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SSCE/SSE 2193: ENGINEERING STATISTICS

Chapter 3 Exercises

1. When you construct a 90% confidence interval for , what are you 90% confident about?

2. What happen to the width of CI if we increase the same size?

3. Can we consider the construction of confidence interval be part of inferential statistics? Why?

4. For a data set obtained from a sample, n = 49, x

= 102.5, and, s = 10.7

(a) What is the point estimate for ?

(b) Compute a 98% CI for .

5. A 90% CI for can be interpreted as follow, if we take 1000 random samples of the same size

and compute the confidence interval each, then 900 of them

a. will contain b. will not contain c. will contain x

6. Carbonated drink bottles are filled by an automated filling machine. Assume that the fill

volume is normally distributed and from previous production process the variance of fill

volume is 0.005 liter. A random sample of size 16 was drawn from this process which gives

the mean fill volume of 0.51 liter. Construct a 99% CI on the mean fill of all carbonated drink

bottles produced by this factory.

7. A random sample of 12 wafers were drawn from a slider fabrication process which gives the

following photoresist thickness in micrometer: 10 11 9 8 10 10 11 8 9 10 11 12 Assume that

the thickness is normally distributed. Construct a 95% CI for mean of all wafers thickness

produced by this factory, .

8. The following is the result for diameter of 10 bearings selected randomly from a production

process.

0.5061

0.5037

0.5083

0.5048

0.5058

0.5097

0.5075

0.5069

0.5049

0.5071

(a) Construct a 90% CI for the mean of diameter of bearings.

(b) Construct a 95% CI for the mean of diameter of bearings.

(c) Comment on your interval estimates pertaining to their maximum error which is defined

as t/2,n1 .

9. In integrated circuit manufacturing industry, a basic process is to grow an epitaxial layer

on polished silicon wafers. The wafers are mounted on a susceptor and positioned inside

a specified jar. Through the nozzles positioned near the top of the jar a chemical vapours

are introduced. The susceptor is rotated and heat at constant temperature is applied. The

following are the thickness of the epitaxial layers (in m ) at low deposition time and at 59%

arsenic flow rate.

13.925

13.909

14.057

14.068

1

14.006

13.893

14.005

(a) Construct a 90% CI for the mean thickness of epitaxial layers assuming that the thickness

of epitaxial layer follows normal distribution with variance of 0.0050 m2 .

(b) Construct a 90% CI for mean thickness of all epitaxial layers assuming that the thickness

of epitaxial layer follows normal distribution.

(c) Comment on the interval estimates based on their practicality.

10. Using data in question 9 and the following data on thickness of the epitaxial layers at high

deposition time and at 59% arsenic flow rate;

14.295

14.095

15.505

15.806

15.106

14.839,

construct a 90% CI on the difference between means thickness of epitaxial layers assuming

that the thickness of epitaxial layers follow normal distribution with equal variances. Interpret

your CI and can you conclude that the true mean difference is zero?

11. A quality inspector inspected a random sample of 300 memory chips from a production line,

she found 9 are defectives. Construct a 99% confidence interval for the proportion of defective

chips.

12. A manufacturer of mobile phone batteries is interested in estimating the proportion of defect

of his products. A random sample of size 800 batteries contains 10 defectives. Construct a

95% confidence interval for the proportion of defectives.

13. A manufacturer of computer chips inspected a random sample of 1000 chips. The following

are the number of defects according to its type.

holes too large

poor connections

chip oversize

chip undersize

90

25

10

2

1

(a) What is the point estimate of the proportion of defectives due to holes too small?

(b) Construct a 90% CI for the proportion of defectives for the production process due to

holes too small.

(c) What is the point estimate for proportion of defectives due to poor connection?

(d) Construct a 90% CI for the proportion of defectives for the production process due to

poor connection.

(e) If oversize and undersize chip can be classified as incorrect chip size, what is the point

estimate of the proportion of defect due to incorrect chip size? Hence find a 95% interval

estimate for the proportion of defective items due to incorrect chip size.

14. An optical firm is concerned about the variability of the refractive index of a typical glass

that he will grind into lenses. The refractive index follows approximately normal distribution.

A random sample of 15 glasses is drawn from a large shipment which give a variance of

1.5 104 refractive index. Construct a 95% CI for the standard deviation of refractive index

of all glasses.

15. A mechanical engineer in a car manufacturing company is investigating two types of bumper

guards. A random sample of 6 guards from each type were mounted on a compact car. Each

car was then run into a concrete wall at 8km per hour. The following are the costs of repairs

(in RM):

Bumper guard 1 : 305 420 363 485 300 360

Bumper guard 2 : 405 345 336 450 400 360

(a) Construct a 90% CI for the mean cost of repairs using bumper guard 1. State 3 conditions

in constructing the CI.

(b) Assuming that all conditions in part (a) are satisfied, construct a 90% CI for mean costs

of repairs using bumper guard 2. What can you observe from these CIs?

(c) Assuming that the variances of cost of repairs are equal, construct a 95% CI on the

mean differences of cost of repairs.

(d) What is the point estimate of the variance of cost of repair for bumper guard 1? Construct a 95% CI for variance of cost of repair for bumper guard 1.

(e) What is the point estimate of the standard deviation of cost of repair for bumper guard

2? Construct a 95% CI for the standard deviation of cost of repair for bumper guard 2.

(f) Find a 90% CI for the ratio of two variances for cost of repairs.

Answers

1. The observed interval contains the true value of .

2. Shorter

3. Yes, because we are making use of the sample information to infer the population parameter.

4. a. 102.5

b. (98.944, 106.056)

5. a.

6. (0.4645, 0.5555) liter

7. (9.1, 10.7) micrometer

8. a. (0.5054, 0.5075) cm

b. (0.5052, 0.5078) cm

9. a. (13.928501, 14.03236)

b. (13.927978, 14.032882)

c. CI in part (b) is more practical as it is

impractical to know the variance of normal population without knowing its mean.

10. (1.061, 0.460);

confidence , No.

the observed interval contains the true value of mean difference with 90% level of

12. (0.0048, 0.0202)

13. a. 0.09 b. (0.0751, 0.1049)

c. 0.01

d. (0.0048, 0.0152)

15.

a. (314.033, 430.301); sample was drawn from a normal population, is unknown, and n is small.

b. (346.917, 418.417) c. RM(85.96, 64.96)

d. 70.6692 ; (1945.958, 30048.782) RM2

f. (0.5236, 13.353)

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