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MMAATTHHEEMMAATTIICCSS DPPDPPDPP TARGET : JEE (ADVANCED) 2016  DAILY PRACTICE PROBLEMS O Course : VIJETA
MMAATTHHEEMMAATTIICCSS
DPPDPPDPP
TARGET : JEE (ADVANCED) 2016
DAILY PRACTICE PROBLEMS
O
Course : VIJETA (ADP) & VIJAY (ADR)
Date : 24-04-2016
NO. 06
TTEESSTT IINNFFOORRMMAATTIIOONN
DATE : 24.04.2016
CUMULATIVE TEST-03 (CT-03)
Syllabus : Inverse Trigonometric Function & Limit Continuity & Derivability, Quadratic Equation, Application
of Derivatives, Sequence and Series, Binomial Theorem, Straight line, Circle

ANSWERKEY OF DPP # 06

1.

(C)

2.

(D)

3.

(A)

4.

(C)

5.

(A)

6.

(A)

7.

(C)

8.

(B)

9.

(A)

10.

(C)

11.

(D)

12.

(A)

13*.

(CD)

14.

(CD)

15.

(ABD)

16.

(AB)

17.

(AC)

18.

(BC)

19.

(AD)

20.

(AC)

21.

(BC)

22.

(ABD)

23.

(ACD)

24.

(AC)

25.

(AC)

26.

(ABC)

27.

(ABD)

28.

(ABC)

29.

8

30.

8

31.

4

32.

5

33.

8

34.

(B)

35.

(A)

36.

(C)

37.

(B)

38.

(D)

39.

(ABD)

40.

(ABCD)

REVISION DPP OF SOLUTION OF TRIANGLE AND CONIC SECTION

Total Marks : 147 Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.1 to Q.12 Multiple choice objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.13 to Q.28 Subjective Questions ('–1' negative marking) Q.29 to Q.33 Comprehension ('–1' negative marking) Q.34 to Q.40

(3 marks 3 min.) (4 marks 3 min.) (3 marks 3 min.) (3 marks 3 min.)

Max. Time : 116 min. [36, 36] [64, 48] [15, 15] [21, 21]

1. In a triangle ABC, if 2015c 2 = a 2 + b 2 and cot C = N(cot A + cot B), then the number of distinct prime factor of N is

ABC esa ;fn 2015c 2 = a 2 + b 2 rFkk cot C = N(cot A + cot B) rc N ds fofHkUu vHkkT; Hkktdksa dh la[;k gS&

Sol.

(A)

0

(B) 1

 

cotC = N(cotA + cotB)

 

cosC

sinC

N

 

cos A

sin A

 

a

2

b

2

– c

2

b

2

c

2

– a

2

a

2

c

2

– b

2

 

4

4

4

N   


 

(C*) 2

(D) 4

cosB

 

sinB

N = 1007 = 19 × 53

2. The number of right angle t`riangles of integer side lengths whose product of leg lengths is equal to three times the perimeter is

iw.kkZad Hkqtkvksa dh yEckbZ okys ,sls ledks.k f=kHkqtks dh la[;k ftuesa ledks.k 'kh"kZ cukus okyh nksuksa Hkqtkvksa dk xq.kuQy ifjeki dk 3 xquk gS] gksxh&

Sol.

(A) 0 b–3 b–3 a–3 3
(A) 0
b–3
b–3
a–3
3

3 a–3

(B) 1

(C) 2

(D*) 3

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PAGE NO.-1

ab = 6s

2= 6s

r = 3

Now vc, a 2 + b 2 = (a + b – 6) 2

(a – 6) (b – 6) = 18

3 An ellipse and hyperbola share common foci F 1 , and F 2 . The ellipse has vertices at the origin and (0,

Sol.

4

24) and a semi-minor axis of length 11. The hyperbola has a conjugate axis of length 4 3 . The ellipse

and hyperbola intersect at four points. Let P be one of the points of intersection, then value of (PF 1 ) 2 +

(PF 2 ) 2 is.

,d nh?kZo`Ùk rFkk vfrijoy; dh ukfHk;ka F 1 , rFkk F 2 mHkfu"B gsA nh?kZo`Ùk ds 'kh"kZ ewy fcUnq rFkk (0, 24) ij gS vkSj

ds 'kh"kZ ewy fcUnq rFkk (0, 24) ij gS vkSj v)Zy?kq v{k dh yEckbZ 11 gS]
ds 'kh"kZ ewy fcUnq rFkk (0, 24) ij gS vkSj v)Zy?kq v{k dh yEckbZ 11 gS]

v)Zy?kq v{k dh yEckbZ 11 gS] rFkk vfrijoy; la;qXeh v{k dh yECkkbZ 4 3 gSA nh?kZo`Ùk vkSj vfrijoy; pkj fcUnqvkas ij izfrPNsn djrs gSA ekuk izfrPNsn fcUnqvksa esa ls ,d fcUnq P gSA rc (PF 1 ) 2 + (PF 2 ) 2 dk eku gSA

(A*) 410

For ellipse

(B) 820

(C) 532

PF 1 + PF 2 = major axis PF 1 + PF 2 = 26 (i.e. distance between vertices)

= 2a

a = 13

(D) 266

for an ellipse distance between centre and focus = ae = ellipse and hyperbola are con-focal.

2 a 2  b = 169  121 = 4 3
2
a 2
 b
=
169  121 = 4
3
are con-focal. 2 a 2  b = 169  121 = 4 3  distance

distance between centre and focus for hyperbola = 4 3

4

= Ae'.between centre and focus for hyperbola = 4 3  4 A = 6 4 2

A = 6

4

2 3 = A 2  B
2
3
=
A
2  B

A 2 =

(4

for hyperbola, |PF 1 – PF 2 | = 2A = 12

PF 1 + PF 2 = 26

square and add, we get.

(PF 1 )

2

+ (PF 2 ) 2 = 410.

nh?kZo`Ùk ds fy,

&

|PF 1 – PF 2 | = 12

PF 1 + PF 2 = nh?kZv{k PF 1 + PF 2 = 26 ('kh"kksZ ds e/; nwjh)

= 2a

a = 13

nh?kZZo`Ùk ds fy, ukfHk vkSj dsUnz ds e/; nwjh = ae = nh?kZo`Ùk vkSj vfrijoy; dh ukfHk;ka laikrh gS

2 a 2  b = 169  121 = 4 3
2
a 2
 b
=
169  121 = 4
3

A 2 =

(4

2 3 = A 2  B
2
3
=
A
2  B

vfrijoy; ds fy, ukfHk vkSj dsUnz ds e/; nwjh = 4 3

4

= Ae'.vfrijoy; ds fy, ukfHk vkSj dsUnz ds e/; nwjh = 4 3  4  4

4

ukfHk vkSj dsUnz ds e/; nwjh = 4 3  4 = Ae'.  4 

(2 3)

dsUnz ds e/; nwjh = 4 3  4 = Ae'.  4  (2 3)

(2 3)

2

2

A = 6

vfrijoy; ds fy,, |PF 1 – PF 2 | = 2A = 12

PF 1 + PF 2 = 26

&

oxZ djds tksMus ij

(PF 1 ) 2 + (PF 2 ) 2 = 410.

|PF 1 – PF 2 | = 12

If 'O' is the circumcentre of ABC and R 1 , R 2 & R 3 are the radii of the circumcircles of triangles OBC, a

OCA and OAB respectively. then

R

1

b

R

2

c

R

3

has the value.

;fn 'O', ABC dk ifjdsUnz gS rFkk f=kHkqtksa OBC, OCA vkSj OAB ds ifjxr o`Ùkksa dh f=kT;ka,a Øe'k% R 1 , R 2 & R 3

gS] rc

a

R

1

b

R

2

c

R

3

dk eku gSA

(A)

abc

2R

3

(B)

R

3

abc

(C*)

4

R

2

(D)

4R

2

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PAGE NO.-2

Sol.

5.

Hint.

A  2   3  O  1 B C
A
 2 
 3 
O
 1
B
C

using, R = abc

 

a

4

=

 

4

R

bc

 

a

b

 

c

4

 

4

R

1

R

2

R

3

R

2

(1 + 2 + 3 ) =

R

2

If

tangent and normal at a point P to the ellipse

x

2

25

y

2

16

= 1 intersect major axis at points T and N

respectively in such a way that ratio of areas of PTN and PSS' is

91

60 , then area of PSS' is (S and

S' are focii of ellipse) (A*) 6 3 sq. units 2 2 x y fdlh
S' are focii of ellipse)
(A*) 6
3 sq. units
2
2
x
y
fdlh nh?kZo`Ùk
25
16

(B) 12

3 sq. units sq. units

(C) 4

3 sq. units sq. units

(D) 3

 25 16 (B) 12 3 sq. units (C) 4 3 sq. units (D) 3 3

3 sq. units

= 1 ij fLFkr fdlh fcUnq P ij [khaph xbZ Li'kZ js[kk ,oa vfHkyEc nh?kZv{k dks Øe'k% fcUnqvksa

T vkSj N ij bl izdkj izfrPNsn djrh gS fd PTN ,oa PSS' ds {ks=kQyksa dk vuqikr

{ks=kQy gksxkµ (S rFkk S' nh?kZo`Ùk dh ukfHk;k¡ gS )

91

60 gS] rks PSS' dk

(A*) 6

ukfHk;k¡ gS ) 91 6 0 gS] rks  PSS' dk (A*) 6 3 oxZ bdkbZ

3 oxZ bdkbZ

(B) 12

3 oxZ bdkbZ oxZ bdkbZ

(C) 4

3 oxZ bdkbZ oxZ bdkbZ

P(5cos, 4sin) N T 5     ,0   9  
P(5cos, 4sin)
N
T
5
 
 ,0 
 9
cos
cos ,0 
x
y
5
cos 
sin

5
4
5xsec – 4ycosec = 9
Area
of
 PTN
91
 PTN
dk
{k-s
91
Area
of
 PSS'
60
 PSS'
dk
{k-s
60
1
5
9
.
 
cos
.4sin
2
cos
 5
 
91

=
60
1 .6.4sin 

2

1

(D) 3

 5   91  = 60 1 .6.4sin  2 1 (D) 3 3

3 oxZ bdkbZ

6. The line joining the orthocentre and the centroid of the triangle formed by a focal chord of the parabola with the tangents at its extremities is (A*) parallel to the axis of the parabola

(B)

perpendicular to the axis of the parabola

(C)

neither parallel nor perpendicular to the axis of the parabola

(D)

nothing can be certainly said

ijoy; dh ,d ukHkh; thok ,oa blds fljksa ij [khaph xbZ Li'kZ js[kkvksa ls ,d f=kHkqt cuk;k tkrk gSA bl f=kHkqt ds yEcdsUæ rFkk dsUæd dks feykus okyh js[kk gSµ

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PAGE NO.-3

(A*) ijoy; ds v{k ds lekUrj

(B)

ijoy; ds v{k ds yEcor~

(C)

ijoy; ds v{k ds uk rks lekUrj vkSj uk gh yEcor

(D)

dqN ugh dgk tk ldrk

Hint.

orthocentre lies on directrix yEcdsUæ fu;rk ij fLFkr gS

H(–a, a(t – 1/t)) &

G  

a

3


t

2 1

t

2

– 1   ,a

 

t –

1

t

   centroid dsUæd

7. Normals AO, AA 1 & AA 2 one drawn to the parabola y 2 = 8x from A(h, 0). If triangle OA 1 A 2 is equilateral,

then ‘h’ can be equal to

fcUnq A(h, 0) ls ijoy; y 2 = 8x ij vfHkyEc AO, AA 1 rFkk AA 2 [khaps x;s gSA ;fn f=kHkqt OA 1 A 2 ,d leckgq f=kHkqt gS] rc ‘h’ dk eku gks ldrk gSµ

Hint.

(A) 24 (B) 26 A 1 (t 1 ) 30° 0 A(h, 0) A 2
(A) 24
(B) 26
A 1 (t 1 )
30°
0
A(h, 0)
A 2 (–t 1 )

equation of normal vfHkyEc dk lehdj.k

&

2

t

1

= tan

1   6 3
1
 
6
3



t 1 = 2

3
3

(C*) 28

y = – tx + 2at + at 3

(ii)

equation lehdj.k (ii) & vkSj (i) h = 28

(i)

(D) 30

8. The auxilliary circle of a family of ellipse passes through origin and makes intercepts of 8 and 6 units on

the x-axis and y-axis respectively. If the eccentricity of all such ellipses is

focus is

,d nh?kZo`Ùk fudk; dk lgk;d o`Ùk ewy fcUnq ls xqtjrk gS rFkk x-v{k ,oa y-v{k ij Øe'k% 8 rFkk 6 bdkbZ ds

2 , then the locus of their

1

1

vUr%[k.M dkVrk gSA ;fn ,sls lHkh nh?kZo`Ùkksa dh mRdsUærk 2 gS] rc muds ukfHk dk fcUnq iFk gSµ

Hint.

2 2 x (A)  y = 25 16 9 2 2 x (C) 
2
2
x
(A)
 y
= 25
16
9
2
2
x
(C)
 y
= 25
9
16
(0, 6)
(8, 0)

(B*) 4x 2 + 4y 2 – 32x – 24y + 75 = 0

(D) 2x 2 + y 2 = 2

Centre of ellipse (4, 3) & diameter of circle = 2a = 10 distance of focus from centre = ae = 5/2

locus is (x – 4) 2 + (y – 3) 2 = 25/4

nh?kZo`Ùk dk dsUæ (4, 3) & dsUæ ls ukfHk dh nwjh = ae = 5/2

fcUnqiFK (x – 4) 2 + (y – 3) 2 = 25/4

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PAGE NO.-4

9. Two tangents to the hyperbola

x

2

a

2

y

2

b

2

= 1 having slopes m 1 & m 2 cut the coordinate axes in four con-

Hint.

cyclic points. Then m 1 m 2 is equal to

x

2

y

2

vfrijoy;

fcUnqvksa ij dkVrh gSA rc m 1 m 2 dk eku gSµ

= 1 dh nks Li'kZ js[kk,sa] ftudh izo.krk,sa m 1 vkSj m 2 gS] funsZ'kkad v{kksa dks pkj leo`Ùkh;

a

2

b

2

(A*) 1

(B) –1

(C)

a

b

Let the tangents be ekuk Li'kZ js[kk,sa gSµ

(D) –

b

a

2 2 a 2 m 1 – b 2 2 a 2 m 2 –
2
2
a 2 m
1 – b
2
2
a 2 m
2 – b

y

= m 1 x +

= m 2 x +

y

point of intersection of these with axes are budk v{kksa ds lkFk izfrPNsn fcUnq gS

 2 2   2 2  a 2 m 1 – b a
2
2
2
2
a 2
m
1 – b
a 2
m
2 – b
A
,0
B 
, 0
m
m
1
for concyclicity, pØh;rk ds fy,
2 
OA.OB = OC.OD

C

0,

2 2 2  D  a m 1 – b  m 1 m
2
2
2
D 
a m
1 – b
m 1 m 2 = 1

0,

2 2 2 a m 2 – b
2
2
2
a m
2 – b

10. The chord of contact of a point P with respect to a hyperbola and its auxiliary circle are at right angles, then P lies on

Hint.

11.

Sol.

(A) conjugate hyperbola

(C*) one of the asymptotes

(B) directrices (D) None of these

,d fcUnq P dh ,d vfrijoy; ,oa mlds lgk;d o`Ùk ds lkis{k Li'kZ thok,sa ledks.k ij gS] rc P fLFkr gSµ

(A) la;qXeh vfrijoy; ij

(C*) ,d vUurLi'khZ ij

P(h, k)

T

(B) fu;rkvksa ij (D) buesa ls dksbZ ugh

b

2

= 1

(i)

hx + ky = a 2

(ii)

for hyperbola vfrijoy; ds fy,

hx ky

a

= 0

= 0

2

T

equation (i) & (ii) are perpendicular

for auxilliary circle lgk;d o`Ùk ds fy,

(i) vkSj (ii) yEcor~ gS

h

2

a

2

k

2

b

2

= 0

Asymptotes vuUrLi'khZ;k

If H is the orthocentre of an acute angle triangle whose circum-circle is x 2 + y 2 = 16, then circumdiameter of HBC is

;fn H ,d U;wudks.k f=kHkqt dk yEcdsUæ gS ftldk ifjxr o`Ùk x 2 + y 2 = 16 gS] rc HBC dk ifjxr O;kl gSµ

(A) 1 (B) 2 A H 90 – C 90 – B B a
(A) 1
(B) 2
A
H
90 – C
90 – B
B
a

C

(C) 4

Circum radius of ABC,

HAB, HBC and HCA is same

 BHC    (  B C) = B + C = – A



a

sin(  A)

= 2R =

a

sinA

(D*) 8

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PAGE NO.-5

12.

An endless inextensible string of length 15m passes around two pins, A & B which are 5m apart. This

Sol.

13*.

Sol.

14*.

string is always kept tight and a small ring, R, of negligible dimensions, inserted in this string is made to move in a path keeping all segments RA, AB, RB tight (as mentioned earlier). The ring traces a path, given by conic C, then

(A*) Conic C is an ellipse with eccentricity 1/2

(C) Conic C is an ellipse with eccentricity 2/3 (D) Conic C is a hyperbola with eccentricity 3/2

,d fcuk Nksj dh ¼vUrghu½ vforkU; Mksjh ftldh yEckbZ 15m gS] nks fcUnqvksa (pins) A rFkk B ls xqtjrh gS] tgk¡ AB = 5m gSA ;g Mksjh ges'kk dl dj j[kh tkrh gS ,oa ,d NksVk lk oy;] R, ftldh foek,sa ux.; gS] Mksjh esa Mkyk tkrk gS tks bl izdkj xfr djrk gS fd lHkh [k.M RA, AB, RB dls (tight) gq, gS ¼tSls Åij fn;k x;k gS½A oy; ,d iFk cukrk gS og 'kkado C gS] rc (A*) 'kkado C ,d nh?kZo`Ùk gS ftldh mRdsUærk 1/2 gSA(B) 'kkado C ,d vfrijoy; gS ftldh mRdsUærk 2 gSA (C) 'kkado C ,d nh?kZo`Ùk gS ftldh mRdsUærk 2/3 gSA (D) 'kkado C ,d vfrijoy; gS ftldh mRdsUærk 3/2 gSA

(B) Conic C is an hyperbola with eccentricity 2

B

5 A
5
A

R

Since length of

eccentricity

string is constant, RA + RB = 10, hence locus of

1

.

5

10

2

R, i.e. conic C is an ellipse with

pawfd Mksjh dh yEckbZ

1

vpj gS RA + RB = 10 vr% R dk fcUnqiFk] nh?kZo`Ùk C dh mRdsUærk 5

10

2

.

Let ABC be such that BAC =

is

2 3 and AB.AC = 1, then the possible length of the angle bisector AD

ekuk ABC bl izdkj gS fd BAC = 2 3 rFkk AB.AC = 1] rc dks.k v}Zd AD dh laHkkfor yEckbZ gSµ

(A) 2 A 60° 60° 1/x x y B D
(A) 2
A
60° 60°
1/x
x
y
B
D

(B) 1

C

AD = y =

(C*) 1/2

2bc

b c

cos

A

2

y =

(D*) 1/3

1

x

1

x

y max. =

1

2

In a triangle ABC, cosA.cosC is

ABC esa ;fn D Hkqtk BC dk e/; fcUnq gS rFkk AD, AC ds yEcor~ gS rc cosA.cosC dk eku gS&

If

D is mid point

of

side BC and AD is perpendicular to AC, then the value of

(A)

2b

2

ac

(B)

2

a

2

– c

2

3bc

(C*) –

2b

2

ac

(D*)

2(c

2

– a

2

)

3ac

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PAGE NO.-6

Sol.

B a/2 D c a/2 C A From ACD, ls b
B
a/2
D
c a/2
C
A
From ACD, ls
b

cosC = 2b

a

Now vc, cosA . cosC =

a

2

b

2

– c

2

2b

 
 

2ab

 

a

b

2

c

2

– a

2

2b

b

2

c

2

– a

2

2(c

2

– a

2

)

 

.

 

2bc

 

a

ac

 

3ac

 

3b 2 = a 2 – c 2

15. Circles are drawn with OA & OB as diameters, where A & B are points of parabola y 2 = 4x. These circles meet at P (other than O). m 1 and m 2 are slope of tangents at A & B respectively and m is slope of chord AB, then (given m 1 + m 2 0, A, B are points other than origin and 'O' is origin)

Sol.

(A*) A, P, B are collinear points

(C) m is arithmetic mean of m 1 and m 2

(B*) m is harmonic mean of m 1 and m 2 (D*) OP is perpendicular to AB

OA o OB dks O;kl eku dj o`Ùk cuk;s tkrs gS tgk¡ A o B ijoy; y 2 = 4x ij fcUnq gS ;s o`Ùk P (ewy fcUnq O ds

vykok) ij feyrs gSA m 1 ,oa m 2 Øe'k% A ,oa

izo.krk gS] rks (fn;k gS m 1 + m 2 0 o A, B ewy fcUnq ugha gSA)

(A*) A, P, B lajs[kh; fcUnq gSA

B ij [khaph xbZ Li'kZjs[kkvksa dh izo.krk;sa gS rFkk m thok AB dh

(B*) m, m 1 rFkk m 2 dk gjkRed ek/; gSA

(C) m, m 1 rFkk m 2 dk lekUrj ek/; gSA A(t 1 ) O
(C) m, m 1 rFkk m 2 dk lekUrj ek/; gSA
A(t 1 )
O
P
B(t 2 )

(D*)

OP, AB ds yEcor~ gSA

Since OA & OB are diameters of circles OPA = OPB = 90° Hence A, P, B are collinear

Hindi.

2 2 2m m 1 2 Now m = = = t  t 1
2
2
2m m
1
2
Now m =
=
=
t
 t
1
1
m
 m
1
2
1
2
m
m
1
2
Hence (A), (B), (D)
A(t 1 )
O
P
B(t 2 )

m

1

1

t

1

&

m

2

1

t

2

pwafd OA rFkk OB o`Ùkksa ds O;kl gS OPA = OPB = 90°

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PAGE NO.-7

vr% A, P, B lajs[kh; gSA

vc m =

 

2

=

2

=

2m m

1

2

t

1

t

2

1

1

m

1

m

2

 

m

1

m

2

vr% (A), (B), (D)

m

1

1

t

1

&

m

2

1

t

2

16. Tangents are drawn to hyperbola

x

2

16

y

2

b

2

= 1. ('b' being parameter) from A(0, 4). The locus of point of

Sol.

contact of these tangent is a conic C, then (A*) Eccentricity of conic C is 1 (B*) (0, 3) is focus of C

(C)

Eccentricity of conic C is 1/2

(D)

(0, 5) is focus of C

x

2

y

2

A(0, 4) ls vfrijoy;

fcUnqvksa dk fcUnqiFk 'kkado C gS] rks (A*) 'kkado C dh mRdsUærk 1 gSA

(B*) (0, 3), C dh ukfHk gSA

16

b

2

= 1. ('b' izkpy gS) ij Li'kZ js[kk,sa [khaph tkrh gSA bu Li'kZ js[kkvksa ds Li'kZ

(C) 'kkado C dh mRdsUærk 1/2 gSA (D) (0, 5), C dh ukfHk gSA P(4sec,
(C)
'kkado C dh mRdsUærk 1/2 gSA
(D)
(0, 5), C dh ukfHk gSA
P(4sec, btan)
(0, 4)
y tan
Tangent at P is xsec
= 1.
4
b

Hindi.

It passes through (0, 4)

Now h = 4 secand k = btan= – 4 tan 2 (from (1))

Hence b = – 4 tan

h  K = – 4(sec 2  – 1)   2  k
h
 K = – 4(sec 2  – 1)
2
k = – 4
 1  
16
 
 4K – 16 = – h 2
x 2 = – 4 (y – 4)
P(4sec, btan)
(0, 4)
y tan
P
ij Li'kZ js[kk xsec
= 1 gSA
4
;s (0, 4) ls xqtjrh gSA
b
vr% b = –4 tan
(1)

vc h = 4 secvkSj k = btan=–4 tan 2

((1) ls)

(1)

.

(A) & (B)

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PAGE NO.-8

K = –4(sec 2 – 1)

4K – 16 = –h 2

k = – 4

 

h

2

16

  1   

x 2 = –4 (y –4)

.

(A) rFkk (B)

17. From centre O, of the ellipse

x

2

16

y

2

9

= 1, two perpendicular rays are drawn meeting the ellipse at P &

Q, N is the foot of perpendicular from O to PQ, then

nh?kZo`Ùk

gS] rks

x

2

y

2

16

9

= 1 ds dsUæ O ls nks yEcor~ fdj.ksa nh?kZo`Ùk dks P ,oa Q ij feyrh gSA N, PQ ij O ls yEc ikn

Sol.

1

1

25

(A*)

OP

(C*) ON = 12

2

OQ

2

144

5

Let OP = r 1 & OQ = r 2

(B)

1

1

25

OP

2

OQ

2

144

(D) ON =

6

5

N  O
N

O

P(r 1 cos,r 1 sin)

Now P & Q lie on the ellipse hence

r

r

1

2

2

2

cos

2

16

sin

2

9

sin

2

16

cos

2

9

= 1

= 1

cos

2

sin

2

1

16

9

2

r

1

=

sin

2

cos

2

1

16

9

2

r

2

=

Now (1) + (2)

1

1

1

1

25

16

9

2

r

1

2

r

2

144

=

….(1)

(2)

Let equation of chord PQ be x cos+ ysin= p, homogenizing the equation of ellipse with this chord

gives

Hindi.

x

2

16

y

2

9

xcos



y sin



p

2

As OP & OQ are perpendicular coefficient of x 2 + coefficient of y 2 = 0

 

1

cos

2


 

+

 

1

sin

2

16

p

2

9 p

2

 

ekuk OP = r 1 rFkk OQ = r 2

= 0

0

=

1

1

1

16

9

p

2

p 2 = 144

25

p = 12/5

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PAGE NO.-9

vc P rFkk Q nh?kZo`Ùk ij gS vr%

r

r

1

2

2

2

cos

2

16

sin

2

9

sin

2

16

cos

2

9

= 1

= 1




P(r,cos,r,sin)

cos

2

sin

2

1

16

9

2

r

1

=

sin

2

cos

2

1

16

9

2

r

2

=

vc (1) + (2)

1

1

1

1

25

16

9

2

r

1

2

r

2

144

=

….(1)

(2)

ekuk PQ thok dk lehdj.k gS x cos+ ysin= p nh?kZo`Ùk ds lehdj.k dks le?kkr cukus ij

x

2

16

y

2

9

xcos



y sin



p

2

= 0

D;ksafd OP rFkk OQ yEcor~ gSA x 2 dk xq.kkad + y 2 dk xq.kkad = 0

 

1

cos

2

16 p

2

p 2 = 144

25


 

+

 

1

sin

2

9

p 2


 

= 0

p = 12/5

1

1

1

16

9

p

2

18. y = x is tangent to an ellipse whose foci are (1, 0) and (3, 0) then

Sol.

(A) Major axis of ellipse is =

(B*) Major axis of ellipse is =

6 10
6
10

(C*)

3

4

,

3

4

is the point of contact of this ellipse and this tangent

(D)

1

2

,

1

2

is the point of contact of this ellipse and this tangent

js[kk y = x nh?kZo`Ùk] ftldh ukfHk;k¡ (1, 0) ,oa (3, 0) gSa] dh Li'kZ js[kk gS] rks

(A) nh?kZo`Ùk dk nh?kZv{k =

(B*) nh?kZo`Ùk dk nh?kZv{k = 10 gSA

dk nh?kZv{k = (B*) nh?kZo`Ùk dk nh?kZv{k = 10 gSA 6 gSA (C*)   

6 gSA

(C*)

3

4

,

3

4

nh?kZo`Ùk vkSj Li'kZ js[kk dk Li'kZ fcUnq gSA

(D)

1

2

,

1

2

nh?kZo`Ùk vkSj Li'kZ js[kk dk Li'kZ fcUnq gSA

Product of perpendicular from two foci on any tangent = b 2 =

3 1 3 . = 2 2 2
3
1
3
.
=
2
2
2

b =

5 2
5
2

Now ae = 1

We know that tangent and normal bisect the angle between focal distances of a point.

a 2 = b 2 + a 2 e 2

a =

3 2
3
2
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PAGE NO.-10

y = x (0, 1) (1, 0) (3, 0)
y = x
(0, 1)
(1, 0)
(3, 0)

Image of (1, 0) in y = x is (0, 1), line joining (0, 1) & (3, 0) is x + 3y = 3. Point of contact of y = x & ellipse

 3 3  is the point of intersection of y = x and x
3 3
is the point of intersection of y = x and x + 3y = 3, i.e.
 
4
,
4
 
1
3
Hindi. ukfHk;ksa ls Li'kZ js[kkkvksa ij Mkys x;s yEcksa dk xq.kuQy = b 2 = 3
.
=
2
2
2
5
vc ae = 1
a 2 = b 2 + a 2 e 2
a =
2

b =

3 2
3
2

ge tkurs gS fd Li'kZ js[kk ,oa vfHkyEc ukfHk;ksa nwjh;ksa ds e/; cuus okys dksa.k dks lef}Hkkftr djrs gSA

y = x (0, 1) (1, 0) (3, 0)
y = x
(0, 1)
(1, 0)
(3, 0)

(1, 0) dk js[kk

y = x dk Li'kZ fcUnq rFkk js[kk y = x vkSj x + 3y = 3 dk izfrPNsn fcUnq gS vFkkZr~

y = x esa izfrfcEc (0, 1) gSA fcUnqvksa (0, 1) rFkk (3, 0) dks feykus okyh js[kk x + 3y = 3 gSA

 

3 gSA
4

,

3

4

19. Let set S consists of all the points (x, y) satisfying 9x 2 + 16y 2 144. For points in S let maximum and

Sol.

minimum value of y x

4

9

be M and m respectively, then

Ekkuk leqPp; S mu lHkh fcUnqvksa (x, y) dk leqPp; gS tks 9x 2 + 16y 2 144 dks larq"V djrs gSA leqPp; S esa fLFkr fcUnqvksa (x, y) ds fy;s O;atd y 4 dk vf/kdre ,oa U;wure eku Øe'k% M rFkk m gS] rks

x

9

(A*) M = 1

(B) M =

(C) m = 1 (D*) m = A(9, 4) y  4 is the slope
(C) m
= 1
(D*) m =
A(9, 4)
y
 4
is the slope of line joining A(9, 4) & (x, y)
x
 9

65

7

7

65

For maximum & minimum value of this expression we have to determine the slope of tangents to the

ellipse

x

2

25

y

2

16

= 1 from (9, 4)

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PAGE NO.-11

Hence y = Kx ±

2 16k  9
2
16k
 9

It passes through (9, 4) Hence (4 – 9k) 2 = 16K 2 + 9

65K 2 – 72K + 7 = 0

Hence K = 1 or

7

M = 1 & m =

7

65

65

Hindi.

or 7  M = 1 & m = 7 65 65 Hindi. A(9, 4) A(9,

A(9, 4)

A(9, 4) vkSj (x, y) dks tksM+us okyh js[kk dh izo.krk y

x

9

4 gS

vf/kdre vkSj U;wure eku fudkyus ds fy, gesa Li'kZ js[kk dh izo.krk fudkyuh gksxhA

vr% y = Kx ±

2 16k  9
2
16k
 9

;g (9, 4) ls xqtjrh gSA

vr% (4 – 9k) 2 = 16K 2 + 9

65K 2 – 72K + 7 = 0

vr% K = 1 ;k

7

M = 1 rFkk m =

7

65

65

20. Consider the curve ax 2 + 2hxy + by 2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0, where x, y are real variables and a, b, c , f, g, h are real constants. Let = abc + 2fgh – af 2 – bg 2 – ch 2 , and curve S be the locus of point of intersection of perpendicular tangents of the above curve. (A*) If   0 and h 2 = ab, then S is a straight line

Sol.

Hindi.

(B) If  0, h = 0, a = b 0 then S is a circle of radius

(C*) If = 0, a + b = 0, then S is a point only

(D) IF = 0, a + b = 0 then S is a pair of straight lines.

2

g

2

f

2

c

okLrfod vpj gSA ekuk = abc + 2fgh – af 2 – bg 2 – ch 2 ,oa oØ S, fn;s x, oØ dh yEcor~ Li'kZ js[kkvksa ds izfrPNsn fcUnqvksa dk fcUnqiFk gS&

(A*) S ,d ljy

(B) S ,d o`Ùk gS ftldh f=kT;k

fopkj dhft;s tgk¡ x, y okLrfod pj gS ,oa a, b, c , f, g, h

ax 2 + 2hxy + by 2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 ij

js[kk gS ;fn   0 vkSj h 2 = ab.

2

g

2

f

2

c

gS ;fn  0, h = 0, a = b 0.

(C*) S dsoy ,d fcUnq gksxk ;fn = 0, a + b = 0.

(D) S ljy js[kk ;qXe gksxk ;fn = 0, a + b = 0.

If   0, h 2 = ab curve is a parabola, hence S is a straight line

If   0, h = 0, a = b 0 curve is a circle & S is a circle of radius

If = 0, a + b = 0 curve is a pair of perpendicular straight lines for which S is a point which is the point of intersection of the two lines.

2

g

2

f

2

c

(provided a = b = 1)

;fn

  0, h 2 = ab oØ ijoy; gS vr%

S ljy js[kk gSA

;fn

  0, h = 0, a = b 0 oØ o`Ùk gS

rFkk S dh f=kT;k

2

g

2

f

2

c gS (;fn a = b = 1)

;fn = 0, a + b = 0 oØ yEcor~ js[kk ;qXe gksxk ftlds fy, S ,d fcUnq gksxkA

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PAGE NO.-12

21. The ellipse

x

2

4

+

2

y 3

= 1 has a double contact with a circle at the extremity of latus rectum. The point

of contact lying in first and fourth quadrant.

(A) Centre of circle is (0, 0)

(B*) Centre of circle is

 1  ,0   4   3 5
1
,0
 
4
 
3
5

4

(C*) Radius of circle is

(D)

,0   4   3 5 4 (C*) Radius of circle is (D) Radius

Radius of circle is 3 5

2

Sol.

Hindi.

x

2

4

2

y 3

nh?kZo`Ùk

prqFkkZ±'k esa gS] rks

(A) o`Ùk dk dsUæ (0, 0) gSA

+

= 1 ,d o`Ùk dks ukfHk yEc ds nksuks fljs fcUnqvksa ij Li'kZ djrk gSA Li'kZ fcUnq izFke ,oa prqFkZ

 1  (B*) o`Ùk dk dsUæ ,0  gSA    4 (C*)
1
(B*) o`Ùk dk dsUæ
,0
 gSA
 
4
(C*) o`Ùk dh f=kT;k 3 5 gSA
4
(D)
o`Ùk dh f=kT;k 3 5 gSA
2
 
3 
P
1,
2  
C
3 
1, 
2
 

By symmetry centre of circle lies on x-axis

3y Normal at P is 4x  = 1 1 3/2 2 2  
3y
Normal at P is 4x
= 1
1
3/2
2
2
1 
3
Radius =
1 
4  
 
2
 
 
3 
P
1,
2  
C
 
3 
1, 
2
 

=

9 9  16 4
9
9
16
4
lefefr ls o`Ùk dk dsUæ x-v{k ij gksxkA 3y P ij vfHkyEc 4x  =
lefefr ls o`Ùk dk dsUæ x-v{k ij gksxkA
3y
P ij vfHkyEc 4x
= 1 gS
1
3/2
2
2
1
3
9
9
f=kT;kk =
1 
=
4
 
 
2
 
16
4

=

point C is 3 5 =
point C is
3
5
=

4

 

1

4

,0

 

 1  fcUnq C ,0  gSA    4 3 5
1
fcUnq C
,0
 gSA
 
4
3
5

4

Corporate Office : CG Tower, A-46 & 52, IPIA, Near City Mall, Jhalawar Road, Kota
Corporate Office : CG Tower, A-46 & 52, IPIA, Near City Mall, Jhalawar Road, Kota
Corporate Office : CG Tower, A-46 & 52, IPIA, Near City Mall, Jhalawar Road, Kota
Corporate Office : CG Tower, A-46 & 52, IPIA, Near City Mall, Jhalawar Road, Kota
Corporate Office : CG Tower, A-46 & 52, IPIA, Near City Mall, Jhalawar Road, Kota

Corporate Office : CG Tower, A-46 & 52, IPIA, Near City Mall, Jhalawar Road, Kota (Raj.) - 324005

Corporate Office : CG Tower, A-46 & 52, IPIA, Near City Mall, Jhalawar Road, Kota (Raj.)

Website : www.resonance.ac.in | E-mail : contact@resonance.ac.in

Toll Free : 1800 200 2244 | 1800 258 5555 | CIN: U80302RJ2007PLC024029

PAGE NO.-13

22.

Normal at point P(x 1 , y 1 ), not lying on x-axis, to the hyperbola x 2 – y 2 = a 2 meets x-axis at A and y-axis at B. If O is origin then (A*) Circumcentre of triangle OAB is P. (B*) Slope of OP + slope of AB = 0

(C) Slope of OP = slope of AB

(D*) Locus of centroid of triangle OAB is a rectangular hyperbola

vfrijoy; x 2 – y 2 = a 2 ds fcUnq P(x 1 , y 1 ), tks fd x-v{k ij ugha gS] ij vfHkyEc [khapk tkrk gS] tks x-v{k ,oa y-v{k dks Øe'k%