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Units and Conversion Factors

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Units and Conversion Factors

Area - Conversion
Unit

Sq Inch

Sq feet

Sq yard Sq centimetre Sq metre

Sq inch

0.006944 0.000772 6.45162

0.000645

Sq foot

144

0.1111

929.034

0.092903

Sq yard

1296

8361.31

0.836131

Sq cm

0.155

0.001076 0.00012

0.0001

10.7639

10 000

Sq metre 1550

1.19599

Capacity and Liquid Measure - Conversion


Unit

Fl Drams Fl Ounces

Quarts

U.S. Gallons

Litres

Fl Dram

0.124

0.003906 0.000976

0.003697

Fl Ounce

0.03125

0.007812

0.028413

Quart

256

32

0.25

0.94635

U.S. Gallon 1024

128

3.78541

Imp Gallon 1230

154

4.8

1.2

4.546

Millilitre

0.2705

0.03381

0.001057 0.000264

0.001

Litre

270.512

33.8140

1.05669

0.5541

0.017316 0.004329

Cubic Inch 4.432

0.264172

0.016387

Flow
Cv = flow coefficient factor = flowrate (US gpm) across a restriction (eg. valves, fittings, etc.) at a 1
psig pressure drop
Q = flowrate (gpm)
Delta p = pressure drop (psig) across a restriction
Cv = Q/(delta p)

Force
1 newton (N) = 105 dynes = 0.2248 lbs
1 lbs = 4.448 N
1 ton = 2000 lbs

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5/7/2008

Units and Conversion Factors

Page 2 of 4

Length
1 angstrom () = 10-10 m = 10-8 cm
1 fermi = 1 femtometre (fm) = 10-15 m = 10-13 cm
1 micron () = 1 ?m = 10-4 cm = 104
1 light-year = 5.88 x 1012 miles = 9.461 x 1012 km

Latent Heat
1 cal/g = 1.80 Btu/lb
= 4.184 J/g
= 4184 J/Kg

Length - Conversion
Unit Inches

Feet

Yards Centimetres Metres

Inch

0.08333 0.02777 2.54

0.0254

Foot

12

0.3333

30.48

0.3048

Yard

36

91.44

0.9144

mile

63.360 5280

1760

160 934.4

1609.34

cm

0.3937 0.03281 0.01094 1

Metre 39.37

3.2808

0.01

1.09361 100

Mass - Conversion
Unit
Grain

Grains Avdp oz. Avdp lbs


1

Grams

0.00229

0.000143 0.064799

Apoth scruple 20

0.04571

0.002857 1.29598

Pennyweight

24

0.05486

0.00343

Avdp dram

27.344 0.0625

0.003906 1.77185

Apoth dram

60

0.1371

0.008571 3.88795

Avdp ounce

437.5

0.0625

Apoth ounce

480

1.09714

0.068571 31.1035

Apoth pound

5760

13.1657

0.822857 373.242

Avdp pound

7000

16

Gram

15.432 0.03527

1.55517

28.3495

453.592

0.002205 1

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5/7/2008

Units and Conversion Factors

Page 3 of 4

Kilogram

15 432 35.2739

2.20462

1000

Short ton

2000

Long ton

2240

Metric tonne

2204.6

Power
1 watt (W) = 1 J/s = 0.738 ft.lb/s
1 horsepower = 0.746 kilowatt (kW)
= 550 ft.lb/s
= 3.30 x 10-4 ft.lb/min
1 Btu/hr = 2.93 x 10-4 kW

Radioactivity
1 Becquerel (Bq) = 1 disintergration/sec
1 Curie (Ci) = 3.7 x 1010 disintergrations/second

Specific Heat
1 cal/g.C = 1 btu/lb.F
= 4.184 J/g.C
= 4184 J/kg.C

Temperature
F = (1.8 x C)+32
C = 0.555(F-32)
K = C + 273.2

Velocity
60 mph = 88 fps = 26.82 m/s
1 mph = 0.4470 m/s = 1..609 km/h = 1.47 fps

Volume
lbs water x 0.119 = gallons
Imp. gal x 1.2 = gallons (US)
U.S. gal x 128 = fluid oz.

http://whitewolf.newcastle.edu.au/techinfo/units_convert.html

5/7/2008

Units and Conversion Factors

Page 4 of 4

cubic ft. x 7.48 = U.S. gallons


cubic in. x 0.00433 = U.S. gallons
U.S. gal. x 3.785 = litres
Imp. gal. x 4.546 = litres
litre x 0.264 = U.S. gallons
litre x 0.22 = Imp. gallons
cubic metre x 264.2 = U.S. gallons
cubic metre x 1000 = litres
litres x 1000 = cubic cm
cubic cm x 0.0338 = fluid oz.
fluid oz. x 29.57 = cubic cm

Volume - Conversion
Unit

Cubic inches Cubic feet Cubic yards Cubic cm

Cubic inch

16.3872

Cubic foot

1728

0.03704

28 317

Cubic yard

46 656

27

764 561

Cubic cm

0.06102

35.314

1.3079

1 000 000

Cubic metre 61 023

Weight and Mass


Weight = mass x acceleration due to gravity
An object of weight 1 lb has mass 453.6 g = 0.4536 kg
An object of mass 1 kg has weight 9.807 N = 2.205 lbs
1 metric tonne = 1000 kg = 106 g

Work and Energy


1 joule (J) = 107 ergs = 0.239 cal
= 0.7376 ft.lb
1 cal = 4.184 J = 3.086 ft.lb
1 ft.lb = 1.356 J
1 Btu = 1054 J = 252 cal = 778 ft.lb
1 electron volt (eV) = 1.60 x 10-19 J
1 kilowatt hour (kWh) = 3.60 x 106 J

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http://whitewolf.newcastle.edu.au/techinfo/units_convert.html

5/7/2008