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Q.1. Since the electric field between the parallel charge + A1


plates is uniform and independent of the distance,
neglecting the edge effect, the effective area of
the plate of area A2 is A1. Thus the capacitance d 0
between the plates is E
 A
C= 0 1 - A2
d

V
Q.2. Ex = - = -(10 x + 5y) = -10 + 10 = 0
x
V
Ey = - = -5x = -5
 x
 E   5 ĵ V / m .

Q.3. The electric field is uniform.


The force acting on the charged particle is
  
  
2 2 i  3j  4k N  4 i  6j  8k N 
The work done by the electric field does not depend on path, for a uniform field.
  
The displacement vector AB  5 j  2k
 
 The work done = F  AB   30  16   46J
Q1 Q2
Q.4. With in capacitor E1 = , E2 =
20 A 20 A
E = E2 – E1
Q  Q2 1 d
= 1 hence v = Ed = (Q1 – Q2 )
20 A 2 0 A
1 Q1  Q2
 v=
2 C

Q.5. By symmetry flux passing through the cube = q/8 0


 
Q.6. p.d. across the points = - E.r
V2 – V1 = - (2 î  3 ĵ  4k̂ ).( î  2 ĵ  3k̂ )
= -2 - 6 + 12
= 4 volts.
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  5 5
1
Q.7. v= - E..dx   (a(i / x )  dx i = - a
  dx = -a ln5 Volt.

1 1
x

Q.8. Before switching R

q1 =  1 C
q1
after switching k 
E2
q2 = E 2 C E1
+ 2 q2
so work done by battery
E2 = (q1 + q2)
heat liberated R
 q2 q2 
Q = E2 (q1 + q2) -  2  1  q1
 2C 2C  + C
E1 E2
2 q2
C(E1  E 2 ) 

=
2

kQ kQ
Q.9. n 1
 =0
R/2 R
Q
Q = - n 1
2
 Q  10 Q  10 10  10 
Q.10. Energy, U = k     =0
 a 2a a 
 Q = - 5.86 C.

Q.11. CAB = C +C + C/2 = 5C/2 5 4

5 A
= 0 . 2 3 4
2d 3
A B

2 1

  
Q.12. The net electric field, E net  E  E plane
  
 EPlane  ENet  E
       
  
= i  j  4k  2i  3 j  4k =  i  2 j   
 
Now, E plane   1 4  5
20
  = 2 5 0 = 4  10-11 C/m2 (approx)

1 q2  3 3 1  8
Q.13. W external = PE =     
4 0 a  1 2 3 2
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1 q2 4
= . [3 3  3 6  2 ] .
4 0 a 6

Q.14. The circuit reduces to

 Equivalent capacitance is 2C.

q
Q.15.
24 0

Q.16. Initially q1 = 4 0 Q1 r1


after conducting Q2 q1  Q1 r1
4 0r2 r2

Q.17. Potential energies at B & D A

k(Q  q).q
UB = qVB =
a
k(Q  q).q
UD = qVD = B C
( 2  2 )a D

k(Q  q)q  1  2 
 work done = |UD – UB | =  .
a  2  2 

Q.18. Let final changes be qA and qB respectively


 Potential of both will become same A B
kq A kqB 6 cm
 12 cm
rA rB
By charge conservation
qA + qB = 2  3  10-8 = 6  10-8 C
q 3qB
 qA = B   6  10  8 C
2 2
 qB = 4  10-8 C, qA = 2  10-8 C
kq A 9  109  2  10 8
 vA = vB =  = 3  103 V = 3kV
rA 6  10  2

Q.19. Work done = change in potential energy


= U2 – U1
v1 = (1/2) E2C
1 (EC)2 1 E2C2
v2 =  r
2 C' 2 C
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= (1/2) E2 C r
 Work done = (1/2) E2C ( r – 1).

Q.20. When charge q3 is at A:–


total electrostatic P.E. is
qq q2 q 3
E1 = 1 3 
4 0 r 4  2  r 2
0
When charge q3 is at B :–
q1q3 q2 q3
total electrostatic P.E. is E2 = 
4 0 r 4 0 r   
 work done =  PE
= E2 – E1
q q  1 1 
=– 2 3   
4 0   2  r 2 r   
= –1.8 mJ

Q.21. Writing electric field at point P -(200 +q) +(100 + q)


+q q
-(200 + q) – q + q – (100 + q) = 0
q = - 150 C. A
P
B
150C
vA – vB = - = -50 volt.
3F

 CC 
Q.22. (a)  1 2  V (b) Zero on C2, C1V on C1
 C1  C2 

Q.23. Potential at 0 due to elemental charge dq

1 dq –Q
dq = .
4 0 R
O
1 Q
 Total Potental at 0 
4R0 0 
dq

1 Q
=- .
40 R

Q.24. In equilibrium, along x-axis,


T sin  = qE T cos 
Y

 T sin  = q . . . (1) 
2
where T is the tension in the string. T sin  +qE
X
Along y-axis in equilibrium,
T cos  = mg . . . (2) mg

From (1) and (2) we obtain


q
tan  =
2 mg
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 q 
  = tan1  

 2 mg 

Q.25. The electric field is uniform.


The force acting on the charged particle is
  
   
2 2 i  3j  4k N  4 i  6j  8k N
The work done by the electric field does not depend on path, for a uniform field.
  
The displacement vector AB  5 j  2k
 
 The work done = F  AB   30  16   46J

Q.26. Consider an element dx at a distance x from the support.


The tension at the element = W/L(L–x)
x
Extension in the element dx is
Stress W L  x 
 original length = dx
Y LAY dx

W L
 Total extension = L  x dx = WL

LAY 0 2 AY

eV
Q.27. Acceleration, a =
md
1 2
 S=0+ at
2
2d 2md2
 t= 
a eV

 dV
Q.28. E  
dr
  dV dV dV 
E   i j k
 dx dy dz 
 V
     
E   0 2xyz  y 2 z  yz 2 i  x 2 z  2xyz  xz 2 j  x 2 y  xy 2  2xyz k
a4

EA  0
 2V0
EB  i
a
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Q.29. Tsin - qE = m2lsin
 Tsin = qE + m2lsin(1)
Tcos = mg (2)
2  T
qE  m l sin Tcos
 tan =
mg
 mgtan - qE = m2lsin
 F=qE
 2 = mg tan   q m2 sin  Tsin
20l sin 
g q
=  mg
lcos 20 ml 2 sin2 

Q.30. P = q L 1  1  2.11.cos 600


= qL 3 along the bisector of angle B.

Q.31. Applying Kirchoff’s law on the loop,


q1 q2 q3
  = …(1) q1 q2 q3
C1 C2 C3
Net charge on plates 2 and 3 will remain conserved. 1 2 3 4 5 6

 –q1 + q2 = – q1 + q2 ….(2)


Also, net charge on plates 4 and 5 will remain
conserved. 
 –q2 + q3 = –q2 + q3 …(3)

Using equations (1), (2) and (3) and putting values we get,
790 680 570
q1 = C, q2 = C, q3 = C.
11 11 11

Q.32. In steady state, charges on capacitors will be as q1


B q1-q2
shown: C

q q q2 3 F
vA - 1  1  v B q1
6F 5F D
E
q2
 vA – vB = q1  11  = 11 V (given)
 
 30  
  +
A
 q1 = 30 C …(i) E

KLL for mesh BCDEB,


 q  q2  q q
  1 F  2  2 = 0
 2.9  7F 3F
 q2 = 12.6 C …(ii)
q2 12.6C
 Potential difference across 7 F capacitor =  = 1.8 V
C 7F

q
Q.33. The potential at B due to the charge q on A =
4 ob
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q
Due to charge -q on the inner surface of B = -
4 ob
q'
Due to the charge q on the surface of B =
4ob
q'
Due to the charge -q on the surface of C = -
4 oc
q'q
And due to the charge q-q on the outer suface of C =
4oc
q' q
The potential is VB = -
4 ob 4 oc
This should be zero as the shell B is earthed. Thus,
q = (b/c)q

x y y 1 2 3 4
Q.34. As 0    0 x –y –y
C C C
 x = 2y
q 2q –x y y
But, x+y = q  y=
&x=
3 3
Hence potential difference between plates2 & 3,
y q q.d
V=  
C 3C 3  0 A

Q.35. 4f charged to 150 V would have q1 = C1V1 = 600C q1 C1


6f charged to 200 V would have q2 = C2V2 = 1200C
After connecting them across each other, they will have a common
potential difference V. V
Charges will readjust as q1’ and q2’
q2 C2

q1 ' q2 ' q1' q2 ' q  q2 1800μC


V    1  [conservation of ch arg e]
C1 C2 C1  C2 C1  C2 (4  6)μf
V  180 volt.
Initial energy
1 2 1 2
Ui  C1V1  C2 V2
2 2
1 1
 ( 4μf )(150V )2  (6μf ).(200V )2  0.165J
2 2
Final energy
1
Uf  C1  C2 .V 2
2
1
 ( 4μf  6μf ).(180)2
2
 0.161J
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Heat produced = |Uf - Ui| = 0.003 J

Q.36. The capacitance of each parallel plate capacitor is


12
C =  0A/d = 0 96  10
1 2 3 4

 0 4  10  3
-9
= 24  10 F
Let Q be the charge supplied by the battery. (Q-q)
-Q +Q q -q
Let the charge distribution be as shown: -(Q-q)
V13 =10 V
Q Qq 10 V
   10
C C
 2Q – q = 10 C
q = 2Q – 10C …(i)
Qq q
v24 = 0   0  Q = 2q
C C
Q 3Q
from (i) and (ii) ;  2Q  10C   10C
2 2
20 20  24  10 9
Q= C= = 0.16 C
3 3

QA
Q.37. (i) A =  =  QA = 4a2 b
4a2
QB a - 
B = - = 2
 QB = -4b2
4 b c
QC 2
C =  =  QC = 4C 
4C2
1  Q A QB Qc  1  4a2 4b2 4c 2 
vA =   =    
40  a b c  40  a b c 

vA = (a  b  c ) …(i)
0
1  Q A QB Qc  1  4a2 4b2 4c 2 
vB =         
40  b b c  40  b b c 
  a2 
vB =   b  c  …(ii)

0  b 
1  Q A QB Qc  1  40  4b2 4c 2 
vc =        
40  c c c  40  c c c 

vc = (a2  b2  c 2 ) …(iii)
 0c

(ii) vA = v c (given)
   a 2 b2 
 (a  b  c )     c 
0 0  c c 
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a2  b2
 a–b=  (a – b)c = (a + b) (a – b)
c
 c=a+b

  
Q.38. F  q( v  B )
For the first case
 106 
(32  103 N) k̂ = (20)  (106 )  m / s ( î  ĵ )  (B x î  B y ĵ  B zk̂ )
 2 
 

3 k̂  10 3  10( î  ĵ )  (Bx î  B y ĵ  B zk̂ )

For the second case


Fy ĵ  (20 10-6C) (106 m/s) ( k̂ )  [(Bx î  B y ĵ  B zk̂ )]

Fy ĵ  20 (B x ĵ  B y î )

 Fy = 20 Bx , By = 0
Bz = 0, 10(By – Bx) – 6  10-3

Fx = -6 ĵ

6
Bx = -  10  3
20
B = -3  10-4T.

Q.39. (a) 0 The original capacitance was 10 F. The charge on the capacitor before the insertion of the
dielectric was, therefore,
Q1 = 100  200 = 20 mC
After the dielectric slab is F. The new charge on the introduced, the capacitance is increased to
500 capacitor is therefore,
(500  200) = 100 mC
The charge flown through the power supply is therefore,
100 - 20 = 80 mC
The work done by the power supply is (200  80) = 16 J
(b) The electrostatic field energy of the capacitor without the dielectric slab is
U1 = (1/2)cv 2 = (1/2)(100)(200)2 = 2J
and that after the slab is inserted is
U2 = (1/2)(500)(200)2 = 10 J
Thus the energy is increased by 8 J.

Q
Q.40. Charge density =
( 4 / 3)R  ( 4 / 3)(R / 2)3
3
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  4
(R / 2)3
1  Q ( 4 / 3)R 3  Q 3
vP =    -
40  4 (R3  (R3 / 8) x  4 (R3  (R3 / 8) (R / 2)  x
2 2

 3  3
Q 2 1 
vP =   
70  x 2 R  4x 
2 2

Q r
Q.41. E =
4 0 R 3
R R 2
1 1  Q r 
dU =  0E2dv =  0  3 
4r 2dr
0
2 0
2  4  0 R 
Q2
U= .
400R

Q.42. Electric field strength at distance x from centre of the sphere will be
1 Qx
E=
40 R3
Qq
 F = -qE = - x  which apply simple harmonic motion.
4 0R3
Qq Qq
a=- x = .
4 0mR3 40mR 3

0 A  x(k  1) 
Q.43. Let dielectric is inserted by length x capacitance C = 1
a   
 0b  x(k  1) 
= 1
a   
Let dielectric is further inserted by length dx and corresponding change in capacitance
incapacitance is dC, charge flown through the battery
= change in charge, over the capacitor (dq) = dCE .
change in energy of the capacitor - battery system
1 1 1
dU = dCE2 - E .dq = dCE2 -E dC . E = - dCE2
2 2 2
dU 1 2 dC 1 2 d   0b  x(k  1)  
F=-  E = E  1 
dx 2 dx 2 dx  a    
1 2 0 b
= E (k - 1)
2 a
means force acting on capacitor is along x and this force is constant
F E2  0b
acceleration a = = (k - 1)
m 2m a
velocity when dielectric reaches from x = d to x = 
E20b(k  1)(  d)
v2 = u2 + 2as  v=
am
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900    O
Q.44. (a) 1 = = 450 + A B
2 2
90 0   
2 = = 450 - /2 R
2
AC = 2R sin 2 = 2R sin (450 - /2)
C P
F2 2
1
F1

BC = 2R sin 1 = 2R sin (450 + /2)


1 q2 1 q2
F1 = , F 2 =
40 AC 2 40 BC2
(b) Restoring torque
= (F1 sin 1 - F2 sin 2)R
1 q2  sin(450   2 sin(450   2 
=  R   
40 4R 2 2 0 2 0
 sin ( 45   / 2) sin ( 45   / 2) 

(c) For small values of ,

1 q2  1/ 2 (1   / 2) 1/ 2 (1   / 2) 
Restoring torque =  2
 
40 4R  {1/ 2 (1   / 2)} {1/ 2 (1   / 2)} 2 
1 q2  (1   / 2) (1   / 2) 
=   
40 4R  (1  ) (1  ) 
1 q2
= 2  3, (approximately)
40 4R
Re storing torque 1 q2 3 2
2 =  .
M.I.   160 R mR 2

3 2q2
= .
160mR3

Q.45. Electric field at x due to the elementary ring of radius r dr


and thickness dr
r
kx dq o 
dE = where dq =  2rdr P

x  r2
2

3/2
x

1
= 2 br2dr and k =
4 0
R r 2 dr
E=  dE = 2bkx  x
0 2
 r2 
3/ 2

Put r = x tan
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Integrating, we get
E = 2bkx lnsec   tan   sin 
R
Where  = tan–1  x 

C
Q.46. Slab length = , width = b and
thickness = d C0
 kb
Cinitial = 0
d
At time t capacitance will be t
 vt  kb(  vt )
C = 0 b 0
d d
b
C = 0 k  (k  1)vt 
d

Q.47. Initially q1 = 4 0 Q1 r1


after conducting Q2 q1  Q1 r1
40r2 r2

Q.48. Take any point P in the cavity and find electric field at this point

                         
       P  C           P     
                         
                         
                          P C
      O             O      
 _ -
                         
  x x x x x x x x x x x   x x x x x x x x x x x
x x x x x x x x      x x x x x x x x     
                       
         

      P
E1  OP , E2  CP
3 0 3 0
   
EP  (OP  CP) C
3 0
  O
= OC
3 0
Electric field is constant at every point in the cavity.
A
dv   E.d 
B
A
   
A
=-  OC.d  = - B OCd cos  
B
3  0 3  0

 d 
=  cos 
 3 0 
http://www.rpmauryascienceblog.com/
Q.49. If body starts moving in a circle of radius b P
about O in y-z plane at each point in y-z -q (0, b)
plane force acting towards O would be  
same as relative configuration of three
bodies remains same. FPO
Q Q
At P force acting on body towards O A B
 2 Qq O
FPO  cos  (-a, 0) (a, 0)
4 0 AP 2
 2 Qqb
 aPO 
40 m(a  b2 )3 / 2
2

This acceleration provides required centripetal acceleration for motion over circle of radius b,
velocity given is be V0.
V02 
| aPO |
b
Qq
 V0 = b
20m(a2  b2 )3 / 2

 x î  yĵ  zk̂ y
Q.50. ds  ds
R (x, y, z)
  a( x î  yĵ ) ( x î  y ĵ  zk̂ )
 = E.ds   
x2  y 2
.
R
ds R
(0, 0, 0)
a a x
ds  4R2  4aR .

R R
z

Q.51. Consider the line of charge in three segments y


namely AB, BD and DE. Total electric field at O
(origin) will be vector sum of fields of the three
segments.
ad
Electric field due to segment AB

= EAB , (say) =

4 0a
î  k̂   dE(x) 
x
 
Similarly EDE 
4  0 a
    
 î   k̂ dE
dE(-y)

For segment BD, Ex =  dE x  0



a 
E(-y) = 2  sin  d = (- ĵ )
40a 0
2  0 a

 EBD =
2  0 a
 
 ĵ


Similarly, EFG = (  ĵ )
2 0 2a
http://www.rpmauryascienceblog.com/
   3 
Thus, E Total   ĵ  k̂  .
2  0 a  2 

Q.52. (a) q = Q cos t


dq
 I=  Q sin t
dt
dI
  Q2 cos t
dt
1
When q = 100 C, cos t =
2
dI  1  1 
  Q2 (1/ 2)  Q   
dt  LC  2 
= 104 m/s

(b) Charge on the capacitor = maximum


 Energy of capacitor = maximum
 Energy of inductor = 0
1
 Li2  0  I=0
2

Q.53. a < r < b

E=

1 ( 4 / 3 )( x 3  a3 
4 0 x2
(x 3  a3 ) x
dV = - dx
30kx 2
(x3  a3 )
dV = - dx
30kx 2
 1 2 1 1 
v – v0 = -  (r  b2 )  a3 (  )
3 0k  2 r b 
(b3  a3 )   b2  r 2 a3 (b  r ) 
v=    .
3 0b 3 0k  2 rb 

Q.54. Dielectric constant at a distance x


(k  k1)
= k1 + 2 .x
d
electric field inside elemental dielectric of thickness dx,

E=
 (k  k 1 ) 
0 k1  2 x
 d  x dx
Q Discharge circuit
E=
 (k  k1) 
A 0 k1  2 x
 d 
[Q = charge on the capacitor]
http://www.rpmauryascienceblog.com/
dv = E dx V
+ 
Qdx
dv = C
 (k  k 1 ) 
A0 k1  2 x
 d  i

R
d
Q dx
v= 
A 0  k  k1 
0 k  2
1 x
 d 
Q k  d
v= log 2  
A 0  k1  (k 2  k1)
A  0 (k 2  k 1 )
 Q/v = …(1)
d log(k 2 / k1)
Total resistance of the dielectric
d
1  (2  1)x 
R= 1  dx
A 0  d 
(1  2 )d
R= …(2)
2A
 dQ 
using v = iR = R   
 dt 
Q  dQ  dt dQ
 R   ; 
C  dt  CR Q
Q1
1 dQ
On integrating t 
CR Q
Q
t Q 
 log 1 
CR Q
 (k  k1)(1  2 ) log(Q1 / Q)
t = 0 2
2 log(k 2 / k1 )
Q  2t log(k 2 / k1)
log  1  = 
Q 0 (k 2  k1)(1  2 )
2t log( k 2 / k 1 )

 0 ( k 2  k 1 )( 1   2 )
Q1 = Q e

Q.55. (a) –q1 + q2 = 12 … (i)


-q1 – q2 = 16 … (ii) -q1 q2 -q2
(10C-q1) + - + - (-6 + q2)
+ - + -
+ - + -
+ - + -
q1
http://www.rpmauryascienceblog.com/
From (i) and (ii) +14 -2 2
q1 = -14 24
- + + - (-6 + q2)
q2 = -2 - + + -
- + + -
+ - -8
- +
-14

(b) –q1 + q2 = 12 … (i) q1 -q1 q2 -q2


(10 – q1 +q3) (-6 + q2 +q3)
q1 – q2 – 2q3 = 16 … (ii)
q1 + q2/2 = 50 … (iii) 1F k1 2F
q1 = 29.3
q2 = 41.3 C
q3 = 14 C.
E = 50 V

Q.56. Applying conservation of energy principle at the Fe


lowest and highest point of the circle, vB
(1/2) mvA2 = (1/2)mvB2 + mg (2) . . . (1)
T2
At the highest point, for the ball to just complete the mg
circle, T2 = 0 q
m v B2 /  = mg - q2/(4 02) … (2)
T1
from (1) and (2), we get, vA
A
vA = (275/8)1/2m/s
mg
= 5.86m/s
Fe

Q.57. Electric field due to segment AB y



= E AB , say

=
40a
 
î  k̂ ad

dE(x) 
x
dE
dE(-y)

For segment BD, Ex =  dE x  0



a 
E(-y) = 2  sin  d = (- ĵ )
40a 0
2  0 a

 EBD =
2  0 a
 
 ĵ


 Etotal =

4 0a

î  2 ĵ  k̂ . 
Q.58. From work – energy principle
http://www.rpmauryascienceblog.com/
a
1 q
– mv 2   2
dx
2 a 2 0 x
1 q
mv 2  ln 2 . . . (1)
2 2  0
For – q charge
1 1 q
mv 12  mv 22  ln 2 . . . (2)
2 2 2  0

fom (1) and (2) v1 = 2v

Q.59. Energy conservation theorem


q2
Eq =  QT
2C
Q1 R 2
QT = Q1 + Q2 , 
Q2 R1
 v 2  R1
Q2 = C  Ev   .
 2  R1  R 2

Q.60. (i) With switch S closed, potential difference across


c3 = 0 and hence charge on c 3 = 0 C1 C2
If I be the current through the resistors , C3 1F
 100
I=   2A R1
R1  R 2  R3 50 R3

 p.d. across R1 = (20 )(2A) = 40 V
R2
 p.d. across branch containing c1 & c 2 = 40 V 100V
 Charge on c1 = charge on c2 = Q, say
 cc   12 
=  1 2 40 V     40  Coul
 c1  c 2   8 
= 60  10-6 Coul.
60
Hence p.d. across c1 = V  10V
6
60
and p.d. across c2 = V  30V
2
(ii) With switch ‘S’ is open, as there is no current in any branch of the given circuit
P.d. across c3 = 100 V and charge on c 3 = (100) (1)  Coul = 10-4 Coul.
Similarly charge on c 2 = charge on c1 = [3/2 F] [100 V] = 150 C
P.d. across c1 = (150 c)/(6F) = 25 v and p.d. across c 2 = (100 - 25) V = 75 V .

Q  q 2Q  q 3Q  q Q+q 2Q+q 3Q+q


Q.61.   0 k1 k2
C C C +C  + C  + C
k3
 6Q+3q = 0
q = -2Q
http://www.rpmauryascienceblog.com/
final charges on capacitors are
energy lost in the process is
Q2 4Q 2 9Q2 Q2
  
2C 2C 2C C
7Q2 Q2 6Q2
=  
C C C

Q.62. Applying conservation of energy principle at the Fe


lowest and highest point of the circle, vB
(1/2) mvA2 = (1/2)mvB2 + mg (2) . . . (1)
At the highest point, for the ball to just complete the T2
circle, T2 = 0 mg
m v B2 /  = mg - q2/(4 02) … (2) q
from (1) and (2), we get,
T1
vA = (275/8)1/2m/s vA
A
= 5.86m/s
mg

Fe

Q.63. 6Q – q = q  q = 3Q 2Q 3Q

(Q-q) (3Q-q)
so the final charges are shown. (6Q – q)
q
-2Q
O 3Q (q-Q) (q – 3Q)
3Q O

2Q

Q.64. Y = X tan , dy = X sec2 d


X sec 2 d 
E= 2 2
= d
40 X sec  40 X

 sin  
E|| =  d = dy
0
4 x 0 x

x cos   y
E=  d =
0 4  0 40 X
 P
2 2  x
 E= E
perpendicular E
parallel =
2 2 0 X
at an angle of 450 wire PQ away from it.

Q.65. On inner surface of B charge will be -q due to induction. If on outer surface of shell B
charge is q'
kq k( q) kq kq
then VB = 0     =0
b b b c
http://www.rpmauryascienceblog.com/
b
 q = q
c
b b
Hence charge on inner surface of shell C is - q and on the outer surface the charge is q( ),
c c 1
from conservation of charge.

Q.66. (a) The original capacitance was 10 F. The charge on the capacitor before the insertion of
the dielectric was, therefore,
Q1 = 100  200 = 20 C
After the dielectric slab is introduced, the capacitance is increased to 500 F. The new charge on the
capacitor is therefore,
Q2 = (500  200) = 100 C
The charge flown through the power supply is therefore,
 100 - 20 = 80 C
The work done by the power supply is (200  80) = 16 J
(b) The electrostatic field energy of the capacitor without the dielectric slab is
U1 = (1/2)cv 2 = (1/2)(100)(200)2 = 2J
and that after the slab is inserted is
U2 = (1/2)(500)(200)2 = 10 J
Thus the energy is increased by 8 J.

Q.67. (a) B field due to a single coil (along x) = R


0iNR2 40Ni

2(R2  R2 / 4)3 / 2 5 5R A x B
80 Ni
Field due to both coils , B0  î
5 5R
  1 1 
(b) If a particle has the velocity v = v0  î  ĵ 
 2 2 
   qv B 8 0Ni
& The force, F  qv  B  0 0 k̂ , where B0 
2 5 5R

Q.68. Applying Kirchoff’s law on the loop, q1 q2


q1 q2
 = …(1) 1 2 3 4
C1 C2
Net charge on plates 2 and 3 will remain
conserved.
 –q1 + q2 = – q1 + q2 ….(2) [4] 

Using equations (1) & (2) and putting values we get,


http://www.rpmauryascienceblog.com/
250 220
q1  C, q2  C
3 3
CE
Q.69. q1 = q2 = q3 = q4 =
2
2

E=4
 CE / 2 
1
CE2
2C 2

Q.70. Equivalent electrical circuit is 2 3


4 5
5C
effective capacitance of the system is . 2 1
3
 2C 
charge on plate 5 is q =  v 0 4 3
 3 
C 4Cv 0
charge on plate 3 is Cv0 + v 0  .
3 3
 +

Q.71. Applying Gauss law to a spherical surface of radius where a < r < 2a, we get,
Q
(a) 4r2 k(r) E(r) =
0
1 Q
or, E(r) =
4 0 k 0 (1  r / a )1r 2
(b) For the region r > 2a,
1 Q
E2(r) =
4 0 r 2
(c) If  is the surface charge density,
4R2
 4R 2 E2 (R)  E(R)
0
Q  k0  3 
   , where R = 2a.
4R 2  k 0 

Q.72. From conservation of energy


Q2 Qa Qb Q2a Qb2
 mgh = mgh1 +   . . . (1)
80b 40h1 80a 80b
also potential of the two spheres will be equal
Qa Qb

4 0 a 4  0b
Q Q
 a  b . . .. (2)
a b
conserving charge we get Qa + Qb = Q . . . (3)
from (2) and (3)
aQ bQ
Qa = , Qb =
ab ab
http://www.rpmauryascienceblog.com/
aQ
Qa = , Qb  Q ( b > > a)
b
a Q2 a2 Q2
mgh = mgh1 +  2
b 4h b (8a)
aQ 2
mgh = mgh1 + (2b  h1 )
b 2h1(8 )
putting the values we get
h = 3.8 m.

Q.73. (a) The original capacitance was 10 0 F. The charge on the capacitor before the insertion of the
dielectric was, therefore,
Q1 = 100  200 = 20 mC
After the dielectric slab is introduced, the capacitance is increased to 500 F. The new charge on
the capacitor is therefore,
(500  200) = 100 mC
The charge flown through the power supply is therefore,
100 - 20 = 80 mC
The work done by the power supply is (200  80) = 16 J
(b) The electrostatic field energy of the capacitor without the dielectric slab is
U1 = (1/2)cv 2 = (1/2)(100)(200)2 = 2J
and that after the slab is inserted is
U2 = (1/2)(500)(200)2 = 10 J
Thus the energy is increased by 8 J.

Q.74.  = ER2
For closed surface net flux will be zero. As per surface is not closed. Therefore flux through the
base area is same of that through the curved surface area.
 Flux  = R2. E

Q.75. The original capacitance was 10 The charge on the capacitor before the insertion of the dielectric
was, therefore,
Q1 = 100  200 = 20 mC
After the F. The new?dielectric slab is introduced, the capacitance is increased to 500 charge on the
capacitor is therefore,
(500  200) = 10 mC
The charge flown through the power supply is therefore,
100 - 20 = 80 mC
The work done by the power supply is (200  80) = 16 J

2h
Q.76. Time taken to first drop t1 = velocity on hitting V = 2gh
g
vertical velocity upward after first drop = V1 = ev = e 2gh
Time gap between Ist and IInd drop
2 V1 2eV
t1 = 
g g
vertical velocity upward after IInd drop IInd drop V2 =eV1 = e2V
time tap between IInd and III rd drop
http://www.rpmauryascienceblog.com/
2V2 2e2 V
t2 = 
g g
vertical verlocity after nth drop v n = en V
maximum height attained during time gap between nth to (n+1) th drop,
( e n V )2
h=
2g
2en V
tn =
g
qE
During these drops ball is moving with acceleration horizontally, distance moved from nth drop
m
Tn, to (n+1)th drop Tn+1
1 1
x = a ( (Tn21  Tn2 )  a( Tn 1  Tn )(Tn 1  Tn )
2 2
2h 2V
Tn = t1 + (t1 + t2 + . . . .. +tn+1 ) =  (e + e2 + . . .en-1)
g g
2h 2v  1  en 1 
=  e
g g  1  e 

2h 2V  1  en 
Tn+1 = t1 + (t1 + t2 + . . . .+ tn ) =  e
g g  1  e 
1 eE  2h 2V e   2v e 
 x= 2  ( 2  e n  e n 1 )  (en 1  en )
2 m  g g 1 e   g 1  e 
h e2n V 2 2m g
 .
x 2g  2h 2v e  2Ven
eE 2  (2  en  en 1)
 g g 1 e 
mVen 1 mgen 1
= =
 2h 2V e  4E(1  e  en  en1)
2E 2  (2  en  en 1 )
 g g 1 e 

Q.77. From Kirchoff’s rule E = 175 V


200  q 400  q
175 = 
4 2 (q1 + q) -(q2 + q)
solving q = - 100 C
-(q1 + q) (q2 + q)
charge returned to battery 100 C
work done = 175  100  J = 1.75  10-2 J.
(200)2 (400)2
Initial energy =   4.5  102 J
2  4 2  2
(100)2 (300)2
Final energy =   2.375  102 J .
2  4 2  2
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qA qc qB
Therefore heat developed = (4.5 – 2.375 – 1.75)  10-2 Joule. = 0.375 Joule. 19.   0
3 2 2
… (i)
qA + qc = 300 … (ii)
-qc – qB = -360 … (iii)
from 1, 2 and 3
qA = 90 C, qB = 150 C, qc = 210 C.

Q
(Q  q) 3Q2 1
Q.78. U =  dq = .
0 4 0 R 80 R

Q.79.
Q-Q1 3Q-Q1
Q1 3Q-Q1
O O

Q1 -Q Q1 - 3Q

Equating net electric field equal to zero in left most plate.


3Q
3Q – Q1 = Q1  Q1 = .
2
 the final charges are as shown below.
-Q/2 -3Q/2
3Q/2 3Q/2
O O

3Q/2
Q/2