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0 Many people believe that scientific research should be carried out and controlled by the governments rather than

private companies. To
what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
1Some people think that robots are very important to humans future development. Others think that they are dangerous and have negative
effects on society. Discuss both opinions and give your personal view.
2Do you think how important it is for people to want success in life ? Is ambition a positive or negative characteristic?
3In modern world, it is no longer necessary to use animals for food or use animal products, for instance, clothing and medicines. To what
extent do you agree or disagree? //Some people think it is necessary to use animals for testing medicines intended for
human use. Others, however, think it is cruel to do that. Discuss both of these views and give you own opinion.//Some people think that it is
acceptable to use animals for the benefit of humans. Others, however, believe that it is wrong to exploit animals for human purposes. Discuss
both these views and give your own opinion
3Environmental problems are too big for individual countries and individual people to address. We have reached the stage where the only
way to protect the environment is to address it at an international level. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?//Some
people think environmental problems are too big for individuals to solve. Others, however, think that those problems cannot be solved unless
individuals take some actions. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
4Students from rural areas often find it difficult to access university education. Some people think that universities should make it easier for
them to access higher education. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
5The government money should be invested in teaching science rather than other subjects so as to help a country make progress and
develop. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
5Some people think sports games are important for society, while others believe they should more be taken as leisure activities. Discuss.
6 Some people think that the government should decide the subject for students to study in university. Others believe that students should
be allowed to apply for the subject they prefer. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
7Nowadaysfull- time university students tend to focus on their studying. Some people think it is
essential for university students to be involved in other activities. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
8There are many advertisements directed at children, such as snacks, toys and other goods. Parents
argue that children are under pressure. Advertisers claim that the advertisements provide useful information.
Discuss the both sides and give your own opinion.\\Some people think that advertising aimed at children should be banned. To what extent do
you agree or disagree?\\Many parents today believe that their children are under more pressure than they were at a young age. Do you agree
or disagree?
8 Some people think that governments in developing countries should introduce new technologies to people
in order to improve the quality of life, while others believe that in order to achieve that governments should
offer free education for all. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
9 The spread of multinational companies and resulting increase of globalization
produces positive effects for everyone. To what extent to you agree or disagree?
10 Some people think that the main purpose of schools is to teach children to be a good citizen or worker rather than to benefit them as
individuals. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

11Nowadays, not enough students choose science subjects in university in many countries. What are the reasons for this problem? What are
the effects on the society?
12As countries develop, their populations tend to live individually or in small family units. In your opinion, what is this cause and what are
the effects on society. \\In many countries today, people in cities either live alone or in small family units, rather than in large, extended family
groups. Is this a positive or negative trend?
13 A long-distance flight consumes the same amount of fuel and causes the same amount of pollution as a car does in several years. Some
people think that to reduce environmental problems, we should discourage non-essential flights, such as tourist air travel, instead of limiting
the use of cars. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
14Advertising encourage people to buy in quantity rather than promoting its quality. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
15In many countries, there are 24 -hour TV programs. Is it a positive or negative development?
16 Some people say that governments should spend money on measures to save
languages that are used by few speakers, while others believe it's a waste of financial resources. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
17 In most countries,prison is an effective solution to the problem of crime. Some people
think it is a more effective solution to provide education for those who violate the law. To what extent do you agree or disagree?//Some people
think that all the lawbreakers should be taken into the prison, while others believe that there are better alternatives, (for example, doing some
work or learning some skills in the community).Discuss both views and give your opinion.
17Many large cities lack a sense of community. What are the causes of this? Suggest some solutions.
18Anyone can post information on the Internet. Some people say most of what we read on the Internet is inaccurate. To what extent do you
agree or disagree? //We can get knowledge from news. But some people even think we should not trust the journalists. What do you think?
And what do you think are the important qualities that a journalist should have?
18 Some people think that robots are very important for humans' future development. Others, however, think that robots are a dangerous
invention that could have negative effects on society. Discuss both views and give your opinion
19 Some children think that some subjects such as mathematics and philosophy are too difficult for them to study at school, so they should
be made optional rather than compulsory. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
20 In countries where there is a high rate of unemployment, most pupils should be
offered only primary education. There is no point in offering secondary education to
those who have no hope of finding a job. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?//A large number of young people are
leaving shool and can not find a job. what problems will youth unemployment cause in individual and for society?what measures should be
taken to reduce the level of unemployment among young people
21Some people think that men and women have different qualities. Therefore, some
certain jobs are suitable for men and some jobs are suitable for women. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
22 More and more people want to buy famous brands with clothes, cars and other items. what are the reasons? Do
you think it is a positive or negative development?

23Some people think that parents have a great influence on their children, others believe that the media is a bigger influence. Discuss both
views and give your opinion.
24Advertising encourages in quantity not in quality. To what degree you agree or not agree?
25Some people think that schools should select pupils according to their academic
abilities, while others believe that it is better to have pupils with different abilities study
together. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.\\Some people believe that students with different levels of academic abilities should
be taught separately. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
26If a product is good and can meet peoples needs, people will buy it. Advertising in the media is no more than a form of entertainment. Do
you agree or disagree?
27 In the past, buildings often reflected the culture of a society but today all modern
buildings look alike and cities throughout the world are becoming increasingly similar.
What do you think is the reason for this? And is it a good thing or a bad thing?
27 Countries with a long average working time are more economically successful than those countries which do not have a long working
time. To what extent do you agree or disagree?//Some countries have a long working day, which is helpful for them to become economically
successful, but it also causes some negative social problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
28 Every year several languages die out. This is not important because life will be easier if there are fewer languages in the world. To what
extent do you agree or disagree?\\Across the recent world, only a few languages are increasing in use, while some others decline. Is it a
positive or negative development?
29Governments should spend money on the repairs and maintenance of old buildings. Do you agree or disagree?//Some people believe that
old buildings should be protected by law. Others, however, think that they should be replaced by new buildings. Discuss both these views and
give your own opinion.
29 Some people believe that the best form of help for developing countries is financial aid. To what extent do you agree or disagree?//Some
people think giving aids to poorer countries have more negative effects than positive effects. To what extent do you agree or
disagree?//Charities cannot help everyone in the world. They should only provide aid to people in need in their own countries. Do you agree or
disagree?
30Governments should control the amount of violence in the media. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
31 Today, the qualities of life of people in big cities are worse. What are the causes of this problem? Any measures should be taken to solve
it?
32 Nowadays people are encouraged to buy more and more consumer products. Some people think it is good for the economy. However,
others think it does great harm to the whole society. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
33Some people think individuals are more and more dependent on each other. some people think individuals are more and more
independent. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
34 Science tells us some activities are good for our health and there are some unhealthy activities. But millions of people still do those
unhealthy activities. Why ?what can we do to change this situation?

35 Some people believe that studying in a college or university is the best way for students to prepare for their future career. Others think
they should leave school as soon as possible to develop their career through work experience. Discuss both views and give your own
opinion.//Schools should only offer subjects that are beneficial to students future career success. Other subjects, such as music and sports,
are not important. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
36Many fathers today stay at home and take care of their children while mothers go out to work. What are the causes of this? Is this a
positive or a negative development?

0Some people think that museums and art galleries should be enjoyable places to entertain people. Others, however, believe that the
purpose of museums and art galleries is to educate. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
1Some people claim that public museums and art galleries will not be needed because people can see historical objects and works of art by
using a computer. Do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
2More and more companies are allowing employees to work at home.
Do you think this is a positive or negative development?
3 Some animal species such as dinosaurs and dodos become extinct because of natural processes. So, it is not necessary to try and prevent
this from happening. Do you agree or disagree?\\There are many extinct species in the world nowadays. Some people say we should protect
these animals from dying out,while others say we should concentrate more on problems of human beings. Discuss both opinions and give your
personal view.
4In many countries prices of airplane tickets have dropped. Is it positive or negative situation? Write about your personal experience or
knowledge.\\Air travel is cheap these days, allowing ordinary people to travel further. Some people say that airfare should
be increased because this leads to environmental problems. Discuss both views and give your own opinion. \\International travel is cheaper
and more convenient than ever. Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?
5 Nowadays the trend of human beings to copy from one another is shown in the popularity of fashion in clothes and other consumer goods.
To what extend do you agree or disagree?
6Many developing countries are currently expanding their tourist industries Why is this the case? Is it a positive development?
7 More and more people are moving from rural areas to cities in search of a better life, but city life has its own problems. What are these
problems? Suggest some solutions. \\A rise in the standard of living in a country seems to only benefits cities rather than rural areas. What
problems might this difference cause? How might the problems be reduced?\\Young people are leaving their homes from rural areas to study
or work in the cities. What are the reasons? Do advantages of this development outweigh its disadvantages?
8In some countries boarding schools are getting more popular. Is it a positive or negative development? What are the reasons behind it?
9In many cities, planners have separated schools, homes, shops, offices in specific areas
which were widely separated from each other. Do you think advantages of this policy overweigh disadvantages to the city residents?
10Some believe advertisement is useful and informative. Others think it is false and only
helps to raise prices. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
11In multi-cultural societies, people of different cultural backgrounds live and work together. Do you think the advantages of multi-cultural
societies outweigh the disadvantages?

12Some people think news has no connection to people's lives, so it is a waste of time to
read the news on the newspaper and watch television news programs. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
12 More and more people rely on mobile phones and computers for long-distance communication. Some people believe that the traditional
skill of letter writing will disappear completely. To what extent do you agree or disagree?//Today, more and more people use mobile phones. Do
you think the benefits of mobile phones outweigh the drawbacks?
13some people think male leaders always lead us to violence and conflict, but female leaders are better than male leaders to give us the
better governed and more peaceful society. Do you agree or disagree
14 Some people think traveling abroad is a valuable experience for young people. Others think it wastes too much time and expense.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.
15Professional workers like doctors, nurses and teachers make a greater contribution to society and so should be paid more than sports and
entertainment personalities. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
16Some people think we should keep all the money we earn and not pay tax to the state. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
17The number of people who watch foreign films is much more than people who watch local films, describe the reasons and should the
government provide financial support to the local film industries?
17In recent years, responsible tourists have paid attention to preserving both the culture and the environment of the place they visit.
However, some people say that it is impossible to be a responsible tourist. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
18Many parents today do not spend enough time with their children. What are the causes of this? Suggest some solutions.
19Human activities have negative effect on plants and animal species. Some people think that it is too late to do anything about this
problem. Other people believe that effective measures can be taken to improve this situation. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
19 Nowadays more and more people have consumer goods, such as refrigerator or washing machines. Do you think this development
has more advantages than its disadvantages?
20Competition versus cooperation and group work for students. Do the disadvantages outweigh the advantages?//Competitiveness
is seen as a positive feature by many modern societies. What impact does it have on an individual? Is it a positive or a negative quality?
21Most of the schools are planning to replace sports and exercise classes with more academic sessions. What is your opinion on this
change? How is this change will affect childrens life in your view?
22The exposure of international media such as films, TV and magazines has impacts on local culture. What do you think of the impacts have
been? Do you agree that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
23Nowadays, children play less with others and this has an impact on their development. What are the reasons for this? Does it have a good
or a bad effect on children?
24Consumers are faced with increasing numbers of advertisements from competing companies. To what extent do you think are consumers
influenced by advertisements? What measures can be taken to protect them?
25Some people think the foreign visitors should be charged more than the local visitors when they visit the cultural and historical attractions
in another country. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

26Since money for postgraduate research is limited, some people think financial
support from the government should be only provided for scientific research rather
than the research for less useful subjects. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
27We live in cities or towns which have museums displaying objects of artistic, historic and cultural value, but people do not visit them.
How do you think people do not visit museums in their local areas? What is the importance of museums to the society?
28 Some people think that national teams and individual men and women should be financially supported by government. However others
argue that national teams and individual men and women should be funded by non-government sources (business, companies). Discuss both
of the views and give your own opinion.
29Its better for students to study at university rather than study at home with their parents. Do you

agree or disagree? \

29 Because of improved technologies in communication and transport, people in some countries can now
choose to live and work anywhere they want. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
30Lifestyles and culture in many countries is becoming similaris it positive or negative?
31 In some countries the parents expect children to spend long time in studying both in and after school and have less free time. Do you
think it has positive or negative effects on children and the society
32 Many people think the government of the country should decide which subjects the students should
study, when others think students should be able to apply to the subject they preferred. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.
33In many countries, average life expectancy has been increasing. What problems will this cause for individuals and for society as a whole?
Suggest some solutions.
34Many parents go to work in other countries, taking their families with them, do you think the advantages overweigh the disadvantage.
35Some people think watching television is bad for children in all ways. Others say it is good for children to get knowledge. Discuss both
views and give your opinion.
36Some people take newspapers to be the most effective way to get information, while others believe the best way to learn news is from
other media. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
36Governments should pay for peoples education and health care. To what extent do you agree or disagree?