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LAB EXAM 2

Illicaus: Flex thigh


Psoas Major: Flex thigh
Gluteus Maximus: Extends thigh
Gluteus Minumus: Abducts thigh
Gluteus Medius: Abducts thigh
Adductor Longus: adduct thigh
Adductor Magnus: adduct thigh
Gracilis: adduct thigh
Sartorius: flex and lat rotation of thigh
Tensor Fascia Latae: abducts thigh
Rectus femoris: extend leg and flex thigh
Vastus lateralis: extend leg
Vastus medialis: extend leg
Vastus intermedius: extend leg
Biceps Femoris: extend thigh and flex leg
Semimembranosus: extend thigh and flex leg
Semitendinosus: extend thigh and flex leg
Gastrocnemius: plantar flexion of foot
Soleus: plantar flexion of foot
Tibialis Anterior: dorsiflexion of foot
Fibularis longus: plantar flexion and eversion of foot
Extensor digitorum longus: extend toe 2-5
Orbicularis Oris: close lips
Orbicularis Oculi: close eyes
Zygomaticus: draw corners of mouth up and lateral
Masseter: elevate mandible
Temporalis: elevate mandible
Buccinator: compress cheek
Sternocleidomastoid: flex neck, lateral rotation of head

Digastric: depress mandible, elevate hyoid bone

PART 2
Internal intercostals (right side layer to the left): Depresses ribs during forced
expiration
External intercostals (right side layer to the right): Elevates ribs during inspirations
Diaphragm: Increases volume of thoracic cavity for inspiration
External oblique (left side): Compresses abdomen, flexes and rotates trunk
Internal Oblique (right side model): Compresses abdomen, flexes and rotates trunk
Transverse Abdominis (behind abs on the sides): Compresses abdomen
Rectus Abdominis (right side abs): Compresses abdomen and flexes trunk
Pectoralis Minor (right side): Depresses and moves scapula anteriorly
Pectoralis Major (left side chest): flexes and adducts arm
Serratus Anterior (left on the side under pect major): Raises tip of shoulder

Trapezius (on back triangle): Elevates, depresses, retracts scapula, extends head
Latissimus Dorsi (lat muscles on back): Extends and adducts arm
Rhomboid minor (top small strand left side of back): Adducts scapula
Rhomboid minor (wider big band under minor): Adducts scapula

Deltoid: Abducts arm (also flex or extend)


Supraspinatus: abducts arm
Infraspinatus: Lateral rotation of arm
Teres Major (behind tricep strand in infraspinatus region): Medial rotation of arm
Teres Minor (closest strand that is above teres major): Lateral rotation of arm
Subscapularis (behind supra and infra): Medial rotation of arm
Triceps Brachii: Extends forearm and arm
Biceps Brachii: Flexes forearm
Brachialis (middle of bicep and tricep): flexes forearm

Brachioradialis (under brachialis top muscle attached to to low end of brachialis):


Flexes forarm
Pronator Teres (muscle above brachioradialis leading to underneath): pronates
forearm
Supinator (underneath brachioradialis, on the right side): Supinates forearm

Flexors Radius = thumb Ulna = pinky Inside arm = flexor Outside arm = extensor
Pimps (Pronotor teres)
F***k (Flexor carpi radialis)
Prostitutes (Palmaris longus)
For (Flexor digitorum superficialis)
Fun (Flexor carpi ulnaris)
Flexi Carpi Radialis (inside thumb side): Flexes and abducts hand
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis (muscles between the bones): Flexes fingers
Palmaris Longus (middle band going to middle fingers) : Flexes hand
Flexi Carpi Ulnaris (inside pinky side): Flexes and adducts hand

Extensors
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus (middle strand under brachioradialis): Extends and
abducts hand
Extensor carpi radialis brevis (small strand right under longus): Extends and abducts
hand
Extensor Digitorum (middle long strand): Extend fingers 2-5
Extensor Digiti Minimi (smaller strand muscle on the pinky): Extends finger 5
Extensor carpi ulnaris (long strand attached to pinky): Extends and adducts hand

PART 3
BRAIN
R and L hemisphere: right and left side of whole brain
Longitudinal Fissure: line down the middle of the brain
Central Sulcus: in front of red line
Frontal Lobes: area in front of red line on brain
Parietal Lobes: area behind red line

Temporal Lobes: Side of the brain


Occipital Lobes: Back of brain
Gyrus: Bumps on brain
Sulcus: Indentions of brain
Cerebral Cortex: Outer brain lobes make this area
Central White Matter:
Cerebellum: Big ball little brain on end
Arbor Vitae: white matter Stems of the cerebellum
Pons: round part attached to cerebellum
Medulla Obligata: Below pons
Midbrain: above the pons
Corpora Quadrigemina: in the midbrain, 4 bumps, 2 on each half of brain
Superior colliculus: upper bump
Inferior colliculus: bottom bump
Dura Mater:
Arachnoid Mater:
Pia Mater:
Superior Sagittal Sinus:
Hypothalamus: beak of bird
Thalamus: Bird face, eye included
Pituitary Gland:
Pineal Gland:
Optic Nerve: under hypothalamus (nerve II)
Olfactory bulb and tract:
Corpus Collusum: white matter lines through rigid texture
Choroid Plexus: above eye of bird, pineal gland at bottom of this plexus
Third ventricle: face of bird (thalamus)
Interventricular Foramen: space between
Cerebral Aqueduct: white space on medial end going from midbrain to pons

Fourth ventricle: region of cerebellum. starting where third ended ending alongside
the medulla obligata
Central Canal: at the bottom end of fourth ventricle big indent hole
Septum Pellucidum: below corpus collusum
Lateral Ventricles: area of septum pellucidum (L & R depending on what side
brain)

Cranial Nerves
1 olfactory nerve (olfaction)
2 optic nerve (vision)
3 oculomotor nerve (eye movement)
4 trochlear nerve (eye movement)
5 trigemenal nerve (sensory to face, motor muscles of mastication)
6 abducens (eye movement)
7 facial nerve (motor to muscle of facial expressions)
8 vestibulucochlear nerve (hearing/balance)
9 glossopharyngeal (taste/swallowing(
10 vagus nerve (control of cardiac, respiratory, digestive, urinary systems)
11 accessory (motor to neck and shoulder muscles)
12 hypoglossal (motor to tongue)

Ventricles:
Lateral: physically Under pelucidum
Interventricular foramen: space between pellucidum and choroid plexus
Third ventricle: above choroid plexus comma shape down to cerebral
aqueduct
Cerebral aqueduct: runs through midbrain
Fourth ventricle: Small hole indent below arbor vitae
Central canal: Very bottom of oblongata