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Index

Serial no.

Contents

(1)

Introduction

(2)

Definition

(3)

Theorem

(4)

Implicit Formula

(5)

Laplace Operator in Polar Coordinates

(6)

Two-dimensional problems complex Analytical Function

(7)

Conclusion

INTRODUCTION
In mathematics, a conformal map is a function which
preserves cangels. In the most common case the function
is between domains in the complex plane. More formally,
a map
f : U V is called conformal (or angel preserving) at u0 if
it preserves oriented angles between curves through u0
with respect to their orientation. Conformal mappings is
very
important in Complex Analysis, as well as in many areas
of physics and engineering. In this project, I study about
the some definitions and information about conformal
mapping and i am
going to explain with some examples.

DEFINATION -1

f ( z ) f ( x iy ) x, y ) iv ( x, y )

The mapping
is called conformal if

1. It is one to one. (Bijection)


2. It and its inverse continuously differentiable.
3. Image of every smooth curve of G1 is a smooth curve
of G2.
4. Angle between any two curves equals angle between
their images.

DEFINATION -2
A Bilinear Transformation is a mapping of the form

az b
T ( z)
cz d

where a, b, c, d are fixed complex numbers and

ad bc 0

because otherwise T would be a constant. T is also called


a

mobius

transformation,

or

fractional

linear

transformation.

Theorem

Let

f :A B

f ( z ) 0

be analytic and let

for each

z0 A

Then f is conformal.

Implicit Formula
Theorem
There exist a unique bilinear transformation that maps
three
disctinct points, z1, z2 and z3, onto three distinct points,
w1,

w2 and w3, respectively. An implicit formula for the


mapping is
given by Mustafa.

Definition
The function

w f exp z

is a one to one mapping

of the fundamental period strip

plane onto the w plane with the point

f ( z ) 0

w0

in the z
deleted.

w exp z

Because
, the mapping
is a
conformal mapping at each point z in the complex plane.
The

family

of

c
y

fundamental

horizontal
and

the

lines
segments

yc

xa

from an orthogonal grid in


period strip. Their images under

for
for
the
the

w exp z

mapping

are

the

| w | ea

rays

p0

and

and the circles


, respectively. The
images from an orthogonal curvilinear grid in the w plane,
as shown in the shape.
w

exp z

y
w 0
f ( z ) 0

w exp z
y c
c
x a
y
w exp z
p 0

c
| w | ea

Definition
The trigonometric functions can be expressed with
compositions

that

involve

the

exponential

function

followed by a bilinear function. We can find images of


certain regions by following the shapes of successive
images in the composite mapping.

Laplace Operator In Polar Coordinates

( ) Cn cos n Dn sin n

n 0,1,2,....

1 V
1 2V
(r
) 2
0
2
V R (r ) ( ) r r r
r
R (r ) An r n Bn r n

n 1,2,... R(r ) A B ln( r )

For Two-dimensional Problems


Complex Analytical Function
Are a Powerful Tool Of Much Elegance.

Examples:

zn ,

z1 / n ,

sin z ,

ez ,

ln z

Conclusion
In

this

project,

transformations,

we

have

mappings

studied
involving

the

bilinear

elementary

functions, mapping by trigonometric functions. Before


giving details of bilinear
transformation, we've shown basic properties and defined
conformal

mapping

theorem

and

riemann mapping

theorem. Then, we have given the definition of implicit


formula. Then we
have shown mappings involving elemantary functions
and mappings of trigonometric functions with some
examples. Moreover, we have shown on figures how
functions are mapped.