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The Classroom School Subjects List of Things That Jesus Was Accused Of

List of Things That Jesus Was Accused Of


by Christina Lee, Demand Media
Jesus of Nazareth was a Galilean Jewish carpenter and spiritual leader
who was executed in Roman-occupied Palestine about 2,000 years
ago. There is widespread disagreement among historians and New
Testament scholars about the veracity of various details included in the
trial and crucifixion stories reported in the synoptic gospels of Mark,
Matthew and Luke. Biblical accounts conclude that Jesus was arrested
by Jewish Sanhedrin leaders but executed under Roman, not Jewish,
law.
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Charged with Blasphemy

Jesus was executed for crimes against Rome.

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The Bible claims that Jesus was first arrested by Jewish leaders after
protesting the excess he observed on display in the Jewish temple
during Jerusalem's Passover. Matthew, Mark and Luke report that he
was first tried before a Jewish Sanhedrin court in Judea. They agree he
was charged with blasphemy, convicted and turned over to local Roman
prefect Pontius Pilate for a subsequent Roman trial. Though the charge
was related to Jesus's behavior in the temple, scholars cannot verify
how his actions constituted blasphemy under Jewish law -- or even that
the Sanhedrin trial really happened.

Roman Trial
After the Sanhedrin trial, Jesus was tried before prefect Pontius Pilate. It
is unclear what the charges against him may have been under Roman
law. Still, scholars know that Jesus was executed for crimes against
Rome, not God, because of the manner of his crucifixion on a cross.
Crimes against Judaism would have been punished by stoning.
Whatever the charges, it is established that they were serious since
Rome reserved crucifixion for what it regarded as the worst criminals.

Possible Charge of Sedition


One possibility is that Jesus was a Jewish nationalist who was linked to violent political uprising against the Roman

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List of Things That Jesus Was Accused Of | The Classroom | Synonym


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occupation led by the nationalist Zealot movement. The sign placed on his cross, which read "King of the Jews,"
may support this interpretation. If Jesus were linked to violent insurrection, this would have resulted in charges of
sedition and punishment by crucifixion. This perspective was advanced by Jesus' brother James after his death.
0
Messianic Teachings

Another perspective holds that Jesus' nonviolent sayings place him at odds with the Zealot movement. This
perspective, advanced by Jesus' apostle Paul, held that he was a Messianic figure who mainly called for
transformation from within. In this case, Romans may have been nervous about protests during Passover. Noting
Jesus' growing popularity, they may have feared that his temple protest could foment rioting.
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References
University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law: The Trial of Jesus - An Account(http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty

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List of Things That Jesus Was Accused Of | The Classroom | Synonym


http://classroom.synonym.com/list-things-jesus-accused-6344.html
/projects/ftrials/jesus/jesusaccount.html)
University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law: The Trial of Jesus - Questions and
Answers(http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/jesus/jesusqanda.html)
University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law: The Trial of Jesus - Non-Christian References to the Trial of
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Jesus(http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/jesus/nonchristianaccounts.html)
Slate: Why Was Jesus Crucified?(http://www.slate.com/articles/life/faithbased/2009/04
/why_was_jesus_crucified.single.html)
Frontline: Jesus' Many Faces(http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/religion/jesus/arrest.html)
Frontline: Jesus' Many Faces(http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/religion/jesus/arrest.html)

Resources
Oxford Bibliographies: Jesus of Nazareth(http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document
/obo-9780195393361/obo-9780195393361-0062.xml)
Demythologizing Jesus of Nazareth; Robert W. Fuller(http://books.google.com/books?id=mAOuMVWGfIcC&
pg=PA470&lpg=PA470&dq=jesus+of+nazareth+in+historical+perspective&source=bl&ots=WkLZx870qo&
sig=xLRHtDFQQH64KqqtydO01lncBT0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=g8gwUvmXIIrY8gSsw4GIAg&
ved=0CHwQ6AEwCTgy#v=onepage&q=jesus%20of%20nazareth%20in%20historical%20perspective&f=false)

About the Author


Christina Lee began writing in 2004. Her co-authored essay is included in the edited volume, "Discipline and
Punishment in Global Affairs." Lee holds a Bachelor of Arts in English and politics from the University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill, a Master of Arts in global affairs from American University and a Master of Arts in philosophy
from Penn State University.

Photo Credits
Visage/Stockbyte/Getty Images

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