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5/3/2016

TipsonWritingMainsAnswers,HowtoWriteAnswersforCivilServicesExams,HowtoAnswerinMainsPaper

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Answers

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The civil services


main exam consists
ofdescriptivetypeof
Login
questions.
It
NotificationCivilServices(Prelims)
focusses on testing
Exams,2016[New]
the candidate on
(http://civilserviceindia.com/csp_2016_notification.pdf)
various levels. The
NotificationIndianForestService
time limit for the
(Prelims)Exam,2016[New]
essaypaperis3hrs
(http://civilserviceindia.com/IFSP
without a word limit,
2016notification.pdf)
butfortheoptionalpaper,therearequestionswithspecificwordlimitlike
APPforSociologyNotes[New]
250wordsinoptionalsubjectsand250words,150wordsand20words
(https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?
ingeneralstudies.Thecandidatethenhastopreparehimselftoanswer
id=com.sociologyguide.apps)
alltypesofquestions.Themostimportantthingtobekeptinmindisthe
time constraint. Therefore it becomes necessary to answer these
IITGuwahati[New]
(http://civilserviceindia.com/iit
questionsquicklyandeffectivelyandinminimumwords.
NoticeBoard

guwahati/index.html)
CivilServicesPersonalityTest
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One common doubt that students have is with regard to the style of
(http://www.news.civilserviceindia.com/civil
answeringquestions,whethertoadopttheparagraphorthepointstyleof
servicespersonalitytestbegins/)
answering questions. Though there is no set rule, it is wise to adopt a
style depending on the question asked. If the question says to discuss,
Tipstoimproveyourperformanceat
analyse or critically examine, it would be better to answer the question
theInterview
(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/civil theparagraphformat.Ontheotherhand,ifthequestionasksyoutolist
servicesinterview.html)
the advantages or give reasons for/ against etc., it is better to go in for
thepointformatofanswering.
FillingoftheQuestionnairefor
Begins

Interview
(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/interview.html)

STYLEOFANSWERINGQUESTIONS:

Listofprobablequestions/Topicsfor

Forthisitisveryimportanttounderstandthequestionfirst.Dependingon
what the question is, whether one is asked to "discuss", "elucidate",
(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/interviewquestions.html)
"explain","critically Appreciate" or "give reasons for and against", the
FinalResultofIFOSExam,2015
answer should be written Accordingly because it is only through the
(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/results.html)
examinee's style of answering questions that one can assess his or her
DailyCurrentAffairsQuiz
originalityofthoughtandanalyticalabilities.Thequestionshouldberead
(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/currentproperly,infactthequestionpapershouldbereadthoroughlyinthefirst
affairs/quiz.html)
five or ten minutes of the exam and then one should decide on the
questions which are to be answered first. Time should also be given to
PollHasIPLhelpedIndiancricket
(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/poll/index.php)
frametheanswersothatthereisnoconfusionlateron.

theInterview

CivilServicesVacancies

Agoodwaytowriteeffectiveandpreciseanswersistopracisewritingout
answers. our answers should present the facts and concepts in an
servicesvacancies.html)
interesting way and should never read like a passage from a book. It is
CurrentAffairsApl18toApl24,2016
best to use simple English and avoid flowy and decorative langauage
(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/currentwich takes our attention away from the original facts and our opinions
affairs/index.html)
aboutagiventopic.Makingapracticeofwritingoutanswersisespecially
SubscribetoCurrentAffairsNews
useful in managing the time limit set for the exam and to write the best
(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subscribe
possible answer in the allotted time It not only improves one's style of
currentaffairsnews.html)
expression,butalsoonegetsusedtothetimeandwordlimits.
(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/civil

GSNotesForCivilServices

HOWTOWRITEAGOODANSWER:

(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/General
Studies/notes/)
http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/writinganswers.html

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TipsonWritingMainsAnswers,HowtoWriteAnswersforCivilServicesExams,HowtoAnswerinMainsPaper

Issuesrelatedtodirectandindirect
farmsubsidiesandminimumsupport

It is just not enough to know all the facts and information but the most
importantthingtobekeptinmindistowriteananswerwhichhasaclear

and a logical frame, which presents information in a clear and concise


manner,whichdoesnotcontainanyirrelevantorpilingupofinformation,
(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/General
prices

Studies/notes/issuesrelatedto
directandindirectfarmsubsidies
andminimumsupportprices.html)
StrengtheningofEthicalandMoral
ValuesinGovernance

whichisinterestingandabletoholdone'sattention.
Sothenextlogicalstepistoknowhowtowriteagoodanswer.Thefirst
step is to prepare the framework where one can list all ideas, thoughts
andfactsandwritethemdown.Itisimportanttoadoptanansweringstyle
which is natural, original and to the point. Emphasis should be given to

(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/General
the kind of language used, one which is simple and clear without
Studies/notes/strengtheningof
unnecessaryuseofnounsandverbs.Useofarchaicandfancywordsor
ethicalandmoralvaluesin
governance.html)
ManagementNotesForCivil
Services

language should be avoided at all costs. Care should be taken to avoid


grammatical mistakes which will give a negative opinion however good
theanswermaybe.Lastbutnottheleast,itisveryimportanttohavea
goodandalegiblehandwriting.

(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/Management/notes/)
Flexibilityininformationsystems

HOWTOANSWERTHEEFFECTIVEPARTOFTHEQUESTION:

(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/Management/notes/flexibility
ininformationsystems.html)

Everyonerepeatedlytalksabouttheeffectivepartofthequestion.Thisis
differentfromtheIntroduction,BodyandConclusionofanyanswerwhich

isitsstructure.Theeffectivepartmeanswhichangleorperspectivedo
(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/Management/notes/vendor
they wish the answers to be seen. The facts remain the same but the
Vendorevaluationandaudit
evaluationandaudit.html)
PoliticalScienceNotesForCivil

presentation differs. So enumerate means represent in numbers and


viewsmeansyouropiniononthoseverynumbersorfacts.Forexample

inenumeratethepopulationratioyougivedatalike93femalesper100
males.ButinviewsyouwritethatThemanwomanrationeedstobethe
(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/Political
Services

Science/notes/index.html)
Rights:Meaningandtheories

sameforwhichweneedtotakecareofthegirlchildetcetc.

differentkindsofrightsconceptof

Wewillexplaintoyouthemeaningandapplicationofsomeoftheterms
that appear repeatedly in questions in the IAS mains exam. We rae not

HumanRights

goingbyfactsandthesentencesmaybefunnyattimes.Wearesimply

(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/Political
tryingtodrivethepointhome.
Science/notes/rightsmeaningand
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TipsonWritingMainsAnswers,HowtoWriteAnswersforCivilServicesExams,HowtoAnswerinMainsPaper

theories.html)

Enumerate:

AnthropologyNotesForCivil

Simplylistthepointsaboutthetopicanddon'tgivedetailedexplaination.

Services

"ThepopulationratioofIndiais93femalesper100males".

(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/Anthropology/notes/)
CulturalEvolutionBroadOutlinesof
Prehistoriccultures

Narrate:

'Early to late' this is how narration occurs. So, temporal (time related)

sequencingiscritical.Youcanevenpredictthecourseinfutureifasked.
(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/Anthropology/notes/cultural
evolutionbroadoutlinesof

"The Sex Ratio in India was okay till the time of Independence, but has

prehistoriccultures.html)

been against women since then. In ancient times there seemed to be


morefemalesthanmalesasmalesseemedtohavemorethanonewife

PrinciplesofPrehistoricArchaeology

each. With growing say of women more and more women and girl
children will be taken care of and so we will perhaps go back to having

(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/Anthropology/notes/principles
ofprehistoricarchaeology
chronologyrelativeandabsolute
datingmethods.html)
CivilServicesEssayContest

morefemalesascomparedtomen."

Dene:
Thissimplymeanswritethedefinition.Abitofmemoryhelpshereasyou

(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/Essay/Contest.html)
should try to reproduce
(May)
verbatim and at least include all possible
UPSCcontactNos

keywords and phrases which you know are essential parts of that

(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/UPSC particulardefinition."PopulationRatioisthesexratioortheratioofmales
contactnos.pdf)
IASDiscussionForum
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tofemalesinapopulation.SexRatioisatermusedtodefinethenumber
offemalesper1000males."

Evaluate/Assess/Examine:
Detailed explanations are required. Write in details whatever you know,
inlude one to two lines of introduction followed by three to four lines in
favourandthreetofourlinesagainstthegiventopic.Onetotwolinesof
implications if any, and then limitations of the concepts and finally the
conclusionintwotothreelinesneedstobeadded."Thehumansexratio,
isdefinedintermsofthenumberofmalesper100femaleswhichvaries
greatlybetweencountriesandregions.Thebiologicalnormisforthesex
ratio at birth to be about 105 more or less everywhere meaning just
over51%ofbirthsareboysandjustunder49%aregirls...."
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TipsonWritingMainsAnswers,HowtoWriteAnswersforCivilServicesExams,HowtoAnswerinMainsPaper

SelectLanguage
Opinion/Comment/Views:
Poweredby
Whenever your opinion is asked, it should be full of optimism and your
Translate(https://translate.google.com)
answershouldbefullofzealandenthusiasm.Giveconstructiveopinions
with optimistic, future oriented and progressive ideas. However your
opinions should be largely acceptable. "With India's growing economy,
gender equality and improving health facilites we are sure to have a
bettersexratio."

Purpose/Goal/Objec ve/Target:
What is to be achieved, what is the purpose, the goal, the objectives or
the targets? "India needs to control its population but at the same time
needstobringabalanceinthepopulationratio.Abalancedratioreflects
theprogressandfutureofacountry."

Analyse:
When it comes to analyse, it is the same as evaluation, assessment or
examination plus your opinion is also needed here. So, once you give
your opinion it means you are interpreting the event according to your
knowledge apart from detailed explanations. "The human sex ratio, is
defined in terms of the number of males per 100 females which varies
greatlybetweencountriesandregions.Thebiologicalnormisforthesex
ratio at birth to be about 105 more or less everywhere meaning just
(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/red.php?
over 51% of births are boys and just under 49% are girls...... and with
bu=85)
India's growing economy, gender equality and improving health facilites
wearesuretohaveabettersexratio."

Discuss:
A frequently used term, it means you can write whatever you know but
themostimportantthingistowriteasifyouaretalkingtotheexaminer.A
differing opinion can be used. "Surely India needs to do something to

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http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/writinganswers.html

balance the sex ratio. We should do extra policing and stop clinics from
doingsexdetermination...."
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TipsonWritingMainsAnswers,HowtoWriteAnswersforCivilServicesExams,HowtoAnswerinMainsPaper

Describe:
Thisistheeasiestthingtodoandjusttheoreticalknowledgeisrequired
here. You have to write basically its parts, what it is made up of,
constituents, characteristics and attributes. "Population Ratio is the sex
ratioortheratioofmalestofemalesinapopulation.Itisthenumberof
males per 100 females. Advanced countries have a sex ratio around
(http://www.civilserviceindia.com/contact.html#ad)
100:97butIndiahas100:106....."

Cri cally:
An important term and a favourite of UPSC. Whenever it is asking
CriticallyExamine,CriticallyCommentorCriticallyAnalysejustremember
that you have to write both pros and cons and give a fair, unbiased or
valueloadedjudgement.Itshouldalwaysgiveafeelingofclosure.
(http://www.thisismyindia.com/mobile
phones/index.html)

"Increasing the women population may increase the number of


dependants in a family in rural India and for a while it may be counter
productivebutasmoregirlsgeteducatedtheywillfindjobsandsupport
their families. Also eduacting a girl will only lead to increased level of
education in the next generation of the family as she will make sure all
herchildrengotoschool."

Elucidate/Elaborate/Expand/Exemplify:
Thesearemoreorlesssimilarwordsbutnotexactlythesame.Elucidate
means make it clear with examples to make it clear. Elaborate and
Expand mean detailed explanations. Exemplify means give a typical
exampleofthatparticularcategory.Pleaseincludecontemporaryaffairs,
connectionsorcurrentaffairs."Keralawith1084femalesforevery1000
(http://www.gharpe.com/)

(http://www.palsforfree.com/)

males has the highest sex ratio because of high levels of education
whereastheunionterritoryofChandigarhhasonly818femalesforevery
1000 males due to the gender bias in Punjab and Haryana. Since more
states are like chandigarh the overall India ratio is 940 females/1000
males."

Implica ons/Consequences/Outcomes/Results:
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Implica ons/Consequences/Outcomes/Results:

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TipsonWritingMainsAnswers,HowtoWriteAnswersforCivilServicesExams,HowtoAnswerinMainsPaper

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Write about the possible scenario or impact of the event in question. "
DuetobetterhealthfacilitiesandreachofeducationtheIndiansexratio
hasshownmajorsignsofimprovementinthelast10years.Fromasmall
number of 933 in 2001, the bar has been raised to 940 in the 2011
CensusofIndia."

Contrast/Dis nguish:
Itmeanswritedifferencesnotsimilarities.Youcanwritesimilaritiesaswell
as differences if asked to Compare and Contrast. "Kerala with 1084
femalesforevery1000maleshasthehighestsexratiobecauseofhigh
levels of education whereas the union territory of Chandigarh has only
818femalesforevery1000males."

Signicance/Importance:
What happens because it exists or what happen if it doesn't exist. "Sex
Ratio is a great source to find the equality of males and females in a
societyatagivenperiodoftime."

Jus fy/Advocate:
Here you have to argue in favour of and write favourable comments as
far as reasonably possible. "More men per women is actually a good
thingaswomenareknowntolivelongerthanmenandasIndiadevelops
we are sure to catch up. We will not have the problem of missing men
any time soon like Russia has with sex ratio of 100:45." Illustrate:Use
examplesdata,diagramsandchartstomakeitclearer.

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