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Expansion of the Existing Al Maha Camp


ABU DHABI
Metal Ducts
Section 23 31 13

Rev
00

Date
April 2014

Description
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Metal Ducts
Expansion of the Existing Al Maha Camp

Section 23 31 13, Rev 00


Date: April 2014
Page 2

Table of Contents
PART 1 - GENERAL...........................................................................................................................3
1.1

RELATED DOCUMENTS...................................................................................................3

1.2

SUMMARY...........................................................................................................................3

1.3

DEFINITIONS......................................................................................................................3

1.4

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION...................................................................................................3

1.5

SUBMITTALS.......................................................................................................................3

1.6

QUALITY ASSURANCE.....................................................................................................4

PART 2 - PRODUCTS........................................................................................................................4
2.1

SHEET METAL MATERIALS.............................................................................................4

2.2

SEALANT MATERIALS......................................................................................................5

2.3

HANGERS AND SUPPORTS............................................................................................5

2.4

RECTANGULAR DUCT FABRICATION...........................................................................6

2.6

ROUND DUCT AND FITTING FABRICATION................................................................6

PART 3 - EXECUTION.......................................................................................................................8
3.1

DUCT APPLICATIONS.......................................................................................................8

3.2

DUCT INSTALLATION........................................................................................................8

3.3

SEAM AND JOINT SEALING............................................................................................9

3.4

HANGING AND SUPPORTING......................................................................................10

3.5

CONNECTIONS................................................................................................................10

3.6

FIELD QUALITY CONTROL............................................................................................10

3.7

CLEANING NEW SYSTEMS...........................................................................................10

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Section 23 31 13, Rev 00


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PART 1 - GENERAL
SCHEDULE 0 - RELATED DOCUMENTS

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General
and Supplementary Conditions and Division 1 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.
SCHEDULE 1 - SUMMARY

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - This Section includes metal ducts for supply, return, outside, and
exhaust air-distribution systems in pressure classes from minus 500 to plus 2500 Pa. Metal ducts
include the following:
0.1

0.2
0.3
0.4

Rectangular ducts and fittings.


Single-wall, round spiral-seam ducts and formed fittings.
Duct liner.
Kitchen grease hood exhaust ducts.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 1 - Related Sections include the following:

1.1
1.2
1.3

Division 23 Section "Nonmetal Ducts" for fibrous-glass ducts, thermoset FRP ducts,
thermoplastic ducts, PVC ducts, and concrete ducts.
Division 23 Section "HVAC Casings" for factory- and field-fabricated casings for
mechanical equipment.
Division 23 Section "Duct Accessories" for dampers, sound-control devices, ductmounting access doors and panels, turning vanes, and flexible ducts.

SCHEDULE 2 - DEFINITIONS
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - FRP: Fiberglass-reinforced plastic.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 1 - NUSIG: National Uniform Seismic Installation Guidelines.
SCHEDULE 3 - SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - Duct system design, as indicated, has been used to select size and type
of air-moving and -distribution equipment and other air system components. Changes to layout or
configuration of duct system must be specifically approved in writing by Architect. Accompany
requests for layout modifications with calculations showing that proposed layout will provide original
design results without increasing system total pressure.
SCHEDULE 4 - SUBMITTALS

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - Shop Drawings:

CAD-generated and drawn 1:50 scale.

Show

fabrication and installation details for metal ducts.

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0.1

Fabrication, assembly, and installation, including plans, elevations, sections,


components, and attachments to other work.
0.2 Duct layout indicating sizes and pressure classes.
0.3 Elevations of top and bottom of ducts.
0.4 Dimensions of main duct runs from building grid lines.
0.5 Fittings.
0.6 Reinforcement and spacing.
0.7 Seam and joint construction.
0.8 Penetrations through fire-rated and other partitions.
0.9 Equipment installation based on equipment being used on Project.
0.10 Duct accessories, including access doors and panels.
0.11 Hangers and supports, including methods for duct and building attachment, vibration
isolation, and seismic restraints.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 1 - Coordination Drawings: Reflected ceiling plans, drawn to scale, on
which the following items are shown and coordinated with each other, based on input from installers of
the items involved:
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

Ceiling suspension assembly members.


Other systems installed in same space as ducts.
Ceiling- and wall-mounting access doors and panels required to provide access to
dampers and other operating devices.
Ceiling-mounting items, including lighting fixtures, diffusers, grilles, speakers,
sprinklers, access panels, and special moldings.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 2 - Welding certificates.


PRODUCT DATA SHEET 3 - Field quality-control test reports.
SCHEDULE 5 - QUALITY ASSURANCE

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - Welding:

Qualify procedures and personnel according to British

Standards.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 1 - NFPA Compliance:


1.1
1.2
1.3

NFPA 90A, "Installation of Air Conditioning and Ventilating Systems."


NFPA 90B, "Installation of Warm Air Heating and Air Conditioning Systems."
NFPA 96, Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking
Operations.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS
SCHEDULE 0 - SHEET METAL MATERIALS
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - Comply with SMACNA's "HVAC Duct Construction Standards--Metal and
Flexible" for acceptable materials, material thicknesses, and duct construction methods, unless
otherwise indicated. Sheet metal materials shall be free of pitting, seam marks, roller marks, stains,
discolorations, and other imperfections.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 1 - Any Contractor who is more familiar with British Standards CIBSE may
refer to BSCD 352 & DW142. Any discrepancy will be clarified by the Engineer on request.

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PRODUCT DATA SHEET 2 - Galvanized Sheet Steel: Lock-forming quality; complying with CIBSE
and having G90/Z275 coating designation; ducts shall have mill-phosphatized finish for surfaces
exposed to view.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 3 - Aluminum Sheets:

Alloy 3003, temper H14; with mill finish for


concealed ducts and standard, 1-side bright finish for exposed ducts.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 4 - Reinforcement Shapes and Plates:
where installed on galvanized sheet metal ducts.

Galvanized-steel reinforcement

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 5 - Tie Rods: Galvanized steel, 6-mm minimum diameter for lengths 900
mm or less; 10-mm minimum diameter for lengths longer than 900 mm.
SCHEDULE 1 - SEALANT MATERIALS
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - Joint and Seam Sealants, General: The term "sealant" is not limited to
materials of adhesive or mastic nature but includes tapes and combinations of open-weave fabric
strips and mastics.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 1 - Joint and Seam Tape: 50 mm wide; glass-fiber-reinforced fabric.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 2 - Tape Sealing System: Woven-fiber tape impregnated with gypsum
mineral compound and modified acrylic/silicone activator to react exothermically with tape to form
hard, durable, airtight seal.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 3 - Water-Based Joint and Seam Sealant:

Flexible, adhesive sealant,


resistant to UV light when cured, UL 723 listed, and complying with NFPA requirements for Class 1
ducts.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 4 - Solvent-Based Joint and Seam Sealant: One-part, nonsag, solventrelease-curing, polymerized butyl sealant formulated with a minimum of 75 percent solids.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 5 - Flanged Joint Mastic: One-part, acid-curing, silicone, elastomeric joint
sealant complying with ASTM C 920, Type S, Grade NS, Class 25, Use O.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 6 - Flange Gaskets: Butyl rubber or EPDM polymer with polyisobutylene
plasticizer.
SCHEDULE 2 - HANGERS AND SUPPORTS
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - Building Attachments: Concrete inserts, powder-actuated fasteners, or
structural-steel fasteners appropriate for construction materials to which hangers are being attached.

0.1
0.2

Use powder-actuated concrete fasteners for standard-weight aggregate concretes or


for slabs more than 100 mm thick.
Exception: Do not use powder-actuated concrete fasteners for lightweight-aggregate
concretes or for slabs less than 100 mm thick.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 1 - Hanger Materials: Galvanized sheet steel or threaded steel rod.
1.1

1.2

Hangers Installed in Corrosive Atmospheres: Electrogalvanized, all-thread rods or


galvanized rods with threads painted with zinc-chromate primer after installation.
Strap and Rod Sizes: Comply with SMACNA's "HVAC Duct Construction Standards-Metal and Flexible" for steel sheet width and thickness and for steel rod diameters or

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1.3

Section 23 31 13, Rev 00


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British Standards CIBSE refer to BSCD 352 & DW142. Any discrepancy will be
clarified by the Engineer on request.
Galvanized-steel straps attached to aluminum ducts shall have contact surfaces
painted with zinc-chromate primer.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 2 - Duct Attachments:


metal screws; compatible with duct materials.

Sheet metal screws, blind rivets, or self-tapping

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 3 - Trapeze and Riser Supports:

Steel shapes complying with British

Standards.
3.1
3.2
3.3

Supports for Galvanized-Steel Ducts: Galvanized-steel shapes and plates.


Supports for Stainless-Steel Ducts: Stainless-steel support materials.
Supports for Aluminum Ducts: Aluminum support materials unless materials are
electrolytically separated from ducts.

SCHEDULE 3 - RECTANGULAR DUCT FABRICATION

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - Fabricate ducts, elbows, transitions, offsets, branch connections, and
other construction according to SMACNA's "HVAC Duct Construction Standards--Metal and Flexible"
and complying with requirements for metal thickness, reinforcing types and intervals, tie-rod
applications, and joint types and intervals or British Standards CIBSE refer to BSCD 352 & DW142.
Any discrepancy will be clarified by the Engineer on request.
0.1

0.2

Lengths: Fabricate rectangular ducts in lengths appropriate to reinforcement and


rigidity class required for pressure class.
Deflection: Duct systems shall not exceed deflection limits according to SMACNA's
"HVAC Duct Construction Standards--Metal and Flexible." or British Standards CIBSE
refers to BSCD 352 & DW142. Any discrepancy will be clarified by the Engineer on
request.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 1 - Transverse Joints:


Prefabricated slide-on joints and components
constructed using manufacturer's guidelines for material thickness, reinforcement size and spacing,
and joint reinforcement.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 2 - Formed-On Flanges: Construct according to SMACNA's "HVAC Duct
Construction Standards--Metal and Flexible," Figure 1-4, using corner, bolt, cleat, and gasket details
or British Standards CIBSE refer to BSCD 352 & DW142. Any discrepancy will be clarified by the
Consultant on request.

2.1
2.2

Duct Size: Maximum 750 mm wide and up to 500-Pa pressure class.


Longitudinal Seams: Pittsburgh lock sealed with noncuring polymer sealant.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 3 - Cross Breaking or Cross Beading: Cross break or cross bead duct
sides 480 mm and larger and 0.9 mm thick or less, with more than 0.93 sq. m of nonbraced panel
area unless ducts are lined.
2.5

APPLICATION OF LINER IN RECTANGULAR DUCTS


A.

2.6

Terminate inner ducts with buildouts attached to fire-damper sleeves, dampers, turning vane
assemblies, or other devices. Fabricated buildouts (metal hat sections) or other buildout
means are optional; when used, secure buildouts to duct walls with bolts, screws, rivets, or
welds.
ROUND DUCT AND FITTING FABRICATION

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A.

Diameter as applied to flat-oval ducts in this Article is the diameter of a round duct with a
circumference equal to the perimeter of a given size of flat-oval duct.

B.

Round, Longitudinal- and Spiral Lock-Seam Ducts: Fabricate supply ducts of galvanized
steel according to SMACNA's "HVAC Duct Construction Standards--Metal and Flexible" or
British Standards CIBSE refer to BSCD 352 & DW142. Any discrepancy will be clarified by
the Engineer on request.

C.

Duct Joints:

3.1
3.2
3.3

3.4

D.

Ducts up to 500 mm in Diameter: Interior, center-beaded slip coupling, sealed before


and after fastening, attached with sheet metal screws.
Ducts 535 to 1830 mm in Diameter: Three-piece, gasketed, flanged joint consisting
of two internal flanges with sealant and one external closure band with gasket.
Ducts Larger Than 1830 mm in Diameter: Companion angle flanged joints per
SMACNA "HVAC Duct Construction Standards--Metal and Flexible," Figure 3-2 or
British Standards CIBSE may refer to BSCD 352 & DW142. Any discrepancy will be
clarified by the Engineer on request.
Round Ducts: Prefabricated connection system consisting of double-lipped, EPDM
rubber gasket. Manufacture ducts according to connection system manufacturer's
tolerances.

90-Degree Tees and Laterals and Conical Tees: Fabricate to comply with SMACNA's
"HVAC Duct Construction Standards--Metal and Flexible," with metal thicknesses specified
for longitudinal-seam straight ducts or British Standards CIBSE refer to BSCD 352 &
DW142. Any discrepancy will be clarified by the Consultant on request..

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 4 - Diverging-Flow Fittings: Fabricate with reduced entrance to branch taps
and with no excess material projecting from fitting onto branch tap entrance.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 5 - Fabricate elbows using die-formed, gored, pleated, or mitered
construction. Bend radius of die-formed, gored, and pleated elbows shall be 1-1/2 times duct
diameter. Unless elbow construction type is indicated, fabricate elbows as follows:

5.1

5.2

Mitered-Elbow Radius and Number of Pieces: Welded construction complying with


SMACNA's "HVAC Duct Construction Standards--Metal and Flexible," unless
otherwise indicated or British Standards CIBSE refers to BSCD 352 & DW142. Any
discrepancy will be clarified by the Engineer on request.
Round Mitered Elbows: Welded construction with the following metal thickness for
pressure classes from minus 500 to plus 500 Pa:

A.
B.
C.
D.
5.3

Round Mitered Elbows: Welded construction with the following metal thickness for
pressure classes from 500 to 2500 Pa:

A.
B.
C.
D.
5.4

Ducts 75 to 915 mm in Diameter: 0.85 mm.


Ducts 940 to 1270 mm in Diameter: 1.0 mm.
Ducts 1320 to 1525 mm in Diameter: 1.3 mm.
Ducts 1575 to 2130 mm in Diameter: 1.6 mm.

Ducts 75 to 660 mm in Diameter: 0.85 mm.


Ducts 685 to 1270 mm in Diameter: 1.0 mm.
Ducts 1320 to 1525 mm in Diameter: 1.3 mm.
Ducts 1575 to 2130 mm in Diameter: 1.6 mm.

Flat-Oval Mitered Elbows: Welded construction with same metal thickness as


longitudinal-seam flat-oval duct.

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5.5

90-Degree, 2-Piece, Mitered Elbows: Use only for supply systems or for materialhandling Class A or B exhaust systems and only where space restrictions do not
permit using radius elbows. Fabricate with single-thickness turning vanes.
5.6 Round Elbows 200 mm and Less in Diameter: Fabricate die-formed elbows for 45and 90-degree elbows and pleated elbows for 30, 45, 60, and 90 degrees only.
Fabricate nonstandard bend-angle configurations or nonstandard diameter elbows
with gored construction.
5.7 Round Elbows 225 through 355 mm in Diameter: Fabricate gored or pleated elbows
for 30, 45, 60, and 90 degrees unless space restrictions require mitered elbows.
Fabricate nonstandard bend-angle configurations or nonstandard diameter elbows
with gored construction.
5.8 Round Elbows Larger than 355 mm in Diameter and All Flat-Oval Elbows: Fabricate
gored elbows unless space restrictions require mitered elbows.
5.9 Die-Formed Elbows for Sizes through 200 mm in Diameter and All Pressures 1.0 mm
thick with 2-piece welded construction.
5.10 Round Gored-Elbow Metal Thickness: Same as non-elbow fittings specified above.
5.11 Flat-Oval Elbow Metal Thickness: Same as longitudinal-seam flat-oval duct specified
above.
5.12 Pleated Elbows for Sizes through 355 mm in Diameter and Pressures through 2500
Pa: 0.55 mm.
2.7

KITCHEN GREASE HOOD EXHAUST DUCTWORK

2.8

A.

Fabricate in accordance with SMACNA HVAC Duct Construction Standards, Industrial


Duct Construction Standards, and NFPA 96.

B.

Construct of 12 gauge carbon steel or 16 gauge stainless steel, using continuous external
welded joints.

UNDERGROUND DUCTS
A.

Fabricate ducts, elbows, transitions, offsets, branch connections, and other construction
according to SMACNA's "HVAC Duct Construction Standards--Metal and Flexible" and
complying with requirements for metal thickness, reinforcing types and intervals, tie-rod
applications, and joint types and intervals or British Standards CIBSE refer to BSCD 352 &
DW142. Any discrepancy will be clarified by the Engineer on request.
5.13 Lengths: Fabricate ducts in lengths appropriate to reinforcement and rigidity class
required for pressure class.
5.14 Deflection: Duct systems shall not exceed deflection limits according to SMACNA's
"HVAC Duct Construction Standards--Metal and Flexible." or British Standards CIBSE
refers to BSCD 352 & DW142. Any discrepancy will be clarified by the Engineer on
request.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 6 - Transverse Joints:


Prefabricated slide-on joints and components
constructed using manufacturer's guidelines for material thickness, reinforcement size and spacing,
and joint reinforcement.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 7 - Formed-On Flanges: Construct according to SMACNA's "HVAC Duct
Construction Standards--Metal and Flexible," Figure 1-4, using corner, bolt, cleat, and gasket details
or British Standards CIBSE refer to BSCD 352 & DW142. Any discrepancy will be clarified by the
Consultant on request.

7.1

Duct Size: Maximum 750 mm wide and up to 500-Pa pressure class.

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7.2

Section 23 31 13, Rev 00


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Longitudinal Seams: Pittsburgh lock sealed with noncuring polymer sealant.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 8 - Cross Breaking or Cross Beading: Cross break or cross bead duct
sides 480 mm and larger and 0.9 mm thick or less, with more than 0.93 sq. m of nonbraced panel
area unless ducts are lined.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 9 - Underground duct should be protected by concrete duct complete with
water proofing membrane all around with suitable man hole opening minimum 15 m interval to access
the services.

2.8

FIRE RATED DUCTS


A. Type of system:

Smoke Extract
Car Park Extract
Pressurisation
Kitchen Extract

Fire rated ductwork shall be manufactured and installed in accordance with method 3 of BS
9999:2008 and conform to pressure classification of the HVCA DW 144. The system shall be
tested and assessed to BS 476 part 24;1987 (ISO 6944-1985) for
2 hours stability, integrity and insulation for both fire outside (Duct Type A) and fire inside
(Duct Type B) by an accredited laboratory.
Kitchen extract ductwork for commercial kitchen shall be welded longitudinally and
transverse joint shall be sealed with fire rated intumescent gasket. Access doors shall be
provided for cleaning purpose.
The hanger support system shall be located at a maximum of 1500mm centre and size of
the hangers and bearers should be as per manufacturers recommendation.
Installation of ductwork shall be inspected by the supplier of the system and shall issue
conformance certificate upon satisfactory installation.
SCHEDULE OF INSULATION THICKNESS

The Thickness of the insulation applied to pipes, ducts and equipment shall be
as stated hereinafter.

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Service
-

Section 23 31 13, Rev 00


Date: April 2014
Page 10

Location

Calorifies, water heater


and chilled water
pumps
Chilled water
expansion tank

Insulation
Pipe Diameter
Thickess
inches (mm)
inches (mm)

2(50)

1 (25)

Chilled water pipes

In conditioned spaces

Up to 2(50)

1 (38)

Ditto

In conditioned spaces

2 (65) and larger

2(50)

Ditto

In unconditioned spaces
& running exposed

All Sizes

2 (65)

(13)

Up to 3(80)

1(25)

All sizes for cold


water and only
larger than 3(80
mm) for hot water
pipes

1(25)

Treated fresh air,


supply and return air
ducts

In conditioned spaces

1 (38)

Ditto

In conditioned Spaces

2(50)

Untreated fresh air duct

Passing through air


plenum

1(25)

Dishwasher exhaust
duct
Refrigerant suction and
liquid lines

1 (38)

(20)

1 (38)

A/c condensate drain


pipes
- Domestic hot and
return water pipes

Ditto and domestic


cold water pipes
running exposed to sun

Diesel engine exhaust

PART 3 - EXECUTION
SCHEDULE 0 - DUCT APPLICATIONS
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - Static-Pressure Classes: Unless otherwise indicated, construct ducts
according to the following:

0.1
0.2
0.3

All Ducts if not listed below: 500 Pa.


Supply Ducts (before Air Terminal Units on floor): 750 Pa.
Supply Ducts (after Air Terminal Units): 250 Pa.

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0.4
0.5
0.6

Section 23 31 13, Rev 00


Date: April 2014
Page 11

Supply Ducts (in Mechanical Equipment Rooms and in shaft): 1000 Pa.
Return Ducts (Negative Pressure): 250 Pa.
Exhaust Ducts (Negative Pressure): 500 Pa.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 1 - All ducts shall be galvanized steel except as follows:

1.1

Rooms with Shower:


A.

Aluminum, with seams and laps arranged on top of duct.

SCHEDULE 1 - DUCT INSTALLATION

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - Construct and install ducts according to SMACNA's "HVAC Duct
Construction Standards--Metal and Flexible," unless otherwise indicated or British Standards CIBSE
refer to BSCD 352 & DW142. Any discrepancy will be clarified by the Consultant on request.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 1 - Install round and flat-oval ducts in lengths not less than 3.7 m unless
interrupted by fittings.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 2 - Install ducts with fewest possible joints.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 3 - Install fabricated fittings for changes in directions, size, and shape and
for connections.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 4 - Install couplings tight to duct wall surface with a minimum of
projections into duct. Secure couplings with sheet metal screws. Install screws at intervals of 300
mm, with a minimum of 3 screws in each coupling.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 5 - Install ducts, unless otherwise indicated, vertically and horizontally and
parallel and perpendicular to building lines; avoid diagonal runs.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 6 - Install ducts close to walls, overhead construction, columns, and other
structural and permanent enclosure elements of building.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 7 - Install ducts with a clearance of 25 mm, plus allowance for insulation
thickness.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 8 - Conceal ducts from view in finished spaces. Do not encase horizontal
runs in solid partitions unless specifically indicated.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 9 - Coordinate layout with suspended ceiling, fire- and smoke-control
dampers, lighting layouts, and similar finished work.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 10 - Seal all joints and seams. Apply sealant to male end connectors
before insertion, and afterward to cover entire joint and sheet metal screws.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 11 - Electrical Equipment Spaces: Route ducts to avoid passing through
transformer vaults and electrical equipment spaces and enclosures.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 12 - Non-Fire-Rated Partition Penetrations: Where ducts pass through
interior partitions and exterior walls and are exposed to view, conceal spaces between construction
openings and ducts or duct insulation with sheet metal flanges of same metal thickness as ducts.
Overlap openings on 4 sides by at least 38 mm.

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PRODUCT DATA SHEET 13 - Fire-Rated Partition Penetrations: Where ducts pass through interior
partitions and exterior walls, install appropriately rated fire dampers, sleeves, and firestopping sealant.
Fire and smoke dampers are specified in Division 23 Section "Duct Accessories." Firestopping
materials and installation methods are specified in Division 7 Section "Through-Penetration Firestop
Systems."
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 14 - Protect duct interiors from the elements and foreign materials until
building is enclosed.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 15 - Paint interiors of metal ducts that do not have duct liner, for 600 mm
upstream of registers and grilles. Apply one coat of flat, black, latex finish coat over a compatible
galvanized-steel primer. Paint materials and application requirements are specified in Division 9
painting Sections.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 16 - Install kitchen grease hood exhaust ducts per NFPA 96 and the
International Mechanical Code.
SCHEDULE 2 - SEAM AND JOINT SEALING

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - Seal duct seams and joints according to SMACNA's "HVAC Duct
Construction Standards--Metal and Flexible" for duct pressure class indicated or British Standards
CIBSE refer to BSCD 352 & DW142. Any discrepancy will be clarified by the Engineer on request.

0.1

For pressure classes lower than 500 Pa, seal transverse joints.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 1 - Seal ducts before external insulation is applied.


SCHEDULE 3 - HANGING AND SUPPORTING

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - Support horizontal ducts within 600 mm of each elbow and within 1200
mm of each branch intersection.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 1 - Support vertical ducts at maximum intervals of 5 m and at each floor.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 2 - Install upper attachments to structures with an allowable load not
exceeding one-fourth of failure (proof-test) load.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 3 - Install concrete inserts before placing concrete.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 4 - Install powder-actuated concrete fasteners after concrete is placed and
completely cured.

4.1

Do not use powder-actuated concrete fasteners for lightweight-aggregate concretes


or for slabs less than 100 mm thick.

SCHEDULE 4 - CONNECTIONS

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - Make connections to equipment with flexible connectors according to
Division 23 Section "Duct Accessories."

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 1 - Comply with SMACNA's "HVAC Duct Construction Standards--Metal
and Flexible" for branch, outlet and inlet, and terminal unit connections or British Standards CIBSE
refers to BSCD 352 & DW142. Any discrepancy will be clarified by the Engineer on request.

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SCHEDULE 5 - FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - Perform the following field tests and inspections according to
SMACNA's "HVAC Air Duct Leakage Test Manual" and prepare test reports or British Standards
CIBSE refer to BSCD 352 & DW142. Any discrepancy will be clarified by the Consultant on request:
0.1
0.2

0.3

0.4

Disassemble, reassemble, and seal segments of systems to accommodate leakage


testing and for compliance with test requirements.
Conduct tests at static pressures equal to maximum design pressure of system or
section being tested. If pressure classes are not indicated, test entire system at
maximum system design pressure. Do not pressurize systems above maximum
design operating pressure. Give seven days' advance notice for testing.
Maximum Allowable Leakage: Comply with requirements for Leakage Class 3 for
round and flat-oval ducts, Leakage Class 12 for rectangular ducts in pressure classes
lower than and equal to 500 Pa (both positive and negative pressures), and Leakage
Class 6 for pressure classes from 500 to 2500 Pa.
Remake leaking joints and retest until leakage is equal to or less than maximum
allowable.

SCHEDULE 6 - CLEANING NEW SYSTEMS


PRODUCT DATA SHEET 0 - Mark position of dampers and air-directional mechanical devices before
cleaning, and perform cleaning before air balancing.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 1 - Use service openings, as required, for physical and mechanical entry
and for inspection.
1.1
1.2
1.3

Create other openings to comply with duct standards.


Disconnect flexible ducts as needed for cleaning and inspection.
Remove and reinstall ceiling sections to gain access during the cleaning process.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 2 - Vent vacuuming system to the outside. Include filtration to contain
debris removed from HVAC systems, and locate exhaust down wind and away from air intakes and
other points of entry into building.
PRODUCT DATA SHEET 3 - Clean the following metal duct systems by removing surface
contaminants and deposits:
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6

Air outlets and inlets (registers, grilles, and diffusers).


Supply, return, and exhaust fans including fan housings, plenums (except ceiling
supply and return plenums), scrolls, blades or vanes, shafts, baffles, dampers, and
drive assemblies.
Air-handling unit internal surfaces and components including mixing box, coil section,
air wash systems, spray eliminators, condensate drain pans, humidifiers and
dehumidifiers, filters and filter sections, and condensate collectors and drains.
Coils and related components.
Return-air ducts, dampers, and actuators except in ceiling plenums and mechanical
equipment rooms.
Supply-air ducts, dampers, actuators, and turning vanes.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 4 - Mechanical Cleaning Methodology:


4.1

Clean metal duct systems using mechanical cleaning methods that extract
contaminants from within duct systems and remove contaminants from building.

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4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5

Section 23 31 13, Rev 00


Date: April 2014
Page 14

Use vacuum-collection devices that are operated continuously during cleaning.


Connect vacuum device to downstream end of duct sections so areas being cleaned
are under negative pressure.
Use mechanical agitation to dislodge debris adhered to interior duct surfaces without
damaging integrity of metal ducts, duct liner, or duct accessories.
Clean fibrous-glass duct liner with HEPA vacuuming equipment; do not permit duct
liner to get wet.
Clean coils and coil drain pans according to NADCA 1992. Keep drain pan
operational. Rinse coils with clean water to remove latent residues and cleaning
materials; comb and straighten fins.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET 5 - Cleanliness Verification:


5.1
5.2

Visually inspect metal ducts for contaminants.


Where contaminants are discovered, re-clean and reinspect ducts.
END OF SECTION

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