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Task One

(a) Look at the following sentences from exercise 3 of the extract


on page 4.
(i) Correct the error in each sentence.
If I will come to the party, will you give me a lift home?
If I come to the party, will you give me a lift home?

I had have a couple of days in bed if I were you. You look


awful!
I would have a couple of days in bed if I were you. You look awful!

He might has stayed if you hadnt shouted at him.


He might have stayed if you hadnt shouted at him.

(ii) Briefly explain why students might make each of these


errors.
If I will come to the party, will you give me a lift home?
Learners will often adopt one tense to reference the future (will) as their allpurpose tense.

I had have a couple of days in bed if I were you. You look


awful!
Learners may be applying their own L1 rules / lack of knowledge to giving
advice when using modals.

He might has stayed if you hadnt shouted at him.


Use of incorrect tense might+has
Learners may not know the rule that when might is used to talk about past
possibilities its in its pure form; might + have + past participle

(b) Comment on the difference in meaning and use between


the following pairs of sentences

1. If you dont know,


a) you should ask.
c) ask.

1(a) If you dont know, you should ask.


(If + you + neg. aux.+ present + you + modal + bare infinitive/ present
tense)
Mixed conditional with should; giving advice and expressing a fact
(b) If you dont know, ask.
If + you + neg. aux. + present + imperative
Zero conditional
Used to make a strong point

2. When I see him,


a) I might tell him what you said.
b) I am going to tell him what you said.
2a) When I see him, I might tell him what you said.
Communicating a slight possibility of action.

(b) When I see him, Im going to tell him what you said.
Communicating a real future plan of action.

6. If I hadnt eaten the fish,


b) I wouldnt have been ill.
c) I wouldnt be ill now.
6b) If I hadnt eaten the fish, I wouldnt have been ill.
Third conditional used to describe an event in the past which could have
happened but didnt. You ate the fish, so you got ill.

c) If I hadnt eaten the fish, I wouldnt be ill now.


If clause (type 3), main clause (type 2)
Past action: you ate the fish; present consequence: you are ill now.

Task Two (20 minutes)What assumptions about teaching and


learning are implicit in the sequence of activities in exercises 1
to 6 on page 4?
Exercise 1 Listening activities are a good way to introduce the
target language because it provides a model for what learners
might be later expected to produce.
Authentic materials are an important source of language because

exposure to real language in real contexts helps learners use it


genuinely.
Learners need to hear language in context because they will better
understand the meaning.
Exercise 2 It is useful for learners to use grammatical references
sources because it encourages them to work independently.
It is useful to give learners explicit grammar rules because they
provide structure for learning / developing fluency.
Guided discovery and working out language is a valid form of
language input because cognitive involvement enhances the
learning process.
Exercise 3 Its useful for learners to do cognitively challenging
tasks when focusing on TL to work out specific language patterns.
Learners learn by doing and learning happens deductively, using
rules to duduce correct usage.

Exercise 4, 5 Students of upper intermediate level already have


knowledge of basic components and need different more complex
ways / situations to express the TL
Learners can construct their own text by rule analysis and model
following.
Exercise 6 Providing examples of a language is helpful because it
allows learners to revise what they have learned.
Identification with the topic is a effective learning aid because it is
easier to talk about familiar things as opposed to abstract ideas
and makes the task meaningful.