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PHYSICS TEST

VECTORS
1.

The distance between the point p (2 m, 3 m, 4 m) and the x-axis is


(a)

29

(b) 5 m

13

(c)

(d)

20

2.

The minimum number of vectors in different planes which can be added to give a zero
resultant is
A) 5
B) 4
C) 3
D) 2

3.

The resultant of two forces each of magnitude P and acting at an angle is


A) 2P sin /2

4.

5.

B) 2P cos /2

C) 2P cos

The vector sum of the forces of 10 N and 6 N can be


A) 2N
B) 8 N
C) 18 N

D) P

D) 20 N

Four concurrent coplanar forces in Newton are acting at a point and keep it in
equilibrium. Then values of P and are
A) 1N, 90
B) 2N, 60
2N

C)
, 90
D) 2N, 90

P Q P Q

6.

If

and is the angle between

and , then

A) = 0

B)

=0

C)

=0

D) = 60

2 i 3 j 4 k

7.

Length of

in the X Y plane is
20
B)

A) 5

The resultant

C)

D) Zero

AC

C of A and B

8.

13

is perpendicular to . Also

. The angle between

and

A)

is

radian

B)

3
4

radian

C)

5
4

radian

D)

7
4

radian

OA, OB and OC

9.

The resultant of the three vectors


A) r

shown in figure is

B) 2r
C) r (1 +
D) r (

-A)

10.

One of the rectangular components of a velocity of 60 km h -1 is 30 kmph. The other


rectangular component is
3
2
A) 30 km h-1
B) 30
km h-1
C) 30
km h-1
D) zero

11.

Figure shows three vectors a , b and c . If RQ = 2PR, which of the following relations is
correct?
A) 2a c 3b
B) a 3c 2b
2

C) 3a c 2b
D) a 2c 3b

12.

If

r
a1

and

r
a2

are two non collinear unit vectors and if |

the value of (

(a) 2

13.

r
a1

r
a2

).(2

(b)

r
a1

3
2

r
a2

r
a1

r
a2

|=

, then

) is :

(c)

1
2

(d) 1

Two billiard balls are moving on a table and the component velocities along the edges
3
-1

AB and AD of the table ABCD are 5, 5 ms for one ball and 2


ball. The angle between the direction of motion of the balls is
A) 15o
B) 30o
C) 45o

, 2 ms-1 for the other


D) 75o

14.

The maximum and minimum resultants of two forces are 170 N and 70 N respectively.
The resultant of the forces when the angle between them is 90o is
A) 130 N
B) 104 N
C) 142 N
D) 96 N

15.

Two vectors of magnitudes 10 and 8 have a dot product 40


cross product is

. The magnitude of their


3

A) 120

B) 60

C) 40

D) 5

2( x 2 y 2 )

16.

The angle between the forces (x+ y) and (x- y) if their resultant is
A) 0
B) 30
C) 60
3

D) 90

17.

If O is in equilibrium, then tensions T1 and T2 are numerically (sin37 =


A) 30 N, 50 N

3
5

B) 60 N, 80 N
C) 90 N, 120 N
D) 120 N, 160 N

18.

If

r r r r
AB C D

(a)
(b)

r
B
r
A

, then select the correct alternative :

is parallel to

is perpendicular to

(c) Component of
(d) Component

19.

If
A)

20.

r r
C D

r
C

ur ur
ur ur
AX B 3 A.B

B AB
2

r
C

r
C

along

along

r
A

r
A

= component of

, then the value of


1
2

2
2
A B

B)

r
D

= - component of
ur ur
A B

AB

along
along

r
A
r
A

is:

1
2

C)

ur ur

r
D

ur ur

B 3 AB
2

ur

1
2

A B
D)

Three
relation A.B 0 and A.C ur 0ur, then A is parallelurto:
ur vectors satisfy the u
ur
r
A) C
B) B
C) BxC
D) B.C

21.

The sum, difference and cross product of two vectors

r
A

and

r
B

are

mutually perpendicular if :
(a)
(b)
(c)

r
A

r
A
r
A

and
and
and
r
A

r
B

r
A

are perpendicular to each other and | | = | |

r
B
r
B

r
B

are perpendicular to each other


are perpendicular but their magnitudes are arbitrary

r
B

(d) | | = | | and their directions are arbitrary

22.

The resultant of two vectors P and Q is R . If q is doubled and the new resultant is
perpendicular to P , then R equals
A) P
B) Q
C) P-Q
D) P+Q

23.

A force of - Fk acts on O, the origin of the coordinate system. The torque about the point
(1, -A) is: where force is in Newton and co-ordinates are in meters.


(A) F (i j ) N-m


(B) F (i j ) N-m

(C) F (i j ) N-m


(D) F (i j ) N-m

24.


The magnitude and direction of i j is

A) 2 , 45 with i

B) 2 , 45 with i

C) 2 , 45 with j

D) None

25.

r r
r
r
a
b
If two non parallel vectors a and b are equal in magnitude then the vectors
and
r r
ab

are
A) Parallel to each other
C) And parallel to each other
26.

B) Perpendicular to each other


D) Inclined at an acute angle

If the sum of two unit vectors is a unit vector, then magnitude of their difference is :
1
C) 2

B) 3

A) 2

27.

D) 5

r r r
r r
r

a
a
b
c
Three vectors , and
are given as i j, b j k, c 2i 5j 3k . Choose the

correct statement
r
r

a , b and c are in a plane


A) vectors
r

B) a , b and c are mutually perpendicular vectors.


r

r
r
a b .c 0

C)

28.

29.

The rectangular (or, orthogonal) components of 13 N are:


A) 10 N and 3 N
B) 6.5 N and 6.5 N
C) 6 N and 19 N

D) 12 N and 5 N

r
r
r
r r r
r
r
A
B
C
Given that A B C . If
=4,
= 5 and
= 61 . The angle between A and C is:

A) 30
30.

D) None of the above.

B) 60

C) 90

D) 120

The sum of magnitudes of two forces acting at a point is 18 units and the magnitude of
their resultant is 12 units. The resultant is at 90 with the smaller magnitude. The
magnitude of the individual forces (in units) are
A) 6 and 12
B) 9 and 9
C) 4 and 14
D) 5 and 13
6

KEY
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.

B
B
B
B
D
B
C
B
C
B
D
C
A
A
C
D
B
d
A
C
d
B
D
B
B
B
C
D
B
D

SOLUTIONS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
OA and OC

9.
10.
11.

The resultant

is r

and is along

RQ 2 PR
RQ 2 PR

a c 2 b c
12.
40

30

20

Sin = 4/5
x 20

13.

4
16km
5

v1 5i 5 j

1 45

v2 2 3i 2 j 1 30

OB

15

14.

F1 F2 170, F1 F2 170
F1 120 F2 50
F 1202 50 2 130 N

15.

10 8 Cos 40 3

Cos 3 / 2
x 10 8

16.
17.
18.

1
40
2

Length of the given vector does not changed by the rotation of the co-ordinate axis.
12 (n 1) 2 n 2 32

19.
20.
21.
22.
23.

r r r
Torque r F
i j
r r
r F 1 1
0 0

24.
25.
26.

r
F Fk and r i j

k
0
F i( F ) j ( F ) F (i j )

2
$
i $
j 12 1 2

Magnitude of
0
Direction is 45 with x axis.

r r
r r
r r
a

a
b
If a b have same magnitude then
120

Angle between them is

Magnitude of their difference =


27.
28.
29.
30.

r r r
a b .c 0

12 12 2 11 cos 1800 1200

122 52 13
60
42 52 2 4 5 cos 61
F1 F2 18
9

= 3

F12 F22 2 F1 F2 cos 12


12 F22 F12

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