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AQA Core 3 Differentiation

Section 2: The product and quotient rules

Solutions to Exercise

y  x(2x  1) 2 1. (i) d u u  x  
y  x(2x  1)
2
1.
(i)
d u
u
x
 1
Use the chain
rule here
Let
d
x
d
v
v
(2
x
1)
2
2(2
x
1)
2
4(2
x
1)
Let
d
x
d
v
d
u
Using the product rule:
d y
u
v
d
x
d
x
d
x
2
x
4(2
x
1)
1
(2
x
1)
(2 x – 1) is a
2
 4
x
(2
x
1)
(2
x
1)
common factor
(2
x
1)(4
x
(2
x
1))
(2
x
1)(6
x
1)
(ii) y
 x
(2
x
1)
2
x
(4
x
2
4
x
1)
4
x
3
4
x
2
x
d
y
12
x
2
8
x
1
d
x

(iii) (2x 1)(6x 1) 12x

2 8x 1

so the two answers are algebraically equivalent.

2. y  x(2x  1) 4 d u u  x   1
2. y  x(2x  1)
4
d
u
u
x
 1
Use the chain
rule here
Let
d
x
d
v
v
(2
x
1)
4
4(2
x
1)
3
2
8(2
x
1)
3
Let
d
x
d
v
d
u
Using the product rule:
d y
u
v
d
x
d
x
d
x
3
4
x
8(2
x
1)
1
(2
x
1)
3
4
8
x
(2
x
1)
(2
x
1)
(2 x + 1)³ is a
3
common factor
 (2
x
1) (8
x
(2
x
1))
3
 (2
x
1) (10
x
1)
factor  (2 x  1) (8 x  (2 x  1)) 3  (2

1 of 5

15/03/13

© MEI

AQA C3 Differentiation 2 Exercise solutions

3. y x

1  2 x  x (1  2 x ) 2x x(1 2x)

Let

u

x

d

u

d

x

1

Let

v

(1

2

x

)

1

2

d

v

d x

Using the product rule: d

y

d

x

3

4. y x (1 x)

1

3

Let

Let

u

v

3

x

(1

x

)

d

u

3

d

2

x

v

1

3

d

x

d

x

Using the product rule:

d y

d x

5. y x

 d x  Using the product rule: d y d x 5. y  x

1 x x(1 x)

1

2

d u

Let

Let

u

v

x

(1

x

)

d

1

2

x

1

d

v

d x

y

Using the product rule: d

d

x

1

2

1

3

Use the chain rule here 1 2 1 (1  2 x )  2
Use the chain
rule here
1
2 1 (1
2
x
)
2 
1
2
1
2
x
d
v
d
u
u
v
d
x
d
x
1
x
1
1
2
x
1
2
x
x
1
2
x
1
2
x
Use a common
x
(1
2
x
)
denominator to write this
as a single fraction
1
 2
x
1
 3
x
1
2
x
Use the chain rule here (1  x )  2  1  1
Use the chain
rule here
(1
x
)
2
1
1
(1
x
)
2
3
3
3
d
v
d
u
u
v
d
x
d
x
x
(1
 x
) 
2
2
1
1
2
3
2
1
3
x
(1
x
)
3
3
x
(1
x
)
3
3
3
is a
2
2
1
common factor
x
(1
x
)
3
(
x
9(1
x
))
3
2
2
1
x
(1
x
)
3
(10
x
9)
3
Use the chain rule here 1 2 1 (1  x )  1 
Use the chain
rule here
1
2 1 (1
x
)
1
 
1
2
2
1 
x
d
v
d
u
u
v
d
x
d
x
1
x

1
x
1
2
1 
x
x

1 
x
2 1 
x
2
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15/03/13
© MEI

AQA C3 Differentiation 2 Exercise solutions

6.

7.

At turning point,

When

x

2

3

,

y

x  1  x 2 1  x x  2(1  x )
x
1 
x
2 1 
x
x
2(1
x
)
x
2
2
x
3
x
 2
x
 2
3
1 2
2
(1
)
2 
3
2 3
3
3

Turning point is

x

2 2   ,  3 3 3    .
2
2
 
,
3
3
3
   .

y

2

x

1

 

d

u

Let

u

 

x

1

 
 

d

x

 

d

v

Let

v

2

x

1

2

 

d

x

 

d

u

d

v

 

Using the quotient rule,

d

y

v

d

x

u

d

x

d

x

v

2

 

1(2

x

1)

2

x

 

(2

x 1)

2

 
 

1

 



 
 

(2

x

1)

2

Since

(2x 1)

2

is always positive,

1

 
 

(2x

1)

2

is always negative for

and so the gradient of the curve is always negative for

1

x 2 .

1

x 2 ,

2

x

y  1  x u  x 2 Let v  (1  Let
y
1 
x
u
x
2
Let
v
(1
Let

d

u

)

d

x

1

2

d

v

d

x

2

x

x

1 (1

2

x

)

1

2

1

Use the chain rule here  1 (1  x )  1 2 2
Use the chain
rule here
1 (1
x
)
1
2
2

AQA C3 Differentiation 2 Exercise solutions

8.

9.

d u d v v  u d y d x d x Using the
d
u
d
v
v
u
d
y
d
x
d
x
Using the quotient rule,
2
d
x
v
1
1
2
2
2
2
x
(1
x
)
x
2 1 (1
x
)
Multiply top and
2(1 x )
1
2
1 
x
bottom by
2
4
x
(1
x
)
x
3
2
2(1
x
)
2
4
x
3
x
x
(4
3
x
)
3
3
2
2
2(1
x
)
2(1
x
)
x
y
x
2 1
d
u
u
 x
2
 2
x
Let
d
x
d
v
v
 
x
1
1
Let
d
x
d
u d
v
v
 u
d
y
d
x
d
x
Using the quotient rule,
2
d
x
v
2
2
x x
(
1)
x
2
(
x 1)
x x
(
 2)
2
(
x
1)
x x
(
2)
 0
At turning points,
(
x
1)
2
x
0
or
x
2
When x = 0, y = 0
2
2
y 
 4
When x = 2,
2
1
The turning points are (0, 0) and (2, 4).
1
x
y
1
x
d
u
u
 
1 
x
1
2
1
x
1
2
Let
d
x
2
d
v
v
 
1 
x
1
x
1
2
1
2
Let
d
x
2
d
u
d
v
v
u
d
y
d
x
d
x
Using the quotient rule,
d
x
v
2
4 of 5
15/03/13
© MEI

AQA C3 Differentiation 2 Exercise solutions

 

1

1

1

1

 

1

x

2

(1

 

2

)

(

1

x

2

)(1

x

2

)

 

 

2

 

x

2

 

1

)

2

 
 

(1

x

2

 

1

1

1

1

2

x

2

(1

x

2

1

 

x

2

)

 

1

)

2

 
 

(1

x

2

 

1

 

 

x

2

1

2

 
 

(1

x

2

)

1

 

2 x (1  x )
2
x (1
 x
)
1  x w  10. (i) 1  x d u u  
1 
x
w
10. (i)
1 
x
d
u
u
 
1
x
1
Let
d
x
d
v
v
 
1
x

1
Let
d
x
d
u
d
v
v
u
d
w
d
x
d
x
Using the quotient rule:
2
d
x
v
(1
x
)
(1
x
)(
1)
2
(1
x
)
2
2
(1
 x )
  1 
x
3
w
3
(ii) y
 
1
x
  
d
3
w
3
d
w y 
d y
d
y
d
w
Using the chain rule:
d
x
d
w
d
x
2
2
3
w
2
(1
x
)
2
1
x
2
3
2
1
x
(1
x
)
2
6(1
x
)
4
(1
x )