supply and drainage for buildings
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

65

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3092 GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY


L
0

Prerequisite: CE2009 Geosciences


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
3

C
2

Course Objectives
To acquire knowledge about:
1.
Different types of soils and their characteristics.
2.
Different tests to determine the physical and engineering properties of soils.
3.
Different types of field tests related to soil identification and classification.
List of experiments:
1.
Specific gravity of coarse and fine grained soils
2.
Grain size analysis (a) Sieve analysis (b) Pipette analysis
3.
Atterbergs limits and indices
4.
Determination of field density (a) sand replacement method, (b) Core cutter method
5.
Determination of coefficient of permeability by (a) Constant head method, (b) Variable head method
6.
Consolidation test
7.
Compaction test (a) IS light compaction test, (b) IS heavy compaction test
8.
California Bearing Ratio test
9.
Direct shear test
10.
Triaxial shear test
11.
Unconfined compressive strength test
12.
Laboratory vane shear test
Course Outcomes
The student will be able to
1.
Identify different types of soils both in the laboratory and filed.
2.
Determine their physical and engineering properties
3.
Conduct field density / field CBR tests
4.
Operate the different Soil testing equipment.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

66

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3007 STRUCTURAL DESIGN - II


Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
1

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To understand the basic principles of structural design of steel and timber structures
2. To expose the stake holders to the various steel design codes, standard steel structural steel sections as per BIS.
3. To familiarize with the limit state design of structural steel elements ties, struts, beams, columns, column bases
and connections.
4. To understand the wind load analysis and design of roof trusses, purlins, bracings etc.
5. To know about the classification and allowable stresses in various species of timber.
6. To be familiar with the design of timber beams, columns, formwork etc.
Module 1 (11 hours)
General - Introduction to connections - analysis and design of riveted, bolted and welded joints for direct force and
moment - struts and ties made of single and double angles.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Design of steel girders
Analysis and design of laterally restrained unrestrained simple and compound beams open web girders
castellated beamsdeflection criteria - check for shear.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Design of compression members
Axially and eccentrically loaded compression members - built up columns - lacings and battens - design of column
bases.
Module 4 (11 hours)
Introduction to steel roof systems
Design of roof trusses design of roofing elements and purlin wind bracings.
Design of timber structures.
Classification and allowable stresses - design of beams for flexure, shear and bearing - deflection criteria - design of
solid and built-up columns-flitched beam formwork design.
References
1. Subramanian, N., Design of Steel Structures, Oxford University Press, 2008
2. Bhavikatti, S. S., Design of Steel Structures, I K International Publishing House (P) Ltd., 2009
3. Duggal, S. K., Limit State of Design of Steel Structures, Tata McGraw Hill, 2010.
4. Ramchandra, Design of Steel Structures Vol I and II, Standard book house , 1991
5. Dayaratnam, P., Design of Steel Structures, (Wheeler),1998
6. Negi, L. S., Design of Steel Structures Vol. I, Tata McGraw Hill, 2005.
7. Raghupathi, M., Design of Steel Structures, Tata McGraw Hill, 1985
8. Lin and Breslar, Design of Steel Structures, John Wiley and Sons, 1963
9. Relevant BIS codes (IS 800, SP:6 Part 1 to 6, IS 883).
Course Outcomes
1. To do analysis and design of structural steel roof trusses, purlins bracings etc.
2. To decide upon the type of structural steel connections.
3. To design steel girders - simple and compound beams, open web girders and castellated beams
4. To design both axially and eccentrically loaded columns and column bases.
5. To design timber structures.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

67

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3008 TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING - II


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course objectives
1. To enhance knowledge about the various components and geometric design of railways.
2. To get acquainted with the various techniques and principles of railway operation, control, construction and
maintenance.
3. To develop an understanding of tunnel alignment, methods of tunneling, ventilation, lining, drainage and lighting
of tunnels.
4. Gain insight to the various principles underlying the airport planning and designs.
Module 1 (10 hours)
Components & Geometric Design of Railways: Introduction - Typical cross-sections -Various gauges -Coning of
wheels and tilting of rails - Functions and requirements of component parts of a railway track -Creep of rails Geometrical design of railway track Horizontal curves, radius, super elevation, cant deficiency, transition curves, safe
speed on curves, different types of gradients, grade compensation - worked out problems - Modern Track based
Systems
Module 2 (10 hours)
Railway Operation and Control: Points and crossings and their design -Track junctions and simple track layouts Details of different types of stations and yards - Signaling and interlocking Train movement control systems.
Railway Construction and Maintenance: Construction of railway track: earthwork, plate laying and packing Maintenance of track-alignment - gauge, renewal of component parts and drainage, modern methods of track
maintenance
Module 3 (10 hours)
Tunneling: Tunnel alignment and grade - Size and shape of a tunnel - Methods of tunneling in hard rocks - full face
method, heading and bench method, drift method -Methods of tunneling in soft soils - compressed air and shield
tunneling - Shafts in tunnels - Ventilation of tunnel and various methods - Lining of tunnels - Drainage and lighting of
tunnels Micro Tunneling Trenchless technology
Module 4 (12 hours)
Airport planning and Design: Introduction - Aircraft characteristics and their influence on planning of airports Airport obstructions and zoning - Component parts of airport and site selection - Runway design - Orientation, basic
runway length, corrections and geometric design - Design of taxiways and aprons - Terminal area planning - Facilities
in terminal area and their planning concepts, aircraft parking configurations -Airport drainage system - surface and
subsurface drainage systems and their design
References
1. Agarwal, M. M.,and Sathish Chandra, Railway Engineering, Oxford University, 2008
2. Khanna, S. K., and Arora, M. G., Airport Planning and Design, Nemchand and Bros, 2005.
3. Antia, K. F., Railway Track, New Book Company Pvt. Ltd, 1960.
4. Horonjeff, R., Planning and Design of Airports, McGraw-Hill Professional, 2010
5. Mundrey, J. S., Railway Track Engineering, TMGS, 2003.
6. Richard de Neufville, Airport Systems: Planning, Design, and Management, McGraw-Hill Professional; 2003
7. Alexander, T. Wells, Airport Planning and Management, McGraw-Hill Professional; 2004
Course outcomes
1. Design a railway track and various components such as points & crossings, for the given conditions.
2. Identify signaling and interlocking systems required for train movement control.
3. Draw the track maintenance schedule.
4. Select the appropriate tunneling method and tunnel lining.
5. Identify requirements, sizing and siting of airport and airside facilities.
6. Design runway, taxiway, apron, parking facilities and airport drainage systems

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

68

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3009 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING


Prerequisite: CE3006 Environmental Studies in Civil Engineering
Total hours: 56

L
3

T
1

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To discuss the various systems of water supply, and factors affecting the water supply and its scheme(s)
2. To make the students familiar with various water constituents, water treatment systems and their working
mechanisms
3. Introduce the wastewater characterization procedures and wastewater treatment methods
4. To familiarize the different approaches of wastewater disposal and reuse methods
5. Introduce the various types of sanitary fixtures and sewage collection systems
Module 1 (12 hours)
Water Supply Engineering Quantity of water, types of water demand, fluctuation in demand, factors affecting
consumption, forecasting population design period. Sources of water surface water sources, intakes, ground water
sources. Design of gravity and pumping mains.
Module 2 (16 hours)
Treatment of water (process details and design considerations) aeration, coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation,
filtration, disinfection. Miscellaneous and advanced treatment methods removal of iron and manganese, fluoridation
and defluoridation, water softening, arsenic removal, desalination, membrane filtration.
Module 3 (16 hours)
Wastewater characteristics sampling, different types of oxygen demand, population equivalent.
Preliminary treatment of wastewater screens, grit chamber, detritus tank, sedimentation tank.
Biological treatment (process details and design considerations) - Activated sludge process, Trickling filter, Oxidation
pond.
Anaerobic treatment- Anaerobic digesters, Septic tank and soak pit.
Module 4 (12 hours)
Wastewater disposal disposal into stream fundamentals of stream sanitation- disposal by irrigation sludge
treatment and disposal.
Sanitary plumbing - sanitary fixtures, systems of piping, house drainage, connection of house drains and street sewers.
Systems of sewerage. Dry weather flow and wet weather flow. Sewers and sewer appurtenances, sewage pumping,
maintenance of sewers.
References
1. Modi, P. N., Sewage Treatment and Disposal and Wastewater Engineering, Standard Book House, New Delhi,
2008.
2. Birdie, G. S., and Birdie, J. S., Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering, Dhanpat Rai and Sons, New Delhi, 2007.
3. Garg, S. K., Environmental Engineering, Vol. II, Khanna Publications, New Delhi, 2009.
4. Duggal, K. N., Elements of Environmental Engineering, S Chand and Co. Ltd., New Delhi, 2008.
5. Mark J. Hammer and Mark J. Hammer Jr., Water and Waste Water Technology, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.,
New Delhi, 2009.
6. Ernest W. Steel and Terence J. Mc Ghee, Water Supply and Sewerage, McGraw Hill, New York, 1991.
7. Ehlers, V. M. and Steel, E. W., Municipal and Rural Sanitation, McGraw Hill, 2009.
8. Fair, Geyer and Okun, Water and Wastewater Engineering, John Wiley and sons, Inc., 2010
9. Metcalf and Eddy, Wastewater Engineering Treatment, Disposal and Reuse, Tata McGraw Hill, 2007.
10. Kiely, G., Environmental Engineering, McGraw Hill, McGraw Hill, 2009.
11. Relevant BIS Codes.
Course outcomes
1. Forecast the population and design water supply schemes
2. Identify the various constituents present in water and wastewater samples
3. Design water and wastewater treatment units
4. Identify a suitable wastewater disposal method for domestic sewage
5. Select suitable need based sanitary fixture(s) for any civil engineering work.
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

69

National Institute of Technology Calicut

ME3093 FLUIDS LABORATORY.


L
0

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours : 42

T
0

P
3

C
2

List of Exercises
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Study of plumbing tools and pipe fittings


Study of instruments pressure gauge piezometer manometer pressure transducers pitot tubes
Demonstration of Bernoullis theorem
Determination of friction factor for flow through pipes
Calibration of flow measuring devices venturimeter orifice meter nozzlemeter notches and weirs
Performance characteristics of pumps and turbines Pelton turbine Francis turbine - centrifugal pumps reciprocating pumps - gear pumps.

CE3094 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY


Prerequisite: CE3009 Environmental Engineering or its concurrent registration
Total hours: 42

L
0

T
0

P
3

C
2

Course Objectives
To attain knowledge about:
1. Different types of water pollutants
2. Standard protocols for the accurate determination of water pollutants in a given sample
3. Different instrumental techniques used for water pollutants analysis

List of experiments:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Determination of solids (total, dissolved, organic, inorganic and settleable) in water


Determination of turbidity and the optimum coagulant dose
Determination of alkalinity and pH of water
Determination of hardness and chlorides in water
Determination of iron and manganese in water
Determination of sulphates and sulphides in water
Determination of D.O and B.O.D of waste water
Determination of available chlorine in bleaching powder and the chlorine dose required to treat the given water
sample
9. Determination of coliforms in water
10. Demonstration of instrumental methods of pollutant analysis
References
1.
2.

Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater (latest edition): APHA, AWWA, WPCF
Publication.
Relevant BIS codes

Course outcomes
1.
Select/pick-up a suitable standard protocol for accurate analysis of water pollutants.
2.
Classify the water pollutants into different categories
3.
Determine the suitability of a given water sample for different purposes
4.
Design water sampling protocols

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

70

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4001 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING


Prerequisite: All subjects upto and including 4th semester
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course objectives
1. To know about numerical methods and its importance in civil engineering
2. To understand the various methods to solve linear algebraic and transcendental equations, system of linear
algebraic equations, eigenvalue problems and interpolation problems
3. To be aware of the methods for numerical differentiation and integration and numerical solution of ordinary
differential equations
4. To familiarize with the optimisation problems including both linear and nonlinear programming problems.
A. Numerical Methods in Civil Engineering
Module 1 (12 hours)
Introduction to Numerical Methods in Civil Engineering: importance of numerical methods in civil engineering sources of errors in numerical methods - number representations - fixed and floating point numbers - significant digits
- round off errors - development of computer algorithms - pseudo code
Solution of Algebraic and Transcendental Equations in One Variable: bisection method - method of false position
- Newton-Raphson method - successive approximation method - development of computer algorithms for each of the
above methods
System of Linear Algebraic Equations: solution of linear algebraic equations using Gauss elimination method and
LU decomposition method - solution by iterative method - conditions of convergence-III conditioned system of
equations.
Applications in Civil Engineering Problems
Module 2 (10 hours)
Eigen Value Problems: determination of eigen values and eigen vectors by Power method and Jacobis method
Interpolation: Newtons formulae - Gauss formulae - Lagrangian interpolation - Cubic spline interpolation
Applications in Civil Engineering Problems
Module 3 (10 hours)
Numerical differentiation and integration: numerical differentiation using Newtons formula - maximum and
minimum values of tabulated functions - numerical integration - trapezoidal formula - Simpsons formulae and Gauss
quadrature - development of computer algorithms for numerical integration
Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations: Taylors series method - Eulers method - Runge-Kutta
method - finite difference method for the solution of boundary value problems
Applications in Civil Engineering Problems
B. Optimisation Methods in Civil Engineering
Module 4 (10 hours)
Linear programming problems: statement of an optimisation problem - linear and nonlinear programming problems
- standard form of linear programming problems - applications of linear programming in civil engineering
Introduction to nonlinear programming problems: (outline only - descriptive questions only are expected) difficulties in nonlinear programming problems - unconstrained optimization problems - unimodal function - search
methods - one dimensional minimization methods - Fibonacci and golden section methods - examples of one
dimensional minimization problems in civil engineering.
References
1. Sastry, S. S., Introductory Methods of Numerical Analysis, Prentice Hall of India, 2003.
2. Scarborough, J. B., Numerical Mathematical Analysis, Oxford and IBH, 1971
3. Chapra, S. C., and Canale, R. P., Numerical Methods for Engineers, McGraw Hill, Inc., 2007
4. Rao S. S., Engineering Optimization - Theory and Applications, New Age International Publishers, 2007.
Course outcomes
1. To choose a suitable numerical method for an application problem in civil engineering.
2. To solve problems using numerical methods with a required accuracy.
3. To explain the theoretical background of the numerical methods and optimisation techniques.
4. To write algorithm for the numerical methods and optimisation techniques so that computer programmes can be
coded systematically.
5. To assess the error involved in a numerical method.
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

71

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4002 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS - III


L
3

Prerequisite: CE3001 Structural Analysis - II


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To review knowledge about static and kinematic indeterminacies of structures, with the force and displacement
methods of analysis of indeterminate structures.
2. To analyse statically and indeterminate structures using matrix flexibility method
3. To analyse statically and indeterminate structures using matrix stiffness method
4. To analyse multi-storey frames subjected to lateral and vertical loads using approximate methods like portal
method, cantilever method and by using substitute frames.
5. To analyse special structures likes cables, suspension bridges and arches
Module 1 (8 hours)
Approximate methods of analysis of multi-storey frames
Analysis for vertical load - substitute frames - loading condition for maximum positive and negative bending moment
in beams and maximum bending moment in columns - analysis for lateral load - portal method - cantilever method.
Module 2 (15 hours)
Matrix analysis of structures
Review of Static and kinematic indeterminacy - force and displacement methods of analysis - definition of flexibility
and stiffness influence coefficients - development of flexibility matrices by physical approach
Flexibility method
Flexibility matrices for truss and frame elements - load transformation matrix - development of total flexibility matrix
of the structure - analysis of simple structures - plane truss and plane frame - nodal loads and element loads - lack of fit
and temperature effects
Module 3 (11 hours)
Stiffness method
Development of stiffness matrices by physical approach - stiffness matrices for truss and frame elements displacement transformation matrix - development of total stiffness matrix - analysis of simple structures - plane truss
and plane frame - nodal loads and element loads - lack of fit and temperature effects
Module 4 (8 hours)
Cables, suspension bridges and arches
Analysis of forces in cables - suspension bridges with three-hinged and two-hinged stiffening girders - theory of arches
- Eddys theorem - analysis of three-hinged and two-hinged arches - settlement and temperature effects.
References
1. Menon, D., Advanced Structural Analysis, Narosa publishers, 2008.
2. Weaver, W., and Gere, J.M., Matrix Analysis of Framed Structures, CBS Publishers, 2004.
3. Reddy, C. S., Basic Structural Analysis, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2007.
4. Negi, L. S., and Jangid, R. S., Structural Analysis, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2006.
5. Wang, C. K., Intermediate Structural Analysis, McGraw-Hill, 1989.
6. Wilbur, J. B., Norris, C. H., and Utku, S., Elementary Structural Analysis, McGraw-Hill, 2006.
7. Hibbler, R. C., Structural Analysis, Pearson Education, 2006
8. Rajasekaran, S., and Sankarasubramanian, G., Computational Structural Mechanics, PHI
Course Outcomes
1. To analyse statically determinate and indeterminate trusses, beams and frames using matrix flexibility method.
2. To analyse statically determinate and indeterminate trusses, beams and frames using matrix stiffness method.
3. To analyze cables, suspension bridges with three-hinged and two-hinged stiffening girders and statically
determinate and indeterminate arches
4. Determine bending moment, shear force and axial force in the frames subjected lateral and vertical loads using
approximate methods.
5. Thus, to equip the students with the comprehensive methods of structural analysis and to attain ability to pursue
higher studies in Civil Engineering.
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

72

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4003 WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING - II


L
3

Prerequisite: CE3003 Water Resources Engineering - I


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To acquire knowledge on different aspects pertaining to reservoir planning, reservoir capacity estimation and
reservoir life.
2. To study different types of dams and their basic design principles and to understand in detail the design principles
of gravity dams.
3. To gain knowledge on conventional and non-conventional energy sources and related terminology, present status
etc and to study in detail different components of a typical hydropower plant.
4. To study methods used for flood frequency analysis, flow routing and dam break analysis.
5. To understand river training and flood control works and canal lining and water logging.
Module 1 (16 hours)
Reservoirs and Dams
Reservoirs - Types of reservoirs, Investigations for reservoir planning, Site selection, Zones of storage, Reservoir
yield, Mass curve, Determination of reservoir capacity and safe yield from a reservoir, single and multipurpose
projects, reservoir losses and control, reservoir sedimentation and control, useful life of a reservoir.
Dams - Types of dams, Factors influencing selection of the type of dam and site, investigations.
Gravity dams forces and load combinations for design, modes of failure and stability requirements, elementary and
practical profiles, joints, keys, water stops, openings and galleries, temperature control and foundation treatment.
Arch dams types, forces, and preliminary design.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Hydropower
Conventional and non-conventional energy sources, Classification of hydroelectric power plants, Comparison of
hydropower with other sources of power, Status of hydroelectric power development in the world and in India,
Terminology, Components of a typical hydropower plant, Storage and pondage, Flow duration curve, Firm and
secondary power, Load factor and capacity factor, Water hammer and cavitation, Penstock, Surge tanks, Turbines and
generators, Selection of suitable types of turbines, Major hydroelectric power plants in the world and in India.
Module 3 (8 hours)
Floods and Water Excess Management
Determination of the design storm and the design flood hydrograph, Estimation of flood peak by rational and empirical
methods, Flood frequency analysis, Standard Project Flood and Probable Maximum Flood, Hydraulics of excess water
management, Approximate models, Flow routing storage and channel routing, dam break problem.
Module 4 (8 hours)
River Engineering and Drainage
Classification of rivers, objectives of river training, classification of river training works, methods of river training.
Flood control- Structural and non-structural methods of flood control.
Water logging and its control, Land drainage, Canal lining and maintenance. Design of lined canals.
References
1. Modi, P. N., Irrigation, Water Resources, and Water Power Engineering, Standard Book House, 2008.
2. Garg, S. K., Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures, Khanna Publishers, 2004.
3. Dandekar, M. M., Water Power Engineering, Vikas Publishing House, 2002.
4. Ven Te Chow et. al., Applied Hydrology, Mc Graw-Hill Book Co, New York, 1988.
5. Subramanya, K., Engineering Hydrology, Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishers, New Delhi, 2008.
6. Linsley et. al, Water Resources Engineering, Mc Graw-Hill International Edition, 1992.
7. Mays, L. W., Water Resources Handbook, Mc Graw Hill International Edition, 1996.
Course Outcomes
1. To perform planning and investigation for siting reservoirs.
2. To perform preliminary analysis and design of gravity dams.
3. To perform flood routing studies, dam breach analysis and flood frequency analysis.
4. To perform preliminary analysis and design of hydropower structures.
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

73

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4091 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS LABORATORY


Prerequisite: All subjects upto and including 4th semester
Total hours: 42

L
0

T
0

P
3

C
2

Course objectives
1. To familiarize and give hands on training to students in the following areas of Civil Engineering Application
software
2. To familiarize the students with different application softwares used in surveying, structural analysis and design,
water resources, geotechnical engineering, road/railway etc.
Objective: To familiarize and give hands on training to students in the following areas of Civil Engineering
Application software
1. Drafting and documentation
2. Surveying terrain mapping, computation of areas and volumes
3. Structural Analysis and Design
4. Water resources
5. Geotechnical Engineering
6. Road/Railway system
7. Environmental Engineering
8. Estimation and costing
9. Project management
Recommended packages
1.
Auto CAD, Microstation, MS Office, Matlab, Grapher/Sigma plot
2.
Moss, AutoCivil, Intergraph
3.
SAP2000, STAADPRO
4.
Water CAD, Flow master
5.
Win log, Geoslope, Beurcap
6.
InRoads
7.
MS Project
Course outcomes
1. Carry out various civil engineering related works related to surveying, structural analysis and design, water
resources, geotechnical engineering, road/railway, using the popular softwares for these applications.
2. Carry out typical drafting and documentation works.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

74

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4092 SEMINAR
L
0

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours : 28

T
0

P
2

C
1

Course objectives:
To train the students:
1. to identify the relevant and recent topics of interest to the civil engineering community
2. collect, assimilate and document the relevant information
3.effectively present the above to a civil engineering audience using a variety of presentation tools, both software and
hardware.
Individual students will be asked to choose a topic in any field of Civil Engineering, preferably from outside the
B.Tech syllabus and give seminar on the topic for about thirty minutes. A committee consisting of at least three
faculty members specialized on different fields of engineering will assess the presentation of the seminars and award
the marks to the students. Each student will be asked to submit two copies of a write up of the seminar talk one copy
will be returned to the student after duly certifying by the Chairman of the assessing committee and the other copy will
be kept in the departmental library.
Course outcomes
The student would be able to:
1. identify and select any topic of interest to civil engineering community
2. effectively present the information using a variety of modern presentation tools
CE4098 PROJECT
Prerequisite: All subjects upto and including 6th semester
Total hours: 84

L
0

T
0

P
6

C
3

Course objectives
1. To build professional competance and confidence in students to take up civil engg assignments
2. To identify the needs and requirements of a specific civil engg task
3. To plan and design the task at hand with the help of appropriate conventional and modern methods/tools
4. To prepare professional documentation for the work carried out.
The project work will be a design project experimental project field surveying or computer oriented on any of the
topics of civil engineering interest.
The assessment of the project will be done at the end of the semester by a committee consisting of three or four faculty
members specialized in various fields of Civil Engineering. The students will present their project work before the
committee. The complete project report is not expected at the end this semester. However a six to ten page typed
report based on the work done will have to be submitted by the students to the assessing committee. The project
guides will award the grades to the individual students depending on the group average awarded by the committee.
Course outcomes
The student would be able to:
1. build professional competence and confidence in students to take up civil engineering assignments
2. identify the needs and requirements of a specific civil engineering task
3. plan and design the task at hand with the help of appropriate conventional and modern methods/tools
4. prepare professional documentation for the work carried out.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

75

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4004 ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
4. To acquire knowledge in fundamentals of business Economics and management.
5. To familiarize various sources of fund to starting a business, and determine the feasibility for starting a business
project
6. To understand the financial statements published by companies
Module 1 (12 hours)
Organisations and their Economic Environment
Definition of Economics and Managerial Economics Nature and Scope Definition and Concept of Good, Want,
Value, Wealth, Utility Utility and Demand Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility Assumptions and Importance.
Demand and Supply Law of Demand and Law of Supply. Market price and natural price. Standard market formsMonopoly, Perfect competition. Organisational forms- Proprietorship, partnership, Joint Stock Company
Cooperative organisation.
Module 2 (10hours)
Macroeconomics
Money- nature and functions Inflation and Deflation Kinds of Banking commercial banks Central banking
Credit instrument - Monetary Policy International trade Balance of trade and Balance of Payments taxation
Direct and Indirect taxes Impact and Incidence of tax- Concept of National
Income Features with reference to developing countries.
Module 3 (8 hours)
Introduction to Management
Management Theory- Characteristics of management Systems Approach to management Concepts of goal,
objective, strategies, programmes. Decision making under certainty, uncertainty and risk Introduction to functional
areas of management Operations management, Human resources management, marketing management.
Module 4 (12hours)
Financial and Inventory Management
Need for Financial Management Types of financing Short term and long term Borrowing Equity financing
Analysis of Financial Statement balance sheet Profit and Loss account Fund flow statement Ratio Analysis .
Investment and Financial decision Financial control and Job control. Functions and objectives of Inventory
management Decision models Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) model sensitivity analysis of EOQ model,
Economic production lot size model inventory model with planned shortages Periodic order quantity single
period Inventory models Simulation model for inventory analysis.
References
1. Konni, Donnel C. O. and Weighnrich, H., Management, Eight Edition, McGraw Hill International Book Company,
1997.
2. Philip Kotler, Marketing Management, Prentice-Hall of India, Edition, 1998.
3. Plossl, G. W., Production and inventory control by,Prentice Hall, 2000.
4. Paul A Samuelson and William D Nardhaus , Economics, Mcgraw Hill International Edition, 1991.
5. Barthwal, R. R., Industrial Economics An Introductory Text Book, New Age International Pvt Ltd, 2000.
6. Aninnya Sen, Microeconomics Theory and Apoplications , OUP. 7. Sharma J.L., Construction management and
accounts, Sathya Prakashan, New Delhi, 1994.
7. Srinath, L. S., An Introduction to Project Management, Tata McGraw Hill publications, 1995
Course Outcomes
The student will be able to
4. Derive the economic and financial viability for a company
5. Identify the various investment opportunities and also determine various sources of fund for business
6. Understand the financial statement and make efficient decision on the financial status of the companies

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

76

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4005 CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT AND QUANTITY SURVEYING


Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 56

L
3

T
1

P
0

C
3

Course objectives
1. To familiarize the students with various aspects of CPM and PERT for planning and managing construction
activities
2. To enable students to prepare detailed estimates for buildings and water supply works
3. To familiarize students with various aspects of tendering, contract, project evaluation and control.
4. To prepare specifications for common construction materials and items of work as per IS
5. To prepare estimates and evaluation of properties.
Module 1 (16 hours)
Construction Management Network techniques introduction Bar charts use of CPM and PERT for planning
time estimates critical path updating crashing resource smoothing resource leveling critical chain method
linear scheduling method
Construction planning: Preparation of job layout labour schedule material schedule equipment schedule
Module 2 (14 hours)
Quantity surveying and budgeting: preparation of detailed estimates for buildings - reinforced concrete structures sanitary and water supply works project cost management learning curves construction project budgets
Module 3 (13 hours)
Project execution and monitoring Tendering contract contract documents measurements types of contracts
introduction to PPP inspection and quality control standardization organizations at national and international
level (BIS and ISO) role of certification project- project evaluation and control earned value concept
Module 4 (13 hours)
Preparation of specification for common materials of construction and items of work as per IS - analysis of rates and
preparation of abstract of estimate.
Introduction to valuation of real properties: Depreciation Sinking fund methods of valuation
References
1. Jeffry K Pinto, Project Management Achieving competitive Advantage, Pearson Publication, 2009
2. Peurifoy, R. L., and Clifford J Schexnayder., Construction Planning Equipment and Methods, McGraw Hill, 2006.
3. Dutta, B. N., Estimation and Costing in Civil Engg, UBSPD, 1992.
4. Chakrabarthi, Estimation, Costing, Specification in Civil Engg, , 1982.
5. Shah, N. A., Quantity Surveying and Specification in Civil Engg., 1981.
6. I.S 1200 (1968), Methods of Measurement of Building and Civil Engg. Works
7. Mahajan, S. P., Civil Estimating and Costing, Sathyaprakasham, 1988.
8. Jha, J., and Sinha ,S. K., Construction and Foundation Engineering, Khanna Publications
Course outcomes:
The student would be able to:
1.
use CPM and PERT for planning and managing construction activities
2.
prepare detailed estimates for buildings and water supply works
3.
understand various aspects of tendering, contract, project evaluation and control.
4.
prepare specifications for common construction materials and items of work as per IS.
5.
prepare estimates and evaluation of properties.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

77

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4006 PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE


Prerequisite: Completed upto and including third level courses and to have
undergone seventh semester core courses.
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
1

P
0

C
3

Course objectives:
1. To review broadly the core courses in the programme with emphasis on practical aspects
2. To give an exposure to the modern developments in relevant areas of Civil Engineering
3. To provide overall preparation for a wide range of roles in Civil Engineering Practice based upon broad technical
and professional practice guidelines
4. To give an understanding of the professional practice issues in Civil Engineering
Module 1 (10 hours.)
Topics in Survey, Functional Design and Construction
Review of topics with emphasis on Practical aspects covering broad contents of courses in Graphics, Surveying,
Functional Design and Building Drawing and other related areas.
Module 2 (11 hours.)
Topics in Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Review of topics with emphasis on Practical aspects covering broad contents of courses in Water Resources and
Environmental Engineering and other related areas.
Module 3 (10 hours.)
Topics in Geotechnical Engineering and Transportation Engineering
Review of topics with emphasis on Practical aspects covering broad contents of courses in Geotechnical Engineering
and Transportation Engineering and other related areas.
Module 4 (11 hours.)
Topics in Structural Engineering and Construction Management
Review of topics with emphasis on Practical aspects covering broad contents of courses in Structural Engineering and
Construction Management and other related areas.
All the modules will be simultaneously covered (preferably different faculty) with one hour/per week for each module.
Assessment may consist of written and/or oral examination In the case of oral examination a minimum of two
members of faculty to be involved in the assessment. All interim tests to have equal weightage for all modules. An
end semester oral assessment consisting of all topics to be held, preferably with at least one of the examiners from
outside course faculty.
References
1. Tyler G. Hicks. Handbook of Civil Engineering Calculations, Mc Graw Hill, 2007.
2. Wai-Fah Chen, J. Y. Richard Liew, Civil Engineering Handbook, Second Edition, Taylor and Francis Group,
LLC, 2006
3. Charles E. Reynolds and James C Steedman, Reinforced Concrete Designers Handbook. Tenth Edition, E and
FN Spon, 11, New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE, U.K, 2000
4. Editors Buick Davison and Graham W. Owens. Steel Designers Manual 6th Edition, Black well publishing, 9600
Garsington Road, Oxford OX4 2DQ, U.K, 2003.
5. National Building Code, 2000
6. Khanna, P. N., Indian Practical Civil Engineers' Handbook: An Encyclopaedia of Technical Information, 17th
Edition, Engineers Publishers, New Delhi, 1999.
Course Outcomes:
1. The students will have a comprehension of the Civil Engineering discipline as a whole
2. The students will be aware of the modern developments in Civil Engineering
3. The students will have an awareness of the various issues related to the professional practice
4. The students will be prepared for various roles as a Civil Engineer

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

78

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4099 PROJECT
L
0

Prerequisite: CE4098 Project


Total hours: 140

T
0

P
10

C
5

Course objectives:
1. To build professional competance and confidence in students to take up civil engg assignments
2. To identify the needs and requirements of a specific civil engg task
3. To plan and design the task at hand with the help of appropriate conventional and modern methods/tools
4. To prepare professional documentation for the work carried out.

The project work started in the seventh semester will continue in this semester. The students will complete the project
work in this semester and present it before the assessment committee.
The assessment committee as constituted in the seventh semester will assess the various projects for the relative
grading and group average. The guides will award the grades for the individual students depending on the group
average. Each group will submit the copies of the completed project report signed by the guide to the department.
The head of the department will certify the copies and return them to the students. One copy will be kept in the
departmental library.
Course outcomes:
The student would be able to:
1. build professional competance and confidence in students to take up civil engg assignments
2. identify the needs and requirements of a specific civil engg task
3. plan and design the task at hand with the help of appropriate conventional and modern methods/tools
4. prepare professional documentation for the work carried out.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

79

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3021 STATISTICS, PROBABILITY AND RELIABILITY METHODS IN ENGINEERING


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1.
To expose the students to the importance of statistics and probability in Civil Engineering.
2.
To introduce common probabilistic model applied to civil engineering
3.
To initiate into the probabilistic analysis of civil engineering systems.
4.
To introduce reliability analysis as applied to civil engineering.
Module 1 (8hours)
Role of Probability in Engineering. Data Deduction. Basic Probability Concepts Sample space and events,
probability measure, mathematics of probability, theorem of Total Probability, Bayes Theorem.
Module 2 (10hours)
Random variables Probability distribution of a random variable, multiple random variables, main descriptors of a
random variable Moments, expectation, covariance, correlation, conditional mean and variance.
Functions of Random variables Expectation of a function of a random variable, derived probability distributions,
approximate moments and distributions of functions.
Module 3 (12hours)
Common Probabilistic Models Models from Simple Discrete Random trails, Models from Random occurrences,
Models from limiting cases, other commonly used Distributions, Multivariate Models.
Estimating Parameters from observed Data Classical Approach to Estimation of Parameters.
Empirical Determination of Distribution Models - Probability paper, testing validity of Assumed Distribution.
Regression and Correlation Analyses.
Module 4 (12hours)
Reliability and Reliability Based Design Reliability of engineered system, Analysis and Assessment of Reliability,
Monte Carlo Method, Second Moment Formulation, Probability Based Design Criteria.
Introduction to Reliability of Structural Systems System Reliability, Series Systems, Parallel Systems, Mixed
systems.
References
1. Ang, A. H. S and Tang, W. H., Probability Concepts in Engineering Planning and Design Vol. I Basic Principles,
John Wiley and Sons, 1975.
2. Ang, A. H. S and Tang, W. H., Probability Concepts in Engineering Planning and Design Vol. II Decision, Risks
and Reliability, John Wiley and Sons, 1984.
3. Jack R. Benjamin and C. Allin Cornell., Probability, Statistics and Decision for Engineers, McGraw-Hill, 1970.
4. Papoulis, A., Probability, Random Variables and Stochastic Processes, McGraw Hill, 2004.
5. Ranganathan, R., Reliability Analysis and Design of Structures, Tata McGraw Hill, 1990
6. Madsen, H. O., Krenk, S., and Lind, N. C., Methods of Structural Safety, Prentice-Hall,1986.
7. Melchers, R. E., Structural Reliability - Analysis and prediction, Ellis Horwood Ltd, 1987
Course Outcomes
1.
To identify various sources of uncertainties associated with civil engineering.
2.
To enable the students to quantify and if possible to remove such uncertainties.
3.
To perform a probabilistic analysis of a civil engineering system
4.
To determine the reliability of a civil engineering system under uncertain environment

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

80

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3022 CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To acquire knowledge about the different types of cement, aggregates and admixtures and their properties.
2. To familiarize with the manufacture, handling and transportation of concrete and understand the principles of mix
design.
3. To understand the properties of fresh and hardened concrete and expose the students to durability of concrete.
4. To introduce the special concretes and acquire knowledge about diagnosis of distress in concrete structures.
Module 1 (10 hours)
Materials: cement - different types - chemical composition and physical properties - tests on cement - I.S.
specifications - aggregates - classification - mechanical properties and tests as per I.S. - alkali aggregate reaction grading requirements - heavy weight - light weight - normal weight - aggregate - sampling of aggregate - water quality of water - permissible impurities as per I.S - admixtures - accelerators - retarders - water reducing agents
super plasticizers- use of silica fumes
Module 2 (11 hours)
Manufacture of concrete - measurement of materials - storage and handling - batching plant and equipment - mixing types of mixers - transportation of concrete - pumping of concrete - placing of concrete - under water concreting compaction of concrete - curing of concrete - ready mixed concrete - mix design - nominal mixes - design mixes factors influencing mix design - A.C.I method - I.S method - design for high strength mixes
Module 3 (11 hours)
Properties of concrete - fresh concrete - workability - factors affecting workability - tests for workability - segregation
and bleeding - hardened concrete - factors affecting strength of concrete - strength of concrete in compression, tension
and flexure - stress- strain characteristics and elastic properties - shrinkage and creep - durability of concrete permeability - chemical attack - sulphate attack - resistance to abrasion and cavitaion - resistance to freezing and
thawing - resistance to fire - marine atmosphere - quality control - frequency of sampling - test specimens - statistical
analysis of test results - standard deviation - acceptance criteria
Module 4 (10 hours)
Special concrete - light weight concrete - high density concrete - vacuum concrete - shotcrete - Fibre reinforced
concrete-polymer concrete - ferrocement - high performance concrete - self compacting concrete - types of failure diagnosis of distress in concrete - crack control - leak proofing - guniting and jacketing techniques.
References
1. Neville, A. M., Properties of Concrete, Pitman, 1987.
2. Shetty, M. S., Concrete Technology, S I Chand and Company, 1993.
3. Gambhir, M. L., Concrete Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1995.
4. Orchard, D. F., Concrete Technology Vol. I and II, 1968.
5. Krishna Raju, N., Design of Concrete Mixes, CBS publishers, 1988.
6. Raina, V. K., Concrete for Construction-Facts and Practices, Tata McGraw Hill publishing co. 1988.
7. John. H. Bungey, The Testing of Concrete in Structures, Urrey University of Press Hall
8. Akroyd, T. N. W., Concrete: Properties and Manufacture, Pergamon Press, 1962.
9. Murdock, L. J., Concrete: Materials and Practice, Edward Arnold, 1968.
Course Outcomes
The student will be able to
1. Select suitable materials for cement concrete construction.
2. Design a concrete mix proportion based on the requirements and make a proper concrete for construction purposes.
3. Determine the hardened properties of concrete and make a durable concrete.
4. Suggest suitable type of special concrete and diagnose the distress in concrete structures and apply remedial
measures.
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

81

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3023 GROUND IMPROVEMENT


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1.
To acquire knowledge about various ground improvement techniques
2.
To familiarise with design of different ground improvement techniques
3.
To understand different applications of soil strength techniques
4.
To familiarise with different filed applications of geotextiles
Module 1 (10 hours)
Introduction to soil improvements without the additives - dynamic compaction - equipment used - application to
granular soils - cohesive soils - depth of improvement - environmental considerations - induced settlements compaction using vibratory probes - vibro techniques vibro equipment - the vibro compaction and replacement process
- control of verification of vibro techniques - vibro systems and liquefaction - soil improvement by thermal treatment preloading techniques - surface compaction introduction to bio technical stabilization
Module 2 (11 hours)
Introduction to soil improvement by adding materials - lime stabilization - lime column method - stabilization of soft
clay or silt with lime - bearing capacity of lime treated soils - settlement of lime treated soils - improvement in slope
stability - control methods lime fly ash columns- chemical grouting - commonly used chemicals - grouting systems grouting operations - applications - compaction grouting - introduction - application and limitations - plant for
preparing grouting materials - jet grouting - jet grouting process - geometry and properties of treated soils applications - slab jacking - gravel - sand - stone columns- design and construction techniques
Module 3 (10 hours)
Soil improvement using reinforcing elements - introduction to reinforced earth - load transfer mechanism and strength
development Design techniques - anchored earth nailing reticulated micro piles - soil dowels - soil anchors reinforced earth retaining walls
Module 4 (11 hours)
Geotextiles - polymer type geotextiles - woven geotextiles - non woven geotextiles - geo grids - physical and strength
properties - behaviour of soils on reinforcing with geotextiles - effect on strength, bearing capacity, compaction and
permeability - design aspects Design of PVD-slopes - clay embankments - retaining walls pavements.
References
1. Moseley, Text Book on Ground Improvement, Blackie Academic Professional, Chapman and Hall, 1994.
2. Boweven, R., Text Book on Grouting in Engineering Practice, Applied Science Publishers Ltd, 1975.
3. Jewell, R. A., Text Book on Soil Reinforcement with Geotextiles, CIRIA Special Publication, Thomas Telford,
1996.
4. Van Impe, W. E., Text Book On Soil Improvement Technique and Their Evolution, Balkema Publishers, 1989.
5. Donald .H. Gray and Robbin B. Sotir, Text Book On Bio Technical and Soil Engineering Slope Stabilization, John
Wiley, 1996
6. Rao, G. V. and Rao, G. V. S., Text Book On Engineering With Geotextiles, Tata McGraw Hill, 1990.
7. Korener, Construction and Geotechnical Methods In Foundation Engineering, McGraw Hill, 2005.
8. Shashi K.Gulhati and Manoj Datta , Geotechnical engineering, Tata McGraw Hill, 2008.
Course Outcomes
1.
Student will be familiarise with various ground improvement techniques
2.
Student will be able to designs suited to site conditions
3.
To take decision in selecting improvement techniques
4.
To design geotextiles applications in pavements

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

82

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3024 REINFORCED EARTH AND GEOTEXTILES


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1.
To acquire knowledge about mechanism of reinforced earth
2.
To familiarise with design of different retaining walls based on reinforced earth technique
3.
To study different design techniques using geo grids , geo cells and geotextiles
4.
To familiarise with different methods of design liquid barriers using geotextiles

Module 1 (10 hours)


Reinforced Earth The mechanisms of the reinforced earth techniques Design principles Materials used for
construction Advantages of reinforced earth Reinforced earth construction techniques
Module 2 (11 hours)
An overview of Geosynthetics, Description of Geotextiles Geogrids Geonets Geomembranes Geocomposites
Geocells Designing with Geotextiles Geotextile properties and test methods Functions of Geotextile Design
methods for separation stabilization filtration Drainage
Module 3 (11 hours)
Designing with Geogrids Geogrid properties and test methods Designing with Geonets Geonet properties and
test methods Designing with Geomembranes Geomembrane properties and test methods construction practices
with Geotextiles, Geogrids, Geonets, Geomembranes
Module 4 (10 hours)
Design of liquid Contaminant liners liquid contaminant liners Covers for reservoirs- Water conveyance (Canal
liners)-- solid material liners underground storage tanks Design of pavements Geo composites as liquid / Vapour
Barriers Improvement in bearing capacity Erosion Control for water ways.
References
1. Robert M. Koerner, Designing with Geosynthetics, Prentice Hall ,1989 .
2. Rao, G. V., and Suryanarayana Raju, G. V. S., Engineering with Geosynthetics, Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Co.
New Delhi, 1990.
3. Shukla, S. K., Geosynthetics and their Applications, Thomas Telford, London,2002.
Course Outcomes
1.
Student will be familiar with reinforced earth and its applications
2.
Student will be able to embankment designs based on earth reinforcing techniques
3.
To take decision in selecting reinforcing techniques
4.
To design impermeable barriers

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

83

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3025 WATER CONVEYANCE SYSTEMS


Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of fluids and CE2006 Open channel hydraulics and
hydrology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To understand in detail the principles and practices employed in the analysis and design of pipe and open channel
networks.
2. To understand the components of automated channel systems and the basics of design and implementation of these
systems.
3. To study the mechanics of unsteady flow in pipes
4. To study the design of surge protection devices in pipe networks.
Module 1 (10 hours)
Elements of open channel flow Design principles of lined and unlined canals, Canal network and hierarchy of canals,
Afflux and energy loss.
Module 2 (11 hours)
Main canal and flow distribution control, Decentralised control, Canal Automation - Purpose and selection of scheme
automation application, Hardware and software components in automation systems, A typical automation system.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Elements of pipe flow, Losses in pipe flow, Pumping and gravity mains, Choice of pipes, Pipe materials, Design
principles
Module 4 (11 hours)
Flow Transients - Surges and water hammer, Causes, problems and protection, Pipe joints, Valves , Distribution
network analysis and design.
References
1.
Chow, V. T., Open Channel Hydraulics, Mc Graw Hill, 2009.
2.
Canal Automation, CBIP Publication 1993
3.
Pipeline Industries Guild, Pipeline Design. Construction and Operation, Construction Press, London, 1984.
4.
Hanif Choudhary, Open Channel Flow, Springer, 2007.
5.
Thomas Walski and Walter M. Grayman, Water Distribution Modeling, Haested Press, 2007.
Course Outcomes
The student will be able to
1. Plan, analyse and design pipe networks and open channels.
2. Plan and implement automated canal irrigation.
3. Perform surge analysis and design surge protection devices.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

84

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3026 HYDRAULIC MACHINES

Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of fluids and CE2006 Open channel hydraulics and
hydrology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To understand in detail in the analysis of impact of jets on fixed and moving plates/ vanes.
2. To study different types of turbines and the procedure used in design of these machines.
3. To understand the working of draft tubes. surge tanks etc.
4. To study in general about different types of pumps and in detail about centrifugal and reciprocating pumps.
5. To gain knowledge on the performance of these machines, selection of turbines and pumps etc
Module 1 (10 hours)
Classification of hydraulic machines, Dynamic thrust of a jet on fixed and moving surfaces - Work done and
efficiency.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Turbines Introduction, Classification.
Pelton wheel turbine General description, Work done and efficiency, Working proportions, Multiple jet Pelton
Wheel, Design.
Francis turbine - General description, Work done and efficiency, Working proportions, Design, Draft tubes, Types of
draft tubes.
Kaplan turbine - General description, Working proportions, Design.
Governing of turbines, Performance Characteristics, Selection of turbines, Runaway speed, Surge tanks.
Module 3 (12 hours)
Pumps Introduction and classification.
Reciprocating pumps General description, Work done, Single acting and double acting types, Indicator diagram theoretical and modified for the effect of acceleration and friction in pumps, Air vessels, Multi cylinder Pumps.
Centrifugal pumps General introduction, Comparison with displacement type pump, Work done, Head and
Efficiency, Net positive suction head, Specific speed, Model testing, Cavitation, Performance characteristics,
Multistage pumps, Selection and installation, Operation and maintenance, Trouble shooting in centrifugal pumps.
Modules 4 (10hours)
Others types of pumps in common use General description, Characteristics, Design, Selection, Installation, Troubles
and remedies in the case of deep well turbine and submersible pumps, propeller - mixed flow and jet pumps.
References
1. Michael, A. M., and S. D. Khepar, Water Well and Pump Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill Public. Company, New
Delhi, 2001.
2. Modi, P. N., and S. M. Seth, Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines, Standard Book House, New Delhi, 2009.
3. Jagadish Lal, Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines, Standard Book House, New Delhi, 2005.
Course Outcomes
1. Design different types of turbines.
2. Plan pumping systems and design pumps based on the local data.
3. Select the appropriate type of pumps and turbines.
4. Identify the causes of common problems associated with pumping stations.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

85

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3027 PAVEMENT DESIGN


L
3

Prerequisite: CE3005 Transportation Engineering I


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

To acquire knowledge about various types and components of pavements


To understand the stresses and their distribution based on the crust properties
To distinguish between highway and airfield pavements
To familiarize with various methods of analysis of flexible and rigid pavements
To design the pavement for typical environmental and design traffic conditions.

Module 1 (10 hours)


Introduction: Types and Component parts of Pavements, Factors affecting Design and Performance of Pavements,
Comparison between Highway and Airport pavements, Superpave.
Stresses in Flexible Pavements: Stresses and Deflections in Homogeneous Masses, Burmister's 2- layer, 3- layer
Theories, Wheel Load Stresses, ESWL of Multiple Wheels, Repeated Loads and EWL factors, Sustained Loads and
Pavement behaviour under Traffic Loads.
Module 2 (11 hours)
Methods of Flexible Pavement Design: Empirical, Semi-empirical and Theoretical Approaches; Development,
Principle, Design steps, Advantages and Applications of different Pavement Design Methods Flexible Overlay
Design.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Stresses in Rigid pavements: Causes and Effects of variation in Moisture Content and Temperature, Depth of Frost
Penetration - Types of Stresses and Causes, Factors influencing the Stresses; General conditions in Rigid Pavement
Analysis, ESWL, Wheel Load Stresses, Warping Stresses, Friction Stresses, Combined Stresses.
Module 4 (11 hours)
Methods of Rigid Pavement Design: Types of Joints in Cement Concrete Pavements and their Functions, Joint
Spacings, Design of Slab Thickness, Design of Joint Details for Longitudinal Joints, Contraction Joints and Expansion
Joints, IRC Method of Design Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavement Design - Rigid Overlay Design.
References
1. Yoder and Witczak, Principles of Pavement Design, John Wiley and sons, Second Edition, 1975.
2. David Croney, The Design and Performance of Road Pavements, McGraw Hill, 1997
3. Harold N. Atkins, Highway Materials, Soils, and Concrete, Prentice Hall, 2002.
4. IRC: 37 - 2001, Guidelines for the Design of Flexible Pavements
5. IRC: 58 - 2002, Guidelines for the Design of Rigid Pavements
6. IRC: 81 1997,Strengthening of Flexible Road Pavements using Benkelman Beam Deflection Technique
7. IRC:101 1988, Guidelines for Design of Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavement with Elastic Joints
8. Lavin, P. G., Asphalt Pavements, Spon Press, 2003.
9. Mechanistic Empirical Pavement Design Guide, NCHRP, TRB, 2008.
10. RRL, DSIR, Concrete Roads, HMSO, IRC Publications
11. Nai C. Yang, Design of functional pavements, McGraw-Hill, 1973
12. Yang H. Huang, Pavement Analysis and Design, Prentice Hall, 2003
13. Rajib, B., Mallick, and Tahar El-Korchi, Pavement Engineering: Principles and Practice, CRC Press, 2008
Course Outcomes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

identify the pavement types based on their behaviour under traffic


analyse the pavement components with respect to their material composition
estimate the stresses induced due to wheel load and temperature
design the pavement, flexible or rigid, for the conditions prevailing at site
provide feedback to update the design guidelines.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

86

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3028 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF FLUID FLOW


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To apply the direct approach of finite element method for linear and nonlinear pipe network analysis.
2. To formulate a one dimension finite element model based on Galerkin weighted residual method for solving one
dimensional fluid flow problems.
3. To apply finite element method for two dimensional potential flow problems.
4. To introduce finite element formulation for solving unsteady flow problems.
5. To introduce various computer programming aspects for implementation of finite element method.
Module 1 (10 hours)
Review of Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics and Pipe Network Analysis
Continuity, momentum, and energy equations, non-viscous fluid flow, irrotational flow, velocity potential, stream
function, Bernoullis equation, Navier-Stokes equation. Linear finite element analysis of pipe networks, total system of
equations, boundary conditions, solution of system of equations, non-linear analysis of pipe networks, computer
algorithms for linear and non-linear analyses.
Module 2 (12 hours)
One Dimensional Flow Analysis
Interpolation functions, Cm continuity. Governing differential equations, finite element formulations and solutions for
(i) laminar flow through pipes, (ii) viscous flow on an inclined flat surface, (iii) thin film lubrication, and (iv) radial
flow in an unconfined aquifer.
Isoparametric formulation. Numerical integration. Transformation of velocity, stress rates, and stiffness matrix.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Potential Flow Analysis
Eulers equation of motion, stream function formulation, potential function formulation, finite element solution of
groundwater flow and flow around a cylinder. Finite element solution of Navier- Stokes equations using stream
function and vorticity formulation.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Time Dependent Field Problems
One dimensional diffusion equation, analytical integration technique, time domain integration techniques Euler
method and improved Euler method. Introduction to typical CFD packages like FLUENT.
References
1. Brebbia, C. A., and A. J. Ferrante, Computational Hydraulics, Butterworths and Co. (Publishers) Ltd; 1983.
2. Chung, T. J., Computational Fluid Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, 2003
3. Vreugdentil, C. B., Computational Hydraulics, Springer Verlag, 1989.
4. Bickford, W. B., A First Course in the Finite Element Method, Irwin, 1994.
5. Segerlind, L. T., Applied Finite Element Analysis, John Wiley and Sons, 1984.
6. Reddy, J. N., An Introduction to the Finite Element Method, McGraw Hill Book Co; 1993.
7. Zienkiewicz, O. C., and R. L. Taylor, The Finite Element Method, Vols. 1 and 2, McGraw Hill Book Co; 1989.
8. Rao, S. S., The Finite Element Method in Engineering, Elsevier, 2004.
9. Zienkiewicz, O. C., and K. Morgan, Finite Elements and Approximation, John Wiley and Sons, 1983.
10. Zienkiewicz, O. C., R.L. Taylor, and J. Z. Zhu, The Finite Element Method Its Basics and Fundamentals,
Elsevier, 2005.
11. Baker, A. J., Finite Element Computational Fluid Mechanics, McGraw Hill Book Co; 1983.
12. Reddy, J. N. and D.K. Gartling, Finite Element Method in Heat Transfer and Fluid Mechanics, CRC Press, 2001.
Course Outcomes
1. Formulate and solve finite element models for flow analysis.
2. Perform linear and nonlinear analysis of pipe networks.
3. Use some commercial computer software packages for flow analysis.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

87

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3029 PRE STRESSED CONCRETE DESIGN


L
3

Prerequisite: CE3002 Structural Design - I


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To understand the basic principles of Prestressed Concrete Design
2. To familiarize with the design recommendations given in IS 1343
3. To understand and design prestressed concrete members for serviceability and ultimate limit states like cracking,
deflection, flexure, shear and torsion.
4. To design prestressed concrete flexural members, composite members and statically indeterminate members.
Module 1 (10 hours)
Materials for prestressed concrete and prestressing systems
High strength concrete and high tensile steel tensioning devices pretensioning systems post tensioning systems.
Analysis of prestress and bending stresses
Analysis of prestress resultant stresses at a section pressure line or thrust line and internal resisting couple
concept of load balancing losses of prestress deflection of beams.
Module 2 (11 hours)
Strength of prestressed concrete sections in flexure, shear and torsion
Types of flexural failure strain compatibility method IS code procedure sections with steel in compression zone.
Shear and principal stresses members in torsion shear resistance of sections - design for limit state of shear and
torsion.
Transfer of prestress in pre tensioned and post tensioned members design of anchorage zone reinforcement.
Module 3 (11 hours)
Design of prestressed concrete flexural members
Limit state design criteria design of pre-tensioned members design of post-tensioned members design of partially
prestressed members design for shear and bond anchorage zone reinforcements
Module 4 (10 hours)
Composite construction of prestressed and in situ concrete
Composite structural members analysis of stresses differential shrinkage flexural and shear strength of composite
sections design of composite sections.
Statically Indeterminate structures
Effect of prestressing indeterminate structures methods of analysis concordant cable profile.
References
1. Krishna Raju, N., Prestressed concrete, Tata McGraw Hill, 2000
2. Lin, T. Y., and Ned H. Burns, Design of Prestressed Concrete Structures, John Wiley and Sons, 2004.
3. Dayaratnam, P., Prestressed Concrete, Oxford and IBH, 1982
4. Rajagopalan, N., Prestressed Concrete, Narosa publishers, 2004.
5. Relevant BIS codes
Course Outcomes
1.
Analyse prestressed concrete structural members and estimate the losses of prestress
2.
Analyse and design of prestressed concrete structural elements as per IS 1343
3.
Design prestressed concrete flexural members, composite members and statically indeterminate members.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

88

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3030 EARTH AND EARTH RETAINING STRUCTURES


Prerequisite: CE3004 Geotechnology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1.
To acquire knowledge about various retaining structures
2.
To familiarise with design of different retaining structures
3.
To study different earth pressure theories
4.
To familiarise with different methods of slope stability analysis
Module 1 (11 hours)
Introduction
Earth dams types of dams selection of type of dam based on material availability foundation conditions and
topography
Design details crest, free board, upstream and down stream slopes, upstream and down stream slope protection
central and inclined cores types and design of filters
Seepage analysis and control seepage through dam and foundations control of seepage in earth dam and foundation
Module 2 (11 hours)
Stability analysis critical stability conditions evaluation of stability by Bishops and sliding wedge methods under
critical conditions
Construction techniques methods of construction quality control
Instrumentation measurement of pore pressures
Earth pressure theories Rankines and Coulombs earth pressure theories for cohesionless and cohesive backfills
computation of earth pressures for various cases inclined with surcharge submerged and partly submerged
stratified backfills
Module 3 (10 hours)
Rigid retaining structures active and passive earth pressures against gravity retaining walls Surcharge computation of earth pressures by Trial wedge method a mathematical approach for completely submerged and
partly submerged backfills importance of capillarity tension in earth pressure.
Graphical methods of earth pressure computation trial wedge method for coulombs and Rankines conditions, for
regular and irregular ground and wall conditions Rebhans construction for active pressure friction circle method
logarithmic spiral method. Design of gravity retaining wall cantilever retaining walls
Module 4 (10 hours)
Flexible retaining structure type and methods of construction design strength parameters safety factor for sheet
pile walls computation of earth pressures against cantilever sheet piles in cohesionless and cohesive soils anchored
sheet piles free earth method fixed earth method Rowes moment reduction method stability of sheet piling
Diaphragm walls and coffer dams type of diaphragm walls and their construction techniques in various soil types
earth pressure on braced cuts and coffer dams design of coffer dams
References
1. Clayton, Milititsky and Woods, Earth Pressure And Earth-Retaining Structures, Taylor and Francis, 1996
2. Huntington, Earth pressure on retaining walls, John Wiley and Sons, 1957.
3. Bowles, Foundation Analysis and Design, 1968.
4. Jones, Earth Reinforcements and Soil structures, 1996.
5. Prakash, Ranjan and Saran, Analysis and Design of Foundations and Retaining structures,Saritha Prakashan,
Meerut, 1977.
Course Outcomes
1.
Student will be familiarise with earth pressure theories
2.
Student will be able to do designs based on earth pressure
3.
To take decision in selecting type of retaining structures
4.
To familiarise with slope stability analysis

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

89

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3031 ENVIRONMENTAL GEOTECHNICS


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1.
To acquire knowledge about various branches of environmental geotechniques
2.
To familiarise with design of landfill impoundments
3.
To study different waste disposal systems suiting for hazardous and non-hazardous wastes
4.
To familiarise with non-destructive techniques of site characterization
Module 1 (10 hours)
Introduction to environmental geotechnology Regulatory requirements
Basic soil mineralogy: structural units of soil - Clay mineral structures - Identification and determination of clay
minerals - Particle bonds, bond energies and linkages, Ion exchange reaction and capacity- Hydrophilic and
hydrophobic soils.
Soil water interaction: Introduction Electrochemical characteristics of soil water system - Soil water interaction in
the thermal energy field Geomorphic process in soil effect of bacteria on behaviour of soil water system
Sensitivity of soil to environment.
Introduction to Hydrogeology Hydraulic conductivity Infiltration, percolation, retention and recharge Flow in
unsaturated soils Flow in saturated soils
Geo chemistry Geochemical attenuation
Ground water monitoring techniques.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Sources and types wastes - Waste characteristics - Objectives of waste disposal facilities
Contaminant transport Transport process: diffusion, dispersion, advection Dispersion: analytical solutions
Landfills and surface impoundments: Types, components and requirements of landfills - siting of land fills Various
end uses of closed landfills - Landfill microbiology Microbiology of refuse composition- Leachate and gas
generation - Primary and Secondary leachate - Leachate collection and removal systems -Gas collection and removal
systems Impact of hazardous waste on leachate and gas characteristics
Module 3 (11 hours)
Liners Natural clay liners compacted clay liners requirements of clay liners Geo synthetic clay liners
Geomembrane liners - Specifications of liners in hazardous wastes land fills Quality control of liners- Design of
liners.
Design of Cover systems Recovery well design
Module 4 (11 hours)
Geophysical techniques for site characterization Sampling Testing of samples - Slope stability analysis of land fills
Water balance for land fills
Soil remediation technologies: Soil washing Electrokinetic remediation - Soil vapor Extraction - Soil Vapor
Extraction Bioremediation - Stabilization and Solidification.
Groundwater remediation technologies: Pump and Treat - In-Situ Flushing - Bioremediation.
Mine waste disposal systems.
References
1.
David. E. Daniel, Geotechnical practice for waste disposal Chapman and Hall London, 1993.
2.
Masashi Kamon, editor Balkema, Environmental Geotechnics, - Rotterdan 1996
3.
Hsai- Yang Fang, Introduction to Environmental Geotechnology,- CRC Press, New York, 2009.
Course Outcomes
1.
Student will be familiarise with contaminant transport mechanisms
2.
Student will be able to do designs of waste disposal units
3.
Student will be learning techniques to monitor, to maintain waste disposal units
4.
To familiarise with various soil remediation techniques

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

90

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3032 REMOTE SENSING AND GIS APPLICATIONS


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. The main objective of this course is to learn the fundamental concepts of remote sensing and basic principles of geographical
information systems (GIS).
2. To acquire knowledge on various remote sensing platforms, data products and their applications.
3. To understand some of the basic image processing operations carried out on remote sensing data to extract valuable
information.
4. To gain knowledge about GIS data structures, GIS data input and analysis.
5. To learn various geospatial technologies those are applied to solve civil engineering problems.
Module 1 (12 hours)
Concepts and foundations of remote sensing- Energy sources and radiation principles- Energy interactions in the atmosphere
Energy interaction with earth surface features - Spectral reflectance of vegetation, soil and water - Atmospheric influence on
spectral response patterns - Ideal remote sensing systems - Characteristics of real remote sensing systems
Remote sensing platforms Sun synchronous systems- Geosynchronous systems-Across track and along track scanning systems
Types of sensor resolutions (Spatial, Spectral, Radiometric and Temporal resolution) Mutispectral and thermal scanners
Characteristics of Remote sensing satellites and sensors (IRS, Landsat, SPOT, IKONOS)
Module 2 (11 hours)
Visual Image Interpretation -Standard False Colour Composites - Elements of visual image interpretation - Image interpretation
strategies and interpretation keys
Digital Image Processing Storage formats (BSQ, BIL, BIP) Sources for Geometric and Radiometric distortions in images
Image rectification and restoration Image histogram - Image enhancement - level slicing, contrast stretching, convolution
filtering, Band ratioing (NDVI) Image classification Supervised, Unsupervised and Hybrid classification Supervised
classification algorithms Accuracy assessment
Module 3 (11 hours)
Map Basics - Map scale, Spatial reference system, Map projections and Grid systems
GIS - Definition, Spatial and attribute data, Components of GIS, GIS Data Models- Spatial data structure (Raster and Vector) Merits and demerits of raster and vector structures - Attribute data structure (Hierarchical, Network and Relational) -Sources of
GIS data - Data input techniques and data editing - Data organization and storage (spatial thematic layers, vertical data
organization)- updating and query- Spatial data analysis (Extraction, Overlay, Neighbourhood, Spatial interpolation, Proximity,
Network) - Data quality and errors in GIS.
Module 4 (8 hours)
Remote Sensing applications in natural resource mapping Land use/ Land cover Mapping Geologic and Soil Mapping
Application of Remote Sensing and GIS with specific reference to Hydrologic modelling and watershed management, Impact of
mining activities on environment, Urban growth and transportation planning, Disaster management.
References
1. Thomas. M. Lillesand, Ralph. W. Kiefer and Jonathan W. Chipman, Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation , John Wiley
and Sons, Inc., Fifth Edition, 2007
2. John A. Richards and Xiuping Jia, Remote Sensing Digital Image Analysis: An Introduction, Springer (Sge), Fourth Edition,
2008
3. Robert A. Schowengerdt, Remote Sensing: Models and Methods for Image Processing, Academic Press, Third Edition, 2009
4. Michael N. Demers, Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems, Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, Third Edition, 2008
5. Peter. A. Burrough and Rachel A. Mcdonnell, Principles of Geographical Information Systems, Oxford University Press, USA,
Second Edition, 1998
6. Paul A. Longley, Michael Goodchild, David J. Maguire and David W. Rhind (Eds.), Geographical Information Systems:
Principles, Techniques, Management and Applications, John Wiley and Sons, Second Edition, 2005
7. Ian Heywood, Sarah Cornelius, and Steve Carver, An Introduction to Geographical Information Systems, Prentice Hall, 2006.
8. George. B. Korte, The GIS Book, Onward Press, Thomson Learning, 2000.
9. Rao, D. P., Remote Sensing for Earth Resources, Association of Exploration Geophysicists, 1999.
10. Narayan, L. R. A., Remote Sensing and its Applications, Universities Press, 1999.
11. Burrough, P. A., Rachel, A., and MsDonnel., Principles of Geographic Information System, Oxford University Press, 1998.
12. Engman, E. T., and R. J. Gurney, Remote Sensing in Hydrology, Chapman and Hall, 1991.
Course Outcomes
1.
Understand the principles of remote sensing and select appropriate remote sensing data for intended application.
2.
Perform digital image analysis to extract data from the remote sensing images.
3.
Understand the principles of GIS and basic GIS operations to perform spatial analysis.
4.
Apply remote sensing and GIS techniques for solving problems in different areas of civil engineering
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

91

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3033 HYDROPOWER
Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of fluids and CE2006 Open channel hydraulics and
hydrology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To gain knowledge on different aspects pertaining to the planning and estimating the capacity of hydroelectric
power plants.
2. To gain knowledge on the components and working of run-of-the river plants, pumped storage plants and tidal
power plants.
3. To study different components of hydroelectric plants such as anchor blocks, bends, & manifolds
4. To study the principles and procedure for flow routing, and dam breach analysis.
Module 1 (11 hours)
Sources of energy - Hydropower Place of hydropower in a power system Fundamentals of Water Power
Engineering- Classification of hydropower plants. Water power estimates Essentials of stream flow for water power
studies. Pondage and storage effect of pondage on plant capacity. Benefits from storage. Basic Hydrology. Mass
curve and flow duration curve. Effect of reservoirs on flood flow. Load curve and load factor. Utilisation factor.
Capacity factor. Diversity factor. Firm Power and Secondary Power. Prediction of load.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Run of the river plants. Pumped storage plants. General arrangement of power house. Types of power house. Mini and
micro hydel plants. Tidal Power Plants.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Intakes. Forebay. Gates. Penstocks, Canals and Tunnels. Joints. Anchor Blocks. Bends and Manifolds. Valves. Water
Hammer. Surges and Surge Tanks.
Module 4 (11 hours)
Turbines and Generators. Flood routing through reservoirs and channels. Dam breach analysis. Cost and value of water
power.
References
1. Creager and Justin, Hydroelectric Engineering Handbook, John Wiley and Sons, 1963.
2. Barrows, H. K., Water Power Engineering, Mc Graw Hill Inc, 1955.
3. Mosonyi, Water Power Development, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1965.
4. Guthrie Brown, Hydroelectric Engineering Practice, Blackie and Sons Ltd; London, 1984.
5. Dandekar and Sharma, Water Power Engineering, Vikas Publishing House (P) Ltd., 2002.
6. Nigam, P. S., Handbook of Hydro Engineering. Nem Chand and Sons, Roorkee, 1985.
7. Zheng Naibo et al, Mini Hydropower, John Wiley and Sons, 1997.
8. UNIDO, Small Hydropower Series, UN, 1985.
9. Smail Khennas and Andrew Barnett, Best Practices for Sustainable Development of Mini Hydropower in
Developing Countries, World Bank/ESMAP.
10. CBIP Journals and Publications.
11. Journal of Water Power and Dam Construction.
12. Indian Journal of Power and River Valley Development.
Course Outcomes
1. Evaluate hydropower against other alternatives available.
2. Estimate the capacity of hydropower plants and evaluate their performance.
3. Design different components of hydropower plants.
4. Perform flow routing and dam breach analysis.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

92

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3034 TRAFFIC ENGINEERING


L
3

Prerequisite: CE3005 Transportation Engineering - I


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To understand the scope and elements of traffic engineering and traffic flow parameters and their fundamental
relationships.
2. To able to carry out, analyse and present results of traffic engineering studies.
3. To understand the design, regulation and management of traffic engineering facilities.
4. To be familiar with the design of traffic control devices & control of facilities.
5. To appreciate the environmental impact of traffic.
Module 1 (9 hours)
Scope of Traffic Engineering and Study of its Elements: Introduction - Objectives and scope of traffic engineering Components of road traffic: vehicle, driver and road - Road user and vehicle characteristics and their effect on road
traffic - Traffic maneuvers - Traffic Stream Characteristics- Relationship between Speed, Flow and Density.
Module 2 (9 hours)
Traffic Engineering Studies and Analyses: Objectives, methods, equipment, data collection, analysis and
interpretation (including case studies) of (a) Speed and delay, (b) Origin and destination, (c) Parking, (d) Accident and
other studies
Module 3 (12 hours)
Design, Regulation and Management of Traffic Engineering Facilities: Control of traffic movements through time
sharing and space sharing concepts - Design of channelising islands, T, Y, skewed, staggered, roundabout, miniroundabout and other forms of at-grade crossings including provision for safe crossing of pedestrians and cyclists Grade separated intersections: Warrants and design features - Bus stop location and bus bay design - Road lighting Regulations on vehicles, drivers and traffic - Planning and design of traffic management measures: one-way streets,
reversible lanes and roadways, turn regulation, transit and carpool lanes - Planning and design of pedestrian facilities
Traffic calming.
Module 4 (12 hours)
Traffic Control Devices and Environmental Control: Different methods of signal design -Redesign of existing
signals including case studies - Signal coordination - Air and Noise pollution of different transport modes - Visual
impacts - Impacts on land development -Technological approaches to improving environment
References
1. Pignataro, L., Traffic Engineering - Theory and Practice, John Wiley, 1973.
2. Kadiyali, L. R., Traffic and Transport Planning, Khanna Publishers, Sixth Edition, 1997.
3. O Flaherty C. A., Highways-Traffic Planning and Engineering, Edward Arnold, 2002.
4. Fred L. Mannering, Scott S. Washburn, and Walter P. Kilareski, Principles of Highway Engineering and Traffic
Analysis, Wiley; 2008
5. Institute of Transportation Engineers, Transportation and Traffic Engg. Hand Book, Prentice Hall (1982)
6. IRC-SP41, Guidelines for the Design of At-Grade Intersections in Rural and Urban Areas, 1994
7. Leonard Evans, Traffic Safety, Science Serving Society, 2004.
8. Matson, Smith and Hurd, Traffic Engineering, McGraw Hill Book Co, 1965
9. Michael, A. P. Taylor, William Young, and Peter W. Bonsall, Understanding Traffic Systems, Ashgate Publishing;
2000.
10. Mike Slinn, Paul Matthews, Peter Guest, Traffic Engineering Design, Second Edition: Principles and Practice,
Butterworth-Heinemann, 2005
Course Outcomes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Develop relationships between fundamental parameters, so as to characterise the traffic flow.


Conduct traffic engineering studies, analyse and interpret the data
Design traffic engineering facilities such as chanellising islands, roundabouts, bus stops etc.
Suggest and plan traffic management measures for street networks.
Design traffic control devices such as isolated signals and co-ordinated signals.
Suggest scientific solutions for mitigating the impact of traffic on the environment.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

93

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3035 ADVANCED SURVEYING


L
3

Prerequisite: CE2004 Surveying


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. The main objective of this course is to learn the principles of astronomical surveying, map projections,
photogrammetry and remote sensing.
2. To acquire knowledge on the basics of field astronomy and celestial coordinate systems.
3. To understand the types of map projections and principles of modern surveying equipments (electronic distance
measurement, total station, global positioning systems ...etc).
4. To understand the principles of terrestrial and aerial photogrammetry and photo interpretation techniques.
5. To gain knowledge on the basic principles of remote sensing.
Module 1(10 hours)
Field astronomy - definitions - solution of an astronomical triangle - co-ordinate systems - time - solar, siderial and
standard equation of time - sundial - determination of time, azimuth, latitude and longitude.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Map Projection: introduction - methods of projection electronic distance measurement principle reduction of
E.D.M lines - geodimeter tellurimeter - total station global positioning system.
Module 3 (12 hours)
Photogrammetry terrestrial and aerial photogrammetry heights and distances from Photographs flight planning
elements of stereoscopy photo mosaic photo interpretation applications of photogrammetry.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Remote sensing introduction electromagnetic radiation target interactions remote sensing systems remote
sensing from space applications of remote sensing.
References
1. Punmia, B. C., Surveying Vol. III, Laxmi Publications, 1993.
2. Joshi, M. D., and Jawaharlal Sharma, Text Book of Advanced Surveying, CBS Publishers, 1985.
3. Agor, R., Advanced Surveying, Khanna Publisher, 1981.
4. Arora, K. R., Surveying Vol III, Standard Publishers, 1993
5. Ram Pal, K. K., Text Book of Photogrammetry, Oxford Publishers, 1982.
6. Duggal, S. K., Surveying Vol.II, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2004.
Course Outcomes
1. Carryout astronomical surveys to determine relative positions of celestial bodies.
2. Select maps with appropriate projection system suitable for intended application.
3. Handle modern surveying equipments for carrying out engineering surveys.
4. Determine heights and distances form aerial photographs and carryout aerial photo interpretation for preparation of
thematic maps.
5. Select and utilize appropriate remote sensing data for various civil engineering applications.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

94

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3036 ADVANCED CONCRETE DESIGN


L
3

Prerequisite: CE3002 Structural Design - I


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To familiarize with the provisions in Indian Standard code of practice for the design of various RCC structures.
2. To learn the design of different types of concrete structures like flat slabs, deep beams, water tanks, chimneys,
shells and folded plates.
3. To familiarize with the provisions in IRC codes for the design of RC bridges.
4. To understand the various forces acting on a bridge and design simple bridges for these forces.
Module 1 (12 hours)
Large span concrete roofs
Introduction classification- behaviour of flat slabs - direct design and equivalent frame method- codal provisions waffle slabs.
Shells and Folded plates
Forms of shells and folded plates- structural behaviour of cylindrical shell and folded plate- method of analysismembrane analysis beam arch approximation- codal provisions- design of simply supported circular cylindrical long
shells and folded plates.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Deep beams
Analysis of deep beams- design as per BIS - design using strut and tie method.
Chimneys
Analysis of stresses in concrete chimneys- uncracked and cracked sections- codal provisions- design of chimney.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Water tanks
Introduction- rectangular and circular with flat bottom- spherical and conical tank roofs- staging- design as per BIS.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Bridges
General IRC Bridge code loading standardsimpact effect wind load longitudinal forces centrifugal forces
force due to water currents buoyancy effect temperature effects secondary stresses erection seismic force
Design of slab culvert R.C box culverts T-beam bridges Concept on design of continuous bridges, balanced
cantilever bridges, arch bridges and rigid frame bridges.
References
1. Purushothaman, P., Reinforced Concrete Structural Elements-, Tata McGraw Hill, 1986
2. Ramaswamy, G. S., Design and Construction of Concrete Shell Roofs-CBS publishers, 1986
3. Ashok K Jain, Reinforced Concrete Nem Chand Bros. Roorkee , 1998
4. Jain and Jaikrishna, Plain and Reinforced Concrete Vol I and II, NemChand Bros., Roorkee, 2000.
5. Taylor C Pere, Reinforced Concrete Chimneys, Concrete publications, 1960
6. Design of deep girders, Concrete Association of India, 1960
7. Mallick and Gupta, Reinforced Concrete, - Oxford and IBH, 1982
8. BIS codes ( IS 456 , IS 2210, IS 4998, IS 3370, SP 16, SP 24, SP 34).
9. IRC Codes (IRC 5, IRC 6, IRC 21)
Course Outcomes
1. To familiarize with the provisions in Indian standard codes of practice for the design of various
structures.
2. To familiarize with the provisions in IRC codes for the design of RC bridges.
3. To design simple bridges and understand the behavior of different types of bridges.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

95

concrete

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE3037 COMPUTATIONAL ELASTICITY


L
3

Prerequisite: CE2001 Mechanics of solids or equivalent


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To learn from first principles the fundamentals of mechanics of deformable bodies based on linear theory of elasticity.
2. To learn the formulation of elastostatic problems and the computational solution methodology based on finite element method.
3. To gain insight into both differential equation formulation and variational formulation of elasticity problems.
4. To learn basics of finite element method based on variational formulation for the solution of elasticity problems.
5. To understand rudiments of computer codes for finite elements
Module 1 (12 hours)
Introduction to Theory of Elasticity: Analysis and design of structural systems, problems of elastostatics, types of loads, the
displacement, strain and stress fields.
Analysis of stresses: State of stress at a point, notation and sign convention, stress components on an arbitrary plane, stress
transformation, differential equations of equilibrium, principal stresses, traction boundary conditions.
Analysis of strains: State of strain at a point, principal strains, compatibility conditions.
Constitute Relations: Generalised Hookes Law, isotropic elasticity.
Module 2 (9 hours)
Two-dimensional problems of elasticity: Two-dimensional idealisations, plane stress and plane strain problems, axisymmetric
problems, Saint Vnants principle.
Energy theorems and variational principles: Strain energy and complementary energy, virtual work, principle of stationary
potential energy.
Module 3 (12 hours)
Introduction to finite element method: Brief history, direct stiffness method.
Interpolation: Shape functions for C0 and C1 elements, Lagrangian and Hermitian interpolation functions for one dimensional
elements, Lagrangian interpolation functions for two-dimensional elements.
Variational formulation: Potential energy of an elastic body, Rayleigh-Ritz method, piecewise polynomial field, finite element
form of Rayleigh-Ritz method, finite element formulations derived from a functional.
Structure stiffness equations: Properties of [K], solution of unknowns, element stiffness equations, assembly of elements,
displacement boundary conditions, Gauss elimination solution of equations, stress computation, support reactions, summary of
finite element procedure.
Displacement-based elements for structural mechanics: formulas for element stiffness matrix and load vector, overview of element
stiffness matrices, consistent element nodal load vector, equilibrium and compatibility in the solution, convergence requirements,
patch test, optimal stress points.
Module 4 (9 hours)
The isoparametric formulation: Plane bilinear element, Gauss quadrature, quadratic plane elements, transition elements, consistent
element nodal loads, appropriate order of quadrature, stress computation.
Coordinate transformation: transformation of vectors, transformation of stress, strain, material properties, and stiffness.
Topics in structural mechanics: condensation, substructuring, symmetry.
References
1. Timoshenko, S. P., and Goodier, J.N., Theory of Elasticity, McGraw Hill, Singapore, 1982.
2. Cook, R. D., Malkus, D. S., Plesha, M. E., and Witt, R. J., Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Analysis, John Wiley,
India, 2001.
3. Ameen, M., Computational ElasticityTheory of Elasticity, Finite and Boundary Element Methods, Narosa Publishing House,
India, 2008.
4. Krishnamoorthy, C. S., Finite Element Analysis, Theory and Programming, Tata McGraw-Hill, India, 1996.
5. Zienkiewicz, O. C., Taylor, R. L., and Zhu, J. Z., The Finite Element MethodIts Basis and Fundamentals, 6th Edition,
Elsevier, India, 2007.
6. Desai, C. S., Elementary Finite Element Method, Prentice Hall of India, 1998.
7. Chandrupatla, T. R., and Belegundu, A. D., Introduction to Finite Elements in Engineering, Prentice Hall of India, 1998.
8. Rajasekaran, S., Finite Element Analysis in Engineering Design, Wheeler Pub, India, 1998.
9. Shames, I. H., and Dym, C. L., Energy and Finite Element Methods in Structural Mechanics, Wiley Eastern, India, 1995.
Course Outcomes
1. Formulate static problems of elasticity both as boundary value problem and variational problem.
2. Analyse elastostatic problem using the finite element method and interpret results correctly.
3. Develop simple computer codes for the finite element analysis of elastostatic problems.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

96

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4021 WATER RESOURCES SYSTEMS


Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of fluids and CE2006 Open channel hydraulics and
hydrology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To gain knowledge on the systems concept and its application in the water resources sector.
2. To gain knowledge on fundamentals of systems planning approach as applied to water resources projects.
3. To study different methods of systems analysis with specific reference to water resource projects.
4. To study the application of systems concept in conjunctive water use planning and water qualitymanagement.
Module 1 (11 hours)
Introduction: Water systems engineering scope and approach.
Issues and the systems planning approach- water system dynamics- water resource development alternatives Water
systems planning objectives- Constraints and Criteria Economic and Econometric principles.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Hydrologic input analysis, Demand analysis, System elements and Subsystem planning - Stochastic planning and
management - Design and management issues.
Module 3 (11 hours)
Optimization methods and their application in water resources systems - Linear programming and dynamic
programming models. Problem formulation for water resources systems. Multi objective planning Large scale
system analysis- Case studies.
Module 4 ( 10 hours)
Ground water system planning Conjunctive surface and groundwater development, Hierarchical approach. Water
quality management planning, Policy issues.
References
1. Chathurvedi, M. C., Water Resources Systems Planning and Management, Tata McGraw Hill Publications, New
Delhi, 1987
2. Loucks, D. P., et al., Water Resources System Planning and Analysis, Prentice Hall, 1981.
3. Maass, A., et al., Design Water Resources Systems, Macmillan, 1968.
4. Goodman, A. S., Principles of Water Resources Planning, Prentice Hall, 1983.
5. Vedula, S., and Mujumdar, P. P., Water Resources Systems, Tata McGraw Hill Publications, New Delhi, 2005.
6. Jain, S. K. and Singh, V. P., Water Resources Systems Planning and Management, Developments in Water
Science, No. 51, Elsevier, 2003.
7. Mays, L. W., and Tung, Y. K., Hydrosystems Engineering and Management, Water Resources Publication, 2002.
Course Outcomes
1. Formulate problems pertaining to water resources in a systems framework.
2. Use techniques such as linear programming, dynamic programming, simulation etc to problems such as reservoir
operation, water quality management, conjunctive operation of surface and groundwater resources etc.
3. Recognise the strengths and weaknesses of the approach.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

97

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4022 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN HYDRO ENGINEERING


Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of fluids and CE2006 Open channel hydraulics and
hydrology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To understand in detail the principles and practices employed in the analysis and design of pipe and open channel
networks.
2. To understand in detail the principles and practices employed in flow routing with specific references to sewer
networks and water quality modelling in pipelines.
3. To gain basic knowledge on the use and application of various state of the art software used in the industry for
analysing problems in the water resources sector.
Module 1 (11 hours)
Review of basic hydraulic principles General flow characteristics, Energy and momentum principles and equations,
Pressure and free surface flows, HGL and TEL, Major and minor losses, Computer applications to simple flow
problems, Introduction to SAP.
Storm sewer design and gravity piping systems Review of basic hydrologic principles, Gradually varied flow, Mixed
flow profiles, Storm sewer applications.
Module 2 (11 hours)
Drainage inlet design, Culvert hydraulics and design.
Pressure piping systems and water quality analysis Analysis and design of water distribution systems.
Introduction to some packages such as Flow Master, StormCAD, Culvert Master, WaterCAD, and SewerCAD and
EPANET.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Flow routing - Hydrologic and hydraulic methods of routing, Sanitary sewer design including extended period
simulation and routing.
Watershed modelling Basic principles Introduction to SWMM
Module 4 (10 hours)
Water quality modelling in streams- Basic models, Introduction to software packages.
Ground water quality modeling
References
1. Michael M. Meadows and Thomas M Walski, Computer Applications in Hydraulic Engineering, Haestad Press,
2004.
2. QIP Short Term Course Notes, Advanced IT Applications in Civil Engineering: IIT, Kharagpur, 2001.
3. Mays, L. W., Water Resources Engineering, John Wiley and Sons, 2005.
4. Chapra, S. C., Surface Water Quality Modeling, McGraw-Hill, Inc, 1996.
Course Outcomes
1. Formulate water resources problem in a manner in which they can be input to various state of the art software for
analysis.
2. Use various state of the art of software in the analysis of different problems in the water sector both related to
quantity and quality.
3. Interpret the results obtained and provide solutions to these problems.
.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

98

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4023 COASTAL ENGINEERING


Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of fluids and CE2006 Open channel hydraulics and
hydrology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To gain knowledge on the scope of coastal engineering, typical problems in coastal regions, fundamentals of
behavior of water waves and different theories used to analyse the same.
2. To study water wave behviour in detail using the linear wave theory.
3. To study methods for estimation of wave forces on different types of structures and methods of design of structures
employed for coastal protection.
4. To study the methods and mechanisms of littoral transport including its estimation and to study different
methods
employed for protection of coastal regions.
5. To gain insight into Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) principles and practices.
Module 1 (12 hours)
Introduction: Coastal Engineering Coastal Environment Problems, Coastal water level fluctuations Tides- surges
and seiches.
Waves: Linear wave theory - Irregular and regular waves Short and long term wave analysis wind generated waveswave fore casting Wave transformations- shoaling- refraction reflection diffraction breaking.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Causes of coastal erosion, Shore protection, Type of beaches, Methods of shore protection structural and nonstructural methods. Wave structure interaction Forces on shore structures due to breaking, broken and non-breaking
waves.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Shores and shore processes, long term and short term changes, Cross shore and long shore currents Sediment
transport - Onshore offshore movement of sediment longshore transport - mathematical modeling - factors affecting
equilibrium of beaches- Coastal erosion and protection along the Kerala coast.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Coastal zone management: Coastal resource planning and management, Management goals and purposes, Sustainable
use of resources, Application of IT in coastal zone management. Coastal ecosystems including mangroves, Activities
in coastal areas and environmental problems, mudbanks, Legislation in India including the CRZ and CZMA
notifications.
References
1. Kamphius, J. W., Introduction to Coastal Engineering and Management, World Scientific, 2010.
2. Sorenson, R. M., Basic Coastal Engineering, John Wiley and Sons, 2005.
3. Shore Protection Manual Vol. I and Vol. II, U.S. Army Coastal Engineering Research Center, 1984.
4. John R. Clark, Coastal Zone Management Handbook University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and
Atmospheric Sciences, Florida 2440 East Commercial Boulevard, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida 33308, 1996.
5. Dean, R. G., and R.A. Dalrymple, Coastal Processes with Engineering Applications, Cambridge University Press,
2004.
6. Reeve, D., Andrew Chadwick, and Christopher Fleming, Coastal Engineering, Spon Press, 2004.
7. Coastal Engineering Manual, U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, 2006.
Course Outcome:
1. Perform wave force estimation on various coastal structures.
2. Design various costal structure and coastal protection measures.
4. Be an active proponent and participant in ICZM activities.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

99

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4024 TRANSPORTATION PLANNING


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To acquire knowledge about concepts of urban transportation planning process.
2. To introduce to the theories underlying traveler trip decisions, and the determination of the modes and routes
chosen by travelers.
3. To know the methods of designing, conducting and administering surveys to provide the data required for
transportation planning
4. To develop an understanding of the four steps in conventional transportation planning process namely trip
generation, trip distribution, mode split and route split.
Module 1 (10 hours)
Urban Transportation Planning Process and Concepts: Role of transportation - Transportation problems - Urban
travel characteristics - Evolution of transportation planning process - Concept of travel demand - Demand function Independent variables Travel attributes - Assumptions in demand estimation - Sequential, recursive and
simultaneous processes
Module 2 (12 hours)
Trip Generation Analysis: Definition of study area - Zoning - Types and sources of data -Road side interviews Home interview surveys - Expansion factors - Accuracy checks - Trip generation models - Zonal models - Category
analysis - Household models - Trip attractions of work centers.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Trip Distribution Analysis: Trip distribution models - Growth factor models Gravity models - Opportunity models.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Mode Split Analysis: Mode split analysis - Mode choice behaviour, Competing modes, Mode split curves,
Probabilistic models.
Route Split Analysis - Route split analysis: Elements of transportation networks, coding -minimum path trees, all-ornothing assignment.
References
1. Khisty, C. J., Transportation Engineering An Introduction, Prentice Hall, 3rd Edition, 2002.
2. Papacostas, Fundamentals of Transportation Planning, Tata McGraw Hill, Third Edition, 2002.
3. Dicky, J. W., Metropolitan Transportation Planning, Tata McGraw Hill, 1983
4. Bruton, M. J., Introduction to Transportation Planning, Hutchinson of London, 1970.
5. Hutchinson, B. G., Principles of Urban Transportation System Planning, McGraw Hill
6. ITE (1982), 'Transportation and Traffic Engineering Hand Book', Chapters 10,12, and 17, Prentice Hall, New
Jersey
7. Kanafani, A., Transportation Demand Analysis, McGraw-Hill, 1983.
8. Konstadinos G. Goulias, Transportation Systems Planning: Methods and Applications, CRC Press, 2002
9. Meyer, M. D. and Miller, E. J., Urban Transportation Planning, McGraw-Hill International, 2001
10. Oppenheim, N., Applied Models in Urban and Regional Analysis, Prentice-Hall, NJ, 1995.
11. Ortuzar, J. D., and Willumsen, L. G., Modelling Transport, John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 2001.
12. Wilson, A. G, Urban and Regional Models in Geography and Planning, John Wiley and Sons, 1974.
Course Outcomes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Design and conduct surveys to provide the data required for transportation planning.
Develop trip production and attraction models at different levels.
Calibrate trip distribution models and modal split models.
Forecast the travel demand on various links of urban transport network
Draw various planning alternatives and suggest the best alternative for implementation

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

100

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4025 ADVANCED STEEL DESIGN


L
3

Prerequisite: CE3007 Structural Design - II


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To familiarize with the provisions in Indian Standard code of practice for the design of various steel structures.
2. To learn the design of different types of steel structures like gantry girder, steel water tanks, steel chimneys, steel
bunkers, transmission towers
3. To learn with the design of plate girder steel bridges.
4. To familiarize with the design of structural elements using Light gauge steel sections.
Module 1 (12 hours)
Gantry Girder
Design of gantry girder gantry to column connection.
Water Tanks
Design of rectangular, pressed steel tanks design of suspended bottom tanks cylindrical tank with hemispherical
bottom design of staging.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Chimneys
Design of self supporting chimney design principles of guyed chimney.
Bunkers and Silos
Introduction Janssens theory Airys theory design criteria.
Transmission Towers
Introductionloads on towers analysisdesign of members and foundation.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Plate girder bridges
Plate girders loads equivalent uniformly distributed loads Indian railway code of practice design of plate girder
bridges bearings.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Light gauge members
Light gauge sections design considerations allowable stresses buckling, design of compression members, tension
members and laterally supported beams connections.
References
1. Subramanian, N., Design of Steel Structures, Oxford University Press, 2008
2. Bhavikatti, S. S., Design of Steel Structures, I K International Publishing House (P) Ltd.
3. Duggal, S. K., Limit State of Design of Steel Structures, Tata McGraw Hill, 2010.
4. Ramchandra , Design of Steel Structures Vol I and II, Standard book house , 1991
5. Dayaratnam, P., Design of Steel Structures, Wheeler,1998
6. Raghupathi, M., Design of Steel Structures, Tata McGraw Hill, 1985
7. Lin and Breslar, Design of Steel Structures, John Wiley and Sons, 1963
8. Relevant BIS codes ( IS 800, SP 6,IS 804, IS 805,IS 6533, IS 9178, IS 801,IS 811 )
Course Outcomes
1. To understand the provisions in Indian standard codes of practice for the design of various steel structures.
2. To design various types of steel structures using hot rolled sections.
3. To understand the provisions in Indian railway loading standards for the design of railway bridges.
4. To design structures using light gauge steel sections.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

101

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4026 ADVANCED GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To familiarise with various soil structure interaction models
2. To understand various sheet pile and coffer dam designs
3. To study theory of vibration and design of foundations subjected to dynamic loads
4. To familiarise with design of foundations for special cases like chimney , towers etc.
Module 1 (10 hours)
Soil structure interaction problems: introduction with practical examples,Soil models,
single parameter model (Winkler), Two parameter models (Filonenko-Borodich model, Pasternaak model, Hetengi
model) Visco elastic model, Elastic continuum model. (only outline of salient features and discussion of
limitations of the models is expected) Contact pressure distribution beneath a rigid footing- concentrically and
eccentrically loaded cases. Contact pressure distribution beneath flexible footings.
Contact pressure distribution below rafts Parameters affecting contact pressure distribution
Method of analysis of contact pressure distribution Modulus of sub grade reaction approach (Winkler model)
Classical solution of beams on elastic foundation Solution for beam of infinite length subjected to central
concentrated load and central moment Beams of finite length Formulation of basic equations for slabs resting on
elastic foundation Application to design of combined footings
Module 2 (10 hours)
Sheet pile walls and cofferdams : Types and uses of sheet piles Design of cantilever and anchored sheet pile walls Anchors Types and uses of coffer dams Single wall coffer dams Soil pressure on single walled (braced
cofferdams) Design of single wall cofferdams Cellular stability of cellular cofferdams Instability due to heave of
bottom of excavation Condition for piping Conditions for blow in
Module 3 (12 hours)
Machine foundations : Basic theory of vibration Free and forced vibration of single degree of freedom with and
without damping Two degrees of freedom with and without damping Dynamic soil properties Mass spring model
and constants Elastic half space approach Determination of dynamic soil constants in laboratory and field based on
I.S code provisions.
Modes of vibration of block foundation
Natural frequency of foundation soil system by Barkans approach Method of analysis Barkans method
Verticals- Translation, sliding, rocking and yawing (I.S code method)
Module 4 (10 hours)
Special foundation : Shell foundations Structural form and efficiency Different types of shell foundations
General principles of design of shell foundations Special features of the foundations for water tanks, silos, chimneys
and transmission line towers - Foundations for offshore structures Gravity structures Jack up type structures
Design considerations
References
1. Shamsher Prakash, Soil Dynamics, McGraw Hill, 1981.
2. Alexander Major, Dynamics in soil Engineering, Acamemiai, 1980.
3. Bowles, J. E., Foundation analysis and design , McGraw Hill, 1996
4. Das, B. M ,Principles of soil Dynamics, Brooks/Cole, 2010.
5. Krammer, S. L, Geotechnical earthquake engineering, Prentice Hall, 1996.
Course Outcomes
1. Student will be familiarise with foundation designs taking into consideration soil structure interactions
2. Student will be able to do designs of sheet piles
3. Student will be learning design of foundations and vibration isolation techniques
4. To familiarise with various modern foundation designs like shell and folded plate foundations

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

102

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4027 SOIL DYNAMICS AND DESIGN OF MACHINE FOUNDATIONS


Prerequisite: CE3004 Geotechnology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1.
2.
3.
4.

To familiarise with fundamentals of theory of vibrations


To understand code provisions for machine foundation designs
To study various modes of vibrations and methods for calculations of induced loads
To familiarise with design theories for foundation subjected to vibrations

Module 1 (11 hours)


Introduction - nature of dynamic loads - stress conditions on soil elements under earthquake loading - dynamic loads
imposed by simple crank mechanism - type of machine foundations - special considerations for design of machine
foundations - theory of vibration: general definitions - properties of harmonic motion - free vibrations of a mass-spring
system - free vibrations with viscous damping - forced vibrations with viscous damping - frequency dependent
exciting force - systems under transient forces - Raleighs method - logarithmic decrement - determination of viscous
damping - principle of vibration measuring instruments - systems with two degrees of freedom - special response
Module 2 (11 hours)
Criteria for a satisfactory machine foundation - permissible amplitude of vibration for different type of machines methods of analysis of machine foundations - methods based on linear elastic weightless springs - methods based on
linear theory of elasticity (elastic half space theory) - methods based on semi graphical approach - degrees of freedom
of a block foundation - definition of soil spring constants - nature of damping - geometric and internal damping determination of soil constants - methods of determination of soil constants in laboratory and field based on IS code
provisions
Module 3 (10 hours)
Vertical, sliding, rocking and yawing vibrations of a block foundation - simultaneous rocking, sliding and vertical
vibrations of a block foundation - foundation of reciprocating machines - design criteria - calculation of induced forces
and moments - multi-cylinder engines - numerical example (IS code method)
Module 4 (10 hours)
Foundations subjected to impact loads - design criteria - analysis of vertical vibrations - computation of dynamic
forces - design of hammer foundations (IS code method) - vibration isolation - active and passive isolation transmissibility - methods of isolation in machine foundations
References
1. Shamsher Prakash, Soil Dynamics, McGraw-Hill, 1981.
2. Alexander Major, Dynamics in Soil Engineering, Akademiai,1980.
3. Sreenivasalu and Varadarajan, Handbook of Machine Foundations, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2007.
4. IS 2974 - Part I and II, Design Considerations for Machine Foundations
5. IS 5249: Method of Test for Determination of Dynamic Properties Of Soils
Course Outcomes
1. Student will be familiarise with various theories of machine foundation design
2. Student will be able to do designs of foundations subjected to vibrations
3. Student will be learning to evaluate dynamic soil properties
4. To familiarise with vibration isolation techniques

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

103

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4028 INDUSTRIAL WASTE ENGINEERING


L
3

Prerequisite: CE3006 Environmental Studies In Civil Engineering


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To familiarize the procedure in characterizing the industrial wastes
2. To understand the concepts related to energy , resource and waste audits
3. To learn basic operations in reducing industrial waste minimization and management
4. To comprehend the composition of wastewater from various industries
Module 1 (10 hours)
Nature and characteristics of Industrial wastes- prevention versus control of industrial pollution- Linkage between
technology and pollution prevention- tools for clean processes- reuse, recycle, recovery, source reduction, raw material
substitution, toxic use reduction and process modification- separation technologies as tools for waste minimizationFlow sheet analysis- Energy and resource audits-waste audits
Module 2 (11 hours)
Preliminary treatment of industrial waste water volume reduction strength reduction neutralization equalization
and proportioning
Treatment of industrial waste- suitability of different techniques- disposal of industrial waste
Module 3 (10 hours)
Effluent generation from textile industry paper industry dairy fertilizer thermal power plants- effluent
characteristics- treatment
Module 4 (11 hours)
Environmental impact of textile industry paper industry - dairy - fertilizer thermal power plant
Study of damages caused by industrial pollution in India and Kerala (typical problems).
References
1. Nemerow, N., Theory and Practices of Industrial Waste Treatment, Addison Wiley, 1998.
2. Agardy. Franklin J., Strategies of Industrial and Hazardous Waste Management, John Wiley and Sons, 1998.
3. Nemerow, N., Industrial Waste Treatment: Contemporary Practice and Vision for the Future, ButterworthHeinemann, 2006.
4. Larry W Canter, Environmental Impact Assessment, McGraw Hill, Inc., 1997.
Course outcomes
1. Distinguish the wastewater originated from different industries using simple protocols
2. Characterize the different industrial wastes in detail and design suitable waste treatment technology for an industry
3. Design waste and resource auditing procedures for different industries

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

104

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4029 ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENT


Prerequisite: CE3006 Environmental Studies In Civil Engineering
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To familiarize the risk based approach to environmental decision making
2. To learn the procedure of assessing the risk to human health because of carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic
chemicals and microorganisms
3. To learn the procedure of ecological risk assessment
4. To learn the procedure of assessing the failure risk of industrial systems
Module 1 (10 hours)
Introduction
Basic concepts of environmental risk assessment and definitions, risk assessment as an environment management tool,
use of risk assessment and management techniques in policy and regulatory decisions, use of risk assessment and
management techniques in industry, typology of risk assessment and management techniques, over view of risk
assessment methods- NAS model- hazard identification, dose-response assessment, exposure assessment, risk
characterization.
Module 2 (11 hours)
Human health risk assessment
Physical risks- ionizing radiation- hazard identification, dose-response assessment, exposure assessment, risk
characterization.
Chemical risks- hazard identification, dose-response assessment, exposure assessment, risk characterization,
deterministic vs. probabilistic risk assessment, neurotoxic risk assessment, immunotoxic risk assessment,
developmental toxicity risk assessment, reproductive toxicity risk assessment, risk assessment of endocrine disruptors,
carcinogenic risk assessment.
Biological Risks- hazard identification, hazard characterization, exposure assessment, risk characterization, risk
assessment of genetically modified organisms.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Ecological risk assessment
Risk assessment process for chemicals- hazard identification, effects assessment, exposure assessment, risk
characterization. Risk assessment of plant protection products. Risk assessment of genetically modified organisms.
Module 4 (11 hours)
Application of environmental risk assessment in industry
Site specific ERA for non-routine releases- hazard identification/ release assessment(methods like Hazop, What-if,
knowledge based hazop, Fault tree analysis, Event tree analysis, Cause-consequence analysis, reliability block
diagrams, task analysis, etc.), exposure assessment, consequence assessment, risk estimation.
Site specific ERA for routine releases.
Transportation risk assessment, product risk assessment, risk minimization measures.
Risk assessment techniques for specific industrial applications- off-shore installations, nuclear installations,
contaminated land, waste management. Relation between ERA and Life cycle assessment (LCA).
References
1. European Environmental Agency (EEA), Environmental Risk Assessment Approaches, Experiences, and
Information Sources.
2. Lerche, Ian and Walter Glaesser, Environmental Risk Assessment: Quantitative measures, anthropological
influences, human impact, Springer Publishers, 2010.
3. Robson, Mark, William Toscano (Ed.), Risk Assessment for Environmental Health, John Wiley and Sons Inc,
2007.
4. Molak, V., Fundamentals of risk analysis and risk management, CRC Press, 1997.
Course outcomes
1. Identify and evaluate the exposure of humans to various contaminants under different exposure conditions and
evaluate the health risk associated with the exposure.
2. Decide on an assessment endpoint for assessing the risk to ecosystem.
3. Analyse the system failure rates and risks associated with simple industrial systems.
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

105

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4030 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION CONTROL ENGINEERING


Prerequisite: CE3006 Environmental Studies In Civil Engineering
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To familiarize the various types of water and air pollution problems
2. To know the primary, secondary and tertiary pollutants normally observed in water , air and soil environments, and
understand their effects and removal techniques
3. To learn the effects of noise, light and glare pollutions, and to understand the various methods to control them
4. To familiarize the laws and regulations pertaining to environmental pollution control in water, soil and air
Module 1 (10 hours)
Environmental pollution - interrelationship between various forms of pollution - surface water pollution surveys integrated river basin water management - restoration of water bodies - water quality changes by domestic use radioactive materials - thermal pollution and underground disposal - types of water pollutants and their effects instrumentation for water quality and treatment.
Module 2 (11 hours)
Air pollution control strategy air pollution control technology methodological factors affecting air pollution air
pollution surveys instrumentation for air quality measurement air quality standards.
Module 3 (11 hours)
Land pollution land pollution surveys - ecological aspects of vegetation control
Noise pollution - effects of noise - sources noise control techniques - instruments for noise measurement.
Light and glare pollution outside lighting and glare sources - corrective procedures.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Water pollution laws and regulations
Air pollution control Act of India
Land pollution laws and regulations
The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
References
1. Rao, C. S., Environmental Pollution Control Engineering, New Age International (P) Ltd., 2006.
2. Goel, P. K., Water Pollution Causes, Effects and Control, New Age International (P) Ltd., 2009.
3. Birdie, G. S. and Birdie, J. S., Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering, Dhanapat Rai and Sons, 2007.
4. Liptak Bela G., Environmental Engineers Hand Book Vols. I, II and III
Course outcomes
1.
2.
3.
4.

Identify the different types of pollution problems in water, air and soil environments and their causes
Design air pollution control technologies
Design a suitable system to prevent light, glare and noise pollution
Distinguish the various laws and regulations related with pollution control

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

106

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4031 DESIGN OF EXPERIMENTS


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Module 1 (10 hours)


Basic concepts - calibration standards - generalized measurement system experiment planning Analysis of
experimental data - causes and types of experimental errors - error analysis - statistical analysis of experimental data
Module 2 (11 hours)
Basic electrical measurements and sensing devices - analog and digital instruments Displacement and area
measurement - gauge blocks - optical methods - graphical and numerical methods for area measurement
Module 3 (11 hours)
Pressure measurements - pressure gauges Flow measurement - laser droppler anemometer - impact pressure in
supersonic flow
Module 4 (10 hours)
Force, torque and strain measurements- the unbounded resistance strain gauge Motion and vibration measurement seismic measurement - data acquisition and
processing.
References
1. Holman, J. P, Experimental Methods for Engineers, McGraw Hill Publication, 1984.
2. Doeblin, E. O., Measurement Systems - Application and Design, McGraw Hill Publication, 2004
3. Nakra, B. C and Choudhary, Instrumentation Measurement and Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill Publication, 1992

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

107

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4032 TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE DESIGN


Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To develop an understanding of the planning and design of highway cross section elements, alignment, sight
distance and landscaping;
2. To have knowledge of the different types of intersection control and design of at grade and grade separated
intersections
3. To get acquainted with the design of facilities for non motorised road users like pedestrians, and bicyclists
4. To gain insight into the functions and flows in terminal facilities and understand the flow and level of service
concepts in terminals
Module 1: (12 Hours)
Design of Highways: Hierarchy of Highway System, Functions, Geometric Design Standards, Design Controls and
Criteria Vehicle, Driver and Traffic; Cross-Section Elements, Typical Sections, Design of the Alignment - Sight
distance , Horizontal Alignment, Vertical Alignment, Integration, Optical Design, Landscaping and Safety
Considerations, Evaluation and Design of existing geometrics.
Module 2: (12 Hours)
Design of Intersections: Types of Intersections and Controls, Principles of Intersection Design; Design of At-Grade
Intersections Design Elements, Channelisation, Design using Templates; Rotary and Roundabout Design,
Capacity; Signalised Intersections Benefits and Drawbacks, Warrants, Design; Signal Coordination Methods,
Design; Grade separated intersections Warrants, Types, Geometric Standards, Spacing and Space controls, Ramps
and Gore area design, Parking Facilities.
Module 3: (9 Hours)
Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities: Characteristics of Pedestrians and Bicycles, Issues Shared by Pedestrians and
Bicycles, Pedestrian Facility Design - Walkways, Sidewalks, and Public Spaces, Pedestrian Facility Capacity and
LOS, Signs and Pavement Markings , Intersections, Midblock Crossings, Flyovers and Subways; Bicycle Facility
Design - Shared Roadways, Bike Lanes, Parking and Storage
Module 4: (9 Hours)
Terminal Planning and Design: Terminal Functions, Analysis of Terminals, Process Flow Charts of Passenger and
Goods Terminals, Terminal Processing Time, Waiting Time, Capacity and Level Of Service Concept, Study of
Typical Facilities of Highway, Transit, Airport and Waterway Terminals, Concept of Inland Port.
References:
1. Kadiyali, L. R., Traffic Engineering and Transport Planning, Khanna publishers, 1987.
2. IRC-SP41: Guidelines for the Design of At-Grade Intersections in Rural and Urban Areas
3. Salter, R. J., Highway Traffic Analysis and Design, ELBS, 1996.
4. Edward K. Morlock, Introduction to Transportation Engineering and Planning, International Student Edition,
McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1992.
5. Joseph, De Chiara, Urban Planning and Design Criteria, Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1982.
6. Joseph De Chiara , Michael J. Crosbie, Mike Crosbie, Time-Saver Standards for Building Types, McGraw-Hill
Professional, 2001.
7. Guide for the Planning, Design, and Operation of Pedestrian Facilities, AASHTO, 2004
8. Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities, AASHTO, 1999
9. Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD), 2009
10. Urban Intersection Design Guide, Texas Department of Transportation, 2005
Course outcomes
1. Design the geometrical elements of midblocks and intersections.
2. Perform safety evaluation of design of existing and proposed geometric designs.
3. Plan and design the pedestrian, bicycle and parking facilities.
4. Have an understanding of terminal planning and design.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

108

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4033 TRANSPORTATION AND LANDUSE


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course objectives
1. Provide the students with a thorough understanding of the key concepts in transport and land use planning.
2. Provide an idea about the various urban forms and urban structures.
3. Acquire skills required for collection, analysis and forecasting of transportation data.
4. Familiarize with tools and techniques for operational, environmental and economic evaluation of transport and land
use policies.
Module 1 (10 hours)
Urban Forms and Urban Structure: Hierarchy of Urban Activity System, Hierarchy of Urban Transportation
Network and Technology; Relationship between Movement and Accessibility Functions of Transportation Network;
Urban Structure and its Characteristics such as Centripetal, Grid Iron, Linear and Directional Grid types, Study of
Urban Forms such as Garden City, Precincts, Neighbourhoods, Linear City, MARS Plan, LeCorbusier Concept,
Radburn Concept, Environmental Area Concept.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Demographic and Employment Forecasting Models: Demographic Models- Linear, Exponential and Logistic
Models; Cohort Survival Models-Birth, Aging and Migration Models; Employment Forecasting Models- Economic
base Mechanism; Population and Employment Multiplier Models - Input and Output Models - Dynamic Models of
Population and Employment Multiregional Extensions
Module 3 (12 hours)
Landuse-Transportation Models: Lowry based Landuse-Transportation Models Allocation Function, Constraints,
Travel Demand Estimation Iterative Solutions, Matrix Formulation, Dynamic and Dis-aggregated extensions.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Evaluation of Landuse Transportation Plans: Operational, Environmental and Economic Evaluation Concept of
Demand and Supply for Transportation Projects Benefit and Cost B/C and Cost Effective Approach for Economic
Evaluation.
References
1. Hutchinson B.G., Principle of Transportation Systems Planning, McGraw-Hill.
2. Oppenheim N., Applied Models in Urban and Regional Analysis, Prentice-Hall.
3. Dickey J.W., et. al., Metropolitan Transportation Planning, Tata McGraw-Hill.
4. Gallion A.B and Eisner S., The Urban Pattern, Affluated East-West Press, New Delhi.
5. ITE (1982), Transportation and Traffic Engineering Hand Book, Chapters 21 and 22', Prentice-Hall, New Jersy.
6. Wilson, A.G, Urban and Regional Models in Geography and Planning, John Wiley and Sons.

Course outcomes
1. Describe the distinctive social, cultural, and spatial features of cities and illustrate their impacts on the urban
experience.
2. Apply basic skills of empirical reasoning to solve urban problems.
3. Speculate on the range of processes which generate urban growth and its different structures.
4. Describe some of the zone based spatial statistical methods available to measure urban growth dynamics and
patterns.
5. Formulate alternative plans for transport and land use development.
6. Evaluate the operational, environmental and economic impactsof transport and land use.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

109

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4034 PAVEMENT MATERIALS


L
3

Prerequisite: Transportation Engineering -I


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1.
2.
3.
4.

To provide the knowledge about various types of materials used for pavement construction
To understand uses of materials in each layer based on their properties
To get familiarized with various tests on pavement materials
To compare the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of pavement materials with respect traffic and
environmental conditions

Module 1 (6 hours)
Pavement Materials: Pavement Types, Functions of pavements, Components of pavements, Functions and
Requirements of pavement materials, Pavement recycling.
Module 2 (12 hours)
Subgrade material: Different types and its role on pavement construction; Mechanical response of soil and the
different constitutive models evaluation of mechanical properties of soils.
Aggregates: Physical and mechanical properties, specifications, testing, gradation.
Module 3 (12 hours)
Bitumen: Bitumen chemistry Traditional properties Susceptibility parameters ageing of bitumen; Viscoelasticity
Introduction to Linear and non-linear Viscoelasticity.
Characterization of Mechanical Properties of bitumen: Absolute viscosity Kinematic viscosity Zero Shear
Viscosity (ZSV) Material Volumetric-flow Rate (MVR) Handling and Pumping.
Flow Characteristics: Permanent Deformation and Fatigue Cracking, Rutting and Structural Cracking, Low
Temperature Cracking Resistance Thermal Cracking Fracture (Tensile) Strength in Cleavage.
Module 4 (12 hours)
Mixes: Mix design methods and classification Advantages and disadvantages of mix design methods; Requirements
of mixes; Characterization of Mixture Properties - Marshall Stability and flow value, Resilient Modulus, Dynamic
Complex Modulus, Static and Dynamic Creep behavior, Flexural Fatigue behavior, Shear Modulus, Moisture
Susceptibility; Superpave specifications; Introduction to Nanoscale Characterization - Atomic Force Microscope
(AFM), Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM), Nanoindenter.
References
1. Rihard Kim Y., Modelling of asphalt concrete, ASCE Press, Mc Graw Hill, 2009.
2. Linbing Wang, Mechanics of Asphalt, Mc Graw Hill, 2011.
3. Rajib B. Mallick, Tahar El-Korchi, Pavement Engineering-Principles and Practice, CRC Press, 2008.
4. Harold N. Atkins, Highway Materials, Soils, and Concrete, Prentice Hall, 2002.
5. MORTH Specifications on General Requirements for Bituminous Pavement Layers, 2001
6. IS: 1201 to 1220 1978, Methods for Testing Tar and Bituminous Materials.
7. IS: 2386 Part I to Part VIII 1963, Method of Tests for Aggregates for Concrete.
Course Outcomes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Suggest suitable materials for different types of pavements


Asses the properties of pavement materials with their suitability
Interpret the material test results with respect to the field conditions
Apply the material properties for analysis of pavements under traffic
Understand the variation in specification for pavement materials used in other countries.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

110

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4035 DYNAMICS OF STRUCTURES


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To expose the students to the need for the dynamic analysis of structures.
2. To formulate the mathematical models of a vibrating system.
3. To study the different dynamic characteristics of single degree of freedom system
4. To determine response of a single degree of freedom and multi- degree of freedom system under free vibration and
forced vibration.
5. To introduce practical vibration analysis of a large system, like a framed structure.
Module 1 (10 hours)
Over view:- Basic features of dynamic loading and response - models for dynamic analysis - lumped mass, generalized
displacements and finite element models, Formulation of equation of motion - Direct equilibration, principle of virtual
displacement and Hamilton's principle.
Degrees of freedom - Translational and rotational systems - mass moment of inertia
Free vibration of single degree of freedom system:- Solution of equation of motion, undamped free vibration Damped free vibration, critically damped, under damped and over damped systems, Logarithmic decrement
Module 2 (10 hours)
Single degree of freedom system - Response:- Response to harmonic loading, Undamped system- damped system,
Response to periodic loading -Fourier series expansion of the loading- response to Fourier series loading Exponential
form of Fourier series loading and response- Complex frequency transfer functions.
Module 3 (12 hours)
Multi degree of freedom system:- Two degree of freedom system - equation of motion, characteristic equation,
frequencies and mode shapes, coordinate coupling and choice of degree of freedom, response of two degree of
freedom system to initial excitation, beat phenomenon
Multi- degree of freedom system - analysis of multi- degree of freedom system- mode superposition analysis.
Distributed Parameter System: Partial differential equation of motion - Axial vibration of prismatic bars - Elementary
case of flexural vibration of beams.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Practical Vibration Analysis:- Determination of frequency by Rayliegh's method, beam flexure - selection of shapeimproved Rayleigh's method.
Framed structures - Shear building concept and models for dynamic analysis, discrete parameter system by Rayleigh's
method , improvement of frequency, Stodola method for discrete parameter system, reduction of second and higher
modes- Stodola method for continuous parameter system.
References
1. Clough,R.W. and Penzien, J., Dynamics of structures, McGraw Hill, 1993.
2. Chopra, A.K., Dynamics of structures - Theory and Application to Earthquake Engineering, Prentice Hall of India,
1996.
3. --IS 1893 - Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures, 2002.
4. --SP 22: Explanatory Handbook on Codes for Earthquake Engineering.
5. Meirovitch L., Elements of Vibration Analysis, Mc.Graw Hill, 1986.
6. Thomson W.T., Theory of Vibration with Applications, Pearson Education Inc., 1998.
7. Craig, Jr. R.R., Structural Dynamics, John Wiley, 1981.
8. Hurty, W.C. and Rubinstein M.F., Dynamics of Structures, Prentice Hall, 1964.
Course Outcomes
1. To assess the need for dynamic analysis for a given system.
2. To model a given civil engineering system
3. To perform both free vibration and forced vibration analysis of a civil engineering structure.
4. To perform a practical dynamic analysis of a framed structure.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

111

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4036 SEISMIC DESIGN OF STRUCTURES


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objective
1. To introduction basics of Engineering seismology.
2. To study seismic design principles of structures as per latest relevant BIS codes.
3. To emphasise the ductile detailing of structures
4. To introduce the seismic behaviour non-engineered buildings
5. To study seismic design principles special structures, like stacks, bridges, water tanks etc..
Module 1 (10 hours)
Introduction to Engineering seismology Nature of earth ground motion - Causes of earthquake - Seismic wavesprimary and secondary waves Raleigh wave - Love wave Earthquake damage mechanism- Magnitude of
earthquake Intensity of earthquake- Seismic Zoning map of India- Response of structure to earthquake motion.
Module 2 (12 hours)
Concept of Seismic design : Approach to seismic design General principles of a seismic design - Review of IS
1893:2002 Conceptual Design- Design earthquake loads- Load combinations and permissible stresses - Equivalent
static analysis Vertical distribution of seismic forces and horizontal shears Dynamic analysis Design spectrums
Seismic weights Modal combination Guide lines for seismic design Ductile detailing for seismic design
Module 3 (10 hours)
Improving seismic behaviour of Masonry Buildings- Timber buildings- Steel buildings- Seismic design of water tanks
Elevated tower supported tanks- Hydrodynamic pressure in tanks examples
Module 4 (10 hours)
Special structures: Seismic design of towers Stack like structures Chimneys Seismic design principles of
retaining walls Concept of seismic design of bridges Seismic design of bearings
References
1. IS: 1893-2002, Indian Standard Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures, Part 1 to 5 , BIS, New Delhi
2. IS:1893-1984, Indian Standard Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures, BIS, New Delhi
3. IS: 4326-1993, Indian Standard Code of practice for Earthquake Resistant Design and Construction of Buildings,
BIS, New Delhi, 1993
4. SP:22-1982, Explanatory Hand Book on Codes of Earthquake Engineering, BIS, New Delhi, 1982.
5. IS:13920-1993, Indian Standard Ductile Detailing of RCC Structures subjected to seismic forces Code of
practice, 1993
6. Pankaj Agarwal and Manish Shirkhande, Earthquake Resistant Design of structures, Prentice-Hall of India , 2006
7. Duggal, S. K., Earthquake Resistant Design of structures, Oxford University Press, 2007
Course Outcomes
1. To assess the need for seismic analysis for a given civil engineering system.
2. To perform seismic analysis of a structure.
3. To carry out design and detailing of a structure as per latest BIS code of practice.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

112

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4051 ADVANCED STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS


Prerequisite: CE4002 Structural Analysis - III
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To understand the principles of structural analysis at an advanced level.
2. To expose the students to computer implementation of analysis principles.
3. To acquire knowledge of structural analysis of special types of structures.
4. To familiarize the principles of dynamic analysis of structural systems.
Module 1 (14 hours)
Direct stiffness method
Introduction - element stiffness matrix - rotation transformation matrix - transformation of displacement and load
vectors and stiffness matrix - equivalent nodal forces and load vectors - assembly of stiffness matrix and load vector determination of nodal displacements and element forces - analysis of plane truss - plane frame (with numerical
examples) - analysis of grid - space-truss and space-frame (without numerical examples) - computer Implementation introduction to analysis packages
(A project on development of an analysis program using above method is envisaged at this stage)
Module 2 (9 hours)
Beams on elastic foundation: general theory - infinite beam subjected to concentrated load - boundary conditions infinite beam subjected to a distributed load segment - semi-infinite beam subjected to loads at its end - semi-infinite
beam with concentrated load near its end - short beams.
Module 3 (9 hours)
Beams curved in plan: Analysis of cantilever beam curved in plan - analysis of circular beams over simple supports
Nonsymmetrical bending of straight beams: Shear centre a review, symmetrical and nonsymmetrical bending bending stresses in beams subjected to nonsymmetrical bending - deflections of straight beams subjected to
unsymmetrical bending - fully plastic load for unsymmetrical bending.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Introduction to Structural Dynamics
Single degree of freedom undamped and damped vibration-free vibration - forced vibration, introduction to multi
degree of freedom systems.
References
1. Wang, C. K., Matrix Methods of Structural Analysis, International Textbook Company, 1970.
2. Przemeineicki, J. S., Theory of Matrix Structural Analysis, McGraw Hill, New York, 1985.
3. Weaver, W., and Gere, J. M., Matrix Analysis of Framed Structures, CBS Publishers, 2004.
4. Rajasekaran, S., and Sankarasubramanian, G., Computational Structural Mechanics, PHI
5. Boresi, A. P. and Sidebottom, O. M., Advanced Mechanics of Materials, John Wiley and Sons, 2003.
6. Srinath, L. S., Advanced Mechanics of Solids, Tata McGraw Hill, 2009.
7. Timoshenko, S., Strength of Materials, Part II, CBS Publishers, 2002.
8. Reddy, C. S., Basic Structural Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2007.
9. Paz M., Structural Dynamics, CBS Publishers, 2007.
10. Meirovich, L., Elements of Vibration Analysis, McGraw Hill, 2007.
11. Clough, R. W and Penzien, J., Dynamics of Structures, McGraw Hill, 1993.
Course Outcomes
1. Analyse structural elements such as beams, trusses, frames and grids using stiffness method.
2. Develop an analysis program using digital computer.
3. Analyse special types of structures - beams on elastic foundation, curved beams and beams subjected to
nonsymmetrical bending.
4. Carry out a dynamic analysis of structural systems

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

113

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4052 EARTH AND ROCKFILL DAM ENGINEERING


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To familiarise with various components of earth and rock fill dams
2. To understand various design procedures for earth dams
3. To familiar with analysis of seepage theories
4. To familiarise with various stability analysis theories
Module 1 (11 hours)
Introduction: use of earth and rockfill dams - general features of earth and rockfill dams - types of earth dams - materials
available for embankment construction - character of foundation - climate - shape and size of valley - river diversion - probable
wave action-time available for construction - function of reservoir -earthquake activity - study of typical embankment sections
including earth dams on Kerala.
Exploration for foundation and embankment construction materials: influence of topography and sub-soil conditions on site
selection - foundation subsurface exploration - studies of embankment construction materials.
Module 2 (11 hours)
Earth dam design: Basic consideration in design - location and alignment of dam - design of foundation - embankment design design of internal drainage system - embankment details - design of appurtenances - design of provisions to control pore pressure earth dams on pervious foundations - methods of foundation treatment - prevention of under seepage with complete vertical barrier
- reducing under seepage - controlling under seepage - special design problems - measuring instruments and performance
observations - design considerations on earthquake regions - loose sand foundation - foundations of soft clay and silt - upstream
slope wave protection - down stream slope protection
Module 3 (10 hours)
Construction of earth dams: phases of construction - site preparation - river diversion and cofferdam construction - foundation
preparation - borrow pit excavation - fill placement - soil compaction - construction control - slope treatment and riprap
Measurement of movements and pore water pressures: embankment movements during construction - post construction
embankment movement - pore water pressures during construction - pore pressure measuring equipment
Rockfill dams: general features - materials - design of rockfill dams and components - facing with different materials - spillways
and free board - core wall type - earth core type - construction of rockfill dams
Hydraulic fill dams: general features - analysis of hydraulic fill dams - construction details
Module 4 (10 hours)
Advanced theory of seepage and shear strength: seepage pressure - quick conditions - laplace equation - flownet phreatic line
on earth dam - a Casagrandes solution - Shaffernak and Van Iterson solution - Leo Casagrande solution - piping and exit gradient
- Khoslas theory - composite profile - Schwarz Christoffel transformation - determination of permeability in soil-rock longitudinal test - radial test - shear tests on rock - single jack test - direct shear test on rock cubes -punch shear test - shear box
tests - tensile strength tests on rock - brazilian test - flexural strength for bending test - youngs modulus by bending test and
brazilian tests
Stability analysis: Standard methods of analysis - Taylors modified swedish method including side forces between slices - wedge
method (sliding block) - stability conditions during construction - full reservoir and draw down conditions - pore pressure due to
gravity seepage after instantaneous draw downs
References
1. Bharath Singh and Sharma, Earth and Rockfill dams, Saritha Prakashan, Meerut,1976
2. Sowers, G. F., Earth and Rockfill Dam Engineering, Asia Publishing, 1962.
3. Sherad et al., Earth and Earth Rock Dams- Engineering Problems of Design and Construction, John Wiley, 1967.
4. Thomas, H. H., Engineering of Large Dams-Part II, 1976.
5. Verma, B. P., Rock Mechanics for Engineers, Khanna Publishers, 1989.
Course Outcomes
1. Student will be familiarise with various construction techniques of earth dams
2. Student will be able to do designs of earth and rock fill dams
3. Student will be learning to evaluate shear strength and seepage forces
4. To familiarise with various laboratory and filed tests for seepage analysis

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

114

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4053 PROBABILITY AND RELIABILITY TECHNIQUES IN WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To gain knowledge on various probability distributions used in statistical analysis.
2. To demonstrate simple applications of probabilistic approach to problems in water resources engineering.
3. To introduce the Monte Carlo simulation approach and its applications.
4. To gain insight into some methods of risk and reliability analysis.
Module 1 (10 hours)
Introduction - uncertainty in real world information, design and decision making under uncertainty.
Basic concepts of probability and probability distributions events , probability and random variables , elements of set
theory , univariate and bivariate probability distributions, marginal distributions, conditional distributions ,
independence, derived distributions , mixed distributions, applications .
Properties of random variables - moments and expectation for univariate distributions, moment generating functions,
measures of central tendency, dispersion, symmetry and skewness, moments and expectation for jointly distributed
random variables, sample moments, parameter estimation, applications.
Module 2 (12 hours)
Some Discrete Probability Distributions and their Applications - Bernoulli process binomial, geometric and negative
binomial distributions, Poisson process - Poisson, exponential and gamma distributions, hyper geometric distribution,
multinomial distribution, multivariate distributions bivariate normal distribution.
Some Continuous Probability Distributions and their Applications uniform distribution, exponential distribution,
gamma distribution , beta distribution , Weibull distribution, normal distribution, lognormal distribution, extreme
value distributions, some important distributions of sample statistics chi-square, the t and F distribution, probability
plotting and frequency analysis, applications.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Confidence Intervals and Hypothesis Testing properties of estimators, estimation of confidence intervals, Hypothesis
testing, goodness of fit tests , analysis of variance - one way and two way analysis of variance. Methods of regression
and correlation analysis - simple linear and multiple linear regression, frequency analysis of extreme events EV
distributions, applications.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Simulation techniques for design - Monte Carlo simulation, generation of random numbers, variance reduction
techniques, applications.
Risk and Reliability Analysis analysis and assessment of reliability, measures of reliability, uncertainty in reliability
assessments, first order analysis of uncertainty, temporal reliability, reliability based design, applications.
References
1. Haan, C. T., Statistical Methods In Hydrology, Affiliated East West Press, 1977.
2. Kottegoda, N. T. and Ranzo Russo, Statistics, Probability and Reliability For Civil and Environmental Engineers,
Mc Graw Hill Inc., 1997
3. Alfredo H-S. Ang and W.H. Tang, Probability Concepts in Engineering Planning and Design, Vol. 1 : Basic
Principles and Vol. 2 : Decision, Risk and Reliability : John Wiley and Sons, 1984
Course Outcomes
1. Perform probabilistic analysis of problems in water resources engineering.
2. Perform stochastic analysis using the Monte Carlo simulation approach.
4. Perform risk and reliability analysis.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

115

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4054 ENVIRONMENTAL HYDRAULICS

Prerequisite: CE2002 Mechanics of fluids and CE2006 Open channel hydraulics and
hydrology
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To gain detailed knowledge on the fundamental relationships between flow and transport.
2. To study different modelling approaches adopted for analyzing water quality problems in rivers, streams, lakes,
reservoirs etc
3. To demonstrate the application of these approaches to typical problems.
Module 1 (11 hours)
Fundamental relationships for flow and transport - general principles, instantaneous equation for fluid flow and
transport, Reynolds time-averaged mean flow and transport equations, model resolution, solution techniques, data
requirements.
Measurement and analysis of flow - measurement of velocity and flow, tracer studies, estimating design flows.
Module 2 (11 hours)
Models for rivers and streams - completely mixed systems - reaction kinetics, mass balance and steady state solution,
particular solutions, feed-forward systems of reactors, feed-back systems of reactors, computer methods.
Incompletely mixed systems - diffusion, distributed systems steady and unsteady cases, steady state solutions, simple
time variable solutions.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Rivers and streams- stream hydro-geometry, low- flow analysis, dispersion and mixings, flow model complexity and
data requirements, estimating mixing in streams and rivers, hydraulic methods for steady and unsteady flows and
solution techniques, routing and water quality problems.
Mixing in lakes and reservoirs, water balance.
Transport and mixing in estuaries
Module 4 (10 hours)
BOD and oxygen saturation, Streeter-Phelps equation, point and distributed sources.
Hydraulic analysis for grit chamber and upstream components, primary clarifier, aeration basin, final clarifier and
chlorine contact basin in a typical water treatment plant.
References
1. Surface Water Quality Modeling: Steven. C. Chapra, McGraw Hill, Inc., 2008
2. James L Martin and Steven C. McCutcheon, Hydrodynamics and Transport for Water Quality Modeling., Lewis
Publishers, 1999.
3. Larry D. Benfield, Joseph. F. Judkins, and A. David Parr, Treatment Plant Hydraulics for Environmental
Engineers, 1984.
Course Outcoms
1. Formulate water quality problems in water bodies using an appropriate approach.
2. Analyse these problems and interpret the results obtained.
4. Suggest remedial measures to mitigate such problems.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

116

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4055 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING PROJECTS


Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To gain knowledge on the significance of environmental impact analysis (EIA) and the current status, regulations,
and practice in India in this regard.
2. To study the overall methodology adopted and methods adopted for assessing specific impacts.
3. To study how to plan and conduct an EIA and interpret the results for decision making.
4. To gain insight into methods for mitigating adverse impacts.
5. To familiarise with reports of EIA on live projects.
Module 1 (11 hours)
Concept of environment, Concept of environmental impact, Environmental impact assessment (EIA) definitions,
terminology and overview, Evolution of EIA in the USA, Key features of the National Environmental Policy Act and
its implementation and the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) guidelines, Role of the USEPA, Evolution of
EIA in India, Sustainable development, Generalised EIA process flow chart, Screening, Initial environmental
examination (IEE), Scoping, Public participation.
Module 2 (11 hours)
Environmental baseline, Impact assessment methods checklists matrices - quantitative methods networks overlay mapping. Introduction to impact prediction and evaluation, Factors to be considered while assessing the
impacts of water related projects, power projects, waste water treatment facilities etc, Major features of the EIA
notification in India, Present status and procedures of EIA in India.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Prediction and assessment of impacts of developmental activities on surface water, land and soil, groundwater, air,
biological environment etc.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Prediction and assessment of visual impacts, Socioeconomic impact analysis, Evaluation of alternatives, Preparing the
EIA document, Environmental impact statement (EIS), Environmental monitoring, Environmental audit (EA). Case
studies.
References
1. Larry W Canter, Environmental Impact Assessment, McGraw Hill, Inc, 1995.
2. Betty Bowers Marriot, Environmental Impact Assessment: A Practical Guide, McGraw Hill, Inc, 1997.
3. Barrow, C. J., Environmental and Social Impact Assessment An Introduction, Edward Arnold, 1997.
4. Evan. K. Paleologos and Ian Lerche, Environmental Risk Analysis, McGraw Hill Inc, 2001.
5. Peter Morris (ed.) and Riki Therivel (ed.), Methods of Environmental Impact Assessment, Routledge, 2001.
6. UNEP, Environmental Impact Assessment Training Resource Manual, 2002.
7. Website of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India and the USEPA.
Course Outcomes
1. Plan and perform an EIA for a project.
2. Analyse an EIA report and make decisions.
4. Make the process of EIA more effective and procedures more objective

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

117

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4056 ENVIRONMENTAL FORENSICS


L
3

Prerequisite: CE3009 Environmental Engineering


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To learn the different tools in environmental forensics
2. To have a thorough understanding of the legal framework supporting environmental forensics in India
3. To learn to carry out an environmental forensic investigation
Module 1 (10 hours)
Principles of international environment law-liability principles- polluter pays principle, principle of preventive actionprecautionary principle- principle of public trust.
Environmental policies in India- Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986- Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution)
Act, 1974 and corresponding rules - Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 and corresponding rules - The
National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 - Other environment related rules at the national and state level.
Module 2 (10 hours)
History, chemistry and transport of chlorinated solvents- chronology and use of chlorinated solvents, chemistry and
properties of chlorinated solvents, transport of chlorinated solvents.
Chemistry and transport of petroleum hydrocarbons- chemistry and properties of crude oil and refined products,
reactions and transport in vadose zone, transport in groundwater.
Environmental sampling and analysis for forensic applications - soil collection for chemical analysis, groundwater
sampling, soil vapour surveys, analysis methods.
Module 3 (10 hours)
Types of environmental forensic problems.
Forensic techniques used in environmental litigation- Aerial photography, Underground tank corrosion models,
Inventory reconciliation, Chemical finger printing, Use of stable and radioactive isotopes, dendroecology.
Module 4 (12 hours)
Forensic techniques used in environmental litigation- Microbial techniques- traditional microbial forensics, DNA
Fingerprinting techniques, Use of contaminant transport models, source apportionment methods- Chemical mass
balance(CMB) modeling, Principle component analysis (PCA), Positive matrix factorization (PMF).
References
1. Sands, Philippe, Principles of International Environment Law, 2nd ed., Cambridge University Press, UK, 2003.
2. Morrison, Robert D, Environmental Forensics: Principles and Applications, CRC Press, 2000.
3. Hester, R. E and R. M. Harrison (Ed.), Environmental Forensics, RSC Publishing, 2008.
4. Murphy, Brian L. and Robert Morrison (Ed.), Introduction to Environmental Forensics, Elsevier Academic Press,
Burlington, USA, 2007.
5. Website of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.
Course outcomes
After the completion of the course, the student will be able to
1. Interact effectively with the judicial system on issues relating to pollution.
2. Carry out scientific investigations to identify responsible parties in pollution cases.
3. Give expert testimony in cases relating to environmental pollution.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

118

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4057 ADVANCED ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING


L
3

Prerequisite: CE3009 Environmental Engineering


Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To familiarize the working principles of various advanced instrumental techniques for environmental pollutants
analysis
2. To discuss the various advanced filtration theories in particle separation
3. Expose the students to various recent pollution problems related with wastewater , hazardous waste, biomedical
waste and radioactive waste disposal
4. To familiarize the various advanced pollution control technologies involved in pollution control
5. To know the various indoor and outdoor air pollutants, their effects and their control technologies
Module 1 (10 hours)
Instrumental methods for analysis of contaminants in air, water and soil- colorimetry, chromatography, spectroscopy,
electrochemical probes.
Advances in settling and filtration of water and wastewater- tube settlers, dual media and multimedia filters, micro
filters.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Advances in waste water treatment extended aeration bio filtration Advances in anaerobic digestion- Up flow
anaerobic sludge blanket reactor.
Tertiary treatment disinfection of waste water- waste water recycling.
Module 3 (11 hours)
Stream sanitation kinetics of stabilization Streeter-Phelps equation- zones of pollution in a stream self
purification of natural waters.
Treatment and disposal of Hazardous wastes- Radioactive, nuclear and biomedical waste.
Noise pollution instruments and techniques for noise measurement.
Module 4 (11 hours)
Indoor and out door air pollution- meteorology-influence of solar radiation and wind fields- lapse rate and stability
conditions- characteristics of stack plumes- effective stack height.
Characteristics and health effects of various air pollutant particulates (PM2.5, PM10) and gaseous pollutants (CO, NOx
, SOx , etc)- their behaviour in atmosphere- monitoring.
Photochemical reactions- secondary pollutants.
References
1. Metcalf and Eddy, Waste Water Engineering Treatment Disposal Reuse, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2007.
2. Clarence, J. Velz, Applied Stream Sanitation, John Wiley and Sons, 1984.
3. Rao, C. S., Environmental Pollution Control Engineering, New Age International (P) Ltd., 2006.
4. Nevers, Noel De, Air Pollution Control Engineering, McGraw-Hill, 2000.
Course outcomes
1.
2.
3.
4.

Select/pick-up instrument(s) for accurate analysis of wide range of pollutants.


Design advanced environmental systems for pollution control and energy production from wastes
Quantify the air pollutants released from industrial stacks
Measure the noise levels

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

119

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4058 MULTIVARIATE DATA ANALYSIS


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil

T
0

P
0

C
3

Total hours: 42
Module 1 (12 hours)
Introduction - overview of multivariate data analysis - vector random variables - multivariate normal distributions mathematics of multiple - canonical and partial correlations - polynomial curve fitting - tests of hypothesis on means
and the t2 statistics - numerical and research examples
Module 2 (12 hours)
Principal component and factor analysis - principal components of multivariate observations - geometrical meaning
of principal components - the interpretations of the principal components - the mathematical model for factor structure
- estimation of factor loadings - factor rotation - clustering sampling units and multi-dimensional scaling - numerical
and research examples
Module 3 (10 hours)
Multivariate analysis of variance (MAV) - multivariate general linear model - multivariate analysis of variance and covariances - multiple comparisons in MAV - profile analysis - curve fitting for repeated measurements - numerical and
research examples
Module 4 (8 hours)
Mathematics of discriminate and classification statistics - estimation of the misclassification probabilities classification for several groups - numerical and research examples
References
1. Cooley, W. W., and Lohner, P. R., Multivariate Data Analysis, John Wiley, 1971.
2. Morrison, D. F., Multivariate Statistical Methods, McGraw Hill, Publishing co., 1990
3. Anderson, T. W., An Introduction to Multivariate Statistical Analysis, John Wiley, 2003.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

120

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4059 DATA STRUCTURES AND ANALYSIS


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil

T
0

P
0

C
3

Total hours: 42
Module 1 (9 hours)
Review of data types scalar types primitive types enumerated types sub ranges structures types character
strings arrays records sets tiles data abstraction complexity of algorithms analysis of recursive algorithms
Module 2 (10 hours)
Linear data structures stacks queues lists stack and queue implementation using array linked list linked list
implementation using pointers
Module 3 (11 hours)
Nonlinear structures graphs trees sets graph and tree implementation using array linked list set
implementation using bit string linked list
Module 4 (12 hours)
Searching sequential search searching arrays and linked lists binary search searching arrays and binary search
trees hashing introduction to hash functions sorting n2 sorts bubble sort.

References
1. Abo, A. V., Hopcroff, J. E and Ullman, J. D, Data Structures and Algorithms, Addison Wesley publications, 2003.
2. Sahini, S., Data Structures, Algorithms and Applications in C++, McGraw Hill Publications, 2005
3. Wirth, N., Algorithms + Data Structures = Prgorams, Prentice Hall Publication, 2007.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

121

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4060 PAVEMENT MANAGEMENT


Prerequisite: CE3005 Transportation Engineering - I
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To understand the necessity of pavement management system
2. To familiarize the components and levels of pavement management system
3. To get exposure on various techniques for pavement distress evaluation
4. To assess the various pavement distresses in the field
5. To acquire knowledge on cost analysis of pavement maintenance and management
6. To analyse the various maintenance alternatives based on their suitability
Module 1: (12 Hours)
Components of a Pavement Management System (PMS): Definitions and structure of the system Pavement
Management Process and data requirements Project and Network level needs; Pavement Investment Planning for
Highways.
Pavement Condition Surveys and Rating Procedures: Assessment of pavement performance, Evaluation of pavement
structural capacity, distress and safety, Calculation of Pavement Condition Index (PCI), combined measures of pavement
quality, data management.
Module 2: (10 Hours)
Non-destructive Testing: Pavement Deflection Measurement Devices Factors affecting Deflection Values Uses of
NDT at Different Levels of Pavement Management.
Pavement Condition Prediction Models: Uses of Prediction Models - Techniques for development of pavement
performance prediction models AASTHO, CRRI and HDM models, computer applications.
Module 3: (10Hours)
Determining Present and Future Needs: Establishing criteria determining the future needs, Rehabilitation and
Maintenance strategies, developing combined programmes for maintenance and rehabilitation.
Network Level Pavement Management: Pavement Inventory and condition at the last inspection pavement condition
forecasting Budget Forecasting Localised maintenance and Rehabilitation Program Development of annual and long
range of work plans PMS/GIS Interface.
Module 4: (10 Hours)
Project Level Design: Framework for pavement design Design objectives and constraints Basic structural response
models, Characterization of physical design inputs Generating alternative pavement design Economic evaluation of
alternative design Analysis of alternative design strategies Selection of optimal design strategy.
Implementation: Major steps in implementing PMS pavement construction management and pavement maintenance
management informations, research needs cost and benefit of pavement management future directions and need for
innovations in pavement management.
References
1. Shahin, M. Y., Pavement management for airport, roads and parking lots, Chapman and hall, 2005.
2. Yoder, E. J., and Witczak, Principles of Pavement Design, II Ed., John Wiley and Sons, 1975.
3. Woods, K. B., Highway Engineering Hand Book, McGraw Hill Book Co.
4. David Croney, The Design and Performance of Road Pavements, HMSO Publications, 2008.
5. Guidelines for Maintenance Management of Primary, Secondary and Urban Roads, Ministry of Road Transport and
Highways, 2004.
6. Ralph C. G. Haas, W. Ronald Hudson and John Zaniewski, Modern Pavement Management, Krieger Publishing
Company, 1994
7. Per Ullidtz, Pavement Analysis, Elsevier, Amsterdam,1998.
8. HRB/TRB/IRC/International Conference on Structural Design of Asphalt Pavements, 1988.
9. Yang H. Huang, Pavement Analysis and Design, Prentice Hall, 2003.
Course Outcomes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

identify the root cause of different pavement distresses


suggest suitable remedial measures for various distresses to improve the pavement surface condition
interpret the field evaluation data and pavement design data with respect to present and future traffic condition
optimize the maintenance alternatives based on the benefit and cost ratio of the project alternative
adopt new technology for pavement evaluation and maintenance with respect to field performance and funds available
provide the feedback data for updating the pavement performance monitoring system

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

122

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4061 NUMERICAL MODELLING IN GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1.
2.
3.
4.

To familiarise with critical state concept of soil mechanics


To understand basics of continuum mechanics in geotechnical engineering
To familiar with various modelling techniques
To familiarise with finite element technique for soil modelling

Module 1 (10 hours)


Modelling of Soil Behaviour: Critical state theory; stress paths within and on the state boundary surface; shear
strength of clays related to the critical state concept.
Basic Concept of Continuum Mechanics: Notations; stresses and strains in three dimensions; equations of
equilibrium, geometric conditions and constitutive relations.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Material modeling: Elastic models; perfect plasticity models-Coulomb model-Drucker-prager model; Hardening
plasticity models; generalized stress-strain relations and stiffness formulations; cap model in isotropic consolidation
test and triaxial shear test; simulation of pore pressure; case studies on implementing the models.
Module 3 (9 hours)
Finite element modeling: Introduction to numerical methods - FEM, FDM, BEM; FEM for 1D and 2D problems;
FEM for non-linear problems.
Module 4 (13 hours)
Application of Finite element modeling: Effective stress analysis, seepage and consolidation problems; practical
aspects related to foundations, embankments and retaining structures; application examples-use of ABAQUS,
PLAXIS, MIDAS_GTS programs etc.
References
1. Chen, W. F. and Mizuno, E., Nonlinear analysis in Soil Mechanics: theory and Implementation, Elsevier science
publishers, 1990
2. Fethi Azizi, Applied Analyses in Geotechnics, EandFN Spon of Taylor and Francis group, 2000
3. Desai, C. S., Elementary Finite Element Method, Prentice-Hall, 1979.
4. Owen, D. R. J., Hinton, E, Finite Element in Plasticity: Theory and Practice, Pineridge Press Limited, 1980
5. Helwany, S, Applied Soil Mechanics with ABAQUS Applications, John Wiley and Sons, 2007.
6. Lewis, R. W.,Schrefler, B. A., The Finite Element Method in the Deformation and Consolidation of Porous Media,
John Wiley and Sons, 1984
7. Zienkiewicz, O. C., Chan, A. H. C., Paster, M., Schrefler, B. A., Shiomi, T., Computational Geomechanics with
special reference to earthquake engineering, John Wiley and Sons, 1999.
Course Outcomes
1.
2.
3.
4.

Student will be familiarise with soil modelling techniques


Student will be able to apply critical state soil mechanics for geotechnical analysis
Student will be learning to various finite element based softwares to solve geotechnical problems
To familiarise with elastic and plastic models

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

123

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4062 OPTIMIZATION OF CIVIL ENGINEERING SYSTEMS


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total Hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To understand the relevance of optimization in the design of various civil engineering systems.
2. To familiarize with various classical optimization techniques.
3. To apply the recent optimization techniques like genetic algorithms and fuzzy optimization to civil engineering systems.
4. To encourage students to develop algorithms for optimization and to implement the same on computer.
5. To develop an attitude of treating any civil engineering design problem from an optimization point of view.
MODULE 1 (8 hours)
Introduction to optimization methods, optimization problem formulation, objective function, constraints, classification of
optimization problems, geometric, graphical, analytical methods of optimization. Application examples: Herons problem,
Fermats principle, tubular column under buckling, scaffolding systems, two-bar and three-bar trusses, plastic analysis of
steel structures, water quality management of a river system, hydroelectric power production scheduling problem, shortest
path in a network.
MODULE 2 (10 hours)
Linear programming, simplex method, revised simplex method, dual problem, weak duality theorem, optimality criterion
theorem, main duality theorem, complementary slackness theorem, primal-dual relationship, economic interpretation of dual
solution, introduction to sensitivity analysis, Karmarkars algorithm, introduction to stochastic linear programming,
assignment problem, transportation problem, examples of applications of linear programming in civil engineering.
MODULE 3 (10 hours)
Dynamic programming, mathematical descriptions of state, stage, and transition. Bellmans principle, forward and backward
recursions, discrete and continuous state dynamic programming, introduction to stochastic dynamic programming. Integer
programming, branch and bound algorithm. Goal programming. Examples of applications in civil engineering.
MODULE 4 (14 hours)
Nonlinear programming, unconstrained and constrained optimization, single variable optimization with and without
constraints, multi-variable optimization with and without constraints, method of Lagrange multipliers, Kuhn-Tucker
conditions, transformation methods, penalty functions and barrier functions. Introduction to genetic algorithms.
Multiobjective programming, Pareto optimal solution, weighting method and constraint method, fuzzy multiobjective
optimization method. Examples of applications in civil engineering.
REFERENCES
1. S. S. Rao, Engineering Optimization, New Age International (P) Ltd. Publishers.
2. J. S. Arora, Introduction to Optimum Design, McGraw-Hill Book Company.
3. Ravindran, D. T. Phillips, J. J. Solberg, Operations Research Principles and Practice, John Wiley and Sons.
4. J. L. Cohon, Multiobjective Programming and Planning, Academic Press.
5. Belegundu and T. R. Chandrupatla, Optimization Concepts and Applications in Engineering, Pearson Education Asia.
6. F. S. Hiller and G. J. Liberman, Introduction to Operations Research, CBS Publishers and Distributors, India.
7. H. A. Taha, Operations Research An Introduction, Prentice Hall of India.
8. K. Deb, Optimization for Engineering Design, Prentice Hall of India.
9. K. Deb, Multiobjective Optimization using Evolutionary Algorithms, John Wiley and Sons.
10. K. P. Chong and S. H. ak, An Introduction to Optimization, John Wiley and Sons.
11. Ravindran, K. M. Ragsdell, G. V. Reklaitis, Engineering Optimization Methods and Applications, John Wiley and
Sons.
12. W. L. Winston, Operations Research Applications and Algorithms, Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning.
13. R. Fletcher, Practical Methods of Optimization, John Wiley and Sons.
14. Antoniou and W-S. Lu, Practical Optimization Algorithms and Engineering Applications, Springer.
15. M. S. Bazaraa, H. D. Sherali, and C. M. Shetty, Nonlinear Programming: Theory and Algorithms, Wiley-Interscience.
Course Outcomes
1. Formulate the civil engineering design problem as an optimization problem.
2. Apply suitable optimization technique to the design problem at hand.
3. Use some of the commercial software packages for optimum design.
4. Develop and implement problem specific algorithms for optimization

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

124

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4063 TRAFFIC FLOW MODELLING


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1.
2.
3.
4.

To understand traffic flow fundamentals.


To develop an understanding of different types of traffic stream models.
To acquire knowledge about queuing theory and various queuing models.
To familiarize simulation modelling.

Module 1 (10 hours)


Traffic Stream Characteristics and Description: Measurement, Description and Analysis of Microscopic and
Macroscopic Characteristics of Flow, Speed and Density
Module 2 (11 hours)
Traffic Stream Models: Fundamental Equation of Traffic Flow, Speed-Flow-Density Relationships, Normalised
Relationship; Continuum Flow Models - Simple Continuum Models, Shock Waves, High Order Models, Stochastic
Continuum Models; Car-Following Models - Model Development, Linear and Non-Linear Car-Following Models,
Stability Analysis, Car Following Experiments, Acceleration Noise; Two-Fluid Theory
Module 3 (10 hours)
Queuing Analysis: Fundamentals of Queuing Theory, Demand Service Characteristics, Deterministic Queuing
Models, Stochastic Queuing Models, Multiple Service Channels, Models of Delay at Intersections and Pedestrian
Crossings.
Module 4 (11 hours)
Simulation Models: Philosophy of Simulation Modelling, Formulation of Simulation Model, Methodology of System
Simulation, Simulation Languages, Generation of Random Numbers, Generation of Inputs Vehicle Arrivals, Vehicle
Characteristics, Road Geometrics, Design of Computer Simulation Experiments, Analysis of Simulation Data,
Formulation of Simulation Problems in Traffic Engineering and Validation, Description of Some Available Models.
References
6. TRB - SR No.165 - Traffic Flow Theory, Transportation Research Board, Washington, 1976.
7. Gartner N.H, Rathi A.J. and Messer C.J., Traffic Flow Theory A Revised Monograph, Transportation Research
Board, Washington, 1997.
8. May, A D., Traffic Flow Fundamentals, Prentice-Hall, NJ, 1990.
9. Drew, D.R., Traffic Flow Theory and Control, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968.
10. TRB: Highway Capacity Manual, Transportation Research Board, Washington DC, 2000.
11. Wohl M. and Martin, B V., Traffic System Analysis for Engineers and Planners, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1967.
12. McShane W R & Roess R P, Traffic Engineering, Prentice-Hall, NJ, 2010.
13. Mannering, F.L. & Kilareski, W.P., Principles of Highway Engineering and Traffic Analysis, John Wiley & Sons,
2008.
14. Neylor, T.H. et al., Computer Simulation Techniques, John Wiley, 1966.
Course Outcomes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

List the fundamental microscopic and macroscopic traffic flow characteristics and their relationships.
Formulate and apply theories for describing and explaining the motion of a single vehicle and groups of vehicles.
Compare and contrast several different traffic analysis techniques.
Apply these techniques to a variety of highway facilities
Analyze uninterrupted and interrupted traffic flows.
Calculate and report capacity and level of service for various facilities under different conditions
Ability to develop simulation models and to conduct experiments on simulation models

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

125

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4064 MUSCULOSKELETAL BIOMECHANICS


L
3

Prerequisite: ZZ1001 Engineering Mechanics.


Desirable : A course in Mechanics of Solids
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course objectives
1. To have an overview of the musculoskeletal anatomy and functions
2. To be aware of the multidisciplinary scope of musculoskeletal biomechanics field
3. To apply fundamental principles of mechanics and engineering to study the mechanical behavior of
musculoskeletal system
4. To study the structure, function and property relationships of hard and soft tissues of musculoskeletal system
5. To understand the analysis and design concepts involved in developing orthopaedic devices based on
biomechanical principles
Module 1 (10 hours)
An overview of the skeletal anatomy and functions: Anatomical terms, Function of musculoskeletal system, bones,
joints and muscle groups of skeletal system, Basic statics and joint mechanics of elbow, shoulder, spine, knee, angle
etc.
Module 2 (11 hours)
Basic dynamics to human motion: Review of linear and angular kinematics, kinetic equations of motion, Work and
energy methods, and momentum methods, Kinematic measurement techniques, Application of human motion analysis.
Module 3 (11 hours)
The functions, structure, composition and properties of hard and soft tissues: Hard tissues - cortical bone and
cancellous bone, Soft tissues - cartilage, ligament, tendon and muscle. Fundamental strength of materials in biological
tissues, mechanical behaviour/properties of skeletal tissues, variation in mechanical properties due to various factors,
destructive and non-destructive methods to determine the properties of musculoskeletal tissues.
Module 4 (11 hours)
Orthopaedic Devices: Orthopaedic devices for total joint replacements, fracture treatments and stabilization,
Biomechanical considerations while designing the devices, Fixation methods, Reasons for short term and long term
failure of devices.
References
1. Orthopaedic Biomechanics; Mechanics and Design in Musculoskeletal Systems, D. L. Bartel, D. T. Davy and T. M.
Keaveny, Pearson Education, 2009.
2. Fundamentals of Biomechanics: Equilibrium, Motion, and Deformation,N. Ozakaya and M. Nordin., Van Nostrand
Reinhold, 1991.
3. Basic Orthopaedic Biomechanics, V.C. Mow and W.C. Hayes, Raven Press, New York, 2009.
4. Biomechanics: Mechanical Properties of Living Tissues, Y. C. Fung., Springer, 1993.
5. Basic Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal system: M Nordin and V. H. Frankel, Lippincott Williams& Wilkins,
2001.
6. Fundamentals of Orthopaedic Biomechanics, A. H. Burstein, T. M. Wright, Williams&Wilkins, 1994.
Course Outcomes
1. The students will have an overview of the musculoskeletal anatomy and functions
2. The students will have an understanding of relationship between fundamental principles of mechanics and
musculoskeletal system function
3. The students will be able to apply principles of mechanics to analyze and predict dynamics of musculoskeletal
movements
4. The students will be able to implement the biomechanical principles and tools to related multidisciplinary research
applications
5. The students will be able to study and analyze orthopaedic devices for various purposes.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

126

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4065 ROAD SAFETY AND MANAGEMENT


L
3

Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To have an awareness about the global, national and regional road crash scenario and their impacts
2. To identify the risk factors associated with crash involvement and severity and understand the relationship between
them
3. To have an understanding of the methods of collection and analysis of crash data
4. To have the knowledge of the procedure for performing road safety audit.
Module 1 (10 hours)
Introduction to road safety engineering - Over view of road safety - Global road safety scenario and pattern - global
trends and projections - national and state road safety level - problems in road safety in developing countriesmagnitude, socioeconomic and health effects.
Module 2 (11 hours)
Traffic Elements - Characteristics of Road user, Motor vehicle, Roadway- relationship between elements- human
factors governing road user behavior- risk factors for traffic accidents- exposure to risk- crash involvement- crash
severity- post crash injury outcomes
Module 3 (11 hours)
Analysis and prevention- Collection of accident data- Statistical methods for analysis of accident data- Speed in
relation of safety- Weather and its effects on accidents- Vulnerable road users safety- parking influence on accidentsTraffic management measures for accident prevention- Legislation, Enforcement, Education and PropagandaFormulating and implementing road safety policy.
Module 4 (10 hours)
Road safety improvement program - Road safety audit (RSA) - Procedure in road safety audit- design standards- audit
tasks- stages of road safety audit- key legal aspects. Road design issues in RSAs structuring and preparation of audit
report.
References
1. David L. Geotsc. Occupational Safety and Health for Technologists, Engineers and Managers. 5th Edition, 2004.
2. World Health Organization, Road Traffic Injury Prevention Training Manual, 2006.
3. Matson, M.T., Smith, S.W., Hurd, W.F. Traffic Engineering, McGraw-Hill Book Company Inc., London, 1955.
4. Fuller, R., Santos, J.A. Human Factors for Highway Engineers, Pergamon, 2002.
5. Khisty, C.J., Lall, B.K. Transportation Engineering- An Introduction, Third Edition, Prentice Hall of India, New
Delhi, 2006.
6. Jason C.YU, Transportation Engineering- Introduction to Planning, Design, and Operations, Elsevier, 1982.
7. Kadiyali, L.R. Traffic Engineering and Transportation Planning, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 2009.
8. IRC: 103-1988, Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities, Indian Roads Congress, New Delhi.
9. IRC: SP: 32-1988, Road Safety for Children (5-12 Years old), Indian Roads Congress, New Delhi.
10. IRC: SP: 44-1996, Highway Safety Code, Indian Roads Congress, New Delhi.
11. IRC: SP: 88-2010, Road Safety Audit Manual, Indian Roads Congress, New Delhi.
Course Outcomes
By the end of this course, the student will be able to
1. Identify the factors contributing to accidents
2. Collect data pertaining to road crashes and prepare comprehensive crash database.
3. Perform statistical analysis of crash data.
4. Formulate traffic management measures for accident prevention
5. Perform road safety audit and prepare an audit report.

B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

127

National Institute of Technology Calicut

CE4066 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS


Prerequisite: Nil
Total hours: 42

L
3

T
0

P
0

C
3

Course Objectives
1. To introduce the basic concepts of finite element analysis with emphasis on flexibility and stiffness matrices.
2. To review basic equations of elasticity.
3. To formulate element stiffness matrix of truss and frame elements
4. To formulate element stiffness matrix of plane stress and plane strain elements
5. To determine load vectors and introduce numerical solutions techniques.
6. To expose the students to latest commercial FE software.
Module 1 (8 hours)
Introduction :
Basic Concepts of FEA, Mathematical Modeling of Physical Systems, Exact and Approximate Methods, Back ground of the
development of FEA with emphasis on stress analysis context, flexibilty and stiffness approaches to framed structures.
Definitions and basic element operations :
Node, Degrees of freedom, Local or Element axes, Global axes, Interelement equilibrium and compatibilty, Element Force vs
displacement relations, Flexibility formulation, Stiffness formulation, Mixed Force Displacement formulation, Work and
Reciprocity, Flexibility - Stiffness Transformations, Transformation of stiffness to flexibility, Transformation of flexibility to
stiffness.
Module 2 (10 hours)
Basic Equations of Elasticity :
Rotations vs Displacements at a point, Equations of Equilibrium, Static Boundary Conditions, Strain - Displacement relations,
Stress at a point, Generalized Hooke's Law - Anisotropic Form, Orthotropic , Isotropic, Transverse Isotropic. Two - dimensional
stress distribution - Hooke's Law for Plane Stress, Hooke's Law for Plane Strain, Axisymmetric Problem
Transformation of Element relations.
Element Transformation matrices (Element global transformations): Transformation of DOF and transformed stiffness relations Truss Element, Plane Frame Element, Space frame element, Condensation of dof.
Global Analysis Procedure : Direct stiffness method - Basic Concept, Direct stiffness method - General Procedure.
Module 3 (12 hours)
Finite Element formulations.
Formulation of Element Force - Displacement relations : Direct Method, Example s
Variational method of Element formulation : Principle of stationary potential energy, Principle of Virtual Displacement, F.E
Discretisation of Virtual Work, Distributed Body forces, Distributed Inertial forces and consistent mass matrix, Appoximation to
Geometry
Method of Weighted Residuals : Galerkin criteria, Examples
Example of element formulation may be limited to Axial bar, Triangular/rectangular Element in Plane stress/strain and beam
elements.
Module 4 (12 hours)
Representation of Element functions for behaviour and geometry:
Requirements of Element Behaviour Functions, Polynomial series single and two variables, Pascal Triangle and tetrahedron,
Polynomial functions for 2D Rectangular Elements, Direct Construction of Shape functions through Interpolation, Natural Coordinates 2 and 3 dimensions, Lagrangian Interpolation in Natural Co-ordinates, Hermitian Interpolation, Rectangular elements by
Lagrangian interpolation, Internal Modes and Reduction to Simpler forms.
Isoparametric Formulations, concept of isoparametric formulation , plane rectangular elements, Jacobian, numerical integration
References
1. Gallaghar, R.H., Finite Element Analysis: Fundamentals, Prentice Hall Inc.
2. Bathe, K.J., Finite Element Procedures in Engineering Analysis, Prentice Hall of India.
3. Desai, C.S., Elementary Finite Element Method, Prentice Hall of India.
4. Cook, R.D., et al, Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Analysis, John Wiley.
5. Chandrupatla, T.R., and Belegundu, A.D., Introduction to Finite Elements in Engineering, Prentice Hall of India.
6. Rajasekaran, S., Finite Element Analysis in Engineering Design, Wheeler Pub.
7. Zienkiewicz, O.C., and Taylor, R.L., The Finite Element Method, Vol. I and II, Mc Graw Hill
8. Krishnamoorthy, C.S., Finite Element Analysis Theory and Programming, Tata Mc Graw Hill.
Course Outcomes
1. To formulate a finite element model of a physical system.
2. To derive element stiffness matrix for a given problem
3. To write a computer code and analyse a structure using Finite Element Method
4. To equip the students to use latest commercial FE software
B.Tech. - Civil Engineering

128

National Institute of Technology Calicut