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Motor Control

Power & Analog


program
European
Multi System Market
Competence Center

MOTION CONTROL / THE POWER

Motors overview

Standard chip solution


Controllers
Integrated power stages

Power spin

ST Gate drivers
High voltage gate drivers L638x
TD35x Family: Advanced IGBT/Mosfet Driver for 1200V
Applications

Evaluation boards

Types of motors

WITH BRUSHES

BRUSHLESS
ELECTRONICALLY COMMUTATED

UNIVERSAL

UNIVERSAL

1 & 3 phase induction


Asynchronous

BLDC + SR
Synchronous

Standard MCU ACS/Triac Control


Dedicated MCU 3 phase Inverter Control

Main motors and driving methods


Motor Type &
Suitable MCU

Supply

Universal
(single phase)
ST72F32x &
ST7FLite

AC
or
DC

Induction
(single phase)
ST72F32x &
ST7FLite
Induction
(3 phases)
ST7FMC
STR91x
STM32x
PM BLDC &
Switched
Reluctance
(3 phases)
ST7FMC
STR91x
STM32x
PMAC
(2&3 phases)
STR91x
STM32x

AC

Speed controlled Typical Power


Main
Main Advantage
Typical Application
by
Controller
Weakness
Triac (phase
Easy speed
Lower life
angle)
Washing-machine in Europe,
control,
time, noisy
RMS Voltage IGBT + Free
vaccum-cleaner, power tools,
high torque at sparks, poor food processor
Wheeling
efficiency
start-up
Diode (PWM)
Freq.

Triac
(on/off)

Fridge compressor, aircon


compressor, washing-machine in
A/P & US

Robust, silent,
efficient

Fixed
speed

Robust, silent,
efficient,
variable speed

Cost until
volume
effect
appears

Aircon compressor and fans,


industrial control, washingmachine, UPS, pumps
High-end industrial control
(vector ctrl)

AC

Freq.

Inverter
(electronic
control)

AC
DC

Phase
commutation
speed

Inverter
(electronic
control

Silent, very
efficient,
variable speed

Cost until
volume
effect
appears

Automotive, fridge, compressor,


aircon compressor, vaccumcleaner, fans, pumps
(sensorless)

Freq.

Inverter
(electronic
control)

Silent, very
efficient,
variable speed

Cost until
volume
effect
appears

Pumps (sensorless)

AC

Voltage [V]

Motor control: flexible platform


1200

Discrete Solution
Single Gate Driver:

600

TD3xx Family

TD3xx Family

+ MOS / IGBTs
L638x Family
L639x Family

High Voltage Gate Drivers:

L638x Family

75
52

controlSPIN
Monolithic Solution
+
L62xx
Mosfets
L293/298

(in development)

L6201/2/3

3
Factory automation, Home Automation
Office Automation: Printers, LBP
Industrial: Vending Machine, Money dispenser, POS
Toys, Consumer Applications, Medical

15

Current [A]

Climate Control, Fans


White goods
Vacuum cleaner, food processor
Pumps
Industrial Applications

Motor control product matrix


Controller
Dual H-Bridges

L6506
L6506
L297
L297

Gate Driver

Bipolar
Integrated
Power Stage

Power Stage
L6207
L6206L6207
L6205
L6205 L6206
L6227
L6225
L6226L6227
L6225 L6226
L298
L298
L293
L293

Performances

H-Bridges

Half Bridges

Single

L6208
L6208
L6228
L6228

powerSPIN

3ph Bridges
TD310
TD310
Triple low
side GD

Driver

L6234
L6234

L6235
L6235
L6229
L6229

L6203
L6203
BCD I
L6202
L6202
Integrated
L6201
L6201
Power Stage
L6388E
L6388E
L6387E
High Voltage
L6387E
L6386E
L6386E
Gate Driver
L6385E
Driver
L6385E
L6384E
L6384E
TD350
TD350
Low Voltage Gate
TD352
Driver
TD352

Controller

Power Stage
Gate
Drivers

Power
Switch
Array

TD351
TD351

L297 Bipolar Stepper Motor Controller


L297Main
MainFeatures
Features
L297

Packages
Packages
 DIP20
DIP20 (L297)
(L297)
 SO20
(L297D)
SO20 (L297D)

SupplyVoltage
Voltagefrom
from4.75
4.75to
to7V
7V
Supply
Typ.Quiescent
QuiescentSupply
SupplyCurrent
Current50mA
50mA
Typ.
ConstantFrequency
FrequencyPWM
PWMControl
Control
Constant
Sync.Function
Function
Sync.
PhaseSequence
SequenceGenerator
Generator
Phase
HalfStep
StepMode
Mode
- -Half
FullStep
StepMode
Mode
- -Full
ResetInput
Input&&Home
HomeOutput
Output
Reset
EnableInput
Input
Enable
DirectionSetting
Setting
Direction

____
A INH1

VCC

____
INH2

_____
HALF/FULL

ENABLE

______
RESET

TRA NS LA TO R
D

DIRECTIO N

O UTP UT LO G IC

CONTROL

_______
CLOCK

SY NC

HOM E

GND

Vse nse 1

VREF

Vse nse 2

O S C.

OSC

L6506 Bipolar PWM Current Controller


VCC

L6506Main
MainFeatures
Features
L6506
SupplyVoltage
Voltagefrom
from4.5
4.5to
to7V
7V
Supply
Max.Quiescent
QuiescentSupply
SupplyCurrent
Current25mA
25mA
Max.
ConstantFrequency
FrequencyPWM
PWMCurrent
Current
Constant
Control
Control
Sync.Function
Function
Sync.

IN1

OUT1

IN2

OUT2

IN3

OUT3

IN4
OUT4
POWER
ENABLE

Packages
Packages
 DIP18
DIP18 (L6506)
(L6506)
 SO20
(L6506D)
SO20 (L6506D)

Q
R

Vsense2

REF2
SYNC

S
Q

R/C

OSC.

OSC

Vsense1
REF1

GND

L293D/L293DD Bipolar Dual Full Bridge


L293D/L293DDMain
MainFeatures
Features
L293D/L293DD
SupplyVoltage
Voltageup
upto
to36V
36V
Supply
OutputPeak
PeakCurrent
Current1.2A
1.2A(0.6A
(0.6A
Output
DC)
DC)
Vcesat==1.8Vmax
1.8Vmax@0.6A
@0.6A
Vcesat
OperatingFrequency
Frequencyup
upto
to5KHz
5KHz
Operating
ThermalShut
ShutDown
Down
Thermal
TTLCompatible
CompatibleInputs
Inputs
TTL
InternalClamp
ClampDiodes
Diodes
Internal

Packages
Packages
 SO20
SO20 (L293DD)
(L293DD)
 PowerDIP20
PowerDIP20 (L293D)
(L293D)
 QFN
QFN 5x5x1
5x5x1 32
32 LL
L2
29
3

L2293Q Bipolar Dual Full Bridge


L2293Q
L2293Q Low
Low Voltage
Voltage Bipolar
Bipolar Dual
Dual Full
Full Bridge
Bridge for
for PORTABLE
PORTABLE applications
applications
L2293QMain
MainFeatures
Features
L2293Q
SupplyVoltage
Voltagerating
rating2.8V
2.8V- -36V
36V
Supply
OutputPeak
PeakCurrent
Current1.2A
1.2A(0.6A
(0.6ADC)
DC)
Output
Vcesat==1.8Vmax
1.8Vmax@0.6A
@0.6A
Vcesat
OperatingFrequency
Frequencyup
upto
to50KHz
50KHz
Operating
ThermalShut
ShutDown
Down
Thermal
TTLCompatible
CompatibleInputs
Inputs
TTL
InternalClamp
ClampDiodes
Diodes
Internal
Packages
Packages
 QFN
QFN 5x5x1
5x5x1 32
32 LL

L2
29
3

NEW !!!

10

L298 Bipolar Dual Full Bridge


L298Main
MainFeatures
Features
L298
SupplyVoltage
Voltageup
upto
to46V
46V
Supply
OutputPeak
PeakCurrent
Current3A
3A(2A
(2A
Output
DC)
DC)
Vcesat==3.7Vmax
3.7Vmax@2A/25
@2A/25
Vcesat
CC
CrossConduction
ConductionProtection
Protection
Cross
ThermalShut
ShutDown
Down
Thermal
TTLCompatible
CompatibleInputs
Inputs
TTL
Packages
Packages
 MultiWatt15
MultiWatt15 Vert.
Vert. (L298N)
(L298N)
 MultiWatt15
MultiWatt15 Horiz.
Horiz. (L298HN)
(L298HN)
 PowerSO20
(L298P)
PowerSO20 (L298P)

11

L6201/L6202/L6203 DMOS Full Bridge


Key Features

Up to 46 V supply
5A Peak current
RDSON 0.3
Cross conduction
protection
Thermal shutdown
Internal charge pump

OUT1

OUT2

Vs

VOLTAGE
REFERENCE

CHARGE
PUMP

10.5V
EN

IN1

. .. . IN2

. .
.
THERMAL
SHUTDOWN

.
SENSE

2x
2x L6201/02/03
L6201/02/03 are
are needed
needed
to
to drive
drive aa Bipolar
Bipolar Stepper
Stepper
motor
motor

12

Power SPIN

Operating Supply Voltage


from 8 to 52V

PowerMOS output stage:

a motor driver platform ready for mass


customization

Rds(on) = 0.3 or 0.73


Intrinsic Fast Free Wheeling
Diodes L622X: 2.8Apk and
1.4Arms

Two product classes covering


different current ratings:

Extensive Protection Schemes

L620X and L6235: 5.6Apk


and 2.8Arms
L622X: 2.8Apk and 1.4 A rms
Paralleled Operation doubles
peak and rms ratings!
Non-Dissipative High Side
Current Sensing for Over
Current Protection
Cross Conduction Protection
Thermal Protection
Under Voltage Lock Out

STEPPER
Power MOS
L620x for Higher
Current
(5.6Apeak, 2.8Arms)

L622x for Lower


Current
(2.8Apeak, 1.4Arms)

H - Bridge

DC
MOTORS

Analog
Control Core

Power MOS
H - Bridge

BRUSHLESS

CMOS/TTL Inputs
Operating Frequency up to
100KHz
13

Power SPIN family portrait


Dual H-Bridge

Stepper Motor Driver


L6208
L6208

Single Chip
For bipolar Stepper

L6228
L6228
L6207
L6207
L6227
L6227

Twin Current Control


For Dual DC or Stepper

L6206
L6206
Basic Power Stage
Fixed Over Current
Smallest Package
For Dual DC or Stepper

3ph Bridge

L6226
L6226
L6205
L6205
L6225
L6225

Enhanced Power Stage


Settable Over Current
Diagnostic Output
For Dual DC or Stepper

Brushless Motor Driver


Hall sensors decoding logic
PWM Current Control
Tacho output

Power Stage with


PWM

L6235
L6235
L6229
L6229

14

Power Spin selection table


P/N

Function

1.4Arms

Three phase brushless


motor driver

L6229

Bipolar Stepper Motor Driver

Dual H Bridge with twin


PWM control
Dual H Bridge with
adjustable overcurrent
detection
Dual H Bridge with fixed
overcurrent detection

Common
Features:

L6228

2.8Arms

L6235

L6208

Description

Packages

Hall sensor decoding logic, PWM


current loop, diagnostic output,
fixed overcurrent detection
Stepping sequence generation
logic, twin PWM current loop,
diagnostic output, fixed overcurrent
detection

PowerSO36
SO24 - DIP24

L6227

L6207

Twin PWM current loop, diagnostic


output, fixed overcurrent detection

L6226

L6206

Diagnostic output, adjustable


overcurrent detection

L6225

L6205

Fixed overcurrent detection

PowerSO36
SO24 - DIP24
QFN32
PowerSO36
SO24 - DIP24
QFN32
PowerSO36
SO24 - DIP24
QFN32
PowerSO20
SO20 - DIP20

BCDIIIs, 1um, 60 V Mixed signal power technology


Operating Supply Voltage from 8 to 52V
PowerMOS output stage:

typical Rds(on) = 0.3ohm or 0.73ohm @ Tj = 25 C


Intrinsic Fast Free Wheeling Diodes

15

Fully protected Dual H-Bridge: L6205/6225


MainFeatures:
Features:
Main
OperativeVoltage:
Voltage:7V
7V- -52V
52V
Operative
OutputPeak
PeakCurrent
Current5.6A
5.6A/ /2.8A*
2.8A*
Output
OperatingFrequency
Frequencyup
upto
to100KHz
100KHz
Operating
Crossconduction
conductionprotection
protection
Cross
Fixed(5.6A/2.8A*)
(5.6A/2.8A*)Over
OverCurrent
Currenttrip
trip
Fixed
point
point
ThermalShut
Shutdown
down
Thermal

VBOOT

VBOOT
VBOOT

VCP

CHARGE
PUMP

OCDA

Aimedatatdual
dualDC
DC/ /Bipolar
BipolarStepper
Stepper
Aimed

OVER
CURRENT
DETECTION

OUT1A
10V

THERMAL
PROTECTION

OUT2A

10V

GATE
LOGIC

ENA
IN1A

SO20

VSA

VBOOT

SENSEA

IN2A
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR

10V
5V
BRIDGE A

PowerSO20
OCDB

OVER
CURRENT
DETECTION

VSB

OUT1B

DIP20
ENB

OUT2B

GATE
LOGIC

SENSEB

IN1B
IN2B

BRIDGE B

D99IN1091A

16

Fully protected dual H-bridge: L6205/25

L6205/25

17

with an external OCD setting, heres


L6206 and L6226
MainFeatures:
Features:
Main
VBOOT

SupplyVoltage
Voltagerating
rating7V
7V- -52V
52V
Supply
OutputPeak
PeakCurrent
Current5.6A
5.6A(2.8A)*
(2.8A)*
Output
Rdson==0.3
0.3
(0.73)
)typ
typ
Rdson
(0.73)
)
OperatingFrequency
Frequencyup
upto
to100KHz
100KHz
Operating
Crossconduction
conductionprotection
protection
Cross
SettableOver
OverCurrent
CurrentThreshold
Threshold
Settable
ThermalShut
Shutdown
down
Thermal

VBOOT
VBOOT

VCP
PROGCLA

OCDA

OCDA

OVER
CURRENT
DETECTION

OUT1A
10V

THERMAL
PROTECTION

OUT2A

10V

GATE
LOGIC

ENA
IN1A

SENSEA

IN2A
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR

10V
5V
BRIDGE A

OCDB

Application
Application
 Dual
Dual or
or quad
quad DC
DC Motors
Motors
 Bipolar
Bipolar Stepper
Stepper Motors
Motors
 High
High Current
Current DC
DC Motor
Motor

VSA

VBOOT

CHARGE
PUMP

OCDB

OVER
CURRENT
DETECTION

VSB

PROGCLB
ENB

OUT1B
OUT2B

GATE
LOGIC

SENSEB

IN1B
BRIDGE B

IN2B

D99IN1088A

Externally Adjustable
Over Current trip point

New L6226Q !!!

Diagnostic Output

18

Typical application with L6206/26

L6206/26

Drives:
Dual DC
Bipolar Stepper
High Current DC

19

...then add a twin PWM control to get


L6207 and L6227*
MainFeatures
Features
Main

VBOOT

VCP

SupplyVoltage
Voltagerating
rating7V
7V- -52V
52V
 Supply
OutputPeak
PeakCurrent
Current5.6A
5.6A(2.8A)*
(2.8A)*
 Output
Rdson==0.3
0.3
(0.73
typ
 Rdson
(0.73
)*)*typ
OperatingFrequency
Frequencyup
upto
to100KHz
100KHz
 Operating
Twinintegrated
integratedPWM
PWMfor
forchopping
chopping
 Twin
regulation
regulation
Crossconduction
conductionprotection
protection
 Cross
ThermalShut
Shutdown
down
 Thermal

VBOOT
VBOOT

VBOOT

10V

10V

VSA

CHARGE
PUMP
OCDA

OVER
CURRENT
DETECTION

THERMAL
PROTECTION

OUT1A
OUT2A

GATE
LOGIC

ENA
IN1A

SENSEA

IN2A
PWM

VOLTAGE
REGULATOR

10V

ONE SHOT
MONOSTABLE

PWM
MASKING
TIME

+
SENSE
COMPARATOR

5V

VREFA
RCA

BRIDGE A

OCDB

VSB

OVER
CURRENT
DETECTION

OUT1B
OUT2B
SENSEB

GATE
LOGIC

ENB

VREFB
RCB

IN1B
BRIDGE B

IN2B

D99IN1085A

Fixed Over Current

New L6227Q !!!

Twin integrated PWM


current controller

20

twin PWM control: L6207 and L6227

L6207/27

21

L6208 & L6228*


DMOS stepper motor driver!!!
L6228QMain
MainFeatures
Features
L6228Q
SupplyVoltage
Voltagerating
rating7V
7V- -52V
52V
 Supply
OutputPeak
PeakCurrent
Current5.6A
5.6A(2.8A)*
(2.8A)*
 Output
Rdson==0.3
0.3
(0.73
typ
 Rdson
(0.73
)*)*typ
OperatingFrequency
Frequencyup
upto
to100KHz
100KHz
 Operating
InternalPWM
PWMcurrent
currentcontrol
control
 Internal
Crossconduction
conductionprotection
protection
 Cross
ThermalShut
Shutdown
down
 Thermal
NondissipativeOver
dissipativeOverCurrent
Current
 Non
protection
protection
Traslatorintegrated
integrated
 Traslator
Digitalsetting
settingof
ofdecay
decaymode
mode
 Digital
Packages
Packages
 SO24,
SO24, DIP24,
DIP24, powerSO36
powerSO36
 QFN
QFN 5x5x1
5x5x1 32
32 LL

L6
2

28

Twin integrated PWM


current controller
Q

Integrated Translator
Digital decay mode setting

New L6228Q !!!


22

Stepper Motor Driver Complete Solution: L6208/L6228

L6208/28

23

Current Ratings vs Package and configuration

Assumptions

Tj = 125C
Vs = 24V
Synchronous Rectification
SO Pdmax = 1W
DIP Pdmax = 2W
PowerSO Pdmax = 3.5W

2.4A

1.6A
1.2A
0.8A

1.8A

1.2A

PowerSO

0.9A

0.6A
Dual In Line

0.9A
SOP

0.4A
L622x
Dual

L622x
Parallel

1.3A

0.6A
L620x
Dual

L620x
Parallel

24

L622xQ: more (power) with less (space)


MINIATURIZATION / THERMAL PERFORMANCES
L622xD
SO24

L622xQ
+ 50% Thermal
Performance
QFN 5x5x1 32L

Footprint:
10.3 mm x 15.4mm

- 85% Footprint Area

25

VFQFP-N PACKAGE
THERMAL COMPARISON
PACKAGE TYPE (pitch : 0.5mm)

Theta J-A

VFQFPN 32 (5x5)

27.3C/W

powerDIP24
SO24

36C/W
60C/W

powerSO36

18C/W

26

General DMOS Three-Phase Bridge: L6234


L6234Main
MainFeatures
Features
L6234
SupplyVoltage
Voltagefrom
from77to
to52V
52V
Supply
OutputPeak
PeakCurrent
Current5A
5A(2.8A
(2.8ADC)
DC)
Output
PowerMOSTypical
Typical
PowerMOS
=0.3
@T=25
DS(ON)
J=25
RRDS(ON)
=0.3
@T
CC
J
OperatingFrequency
Frequencyup
upto
to50KHz
50KHz
Operating
CrossConduction
ConductionProtection
Protection
Cross
ThermalShut
ShutDown
Down
Thermal
CMOS/TTLInputs
Inputs
CMOS/TTL
IntrinsicFast
FastFree
FreeWheeling
WheelingDiodes
Diodes
Intrinsic
InternalLogic
LogicSupply
Supply
Internal
Applications:
BLDC 3 phases sensorless

27

Complete BLDC Motor Driver Solutions:


Fully Protected L6235 and L6229 Driver

Integrated hall sensor decoding


logic







60 or 120 degrees

Integrated PWM current control


Diagnostic Output
Simple Interface to host
Tacho Output for Speed control

Applications:
BLDC 3 phases with hall sensors

28

Typical Applications - L6235/29

L6235/L6229
common main
features
Internal PWM
current Control
Thermal
Protection
Overcurrent
Protection
Power On Reset
Circuit
Translator integrated
Slow Decay
Simple Interface to Host

29

L6235/29: current rating vs. package options

Assumptions

Tj = 125C
Vs = 24V
Switching Frequency Fs
=20Khz
SO Pdmax = 1.3 W
DIP Pdmax = 1.9 W
PowerSO Pdmax = 3.6 W

1.75A

1.1A

1.2A

PowerSO36
0.8A
DIP 24
SO 24

0.95A

0.65A
L6229

L6235

30

PractiSPIN: PowerSpin demotools architecture

EVAL62XX

RS
RS 232
232 Serial
Serial Interface
Interface

34 Wires Flat Cable

EVALPractispin

A comprehensive set of tools:


- a set of Demo Boards (EVAL620X, x = 5, 6, 7, 8 and EVAL6235)
- an ST7 Based Demo-to-PC interface board
- a Windows based User Interface

Enabling user to:


- establish plug and play connection to the motor for a rapid product evaluation
- first cut thermal analysis

31

High-Voltage Motor Control :


Gate Drivers

MOTION CONTROL / THE POWER

Motors overview

Standard chip solution


Controllers
Integrated power stages

Power spin

ST Gate drivers
High voltage gate drivers L638x
TD35x Family: Advanced IGBT/Mosfet Driver for 1200V
Applications

Evaluation boards

33

Monolithic and Discrete Approach

Voltage [V]

1200
600

Discrete Solution
Single Gate Driver: TD3xx Family

TD3xx Family

+ MOS / IGBTs
High Voltage Gate Drivers:

L638xE and L639x Family

75
52

L638x Family

Monolithic
L293/298 Solution
L62xx

L6201/2/3

3
Factory automation, Home Automation
Office Automation: Printers, LBP
Industrial: Vending Machine, Money dispenser, POS
Toys, Consumer Applications, Medical

15

Current [A]

Climate Control, Fans


White goods
Vacuum cleaner, food processor
Pumps
Industrial Applications

34

High Voltage Gate Drivers Family


Current Generation
Hi/Low Side & SD Input
Uncommitted Comp
SO/DIP14

smartDRIVE
Half Bridge

L6386E
L6386E

Hi & Low Side Input


Shoot Through Protection
3.3V Input Logic

L6388E
L6388E
L6387E
L6387E

Hi&Low Side Input


Shoot Through Protection

L6385E
L6385E

Optimized Driving Current

3.3V Input Logic


Additional Features
OpAmp
Comparator
Bootstrap Diode
Smart SD

L6384E
L6384E
Single Input
Adjustable Dead Time

Hi & Low Side Input

35

L6384E
H.V.
V CC
2
8

Vcc
DT/SD

BOOTSTRAP DRIVER

Vboot

IN

L6384E

HVG

HVG
DRIVER

UV
DETECTION
R

Out
LVG

GND

V BOOT

IN

C BOOT
HVG
7

OUT
LOGIC

LOAD
6

LEVEL
SHIFTER

V CC

V CC

SO8 / MINIDIP
Idt
DT/SD

DEAD
TIME

LSG
DRIVER

LVG

GND

3
Vthi

D97IN518A

KEY FEATURES
1 Logic input 2 Outputs
Input in phase with HVG, out of phase with LVG
Adjustable Dead-Time / Shut Down input
Inputs compatible to Vcc
Vcc Under-voltage lock out (Turn-On@12V, Turn-Off@10V)
Internal clamp on Vcc at 15.6V (typ)
36

L6384E: Shut Down Functionality


 The L6384 SD/DT pin has a double function:

L6384E

1.dead time setting from 0.4 to 3.1 s


(resistor);
2.Shut down functionality (SD/DT below
0.5V Typ.);

Shut down

P/DSP...

Dead
Time
Setting

Vcc
In

HVG

SD/DT

OUT

GND

LVG

Vboot

The Shut Down propagation delay is


280ns max.;
Dead time setting

Shut Down Timing

37

L6385E
BOOTSTRAP DRIVER

Vboot

Cboot
V CC

H.V.
UV

UV

DETECTION

DETECTION

LIN
HIN
Vcc

HVG
R

DRIVER

HVG

Vboot

L6385E

HVG

HIN

LOGIC

LEVEL

OUT

SHIFTER

Out

TO LOAD

V CC

LVG

GND

LVG
LIN

SO8 / MINIDIP

LSG
GND

DRIVER

D97IN514A

KEY FEATURES
2 Logic input 2 Outputs
Logic Inputs in phase with the Outputs
Under-voltage Lock-out on lower and Upper driving
section
Supply Voltage up to 17 V (Typ.)

38

L6387E
BOOTSTRAP DRIVER

VCC

Vboot

UV
DETECTION

HVG
DRIVER

R
R

HIN

LOGIC

LEVEL
SHIFTER

H.V.
HVG

OUT
TO LOAD

VCC
LVG

LIN

KEY FEATURES
2 Logic input  2 Outputs
Logic Inputs in phase with the Outputs
Cross-conduction prevention logic

OUTPUT

INPUT

HIN

LSG
DRIVER

HVG

LVG

GND

D97IN514A

Vboot

LIN
HIN

LIN

Cboot

Vcc

L6387E

GND

HVG
Out
LVG

SO8 / MINIDIP

Supply voltage up to 17 V (typ.)


Vcc Under-voltage lock-out (Turn-On@6V, Turn-Off@5.5V)
39

L6386E
BOOTSTRAP DRIVER

Vboot

Lin
SD
Hin
Vcc

L6386E

HVG
Out
N.C.
N.C.
LVG

DIAG
Cin

PGND

SGND
SO14 / DIP14

V boot
14

V CC
4

HIN

UV
DETECTION

UV
DETECTION

LEVEL
SHIFTER

HVG
DRIVER

R
R
S

OUT
V CC

PGND
8

VREF
7

TO LOAD

LVG
LSG
DRIVER

SGND

HVG

12

LIN

C BOOT

13

LOGIC
SD

H.V.

DIAG
+
-

CIN

KEY FEATURES
2 Logic input 2 Outputs
Logic Inputs in phase with the Outputs
Shut-Down input
Built-in comparator
Signal and Power Ground
Under-voltage Lock-out on
Lower and Upper driving section
Supply voltage up to 17 V (typ.)
40

L6386E :SD Feature/DIAG pin


The L6386 has a fast Shut Down logic input
( propagation delay 150ns max.)

Overcurrent protection using the SD/DIAG pin

This pin can be used in a double way:

Vsupply

1.

Together with the DIAG pin

2.

With an external uC/DSP/Logic

DIAG PIN: Built-in comparator timing

L6386
Vcc

Vboot
HVG

SD
Out

Diag
0.5 typ

LVG

Cin

Sgnd
Load
Current
Sense
Resistor

DIAG pin (pin 5) current capability:


DIAG pin is open collector and the pull down
capability is up to 2.5mA. (Suggested values for the
Pull up Resistor are 5k-10k)

41

L6388E
KEY FEATURES
2 Logic input  2
Outputs
3.3V Compatible Inputs
Cross-conduction
prevention logic
Logic Inputs in phase
with the Outputs
Under-voltage Lock-out
on lower and Upper
driving section
Supply Voltage up to 17
V (Typ.)

42

L638XE Short Form


L6384E

L6385E

L6386E

Asymm.
H.B

No

Yes

Yes

No

No

Symm.
H.B

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Shut
Down

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

Built in
Comp.

No

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Turn-On: 12V
Turn-Off: 10V

Turn-On: 9.6V
Turn-Off: 8.3V

Turn-On: 12V
Turn-Off: 10V

Turn-On: 6V
Turn-Off: 5.5V

Turn-On: 9.6V
Turn-Off: 8.3V

Yes

Yes

Turn-On: 9.5V
Turn-Off: 8.2V

Turn-On: 11.9V
Turn-Off: 9.9V

UVLO
on Vcc
UVLO
On Vboot

No

L6387E

No

L6388E

Yes
Turn-On: 9.5V
Turn-Off: 8.2V

43

ALL BASED on

ple
Multi
r
Drive

Production
Production
Start up
up
Start

M
Engineering
M
Engineering
uullt
Samples
ti
Samples
&& ippllee
33--P HH
Phh BB
aass rriidd
ee gge
e

Family
Family
Definition
Definition

Specification
Specification
ready
ready

smartDRIVE: HV gate driver evolution

ST BCD OFF LINE


Technology
rriivveerr
D
D
e
r
e
FFeeaattuur
l
l
l
u
l
F
u
wF
N
Neew

ll
Fu red
atu
Fe

14/16 Lead
SO / DIP
Packages

L638xE
L638xE Evolution
Evolution
Q1 06

Q2 06

Q3 06

Q4 06

Q1 07

Q2 07

Q3 07

Q407

44

L639x: the smartDRIVE

0
9
3
L6

Power
Supply

Control

smartDRIVE

Power Stage

High Voltage
GATE DRIVER
PROTECTIONS

Interface

DIGITAL
CONTROL

FULL
FEATURES
FEEDBACK

SENSE

- Power MOSFETs
- IGBT

45

smartDRIVE L639x
A Flexible Platform for Mass Customization
Wide Block Diagrams Spectrum in the Library

Interlocking
UVLO on HS
3 different Thresholds

Dead Time
Fixed or Adjustable

High Side
Driver
Current Capability:
290/430 Sink/Source

for Cross Conduction


Prevention

OPAMP
12MHz 3.8V/s
offset < 6mV

Shut Down
Fast Shut Down Block

Low Side
Driver

UVLO on LS

Current Capability:
290/430 Sink/Source

3 different Thresholds

Comparator
> 10 V/s

Bootstrap
Diode

46

smartDRIVE Platform Features


KEY FEATURES
Current capability - 290mA source / 430mA sink
Integrated bootstrap diode
TTL/CMOS/ 3.3V, 5V, 15V inputs with hysteresis and pull-down
UVLO on Both Low- and High-Side
SO14/DIP14, SO16/Dip16
Operational Amplifier for advanced current sensing
Comparator (for protections)
ST ADVANTAGE
Designed to optimize vector Motor Drive Systems
Internal bootstrap diode eliminating the external high voltage diode
Better Performance at high switching frequencies (thanks to BCD ST
process)
Unique level of integration: external component reduction
Simplify board layout, reduction of board dimension

47

L639x family portrait


Coming soon!
Full Feature

DIP16

DIP14

SO14

Single Input
Comparator
Dedicated Pin for SD
Adjustable DT
Dedicated Pin for OCD
!Slow Decay Input

Dual Input
OPAMP
Comparator
Dedicated Pin for SD
Adjustable DT
Two non connected lead

Dual Input
OPAMP
Dedicated Pin for SD
Adjustable DT
One input out of phase

L6393
L6393

SO16

L6390
L6390
L6392
L6392

smartDRIVE

48

L6390: Full Feature Half Bridge Driver


90
3
L6 O16

Bootstrap Driver

Vcc

Smart SD
protection
(200ns)

Shut
Down
Diagnostic

Vboot
Logic
HVG
Cross
Conduction
Prevention
Logic

HIN

HVG Driver

OUT

SD
LIN

Latch

LVG Driver
LVG

SD / OD

COMPARATOR
Vref 500mV;
>10V/s
Open drain 3mA
@ 0.5V
for Over Current,
Thermal
Protection, etc

Smart
SD
GND

CP+

COMP

DT

Dead Time

OPout

OP-

OP+

OPAMP

L6390

OPAMP for
Current sense
GBWP 8Mhz;
SR = 3.8V/s
GB 85dB

Adjustable DT
(0.18 to 3s)

49

Motor Drive: Field Oriented Vector Control


AC Line
(230V rms)
300V
Power
Power Supply
Supply

15V

15V

15V
Gate Driver

15V

Gate Driver

Gate Driver

(Flyback
(Flyback oo Buck)
Buck)

Micro/
Micro/
DSP
DSP

ADC
ADC

CURRENT SENSING

PROTECTIONS

3x OP-AMP in SO14
Signal conditioning (filtering,
shifting) before A/D
conversion

3x COMPARATOR
For fast overcurrent
protection

50

Full Features Half Bridge Driver


Current Capability
(source/sink)

[mA]

Internal Bootstrap Diode

L6390

L6393

L6392

290/430

290/430

290/430

Out of phase

Y
One input / slow
decay input

Out of phase

Input phasing
Input Logic threshold
Levels

[V]

3.3, 5 or 15 V

3.3, 5 or 15 V

3.3, 5 or 15 V

UVLO Vcc

[V]

12 10.5

12 10.5

12 10.5

UVLO Vboot

[V]

Dead Time

11.5 10
Adjustable
(0.18 to 3s)

9.1 8.1
Adjustable
(0.18 to 3s)

11.5 10
Adjustable
(0.18 to 3s)

Interlocking

Comparator

Y (Uncommitted)

OPAMP

Package

SO16 / DIP16

SO14 / DIP14

SO14 / DIP14

51

Advanced IGBT / Mosfet Driver


for 1200V Applications
- TD35x Family -

TD35x as part of ST Motor Control Solutions


HV DC

HV DC

TD35x

TD35x

TD35x

Load

Load
L638x

L638x

L638x

TD35x

TD35x

TD35x
GND

GND

1200V Applications:
600V Applications:




Use High Voltage Gate Drivers


Dont need advanced functions
nor galvanic insulation
Appliance/Industrial applications





Use separate HS & LS Drivers


Higher power applications need
more advanced control functions
Galvanic insulation mandatory
for High Side, also often needed
for Low Side
Industrial only applications
53

TD35x - Solutions for 1200V IGBT applications

VREF

DESAT
Desat

Vref
Block

OUTH

Control

VL

IN

Off
delay

NC
LVOFF

CLAMP
GND

Off Level

VH

OUTL

VREF
COFF

UVLO

CD
LVOFF

Control Block

NC

VH

VH

VREF
FAULT

UVLO

IN

Vref
Delay
Off Level

TD350

TD350
is a flexible solution for
high performance designs
with advanced control and
protection features

OUT

CD
DESAT

VL

Vref
Delay

Control Block

UVLO

IN

Desat

OUT
VL
CLAMP

TD352

CLAMP

TD351

TD351/352
are cost effective solutions
with minimum external
component count, although
providing the most valuable
features

54

TD350 Single IGBT/MOSFET Driver


Features:








VREF

Vref

NC
COFF

Off
delay

NC

Applications:

DESAT
Desat

FAULT

LVOFF





UVLO

IN

VH

Block

0.75A/1.2A min current capability


Active Miller clamp
Separate sink & source outputs for
easy gate drive
Desaturation protection
(programmable blanking time)
Optional 2-steps turn-off sequence
Input compatible with pulse
transformer or optocoupler
Negative gate drive capability
Fault status output
UVLO Protection
SO14 package

OUTH

Control





VL

Off Level

OUTL

CLAMP
GND

TD350

1200V 3-phase inverter


Industrial motor control
UPS systems
55

TD350 Application Schematics


UVLO

IN

Desat

FAULT
NC
COFF

Off
delay

NC
LVOFF

Block

Vref

16V
VH
OUTH

Control

VREF

DESAT

VL

Medium
IGBT/Mosfet
drive with single
supply and active

Miller clamp

OUTL

CLAMP
GND

Off Level

TD350

UVLO

IN

Desat

FAULT
NC
COFF

Off
delay

NC
LVOFF

OUTH

VL

Off Level

STS01DTP06
STS05DTP03

16V
VH

Block

Vref

DESAT

Control

VREF

DUAL NPN-PNP
COMPLEMENTARY
BIPOLAR
TRANSISTOR

OUTL

CLAMP

-10V

Large
IGBT/Mosfet
drive with
negative gate
drive and
external buffers

GND

TD350

56

TD35x IGBT/MOSFET Drivers


Solutions for 1200V IGBT applications
Feature

Part

Peak current +/- (min.)

TD350

TD351

+0.75A / -1.2A

TD352

+0.75A / -1.0A

Active Miller clamp

yes

yes

yes

Negative gate drive ability

yes

yes

yes

2-level turn-off control

yes

yes

no

Desaturation protection

yes

no

yes

Fault output

yes

no

no

Separate sink/src outputs

yes

no

no

Input - pulse transf.


- optocoupler

yes
yes

yes
yes

no
yes

Package

SO14

SO8

57

ST Evaluations boards with drivers


Available demo-boards where ST HV drivers are used:
- Motor Control

www.st.com/evalboards
58

STEVAL-IHM001V1
Motor Control

In
In stock
stock

BLDC & AC Motor Control Control Board


Features:
Quick to set up, to install and easy to run
Easy to configure thanks to dedicated Graphic
User Interface (RDK-GUI)
Firmware libraries available for easy
customization (RDK-Libraries)
Design is re-usable (the ORCAD source files
are available for free)
Several kinds of applications with six-step
commutation or 6-signal PWM (sine-wave modulated)
outputs, including: 3 Phase AC
Induction motor control, 3 Phase BLDC/AC PM
motor control (6-step sensorless), 3 Phase
BLAC PM motor control (sinusoidal driven, with
Hall sensors)
Optimized layout to provide very low level of
interference between the Power and the Signal
noise
Modular approach with three different power
board module (300W, 1kW, 3kW)

Control board for power stage


MCU: ST7FMC Driver: L6386D

59

STEVAL-IHM003V1 + STEVAL-IHM001V1
Motor Control

In
In stock
stock

300W BLDC & AC Motor Control Power Driver Board


Features
Quick to set up, to install and easy to run
Inverter stage IGBT short circuit rugged based
Design is re-usable (the ORCAD source files
are available for free)
Several kinds of applications with six-step
commutation or 6-signal PWM (sine wave modulated)
outputs, including: 3 Phase AC
Induction motor control, 3 Phase BLDC/AC PM
motor control (6-step sensorless), 3 Phase
BLAC PM motor control (sinusoidal driven, with
Hall sensors)
Optimized layout to provide very low level of
interference between the Power and the Signal
noise
Modular approach with three different power
board module (300W, 1kW, 3kW)
60

STEVAL-IHM004V1 + STEVAL-IHM001V1
Motor Control

In
In stock
stock

1kW BLDC & AC Motor Control Power Driver Board

Features:
Quick to set up, to install and easy to run
Inverter stage IGBT short circuit rugged based
Design is re-usable (the ORCAD source files
are available for free)
Several kinds of applications with six-step
commutation or 6-signal PWM (sine-wave modulated)
outputs, including: 3 Phase AC
Induction motor control, 3 Phase BLDC/AC PM
motor control (6-step sensorless), 3 Phase
BLAC PM motor control (sinusoidal driven, with
Hall sensors)
Optimized layout to provide very low level of
interference between the Power and the Signal
noise
Modular approach with three different power
board module (300W, 1kW, 3kW)

61

STEVAL-IHM005V1 + STEVAL-IHM001V1
Motor Control
In
In stock
stock

3kW BLDC & AC Motor Control Power Board

Features:
Reusable design (the ORCAD source files are
available free of charge)
Supports several applications with six-step
commutation or 6-signal PWM (sine-wave modulated)
outputs including: 3-phase AC induction motor control,
3-phase BLDC/AC PM motor control (6-step
sensorless) and 3-phase BLAC PM motor control
(sinusoidal driven, with hall sensors)
Optimized layout providing a very low level of
interference between power and signal noise Inverter
stage based on short-circuit rugged IGBTs

62

STEVAL-IHM008V1 + STEVAL-IHM001V1
Motor Control
In
In stock
stock

1kW BLDC & AC Motor Control Power board with SEMITOP2


Features:
Quick to set up, to install and easy to run
Inverter stage IGBT short circuit rugged based
Design is re-usable (the ORCAD source files
are available for free)
Several kinds of applications with six-step
commutation or 6-signal PWM (sine-wave modulated)
outputs, including: 3 Phase AC
Induction motor control, 3 Phase BLDC/AC PM
motor control (6-step sensorless), 3 Phase
BLAC PM motor control (sinusoidal driven, with
Hall sensors)
Optimized layout to provide very low level of
interference between the Power and the Signal
noise
Designed with ST SEMITOP 600V / 10A
module (STG3P2M10N60B)
63

STEVAL-IHM009V1 + STEVAL-IHM001V1
Motor Control
In
In stock
stock

3kW BLDC & AC Motor Control Power Board with SEMITOP3


Features:
Quick to set up, to install and easy to run
Inverter stage IGBT short circuit rugged based
Design is re-usable (the ORCAD source files
are available for free)
Several kinds of applications with six-step
commutation or 6-signal PWM (sine-wave modulated)
outputs, including: 3 Phase AC
Induction motor control, 3 Phase BLDC/AC PM
motor control (6-step sensorless), 3 Phase
BLAC PM motor control (sinusoidal driven, with
Hall sensors)
Optimized layout to provide very low level of
interference between the Power and the Signal
noise
Designed with ST SEMITOP 600V / 25A
module (STG3P3M25N60)
64

STEVAL-IHM010V1
Motor Control

In
In stock
stock

IGBT power module kit controlled by ST7FMC

Features:

Control board for power stages


MCU: ST7FMC

5 V power supply connector


34-pin dedicated motor-control connector
Serial communication interface connector
Programming and debug support via 10-pin ICC connector
Onboard 2-Kbit (256 byte) serial memory
4 potentiometers for runtime settings
Start / stop button
Reset button
Debug pins available

65

STEVAL-IHM011V1
Motor Control

In
In stock
stock

IGBT power module kit SEMITOP2 power board


Features:

Driver: L6386D

34-pin dedicated motor-control connector


5-pin Hall sensor/encoder input
Tachometer sensor input
Support for 5 V or 3.3 V microcontroller
Three configurations for current detection:
1 shunt resistor
3 shunt resistors or
3 external ICSs (insulated current sensor)
Current amplification network BEMF detecting network
Hardware current protection
Hardware thermal protection (on board temperature
sensor)
Resistive brake network

66

STEVAL-IHM015V1
Motor Control

In
In stock
stock

Low-voltage motor control demo kit based on ST7FMC2S4T6 and STS8DNH3LL


Driver: L6387D
Features:
Voltage range from 5 V to 48 V Current up to 25 A
Power MOSFET STS8DNH3LL (dual device) 8 A 30
V included Compatible with power MOSFET in SO-8
and DPAK
10 V auxiliary power supply connector Serial
communication interface connector Programming and
debug support via 10-pin ICC connector
Onboard 2-Kbit (256 byte) serial memory
Four potentiometers for runtime settings
Start/stop button Reset button
Debug pins available

67

STEVAL-IHM017V1
Motor Control

In
In stock
stock

100W 3-phase inverter for BLDC sensor less motor control


Driver: L6386D
Features:
Minimum input voltage 125VDC or 90VAC
Wide input voltage range Maximum power up to 100 W
4.4 A, 520 V power MOSFET included Compatible with
power MOSFETs in IPAK packages
15 V auxiliary power supply connector
Programming and debugging support via 10-pin ICC
connector
Three potentiometers for runtime settings
Start/stop button
Reset button

68

STEVAL-IHM019V1
Motor Control

In
In stock
stock

Complete inverter for low power 3-phase asynchronous motors


demonstration board
Features:
Voltage Input range 115 VAC to 230 VAC 50/60 Hz
Total output power 50 W
High efficiency
Switching PWM frequency 12 - 22 kHz
Compliant with EN61000-6-3 and EN61000-6-2
Possibility to use two motor types:
2-phase motor two sinusoidal voltage
waves restored with a phase displacement
of 90between them
3-phase motor three sinusoidal voltages
with phase displacement of 120among them

Driver: L6388D

69

STEVAL-IHM021V1
Motor Control

In
In stock
stock

100W 3-phase inverter based on L6390D and STD5NK52ZD


for speed FOC of 3-phase PMSM Motor drive
Features:

Driver: L6390D

50 Hz or 60 Hz Input voltage wide range (110 VAC


and 230 VAC)
Maximum power-up to 100 W at 230 VAC input
voltage
Power MOSFET STD5NK52ZD-1 (4.4 A 520 V)
Compatible with other power MOSFETs in IPAK
packages
+15 V auxiliary power supply connector
Connector for interface with STM3210B-EVAL board
Target applications:
- Refrigerators compressors
- Dishwasher pumps

70

STEVAL-IHM023V1
Motor Control

Coming
Coming soon
soon

1 kW 3-phase motor control evaluation board


featuring L6390 drivers and STGP10NC60KD IGBT
Features:
Minimum input voltage 125VDC or 90VAC
Maximum input voltage 375VDC or 270VAC
Voltage range for low voltage motor control
application from 18VDC to 35VDC
Possibility to use auxiliary +15V supply voltage
Maximum output power for motor up to 1000W
Regenerative brake control feature
Input inrush limitation with bypassing relay
+15V auxiliary power supply based on buck
converter with VIPer16
Fully populated board conception with testing points
and safety isolated plastic cover
Motor control connector for interface with
STM3210B-EVAL board and further ST motor
control dedicated kits
Tacho input
Hall/encoder inputs
Possibility to connect BEMF daughter board

Driver: L6390D

71

3-phase motor control power stage MB459B


Motor Control

Available
Available on
on request
request

STM3210B-MCKIT and STR750-MCKIT


3-phase motor control power stage
Driver: L6386D
Features:
Voltage Input range 115 VAC to 230 VAC
An input power stage with voltage rectification and
auxiliary power supply,
A 7A three-phase inverter based on IGBT and level
shifter,
A motor connector for linking with the control board,
A connector for motors with Hall/encoder and
tachometer input.
The MB459B motor control evaluation board can be
supplied in two ways:
- From a single power supply for motors requiring a
voltage greater than 18 V
- From a dual power supply for motors requiring a
voltage less than 18 V

72

TD350 Advanced IGBT Driver


Motor Control
Available
Available on
on request
request

TD350 Advanced IGBT/MOSFET Driver

Features:
0.75A min gate drive
Negative gate drive ability
Input compatible with pulse transformer or optocoupler
Separate sink and source outputs for easy gate drive
Two steps turn-off with adjustable level and delay
Miller clamp feature
Desaturation protection
Fault status output
UVLO protection
2kV ESD protection

Driver: TD350

73

L6393 Full-Bridge board


Available L6393 full-bridge board:

For DC motors and Single-phase BLDC (e.g. FAN)


Up to 5A on output phase
All SMD components, no heat-sink
Highly compact and optimized layout

reference design

4.5 cm

4.3 cm

TOP
LAYER
BOTTOM
LAYER

74