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HOUSING TYPOLOGIES

Typology
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Within a given field, the systematic classification of types according to their


characteristics

House Types

The type of house that one lives in reflects a lot about the occupant
Reflect the occupants personality, socio-economic status or means of livelihood

The wide array of housing typologies that characterize human settlements around the world are
characterized by:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Scale
Structural Shell
Materials
Ratio to Land/Density
Mode of Occupancy
Layout/Relationship to Open Spaces
Prices
Interior Spaces
Dominant or Sub-uses

Types of House
1. Single-Detached, Stick-Built
2. Row Houses (Socialized Housing)
3. Modular Homes duplex, triplex, quadriplex
4. Apartment Complex
5. Townhouses (Medium-rise)
6. High-rise Condominium
7. Manufactured Housing Pre-fabricated
8. Mobile Housing (trailer vans)
9. Converted-use Property
10. Cooperative Housing Timeshare?

Typologies of Housing tested for Design Solution


Single-Detached
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A house surrounded by open space, having no common walls with another

Single Attached

Usually homes that have one common wall with another home maybe as small as a few
feet in common, they have legal standing of a single family home with a separate lot, etc.

Duplex
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A two family house generally with two floors, a complete dwelling unit on each floor and
a separate entrance to each

Row House
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A dwelling unit that is part of a row or set of houses built in the same style and sharing
one or more sidewalls with the adjacent house

Medium-rise
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A building having roughly between 5 to 10 floors generally equipped with elevators

Condominiums
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A type of real state ownership within a multi-family dwelling, in which each proprietor
owns 100% of his private apartment and a share of the public facilities such as corridors,
lobbies, garden, plumbing, installation, etc.

Apartment Housing
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A building consisting of compact temporary dwellings units that share public areas like
stairs, elevators, corridors, lobbies and sometimes dining rooms

Townhouse
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A comfortable-to-luxurious dwelling in an urban environment

Manufactured or Pre-fabricated House


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A house assembled from components cut to size at a factory or assembled from building
modules shipped to the construction site

Mobile Housing
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A movable or portable dwelling unit built on a chassis, connected to utilities, designed


without permanent foundation, and intended for year-round living

A Semi-Commercial Housing
A Semi-Industrial Housing
A Semi-Institutional Housing

Subdivisions

A tract of land divided into residential lots

Courtyard Housing
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Is a distinct medium density multi-family housing typology centered around a shared


outdoor open space or garden and surrounded by one or two stories of apartment units
typically only accessed by courtyard from the street (and not by an interior corridor.

Cluster
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Subdivision technique in which detached dwelling units are group relatively close
together, leaving open spaces as common areas

Adaptive Reuse
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The process of adapting old structures for purposes other than those initially intended

Site-and-Services
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Are provision of plots of lands, either on ownership or land lease tenure, along with a
bare minimum of essential infrastructure needed for habitation

Urban Renewal Project is a program of land redevelopment in areas of moderate high density
urban land use
Urban Planning and Renewal needed to improve the living standards of people in Metro
Manila
Urban Planning is a means of directing the citys physical social growth to provide more healthy,
pleasant and prosperous environment
New Urbanism urban design movement

HOUSING NEEDS
The House as a Response

A house is well-designed if it caters to the users need


Concept of needs varies
Identifying needs leads to a blurred concept of a responsive house

The Concept of Fit


Behaviour Settings: A stable combination of activity and place consist of:

Recurrent activity a standing pattern of behaviour


Particular layout of the environment milieu
Congruent relationship between the two

Specific time period

Theories of Needs

Theories relative to human needs and wants


Served as the foundations upon which design responses have been developed

Un-addressed Needs

Cases of unsold and unoccupied housing units, abandoned resettlement sites, high turnover rates, illegal alterations/expansions