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An Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) scheme is one

of the Indias largest and most unique programmes for early


childhood development. This (ICDS) Scheme was launched by the
Government of India in the State of
Arunachal Pradesh

in the year

1978-79 with one ICDS Project


namely; Niausa ICDS Project in
Tirap District. So far there are 93
ICDS Projects with 6028 Anganwadi Centres in the State.
*** List of ICDS projects in Arunachal Pradesh

Clickhere

*** Details of Anganwadi Workers & Anganwadi Helpers (under


preparation; being compiled) Clickhere
The major objectives of ICDS scheme are:
i. To increase the nutritional and health status of children in the
age group of 0-6 years in the State of Arunachal Pradesh;
ii. To arrange new innovations or ideas for proper Psychological,
Physical and Social Development of the child of the State;
iii. To

reduce

the

childrens

daily

incidences

like:

undernourishment and school drop-out, mortality and


morbidity;
iv. To improve the capability of the mother to watch over the
usual health condition and nutritional requirements of the
child through proper guidelines of nutrition and health
education;

v. For complete development of children, its very necessary to


get successful coordination of policy and implementation
amongst the various Departments.

Category of services for mother and child


Beneficiary

Services

Expectant and Nursing Mothers

Health check-up, Supplementary Nutrition


Immunization of expectant mothers against
Tetanus
Nutrition and Health Education

Children (0-3 yrs)

Supplementary Nutrition, Immunization


Health Check-up, Referral Services

Children between 3-6 years

Supplementary Nutrition, Immunization


Health Check-up, Referral Services

Package of Services are:


i)

Supplementary Feeding (Nutrition)


This

provides

supplementary

feeding

and

growth

monitoring; and control of nutrition for the growth of child and


mother. By considering supplementary feeding, the Anganwadi
attempts to bridge the caloric gap between the children and
women in low expenditure.
Children below the age of three years
are weighed once a month and children 3-6
years of age are weighed quarterly. In this
scheme

below

maintained
cards.

by

six

year

children

Weight-for-Age

are

growth

ii)

Immunization
Immunization of pregnant women and children from six

years take vaccine preventable diseasespoliomyelitis,

diphtheria,

pertussis,

tetanus, tuberculosis and measles. These


are major preventable causes of child
mortality,

disability.

Inoculation

of

pregnant women against tetanus also reduces maternal and


neonatal mortality.
iii) Health Check-Up
This contains health care of children less than six years of
age, care of expectant mothers and postnatal care of nursing
mothers. Anganwadi Workers including with Primary Health
Centre (PHC) staffs provide various services for
children. They provide regular health check-ups,
documentation of weight, immunization of
children,

management

of

malnutrition,

de-

worming and distribution of medicines etc.


iv)

Referral Services
The Primary Health Center (PHC) or its sub-Centers are

referred to the health check-ups and growth monitoring of


children. The Anganwadi worker has also been oriented to notice
disabilities in children and enlisted them in a special register and
makes a report to the medical officer of PHC.

v)

Nutrition and Health Education


Nutrition, Health and Education is a main part of the work of
the Anganwadi Workers. This has the
long term goal of capacity-building of
women especially in the age group of
15-45 years so that they can look after
their

own

health,

nutrition

and

development needs as well as maintain health care of their


children and families.
vi) Pre-School Education
Pre-School Education is also known as Infant education in
which refers to children of
five years who go to school.
In village areas infants are
guided

by

Anganwadi

workers under the Integrated


Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme. They need proper
care and guidance for there all round development.
vii)

Non Formal Education


Non formal education provided by Integrated Child

Development Services (ICDS) scheme


provides cultural activities such as:
music, dance, drama and also make
joyful and stimulating environment for
the children. Anganwadi workers focus

on total development of the children in the age up to six years,


mainly from the underprivileged groups.
The annual estimated budget for implementation of
Integrated Child Development services (ICDS) Schemes during the
year 2009-10 is Rs.5227.93 lakhs. The targeted beneficiaries during
this year are as under:
1. Children (0-6 years)

- 2, 55,602 Nos.

2. Pregnant & Lactating Mother

- 43,649:Nos.