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Nursing Research most commonly used are interviews, case

1. Inductive vs. deductive studies, focus groups and ethnography


Inductive reasoning moves from specific to general, Subjectivity is valued
from particular instances to a general statement. Interpretive, discovery, description, understanding
Deductive reasoning moves from general to specific Report rich in narrative
or from general premise to a particular situation Participants
or conclusion.
Inductive – QUALITATIVE 11. PHENOMENOLOGY
Deductive-QUANTITATIVE It is a qualitative research method that aims to
describe lived experience phenomena that are
2. ORDER AND CONTROL important to nursing practice, education and
Systematic- the investigator progresses logically thru research.
a series of steps.
Control- involves imposing conditions on the research 12. GROUNDED THEORY
situation so that biases and confounding factors It is a qualitative research approach that aims to
are minimized. develop a grounded theory of theoretically
EMPIRICISM-Rooted in objective reality and gathered complete explanation about a phenomenon.
directly and indirectly through the senses.
GENERALIZATION- The ability to go beyond the 13. ETHNOGRAPHY
specifics of the situation. It is the work of describing culture
Emic-the way members of a culture view their culture
3. Limitations of Scientific research (insiders’ view)
Can’t answer questions of a moral or ethical nature Etic-outsiders’ view of the experiences of a cultural
Problems of measurement group
Virtually every research contains some flaw Participant observation
Field work
4. NURSING RESEARCH ETHNONURSING is the study and analysis of the local
Nursing research is the study of all aspects, or indigenous people’s viewpoints, beliefs, and
components, activities and phenomena relating practice about nursing care behavior and
to health and of interest to nurses: processes of designated cultures. (LEININGER)
WHY IS RESEARCH IMPORTANT IN NURSING?
So that we could describe, explain, predict and 14. HISTORICAL RESEARCH
control the events and phenomena that are of Historical research is a qualitative research designed
interest to nurses and to nursing. to establish facts and relationships concerning
THUS, improve professional education and practice past events.

5. WHY IS IT IMPORTANT FOR NURSES TO DO 15. ACTION RESEARCH


RESEARCH? Action research is a method of research that involves
Because nursing is a profession, nurses should taking action to improve practice and
contribute to the generation of nursing systematically studying the effects of the action
knowledge. Research is a major means by which taken.
nurses could generate knowledge.
Through research, nurses could evaluate and 16. CASE STUDY
document their contributions to their clients’ Are in-depth investigations of a single entity or small
health and well-being and to the health care number of entities (individual, family, group,
delivery system. institution, community).
Research is one of the duties of nurse.
To demonstrate that nursing care has significant 17. TRIANGULATION
effects upon health outcomes and cost of care. Triangulation is an approach to research that uses a
To generate health policies and systems that combination of more than one research strategy
promotes cost-effective use of resources. in a single investigation.

6. ROLES OF NURSES IN RESEARCH 18. SATURATION


As DOERS, they contribute to the improvement of the The collection of data in a qualitative study to the
nursing profession’s knowledge base as point where a sense of closure is attained
CONSUMERS, they improve their practice because new data yield redundant information.
through the use of research findings.
19. PROLONGED ENGAGEMENT
7. BASIC vs. APPLIED RESEARCH The investment of sufficient time during data
BASIC research aims to generate knowledge for the collection to have an In-depth understanding of
sake of knowledge production and theory the group under study, thereby enhancing
construction, rather than for solving an credibility.
immediate problem.
APPLIED research is concerned with finding solution 20. RESEARCH PROBLEM
to an immediate problem. A situation that can be investigated through
disciplined and systematic inquiry
8. QUANTITATIVE & QUALITATIVE RESEARCH Criteria for evaluation
Paradigm - A way of looking at natural phenomena Significance of the problem
that encompass a set of philosophical researchability of the problem
assumptions and that guides one’s approach to feasibility
inquiry. interest to the researcher

9. QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH 21. EXAMPLES


Quantitative research, is based in the paradigm of Prevalence of falls among elderly patients
logical positivism and is focused upon outcomes Prevalence of decubitus ulcers among bedridden
for clients that are measurable, generally using elderly patients
statistics. The dominant research method is the Food intake of institutionalized elderly with dementia
randomised controlled trial. Effects of training program on the job performance of
Objective, one reality new nurses
Measurable Factors affecting the compliance of persons with TB
Reduction, control, prediction to chemotherapy
Statistical analysis Knowledge, attitudes and practices of young mothers
on breastfeeding
10. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH Profile of nurses who leave their jobs in the hospital
Qualitative research, is based in the paradigm of for abroad
phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography Hand washing practices of nursing personnel at the
and others, and examines the experience of recovery room
those receiving or delivering the nursing care, Knowledge of oncology nurses on complimentary
focusing, in particular, on the meaning that it medicine
holds for the individual. The research methods

johnpaulcaspe2010
johnpaulcaspe2010