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TITLE :

THE LATEST DEVELOPMENT IN NETWORKS AND


COMMUNICATIONS

NAME :

ISTIVAN RAJ A/L PALANIANDY

FORM :

4 AMANAH

IDENTITY CARD NUMBER :

000511-14-1623
TEACHERS NAME :

PN. WAN ZALEHA BT. WAN JUSOH

INTRODUCTION

(computer networks and communications)

Data communication refer to the transmission of this digital data


between two or more computer and computer network or data
network is a telecommunication network that allows computer to
exchange data .The physical connection between networked
computing devices is established using either cable media or wireless
media .The best known computer network is the internet.
1.0 MOBILE COMPUTING
1.1 Definition

Mobile computing is a generic term describing your ability to use


technology untethered that is not physically connected, or in
remote (non static ) environment .The term is evolved in modern
usage such that it requires that the mobile computer activity be
connected wirelessly to and through the internet or to and through
a private network. This connection ties the mobile devices to
centrally located information and /or application software through
the use of battery powered ,portable and wireless computing and
communication devices .The includes devices like laptops with
wireless LAN or wireless technology ,smart mobile phones,
wearable computers and personal digital assistant (PDAs)with
Bluetooth or IRDA interfaces. Mobile computing also defined as
generic term describing ones ability to use technology while
moving as opposed to portable computers ,which are only
practical for use while deployed in a stationary configuration .
1.2Specification, services and frequencies of mobile computing
NAME :

PICTURE :

SAMSUNG NOTE 11
2

SPECIFICATION

-HSDPA : 21 mbps (n7100)

: 42 mbps (n7105)
-HSDPA:5.76 mbps
-LTE cat3 (n7105): 50 mbps
-UL:100 mbps DL
-WIFI 802 .11 a/b/g/n, dual-band.
WIFI direct and hotspot
-Android OS , v4.1.1(jelly bean),
upgradeable to 4.1.2 (jelly bean)
-GPS support classes and
GLONASS
-SMS (threat view).MMS ,Email,
Push Email ,IM, RSS
-Bluetooth v4.0 with A2dp
,LE,EDR
-You tube .Facebook, Google
search
-TV-out via MHL A/V link
-Smart stay and smart Rotate eye
tracking
-Image/video editing
-Google search, Maps ,Gmail
-2G Network , GSM 850 /900 /
1800 / 1900
-3G Network HSDPA 850 /900 /
1900 /2100
HSDPA 850 / 900 /
2100 N7105

SERVICES

FREQUENCIES

-4G Network , LTE 800 / 900 /


1800 / 2600 N7105
2.0 INTERNET TECHNOLOGY AND SERVICES
2.1 VoIP
PICTURE:

EXPLANATION:
VOIP is an acronym for voice

over internet protocol ,or in


more common terms phone
services phone services over
the internet .If you have a
reasonable quality internet
connection you can get phone
services delivered through
your internet connection
instead of from your local
phone company .While many
VOIP providers offer these
services, consistent industry
wide means of offering these
are still developing.

2.2 BLOG

BLOG is an abbreviated
version of WEBLOG which
is a term used to describe
websites maintain an ongoing
chronicle of information .A
blog features dairy type
commentary and link to
articles on other websites
,usually presented as a list of
entries in revers chronological
order .Blogs range from the
personal to the political ,and
can focus on one narrow
subject or a whole range of
subjects.
*A main content area with
articles listed chronologically
newest on top. Often the
articles are organized into
categories.
* A way for people of order
articles.
* A list of links to other
related sites, sometimes
called a blogroll.
* One or more feeds like
RSS, Atom or RDF files.

3.0 TYPES OF NETWORK


5

3.1 PAN

PERSONAL AREA
NETWORK (PAN)
A personal area
network PAN is a
computer network used
for communication
among the devices
including PCs, laptops,
printers ,telephones ,
digital cameras ,mobile
phones .video games
consoles and personal
digital assistant close
the one person.
Pan may be wired USB
port, Firewire port
,infrared (irDA) and
Bluetooth
technologies .Bluetooth
is the popular wireless
PAN used by most
people. Especially the
mobile phone
technologies and it
applies the IEEE
802.15.1 standard.

3.2 VPN

A VIRTUAL
PRIVATE
NETWORK (VPN)
Is a network that uses
for telecommunication
infrastructure , such as
the internet . to remote
offices or individuals
with access to pair
organisations private
network .
VPN uses tunneling
mechanism to maintain
privacy and security of
the data .Tunneling
means transmitting
data packets across a
public network .VPN
is often used by
companies to provide
access from their
internet network
resources to their
home or mobile
workers.

3.3 WLAN
WIRELESS LOCAL AREA
NETWORK (WLAN)

is a type of network of LAN


that uses high-frequency
radio waves to communicate
between nodes. WLAN
improves user mobility
,speed and scalability to
move around within broad
coverage area and still be
connected to the network.
The IEEE standard for
wireless LANs is 802.11.

3.4 WIMAX

WORLDWIDE
INTEROPERABILITY
FOR MICROWAVE
ACCESS (WIMAX)

Worldwide
interoperability for
microwave access
(WiMAX) is the industry
term for broadband
wireless access network
that is developed based
on the IEEE 802.16
standard .
WiMAX is a wireless
metropolitan area
network (MAN)
technology that will wifi
hotspots to the internet
and provides a wireless
extension to cable and
DSL for larger
broadband access
.WiMAX would operate
similar to wifi but at
higher speed over greater
distances and for greater
number for user.

4.0 CONCLUSION

Computer network and communication are expanding rapidly each


and every day making, sharing , information trillions time before
they exists. Mobile computing is now getting edgier by the day. New
technologies are being implemented tested and apply in mobile
computer making us and the future another step closer. The internet
also getting better along the lines of the information age. Meanwhile,
type of network available for us adding it on top of making computer
network and communication the new mens best friend.

REFERENCE
1.File:///c:/user/cat/download/3.5.1.1describe c)Types of network

(examples PAN,VPN,WLAN,WiMAX).htm
2.http ://lamanictku.blogspot.com/2011/04/mobile-computing.html
3.http ://www.youblisher.com/p/419553-s07-1-Describe- the latest-innetworks-and-communications/

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