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TRIGONOMETRY REVIEW NOTES

Angle of Elevation and Depression. When an observer at point A sights an object at point B which is higher in
position than the eye of the observer, the angle between a horizontal line through A and his line of sight is called
the angle of elevation. However, if the object sighted at point C is lower in position than the eye of the observer
, the angle is called the angle of depression.
Example 1. Mr. San Juan observes that the angle of elevation of the kite of his son is 70 at the instant it is
directly above a point which is 52m from him. Find the height of the kite at that instant.
Example 2. Suppose a tree 50 feet in height casts a shadow of length 60ft. What is the angle of elevation from
the end of the shadow to the top of the tree with respect to the ground?
Example 3. A building is 50 ft high. At a distance away the building, an observer notices that the angle of
elevation to top of the building is 41. How far is the observer from the base of the building?
Example 4. A bird sits on the top of a lamppost. The angle of depression from the bird to the feet of an observer
standing away from the lamppost is 35. The distance from the bird to the observer is 25m. How tall is the
lamppost?
Example 5. An airplane is flying at a height of 2miles above the ground. The distance along the ground from the
airplane to the airport is 5miles. What is the angle of depression from the airplane to the airport?
Examples Using Herons Formula
1. Find the area of triangle ABC, if side AB=3, BC=2, CA= 4
2. Given a triangle, with an area of 8.94 square units, a perimeter of 16 and side lengths AB= 3 and CA= 7,
what is the length of side BC?
The Law of Sines is the relationship between the sides and angles of non-right (oblique) triangles. Simply, it
states that the ratio of the length of a side of a triangle to the sine of the angle opposite that side is the same for
all sides and angles in a given triangle.
Example 1. Given ABC with A = 30, B = 20 and a = 45 m. Find the remaining angle and sides.
Example 2. Given A = 42, B = 75 and c = 22 cm. Find the remaining angle and sides.
Proving Identities
1. tan(x) [ tan(x) +cot (x)] = sec2 (x)
2. sin2 (x) cos (x) sec(x) = 1- cos2 (x)
3.

4. sec (x) + csc (x) = csc (x)


5.
1 + tan (x)
6. tan2(x) - sin2(x) = tan2(x) sin2(x)

7. Calculus
8. Differentiation of trigonometric functions
F(x) = x10

1. D {sinx} = cosx
2. D {cosx} = -sinx

Ex 1.

3. D {tanx} = sec 2x

Ex. 2 g(x)=

ans.

X2

+ 3x + 4 ans.

10x9
5
2

x2

+ 3

4. D {secx} = secxtanx
5. D {cscx} = -cscxcotx
2

6. D {cotx} =- csc x

Ex. 3 h(x) =

1
x

1
ans.

9. Integration
1

10. Example

1.

2 x
0

Ans. 1

3 x4

180

11.

2.

12.

3.

sinx
0

find dy/dx for y= 2x2 + 1

Ans. 2
, x=5

Ans. 20

13.
14.
15.

Prepared By:

Mr.Michjumel Sinsuat