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Indiun Srandard

GLASSFIBREREINFORCEDPLASTICS(GRP)
PIPES,JOINTSANDFITTiNGSFOR USEFOR
POTABLEWATERSUPPLY-SPECIFICATION
(First Revision
UDC

621.643*2

RUREAIJ
MANAK

OF

BHAVAN.

1994

: 62&l/*2

BIS 1994

INDIAN
9 BAHADUR

NEW
May

: 678*5/*8-067.5

DELHT

STANDARDS
SHAH

ZAFAR

MARC

I 10002

Price Group 9

Plastic

Pipes and Fittings

Sectional

Committee,

CED

50

FOREWORD
by the Bureau of Indian Standards,
after the draft
Committee
had been approved by the Civil Engi-

This Indian Standard


( First Revision ) was adopted
finalized by the Plastic Pipes and Fittings
Sectional
.
neering Division Council.

of glass fibre, thermocetting


( GRP ) pipes is a matrix of composite
pipes so manufactured
are light in weight and h:~vc smoo!h interior

Fibre glass reinforced


plastic
The
polyester resin and fillers.
surface.
This standard
and purchase
water supply

has been prepared with a view to providing


guidance for the manufacturing,
the selection
of glass fibre reinforced
thermosetting
resin pipes for USC as pressure pipes in a potable
for both above and underground
installations.

This standard was first published


in 1989. In this first revision
gained, effected the following major modifications:
i) Pipes meant

for potable

water

applications

the

committee,

in view of the experience

only have been covered.

ii) Irrespective
of the method
of manufacture,
pipes continue
to be dcsignaled
by the nominal
diameter.
However depending
upon the method of manufacture
two series, namely (111~basctl on
inside diameter and the other based on outsidc diameters
h;ivc been covered in this specification.
iii) Provisions
iv) System

for fittings

of jointing

v) For establishing
been included.

meant

of GRP

to be used with these pipes


pipes has been elaborated

the suitability

of pipes

for

potable

Pipes of higher
sizes, pressure
ratings
and stiffness
classes
demand of such pipes is there and necessary data are generated
In the preparation
a) IS0

of this standard,

assistance

was derived

have been

permitting
water,

included.

various
necessary

methods

of jointing.

tests for the same have

would be covered subsequently


for their inclusion.

provicied

from the following:

Glass fibre reinforced


thermosetting
plastics ( GRP ) pipes and
fittings -- Nominal
diameters,
specified diameters
and standard
lengths, published
by International
Organisation
for Standardization

7370-1983

b) ASTM

D 2992-1987

Standard
practice for obtaining
hydrostatic
or pressure
design
basis for Fibrcglass
( Glass-fibre-reinforced
thermosettingresin ) pipes and fittings
published
by American
Society
for
Testing and Materials

c) ASTM

D 3517-1986

Specification
for fibreglass (Glass-fibre-reinforced
thermosciting
resin ) pressure pipe, published by American
Society for Tcstlng
and Materials
Glass-fibre-reinforced
thermosctting-resin
pressure pipe, published by American
Water Works Association
Specification
for glass fibre resin forced
plastic ( GRP ) pipes,
joints and fittings for use for water supply and sewerage, issued
by British Standards
Tnstitution

d) ANSI/AWWA

C 950-198 1

e) BS 54861990

The composition
Annex H.

of the Technical

Committee

responsible

forthc

formulation

of this slnnd:~rd

is given

at

For the purpose of deciding whether a particular


requirement
of this standard is complied wi(h, the final
value, observed or calculated,
expressing the result of a test or analysis. shall bc ruundcd crfT in ;~ccortlance
with 1s 2 : 1960 Rules for ruunding
off numerical
values ( rc~i.serl ). The number
of significanl
places
rclained
in the rounded elf v;lluc sh;~ll hc the s:lme ;IS thal or Ihc spccifi(,d \:lIuc in tJli\ >I;~IIJ;~I cl.

IS 127OY : 1YY4

Indian Standard
GLASS FIBRE REINFORCED PLASTICS (GRP)
PIPES, JOINTS AND FITTINGS FOR USE FOR
POTABLE WATER SUPPLY - SPECIFICATION
( First Revision)
3.3 Liner

1 S(X)IE

1.1

This

ll1~ll~~iillS,

specilicalion

covers

dimensions,
of machine-mndc

requirements

ClilSSificatiOn,
pipes with

fnr

A resin layer, with or without filler, or reinforcement,


or .mth, forming the inlcrior surface of the pipe.

tCSti1g ;tMl lypc


glass film rein-

3.4 Ik!ds
thcrmosctling resin with or without aggregate
3.4.1 7jpc Test
filler hilviug munina] diaaielcr from 200 1l1111to 3 000
is made
IWII for use at prcssurc
111)to 1 500 kPa for UIIIV~~~IICC TOSIScarried out whenever a significant change
in the design, composition or process of mdacturing
Of p&lble Water.
and/or at a syeciCicd liequeacy in order to establish thr
I .2 Provisions
rcliiling lo fitlings fabricaId
from
GRP pipes or hy nmulding pron~m have also bcc~l suitability and pcrfornm~rc r;lpability of the pipes.
of ioinls
lc~kxl

3.4.2 Accqmnre

. covcrcd.

purpose of i~creptnnce ofthc lot.

2.1 The foIllowing Indian St;lmlards arc necessary adjtiiids


10 lhis standiird:

IS No.

4 CI.ASSIFI(:ATION
4.1 The pipes have been classified on the basis rrl
prcssurc rating and slifliicss
class as given in 4.1.1
and 4.1.2.
4.1 .I Prmww Clcrssw (PN)

Title

53H2 : lW.5
h74h : 1994

Rubber sealing rings for gas mains,


water maim and scwcrs (jkst region )
U~isaliimled
fur
low
)>lilSliC

polycsler resin syslenis


pressure film reinforced

Five pressure classes of pipes nanlely, PN 3, PN 6,


PN 9, PN 12 and PN 15 correspond to the working
prcssurc ratings of300, 600, 900, I 200 iltld 1 500 kPa
rcspcclivcly.
NOIIS
1 111~working prcssim ratings mentioned iihvc may

Method ol;Ill;llysis lor the detennin;llion oliii~d/oroVcrilll


n1igr;1tioiiof~oiislitucnls

of

plsstic

ilrticlcs iiittiidcd
wilh foodstuffs

I0

;iIld

nlalcriiils
COIIIC

illlo

COlllil~l

hve

to Ix CllRiIgcd t.or use


43.X, in a~cord;~n~e
rcccllnmclldnli~)n~.

hn

II273 : 1992
11320: 1985 Glass

librc

rovings

lilr tlic

il1ciil of polycslcr
and
syslenis
(J;rsl
revision

115.51 : l9Xfl

Glass
Ihc

film

choppd

r~inliirceiiiciil

strand
01 polycslcr

IIMI for
resin

5 SIZE UESI(;NAIION

conl;rii~ing~,la~s

iI\ or siirrouiidcd

by curd

Ilicrniosclliiig

ANI) NOMINAI,

X)0, 250, 300, 350, 400, 450, 500, 600, 700, 800, 900,
1 000, 1 100, 1 200, I 400, I mo, I soo, 2 000, 2 200,
2 400, 2 hO0, 2 so0 illld 3 000 111111.
6 MAll~RIAI,S
6.1 Resins

Surhce 1,ayrr

A rcsiu layer, with or without


I(1

the

Six dcbig11ilIio11 ol lhc pipe is hsed o11 the nonIin;lI


dianlctcr, DN. Nolllill;~l diallletcr ShillI I>c C~OSCI~ Irom
I hose given below:

l.ihrc rcinforr~ciucnls

c~llldctl.

or Ix~lli, applied
sIruc~tur;~I ~111.

gre;iler
nlnnul>lcturcrb

Iclllpcril~Llre

I)I/\MEIISI~

rchin. The conlpositc structure may cont;1in aggrcgalc


(silicious), fillers, ihixotmic agenis. Thcmoplnstic
ur
. thcmosctting
liner and/or surl5cc layer lllily IK in3.2

Iluid
wilhl

4.1.2 Stijj5w.s.s Clrrssc.s (SN)


Fnur stiltnrxs ~I;ISSCSof pipes 11an~1yA, B, C ;Illd D
correspond to l~linilllunl pipe sliffiicss values of 62,
124, 240 ;Illtl 4% kPa rcspcctivrly al 5% dcllcction.

resili

3 ITI~MINOI.O~~Y
3.1 (hss Film-aPipe
clulxxldcd

iit

rridurcc-

cpxidc

syslclll

Alul7ul:ir produT

Test

TCSIScarried out ~111


sa~nplcs taken from a lot for the

2 IZEIERENCES

liI1t.r. or rriIlli,rtctllc\llts,

Ihc cxlcriclr

Appropri;ltc type ofunsatur;ltcd polymtc:r I(I\III


coillc~rliiilig IO IS 6746 : lc)()4 sh;ill IX usctl.

surl;lc~~ 01 Ihc pip:

X~XICIIIX

IS 1270) : lYY4
used shall k SUCH chat
that
that is, in an ~~I~UIII
tiligratc itiro water in qnan-

6.1.1 The resin iIl,d additives

6.3.3 Addifives

111cyc.ontaiu no ingredients,

Additives

hiIS

17ccn

titirs

dcnic~nstrated

to

Ihat are considered

pIability

of water

to be

as dclcriiiined

toxic;
by

satisfying

the

tcsls spccitied

may

IX

incorporated

li)r

nioditjing

111~

propeflies of the resin.


7 DIMENSIONS

iu 16.

7.1 Specitied Dianwter of Pipes

6.2 C;lass Fib-e Reinforcement


Glass film

reinforceulent
shall
grade E type and shall ronfmn

be of rnmrucrcial
IO IS-11273 : 1992,

IS 11320 : 1985 or IS 11551 : 1986, as appropritltc.


6.3

Other Materials

6.3.1 Aggrq,wlcs
Siliceous sand of a size range belwcen 0.05 nini and 0.X
llltll lllily Ir illrr~rporillcd in lhc coiiipnsite structure.

~3.2 Filler
lucrl fillers (wilh pilrli&
size below 0.05 mm) may hc
i~lcorpor;~ld
either 011 their own or with aggcgales.

lhhle

7.1.1 Jnsidc diamctcrs


designation

of- pip
shall be as specified

i-or each of thr si/c


in the u1;IuufacturCrs

data sheet, curt-cut at

Ihe time of purrhasc. Thr iusidc


shall bc within the r;lngc given ill
Table 1 and shall IIICC~the loleranrcs, as spccilicd.

diameter

so spxificd

7.1.1.1 The inside diameter shall be mxmrcd


in
arrordancc with A-1.1.
7.1.2 Alternatively, the outside diatnctcr of pipes li)r
each of the size designation shall be as given in Table
2; subject to the tolerances, as spccificd.
7.1.2.1 The oulside diamctcr
accordanrc with A-1.2.

shall lx measured

1 Specified Inside Dianretets and ~ole~-a~~~s


( C1ci~rsc.s7.1.1 and 7.4 )
All dimensions in millimelres.

2(K)

196

2OJ

* I.5

250

246

2%

* 1.5

300

296

31ul

* 1.8

350

346

3%

* 2.0

400

396

40s

* 2.4

JS()

446

45)

* 2.7

5(W)

496

510

* 3.0

ho0

596

hl2

* 3.6

70(1

69.5

71-l

8(K)

795

R 1h

O(K)

895

91X

1 OO(1

995

z 4.2

I 020

I 100

I 095

1 110

I 200
I 400
I 600

I 195
I 39s

I J1(l

I 595

I hl0

1 2211

1 $00

I 795

I SO

2 000

I 995

2 (IYI

2 200
2 400
2 (100
2 x00
3 000

2 14.5
2 3%
2 505
2 7%
2 99s

2 220
2 JZ(r
2 620
: x20
.? (12(J

* 5 .(I

* 60

in

IS 12709 : lYY4
lhl~lr 2 Specified Outside I)iameters and Tolerances
( Clnrrsl3 7.1.2 trnd 7.4 )
All dimensions in millimctrcs.
Nolllinal

Oubide Diameter, OD

Trderancc

208

+ 2.0

250

2.59

t 2.1

300

310

t 2.3

350

361

t 2.4

400

412

t 2.5

450

463

t 2.7

X10

514

+ 2.8

600

614

+ 3.0

700

71x

t 3.3

800

820

t 3.5
t 3.8

Dinmckr,
200

DN

uoo

022

I 000

I 024

t 4.0

I 100

1 I26

t 4.3

I 200

1228

+ 4.5

I 400

1432

+ 5.0

I 600

1636

t 5.5

I so0

I 8411

+ 6.0

2 000

2044

t 6.5
forces.

hut nnt Iongitudinal


8.1.

I Cortpling

- 2.0

or Socket

trnd Spigot

Gmkvt

Joints

Provided with groove(s) either on the spigot or in the


socket to retain an clastonleric gasket(s) that shall lx
the sole clement of the joint In provide watertightness.
For typical joint detail (see Fig. 1).

X.1.2 hluhnictrl
X.2

Corrplings

Restrained

Pipe joints Cilpilble Of withslanding


longiludinal fOrccs.

inlcnial

pressure

illId

X.2.1 Joints similar to those in 8.1.1 with supplenlcnlal


rcstraiiiing elements.
X.2.2 Elrtt Joint -with
I;lllliIl;Ited
overlay
8.2.3 Socket-trnd-Spi,pt
X.2.4 Soor,krt-(rwcl-S~)i~~ot
X.2.5 Fhnpd
8.2.6 Mihrnicrrl
8.3

(hskets

-with

lamimtcd

overlay.

--

adhesive hondcd.

IS 12709 : IYY4

Foci. I I-YPIC,U

JOI< IS

9.2 The inside surface of each pipe shall he free of


bulges, dents, ridges and other defects that result in a
variation of inside diameter of snort than 3.2 Nan from
that obtained on adjacent unaffected portions of the
surface. No glass fibrereinfnrcemcntshall
penetrate the
interior surface of the pipe wall.

indication of structural danulpc as cvidcnced by interlaniinar separation, separation of the liner or surface
layer (if inmrporatcd)
from structural wall, tens&
failure of the glass fibre reinforcemcni and fracture or
buckling of ~hc pipe wail, when tested in accordanc~c
with Annex B.

Y.3 Joint scaling surfacesshall bc free of dents, gouges,


and other surface irregularities that will affect the intcgrity of the joints.

DeJlczlion Lcwl

10 11115STIFFNESS

Ring Dt$kvlion
Willrorl/
fhm/g~
or Swucwrd
Ftrilrrrc: i/r
Pmwrt for piye of Sfiflnc3.s Cltr.s.\

10.1 Ei~ch Icngth of pipe shall have sufficient strength


exhibit thr nlininlunl pipe stiffness (F/A,) specified
in Table 3 when tested in accordance with Annex B

to

Tuble 3 Iipe StitIi~ess at 5 Percent


S LifTnew
( lass (SN)

Deflection

Minhunl
Slillness ol Pipe of DN,
at 5 Percent DeflectIon, kPa

200 111111250 11,111 300 mm

..rnd

til~OVL!

63

A
13

124

124

248

24s

248

I)

496

4%

4%

11

11.1 Generd

WI1CI.C
F

FITTINGS

hd

All GRP fittings, such as hcnds, Ices, junctions and


rcduccrs, shall be equal or superior in pcrtilrnlancc to
pipe of the same classification illld shall bc snloothly
finished internally.

per unit lenglh in kN per metre length, and

A,, = vcrtic.ill pipe deflection, in metres.

10.1.1 Pipcb shaI1 be capable ofheingdeflected


IO level
X with no visible dalIlagc in the test specimen
cvitlrncctl by surlacr crack\ and IO level Y with no

GRP littings are not sul?jc~t IO IC>IS for ~trcIIglh >lnd iI


thiil rxlcrnal
rcxlr;tiul 11~ (,oi14idclccI Ior
il1Slilllillic~ll.
is csstnlial

IS 12709 : 1994
11.2 Fittings

Made from Straight

Pipe

13 LONGITITDINAL

The fitting shall be fabricated from complete pipes or


portions of,stmight pipe complying with this standard
as applicable for the pipe classification. The fittingsball
comply with the declared design requirements and be
suitably mitred. The mitre shall be overwrapped externally and, if practicable,
internally with woven
roving and/or chopped strand mat lo cnsurc tbc longitudinal and circumferential
tensile strength is at least
equal by design to that of the pipe with which the
fitting is to be used.
11.3 Fittings

Made

by Moulding

stated
value
of the angle
of a fitting
such as in hand,

of change
of
let
or junction

\11;111not exceed -c I.
I I J.2

Esccpt

rcquirc

c,loscr
tolerances,
Ihe permissible
devisfious
umuufacturers
declared
length
of a fitting,
of the socket where applicable, shall be

on rhc
rxclusivc

for pipes mde to this standard. The values may


not he indic>llive ol the axial strength or of the axial
strength required by some installation conditions and
joint conliguraticw~s.

for <;RP Fittings

11.4-l Except for flanged pipework, which may


require closer tolerances, Ibe permissible deviations
from
the
tlirrclion

For sizes up to DN ClGO tbc pipe shall withstand,


without failure, the beam loads specified in Table 5,
when tested in accordance with D-l. For pipe sizes
larger than DN 600 and alternatively for smaller sizes
adequarc beam strength shall be demonstrated by Lensilt tesls conducled in accordance with D-2 for pipe
wall specimens oriented in the longitudinal direction.
Tbe minimum tensile strength sprcified in Table 5 shall
bc complied with.
ho?ll - lhc values lisled in l;?hle 5 are the minimum
crileria

Mouldrd GRP fittings shallbe made hy band lay-up, contact


mnulding, hot or cold press moulding or tape winding.
I I .J Tvirrances

for

1langcd pipework,

which may

2 25 mm taken from the point of intersection


rnd of thafilting.
12 HYDRAULIC
12. I General

to the

TEST

14 HOOP TENSILE

15 LONG TERM HYYDROsrATI(:


PRESSl IKE;mm

extrapolated

of

NOIl: - Special

design

lo sustai ncd prcssurc

1.4PN
conxidcrations

shll

IX given

surge.

TO ESXALSLISH POriWILlTY

16.1 Pipe specimen

pipe:

Pw+P,$

DISI<;N

strength at 50 years.

below io order to
for use in carrying

class

shall

The prcssurc
classes given in 4.1.1 shall bc based
on
long lem
hydrostatic
design pressure
data obtained
in
accordance
with Annex
F aud categnrizcd
in accordance
with
Table 7. Pressure classes are based on

12.1.2 When surge pressure is cclnsidcred the maximum pressure in tbc syslem due IO working pressure
plus surge pressure, Ibe same shall not exceed
1.4
pressure

as per this specification

meet or exceed the hoop tensile slrcngth shown for cac.h


size and class in Table 6, W~CII tcsled in ilC(.()rd;lnrC
with Annex E.

16 TIBTS
WATER

the

STRKNC;fH

All pipes manufactured

12.1.1 Working pressure Pw in the system shall nnt


exceed the pressure class of the pipe, that is, Pw s P,.

limes

STREN(;IH

Smell

shall

bc subjected

lo tests specified

of tbcsc pipes

establish the suitability


potable

OF

water:

of the cxmct,

ii)

Clarity

of the colour

iii)

Acidity

and alkality,

iv)

Globill

of the extract,

niigration,

material,
v) UV absorbing
vi) fleavy
nieta Is,

Each lcngtb of pipe of nominal diameter up To 1 400


I~IIII shall withstand without leakage or cracking the
internal hydrostatic
test pressures as specified in
Tablr 4 for the applical>le class when tested in accordancc
with Annex C. For pipes of nominal
dianretcr ilhovc 1401) 111111, the frequcnry 01 hydroslalir

Ic;lk

lrsls

uliiuulticlurcr
Iable

sbaI1

be

as

agreed

~~IWCCII

and Ihe purchaser.


4 Hytlmstatic

the

vii)

Unreacted

monomers

viii)

Biological

tests.

16.1.1
Method of preparing extracts
111ctests mentioned
in 16.1 is its givcu

Irussores

and

for carrying
bdelow:

filcc

tests

of GKP

pipes

in mutact

will1

uiciilioned
The

fair the chcrriicnl


dipping
irr separate

hy

iii

I>~ilkc~

(5

CIIIx 5 VIII) such that sur-

the

cxIr;lctanIs,

for

preprcd

with
24

hours

~OLIIS ;~nd aI

for 2

rcspcclivcly

for

chculical

;Iud hiologic;ll

tests. The CXIRICISIINIS prcparcd

be tra~lslcrrcd

in transparcnl

111~spc.cificd

fcsls.

ill>(j 1)~
c.onlrfllh.

ils

arid 16.1.1.2, 1 cd/2


ml.
lhc sa1111>lc
and Ihe (:xlr;lcl;lnlx

16.1 .I .I

shall IV kept al 60 f. 1C
40 + IOC

out

lcsls and
bcakcrs

Extmc.(s shillI hc prepared


biologic~;\l
pieces

liast

(slyrens),

Blauks

krpl iu parallel

Iwttlcs

(cslracfanls

under

sh;lll

I;cv carryingwf

itlcnri~.;lI

only)
ul;tuucr.

shall

ah

IS 12709 : 1994
rat)le 5 Ream Strength

lest Loads and Lougitudiaal

Teusile Strru~:th ot Pipe Wall

( Clnrrsc 13 )
Noniinni Ihunetcr

Minimum I~onpitutlin~~i
Icnbiic St~x~n~lhin liN!m of
Circumkrcncc Ior iwssti~~c( Yinss4II

Bcnrn I,ond
P

IN 0

i)N

kN

PN 3

I'N 6

200

3.6

ICI2

IOL?

102

If?

Ill2

2.50

5.3

I02

102

102

If!?.

I 10

3ou

7.1

102

102

102

112

136

3%)

9.8

102

102

115

131

154

400

13.3

102

I02

I30

149

177

4.50

17.8

102

102

138

IS9

185

500

19.6

102

102

154

176

20.5

600

28.5

102

123

184

211

246

700

I02

I40

215

246

280

800

102

154

231

265

304
341

900

105

174

260

29X

I fKKl

122

193

290

331

379

I 100

127

212

318

363

417

I 200

141)

212

31x

363

431

I 4(K)

164

247

371

423

so4

1600

185

283

423

484

574

1800

206

318

476

545

646

2 Cl(K)

231

329

492

563

671:

2 2ou

254

361

541

619

745

2 400

280

394

591

676

813

2 h(K)

301

427

640

732

880

2 FXKI

326

4%

690

7x0

Y4Y

3 OOO

347

492

739

844

I 016

Table 6 Miuimum

Hoop Tensile Strength


( ChUse 14 )

Minimum Hoop Tensile Strength in kN/m Width


ol(ircunifcrcncc for ircssurr (iiiss

Notnin:li i)i;unclcr
I,,,,,

PN6

I'N Y

I'N 12

I'rh1.i

244
304
363
426

366
456
546
639

4sx
608
72X
s52

Ol(l
7h(l
010
1 Oh5

486
546
601;

729
819
012

972
1 092
1216

1215
1365
I 520

I 095
I275
I 4%
1641
I x24
2 004
2 1x7

I 460
I 7o(l
I 044
2 188
2432
2672
2916

I s25
2 I25
2 430
2735
3 OW
3 340
364.5

3 403
.jXYS

3 255
,zShO

.1i
-IShO
:,.3JS

5 17U
h (175
h hS=J

is?:
h i--Cl
0 so-!
7 ",Z

7 ")I)
f OlHl
,hi(,
0 115

200
25ct
3110
350

1'N 3
123
152
IS2
213

J(lU
150
500

243
273
304

hO(!
7CKl
so0
OO(I
I (l(K)
I i(K)
I 2(K)

365

130

425
486
547
608
668
729

I%0
Y72
1 094
1216
I 336
I 45s

$51

I -1(H)
I h(K)

uf Pipe Wall

I 702

2 553

1 SOML
2 O(H)
2 XK)

972
1 OYJ
I115
I337

I YI4
2 IS4
II
2 430
2 674

1916
3 2,'2
<
3645
J (II1

?,.UHI
2 h(l(l
2 so0
i 000

I4SP

2016

-1j71

I 5so
I 701
I s2i

i 1611
1.102
3 hJh

.J7-!I1
5 III<
3 .lhY

I(

IS 12709 : 1994
16.1.1.1

Extmctant

for

c-hemic;~l tests

SpC.Ciiied

in 16.2 to 16.8 shalt he:

iI> Double//triple glass distilled wakr,


1~) 3% ;~cetic acid (m/v) prcpztrcd in double/triple
glass distilled water,
c) 8% ethanol (v/v) prepared in doulde/triplc glass
distilled water, and
d) 0.9% sodium
chloride
(m/v) prepared in
double/lriplc glass distilled water.
16.1.1.2
Extractant
in 16.9 shall be:

for biological

tests spccitied

double/triple

glass

distilled

in

water.

7 Long lerm Hydrostatic


Categories

Design l+essure

( Cllrlrse 15 )
Minimum

II-cssu1-c

(~Ilc~~l~tcd Vducs of I_ong

Term Hydrostatic

(IilSS

Design

Prwsurc,

kla

IN

540

1 080

16.8 Unreacted Manorner ( Styrene )


The total unreactcd styrene concentration? of residual
manomen in the cxtmct should not exceed 0.2% by
mass of the poly~ncrs.

2 160

15

2 700

Tests

The extmct shalt be injected into ten healthy


mice
weighing20 2 2g intravenously and intrapcritoneatly.
Another ten healthy nlicc shall also be exposed to the
rorrr,spondingbtank
(extractanl wilhout test piece) and
iIt Ihe end of four, eight, twelve and twentyfour hours,
the miceshalt becx;~nlined fnrthcsy~nptoms
oftoxicity.
There should IX no nmrtality or gross toxicity symptoms
in the animts exposed to the extmcts in muparison
to
those cxposrd IO blank (extractan outy).

17 SAMPLING,
FREQU~N<:Y
FOR CONFORMITY

AND CRITERIA

The sampling procedure lo be adopted and the criteria


for crmtornlity shall be as given in Annex G.

620

0
I2

16.2 Smell

Extract shalt bc cxanlincd for the presence of heavy


metals such as Ph, Cd, Mn, Cr, Cu, Co and Zn. COJIcenmtions nf Pb, MJI, Cr, Cu, C~I and Zn should not
cxreed 1 ppn~ and concentrations
of Cd should nnt
exceed 0.1 ppm.

16.9lIiological

8) DoubWriple
glass distilled water, and
b) 0.9% sodium
chloride (m/v) prepared
Idde

16.7 Heavy Metals

18 MARKING

of the Extract

The extract when examined shall IN- free from odour.


16.3 Clarity nf the Colour of the Extract
The cxtr;lct shall be c.x;\mincd visually through 1~~1
IUIK Ibr the prcseucc of any cotour or turbidity. The
extr;lcI sh;tll IX lrcc from colourillg materials and
turldity.

18.1 Bolhcnds olpipe shall be nlarked with bold letters


not less than 12 J~III in height and in a rotour and type
th;~t renleins
legible under normal handling and instaltiltinll proredurcs.
The nl:rrkings shalt include the
Ih1towing:
;I) Thr manufacturers 11a1ne or trade-m
I,) The noGnat pipe diameter,
c) Class of pipe (pressure and stitlncss),
d) Bafrh

rk,
;III~

No. or date of m;lnufacturc.

1X.1.1 In addition the pipes shall IX provided


Inark on tither ends:

16.4 Acidity and Alkalinity

with the

following

?IIc cxtrilrt shall 1~ ex;imirlcd Irjr the change Of /JH


due to nligmtion Of
psi11g
p rcicri,I 7I y d igitill-]JH lllckr)
chcslic;II itdditives. The pH of IIIC CXIEICI shill1 I>c the
S~~III~ ;IS ~h;lt (~Ic~orrcspr~ndingl~l;~nk (exlr;lclant \vithoul
test piece).
16.5 <&l~al Mig-atiou
100 rd ol lhc cxtmct

prcwcighld
(:str:icl

sliould

sh;lII IX

c.vapor;llcd in iI ~~~~~st~II11IX.2 KIS (Yrrtitiration Markinge~rked will1 Ihr Sta~~d~rd M;Irk.

Tot;11 rcsitlur ie 100 1111of the


1101 cxcccd 5 lug (.~,~a rl/.so IS 9845 :

crucihlr.

1ON,).
16.6 I IV AlwrlCng

Materials

ExIr;lcI sh;ltt IX: cx;tmincd

for Ihc prcsencc

ill>sc~rlJillg ni;rtcri;~ls by ~ciiniling


230 to 400 tllll Using douldc/lriplc
ils Irl;lIlk in sorclrc,l,hrrlollIclcr.

nf IJV

thc Sillllples hCtWcct1


&V,lilSS distillctl
w;llrf

Pipn

III;IY iI tso IX

18.2.1 The use of the SIandard Mark is governed by


Itic provisions olE?llrciill ollmliiin Sl;indiirds Act, I%%
;IIKI ttlc Rules ;Ind R~g:ul;~tiot~s III:I~C Ihcrcurldrr.
The
dcliiils olconditions under which lhc ticcnc,c tor 111~11s~
olS~and;~rd Mark III:IY IK gran~cd to Ill;llltll;lL.tltr(.rs
or
producers iiiily 11~ cd~laiirctl Irom I hc Burc;bu ot Intliiin
SI;lIldilKlS.

IS 12709 : lY94

ANNEXA
(Clac~ses

7.1.1.1,

7.1.2.1,

MEASURICMENT
A- 1 MEASIJREMENT
A-1 ,l Inside Dinnwter

OF DIMENSIONS
A-l .2.4 Proccdrrre

OF DIAMETERS

Inside dianletcr shall be measured at 150 nm away


firm each end of the pipe section using a steel tape or
an inside u~icromctcr with graduation of 1 nm or less.
Make two 90oyposing
measurements at each point ot
nmsurenumt
and avcragc the readings.
A-l.2

7.2, 7.3 ond7.4.1

Apply the tape on the whole of the circunlferencc


perpendicular tn Ihc axis.oIthc pipe.
A-2 I .lSN<;TII
A-2.1 Lengthshall bc mcasurcd with a steel 1:11x having
gradualions of 1 NIII or less. Lay the tape inside the pip
and nmsure !hc overall Icngth of rhc pip.
A-3 SQI IARBNICSS (117PIPE END

Outside Diameter

A-1.2.1 Outside diaulcter shall be measured at 150 nun


away from thcjoint seating surfarc at the outer edge of
lhc pipe.

A-3.1 Rotate the pipe on a ulaudrcl or 1runnions and


nIc;Isurc the runout ot~he CIKIS with ;I dial indicator. The

A- I .2.2 Principle

111~pipe. Altcruatively
when squareucs~ nlpipc ends is
rigidly fixed by boliug, the tooling my lx! verified and

. The circumfcrenrc
of the pipe is nmsurcd
dividing by 3.142 (E) diatnctcr is obtained.

and by

A-1.2.3 Measurement
shall bc done by ordinary
Ile~il,lc tap or flexible tap suitably calibrated to read
diautctcrs dirrctly. This tape shall conlply with the
folldwing rctluirements:
it shall be made of stainless steel or smut other
suitable material.
it shall permit the reading to the ucarest 1 mm.
it shall he graduated in srrch a way that ncithcr
its owu thickness of the graduation has any
inllocucc nn the result of Ihc nlcasurcnmit, and

it shall have sufficient flcxihility to cnnlorni


cx;~c.fly IO the cirrun~l~crcnrc of the pip.

total indicated

reading

is quaI
to twic,c the distance
to the longitudinal
axis 111

from a plane pcrpcndicular

reinspcctcd at frequcnl iutcrvals 10 cusurc that the


squareness of the pipe ends is ulaintaincd within the
specified tolerances.
A-4 WAILTHICKNlSSS
A-4.1 Moasurc with a nCcrcrul~*~rr. caliper or other
suital>le thickness nlcasuring dcvicc or instrunlent with
graduation of 0.1 IIIIH or ICSS :III~ titkc ;I scrics of four
luCasurtulCutS
ecl~ally spaced around the circumCcrcure of the pipe slier rcumving
the liner whcrc
provided. Thrsc ulcasurculcllb should IX taken hcforc
cud joint surlacc nurlliuing
is done and some distaucc
iI\Wy from

~wrlts
sl~~ilird

ANNEXB

shall

Ihe pipe cold. The itvcG\gc oI;III


nlcct

or

cxcccd

in n~anul~iclurcrs

the

d;it;r shwl.

mc:tstIrc-

minimum

value

IS 12709:

1994

B-l.5 Load the specimen further to deflection level X


as per 10.1.1 and examine the specimen for visible
damage evidenced by surface cracks. Then load the
specimen to deflection level Y as per 10.1.1 and
examine
for evidence
of structural
damage,
as
evidenced by interlaminarseparation,
separation of the
liner or surface layer (if incorporated) from the structural wall, tensile failure of the glass fihre reinforcement and structure or bukling of the pipe wall.

FK;. 2 SC~IEMA~DIAGRAM
OFA~PAKATIIS
DETERMINATTON
OFPIPESass

FOR

ANNEX C
( Clause 12.2 )
SOUNDNESS
(:-1 PHOCEDURE
Soundness shall be determined by a hydrostatic proof
test. Place the pipe in a hydrostatic pressure testing
machine that seals the ends and exert? no nd loads, Fill
the pipe with water expelling all air and apply internal

OF PIPE
water pressure at a uniform rate not to exceed 300 kPa/s
until the hydrdstatic test pressure specified in accordante with 12.2 ( Table 4 ) is reached. Maintain this
pressure for 1 minute. The pipe shall show no visual
signs of weeping, leakage or fracture of tht structural
wall.

ANNEX D
( Clause 13 )
LONGITUDINAL

STRENGTH

D-l BEAM STRENGTH

D-2 LONGITUDINALTENSILE

Place a 6 mm nominal length of pipe on saddles at end.


Hold the ends of the pipe round during the test. Apply
beam load for the diameter of pipe Shown in Table 5
simultaneously to the pipe through two saddles located
at the third point< of the pipe (see Fig. 3). The loads
shall be maintained for not less than 10 min with no
cvidcnrc of failure. The testing apparatus shall bc
designed to minimi/c atrcss concentrations at the loading poinls.

D-2.1 General

STRENGTH

This method describes the test procedure to determine


the longitudinal tensile strength of a reinforced plastics
pipe by means of a tensile strength lest carried out on
strip cut from the pipe.
D-2.2 Apparatus
D-2.2.1 A tensile machine capable of indicating the
force applied to the test piece with an accuracy off 1
ptrrcnt
of the indicxtrd
valur.

WITH

6mm

STIFF

IS 12709 : 1994

11-2.5.2 Grip the test piece in the testing tuitchine with


the test piece centrelinc along the loading axis of the
machine.
D-2.5.3 Load the test piece by separating the grips at a
rate to cnsurc failure occu~j between 1 minute and
3 minutes. Record the tnaximum force as F.

D-2.2.2 A nlcans of rneasurillg the width and thickness


of tbc lest pierc to an accuracy of 0.1 Nan.

D-2.3 Test Pieces


D-2.3.1 The test piece shall bc strips cut from a pipe in
the longitudinal direction and profiled to the dimensions shown in Fig. 4.

D-2.5.4 Repeat D-25.1 to J)-2.53 until three results


have been ohtaincd. Discard any test piece that breaks
otbcr than across the neck and test additional test piccrs
unit1 three results are ohtained.

A nlininnln1 of three test pieces arc required.


NOTE - If profile cutting is impractical, panllcl-sided
test pieces of width between 2r and 3t: (see Fig. 4) shall

D-2.6 Calculation

be used, where c is the thickness of the test piece.

For each test piece, calculate the longitudinal tensile


strength of the pipe per unit rircunlfercncc
T (in kN/m)
using the following equation:

11-2.4 Test Conditions


Conduct Ihc test at ambient temperature.

+
D-2.5.1 Mc,asure the width wand thickness of the piece
al tbc centre of Ihc gauge length and at points wilhin
5 IIIIII of rarh end of thr gauge length. Record tbc
average width as IYand the avcragc thickness as E.

R70InoX.
R 50min.

7t.

where
F is tbe failure force in N, and
w is the width of test piece in IIUII.

1 SO max.

100 min.

/I.

,I

L-fe max.

300 min.

EQUALLY

I+&

CENTROI
LENGTH

SPACED

30 mox
20 min.

THERMOSET
TRIMMED

RESIN
BUILT UP ENDS
FLAT
AND PARALLEL

SECTION

A-A

IS 12709: 1994

ANNEXE
(Cliluse 14 )
HOOF TENSILE STRENGTH
I<-I (;ENERAL
15-1.1This t~~ethod describes the test procedure to
delcmiuc the hoop tensile strength of a reinfnrced
plastics pipe by means of a split disc test.
E-2 APPARATUS
K-2.1 A testing

machine

capable

of producing

progressive rite of scpamtion of the split discs lo


product failure of 111~test piece within 1 minute lo 3
uiinutcs of initial loading.
K-2.2 Rigid split discs similar to those shown in Fig. 5
that make even conlacf w&h the internal diameter of the
Irsl piece and that immediately prior to the lest piece

I)ring loaded arc not separated by more than 1 pcrccut


of Ihc pipe diameter.
K-2.3 A form indicator capable of masuring

the form

;\pplicd with an accuracy of + 3 perrenl.


E-2.4 A suitable

Ihickncss

nouns of measuring the width and


of the lest picrc with an accuracy of f 0.1

111111.
K-3

TEST PIECES

E-3.1The test piece (SW Fig. 6) shall bc a ring cut from


a pipe, The niiniumnl width of the test piece shall be 8
mm; lhc maximum width is dependent on the method
of lllill~llfi3CRlK and the lesting cquipnient availahle.
The width of the test piecc shall not exrccd the width

of the split disc. A minimum of three test pieces shall


he taken to obtain a reliable avcragc result.
E-4 TEST CONDITIONS
Conduct the lest at amhicut temperature.
K-5 PRO< :ETHJNE
E-5.1 Measure the width thickness of the test piece at
diametrically opposed points.
15-5.2 Mount the test piece on the outside periphery 01
the split disc test fixture with the points of mcasurcnumt
at the split.
E-5.3 Lnad the lest piece by separating Ihe mounts at a
rate uot exceeding 2.5 nm/min ensuring tailurc In
occur between 1 uliuute and 3 minutes and rcmrd the
111axiuluul force F resisted by the test piece and Ihe time
lo failure.
E-6 CAI,(:IJIXTIC>N
E-6.1 For each test piece, calculate the apparen1 Imop
tensile strength at failure erg (in kN/m) from the following cquatinn :
F

trfii
=2w
where
F = failure Inad (in N); and
w = width of the test piccc

DIRECTION
OF

LOADING

FK;. 5 91 1.1Discs

rTHICKNESS,

FK;. 0

SPI.I,I

+f+$,

RN; TEST PII~CI:

(in

IIIIII).

IS 12709 : 1994

ANNEXF
(Clallse 14 )
LONG TISRM HYHROSTATIC

DESIGN

YRESSURE

EC

For those products where no previous long tcrul hydrostatic testing has been performed on similar products the
full type testing as described in Method A shall be
performed. When a hydrostatic desigu basis has already
been ms\ablishcd for a nonlinally similar pipe using the
sa1111: n~anuIkcIuring
process, the mnnufach~rcr
need ouly
couduct the rcqualificatinu test as described iu Method B.

EHT =
dcpcuding

E, f1 + E2 Q + ....
I] +I?+ *..

upou the layers nf the coulpmilc

E, aud I, are the Youngs umdulus aud the


thickness of each of the layers of the rompositc aud 1,
+ 11+ ... ... is the thickuess of the total con~positc.
F-2.3 Long Term Hydrostatic Strength (LTHS)
The rstirnaled lemile stress/strain in the wall ofthe pipe
in the circumferential
oricntatiou
due to iutcrual
hydrnstatic pressure that will cause failure of the pipe
aller 100 000 hours of pressure applied continuously.
F-2.4 Hydrostatic Design Basis (HDB)
Hoop slrcss/stmin developed for fibrc glass pipe by this
practice and multiplied by a scrvicc design factor tn
obtain hydrostatic design stress or straiu (HDS).
F-2.5 Hydrnstatic Design Stress/Strain (HDS)
The cstiulated maxiuului tcusilc stress/slrain in the wall
of Ihc pipe in the hoop orientation due to interual
hydroslalic prcssurr that call be applied routiuuously
with a high drgrcc of ccrtaiuty Ihat failure of the pipe
will 1~11occur.
F-2.6 Pressure Rating (When Expressed with Reference to Pipe)

F- 1.3.1 Rc~swoincd Ends


Specimen arc esscutially stressed by internal pressure
only iu lhc hoop direclinn and the HDB is applicable
liar slrcss devrlopcd only i!i the hoop direction.
I:- 1.3.2 I;rw End.s
Spcciuml arc strcsscd by intcmal pressure in hnlh hoop
and longitudinal dircctious such Ihal the hoop slrecss is
twice as large as the longitudinal slrcss. The procedure
given in this standard are not applicahlc fnr evaluating
slrcss iuduccd by loading where the longitudinal stress
cxcccds 50% of rhc hydroslalic dcsigu stress.
F-2 I)I~FINITIONS
F-2.1 Failure

Thc cstimatcd

When the ~cst specimen develops a Icak, weeps or


ruplurcs, i! shall bc cmsidcrcd lo have failed cxccpt that
Icakagc or Ihilurc within one diameter of Ihe cud closure
shall uol bc ccrusidcrcd as failure of the specimen.

(water)

Strain

Thr leusilc strchs/slraiu in Ihe rirruulfcrentinl


dircctinu
due lo iulcrual hydroslalic pressure.
F-2.2.1 T11c hoop stress shall IX ~alculafctl by IIIC
oqualiou:

u1aximul

pressure

Ihat the medium

in the pipe cau cxcrt coutinunusly

with a high

dcgrce olcerlainty that failure oflhc pipe will not occur.


F-2.7 Service lIesign Factor
Auuulber equal ICI1.OOor less that takes iu(o cousidcraLion all the variahlcs aud dcgrcc of saKcly involved iu
GRP piping installatiou so thal whcu it is multiplied by
~hr HDB, an 1IDS aud corrcspoudiug prcssurc rating
is ohtaiuctl. Asnfc aud satisfactory piping iustallatiou
mulls when good quality c~mpoucuts arc used and the
inslal~aliou is madr pmpcrly,
The scrvicc dcsigu I;lctor should IW srlrclcd by Ihc
dcsigu cuginecr afler cvaluatiug fully lhc scrvicc co~idilious and eugiuccring ympcrtics ollhr ulalcrials used
in thtx lu;tnuf;l~turill~ clfpipc. Avaluc 010.5.SS is ncc,lllulcndcd iti lieu of auy hprcilic iulorulaliou on typical
w;iIvr supply ~ystcrii.

whrrc
D/I = hoop slrcss in kPa,
D = average reiufnrrcd rrutsidc J i,uutcr in IIIII~,
P = intcrtlnl prcssurc iu kPa, nud
/r = ruinimutu rcinlorccd wall (hi(.kuchs iu IIIII~.
I:-2.2.2 IIo0~~ Strrrin
lhc hcwq)strain shall IX,ml~~ula~ctl by mllhliluliug
= tr/r/v iii lhr IS0 ~~~llilliOl1, givrn ill 1-22.1.

from the equation:

where

F-1.3 Spcciuum end closures in the lcs( methods may


cilhcrbc rcstraiucd or free depending on the applicatiau
nf the pipe.

IS0

P (D - tr)
1
2 lr
EHT

F-2.2.2.2 EHTshaII be calculated

F-l.2 This practice canbc used forlhc HDBdetenuinatiou fnr fibrc glass pipe where the ratio of trulsidc
diamcler to wall thickness is 10 : 1 or more.

fnllawiug

METHODS

where
EHT= hoop tensile modulus nrclaslicity in kPa,
E = hoop strain in cm/cm, and
u/r = hoop stress in kPa.
F-2.2.2.1 Fomula for hoop slrain will thus be:

F-l GENERAL
F-1.1 This annex covers the procedure (static) for ohtaining a hydrostatic design basis for fibre glass pipe by
evaluillilgslrcngth
rcgrcssioudata derived from testing
nf pipes of similar mtcrial and construction for thr
purpose to cslablish its pressure rating.

F-2.2 Hoop Stress/Hoop

TEST BY STRESS/STRAIN

F-2.8 Reinforcrd

Will lhickiirs:,

The Ihickncss t~xc~lutlirlg IIIC liner ;I ud IIIC surl;l(,t* I;IVCI


thickucss.

EHT

12

IS 12709

F-3 SIGNIFICANC:E
l;-3.1

Ior

Proredurc

F-5.4

AND IJSE
estitnating

the

long

term

will

The

design

lhrcc

strain

gauges

values.

selected IO obtain the requisite

F-5.5 The stress/strain

failure

points as follows:

How-s

basis is in accordance

Fnilrrre Pods
At Icast 4

F-3.4
Hydrostatic
design strcss/straitl
arc obtained by
nlultiplying
hydrostatic design basis values hy a service
dcsign factor, given in F-2.7.

1 001 to 6 000

At Icast

After

6 000

At least 3

After

10 000

At least 1

V-3.5 Pressure rating thr pipe of various dinlcnsions


IU;I~ bc calculated
front
the hydrostalic
design
stress/strain
(HDS)
value determined
by testing one
size of pipe, provided
that the specific process and
nlatcrial arc used both for test sperinwns and the pipe

Total

SIJMMAHY OF METHOD A

F-4.1 Procedure consisls ofexposing a minimunl of 1X


spccimcns
of pipe IO constant internal hydrostatic
pressures at differing
pressure levels in a controlled

F-4.1.1

The

strain)

of

long

pipe

term

hydrostatic

is obtained

strcngh

in F-5 and HDB


Time

in arcordancc

F-5

with

I,()NG

fnr each
(stress/

IC;IS~

The inside cnvirnnmmt

forthe

pipe test spcciluru

shall bc water. The outside envirnnnlcnt


shall be air.
Other nlcdia IU;IY IX used, I,ut the envirnnnlcnt
shall be
givcu in the test report. The test liquid shall bc mainInincd within
F-5.2

failure

TM

aI

;I nibicnt

Icnipcralurcs

aud rcpnrt the lrmpcraturc

perirncrd

thr Irsts.

during

tcnn

or (3)

Iimc.

F-5.5.4
DcIcrnlillc
IIW final line fnr cxtrapnlatinn
by
the method of leas1 squares using the failure pclinls
along with thosr non-failure
points sclcctcd by the

+ 3C of the Iculpcralurc.

lOC and 435C

the long
at 100 000 hnurs.

F-5.5.3
Thnsc test spccitnens that have hccn under tesl
for mnrc IhaIl 10 000 hours and had not failed luay IW
included as failed points in the ~aI~ulaIiou proccdurcs.
This ulay reduce the long term hydrostatic stress/strain.
Later, when thcsc samples fail, iI IICW l011g tcrnl hydmslatic stress/strain
C;III 1~ established
using the arIual

SIREN(;IH

(WHS)
F-5.1

F-15. Calculate

leak is nlorc thao one dianlcter frm


a test jninf,
discarded and un failure point rrlordcd.

analysis.

IFXM HYI)ROSTATI(:

kPa/cnl/cm
and
in
hours as

F-5.5.2
A specinlcn which leaks within one diala,cIer
of an end clnsurc may be (1) included as a failure Im;*
if it lies above the 97.5 percent Inwcr rnnfidcnm
litnit
curve, (2) repaired and testing resumed prnvided the

as described
in the

At least IX

of the stress/strain
in
of
the
tinje-to-failure

described in F-11 to
hydrostatic sIress/sIrain

F-h.

is treated as Ihc dcpeudcrlt variable

square rcgrcssion

logarithm
logarithnl

by an extrapolation
to
linear regression line for

43X 000 hours of a log-log


hoop stress/strain
versus tiulc tn failure,

F-5.5.1 Maintain the intcmal lest pressure in each


spccinlcn corresponding
In the sclertcd stress/strain,
within + 3.5 kPa or within + 1 percent of this prcssurc,
whichever is grearcr. Mcasurc the time to failure within
f: 2 percent of 40 hours whichever is smaller. Aualyzc
the test results
by using
for carh specimen,
the

in question.

the time to failure

poiuIs.

shall be selected tn obtain failure

with F-5.

cnviroumcnt and measuring


pressure level.

be

Sfress:Thc stress or pressure values for test shall be

10 IO 1 000

F-4

shall

mid length,

strain shall be the average of the three tneasurcd

be the same.

hydrostatic

of

at the pipe lest specimens

oriented in the circumferential


direction, each
gauge shall have a nlininntn1 effective nleasurcnlent length of 6.35. nm. The reported hoop

NUTE - It has been shown that the resulls obtained frown


Ihis method tend to be conservative when compared to
actual service use within the x01x of the test method.
p-3.3

rnininntnl

nlnunted

F-3.2
The values obtained by this n~ethod arc applicable only IO conditions
that duplicate these procedures. It is not likely that long tcnn strength of pipe
niadc by different processes or substantially
different
materials

Measurement

Slrcrin :A

hydrostatic stress/strain
of fibrc glass is essentially an
extrapolation with respect to Iimc of tests. Strcssktrain
at failure versus time plnrs are obtained.

: lYY4

I~lwcen

method dcscribcd in F-5.5.3.


for sIrcss/sirain
or pressures

mugc cx-

Do not use failure points


cause Ihilurc in Icss

Ihill

Ihall 0.3 h on thr average. Dctcrrninc


thcsc points by
averaging tht times IO I;lilurc at ICS~S made at lhc S;IIII(
stress or prcssurc

Icvcl, ix. a strcbs within

% 1 3X0 kp

or iI pressure withiu + 13X klil.


I11cl11dc
in Ihc rcpfl
all
l;lilurc points cxcludrd
lronr Ihc calculation
by Ihis
olxratic~n and idcnlify
V-5.6
I,THS

thcm as IWing in this c;iIcgory.

Dctcrminc suitability
01 the pipe as follows.

01 the d;lIa li)r clht;liuillg

1;-5.6.1 C;~kwliilr
lhr ltrwcr c~mtitlciw
limil c~l~stn94slr;iiii
ill IO0 O(X) hollrs by the IllcthOd givui in I;-12.
I3

IS 12709

: 1994

F-5.6.2 If the lower conlidcncc value diflcrs Iron~ the


cxlritl)~~l~~ILd value of LTHS by ~~OJC IIIRII 15% or Ihc
M calrulatcd in F-12 is zero or negative or the slope
b, olthr rcgrcssion lint calculalrd in F-11 is positive,

Iticludr
as lililurc Ihosc speriniens
lailcd after 3 000 hours. Providrd
cxistiug HDB regression line.

consider

limit

F-6

the data unsuil;lblc.

HYI~ROSIAIIC: DESIGN

F-6.2

Calculate
II), as

the hydrostatic

and

II =

r,

Use lhc Values ~~lcllli~tcd


than 125%

ii)

nlthc

111~
value ralculatcd

Usr

SO% of LTHS
F-6.4 Dctrmiur
Table 8.
F-7

detcmiurd

il it is less

criteria

and

v;~luc (F-6.2),
in

Ii-6.2, if it is less than

itt xxmrdattcc

A, any

to Method

slminlrns

tlut

of

three

or

or ti pressure +

Hours /o Ftrihw
(Avcrtr~:c
Scd)

within
sz 1 3SO kPa/r
13s kPa as ~OIIOWS:

more

Morr
Tot;1 I

11tan 1 000

15

Fuilrrrc~ l3h.s

lailurc

(Altetmltive

Cousidcr

of Ihe original

AIlcitsI

3
6

Iihle 8 Hyde-ostutic

limit ofthe

origirull

regression

point

arc distributed

about

the

to F-7.4)

any chitttgrs

in tnatcrial

il the results

or nlanul;lcturing

01 F-7.2

meet I;-7.5.1

and F-7.5.2.
F-7.5.1

Atlcast

Atleast

The

process l~emissiblc

of

I Cl to 200

limit

originally
dctcnuiucd rcgrcssiou lint. No tnorc tha~l
Iwo-third oflhc individual Iailurc points nii~y fi~ll Ixlow
the original rcgrrssion liuc.
F-7.5

Icvrl,
0.000

Iowcr lmdiclion

F-7.4.3

Ihr at least two SCIS 01

cousisling

conlidencc

point
lor each
on or above the

lint.

signilireat

tcstcd ill thesa~~icstrcss/slraitinrlmssure

is ;I strcss/slnin

rm/~l

points

The
average
failure
or pressure level falls

stress/straiu

pcrrcut

HDB

couslructitru or liner thickuess will neccssitatc a rcqualiliration


;IS describsd in F-7.2 IO F-7.6,
V-7.2
Obtitiu liilurc
spcrimciis,
each set

and V-7.4.3.

F-7.4.2
The earliest individual
Iailurc point at rarh
strcss/slr;tin
or pressure level falls ou or itb(~ve the 97.5

llliltCri;ll,IllilIlllf;lcturitlglmcess,

chilllgc ia

V-7.4.2

97.5 pcrccnt lower


regrcssioii
lint.

II
11;1s an existing

lmdurt

in F-7.4.1,

F-7.4.1

category in accord;~ncc wirh

OF MKTHOI)

;I piping

F-7.1 Whctt

F-7.4 Consider any changes in material or umuufacluring process pcrinissilde


ilthc results of F-7.2 IWCI ihc

(F-6.1).

the HDB

SUMMARY

hydrostalic

iii F-6.1,

50-year

using only data

NOIII - Prediction limit &lines the upper and Iowcr


Ixrunds tc~r
single olscrvatinns, whcrcss contidencc linlit
dcfincs upper ;~nd lower Ix~unds Ior the niaiu rcgressiml
line.

;IS per F-11.3,

F-6.3
Obtain HDB
from the applic~blc
strcnglh, as spccilicd below:
i)

of the original

at 50 years

I1 + I$

(1 and 6 are values ~illClll~ld


5.641 5.

limit

obtitined prior IO the change.

rollows:
/I =

whcrc,

strength

ZIIKI ~IOI ihc 95 percent cunfidcnrc

Calculate

and 95 percent prediction

regression line in itccordtit1CC with F-13

IWSIS

F-6.1 C;~lrula~e the LTHS in acrordnncc with F-5.


(438 000

F-7.3

which hiive nol


they cxcced the

All datit points fill1 ;IIXWClhe 97.5 pcrceul lower

~crnlidcttcc Iid1
I:-7.5.2

of the rcgrcssiou

At IC~SI IWO points cxcrcd 3 000 hours without

liiilurc.
l)esign

line.

ILlhis

<Xeg:ories

IS 12709 : 1994
F-7.6 Data tttccting the criteria of F-7.4 or F-7.5 may
he assu~ned 10 IX part of the original data set and a new
rcgrcssion line and HDB determined using all failure
points.
F-7.7 If the data fails to satisfy the criteria of F-7.4
or F-7.5 the changes are considered significant and a
new regression lint shall he established. While the new
~1 progranttne is being conducted as per Method A,
a II itttcrim HDB for the tttaterial or process change may
hc taken as per the. lower of F-7.7.1 and F-7.7.2.
F-7.7.1 The 97.5 percent lower cottidencc litnit of the
value obtained by extrapolating
the failure points of
F-7.2 to 438 000 hours hy the procedure given in F-6.2.
F-7.7.2
original

The 97.5 percent lower confidenrc liluit of the


rcgrcssiott line at 438 000 hours (50 years).

F-X 1IYI)ROSTATIC

DESIGN STRESS/STRAIN

F-X.1 Ol>ktin the hydrnstatic dcsigtt stress/strain (HDS)


by tttul~iplyiug the hydrostaGc design basis (HDB) as
dctertttinrd hy Method A or Mrthud B, whichever is
;IppK~priille
by
il scrvicc
(design) factor its recotttn~endcd in F-2.7.
F-9 IRESSlIRE

RATIN{:

h) The
i> The

hydrostatic

design basis (HDB);

source of the hydrostatic


is Method A or M&hod B;
Any unusual behaviour

j)
9
1

dcsig

basis, that

observed in thr tests;

Dates nf tests; and

Nan~cof laboratory

and supervisor

of tests.

F-11 LFAST SQI.lARKS CALCIJLATIONS


LONC; TkXM STRESS/STRAIN
F-11.1The following
N=

sy~ttbols are used (see (r/so Note):

Numllcr of points on the titnc-lo-failure


stress/slrain plot;

f=
F=
h=
H=

FOR

logarithm

of failure stress/stmin,

arithmetic

average of all f values;

logarithm

of failure time in hours; and

arilhntetir

average of all /I values.

vctms

percent;

F-11.1.1 The cquatinn of the straight line is:


II = 11+

hf

F-11.2 Cntnpulc the three quanGties:

F-9.1 Calculate the pressure rating for each diameter


and wall thickness ofpipc (see7.4)fmn
the hydrostatic
dcsigtt slrcss/slraitt, for the specific tnaletial in the pipe
by tiicaiis of tlic for~ttitla

pN _ HDS x 2tr

U&f2-NF2
V=Zlr-NH
W=Cflr-NFH
F-11.3 C;iIcuI;iIc t/l aiid b as follows:

(D - tr)
where uota(ions arc as defined in V-2.2.

If 0 is poxil~u.
Ihc staIcri;ll.

p- I 0 1~151(
)I<1
The repotl shall1 include the following:
Cotnplctc idcutiticalion
of Ihr saniplc, including IlliltCri;ll type, source, trlatlufarlurcrs
natttc
il itd cock

tory,

riiiuil3cr,

arid

prcvinus

sigililirant

111~ chh

F-11.3.1 Sul~~lilulc
equation Ir = II + /)/:

Ilicsc

arc uttsui~al~lc for cvalualittg


valurs 01 11 and /I inlo lhc

his-

iP ally;

Pipe dimmsioiis
including
ttotuittal
size,
avcragc and tttittintutu
wall lhickttess and
average
inside/outside
diameter,
and liner
tnatcrial and liner thickttrss, ifpipc is lined;
Test trn~pcra~urc;
Tcs~ rttvirottuicttt
insidr and outside ofthc pipe
10 IX kept al ambicnl ~etnperahtrc;
A ~ahlc of time-to-failure,
in hours, and cnrrcspouding slrcs~/slraitt level in kPa/cu~/ctu 01
alI ~hr spcciutctts tcstcd and the nature of the
1;tilurt.s. Spccittitriis
rhar arc designated as
tililurcs
strcss/slraill

IX

IlldK

hilVC

Ior more
,,::.I

lhcy

thaII

lxx

II

UlldCf

10 OUO hour!, shall

F-12 C:AI,(I~l.ATlONS
<X~NFlI)F:N(I; IAMIT

k.01~LOWER

F-12.1 ~~/,,,,,,,,,rcprcscttt thr value ollhc slrt:ss/slr;titt


corresponding
I(1 IOU 000 hours litilttre littic. Thctt
,,,,,oo
(5
0)./l,
/
F-12.2

TIK Irwcr

at 100 000

I-12.2.1

hours

cwlllidcllcc
value ol111c s(rcss/s(raiu
is givcu by fhc li)llnwillg
cakul;~~inns.

CalcttIaIc D = 5 - I/

IS 12709 : 1994
lhble 9 Statisticul Data
( Chrrsc F- 12.2.3 )
I)C~~-CC0r

Frecdonl

Sludcnts t

I)CKRC

h-ecdm~

N-2

Sllclcnls

Studenls 1

N-2
9

91

1 .YN6

I 7

92

I.986

2.(ll(l

93

I .9x5

49

2.009

04

I .YSS

50

2.00s

95.

I.985

51

2.007

96

I .YX5

-I6

2.012

4.302

47

2.01

3.182

48

2.776

5.

2.570

2.446

12.706

0r

2.364

52

2006

97

I .Y84

2.306

53

2.005

9s

1 ,084

2.262

54

2.004

99

I.084

IO

2.225

5.5

2.004

100

,084

II

2.201

56

2.003

I02

,093

12

2.178

57

2.002

104

983

13

2.160

58

2.001

IO6

I .YX2

14

2.144

so

2.(N) I 0

IO8

1..JX2

IS

2.131

60

2.000

1 II)

1. .Y8l

16

2.110

61

I.999

112

I.981

17

2.lOY

62

I.099

114

I.981

0
6

IS

2.1009

63

1.998

116

1.980

IY

2.093

64

I .YYY

II8

1.980

20

2.066

65

l.YY7

I20

I .079

21

2.079

66

I .YY6

122

I ,070

22

2.073

67

I .996

124

I.Y7Y

23

2.06s

6X

I .995

126

I.079

24

2.063

69

I .YO4

12s

I.078

25

2.059

7(1

1 .YY4 I

I30

1.978

26

2.055

27

2.05

2s
2Y

71

1 .YYj

132

I.078

I S

72

I .YY3

134

I .Y77

2.04X

73

I ,093

136

I.477

2.045

74

I .Y92

138

I.077

30

2 .(.,42 3

7.5

I .YY2

I.10

1.477

31

2.030

76

I.JYI

I42

1.976

32

2.036

77

l.YYI

I&l

1 .Y76

I16

I .Y76

33

2.034

7s

I .YYO

3-l

2.032

7~

I .YYO

148

I.076

35

2.03U

80

I .YYO

IS0

I .97s

tfi

2.K!s

81

I .YSY

200

I.071

37

2.026

82

I 089

3ou

I .Yh7

38

2 ox

s .;

I ,989

4O(I

I .Y65

3Y

2.021

SJ

I .Y,SX 6

500

I 06.1

JO

2.W!

85

I .YS,S .3

OO(l

I.463

41

3.01)

Sh

I .os7

700

I.063

.I2

2 lII,Y

s7

I .YS7

SOCI

I .,62

43

: illh

ss

I .YS7

YOO

I .Y62

4J

2 ,I;,

.J

so

I W7

II

J,_

2111

00

I W,

I ~I00
Illlilllly

I .)62

I .h()

IS 127OY : IYY4

F-12.2.4

Calculate

E (z) = 0

: M = h - (r* , s2/U)

the quantity

F-12.2.4.1
If M is negative or zero, the slope of log
linic versus stress/slrain
is not SigMicantly
different
from zero. In this case, the data a% unreliable for the
evaluation
of the material.
The calculations
below
should be carried out only when the value of M is
positive.
F-12.2.5

Calculate

F-12.2.(

and the variance of z V(z) is given by:


v (2) = (& - F)
F-14.1.3

limit of/l,ooo

is equal

NWE-lhereis
n 97.5 ~~rccntprol,al~ility that new mean
value liar IIIC regression line will IX ahove the lower
c~didencc limil.

any
(f,,

assigned

) the %

the rnrrespondiug

logarithmic

value

percent confidence

F-14.2

lr~graithinic

value

.......... (7)
- F) = u/f_l

. . . . . . . (8)

of any

II value.

Introducing

Eq 7 and 8 into Eq fi gives:


. . . . . . . . ()

s~=[l,(N-2)j[V-(W~/(I)]

for

. . ..(lO)

and is evaluated with (N-2) dcgrces olfrccdoul,

of lime (/I (:,.) is

queully,

[ (To- F)+U + l/N

F-14.3 The estimate for (72 is:

rhta incd from:


It (.t_ = (II + I_$) + is

WC knnw that

V (z) = CT[(Ib - F)%U + (1 /N)]

for

Jinlits

Theory

= variance of the error in the detcmiuation


single

F-13 (:ALCUl.ATIONS AND CIJHVE PLOT OF


YS PERCENT (:ONFIDENCE LIMITS AND 95
PERCENT PREDICTION I,IMITS
F-13.1 At

. . . ..I. (6)

whcrc

to L + F.

stress/strain

By Least Squares

V (h) = d/u

and

+ (M/N) j/M

The lower confidence

v (b) + v (H)

V (H) = d/N

the quantity:

L = [bD - IS d(D?U)

. . ... ...(5)

au estimate

V (z) = 11 /(N

1.

for

cousc-

V (2) is given by:

2)) 1V - (W?U))

1{v;, -

F)/U}

+ (1 /N)]

NOIT -

Curves rcprcscnfing the 95 percent confident


limits may also Im C;llCllliltWl and plotted by repetition 0P
Ihc c;llculation procedures in F-12 l>ysulMitutingvarious
loprithmic
v;~lues Inr :It (given as 5 in U-12.1) and
replacing the minus sign in the expression for /.wirh R
plus or minus signs shown in Eq I8 of F-14.

F)/U}

+ (l/N)]

and the cstimatcd standard deviation

of z is:

- s2 [{(fo

F-13.2 At any assigned


logarilhnlic
value
of
stress/strain (SO) the 95 percent prediction limits for the
correspondiug
logarithmic
value of tiulc ( /I,,,_ ) is

F-14.4

0Maincd

tributirm

s- = s d[

froui:

Irpt> = (r/ + I&,) + ts [(SO - P)/U

+ l/N

+ 1 I(.

F-14.1 The basic equation is :

F-14.1.1

~Xillll~~lC, Ir = 5.0)

the

. . . . . . . .(2)
assigned

corresponding

value

fnr

/I (lbr

lo a failure

time of

I;-14.6

I;-14.1.2

Then

the cxpcclcd

01 2

is

The limits

z2 = ? s,

,,,..,,..(4)
value

has StudentsI-dis-

I s [ {z - E (2)) /s] s + I
to

I, for

....( 12)

(*)I s I2
olthc

....( 13)

interval

are giveu by:


._..(

M llich in view of Eq 5 and II,

. . . . . . . . . (3)

Lx1t = b (/,,- F) - (II,, - H)

(z)/.s,

Iz-E(Z)]~=I+(Z)

IMI 000 hours. Dcno~c it by II,. The prohlcm is to


cvaluatc the uncertainty (11.the corrrsponding
value /;.
The value nf/I, is cvaluatcd by the cquatinn:
I, (f<, - b.;) = II - H

[Z -E

t denote the\critical value of Students

[ (2 - E (r)})/V

H = b (f- F) + error
Consider

Let

which is equivalent

. . . . . . . . (1)

which can :IISO lx written:


Ir -

quantity

+ (l/N)]

( 1 - level of significa nrc):

DERIVATION OF FORMIlInS
error

F)/U}

with (N -2) degree of Ircedom.

F-14.5

scleclcd I~rgarilhniic villuc lilr slrcxh/slrilin I,, will occur


;Iftcr Lhe lower kpl>. lhc avcragc fililurc lime ;Ilj;, will hc
longer thnn the lower /ICL 07.5 pi-cm ollhc lime.

/I = (I + If+

. . ..(l 1)

(N-2) degree of freedom ~IKI li)r chosen level of significance. Then the following
inequity hold with Jxobability equal to the applit+ahlc confidcnrc cocllicicnt:

NOII! - 97.5 pcrccnt ot IIIC cxpcclcd Iailureb al tll<

F-14

The

{&

[I) (I[, -F)

xro

hwnws:

[ {(fi,- F)GU)} + (I/N)1

I:- 14.7 Inlroduring

14)

..(is)

Eq 4, Eq IS ran Ix writlcn:

- (I/<, - /-I)] = I .s2 1

(I;, - F)/U)

)+ (l/N)1
..I.... (IO)

Ixx~~usc 01 Eq 3 )

17

IS J27OY : 1YY4
li-14.8

I-14.Y.l Then, the lower limit li)rL

Writing
,........ (17ii)

L =Cfo-F)

Power

,i,,,i,

1x1- tsdl(D/U + CM/N_

.... ...(17b)

D = (/I,, - H)

.
F-14.10 Conscqucntly,

and solving

L=

Eq 16 for L, we obtain:

limit for&

bD + IS d/lb2- (t . s2/U)]/N + (DkJ)


h - (12 . s/U)

F-14.9

Let n!I = b - (12

145
m

. s/U)

.......(lg)

by

. ..(20)

A4

in view olthe Eq 17;1, the lower

is given by:

,fO, Power limit = hwcr


. . . . ..(ls)

is givrn

SAMM,E

limit + F

(:Al~:1ILAlION

ACCOIWING

F-12

Typical
lnelhls
F-15.1

sa~nplc calculatio~ts
iirc given in I-151

for strain
illld

and for stress

F-15.2 rcspccAivrly.

Strain Metllod
_____

rhh

Ioinl

Time

Strain (%)

(hours)

Log Strain U,

I .ov Iimc (h)

25.9

I.151

I.41330

0.06 I 08

34.7

1.125

I s40

0.051

260.4

1.077

2.415 64

0.032 22
0.017 4s

33

I5

424.3

I .041

2.627 67

95.3

I .028

I.979 09

0.01 1 YY

fi

157.1

I ,027

2.146 IS

O.Ol 1 57

46.7

0.91 I

1.669 32

- 0.040 48

124.7

0.902

2.095 x7

- 0.043 79

766.X

0.8X5

2.884 68

- 0.053 Oh

10

I l-l64

0.880

3.026 Y4

- 0.055 52

II

1013

0.87Y

3.00s

- 0.056 0 I

12

2 770

0.794

3.442 4X

- 0.100

13

12 40%

0.768

4.093 70

- 0.114 64

hl

IF;

14

49SI

0.747

3.647 32

- 0.126 68

1.5

3 780

0.7fu-l

3.577 40

-0.151

I6

4 427

0.6YY

3.646

- 0. I55 20

17

2X 272

0.678

4.451 36

-0.16877

IS

16 043

0.657

4.228 99

- 0. IS2 44
..- -_

Ihh

hint

II
1.997

s2

11

0 003 730

0.056 3 I7

2.372 62

0.002 617

0.078 793

5.S35 32

0.001 038

0.077 x22

6.004 65

0.000 305

O.lJ45

3.916 80

0.000

0.023 735

I44

S55

4.823 21

1).000 134

0.1125 410

2.786 63

0.00 I 63)

- 0.067 577

4.392 67

0.002 (lo6

- 0.093 SRO

8.321 38

0.0(12 815

- 0. IS3 052

IO

9.162 37

0.003 OS2

- 0. IhX (147

II

Y.033 69

0.003

- 0. IhS 147

12

I1 .X50 67

0 0 I (I (136

- 0.344 864

13

16.758 38

0.013

142

- 0.46) 2YS

I4

13.671) ix

(I.0 I6 I,-lt;

- 0 46,s 373

IS

12.748 44

0.022 860

_ 0 5-K) SYO

I6

13.2Y-t I2

0.024

. 0 567 05-1

17

lY.814 hl

O.(QR a3

0.751

256

IX

I7.XX4 36

il.033 2s3

0771

516

137

IS7

20

IS 127OY : 1994
step 1:
U=O.l6869-1.311

A plot of strain VC~SIIStinw 011 log-log graph ppcr or


of / wrsus /I on regular graph paper shows that thr
three points lir 011a straight line. Thus, the ~illclll;ltiotls
rlrc cnrrcct.

72/IH=O.lOSHl

v= 165.617 4.5 - 27!)3.175 87/1X = 15.441 02


1Y= - 4.226 23 - (- 1.063 82 * 5 1.992 OX/IX)
=- 1.15344

Step 5 :

strp 2:
II = w/u

= - 1.153 44/0.105

Calculate strain at 100 000 hours and ;II 438 000 hours
(50 years) from the equ;ltion in Step 3.

81 = - 10.900 79

(I = H - 6f= 2.588 45 - (- 10.900 79 * 0.059 10)


= 2.244 20

S = 2.244 20 - 10.900 70 /
OI- IO.900 7O_f= 2.755 8 or{= - 0.252 XI

step 3:
H = 2.244 20 - 1O.WO 70 * 1
step 4:
Srlecllxl
Strain (N)

Time (hrs)

1.o

2.244 20

0.X

- 0.096 91

3.300 60

0.6

- 0.221 PS

4.662 53

Point
1

Ihh

5.64 1 77 = 2.244 20 - IO.900 79 f

CiIlUlhtd

II

Stnin a! 100 000 hours = 0.558 7

Time

or - 10.900 79j=

175.50
1 998

Slrain at 50 years = 0.487 9


F-15.2

4.5 976

(hers)

3.397 571 orf= - 0.311 6X

stress

Stress Method

(kla)

Img

Tinw

(h)

Log

slI-css

37 415

0.954 24

4.573 04

13

37 415

I.11394

4.573 04

17

37 415

I.230 -15

4.573 04

142

35 374

2.152 29

4.548 hR

209

3.5374

2.320 IS

4.548 68

446

34 013

2.h-w 33

4.531 64

589

32 635

2.77(112

4.5 13 92

hS4

34 013

2.s35 Oh

4.531 64

I 299

32 635

3.1 Ii 61

4.5 I3 92

IO

I 301

31 972

i I I I 28

4.504 77

II

I lill

32 635

3 iii

34

4.513 92

I2

: IfI3

32 63.5

3.122 x4

4.513 92

I3

3 i0

29 932

3.3-N 30

4.470 I3

I4

J II0

31972

3.6 Ii $4

4.504 77

I5

5 1x4

29432

3.714 66

4.476 I3

16

s 900

312Y2

3.040 3Y

4.411543

17

IO Y20

30612

4.038 22

4.485 XY

1X

12 340

30612

J.091 12

4.385 89

Data

Point

2
Ir

0.910 57

2O.Yc 69

1'1
4.363 77

1.240 X6

20.4 I2 69

5.094 09

I.514 00

2O.Yl2 69

5.626 90

4.632 35

20.690 49

9,790 08

5.383 OY

20.690 49

10.553 62

7.018 YX

20.535 76

12.005 Xl

7.673 56

20.375 47

12.504 IO

s.037 57

20.535 I6

12.847 47

Y.6Y4 57

20.375 47

14.054 5X

10

4.6Y8 74

20.202 05

14.02Y II

II

4.056 I7

20.375 47

I-b.24205

I2

II.041 27

20.375 47

IJ.YYO 03

I3

II.211 II

20.035 74

14.087 43

I4

13.05')x4

20.202 Y5

lh.27'15 I

1s

13.70x 70

20.035 74

lh.h77 70

Ih

IS.507 6s

20.208 S')

17.754 2.0

I7

16.307 22

20.123 "I

IS.115 01

IS

lh.7M 00

20 123 ?I
_-

I (1

IS 35x11
_______.~__.

(,J

__.-_ _

IS ,127W : 1994
Z it = 5 I .4X7 83 if
2 l/J = 163.515 167
(;I: /I)2 = 2 b50.95

= 8 1.364 457 C jli = 232.009 55

Step 4:

Cf

S&ClCd
Stress (kPa)

= 367.805 14 N = 18

(Zj)* = 6 620.173 7

H = II/N = 2.860 41
step

F = J/N = 4.520 25

I:

lJ = Z J2 - NF = 367.805 14 = 367.787 13
= 0.017 71

II

Ctrlcrilrrld
Time (hrs)

3rloot-l

4.477 12

4.628 X7

32 000

4.505 17

3.470 07

42 MS
3 0 IO

34 000

4.531 48

2.399 96

251

A plot of stress versus time OII log-log graph paper or


of J versus Ir OII regular graph paper shows that thr
three points lie on a straight lint. Thus, the calculations
arc correct.

V = I: /I* - NH* = 163.515 16 - 147.275 02


= 16.240 14
W = I J/r - NFH = 232.009 953 - 232.735 49
= - 0.726 16
Step 2:
b = W/U = - 0.726 16/0.017

Step 5:
Calculate stress
(50 years) from

71 = - 41.002 X2

at 100 000 hours and at 43X 000 hours


the cquation in Step 3.

Period

(I = H - b, = 2.860 41 + 185.343 01 = 188.203 42


Step 3:

Stress (kPe)

100 000 hours

29 3X1

50 yea Is

2X 342

H = 1X8.203 42 - 41.002 82 * f

ANNEX G
( Cluc1.w 17.1>
SAMPI,IN(;

AND FRlsQIJENCY

AND CRITERIA

<;-I A<:(:EITAN(:EIESLS

G-2 TYPE TICS1

One pipe selerled at mndoni from a lot


G-1.2) shall Ile checked for confonunnre
fn the
dinlcnsions (7), workmanship (Y), stitfncss (lo), longitudin:\l strength test (13), and hoop tcnsilc slrcngtli
(14). Addition;ll tests establishing potability of w;ltrr
mentioned in 16.2, 16.3, 16.5 end 16.8 shall Ix done as
accoptilnre ICSIS ~1 the S;II~I~ICpipe.
(i-1.1

(SW

The lot shill1 he declared w conli)rnling to the requirenlcnts of this spccilication, if hc hanlplc pipe I~CCISthe
requircnlcn~s of all the tests, othcrwisc not.
G-1.2

Unless ntherwisc agreed upon hcfwce~~ the pur-

chaser ;IIKI the supplier,


lcugths or part thcrcof,

mc

Iof shall

rrmsist

of 100

ols~~uc prcssurc dass, sMfncss


six of pips lmduccd under relatively
unili)rin con~lxdion
and condilion of rnanut;icture.

ClilSS,

;Ind

FOR CONIWRMIIY

G-2.1

for lype lcsl is nol rquired


uulcss
iigrecd up011 l.xAwccn lhc miiuufaclurcr
iiud

Sanlpling

othenvisr
the

lntrchmx. Test ccrtilbtcs


shall bc furnished when
rcqucstcd by ttic purchaser, lclrthe following:
i) Long lerrn hydrostatic design prcssurc test (15), ~IICI
ii) THS r~tablishing potability ofwakr, including
;I) acidity illld alk;llini~y (16.4),
1)) UV al~sc)rlCng nlittcrial (16.6),
C) hrilvy l~leI;lls (16.7), ;Ind
d) I~ioiogic;ll (16.3).

Type tests shll


be
performed
whcucvcr iI
rhangc is lllildc in the tlrsign, coruptisition
or process of lllillluIil~lurC.
EVCII ii IIO ~hilll~c is CIIvibagxl, IhlZ Irctliicucy 01111(.IypC lCSl ShillI IX ill lCilS(
ollw
in lhrcc YCilrS.
(i-2.2

siguilicarll

IS 12709 : lW-4

PlasticPipesand Fittings Sectional Comndtce,


Rqwcwnling

(hairman
SIIFJ

CED SO

Engineer-in-C:hiefs Branch (Ministry

K. ~RAHIIAKJURAU

of Defcnce),

New Delhi

Members

SIIRI (hlL/\M
SIIKI

Public Ilcalth Engineering Zone, Government 14 K;lrnataka

/ZIIMEL)

Wavin India Ltd, Ghitziahad

S. S. I~HANDARI

U.

CIIIEF r:NI;INhER (PlK&l))

MATXHLAIJMANAGER(Alternate
Ctiw

Nip],

Lucknow

Directorate General d Works, (Icntral Public Works Depnrhnent,


New Del hi

ENI~IN~~I:K(I~WGNS)
SIIYFRINTBNDING ENGINEER

I. Jai

( AIfernuk

(S&S)

Sruu I<. C. (II0Ll11HKY

OOicc uf the (Thief Engineer, Public Ileallh.

sIlKI M. S. r)Al-I
Sw N. N. SILUI ( Alrernafe

Polyoletins Industries Id,


)

Public Health Engineering Deprtmcnt,


Trivandrum

CIIIIHI: ENCIINI;ER

Dwuw

Swu A. (i.

Ahmedalxd

SIIRI R. A. IAns (/i//onafe

lamil Nadu Water Supply B I)r;lin;lgc Hoxd, Madras

(WIWmN

IiIXlON)

Ahrnate

PVC Pipe Development Organization, New Delhi

~)IRECTOR

Ily~~Aiiuc

Municipal Corpw~tion of(ircntcr

ENC~INE~~

Deru~v

II~rmm~.rc

ENGINEER

( Akrnale

Crawarc Plastics & Polyester Lid, Homhity

SATHE (

SHRI V. K. JAIN
SHW M. K. M.
SHRI K.

Ahernute

luhlic I kat th Engineering I)cp~rtmen~, (iovernmenl


JOSH1

(Alternate

F.P(: Industries Pvt Lkl, Hcwul~i~y

VINAYAK V. SH~MRF.KAR(A&~~~)

Central lnstitutc of Plastics Engineering k Tcc:hnol~~gy,M;KI~;Is

SIIIU G. K. LALCHANDANI
DK A. l? DAS (Alternate

The Suprcmc Industries lkl, Nomhily

SIIRI WIIUAM MENDONEA


Stim kf. II. YADAV ( A/ternak )
1-T COI,

L. P.

SHRl Ii.

Ministry of Delencq New Iklhi

DASIKA

N. SINHA,

AEIJ

(AIrernu/c~

Reliance Industries Ltd, I3nmlXIy

Stw K. P. NANAVATY
DR Y. N. SHARMA( Alternate
DR

National Bnvironmcntal tkginccring ksearch

Ii.

PAKMASIVAM
SIIRIMA.II S. S. I)tb~ie (Alfernarc

DRS. M. PAIEL
)

I)k M. K. PANUEY ( A/lernale

$,,t.j s.

ol li;t~i;lsth;tin.Jkpur

L. &ANNA

Slr~l

Ik>mhny, Homlx~y

SHRI M. S. IDNANI

SIIRI C. P.

Municipal Corporatic>n,Ah~nednhnd

ENCIINEEWN(I DIKEI-IIIK

~XlKUllVe

I Ic)usillg)

Delhi Development Authority, New Delhi

R. 13.DO<-RJR

~~IIII:FI~NUI&ER

Govcrnmcnt of Kerala,

National Buildings Organization (Ministry of Works &

IhIONCiDE

DIRECTOR(MATEIUALSMANAOBMENT)
SuiwuwsNniiw EN(;INEER (DEXINS) ( AIternnfe
SIIIU

Hhulxlrlcshwilr, Orisr

Bombay

Delhi Murlicipl

iH/\KAStl

CHIEF ENUINFER(CT)(Abehate
SIUU I<AJENDHA

PwsArr

SIIR~ JAY KIIMAH

( Alternufc

SIIRI 1. S. RAJVANSIII
SIIRI M. S. NAKAYANAN ( Altrrrtu~c

(~wp)r;lt~on, Iklhi

Institute ((SIR),

Nagpur

IS 12709: 1994
( (Yonlinuccljrom puge 21 )
Members
&using
SIIRI K. SWJRAMANLAM

( AIttirnale

Huilding Materials ~9 Technology Promotion (council (Ministry


llrlstn l)evelopment), New l)elhi

SIlKI 0. I. bW.A

DR D~IANANJA~ ILw
SW

DK D. K. SAWAL
SHK~ A. K. &WAS

c. K.

(11

Finolex Pipes Ltd, Iune

13.1%.NANIWADEKAR

(Ahernute )
Central Building

I<EYRESENTATIW
Swu Slrotc,ll KUMAR StlaRMA (

hu

& Urban Development Corporation Ltd, New I)elhi

Research Institute ((SIR),

Roclrkcc

AffernUre)

(A hernate )

SHARMA

RITES, New Del hi

SHR~MAT~ SEEMA VAIDYA


SHRI A. SAMANTA ( Allernare

Ciraphite Via-b

India Ltd, Nasik

SHR~ (i. K. SI~~NI~ASAN

Vinplex India (I) I.td, Madras

I)R IS. VAIDYANAIWN

Jain Brother Industries, Jlgaon

SW J. VENKATARAMAN,
Director & Ilead ( Civ

IXrector (ieneral, 13IS (

Lx-officio Member)

F,ngg )

SecreLory
&RI s. s.
Director

Panel for GRP Pips

SETHI

( Civ Engg ), HIS

and Fittings,

CED

: Pl

SO

( onvctwr
SllRl

0. r. ILWU

Ruilding Materials & Technology Promotion Counr:il, New I)clhi

Mrmbers
I)R M. S.

AlkM

Industrial Toxiu,logy

SIIKI A. J. HAJAJ
DR I~.K. HIMI
SIlKI

.
SIIKI

1).

1).

I&search Centre, Lucknow

Directorate (icncral ol Supplies


Hind Protective (bating
IjEIIL

Lid,

and IXsposnls, New I)el hi

New I)clhi

(Alterflute)

SHAM SUNIIER (IIAIWIA

I.alil Polymers &i ~lcctronics, Hombay

SIIKI S. PKAKAS~I

Delhi Waler Supply and Scwagc I)isposaI IJndcrtaking, New I)elhi

SIlKI I). I? GOYAI.

Central Public Works Deplrtment,

SIIIUMAII SEEMA VAII~YA


SW A. SAMANTA cAlfernutc:

Graphite vcarb

India Lid, Nasik

New I)clhi

Bureau of Indian Standards


BIS is a statutory

institution established under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 to promote
harmonious development of the activities of standardization,
marking and qualit!, certification of goods
and attending to connected matters in the country.
?

Copyright

-\

BIS has the copyrlght of all its publications.


No part of these publications may be reprk;fuced in any
form without the prior permission in writing of BTS. This does not preclude the free use, in the course
of implementing
the standard,
of necessary details, such as symbols and sizes, type or grade
designations. Enquiries relating to copyright be addressed to the Director ( Publications ), BIS.
Review of Indian Standards

Amendments are issued to standards as the need arises on the basis of comments. Standards are also
reviewed periodically; a standard along with amendments IS reaffirmed when such review indicates that
if the review indicates that changes are needed, it is taken up for revision.
no changes
are needed;
Users of Indian Standards should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest amendments
or
edition

This Indian Standard

has been developed

from

Amendments

: No. CED 50 ( 5061 ).

Dot

Issued Since Publication

Date of Issue

Amend No.

Text Affected

BUREAU OF 1NDTAN STANDARDS

Headquarters:
Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar ,Marg, New Delhi 110002
Telephones : 331 01 31, 331 13 75

Telegrams
: Manaksanstha
( Common to all offices )
Telephone

Regional Offices :

331 01 31
331
13 75
{

Central : Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg


NEW DELHI 110002
Eastern : l/I4 C. I. T. Scheme VII M, V. I. P. Road, Maniktola
CALCUTTA 700054

37 84 99,
37
86 26,
1

37 85 61
37 86 62

Northern

: SC0 445-446, Sector 35-C CHANDIGARH

160036

53 38 43,
t 53 23 84

53 16 4(J

Southern

: C. 1. T. Campus, IV Cross Road, MADRAS

600113

Western : Manakalaya,
BOMBAY
Branches

E9 MIDC,
400093

Marol,

Andheri

( East )

235 02 16, 235 04 42


235
15 19, 235 23 15
I
632 92 95,
632 78 91,

Bl IOPAL.
BANGALORE.
BHUBANESHWAR.
: AHMADABAD.
COlMBATORG.
FARIDABAD.
GHAZIARAD.
GUWAHATI.
HYI1ERABAD.
KANPUR.
LUCKNOW.
PATNA.
IHIRUVANAN~HAPIJI~AM.
JAIPUR,

632 78 58
632 78 92

A:

___.

._

AMENDMENT

NO. 1 OCTOBER 1995


TO
IS 12709 : 1994 GLASS FIBRE REINFORCED PLASTICS
( GRP) PIPES, JOINTS AND FITTINGS FOR USE FOR
POTABLE WATER SUPPLY - SPECIFICATION
(First Revision)
(Page 3, Table 2 ) -Add
Nominal Diameter, DN

the following at the end:


Outside D&meter, OD

Tolerance

2200

2248

+7.0

2400

2 452

;7.5

2600

2656

+8.0

2800

2860

+8.5

3ooo

3064

+9.0

( Page 11, Annex E, clause E-6.1 ) existing:

-2.0

Substitute the following for the

E-6.1 For each test piece, calculate the apparent hoop tensile strength at failure
(I gi ( in icN/m ) from the following equation:

where
F = failure load, IrN,
W = width of test piece, m; and
8 = plane angle between hoop oriented reinforcement and longitudinal
axis of the pipe (helix angle).

(CED50)
Reprography Unit, BIS, New Delhi, India