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SULIT

4551/l

JABATAN PELAJARAN W.PERSEKUTUAN(JPWP)


UJIAN DIAGNOSTIK SPM 2OI2
BIOLOGY PAPER 1
ANSWERS
C

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27

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al

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a-

l3

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l4

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t6

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t8

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t9

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4551/ l { . ()2l 02 tra t<


(.i p ra .rp N w p

J/

SULIT

\
MARKINC SCF{EME
BIOLOGY PAPL,R2 ( -|RIAL )

NO
( a)

(b)

MARKS

ANSWER
SUGCESTED

TOTAL
MARKS

P-peptide
O-aminoacid
-Enzymesarehighlyspecificin reaction
-Errzymes
reactions
arereversible
-Enzymesarereusable
-E,rrzynres
are not affectedby the reactionsthey catalyse
by the reaction
-Errzyrnesare not changed/destroyed

'l

\rry 2
(.) (i)

a
J

will breakthe clrenrical


bondstlrat
-Hi-Ehtenrperature
-Holcltheenzymesmoleculesin tlreirpreciseslrape
-which alterthe 3-dimensiorral
shapeof enzymesmolecule
-And eventuallydestroytlreactivesites.
ca no longer'fitinto an activesite
-substrate
-enzylnesdenatured.
rry 3

(c)(i i)

trypsinreactsbestin alkalinemedium/ pH8.5


of trypsin
acidicnrediumwill altertheconfiguration
as a resulterlzynre
structureis altered.
and clestroyits normalfunction

( dx i)

R containsgeneticinfornration
in the DNA
arrdthis informationis transferredto tlre RNAg'
which then carry it oLrtto tlie cytoplasm.

(d xii )

*bon-^.-

-digestionof polypeptides
cannot
into shofterchainsof peptides
place
take
at duodenunr.

I
I
I
I
Anv 2
I
I
I
Any 2
I

t2
TOTAL

ANSWER
SUCGESTED

NO
1

(a)

(b)
(c)

K: Xylem

L: Epidermalcell

cell
M: Mesophyllpalisade

N: P h lo e m

O: Guardcell

P: Stomata

(d)

The leavesare arrangedin a position called a leaf mosaic


whereby they shadeeachother as little as possible

(e)

-light energyexciteselectronin chlorophyll


-photolysisof water occurs
-water is broken clowninto H+ and OHTOTAL

(aXi)

.)

Light intensity
Concentrationof carbondioxide
Temperature
Water

ANSWER
. SUGGESTED
:'

NO
a

Every 2
correct
answers
= .1rnark

TOTAL
MARI(S

Chloroplast
1
2
3
4

MARKS

nv3
I
I

t2

MA RK S TOTAL
MARKS
I
I

X- oxygen
Y- Carbondioxide

(aXii) P is high in carbondioxide/lessoxygenwhereasQ is rich in

oxygen
(b)
F I -onecell th ick
Pl : gasdoesn'thavefar to diffuse//diffuseeasily
F2 : coveredwith networkof blood capillary.
of respiratorygases
P2 : to increasethe diffusion// transportation
to /from allthe bodycells.
F3 : larse surfaceareallnulrlerousnumberof alveoli
P3 : increasethe diffusionof respiratorygases
F4 : iuuer surfaceof alveoliare moist
P4 : oxygendissolvein the film of water
z

A n y lF
+ lP

(c)

(d)

of oxygenin the air of the alveoliis higher


F: the partialpressure
paftial
to
the
pressureof oxygerrin the blood capillary
compared
P; ( tlrerefore,)oxygendiffusesacrossthe surfaceof the alveolusto
the blood.
breathingrateandlreartbeatrate increases
to Ineettlre demandof the increasedrespirationrateirr the cells.
higherrespirationrateis neededto generatemore energy
to errablepersonin fearto copebetter

\t'ty 2
Adrenalglandsalsosecreteadrenalinehormone
the heaftbeatarrdbreathingrate
Tlris honnorreincreases
so that nroreglucoseand oxygenare suppliedto the mttscles.
to preparea man for a response(to the dangeroussituation)

\nv 2
TOTAL
ANSWER
SUCGESTED

NO
n
+

(aXi)
(a)(ii)

(bY )

(bxii)

growth phase/exponentialpliase
M- Childhoodphase/Rapid
phase
N-Adolescent
-Crowth rate is the fastest
-activecell divisiontakeplace
-tlreheightincreases
rapidly
ecdvsis
-the insectsbreathirr a lot of air to expandits body
-this causesthe old skeletonto break
-alrd insectthencomesoLrtof it
tnoreair
-alnrostiurmediately
it expandsits bodyagainby sLrcking
-belbrethe new skeletonlrardens.

12
MARKS TOTAL
MARKS
2
3

ttJ

( cXi )
(c )(ii)

Zoneof cellelonsation
Cellselongate
andexpandby absorbingnutrient
And water by osurosis
-vacuolesincrease
in size
Small vacuolesfuseto fonn a larsecentralvacuole/
vacuaolation
Cell sizeincrease

nv3
l2

TOTAL

NO
5

SUGGESTED
ANSWER

Pull of gravity

Bird hasexoskeletonwhereasgrasshopper
hasendoskeleton.

MARKS

Hollow bones
Single reproductiveorgan
No teeth

I
I
3

TOTAL
MARKS

a
J

Air sacs
Airfoil wing
Waterprooffeathers

X : Tendon
Transferthepull/ pullingforce
of pectoralismajor muscleto the bonewhen it contracts.

Y: Flexormuscle
Muscle Y cannotcontractand relax.
When muscleY cannotcontract,organismB cannotbendits
legs.
When muscle Y cannotrelax, organismB cannot straiglrten
its legs.

I,{,A.ITI{INGSCHEN,TET'RIAL .IPNWP
RIOLOGY PAPIIR 2 (ESSA\/)
No
6 ( a)

Attsrt'el'

N,larl<

T'ot

P: I-i,,terl17ati
Q: Gall bladderlPundihentpedu
R : Parrcrea
slPanh' ea,y
S: Duoclenu'ntl
D uodenunr

Tot
4 rna

gsihuli
ich is storedin the gall bladCerjand
when required.
rcduycutg di.s'intltctrt
c{alampuncli
t c{alant
:II'I

ld sugat'level
b),convelti;gexcess
illlg tt.

la drsrah dengan ntenulcarglulco.tu


c{un
I

I
nrino acids by breal<ingthcrl clora'rr
rnto urea
rocessis known as deantination.
t tno IterIelsiltuudengun
,no tt icr c{un kentud i a n tnen ukur.lum n.)tct
ttt; dan pro,\'esini dilrcnal ,s.e.bttgui

li

I
I
I

I
I
I

i
I
I

rlisesfhl.s.
t n lcon nt t:I a bctI isrne / ento k

rgen and protlirorrbin which ar-c


I hepa'in rvhich is an anticoagtrlanL.
Ia n pr ctl r o nt.bi n .1,ct
pg rn.eruqtukcrn
ht,f ut.iu
tutnJtul
Ilnil'Lrlchemicals
a hun /;i rtti cr1,anEibet.bu h a.t,u

i
tI
I
i

cir-cr-rrarins
rrcr'rores
rro'r,,-'.i'l:::f,:i::'

cellsandrcl'oves

thei'ale no lorger rcqr-rirecl


arrcJ
breakstitetl c{ou,n
I-/uli nrt,nitr,snuhlrtut.se
f dar alt nterult.t,ungutcrlictlutrros,ctk
drrn
ttte:nt'ittgkit'liun
honnon dor ilturlo durrrh crpubiluhorntr;rt1.titidtrli

I
iI

I
L

I t ig i t.{ ti tt' iIi tL ,u t c l c i tttttc tn tr.snuhJ;tutti


tr)

vitanrirrA and storesit toqetirerrvith


'T'he live.rs)rnthesises
vitantins D. K anclR 12
I-luli mern*iltfesi.st,itunt.inA dun ntenltitnltannya bet-sctntct
t:iluntin D.
K dan Bp.

l\{ax 4
Total 4
rrrarks

D i ge stionof food in the duode n u n r


Pencernnart nutkananda|am cluodenunt
receivesbile wirich is secretedLlytlie liver ancl.
' TJredr-rodenLrm
juice rvhichis secreted
pancreatic
by thepaltcreas.
Dttodentunntenerintaju.s'hentpedu))ongtliretnbes'ctlehhctlirlcrniu,s,
p atrb' ea.s'y urt14clir embe,; oIeh p ankr eo,s.
l

' Bile wJrichis storedin the gall bladderentcrsthe cluodenum


tlrrouglr
thebile cluctwhen it is reqr-rired
juice entersllre
while thepancreatic
cluodennmtlrroughthe pancreaticduct.
,lu,s'ltcntpedultcutzdisintpundalontTtuticlihunpedu ntct,suk
ke julcrnt
dttodenutt ntelrtluiduk.lu"s'
ltentpadt,r
apabila r)iperlulrunntunu/u.rlcr
jtr,s
pcntlirett,smosulrke dalantduodenztnt
nrclal.uirfutklu,s
ltctnltea,s..
'Ililo is alkalirreancJit reducesthe acrdity of clrynre(the fooclu,hich
lcavesthe stolttachand etttels{.hecluoclenunr)
anclproviclesan all<alirre
nrediunr(pll = 8) l'or the action olen71,111ss.
,/t'r,r'hentpedulters'ifat alkali clan.jus in.i tnenguranglr.ctnkea^s'iclan
kint
(rncrktrnunyong keiuctr dori pcr.ul
clun mu.ttrk ke dulont duodentrnt) dan ntct t_t'c
di a funt kca cJuun her u I ktrI i
(pFJt , 8) unluk tituJrrl<utt
ernzint.
' Ililc cloesnot contailrct't21,1.1195
lrut contairrsbilc salts
q'hich cnrulsif),lillids, breal<ingthenr up into liny <1rople1s provicie
to
larger surlacc arca 1'or-ciigestion
by e.nzymes.
,Ius lteruJx:dulir{uk ntenganclungicnzint lalctJtirnengctnri.ungi.
gur.crnr
lt cnt;1se
clu
yang tllctTgentu/,sikrrn
li.piclr.len,qanmangtruikann)tcr ntenfocli lili,srrn
kr:c:ilunluk ntentltct'ikanltra,slter-ntt.rkaun
hugi
))ot1glebih hc,s.ot.
| )('tlCe I't1uar t t t I CI t ( ,t t ; i nt .

; 'J'lre
c.ontainspancreaticaurylase,tr-_i,psin
lrancreatic.lr-rice
(a lrrotease)
and a liltase.
,1tr.s
runilcrseJtunlcreu,s',
lrilt,sin (ytt.6lcu.sc)
ltirn/o'e(t.\nt(:n,qar1t{urtgi
r.lun
I i1t,
r,e

Max I
tl r a r l ( S

''rhe pancreatic
am\'laseconrpletes
tirechgestion
c) of srar-ch
(h),ch-ol_r'q
t(l l11 alt(tSe.

(hitrro/i,sit)kunli kepudu
rrralcit,qkcrytkun
Jtcnc't't'nautt
"lrnila,sclttrnlrt'crt,s
ntullo.ra
r lt' - ittt' i"l;l' t
i 1 , r r , . J i + r rir 1 , J ll;r Jl' - lf

I
I

I
Ij

- f ot al 8
m a r-k-c

L___

. Trlpsin h1,d1slv5s5
to peptidesof shorterchatns.
polypeptides
.
Tr i1tsi n nten,qhidt'oI isis p oIip epti da kepttda p epI i da ya ng r ittgku.s'
-t.i..'ali:JI I llrsirl. 1r,-i1iiiflr-'i
It;lr-pr':1.li1.fr'r
;1,;..1' ' yri:s,iirl:r
i i,i4r;':,1i,, + ,r*

. I-ipasehydrolyseslipids (whichhavebeenemulsifiedbi' tlre


salts)into fatty acidsandgli'cerol
Lipctse nlenghidrlli,sis lipid (t,ang clientttlsikan oleh g(rt'an1hentpedtr)
ntenjadi u.:^idlentak dan gliserol..
li1li,ll + lr-1i,r" liPnl;tl qll'tirn-ri
l::mLlli.rl'ir]it
*
i,i;:;iil-l,,il;i.li)l;r]{r' i:iir"
liF,r.cc iJii:;i'rt'i+
rJ,il:i rt i rj'liijlrl I I

6
l'-ver1,
classo

P: Fats
P. f,emulc
Eg : c o o l < i rrgo i l . [ru ttc r.trta rgari tte
nto,tak.nte|tIegd,nrarjeritt
A{irt1,av11

1vi[11s.r
ex ar-l1l
foocl
lll a

o. P roteins
o Proleirt
Y'

F.<r
''a

fish, nrill<,egg
lkrn, su,rtt,lelrrr

N4ineral
s anclvitarnins
nrinerulclunviluntin
FrLrits,
salt
: : \/coetables,
7'e,l, bttuh, gurr.nr
Su-1,u

S : Cartohyclrates
^\. Kurhohitlrcrl
Iro : r'icc,slarch, potato,bread,pasta
jltas'i,kcrnii, uhi k.enlang,ltctslcr

1(a)

Fr-(R )
pfo g e s te ro n e

[,x u l ai rta ti ons


tl re srow tl t attcl
E | -S ti rrrtrl al es
c l e v e l opmentol ' bl ocd vesscl si tt
tl re e rr donre{t' i Lrrl
Il2-Th ickens tlte enclonretr i rtnt

l-ritr
t nal

r I -r-l;2
[;4
4 nrarl,

arrd
latesthe repaiI-irrg
[2-(S) oestr-ogertFjI -Stirrru
rva| |
of enclotrtett'iLtrtt

r .3 -(Q)
isin
Iulcirr
-9
horrrrorre
4- rP) follicle
siirltrlaiilrs
Iror-ntoIre

l l 2 -l ' o| | i c l e cell s rel easeoestt' o


E I -S ti rl u l ates ovtrl ati otr
L 2 -S ti rrruIatesfonnat i on oI corpus

E I-S ti n rrrl atesthe devel oi tntentof


[o l l i c l e cel i s i n tl te ovat' r'

T'c
I
\lz

( r ) Fl-OccLrrs
ilr theovary
E I -Beginsu,lrerrthe prirrrordial
gerrrcell dividesa feiv timesbv
tnr10s
ts
rE
t,l- Io becgrrieoogorriurrr
E3-Oogorri urtrcorrti rtres clevelopi
ng to becolrrepr.irnarl, ooc),te.
E4-prirraryooc\/teuncler'goes
rreiosislto producetrvocell
E5-Secorrdal-\/
ooc)/teanclfir-stpolar body
E6-secorrclar)/
ooc)/teu,ill be released
fi"onrthe ovarycrur-ing
ovulatiorr
E7- secorrdar-y
oocyteurrcle'goes
nreiosisll rightafterferliliz-ation
E8--l-oltroclrrce
ovLrnrarrclsecorrdpolar body
E9-'fhefirst polarboclvproceedto di'iclearrdform trvo porarbocl1,
t-,10-Allpola. bodyfinallydegenerate
and is elinrinated
f'orn the ovarli

(b x ii)

I
l
1
I
I
I
1
1
I

Max zl
marl<s

Sinrilarities
El-OccLrrirrreprocluciive
orearrs
olrly
Il2-[ nvolvesrrreiosis
E3-Results in the I'ol'lrratiorr
of haploidcJar-rghter
ce.lls
Ovuln fornratiorr

Differenccs

S pcrm fol ' nrati on

O rg a l l

Actirre in foetal
s t age so rrl y

Orreper cycle

Gnmete
Producecl
Gel'rninal
Ii;tithcliunr
Activity
Numbers
Procluccd

Activefi'ornJruberly

S evcral l ni l l i orrs

Onedar-rghter
cell
'forrnsthe ovLrrl

P l ' o d u c ts of
N{ciosis

All claughter
cellsfornr
viablcsperrlatoz-oa

LlrtcqtraIclivisiorr

C]'tol<incsis

Llqualclivisiorr
o{'
cytcrp
lasrr

Of-clzlol-rlacttt.
oc r c y te srrru c h
lar gc r t h a rrp o l a r
boc lies

Cyclical.fionr
puber l,y
until
n letlo ltaUSC

f)rrratiou
pr-ocluction
of
garnctes

Max (r
N4arl<s

C orrtil ruoLrs.fi ' onr puberty


arrdadi rl t l i fe

Total 10
nrarks

F I -N4ethod
P
l l l - ltr V itlo l;ertilisaiion
F2-Suitable
for *'onrerr*,ho snfferfr.onrblock Fallopiantube
E 1-Slternrs
canlrotferttliseihe ovurtr
E2-\\/onrera'e treated*'ith FSI-land LH 1oindrrcenrultiplc
ovr-rlal
rou
li-3-l-a1r'oscolre
ard suctiourceclleis r-rsccl
to extr-aci
the or,a
F- i - 5'r"'u.r.
mired rvitlrova in a p e t ric lis hc o rrra irrjnaq
I

c i rl trrl e n rc d j ri n t

Fl+ L--l
2 nrarl<s
1
I
1

ra r
t,

! -t

l\.'la\
t):a

;. \

E5- Afier f'eltiIi zatiort zy gotestartsto d i vi de


ll6-At eight cell stagethe embryois transferredto tire cer\/tx
arrduterusof the wife
E7-.Alterimplantationthe embryowill developllt the lvomb

F3 r- l:
a
3 nrz
T o t aLl
N4ar

F3-N4ethod
Q: is surrogaten-lother
E1-lsnot suitablefbr Mt' B and Mrs A
E2-Mrs A lrasnorntaluterusbut block Fallo;riantube
8 (a)

l
a
N4z

(i) F1- Vasoconstriction


constrict
F;l- Illood capillaries
E2- Lessblood florv closeto tire bocil'5v'62..
E3- Fleatloss by couductiottand radiationis reduced

af

Vlar
rl

a
I\42

(ii) Ir2-hlait'
erectornrusclecoutract
il1-l lairs erect
E2- T'hicl<layer of air trapped
andradiation
E3- Preventsheatlossbttcottductiott

7z
l \4 a It

N4:
a
?)
MatI
'l'ot:a

glandsinactive
(iii) IiI--Srveat
i:ll- Jesssrveatproducecl
rrerylorry
B2- ILatco{'evaporatiott
i s cotrsen,ed
Il3 - I-Teat

m aTr
( b)

(i) Fi- Adrenalglanclsstinrulated


Ill - Aclrcnaliner,villbe secretecl
rates
Il2- Incleasellre ntetabolic
E3- Morc heatitroclr-rccd

lvl(

ll N 4

(ii) lrl -T'liyroicl


glandstinrr-rlatcd
r.villbe sect'eted
E I -th1'1i31iine
E2- nretabolicralcittct'ease
ll3- rrroleheatproducecl

(c )

i__L

2
Mar

l ated
F l -T l re i s l e t c e l l s i n th e p a rr o' easare sti Li i Lr
g
l
L
rc
a
g
o
rr
E,l - 1 o re l e a s e
E2 -Gl trc a g o tts ti n ru l a tc stl re l i vel to brcal <dou' tt gl )' cogento
glucose
F --l -l ' h i sre s to t' c sth e b l o o c ls trgarl evel to trorttral
E4 -G l L rc a g o na l s o p ro ttto te sI i pi clbt' eal < dou' tt
to gerrel atecl
E-5 -l ' h i sre l e a s e sfa l tv a c i d c that can be ntetaLrol i zed
cnet'g\/
s e b l c o d s rrgari evel to ti te ttot.ttralt' al tge
E6 -T h i s l e s tc ' rl cth
I

___L

Diagram 8.2
F l-ALrxindiffirseirrtoelorrgation
zone
LlI -becaLrse
of gravitl,auxirtrrrove16l6urelsideof rootarrdshoot
E2-lor.r,erside
of shootarrdroot haslriglrelconcentratiorr
of aLrxins
Diagram 8.3
F2-sltorving
tregative
geotropisrrrs
E l-lrighconcentlatiorr
of arrxirrs
ilr tbe shootpronrotes
elongation
ol'cells
E2-henceIou,ersideof shootsrvill grow fasterthanthe Lrpper
side
E3-theshootgrorvulrrvards
anc[ctrrvedup

I;-l-slrou,ing
positiveegeolropisrls
E I-lorvconcentratiorr
of auxinsin the root inhibitselorrgation
of
cells
E3-hencelou,ersicleol'rootsrvillgrorvslorvelthanthe r-rppel
sicle
E4-lheroot grou,clou,rru,arcls
arrdcurveclclowrt

9 (a)

a
a
a
a
a

'I'hedrsease
is reclgreencolourblinclness.
it is a sex-lini<eci
inheritance
/ relatedto sexchronrosonre
T'lrelecessivegeneis carriedou the X-chronrosonre.
Maleshavehigherprobabilityin gettingtheclisease.
Maleshaveonly oneX chl'onrosonre.
If thc X chronrosonre
carriesa recessi\1e
gcnctlrenlie is a hernophiliac.
Fenrales
rvill onJybc henrophiliacs
iIboth thei',X
chrotlosomescarfylecessivegeues(liorlozygousreccssiric)
//
effectof recessive
alleleis ntasl<cd
by tlrenortlal dominant
allele
Thcy rvill [-rea carrierif only oneof theirsexc]rronrosorles
gene(heterozygous)
carriesthe recessir/e

N4ax2
rlar'l<s

Max 2
jvlar"hs

N4ax2
nrarl<s
'l-otal6
lnar'l<s

i\4ax(r
rrarks
'l-ottl 6
nritrl<s

(b)

I)arclrtalplrcnotl,pe'.:
Pat'entalgenotl,pe:
N4ei
osi s

Ma lc
Colour-biincl
X'Y

Iremale
Carn e r
vl t X'

Ga m e tcs:

fr e r itl i sation:

C)ifil-r1i pg <'e1cri1'pe

X' XIi

X'X'

r.- fl v

,\]

\\

ic

Offspringphenotype:

Female

Male

Male

Female

nornralhaemophiliac
carner haemophiliac

Plrenotypicratio:

1.
1

lMax
Marl<

I / SoN clrildren haemophiliac; 25%carrier;25%normal

Total

l(ey:

mark
R:dominantallelefor normalvision
r : recessive
allelefor colourblind
tL,

.
r
.
.
.

anaemia.
Thediseaseis sickle-cell
lt is causedby genemutation.
The affectedpersonproducesred bloodcellsthat are folded/
with lesssurfacearea.
sickled-shape
Transportof oxygenis lessefficient// Lessoxygenis transported.
The affectedpersonwill be fatigued/ tired easily//lookpale.

a
I

T
L

Max

mark

1
I

Total
mark

( d)

Down Syndrome
Extrachromosome27 / I

Albinism
Normalnumberof chromosome
//
46 chromosomes

47 chronrosomes
CausebVchromosomalmutation/

Causeby genemutation

Non disjunctionof chromosomes

are ableto separate


Chromosomes

fail to
duringmeiosis/ Chrom.osomes

duringmeiosis.

seoarate
Per soncouldproducemelanin/

Affectedpersoncouldnot produced

normalpigmentation

melanin/ lackof pigmentation

Haveflat, broadfaces,slantedeyes,

Do not haveflat, broadfaces,slante


eyes,protrudedtongues,shortpalm

protrudedtongues,shortpalms.

/ I Havenormalfeatures.
Me ntally retarded
I

Not mentallyretardedl/ normal

4
I

I
MARKINC SCHEME,BIOLOGY3, SPM I'RIAl. D.X'Atvt..
foll\4 5. 2012

BIOLOGYPAPER3 - MARKING SCHEME


sPM TRIAL EXAM (2012)
FORM 5
QuestionI
Mark Scheme

Ouestion
l (a)

Able to recoro
rd all the 4 readin accuratel
Concentrationof sodium hydrogen
carbonatesolution (%)

2
i

6
8

I r(bxi)

Marks
J

Totalnumberof bubbles
released
in 5 minutes
6
l2
15
l6

Able to recordall the 3 readinssaccuratelv

Able to recordall the 2 readingsaccurately


Able to recordonly I reading,no responseor incorrectreading

,a-,a.

a
J

Able to statetwo differen(observation\orrectly basedon the following criteria:

\r'

Cl : Concentrationof sodium hydrogencarbonatesolution


C2 :Total numberof bubblesreleasedin 5 minutes
Sampleanswers:
l. When the concentration
of sodium hydrogencarbonatesolution is 2o/o,the
total
number
of bubblesreleasedin 5 minutesis 6.
2. When the concentrationof sodium hydrogen carbonatesolution is 4%/ 60/ol
8Yo,the total numberof bubblesreleasedin 5 minutesis 8/ l5/ 16.

Able to stateonecorrectobservation
andonelessaccurate
observation.
Or Able to statetwo inaccurateobservation

Sampleanswers:
L When the concentration
of sodiumhydrogencarbonatesolutionis 2Yo,the
totalnumberof bubblesreleased
in 5 rninutes
is thelowest/low
2. Whenthe concentration
of sodiumhydrogencarbonate
solutionis 8%, the
totalnumberof bubblesreleased
in 5 minutesis thehighest/
high.
Able to stateonly onecorrectobservation
or two observation
at idea level

Sampleanswer:
l. For differentconcentration
of sodiumhydrogen
carbonate
solution,the total
numberof bubbles
released
is different.
2. The totalnumberof bubblesreleased
in 5 minutesis different.
No responseor incorrectresponse

4551/3(,\ 2012flak CiproJPNH'P

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tl.\"4Mt:oryaL:tal
A4ARKINCSCHEME, Btot-oci' 3,sPNtT'Rt,4L
Mark Scheme

Scoringfor observation

r(bxi)

Correct lnaccurate

ldea

Wrong Score
1
J

2
I

2
I
l

2
I

r(bxii)

on thefollowingcriteria:
recttyUaseA

RUt" to statetwo diffe

C t : Concentrationof carbondioxide'
tota| number of bubblesreleased)
C2 :Reason( Do not stateagain about the

Sampleanswers:
I.

of carbon
solution.theconcentration
I 40hof sodiumhydrogencarbonate
At20/o
is low'
dioxideis low . Sotherateof photosynthesis

of carbon
solution'theconcentration
carbonate
2. /\t 6%/ 8%of sodiumhydrogen
is high'
dioxideis high. Sotherateof photosynthesis
d one lessaccurateinference'

Or
inference
Able to statetwo inaccurate
Sa mp l e a n s w e rs :
-._ ^^_L^_^+ ^ -^r,,fi nn
l .AI2 % 1 4 % o fs o d i u mh y d r ogencarbonatesol uti on,theconcentrat| ol ]|

o1'

carbondioxideis different'

r(bxii)

Able to stateonly onJ"orr"ct inf"r"nc.

at idea level
O, abl" to statetwo inf'erence

Sampleanswers:
carbondioxide'
solutionproduced
carbonate
l. Sodiumhydrogen
sotutionis different.
;' il; ;;".;"traion of carbondioxidein
response
or incorrect
No resPonse

S IIL IT

455113i+'i20 t2 llak (-iptaJPNII'P

a
J

3, SPM T'RIAI'EX'4let"FOItlt45' 2012


MARKING SCHEME, BTOLOGY

Mark Scheme
Scoringfor inference
Correct Inaccurate Idea

Wrong Score
a

2
I

2
I

1I

to handlethevariablecorrectly'
andthe methods
Ableto stateall 3 variables
Sampleanswers:

Methodto handlethevariable
Cara mengendali Pentbolehubah

Variable
Pembolehubah
Manipulatedvariable
Pembo Ieh ubah dim an iPul a'si kan
Concentration of Sodium
hydrogen carbonate solution

Use/ Carry out the exPerimentat


differentconcentrationof Sodium
hydrogencarbonatesolution
./

variable
R.esponding
Pembo I ehttbah bergerak bal as
l. The total number of bubbles
releasedin 5 minutes
2. The rate of photosYnthesis-

l. Countand recordthe total numberof

bubblesreleasedusinga stopwatch.
therateof photosynthesis
2. Calculate
usinga formulaNumberof bubbles
!
Timetaken

Constantvariable
P embolehubah dintalarkan
l. Fix thetimeat 5 minutes.
I . Time taken for countingthe
total numberof bubblesreleased
2. Usethesame60W Powerof bulb.
2. Powerof bulb.
3. Usethe sameIYPeElodeasP.
3. Type of plant used.
?'oc,*
o[rig{.-,^(r.
Fr.,- 1144--1

Qral^r\(4/

scortng:

No. of tick
6i /

4 -5 !

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a

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4
SCLIEME,BIOI,OCY3, SPA4:'RIAI.E.\'AM..I"OIIA45.2012
A4ARKINC

Mark Scheme

Able to

^u(,

Msedon thefollowingcriteria:
u hypothesis

of
solution// Concentration
ffi6;of sodiumhydrogencarbonate
Cl:Cd
carbondioxide
// R.ateof photosynthesis
c2 :Total numberof bubblesreleased
C3 : Relationship
Sampleanswers:
of sodiumhydrogencarbonatesolution/ carbon
l. When the concentration
the rate
in 5 minLrtes/
the total numberof bubblesreleased
dioxideincreases
// conversely'
increases
of photosynthesis
manipulatedvariableand the responding

variableinaccuratelY.
Sampleanswers:
solutiondifferenttotal
of sodiumhydrogencarbonate
l. Differentconcentration
in 5 minutes'
numberof bubblesreleased
irrfluenced/
2. The total numberof bubblesreleasedI rateof photosynthesis
solution'
carbonate
hydrogen
ofsodium
affectedby theconcentration
at idealevel
Able to tt'akea hypothesis
Sampleanswers:
-i.
The numberof bubblesreleasedchangesafter 5 minutes.
No responseor incorrect

l ( e X i ) Able to constructa tablewhich containthe followingcriteria:


T: Title with correctunits- lM
D- Recordall the datacorrectly- lM
- lM
C: Calculatethe rateof photosyntesis
Concentrationof sodium
hydrogencarbonatesolution
(%\

2
4

6
8

of
Totalnr"rmber
released
bubbles
in 5 minutes
6
l2

Rateof photosYnthesis
(bubbles/min)

t.2
1A

t5

3.0

r6

3.2

Anv two correctcrlterla


Anv one correctcriteria
No responseor incorrectresPonse

4551/3Ki 20t2 llak CiPraJPNI'l'P

SULI T

5. 20I2
MARKING SCHEME, BIOLOGY3, SPM T-RIALEX'4M..|'ORA'I

Mark Scheme
1(e)(ii) Able to draw thegraphcorrectly(CriteriaP, T, B)
Axis.P
Unlf*t scaleson bothhorizontalandverticalaxis- 1M
Loints.T
- lM
All pointsplottedcorrectlY
Curve.B
- IM
eUt.iljoin thepointsto form a smoothcurve(do notextrapolate)
C

CJ

o
c

ol' Sodiurnhydrogcn
c<lnccntration
carbonatesolution (%o)

o
c

Anv two correct


Anv one correct

or incorrect
No resDonse
-.--*
of the sodiumhydrogen
the concentration
Able to ,*pl/i(-the relationship\bltween
basedon the fbllowing
correctly
solbtie"-an-e*"-r"Mf photosynthesis
cal.bonate
cnteflal

of sodiurnhydrogen
betweenthe concentration
Rl: explainthe relationship
carbonate
solutionandthe rateof photosynthesis'
dioxide
of carbon
R2:carbondioxidecontent/ concentration
R3: moregas/oxygenProducedSampleanswer:
solutionincreases
of sodiumhydrogencarbonate
'
l. When the concentration
carbondioxide
higher
/
more
because
increases
the rate of photosynthesis
thusmoregas/oxygenis
concentration
Any two criteriastated
Anv onecriteriastated
or incorrectresPonse
No response

4551/3 (() 20 I 2 Ilok CiptttJPNII'P

SI JI - I T

SCH,EME.BIOLOGI'3. SPt.t7'lttAl.E.\'.4N|.t;oRi45.20t2
IT(ARKING

Ouestion

Mark Sr:heme

Marks

I (e)

Able to predictthe outcomeof the experimentcorrectlybasedon the following


criteria:
Pl : Thetotalnumberof bubblesreleased
is morethan l6 / increases
/ anv
numbermorethan16.
P2 : numberofleavesincreases
increases
P3 : rateofphotosynthesis

Sampleanswer:
is 20 because
released
two sprigshavemoreleaves
l. Thetotalnumberof bubbles
is higher/ increases.
andtherateof photosynthesis

| (h)

Anv two criteriastated


Anv onecriteriastated

No responseor incorrectresponse

basedon thefollowingcriteria:
Ableto defineoperationally'photosynthesis'

a
J

D | : processoccurredin Elocleasp.
materialsand RV
D2 : statethe apparatus,
D3 : hypothesis
statement
l/ affectedby MV
Sampleanswer:
occurredin Elodea.rp.when it is irnrnersed
in
is a process
l. Photosynthesis
sodium hydrogencarbonatesolutionwith lighted bulb and produces
is
bubbles.The number of bubblesproducedI rale of photosynthesis
hydrogen
carbonate
sodium
solution.
ofthe
concentration
affectedby the

Any two criteria stated


Any one criteria stated
No responseor incorrectresponse

l(i)

0
3

correctly.
Able to classifythematerialandapparatus
Materials

Elodeasp
carbonatesolution
sodiumhydrogen

Apparatus
boilingtube
bulb
firnnel
beaker
,)

At least4-5 itemcorrect

At least2-3 item correct


or incorrectresponse
Onty I tenrcorrect,no response

4551/3 Kt 2012 llak ('inta JPNt+'P

S I.IL IT

|v|ARKINGSCHEME,BIoLoGY3'SPM.|I|IAl'E.YA|v|..t''01|l|45.2012

Question2

MARKING SCEEI4E
PROBLEM STATEMENT
thatrelatethe MV andRV correctly'Mustbe
Able to statethe problemstatement
is a questionform P l :MV
P 2: RV
P 3: W hat/Howdoes/'
"''"' " ?
Sampleanswer:
of glucosesolutionon the heightof
l. What is the effectof concentration
of yeasts?
colouredliquidin the manometer/activity
.
of glucoseaffectsthe heightof colouredliquid
2. How doestrreconcentration
of yeasts?
in the manometer/activity
whichis slightlycorrect
Problemstatement
answer:
SamDle
of glucosesolutionaffectsthe heightof colouredliquid
| . The concentration
/ activityof yeasts
in the manometer
of glucosesolutionto the coloured
2. What is the effect of concentration
/ Yeasts?
liquid in themanometer
l de aonly .
l. The activityof yeastsis differenl
is different
2. The lightintensity
or wrongresponse
No response

VARIABLES
correctly
Able to stateall variablesof invr:stigation
Samnleanswer:
of glucosesolution
(") M"r''prl.ted variable- concentration
liquidin themanometer/activity
- Heightof coloured
variable
(b) Responding
of yeasts
durationof
volumeof yeast suspension/
(c) Fixedvariable- Temperature/
time/pH.

4551/3 <') 2012ltak CiPraJPNII'P

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8
5.20t2
MARKING SCHEME. BIOLOGY 3. SPM TRlAI. D}'A]14.t;ot?tut

*MARKING SCHEME
HYPOTHESIS

Able to statehypothesiscorrectlyby relating the MV and RV.


Sampleanswer:
of glucosesolution,the higherthe height.of
l. The higherthe concentration
colouredliquidin themanometer.
of glucosesolution,the loweractivityof
2. The highertheconcentration
yeasts.
'

which is slightlycorrect
Hypothesis
ldeaonly
or wrongresponse
No response

APPARATUS AND MATERIALS


andmaterials,
Ableto list all apparatus

3 M + l0 A

Sampleanswer:
/ yeastsolution,glucosesolution,paraffinoil,
tVtut"iiot*(M) : Yeastsuspension
liquid.
coloured
rubbertubing,
Apparatus(A) : Boilingtubes,glasstubes,clips,rubberstopper,
tubes,ruler,marker'
retortstands,manometer
3M + 74
3 M+ 4 4 . 2 M+ 6 4
O n ly lM

PROCEDURE
basedon the followingcriteria:
Able to list the completeand correctprocedures
K I : Method of assemblingthe apparatusto carry out the experiment(any 3).
K2: Method of fixing the constantvariables(any I )'
the respondingvariable(any l).
K3: Methodof measuring/observing
variable(any l)'
K4: Methodof changingthe manipulated
to increasethe accuracy(any l)
K5: Methodof takingprecautions
SamDleanswer:
-1.
The boilingtubesare labelledA,B,C and D'
2. l0% glucos6solutionis boiledirrthe beaker and cooled'
3. Add 4 g of yeastinto 4 mldistilled waterto make yeastsuspension.
of
4. Boilinglube A is filled with 4 mlof l0% glucosesolutionand 4 ml
yeastsuspension.
5. A thin Iayerof paraffinoil is put on top of the contentsof boilingtLrbes.
filled
6. The boilingtube is closed with rubberstopperwith manometertubes
with colouredliquid.

l.U seamarkerpentomarkthein it ia l|e v e lo f c o lo u re ! -] j. g ] 4 --L ! -1 ! E


455113ii:; 2012 Hak CipraJPNII'P

KI
K I,K 2
K I.K 2
K2
KI
K5
KI,K2
SUI . , I T

9
SPM I RIAL

MARKING SCHEME,

tt.YAM.. F-OIIA.ls. 20 | 2

manometer.
KI,
8. Usea retortstandto supportthe apparatus.
is
9. After 20 minutes,the height of colouredliquid in the manometer K2,K3
measuredand recordedby usinga ruler.
KI
10.Recordthe resultsin a Table.
K4
glucose
of
by usingdifferentconcentration
I l. Steps2 to 10 are repeated
and40Yo
solutionaL20Yo,30o/o
12. Repeatexperimenttwice to find averagereadings.

K5

AII 5K
Any3K - 4K
Any 2K
A n y lK

a
J

I
0

RESULTSi PRESENTATIONOF DATA


Boiling
Tube

Concentration
of glucose
solution (%o)

r0

20
30
40

Changein
heightof
coloured
liquid in
the
manometer
(cm)

Rate of
anaerobic
respiration
(cm/min)

variablewith parameterand unit


-Title with correctunit : i. Manipulated
and unit
variablewith parameter
ii. Responding
Rate of anaerobicrespiration (cm/min)

TOTAL

I7 Marks

END OF MARKING SCHEME

455f/3 c 2012 ltak Cinta JPNlt l'

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