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# LEE KIAN KEONG

## STPM MATHEMATICS (T)

9: Integration

Integration
1. [STPM 1970 Q2 ]
1

x
4 x2
Z
x
1
(b) Using the substitution t = tan , or otherwise, find
dx
2
3 5 cos x

(a) Evaluate

1
2

## [Answer : (a) 0.20 ; (b)

1
ln
4

x
2
x
2

2 tan
2 tan

1
+1


+ c]

2. [STPM 1972 Q2 ]
Z

(a) Find

## (b) Using the substitution u2 = 2t + 1, or otherwise, evaluate

t
dt.
2t + 1
[Answer : (a) 0.15 ; (b)

10
]
3

3. [STPM 1973 Q3 ]
Z

2a

(a) Find
a

x3
dx.
x4 + a4
1

Z
(b) Using the substitution x = cos 2, or otherwise, prove that
0

1x
dx = 1.
1+x
2

1
ln
4


17
]
2

4. [STPM 1976 Q2 ]
Z

0

x1
dx = ln
2x2 + 3x + 1


25
.
27
Z

## (b) Using the substitution u = 2x 1, or otherwise, evaluate

x 2x 1 dx.

428
]
15

5. [STPM 1979 Q5 ]
Z
(a) Find

Z

## (b) Show that

1

(x 1)(5x + 2)
1
dx = ln
2
(2x 1)(x + 2)
2

 
8
.
3
[Answer : (a) 5x + 2 sin 2x

kkleemaths.com

3
cos 2x + c]
2

## STPM MATHEMATICS (T)

9: Integration

6. [STPM 1981 Q6 ]
1

x3
2
0 x +2
Z 1p
1
1
4 x2 dx = +
3.
(b) Show that
3
2
0
Z

(a) Evaluate

1
+ ln
2

 
2
]
3

7. [STPM 1982 MT Q7 ]
Z
(a) Find

2 + cos x
dx.
sin2 x
Z

## (b) Using the substitution x = 2 sin , or otherwise, evaluate

0

significant figures.

x2
4 x2

## [Answer : (a) 2 cot x cosec x + C ; (b) 0.118]

8. [STPM 1982 MT Q8 ]
Sketch the corresponding curves for the following equations in separate diagrams, showing the turning points
and any asymptotes parallel to the axes:
(a) y = (x 1)(x 3)
1
(b) y =
(x 6= 1, x 6= 3)
(x 1)(x 3)
4
intersects the graphs (b) at the points A and B.
3
Calculate the finite area bounded by the line AB and the portion of the graph between A and B, giving your
answer correct to three significant figures.
The line y =

[Answer : (a) (2,-1), minimum point ; (b) (2,-1), maximum point , asymptotes are x = 1, x = 3, y = 0 ; Area=0.235]
9. [STPM 1983 MT Q9 ]
Z

## Find the exact value of

x x + 3 dx.

8
5

10. [STPM 1983 MT Q10 ]
Z
(a) Evaluate

tan2 x dx.

18 4x x2
A
B
C

+
+
, show that A = 2 and determine the values of B
2
(4 3x)(1 + x)
4 3x 1 + x (1 + x)2
and C.
Z 1
18 4x x2
7
3
Hence, show that
dx = ln 2 +
2
(4

3x)(1
+
x)
3
2
0

## (b) Given that

kkleemaths.com

; (b) B = 1, C = 3]
4

9: Integration

## 11. [STPM 1983 MT Q11 ]

A bowl in the shape of a hemisphere with a radius a and its rim horizontal, is filled with a liquid to a height of
h unit. Show, through integration, that the volume of the liquid in the bowl is
1 2
h (3a h).
3
12. [STPM 1984 MT Q12 ]
Z
(a) Show that

sin2 x cos2 x dx =

4 3 3
.
192

2
2

0

form.

x
1 x4

1
ln 3]
4

## 13. [STPM 1985 MT Q14 ]

Z

2x + 1

dx.
x+1
Z 4
11x2 + 4x + 12
(b) Show that
dx = ln 675.
2
0 (2x + 1)(x + 4)
(a) Find

3
1
4
(x + 1) 2 2(x + 1) 2 + c]
3

## 14. [STPM 1985 MT Q15 ]

Using integration, find te area of the finite region bounded by the curve

x+ y = a
and the coordinate axes, if a is a positive constant.

1 2
a ]
6

## 15. [STPM 1986 MT Q1 ]

Find the coordinates of the points P , Q where the curve 2y = x + 3 meets the parabola y 2 = 4x.
Find the area bounded by the arc P Q of this parabola and the line P Q.
[Answer : P (1, 2) , Q(9, 6) ;

8
]
3

## 16. [STPM 1986 MT Q2 ]

By using the substitution x = sin , or otherwise, evaluate
1
2

Z
1
3

x2

1
dx
1 x2

17. [STPM 1987 MT Q17 ]

kkleemaths.com

(a) Express

## STPM MATHEMATICS (T)

9: Integration

17 + x
in partial fractions. Hence or otherwise, show that
(4 3x)(1 + 2x)
Z

1
2

13

17 + x
1
dx = (19 ln 2 + 9 ln 3).
(4 3x)(1 + 2x)
6
Z

0

x2
1
dx.
2 (1 x2 ) 12
5
3
1
+
; (b)
4 3x
1 + 2x
2


3

]
6
4

## 18. [STPM 1987 MT Q18 ]

8
4 that intersects the x-axis at the point A. The tangent
x
to the curve at the point P (1, 4) intersects the x-axis at the point Q. Find the coordinates of Q.
The diagram above shows a portion of the curve y =

Find the area of the shaded region bounded by the curve AP and the line segments P Q and QA.


3
,0
2


; A=8 ln 2 5]

## 19. [STPM 1987 MT Q19 ]

The diagram shows a hemispherical bowl with radius a and its rim horizontal. Show that when the depth of
water in the bowl is y, the volume V of water in the bowl is given by
V =

1 2
y (3a y).
3

kkleemaths.com

## STPM MATHEMATICS (T)

9: Integration

Initially, the bowl is empty. Water is then poured into the bowl at a constant rate. The time taken to fill the
1
bowl is T . Find, in terms of T , the time taken for y to become a. Find, in terms of T and a, the rate at which
2
1
the water level rises when y = a.
2

8a
5
T ;
]
16
9T

## 20. [STPM 1988 MT Q20 ]

Determine the coordinates of the points of intersection between the graphs y 2 = x and y = x + 2. Find the
area bounded by the two graphs.
Find also the volume of the solid generated when this area is rotated through 2 about the y-axis.
[Answer : (1, 1) , (4, 2) ;

9 72
;
]
2 5

## (a) Using the substitution x = a tan , or otherwise, show that

a

x3
5

(a2 + x2 ) 2

85 2
dx =
,
12a

with a > 0.
Z 8
(x 1)2
(b) Evaluate
x2 4
3
22. [STPM 1990 MT Q22 ]
(a) Find the values of the constants A and B such that cos x A(3 cos x+ 4 sin x) +B(3 sin x+ 4 cos x). Hence
Z 2
cos x
or otherwise, find the value of
3 cos x + 4 sin x
0
Z 3r
5x
(b) By using the substitution x = 3 2 cos 2, or otherwise, find
x1
2
three significant figures.

4
3
,B=
, 0.235; (b) 1.32]
25
25

Evaluate
Z 6
(a)
tan 2 d,
0

Z
(b)
e

e2

1
dx,
x ln x

## 24. [STPM 1991 MT Q24 ]

Find the area bounded by the curves y = 1 x2 and y = x 1.
kkleemaths.com

1
ln 2 ; (b) ln 2]
2

9: Integration

9
]
2

## 25. [STPM 1992 MT Q25 ]

Z
(a) By using a suitable substitution or otherwise, find the value of
1

## to three significant figures.

(b) Show that

x1
(2x 1)2

d
(tan3 ) = 3 tan4 + 3 sec2 3. Hence, determine the value of
dx

tan4 d.

2
]
4
3

## 26. [STPM 1992 MT Q26 ]

Sketch the area R bounded by the y-axis, x-axis, line x = , and the curve y = 1 + sin x. Find the volume of
2
the solid formed when R is rotated through four right angles about the x-axis.
27. [STPM 1993 MT Q27 ]
Show that

( + 2)]
2

d
(tan3 x) = 3 sec4 x 3 sec2 x.
dx
Z

sec4 x dx.

4
]
3

## 28. [STPM 1994 MT Q1 ]

1
The shaded area shown in the diagram above is bounded by the curve y = ex + , the curve y = ex 1, and
2
the y-axis. Find the area of the shaded region.

kkleemaths.com

1
(3 ln 2 1)]
2

9: Integration

## 29. [STPM 1994 MS Q29 ]

ln x
dy
If y =
, where x > 0, determine the set of values for x such that
> 0 and the set of values for x such that
x
dx
dy
1
< 0. Hence, show that the maximum value of y is .
dx
e
ln x
x
Sketch the curve y =
, where x > 0. Hence sketch the curve y =
, x > 0. Show that the area bounded
x
ln x
1
ln x
ln x
, the x-axis, and the line x = is equal to the area bounded by the curve y =
, the
by the curve y =
x
e
x
x-axis, and the line x = e.
[Answer : {x : 0 < x < e} ; {x : x > e}]
30. [STPM 1994 MS Q31 ]
Z 1

x 1 + x dx.
Find the value of
0

4
(1 + 2)]
15

## 31. [STPM 1995 MT Q31 ]

1
Express 2
in the form of partial fractions. Hence, show that
x 1
Z
1
1 x1
dx = ln
+ c,
2
x 1
2 x+1
where c is the constant.
Using integration by parts, show that
Z

2

x
1
dx = 2
+
x2 1
x 1

2x2
dx.
(x2 1)2

x2
(x2 1)2

1
1

; 0.347]
2(x 1)
2(x + 1)

## 32. [STPM 1995 MT Q32 ]

Calculate the volume of the solid generated when the area bounded by the curves y = x2 and y 2 = 8x is rotated

48
]
5

## 33. [STPM 1995 MS Q1 ]

Sketch the curve y = x(x + 1)(2 x). Find the area bounded by the curve y = x(x + 1)(2 x) and the x-axis.
34. [STPM 1996 MT Q1 ]
Show that

x ln x dx =
1

Z
Hence, find the value of


1 2
e +1 .
4

kkleemaths.com

1
]
12

9: Integration

35. [STPM
Z 1996 MT Q2 ]
e

Find

1

1 2
(e + 3)]
2

## 36. [STPM 1996 MS Q3 ]

Sketch, on the same axes, the graphs of y 2 = x and y = 2 x. Show the coordinates of the points of intersection
between the graphs.
Calculate the area bounded by y 2 = x and y = 2 x.
If V1 is the volume of the solid formed when the area above the x-axis bounded by y 2 = x, y = 2 x, and the
x-axis is rotated completely about the y-axis, and V2 is the volume of the solid formed when the area under the
x-axis bounded by y 2 = x, y = 2 x, and the x-axis is rotated completely about the y-axis, find V1 : V2 .

9
; V1 : V2 = 4 : 23]
2

## 37. [STPM 1997 MT Q1 ]

Z
By using a suitable substitution, find the value of

x 1 + x dx.

11
]
15

## 38. [STPM 1997 MT Q2 ]

Find the coordinates of all the points of intersection between the line y = 12 4x and the curve y = 12 x3 .
Show that there is a point of inflection on the curve y = 12 x3 at x = 0.
Sketch, in the same diagram, the line y = 12 4x and the curve y = 12 x3 .
The area bounded by the line y = 12 4x and the curve y = 12 x3 is rotated through four right angles about
the x-axis. Calculate the volume of the solid of revolution formed.
[Answer : (0, 12), (2, 20), (2, 4) ; Volume=192]
39. [STPM
Z 1997 MS Q3 ]
x

Find
dx.
2x 1
1

(2x 1) 2 (x + 1)
+ C]
3

Find
Z
x

(a)
dx,
4 x2
Z
3
(b)
x2 ex dx
p

1
3

## [Answer : (a) 4 x2 + C ; (b) ex + C]

41. [STPM 1998 MT Q2 ]
The gradient of the tangent to a curve at the point (x, y) where x > 3, varies inversely with (x 3), and the
curve passes through the points (4, 0) and (6, ln 9). Show that the equation of the curve is y = 2 ln(x 3).
Sketch the curve.
Find the finite area bounded by the curve, the x-axis and the line x = 6.
kkleemaths.com

## STPM MATHEMATICS (T)

9: Integration
[Answer : 2(3 ln 3 2)]

Show that
Z

x2
11
dx =
+ ln 2.
(x 1)3
8
[6 marks]

## 43. [STPM 1999 MT P1 Q13 ]

Function f is defined as
(
x(x ),
0 x < 2,
f (x) =
2
sin(x ), 2 x 3.
(a) Sketch the graph of f .

[4 marks]

## (b) Find the range of f .

[3 marks]

(c) Determine whether f is a one-to-one function. Give reasons for your answer.

[2 marks]

(d) Find the area of the region bounded by graph f and the x-axis.

[6 marks]

## [Answer : (b) R={y : 2 y < 2 2 } ; (d) 3 + 2 2 ]

44. [STPM 1999 MS P1 Q8 ]
x2
, find f 0 (x). Hence, evaluate
If f (x) =
2x 5
2

Z
1

x(x 5)
dx.
(2x 5)2
[5 marks]

[Answer : f 0 (x) =
45. [STPM 2000 MT P1 Q8 ]
Sketch the curve y = x(x 3)(x + 2).

2x(x 5)
11
; ]
(2x 5)2
6

[2 marks]

If A1 and A2 respectively denote the area of the regions bounded by the curve and the x-axis above and below
the x-axis, find A1 : A2 .
[5 marks]

64
]
189

## 46. [STPM 2000 MS P1 Q8 ]

1
.
[2 marks]
x
Calculate the volume of the solid of revolution when the region bounded by the above graphs is rotated through
[5 marks]
Sketch the graphs y = 4, y = 8x2 and y =

1
]
2

## 47. [STPM 2000 MS P1 Q13 ]

The function f is defined by
(
f (x) =

2 |x 1|,
x2 9x + 18,

x < 3,
x 3.
[5 marks]

kkleemaths.com

Z

## STPM MATHEMATICS (T)

9: Integration

(b) Evaluate

f (x)dx.

[5 marks]

48. [STPM 2001 MT P1 Q14 ]
A curve has equation y 2 = x2 (4 x2 ).
Show that for any point (x, y) lying on the curve, then 2 x 2 and 2 y 2.

[3 marks]

[3 marks]

## Calculate the area of the region bounded by this curve.

[4 marks]

Calculate the volume of the solid of revolution when the region bounded by this curve and y = x in the first
[5 marks]

6 3
32
; Volume=
]
3
5

## 49. [STPM 2001 MS P1 Q8 ]

Z 4
x
Find the value of
1 .
2
0 (5x + 1) 2

[6 marks]

8
]
5

## 50. [STPM 2001 MS P1 Q14 ]

4
Sketch on the same coordinate system the curve y = , and y 2 = 4(x 1). Find the coordinates of the points
x
of intersection of the two curves.
[6 marks]


4
20
Show that the area of the region bounded by y = , y 2 = 4(x 1) and y = 4 is
4 ln 2 .
[4 marks]
x
3
Calculate the volume of the solid of revolution when this region is rotated through 360 about the y-axis.[5 marks]
[Answer : Point of intersection=(2,2) ; Volume=
51. [STPM 2002 MT Specimen P1 Q5 ]
Z 2
Evaluate the definite integral
x2 sin x dx.

296
]
15

[6 marks]

52. [STPM 2002 MT Specimen P1 Q11 ]


1
ln x
Show that the curve y =
has a stationary point at e,
and determine whether this point is a local
x
e
minimum point or a local maximum point.
[6 marks]
Sketch the curve.

[3 marks]

ln x
1
Show that the area of the region bounded by the curve y =
, the x-axis, and the line x = is equal to the
x
e
ln x
, the x-axis, and the line x = e.
[5 marks]
area of the region bounded by the curve y =
x
53. [STPM 2002 MT P1 Q4 ]
Z
By using suitable substitution, find

3x 1

dx.
x+1

[5 marks]

kkleemaths.com

9: Integration

## 54. [STPM 2002 MT P1 Q9 ]

Find the point of intersection of the curves y = x2 + 3x and y = 2x3 x2 5x. Sketch on the same coordinate
system these two curves.
[5 marks]
Calculate the area of the region bounded by the curves y = x2 + 3x and y = 2x3 x2 5x.

[6 marks]

## [Answer : Point of intersection=(0,0), (2,2), (-2,-10) ; Area=16 units2 .]

55. [STPM 2003 MT P1 Q3 ]
Z
Using the substitution u = 3 + 2 sin , evaluate
0

cos
d.
(3 + 2 sin )2

[5 marks]

1
]
24

## 56. [STPM 2003 MT P1 Q10 ]

a
The curve y = x(b x), where a 6= 0, has a turning point at point (2, 1). Determine the values of a and b.
2
[4 marks]

Calculate the area of the region bounded bt the x-axis and the curve.

[4 marks]

Calculate the volume of the solid formed by revolving the region about the x-axis.

[4 marks]

8 32
1
,b=4; ;
]
2
3 15

e
Show that
ln x dx = 1.

[4 marks]

## 58. [STPM 2004 MT P1 Q11 ]

1
Sketch on the same coordinates axis y = x and the curve y 2 = x. Find the coordinate of the
2
intersection.
1
Find the area of region bounded by the line y = x and the curve y 2 = x.
2
Find the volume of the solid formed when the region is rotated through 2 radians about the y-axis.

points of

[5 marks]
[4 marks]
[4 marks]

4 64
;
]
3 15

## 59. [STPM 2005 MT P1 Q7 ]

Sketch, on the same coordinate axes, the curves y = ex and y = 2 + 3ex .

[2 marks]

Calculate the area of the region bounded by the y-axis and the curves.

[6 marks]

60. [STPM 2006 MT P1 Q6 ]
2x + 1
Ax + B
C
Express 2
in the form 2
+
where A, B and C are constants.
(x + 1)(2 x)
x +1
2x
Z 1
2x + 1
Hence, evaluate
dx.
2 + 1)(2 x)
(x
0
61. [STPM 2007 MT P1 Q6 ]
Find
Z 2
x +x+2
(a)
dx,
x2 + 2

[3 marks]

[4 marks]

x
1
3
+
; ln 2]
x2 + 1
2x 2

[3 marks]

kkleemaths.com

Z
(b)

x
ex+1

## STPM MATHEMATICS (T)

9: Integration

dx.

[4 marks]

1
x
1
ln(x2 + 2) + C ; (b) x+1 x+1 + C]
2
e
e

## 62. [STPM 2007 MT P1 Q10 ]

The gradient of the tangent to a curve at any point (x, y) is given by

dy
3x 5
= , where x > 0. If the curve
dx
2 x

## passes through the point (1, 4),

(a) find the equation of the curve,

[4 marks]

## (b) sketch the curve,

[2 marks]

(c) calculate the area of the region bounded by the curve and the x-axis.

[5 marks]
3

## [Answer : (a) y = x 2 5x 2 ; (c)

63. [STPM 2007 FMT P1 Q2 ]
Z 4

Show that
sec x(sec x + tan x)2 dx = 1 + 2.

20
5]
3

[4 marks]

 
Z 3
5
2
(x 2)2
dx = + 4 ln
.
Show that
2
x
3
3
2

[4 marks]

## 65. [STPM 2008 MT P1 Q11 ]

Sketch, on the same coordinate axes, the curves y = 6 ex and y = 5ex , and find the coordinates of the points
of intersection.
[7 marks]
Calculate the area of the region bounded by the curves.

[4 marks]

Calculate the volume of the solid formed when the region is rotated through 2 radians about the x-axis.[5 marks]
[Answer : (ln 5, 1) ; 6 ln 5 8 ; (36 ln 5 48)]
66. [STPM 2009 MT P1 Q6 ]
Z
Using an appropriate substitution, evaluate

x2 (1 x) 3 dx.

[7 marks]

27
]
140

## 67. [STPM 2009 MT P1 Q11 ]

Given a curve y = x2 4 and straight line y = x 2,
(a) sketch, on the same coordinates axes, the curve and the straight line,

[2 marks]

## (b) determine the coordinate of their points of intersection,

[2 marks]

(c) calculate the area of the region R bounded by the curve and the straight line,

[4 marks]

(d) find the volume of the solid formed when R is rotated through 360 about the x-axis.

[5 marks]

108
9
; (d)
]
2
5

## 68. [STPM 2010 MT P1 Q4 ]

Given that f (x) = x ln x, where x > 0. Find f 0 (x), and hence, determine the value of

2e

ln x dx.

[6 marks]

kkleemaths.com

Z

9: Integration

(x + 1) ln x
dx.
x2

1

[6 marks]

3
2
]
2
e

## 70. [STPM 2011 MT P1 Q8 ]

2
Differentiate ex with respect to x.
Hence, determine integers a, b and c for which
Z

x3 ex dx =

a c
e .
b
[9 marks]
2

[Answer : 2xex , a = 3, b = 2, c = 4]
71. [STPM 2012 MT P1 Q3 ]
Differentiate tan x with respect to x, and hence, show that

x sec2 xdx = ln 2.
3

[6 marks]

72. [STPM 2013 MT Specimen P2 Q3 ]
Using the substitution x = 4 sin2 u, evaluate

Z
0

x
dx.
4x

[6 marks]

73. [STPM 2013 MM Specimen P1 Q5 ]
Show that

x ln x dx =
1

2
3]
3


1 2
e +1 .
4
[4 marks]

Z
Hence, find the value of

## x(ln x)2 dx.

[3 marks]

1
4

1
4

74. [STPM 2013 MM Specimen P1 Q8 ]
Sketch, on the same axes, the curve y 2 = x and the straight line y = 2 x, showing the coordinates of the points
of intersection.
[4 marks]
(a) State whether the curve y 2 = x has a turning point. Justify your answer.

[2 marks]

(b) Calculate the area of the region bounded by the curve y = x and the straight line y = 2 x.

[4 marks]

(c) Calculate the volume of the solid formed by revolving the region bounded by the curve y = x and the
straight line y = 2 x completely about the y-axis.
[5 marks]
[Answer : (b) 4.5 ; (c) 14.4]

kkleemaths.com

9: Integration

## 75. [STPM 2013 MT P2 Q3 ]

The equations of two curves are given by y = x2 1 and y =

6
.
x2

## (a) Sketch the two curves on the same coordinate axes.

[3 marks]

(b) Find the coordinates of the points of intersection of the two curves.

[3 marks]

(c) Calculate the volume of the solid formed when the region bounded by the two curves and the line x = 1 is
[6 marks]

## [Answer : (b) ( 3, 2), ( 3, 2) ; (c) 2(1 + 3 ln 3)]

76. [STPM 2013 MT P2 U2 Q3 ]
Using the substitution u = x 2, show that
Z 4
x2

x1
1

dx = ln 2 + .
4x + 8
2
8
[8 marks]

Show that

Z
1

1
ln x
dx =
5
x
16


1

5
e4


.
[6 marks]

## 78. [STPM 2014 MT P2 Q3 ]

Z 1
Find the value of
(1 + 2x) ln(1 + x)dx.

[5 marks]

1
2

[Answer : 2 ln 2 ]
79. [STPM 2014 MT P2 Q7 ]
The curve y = ln(4x) is shown in the diagram below.

The tangent to the curve at the point P passes through the origin O.
e 
(a) Show that the coordinates of the point P is
, 1 , and find the equation of the tangent to the curve.
4

[5 marks]

(b) Calculate the area of the shaded region bounded by the curve, the tangent and the x-axis.
kkleemaths.com

[5 marks]

## STPM MATHEMATICS (T)

9: Integration

(c) Calculate the volume of the solid formed when the shaded region is revolved completely about the y-axis.
[5 marks]

4
e

1
1
1
e ; (c)
(e2 3)]
8
4
96

## 80. [STPM 2014 MT P2 U2 Q3 ]

d
Show that
(cosec x) = cosec x cot x.
dx
Using the substitution x = 2 tan , find

[2 marks]

Z
x2

dx

.
4 + x2
[6 marks]

1 p
4 + x2 + C]
4x

## 81. [STPM 2014 MM P1 Q5 ]

Evaluate the definite integrals
Z

ln 2

(a)
0

Z
(b)
0

ex
dx,
1 + ex

[3 marks]

x
dx.
1+x

[6 marks]

82. [STPM 2015 MM P1 Q5 ]
Z 3
Show that
ln x dx = 3 ln 3 2.
1

Z
Hence, evaluate

3
8
; (b) ]
2
3

[5 marks]

x ln(1 + x2 ) dx.

[4 marks]

kkleemaths.com

3
ln 3 1]
2